Aliases & Classifications for Bursitis

MalaCards integrated aliases for Bursitis:

Name: Bursitis 12 40 14 69

Classifications:



External Ids:

Disease Ontology 12 DOID:2965
ICD10 32 M71.9
MeSH 41 D002062
NCIt 46 C94407
UMLS 69 C0006444

Summaries for Bursitis

MedlinePlus : 40 A bursa is a small, fluid-filled sac that acts as a cushion between a bone and other moving parts, such as muscles, tendons, or skin. Bursitis occurs when a bursa becomes inflamed. People get bursitis by overusing a joint. It can also be caused by an injury. It usually occurs at the knee or elbow. Kneeling or leaning your elbows on a hard surface for a long time can make bursitis start. Doing the same kinds of movements every day or putting stress on joints increases your risk. Symptoms of bursitis include pain and swelling. Your doctor will diagnose bursitis with a physical exam and tests such as x-rays and MRIs. He or she may also take fluid from the swollen area to be sure the problem isn't an infection. Treatment of bursitis includes rest, pain medicines, or ice. If there is no improvement, your doctor may inject a drug into the area around the swollen bursa. If the joint still does not improve after 6 to 12 months, you may need surgery to repair damage and relieve pressure on the bursa. NIH: National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases

MalaCards based summary : Bursitis is related to olecranon bursitis and tenosynovitis, and has symptoms including bursal tenderness, bursal pain and myalgia. An important gene associated with Bursitis is PTGS2 (Prostaglandin-Endoperoxide Synthase 2), and among its related pathways/superpathways is Overview of nanoparticle effects. The drugs Lidocaine and Ropivacaine have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include bone, testes and skin.

Related Diseases for Bursitis

Diseases related to Bursitis via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 173)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 olecranon bursitis 34.1 KDR MRAP
2 tenosynovitis 30.3 CRP MRAP
3 tendinitis 29.9 CRP MRAP PHB2
4 enthesopathy 29.6 MRAP PHB2
5 spondyloarthropathy 1 29.2 CRP MRAP
6 bone inflammation disease 28.7 CRP MRAP PHB2 PTGS2
7 achilles bursitis 12.3
8 gonococcal bursitis 12.0
9 tibial collateral ligament bursitis 12.0
10 specific bursitis often of occupational origin 11.9
11 fibular collateral ligament bursitis 11.9
12 pes anserinus tendinitis or bursitis 11.8
13 frozen shoulder 11.0
14 joint disorders 10.9
15 cumulative trauma disorders 10.9
16 overuse syndrome 10.9
17 repetitive motion disorders 10.9
18 repetitive stress injuries 10.9
19 episodic pain syndrome, familial, 1 10.4
20 cervical adenosquamous carcinoma 10.4 KDR PTGS2
21 arthritis 10.3
22 clopidogrel resistance 10.3 KDR PTGS2
23 macular retinal edema 10.3 CXCL12 MRAP
24 pyosalpinx 10.3 CRP PTGS2
25 purulent endophthalmitis 10.2 MRAP NDUFS4
26 rheumatoid arthritis 10.2
27 peptic ulcer perforation 10.2 CRP PTGS2
28 corneal neovascularization 10.2 CXCL12 KDR
29 drug-induced mental disorder 10.2 NDUFS4 PHB2
30 pharyngitis 10.2 CRP PTGS2
31 drug psychosis 10.2 NDUFS4 PHB2
32 limb ischemia 10.2 CXCL12 KDR
33 balanitis 10.2 MRAP PHB2
34 aortitis 10.2 CRP MRAP
35 iritis 10.2 MRAP PHB2
36 pyuria 10.2 CRP MRAP
37 spinal disease 10.2 CRP MRAP
38 penile disease 10.1 MRAP PHB2
39 urethritis 10.1 MRAP PHB2
40 transient arthritis 10.1 MRAP PHB2
41 renal tuberculosis 10.1 CRP MRAP
42 mesenteric lymphadenitis 10.1 CRP MRAP
43 urethral syndrome 10.1 MRAP PHB2
44 endocardium disease 10.1 CRP SH3BP5
45 proctitis 10.1 CRP KDR
46 temporal arteritis 10.1
47 conjunctival disease 10.1 MRAP PHB2
48 osteoarthritis with mild chondrodysplasia 10.0
49 osteoarthritis 10.0
50 palindromic rheumatism 10.0 CRP MRAP

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Bursitis:



Diseases related to Bursitis

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Bursitis

UMLS symptoms related to Bursitis:


bursal tenderness, bursal pain, myalgia, sciatica, muscle cramp, metatarsalgia, back pain, arthralgia

Drugs & Therapeutics for Bursitis

Drugs for Bursitis (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show top 50) (show all 95)
# Name Status Phase Clinical Trials Cas Number PubChem Id
1
Lidocaine Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2 137-58-6 3676
2
Ropivacaine Approved Phase 4 84057-95-4 175805 71273
3
Methylprednisolone Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2 83-43-2 6741
4
Prednisolone Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2 50-24-8 5755
5
Triamcinolone Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4,Phase 3 124-94-7 31307
6
Nitrous oxide Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4 10024-97-2 948
7
Bupivacaine Approved, Investigational Phase 4 38396-39-3, 2180-92-9 2474
8
Acetylcholine Approved Phase 4 51-84-3 187
9 Anesthetics Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2
10 Central Nervous System Depressants Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2
11 Peripheral Nervous System Agents Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2
12 Anesthetics, Local Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2
13 Anti-Arrhythmia Agents Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2
14 Diuretics, Potassium Sparing Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2
15 Sodium Channel Blockers Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2
16 Antiemetics Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2
17 Anti-Inflammatory Agents Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2
18 Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2
19 Autonomic Agents Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2
20 Gastrointestinal Agents Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2
21 glucocorticoids Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2
22 Hormone Antagonists Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2
23 Hormones Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2
24 Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2
25 Methylprednisolone acetate Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2
26 Methylprednisolone Hemisuccinate Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2
27 Neuroprotective Agents Phase 4,Phase 2
28 Pharmaceutical Solutions Phase 4,Phase 3
29 Prednisolone acetate Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2
30 Prednisolone hemisuccinate Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2
31 Prednisolone phosphate Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2
32 Protective Agents Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2
33 Immunosuppressive Agents Phase 4,Phase 3
34 triamcinolone acetonide Phase 4,Phase 3
35 Triamcinolone diacetate Phase 4,Phase 3
36 Triamcinolone hexacetonide Phase 4,Phase 3
37 Analgesics Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2
38 Analgesics, Non-Narcotic Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2
39 Anesthetics, General Phase 4
40 Anesthetics, Inhalation Phase 4
41 Neurotransmitter Agents Phase 4,Phase 2
42 abobotulinumtoxinA Phase 4
43 Botulinum Toxins Phase 4
44 Botulinum Toxins, Type A Phase 4
45 Cholinergic Agents Phase 4
46 incobotulinumtoxinA Phase 4
47 Neuromuscular Agents Phase 4
48 onabotulinumtoxinA Phase 4
49
Hyaluronic acid Approved, Vet_approved Phase 3 9004-61-9 53477741 24759
50
Etodolac Approved, Investigational, Vet_approved Phase 3 41340-25-4 3308

Interventional clinical trials:

(show top 50) (show all 95)

# Name Status NCT ID Phase Drugs
1 Effectiveness of an Oxygen-nitrous Oxide Mixture During Physical Therapy for Frozen Shoulder Completed NCT01087229 Phase 4 equimolar oxygen-nitrous oxide mixture;Placebo
2 Arthroscopy and Manipulation vs a Home Therapy Program in the Treatment of Adhesive Capsulitis Completed NCT00160784 Phase 4
3 An RCT in Treatment of Adhesive Capsulitis Arthrographic Joint Distention With Local Anesthetic Alone Completed NCT02001740 Phase 4 Triamcinalone (steroid) and lidocaine
4 Chronic Insertional Achilles Tendonitis Treated With or Without Flexor Hallucis Longus Tendon Transfer Completed NCT00950053 Phase 4
5 Extracorporeal Shock Wave Treatment - Can the Pain be Reduced? Completed NCT01429883 Phase 4
6 The Effect of 3 Ropivacaine Suprascapular Nerve Blocks in Subacute Adhesive Capsulitis: a Randomized Controlled Trial Recruiting NCT02944526 Phase 4 Ropivacaine Monohydrochloride;Placebo - Concentrate
7 Adhesive Capsulitis: Prospective Analysis of Efficacy and Financial Impact for Use of Physical Therapy in Treatment Recruiting NCT02283996 Phase 4 Depot Methylprednisolone
8 Botulinum Toxin A for Shoulder Pain After Stroke Not yet recruiting NCT02618603 Phase 4 Botulinum toxin A;Triamcinolone Acetonide
9 Shoulder Adhesive Capsulitis and Ambulatory Continuous Interscalene Nerve Blocks Terminated NCT00875862 Phase 4
10 Steroid Injection for the Treatment of Greater Trochanteric Pain Syndrome Withdrawn NCT00863889 Phase 4 Depomedrol injection;Lidocaine, Marcaine
11 Optimisation of the Treatment of Infectious Bursitis Unknown status NCT01406652 Phase 3
12 Sodium Hyaluronate Injection and Corticosteroids in Trochanteric Bursitis: a Randomized Controlled Study. Unknown status NCT02039804 Phase 3 Corticosteroids
13 Treatment Study of Frozen Shoulder: Corticosteroid Injection in Joint Versus Wait and See Policy Unknown status NCT01570985 Phase 3 Triamcinolone Acetonide;Triamcinolone Acetonide
14 MRX-7EAT Etodolac-Lidocaine Topical Patch in the Treatment of Tendonitis and Bursitis of the Shoulder Completed NCT01161615 Phase 3 MRX-7EAT;Placebo
15 Diclofenac Patch for Treatment of Mild to Moderate Tendonitis or Bursitis Completed NCT00640939 Phase 2, Phase 3 diclofenac sodium;Matching Placebo
16 Ketoprofen Topical Patch 20% in the Treatment of Pain Associated With Shoulder, Elbow or Knee Tendonitis or Bursitis Completed NCT00352625 Phase 3 Ketoprofen Topical Patch 20%
17 Safety & Efficacy Study of MRX-7EAT Patch in the Treatment of Pain of the Shoulder Completed NCT01506154 Phase 3 MRX-7EAT
18 TRARO (Traumeel® S in Rotator Cuff Syndrome)-Study Completed NCT01702233 Phase 3 Traumeel S inj;Fortecortin/Dexamethasone 8 mg/2 ml inj;Saline inj
19 ARTHRO Distension Plus Intensive Mobilisation in Shoulder Capsulitis Completed NCT00724113 Phase 3
20 Efficacy and Safety of Ketoprofen Topical Patch 20% in the Treatment of Pain Associated With Shoulder, Elbow or Knee Tendonitis or Bursitis Terminated NCT00426985 Phase 3 Ketoprofen Topical Patch 20%
21 Etoricoxib in Acute Soft Tissue Rheumatism Affecting the Shoulder Terminated NCT00876317 Phase 3 Etoricoxib 60 mg;Etoricoxib 90 mg
22 Local Injection Under US Control in GTPS. Terminated NCT01807962 Phase 3 rapidocain and bethametsaone;sterile saline
23 Scientifically Merged Acupuncture and Robot-assisted Technology (SMART) for Rehabilitation of Frozen Shoulder Syndrome: Second-year Project-Comparison of Robot and Conventional Physiotherapy (Including Preliminary Test on Healthy Volunteers) Unknown status NCT02206542 Phase 2
24 Safety and Efficacy of Methylprednisolone Infiltration in Anserine Bursitis Treatment Completed NCT01205477 Phase 2 EXPERIMENTAL;PLACEBO
25 A Pilot Study on the Onset of Action of KTP, 20% in the Treatment of Acute Pain Associated With Tendonitis or Bursitis of the Shoulder, Elbow or Knee Completed NCT00903994 Phase 2 Ketoprofen Topical Patch 20%
26 Clinical Study for the Treatment of Adhesive Capsulitis of the Shoulder Completed NCT02006719 Phase 2
27 Bee Venom Acupuncture for the Treatment of Frozen Shoulder Completed NCT01526031 Phase 2
28 AA4500 for the Treatment of Adhesive Capsulitis of the Shoulder Completed NCT01483963 Phase 2
29 Amitriptyline Regarding Nimesulide in Acute Idiopathic Adhesive Capsulitis Completed NCT01306708 Phase 2 amitriptyline
30 Prediction Frozen Shoulder Validation Completed NCT01157221 Phase 1, Phase 2
31 Navigator vs Standard Needle Injection for Hip Completed NCT02066844 Phase 2 Celestone;Lidocaine
32 Autologous Stem Cells in Achilles Tendinopathy Recruiting NCT02064062 Phase 2
33 Collagenase in the Treatment of Adhesive Capsulitis (Frozen Shoulder) Withdrawn NCT00261196 Phase 2 Collagenase
34 Quantum Spectrum Radiation Emitter for Adhesive Capsulitis Unknown status NCT02133833 Phase 1
35 Treatment of Acute Traumatic Laceration of the Olecranon and Prepatellar Bursa Unknown status NCT01714999
36 Point-of-Care Ultrasound in Greater Trochanteric Pain Syndrome Unknown status NCT01642043
37 Acupuncture for Treatment of Frozen Shoulder Syndrome Unknown status NCT02076308
38 Indwelling Interscalene Nerve Catheters in Surgical Management of Idiopathic Adhesive Capsulitis Unknown status NCT01606332
39 Natural Course of Adhesive Capsulitis of Hip Unknown status NCT01449227
40 The Study of Different Treatment Programs for Patients With Frozen Shoulder Unknown status NCT01249040
41 Mobilization Techniques in Patients With Frozen Shoulder: a Randomized Multiple-Treatment Trial Unknown status NCT00172601
42 Corticosteroids and / or Arthrographic Distention in the Treatment of Adhesive Capsulitis Unknown status NCT01983527 Intra-articular corticosteroid Depo Medrol
43 Surgery or Capsular Distention With Steroid in the Treatment of Primary Frozen Shoulder? Unknown status NCT01029600
44 Rilonacept (Arcalyst ®) in the Treatment of Subacromial Bursitis Completed NCT01830699 Rilonacept;Corticosteroid
45 Comparison of Ultrasound Guided Versus Blind Corticosteroid Injection for Trochanteric Bursitis Completed NCT02221817
46 Effect of Ultrasound-guided Hyaluronic or Corticosteroid Injections in Patients With Chronic Subacromial Bursitis Completed NCT02702206 corticosteroids;hyaluronic acid;normal saline
47 Relationship to Dose of Triamcinolone Acetonide and Methylyprednisolone to Improvement in Subacromial Bursitis Completed NCT02242630 Methylprednisolone, 20 mg;Methylprednisolone, 40 mg;Triamcinolone, 20 mg;Triamcinolone, 40 mg
48 Kinesiotaping in Treatment of Pes Anserinus Tendino-bursitis Completed NCT01680263
49 Comparison of Steroid Dosages on the Efficacy of Trochanteric Bursa Injection Completed NCT02126878 Kenalog
50 Randomized Study Comparing Fluoroscopically-Guided Versus Blinded Trochanteric Bursa Injections Completed NCT00480675

Search NIH Clinical Center for Bursitis

Inferred drug relations via UMLS 69 / NDF-RT 47 :


Genetic Tests for Bursitis

Anatomical Context for Bursitis

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Bursitis:

38
Bone, Testes, Skin, Breast, Spinal Cord, Neutrophil, Liver

Publications for Bursitis

Articles related to Bursitis:

(show top 50) (show all 637)
# Title Authors Year
1
<i>Propionibacterium acnes</i> and<i>Staphylococcus epidermidis</i>olecranon bursitis/osteomyelitis: a case involving surgical and antibiotic treatment. ( 29440139 )
2018
2
Acral Myxoinflammatory Fibroblastic Sarcoma Simulating Rheumatoid Bursitis - Diffusion-weighted Imaging. ( 29366969 )
2018
3
Ultrasonographic and computed tomographic features of rice bodies in an Arabian horse with atlantal bursitis. ( 29363213 )
2018
4
Isolated Bicipito-radial Bursitis in a Patient With Rheumatoid Arthritis. ( 29280830 )
2018
5
Outcomes of Arthroscopic Management of Trochanteric Bursitis in Patients With Femoroacetabular Impingement: A Comparison of Two Matched Patient Groups. ( 29395556 )
2018
6
Great trochanter bursitis vs sciatica, a diagnostic-anatomic trap: differential diagnosis and brief review of the literature. ( 29392417 )
2018
7
Cervico-thoracic Interspinous Bursitis Associated with Bilateral Upper-extremity Numbness: A Case Report. ( 29399425 )
2017
8
Baastrup's Disease, Interspinal Bursitis, and Dorsal Epidural Cysts: Radiologic Evaluation and Impact on Treatment Options. ( 28929033 )
2017
9
Calcific prepatellar bursitis in a patient with limited cutaneous systemic sclerosis. ( 29228498 )
2017
10
Bursitis, Septic ( 29262131 )
2017
11
Outcome of horses undergoing navicular bursotomy for the treatment of contaminated or septic navicular bursitis: 19 cases (2002-2016). ( 28779525 )
2017
12
Angioleiomyoma mimicking pes anserinus bursitis: A case report. ( 28439931 )
2017
13
Diagnosis, treatment and outcome of cranial nuchal bursitis in 30 horses. ( 29193303 )
2017
14
Successful Treatment of Gluteal Pain from Obturator Internus Tendinitis and Bursitis with Ultrasound-Guided Injection. ( 28145920 )
2017
15
Risk of bursitis and other injuries and dysfunctions of the shoulder following vaccinations. ( 28774564 )
2017
16
Pes Anserinus Bursitis due to Tibial Spurs in Children. ( 28884053 )
2017
17
Recalcitrant Lateral Premalleolar Bursitis of the Ankle Associated with Lateral Ankle Instability. ( 28840049 )
2017
18
Bursitis of the Elbow, Knee, and Heel. ( 28290637 )
2017
19
Common Superficial Bursitis. ( 28290630 )
2017
20
Compressive Ulnar Neuropathy Caused by Olecranon Bursitis and Concomitant Epidermal Cyst: A Case Report. ( 29117836 )
2017
21
The Relationship between Chondromalacia Patella, Medial Meniscal Tear and Medial Periarticular Bursitis in Patients with Osteoarthritis. ( 29333118 )
2017
22
Kalzifizierte Bursitis praepatellaris bei limitierter kutaner systemischer Sklerodermie. ( 29228483 )
2017
23
Meningococcal Bursitis. ( 29021440 )
2017
24
Olecranon Bursitis in a Military Population: Epidemiology and Evidence for Prolonged Morbidity in Combat Recruits. ( 28885965 )
2017
25
Low-energy versus middle-energy extracorporeal shockwave therapy for the treatment of snapping scapula bursitis. ( 28523033 )
2017
26
Bursitis, Olecranon ( 29262058 )
2017
27
Fungal Olecranon Bursitis in an Immunocompetent Patient by Knoxdaviesia dimorphospora sp. nov.: Case Report and Review. ( 28994000 )
2017
28
First case of Roussoella percutanea bursitis. ( 27842764 )
2017
29
Effect of polydeoxyribonucleotide injection on pes anserine bursitis: A case report. ( 29069005 )
2017
30
A Rare Form of Brucella Bursitis with Negative Serology: A Case Report and Literature Review. ( 28337351 )
2017
31
An uncommon cause of anterior elbow pain: Diagnosis and injection for bicipitoradial bursitis using ultrasonography. ( 28359410 )
2017
32
Bilateral Olecranon Tophaceous Gout Bursitis. ( 28326103 )
2017
33
Trochanteric Bursitis Following Primary Total Hip Arthroplasty: Incidence, Predictors, and Treatment. ( 29195847 )
2017
34
Clinical characteristics and outcomes of septic bursitis. ( 28555416 )
2017
35
Olecranon Bursitis, Beau's Lines, Biett's Collarettes, and Crown of Venus. ( 28179551 )
2017
36
One- vs 2-Stage Bursectomy for Septic Olecranon and Prepatellar Bursitis: A Prospective Randomized Trial. ( 28602435 )
2017
37
Chronic Open Infective Lateral Malleolus Bursitis Management Using Local Rotational Flap. ( 29075642 )
2017
38
Group G Streptococcus dysgalactiae subspecies equisimilis, the clinical significance of a rare infection: endocarditis, polyarteritis, septic bursitis and pneumonia with complicated parapneumonic effusion. ( 28348265 )
2017
39
Investigating the Effect of Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy on Reducing Chronic Pain in Patients with Pes Anserine Bursitis: A Randomized, Clinical- Controlled Trial. ( 28626745 )
2017
40
Olecranon Bursitis Caused by Candida parapsilosis in a Patient with Rheumatoid Arthritis. ( 27595032 )
2016
41
Ultrasound-Guided 50% Ethyl Alcohol Injection for Patients With Malleolar and Olecranon Bursitis: A Prospective Pilot Study. ( 27152282 )
2016
42
Protothecal bursitis after simultaneous kidney/liver transplantation: a case report and review. ( 26779785 )
2016
43
Comparison of the efficacy of physical therapy and corticosteroid injection in the treatment of pes anserine tendino-bursitis. ( 27512249 )
2016
44
Endoscopic Olecranon Bursal Resection for Olecranon Bursitis: A Comparative Study for Septic and Aseptic Olecranon Bursitis. ( 27454630 )
2016
45
Ultrasound-guided percutaneous lavage of calcific bursitis of the medial collateral ligament of the knee: a case report and review of the literature. ( 27488832 )
2016
46
Noniatrogenic Septic Olecranon Bursitis: Report of Two Cases and Review of the Literature. ( 26745168 )
2016
47
Raynaud's phenomenon and bilateral olecranon bursitis co-existing in a patient with chronic hepatitis B and D treated with pegylated interferon. ( 27339587 )
2016
48
Effects of kinesiotaping versus non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and physical therapy for treatment of pes anserinus tendino-bursitis: A randomized comparative clinical trial. ( 27276165 )
2016
49
Olecranon bursitis. ( 26577126 )
2016
50
Therapy-resistant septic olecranon bursitis due to Mycobacterium gordonae. ( 27892398 )
2016

Variations for Bursitis

Expression for Bursitis

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Bursitis.

Pathways for Bursitis

Pathways related to Bursitis according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Super pathways Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 9.9 CRP PTGS2

GO Terms for Bursitis

Biological processes related to Bursitis according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 response to radiation GO:0009314 8.96 CXCL12 PTGS2
2 negative regulation of blood vessel diameter GO:0097756 8.62 CRP PTGS2

Sources for Bursitis

3 CDC
7 CNVD
9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
16 ExPASy
18 FMA
27 GO
28 GTR
29 HGMD
30 HMDB
31 HPO
32 ICD10
33 ICD10 via Orphanet
34 ICD9CM
35 IUPHAR
36 KEGG
37 LifeMap
39 MedGen
41 MeSH
42 MESH via Orphanet
43 MGI
45 NCI
46 NCIt
47 NDF-RT
50 NINDS
51 Novoseek
53 OMIM
54 OMIM via Orphanet
58 PubMed
60 QIAGEN
65 SNOMED-CT via HPO
66 SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
67 TGDB
68 Tocris
69 UMLS
70 UMLS via Orphanet
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