MCID: CTS002
MIFTS: 45

Cat-Scratch Disease malady

Categories: Rare diseases, Infectious diseases, Immune diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Cat-Scratch Disease

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Sources:
2CDC, 11Disease Ontology, 30ICD10, 31ICD10 via Orphanet, 32ICD9CM, 38MedlinePlus, 39MeSH, 40MESH via Orphanet, 45NCIt, 48NIH Rare Diseases, 54Orphanet, 62SNOMED-CT, 68UMLS, 69UMLS via Orphanet
See all MalaCards sources

Aliases & Descriptions for Cat-Scratch Disease:

Name: Cat-Scratch Disease 11 54 39 68
Cat Scratch Disease 48 38 2
Bartonellosis Due to Bartonella Henselae Infection 48 54
Cat Scratch Fever 11 48
Debre's Syndrome 11 68
 
Foshay-Mollaret Cat Scratch Fever 11
Benign Lymphoreticulosis 11
Debre-Mollaret Syndrome 11
Oroya Fever 68

Characteristics:

Orphanet epidemiological data:

54
cat-scratch disease:
Inheritance: Not applicable; Prevalence: 1-9/100000 (Europe); Age of onset: All ages; Age of death: normal life expectancy

Classifications:



External Ids:

Disease Ontology11 DOID:11258
ICD1030 A28.1
ICD9CM32 078.3
MeSH39 D002372
NCIt45 C84620
Orphanet54 ORPHA50839
MESH via Orphanet40 D002372
UMLS via Orphanet69 C0007361
ICD10 via Orphanet31 A28.1

Summaries for Cat-Scratch Disease

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MedlinePlus:38 Cat scratch disease (csd) is an illness caused by the bacterium bartonella henselae. almost half of all cats carry the infection at some point. the infection does not make cats sick. however, the scratch or bite of an infected cat can cause symptoms in people, including swollen lymph nodes, especially around the head, neck, and upper limbs fever headache fatigue poor appetite for people with weak immune systems, csd may cause more serious problems. the best way to avoid csd is to avoid rough play with cats that could lead to scratches or bites. if you do get a scratch or bite, wash it well with soap and water. if the bite or scratch gets infected or if you have symptoms of csd, call your doctor. centers for disease control and prevention

MalaCards based summary: Cat-Scratch Disease, also known as cat scratch disease, is related to neuroretinitis and bartonellosis, and has symptoms including regional lymphadenopathy, headache and chills. An important gene associated with Cat-Scratch Disease is HTRA1 (HtrA Serine Peptidase 1), and among its related pathways are Mitochondrial protein import and Tuberculosis. Affiliated tissues include lymph node, lymph node and skin.

Disease Ontology:11 A bartonellosis that results in infection located in lymph node, has material basis in Bartonella henselae or has material basis in Bartonella clarridgeiae, which are transmitted by scratch or bite of a kitten, or transmitted by contact of animal's saliva with an eye or through broken skin. The infection has symptom regional lymphadenopathy, has symptom headache, has symptom chills, has symptom backache, and has symptom abdominal pain.

NIH Rare Diseases:48 Cat scratch disease is an infectious illness caused by the bacteria bartonella (Bartonella henselae). It is believed to be transmitted by cat scratches, bites, or exposure to cat saliva. This self-limiting infectious disease is characterized by a bump or blister at the site of the bite or scratch and swelling and pain in the lymph nodes. Other features may include fatigue, headache, achiness, and fever. Although cat-scratch disease usually subsides without treatment, antibiotic and/or antimicrobial therapy may help speed recovery. Last updated: 7/20/2016

CDC:2 Bartonella bacteria cause several diseases in humans. The three most common are cat scratch disease, caused by B. henselae; trench fever, caused by B. quintana; and Carrión's disease, caused by B. bacilliformis.

Wikipedia:71 Cat-scratch disease (CSD) is a common and usually benign infectious disease caused by the bacterium... more...

Related Diseases for Cat-Scratch Disease

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Diseases related to Cat-Scratch Disease via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50)    (show all 114)
idRelated DiseaseScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1neuroretinitis11.4
2bartonellosis11.4
3trench fever11.4
4intermediate uveitis11.4
5mucopolysaccharidosis is11.2
6diarrhea 3, secretory sodium, congenital, syndromic11.0
7carrion's disease11.0
8pars planitis11.0
9osteomyelitis10.4
10encephalopathy10.4
11angiomatosis10.3
12hepatitis10.3
13retinitis10.3
14sapho syndrome10.3CD40LG, HTRA1
15lymphadenitis10.3
16bacillary angiomatosis10.2
17status epilepticus10.2
18fallopian tube leiomyosarcoma10.1CD40LG, HSPD1
19small intestinal vasoactive intestinal peptide producing tumor10.1CD40LG, HSPD1
20cervicitis10.1
21strawberry gallbladder10.1CD40LG, CORO1A
22mineral metabolism disease10.1CD40LG, HSPD1
23restless legs syndrome10.1CD40LG, HSPD1
24postcricoid region cancer10.1CD40LG, CORO1A
25tuberculoid leprosy10.1CD40LG, HSPD1
26splenic abscess10.0
27myelitis10.0
28vasculitis10.0
29bile duct signet ring cell carcinoma10.0CD40LG, HSPD1
30lymphoma10.0
31endocarditis10.0
32epidural abscess10.0
33choroiditis10.0
34uveitis10.0
35granulomatous hepatitis10.0
36retinal detachment10.0
37neuropathy10.0
38encephalitis10.0
39transverse myelitis10.0
40parametrium malignant neoplasm10.0CD40LG, HSPD1
41labyrinthine bilateral reactive loss9.9CD40LG, CS
42opportunistic bacterial infectious disease9.9CD40LG, HSPD1
43goodpasture syndrome9.9CD40LG, HSPD1
44breast cancer9.9
45bacteremia9.9
46keratitis9.9
47retinal vasculitis9.9
48optic neuritis9.9
49aseptic meningitis9.9
50lymphogranuloma venereum9.9

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Cat-Scratch Disease:



Diseases related to cat-scratch disease

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Cat-Scratch Disease

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Symptoms:

 11 (show all 5)
  • regional lymphadenopathy
  • headache
  • chills
  • backache
  • abdominal pain

UMLS symptoms related to Cat-Scratch Disease:


pruritus

Drugs & Therapeutics for Cat-Scratch Disease

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Drugs for Cat-Scratch Disease (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show all 9)
idNameStatusPhaseClinical TrialsCas NumberPubChem Id
1
AzithromycinapprovedPhase 433383905-01-555185, 53477736, 447043
Synonyms:
(2R,3S,4R,5R,8R,10R,11R,12S,13S,14R)-11-[(2S,3R,4S,6R)-4-(dimethylamino)-3-hydroxy-6-methyloxan-2-yl]oxy-2-ethyl-3,4,10-trihydroxy-13-[(2R,4R,5S,6S)-5-hydroxy-4-methoxy-4,6-dimethyloxan-2-yl]oxy-3,5,6,8,10,12,14-heptamethyl-1-oxa-6-azacyclopentadecan-15-one
(2R,3S,4R,5R,8R,10R,11R,12S,13S,14R)-13-((2,6-Dideoxy-3-C-methyl-3-O-methyl-alpha-L-ribo-hexopyranosyl)oxy)-2-ethyl-3,4,10-trihydroxy-3,5,6,8,10,12,14-heptamethyl-11-((3,4,6-trideoxy-3-(dimethylamino)-beta-D-xylo-hexopyranosyl)oxy)-1-oxa-6-azacyclopentadecan-15-one
(2R,3S,4R,5R,8R,10R,11R,12S,13S,14R)-2-ethyl-3,4,10-trihydroxy-3,5,6,8,10,12,14-heptamethyl-15-oxo-11-{[3,4,6-trideoxy-3-(dimethylamino)-b-D-xylo-hexopyranosyl]oxy}-1-oxa-6-azacyclopentadecan-13-yl 2,6-dideoxy-3-C-methyl-3-O-methyl-a-L-ribo-hexopyranoside
(2R,3S,4R,5R,8R,10R,11R,12S,13S,14R)-2-ethyl-3,4,10-trihydroxy-3,5,6,8,10,12,14-heptamethyl-15-oxo-11-{[3,4,6-trideoxy-3-(dimethylamino)-beta-D-xylo-hexopyranosyl]oxy}-1-oxa-6-azacyclopentadecan-13-yl 2,6-dideoxy-3-C-methyl-3-O-methyl-alpha-L-ribo-hexopyranoside
(2R,3S,4R,5R,8R,10R,11R,12S,13S,14R)13-((2,6-Dideoxy-3-C-methyl-3-O-methyl-alpha-L-ribo-hexopyranosyl)oxy)-2-ethyl-3,4,10-trihydroxy-3,5,6,8,10,12,14-heptamethyl-11-((3,4,6-trideoxy-3-(dimethylamino)-beta-D-xylo-hexopyranosyl)oxy)-1-oxa-6-azacyclopentadecan-15-one
1-Oxa-6-azacyclopentadecan-15-one, 13-((2,6-dideoxy-3-C-methyl-3-O-methyl-alpha-L-ribo-hexopyranosyl)oxy)-2-ethyl-3,4,10-trihydroxy-3,5,6,8,10,12,14-heptamethyl-11-((3,4,6-trideoxy-3-(dimethylamino)-beta-D-xylo-hexopyranosyl)oxy)-,(2R-(2R*,3S*
121470-24-4
75199_FLUKA
83905-01-5
9-Deoxo-9a-aza-9a-methyl-9a-homoerythromycin A
AC-16014
AC1L9KEG
Aritromicina
Azasite
Azenil
Azifast
Azigram
Azimakrol
Azithramycine
Azithromycin
Azithromycin & Tumor Necrosis Factor
Azithromycin (AIDS Initiative)
Azithromycin (anhydrous)
Azithromycin Dihydrate
Azithromycin Monohydrate
Azithromycin Sterile
Azithromycin dihydrate
Azithromycin plus Tumor Necrosis Factor
Azithromycine
Azithromycine [French]
Azithromycinum
Azithromycinum [Latin]
Azitrocin
Azitromax
Azitromicina
Azitromicina [Spanish]
Azitromin
Azythromycin
BIDD:GT0792
BRN 5387583
BSPBio_002285
Bio-0676
C38H72N2O12
CCRIS 1961
CHEBI:2955
CHEMBL529
CID447043
CP-62993
CP62,993
CPD000471864
DCH3
DRG-0104
 
DivK1c_000233
HMS1922G12
HMS2094M11
HMS500L15
HSDB 7205
Hemomycin
IDI1_000233
KBio1_000233
KBio2_000787
KBio2_003355
KBio2_005923
KBio3_001505
KBioGR_000731
KBioSS_000787
LS-1834
MLS001055353
MLS001066331
MLS001201763
MLS001304005
MLS001332499
MLS001332500
Misultina
MolPort-002-507-426
N,N-Dimethyl-4-amino-benzaldehyde
NCGC00090753-01
NCGC00090753-02
NINDS_000233
NSC643732
SAM002589961
SMR000471864
SPBio_001544
SPECTRUM1503679
Spectrum2_001582
Spectrum3_000653
Spectrum4_000186
Spectrum5_001867
Spectrum_000307
Sumamed
Tromix
UNII-JTE4MNN1MD
XZ-450
Z-Pak
ZIT
Zentavion
Zithromac
Zithromax
Zithromax IV
Zithromycin
Zitromax
Zitromax Avium 600
Zmas
Zmax
azithromycin
2
Prednisoneapproved, vet_approvedPhase 4135953-03-25865
Synonyms:
(1S,2R,10S,11S,14R,15S)-14-hydroxy-14-(2-hydroxyacetyl)-2,15-dimethyltetracyclo[8.7.0.0^{2,7}.0^{11,15}]heptadeca-3,6-diene-5,17-dione
(8S,9S,10R,13S,14S,17R)-17-hydroxy-17-(2-hydroxyacetyl)-10,13-dimethyl-6,7,8,9,12,14,15,16-octahydrocyclopenta[a]phenanthrene-3,11-dione
(8xi,9xi,14xi)-17,21-dihydroxypregna-1,4-diene-3,11,20-trione
.delta. E
.delta.(sup1)-Cortisone
.delta.-Cortelan
.delta.-Cortisone
.delta.-Cortone
.delta.-E
.delta.1-Cortisone
.delta.1-Dehydrocortisone
.delta.sone
1,2-Dehydrocortisone
1,4-Pregnadiene-17-alpha,21-diol-3,11,20-trione
1,4-Pregnadiene-17.alpha.,21-diol-3,11,20-trione
1,4-Pregnadiene-17alpha,21-diol-3,11,20-trione
1-Cortisone
1-Dehydrocortisone
17,21-Dihydroxypregna-1,4-diene-3,11,20-trione
17alpha,21-Dihydroxy-1,4-pregnadiene-3,11,20-trione
53-03-2
68-59-7
81552_FLUKA
AC-11112
AC1L1LB2
AC1Q29EZ
ACon0_000082
ACon1_000297
AI3-52939
Adasone
Ancortone
Apo-Prednisone
Apo-prednisone
BPBio1_000323
BRD-K85883481-001-04-2
BSPBio_000293
Betapar
Bicortone
Bio-0649
C07370
C21H26O5
CCRIS 2646
CHEBI:8382
CHEMBL635
CID5865
CPD001227202
Cartancyl
Colisone
Cortan
Cortancyl
Cortidelt
Cotone
DB00635
Dacorten
Dacortin
Decortancyl
Decortin
Decortisyl
Dehydrocortisone
Dekortin
Delcortin
Dellacort
Dellacort A
Delta Cortelan
Delta E
Delta E.
Delta-Cortelan
Delta-Dome
Delta-cortelan
Delta-cortisone
Delta-cortone
Delta-dome
Deltacortene
Deltacortisone
Deltacortone
Deltasone
Deltasone, Liquid Pred, Orasone, Adasone, Deltacortisone,Prednisone
Deltison
Deltisona
Deltisone
Deltra
Di-Adreson
Diadreson
EINECS 200-160-3
Econosone
Encorton
Encortone
Enkortolon
Enkorton
Fernisone
Fiasone
HMS1568O15
HMS2090J13
HSDB 3168
Hostacortin
In-Sone
Incocortyl
 
Juvason
Kortancyl
LMST02030180
LS-1325
Liquid Pred
Lisacort
Lodotra
MEGxm0_000443
MLS001061265
MLS001304073
MLS001335907
MLS001335908
MLS002154191
MLS002207083
Me-Korti
Metacortandracin
Meticorten
Meticorten (Veterinary)
Metrevet (Veterinary)
MolPort-001-740-041
NCGC00090766-01
NCGC00090766-02
NCGC00090766-03
NCI-C04897
NCI60_000008
NSC 10023
NSC10023
Nisona
Nizon
Novoprednisone
Nurison
Orasone
Origen Prednisone
P1276
P6254_SIGMA
PRD
Panafcort
Panasol
Paracort
Parmenison
Pehacort
Precort
Predeltin
Prednicen-M
Prednicorm
Prednicort
Prednicot
Prednidib
Prednilonga
Prednison
Prednisona
Prednisona [INN-Spanish]
Prednisone
Prednisone Intensol
Prednisone [INN:BAN]
Prednisonum
Prednisonum [INN-Latin]
Prednitone
Prednizon
Prednovister
Presone
Prestwick0_000077
Prestwick1_000077
Prestwick2_000077
Prestwick3_000077
Prestwick_405
Pronison
Pronisone
Rectodelt
Retrocortine
S1622_Selleck
SAM002264641
SK-Prednisone
SMR000718760
SMR001227202
SPBio_002214
Servisone
Sone
Sterapred
Supercortil
U 6020
UNII-VB0R961HZT
Ultracorten
Ultracortene
WLN: L E5 B666 CV OV AHTTT&J A1 E1 FV1Q FQ
Winpred
Wojtab
ZINC03875357
Zenadrid
Zenadrid (veterinary)
Zenadrid [veterinary]
delta cortelan
delta(sup 1)-Cortisone
delta(sup 1)-Dehydrocortisone
delta-1-Cortisone
delta-1-Dehydrocortisone
delta-Cortisone
delta-Cortone
3Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone AntagonistsPhase 412767
4HormonesPhase 413979
5Hormone AntagonistsPhase 412778
6Antineoplastic Agents, HormonalPhase 45407
7glucocorticoidsPhase 44920
8Anti-Inflammatory AgentsPhase 410355
9ColaNutraceutical1881

Interventional clinical trials:

idNameStatusNCT IDPhase
1The Efficacy of Prednisone and Azithromycin in the Treatment of Patients With Cat Scratch DiseaseUnknown statusNCT01469702Phase 4
2Risk Factors of Cat Scratch Colon Developing.CompletedNCT01574547

Search NIH Clinical Center for Cat-Scratch Disease


Cochrane evidence based reviews: cat-scratch disease

Genetic Tests for Cat-Scratch Disease

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Anatomical Context for Cat-Scratch Disease

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MalaCards organs/tissues related to Cat-Scratch Disease:

36
Lymph node, Skin, Eye, Bone, Testes, Breast, Colon

FMA organs/tissues related to Cat-Scratch Disease:

17
Lymph node

Publications for Cat-Scratch Disease

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Articles related to Cat-Scratch Disease:

(show top 50)    (show all 553)
idTitleAuthorsYear
1
Cat-Scratch Disease: A Pitfall for Lymphoma Evaluation by FDG-PET/CT. (27997427)
2017
2
Epitrochlear cat scratch disease: unique imaging features allowing differentiation from other soft tissue masses of the medial arm. (27193359)
2016
3
The utility of a country-specific Bartonella henselae antigen in an IgM-indirect fluorescent antibody assay for the improved diagnosis of cat scratch disease. (28029424)
2016
4
Development of a Highly Specific IgM Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay for Bartonella henselae Using Refined N-Lauroyl-Sarcosine-Insoluble Proteins for Serodiagnosis of Cat Scratch Disease. (26865692)
2016
5
Cat-scratch disease presenting as parotid gland abscess and aseptic meningitis. (27426218)
2016
6
Cat-scratch disease with hepatosplenic lesions in two brothers. (27051576)
2016
7
Cat Scratch Disease: Expanded Spectrum. (27843905)
2016
8
Atypical Cat Scratch Disease With Hepatosplenic Involvement. (27484614)
2016
9
Disseminated cat-scratch disease: case report and review of the literature. (27077606)
2016
10
Thoracic osteomyelitis and epidural abscess formation due to cat scratch disease: case report. (27662446)
2016
11
Cat-Scratch Disease in the United States, 2005-2013. (27648778)
2016
12
Corticosteroid Treatment for Prolonged Fever in Hepatosplenic Cat-Scratch Disease. (28006985)
2016
13
Disseminated cat-scratch disease in an adult with selective IgA deficiency. (27257449)
2016
14
Cat Scratch Disease in a Renal Transplant Recipient. (27312684)
2016
15
Cat scratch disease in 9-year-old patient - a case report. (27213258)
2016
16
Sonography of cat scratch disease. (25715359)
2015
17
Cat scratch disease during infliximab therapy: a case report and literature review. (25547623)
2015
18
Atypical manifestation of cat-scratch disease: isolated epigastric pain in an immunocompetent, 12-year-old child. (26273467)
2015
19
Hepatosplenic Abscesses and Osteomyelitis of the Spine in an Immunocompetent Adult with Cat Scratch Disease. (26576306)
2015
20
Status Epilepticus Due to Cat Scratch Disease: Recognition, Diagnosis, and Thoughts on Pathogenesis. (25853722)
2015
21
Cat scratch disease in an immunosuppressed patient with systemic lupus erythematosus. (26453661)
2015
22
Cat-scratch disease with severe pleuritis in a 6-year-old girl. (26113319)
2015
23
Cat scratch disease of the parotid gland. (26403943)
2015
24
Cat-Scratch Disease: Case Report and Review of the Literature. (26361690)
2015
25
Posterior segment involvement in cat-scratch disease: A case series. (26545331)
2015
26
New-onset refractory status epilepticus in an adult with an atypical presentation of cat-scratch disease: successful treatment with high-dose corticosteroids. (26044784)
2015
27
Disseminated cat-scratch disease: case report and review of the literature. (25940800)
2015
28
Cat-scratch disease: a wide spectrum of clinical pictures. (26161064)
2015
29
Cat-scratch disease presenting as a solitary splenic abscess in an elderly man. (25804947)
2015
30
Choroidal neovascularisation as an unusual ophthalmic manifestation of cat-scratch disease in an 8-year-old girl. (26135983)
2015
31
Hepatosplenic Cat-Scratch Disease in Children and the Positive Contribution of 18F-FDG Imaging. (26164171)
2015
32
Multiple Renal and Splenic Lesions in a Child with Cat Scratch Disease. (26567841)
2015
33
Renal Microabscesses: A Presentation of Cat Scratch Disease. (25799194)
2015
34
Persistent cat scratch disease requiring surgical excision in a patient with MPGN. (25963015)
2015
35
Progressive Cat Scratch Disease Despite Antimicrobial Therapy. (26407443)
2015
36
Evaluation of Cat Scratch Disease Cases Reported from Turkey between 1996 and 2013 and Review of the Literature. (26851430)
2015
37
Cat scratch disease in MedellA-n, Colombia. (25988023)
2014
38
Cat scratch disease associated with retinal vein occlusion. (25269350)
2014
39
Acute myopericarditis associated with cat scratch disease in an adolescent. (24732446)
2014
40
Molecular identification of Bartonella henselae in a seronegative cat scratch disease patient with AIDS in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. (25076441)
2014
41
An uncommon cause of linfadenopathy in a kidney transplant patient: cat-scratch disease. (25036076)
2014
42
Hepatosplenic cat scratch disease in immunocompetent adults: report of 3 cases and review of the literature. (25398062)
2014
43
Cat scratch disease. (25199244)
2014
44
Cat scratch disease of the eye: a case report and literature review. (25643469)
2014
45
Hepatosplenic cat scratch disease in immunocompetent adults: report of 3 cases and review of the literature. (25803522)
2014
46
A case report of seronegative cat scratch disease, emphasizing the histopathologic point of view. (24641870)
2014
47
Atypical presentation of cat-scratch disease in an immunocompetent child with serological and pathological evidence. (25610689)
2014
48
Cat scratch disease, a rare cause of hypodense liver lesions, lymphadenopathy and a protruding duodenal lesion, caused by Bartonella henselae. (25355744)
2014
49
Visceral cat scratch disease with endocarditis in an immunocompetent adult: a case report and review of the literature. (24575798)
2014
50
Cat Scratch Disease in kidney transplant receptors: is it a rare or underdiagnosed pathology? (25317626)
2014

Variations for Cat-Scratch Disease

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Expression for genes affiliated with Cat-Scratch Disease

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Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Cat-Scratch Disease.

Pathways for genes affiliated with Cat-Scratch Disease

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Pathways related to Cat-Scratch Disease according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

idSuper pathwaysScoreTop Affiliating Genes
19.3CS, HSPD1
29.0CORO1A, EEA1, HSPD1

GO Terms for genes affiliated with Cat-Scratch Disease

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Cellular components related to Cat-Scratch Disease according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1early endosomeGO:00057699.7CORO1A, EEA1, HSPD1
2extracellular exosomeGO:00700628.0CORO1A, CS, EEA1, HSPD1, HTRA1

Biological processes related to Cat-Scratch Disease according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1B cell proliferationGO:004210010.2CD40LG, HSPD1
2positive regulation of interleukin-10 productionGO:003273310.1CD40LG, HSPD1
3positive regulation of interleukin-12 productionGO:003273510.1CD40LG, HSPD1
4negative regulation of neuron apoptotic processGO:004352410.0CORO1A, HSPD1
5positive regulation of T cell activationGO:00508709.9CORO1A, HSPD1
6positive regulation of T cell proliferationGO:00421029.5CD40LG, CORO1A

Sources for Cat-Scratch Disease

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2CDC
6CNVD
10DGIdb
15ExPASy
16FDA
17FMA
27GTR
28HGMD
29HMDB
30ICD10
31ICD10 via Orphanet
32ICD9CM
33IUPHAR
34KEGG
37MedGen
39MeSH
40MESH via Orphanet
41MGI
44NCI
45NCIt
46NDF-RT
49NINDS
50Novoseek
52OMIM
53OMIM via Orphanet
57PubMed
58QIAGEN
63SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
67Tumor Gene Family of Databases
68UMLS
69UMLS via Orphanet