MCID: ART021
MIFTS: 58

Arteriosclerosis malady

Cardiovascular diseases category

Aliases & Classifications for Arteriosclerosis

About this section
Sources:
61UMLS, 8Disease Ontology, 44Novoseek, 56SNOMED-CT, 33MeSH, 39NCIt, 27ICD9CM
See all sources

Aliases & Descriptions for Arteriosclerosis:

Name: Arteriosclerosis 8 44 61
Arteriosclerotic Vascular Disease Nos 8
Arteriosclerotic Vascular Disease 8
 
Arteriosclerosis Nos 8
Atherosclerosis 61


Classifications:



External Ids:

Disease Ontology8 DOID:2349
MeSH33 D001161
NCIt39 C34398
ICD9CM27 440.9

Summaries for Arteriosclerosis

About this section
Wikipedia:64 Arteriosclerosis is the thickening, hardening and loss of elasticity of the walls of arteries, from the... more...

MalaCards based summary: Arteriosclerosis, also known as arteriosclerotic vascular disease nos, is related to arteriosclerosis obliterans and ischemia. An important gene associated with Arteriosclerosis is KL (klotho), and among its related pathways are Immune response Role of integrins in NK cells cytotoxicity and Thromboxane A2 receptor signaling. The drugs epoprostenol sodium and epoprostenol and the compounds enalapril and cilostazol have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include heart, endothelial and smooth muscle, and related mouse phenotypes are renal/urinary system and tumorigenesis.

Disease Ontology:8 An artery disease that is characterized by a thickening and hardening of arterial walls in the arteries.

Related Diseases for Arteriosclerosis

About this section

Diseases related to Arteriosclerosis via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50)    (show all 201)
idRelated DiseaseScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1arteriosclerosis obliterans31.4SELP, VCAM1, ADIPOQ, ICAM1, HGF
2ischemia30.6EDN1, SELP, ICAM1, HGF
3vascular disease30.5SELP, IL6
4hyperhomocysteinemia30.3SELP, VCAM1, CCL2
5antiphospholipid syndrome30.2VCAM1, SELP
6pneumonia30.1ICAM1, CCL2, IL6
7coronary artery disease30.1EDN1, APOA1, APOB, SELP
8myocardial infarction30.1ADIPOQ, SELP, APOB, APOA1, EDN1
9glomerulosclerosis30.0EDN1, CCL2, HGF
10vasculitis30.0SELP, VCAM1, ICAM1, CCL2
11arcus senilis30.0APOA1, APOB
12norum disease29.9APOB, APOA1
13systemic lupus erythematosus29.9VCAM1, ICAM1, CCL2, IL6
14peripheral vascular disease29.9CCL2, VCAM1, SELP
15myeloma29.8HGF, IL6, ICAM1, VCAM1
16acute myocardial infarction29.7EDN1, APOA1, APOB, SELP
17obesity29.0IL6, CCL2, ADIPOQ, APOB, APOA1
18atherosclerosis29.0EDN1, APOA1, APOB, SELP, VCAM1, ADIPOQ
19kidney disease28.7IL6, KL, CCL2, ICAM1, APOA1, APOB
20cerebritis10.9
21cerebral arteriosclerosis10.9
22endotheliitis10.6
23acute chest syndrome10.5VCAM1
24common cold10.5ICAM1
25inflammatory bowel disease 110.4IL6
26aneurysm10.4
27alcoholic hepatitis10.4HGF, ICAM1
28thromboangiitis obliterans10.3
29idiopathic edema10.3EDN1, ADIPOQ
30henoch-schoenlein purpura10.3ICAM1, VCAM1
31inclusion body myositis10.3ICAM1, VCAM1
32leukostasis10.3VCAM1, ICAM1
33rheumatoid vasculitis10.3VCAM1, ICAM1
34oral lichen planus10.3VCAM1, ICAM1
35chylomicron retention disease10.3APOB
36vernal keratoconjunctivitis10.3VCAM1, ICAM1
37artery disease10.3
38liver disease10.3IL6, ICAM1
39ischemic heart disease10.2
40intracranial arteriosclerosis10.2
41blindness10.2
42classic kaposi sarcoma10.2IL6
43vitreoretinopathy, neovascular inflammatory10.2HGF, CCL2
44monckeberg arteriosclerosis10.2
45aortic aneurysm10.2
46homocysteinemia10.2
47proliferative glomerulonephritis10.2CCL2, SELP
48liver cirrhosis10.2EDN1, ADIPOQ, HGF
49sickle cell disease10.2EDN1, SELP, VCAM1
50renal fibrosis10.2CCL2, HGF

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Arteriosclerosis:



Diseases related to arteriosclerosis

Symptoms for Arteriosclerosis

About this section

Drugs & Therapeutics for Arteriosclerosis

About this section

Drug clinical trials:

Search ClinicalTrials for Arteriosclerosis

Search NIH Clinical Center for Arteriosclerosis

Inferred drug relations via UMLS61/NDF-RT40:

Genetic Tests for Arteriosclerosis

About this section

Anatomical Context for Arteriosclerosis

About this section

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Arteriosclerosis:

31
Heart, Endothelial, Smooth muscle, T cells, Kidney, Bone, Monocytes, Brain, Bone marrow, Skin, Testes, Liver, Lung, Prostate, B cells, Spleen, Spinal cord, Small intestine, Pancreas

Animal Models for Arteriosclerosis or affiliated genes

About this section

Publications for Arteriosclerosis

About this section

Articles related to Arteriosclerosis:

(show top 50)    (show all 956)
idTitleAuthorsYear
1
MiR-142-3p attenuates the migration of CD4a8_ T cells through regulating actin cytoskeleton via RAC1 and ROCK2 in arteriosclerosis obliterans. (24743945)
2014
2
Calciphylaxis: fatal arteriosclerosis of uncertain mechanism. (25302725)
2014
3
CHA2DS2-VASc score is a useful-predictor of not prognosis but coronary-arteriosclerosis in chronic atrial-fibrillation compared with CHADS2 score: A two-center study of 320-slice CT, part 2. (25245494)
2014
4
The association between arteriosclerosis related diseases and diverticular bleeding. (22584295)
2012
5
Arteriosclerosis: inevitable or self-inflicted? (22615110)
2012
6
Progenitor cells in arteriosclerosis: good or bad guys? (20812863)
2011
7
Shift work and arteriosclerosis risk in professional bus drivers. (19804986)
2010
8
Study design of SEASON registry: prospective Surveillance of cardiovascular Events in an Antiplatelet-treated arterioSclerosis Obliterans patients in JapaN )SEASON). (20966606)
2010
9
Long-term follow-up of Symphony nitinol stents in iliac arteriosclerosis obliterans. (18270875)
2008
10
Regulation of transplant arteriosclerosis by CD25+CD4+ T cells generated to alloantigen in vivo. (17565319)
2007
11
Adenovirus-mediated heme oxygenase transfer inhibits graft arteriosclerosis in rat aortic transplants. (18089403)
2007
12
Antidonor humoral transfer induces transplant arteriosclerosis in aortic and cardiac graft models in rats. (17320586)
2007
13
Primary sclerosing cholangitis--the arteriosclerosis of the bile duct? (17254334)
2007
14
Effects of angiotensin II on connexin 43 of VSMCs in arteriosclerosis. (16845719)
2006
15
MMP-2 expression is associated with rapidly proliferative arteriosclerosis in the flexor tenosynovium and pain severity in carpal tunnel syndrome. (15685708)
2005
16
Low-density lipoprotein apheresis in a patient with arteriosclerosis obliterans and light chain deposition disease. (15224807)
2004
17
Association of RANTES G-403A gene polymorphism with increased risk of coronary arteriosclerosis. (15302103)
2004
18
Effects of AGI-1096, a novel antioxidant compound with anti-inflammatory and antiproliferative properties, on rodent allograft arteriosclerosis. (15239610)
2004
19
Estimating the stenosis probabilities in arteriosclerosis obliterans using generalized estimating equations. (12820280)
2003
20
Oxidized LDL autoantibodies, endothelial dysfunction, and transplant-associated arteriosclerosis. (12482818)
2002
21
Estimation of graft arteriosclerosis after allogeneic fresh and cryopreserved aortic transplantation in the rat. (12009674)
2002
22
Effect of cyclosporine and ischemia on experimental transplant arteriosclerosis. (11750591)
2001
23
Contribution of proliferating leukocytes to phenotypic change in smooth muscle cells during the development of coronary arteriosclerosis in transplanted hearts. (10720843)
2000
24
Chlamydia pneumoniae infection of vascular smooth muscle and endothelial cells activates NF-kappaB and induces tissue factor and PAI-1 expression: a potential link to accelerated arteriosclerosis. (10500035)
1999
25
The analgesic effect of racemic ketamine in patients with chronic ischemic pain due to lower extremity arteriosclerosis obliterans. (9698948)
1998
26
Chlamydia pneumoniae infection is frequent but not associated with coronary arteriosclerosis in cardiac transplant recipients. (9874051)
1998
27
Postischemic reperfusion injury and allograft arteriosclerosis. (9865362)
1998
28
Cardiac allografts from IL-4 knockout recipients: assessment of transplant arteriosclerosis and peripheral tolerance. (9670933)
1998
29
Comparison of dietary casein and soybean protein effects on plasma lipid and gastrin levels, hepatic delta 6-desaturase activity and coronary arteriosclerosis in male Sprague-Dawley rats. A 9-month study. (8109889)
1993
30
Noninvasive visualization of coronary arteriosclerosis by computed tomography. (8451668)
1993
31
Serum elastinolytic activity and blood lipids in various clinical forms of arteriosclerosis and in acute myocardial infarct]. (2047114)
1991
32
Delusional parasitosis. A comparative study to late-onset schizophrenia and organic mental disorders due to cerebral arteriosclerosis. (3237953)
1988
33
beta-Pyridylcarbinol (Ronicol) releases a prostacyclin-like substance into arterial blood of patients with arteriosclerosis obliterans. (6346344)
1983
34
Prevalence of severe arteriosclerosis obliterans in patients with diabetes mellitus. Relation to smoking and form of therapy. (7052035)
1982
35
Lack of effect of ischemia and dipyridamole on prostacyclin production in arteriosclerosis obliterans. (7041195)
1981
36
A controlled, double-blind study of dl-alpha-tocopheryl nicotinate (Juvela-Nicotinate) for treatment of symptoms in hypertension and cerebral arteriosclerosis. (881743)
1977
37
Cigarette smoking and arteriosclerosis obliterans: an epidemiologic approach. (5007359)
1972
38
Vascular pathology of homocysteinemia: implications for the pathogenesis of arteriosclerosis. (5792556)
1969
39
A diagnostic aid for determining peripheral arteriosclerosis obliterans. (6058444)
1967
40
LUMBAR SYMPATHECTOMY IN ARTERIOSCLEROSIS OBLITERANS. (14179033)
1964
41
SPONTANEOUS CORONARY ARTERIOSCLEROSIS IN REPEATEDLY BRED MALE AND FEMALE RATS. (14104162)
1964
42
Coronary arteriosclerosis in pilots. Report of a case. (13995628)
1963
43
Treatment of diabetic ulcer with concomitant arteriosclerosis obliterans. (14424139)
1960
44
Iliofemoropopliteal arterial reconstructions for arteriosclerosis obliterans; factors influencing late patency. (13622959)
1959
45
Muscle blood flow in patients with arteriosclerosis obliterans. (13559561)
1958
46
Coronary (ischaemic) heart disease in patients with arteriosclerosis obliterans. (13394194)
1956
47
Hypertension and coronary arteriosclerosis; a comparative study of the weights of kidneys in patients with acute myocardial infraction, systemic hypertension, carcinoma, and nonrenal disease. (13268199)
1955
48
The effect of nicotinic acid and pentylenetetrazol in the therapy of psychiatric symptoms of cerebral arteriosclerosis. (13236117)
1954
49
An evaluation of roniacol tartrate in arteriosclerosis obliterans. (14843421)
1951
50
A note on a mechanism of arterial rupture in cerebral arteriosclerosis. (21026938)
1946

Variations for Arteriosclerosis

About this section

Expression for genes affiliated with Arteriosclerosis

About this section
Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Arteriosclerosis.

Pathways for genes affiliated with Arteriosclerosis

About this section

Pathways related to Arteriosclerosis according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 27)
idSuper pathways (with members indented)ScoreTop Affiliating Genes
19.7VCAM1, ICAM1
29.7VCAM1, ICAM1
39.3IL6, CCL2
49.3SELP, VCAM1, ICAM1
59.2IL6, ICAM1, VCAM1
69.2VCAM1, ICAM1, IL6
7
Show member pathways
9.2HGF, APOA1, SELP
89.1APOB, APOA1
9
Show member pathways
9.1APOA1, APOB
10
Show member pathways
9.1APOB, APOA1
119.1CCL2, ICAM1, VCAM1
12
Show member pathways
Development VEGF signaling via VEGFR2 generic cascades59
9.1CCL2, VCAM1, ICAM1
138.9CCL2, IL6, ICAM1
14
Show member pathways
8.9IL6, ICAM1, HGF, VCAM1
15
Show member pathways
8.7EDN1, CCL2, IL6, HGF
16
Show member pathways
8.7VCAM1, IL6, HGF, CCL2
178.7VCAM1, IL6, ICAM1, APOA1
188.5ICAM1, IL6, CCL2, SELP
19
Show member pathways
8.4APOA1, APOB, SELP, HGF
208.3APOB, SELP, IL6, ICAM1
218.3ICAM1, CCL2, EDN1, IL6, VCAM1
22
Show member pathways
7.9KL, CCL2, APOB, APOA1, EDN1
237.8SELP, VCAM1, ICAM1, CCL2, IL6, HGF
24
Show member pathways
thioredoxin pathway36
7.6IL6, CCL2, ICAM1, APOB, APOA1

Compounds for genes affiliated with Arteriosclerosis

About this section

Compounds related to Arteriosclerosis according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50)    (show all 224)
idCompoundScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1enalapril44 50 1111.2EDN1, APOA1, ADIPOQ, HGF
2cilostazol44 1110.1SELP, VCAM1, CCL2, HGF
3valsartan44 60 28 1112.1CCL2, ADIPOQ, SELP, EDN1
4sodium nitroprusside449.0HGF, EDN1, SELP, VCAM1, ADIPOQ
5hcec448.9CCL2, ICAM1, IL6, VCAM1
6polymyxin b448.8VCAM1, IL6, ICAM1, CCL2
7groalpha448.7ICAM1, CCL2, IL6, VCAM1
8parthenolide44 19.7CCL2, IL6, ICAM1, VCAM1
9irbesartan44 28 50 1111.7ADIPOQ, CCL2, EDN1, APOB
10pdtc448.6HGF, CCL2, VCAM1, IL6, ICAM1
11sp 60012544 609.6HGF, CCL2, ICAM1, VCAM1, IL6
12fenofibric acid44 289.5ADIPOQ, CCL2, APOB, APOA1
13losartan44 50 28 1111.5HGF, CCL2, ADIPOQ, VCAM1, SELP, EDN1
14troglitazone44 28 60 1111.4CCL2, ADIPOQ, ICAM1, VCAM1, IL6
15herbimycin a44 609.3CCL2, IL6, VCAM1, EDN1, ICAM1, HGF
168-isoprostane448.3IL6, CCL2, EDN1, VCAM1, ICAM1, ADIPOQ
17rosuvastatin44 50 28 1111.3APOA1, APOB, ADIPOQ, IL6
18probucol44 119.2EDN1, CCL2, APOA1, APOB, VCAM1
19pd 98,059448.2ICAM1, VCAM1, HGF, IL6, CCL2, EDN1
20n acetylcysteine448.2CCL2, ICAM1, VCAM1, SELP, IL6, HGF
21rantes448.1VCAM1, IL6, CCL2, ICAM1, SELP, ADIPOQ
22actinomycin d448.1HGF, EDN1, ICAM1, CCL2, IL6, ADIPOQ
23endotoxin448.1IL6, CCL2, ICAM1, ADIPOQ, VCAM1
24cerivastatin50 44 28 1111.1CCL2, ICAM1, APOB, APOA1
25rosiglitazone28 44 50 24 1112.0IL6, APOB, VCAM1, ADIPOQ, CCL2
26sb 20358044 609.0ADIPOQ, VCAM1, IL6, EDN1, HGF, CCL2
27norepinephrine44 24 119.9EDN1, SELP, HGF, ADIPOQ, VCAM1, CCL2
28histamine44 28 249.9ICAM1, IL6, SELP, HGF, EDN1, VCAM1
29dextran sulfate447.9ICAM1, HGF, IL6, SELP, APOB, APOA1
30aspartate447.9HGF, CCL2, ADIPOQ, VCAM1, SELP, APOA1
31polysaccharide447.8APOB, SELP, VCAM1, ICAM1, CCL2, HGF
32ly294002447.8CCL2, HGF, IL6, ICAM1, VCAM1, SELP
33homocysteine44 248.7VCAM1, CCL2, ADIPOQ, SELP, APOB, APOA1
34pioglitazone28 44 50 1110.7APOA1, APOB, ADIPOQ, CCL2, IL6, VCAM1
35prostacyclin447.6EDN1, APOA1, SELP, VCAM1, ADIPOQ, ICAM1
36testosterone44 60 24 1110.3APOB, APOA1, ADIPOQ, VCAM1, HGF, CCL2
37fluvastatin44 50 28 1110.2IL6, CCL2, ICAM1, VCAM1, SELP, APOB
38lactate447.1APOA1, SELP, VCAM1, APOB, ADIPOQ, ICAM1
39cholesterol44 28 24 1110.1APOA1, IL6, CCL2, ADIPOQ, SELP, APOB
40pge2447.0HGF, IL6, CCL2, ICAM1, ADIPOQ, VCAM1
41creatinine446.9APOA1, EDN1, APOB, ADIPOQ, CCL2, IL6
42pravastatin44 50 28 24 1110.9SELP, VCAM1, ADIPOQ, ICAM1, CCL2, IL6
43simvastatin44 50 60 28 24 1111.8APOA1, APOB, VCAM1, IL6, CCL2, ICAM1
44fenofibrate44 50 118.8IL6, CCL2, APOA1, APOB, SELP, VCAM1
45estrogen446.8HGF, IL6, ADIPOQ, VCAM1, APOA1, SELP
46fibrinogen446.8CCL2, SELP, VCAM1, ADIPOQ, ICAM1, IL6
47vegf446.8KL, SELP, VCAM1, IL6, ICAM1, CCL2
48genistein44 28 60 1 24 1111.6IL6, CCL2, ICAM1, VCAM1, SELP, APOB
49dexamethasone44 50 28 119.5APOA1, SELP, ADIPOQ, CCL2, IL6, HGF
50atorvastatin44 50 28 24 1110.5ADIPOQ, IL6, CCL2, EDN1, VCAM1, APOB

GO Terms for genes affiliated with Arteriosclerosis

About this section

Cellular components related to Arteriosclerosis according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1very-low-density lipoprotein particleGO:00343619.1APOB, APOA1
2endocytic vesicle lumenGO:00716829.0APOB, APOA1
3external side of plasma membraneGO:00098978.7SELP, VCAM1, ICAM1, IL6
4early endosomeGO:00057698.5VCAM1, APOB, APOA1
5extracellular regionGO:00055766.8EDN1, APOA1, APOB, ADIPOQ, CCL2, IL6
6extracellular spaceGO:00056155.6KL, EDN1, APOA1, APOB, SELP, VCAM1

Biological processes related to Arteriosclerosis according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50)    (show all 51)
idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1acute inflammatory responseGO:000252610.2KL, VCAM1
2membrane to membrane dockingGO:002261410.1VCAM1, ICAM1
3membrane depolarizationGO:005189910.1EDN1, ADIPOQ
4response to nicotineGO:003509410.1VCAM1, EDN1
5leukocyte tethering or rollingGO:005090110.0SELP, VCAM1
6negative regulation of heterotypic cell-cell adhesionGO:003411510.0ADIPOQ, APOA1
7negative regulation of tumor necrosis factor-mediated signaling pathwayGO:001080410.0APOA1, ADIPOQ
8negative regulation of gluconeogenesisGO:00457219.9IL6, ADIPOQ
9cellular response to glucose stimulusGO:00713339.9VCAM1, ICAM1
10maternal process involved in parturitionGO:00601379.9EDN1, CCL2
11defense response to Gram-negative bacteriumGO:00508299.8IL6, SELP
12negative regulation of fat cell differentiationGO:00455999.8IL6, ADIPOQ
13regulation of vascular endothelial growth factor productionGO:00105749.7IL6, CCL2
14response to activityGO:00148239.7ADIPOQ, CCL2
15negative regulation of hormone secretionGO:00468889.7IL6, ADIPOQ, EDN1
16leukocyte cell-cell adhesionGO:00071599.7ICAM1, SELP, VCAM1
17heterophilic cell-cell adhesionGO:00071579.7ICAM1, VCAM1, SELP
18positive regulation of nitric oxide biosynthetic processGO:00454299.7ICAM1, IL6, EDN1
19low-density lipoprotein particle clearanceGO:00343839.6APOB, ADIPOQ
20neutrophil chemotaxisGO:00305939.6CCL2, EDN1
21monocyte chemotaxisGO:00025489.6IL6, CCL2
22positive regulation of smooth muscle cell proliferationGO:00486619.6IL6, EDN1
23response to nutrientGO:00075849.6VCAM1, ADIPOQ, APOA1
24platelet degranulationGO:00025769.6APOA1, HGF, SELP
25response to antibioticGO:00466779.6IL6, CCL2
26cellular response to interleukin-1GO:00713479.5EDN1, ICAM1, CCL2
27lipoprotein biosynthetic processGO:00421589.5APOA1, APOB
28organ regenerationGO:00311009.4HGF, CCL2, APOA1
29cholesterol transportGO:00303019.4APOB, APOA1
30response to ionizing radiationGO:00102129.4VCAM1, ICAM1
31cholesterol effluxGO:00333449.4APOB, APOA1
32response to heatGO:00094089.4IL6, CCL2
33response to glucocorticoidGO:00513849.4ADIPOQ, CCL2, IL6
34positive regulation of peptidyl-tyrosine phosphorylationGO:00507319.3ADIPOQ, ICAM1, IL6, HGF
35lipoprotein metabolic processGO:00421579.3APOA1, APOB
36regulation of cell shapeGO:00083609.3ICAM1, CCL2, IL6
37response to hypoxiaGO:00016669.2VCAM1, ADIPOQ, CCL2, EDN1
38response to ethanolGO:00454719.2CCL2, VCAM1, ICAM1, ADIPOQ
39agingGO:00075689.1VCAM1, CCL2, IL6, KL
40leukocyte migrationGO:00509009.1APOB, ICAM1, SELP
41platelet activationGO:00301689.1SELP, APOA1, HGF, IL6
42response to amino acidGO:00432009.1CCL2, EDN1, ICAM1, IL6
43cytokine-mediated signaling pathwayGO:00192219.0VCAM1, ICAM1, IL6, CCL2
44cell adhesionGO:00071559.0SELP, CCL2, ICAM1, VCAM1
45G-protein coupled receptor signaling pathwayGO:00071868.9CCL2, APOA1, EDN1
46inflammatory responseGO:00069548.9IL6, SELP, CCL2
47response to drugGO:00424938.8CCL2, IL6, APOA1, ICAM1
48blood coagulationGO:00075968.7APOA1, SELP, APOB, HGF
49response to lipopolysaccharideGO:00324968.5APOB, IL6, EDN1, VCAM1, SELP
50cellular response to tumor necrosis factorGO:00713568.4CCL2, ICAM1, VCAM1, APOB, EDN1

Molecular functions related to Arteriosclerosis according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1sialic acid bindingGO:00336919.7ADIPOQ, SELP
2hormone activityGO:00051799.6KL, ADIPOQ, EDN1
3cholesterol transporter activityGO:00171279.1APOA1, APOB
4cytokine activityGO:00051259.0EDN1, ADIPOQ, IL6
5heparin bindingGO:00082018.5CCL2, SELP, APOB
6protein bindingGO:00055156.7HGF, IL6, ICAM1, ADIPOQ, SELP, APOB

Sources for Arteriosclerosis

About this section
2CDC
12ExPASy
13FDA
14FMA
22GTR
23HGMD
24HMDB
25ICD10
26ICD10 via Orphanet
27ICD9CM
28IUPHAR
29KEGG
33MeSH
34MESH via Orphanet
35MGI
38NCI
39NCIt
40NDF-RT
43NINDS
44Novoseek
46OMIM
47OMIM via Orphanet
51PubMed
52QIAGEN
57SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
61UMLS
62UMLS via Orphanet