Aliases & Classifications for Bullous Keratopathy

MalaCards integrated aliases for Bullous Keratopathy:

Name: Bullous Keratopathy 12 51 14 69

Classifications:



External Ids:

Disease Ontology 12 DOID:11031
ICD10 32 H18.1
ICD9CM 34 371.23
NCIt 46 C26970
SNOMED-CT 64 193815002 57207003
UMLS 69 C0155111

Summaries for Bullous Keratopathy

MalaCards based summary : Bullous Keratopathy is related to keratopathy and endotheliitis, and has symptoms including swelling of eye An important gene associated with Bullous Keratopathy is TNC (Tenascin C), and among its related pathways/superpathways are ERK Signaling and PAK Pathway. The drugs Pharmaceutical Solutions and Ophthalmic Solutions have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include endothelial, eye and testes, and related phenotypes are cardiovascular system and craniofacial

Wikipedia : 72 Bullous keratopathy is a pathological condition in which small vesicles, or bullae, are formed in the... more...

Related Diseases for Bullous Keratopathy

Diseases related to Bullous Keratopathy via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 44)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 keratopathy 30.8 FBN1 NID1 TGFB2 TNC
2 endotheliitis 10.6
3 stiff skin syndrome 10.4 FBN1 TGFB2
4 episodic pain syndrome, familial, 1 10.3
5 corneal dystrophy, posterior polymorphous, 3 10.3 BMP4 TGFB2
6 cataract 10.2
7 cryptogenic organizing pneumonia 10.2 CXCL8 TNC
8 leukoregulin 10.2 CXCL8 IL1A
9 scabies 10.2 CXCL8 IL1A
10 sebaceous gland disease 10.1 CXCL8 IL1A
11 char syndrome 10.1 BMP4 FBN1
12 corneal dystrophy, fuchs endothelial, 1 10.1
13 keratitis, hereditary 10.1
14 hydrops, lactic acidosis, and sideroblastic anemia 10.1
15 fuchs' endothelial dystrophy 10.1
16 funisitis 10.1 CXCL8 SELE
17 ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament of spine 10.1 BMP2 BMP4
18 synovial chondromatosis 10.1 BMP2 BMP4
19 oral candidiasis 10.0 CXCL8 IL1A
20 fibrochondrogenesis 10.0 BMP2 BMP4
21 keratoconus 10.0
22 corneal disease 10.0
23 osseous heteroplasia, progressive 10.0 BMP2 BMP4
24 proximal symphalangism 10.0 BMP2 BMP4
25 cytomegalovirus infection 10.0 CXCL8 SELE
26 astigmatism 9.9
27 macular retinal edema 9.9
28 herpes simplex 9.9
29 autoinflammation, lipodystrophy, and dermatosis syndrome 9.9 CXCL8 IL1A SELE
30 contact dermatitis 9.9 CXCL8 IL1A SELE
31 brain glioma 9.8 BMP2 BMP4
32 osteochondroma 9.8 BMP2 TGFB2
33 aniridia 1 9.8
34 corneal endothelial dystrophy 9.8
35 insulin-like growth factor i 9.8
36 open-angle glaucoma 9.8
37 corneal edema 9.8
38 myopia 9.8
39 corneal ulcer 9.8
40 refractive error 9.8
41 essential iris atrophy 9.8
42 osteomyelitis 9.7 BMP2 CXCL8 IL1A
43 pilomatrixoma 9.6 BMP2 BMP4
44 malaria 9.5 CXCL8 IL1A SELE TGFB2

Comorbidity relations with Bullous Keratopathy via Phenotypic Disease Network (PDN):


Corneal Degeneration Corneal Edema
Corneal Endothelial Dystrophy Corneal Ulcer

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Bullous Keratopathy:



Diseases related to Bullous Keratopathy

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Bullous Keratopathy

UMLS symptoms related to Bullous Keratopathy:


swelling of eye

MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Bullous Keratopathy:

43
# Description MGI Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 cardiovascular system MP:0005385 9.86 AQP3 BMP2 BMP4 FBN1 IL1A NID1
2 craniofacial MP:0005382 9.55 AQP3 BMP2 BMP4 FBN1 TGFB2
3 hearing/vestibular/ear MP:0005377 9.35 AQP3 BMP2 BMP4 TGFB2 TNC
4 vision/eye MP:0005391 9.1 AQP3 BMP4 MIP NID1 SELE TGFB2

Drugs & Therapeutics for Bullous Keratopathy

Drugs for Bullous Keratopathy (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show all 46)
# Name Status Phase Clinical Trials Cas Number PubChem Id
1 Pharmaceutical Solutions Phase 3,Phase 2
2 Ophthalmic Solutions Phase 3
3 Tetrahydrozoline Phase 3
4
Fluorometholone Approved, Investigational Phase 2 426-13-1 9878
5
Methylprednisolone Approved, Vet_approved Phase 2 83-43-2 6741
6
Prednisolone Approved, Vet_approved Phase 2 50-24-8 5755
7
Bevacizumab Approved, Investigational Phase 2 216974-75-3
8 Anesthetics Phase 2
9 Anti-Allergic Agents Phase 2
10 Antiemetics Phase 2
11 Anti-Inflammatory Agents Phase 2
12 Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal Phase 2
13 Autonomic Agents Phase 2
14 Gastrointestinal Agents Phase 2
15 glucocorticoids Phase 2
16 Hormone Antagonists Phase 2
17 Hormones Phase 2
18 Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists Phase 2
19 Methylprednisolone acetate Phase 2
20 Methylprednisolone Hemisuccinate Phase 2
21 Neuroprotective Agents Phase 2
22 Peripheral Nervous System Agents Phase 2
23 Prednisolone acetate Phase 2
24 Prednisolone hemisuccinate Phase 2
25 Prednisolone phosphate Phase 2
26 Protective Agents Phase 2
27 Angiogenesis Inhibitors Phase 2
28 Angiogenesis Modulating Agents Phase 2
29 Endothelial Growth Factors Phase 2
30 Mitogens Phase 2
31
Folic Acid Approved, Nutraceutical, Vet_approved 59-30-3 6037
32
Riboflavin Approved, Investigational, Nutraceutical, Vet_approved 83-88-5 493570
33 Dermatologic Agents
34 Micronutrients
35 Photosensitizing Agents
36 Trace Elements
37 Vitamin B Complex
38 Vitamins
39 Alkylating Agents
40 Anti-Bacterial Agents
41 Antibiotics, Antitubercular
42 Mitomycins
43 Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
44 Folate Nutraceutical
45 Vitamin B2 Nutraceutical
46 Vitamin B9 Nutraceutical

Interventional clinical trials:

(show all 18)

# Name Status NCT ID Phase Drugs
1 Trial of Netarsudil for Prevention of Corticosteroid-induced Intraocular Pressure Elevation Recruiting NCT03248037 Phase 3 Netarsudil;Placebo
2 Amniotic Membrane Graft In Syntomathic Bullous Keratopathy Completed NCT01926535 Phase 2
3 Comparison of Two Steroid Regimens to Prevent Transplant Rejection After Corneal Transplant (DMEK) Completed NCT01448213 Phase 2 Prednisolone acetate;Fluorometholone
4 Pain and Visual Outcome in Intravitreal Bevacizumab Injection Completed NCT02790775 Phase 2 Anti-VEGF in quadrant 1;Anti-VEGF in quadrant 2;Anti-VEGF in quadrant 3;Anti-VEGF in quadrant 4
5 Comparison of Corneal Grafts Cultured in Serum-free Versus Corneal Grafts Cultured in Serum Supplemented Culture Media Unknown status NCT00623584
6 Comparing Endoglide to Endoserter for DSAEK Graft Insertion Unknown status NCT01791075
7 Hyper-CL™ Lens (Hyper Osmotic Contact Lens) In Subjects Suffering From Corneal Edema Unknown status NCT01890252 saline solution
8 Outcome After Descemet Membrane Endothelial Keratoplasty (DMEK) and Ultra-thin Descemet Stripping Automated Endothelial Keratoplasty (DSAEK) Unknown status NCT02020044
9 Long Term Results of Amniotic Membrane Transplant in Bullous Keratopathy Patients Completed NCT03450954
10 Amniotic Membrane and Anterior Stromal Puncture to the Treatment of Symptomatic Bullous Keratopathy Completed NCT00659308
11 The Effects of Riboflavin/ Ultraviolet-A Corneal Cross-linking on the Signs and Symptoms of Bullous Keratopathy Completed NCT01106274
12 Automated Lamellar Keratectomy in Symptomatic Patients With Bullous Keratopathy Completed NCT00654888 Mitomycin
13 The SNEC DSAEK EndoGlide Clinical Trial Completed NCT01122043
14 Air Versus SF6 for Descemet's Membrane Endothelial Keratoplasty (DMEK) Recruiting NCT03407755
15 Study of Using the Hyper-CL™ Lens (Hyper Osmotic Contact Lens) in Subjects Suffering From Corneal Edema Recruiting NCT02660151 Salt solution
16 Study of Endothelial Keratoplasty Outcomes Recruiting NCT00800111
17 Corneal Transplantation Guided by OCT RESCAN Not yet recruiting NCT02736877
18 Topical Steroid Treatment After Posterior Lamellar Corneal Transplantation Withdrawn NCT01682421 Weak steroid (Flurolon, Allergan);Potent steroid (Maxidex, Alcon)

Search NIH Clinical Center for Bullous Keratopathy

Genetic Tests for Bullous Keratopathy

Anatomical Context for Bullous Keratopathy

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Bullous Keratopathy:

38
Endothelial, Eye, Testes

Publications for Bullous Keratopathy

Articles related to Bullous Keratopathy:

(show top 50) (show all 259)
# Title Authors Year
1
Dry eye and meibomian gland dysfunction in pseudophakic bullous keratopathy. ( 29392636 )
2018
2
Topical ganciclovir treatment post-Descemet's stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty for patients with bullous keratopathy induced by cytomegalovirus. ( 29363530 )
2018
3
Regulatory Compliant Tissue-Engineered Human Corneal Endothelial Grafts Restore Corneal Function of Rabbits with Bullous Keratopathy. ( 29074873 )
2017
4
Pseudophakic bullous keratopathy. ( 29450379 )
2017
5
Young donor-graft assisted endothelial keratoplasty (PDEK/DMEK) with epithelial debridement for chronic pseudophakic bullous keratopathy. ( 28985815 )
2017
6
Corneal Tattooing and Anterior Stromal Puncture for Treating Symptomatic Bullous Keratopathy. ( 26606297 )
2016
7
Comparison of Long-term Clinical Outcomes between Descemet's Stripping Automated Endothelial Keratoplasty and Penetrating Keratoplasty in Patients with Bullous Keratopathy. ( 27980363 )
2016
8
Elevated Cytokine Levels in the Aqueous Humor of Eyes With Bullous Keratopathy and Low Endothelial Cell Density. ( 27820951 )
2016
9
Superficial Keratectomy and Conjunctival Advancement Hood Flap (SKCAHF) for the Management of Bullous Keratopathy: Validation in Dogs With Spontaneous Disease. ( 27538190 )
2016
10
Corneal Collagen Cross Linking (CXL) in treatment of Pseudophakic Bullous Keratopathy. ( 27648049 )
2016
11
Descemet Stripping Automated Endothelial Keratoplasty in Fuchs' Endothelial Dystrophy versus Pseudophakic Bullous Keratopathy. ( 27994806 )
2016
12
Non-Descemet Stripping Automated Endothelial Keratoplasty for Bullous Keratopathy in Buphthalmic Eye. ( 27462256 )
2016
13
An association between systemic cyclosporine administration and development of acute bullous keratopathy in cats. ( 26880480 )
2016
14
Simultaneous Descemet's membrane endothelial keratoplasty and posterior iris-claw-fixated intra ocular lens implantation (IOL) in management of aphakic bullous keratopathy. ( 26286755 )
2015
15
The use of endoillumination probe-assisted Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty for bullous keratopathy secondary to argon laser iridotomy. ( 25609910 )
2015
16
Evaluation of accelerated corneal collagen cross-linking for the treatment of bullous keratopathy in eight dogs (10 eyes). ( 25959108 )
2015
17
Changes in Corneal Biomechanical Properties After Descemet Stripping Automated Endothelial Keratoplasty for Pseudophakic Bullous Keratopathy. ( 26555584 )
2015
18
Effect of Glyceraldehyde Cross-Linking on a Rabbit Bullous Keratopathy Model. ( 26509077 )
2015
19
Anterior corneal surface irregularity after Descemet-stripping endothelial keratoplasty for bullous keratopathy. ( 26541104 )
2015
20
Real-Time Microscope-Integrated OCT to Improve Visualization in DSAEK for Advanced Bullous Keratopathy. ( 26509766 )
2015
21
Long-term symptomatic relief of bullous keratopathy with amniotic membrane transplant. ( 25586624 )
2015
22
Case series and techniques of Descemet's Stripping Automated Endothelial Keratoplasty for severe bullous keratopathy after birth injury. ( 26245501 )
2015
23
Recurrent rates and risk factors associated with recurrent painful bullous keratopathy after primary phototherapeutic keratectomy. ( 26491241 )
2015
24
Three-year outcome of Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty for bullous keratopathy after argon laser iridotomy. ( 24915015 )
2014
25
Regeneration of corneal endothelial cells following keratoplasty in rats with bullous keratopathy. ( 24883013 )
2014
26
Comparison of sulfur hexafluoride and air for donor attachment in Descemet stripping endothelial keratoplasty in patients with pseudophakic bullous keratopathy. ( 24452211 )
2014
27
Ultrasound biomicroscopy after palliative surgical procedures for bullous keratopathy: a descriptive comparative study. ( 25627186 )
2014
28
Re: Arora etA al.: Role of Corneal Collagen Cross-Linking in Pseudophakic Bullous Keratopathy: AA Clinicopathological Study (Ophthalmology 2013;120:2413-8). ( 25015213 )
2014
29
Endoilluminator-assisted transcorneal illumination for Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty: enhanced intraoperative visualization of the graft in corneal decompensation secondary to pseudophakic bullous keratopathy. ( 25088633 )
2014
30
Outcomes of corneal collagen crosslinking in pseudophakic bullous keratopathy. ( 24452209 )
2014
31
Alternatives to corneal transplantation for the management of bullous keratopathy. ( 24807064 )
2014
32
Use of amniotic membrane in bullous keratopathy palliative care. ( 25870682 )
2014
33
Outcome of Two Corneal Collagen Crosslinking Methods in Bullous Keratopathy due to Fuchs' Endothelial Dystrophy. ( 25484904 )
2014
34
Superficial epithelial keratectomy, cautery, and amniotic membrane transplant for the treatment of painful bullous keratopathy in eyes with poor visual potential. ( 24815111 )
2014
35
Femtosecond laser-assisted intracorneal biopolymer insertion for the symptomatic treatment of bullous keratopathy. ( 24619170 )
2014
36
Role of corneal collagen cross-linking in pseudophakic bullous keratopathy: a clinicopathological study. ( 23953101 )
2013
37
Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty for bullous keratopathy after anterior-posterior radial keratotomy. ( 23770978 )
2013
38
Iridoschisis associated with nanophthalmos and bullous keratopathy. ( 23001742 )
2013
39
Persistence of structural changes at the anterior cornea in bullous keratopathy patients after endothelial keratoplasty. ( 24066132 )
2013
40
Endothelial keratoplasty for bullous keratopathy in eyes with an anterior chamber intraocular lens. ( 24286840 )
2013
41
Complement activation in the aqueous humor of pseudophakic bullous keratopathy patients. ( 23258303 )
2013
42
Treatment of bullous keratopathy with corneal collagen cross-linking in two dogs. ( 24373539 )
2013
43
Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty for bullous keratopathy with an irregular posterior surface. ( 23846407 )
2013
44
Management of bullous keratopathy-related ulcer with autologous serum. ( 22781466 )
2013
45
An atypical case of herpes simplex virus endotheliitis presented as bullous keratopathy. ( 23957427 )
2013
46
Bullous keratopathy as a progressive disease: evidence from clinical and laboratory imaging studies. ( 24104939 )
2013
47
Autologous tragal perichondrium transplantation: a novel approach for the management of painful bullous keratopathy. ( 23730105 )
2013
48
Non-Descemet's stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty for bullous keratopathy secondary to iridoschisis. ( 23861578 )
2013
49
Midinfrared Laser Pancorneal Coagulation as a Method of Treatment for Painful Bullous Keratopathy. ( 23974894 )
2013
50
Comparison of treatments for bullous keratopathy in rabbits. ( 23737903 )
2013

Variations for Bullous Keratopathy

Expression for Bullous Keratopathy

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Bullous Keratopathy.

Pathways for Bullous Keratopathy

Pathways related to Bullous Keratopathy according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 24)
# Super pathways Score Top Affiliating Genes
1
Show member pathways
13.55 BMP2 BMP4 CXCL8 FBN1 IL1A TGFB2
2
Show member pathways
13.07 BMP2 BMP4 CXCL8 IL1A TGFB2
3
Show member pathways
12.81 BMP2 BMP4 FBN1 TGFB2 TNC
4 12.63 BMP2 BMP4 CXCL8 TGFB2
5
Show member pathways
12.47 BMP2 BMP4 IL1A TGFB2
6
Show member pathways
12.09 BMP2 BMP4 FBN1 NID1 TGFB2 TNC
7 11.96 CXCL8 IL1A TGFB2
8 11.93 BMP2 BMP4 TGFB2
9 11.88 BMP4 IL1A SELE
10 11.86 BMP2 BMP4 TGFB2
11 11.71 BMP2 CXCL8 IL1A
12 11.65 BMP2 BMP4 TGFB2
13 11.61 CXCL8 IL1A TGFB2
14 11.56 BMP2 BMP4 TGFB2
15 11.55 CXCL8 IL1A SELE TGFB2
16
Show member pathways
11.41 CXCL8 IL1A SELE
17 11.32 CXCL8 SELE TGFB2
18
Show member pathways
11.32 BMP2 BMP4 FBN1 TGFB2
19 11.23 CXCL8 SELE TGFB2
20 11.21 SELE TNC
21 10.99 BMP2 BMP4
22 10.92 BMP2 BMP4
23 10.85 BMP2 BMP4 CXCL8 IL1A
24 10.07 BMP2 BMP4 CXCL8 FBN1 IL1A TGFB2

GO Terms for Bullous Keratopathy

Cellular components related to Bullous Keratopathy according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 extracellular matrix GO:0031012 9.62 FBN1 NID1 TGFB2 TNC
2 proteinaceous extracellular matrix GO:0005578 9.56 BMP4 FBN1 NID1 TNC
3 extracellular region GO:0005576 9.56 BMP2 BMP4 CXCL8 FBN1 IL1A NID1
4 basement membrane GO:0005604 9.33 FBN1 NID1 TNC
5 extracellular space GO:0005615 9.28 BMP2 BMP4 CXCL8 FBN1 IL1A NID1

Biological processes related to Bullous Keratopathy according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 43)
# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 inflammatory response GO:0006954 9.93 BMP2 CXCL8 IL1A SELE
2 positive regulation of gene expression GO:0010628 9.93 BMP2 BMP4 IL1A TNC
3 angiogenesis GO:0001525 9.86 BMP4 CXCL8 TGFB2
4 cellular protein metabolic process GO:0044267 9.85 BMP4 FBN1 TNC
5 negative regulation of gene expression GO:0010629 9.85 BMP2 BMP4 TGFB2
6 extracellular matrix organization GO:0030198 9.84 FBN1 NID1 TNC
7 heart development GO:0007507 9.83 BMP2 BMP4 FBN1 TGFB2
8 negative regulation of cell proliferation GO:0008285 9.8 BMP2 BMP4 CXCL8 IL1A TGFB2
9 kidney development GO:0001822 9.78 BMP4 FBN1 TGFB2
10 osteoblast differentiation GO:0001649 9.77 BMP2 BMP4 TNC
11 BMP signaling pathway GO:0030509 9.74 BMP2 BMP4 TGFB2
12 epithelial to mesenchymal transition GO:0001837 9.69 BMP2 TGFB2
13 SMAD protein signal transduction GO:0060395 9.69 BMP2 BMP4 TGFB2
14 cellular response to BMP stimulus GO:0071773 9.68 BMP2 BMP4
15 embryo development GO:0009790 9.68 BMP2 TGFB2
16 positive regulation of bone mineralization GO:0030501 9.67 BMP2 BMP4
17 metanephros development GO:0001656 9.67 BMP4 FBN1
18 odontogenesis of dentin-containing tooth GO:0042475 9.67 BMP2 BMP4 TNC
19 skeletal system development GO:0001501 9.67 BMP2 BMP4 FBN1 TGFB2
20 cardiac muscle cell differentiation GO:0055007 9.66 BMP2 BMP4
21 telencephalon development GO:0021537 9.66 BMP2 BMP4
22 outflow tract septum morphogenesis GO:0003148 9.65 BMP4 TGFB2
23 embryonic digestive tract development GO:0048566 9.65 CXCL8 TGFB2
24 water transport GO:0006833 9.65 AQP3 MIP
25 positive regulation of pathway-restricted SMAD protein phosphorylation GO:0010862 9.65 BMP2 BMP4 TGFB2
26 positive regulation of cartilage development GO:0061036 9.64 BMP2 BMP4
27 endocardial cushion morphogenesis GO:0003203 9.64 BMP2 TGFB2
28 positive regulation of epithelial to mesenchymal transition GO:0010718 9.63 BMP2 BMP4 TGFB2
29 pathway-restricted SMAD protein phosphorylation GO:0060389 9.62 BMP2 TGFB2
30 cardiac epithelial to mesenchymal transition GO:0060317 9.62 BMP2 TGFB2
31 cardiac right ventricle morphogenesis GO:0003215 9.61 BMP4 TGFB2
32 atrioventricular valve morphogenesis GO:0003181 9.59 BMP2 TGFB2
33 pulmonary valve morphogenesis GO:0003184 9.58 BMP4 TGFB2
34 membranous septum morphogenesis GO:0003149 9.58 BMP4 TGFB2
35 telencephalon regionalization GO:0021978 9.56 BMP2 BMP4
36 pharyngeal arch artery morphogenesis GO:0061626 9.55 BMP4 TGFB2
37 regulation of odontogenesis of dentin-containing tooth GO:0042487 9.54 BMP2 BMP4
38 odontogenesis GO:0042476 9.5 AQP3 BMP4 TGFB2
39 mesenchymal cell proliferation involved in ureteric bud development GO:0072138 9.43 BMP2 BMP4
40 positive regulation of pri-miRNA transcription by RNA polymerase II GO:1902895 9.33 BMP2 BMP4 TGFB2
41 BMP signaling pathway involved in heart induction GO:0003130 9.26 BMP2 BMP4
42 positive regulation of ossification GO:0045778 9.13 BMP2 BMP4 TGFB2
43 regulation of receptor activity GO:0010469 9.1 BMP2 BMP4 CXCL8 FBN1 IL1A TGFB2

Molecular functions related to Bullous Keratopathy according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 growth factor activity GO:0008083 9.54 BMP2 BMP4 TGFB2
2 channel activity GO:0015267 9.4 AQP3 MIP
3 water channel activity GO:0015250 9.32 AQP3 MIP
4 co-receptor binding GO:0039706 9.26 BMP2 BMP4
5 BMP receptor binding GO:0070700 9.16 BMP2 BMP4
6 transforming growth factor beta receptor binding GO:0005160 9.13 BMP2 BMP4 TGFB2
7 cytokine activity GO:0005125 9.02 BMP2 BMP4 CXCL8 IL1A TGFB2

Sources for Bullous Keratopathy

3 CDC
7 CNVD
9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
16 ExPASy
18 FMA
27 GO
28 GTR
29 HGMD
30 HMDB
31 HPO
32 ICD10
33 ICD10 via Orphanet
34 ICD9CM
35 IUPHAR
36 KEGG
37 LifeMap
39 MedGen
41 MeSH
42 MESH via Orphanet
43 MGI
45 NCI
46 NCIt
47 NDF-RT
50 NINDS
51 Novoseek
53 OMIM
54 OMIM via Orphanet
58 PubMed
60 QIAGEN
65 SNOMED-CT via HPO
66 SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
67 TGDB
68 Tocris
69 UMLS
70 UMLS via Orphanet
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