MCID: CRB091
MIFTS: 43

Cerebro-Oculo-Facio-Skeletal Syndrome malady

Rare diseases, Bone diseases categories
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Summaries for Cerebro-Oculo-Facio-Skeletal Syndrome

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NIH Rare Diseases:42 Cerebro-oculo-facio-skeletal (cofs) syndrome is a degenerative disorder that primarily involves the brain, eyes, and spinal cord. affected individuals have mild to severe intellectual disability, severely reduced muscle tone (hypotonia), impaired reflexes, vision impairment, and involuntary eye movements. children with cofs syndrome have distinctive facial features, including low-set ears, small eyes, small head size (microcephaly), and a small jaw (micrognathia). they may also have abnormalities of the skull, limbs, heart, and kidneys. individuals with cofs syndrome are often diagnosed at birth. in many cases, the cause of the disorder is unknown. some children with this condition have mutations in the ercc1, ercc2, ercc5, or ercc6 gene. when an individual has the features of cofs syndrome and a mutation in the ercc6 gene, they are said to have cockayne syndrome type ii.  cofs syndrome is inherited in an autosomal recessive manner. most children with this condition do not live past age 5. treatment involves supportive care and is based on an individual's symptoms. last updated: 7/14/2009

MalaCards based summary: Cerebro-Oculo-Facio-Skeletal Syndrome, also known as cofs syndrome, is related to cockayne syndrome and ectropion. An important gene associated with Cerebro-Oculo-Facio-Skeletal Syndrome is ERCC2 (excision repair cross-complementation group 2), and among its related pathways are RNA Polymerase I Promoter Escape and Cell Cycle / Checkpoint Control. The compounds ecteinascidin 743 and thymine glycol have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include eye, brain and spinal cord, and related mouse phenotypes are adipose tissue and tumorigenesis.

NINDS:43 Cerebro-oculo-facio-skeletal syndrome (COFS) is a pediatric, genetic, degenerative disorder that involves the brain and the spinal cord. It is characterized by craniofacial and skeletal abnormalities, severely reduced muscle tone, and impairment of reflexes. Symptoms may include large, low-set ears, small eyes, microcephaly (abnormal smallness of the head), micrognathia (abnormal smallness of the jaws), clenched fists, wide-set nipples, vision impairments, involuntary eye movements, and mental retardation, which can be moderate or severe. Respiratory infections are frequent. COFS is diagnosed at birth. Ultrasound technology can detect fetuses with COFS at an early stage of pregnancy, as the fetus moves very little, and some of the abnormalities result, in part, from lack of movement.

Wikipedia:65 Cockayne syndrome (also called Weber-Cockayne syndrome, or Neill-Dingwall syndrome) is a rare autosomal... more...

Aliases & Classifications for Cerebro-Oculo-Facio-Skeletal Syndrome

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Sources:
42NIH Rare Diseases, 22GTR, 43NINDS, 44Novoseek
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Cerebro-Oculo-Facio-Skeletal Syndrome, Aliases & Descriptions:

Name: Cerebro-Oculo-Facio-Skeletal Syndrome 42 22 43
 
Cofs Syndrome 42 44


Classifications:

Malacards categories (disease lists): (See all malacards categories)
Global: Rare diseases
Anatomical: Bone diseases


Related Diseases for Cerebro-Oculo-Facio-Skeletal Syndrome

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Diseases related to Cerebro-Oculo-Facio-Skeletal Syndrome via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards/GeneDecks gene sharing:

(show all 14)
idRelated DiseaseScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1cockayne syndrome30.0ERCC5, ERCC2, ERCC1, ERCC6
2ectropion10.5
3cockayne syndrome type ii10.5
4micro syndrome10.1
5photosensitive trichothiodystrophy10.1ERCC5, ERCC2
6testicular cancer9.9ERCC2, ERCC1
7basal cell carcinoma9.9ERCC1, ERCC2
8squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck9.9ERCC1, ERCC2
9astrocytoma9.8ERCC1, ERCC2
10bladder carcinoma9.7ERCC2, ERCC1
11lung cancer9.7ERCC5, ERCC2, ERCC1
12melanoma9.6ERCC5, ERCC2, ERCC1
13prostate cancer9.6ERCC1, ERCC2, ERCC5
14xeroderma pigmentosum9.5ERCC6, ERCC1, ERCC2, ERCC5

Graphical network of diseases related to Cerebro-Oculo-Facio-Skeletal Syndrome:



Diseases related to cerebro-oculo-facio-skeletal syndrome

Symptoms for Cerebro-Oculo-Facio-Skeletal Syndrome

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Drugs & Therapeutics for Cerebro-Oculo-Facio-Skeletal Syndrome

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Drug clinical trials:

Search ClinicalTrials for Cerebro-Oculo-Facio-Skeletal Syndrome

Search NIH Clinical Center for Cerebro-Oculo-Facio-Skeletal Syndrome

Genetic Tests for Cerebro-Oculo-Facio-Skeletal Syndrome

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Genetic tests related to Cerebro-Oculo-Facio-Skeletal Syndrome:

id Genetic test Affiliating Genes
1 Cerebro-Oculo-Facio-Skeletal Syndrome22

Anatomical Context for Cerebro-Oculo-Facio-Skeletal Syndrome

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MalaCards organs/tissues related to Cerebro-Oculo-Facio-Skeletal Syndrome:

32
Eye, Brain, Spinal cord, Heart, Kidney

Animal Models for Cerebro-Oculo-Facio-Skeletal Syndrome or affiliated genes

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MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Cerebro-Oculo-Facio-Skeletal Syndrome:

36
idDescriptionMGI Source AccessionScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1MP:00053758.7ERCC2, ERCC1, ERCC6
2MP:00020068.6ERCC6, ERCC1, ERCC2
3MP:00053908.5ERCC6, ERCC1, ERCC2
4MP:00053708.4ERCC5, ERCC1, ERCC6
5MP:00107718.2ERCC6, ERCC1, ERCC2, ERCC5
6MP:00053978.2ERCC6, ERCC1, ERCC2, ERCC5
7MP:00053878.1ERCC6, ERCC1, ERCC2, ERCC5
8MP:00053788.1ERCC5, ERCC2, ERCC1, ERCC6
9MP:00053768.0ERCC5, ERCC2, ERCC1, ERCC6
10MP:00107687.7ERCC6, ERCC1, ERCC2, ERCC5

Publications for Cerebro-Oculo-Facio-Skeletal Syndrome

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Articles related to Cerebro-Oculo-Facio-Skeletal Syndrome:

(show all 19)
idTitleAuthorsYear
1
Cerebro-oculo-facio-skeletal syndrome. (22980622)
2012
2
Cerebro-oculo-facio-skeletal syndrome. (20687508)
2010
3
CafAc au lait macules and cerebro-oculo-facio-skeletal syndrome: a novel association. (19250421)
2009
4
Cerebro-oculo-facio-skeletal syndrome: three additional cases with CSB mutations, new diagnostic criteria and an approach to investigation. (18628313)
2008
5
First reported patient with human ERCC1 deficiency has cerebro-oculo- facio-skeletal syndrome with a mild defect in nucleotide excision repair and severe developmental failure. (17273966)
2007
6
Cerebro-oculo-facio-skeletal syndrome complicated by congenital ichthyosis. (16317307)
2006
7
Muscle involvement in the cerebro-oculo-facio-skeletal syndrome. (14984906)
2004
8
Cerebro-oculo-facio-skeletal syndrome: report of two cases from Turkey with postmortem findings. (12405446)
2002
9
Cerebro-oculo-facio-skeletal syndrome in a neonate. (12196689)
2002
10
Cerebro-oculo-facio-skeletal syndrome with a nucleotide excision- repair defect and a mutated XPD gene, with prenatal diagnosis in a triplet pregnancy. (11443545)
2001
11
Cerebro-oculo-facio-skeletal syndrome as a human example for accelerated cochlear nerve degeneration. (11300264)
2001
12
Manitoba aboriginal kindred with original cerebro-oculo-facio- skeletal syndrome has a mutation in the Cockayne syndrome group B (CSB) gene. (10739753)
2000
13
A variant of the cerebro-oculo-facio-skeletal syndrome with congenital ectropion and a case of lamellar ichthyosis in the same family. (8026108)
1994
14
Cerebro-oculo-facio-skeletal syndrome: further delineation. (1951466)
1991
15
Cerebro-oculo-facio-skeletal syndrome. (3551738)
1987
16
The Neu-COFS (cerebro-oculo-facio-skeletal) syndrome: report of a case. (6705255)
1984
17
The cerebro-oculo-facio-skeletal syndrome. (7355980)
1980
18
The cerebro-oculo-facio-skeletal syndrome. (97035)
1978
19
The cerebro-oculo-facio-skeletal syndrome. (4212394)
1974

Variations for Cerebro-Oculo-Facio-Skeletal Syndrome

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Clinvar genetic disease variations for Cerebro-Oculo-Facio-Skeletal Syndrome:

6
id Gene Name Type Significance SNP ID Assembly Location
1ERCC2NM_000400.3(ERCC2): c.1846C> T (p.Arg616Trp)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs121913024GRCh37Chr 19, 45856060: 45856060

Expression for genes affiliated with Cerebro-Oculo-Facio-Skeletal Syndrome

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Expression patterns in normal tissues for genes affiliated with Cerebro-Oculo-Facio-Skeletal Syndrome

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Cerebro-Oculo-Facio-Skeletal Syndrome.

Pathways for genes affiliated with Cerebro-Oculo-Facio-Skeletal Syndrome

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Compounds for genes affiliated with Cerebro-Oculo-Facio-Skeletal Syndrome

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Compounds related to Cerebro-Oculo-Facio-Skeletal Syndrome according to GeneCards/GeneDecks:

(show all 20)
idCompoundScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1ecteinascidin 743449.8ERCC5, ERCC2
2thymine glycol449.7ERCC6, ERCC5
3platinum compounds509.4ERCC1, ERCC2
4vinorelbine44 50 1111.4ERCC2, ERCC1
5bcnu449.4ERCC1, ERCC2
6fluorouracil50 1110.4ERCC1, ERCC2
7leucovorin44 50 1111.4ERCC1, ERCC2
8oxaliplatin44 50 1111.4ERCC2, ERCC1
9melphalan44 50 1111.4ERCC1, ERCC2
10irinotecan44 50 1111.3ERCC1, ERCC2
11gemcitabine44 50 1111.3ERCC2, ERCC1
12thymidylate449.3ERCC1, ERCC2
13vincristine44 50 1111.2ERCC2, ERCC1
14docetaxel44 50 61 1112.2ERCC1, ERCC2
15cyclophosphamide44 50 1111.1ERCC1, ERCC2
16paclitaxel44 50 1111.1ERCC1, ERCC2
17methotrexate50 44 1111.0ERCC2, ERCC1
18platinum44 509.9ERCC1, ERCC2, ERCC5
19cisplatin44 50 61 1111.9ERCC5, ERCC2, ERCC1
205fluorouracil448.8ERCC1, ERCC2

GO Terms for genes affiliated with Cerebro-Oculo-Facio-Skeletal Syndrome

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Cellular components related to Cerebro-Oculo-Facio-Skeletal Syndrome according to GeneCards/GeneDecks:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1holo TFIIH complexGO:0056759.4ERCC2, ERCC5
2nucleolusGO:0057308.5ERCC6, ERCC1, ERCC5
3nucleoplasmGO:0056547.9ERCC6, ERCC1, ERCC2, ERCC5
4nucleusGO:0056347.7ERCC5, ERCC2, ERCC1, ERCC6

Biological processes related to Cerebro-Oculo-Facio-Skeletal Syndrome according to GeneCards/GeneDecks:

(show all 13)
idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1nucleotide-excision repair, DNA incision, 3-to lesionGO:0062959.3ERCC1, ERCC5
2response to UVGO:0094119.2ERCC6, ERCC5
3DNA catabolic process, endonucleolyticGO:0007379.1ERCC5, ERCC1
4cell proliferationGO:0082839.1ERCC1, ERCC2
5response to X-rayGO:0101659.1ERCC6, ERCC1
6ATP catabolic processGO:0062009.0ERCC6, ERCC2
7UV protectionGO:0096508.8ERCC5, ERCC2, ERCC1
8nucleotide-excision repair, DNA damage removalGO:0007188.8ERCC1, ERCC2, ERCC5
9multicellular organism growthGO:0352648.7ERCC2, ERCC1, ERCC6
10response to oxidative stressGO:0069798.6ERCC6, ERCC1, ERCC2
11transcription-coupled nucleotide-excision repairGO:0062838.3ERCC6, ERCC1, ERCC2, ERCC5
12nucleotide-excision repairGO:0062898.2ERCC6, ERCC1, ERCC2, ERCC5
13DNA repairGO:0062818.2ERCC6, ERCC1, ERCC2, ERCC5

Molecular functions related to Cerebro-Oculo-Facio-Skeletal Syndrome according to GeneCards/GeneDecks:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1DNA-dependent ATPase activityGO:0080949.2ERCC2, ERCC6
2protein N-terminus bindingGO:0474858.9ERCC6, ERCC2, ERCC5
3single-stranded DNA bindingGO:0036978.8ERCC1, ERCC5
4protein C-terminus bindingGO:0080228.5ERCC6, ERCC1, ERCC2
5protein bindingGO:0055158.0ERCC6, ERCC1, ERCC2, ERCC5

Products for genes affiliated with Cerebro-Oculo-Facio-Skeletal Syndrome

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Sources for Cerebro-Oculo-Facio-Skeletal Syndrome

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3CDC
13ExPASy
14FMA
22GTR
23HGMD
24HMDB
25ICD10
26ICD10 via Orphanet
27ICD9CM
28IUPHAR
29KEGG
34MeSH
35MESH via Orphanet
36MGI
39NCIt
40NDF-RT
43NINDS
44Novoseek
46OMIM
47OMIM via Orphanet
51PubMed
52QIAGEN
58SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
62UMLS
63UMLS via Orphanet