Brachial Plexus Lesion

Categories: Neuronal diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Brachial Plexus Lesion

MalaCards integrated aliases for Brachial Plexus Lesion:

Name: Brachial Plexus Lesion 12 14 69
Brachial Plexus Injuries 51 41
Brachial Plexus Lesions Nos 12
Brachial Plexus Lesions 12


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Disease Ontology 12 DOID:8443
ICD9CM 35 353.0
SNOMED-CT 64 193109004 3548001
ICD10 33 S14.3
UMLS 69 C0006091

Summaries for Brachial Plexus Lesion

NINDS : 51 The brachial plexus is a network of nerves that conducts signals from the spine to the shoulder, arm, and hand. Brachial plexus injuries are caused by damage to those nerves. Symptoms may include a limp or paralyzed arm; lack of muscle control in the arm, hand, or wrist; and a lack of feeling or sensation in the arm or hand.   Brachial plexus injuries can occur as a result of shoulder trauma, tumors, or inflammation.  There is a rare syndrome called Parsonage-Turner Syndrome, or brachial plexitis, which causes inflammation of the brachial plexus without any obvious shoulder injury.  This syndrome can begin with severe shoulder or arm pain followed by weakness and numbness. In infants, brachial plexus injuries may happen during birth if the baby’s shoulder is stretched during passage in the birth canal (see Brachial Plexus Birth Injuries).    The severity of a brachial plexus injury is determined by the type of damage done to the nerves.  The most severe type,avulsion, is caused when the nerve root is severed or cut from the spinal cord.  There is also an incomplete form of avulsion in which part of the nerve is damaged and which leaves some opportunity for the nerve to slowly recover function.   Neuropraxia, or stretch injury, is the mildest type of injury   Neuropraxia damages the protective covering of the nerve, which causes problems with nerve signal conduction, but does not always damage the nerve underneath.

MalaCards based summary : Brachial Plexus Lesion, also known as brachial plexus injuries, is related to non-recovering obstetric brachial plexus lesion and klumpke paralysis. An important gene associated with Brachial Plexus Lesion is SERPINI2 (Serpin Family I Member 2), and among its related pathways/superpathways are Guidance Cues and Growth Cone Motility and Semaphorin Signaling. The drugs Bupivacaine and Heparin have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include spinal cord and skin, and related phenotypes are growth/size/body region and nervous system

MedlinePlus : 41 the brachial plexus is a network of nerves that sends signals from the spine to the shoulder, arm, and hand. damage to the brachial plexus can cause symptoms such as a limp or paralyzed arm lack of muscle control in the arm, hand, or wrist lack of feeling or sensation in the arm or hand brachial plexus injuries can happen because of shoulder trauma, tumors, or inflammation. sometimes they happen during childbirth when a baby's shoulders become stuck during delivery and the nerves stretch or tear. some brachial plexus injuries may heal without treatment. many children who are injured during birth improve or recover by 3 to 4 months of age. treatment includes physical therapy and, in some cases, surgery. nih: national institute of neurological disorders and stroke

Disease Ontology : 12 A brachial plexus neuropathy characterized by an abnormality, usually caused by disease or trauma, located in the brachial plexus.

Wikipedia : 72 A brachial plexus injury (BPI), also known as brachial plexus lesion, is an injury to the brachial... more...

Related Diseases for Brachial Plexus Lesion

Diseases related to Brachial Plexus Lesion via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 32)
id Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 non-recovering obstetric brachial plexus lesion 12.2
2 klumpke paralysis 11.4
3 erb-duchenne and dejerine-klumpke palsies 11.4
4 erb's palsy 11.4
5 hydranencephaly 10.6 CAMP SERPINI2
6 pseudoainhum 10.4 SEMA3A TAC1
7 boutonneuse fever 10.4 SERPINI2 TAC1
8 ampulla of vater mucinous adenocarcinoma 10.4 CRLF1 SERPINI2 SRPX2 XIRP1
9 non-gestational choriocarcinoma 10.3 CAMP TAC1
10 ocular motility disease 10.3 NF1 NLRP3
11 brachial plexus neuropathy 10.3 CAMP CRLF1 NLRP3
12 female breast nipple and areola cancer 10.3 GAL SERPINI2 TAC1
13 psychologic vaginismus 10.2 BDNF GDNF
14 cervical dystonia 10.2 BDNF CAMP
15 central neurocytoma 10.2 CRLF1 NF1
16 histrionic personality disorder 10.1 BDNF CAMP SRPX2
17 connective tissue cancer 10.1 CALCA GDNF SEMA3F
18 cartilage disease 10.1 CALCA TAC1
19 cervical keratinizing squamous cell carcinoma 10.1 CALCA NF1
20 atrial heart septal defect 10.0 CALCA NF1
21 multiple endocrine neoplasia iib 9.9 CALCA GDNF NF1
22 focal hand dystonia 9.9 CAMP OXT TAC1
23 sporadic hemiplegic migraine 9.9 CALCA GDNF NF1
24 spinal canal intradural extramedullary neoplasm 9.9 CRLF1 TAC1
25 somatoform disorder 9.8 CALCA TAC1
26 lung lymphoma 9.8 CALCA NF1
27 posterior foramen magnum meningioma 9.8 NRP1 SEMA3A WDFY2
28 aneurysm 9.7
29 cough variant asthma 9.7 CALCA TAC1
30 pervasive developmental disorder 9.7 BDNF OXT TAC1
31 schizoid personality disorder 9.6 OXT WDFY2
32 intestinal impaction 4.4 AMD1 BDNF CALCA CAMP CRLF1 GAL

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Brachial Plexus Lesion:

Diseases related to Brachial Plexus Lesion

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Brachial Plexus Lesion

MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Brachial Plexus Lesion:

id Description MGI Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 growth/size/body region MP:0005378 9.7 BDNF GAL GDNF NF1 NLRP3 NRP1
2 nervous system MP:0003631 9.32 BDNF CRLF1 GAL GDNF NF1 NLRP3

Drugs & Therapeutics for Brachial Plexus Lesion

Drugs for Brachial Plexus Lesion (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show all 8)
id Name Status Phase Clinical Trials Cas Number PubChem Id
Bupivacaine Approved, Investigational 2180-92-9, 38396-39-3 2474
Heparin Approved, Investigational 9005-49-6 772 46507594
3 Anesthetics
4 Anesthetics, Local
5 Central Nervous System Depressants
6 Peripheral Nervous System Agents
7 calcium heparin
8 Calamus Nutraceutical

Interventional clinical trials:

id Name Status NCT ID Phase Drugs
1 Nerve Stimulator for Patients With Upper Extremity Disease, Vascular or Orthopedic Surgery Recruiting NCT03112642
2 The Aortic Surgery Cerebral Protection Evaluation (ACE) Randomized CardioLink-3 Trial Recruiting NCT02554032
3 Incidence of Brachial Plexus Injury After Rotator Cuff Repair With Continuous Interscalene Block Withdrawn NCT01334632

Search NIH Clinical Center for Brachial Plexus Lesion

Genetic Tests for Brachial Plexus Lesion

Anatomical Context for Brachial Plexus Lesion

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Brachial Plexus Lesion:

Spinal Cord, Skin

Publications for Brachial Plexus Lesion

Articles related to Brachial Plexus Lesion:

(show all 28)
id Title Authors Year
Glenoid morphology in obstetrical brachial plexus lesion: a three-dimensional computed tomography study. ( 28412107 )
Unusual brachial plexus lesion: Hematoma masquerading as a peripheral nerve sheath tumor. ( 26904368 )
Long-term outcome of accessory nerve to suprascapular nerve transfer in obstetric brachial plexus lesion: functional, morphological, and electrophysiological results. ( 26111514 )
Explaining daily functioning in young adults with obstetric brachial plexus lesion. ( 25332088 )
The effect of perinatal brachial plexus lesion on upper limb development. ( 24694070 )
Ultrasound-guided pulse-dose radiofrequency: treatment of neuropathic pain after brachial plexus lesion and arm revascularization. ( 25525439 )
A cross-sectional study of hand sensation in adults with conservatively treated obstetric brachial plexus lesion. ( 23121196 )
Hand sensation in adults with conservatively treated obstetric brachial plexus lesion. ( 23163967 )
Recovery of brachial plexus lesions resulting from heavy backpack use: a follow-up case series. ( 21429232 )
Development of a set of activities to evaluate the arm and hand function in children with obstetric brachial plexus lesion. ( 17264110 )
Extremity shortness in obstetric brachial plexus lesion and its relationship to root avulsion. ( 18174555 )
Detection of root avulsion in the dominant C7 obstetric brachial plexus lesion: experience with three-dimensional constructive interference in steady-state magnetic resonance imaging and electrophysiology. ( 16284563 )
Brachial plexus lesion following an anterior dislocation of the shoulder. ( 15167179 )
Measuring secondary deformities of the shoulder in children with obstetric brachial plexus lesion: reliability of three methods. ( 12703037 )
Retroversion of the humeral head in children with an obstetric brachial plexus lesion. ( 12043783 )
Secondary operation for elbow flexion reconstruction after brachial plexus lesion. ( 28246804 )
Rehabilitation of patient with brachial plexus lesion and break in axillary artery. Case study. ( 8994018 )
Repair of ruptured spinal nerve roots in a brachial plexus lesion. Case report. ( 7897534 )
[Brachial plexus lesions and rhabdomyolysis following heroin abuse. Indications for an immunological cause]. ( 7828462 )
A new type of brachial plexus lesion to be added to the classical types. ( 7718039 )
A fourth type of brachial plexus lesion: the intermediate (C7) palsy. ( 1791357 )
Idiopathic brachial plexus lesion with conduction block of the ulnar nerve. ( 2465129 )
A spontaneous relocation of a dislocated Neer prosthesis. Occurs with recovery of brachial plexus lesion. ( 3453468 )
Prosthetic rehabilitation in unilateral high above-elbow amputation and brachial plexus lesion: case report. ( 3964062 )
Brachial plexus lesion complication sternotomy. ( 7119825 )
Successful repair of a complete brachial plexus lesion. ( 5522062 )
Brachial plexus lesion. ( 5612894 )
Axillary aneurysm associated with a brachial plexus lesion. ( 5911425 )

Variations for Brachial Plexus Lesion

Expression for Brachial Plexus Lesion

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Brachial Plexus Lesion.

Pathways for Brachial Plexus Lesion

Pathways related to Brachial Plexus Lesion according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

id Super pathways Score Top Affiliating Genes
2 10.45 NF1 NRP1 SEMA3A

GO Terms for Brachial Plexus Lesion

Cellular components related to Brachial Plexus Lesion according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

id Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 extracellular space GO:0005615 9.7 CALCA CAMP CRLF1 GAL NRP1 OXT
2 axon GO:0030424 9.55 CALCA NF1 NRP1 SEMA3A TAC1
3 extracellular region GO:0005576 9.47 BDNF CALCA CAMP CRLF1 GAL GDNF

Biological processes related to Brachial Plexus Lesion according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 40)
id Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 cell-cell signaling GO:0007267 9.96 BDNF CALCA NRP1 TAC1
2 axon guidance GO:0007411 9.96 BDNF GDNF NRP1 SEMA3A SEMA3F
3 heart development GO:0007507 9.93 NF1 NRP1 OXT XIRP1
4 negative regulation of neuron apoptotic process GO:0043524 9.89 BDNF CRLF1 GDNF NRP1
5 neuropeptide signaling pathway GO:0007218 9.83 CALCA GAL TAC1
6 positive regulation of synapse assembly GO:0051965 9.8 BDNF OXT SRPX2
7 regulation of heart rate GO:0002027 9.76 CALCA OXT SEMA3A
8 positive regulation of ossification GO:0045778 9.72 CALCA OXT TAC1
9 nerve development GO:0021675 9.71 NRP1 SEMA3A SEMA3F
10 facial nerve structural organization GO:0021612 9.7 NRP1 SEMA3A SEMA3F
11 negative regulation of axon extension involved in axon guidance GO:0048843 9.69 NRP1 SEMA3A SEMA3F
12 peripheral nervous system development GO:0007422 9.68 GDNF NF1
13 semaphorin-plexin signaling pathway GO:0071526 9.68 NRP1 SEMA3A
14 artery morphogenesis GO:0048844 9.68 NF1 NRP1
15 negative regulation of osteoclast differentiation GO:0045671 9.67 CALCA NF1
16 motor neuron axon guidance GO:0008045 9.67 NRP1 SEMA3A
17 response to pain GO:0048265 9.67 CALCA TAC1
18 sympathetic ganglion development GO:0061549 9.67 NRP1 SEMA3A SEMA3F
19 negative regulation of axon extension GO:0030517 9.66 NRP1 SEMA3A
20 axonal fasciculation GO:0007413 9.65 NRP1 SEMA3A
21 axon extension involved in axon guidance GO:0048846 9.65 NRP1 SEMA3A SEMA3F
22 positive regulation of renal sodium excretion GO:0035815 9.64 OXT TAC1
23 positive regulation of adenylate cyclase activity GO:0045762 9.64 CALCA NF1
24 branchiomotor neuron axon guidance GO:0021785 9.63 NRP1 SEMA3A SEMA3F
25 regulation of axon extension involved in axon guidance GO:0048841 9.62 NRP1 SEMA3A
26 dichotomous subdivision of terminal units involved in salivary gland branching GO:0060666 9.61 NRP1 SEMA3A
27 axonogenesis involved in innervation GO:0060385 9.61 NRP1 SEMA3A
28 semaphorin-plexin signaling pathway involved in axon guidance GO:1902287 9.61 NRP1 SEMA3A SEMA3F
29 trigeminal ganglion development GO:0061551 9.6 NRP1 SEMA3A
30 facioacoustic ganglion development GO:1903375 9.58 NRP1 SEMA3A
31 trigeminal nerve structural organization GO:0021637 9.58 NRP1 SEMA3A SEMA3F
32 gonadotrophin-releasing hormone neuronal migration to the hypothalamus GO:0021828 9.57 NRP1 SEMA3A
33 neural crest cell migration involved in autonomic nervous system development GO:1901166 9.54 NRP1 SEMA3A SEMA3F
34 ventral trunk neural crest cell migration GO:0036486 9.5 NRP1 SEMA3A SEMA3F
35 sympathetic neuron projection extension GO:0097490 9.43 NRP1 SEMA3A SEMA3F
36 positive regulation of cell migration involved in sprouting angiogenesis GO:0090050 9.33 SRPX2
37 sympathetic neuron projection guidance GO:0097491 9.33 NRP1 SEMA3A SEMA3F
38 semaphorin-plexin signaling pathway involved in neuron projection guidance GO:1902285 9.13 NRP1 SEMA3A SEMA3F
39 sympathetic nervous system development GO:0048485 8.92 GDNF NF1 NRP1 SEMA3A
40 nervous system development GO:0007399 10.04 BDNF GAL GDNF NRP1 SEMA3A

Molecular functions related to Brachial Plexus Lesion according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

id Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 cytokine binding GO:0019955 9.26 CRLF1 NRP1
2 hormone activity GO:0005179 9.13 CALCA GAL OXT
3 neuropilin binding GO:0038191 8.85 SEMA3A
4 chemorepellent activity GO:0045499 8.62 SEMA3A SEMA3F

Sources for Brachial Plexus Lesion

9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
16 ExPASy
18 FMA
28 GO
29 GTR
32 HPO
33 ICD10
34 ICD10 via Orphanet
38 LifeMap
40 MedGen
42 MeSH
43 MESH via Orphanet
44 MGI
46 NCI
47 NCIt
52 Novoseek
55 OMIM via Orphanet
59 PubMed
66 SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
68 Tocris
70 UMLS via Orphanet
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