MCID: BLP003
MIFTS: 39

Blepharospasm malady

Categories: Genetic diseases, Rare diseases, Neuronal diseases, Eye diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Blepharospasm

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Aliases & Descriptions for Blepharospasm:

Name: Blepharospasm 10 45 46 47 12 36 24
Benign Essential Blepharospasm 45 23 46 65
Essential Blepharospasm 23
Primary Blepharospasm 23
 
Eyelid Twitching 23
Spasm of Eyelids 23
Beb 45

Classifications:



External Ids:

Disease Ontology10 DOID:529
ICD1027 G24.5
ICD9CM29 333.81
MeSH36 D001764
UMLS65 C0005747, C2930898

Summaries for Blepharospasm

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NINDS:46 Benign essential blepharospasm (BEB) is a progressive neurological disorder characterized by involuntary muscle contractions and spasms of the eyelid muscles. It is a form of a movement disorder in which muscle contractions cause sustained eyelid closure, twitching or repetitive movements. BEB begins gradually with increased frequency of eye blinking often associated with eye irritation. Other symptoms may include increasing difficulty in keeping the eyes open, and light sensitivity. Generally, the spasms occur during the day, disappear in sleep, and reappear after waking. As the condition progresses, the spasms may intensify, forcing the eyelids to remain closed for long periods of time, and thereby causing substantial visual disturbance or functional blindness. It is important to note that the blindness is caused solely by the uncontrollable closing of the eyelids and not by a dysfunction of the eyes. BEB occurs in both men and women, although it is especially common in middle-aged and elderly women.

MalaCards based summary: Blepharospasm, also known as benign essential blepharospasm, is related to blepharospasm, primary benign and meige syndrome. An important gene associated with Blepharospasm is DRD5 (Dopamine Receptor D5). Affiliated tissues include eye, brain and lung.

Disease Ontology:10 A focal dystonia that is characterized by the involuntary, forcible contraction of the muscles controlling eye blinks.

NIH Rare Diseases:45 Benign essential blepharospasm is a progressive neurological disorder characterized by involuntary muscle contractions and spasms of the eyelid muscles. it is a form of dystonia, a movement disorder in which muscle contractions cause sustained eyelid closure, twitching or repetitive movements. benign essential blepharospasm occurs in both men and women, although it is especially common in middle-aged and elderly women. most cases are treated with botulinum toxin injections. the exact cause of benign essential blepharospasm is unknown. last updated: 7/22/2009

Wikipedia:68 Blepharospasm is any abnormal contraction or twitch of the eyelid. In most cases, symptoms last for a... more...

Related Diseases for Blepharospasm

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Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Blepharospasm:



Diseases related to blepharospasm

Symptoms for Blepharospasm

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Drugs & Therapeutics for Blepharospasm

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Drugs for Blepharospasm (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show all 42)
idNameStatusPhaseClinical TrialsCas NumberPubChem Id
1
AcetylcholineexperimentalPhase 4, Phase 3, Phase 268951-84-3187
Synonyms:
ACh
Acetyl choline ion
Acetylcholine Chloride
Acetylcholine cation
 
Acetylcholinium: acetyl-Choline
Choline acetate
Choline acetate (ester)
Miochol E
O-Acetylcholine
acetylcholine chloride
2Neurotransmitter AgentsPhase 4, Phase 3, Phase 214795
3OnabotulinumtoxinAPhase 4, Phase 3, Phase 2588
4AbobotulinumtoxinAPhase 4, Phase 3, Phase 2588
5Neuromuscular AgentsPhase 4, Phase 3, Phase 2922
6Peripheral Nervous System AgentsPhase 4, Phase 3, Phase 2, Phase 118510
7
SiliconPhase 4857440-21-34082203
Synonyms:
Si
 
Silica
Silicate
Silicic acid
8IncobotulinumtoxinAPhase 4, Phase 3, Phase 2599
9Botulinum Toxins, Type APhase 4, Phase 3, Phase 2588
10Botulinum ToxinsPhase 4, Phase 3, Phase 2, Phase 1616
11Cholinergic AgentsPhase 4, Phase 3, Phase 23243
12Pharmaceutical SolutionsPhase 37004
13
MexiletineapprovedPhase 21931828-71-44178
Synonyms:
(+-)-1-(2,6-Dimethylphenoxy)propan-2-amine
(+-)-1-(2,6-dimethylphenoxy)propan-2-amine
(2RS)-1-(2,6-dimethylphenoxy)-2-aminopropane
1-(2',6'-Dimethylphenoxy)-2-aminopropane
1-(2,6-Dimethylphenoxy)-2-propanamine
1-(2,6-dimethylphenoxy)propan-2-amine
1-Methyl-2-(2,6-xylyloxy)ethanamine
1-Methyl-2-(2,6-xylyloxy)ethylamine
1-methyl-2-(2,6-xylyloxy)ethanamine
2-(2-Aminopropoxy)-1,3-DiMethyl-Benzene Hydrochloride
2-(2-aminopropoxy)-1,3-dimethylbenzene
31828-71-4
5370-01-4 (hydrochloride)
AB00053683
AC1L1HL7
AC1Q2BC5
AC1Q2BC6
BPBio1_000026
BRD-A64092382-003-04-3
BRN 2092205
BSPBio_000022
BSPBio_002254
C07220
CHEBI:115958
CHEBI:6916
CHEMBL558
CID4178
D08215
DB00379
DivK1c_000834
EINECS 250-825-7
I01-6374
IDI1_000834
KBio1_000834
KBio2_002082
KBio2_004650
KBio2_007218
 
KBio3_001474
KBioGR_001270
KBioSS_002082
KO-1173
KO1173
KOE-1173
LS-68257
Lopac0_000784
Mexiletene
Mexiletina
Mexiletina [INN-Spanish]
Mexiletine
Mexiletine (INN)
Mexiletine HCL
Mexiletine Hydrochloride
Mexiletine [INN:BAN]
Mexiletinum
Mexiletinum [INN-Latin]
Mexilitine
Mexilétine
Mexitil
Mexityl
MolPort-001-790-944
NCGC00015659-04
NCGC00162253-01
NCGC00162253-02
NINDS_000834
Prestwick0_000241
Prestwick1_000241
Prestwick2_000241
Prestwick3_000241
SBB070242
SPBio_002241
Spectrum3_000727
Spectrum4_000795
Spectrum5_001279
Spectrum_001602
UNII-1U511HHV4Z
14
Etanerceptapproved, investigationalPhase 1, Phase 2383185243-69-0
Synonyms:
185243-69-0
CD120b
D00742
Enbrel
Enbrel (TN)
Enbrel Sureclick
Etanercept
Etanercept (USAN/INN)
 
Etanercept (genetical recombination)
Etanercept (genetical recombination) (JAN)
TNF-R2
Tumor necrosis factor receptor 2
Tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily member 1B precursor
Tumor necrosis factor receptor type II
etanercept
p75
p80 TNF-alpha receptor
15Sodium Channel BlockersPhase 21180
16Diuretics, Potassium SparingPhase 21445
17Anti-Arrhythmia AgentsPhase 22371
18AutoantibodiesPhase 1, Phase 2117
19Gastrointestinal AgentsPhase 1, Phase 26401
20Immunologic FactorsPhase 1, Phase 218483
21Immunosuppressive AgentsPhase 1, Phase 210422
22Antirheumatic AgentsPhase 1, Phase 28496
23Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-SteroidalPhase 1, Phase 23549
24Analgesics, Non-NarcoticPhase 1, Phase 25184
25AnalgesicsPhase 1, Phase 29358
26Anti-Inflammatory AgentsPhase 1, Phase 28478
27
Cortisone acetateapproved531950-04-4, 50-04-45745
Synonyms:
Cortisone Acetate
 
Cortisyl
Cortone acetate
28
Prednisoloneapproved108250-24-85755
Synonyms:
(11beta)-11,17,21-Trihydroxypregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione
.DELTA.1-Cortisol
.DELTA.1-Dehydrocortisol
.DELTA.1-Dehydrohydrocortisone
.DELTA.1-Hydrocortisone
.delta.-Cortef
.delta.-Stab
1,2-Dehydrohydrocortisone
1,4-Pregnadiene-11beta,17alpha,21-triol-3,20-dione
1,4-Pregnadiene-3,20-dione-11beta,17alpha,21-triol
1-Dehydrocortisol
1-Dehydrohydrocortisone
3,20-dioxo-11beta,17alpha,21-Trihydroxy-1,4-pregnadiene
46656_FLUKA
46656_RIEDEL
50-24-8
58201-11-9
8056-11-9
AC-1773
AC1L1L2E
Ak-Pred
Ak-Tate
Alphadrol
Articulose-50
BPBio1_000164
BRD-K98039984-001-03-0
BRN 1354103
BSPBio_000148
Bio-0666
Bubbli-Pred
C07369
CCRIS 980
CHEBI:8378
CHEMBL131
CID5755
CO-Hydeltra
CPD000718761
Co-Hydeltra
Codelcortone
Cordrol
Cortalone
Cotogesic
Cotolone
D00472
D011239
DB00860
Decaprednil
Decortin H
Delcortol
Delta F
Delta(1)-dehydrohydrocortisone
Delta-Cortef
Delta-Cortef (TN)
Delta-Ef-Cortelan
Delta-Stab
Delta-stab
Deltacortenol
Deltacortril
Deltacortril Enteric
Deltahydrocortisone
Deltasolone
Deltisilone
Depo-Medrol
Derpo PD
Derpo Pd
Dexa-Cortidelt Hostacortin H
Dexa-Cortidelt hostacortin H
Di Adreson F
Di-Adreson F
Di-Adreson-F
Di-adreson F
DiAdresonF
Dicortol
Donisolone
Dydeltrone
EINECS 200-021-7
Eazolin D
Econopred
Econopred Plus
Erbacort
Erbasona
Estilsona
Fernisolone
Fernisolone P
Fernisolone-P
Flamasone
Flo-pred
HMS1568H10
HMS2090J05
HSDB 3385
Hostacortin H
Hydeltra
Hydeltra-Tba
Hydeltrasol
Hydeltrone
Hydrodeltalone
Hydrodeltisone
Hydroretrocortin
Hydroretrocortine
I-Pred
Inflamase Forte
Inflamase Mild
K 1557
Key-Pred
Klismacort
LMST02030179
LS-7669
Lentosone
Lite Pred
M-Predrol
MLS001304083
 
MLS002154250
MLS002207037
Medrol
Medrol Acetate
Metacortandralone
Methylprednisolone Acetate
Meti-Derm
Meticortelone
Metreton
Millipred
MolPort-002-507-147
NCGC00179649-01
NSC 9120
NSC9120
NSC9900
Neo-Delta-Cortef
Nisolone
Nor-Pred T.B.A.
Ocu-Pred
Ocu-Pred Forte
Omnipred
Ophtho-Tate
Orapred
P0152_SIGMA
P0637
P6004_SIGMA
PRDL
PRED-G
Panafcortelone
Paracortol
Paracotol
Pediapred
Poly-Pred
Precortalon
Precortancyl
Precortilon
Precortisyl
Pred Forte
Pred Mild
Predair
Predair A
Predair Forte
Predalone 50
Predalone T.B.A.
Predate
Predate Tba
Predate-50
Predcor-25
Predcor-50
Predcor-Tba
Predisolone Sodium Phosphate
Predne-Dome
Prednelan
Predni-Dome
Prednicen
Predniliderm
Predniretard
Prednis
Prednisolona
Prednisolona [INN-Spanish]
Prednisolone
Prednisolone (JP15/USP/INN)
Prednisolone (anhydrous)
Prednisolone Acetate
Prednisolone Sodium Phosphate
Prednisolone Tebutate
Prednisolone [INN:BAN:JAN]
Prednisolonum
Prednisolonum [INN-Latin]
Predonin
Predonine
Prelone
Prenolone
Prestwick0_000274
Prestwick1_000274
Prestwick2_000274
Prestwick3_000274
Prestwick_404
Rolisone
S1737_Selleck
SAM002264639
SMR000718761
SPBio_002367
Scherisolon
Solone
Steran
Sterane
Sterolone
Supercortisol
UNII-9PHQ9Y1OLM
Ulacort
Ultra Pred
Ultracorten H
Ultracortene H
Ultracortene-H
Ultracortene-Hydrogen
Ultracortene-hydrogen
ZINC03833821
component of Ataraxoid
component of K-Predne-Dome
delta(1)-Cortisol
delta(1)-Dehydrocortisol
delta(1)-Dehydrohydrocortisone
delta(1)-Hydrocortisone
delta(sup 1)-Cortisol
delta(sup 1)-Dehydrocortisol
delta(sup 1)-Dehydrohydrocortisone
delta(sup 1)-Hydrocortisone
delta-dehydrocortisol
delta-dehydrohydrocortisone
delta-hydrocortisone
prednisolone
29
Methylprednisoloneapproved108283-43-26741
Synonyms:
(6S,8S,9S,10R,11S,13S,14S,17R)-11,17-dihydroxy-17-(2-hydroxyacetyl)-6,10,13-trimethyl-7,8,9,11,12,14,15,16-octahydro-6H-cyclopenta[a]phenanthren-3-one
(6a,11b)-11,17,21-Trihydroxy-6-methylpregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione
(6alpha,11beta)-11,17,21-Trihydroxy-6-methylpregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione
(6α,11β)-11,17,21-trihydroxy-6-methylpregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione
.DELTA.1-6.alpha.-Methylhydrocortisone
1-Dehydro-6alpha-methylhydrocortisone
1-dehydro-6alpha-Methylhydrocortisone
1-dehydro-6α-methylhydrocortisone
11-beta,17,21-Trihydroxy-6-alpha-methylpregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione
11beta,17,21-Trihydroxy-6alpha-methylpregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione
11beta,17alpha,21-Trihydroxy-6alpha-methyl-1,4-pregnadiene-3,20-dione
11beta,17alpha,21-Trihydroxy-6alpha-methylpregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione
121673-01-6
4-08-00-03498 (Beilstein Handbook Reference)
46436_FLUKA
46436_RIEDEL
570-35-4
6 Methylprednisolone
6-Methylprednisolone
6-alpha-Methylprednisolone
6.alpha.-Methylprednisolone
6923-42-8
6alpha-Methyl-11beta,17alpha,21-trihydroxy-1,4-pregnadiene-3,20-dione
6alpha-Methyl-11beta,17alpha,21-triol-1,4-pregnadiene-3,20-dione
6alpha-Methylprednisolone
6alpha-methyl-11beta,17alpha,21-triol-1,4-pregnadiene-3,20-dione
83-43-2
A-methapred
AC1L1N7A
Artisone-Wyeth
Artisone-wyeth
BPBio1_000174
BRD-K35240538-001-03-1
BRN 2340300
BSPBio_000158
Besonia
Bio-0658
CHEBI:6888
CHEMBL650
CID6741
CPD000058330
D00407
D008775
DB00959
Depo-Medrol (acetate)
Depo-medrol
Dopomedrol
EINECS 201-476-4
Esametone
Firmacort
HMS1568H20
HMS2090B13
HSDB 3127
LMST02030178
LS-118498
Lemod
M0639_SIGMA
M1665
MEPRDL
MLS000028541
MLS001148159
MLS002207191
Medesone
Medixon
Medlone 21
 
Medrate
Medrol
Medrol (TN)
Medrol Adt Pak
Medrol Dosepak
Medrol adt pak
Medrol dosepak
Medrol, Solu-Medrol, Medrone, Methylprednisolone
Medrone
Mesopren
Metastab
Methyleneprednisolone
Methylprednisolon
Methylprednisolone
Methylprednisolone (JP15/USP/INN)
Methylprednisolone [USAN:INN:BAN:JAN]
Methylprednisolone, 6-alpha
Methylprednisolonum
Methylprednisolonum [INN-Latin]
Metilbetasone
Metilprednisolona
Metilprednisolona [INN-Spanish]
Metilprednisolone
Metilprednisolone [DCIT]
Metilprednisolone [Dcit]
Metipred
Metrisone
Metrocort
Metysolon
Moderin
MolPort-002-528-554
NCGC00022735-03
NCI60_001657
NSC-19987
NSC19987
Nirypan
Noretona
Predni N Tablinen
Prednol- L
Pregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione, 11beta,17,21-trihydroxy-6alpha-methyl- (8CI)
Prestwick0_000279
Prestwick1_000279
Prestwick2_000279
Prestwick3_000279
Prestwick_622
Promacortine
Reactenol
S1733_Selleck
SAM002589984
SMR000058330
SPBio_002377
Sieropresol
Solomet
Solu-medrol
Summicort
Suprametil
U 7532
UNII-X4W7ZR7023
Urbason
Urbasone
Wyacort
ZINC03875560
delta(1)-6alpha-Methylhydrocortisone
delta(sup 1)-6-alpha-Methylhydrocortisone
methylprednisolone
methylprenisolone
30
Zincapproved14777440-66-623994, 32051
Synonyms:
30Zn
Cinc
Zinc
Zinc ion
 
Zincum
Zink
Zn
Zn(ii)
Zn2+
31
MentholapprovedPhase 019992216-51-516666
Synonyms:
(−
()-Menthol
(+)-Neo-menthol
(+)-p-Menthan-3-ol
(+-)-(1R*,3R*,4S*)-Menthol
(+-)-Menthol
(+/-)-Menthol
(+/-)-p-Menthan-3-ol
(-)-(1R,3R,4S)-Menthol
(-)-Menthyl alcohol
(-)-menthol
(-)-p-Menthan-3-ol
(-)-trans-p-Menthan-cis-ol
(1R)-(-)-Menthol
(1R,2S,5R)-(-)-menthol
(1R,2S,5R)-Menthol
(1R,3R,4S)-(-)-MENTHOL
(1R,3R,4S)-(-)-Menthol
(1R-(1-alpha,2-beta,5-alpha))-5-Methyl-2-(1-methylethyl)cyclohexanol
(1S, 2S, 5R)-(+)-Neomenthol
(1S,2R,5R)-(+)-Isomenthol
(1S,2R,5S)-(+)-Menthol
(1S,2R,5S)-Menthol
(1alpha,2beta,5alpha)-5-Methyl-2(1-methylethyl)cyclohexanol
(1r,2s,5r)-(-)-menthol
(L)-MENTHOL
(R)-(-)-Menthol
(r)-(-)-menthol
)-Menthol
--MENTHOL
1-Menthol
1490-04-6
15356-60-2
15356-70-4
15785_RIEDEL
15785_SIAL
19863P
2-Isopropyl-5-methylcyclohexanol
20747-49-3
2216-51-5
3-p-Menthol
4-Isopropyl-1-methylcyclohexan-3-ol
491-02-1
5-Methyl-2-(1-methylethyl)-cyclohexanol
5-Methyl-2-(1-methylethyl)cyclohexanol
5-methyl-2-(propan-2-yl)cyclohexanol
5-methyl-2-propan-2-ylcyclohexan-1-ol
551376_ALDRICH
551376_FLUKA
588733_ALDRICH
613290_ALDRICH
613290_FLUKA
63660_FLUKA
63670_ALDRICH
63670_FLUKA
63975-60-0
6C6A4A8C-A054-468C-A1F0-F29E39838CF2
89-78-1
98167-53-4
999 Itch Relief
AC1L1B2E
AC1L28FR
AC1Q1NQ2
AC1Q2QQM
AI3-08161
AI3-52408
AKOS000119740
AR-1J3337
Absorbine Back Therapeutic Pain Relief
Absorbine Jr
Absorbine Jr Ultra Strength Pain Relieving
Absorbine Jr.
Absorbine Jr. Back
Algomend Pain Relief
Alhua Huogan Pain Relieving Patch
Aloemint Skin Aid
Amar Ice
Analgesic
Anc Neverpain External Analgesic
Anti Itch
Army Health Pain Reliever
Arthri-support
Arthri-zen Relief
Arthripain Relief
Arthritis Relief
Aspercreme Heat
Aspercreme Max No Mess Roll On
Assured Cold N Hot Pain Relief Menthol
Assured Extra Strength Cold N Hot
Assured Ice Cold Topical Analgesic
Assured Muscle Rub
Assured Pain Relief Hot Menthol
Atopalm Pain Relieving
Aurorae Healing Pain Relieving Roll-on
Avapta
Avedana Pain Relieving Roll On
Avedana Pain-relieving
BB_NC-0057
BRN 1902288
BRN 3194263
BSPBio_003062
Babyganics Cold Relief Chest Rub
Barox
Barox BODY CARE MASSAGE
Barox Body Care Massage Relax Refresh Revital
Being Well Extra Strength Menthol Heat
Bengay Ultra Strength Large Size
Bengay Ultra Strength Pain Relieving Large Size
Bengay Ultra Strength Pain Relieving Regular Size
Bengay Ultra Strength Regular Size
Bengay Vanishing Scent
Bengay Zero Degrees Menthol Pain Relieving
Bentasil SUGAR FREE BLACKCURRANT SOFT Texture
Bentasil SUGAR FREE CHERRY SOFT Texture
Bentasil SUGAR FREE HONEY LEMON SOFT Texture
Berri-freez
Besthealth Cherry
Besthealth Cough Suppressant Sugar Free Black Cherry Flavor
Besthealth Cough Suppressant Sugar Free Honey Lemon Flavor
Besthealth Honey Lemon
Besthealth Menthol
Bio 2 Brazilian Heat Brazilian Heat
Bio-scriptives Extreme Pr
Bioblast Pain Relief
Bioflexor
Biofreeze
Biofreeze Colorless
Biofreeze Colorless Roll-on
Biofreeze Roll-on
Biorelief Ice Pain Relieving
Blistex Ivarest Medicated Poison Ivy Cleansing Foam
Blue Gel Pain Relieving
Blue Ice
Blue Ice Analgesic
Blue Ice Analgesic Gel
Blue Ice Pain Relieving
Body
Budpack Muscle Rub
Budpak Muscle Rub
C00400
C10H20O
CCRIS 3728
CCRIS 375
CCRIS 4666
CCRIS 9231
CHEBI:15409
CHEBI:545611
CHEMBL256087
CHEMBL470670
CID1254
CID16666
Canker Complete Canker Sore Relief
Caswell No. 540
Celadrin
Cepacol Sore Throat From Post Nasal Drip
Cepacol Sore Throat Regular Strength
Ching Wan Hung Soothing Herbal Balm
Choice Personal Care Theraputic Blue Ice
Cold Hot Patch
Cold Spot Point Relief
Coldaid
Cool N Heat Patch For Back Extra Strength
Coralite Extra Strength Menthol Pain Relief Sleeve - Knee
Coralite Extra Strength Menthol Pain Relief Sleeve - Wrist
Coralite Pain Relief
Counteract Cough Drops Honey Lemon
Counteract Cough Drops Orchard Cherry
Cryogel Island Rain Natural Pain Relieving Vitaminerals
Cvs Cold Hot Medicated
Cvs Soothing Itch Relief
Cvs Sore Muscle Rub Vanishing Scent
Cvs Therapeutic Menthol Gel
Cvs Therapeutic Menthol Pain Reliever
Cvs Tropical Citrus Cough
Cvs Ultra Strength Pain Relieving
Cvs Vanishing Scent Muscle Rub
D-(-)-Menthol
D-p-Menthan-3-ol
D00064
D008610
D04849
D04918
DB00825
Dg Health Extra Strength Medicated
Dg Health Pain Relieving
Dg Ice Cold Analgesic
Diapedic Foot Treatment
DivK1c_000820
Dorflex Icy Hot Flexible, Large
Dorflex Icy Hot Flexible, Small
Dorflex Icy Hot Flexible, XL
Dr. Blue
Dt Ice Cold Analgesic
Dual Action Cherry Cough Suppressant Oral Anesthetic
Dynafreeze
EINECS 201-939-0
EINECS 207-724-8
EINECS 216-074-4
EINECS 218-690-9
EINECS 239-387-8
EINECS 239-388-3
EPA Pesticide Chemical Code 051601
Easy
Eb301ap Pain Relief
Eb301ct Bruise Pain Relief
Eb302 Arthritis Relief
Ecolyptus Pain Relieving Muscle Rub
Efac Pain Relieving
Elgin Pain Relief
Equaline Blue Ice Pain Relieving
Equate Menthol Extra Strength
Eros Iron Man
Eucalyptamint
Eucerin Calming Itch Relief Treatment
Extra Strength Cold N Hot Pain Relief Medicated
Extra Strength Pain Relief Therapy
Extra Strength Stopain Cold Pain Relieving
Extra Strength Stopain Cold Pain Relieving Roll On
FEMA No. 2665
Family Care Maximum Strength Medicated Anti Itch
Fast Freeze
Fisherman's friend lozenges
Fisherman's friend lozenges (TN)
Flexall Pain Relieving
Flexgen
Fluaid
Foot Works Achy Foot Massager Pain Relieving
Gold Bond Foot Extra Strength
Gold Bond Medicated Foot
Gold Bond Pain Relieving Foot
Gold Bond Pain Relieving Foot Roll On
Green Bamboo
Green Guard Cough Drop Relief
HMS1922G13
HMS2092L14
HMS502I22
HSDB 5662
HSDB 593
Halls Apple Cider
Halls Butterscotch
Halls Cherry
Halls Extra Strong Menthol
Halls Honey Lemon
Halls Ice Peppermint
Halls MENTHO-LYPTUS
Halls Melon Splash
Halls Menthol
Halls Mentholyptus
Halls Mocha Mint
Halls Naturals Honey Lemon Chamomile
Halls Plus Cherry
Halls Plus Honey
Halls Plus Strawberry
Halls Spearmint
Halls Strawberry
Halls Sugar Free Black Cherry
Halls Sugar Free Citrus Blend
Halls Sugar Free Extra Strong Menthol
Halls Sugar Free Honey Berry
Halls Sugar Free Honey Lemon
Halls Sugar Free Mountain Menthol
Halls Tropical Fruit
Hallsmelon Splash Melon Splash
Hallssugar Free Extra Sugar Free Extra Strong Menthol
Han Honey Loquat Syrup
Hanbang Cataplasma
Harmon Extra Strength Pain Relieving
Harmon Extra Strength Pain Relieving Roll-on
Headache crystals
Health Smart Medicated Foot
Herbion Naturals Honey Lemon
Herbion Naturals Honey Lemon Cough Drops
Herbion Naturals Honey-Lemon Cough Drops
Herbion Naturals Mint Cough Drops
Herbion Naturals Orange
Herbion Naturals Orange Cough Drops
Hexahydrothymol
Hielo Ardiente
Honibe
 
Hot Ice Soothing Analgesic Gel
Huitomi Slimming Sports
Humphreys Bendito Alcoholado
I06-1216
I14-7371
IDI1_000820
Ice
Ice Cold Analgesic
Ice Cold Topical Analgesic Gel
Ice External Analgesic Leader
Ice Quake
Ice Quake Muscle Rub
Icy Cool Maximum Strength
Icy Hot
Icy Hot Back
Icy Hot Medicated
Icy Hot Medicated No Mess Applicator
Icy Hot Medicated Roll Large
Icy Hot Medicated Roll Medium
Icy Hot Medicated Roll, Large
Icy Hot Medicated Roll, Medium
Icy Hot Medicated, Advanced Relief
Icy Hot Medicated, Back
Icy Hot Medicated, XL
Icy Hot Naturals
Icy Hot Power Gel
Icy Hot Vanishing Scent
Icyhot Medicated
Imada Four Seasons Safe Analgesic Balm
Jakemans Blueberry
Jakemans Cherry
Jakemans Peppermint
K2 Cold Therapy
KBio1_000820
KBio2_000785
KBio2_003353
KBio2_005921
KBio3_002562
KBioSS_000785
Kay Medic Menthol Pain Relief
Kool Comfort
Kool Comfort Pain Relieving Roll-on
Kpp Triple Action
L-(-)-Menthol
L-(-)-menthol
L-Menthol
L-menthol
LMPR0102090001
LS-2353
LS-57201
LS-886
LS-89531
LS-89533
La Jiao Feng Shi Gao
Lander Polar Ice
Leader Cough Drops Cherry Flavor
Leader Cough Drops Honey Lemon
Leader Cough Drops Menthol Flavor
Leader Extra Strength Medicated Pain Relief Patch
Leader Sugar Free Cough Drops Black Cherry
Levomenthol
Levomenthol [INN:BAN]
Levomentholum
Levomentholum [INN-Latin]
Levomentol
Linkus Lozenges Cough Suppressant/Oral Anesthetic
Low Sugar Cherry Flavor Fishermans Friend Menthol Cough Suppressant
Ludens Honey Lemon Throat Drops
Ludens Honey Licorice Throat Drops
Ludens Original Menthol Throat Drops
Lurosil
M0321
M0545
M2772_SIAL
MENTHOL
MLS002207256
Makesense Extra Strength Muscle Rub
Maxfit Freeze Gel
Maybelline New York Baby Lips Dr Rescue Medicated Balm
Medi First Plus Cherry Cough Drops
Medi-first Cherry Cough Drops
Medic Ice
Medicated Body Powder
Medicated Pain Relief
Mediflex
Medique Medikoff Drops
Medique Sugar Free Medikoff Drops
Meditowel PAIN RELIEF
Meijer Cherry Cough Drops
Meijer Honey Lemon Cough Drops
Meijer Menthol Cough Drops
Menthacamphor
Menthol
Menthol (USP)
Menthol (VAN)
Menthol Fresh Cough Suppressant
Menthol natural
Menthol natural, brazilian
Menthol racemic
Menthol racemique
Menthol racemique [French]
Menthol solution
Menthol, (1alpha,2beta,5alpha)-Isomer
Mentholatum Pain Relief Extra Strength
Mentholatum Sports Pain Relief Cold
Menthomenthol
Menthyl alcohol
Mineral Ice Pain Relieving
Miracle Foot Repair
Miracle Foot Repair Cream
Miracle Of Aloe Rub Roll On
Miracle Pain Cream
Moisture Therapy Anti-Itch
MolPort-000-849-729
MolPort-001-793-392
Moore Medical Cherry Cough Suppressant/anesthetic Drops
Moore Medical Sugar Free Black Cherry Cough Suppressant/anesthetic Drops
Moore Medical Sugar Free Menthol Cough Suppressant/anesthetic Drops
Mr Dudleys Topical Pain Relief
Muscle
Muscle Rub Ultra Strength Pain Relieving
Myo-breathe
Myorx Low Dose Pain Relieving
Myorx Pain Relieving
NCGC00159382-02
NCGC00159382-03
NCGC00164247-01
NCGC00164247-02
NCI-C50000
NINDS_000820
NOOLISFMXDJSKH-KXUCPTDWBX
NSC 2603
NSC 62788
NSC2603
NSC62788
Nan San Easy Flex Pain Relieving
Natural Cherry Honey Herb Throat Drops
Natural Herb cough drop
Natural Honey Herb Cough Suppressant Throat Drops
Natural Lemon Mint Herb Throat Drops
Natural Pain Relieving Lavender Breeze Cryogel
Natures Choice Cool Hot Ice
Natures Sunshine Products Everflex Topical Analgesic Pain Relief
Neoisomenthol
Nice Assorted
Nice Cherry
Nice Citrus
Nice Cool Mint
Nice Honey Lemon
Nice Menthol
No Pain More Gain
North Cough Drop
Numotizine
Olbas Lozenges Maximun Strength
Olbas Pastilles
Original Extra Strong All Natural Fishermans Friend Menthol Cough Suppressant
Ortho-nesic
Osmoflex
Oxyrub Pain Relief
Pain Relief Balmpreferred Plus Ph Preferred Plus Pharmacy
Pain Relief Therapy Patch
Pain Reliever
Pain Relieving
Pain Relieving Analgesic
Pain Relieving Patch
Pain Relieving Patch Ultra Strength
Pain Relieving Patch Ultra Strength ULTRA STRENGTH
Panitrol XR
Paraid Extra Strength Menthol Pain Relief Sleeve Knee Large Ankles Elbows
Patch Scherer Labs
Patch Walgreens
Peppermint camphor
Perfect Purity Hotice
Perfect Purity Medicated Foot Powder
Perform
Personal Care Extra Strength Cold Hot
Personal Care Ice Cold
Plaster MandAHerbalPlaster
Po Sum On Medicated
Polar Frost Cold
Power Relief
Preferred Plus Body Powder
Premier Value Medicated Foot Powder
Q Health Pain Relief Spray
Quickflex
RACEMIC MENTHOL U.S.P.
Racementhol
Racementhol [INN:BAN]
Racementholum
Racementholum [INN-Latin]
Racementol
Racementol [INN-Spanish]
Racemic menthol
Raw Heat
Raw Ice
Reactice Reactivating Ice Baume
Red Lion Relief
Relief Pain Relieving Cream
Rexall Vanishing Scent Pain Relieving
Robitussin Cough Drops
SDCCGMLS-0066659.P001
SMR001306785
SPBio_000869
SPECTRUM1503134
STK802468
Screamin Menthol Toast
Sella Natural
Skin So Soft Bug Guard Plusitch Relief itch relief
Smith Bros Honey Lemon Cough Drops
Smith Bros Menthol Eucalyptus Cough Drops
Smith Bros Sugar-free Black Cherry Cough Drops
Sof Skin Icy Blue
Sofskin Ice Analgesic
Sombra Cool Therapy
Spectrum2_000855
Spectrum3_001561
Spectrum5_001060
Spectrum_000305
Stopain Cold Pain Relieving
Stopain Cold Professional Strength Pain Relieving
Stopain Extra Strength Pain Relieving
Sub-zero COOL PAIN RELIEVING
Sugar Free Cherry Fishermans Friend Menthol Cough Suppressant
Sugar Free Cherry Herb Throat Drops
Sugar Free Lemon Mint Herb Throat Drops
Sugar Free Mountain Herb Cough Suppressant Throat Drops
Sugar Free Original Swiss Herb Cough Suppressant Throat Drops
Sugar Free Refreshing Mint Fishermans Friend Menthol Cough Suppressant
Sugar Free Swiss Cherry Herb Throat Drops
The Medicine Shoppe Extra Strength Pain Relieving
The Original Natural Herb Cough Drops
Therafreeze
Theraid
Therapeutic Relief Preferred Plus Pharmacy
Theraplus Plus
Throat Coat
Tianhe Guben Yaoshen Tie Gao
Top Care Medicated
Topcare Medicated
Tra-kill tracheal mite killer
U.S.P. Menthol
U.S.p. Menthol
UNII-BZ1R15MTK7
UNII-L7T10EIP3A
UNII-YS08XHA860
Ultra Strength Stopain Pain Relieving
Us Favorite Cold Pain Relieving
Vaporizing Colds Rub
Vicks Vapodrops Cough Relief
Vitaminerals Inc. Cryogel Natural Pain Relieving
W266507_ALDRICH
W266523_ALDRICH
W266590_ALDRICH
WLN: L6TJ AY1&1 BQ D1
WLN: L6TJ AY1&1 DQ D1 -L
Walgreens Aloe Vera Cooling
Watermelon Frost Sore Throat
Wellpatch Backache Pain Relief
Xtracare Ice Cold Topical Analgesic Gel
Youngevity Invision CM
Yun Xiang Jing
ZINC01482164
Zhong Hua Jiu Patch
Zims Arnica Max
cis-1 ,3-trans-1,4-(+-)-menthol
cis-1,3-trans-1,4-(+-)-menthol
d,l-Menthol
d-Menthol
d-Neomenthol
dl-3-p-Menthanol
dl-Menthol
dl-Menthol (JP15)
l-(-)-Menthol
l-Menthol
l-Menthol (JP15)
l-Menthol (TN)
l-Menthol (natural)
nchembio862-comp1
p-Menthan-3-ol
rac-Menthol
32Dihydroxyphenylalanine123
33Prednisolone acetate1082
34Prednisolone hemisuccinate1082
35Prednisolone phosphate1082
36Methylprednisolone Hemisuccinate1082
37Methylprednisolone acetate1082
38
Cortisone5353-06-5222786
Synonyms:
Andreson
Anusol HC
Balneol-Hc
Colocort
Compound E
Corlin
Cortadren
Cortandren
Cortef
Cortef Acetate
Cortisal
Cortisate
Cortison
Cortisone Acetate
Cortistal
Cortivite
Cortogen
Cortone
Cortril
Dermacort
Dricort
Flexicort
 
Florinef
Fludrocortisone Acetate
Glycort
Hemsol-Hc
Hi-Cor
Incortin
Kendall'S Compound E
Kendall'S compound
Locoid
Locoid Lipocream
Micort-Hc
Nogenic HC
Orabase HCA
Pandel
Prestwick_132
Reichstein Fa
Reichstein'S Substance FA
Scheroson
Solu-Cortef
Stie-Cort
Texacort
Westcort
beta-Hc
39Micronutrients3901
40Contraceptives, Oral3734
41Trace Elements3900
42Zinc SupplementNutraceutical29

Interventional clinical trials:

(show all 38)
idNameStatusNCT IDPhase
1Efficacy and Safety Study of Meditoxin® to Treat Essential BlepharospasmCompletedNCT01259557Phase 4
2Comparison of Two Botulinum Type A Products in the Treatment of BlepharospasmCompletedNCT00761592Phase 4
3A Retrospective Chart Review of BOTOX® and Xeomin® for the Management of Cervical Dystonia and BlepharospasmCompletedNCT02245958Phase 4
4Post Marketing Surveillance Study of DysportCompletedNCT00210431Phase 4
5Efficacy of Aurosling in Frontalis Sling Suspension SurgeryCompletedNCT00753831Phase 4
6Comparison of Korean Botulinum Toxin Type A Versus Botox in the Treatment of Essential BlepharospasmCompletedNCT00682760Phase 3
7IncobotulinumtoxinA (Xeomin) Versus Placebo in the Treatment of BlepharospasmCompletedNCT00406367Phase 3
8Therapeutic Confirmatory Clinical Trial to Evaluate the Safety and Efficacy of "Hugeltox Inj." in Essential BlepharospasmCompletedNCT01791881Phase 3
9Efficacy and Safety Study of Botulinum Toxin Type A Against Placebo to Treat Abnormal Contraction or Twitch of the EyelidActive, not recruitingNCT01896895Phase 3
10Evaluation of Botulinum Toxin Injection Efficacy in the Treatment of Head Essential TremorNot yet recruitingNCT02555982Phase 3
11Effects of Botulinum Toxin Injections in Patients With Hereditary Spastic ParaplegiaNot yet recruitingNCT02604186Phase 2, Phase 3
12Study of a Single Administration of 3 Doses of Dysport® for the Treatment of Benign Essential BlepharospasmCompletedNCT00234507Phase 2
13A Study of Acetyl Hexapeptide-8 (AH8) in Treatment of BlepharospasmCompletedNCT00942851Phase 1, Phase 2
14Brain Stimulation to Treat Blepharospasm or Meige SyndromeCompletedNCT00411255Phase 2
15Mexiletine for the Treatment of Focal DystoniaCompletedNCT00001784Phase 2
16Deep Brain Stimulation in Patients With DystoniaCompletedNCT00773604Phase 1, Phase 2
17ASIS for Enbrel in Plaque PsoriasisNot yet recruitingNCT02112097Phase 1, Phase 2
18Acetyl Hexapeptide-8 for BlepharospasmTerminatedNCT01750346Phase 2
19Blepharospasm Short IntervalTerminatedNCT00507637Phase 2
20Trial Evaluating Xeomin® (incobotulinumtoxinA) for Cervical Dystonia or Blepharospasm in the United StatesCompletedNCT01287247
21Brain Changes in BlepharospasmCompletedNCT00500799
22Blepharospasm Patient Survey for Patients With BlepharospasmCompletedNCT01686061
23A Retrospective Chart Review of BOTOX® and Xeomin® for the Treatment of Cervical Dystonia and BlepharospasmCompletedNCT01814774
24MDs on Botox Utility (MOBILITY)CompletedNCT00535938
25Movement Disorder Survey in East ChinaCompletedNCT01168388
26Cognitive Function and Emotional Possessing in Bilateral Facial PalsyCompletedNCT02179450
27Neurophysiological Markers in Patients With Craniofacial Dystonia and Their RelativesCompletedNCT00082615
28Botulinum Toxin in the Treatment of Raynaud'sCompletedNCT01233999
29Comparison of Different Botulinum Toxin A Injection Patterns in the Treatment of BlepharospasmRecruitingNCT02327728
30rTMS and Botulinum Toxin in Benign Essential BlepharospasmRecruitingNCT02370875
31An RCT of a Patient-initiated Treatment Service for BEB and HFSRecruitingNCT02577224
32The Dystonia Coalition Natural History and Biospecimen Repository for Isolated DystoniasRecruitingNCT01373424
33Blepharospasm ToolsNot yet recruitingNCT02780336
34Two Different Surgical Methods of BlepharospasmNot yet recruitingNCT02765113Phase 0
35Influence of Gaze Shift and Emotions on Symptoms of BlepharospasmNot yet recruitingNCT01759745
36Testing the Effect of Zinc Supplementation to Improve the Treatment Effect of Botulinum Toxin for Oculofacial SpasmNot yet recruitingNCT01546805
37Botulinum Toxin A Versus Steroids for the Treatment of Chronic Plantar FasciitisNot yet recruitingNCT02196155
38Brain Changes in BlepharospasmTerminatedNCT00487383

Search NIH Clinical Center for Blepharospasm


Cochrane evidence based reviews: blepharospasm

Genetic Tests for Blepharospasm

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Anatomical Context for Blepharospasm

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MalaCards organs/tissues related to Blepharospasm:

33
Eye, Brain, Lung, Endothelial, Testes, Prostate, Bone

Animal Models for Blepharospasm or affiliated genes

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Publications for Blepharospasm

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Articles related to Blepharospasm:

(show top 50)    (show all 529)
idTitleAuthorsYear
1
Lichen Sclerosus of Face: A Case Report and Review of Literature. (26955133)
2016
2
Symptomless Pulmonary Cryptococcosis in a Psoriatic Arthritis Patient during Infliximab Therapy. (27081286)
2016
3
The variations in the AXIN1 gene and susceptibility to cryptorchidism. (25802106)
2015
4
Amino acid residues at positions 222 and 227 of the hemagglutinin together with the neuraminidase determine binding of H5 avian influenza viruses to sialyl Lewis X. (26542967)
2015
5
Identification of a novel mutation in a patient with pseudohypoparathyroidism type Ia. (25045367)
2014
6
CDX2 can be regulated through the signalling pathways activated by IL-6 in gastric cells. (24953186)
2014
7
JC polyomavirus infection is strongly controlled by human leucocyte antigen class II variants. (24763718)
2014
8
Major histocompatibility complex class II deficiency complicated by Mycobacterium avium complex in a boy of mixed ethnicity. (24789686)
2014
9
Risk of repeated Moraxella catarrhalis colonization is increased in children with Toll-like receptor 4 Asp299Gly polymorphism. (24141797)
2013
10
Interleukin-6 levels in female rats with protamine sulfate-induced chronic cystitis treated with hyaluronic acid. (23379983)
2013
11
Macrophage-tropic HIV-1 variants from brain demonstrate alterations in the way gp120 engages both CD4 and CCR5. (23077246)
2013
12
Catalysis leads to posttranslational inactivation of the type 1 deiodinase and alters its conformation. (22544951)
2012
13
Post mortem cerebrospinal fluid I+-synuclein levels are raised in multiple system atrophy and distinguish this from the other I+-synucleinopathies, Parkinson's disease and Dementia with Lewy bodies. (21856424)
2012
14
Orthotopic liver transplantation in a pediatric patient with progressive intrahepatic cholestasis: a coordinated perioperative subspecialty approach. (21603342)
2011
15
Retinoblastoma in Jordan: an epidemiological study (2006-2010). (21982886)
2011
16
The endocannabinoid system, eating behavior and energy homeostasis: the end or a new beginning? (20347862)
2010
17
Medical image. Severe headache when standing. Intracranial hypotension. (19319177)
2009
18
Atypical deletion of 22q11.2: detection using the FISH TBX1 probe and molecular characterization with high-density SNP arrays. (19467348)
2009
19
Uterine primitive neuroectodermal tumor: a case report. (18523790)
2009
20
Glycomic analysis of alpha-fetoprotein L3 in hepatoma cell lines and hepatocellular carcinoma patients. (18479159)
2008
21
Premature ovarian failure: a growing concern. (18202959)
2008
22
Permeability of homotypic and heterotypic gap junction channels formed of cardiac connexins mCx30.2, Cx40, Cx43, and Cx45. (17557922)
2007
23
Expression of PRAME gene in acute leukemia and its clinical significance]. (18088454)
2007
24
Surgical therapy of Peyronie's disease. (18219716)
2006
25
Iron restriction negatively affects bone in female rats and mineralization of hFOB osteoblast cells. (16565433)
2006
26
The polypyrimidine tract-binding protein (PTB) is involved in the post-transcriptional regulation of human inducible nitric oxide synthase expression. (16950790)
2006
27
Catalytic turnover of pyrene by CYP3A4: evidence that cytochrome b5 directly induces positive cooperativity. (15910734)
2005
28
Ultrasonography diagnosis of occult obturator hernia presenting as intestinal obstruction in ED. (15765363)
2005
29
Fatal hepatic haemorrhage in a child-peliosis hepatis versus maltreatment. (15375664)
2005
30
Metachronous and multiple aneurysmal bone cysts: a rare variant of primary aneurysmal bone cysts. (15024646)
2004
31
Regulation of angiogenic activity of human endometrial endothelial cells in culture by ovarian steroids. (15531544)
2004
32
Is insertion/deletion polymorphism angiotensin-converting enzyme gene responsible for long-life?]. (12152254)
2002
33
Radial tuberosity exostosis as a cause of reduced forearm rotation. (10888169)
2000
34
Pathogenesis of type III hyperlipoproteinemia (dysbetalipoproteinemia). Questions, quandaries, and paradoxes. (10552997)
1999
35
Identification of Enterobacteriaceae by partial sequencing of the gene encoding translation initiation factor 2. (10555334)
1999
36
Role of peroxynitrite as a mediator of pathophysiological alterations in experimental pneumococcal meningitis. (10479144)
1999
37
Two Rab proteins, vesicle-associated membrane protein 2 (VAMP-2) and secretory carrier membrane proteins (SCAMPs), are present on immunoisolated parietal cell tubulovesicles. (9230141)
1997
38
Prophylactic surgery for multiple endocrine neoplasia type IIa after genetic diagnosis: is parathyroid transplantation indicated? (8678956)
1996
39
Structurally diverse N-terminal peptides of parathyroid hormone (PTH) and PTH-related peptide (PTHRP) inhibit the Na+/H+ exchanger NHE3 isoform by binding to the PTH/PTHRP receptor type I and activating distinct signaling pathways. (8663042)
1996
40
Oral pyogenic granuloma in pregnancy. (9764875)
1995
41
Deletion polymorphism in the gene for angiotensin converting enzyme is associated with elevated fasting blood glucose levels. (8045571)
1994
42
Update: dracunculiasis eradication--Ghana and Nigeria, 1993. (8159156)
1994
43
Myoepithelioma of the lung. (2821955)
1987
44
Internuclear ophthalmoplegia in tuberculous meningitis. A report of two cases. (6468455)
1984
45
Changes in iron and transferrin levels and body temperature in experimental airborne legionellosis. (6827146)
1983
46
The Zollinger-Ellison syndrome and ectopic gastric mucosa. (6815626)
1982
47
Paralytic poliomyelitis in children. (924651)
1977
48
Pulmonary blastoma. (199865)
1977
49
Prinzmetal's variant angina. A case report. (1194199)
1975
50

Variations for Blepharospasm

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Expression for genes affiliated with Blepharospasm

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Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Blepharospasm.

Pathways for genes affiliated with Blepharospasm

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GO Terms for genes affiliated with Blepharospasm

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Biological processes related to Blepharospasm according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1chaperone-mediated protein transportGO:00723219.9TIMM8A, TOR1A
2adenylate cyclase-activating G-protein coupled receptor signaling pathwayGO:00071899.7DRD5, GNAL
3adenylate cyclase-activating dopamine receptor signaling pathwayGO:00071919.6DRD5, GNAL
4negative regulation of blood pressureGO:00457769.2DRD5, GCH1

Sources for Blepharospasm

About this section
2CDC
14ExPASy
15FDA
16FMA
24GTR
25HGMD
26HMDB
27ICD10
28ICD10 via Orphanet
29ICD9CM
30IUPHAR
31KEGG
34MedGen
36MeSH
37MESH via Orphanet
38MGI
41NCI
42NCIt
43NDF-RT
46NINDS
47Novoseek
49OMIM
50OMIM via Orphanet
54PubMed
55QIAGEN
60SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
64Tumor Gene Family of Databases
65UMLS
66UMLS via Orphanet