MCID: CRV043
MIFTS: 37

Cervical Dystonia malady

Categories: Rare diseases, Neuronal diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Cervical Dystonia

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Aliases & Descriptions for Cervical Dystonia:

Name: Cervical Dystonia 10 45 12
 
Spasmodic Torticollis 10 45

Classifications:



External Ids:

Disease Ontology10 DOID:0050840
ICD1027 G24.3

Summaries for Cervical Dystonia

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NIH Rare Diseases:45 Cervical dystonia is a focal dystonia characterized by excessive pulling of the muscles of the neck and shoulder resulting in abnormal movements of the head. most commonly, the head turns to one side or the other. tilting sideways, or to the back or front may also occur. the turning or tilting movements may be accompanied by tremor and/or soreness of the muscles of the neck and shoulders. cervical dystonia can occur at any age, although most individuals first experience symptoms in middle age. it often begins slowly and usually reaches a plateau over a few months or years. treatment may include local intramuscular injections of botulinum toxin, analgesics, benzodiazepines (anti-anxiety medications), anticholinergics, physical therapy, or surgery. last updated: 11/9/2011

MalaCards based summary: Cervical Dystonia, also known as spasmodic torticollis, is related to adult-onset cervical dystonia, dyt23 type and cranio-cervical dystonia with laryngeal and upper-limb involvement. An important gene associated with Cervical Dystonia is CIZ1 (CDKN1A Interacting Zinc Finger Protein 1), and among its related pathways are Staphylococcus aureus infection and ICos-ICosL Pathway in T-Helper Cell. Affiliated tissues include brain, bone and lung, and related mouse phenotype behavior/neurological.

Disease Ontology:10 A focal dystonia that is characterized by simultaneous contraction of the agonist and antagonist muscles that control the position of the head contracting during dystonic movement which causes the neck to involuntarily turn to the left, right, upwards, and/or downwards.

Wikipedia:68 Spasmodic torticollis is an extremely painful chronic neurological movement disorder causing the neck to... more...

Related Diseases for Cervical Dystonia

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Diseases related to Cervical Dystonia via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50)    (show all 408)
idRelated DiseaseScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1adult-onset cervical dystonia, dyt23 type12.4
2cranio-cervical dystonia with laryngeal and upper-limb involvement12.4
3torticollis, familial11.6
4benign paroxysmal torticollis of infancy10.7
5leukoencephalopathy with dystonia and motor neuropathy10.6
6meige syndrome10.4
7prostatitis10.3
8neuronitis10.3
9prostate cancer10.2
10breast cancer10.2
11hepatitis10.2
12esophagitis10.2
13thyroiditis10.2
14tucker syndrome10.2HLA-DQA1, HLA-DQB1
15pulmonary coin lesion10.2HLA-DQA1, HLA-DQB1
16leukemia10.2
17lymphoma10.2
18adenocarcinoma10.2
19pancreatitis10.2
20encephalitis10.2
21metanephric adenoma10.2HLA-DQA1, HLA-DQB1
22oculogyric crisis10.2DRD5, TOR1A
23pulmonary nodular lymphoid hyperplasia10.2HLA-DQA1, HLA-DQB1
24prostatic acinar adenocarcinoma10.2BDNF, DRD5
25myocardial infarction10.2
26ischemia10.2
27retinitis10.2
28glioma10.2
29aneurysm10.2
30endotheliitis10.2
31duodenum cancer10.2HLA-DQA1, HLA-DQB1
32bullous pemphigoid10.1HLA-DQA1, HLA-DQB1
33artery disease10.1HLA-DQA1, HLA-DQB1
34rectal disease10.1HLA-DQA1, HLA-DQB1
35cranio-facial dystonia10.1GNAL, TOR1A
36colorectal cancer10.1
37asthma10.1
38obesity10.1
39arthritis10.1
40gastric cancer10.1
41osteoarthritis10.1
42cerebritis10.1
43tuberculosis10.1
44pneumonia10.1
45precocious puberty10.1
46autoimmune disease of skin and connective tissue10.1BDNF, DRD5
47drug dependence10.1BDNF, DRD5
48spasmodic dystonia10.0GCH1, TOR1A
49neurotic excoriation10.0HLA-DQA1, HLA-DQB1
50thiamine metabolism dysfunction syndrome 210.0GCH1, TOR1A

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Cervical Dystonia:



Diseases related to cervical dystonia

Symptoms for Cervical Dystonia

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Drugs & Therapeutics for Cervical Dystonia

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Drugs for Cervical Dystonia (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show top 50)    (show all 69)
idNameStatusPhaseClinical TrialsCas NumberPubChem Id
1
MentholapprovedPhase 419992216-51-516666
Synonyms:
(−
()-Menthol
(+)-Neo-menthol
(+)-p-Menthan-3-ol
(+-)-(1R*,3R*,4S*)-Menthol
(+-)-Menthol
(+/-)-Menthol
(+/-)-p-Menthan-3-ol
(-)-(1R,3R,4S)-Menthol
(-)-Menthyl alcohol
(-)-menthol
(-)-p-Menthan-3-ol
(-)-trans-p-Menthan-cis-ol
(1R)-(-)-Menthol
(1R,2S,5R)-(-)-menthol
(1R,2S,5R)-Menthol
(1R,3R,4S)-(-)-MENTHOL
(1R,3R,4S)-(-)-Menthol
(1R-(1-alpha,2-beta,5-alpha))-5-Methyl-2-(1-methylethyl)cyclohexanol
(1S, 2S, 5R)-(+)-Neomenthol
(1S,2R,5R)-(+)-Isomenthol
(1S,2R,5S)-(+)-Menthol
(1S,2R,5S)-Menthol
(1alpha,2beta,5alpha)-5-Methyl-2(1-methylethyl)cyclohexanol
(1r,2s,5r)-(-)-menthol
(L)-MENTHOL
(R)-(-)-Menthol
(r)-(-)-menthol
)-Menthol
--MENTHOL
1-Menthol
1490-04-6
15356-60-2
15356-70-4
15785_RIEDEL
15785_SIAL
19863P
2-Isopropyl-5-methylcyclohexanol
20747-49-3
2216-51-5
3-p-Menthol
4-Isopropyl-1-methylcyclohexan-3-ol
491-02-1
5-Methyl-2-(1-methylethyl)-cyclohexanol
5-Methyl-2-(1-methylethyl)cyclohexanol
5-methyl-2-(propan-2-yl)cyclohexanol
5-methyl-2-propan-2-ylcyclohexan-1-ol
551376_ALDRICH
551376_FLUKA
588733_ALDRICH
613290_ALDRICH
613290_FLUKA
63660_FLUKA
63670_ALDRICH
63670_FLUKA
63975-60-0
6C6A4A8C-A054-468C-A1F0-F29E39838CF2
89-78-1
98167-53-4
999 Itch Relief
AC1L1B2E
AC1L28FR
AC1Q1NQ2
AC1Q2QQM
AI3-08161
AI3-52408
AKOS000119740
AR-1J3337
Absorbine Back Therapeutic Pain Relief
Absorbine Jr
Absorbine Jr Ultra Strength Pain Relieving
Absorbine Jr.
Absorbine Jr. Back
Algomend Pain Relief
Alhua Huogan Pain Relieving Patch
Aloemint Skin Aid
Amar Ice
Analgesic
Anc Neverpain External Analgesic
Anti Itch
Army Health Pain Reliever
Arthri-support
Arthri-zen Relief
Arthripain Relief
Arthritis Relief
Aspercreme Heat
Aspercreme Max No Mess Roll On
Assured Cold N Hot Pain Relief Menthol
Assured Extra Strength Cold N Hot
Assured Ice Cold Topical Analgesic
Assured Muscle Rub
Assured Pain Relief Hot Menthol
Atopalm Pain Relieving
Aurorae Healing Pain Relieving Roll-on
Avapta
Avedana Pain Relieving Roll On
Avedana Pain-relieving
BB_NC-0057
BRN 1902288
BRN 3194263
BSPBio_003062
Babyganics Cold Relief Chest Rub
Barox
Barox BODY CARE MASSAGE
Barox Body Care Massage Relax Refresh Revital
Being Well Extra Strength Menthol Heat
Bengay Ultra Strength Large Size
Bengay Ultra Strength Pain Relieving Large Size
Bengay Ultra Strength Pain Relieving Regular Size
Bengay Ultra Strength Regular Size
Bengay Vanishing Scent
Bengay Zero Degrees Menthol Pain Relieving
Bentasil SUGAR FREE BLACKCURRANT SOFT Texture
Bentasil SUGAR FREE CHERRY SOFT Texture
Bentasil SUGAR FREE HONEY LEMON SOFT Texture
Berri-freez
Besthealth Cherry
Besthealth Cough Suppressant Sugar Free Black Cherry Flavor
Besthealth Cough Suppressant Sugar Free Honey Lemon Flavor
Besthealth Honey Lemon
Besthealth Menthol
Bio 2 Brazilian Heat Brazilian Heat
Bio-scriptives Extreme Pr
Bioblast Pain Relief
Bioflexor
Biofreeze
Biofreeze Colorless
Biofreeze Colorless Roll-on
Biofreeze Roll-on
Biorelief Ice Pain Relieving
Blistex Ivarest Medicated Poison Ivy Cleansing Foam
Blue Gel Pain Relieving
Blue Ice
Blue Ice Analgesic
Blue Ice Analgesic Gel
Blue Ice Pain Relieving
Body
Budpack Muscle Rub
Budpak Muscle Rub
C00400
C10H20O
CCRIS 3728
CCRIS 375
CCRIS 4666
CCRIS 9231
CHEBI:15409
CHEBI:545611
CHEMBL256087
CHEMBL470670
CID1254
CID16666
Canker Complete Canker Sore Relief
Caswell No. 540
Celadrin
Cepacol Sore Throat From Post Nasal Drip
Cepacol Sore Throat Regular Strength
Ching Wan Hung Soothing Herbal Balm
Choice Personal Care Theraputic Blue Ice
Cold Hot Patch
Cold Spot Point Relief
Coldaid
Cool N Heat Patch For Back Extra Strength
Coralite Extra Strength Menthol Pain Relief Sleeve - Knee
Coralite Extra Strength Menthol Pain Relief Sleeve - Wrist
Coralite Pain Relief
Counteract Cough Drops Honey Lemon
Counteract Cough Drops Orchard Cherry
Cryogel Island Rain Natural Pain Relieving Vitaminerals
Cvs Cold Hot Medicated
Cvs Soothing Itch Relief
Cvs Sore Muscle Rub Vanishing Scent
Cvs Therapeutic Menthol Gel
Cvs Therapeutic Menthol Pain Reliever
Cvs Tropical Citrus Cough
Cvs Ultra Strength Pain Relieving
Cvs Vanishing Scent Muscle Rub
D-(-)-Menthol
D-p-Menthan-3-ol
D00064
D008610
D04849
D04918
DB00825
Dg Health Extra Strength Medicated
Dg Health Pain Relieving
Dg Ice Cold Analgesic
Diapedic Foot Treatment
DivK1c_000820
Dorflex Icy Hot Flexible, Large
Dorflex Icy Hot Flexible, Small
Dorflex Icy Hot Flexible, XL
Dr. Blue
Dt Ice Cold Analgesic
Dual Action Cherry Cough Suppressant Oral Anesthetic
Dynafreeze
EINECS 201-939-0
EINECS 207-724-8
EINECS 216-074-4
EINECS 218-690-9
EINECS 239-387-8
EINECS 239-388-3
EPA Pesticide Chemical Code 051601
Easy
Eb301ap Pain Relief
Eb301ct Bruise Pain Relief
Eb302 Arthritis Relief
Ecolyptus Pain Relieving Muscle Rub
Efac Pain Relieving
Elgin Pain Relief
Equaline Blue Ice Pain Relieving
Equate Menthol Extra Strength
Eros Iron Man
Eucalyptamint
Eucerin Calming Itch Relief Treatment
Extra Strength Cold N Hot Pain Relief Medicated
Extra Strength Pain Relief Therapy
Extra Strength Stopain Cold Pain Relieving
Extra Strength Stopain Cold Pain Relieving Roll On
FEMA No. 2665
Family Care Maximum Strength Medicated Anti Itch
Fast Freeze
Fisherman's friend lozenges
Fisherman's friend lozenges (TN)
Flexall Pain Relieving
Flexgen
Fluaid
Foot Works Achy Foot Massager Pain Relieving
Gold Bond Foot Extra Strength
Gold Bond Medicated Foot
Gold Bond Pain Relieving Foot
Gold Bond Pain Relieving Foot Roll On
Green Bamboo
Green Guard Cough Drop Relief
HMS1922G13
HMS2092L14
HMS502I22
HSDB 5662
HSDB 593
Halls Apple Cider
Halls Butterscotch
Halls Cherry
Halls Extra Strong Menthol
Halls Honey Lemon
Halls Ice Peppermint
Halls MENTHO-LYPTUS
Halls Melon Splash
Halls Menthol
Halls Mentholyptus
Halls Mocha Mint
Halls Naturals Honey Lemon Chamomile
Halls Plus Cherry
Halls Plus Honey
Halls Plus Strawberry
Halls Spearmint
Halls Strawberry
Halls Sugar Free Black Cherry
Halls Sugar Free Citrus Blend
Halls Sugar Free Extra Strong Menthol
Halls Sugar Free Honey Berry
Halls Sugar Free Honey Lemon
Halls Sugar Free Mountain Menthol
Halls Tropical Fruit
Hallsmelon Splash Melon Splash
Hallssugar Free Extra Sugar Free Extra Strong Menthol
Han Honey Loquat Syrup
Hanbang Cataplasma
Harmon Extra Strength Pain Relieving
Harmon Extra Strength Pain Relieving Roll-on
Headache crystals
Health Smart Medicated Foot
Herbion Naturals Honey Lemon
Herbion Naturals Honey Lemon Cough Drops
Herbion Naturals Honey-Lemon Cough Drops
Herbion Naturals Mint Cough Drops
Herbion Naturals Orange
Herbion Naturals Orange Cough Drops
Hexahydrothymol
Hielo Ardiente
Honibe
 
Hot Ice Soothing Analgesic Gel
Huitomi Slimming Sports
Humphreys Bendito Alcoholado
I06-1216
I14-7371
IDI1_000820
Ice
Ice Cold Analgesic
Ice Cold Topical Analgesic Gel
Ice External Analgesic Leader
Ice Quake
Ice Quake Muscle Rub
Icy Cool Maximum Strength
Icy Hot
Icy Hot Back
Icy Hot Medicated
Icy Hot Medicated No Mess Applicator
Icy Hot Medicated Roll Large
Icy Hot Medicated Roll Medium
Icy Hot Medicated Roll, Large
Icy Hot Medicated Roll, Medium
Icy Hot Medicated, Advanced Relief
Icy Hot Medicated, Back
Icy Hot Medicated, XL
Icy Hot Naturals
Icy Hot Power Gel
Icy Hot Vanishing Scent
Icyhot Medicated
Imada Four Seasons Safe Analgesic Balm
Jakemans Blueberry
Jakemans Cherry
Jakemans Peppermint
K2 Cold Therapy
KBio1_000820
KBio2_000785
KBio2_003353
KBio2_005921
KBio3_002562
KBioSS_000785
Kay Medic Menthol Pain Relief
Kool Comfort
Kool Comfort Pain Relieving Roll-on
Kpp Triple Action
L-(-)-Menthol
L-(-)-menthol
L-Menthol
L-menthol
LMPR0102090001
LS-2353
LS-57201
LS-886
LS-89531
LS-89533
La Jiao Feng Shi Gao
Lander Polar Ice
Leader Cough Drops Cherry Flavor
Leader Cough Drops Honey Lemon
Leader Cough Drops Menthol Flavor
Leader Extra Strength Medicated Pain Relief Patch
Leader Sugar Free Cough Drops Black Cherry
Levomenthol
Levomenthol [INN:BAN]
Levomentholum
Levomentholum [INN-Latin]
Levomentol
Linkus Lozenges Cough Suppressant/Oral Anesthetic
Low Sugar Cherry Flavor Fishermans Friend Menthol Cough Suppressant
Ludens Honey Lemon Throat Drops
Ludens Honey Licorice Throat Drops
Ludens Original Menthol Throat Drops
Lurosil
M0321
M0545
M2772_SIAL
MENTHOL
MLS002207256
Makesense Extra Strength Muscle Rub
Maxfit Freeze Gel
Maybelline New York Baby Lips Dr Rescue Medicated Balm
Medi First Plus Cherry Cough Drops
Medi-first Cherry Cough Drops
Medic Ice
Medicated Body Powder
Medicated Pain Relief
Mediflex
Medique Medikoff Drops
Medique Sugar Free Medikoff Drops
Meditowel PAIN RELIEF
Meijer Cherry Cough Drops
Meijer Honey Lemon Cough Drops
Meijer Menthol Cough Drops
Menthacamphor
Menthol
Menthol (USP)
Menthol (VAN)
Menthol Fresh Cough Suppressant
Menthol natural
Menthol natural, brazilian
Menthol racemic
Menthol racemique
Menthol racemique [French]
Menthol solution
Menthol, (1alpha,2beta,5alpha)-Isomer
Mentholatum Pain Relief Extra Strength
Mentholatum Sports Pain Relief Cold
Menthomenthol
Menthyl alcohol
Mineral Ice Pain Relieving
Miracle Foot Repair
Miracle Foot Repair Cream
Miracle Of Aloe Rub Roll On
Miracle Pain Cream
Moisture Therapy Anti-Itch
MolPort-000-849-729
MolPort-001-793-392
Moore Medical Cherry Cough Suppressant/anesthetic Drops
Moore Medical Sugar Free Black Cherry Cough Suppressant/anesthetic Drops
Moore Medical Sugar Free Menthol Cough Suppressant/anesthetic Drops
Mr Dudleys Topical Pain Relief
Muscle
Muscle Rub Ultra Strength Pain Relieving
Myo-breathe
Myorx Low Dose Pain Relieving
Myorx Pain Relieving
NCGC00159382-02
NCGC00159382-03
NCGC00164247-01
NCGC00164247-02
NCI-C50000
NINDS_000820
NOOLISFMXDJSKH-KXUCPTDWBX
NSC 2603
NSC 62788
NSC2603
NSC62788
Nan San Easy Flex Pain Relieving
Natural Cherry Honey Herb Throat Drops
Natural Herb cough drop
Natural Honey Herb Cough Suppressant Throat Drops
Natural Lemon Mint Herb Throat Drops
Natural Pain Relieving Lavender Breeze Cryogel
Natures Choice Cool Hot Ice
Natures Sunshine Products Everflex Topical Analgesic Pain Relief
Neoisomenthol
Nice Assorted
Nice Cherry
Nice Citrus
Nice Cool Mint
Nice Honey Lemon
Nice Menthol
No Pain More Gain
North Cough Drop
Numotizine
Olbas Lozenges Maximun Strength
Olbas Pastilles
Original Extra Strong All Natural Fishermans Friend Menthol Cough Suppressant
Ortho-nesic
Osmoflex
Oxyrub Pain Relief
Pain Relief Balmpreferred Plus Ph Preferred Plus Pharmacy
Pain Relief Therapy Patch
Pain Reliever
Pain Relieving
Pain Relieving Analgesic
Pain Relieving Patch
Pain Relieving Patch Ultra Strength
Pain Relieving Patch Ultra Strength ULTRA STRENGTH
Panitrol XR
Paraid Extra Strength Menthol Pain Relief Sleeve Knee Large Ankles Elbows
Patch Scherer Labs
Patch Walgreens
Peppermint camphor
Perfect Purity Hotice
Perfect Purity Medicated Foot Powder
Perform
Personal Care Extra Strength Cold Hot
Personal Care Ice Cold
Plaster MandAHerbalPlaster
Po Sum On Medicated
Polar Frost Cold
Power Relief
Preferred Plus Body Powder
Premier Value Medicated Foot Powder
Q Health Pain Relief Spray
Quickflex
RACEMIC MENTHOL U.S.P.
Racementhol
Racementhol [INN:BAN]
Racementholum
Racementholum [INN-Latin]
Racementol
Racementol [INN-Spanish]
Racemic menthol
Raw Heat
Raw Ice
Reactice Reactivating Ice Baume
Red Lion Relief
Relief Pain Relieving Cream
Rexall Vanishing Scent Pain Relieving
Robitussin Cough Drops
SDCCGMLS-0066659.P001
SMR001306785
SPBio_000869
SPECTRUM1503134
STK802468
Screamin Menthol Toast
Sella Natural
Skin So Soft Bug Guard Plusitch Relief itch relief
Smith Bros Honey Lemon Cough Drops
Smith Bros Menthol Eucalyptus Cough Drops
Smith Bros Sugar-free Black Cherry Cough Drops
Sof Skin Icy Blue
Sofskin Ice Analgesic
Sombra Cool Therapy
Spectrum2_000855
Spectrum3_001561
Spectrum5_001060
Spectrum_000305
Stopain Cold Pain Relieving
Stopain Cold Professional Strength Pain Relieving
Stopain Extra Strength Pain Relieving
Sub-zero COOL PAIN RELIEVING
Sugar Free Cherry Fishermans Friend Menthol Cough Suppressant
Sugar Free Cherry Herb Throat Drops
Sugar Free Lemon Mint Herb Throat Drops
Sugar Free Mountain Herb Cough Suppressant Throat Drops
Sugar Free Original Swiss Herb Cough Suppressant Throat Drops
Sugar Free Refreshing Mint Fishermans Friend Menthol Cough Suppressant
Sugar Free Swiss Cherry Herb Throat Drops
The Medicine Shoppe Extra Strength Pain Relieving
The Original Natural Herb Cough Drops
Therafreeze
Theraid
Therapeutic Relief Preferred Plus Pharmacy
Theraplus Plus
Throat Coat
Tianhe Guben Yaoshen Tie Gao
Top Care Medicated
Topcare Medicated
Tra-kill tracheal mite killer
U.S.P. Menthol
U.S.p. Menthol
UNII-BZ1R15MTK7
UNII-L7T10EIP3A
UNII-YS08XHA860
Ultra Strength Stopain Pain Relieving
Us Favorite Cold Pain Relieving
Vaporizing Colds Rub
Vicks Vapodrops Cough Relief
Vitaminerals Inc. Cryogel Natural Pain Relieving
W266507_ALDRICH
W266523_ALDRICH
W266590_ALDRICH
WLN: L6TJ AY1&1 BQ D1
WLN: L6TJ AY1&1 DQ D1 -L
Walgreens Aloe Vera Cooling
Watermelon Frost Sore Throat
Wellpatch Backache Pain Relief
Xtracare Ice Cold Topical Analgesic Gel
Youngevity Invision CM
Yun Xiang Jing
ZINC01482164
Zhong Hua Jiu Patch
Zims Arnica Max
cis-1 ,3-trans-1,4-(+-)-menthol
cis-1,3-trans-1,4-(+-)-menthol
d,l-Menthol
d-Menthol
d-Neomenthol
dl-3-p-Menthanol
dl-Menthol
dl-Menthol (JP15)
l-(-)-Menthol
l-Menthol
l-Menthol (JP15)
l-Menthol (TN)
l-Menthol (natural)
nchembio862-comp1
p-Menthan-3-ol
rac-Menthol
2
Fentanylapproved, illicit, investigationalPhase 4705437-38-73345
Synonyms:
1-Phenethyl-4-(N-phenylpropionamido)piperidine
1-Phenethyl-4-N-propionylanilinopiperidine
437-38-7
5-22-08-00049 (Beilstein Handbook Reference)
80832-90-2
990-73-8 (citrate)
AC1L1FQ2
Abstral
Actiq
BIDD:GT0555
BRN 0494484
CHEBI:119915
CHEMBL596
CID3345
D00320
DB00813
Duragesic
Duragesic (TN)
Duragesic-100
Duragesic-12
Duragesic-25
Duragesic-50
Duragesic-75
Durogesic
EINECS 207-113-6
Fentanest
Fentanil
Fentanil [DCIT]
Fentanila
Fentanila [INN-Spanish]
Fentanilo
Fentanyl
Fentanyl (JAN/USAN/INN)
Fentanyl - Novaplus
Fentanyl Citrate
Fentanyl [INN:BAN]
Fentanyl citrate
Fentanyl-100
 
Fentanyl-12
Fentanyl-25
Fentanyl-50
Fentanyl-75
Fentanylum
Fentanylum [INN-Latin]
HSDB 3329
IONSYS
JNS020QD
L001275
LS-124439
Lazanda
Matrifen
MolPort-003-847-369
N-(1-Phenethyl-4-piperidinyl)-N-phenylpropionamide
N-(1-Phenethyl-4-piperidyl)propionanilide
N-(1-Phenethyl-piperidin-4-yl)-N-phenyl-propionamide
N-(1-Phenethylpiperidin-4-yl)-N-phenylpropionamide
N-(1-phenethylpiperidin-4-yl)-N-phenylpropanamide
N-Phenethyl-4-(N-propionylanilino)piperidine
N-Phenyl-N-(1-(2-phenylethyl)-4-piperidinyl)propanamide
N-phenyl-N-[1-(2-phenylethyl)piperidin-4-yl]propanamide
NCGC00168252-01
Nasalfent
Oprea1_152073
Oprea1_207148
PDSP1_000860
PDSP2_000846
Pentanyl
Phentanyl
Propanamide, N-phenyl-N-(1-(2-phenylethyl)-4-piperidinyl)- (9CI)
R 4263
Rapinyl
Sentonil
Sublimase
Sublimaze
Subsys
UNII-UF599785JZ
fentanyl
3
RopivacaineapprovedPhase 465084057-95-471273, 175805
Synonyms:
(2S)-N-(2,6-dimethylphenyl)-1-propylpiperidine-2-carboxamide
(2S)-N-(2,6-dimethylphenyl)-1-propylpiperidine-2-carboxamide hydrochloride
(S)-(−)-1-propyl-2',6'-pipecoloxylidide
(S)-ropivacaine
84057-95-4
98717-15-8
AC1L41QM
AC1L41QN
BIDD:GT0203
C07532
C17H26N2O.HCl
CHEBI:8890
CHEMBL1077896
CID175804
CID175805
CPD000469137
D08490
I14-176
L-N-n-propylpipecolic acid-2,6-xylidide
LS-113954
 
MLS001401363
MolPort-003-983-292
NCGC00164597-01
Naropin
Naropin (TN)
ROPIVACAINE HCl
Ropivacaina
Ropivacaina [INN-Spanish]
Ropivacaina [Spanish]
Ropivacaine
Ropivacaine Hydrochloride
Ropivacaine [INN]
Ropivacaine hydrochloride
Ropivacaine monohydrochloride
Ropivacainum
Ropivacainum [INN-Latin]
S-Ropivacaine
SAM001246524
SMR000469137
ST51051452
ropivacaine monohydrochloride,
ropivacaine monohydrochloride, (S)-isomer
4
LidocaineapprovedPhase 41103137-58-63676
Synonyms:
.alpha.-(Diethylamino)-2,6-acetoxylidide
.alpha.-Diethylamino-2,6-dimethylacetanilide
.alpha.-Diethylaminoaceto-2,6-xylidide
.omega.-Diethylamino-2,6-dimethylacetanilide
137-58-6
2-(Diethylamino)-2',6'-acetoxylidide
2-(Diethylamino)-N-(2,6-dimethylphenyl)acetamide
2-Diethylamino-N-(2,6-dimethyl-phenyl)-acetamide
2-Diethylamino-N-(2,6-dimethylphenyl)acetamide
4-12-00-02538 (Beilstein Handbook Reference)
6108-05-0 (MONOHYDROCHLORIDE MONOHYDRATE))
6108-05-0 (mono-hydrochloride, mono-hydrate)
73-78-9 (mono-hydrochloride)
AB00053581
AC-10282
AC1L1GGQ
AC1Q2Z7J
AKOS001026768
ARONIS23855
After Burn Double Strength Gel
After Burn Double Strength Spray
After Burn Gel
After Burn Spray
Afterburn
Akten
Alphacaine
Anestacon
Anestacon Jelly
BIDD:GT0342
BPBio1_000197
BRD-K52662033-001-02-6
BRD-K52662033-003-05-5
BRN 2215784
BSPBio_000179
BSPBio_001359
BSPBio_003004
Bikini Zone Medicated
Bikini Zone Medicated Creme
Bio-0767
Bio-scriptives Lidum
Bio-scriptives Lidum Hemorroidal (anorectal)
Bio-scriptives Lidum Topical Analgesic
Bio1_000379
Bio1_000868
Bio1_001357
Bio2_000079
Bio2_000559
Burn Relief Leader
C07073
C14H22N2O
CAS-73-78-9
CDS1_000283
CHEBI:6456
CHEMBL79
CID3676
CPD000058189
Cappicaine
Cito optadren
Comfortcaine
Cuivasil
Curacaine Transdermal Corporation
D00358
DB00281
Dalcaine
Dentipatch
Dentipatch (TN)
Derma Numb
DermaFlex
Desert Harvest Releveum
Diethylaminoaceto-2,6-xylidide
Dilocaine
DivK1c_000174
DivK1c_001323
Dr. Numb
Dr. Richs Numbing
Duncaine
EINECS 205-302-8
ELA-Max
EMBOLEX
Emla
Emla Cream
Esracaine
FT-0082378
Gigi Anesthetic Numbing
Gravocain
H-releve Hemorrhoidal
HMS1791D21
HMS1989D21
HMS2051C21
HMS2089E15
HMS548M19
HSDB 3350
Hawaiian Tropic
Hush Anesthetic
I01-2704
IDI1_000174
IDI1_033829
Isicaina
Isicaine
Jetocaine
KBio1_000174
KBio2_000079
KBio2_001598
KBio2_002647
KBio2_004166
KBio2_005215
KBio2_006734
KBio3_000157
KBio3_000158
KBio3_002224
KBioGR_000079
KBioGR_000599
KBioSS_000079
KBioSS_001598
L-Caine
L0156
L1026_SIGMA
L7757_SIGMA
LIDOCAINE (73-58-6 (MONOHYDROCHLORIDE)
LIDOPEN
LQZ
LS-805
Lanabiotic
 
Laryng-o-jet
Leostesin
Lida-Mantle
Lidall
Lidocaina
Lidocaina [INN-Spanish]
Lidocaine
Lidocaine (JP15/USP/INN)
Lidocaine (VAN)
Lidocaine 4% Cream
Lidocaine Carbonate
Lidocaine Hydrocarbonate
Lidocaine Hydrochloride
Lidocaine Monohydrochloride
Lidocaine [USAN:INN:JAN]
Lidocaine hydrochloride
Lidocainum
Lidocainum [INN-Latin]
Lidocare Mist
Lidocaton
Lidocream 4
Lidocream 5
Lidoderm
Lidoderm 5
Lidoject-1
Lidoject-2
Lifestyles Epic Male Genital Desensitizer
Lignocaine
Lignocainum
Lingocaine
Lmx4
Lmx5
Lopac-L-5647
Lopac0_000669
MLS000069724
MLS000758263
MLS001074177
Maricaine
Maybridge1_002571
MolPort-001-783-478
N-(2,6-dimethylphenyl)-N(2),N(2)-diethylglycinamide
N-(2,6-dimethylphenyl)-N~2~,N~2~-diethylglycinamide
NCGC00015611-01
NCGC00015611-02
NCGC00015611-03
NCGC00015611-04
NCGC00015611-14
NCGC00022176-05
NCGC00022176-06
NCGC00022176-07
NCGC00022176-08
NCGC00022176-09
NINDS_000174
NSC 40030
NSC40030
Norwood Sunburn Spray
Numb Master Topical Anesthetic
Numb Nuts
Ocean Potion Instant Burn Relief Ice
Octocaine
Octocaine-100
Octocaine-50
Plum Smooth Plumb Numb Gelee
Premjact Male Desensitizer Pound International
Prestwick0_000050
Prestwick1_000050
Prestwick2_000050
Prestwick3_000050
Recticare
Remicaine
Rocephin Kit
Rucaina
S1357_Selleck
SAM001247018
SMR000058189
SPBio_001525
SPBio_002100
STK552033
Simplicity Desensitizing
Simply Numb Endure
Solarcaine
Solarcaine aloe extra burn relief cream
Solcain
Sole Serum
Spectrum2_001343
Spectrum3_001392
Spectrum4_000070
Spectrum5_001549
Spectrum_001118
UNII-98PI200987
WLN: 2N2 & 1VMR B1 F1
Walgreens Aloe Vera Pain Relieving
Xilina
Xilocaina
Xilocaina [Italian]
Xllina
Xycaine
Xylestesin
Xylesthesin
Xylocain
Xylocaine
Xylocaine (TN)
Xylocaine 5% Spinal
Xylocaine CO2
Xylocaine Dental Ointment
Xylocaine Endotracheal
Xylocaine Test Dose
Xylocaine Viscous
Xylocaine-Mpf
Xylocaine-Mpf with Glucose
Xylocaine-mpf
Xylocard
Xylocitin
Xyloneural (free base)
Xylotox
Zcaine Fast Acting Anesthetic
Zilactin-L
Zingo
alfa-Dietilamino-2,6-dimetilacetanilide
alfa-Dietilamino-2,6-dimetilacetanilide [Italian]
alpha-Diethylamino-2,6-dimethylacetanilide
alpha-diethylamino-2,6-dimethylacetanilide
lidocaine
nchembio.65-comp16
α-diethylamino-2,6-dimethylacetanilide
5
IbuprofenapprovedPhase 445615687-27-13672
Synonyms:
(+-)-2-(P-Isobutylphenyl)propionic acid
(+-)-Ibuprofen
(+-)-P-Isobutylhydratropic acid
(+-)-alpha-Methyl-4-(2-methylpropyl)benzeneacetic acid
(4-Isobutylphenyl)-alpha-methylacetic acid
(RS)-ibuprofen
139466-08-3
15687-27-1
2-(4-Isobutylphenyl)propanoic acid
4-Isobutylhydratropic acid
58560-75-1
7 Select Childrens Ibuprofen
7 Select Ibuprofen
AC-11312
AC1L1GGE
AC1Q1P84
AC1Q1P85
ACHES-N-PAIN
ARONIS23835
Act-3
Actiprofen
Adex 200
Adran
Advil
Advil (TN)
Advil Liqui-Gels
Advil Liquigels
Advil Migraine
Ak+C2278tren
Alaxan
Algofen
Am-Fam 400
Amelior
Amersol
Amibufen
Anafen
Anco
Andran
Anflagen
Antagil
Antalfene
Antarene
Antiflam
Apo-Ibuprofen
Aprofen REGULAR STRENGTH
Apsifen
Apsifen-F
Artofen
Artril
Artril 300
BB_SC-1358
BIDD:GT0050
BRN 2049713
Babies R Us Ibuprofen
Babies R Us Infants Ibuprofen
Balkaprofen
Being Well Ibuprofen
Betaprofen
Bloom
Bluton
Brofen
Brufanic
Brufen
Brufen 400
Bruflam
Brufort
Buburone
Bufeno
Bufigen
Bukrefen
Bupron
Buracaps
Burana
Butylenin
C01588
C13H18O2
CCRIS 3223
CHEBI:5855
CHEMBL521
CID3672
CPD000058184
Caldolor
Cap-Profen
Care One Ibuprofen
Care One Ibuprofen Ib
Care One Ibuprofen Junior Strength
Care One Ibuprofen childrens
Care One Ibuprofen infants
Careone Ibuprofen Junior Strength
Carol
Cedaprin
Cesra
Children's Advil
Children's Elixsure
Children's Ibuprofen
Children's Motrin
Childrens Advil
Childrens Ibuprofen
Childrens Ibuprofen 100 Dye Free
Childrens Ibuprofen Oral Suspension
Childrens Motrin
Circle K Ibuprofen
Citalgan
Clear Choice Ibuprofen
Cobo
Codral
Combiflam
Conney Ibuprofen
Counteract IB
Cunil
Cvs Pharmacy Ibuprofen
D00126
D007052
DB01050
DOLO PUREN
Daiprophen
Dalsy
Dansida
Deep Relief
Dentigoa
Dg Health Ibuprofen
Dibufen
Dignoflex
Direct Safety Ibuprofen
Dolex
Dolgin
Dolgirid
Dolgit
Dolibu
Dolmaral
Dolo-Dolgit
Dolo-dolgit
Dolocyl
Dolofen
Dolofen-F
Dolofin
Dolofort
Dologel
Dolomax
Doloren
Dolormin
Doltibil
Dolven
Donjust B
Dorival
Dover Addaprin
Drin
Duafen
Duobrus
Dura-Ibu
Duralbuprofen
Dye Free Ibuprofen
Dysdolen
EU-0100691
Easifon
Ebufac
Emflam
Emflam-200
Emodin
Epobron
Eputex
Equaline Childrens Ibuprofen
Equaline Ibuprofen
Equaline Ibuprofen childrens
Equate Ibuprofen
Equate Ibuprofen childrens
Ergix
Esprenit
Exneural
Family Wellness Childrens Ibuprofen
Faspic
Femadon
Femafen
Femapirin
Femidol
Fenbid
Fenbid Spansule
Fendol
Fenspan
Fibraflex
Film Coated Ibuprofen
Formu Care Ibuprofen
Formu Care Ibuprofen childrens
Fulton Street Market Ibuprofen
Gelufene
Gofen
Good Neighbor Pharmacy Childrens Ibuprofen
Good Neighbor Pharmacy Ibuprofen
Good Neighbor Pharmacy Ibuprofen childrens
Good Sense Childrens Ibuprofen Oral Suspension
Good Sense Ibuprofen
Good Sense Ibuprofen Childrens
Good Sense Ibuprofen childrens
Good Sense Ibuprofen infants
Green Guard Ibupro Relief
Green Guard Ibuprofen Relief
Grefen
Gynofug
HMS1920F15
HMS2089P05
HMS2091N03
HMS502M09
HSDB 3099
Haltran
Harmon Face Values Ibuprofen
Health Mart Childrens Ibuprofen
Health Mart Ibuprofen
Health Mart Ibuprofen Ib
Health Sense Infants Ibuprofen Oral Suspension
Health Sense Provil
Healthy Accents Ibuprofen
Healthy Accents Ibuprofen childrens
Healthy Accents Ibuprofen infants
Help I Have An Aching Body
Henry Schein Ibuprofen
I 4883
I01-7039
I0415
I4883_SIGMA
I7905_SIAL
IB-100
IDI1_000887
IP 82
IP-82
IP82
Ibol
Ibren
Ibu
Ibu-Attritin
Ibu-Slo
Ibu-Tab
Ibu-Tab 200
Ibu-attritin
Ibu-slo
Ibu-slow
Ibubest
Ibubeta
Ibucasen
Ibudol
Ibudolor
Ibufen
Ibuflamar
Ibufug
Ibugel
Ibugen
Ibugesic
Ibuhexal
 
Ibulagic
Ibular
Ibulav
Ibuleve
Ibulgan
Ibumed
Ibumerck
Ibumetin
Ibupirac
Ibuprin
Ibuprocin
Ibuprofen
Ibuprofen (NSAID) Pain Releiver/ Fever Reducer
Ibuprofen (nsaid) Pain Reliever/fever Reducer
Ibuprofen 200
Ibuprofen Caplet
Ibuprofen Childrens
Ibuprofen Dye-Free
Ibuprofen IMMEDIATE RELEASE
Ibuprofen Ib
Ibuprofen Immediate release
Ibuprofen Infants
Ibuprofen Junior
Ibuprofen Junior Strength
Ibuprofen Pain Releiver/ Fever Reducer
Ibuprofen Pain Reliever/ Fever Reducer
Ibuprofen Pain Reliever/Fever Reducer
Ibuprofen Pain Reliever/fever Reducer
Ibuprofen Softgels
Ibuprofen childrens
Ibuprofen infants
Ibuprofen junior strength
Ibuprofene
Ibuprofeno
Ibuprofenum
Ibuprohm
Ibuprophen
Ibusal
Ibutab
Ibutid
Ifen
Inabrin
Infants Advil
Infants Dye-free Ibuprofen
Infants Ibuprofen
Infants Motrin
Inflam
Inoven
Ipren
Irfen
Isodol
Jenaprofen
Junifen
Junior Strength Advil
Junior Strength Ibuprofen
Junior Strength Motrin
KBio1_000887
KBio2_001329
KBio2_003897
KBio2_006465
KBio3_001390
Kesan
Kirkland Signature Ibuprofen
Kirkland Signature Ibuprofen Ib
Kratalgin
LS-7454
Lamidon
Leader Childrens Ibuprofen
Leader Ibuprofen
Leader Ibuprofen 200
Leader Ibuprofen Childrens
Leader Ibuprofen Infants
Lebrufen
Librofem
Lidifen
Lil Drug Store Ibuprofen
Liptan
Lopane
MLS000069733
MLS001146965
Major Childrens Ibuprofen
Malafene
Manypren
Medi-first Ibuprofen
Medi-first Plus Ibuprofen
Medipren
Medique Iprin
Melfen
Mensoton
Midol
Midol 200
Moment
Moore Medical Llc Ibuprofen
Motrin
Motrin (TN)
Motrin IB
Motrin Ib
Motrin Infants
Mynosedin
NCI60_002065
NINDS_000887
NSC 256857
NSC256857
Nagifen-D
Napacetin
Narfen
Neo-Helvagit
Neo-Mindol
NeoProfen
Neobrufen
Neoprofen
Nerofen
Noalgil
Nobafon
Nobfelon
Nobfen
Nobgen
Noritis
Norton
Novadol
Novo-Profen
Novogent
Novogent N
Novoprofen
Nuprilan
Nuprin
Nurofen
Optifen
Opturem
Oralfene
Ostarin
Ostofen
Otis Clapp Ultraprin
Ozonol
P-Isobutylhydratropic Acid
Paduden
Pain Relief
Pain Relief Anti Inflammatory
Pain Relief Ibuprofen
Panafen
Pantrop
Para-Isobutylhydratropic Acid
Paxofen
Pedia-Profen
PediaProfen
Pediacare Childrens
Pediacare Infants
Pediaprofen
Pediatric Advil
Perofen
Perrigo Ibuprofen
Physicianscare Ibuprofen
Preferred Plus Ibuprofen
Preferred Plus Ibuprofen 200
Proartinal
Probufen
Profen
Profen Ib
Profen Ib childrens
Profen Ib infants
Proflex
Proprinal
Provon
Quadrax
Quality Choice Ibuprofen 200
R.D. 13621
RD 13621
Rafen
Ranofen
Rebugen
Relcofen
Rexall Ibuprofen
Rhinadvil
Rofen
Roidenin
Rufen
Rufin
Rupan
Rx Act Ibuprofen
Rx Act Ibuprofen childrens
SAM002264619
SMR000058184
SPBio_000178
STK177358
Sadefen
Salivia
Salprofen
Seclodin
Sednafen
Seklodin
Seskafen
Shoprite Childrens Ibuprofen
Shoprite Ibuprofen
Shoprite Ibuprofen Ib
Shoprite Ibuprophen
Shoprite Infants Ibuprofen
Simply Right Ibuprofen
Siyafen
Smart Sense Ibuprofen
Smart Sense Ibuprofen gluten free
Smart Sense Ibuprofen infants
Solpaflex
Solufen
Stelar
Sugafen
Sunmark Ibuprofen
Sunmark Ibuprofen Ib
Sunmark Ibuprofen childrens
Sunmark Ibuprofen infants
Suprafen
Suspren
Syntofene
TL8001184
Tab-Profen
Tabalon
Tabalon 400
Tatanal
Tempil
Tofen
Togal N
Tonal
Topcare Childrens Ibuprofen
Topcare Ibuprofen
Topcare Ibuprofen Junior Strength
Topcare Ibuprofen childrens
Topcare Infants Ibuprofen
Trendar
U 18573
U-18,573
U-18573
UCB 79171
Unipron
Upfen
Uprofen
Urem
VUFB 9649
Welby Health Ibuprofen
Zafen
Zofen
alpha-(4-Isobutylphenyl)propionate
alpha-(4-Isobutylphenyl)propionic acid
alpha-(P-Isobutylphenyl)propionic acid
alpha-p-Isobutylphenylpropionate
alpha-p-Isobutylphenylpropionic acid
ibuprofen
p-Isobutyl-2-phenylpropionate
p-Isobutyl-2-phenylpropionic acid
p-Isobutylhydratropate
p-Isobutylhydratropic acid
6
AcetylcholineexperimentalPhase 4, Phase 3, Phase 2, Phase 168951-84-3187
Synonyms:
ACh
Acetyl choline ion
Acetylcholine Chloride
Acetylcholine cation
 
Acetylcholinium: acetyl-Choline
Choline acetate
Choline acetate (ester)
Miochol E
O-Acetylcholine
acetylcholine chloride
7Pharmaceutical SolutionsPhase 4, Phase 3, Phase 27004
8Peripheral Nervous System AgentsPhase 4, Phase 3, Phase 1, Phase 218510
9AbobotulinumtoxinAPhase 4, Phase 3, Phase 1, Phase 2588
10RimabotulinumtoxinBPhase 4, Phase 213
11IncobotulinumtoxinAPhase 4, Phase 3, Phase 1, Phase 2599
12OnabotulinumtoxinAPhase 4, Phase 3, Phase 1, Phase 2588
13Botulinum Toxins, Type APhase 4, Phase 3, Phase 1, Phase 2588
14Botulinum ToxinsPhase 4, Phase 3, Phase 2, Phase 1616
15Neurotransmitter AgentsPhase 4, Phase 3, Phase 2, Phase 114795
16Neuromuscular AgentsPhase 4, Phase 3, Phase 1, Phase 2922
17Cholinergic AgentsPhase 4, Phase 3, Phase 2, Phase 13243
18Analgesics, Non-NarcoticPhase 4, Phase 2, Phase 15184
19AnalgesicsPhase 4, Phase 2, Phase 19358
20NarcoticsPhase 42709
21Sodium Channel BlockersPhase 41180
22Diuretics, Potassium SparingPhase 41445
23Anti-Arrhythmia AgentsPhase 42371
24Anesthetics, LocalPhase 42347
25Anesthetics, IntravenousPhase 41943
26Anesthetics, GeneralPhase 42274
27AnestheticsPhase 47385
28Analgesics, OpioidPhase 42304
29Anti-Inflammatory AgentsPhase 4, Phase 1, Phase 28478
30Cyclooxygenase InhibitorsPhase 42225
31Central Nervous System DepressantsPhase 410016
32Antirheumatic AgentsPhase 4, Phase 1, Phase 28496
33Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-SteroidalPhase 4, Phase 1, Phase 23549
34
AmlodipineapprovedPhase 244988150-42-92162
Synonyms:
()-Amlodipine
(RS)-3-ethyl 5-methyl 2-[(2-aminoethoxy)methyl]-4-(2-chlorophenyl)-6-methyl-1,4-dihydropyridine-3,5-dicarboxylate
-3-(ethoxycarbonyl)-5-(methoxycarbonyl)-6-methyl-1,4-dihydropyridine
2-[(2-Aminoethoxy)methyl]-4-(2-chlorophenyl)
3,5-Pyridinedicarboxylic acid, 2-((2-aminoethoxy)methyl)-4-(2-chlorophenyl)-1,4-dihydro-6-methyl-, 3-ethyl 5-methyl ester
3,5-Pyridinedicarboxylic acid, 2-[(2-aminoethoxy)methyl]-4-(2-chlorophenyl)-1,4-dihydro-6-methyl-, 3-ethyl 5-methyl ester
3-Ethyl 5-methylester, (±)-2-[(2-aminoethoxy)methyl]-4-(o-chlorophenyl)-1,4-dihydro-6-methyl-3,5-pyridinedicarboxylate
3-Ethyl-5-methyl ( -)-2-((2-aminoethoxy)methyl)-4-(2-chlorphenyl)-1,4-dihydro-6-methyl-3,5-pyridindicarboxylat
3-Ethyl-5-methyl ( -)-2-((2-aminoethoxymethyl)-4-(o-chlorophenyl)-1,4-dihydro-6-methyl-3,5-pyridinedicarboxylate
3-Ethyl-5-methyl (+-)-2-(2-aminoethoxymethyl)-4-(O-chlorophenyl)-1,4-dihydro-6-methyl-3,5-pyridinedicarboxylate
3-Ethyl-5-methyl (+-)-2-(2-aminoethoxymethyl)-4-(o-chlorophenyl)-1,4-dihydro-6-methyl-3,5-pyridinedicarboxylate
3-Ethyl-5-methyl (.+/-.)-2-[(2-aminoethoxy)methyl]-4-(o-chlorophenyl)-1,4-dihydro-6-methyl-3,5-pyridinedicarboxylate
3-O-ethyl 5-O-methyl 2-(2-aminoethoxymethyl)-4-(2-chlorophenyl)-6-methyl-1,4-dihydropyridine-3,5-dicarboxylate
3-ethyl 5-methyl 2-[(2-aminoethoxy)methyl]-4-(2-chlorophenyl)-6-methyl-1,4-dihydropyridine-3,5-dicarboxylate
3-ethyl 5-methyl 2-{[(2-aminoethyl)oxy]methyl}-4-(2-chlorophenyl)-6-methyl-1,4-dihydropyridine-3,5-dicarboxylate
88150-42-9
88150-47-4 (maleate (1:1))
AC-4535
AC1L1D26
AC1Q32ZS
AMLODIPINE BASE
AMVAZ
Ambap88150-42-9
Amlocard
Amlodipine
Amlodipine (INN)
Amlodipine Benzenesulfonate
Amlodipine Besilate
Amlodipine Besylate
Amlodipine Free Base
Amlodipine Maleate
Amlodipine [INN:BAN]
Amlodipine besilate
Amlodipine besylate
Amlodipine free base
Amlodipino
Amlodipino [Spanish]
Amlodipinum
Amlodipinum [Latin]
Amlodis
Amlopres
Amlor
 
Amvaz
BIDD:GT0810
BRD-A22032524-074-02-4
BRD-A22032524-074-03-2
BSPBio_002727
C06825
CHEBI:2668
CHEMBL1491
CID2162
CPD000469198
Coroval
D07450
DB00381
HMS2052N03
HMS2089H07
I14-0798
Intervask
Istin
KBio3_001947
KBioGR_001643
LS-131183
Lipinox
Lotrel
MLS001401409
MolPort-001-792-963
NCGC00165957-01
NCGC00165957-02
NCGC00165957-03
Norvasc
Norvasc (TN)
Pelmec
R,S)-Amlodipine
Racemic Amlodipine
SAM001246705
SMR000469198
SPBio_000351
Spectrum2_000486
Spectrum3_001004
Spectrum4_001132
Spectrum5_001550
UK-4834011
UNII-1J444QC288
amlodipine
35
Dronabinolapproved, illicitPhase 21141972-08-316078, 2978
Synonyms:
(-)- delta 9-Tetrahydrocannabinol
(-)-.DELTA.1-Tetrahydrocannabinol
(-)-.DELTA.9-THC
(-)-.DELTA.9-Tetrahydrocannabinol
(-)-.DELTA.9-trans-Tetrahydrocannabinol
(-)-.delta.(sup9)-trans-Tetrahydrocannabinol
(-)-3,4-trans-Delta1-Tetrahydrocannabinol
(-)-delta (sup9)-trans-Tetrahydrocannabinol
(-)-delta 1-Tetrahydrocannabinol
(-)-delta 9-THC
(-)-delta 9-trans-Tetrahydrocannabinol
(-)-delta(sup 1)-3,4-trans-Tetrahydrocannabinol
(-)-delta1-Tetrahydrocannabinol
(-)-delta9-(trans)-Tetrahydrocannabinol
(-)-delta9-Tetrahydrocannabinol
(-)-delta9-trans-Tetrahydrocannabinol
(-)-trans-.DELTA.9-Tetrahydrocannabinol
(-)-trans-Delta1-Tetrahydrocannabinol
(-)-trans-Delta9-THC
(-)-trans-delta 1-Tetrahydrocannabinol
(-)-trans-delta 9-THC
(-)-trans-delta 9-Tetrahydrocannabinol
(-)-trans-delta9-Tetrahydrocannabinol
(L)-.delta.1-Tetrahydrocannabinol
(L)-delta 1-Tetrahydrocannabinol
(l)-delta(sup 1)-Tetrahydrocannabinol
(l)-delta1-Tetrahydrocannabinol
.DELTA.1-THC
.DELTA.1-Tetrahydrocannabinol
.DELTA.9-THC
.DELTA.9-trans-Tetrahydrocannabinol
.delta.(sup9)-THC
.delta.-9-THC
1-trans-.delta.(sup9)-tetrahydrocannabinol
1-trans-D9-Tetrahydrocannabinol
1-trans-delta (sup9)-tetrahydrocannabinol
1-trans-delta 9-Tetrahydrocannabinol
1-trans-delta(sup 9)-Tetrahydrocannabinol
1-trans-delta(sup9)-tetrahydrocannabinol
1-trans-delta-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol
1-trans-delta9-Tetrahydrocannabinol
1363-19-5
14146-29-3
14146-43-1
14C-.DELTA.1-Tetrahydrocannabinol
14C-delta 1-Tetrahydrocannabinol
1972-08-3
26108-45-2
3-Pentyl-6,6,9-trimethyl-6a,7,8,10a-tetrahydro-6H-dibenzo(b,D)pyran-1-ol
308064-99-5
5957-27-7
6,6,9-Trimethyl-3-pentyl-6a,7,8,10a-tetrahydro-6H-benzo[c]chromen-1-ol
6465-30-1
6H-Dibenzo
9-delta-Tetrahydrocannabinol
9-ene-Tetrahydrocannabinol
9-tetrahydrocannabinol
AC1L277U
AC1Q2VRZ
Abbott 40566
BIDD:GT0427
C06972
CAT-310
CCRIS 4726
CHEBI:104496
CHEMBL465
CID16078
Cannabinol, Delta1-tetrahydro- (7CI)
Cannabinol, tetrahydro- (6CI)
Cannabis resin
Compassia
D00306
DB00470
DEA No. 7369
DEA No. 7370
DRG-0138
Delta9-Tetrahydrocannabinol solution
Deltanyne
Drona binol
Dronabinol
Dronabinol (USP/INN)
Dronabinol [USAN:INN]
Dronabinolum
Dronabinolum [Latin]
 
EPA 28
EPA-PLUS
Exocyclic delta (9)(11)-Tetrahydrocannabiol
Fats and Glyceridic oils, fish, n-3 fatty acid-high
Fish oils, n-3 fatty acid-high
Fish oils, omega-3 fatty acid-high
Ganja
HSDB 6471
Hashish
L-.delta.1-Tetrahydrocannabinol
L-.delta.1-trans-Tetrahydrocannabinol
L-delta 1-trans-Tetrahydrocannabinol
L-delta(sup 1)-tetrahydrocannabinol
L-delta1-trans-Tetrahydrocannabinol
L-trans-.delta.9-Tetrahydrocannabinol
L-trans-delta 9-Tetrahydrocannabinol
L-trans-delta9-Tetrahydrocannabinol
LS-975
Marincap
Marinol
Marinol (TN)
MaxEPA
MolPort-003-959-698
NSC 134454
NSC134454
Namisol
Omegaven
PDSP2_000714
Primolut
Pro-Mega
Promega
QCD 84924
QCD-84924
Relivar
SP 104
Sonergx
T2386_SIGMA
T4764_FLUKA
T4764_SIGMA
TETRAHYDROCANNABINOL
THC
THC-delta-9
Tetrahydrocannabinol
Tetrahydrocannabinol delta9
Tetrahydrocannabinols (-)-delta1-3,4-trans-form
Tetranabinex
UNII-7J8897W37S
ZINC01530625
delta (sup9)-Thc
delta 1-THC
delta 1-Tetrahydrocannabinol
delta 9-THC
delta 9-Tetrahydrocannabinol
delta 9-trans-Tetrahydrocannabinol
delta(1)-THC
delta(1)-Tetrahydrocannabinol
delta(9)-THC
delta(9)-Tetrahydrocannabinol
delta(9)-Tetrahydrocannibinol
delta(sup 1)-Tetrahydrocannabinol
delta(sup 1)-Thc
delta(sup 9)-Tetrahydrocannabinol
delta(sup 9)-Thc
delta-9-THC
delta-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol
delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol
delta-THC
delta1-THC
delta1-Tetrahydrocannabinol
delta1-Tetrahydrocannabinol (VAN)
delta9-THC
delta9-Tetrahydrocannabinol
delta9-Tetrahydrocannabinol (VAN)
delta9-trans-Tetrahydrocannabinol
nchembio.129-comp1
nchembio.552-comp1
nchembio.86-comp3
omega-3-Fatty acid
trans-.DELTA.9-Tetrahydrocannabinol
trans-delta (-)-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol
trans-delta 9-Tetrahydrocannabinol
trans-delta-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol
trans-delta9-Tetrahydrocannabinol
trans-tetrahydrocannabinol
Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol
36
Etanerceptapproved, investigationalPhase 1, Phase 2383185243-69-0
Synonyms:
185243-69-0
CD120b
D00742
Enbrel
Enbrel (TN)
Enbrel Sureclick
Etanercept
Etanercept (USAN/INN)
 
Etanercept (genetical recombination)
Etanercept (genetical recombination) (JAN)
TNF-R2
Tumor necrosis factor receptor 2
Tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily member 1B precursor
Tumor necrosis factor receptor type II
etanercept
p75
p80 TNF-alpha receptor
37Vasodilator AgentsPhase 22926
38Antihypertensive AgentsPhase 23618
39Calcium, DietaryPhase 24678
40calcium channel blockersPhase 21743
41Psychotropic DrugsPhase 25501
42Cannabinoid Receptor AgonistsPhase 291
43Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone AntagonistsPhase 29988
44HormonesPhase 211748
45HallucinogensPhase 2131
46Hormone AntagonistsPhase 210002
47Immunosuppressive AgentsPhase 1, Phase 210422
48Immunologic FactorsPhase 1, Phase 218483
49AutoantibodiesPhase 1, Phase 2117
50Gastrointestinal AgentsPhase 1, Phase 26401

Interventional clinical trials:

(show top 50)    (show all 101)
idNameStatusNCT IDPhase
1Botox for Cervical Dystonia Following EMG MappingCompletedNCT00773253Phase 4
2An Open Label Safety and Immunogenicity Study of MYOBLOC (Neurobloc; Botulinum Toxin Type B) Injectable Solution in Patients With Cervical DystoniaCompletedNCT00702754Phase 4
3A Study to Compare Dysport® and Botox® in the Treatment of Cervical DystoniaCompletedNCT00950664Phase 4
4Daily Dystonia Practice - A Trial to Investigate NT 201, the Duration of Treatment Effect After One Injection Session and in Long-term Treatment in Cervical DystoniaCompletedNCT00541905Phase 4
5A Retrospective Chart Review of BOTOX® and Xeomin® for the Management of Cervical Dystonia and BlepharospasmCompletedNCT02245958Phase 4
6Effect of Botulinum Toxin Type A on Swallowing in Patients With Cervical DystoniaCompletedNCT01384214Phase 4
7Comparison of Efficacy and Safety of Two Different Types of Botulinum Toxin Type A in Moderate to Severe Cervical DystoniaCompletedNCT00528541Phase 4
8Post Marketing Surveillance Study of DysportCompletedNCT00210431Phase 4
9The Impact of Botulinum Toxin Treatment in Quality of Life of Cervical Dystonia PatientsRecruitingNCT01664013Phase 4
10Neurotoxin and Physical TherapyRecruitingNCT02177617Phase 4
11OnabotulinumtoxinA in the Management of Psychogenic DystoniaRecruitingNCT02618889Phase 4
12Open-Label Non-Inferiority Study Evaluating the Efficacy and Safety of Xeomin® in Subjects With Cervical Dystonia FlexActive, not recruitingNCT01486264Phase 4
13Efficacy and Safety of Meditoxin® Injection for Cervical Dystonia in Adults With Cerebral PalsyNot yet recruitingNCT01860196Phase 4
14Ultrasound Guided Intermediate Cervical Plexus Block for Congenital Muscular TorticollisNot yet recruitingNCT02651311Phase 4
15Efficacy of Botulinum Toxin Versus Lidocaine in Treating Masticatory Myofascial Face Pain Using Ultrasound and EMG Guided TechniquesNot yet recruitingNCT00992108Phase 4
16Efficacy and Safety of Two Different Botulinum Toxin Type A Treatments for Moderate to Severe Cervical DystoniaTerminatedNCT00432341Phase 4
17Study to Assess the Efficacy and Safety of Dysport® in Cervical DystoniaCompletedNCT00447772Phase 3
18Double-Blind, Multicenter Study to Assess the Efficacy of Bilateral Pallidal Stimulation in Patients With Medically Refractory Primary Cervical DystoniaCompletedNCT00148889Phase 3
19Efficacy and Safety of DYSPORT Using 2mL Dilution in Adults With Cervical Dystonia.CompletedNCT01753310Phase 3
20Study Comparing Short Term Efficacy of Dysport® and Dysport RU® to Placebo, and to Assess Efficacy and Safety of Dysport RU® of Subjects With Cervical DystoniaCompletedNCT01261611Phase 3
21Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Study of AbobotulinumtoxinA (Dysport®) for the Treatment of Cervical DystoniaCompletedNCT00257660Phase 3
22Open-label Extension Study of AbobotulinumtoxinA (Dysport®) for the Treatment of Cervical DystoniaCompletedNCT00288509Phase 3
23Long Term Safety And Effectiveness Of Dysport In Adults With Cervical DystoniaCompletedNCT01753336Phase 3
24IncobotulinumtoxinA (Xeomin) Versus Placebo in the Treatment of Cervical DystoniaCompletedNCT00407030Phase 3
25Evaluation of Botulinum Toxin Injection Efficacy in the Treatment of Head Essential TremorNot yet recruitingNCT02555982Phase 3
26Effects of Botulinum Toxin Injections in Patients With Hereditary Spastic ParaplegiaNot yet recruitingNCT02604186Phase 2, Phase 3
27Botulinum Toxin Type A (Botox) for the Treatment of Cervical Dystonia and Upper Thoracic Muscular PainCompletedNCT00178945Phase 1, Phase 2
28Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Parallel, Group Dose-Response, Study of E2014 in Patients WIth Spasmodic TorticollisCompletedNCT00165776Phase 2
29Study to Evaluate Safety, Efficacy of Botulinum Toxin Type A in Patients With Cervical DystoniaCompletedNCT00564681Phase 2
30Study for Determine the Safety and Efficacy of Clostridium Botulinum Toxin Type A in Subjects With Cervical DystoniaCompletedNCT01588574Phase 2
31Amlodipine Plus Botulinum Toxin for Focal DystoniaCompletedNCT00015457Phase 2
32Deep Brain Stimulation for Cervical DystoniaCompletedNCT00105430Phase 2
33Deep Brain Stimulation in Patients With DystoniaCompletedNCT00773604Phase 1, Phase 2
34An Electrophysiological Study Of E2014 In Healthy Adult Male Japanese And Caucasian SubjectsCompletedNCT00280384Phase 2
35Transcranial Electrical Polarization to Treat Focal Hand DystoniaCompletedNCT00106782Phase 2
36Motor Training to Treat Hand DystoniaCompletedNCT00021853Phase 2
37Efficacy of Dronabinol for the Treatment of Cervical DystoniaRecruitingNCT00418925Phase 2
38Dose-escalating Safety and Preliminary Efficacy of DaxibotulinumtoxinA for Injection in Cervical DystoniaRecruitingNCT02706795Phase 2
39ASIS for Botox in Cervical DystoniaNot yet recruitingNCT02074293Phase 1, Phase 2
40Clinical and Kinematic Assessment for Determination of Botox® Injection Parameters in Cervical DystoniaNot yet recruitingNCT02662530Phase 2
41Safety and Tolerability of Perampanel in Cervical DystoniaNot yet recruitingNCT02131467Phase 1, Phase 2
42ASIS for Enbrel in Plaque PsoriasisNot yet recruitingNCT02112097Phase 1, Phase 2
43Keppra for Cervical DystoniaSuspendedNCT00760318Phase 2
44Deep Brain Stimulation to Treat Cervical DystoniaCompletedNCT00132340Phase 1
45PurTox (Botulinum Toxin Type A) for the Treatment of Adult Onset Spasmodic Torticollis/Cervical DystoniaCompletedNCT00549341Phase 1
46Study of Air Stream in Voice ProductionCompletedNCT00015795Phase 1
47Is Home Positioning Time Associated With Torticollis Rate of Recovery?CompletedNCT00347334Phase 1
48Botulinum Toxin Injection EfficiencyActive, not recruitingNCT01041157Phase 1
49Comparative Trial of Botox in the Management of Children With Congenital Muscular TorticollisWithdrawnNCT00175604Phase 1
50Humanitarian Device ExemptionApproved for marketingNCT00580658

Search NIH Clinical Center for Cervical Dystonia

Genetic Tests for Cervical Dystonia

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Anatomical Context for Cervical Dystonia

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MalaCards organs/tissues related to Cervical Dystonia:

33
Brain, Bone, Lung, Breast, Colon, Cerebellum, Prostate

Animal Models for Cervical Dystonia or affiliated genes

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MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Cervical Dystonia:

38
idDescriptionMGI Source AccessionScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1MP:00053867.3BDNF, DRD5, GNAL, HLA-DQB1, NALCN, TOR1A

Publications for Cervical Dystonia

About this section

Articles related to Cervical Dystonia:

(show top 50)    (show all 543)
idTitleAuthorsYear
1
Superselective intraarterial cerebral infusion of cetuximab after osmotic blood/brain barrier disruption for recurrent malignant glioma: phase I study. (26945581)
2016
2
Meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies of adult height in East Asians identifies 17 novel loci. (25429064)
2015
3
NOD2 expression is regulated by microRNAs in colonic epithelial HCT116 cells. (24297055)
2014
4
Differential Wnt11 expression related to Wnt5a in high- and low-grade serous ovarian cancer: implications for migration, adhesion and survival. (24606488)
2014
5
Serum gamma-glutamyltransferase and the burden of atherosclerosis in patients with acute coronary syndrome. (24059010)
2013
6
Minimally invasive transmuscular approach for the treatment of lumbar herniated disc: far lateral lumbar disc herniation: a clinical study. Applications for cervical and thoracic disc herniation. (23676861)
2013
7
Assessment of salivary total antioxidant levels and oral health status in children with Down syndrome. (24188359)
2013
8
Metastatic Insulinoma Following Resection of Nonsecreting Pancreatic Islet Cell Tumor: A Case Report and Review of the Literature. (26425568)
2013
9
Disseminated histoplasmosis and haemophagocytic syndrome in two kidney transplant patients. (23013962)
2012
10
Neuroprotective therapy using granulocyte colony-stimulating factor for patients with worsening symptoms of compression myelopathy, Part 1: a phase I and IIa clinical trial. (21935680)
2012
11
Total and acylated ghrelin levels in children with poor growth. (21386753)
2011
12
A 797A kb de novo deletion of 18q21.31 in a patient with speech delay, mental retardation, sleeping problems, facial dysmorphism, and feet anomalies. (20870045)
2011
13
Thulium laser urethrotomy for urethral stricture: a preliminary report. (20806387)
2010
14
SUVmax of FDG-PET correlates with the effects of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy for oral squamous cell carcinoma. (20372831)
2010
15
Appropriately prescribing antibiotics for patients with pharyngitis: a physician-based approach vs a nurse-only triage and treatment algorithm. (21037044)
2010
16
Identification and characterization of the bovine G protein-coupled receptor GPR41 and GPR43 genes. (19448003)
2009
17
Enzyme replacement therapy for Fabry disease: a systematic review of available evidence. (19852524)
2009
18
S-Nitrosylation of the epidermal growth factor receptor: a regulatory mechanism of receptor tyrosine kinase activity. (19056486)
2009
19
Benzophenone semicarbazone protection strategy for synthesis of aza-glycine containing aza-peptides. (18844293)
2008
20
Association between anxiety and factors of coagulation and fibrinolysis. (18716423)
2008
21
Surgical therapy of Peyronie's disease. (18219716)
2006
22
Effects of transdermal testosterone administration on insulin sensitivity, fat mass and distribution, and markers of inflammation and thrombolysis in human immunodeficiency virus-infected women with mild to moderate weight loss. (16759927)
2006
23
Overview of the SLC26 family and associated diseases. (17120758)
2006
24
TLR8-mediated NF-kappaB and JNK activation are TAK1-independent and MEKK3-dependent. (16737960)
2006
25
Functional relationship between LHX4 and POU1F1 in light of the LHX4 mutation identified in patients with pituitary defects. (15998782)
2005
26
Synergy between TLR9 and NOD2 innate immune responses is lost in genetic Crohn's disease. (15928043)
2005
27
Elevation of serum and ascites cancer antigen 125 levels in patients with liver cirrhosis. (14535990)
2003
28
Down-regulation of proinflammatory capacity during apoptosis in human polymorphonuclear leukocytes. (12626596)
2003
29
Efficacy of a motilin receptor agonist (ABT-229) for the treatment of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease. (11929393)
2002
30
Immunocytochemical profile of malignant pleural effusions of small-cell lung cancer. (12515971)
2002
31
Human mature red blood cells express caspase-3 and caspase-8, but are devoid of mitochondrial regulators of apoptosis. (11753567)
2001
32
Mutations in the human paraoxonase 1 gene: frequencies, allelic linkages, and association with coronary artery disease. (10634138)
1999
33
High frequency expressions of CD44 standard and variant forms in non-small cell lung cancers, but not in small cell lung cancers. (9846498)
1998
34
Abnormalities of gonadal differentiation. (9890065)
1998
35
Bone age and growth in fetal alcohol syndrome. (9756047)
1998
36
Tumor selective delivery of 5-fluorouracil by capecitabine, a new oral fluoropyrimidine carbamate, in human cancer xenografts. (9605432)
1998
37
The induction of cyclooxygenase-2 by interleukin-4 in human umbilical vein endothelial cells: a possible role in regulation of fetal vascular tone. (9500483)
1998
38
Metal ion-dependent hydrogen peroxide-induced DNA damage is more sequence specific than metal specific. (9192816)
1997
39
The genes encoding the human CC-chemokine receptors CC-CKR1 to CC-CKR5 (CMKBR1-CMKBR5) are clustered in the p21.3-p24 region of chromosome 3. (8884276)
1996
40
Cloning, expression, and tissue distribution of the rat nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide-dependent 11 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase. (7649078)
1995
41
Coronary artery aneurysm in two patients with long-standing Lyme borreliosis. Borreliosis Study Group. (7968011)
1994
42
Effects of chronic alcohol feeding and murine AIDS virus infection on liver antioxidant defense systems in mice. (8279661)
1993
43
Single photon emission computed tomography with 99mTc-HMPAO in HIV-1 infection: a help in early diagnosis of AIDS dementia complex. (1927637)
1991
44
The use of monoclonal antibodies for determining the transferrin content of the urine]. (1975711)
1990
45
Ramsay Hunt syndrome: to bury or to praise. (2106013)
1990
46
Porcine malignant hyperthermia susceptibility: increased calcium-sequestering activity of skeletal muscle sarcoplasmic reticulum. (3742368)
1986
47
Hemoglobin Beijing [alpha 16 (A14) Lys replaced by Asn]: a new fast-moving hemoglobin variant. (7161110)
1982
48
Case report. Steroid exophthalmos. (7033312)
1981
49
Effects of a systematic application of human chorionic gonadotropin, gonadotropin-releasing hormone analog and bovine anterior pituitary gonadotropin in cows with cystic ovarian disease. (16725423)
1979
50
Destructive corneal disease in the connective tissue disorders. Comparison with an experimental animal model. (38536)
1978

Variations for Cervical Dystonia

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Expression for genes affiliated with Cervical Dystonia

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Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Cervical Dystonia.

Pathways for genes affiliated with Cervical Dystonia

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GO Terms for genes affiliated with Cervical Dystonia

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Cellular components related to Cervical Dystonia according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1MHC class II protein complexGO:00426139.6HLA-DQA1, HLA-DQB1
2integral component of lumenal side of endoplasmic reticulum membraneGO:00715569.5HLA-DQA1, HLA-DQB1
3ER to Golgi transport vesicle membraneGO:00125079.1HLA-DQA1, HLA-DQB1
4endosome membraneGO:00100089.1HLA-DQA1, HLA-DQB1
5trans-Golgi network membraneGO:00325889.0HLA-DQA1, HLA-DQB1

Biological processes related to Cervical Dystonia according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1adenylate cyclase-activating G-protein coupled receptor signaling pathwayGO:00071899.8DRD5, GNAL
2adenylate cyclase-activating dopamine receptor signaling pathwayGO:00071919.7DRD5, GNAL
3negative regulation of blood pressureGO:00457769.4DRD5, GCH1
4antigen processing and presentationGO:00198829.2HLA-DQA1, HLA-DQB1

Sources for Cervical Dystonia

About this section
2CDC
14ExPASy
15FDA
16FMA
24GTR
25HGMD
26HMDB
27ICD10
28ICD10 via Orphanet
29ICD9CM
30IUPHAR
31KEGG
34MedGen
36MeSH
37MESH via Orphanet
38MGI
41NCI
42NCIt
43NDF-RT
46NINDS
47Novoseek
49OMIM
50OMIM via Orphanet
54PubMed
55QIAGEN
60SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
64Tumor Gene Family of Databases
65UMLS
66UMLS via Orphanet