AE
MCID: ACR003
MIFTS: 58

Acrodermatitis Enteropathica (AE) malady

Genetic diseases, Rare diseases, Gastrointestinal diseases, Skin diseases, Fetal diseases categories

Summaries for Acrodermatitis Enteropathica

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44NIH Rare Diseases, 66Wikipedia, 48OMIM, 34MalaCards
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NIH Rare Diseases:44 Acrodermatitis enteropathica (ae) is a disorder of zinc metabolism that can either be inherited or acquired. both forms lead to the inability to absorb zinc from the intestine. the lack of zinc can cause skin inflammation with a rash (pustular dermatitis) around the mouth and/or anus; diarrhea; and abnormal nails (nail dystrophy). irritability and emotional disturbances can also occur. the inherited form is caused by mutations in the slc39a4 gene and inherited in an autosomal recessive pattern. the acquired form can result from diets lacking the appropriate amount of zinc. supplemental zinc usually eliminates the symptoms of acrodermatitis enteropathica. last updated: 11/9/2011

MalaCards: Acrodermatitis Enteropathica, also known as acrodermatitis enteropathica zinc deficiency type, is related to acrodermatitis and enteropathica, and has symptoms including anomalies of eyelids, eyelashes and lacrimal system, hypotrichosis/atrichia/atrichiasis/scalp hairlessness and chronic uveitis/blepharitis/episcleritis/scleritis/conjonctivitis/keratitis. An important gene associated with Acrodermatitis Enteropathica is SLC39A4 (solute carrier family 39 (zinc transporter), member 4), and among its related pathways are Senescence and Autophagy and Metal ion SLC transporters. The compounds urea and valproic acid have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include skin, breast and tongue, and related mouse phenotypes are liver/biliary system and endocrine/exocrine gland.

Wikipedia:66 Acrodermatitis enteropathica is an autosomal recessivemetabolic disorder affecting the uptake of zinc,... more...

Description from OMIM:48 201100

Aliases & Classifications for Acrodermatitis Enteropathica

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9Disease Ontology, 10diseasecard, 44NIH Rare Diseases, 48OMIM, 11DISEASES, 46Novoseek, 50Orphanet, 63UMLS, 21GeneTests, 27ICD10 via Orphanet
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Classifications:



Characteristics (Orphanet epidemiological data):

50
acrodermatitis enteropathica:
Inheritance: Autosomal recessive; Prevalence: 1-9/1000000; Age of onset: Neonatal/infancy; Age of death: Before age 5


Aliases & Descriptions:

acrodermatitis enteropathica 9 10 44 48 11 46 50 63
acrodermatitis enteropathica zinc deficiency type 44 21
aez 44 50
ae 44 50
inherited zinc deficiency 50
danbolt-cross syndrome 44
brandt syndrome 44


External Ids:

Disease Ontology9 DOID:0050605
OMIM48 201100
ICD10 via Orphanet27 E83.2

Related Diseases for Acrodermatitis Enteropathica

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18GeneCards, 19GeneDecks
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Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Acrodermatitis Enteropathica:



Diseases related to acrodermatitis enteropathica

Symptoms for Acrodermatitis Enteropathica

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48OMIM, 50Orphanet
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Symptoms by clinical synopsis from OMIM:

201100

Clinical features from OMIM:

201100

Symptoms:

50 (show all 30)
  • anomalies of eyelids, eyelashes and lacrimal system
  • hypotrichosis/atrichia/atrichiasis/scalp hairlessness
  • chronic uveitis/blepharitis/episcleritis/scleritis/conjonctivitis/keratitis
  • acute diarrhea
  • alopecia
  • fissured/scrotal tongue
  • dysplastic/thick/grooved fingernails
  • dysplastic/thick/grooved toenails
  • glossitis
  • pustula/pustulosis
  • eyebrows anomalies
  • anorexia
  • anomalies of tongue, gingiva and oral mucosa
  • cortical atrophy without hydrocephaly/cerebral hemiatrophy/subcortical atrophy
  • failure to thrive/difficulties for feeding in infancy/growth delay
  • anomalies of skin, subcutaneous tissue and mucosae
  • psychic/behavioural troubles
  • malabsorption/chronic diarrhea/steatorrhea
  • short stature/dwarfism/nanism
  • visual loss/blindness/amblyopia
  • photophobia
  • nails anomalies
  • dry/squaly skin/exfoliation
  • chronic skin infection/ulcerations/ulcers/cancrum
  • erythema/erythematous lesions/erythroderma/polymorphous erythema
  • vesicles/bullous/exsudative lesions/bullous/cutaneous/mucosal detachment
  • weight loss/loss of appetite/break in weight curve/general health alteration
  • corneal ulceration/perforation
  • oral mucosa disease/cheilitis
  • autosomal recessive inheritance

Drugs & Therapeutics for Acrodermatitis Enteropathica

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6CenterWatch, 43NIH Clinical Center, 7ClinicalTrials, 63UMLS, 42NDF-RT
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Approved drugs:

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Drug clinical trials:

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Genetic Tests for Acrodermatitis Enteropathica

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21GeneTests
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Genetic tests related to Acrodermatitis Enteropathica:

id Genetic test Affiliating Genes
1 Acrodermatitis Enteropathica, Zinc-Deficiency Type21 SLC39A4

Anatomical Context for Acrodermatitis Enteropathica

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34MalaCards
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MalaCards organs/tissues related to Acrodermatitis Enteropathica:

34
Skin, Breast, Tongue, Pancreas, Liver, Eye, Colon

Animal Models for Acrodermatitis Enteropathica or affiliated genes

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38MGI
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MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Acrodermatitis Enteropathica:

38
idDescriptionMGI Source AccessionScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1MP:00053708.3ALB, SLC39A4, OTC, PLIN2
2MP:00053797.8OTC, SLC39A4, SLC30A4, ALB, PLIN2
3MP:00107717.8PLIN2, OTC, SLC30A4, SLC39A1
4MP:00053767.8OTC, SLC30A4, ALB, PLIN2, SLC39A4
5MP:00053787.3PLIN2, SLC39A1, SLC30A4, SLC39A4, SLC30A5, OTC

Publications for Acrodermatitis Enteropathica

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53PubMed
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Articles related to Acrodermatitis Enteropathica:

(show top 50)    (show all 330)
idTitleAuthorsYear
1
A mouse model of acrodermatitis enteropathica: loss of intestine zinc transporter ZIP4 (Slc39a4) disrupts the stem cell niche and intestine integrity. (22737083)
2012
2
Acrodermatitis enteropathica. (22486149)
2012
3
Gray hair and acrodermatitis enteropathica-like dermatitis: an unexpected presentation of cystic fibrosis. (21424670)
2011
4
A case of acrodermatitis enteropathica localized on the hands and feet with a normal serum zinc level. (22028583)
2011
5
Acrodermatitis enteropathica: a review of 29 Tunisian cases. (20883266)
2010
6
Novel proteolytic processing of the ectodomain of the zinc transporter ZIP4 (SLC39A4) during zinc deficiency is inhibited by acrodermatitis enteropathica mutations. (18936158)
2009
7
Acrodermatitis enteropathica in a full-term exclusively breast-fed infant. (18424385)
2008
8
Acrodermatitis enteropathica-like simulating severe atopic dermatitis: a case report. (18680706)
2008
9
Kwashiorkor and an acrodermatitis enteropathica-like eruption after a distal gastric bypass surgical procedure. (17599860)
2007
10
The mouse acrodermatitis enteropathica gene Slc39a4 (Zip4) is essential for early development and heterozygosity causes hypersensitivity to zinc deficiency. (17483098)
2007
11
Acrodermatitis enteropathica-like dermatosis associated with ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency. (17845164)
2007
12
Acrodermatitis enteropathica-like skin eruption in a case of short bowel syndrome following jejuno-transverse colon anastomosis. (18328214)
2007
13
Nutritional zinc deficiency mimicking acrodermatitis enteropathica in a fully breast-fed infant. (17062090)
2006
14
Identification of a unique splice site variant in SLC39A4 in bovine hereditary zinc deficiency, lethal trait A46: An animal model of acrodermatitis enteropathica. (16714095)
2006
15
Acrodermatitis enteropathica-like eruption associated with combined nutritional deficiency. (16224175)
2005
16
Acrodermatitis enteropathica-like eruption as the presenting sign of cystic fibrosis--case report and review of the literature. (12200605)
2002
17
Homozygosity mapping places the acrodermatitis enteropathica gene on chromosomal region 8q24.3. (11254458)
2001
18
The acrodermatitis enteropathica mutation affects protein expression in human fibroblasts: analysis by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. (9687549)
1998
19
Long chain fatty acids in serum phospholipids in acrodermatitis enteropathica before and after zinc treatment: a case report. (3392358)
1988
20
Childhood acquired immune deficiency syndrome manifesting as acrodermatitis enteropathica. (2936876)
1986
21
Picolinic acid in acrodermatitis enteropathica: evidence for a disorder of tryptophan metabolism. (6694049)
1984
22
Serum and hair zinc as predictors of clinical symptoms in acrodermatitis enteropathica. (6429442)
1984
23
The effects of diet and zinc treatment on the fatty acid composition of serum lipids and adipose tissue and on serum lipoproteins in two adolescent patients with acrodermatitis enteropathica. (6624693)
1983
24
Maternal essential fatty acid supplementation increases zinc absorption in neonatal rats: relevance to the defect in zinc absorption in acrodermatitis enteropathica. (7110781)
1982
25
Percutaneous absorption of zinc in acrodermatitis enteropathica. (7333397)
1981
26
Is acrodermatitis enteropathica related to the absence of zinc binding ligand in bovine milk? (570352)
1979
27
Acrodermatitis enteropathica, immunodeficiency, and zinc. (630912)
1978
28
Zinc therapy of acrodermatitis enteropathica. (659045)
1978
29
Acrodermatitis enteropathica--a zinc deficiency state. (675401)
1978
30
Animal model of human disease. Acrodermatitis enteropathica, zinc malabsorption. (559415)
1977
31
Acrodermatitis enteropathica, zinc, and the Paneth cell. A case report with family studies. (196972)
1977
32
Letter: Plasma-zinc in acrodermatitis enteropathica. (55755)
1976
33
Gluconate zinc in acrodermatitis enteropathica. (773310)
1976
34
Letter: Acrodermatitis enteropathica and cellular immune deficiency. (57499)
1976
35
Treatment of acrodermatitis enteropathica with zinc sulfate. (776091)
1976
36
Reversible intestinal mucosal abnormality in acrodermatitis enteropathica. (952555)
1976
37
Letter: Exacerbation of acrodermatitis enteropathica by soya-bean milk feeding. (52794)
1975
38
Letter: Increased copper/zinc ratios in acrodermatitis enteropathica. (48820)
1975
39
Determination of oxyquinoline concentrations in plasma in a patient treated for acrodermatitis enteropathica--an aid in therapeutic control. (4426461)
1974
40
Tryptophan metabolsim and serum fatty acids in acrodermatitis enteropathica. (4407531)
1974
41
Ultrastructural findings in acrodermatitis enteropathica. (4359206)
1974
42
Agammaglobulinemia with B lymphocytes in a neonate with acrodermatitis enteropathica. (4546718)
1974
43
Metabolic changes in acrodermatitis enteropathica. (4599862)
1974
44
Zinc deficiency in acrodermatitis enteropathica: multiple dietary intolerance treated with synthetic diet. (4577330)
1973
45
Acrodermatitis enteropathica with lactose intolerance. (5085934)
1972
46
Acrodermatitis enteropathica. (4572293)
1972
47
Acrodermatitis enteropathica. (5113595)
1971
48
Acrodermatitis enteropathica. (4918455)
1969
49
Acrodermatitis enteropathica. (4229461)
1967
50
Acrodermatitis enteropathica. Report of a case in a twin with dramatic response to expressed human milk. (5318960)
1965

Variations for Acrodermatitis Enteropathica

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65UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, 1 National Center for Biotechnology Information (Clinvar)
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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot genetic disease variations for Acrodermatitis Enteropathica:

65
id Symbol AA change Variation ID SNP ID
1SLC39A4p.Arg95CysVAR_023629
2SLC39A4p.Asn106LysVAR_023630
3SLC39A4p.Pro200LeuVAR_023632
4SLC39A4p.Gln303HisVAR_023634
5SLC39A4p.Gly330AspVAR_023636
6SLC39A4p.Leu372ProVAR_023638
7SLC39A4p.Gly374ArgVAR_023639
8SLC39A4p.Gly526ArgVAR_023641
9SLC39A4p.Gly630ArgVAR_023642

Clinvar genetic disease variations for Acrodermatitis Enteropathica:

1 (show all 12)
id Gene Name Type Significance SNP ID Assembly Location
1SLC39A4SLC39A4, 5-BP DELdeletionPathogenic
2SLC39A4SLC39A4, 4-BP DELdeletionPathogenic
3SLC39A4SLC39A4, IVS1AS, G-A, -19single nucleotide variantPathogenic
4SLC39A4NM_130849.3(SLC39A4): c.599C> T (p.Pro200Leu)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs121434287GRCh37Chr 8, 145640679: 145640679
5SLC39A4NM_130849.3(SLC39A4): c.1576G> A (p.Gly526Arg)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs121434288GRCh37Chr 8, 145638672: 145638672
6SLC39A4NM_130849.3(SLC39A4): c.1120G> A (p.Gly374Arg)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs121434289GRCh37Chr 8, 145639675: 145639675
7SLC39A4NM_130849.3(SLC39A4): c.318C> A (p.Asn106Lys)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs121434290GRCh37Chr 8, 145641350: 145641350
8SLC39A4SLC39A4, 2-KB DELdeletionPathogenic
9SLC39A4NM_130849.3(SLC39A4): c.989G> A (p.Gly330Asp)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs121434291GRCh37Chr 8, 145639806: 145639806
10SLC39A4SLC39A4, 53-BP INS, NT1017insertionPathogenic
11SLC39A4NM_130849.3(SLC39A4): c.283C> T (p.Arg95Cys)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs121434292GRCh37Chr 8, 145641385: 145641385
12SLC39A4NM_130849.3(SLC39A4): c.909G> C (p.Gln303His)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs121434293GRCh37Chr 8, 145640176: 145640176

Expression for genes affiliated with Acrodermatitis Enteropathica

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2BioGPS, 16Gene Expression Omnibus DataSets
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Expression patterns in normal tissues for genes affiliated with Acrodermatitis Enteropathica

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Pathways for genes affiliated with Acrodermatitis Enteropathica

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51PathCards, 39NCBI BioSystems Database, 56Reactome
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Pathways related to Acrodermatitis Enteropathica according to GeneCards/GeneDecks:

idSuper pathways (with members indented)ScoreTop Affiliating Genes
19.6SLC39A1, SLC39A4
2
Show member pathways
8.8SLC39A5, SLC39A1, SLC39A4, SLC30A5
3
Show member pathways
8.3SLC30A5, ALB, SLC39A5, SLC39A1, SLC39A4

Compounds for genes affiliated with Acrodermatitis Enteropathica

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46Novoseek, 25HMDB, 12DrugBank, 52PharmGKB, 30IUPHAR
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Compounds related to Acrodermatitis Enteropathica according to GeneCards/GeneDecks:

idCompoundScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1urea46 25 1211.5OTC, ALB
2valproic acid46 52 25 1212.4OTC, ALB
3carnitine469.3PLIN2, OTC
4acyl-coa469.2OTC, PLIN2
5oleic acid46 30 25 1212.2ALB, PLIN2
6fatty acid468.9PLIN2, ALB, OTC
7rosiglitazone30 46 52 25 1212.8ALB, PLIN2
8zinc46 259.7SLC30A5, SLC39A4, SLC30A4, SLC39A1

GO Terms for genes affiliated with Acrodermatitis Enteropathica

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17Gene Ontology
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Biological processes related to Acrodermatitis Enteropathica according to GeneCards/GeneDecks:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1cellular response to zinc ion starvationGO:0342249.8SLC39A5, SLC39A4
2response to zinc ionGO:0100439.6SLC30A5, OTC
3cellular zinc ion homeostasisGO:0068829.6SLC39A4, SLC30A5
4zinc ion transportGO:0068299.3SLC39A5, SLC30A5
5zinc ion transmembrane transportGO:0715779.0SLC39A1, SLC30A4, SLC30A5
6transmembrane transportGO:0550858.3ALB, SLC39A5, SLC39A1, SLC39A4, SLC30A5

Molecular functions related to Acrodermatitis Enteropathica according to GeneCards/GeneDecks:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1zinc ion transmembrane transporter activityGO:0053858.5SLC30A5, SLC39A4, SLC30A4, SLC39A1

Products for genes affiliated with Acrodermatitis Enteropathica

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Sources for Acrodermatitis Enteropathica

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4CDC
14ExPASy
15FMA
23GTR
24HGMD
25HMDB
26ICD10
27ICD10 via Orphanet
28ICD9CM
30IUPHAR
31KEGG
36MeSH
37MESH via Orphanet
38MGI
41NCIt
42NDF-RT
45NINDS
46Novoseek
48OMIM
49OMIM via Orphanet
53PubMed
54QIAGEN
60SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
63UMLS
64UMLS via Orphanet