MCID: ANR007
MIFTS: 66

Anorexia Nervosa malady

Mental diseases, Fetal diseases, Neuronal diseases categories
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Summaries for Anorexia Nervosa

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Disease Ontology:8 An eating disorder characterized by refusal to maintain a healthy body weight, and an obsessive fear of gaining weight due to a distorted self image.

MalaCards based summary: Anorexia Nervosa, also known as anorexia nervosa, susceptibility to, is related to eating disorder and amenorrhea. An important gene associated with Anorexia Nervosa is HTR2A (5-hydroxytryptamine (serotonin) receptor 2A, G protein-coupled), and among its related pathways are Syndecan-3-mediated signaling events and Adipocytokine signaling pathway. The compounds octadecaneuropeptide and rimonabant have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include bone, brain and pituitary, and related mouse phenotypes are endocrine/exocrine gland and liver/biliary system.

Wikipedia:65 Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder characterized by immoderate food restriction, inappropriate... more...

Descriptions from OMIM:46 610269,606788

Aliases & Classifications for Anorexia Nervosa

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Sources:
8Disease Ontology, 46OMIM, 44Novoseek, 62UMLS, 9diseasecard, 27ICD9CM, 39NCIt, 57SNOMED-CT, 34MeSH, 25ICD10
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Anorexia Nervosa, Aliases & Descriptions:

Name: Anorexia Nervosa 8 46 44 62
 
Anorexia Nervosa, Susceptibility to 9


Classifications:

Malacards categories (disease lists): (See all malacards categories)
Global: Fetal diseases
Anatomical: Mental diseases, Neuronal diseases


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Disease Ontology8 DOID:8689
ICD9CM27 307.1
NCIt39 C34387
MeSH34 D000856
ICD1025 F50.0

Related Diseases for Anorexia Nervosa

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Diseases in the Anorexia Nervosa family:

Anorexia Nervosa 1

Diseases related to Anorexia Nervosa via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards/GeneDecks gene sharing:

(show top 50)    (show all 226)
idRelated DiseaseScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1eating disorder32.0GHRL, LEP, PYY
2amenorrhea31.7CRH, LEP
3obsessive-compulsive disorder31.4HTR2A, BDNF, SLC6A2
4anxiety disorder31.3CRH, BDNF
5bulimia nervosa31.2BDNF, NPY, GHRL, HTR2A, CCK, RETN
6cushing's syndrome31.2GHRH, CRH
7generalized anxiety disorder31.1SLC6A2, HTR2A
8seasonal affective disorder30.9CRH, HTR2A
9exocrine pancreatic insufficiency30.9PPY, CCK
10protein-energy malnutrition30.9LEP, CCK
11endogenous depression30.8CRH, BDNF
12morbid obesity30.8GHRL, MC4R, MC3R, LEP, PYY
13glucagonoma30.8GHRL, GHRH, CCK
14celiac disease30.7PYY, CCK, GHRL
15short stature30.7LEP, GHRH, GHRL, GHSR
16hyperthyroidism30.7GHRL, GHRH, RETN, LEP
17hypopituitarism30.6LEP, GHRH, GHRL, CRH
18dementia30.6BDNF, HTR2A, HCRT
19hyperinsulinism30.6LEP, MC4R, RETN, GHRL, NPY
20bipolar disorder30.5HTR2A, CRH, BDNF, SLC6A2
21growth hormone deficiency30.5LEP, GHRH, GHRL, GHSR, CRH
22schizophrenia30.5HCRT, CCK, HTR2A, NPY, BDNF, SLC6A2
23substance abuse30.5CRH
24hypoglycemia30.4PPY, HCRT, HTR2A, GHRH, GHRL, CRH
25ischemia30.4HCRT, GHRL, UCN, BDNF, SLC6A2
26insulin resistance29.9PYY, LEP, MC3R, MC4R, RETN, HTR2A
27obesity29.6AGRP, SLC6A2, NPY, CRH, UCN, GHSR
28hypophosphatemia10.7
29gastric dilatation10.7
30personality disorder10.6
31central pontine myelinolysis10.6
32cerebritis10.6
33gonadal dysgenesis10.6
34body dysmorphic disorder10.5
35superior mesenteric artery syndrome10.5
36pancreatitis10.5
37duodenogastric reflux10.5CCK
38neuroendocrine tumor10.5PPY, GHRH
39cerebral atrophy10.5
40dysthymic disorder10.5HCRT, HTR2A
41nutritional deficiency disease10.5LEP, GHRL
42acquired generalized lipodystrophy10.4LEP, RETN
43acrodermatitis10.4
44nephrocalcinosis10.4
45acrodermatitis enteropathica10.4
46obsessive-compulsive personality disorder10.4
47alexithymia10.4
48pellagra10.4
49enteropathica10.4
50leukopenia10.4

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Anorexia Nervosa:



Diseases related to anorexia nervosa

Symptoms for Anorexia Nervosa

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Clinical features from OMIM:

610269,606788

Drugs & Therapeutics for Anorexia Nervosa

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Drug clinical trials:

Search ClinicalTrials for Anorexia Nervosa

Search NIH Clinical Center for Anorexia Nervosa

Genetic Tests for Anorexia Nervosa

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Anatomical Context for Anorexia Nervosa

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MalaCards organs/tissues related to Anorexia Nervosa:

32
Bone, Brain, Pituitary, Testes, Liver, Cortex, Heart, Bone marrow, Adipocyte, Kidney, Thyroid, Hypothalamus, Eye, Whole blood, Skin, Cingulate cortex, Thalamus, Pineal

Animal Models for Anorexia Nervosa or affiliated genes

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MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Anorexia Nervosa:

36
idDescriptionMGI Source AccessionScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1MP:00053799.2CRH, GHRL, GHRH, HTR2A, CCK, LEP
2MP:00053709.1LEP, MC4R, RETN, GHRH, NPY, AGRP
3MP:00053819.1LEP, HTR2A, GHRL, GHSR, NPY, BDNF
4MP:00028738.7PYY, MC4R, GHRL, CRH, NPY, BDNF
5MP:00053758.7PYY, LEP, MC3R, MC4R, RETN, GHRL
6MP:00053908.7PPY, PYY, LEP, MC3R, MC4R, HTR2A
7MP:00036317.6CCK, MC4R, LEP, HCRT, PYY, GHRH
8MP:00053787.6MC3R, LEP, HCRT, PYY, PPY, MC4R
9MP:00053867.1AGRP, PPY, PYY, HCRT, LEP, MC3R
10MP:00053766.9CCK, RETN, MC4R, MC3R, LEP, HCRT

Publications for Anorexia Nervosa

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Articles related to Anorexia Nervosa:

(show top 50)    (show all 1134)
idTitleAuthorsYear
1
Irisin Levels are Not Affected by Physical Activity in Patients with Anorexia Nervosa. (24432013)
2014
2
Perfectionism in anorexia nervosa: novel performance based evidence. (25360690)
2014
3
Chicken or the Egg: Anorexia Nervosa and Systemic Lupus Erythematosus in Children and Adolescents. (24394681)
2014
4
Is there a family profile of addictive behaviors? Family functioning in anorexia nervosa and drug dependence disorder. (23794317)
2014
5
Treatment Refusal in Anorexia Nervosa: The Hardest of Cases : Commentary on "Anorexia Nervosa: The Diagnosis: A Postmodern Ethics Contribution to the Bioethics Debate on Involuntary Treatment for Anorexia Nervosa" by Sacha Kendall. (24415127)
2014
6
Diagnosing and managing anorexia nervosa in UK primary care: a focus group study. (23603747)
2013
7
Decreased whole-blood global DNA methylation is related to serum hormones in anorexia nervosa adolescents. (24286295)
2013
8
Higher calorie diets increase rate of weight gain and shorten hospital stay in hospitalized adolescents with anorexia nervosa. (24054812)
2013
9
A qualitative exploration of influences on the process of recovery from personal written accounts of people with anorexia nervosa. (24093452)
2013
10
The MOSAIC study - comparison of the Maudsley Model of Treatment for Adults with Anorexia Nervosa (MANTRA) with Specialist Supportive Clinical Management (SSCM) in outpatients with anorexia nervosa or eating disorder not otherwise specified, anorexia nervosa type: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. (23721562)
2013
11
Neuropsychological functioning in adolescents with anorexia nervosa before and after cognitive remediation therapy: a feasibility trial. (23828636)
2013
12
Impact of speed and magnitude of weight loss on the development of brain trophic changes in adolescents with anorexia nervosa: a case control study. (23418915)
2013
13
The relationship between obsessive-compulsive personality disorder traits, obsessive-compulsive disorder and excessive exercise in patients with anorexia nervosa: a systematic review. (24999397)
2013
14
Patients with anorexia nervosa receiving acupuncture or acupressure; their view of the therapeutic encounter. (24280477)
2013
15
How much should I eat? Estimation of meal portions in anorexia nervosa. (23276722)
2013
16
Psychosomatic syndromes and anorexia nervosa. (23302180)
2013
17
Follow-up of bone mineral density and body composition in adolescents with restrictive anorexia nervosa: role of dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. (24346474)
2013
18
The role of affect in the maintenance of anorexia nervosa: evidence from a naturalistic assessment of momentary behaviors and emotion. (24016011)
2013
19
Estrogen and leptin regulation of endocrinological features of anorexia nervosa. (23147480)
2013
20
Steroid metabolism and excretion in anorexia nervosa. (23601423)
2013
21
Alexithymia, emotional empathy, and self-regulation in anorexia nervosa. (23638441)
2013
22
Verbal fluency in anorexia nervosa. (23760843)
2013
23
Leg swelling a patient with anorexia nervosa. (23162930)
2012
24
Anorexia nervosa--a noradrenergic dysregulation hypothesis. (22326200)
2012
25
Medically treated anorexia nervosa is associated with normal P wave parameters. (22421068)
2012
26
Aripiprazole in anorexia nervosa and low-weight bulimia nervosa: case reports. (20186719)
2011
27
Increase in energy intake leads to a decrease in obestatin in restricting-type of anorexia nervosa. (21667437)
2011
28
Reduced amylin levels are associated with low bone mineral density in women with anorexia nervosa. (19931436)
2010
29
Dialectical behaviour therapy and an added cognitive behavioural treatment module for eating disorders in women with borderline personality disorder and anorexia nervosa or bulimia nervosa who failed to respond to previous treatments. An open trial with a 15-month follow-up. (20444442)
2010
30
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and set-shifting in currently ill and recovered anorexia nervosa (AN) patients. (18752728)
2009
31
Identification of novel candidate loci for anorexia nervosa at 1q41 and 11q22 in Japanese by a genome-wide association analysis with microsatellite markers. (19680270)
2009
32
Polymorphisms in serotonin-related genes in anorexia nervosa. The first study in Czech population and metaanalyses with previously performed studies. (19863848)
2009
33
Somatic and psychological factors related to the body mass index of patients with anorexia nervosa. (19169076)
2008
34
Severe hypoglycemia in a patient with anorexia nervosa. (18319628)
2008
35
The role of leptin and orexins in the dysfunction of hypothalamo-pituitary-gonadal regulation and in the mechanism of hyperactivity in patients with anorexia nervosa. (18283238)
2008
36
Anorexia nervosa patients with a prior history of bulimia nervosa. (17067877)
2006
37
The transcript expression profile of the leptin receptor-coding gene assayed with the oligonucleotide microarray technique--could this be an anorexia nervosa marker? (16847749)
2006
38
Severe hypophosphatemia in a patient with anorexia nervosa during enteral refeeding. (15819381)
2004
39
Central pontine myelinolysis associated with hypokalaemia in anorexia nervosa. (15026526)
2004
40
Leptin levels in female patients with restrictive and purgative types of anorexia nervosa]. (12920794)
2003
41
Rectal prolapse: a possibly underrecognized complication of anorexia nervosa amenable to surgical correction. (11841132)
2001
42
5-HT2A gene promoter polymorphism and anorexia nervosa. (10094013)
1999
43
Changes in plasma concentrations of leptin and body fat composition during weight restoration in anorexia nervosa. (10372743)
1999
44
No coding variant of the tryptophan hydroxylase gene detected in seasonal affective disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, anorexia nervosa, and alcoholism. (10088048)
1999
45
Addison's disease mimicking anorexia nervosa. (9793734)
1998
46
Association between 5-HT2A gene promoter polymorphism and anorexia nervosa. (9259661)
1997
47
Anorexia nervosa: directions for future research. Study Group on Anorexia Nervosa. (7773260)
1995
48
Serum insulin-like growth factor-I concentrations in the recovery of patients with anorexia nervosa. (8409110)
1993
49
A possible direct precursor of thyrotropin-releasing hormone, pGlu-His-Pro-Gly, stimulates prolactin secretion in anorexia nervosa. (2115046)
1990
50
Acute gastric dilatation in anorexia nervosa. (4834098)
1974

Variations for Anorexia Nervosa

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Expression for genes affiliated with Anorexia Nervosa

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Expression patterns in normal tissues for genes affiliated with Anorexia Nervosa

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Anorexia Nervosa.

Pathways for genes affiliated with Anorexia Nervosa

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Pathways related to Anorexia Nervosa according to GeneCards/GeneDecks:

(show all 12)
idSuper pathways (with members indented)ScoreTop Affiliating Genes
110.0AGRP, MC4R
29.8LEP, NPY, AGRP
39.8RETN, LEP, CFD
49.8CRH, UCN
59.7PYY, NPY, SLC6A2
6
Show member pathways
9.6GHSR, GHRL, HTR2A, CCK, HCRT
79.4CRH, GHRH, MC4R, MC3R
8
Show member pathways
9.4GHRH, UCN, CRH, BDNF
99.4MC3R, MC4R, UCN, AGRP
10
Show member pathways
Peptide GPCRs37
9.3HCRT, MC3R, MC4R, GHSR, NPY
11
Show member pathways
7.5MC3R, LEP, HCRT, PYY, PPY, MC4R
12
Show member pathways
7.5NPY, PPY, PYY, HCRT, LEP, MC3R

Compounds for genes affiliated with Anorexia Nervosa

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Compounds related to Anorexia Nervosa according to GeneCards/GeneDecks:

(show top 50)    (show all 211)
idCompoundScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1octadecaneuropeptide449.9CCK, GHRL, NPY, HCRT
2rimonabant44 28 1111.8HCRT, LEP, CCK, GHRL
3paroxetine44 50 28 1112.8LEP, HTR2A, SLC6A2, BDNF, GHRL
4enterostatin449.7HCRT, LEP, CCK, CRH, NPY
5orlistat44 61 1111.7CCK, LEP, GHRL, PYY, NPY
6pramlintide44 1110.7GHRL, PYY, LEP, CCK
7sibutramine44 1110.6LEP, SLC6A2, NPY, PYY
8fenfluramine44 28 1111.6LEP, NPY, CRH, HTR2A, CCK, GHRH
9c-peptide449.5GHRL, PYY, LEP, HCRT, CCK, RETN
10naloxone44 28 50 1112.5CCK, CRH, GHRL, GHRH, LEP
11oxyntomodulin44 6110.5HCRT, NPY, GHRL, CCK, LEP, PYY
12mhpg449.5SLC6A2, BDNF, NPY, CRH
13tetrodotoxin44 61 2811.4CCK, NPY, PYY, BDNF, HCRT, CRH
14atropine44 28 1111.4PYY, CCK, CRH, GHRL, GHRH, NPY
15nifedipine44 28 50 1112.4BDNF, GHRH, CRH, NPY, GHRL, LEP
16hexarelin44 2810.3GHRL, GHSR, CRH, GHRH
17octreotide44 61 28 1112.3CRH, GHSR, GHRL, GHRH, CCK, PYY
18citalopram44 50 24 1112.3CRH, LEP, SLC6A2, BDNF, HTR2A
19carbachol44 28 1111.3CRH, GHRL, NPY, CCK, HCRT, PYY
20haloperidol44 50 28 2 1113.2BDNF, MC4R, HCRT, HTR2A, SLC6A2, NPY
21alpha msh449.2CCK, LEP, AGRP, NPY, CRH, MC4R
22thyroxine44 2410.2HCRT, LEP, NPY, GHRH, RETN, GHRL
23opiate449.2GHRH, HCRT, MC4R, CCK, NPY, CRH
24epinephrine44 24 1111.1HCRT, LEP, GHRL, CRH, NPY, SLC6A2
255-hydroxytryptamine449.0HCRT, NPY, CRH, GHRL, HTR2A, CCK
26amphetamine44 50 1111.0PYY, HCRT, MC4R, CCK, GHRL, NPY
27estradiol44 24 1111.0GHRL, CRH, RETN, HCRT, PYY, GHRH
28gnrh449.0BDNF, PYY, HCRT, LEP, MC3R, GHRL
29fatty acid448.9MC4R, RETN, PYY, AGRP, GHRL, GHRH
30gaba448.9SLC6A2, NPY, PYY, HCRT, CRH, LEP
31cholesterol44 28 24 1111.8BDNF, GHRL, CCK, RETN, MC4R, HCRT
32testosterone44 61 24 1111.7NPY, RETN, HCRT, LEP, CCK, GHRL
33corticosterone44 61 2410.7CRH, NPY, BDNF, UCN, GHRL, MC4R
34cyclic amp44 249.6BDNF, NPY, PYY, HCRT, MC3R, GHRH
35histamine44 28 2410.6CRH, UCN, GHRL, SLC6A2, PYY, BDNF
36glutamate448.5GHRL, CRH, CCK, RETN, LEP, NPY
37acetylcholine44 50 28 24 1112.5SLC6A2, BDNF, HCRT, NPY, CRH, PYY
38dexamethasone44 50 28 1111.5GHSR, CCK, GHRL, GHRH, RETN, LEP
39forskolin44 50 1110.5CCK, BDNF, SLC6A2, NPY, CRH, RETN
40arginine448.3GHSR, UCN, CRH, NPY, GHRL, GHRH
41steroid448.3LEP, BDNF, MC4R, SLC6A2, UCN, GHSR
42lipid448.2GHRH, PYY, GHSR, GHRL, CFD, MC4R
43adenylate448.2GHSR, SLC6A2, NPY, CRH, UCN, GHRL
44estrogen448.1PYY, NPY, CRH, GHSR, UCN, GHRL
45norepinephrine44 24 119.9CRH, NPY, BDNF, SLC6A2, UCN, GHRL
46cocaine44 118.8MC4R, CCK, GHRL, UCN, CRH, NPY
47acth447.7BDNF, AGRP, MC3R, MC4R, NPY, CRH
48dopamine44 28 24 1110.6CRH, NPY, BDNF, SLC6A2, UCN, PYY
49calcium44 50 24 1110.5BDNF, HCRT, CFD, MC3R, SLC6A2, PYY
50glucose447.2AGRP, SLC6A2, BDNF, NPY, UCN, GHRL

GO Terms for genes affiliated with Anorexia Nervosa

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Cellular components related to Anorexia Nervosa according to GeneCards/GeneDecks:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1axonGO:0304249.9GHRL, HTR2A, CCK
2varicosityGO:0431969.5CRH, UCN
3perikaryonGO:0432049.4CCK, UCN, CRH
4extracellular spaceGO:0056158.2RETN, LEP, CFD, PYY, CCK, GHRH
5extracellular regionGO:0055767.6BDNF, PPY, PYY, HCRT, CFD, LEP

Biological processes related to Anorexia Nervosa according to GeneCards/GeneDecks:

(show all 41)
idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1negative regulation of tumor necrosis factor biosynthetic processGO:04253610.5GHSR, GHRL
2negative regulation of interleukin-6 biosynthetic processGO:04540910.4GHRL, GHSR
3negative regulation of interleukin-1 beta productionGO:03269110.4GHSR, GHRL
4positive regulation of cortisol secretionGO:05146410.4GHRL, CRH
5negative regulation of circadian sleep/wake cycle, REM sleepGO:04232210.4GHRL, CRH
6positive regulation of growth hormone secretionGO:06012410.4GHRL, GHRH
7hormone-mediated signaling pathwayGO:00975510.3AGRP, GHSR, GHRL
8negative regulation of glucagon secretionGO:07009310.3CRH, LEP
9response to hormoneGO:00972510.3BDNF, GHSR, GHRL
10growth hormone secretionGO:03025210.3GHSR, GHRL, GHRH
11regulation of excitatory postsynaptic membrane potentialGO:06007910.3BDNF, GHRL, HCRT
12positive regulation of insulin-like growth factor receptor signaling pathwayGO:04356810.3GHRH, GHSR
13negative regulation of potassium ion transportGO:04326710.3HCRT, HTR2A
14actin polymerization or depolymerizationGO:00815410.3GHRL, GHSR
15positive regulation of multicellular organism growthGO:04001810.3GHSR, GHRL, GHRH
16positive regulation of appetiteGO:03210010.3GHRL, GHSR, NPY
17response to foodGO:03209410.2GHRH, GHSR
18decidualizationGO:04669710.2GHSR, GHRL
19regulation of blood pressureGO:00821710.1NPY, MC3R, LEP
20negative regulation of insulin secretionGO:04667610.1GHSR, GHRL
21central nervous system neuron developmentGO:02195410.1LEP, NPY
22positive regulation of behavioral fear responseGO:200098710.1CRH, UCN
23negative regulation of appetiteGO:03209910.1UCN, CCK, LEP
24positive regulation of synapse assemblyGO:05196510.0GHRL, BDNF
25positive regulation of corticotropin secretionGO:05146110.0CRH, UCN, GHRL
26positive regulation of calcium ion importGO:09028010.0UCN, CRH
27digestionGO:00758610.0PPY, PYY, NPY
28response to insulinGO:0328689.9AGRP, RETN, MC4R, LEP
29adult feeding behaviorGO:0083439.9AGRP, NPY, GHSR, GHRL, LEP
30negative regulation of feeding behaviorGO:20002529.9MC4R, RETN, UCN
31eating behaviorGO:0427559.9PYY, HCRT, LEP, CCK, AGRP
32response to painGO:0482659.9UCN, CRH, SLC6A2
33female pregnancyGO:0075659.8LEP, UCN, CRH
34neuropeptide signaling pathwayGO:0072189.8HCRT, UCN, NPY, AGRP
35behavioral fear responseGO:0016629.8CCK, BDNF
36associative learningGO:0083069.8CRH, UCN
37G-protein coupled receptor signaling pathwayGO:0071869.8UCN, GHSR, GHRL, PYY
38positive regulation of cell proliferationGO:0082849.7LEP, CCK, HTR2A, GHRH, CRH
39synaptic transmissionGO:0072689.6HCRT, HTR2A, CRH, NPY, SLC6A2
40positive regulation of cAMP biosynthetic processGO:0308199.5CRH, UCN, GHRH, MC4R, MC3R
41feeding behaviorGO:0076319.4PYY, MC4R, CRH, NPY, BDNF, AGRP

Molecular functions related to Anorexia Nervosa according to GeneCards/GeneDecks:

(show all 11)
idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1growth hormone-releasing hormone activityGO:01660810.2GHRL, GHRH
2melanocyte-stimulating hormone receptor activityGO:00498010.1MC4R, MC3R
3peptide hormone bindingGO:01704610.0GHSR, MC4R, MC3R
4G-protein coupled receptor bindingGO:0016649.9PPY, GHRL, NPY
5melanocortin receptor activityGO:0049779.9MC4R, MC3R
6corticotropin-releasing hormone receptor 1 bindingGO:0514309.8CRH, UCN
7corticotropin-releasing hormone receptor 2 bindingGO:0514319.8UCN, CRH
8neuropeptide bindingGO:0429239.7MC4R, MC3R
9receptor bindingGO:0051029.4AGRP, NPY, CRH, PPY
10hormone activityGO:0051799.2PPY, PYY, LEP, RETN, CCK, CRH
11neuropeptide hormone activityGO:0051849.1AGRP, NPY, CRH, UCN, CCK, PYY

Products for genes affiliated with Anorexia Nervosa

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