MCID: ANG011
MIFTS: 44

Angiodysplasia malady

Categories: Gastrointestinal diseases, Cardiovascular diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Angiodysplasia

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Aliases & Descriptions for Angiodysplasia:

Name: Angiodysplasia 11 50 39 13 68
Angiodysplasia of Stomach and Duodenum with Hemorrhage 11
 
Angiodysplasia of Colon 68

Classifications:



External Ids:

Disease Ontology11 DOID:2494
ICD9CM32 537.83
SNOMED-CT62 71072006
MeSH39 D016888
ICD1030 K55.2

Summaries for Angiodysplasia

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Wikipedia:71 In medicine (gastroenterology), angiodysplasia is a small vascular malformation of the gut. It is a... more...

MalaCards based summary: Angiodysplasia, also known as angiodysplasia of stomach and duodenum with hemorrhage, is related to capillary hemangioma and angiodysplasia of intestine. An important gene associated with Angiodysplasia is VWF (Von Willebrand Factor), and among its related pathways are HIF-1-alpha transcription factor network and Endochondral Ossification. Affiliated tissues include colon, small intestine and endothelial, and related mouse phenotypes are digestive/alimentary and homeostasis/metabolism.

Disease Ontology:11 A vascular disease that is characterized as a small vascular malformation of the gut.

Related Diseases for Angiodysplasia

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Diseases related to Angiodysplasia via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50)    (show all 114)
idRelated DiseaseScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1capillary hemangioma29.2SST, VEGFA
2angiodysplasia of intestine11.8
3nevada syndrome10.8
4angioosteohypotrophic syndrome10.8
5degenerative disc disease10.2VEGFA, VWF
6aortic aneurysm10.2VEGFA, VWF
7von willebrand's disease10.2
8renal adenoma10.2VEGFA, VWF
9common variable immunodeficiency10.2FGF2, VEGFA
10bipolar i disorder10.2FGF2, VEGFA
11benign idiopathic neonatal seizures10.2FGF2, VEGFA
12tumor of exocrine pancreas10.2FGF2, VEGFA
13adult brain stem glioma10.2FGF2, SCT
14zellweger syndrome10.2VEGFA, VWF
15upper respiratory tract disease10.2FGF2, VEGFA
16neurilemmoma of the pleura10.1FGF2, VEGFA
17stevens-johnson syndrome/toxic epidermal necrolysis10.1FGF2, VEGFA
18laryngeal adenoid cystic carcinoma10.1ENG, VEGFA
19retinal degeneration10.1ENG, VEGFA
20pulmonary surfactant protein b, deficiency of10.1ACVRL1, ENG
21pulmonary venoocclusive disease 110.1ACVRL1, ENG
22ischemic optic neuropathy10.1VEGFA, VWF
23human granulocytic anaplasmosis10.1VEGFA, VWF
24x-linked leigh syndrome10.1ACVRL1, ENG
25oppositional defiant disorder10.1FGF2, VEGFA, VWF
26joubert syndrome and related disorders10.1ACVRL1, ENG
27oculocutaneous albinism10.1SST, VEGFA
28ectodermal dysplasia 9, hair/nail type10.0SST, VEGFA
29gmppa-cdg10.0SCT, SST
30tricuspid valve stenosis10.0SCT, SST
31peripheral degeneration of cornea10.0SCT, SST
32iga glomerulonephritis10.0ENG, FGF2
33progressive relapsing multiple sclerosis10.0SCT, SST
34gemistocytic astrocytoma10.0SCT, SST
35tabes dorsalis10.0SCT, SST
36acute pyelonephritis10.0SCT, SST
37cardioauditory syndrome of sanchez cascos10.0SST, VEGFA
38maturity-onset diabetes of the young, type 1310.0SCT, SST
39urinary bladder posterior wall cancer10.0ACVRL1, FGF2, VEGFA
40subdural empyema10.0FGF2, VEGFA
41short bowel syndrome10.0SCT, SST
42eccrine papillary adenocarcinoma10.0SCT, SST
43glycerol kinase deficiency, adult form10.0ENG, FGF2, VEGFA
44cervical alveolar soft part sarcoma9.9SST, VWF
45respiratory syncytial virus infectious disease9.9ACVRL1, ENG, VEGFA
46pituitary infarct9.9ACVRL1, ENG, VEGFA
47fiedler's myocarditis9.9SST, VEGFA, VWF
48metagonimiasis9.9FGF2, VEGFA
49rheumatic encephalitis9.9SST, VEGFA
50benign shuddering attacks9.9SCT, SST, VEGFA

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Angiodysplasia:



Diseases related to angiodysplasia

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Angiodysplasia

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MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Angiodysplasia according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

41
idDescriptionMGI Source AccessionScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1MP:00053818.9ACVRL1, ENG, SST, VEGFA, VWF
2MP:00053767.7ACVRL1, CADPS, ENG, FGF2, SST, VEGFA
3MP:00107687.7ACVRL1, CADPS, ENG, FGF2, SST, VEGFA
4MP:00036316.9ACVRL1, CADPS, ENG, FGF2, SST, VEGFA

Drugs & Therapeutics for Angiodysplasia

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Drugs for Angiodysplasia (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show all 18)
idNameStatusPhaseClinical TrialsCas NumberPubChem Id
1
IronapprovedPhase 4, Phase 2, Phase 311657439-89-623925
Synonyms:
02583_FLUKA
12310_ALDRICH
12310_RIEDEL
129048-51-7
14067-02-8
161135-39-3
190454-13-8
195161-83-2
199281-22-6
209309_ALDRICH
209309_SIAL
255637_ALDRICH
266213_ALDRICH
266256_ALDRICH
267945_ALDRICH
267953_ALDRICH
26Fe
338141_ALDRICH
356808_ALDRICH
356824_ALDRICH
356832_ALDRICH
39344-71-3
3ZhP
413054_ALDRICH
443783-52-6
44890_ALDRICH
44890_FLUKA
675141-17-0
70884-35-4
73135-38-3
7439-89-6
8011-79-8
8053-60-9
AC1L2N38
ATW 230
ATW 432
Ancor B
Ancor en 80/150
Armco iron
Atomel 28
Atomel 300M200
Atomel 500M
Atomel 95
Atomiron 44MR
Atomiron 5M
Atomiron AFP 25
Atomiron AFP 5
C00023
C3518_SIAL
C3518_SIGMA
CCRIS 1580
CHEBI:18248
CID23925
Carbonyl iron
Copy Powder CS 105-175
D007501
DB01592
DSP 1000
DSP 128B
DSP 135
DSP 135C
DSP 138
Diseases (animal), iron overload
Diseases, iron overload
EF 1000
EF 250
EFV 200/300
EFV 250
EFV 250/400
EINECS 231-096-4
 
Ed-In-Sol
Eisen
Electrolytic iron
F 60 (metal)
FE
FT 3 (element)
Fe
Fe-40
Fe1+
Feronate
Ferretts
Ferro-Caps
Ferro-Time
Ferrousal
Ferrovac E
Ferrum
Ferrum metallicum
GS 6
HF 2 (element)
HL (iron)
HQ (metal)
HS (iron)
HS 4849
HSDB 604
Hemocyte
Hierro
Hoeganaes ATW 230
Hoeganaes EH
IRMM524A_FLUKA
IRMM524B_FLUKA
IRON
Iron (Fe)
Iron (Fe1+)
Iron ion (Fe+)
Iron ion(1+)
Iron monocation
Iron powder
Iron standard for AAS
Iron(1+)
Iron(1+) ion
Iron(III) nitrate solution
Iron, carbonyl
Iron, electrolytic
Iron, elemental
Iron, ion (Fe1+)
Iron, ion (Fe1+) (8CI,9CI)
Iron, reduced
LOHA
LS-3196
MolPort-003-925-001
NC 100
PZh-1M3
PZh-2
PZh1M1
PZh2M
PZh2M1
PZh2M2
PZh3
PZh3M
PZh4M
PZhO
Reduced iron
Remko
SUY-B 2
Siderol
UNII-E1UOL152H7
Vitedyn-Slo
Yieronia
fer
ferrous iron
hierro
2
SomatostatinapprovedPhase 2, Phase 323738916-34-6, 51110-01-153481605
Synonyms:
growth hormone-inhibiting hormone (GHIH)
 
somatotropin release-inhibiting factor (SRIF)
somatotropin release-inhibiting hormone
3
Octreotideapproved, investigationalPhase 2, Phase 322383150-76-9383414, 6400441
Synonyms:
(4R,7S,10S,13R,16S,19R)-10-(4-aminobutyl)-19-[[(2R)-2-amino-3-phenylpropanoyl]amino]-16-benzyl-N-[(2R,3R)-1,3-dihydroxybutan-2-yl]-7-[(1R)-1-hydroxyethyl]-13-(1H-indol-3-ylmethyl)-6,9,12,15,18-pentaoxo-1,2-dithia-5,8,11,14,17-pentazacycloicosane-4-carboxamide
10-(4-Aminobutyl)-19-((2-amino-3-phenylpropanoyl)amino)-16-benzyl-7-(1-hydroxyethyl)-N-(2-hydroxy-1-(hydroxymethyl)propyl)-13-(1H-indol-3-ylmethyl)-6,9,12,15,18-pentaoxo-1,2-dithia-5,8,11,14,17-pentaa
10-(4-aminobutyl)-19-[(2-amino-3-phenylpropanoyl)amino]-16-benzyl-N-(1,3-dihydroxybutan-2-yl)-7-(1-hydroxyethyl)-13-(1H-indol-3-ylmethyl)-6,9,12,15,18-pentaoxo-1,2-dithia-5,8,11,14,17-pentazacycloicosane-4-carboxamide
10-(4-aminobutyl)-19-[(2-amino-3-phenylpropanoyl)amino]-16-benzyl-N-[(2R,3R)-1,3-dihydroxybutan-2-yl]-7-(1-hydroxyethyl)-13-(1H-indol-3-ylmethyl)-6,9,12,15,18-pentaoxo-1,2-dithia-5,8,11,14,17-pentazacycloicosane-4-carboxamide
79517-01-4 (acetate salt)
83150-76-9
AC1L1GVU
AC1L8LCD
AC1L9M4X
C07306
C5H12O2.C4H10
CHEBI:427278
CHEBI:611465
CHEMBL1680
CID383414
CID448601
CID54374
D-Phenylalanyl-L-cysteinyl-L-phenylalanyl-D-tryptophyl-L-lysyl-L-threonyl-L-cysteinyl-L-threoninol cyclic (2-7)-disulfide
D-Phenylalanyl-L-cysteinyl-L-phenylalanyl-D-tryptophyl-L-lysyl-L-threonyl-N-((1R,2R)-2-hydroxy-1-(hydroxymethyl)propyl)-L-cysteinamide cyclic (2-7)-disulfide
D-Phenylalanyl-L-cysteinyl-L-phenylalanyl-D-tryptophyl-L-lysyl-L-threonyl-N-((1R,2R)-2-hydroxy-1-(hydroxymethyl)propyl)-L-cysteinamide cyclic (2->7)-disulfide
D00442
DRG-0115
HMS2090C09
HS-2020
 
L-Cysteinamide, D-phenylalanyl-L-cysteinyl-L-phenylalanyl-D-tryptophyl-L-lysyl-L- threonyl-N-(2-hydroxy-1-(hydroxymethyl)propyl)-, cyclic (2->7)-disulfide, (R-(R*
L000453
LS-177735
LS-187135
Longastatin
NCGC00181796-01
NCI60_025753
Octreotida
Octreotida [Spanish]
Octreotide
Octreotide (USAN/INN)
Octreotide Acetate Salt
Octreotide [USAN:INN:BAN]
Octreotide-LAR
Octreotidum
Octreotidum [Latin]
Octrotide
SAN 201-995
SM 201-995
SMS 201-995
SMS-201-995
Sandostatine
Sandoz 201-995
UNII-RWM8CCW8GP
nchembio.184-comp3
zacycloicosane-4-carboxamide acetate
4
Proton pump inhibitorsPhase 2, Phase 31123
Synonyms:
 
PPIs
5Antineoplastic Agents, HormonalPhase 2, Phase 35592
6Gastrointestinal AgentsPhase 2, Phase 38402
7Angiogenesis InhibitorsPhase 2, Phase 14257
8Angiogenesis Modulating AgentsPhase 2, Phase 14185
9Immunosuppressive AgentsPhase 2, Phase 113086
10Anti-Bacterial AgentsPhase 2, Phase 111226
11Anti-Infective AgentsPhase 2, Phase 122062
12Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone AntagonistsPhase 213168
13Hormone AntagonistsPhase 213180
14HormonesPhase 214415
15PomalidomideapprovedPhase 113019171-19-8
16
Infliximabapproved392170277-31-3
Synonyms:
 
Ig gamma-1 chain C region
Remicade
17Hemostatics1443
18ColaNutraceutical1946

Interventional clinical trials:

(show all 12)
idNameStatusNCT IDPhase
1Capsule Endoscopy vs Standard of Care for Obscure Intestinal BleedingUnknown statusNCT00694954Phase 4
2Cyrotherapy vs. APC in GAVECompletedNCT00587405Phase 2, Phase 3
3Endoscopic Band Ligation Versus Argon Plasma Coagulation for the Treatment of Gastric Antral Vascular Ectasia: a Randomized Clinical TrialCompletedNCT01601639Phase 3
4Efficacy of Octreotide on Blood and Iron Requirements in Patients With Anaemia Due to AngiodysplasiasRecruitingNCT02384122Phase 2, Phase 3
5Pasireotide for the Treatment of Gastrointestinal Angiodysplasia in Endoscopic Treatment FailureCompletedNCT02622906Phase 2
6Long-term Effects of Thalidomide for Recurrent Gastrointestinal Bleeding Due to Vascular MalformationCompletedNCT00964496Phase 2
7Thalidomide Reduces Arteriovenous Malformation Related Gastrointestinal BleedingCompletedNCT00389935Phase 2
8Efficacy Study of Thalidomide in Gastrointestinal Vascular Malformation Related BleedingWithdrawnNCT02754960Phase 2
9Pomalidomide in Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia and Transfusion-Dependent Vascular Ectasia: a Phase I StudyUnknown statusNCT02287558Phase 1
10Study of Hemospray for Lower Gastrointestinal HemorrhageCompletedNCT02099435
11Prospective Comparison of the Diagnostic Yield of Small Bowel Pillcam SB2 and Capsocam CapsuleCompletedNCT01820182
12Prophylactic Elective Clipping of Colonic DiverticulaRecruitingNCT02094456

Search NIH Clinical Center for Angiodysplasia


Cochrane evidence based reviews: angiodysplasia

Genetic Tests for Angiodysplasia

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Anatomical Context for Angiodysplasia

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MalaCards organs/tissues related to Angiodysplasia:

36
Colon, Small intestine, Endothelial, Liver, Lung, Bone, Appendix

Publications for Angiodysplasia

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Articles related to Angiodysplasia:

(show top 50)    (show all 442)
idTitleAuthorsYear
1
Gastrointestinal Angiodysplasia: Diagnosis and Management. (27908518)
2017
2
Intractable anemia due to extensive refractory angiodysplasia of the small intestine stabilized by an anti-angiogenic agent. (28062159)
2017
3
Hemodialysis Switch Improved Colonic Angiodysplasia in a Peritoneal Dialysis Patient. (27659936)
2016
4
Risk factors for active bleeding from colonic angiodysplasia confirmed by colonoscopic observation. (27596107)
2016
5
Endothelial dysfunction in von Willebrand disease: angiogenesis and angiodysplasia. (27207426)
2016
6
Multiple Polypoid Angiodysplasia with Obscure Overt Bleeding. (26855931)
2016
7
Angiodysplasia in embryo lacking protein arginine methyltransferase 1 (PRMT1) in vascular endothelial cells. (28003433)
2016
8
Long-acting somatostatin analogues provide significant beneficial effect in patients with refractory small bowel angiodysplasia: Results from a proof of concept open label mono-centre trial. (26966525)
2016
9
In-hospital weekend outcomes in patients diagnosed with bleedingA gastroduodenal angiodysplasia: a population-based study,A 2000 toA 2011. (26972023)
2016
10
Popliteal Artery Entrapment and Fibular Angiodysplasia in Siblings. (27480046)
2016
11
Hemobilia from Biliary Angiodysplasia Diagnosed with Cholangioscopy. (27807584)
2016
12
Colonic Angiodysplasia with a Huge Submucosal Hematoma in the Sigmoid Colon. (27340585)
2016
13
Gastrointestinal bleeding due to angiodysplasia in patients on hemodialysis: A single-center study. (27424692)
2016
14
Gastrointestinal angiodysplasia is associated with significant gastrointestinal bleeding in patients with continuous left ventricular assist devices. (27004257)
2016
15
Thalidomide for the treatment of angiodysplasia in a patient with acute upper gastrointestinal haemorrhage. (26791122)
2016
16
Use of endoscopic-assisted argon plasma coagulation for the treatment of colonic vascular ectasia (angiodysplasia) in an adult dog. (26885595)
2016
17
Analysis of risk factor and clinical characteristics of angiodysplasia presenting as upper gastrointestinal bleeding. (26828247)
2016
18
Hematochezia due to Angiodysplasia of the Appendix. (27437394)
2016
19
Is there a role for antiangiogenic therapy, bevacizumab, in the treatment of recurrent digestive bleeding due to angiodysplasia in Glanzmann's thrombasthenia? (27352634)
2016
20
Thalidomide for treatment of gastrointestinal angiodysplasia in patients with left ventricular assist devices: case series and treatment protocol. (25447569)
2015
21
Could a Transient Deficiency in Von Willebrand Factor be a Cause of Gastrointestinal Angiodysplasia? (25723359)
2015
22
Myofibrotic malformation vessels: unique angiodysplasia toward the progression of hemorrhoidal disease. (26316703)
2015
23
The natural history of small bowel angiodysplasia. (26540240)
2015
24
Use of polymethylmethacrylate in treatment of arteriovenous angiodysplasia with bone lesions. (26355937)
2015
25
Thalidomide in angiodysplasia-related bleeding. (26332623)
2015
26
Clinical features and endoscopic findings in patients with actively bleeding colonic angiodysplasia. (25772855)
2015
27
Success of Minimally Invasive Transumbilical Single-Incision Laparoscopic Surgery (T-SILS) Plus Double-Balloon Endoscopy (DBE) for Pediatric Intestinal Angiodysplasia: A Case Report. (26011216)
2015
28
Jejunal angiodysplasia causing recurrent gastrointestinal bleeding presenting as severe anaemia and melena. (26567241)
2015
29
Angiodysplasia: an unusual case of gastrointestinal bleeding. (26031261)
2015
30
Thalidomide for treatment of gastrointestinal bleedings due to angiodysplasia: a case report in acquired von Willebrand syndrome and review of the literature. (25929157)
2015
31
Argon plasma coagulation in the management of symptomatic gastrointestinal angiodysplasia: experience in 69 consecutive patients. (26895122)
2015
32
eComment. Doctor Jekyll and Mr Heyde: a vague association between angiodysplasia and aortic stenosis. (25417216)
2014
33
Valvular aortic stenosis causing angiodysplasia and acquired von Willebrand's disease: Heyde's syndrome. (24686797)
2014
34
Gastrointestinal angiodysplasia and bleeding in von Willebrand disease. (24898873)
2014
35
Genetically induced oxidative stress in mice causes thrombocytosis, splenomegaly and placental angiodysplasia that leads to recurrent abortion. (24936442)
2014
36
Review article: gastrointestinal angiodysplasia - pathogenesis, diagnosis and management. (24138285)
2014
37
Long acting release-octreotide as "rescue" therapy to control angiodysplasia bleeding: A retrospective study of 98 cases. (24893688)
2014
38
Expression of Angiogenic Factors in Patients With Sporadic Small Bowel Angiodysplasia. (25319741)
2014
39
MDCT demonstration of jejunal angiodysplasia: an uncommon cause of lower gastrointestinal haemorrhage. (24663251)
2014
40
Recurrent jejunal bleeding due to angiodysplasia in a Bernard-Soulier patient. (23591164)
2013
41
Von Willebrand disease-associated angiodysplasia: a few answers, still many questions. (23432086)
2013
42
Medical and Endoscopic Therapies for Angiodysplasia and Gastric Antral Vascular Ectasia: A Systematic Review. (24013107)
2013
43
Successful treatment with thalidomide for a patient with recurrent gastrointestinal bleeding due to angiodysplasia diagnosed by capsule endoscopy. (23134426)
2013
44
Successful treatment of thalidomide for recurrent bleeding due to gastric angiodysplasia in hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia. (23661527)
2013
45
Colonic vascular ectasia (angiodysplasia) in a juvenile dog. (23058126)
2013
46
Combined endoclipping and argon plasma coagulation (APC)--daisy technique for cecal angiodysplasia. (24285060)
2013
47
Von Willebrand Factor, Angiodysplasia and Angiogenesis. (24106610)
2013
48
Clinical genetics in endoscopy: a two-question diagnosis in a patient with gastrointestinal angiodysplasia. (23362958)
2013
49
Angiodysplasia and bleeding in the small intestine treated by balloon-assisted enteroscopy. (23216888)
2013
50
Increased incidence of angiodysplasia of the gastrointestinal tract and bleeding in patients with continuous flow left ventricular assist devices (LVADs). (23897227)
2013

Variations for Angiodysplasia

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Expression for genes affiliated with Angiodysplasia

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Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Angiodysplasia.

Pathways for genes affiliated with Angiodysplasia

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GO Terms for genes affiliated with Angiodysplasia

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Cellular components related to Angiodysplasia according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1extracellular spaceGO:00056157.6ENG, FGF2, SCT, SST, VEGFA

Biological processes related to Angiodysplasia according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 18)
idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1dorsal aorta morphogenesisGO:003591210.4ACVRL1, ENG
2endocardial cushion morphogenesisGO:000320310.4ACVRL1, ENG
3endocardial cushion to mesenchymal transitionGO:009050010.4ACVRL1, ENG
4positive regulation of BMP signaling pathwayGO:003051310.4ACVRL1, ENG
5positive regulation of pathway-restricted SMAD protein phosphorylationGO:001086210.3ACVRL1, ENG
6artery morphogenesisGO:004884410.3ENG, VEGFA
7branching involved in blood vessel morphogenesisGO:000156910.3ENG, VEGFA
8negative regulation of blood vessel endothelial cell migrationGO:004353710.2ACVRL1, FGF2
9cell migration involved in sprouting angiogenesisGO:000204210.2FGF2, VEGFA
10positive chemotaxisGO:005091810.2FGF2, VEGFA
11positive regulation of blood vessel endothelial cell migrationGO:004353610.2FGF2, VEGFA
12positive regulation of cell divisionGO:005178110.2FGF2, VEGFA
13positive regulation of MAP kinase activityGO:004340610.2FGF2, VEGFA
14positive regulation of endothelial cell proliferationGO:00019389.8ACVRL1, FGF2, VEGFA
15vasculogenesisGO:00015709.6ENG, VEGFA
16angiogenesisGO:00015259.3ACVRL1, ENG, FGF2, VEGFA
17positive regulation of angiogenesisGO:00457669.3ACVRL1, ENG, FGF2, VEGFA
18positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoterGO:00459449.1ACVRL1, ENG, FGF2, VEGFA

Molecular functions related to Angiodysplasia according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1activin bindingGO:004818510.1ACVRL1, ENG
2chemoattractant activityGO:00420569.8FGF2, VEGFA
3transforming growth factor beta bindingGO:00504319.6ACVRL1, ENG

Sources for Angiodysplasia

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2CDC
6CNVD
10DGIdb
15ExPASy
16FDA
17FMA
27GTR
28HGMD
29HMDB
30ICD10
31ICD10 via Orphanet
32ICD9CM
33IUPHAR
34KEGG
37MedGen
39MeSH
40MESH via Orphanet
41MGI
44NCI
45NCIt
46NDF-RT
49NINDS
50Novoseek
52OMIM
53OMIM via Orphanet
57PubMed
58QIAGEN
63SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
67Tumor Gene Family of Databases
68UMLS
69UMLS via Orphanet