MCID: CRV043
MIFTS: 43

Cervical Dystonia malady

Categories: Rare diseases, Neuronal diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Cervical Dystonia

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Aliases & Descriptions for Cervical Dystonia:

Name: Cervical Dystonia 11 46 13
 
Spasmodic Torticollis 11 46

Classifications:



External Ids:

Disease Ontology11 DOID:0050840
ICD1028 G24.3

Summaries for Cervical Dystonia

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NIH Rare Diseases:46 Cervical dystonia is a focal dystonia characterized by excessive pulling of the muscles of the neck and shoulder resulting in abnormal movements of the head. most commonly, the head turns to one side or the other. tilting sideways, or to the back or front may also occur. the turning or tilting movements may be accompanied by tremor and/or soreness of the muscles of the neck and shoulders. cervical dystonia can occur at any age, although most individuals first experience symptoms in middle age. it often begins slowly and usually reaches a plateau over a few months or years. treatment may include local intramuscular injections of botulinum toxin, analgesics, benzodiazepines (anti-anxiety medications), anticholinergics, physical therapy, or surgery. last updated: 11/9/2011

MalaCards based summary: Cervical Dystonia, also known as spasmodic torticollis, is related to torticollis, familial and cervicitis. An important gene associated with Cervical Dystonia is CIZ1 (CDKN1A Interacting Zinc Finger Protein 1), and among its related pathways are Tuberculosis and CD28 co-stimulation. Affiliated tissues include brain, cerebellum and testes, and related mouse phenotype behavior/neurological.

Disease Ontology:11 A focal dystonia that is characterized by simultaneous contraction of the agonist and antagonist muscles that control the position of the head contracting during dystonic movement which causes the neck to involuntarily turn to the left, right, upwards, and/or downwards.

Wikipedia:69 Spasmodic torticollis is an extremely painful chronic neurological movement disorder causing the neck to... more...

Related Diseases for Cervical Dystonia

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Diseases related to Cervical Dystonia via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50)    (show all 113)
idRelated DiseaseScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1torticollis, familial11.2
2cervicitis11.1
3dystonia11.1
4dystonia 2311.0
5dystonia 2411.0
6osteogenesis imperfecta congenita, microcephaly, and cataracts10.5HLA-DQA1, HLA-DQB1
7meige syndrome10.5
8fruit allergy10.5HLA-DQB1, HLA-DRB1
9quinquaud's decalvans folliculitis10.5HLA-DQB1, HLA-DRB1
10pediatric systemic lupus erythematosus10.5HLA-DQB1, HLA-DRB1
11vitreoretinochoroidopathy dominant10.4HLA-DQB1, HLA-DRB1
12krieble bixler syndrome10.4HLA-DQB1, HLA-DRB1
13limb dystonia10.4HLA-DQB1, HLA-DRB1
14spondylarthropathy10.4HLA-DQB1, HLA-DRB1
15mitochondrial encephalomyopathy10.4HLA-DQB1, HLA-DRB1
16rheumatic myocarditis10.4HLA-DQB1, HLA-DRB1
17nebulin-related early-onset distal myopathy10.4HLA-DQB1, HLA-DRB1
18purpura fulminans10.4HLA-DQB1, HLA-DRB1
19lymphocytic colitis10.4HLA-DQB1, HLA-DRB1
20peripheral t-cell lymphoma10.4HLA-DQB1, HLA-DRB1
21selective igm deficiency disease10.4HLA-DQA1, HLA-DQB1
22blepharospasm10.4
23foster-kennedy syndrome10.4HLA-DQB1, HLA-DRB1
24thrombocytopenia due to platelet alloimmunization10.4HLA-DQB1, HLA-DRB1
25orbit alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma10.4HLA-DQB1, HLA-DRB1
26lipodermatosclerosis10.4HLA-DQB1, HLA-DRB1
27panuveitis10.4HLA-DQA1, HLA-DRB1
28x-linked congenital generalized hypertrichosis10.4HLA-DQB1, HLA-DRB1
29ampulla of vater neoplasm10.4HLA-DQA1, HLA-DQB1
30oromandibular dystonia10.4DRD5, TOR1A
31idiopathic central precocious puberty10.4HLA-DQB1, HLA-DRB1
32sensorineural hearing loss10.4HLA-DQB1, HLA-DRB1
33juvenile dermatitis herpetiformis10.3HLA-DQA1, HLA-DQB1
34mononeuritis of upper limb10.3HLA-DQB1, HLA-DRB1
35duodenal benign neoplasm10.3HLA-DQA1, HLA-DRB1
36allergic hypersensitivity disease10.3HLA-DQB1, HLA-DRB1
37hypoxia10.3HLA-DQB1, HLA-DRB1
38tremor10.3
39bile duct signet ring cell carcinoma10.2HLA-DQA1, HLA-DRB1
40renovascular hypertension10.2HLA-DQA1, HLA-DRB1
41cirrhotic cardiomyopathy10.2HLA-DQB1, HLA-DRB1
42borst-jadassohn intraepidermal carcinoma10.2HLA-DQA1, HLA-DRB1
43ataxia10.2
44epidermolysis bullosa simplex superficialis10.2HLA-DQB1, HLA-DRB1
45hemidystonia10.2GNAL, TOR1A
46intrinsic cardiomyopathy10.1HLA-DQA1, TOR1A
47spinal atrophy ophthalmoplegia pyramidal syndrome10.1HLA-DQB1, HLA-DRB1
48essential tremor10.1
49wolffian duct adenocarcinoma10.1HLA-DQA1, HLA-DQB1, HLA-DRB1
50parsonage turner syndrome10.1HLA-DQA1, HLA-DQB1, HLA-DRB1

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Cervical Dystonia:



Diseases related to cervical dystonia

Symptoms for Cervical Dystonia

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Drugs & Therapeutics for Cervical Dystonia

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Drugs for Cervical Dystonia (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show all 17)
idNameStatusPhaseClinical TrialsCas NumberPubChem Id
1
AcetylcholinePhase 4, Phase 3, Phase 2, Phase 175251-84-3187
Synonyms:
ACh
Acetyl choline ion
Acetylcholine Chloride
Acetylcholine cation
 
Acetylcholinium: acetyl-Choline
Choline acetate
Choline acetate (ester)
O-Acetylcholine
acetylcholine chloride
2
IbuprofenPhase 448215687-27-13672
Synonyms:
(+-)-2-(P-Isobutylphenyl)propionic acid
(+-)-Ibuprofen
(+-)-P-Isobutylhydratropic acid
(+-)-alpha-Methyl-4-(2-methylpropyl)benzeneacetic acid
(4-Isobutylphenyl)-alpha-methylacetic acid
(RS)-ibuprofen
139466-08-3
15687-27-1
2-(4-Isobutylphenyl)propanoic acid
4-Isobutylhydratropic acid
58560-75-1
AC-11312
AC1L1GGE
AC1Q1P84
AC1Q1P85
ACHES-N-PAIN
ARONIS23835
Act-3
Actiprofen
Adex 200
Adran
Advil
Advil (TN)
Advil Liqui-Gels
Ak+C2278tren
Alaxan
Algofen
Am-Fam 400
Amelior
Amersol
Amibufen
Anafen
Anco
Andran
Anflagen
Antagil
Antalfene
Antarene
Antiflam
Apo-Ibuprofen
Apsifen
Apsifen-F
Artofen
Artril
Artril 300
BB_SC-1358
BIDD:GT0050
BRN 2049713
Balkaprofen
Betaprofen
Bloom
Bluton
Brofen
Brufanic
Brufen
Brufen 400
Bruflam
Brufort
Buburone
Bufeno
Bufigen
Bukrefen
Bupron
Buracaps
Burana
Butylenin
C01588
C13H18O2
CCRIS 3223
CHEBI:5855
CHEMBL521
CID3672
CPD000058184
Cap-Profen
Carol
Cesra
Children's Advil
Children's Elixsure
Children's Ibuprofen
Children's Motrin
Citalgan
Cobo
Codral
Combiflam
Cunil
D00126
D007052
DB01050
DOLO PUREN
Daiprophen
Dalsy
Dansida
Deep Relief
Dentigoa
Dibufen
Dignoflex
Dolgin
Dolgirid
Dolgit
Dolibu
Dolmaral
Dolo-Dolgit
Dolo-dolgit
Dolocyl
Dolofen
Dolofen-F
Dolofin
Dolofort
Dologel
Dolomax
Doloren
Dolormin
Doltibil
Dolven
Donjust B
Dorival
Drin
Duafen
Duobrus
Dura-Ibu
Duralbuprofen
Dysdolen
EU-0100691
Easifon
Ebufac
Emflam
Emflam-200
Emodin
Epobron
Eputex
Ergix
Esprenit
Exneural
Faspic
Femadon
Femafen
Femapirin
Femidol
Fenbid
Fenbid Spansule
Fendol
Fenspan
Fibraflex
Gelufene
Gofen
Grefen
Gynofug
HMS1920F15
HMS2089P05
HMS2091N03
HMS502M09
HSDB 3099
Haltran
I 4883
I01-7039
I0415
I4883_SIGMA
I7905_SIAL
IB-100
IDI1_000887
IP 82
IP-82
IP82
Ibol
Ibren
Ibu
Ibu-Attritin
Ibu-Slo
Ibu-Tab
Ibu-Tab 200
Ibu-attritin
Ibu-slo
Ibu-slow
Ibubest
Ibubeta
Ibucasen
Ibudol
 
Ibudolor
Ibufen
Ibuflamar
Ibufug
Ibugel
Ibugen
Ibugesic
Ibuhexal
Ibulagic
Ibular
Ibulav
Ibuleve
Ibulgan
Ibumed
Ibumerck
Ibumetin
Ibupirac
Ibuprin
Ibuprocin
Ibuprofen
Ibuprofene
Ibuprofeno
Ibuprofenum
Ibuprohm
Ibuprophen
Ibusal
Ibutid
Ifen
Inabrin
Inflam
Inoven
Ipren
Irfen
Isodol
Jenaprofen
Junifen
Junior Strength Advil
Junior Strength Ibuprofen
Junior Strength Motrin
KBio1_000887
KBio2_001329
KBio2_003897
KBio2_006465
KBio3_001390
Kesan
Kratalgin
LS-7454
Lamidon
Lebrufen
Librofem
Lidifen
Liptan
Lopane
MLS000069733
MLS001146965
Malafene
Manypren
Medipren
Melfen
Mensoton
Midol
Midol 200
Moment
Motrin
Motrin (TN)
Motrin IB
Mynosedin
NCI60_002065
NINDS_000887
NSC 256857
NSC256857
Nagifen-D
Napacetin
Narfen
Neo-Helvagit
Neo-Mindol
NeoProfen
Neobrufen
Nerofen
Noalgil
Nobafon
Nobfelon
Nobfen
Nobgen
Noritis
Norton
Novadol
Novo-Profen
Novogent
Novogent N
Novoprofen
Nuprilan
Nuprin
Nurofen
Optifen
Opturem
Oralfene
Ostarin
Ostofen
Ozonol
P-Isobutylhydratropic Acid
Paduden
Panafen
Pantrop
Para-Isobutylhydratropic Acid
Paxofen
Pedia-Profen
PediaProfen
Pediaprofen
Pediatric Advil
Perofen
Proartinal
Profen
Proflex
Provon
Quadrax
R.D. 13621
RD 13621
Rafen
Ranofen
Rebugen
Relcofen
Rhinadvil
Rofen
Roidenin
Rufen
Rufin
Rupan
SAM002264619
SMR000058184
SPBio_000178
STK177358
Sadefen
Salivia
Salprofen
Seclodin
Sednafen
Seklodin
Seskafen
Siyafen
Solpaflex
Solufen
Stelar
Sugafen
Suprafen
Suspren
Syntofene
TL8001184
Tab-Profen
Tabalon
Tabalon 400
Tatanal
Tempil
Tofen
Togal N
Tonal
Trendar
U 18573
U-18,573
U-18573
UCB 79171
Unipron
Upfen
Uprofen
Urem
VUFB 9649
Zafen
Zofen
alpha-(4-Isobutylphenyl)propionate
alpha-(4-Isobutylphenyl)propionic acid
alpha-(P-Isobutylphenyl)propionic acid
alpha-p-Isobutylphenylpropionate
alpha-p-Isobutylphenylpropionic acid
ibuprofen
p-Isobutyl-2-phenylpropionate
p-Isobutyl-2-phenylpropionic acid
p-Isobutylhydratropate
p-Isobutylhydratropic acid
3
RopivacainePhase 470984057-95-471273, 175805
Synonyms:
(2S)-N-(2,6-dimethylphenyl)-1-propylpiperidine-2-carboxamide
(2S)-N-(2,6-dimethylphenyl)-1-propylpiperidine-2-carboxamide hydrochloride
(S)-(−)-1-propyl-2',6'-pipecoloxylidide
(S)-ropivacaine
84057-95-4
98717-15-8
AC1L41QM
AC1L41QN
BIDD:GT0203
C07532
C17H26N2O.HCl
CHEBI:8890
CHEMBL1077896
CID175804
CID175805
CPD000469137
D08490
I14-176
L-N-n-propylpipecolic acid-2,6-xylidide
LS-113954
 
MLS001401363
MolPort-003-983-292
NCGC00164597-01
Naropin
Naropin (TN)
ROPIVACAINE HCl
Ropivacaina
Ropivacaina [INN-Spanish]
Ropivacaina [Spanish]
Ropivacaine
Ropivacaine [INN]
Ropivacaine hydrochloride
Ropivacaine monohydrochloride
Ropivacainum
Ropivacainum [INN-Latin]
S-Ropivacaine
SAM001246524
SMR000469137
ST51051452
ropivacaine monohydrochloride,
ropivacaine monohydrochloride, (S)-isomer
4
FentanylPhase 4739437-38-73345
Synonyms:
1-Phenethyl-4-(N-phenylpropionamido)piperidine
1-Phenethyl-4-N-propionylanilinopiperidine
437-38-7
5-22-08-00049 (Beilstein Handbook Reference)
80832-90-2
990-73-8 (citrate)
AC1L1FQ2
Actiq
BIDD:GT0555
BRN 0494484
CHEBI:119915
CHEMBL596
CID3345
D00320
DB00813
Duragesic
Duragesic (TN)
Duragesic-100
Duragesic-12
Duragesic-25
Duragesic-50
Duragesic-75
Durogesic
EINECS 207-113-6
Fentanest
Fentanil
Fentanil [DCIT]
Fentanila
Fentanila [INN-Spanish]
Fentanilo
Fentanyl
Fentanyl (JAN/USAN/INN)
Fentanyl [INN:BAN]
Fentanyl citrate
Fentanyl-100
 
Fentanyl-12
Fentanyl-25
Fentanyl-50
Fentanyl-75
Fentanylum
Fentanylum [INN-Latin]
HSDB 3329
IONSYS
JNS020QD
L001275
LS-124439
Matrifen
MolPort-003-847-369
N-(1-Phenethyl-4-piperidinyl)-N-phenylpropionamide
N-(1-Phenethyl-4-piperidyl)propionanilide
N-(1-Phenethyl-piperidin-4-yl)-N-phenyl-propionamide
N-(1-Phenethylpiperidin-4-yl)-N-phenylpropionamide
N-(1-phenethylpiperidin-4-yl)-N-phenylpropanamide
N-Phenethyl-4-(N-propionylanilino)piperidine
N-Phenyl-N-(1-(2-phenylethyl)-4-piperidinyl)propanamide
N-phenyl-N-[1-(2-phenylethyl)piperidin-4-yl]propanamide
NCGC00168252-01
Nasalfent
Oprea1_152073
Oprea1_207148
PDSP1_000860
PDSP2_000846
Pentanyl
Phentanyl
Propanamide, N-phenyl-N-(1-(2-phenylethyl)-4-piperidinyl)- (9CI)
R 4263
Rapinyl
Sentonil
Sublimase
Sublimaze
UNII-UF599785JZ
fentanyl
5
MentholPhase 421842216-51-516666
Synonyms:
(−
()-Menthol
(+)-Neo-menthol
(+)-p-Menthan-3-ol
(+-)-(1R*,3R*,4S*)-Menthol
(+-)-Menthol
(+/-)-Menthol
(+/-)-p-Menthan-3-ol
(-)-(1R,3R,4S)-Menthol
(-)-Menthyl alcohol
(-)-menthol
(-)-p-Menthan-3-ol
(-)-trans-p-Menthan-cis-ol
(1R)-(-)-Menthol
(1R,2S,5R)-(-)-menthol
(1R,2S,5R)-Menthol
(1R,3R,4S)-(-)-MENTHOL
(1R,3R,4S)-(-)-Menthol
(1R-(1-alpha,2-beta,5-alpha))-5-Methyl-2-(1-methylethyl)cyclohexanol
(1S, 2S, 5R)-(+)-Neomenthol
(1S,2R,5R)-(+)-Isomenthol
(1S,2R,5S)-(+)-Menthol
(1S,2R,5S)-Menthol
(1alpha,2beta,5alpha)-5-Methyl-2(1-methylethyl)cyclohexanol
(1r,2s,5r)-(-)-menthol
(L)-MENTHOL
(R)-(-)-Menthol
(r)-(-)-menthol
)-Menthol
--MENTHOL
1-Menthol
1490-04-6
15356-60-2
15356-70-4
15785_RIEDEL
15785_SIAL
19863P
2-Isopropyl-5-methylcyclohexanol
20747-49-3
2216-51-5
3-p-Menthol
4-Isopropyl-1-methylcyclohexan-3-ol
491-02-1
5-Methyl-2-(1-methylethyl)-cyclohexanol
5-Methyl-2-(1-methylethyl)cyclohexanol
5-methyl-2-(propan-2-yl)cyclohexanol
5-methyl-2-propan-2-ylcyclohexan-1-ol
551376_ALDRICH
551376_FLUKA
588733_ALDRICH
613290_ALDRICH
613290_FLUKA
63660_FLUKA
63670_ALDRICH
63670_FLUKA
63975-60-0
6C6A4A8C-A054-468C-A1F0-F29E39838CF2
89-78-1
98167-53-4
AC1L1B2E
AC1L28FR
AC1Q1NQ2
AC1Q2QQM
AI3-08161
AI3-52408
AKOS000119740
AR-1J3337
BB_NC-0057
BRN 1902288
BRN 3194263
BSPBio_003062
C00400
C10H20O
CCRIS 3728
CCRIS 375
CCRIS 4666
CCRIS 9231
CHEBI:15409
CHEBI:545611
CHEMBL256087
CHEMBL470670
CID1254
CID16666
Caswell No. 540
D-(-)-Menthol
D-p-Menthan-3-ol
D00064
D008610
D04849
D04918
DB00825
DivK1c_000820
EINECS 201-939-0
EINECS 207-724-8
EINECS 216-074-4
EINECS 218-690-9
EINECS 239-387-8
EINECS 239-388-3
EPA Pesticide Chemical Code 051601
FEMA No. 2665
Fisherman's friend lozenges
Fisherman's friend lozenges (TN)
HMS1922G13
HMS2092L14
HMS502I22
 
HSDB 5662
HSDB 593
Headache crystals
Hexahydrothymol
I06-1216
I14-7371
IDI1_000820
KBio1_000820
KBio2_000785
KBio2_003353
KBio2_005921
KBio3_002562
KBioSS_000785
L-(-)-Menthol
L-(-)-menthol
L-Menthol
L-menthol
LMPR0102090001
LS-2353
LS-57201
LS-886
LS-89531
LS-89533
Levomenthol
Levomenthol [INN:BAN]
Levomentholum
Levomentholum [INN-Latin]
Levomentol
M0321
M0545
M2772_SIAL
MENTHOL
MLS002207256
Menthacamphor
Menthol
Menthol (USP)
Menthol (VAN)
Menthol natural
Menthol natural, brazilian
Menthol racemic
Menthol racemique
Menthol racemique [French]
Menthol solution
Menthol, (1alpha,2beta,5alpha)-Isomer
Menthomenthol
Menthyl alcohol
MolPort-000-849-729
MolPort-001-793-392
NCGC00159382-02
NCGC00159382-03
NCGC00164247-01
NCGC00164247-02
NCI-C50000
NINDS_000820
NOOLISFMXDJSKH-KXUCPTDWBX
NSC 2603
NSC 62788
NSC2603
NSC62788
Neoisomenthol
Peppermint camphor
RACEMIC MENTHOL U.S.P.
Racementhol
Racementhol [INN:BAN]
Racementholum
Racementholum [INN-Latin]
Racementol
Racementol [INN-Spanish]
Racemic menthol
Robitussin Cough Drops
SDCCGMLS-0066659.P001
SMR001306785
SPBio_000869
SPECTRUM1503134
STK802468
Spectrum2_000855
Spectrum3_001561
Spectrum5_001060
Spectrum_000305
Tra-kill tracheal mite killer
U.S.P. Menthol
U.S.p. Menthol
UNII-BZ1R15MTK7
UNII-L7T10EIP3A
UNII-YS08XHA860
W266507_ALDRICH
W266523_ALDRICH
W266590_ALDRICH
WLN: L6TJ AY1&1 BQ D1
WLN: L6TJ AY1&1 DQ D1 -L
ZINC01482164
cis-1 ,3-trans-1,4-(+-)-menthol
cis-1,3-trans-1,4-(+-)-menthol
d,l-Menthol
d-Menthol
d-Neomenthol
dl-3-p-Menthanol
dl-Menthol
dl-Menthol (JP15)
l-(-)-Menthol
l-Menthol
l-Menthol (JP15)
l-Menthol (TN)
l-Menthol (natural)
nchembio862-comp1
p-Menthan-3-ol
rac-Menthol
6
LidocainePhase 41168137-58-63676
Synonyms:
.alpha.-(Diethylamino)-2,6-acetoxylidide
.alpha.-Diethylamino-2,6-dimethylacetanilide
.alpha.-Diethylaminoaceto-2,6-xylidide
.omega.-Diethylamino-2,6-dimethylacetanilide
137-58-6
2-(Diethylamino)-2',6'-acetoxylidide
2-(Diethylamino)-N-(2,6-dimethylphenyl)acetamide
2-Diethylamino-N-(2,6-dimethyl-phenyl)-acetamide
2-Diethylamino-N-(2,6-dimethylphenyl)acetamide
4-12-00-02538 (Beilstein Handbook Reference)
6108-05-0 (MONOHYDROCHLORIDE MONOHYDRATE))
6108-05-0 (mono-hydrochloride, mono-hydrate)
73-78-9 (mono-hydrochloride)
AB00053581
AC-10282
AC1L1GGQ
AC1Q2Z7J
AKOS001026768
ARONIS23855
After Burn Double Strength Gel
After Burn Double Strength Spray
After Burn Gel
After Burn Spray
Alphacaine
Anestacon
Anestacon Jelly
BIDD:GT0342
BPBio1_000197
BRD-K52662033-001-02-6
BRD-K52662033-003-05-5
BRN 2215784
BSPBio_000179
BSPBio_001359
BSPBio_003004
Bio-0767
Bio1_000379
Bio1_000868
Bio1_001357
Bio2_000079
Bio2_000559
C07073
C14H22N2O
CAS-73-78-9
CDS1_000283
CHEBI:6456
CHEMBL79
CID3676
CPD000058189
Cappicaine
Cito optadren
Cuivasil
D00358
DB00281
Dalcaine
Dentipatch
Dentipatch (TN)
DermaFlex
Diethylaminoaceto-2,6-xylidide
Dilocaine
DivK1c_000174
DivK1c_001323
Duncaine
EINECS 205-302-8
ELA-Max
EMBOLEX
Emla
Emla Cream
Esracaine
FT-0082378
Gravocain
HMS1791D21
HMS1989D21
HMS2051C21
HMS2089E15
HMS548M19
HSDB 3350
I01-2704
IDI1_000174
IDI1_033829
Isicaina
Isicaine
Jetocaine
KBio1_000174
KBio2_000079
KBio2_001598
KBio2_002647
KBio2_004166
KBio2_005215
KBio2_006734
KBio3_000157
KBio3_000158
KBio3_002224
KBioGR_000079
KBioGR_000599
KBioSS_000079
KBioSS_001598
L-Caine
L0156
L1026_SIGMA
L7757_SIGMA
LIDOCAINE (73-58-6 (MONOHYDROCHLORIDE)
LIDOPEN
LQZ
 
LS-805
Lanabiotic
Leostesin
Lida-Mantle
Lidocaina
Lidocaina [INN-Spanish]
Lidocaine (JP15/USP/INN)
Lidocaine (VAN)
Lidocaine Carbonate
Lidocaine Hydrocarbonate
Lidocaine Monohydrochloride
Lidocaine [USAN:INN:JAN]
Lidocainum
Lidocainum [INN-Latin]
Lidocaton
Lidoderm
Lidoject-1
Lidoject-2
Lignocaine
Lignocainum
Lingocaine
Lopac-L-5647
Lopac0_000669
MLS000069724
MLS000758263
MLS001074177
Maricaine
Maybridge1_002571
MolPort-001-783-478
N-(2,6-dimethylphenyl)-N(2),N(2)-diethylglycinamide
N-(2,6-dimethylphenyl)-N~2~,N~2~-diethylglycinamide
NCGC00015611-01
NCGC00015611-02
NCGC00015611-03
NCGC00015611-04
NCGC00015611-14
NCGC00022176-05
NCGC00022176-06
NCGC00022176-07
NCGC00022176-08
NCGC00022176-09
NINDS_000174
NSC 40030
NSC40030
Norwood Sunburn Spray
Octocaine
Octocaine-100
Octocaine-50
Prestwick0_000050
Prestwick1_000050
Prestwick2_000050
Prestwick3_000050
Remicaine
Rocephin Kit
Rucaina
S1357_Selleck
SAM001247018
SMR000058189
SPBio_001525
SPBio_002100
STK552033
Solarcaine
Solarcaine aloe extra burn relief cream
Solcain
Spectrum2_001343
Spectrum3_001392
Spectrum4_000070
Spectrum5_001549
Spectrum_001118
UNII-98PI200987
WLN: 2N2 & 1VMR B1 F1
Xilina
Xilocaina
Xilocaina [Italian]
Xllina
Xycaine
Xylestesin
Xylesthesin
Xylocain
Xylocaine
Xylocaine (TN)
Xylocaine 5% Spinal
Xylocaine CO2
Xylocaine Dental Ointment
Xylocaine Endotracheal
Xylocaine Test Dose
Xylocaine Viscous
Xylocaine-MPF
Xylocaine-MPF with Glucose
Xylocaine-Mpf
Xylocaine-Mpf with Glucose
Xylocard
Xylocitin
Xyloneural (free base)
Xylotox
Zilactin-L
Zingo
alfa-Dietilamino-2,6-dimetilacetanilide
alfa-Dietilamino-2,6-dimetilacetanilide [Italian]
alpha-Diethylamino-2,6-dimethylacetanilide
alpha-diethylamino-2,6-dimethylacetanilide
lidocaine
nchembio.65-comp16
α-diethylamino-2,6-dimethylacetanilide
7calcium channel blockersPhase 21889
8
AmlodipinePhase 246488150-42-92162
Synonyms:
()-Amlodipine
(RS)-3-ethyl 5-methyl 2-[(2-aminoethoxy)methyl]-4-(2-chlorophenyl)-6-methyl-1,4-dihydropyridine-3,5-dicarboxylate
-3-(ethoxycarbonyl)-5-(methoxycarbonyl)-6-methyl-1,4-dihydropyridine
2-[(2-Aminoethoxy)methyl]-4-(2-chlorophenyl)
3,5-Pyridinedicarboxylic acid, 2-((2-aminoethoxy)methyl)-4-(2-chlorophenyl)-1,4-dihydro-6-methyl-, 3-ethyl 5-methyl ester
3,5-Pyridinedicarboxylic acid, 2-[(2-aminoethoxy)methyl]-4-(2-chlorophenyl)-1,4-dihydro-6-methyl-, 3-ethyl 5-methyl ester
3-Ethyl 5-methylester, (±)-2-[(2-aminoethoxy)methyl]-4-(o-chlorophenyl)-1,4-dihydro-6-methyl-3,5-pyridinedicarboxylate
3-Ethyl-5-methyl ( -)-2-((2-aminoethoxy)methyl)-4-(2-chlorphenyl)-1,4-dihydro-6-methyl-3,5-pyridindicarboxylat
3-Ethyl-5-methyl ( -)-2-((2-aminoethoxymethyl)-4-(o-chlorophenyl)-1,4-dihydro-6-methyl-3,5-pyridinedicarboxylate
3-Ethyl-5-methyl (+-)-2-(2-aminoethoxymethyl)-4-(O-chlorophenyl)-1,4-dihydro-6-methyl-3,5-pyridinedicarboxylate
3-Ethyl-5-methyl (+-)-2-(2-aminoethoxymethyl)-4-(o-chlorophenyl)-1,4-dihydro-6-methyl-3,5-pyridinedicarboxylate
3-Ethyl-5-methyl (.+/-.)-2-[(2-aminoethoxy)methyl]-4-(o-chlorophenyl)-1,4-dihydro-6-methyl-3,5-pyridinedicarboxylate
3-O-ethyl 5-O-methyl 2-(2-aminoethoxymethyl)-4-(2-chlorophenyl)-6-methyl-1,4-dihydropyridine-3,5-dicarboxylate
3-ethyl 5-methyl 2-[(2-aminoethoxy)methyl]-4-(2-chlorophenyl)-6-methyl-1,4-dihydropyridine-3,5-dicarboxylate
3-ethyl 5-methyl 2-{[(2-aminoethyl)oxy]methyl}-4-(2-chlorophenyl)-6-methyl-1,4-dihydropyridine-3,5-dicarboxylate
88150-42-9
88150-47-4 (maleate (1:1))
AC-4535
AC1L1D26
AC1Q32ZS
AMLODIPINE BASE
AMVAZ
Ambap88150-42-9
Amlocard
Amlodipine
Amlodipine (INN)
Amlodipine Benzenesulfonate
Amlodipine Besilate
Amlodipine Besylate
Amlodipine Free Base
Amlodipine [INN:BAN]
Amlodipine besilate
Amlodipine besylate
Amlodipine free base
Amlodipino
Amlodipino [Spanish]
Amlodipinum
Amlodipinum [Latin]
Amlodis
Amlopres
Amlor
 
Amvaz
BIDD:GT0810
BRD-A22032524-074-02-4
BRD-A22032524-074-03-2
BSPBio_002727
C06825
CHEBI:2668
CHEMBL1491
CID2162
CPD000469198
Coroval
D07450
DB00381
HMS2052N03
HMS2089H07
I14-0798
Intervask
Istin
KBio3_001947
KBioGR_001643
LS-131183
Lipinox
Lotrel
MLS001401409
MolPort-001-792-963
NCGC00165957-01
NCGC00165957-02
NCGC00165957-03
Norvasc
Norvasc (TN)
Pelmec
R,S)-Amlodipine
Racemic Amlodipine
SAM001246705
SMR000469198
SPBio_000351
Spectrum2_000486
Spectrum3_001004
Spectrum4_001132
Spectrum5_001550
UK-4834011
UNII-1J444QC288
amlodipine
9
DronabinolPhase 21311972-08-316078, 2978
Synonyms:
(-)- delta 9-Tetrahydrocannabinol
(-)-.DELTA.1-Tetrahydrocannabinol
(-)-.DELTA.9-THC
(-)-.DELTA.9-Tetrahydrocannabinol
(-)-.DELTA.9-trans-Tetrahydrocannabinol
(-)-.delta.(sup9)-trans-Tetrahydrocannabinol
(-)-3,4-trans-Delta1-Tetrahydrocannabinol
(-)-delta (sup9)-trans-Tetrahydrocannabinol
(-)-delta 1-Tetrahydrocannabinol
(-)-delta 9-THC
(-)-delta 9-trans-Tetrahydrocannabinol
(-)-delta(sup 1)-3,4-trans-Tetrahydrocannabinol
(-)-delta1-Tetrahydrocannabinol
(-)-delta9-(trans)-Tetrahydrocannabinol
(-)-delta9-Tetrahydrocannabinol
(-)-delta9-trans-Tetrahydrocannabinol
(-)-trans-.DELTA.9-Tetrahydrocannabinol
(-)-trans-Delta1-Tetrahydrocannabinol
(-)-trans-Delta9-THC
(-)-trans-delta 1-Tetrahydrocannabinol
(-)-trans-delta 9-THC
(-)-trans-delta 9-Tetrahydrocannabinol
(-)-trans-delta9-Tetrahydrocannabinol
(L)-.delta.1-Tetrahydrocannabinol
(L)-delta 1-Tetrahydrocannabinol
(l)-delta(sup 1)-Tetrahydrocannabinol
(l)-delta1-Tetrahydrocannabinol
.DELTA.1-THC
.DELTA.1-Tetrahydrocannabinol
.DELTA.9-THC
.DELTA.9-trans-Tetrahydrocannabinol
.delta.(sup9)-THC
.delta.-9-THC
1-trans-.delta.(sup9)-tetrahydrocannabinol
1-trans-D9-Tetrahydrocannabinol
1-trans-delta (sup9)-tetrahydrocannabinol
1-trans-delta 9-Tetrahydrocannabinol
1-trans-delta(sup 9)-Tetrahydrocannabinol
1-trans-delta(sup9)-tetrahydrocannabinol
1-trans-delta-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol
1-trans-delta9-Tetrahydrocannabinol
1363-19-5
14146-29-3
14146-43-1
14C-.DELTA.1-Tetrahydrocannabinol
14C-delta 1-Tetrahydrocannabinol
1972-08-3
26108-45-2
3-Pentyl-6,6,9-trimethyl-6a,7,8,10a-tetrahydro-6H-dibenzo(b,D)pyran-1-ol
308064-99-5
5957-27-7
6,6,9-Trimethyl-3-pentyl-6a,7,8,10a-tetrahydro-6H-benzo[c]chromen-1-ol
6465-30-1
6H-Dibenzo
9-delta-Tetrahydrocannabinol
9-ene-Tetrahydrocannabinol
9-tetrahydrocannabinol
AC1L277U
AC1Q2VRZ
Abbott 40566
BIDD:GT0427
C06972
CAT-310
CCRIS 4726
CHEBI:104496
CHEMBL465
CID16078
Cannabinol, Delta1-tetrahydro- (7CI)
Cannabinol, tetrahydro- (6CI)
Cannabis resin
Compassia
D00306
DB00470
DEA No. 7369
DEA No. 7370
DRG-0138
Delta9-Tetrahydrocannabinol solution
Deltanyne
Drona binol
Dronabinol
Dronabinol (USP/INN)
Dronabinol [USAN:INN]
Dronabinolum
Dronabinolum [Latin]
 
EPA 28
EPA-PLUS
Exocyclic delta (9)(11)-Tetrahydrocannabiol
Fats and Glyceridic oils, fish, n-3 fatty acid-high
Fish oils, n-3 fatty acid-high
Fish oils, omega-3 fatty acid-high
Ganja
HSDB 6471
Hashish
L-.delta.1-Tetrahydrocannabinol
L-.delta.1-trans-Tetrahydrocannabinol
L-delta 1-trans-Tetrahydrocannabinol
L-delta(sup 1)-tetrahydrocannabinol
L-delta1-trans-Tetrahydrocannabinol
L-trans-.delta.9-Tetrahydrocannabinol
L-trans-delta 9-Tetrahydrocannabinol
L-trans-delta9-Tetrahydrocannabinol
LS-975
Marincap
Marinol
Marinol (TN)
MaxEPA
MolPort-003-959-698
NSC 134454
NSC134454
Namisol
Omegaven
PDSP2_000714
Primolut
Pro-Mega
Promega
QCD 84924
QCD-84924
Relivar
SP 104
Sonergx
T2386_SIGMA
T4764_FLUKA
T4764_SIGMA
TETRAHYDROCANNABINOL
THC
THC-delta-9
Tetrahydrocannabinol
Tetrahydrocannabinol delta9
Tetrahydrocannabinols (-)-delta1-3,4-trans-form
Tetranabinex
UNII-7J8897W37S
ZINC01530625
delta (sup9)-Thc
delta 1-THC
delta 1-Tetrahydrocannabinol
delta 9-THC
delta 9-Tetrahydrocannabinol
delta 9-trans-Tetrahydrocannabinol
delta(1)-THC
delta(1)-Tetrahydrocannabinol
delta(9)-THC
delta(9)-Tetrahydrocannabinol
delta(9)-Tetrahydrocannibinol
delta(sup 1)-Tetrahydrocannabinol
delta(sup 1)-Thc
delta(sup 9)-Tetrahydrocannabinol
delta(sup 9)-Thc
delta-9-THC
delta-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol
delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol
delta-THC
delta1-THC
delta1-Tetrahydrocannabinol
delta1-Tetrahydrocannabinol (VAN)
delta9-THC
delta9-Tetrahydrocannabinol
delta9-Tetrahydrocannabinol (VAN)
delta9-trans-Tetrahydrocannabinol
nchembio.129-comp1
nchembio.552-comp1
nchembio.86-comp3
omega-3-Fatty acid
trans-.DELTA.9-Tetrahydrocannabinol
trans-delta (-)-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol
trans-delta 9-Tetrahydrocannabinol
trans-delta-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol
trans-delta9-Tetrahydrocannabinol
trans-tetrahydrocannabinol
Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol
10
EtanerceptPhase 1, Phase 2391185243-69-0
Synonyms:
185243-69-0
CD120b
D00742
Enbrel
Enbrel (TN)
Enbrel Sureclick
Etanercept
Etanercept (USAN/INN)
 
Etanercept (genetical recombination)
Etanercept (genetical recombination) (JAN)
TNF-R2
Tumor necrosis factor receptor 2
Tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily member 1B precursor
Tumor necrosis factor receptor type II
etanercept
p75
p80 TNF-alpha receptor
11
Flumazenil2578755-81-43373
Synonyms:
4H-Imidazo(1,5-a)(1,4)benzodiazepine-3-carboxylic acid, 8-fluoro-5,6-dihydro-5-methyl-6-oxo-, ethyl ester
78755-81-4
8-Fluoro-5,6-dihydro-5-methyl-6-oxo-4H-imidazo[1,5-a][1,4]benzodiazepine-3-carboxylic acid ethyl ester
AC-6846
AC1L1FSE
AC1Q33UE
Anexate
BIDD:GT0766
BPBio1_001190
BRD-K98769987-001-01-3
BRN 4763661
Biomol-NT_000285
C07825
C15H14FN3O3
CHEBI:5103
CHEMBL407
CID3373
CPD000058450
D005442
D00697
DB01205
EU-0100506
Ethyl 8-fluoro-5,6-dihydro-5-methyl-6-oxo-4H-imidazo(1,5-a)(1,4)benzodiazepine-3-carboxylate
Ethyl 8-fluoro-5-methyl-5,6-dihydro-6-oxo-4H-imidazo(1,5-a)(1,4)benzodiazepine-3-carboxylate
Ethyl 8-fluoro-5-methyl-6-oxo-5,6-dihydro-4H-imidazo[1,5-a][1,4]benzodiazepine-3-carboxylate
F 6300
F6300_SIGMA
Flumazenil (JAN/USP/INN)
Flumazenil [USAN:BAN:INN]
Flumazenilo
Flumazenilo [Spanish]
Flumazenilum
Flumazenilum [Latin]
Flumazepil
Flumazepil, Ro 15-1788, Anexate, Lanexat, Mazicon, Roma,Flumazenil
HMS2051D17
HMS2089B15
Hoffman La Roche Brand of Flumazenil
Hoffman-La Roche Brand of Flumazenil
I01-0379
LS-77778
 
Lanexat
Lopac-F-6300
Lopac0_000506
MLS000028850
MLS000759529
MLS001076354
Mazicon
MolPort-003-666-855
NCGC00015439-01
NCGC00015439-03
NCGC00015439-07
NCGC00025116-01
NCGC00025116-02
NCGC00025116-03
NCGC00025116-04
NCGC00025116-05
PDSP1_001778
PDSP2_001761
RO-151788
Ro 15 1788
Ro 15-1788
Ro 151788
Ro-15-1788
Ro-?15-1788
Ro15-1788
Roche Brand of Flumazenil
Romazicon
Romazicon (TN)
S1332_Selleck
SAM001246763
SBB063113
SMR000058450
TL8005362
Tocris-1328
UNII-40P7XK9392
UPCMLD-DP137
UPCMLD-DP137:001
ZINC00001464
[3H]Ro15-1788
ethyl 8-fluoro-5-methyl-6-oxo-4H-imidazo[1,5-a][1,4]benzodiazepine-3-carboxylate
flumazenil
nchembio747-comp37
12
Prednisolone111850-24-85755
Synonyms:
(11beta)-11,17,21-Trihydroxypregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione
.DELTA.1-Cortisol
.DELTA.1-Dehydrocortisol
.DELTA.1-Dehydrohydrocortisone
.DELTA.1-Hydrocortisone
.delta.-Cortef
.delta.-Stab
1,2-Dehydrohydrocortisone
1,4-Pregnadiene-11beta,17alpha,21-triol-3,20-dione
1,4-Pregnadiene-3,20-dione-11beta,17alpha,21-triol
1-Dehydrocortisol
1-Dehydrohydrocortisone
3,20-dioxo-11beta,17alpha,21-Trihydroxy-1,4-pregnadiene
46656_FLUKA
46656_RIEDEL
50-24-8
58201-11-9
8056-11-9
AC-1773
AC1L1L2E
Ak-Pred
Ak-Tate
Alphadrol
Articulose-50
BPBio1_000164
BRD-K98039984-001-03-0
BRN 1354103
BSPBio_000148
Bio-0666
Bubbli-Pred
C07369
CCRIS 980
CHEBI:8378
CHEMBL131
CID5755
CO-Hydeltra
CPD000718761
Co-Hydeltra
Codelcortone
Cordrol
Cortalone
Cotogesic
Cotolone
D00472
D011239
DB00860
Decaprednil
Decortin H
Delcortol
Delta F
Delta(1)-dehydrohydrocortisone
Delta-Cortef
Delta-Cortef (TN)
Delta-Ef-Cortelan
Delta-Stab
Delta-stab
Deltacortenol
Deltacortril
Deltacortril Enteric
Deltahydrocortisone
Deltasolone
Deltisilone
Depo-Medrol
Derpo PD
Derpo Pd
Dexa-Cortidelt Hostacortin H
Dexa-Cortidelt hostacortin H
Di Adreson F
Di-Adreson F
Di-Adreson-F
Di-adreson F
DiAdresonF
Dicortol
Donisolone
Dydeltrone
EINECS 200-021-7
Eazolin D
Econopred
Econopred Plus
Erbacort
Erbasona
Estilsona
Fernisolone
Fernisolone P
Fernisolone-P
Flamasone
HMS1568H10
HMS2090J05
HSDB 3385
Hostacortin H
Hydeltra
Hydeltra-Tba
Hydeltrasol
Hydeltrone
Hydrodeltalone
Hydrodeltisone
Hydroretrocortin
Hydroretrocortine
I-Pred
Inflamase Forte
Inflamase Mild
K 1557
Key-Pred
Klismacort
LMST02030179
LS-7669
Lentosone
Lite Pred
M-Predrol
 
MLS001304083
MLS002154250
MLS002207037
Medrol
Medrol Acetate
Metacortandralone
Methylprednisolone Acetate
Meti-Derm
Meticortelone
Metreton
MolPort-002-507-147
NCGC00179649-01
NSC 9120
NSC9120
NSC9900
Neo-Delta-Cortef
Nisolone
Nor-Pred T.B.A.
Ocu-Pred
Ocu-Pred Forte
Ophtho-Tate
Orapred
P0152_SIGMA
P0637
P6004_SIGMA
PRDL
PRED-G
Panafcortelone
Paracortol
Paracotol
Pediapred
Poly-Pred
Precortalon
Precortancyl
Precortilon
Precortisyl
Pred Forte
Pred Mild
Predair
Predair A
Predair Forte
Predalone 50
Predalone T.B.A.
Predate
Predate Tba
Predate-50
Predcor-25
Predcor-50
Predcor-Tba
Predisolone Sodium Phosphate
Predne-Dome
Prednelan
Predni-Dome
Prednicen
Predniliderm
Predniretard
Prednis
Prednisolona
Prednisolona [INN-Spanish]
Prednisolone (JP15/USP/INN)
Prednisolone (anhydrous)
Prednisolone Acetate
Prednisolone Sodium Phosphate
Prednisolone Tebutate
Prednisolone [INN:BAN:JAN]
Prednisolonum
Prednisolonum [INN-Latin]
Predonin
Predonine
Prelone
Prenolone
Prestwick0_000274
Prestwick1_000274
Prestwick2_000274
Prestwick3_000274
Prestwick_404
Rolisone
S1737_Selleck
SAM002264639
SMR000718761
SPBio_002367
Scherisolon
Solone
Steran
Sterane
Sterolone
Supercortisol
UNII-9PHQ9Y1OLM
Ulacort
Ultra Pred
Ultracorten H
Ultracortene H
Ultracortene-H
Ultracortene-Hydrogen
Ultracortene-hydrogen
ZINC03833821
component of Ataraxoid
component of K-Predne-Dome
delta(1)-Cortisol
delta(1)-Dehydrocortisol
delta(1)-Dehydrohydrocortisone
delta(1)-Hydrocortisone
delta(sup 1)-Cortisol
delta(sup 1)-Dehydrocortisol
delta(sup 1)-Dehydrohydrocortisone
delta(sup 1)-Hydrocortisone
delta-dehydrocortisol
delta-dehydrohydrocortisone
delta-hydrocortisone
prednisolone
13PREDNISOLONE ACETATE1118
14
Cortisone acetate601950-04-4, 50-04-45745
Synonyms:
 
Cortisyl
Cortone acetate
15
Methylprednisolone111883-43-26741
Synonyms:
(6S,8S,9S,10R,11S,13S,14S,17R)-11,17-dihydroxy-17-(2-hydroxyacetyl)-6,10,13-trimethyl-7,8,9,11,12,14,15,16-octahydro-6H-cyclopenta[a]phenanthren-3-one
(6a,11b)-11,17,21-Trihydroxy-6-methylpregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione
(6alpha,11beta)-11,17,21-Trihydroxy-6-methylpregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione
(6α,11β)-11,17,21-trihydroxy-6-methylpregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione
.DELTA.1-6.alpha.-Methylhydrocortisone
1-Dehydro-6alpha-methylhydrocortisone
1-dehydro-6alpha-Methylhydrocortisone
1-dehydro-6α-methylhydrocortisone
11-beta,17,21-Trihydroxy-6-alpha-methylpregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione
11beta,17,21-Trihydroxy-6alpha-methylpregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione
11beta,17alpha,21-Trihydroxy-6alpha-methyl-1,4-pregnadiene-3,20-dione
11beta,17alpha,21-Trihydroxy-6alpha-methylpregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione
121673-01-6
4-08-00-03498 (Beilstein Handbook Reference)
46436_FLUKA
46436_RIEDEL
570-35-4
6 Methylprednisolone
6-Methylprednisolone
6-alpha-Methylprednisolone
6.alpha.-Methylprednisolone
6923-42-8
6alpha-Methyl-11beta,17alpha,21-trihydroxy-1,4-pregnadiene-3,20-dione
6alpha-Methyl-11beta,17alpha,21-triol-1,4-pregnadiene-3,20-dione
6alpha-Methylprednisolone
6alpha-methyl-11beta,17alpha,21-triol-1,4-pregnadiene-3,20-dione
83-43-2
AC1L1N7A
Artisone-Wyeth
Artisone-wyeth
BPBio1_000174
BRD-K35240538-001-03-1
BRN 2340300
BSPBio_000158
Besonia
Bio-0658
CHEBI:6888
CHEMBL650
CID6741
CPD000058330
D00407
D008775
DB00959
Depo-Medrol (acetate)
Dopomedrol
EINECS 201-476-4
Esametone
Firmacort
HMS1568H20
HMS2090B13
HSDB 3127
LMST02030178
LS-118498
Lemod
M0639_SIGMA
M1665
MEPRDL
MLS000028541
MLS001148159
MLS002207191
Medesone
Medixon
Medlone 21
 
Medrate
Medrol
Medrol (TN)
Medrol Adt Pak
Medrol Dosepak
Medrol adt pak
Medrol dosepak
Medrol, Solu-Medrol, Medrone, Methylprednisolone
Medrone
Mesopren
Metastab
Methyleneprednisolone
Methylprednisolon
Methylprednisolone
Methylprednisolone (JP15/USP/INN)
Methylprednisolone [USAN:INN:BAN:JAN]
Methylprednisolone, 6-alpha
Methylprednisolonum
Methylprednisolonum [INN-Latin]
Metilbetasone
Metilprednisolona
Metilprednisolona [INN-Spanish]
Metilprednisolone
Metilprednisolone [DCIT]
Metilprednisolone [Dcit]
Metipred
Metrisone
Metrocort
Metysolon
Moderin
MolPort-002-528-554
NCGC00022735-03
NCI60_001657
NSC-19987
NSC19987
Nirypan
Noretona
Predni N Tablinen
Prednol- L
Pregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione, 11beta,17,21-trihydroxy-6alpha-methyl- (8CI)
Prestwick0_000279
Prestwick1_000279
Prestwick2_000279
Prestwick3_000279
Prestwick_622
Promacortine
Reactenol
S1733_Selleck
SAM002589984
SMR000058330
SPBio_002377
Sieropresol
Solomet
Summicort
Suprametil
U 7532
UNII-X4W7ZR7023
Urbason
Urbasone
Wyacort
ZINC03875560
delta(1)-6alpha-Methylhydrocortisone
delta(sup 1)-6-alpha-Methylhydrocortisone
methylprednisolone
methylprenisolone
16
cortisone6053-06-5222786
Synonyms:
Andreson
Anusol HC
Balneol-Hc
Colocort
Compound E
Corlin
Cortadren
Cortandren
Cortef
Cortef Acetate
Cortisal
Cortisate
Cortison
Cortisone Acetate
Cortistal
Cortivite
Cortogen
Cortone
Cortril
Dermacort
Dricort
Flexicort
 
Florinef
Fludrocortisone Acetate
Glycort
Hemsol-Hc
Hi-Cor
Incortin
Kendall'S Compound E
Kendall'S compound
Locoid
Locoid Lipocream
Micort-Hc
Nogenic HC
Orabase HCA
Pandel
Prestwick_132
Reichstein Fa
Reichstein'S Substance FA
Scheroson
Solu-Cortef
Stie-Cort
Texacort
Westcort
beta-Hc
17
Trihexyphenidyl258947-95-8, 144-11-65572
Synonyms:
(+-)-alpha-Cyclohexyl-alpha-phenyl-1-piperidinepropanol hydrochloride
(RS)-1-cyclohexyl-1-phenyl-3-(1-piperidyl)propan-1-ol
1-Phenyl-1-cyclohexyl-3-piperidyl-1-propanol hydrochloride
1-Piperidinepropanol, alpha-cyclohexyl-alpha-phenyl-, hydrochloride
1-cyclohexyl-1-phenyl-3-piperidin-1-ylpropan-1-ol
1-cyclohexyl-1-phenyl-3-piperidin-1-ylpropan-1-ol hydrochloride
144-11-6
144-11-6 (Parent)
3-(1-Piperidyl)-1-cyclohexyl-1-phenyl-1-propanol hydrochloride
5-20-02-00231 (Beilstein Handbook Reference)
52-49-3
52-49-3 (hydrochloride)
58947-95-8
AB00053559
AC-4520
AC1L1KNB
AC1L24EZ
Apo-Trihex
Apo-trihex
Apo-trihex (TN)
Artane
Artane (TN)
Artane Sequels
Artane hydrochloride
BPBio1_000971
BRD-A48180038-003-05-2
BRN 0088959
BSPBio_000881
BSPBio_002930
Benzhexol
Benzhexol Hydrochloride
Benzhexol chloride
Benzhexol hydrochloride
Benzhexolum
C07171
C20H31NO
CHEMBL1092
CHEMBL1490
CID5572
CID66007
CPD000058515
Cyclodol
Cyclodolum
D00787
D08638
DB00376
DL-TRIHEXYPHENIDYL
DL-TRIHEXYPHENIDYL HYDROCHLORIDE
DivK1c_000372
EINECS 200-142-5
EINECS 205-614-4
EU-0101125
HMS1570M03
HMS1921G17
HSDB 3196
IDI1_000372
KBio1_000372
KBio2_001112
KBio2_003680
KBio2_006248
KBio3_002150
KBioGR_000837
KBioSS_001112
L000821
LS-116010
LS-116011
LS-116014
Lopac0_001125
MLS000069670
MLS001148658
MolPort-001-783-510
 
MolPort-003-666-299
NCGC00016003-06
NCGC00089797-02
NCGC00094393-01
NCGC00094393-02
NCGC00094393-03
NCGC00094393-04
NCGC00094393-05
NINDS_000372
NSC 12268
NSC12268
Oprea1_853391
PMS Trihexyphenidyl
Pacitane
Paralest
Parcopane
Pargitan
Parkinane retard
Parkopan
Peragit
Pipanol
Prestwick0_000701
Prestwick1_000701
Prestwick2_000701
Prestwick3_000701
Prestwick_133
Romparkin
SAM002264652
SMR000058515
SPBio_000757
SPBio_002802
SPECTRUM1500592
ST51015131
Sedrena (free base)
Spectrum2_000829
Spectrum3_001375
Spectrum4_000369
Spectrum5_001465
Spectrum_000632
T 1516
T1516_SIGMA
TL8003459
Tremin
Triesifenidile
Triexifenidila
Trihexane
Trihexifenidilo
Trihexifenidilo [INN-Spanish]
Trihexy
Trihexylphenidyl
Trihexylphenidyle
Trihexylphenizyl
Trihexyphenidyl
Trihexyphenidyl (INN)
Trihexyphenidyl HCl
Trihexyphenidyl [INN:BAN]
Trihexyphenidyl hydrochloride
Trihexyphenidyl hydrochloride (JP15/USP)
Trihexyphenidyl hydrochloride [JAN]
Trihexyphenidyl-D,L Hydrochloride
Trihexyphenidyle
Trihexyphenidyle [INN-French]
Trihexyphenidylum
Trihexyphenidylum [INN-Latin]
Trihexyphénidyle
Triphenidyl
Tsiklodol
UNII-6RC5V8B7PO
UNII-AO61G82577
WIN 511
alpha-Cyclohexyl-alpha-phenyl-1-piperidinepropanol hydrochloride
trihexyphenidyl

Interventional clinical trials:

(show top 50)    (show all 109)
idNameStatusNCT IDPhase
1Botox for Cervical Dystonia Following EMG MappingCompletedNCT00773253Phase 4
2An Open Label Safety and Immunogenicity Study of MYOBLOC (Neurobloc; Botulinum Toxin Type B) Injectable Solution in Patients With Cervical DystoniaCompletedNCT00702754Phase 4
3A Study to Compare Dysport® and Botox® in the Treatment of Cervical DystoniaCompletedNCT00950664Phase 4
4Daily Dystonia Practice - A Trial to Investigate NT 201, the Duration of Treatment Effect After One Injection Session and in Long-term Treatment in Cervical DystoniaCompletedNCT00541905Phase 4
5A Retrospective Chart Review of BOTOX® and Xeomin® for the Management of Cervical Dystonia and BlepharospasmCompletedNCT02245958Phase 4
6Effect of Botulinum Toxin Type A on Swallowing in Patients With Cervical DystoniaCompletedNCT01384214Phase 4
7Comparison of Efficacy and Safety of Two Different Types of Botulinum Toxin Type A in Moderate to Severe Cervical DystoniaCompletedNCT00528541Phase 4
8Post Marketing Surveillance Study of DysportCompletedNCT00210431Phase 4
9The Impact of Botulinum Toxin Treatment in Quality of Life of Cervical Dystonia PatientsRecruitingNCT01664013Phase 4
10OnabotulinumtoxinA in the Management of Psychogenic DystoniaRecruitingNCT02618889Phase 4
11Ultrasound Guided Intermediate Cervical Plexus Block for Congenital Muscular TorticollisRecruitingNCT02651311Phase 4
12Open-Label Non-Inferiority Study Evaluating the Efficacy and Safety of Xeomin® in Subjects With Cervical Dystonia FlexActive, not recruitingNCT01486264Phase 4
13Neurotoxin and Physical TherapyActive, not recruitingNCT02177617Phase 4
14Efficacy and Safety of Meditoxin® Injection for Cervical Dystonia in Adults With Cerebral PalsyNot yet recruitingNCT01860196Phase 4
15Efficacy of Botulinum Toxin Versus Lidocaine in Treating Masticatory Myofascial Face Pain Using Ultrasound and EMG Guided TechniquesNot yet recruitingNCT00992108Phase 4
16Efficacy and Safety of Two Different Botulinum Toxin Type A Treatments for Moderate to Severe Cervical DystoniaTerminatedNCT00432341Phase 4
17Study to Assess the Efficacy and Safety of Dysport® in Cervical DystoniaCompletedNCT00447772Phase 3
18Double-Blind, Multicenter Study to Assess the Efficacy of Bilateral Pallidal Stimulation in Patients With Medically Refractory Primary Cervical DystoniaCompletedNCT00148889Phase 3
19Efficacy and Safety of DYSPORT Using 2mL Dilution in Adults With Cervical Dystonia.CompletedNCT01753310Phase 3
20Study Comparing Short Term Efficacy of Dysport® and Dysport RU® to Placebo, and to Assess Efficacy and Safety of Dysport RU® of Subjects With Cervical DystoniaCompletedNCT01261611Phase 3
21Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Study of AbobotulinumtoxinA (Dysport®) for the Treatment of Cervical DystoniaCompletedNCT00257660Phase 3
22Open-label Extension Study of AbobotulinumtoxinA (Dysport®) for the Treatment of Cervical DystoniaCompletedNCT00288509Phase 3
23Long Term Safety And Effectiveness Of Dysport In Adults With Cervical DystoniaCompletedNCT01753336Phase 3
24IncobotulinumtoxinA (Xeomin) Versus Placebo in the Treatment of Cervical DystoniaCompletedNCT00407030Phase 3
25Evaluation of Botulinum Toxin Injection Efficacy in the Treatment of Head Essential TremorRecruitingNCT02555982Phase 3
26Effects of Botulinum Toxin Injections in Patients With Hereditary Spastic ParaplegiaActive, not recruitingNCT02604186Phase 2, Phase 3
27Botulinum Toxin Type A (Botox) for the Treatment of Cervical Dystonia and Upper Thoracic Muscular PainCompletedNCT00178945Phase 1, Phase 2
28Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Parallel, Group Dose-Response, Study of E2014 in Patients WIth Spasmodic TorticollisCompletedNCT00165776Phase 2
29Study to Evaluate Safety, Efficacy of Botulinum Toxin Type A in Patients With Cervical DystoniaCompletedNCT00564681Phase 2
30Study for Determine the Safety and Efficacy of Clostridium Botulinum Toxin Type A in Subjects With Cervical DystoniaCompletedNCT01588574Phase 2
31Amlodipine Plus Botulinum Toxin for Focal DystoniaCompletedNCT00015457Phase 2
32Deep Brain Stimulation for Cervical DystoniaCompletedNCT00105430Phase 2
33Deep Brain Stimulation in Patients With DystoniaCompletedNCT00773604Phase 1, Phase 2
34An Electrophysiological Study Of E2014 In Healthy Adult Male Japanese And Caucasian SubjectsCompletedNCT00280384Phase 2
35Transcranial Electrical Polarization to Treat Focal Hand DystoniaCompletedNCT00106782Phase 2
36Motor Training to Treat Hand DystoniaCompletedNCT00021853Phase 2
37Efficacy of Dronabinol for the Treatment of Cervical DystoniaRecruitingNCT00418925Phase 2
38Dose-escalating Safety and Preliminary Efficacy of DaxibotulinumtoxinA for Injection in Cervical DystoniaRecruitingNCT02706795Phase 2
39Study of the Treatment of Tendinopathy Unruptured of Rotator Cuff by Intramuscular Injection of Botulinum ToxinRecruitingNCT02867787Phase 2
40Effectiveness and Safety of Adipose-derived Regenerative Cells for Reduction of Risk of Bladder Neck ContractureEnrolling by invitationNCT02869061Phase 1, Phase 2
41ASIS for Botox in Cervical DystoniaNot yet recruitingNCT02074293Phase 1, Phase 2
42Clinical and Kinematic Assessment for Determination of Botox® Injection Parameters in Cervical DystoniaNot yet recruitingNCT02662530Phase 2
43Safety and Tolerability of Perampanel in Cervical DystoniaNot yet recruitingNCT02131467Phase 1, Phase 2
44ASIS for Enbrel in Plaque PsoriasisNot yet recruitingNCT02112097Phase 1, Phase 2
45Keppra for Cervical DystoniaSuspendedNCT00760318Phase 2
46Deep Brain Stimulation to Treat Cervical DystoniaCompletedNCT00132340Phase 1
47PurTox (Botulinum Toxin Type A) for the Treatment of Adult Onset Spasmodic Torticollis/Cervical DystoniaCompletedNCT00549341Phase 1
48Study of Air Stream in Voice ProductionCompletedNCT00015795Phase 1
49Is Home Positioning Time Associated With Torticollis Rate of Recovery?CompletedNCT00347334Phase 1
50Botulinum Toxin Injection EfficiencyActive, not recruitingNCT01041157Phase 1

Search NIH Clinical Center for Cervical Dystonia

Genetic Tests for Cervical Dystonia

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Anatomical Context for Cervical Dystonia

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MalaCards organs/tissues related to Cervical Dystonia:

34
Brain, Cerebellum, Testes, Globus pallidus, Cortex, Subthalamic nucleus, Heart

Animal Models for Cervical Dystonia or affiliated genes

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MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Cervical Dystonia:

39
idDescriptionMGI Source AccessionScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1MP:00053867.5BDNF, CIZ1, DRD5, GNAL, HLA-DQB1, NALCN

Publications for Cervical Dystonia

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Articles related to Cervical Dystonia:

(show top 50)    (show all 580)
idTitleAuthorsYear
1
Clinical and genetic features of cervical dystonia in a large multicenter cohort. (27123488)
2016
2
The role of polymyography in the treatment of cervical dystonia: the authors reply. (27393115)
2016
3
Botulinum Toxin Treatment of Cervical Dystonia. (26866496)
2016
4
Patient considerations in the treatment of cervical dystonia: focus on botulinum toxin type A. (26082621)
2015
5
Cost-Effectiveness of Incobotulinumtoxin-A With Flexible Treatment Intervals Compared to Onabotulinumtoxin-A In The Management of Blepharospasm And Cervical Dystonia. (26534253)
2015
6
Pain Relief in Cervical Dystonia with Botulinum Toxin Treatment. (26110508)
2015
7
The clinical utility of botulinum toxin injections targeted at the motor endplate zone in cervical dystonia. (25060697)
2014
8
A headset method for measuring the visual temporal discrimination threshold in cervical dystonia. (25126450)
2014
9
Deep brain stimulation for cervical dystonia. (25127234)
2014
10
Effects of two weeks of cerebellar theta burst stimulation in cervical dystonia patients. (24881805)
2014
11
EMG coherence and spectral analysis in cervical dystonia: Discriminative tools to identify dystonic muscles? (25305713)
2014
12
Chiropractic care using a functional neurologic approach for idiopathic cervical dystonia in a 59-year-old woman. (24294147)
2013
13
Structural brain abnormalities in cervical dystonia. (24131497)
2013
14
Impaired cognitive functions in adult-onset primary cranial cervical dystonia. (24161376)
2013
15
Clinical experience of dose conversion ratios between 2 botulinum toxin products in the treatment of cervical dystonia. (23123690)
2012
16
A loud auditory stimulus overcomes voluntary movement limitation in cervical dystonia. (23091598)
2012
17
Evolution of dose and response to botulinum toxin A in cervical dystonia: a multicenter study. (21197540)
2011
18
Descriptions of cervical dystonia by Sir Charles Bell. (20131384)
2010
19
Unilateral pallidal deep brain stimulation in a patient with cervical dystonia and tremor. (20509725)
2010
20
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor and risk for primary adult-onset cranial-cervical dystonia. (19473353)
2009
21
Cervical dystonia presenting as a phenocopy in an Irish SCA2 family. (19086087)
2009
22
Induction of bradykinesia with pallidal deep brain stimulation in patients with cranial-cervical dystonia. (19174619)
2009
23
Cervical dystonia: clinical and therapeutic features in 85 patients. (18392407)
2008
24
Irregularity distinguishes limb tremor in cervical dystonia from essential tremor. (17872981)
2008
25
Prevalence of cervical dystonia and spasmodic torticollis in the United States general population. (17442609)
2007
26
Cervical dystonia due to interaction of valproic acid and quetiapine. (17632227)
2007
27
Determinants and status of quality of life after long-term botulinum toxin therapy for cervical dystonia. (17708754)
2007
28
CDIP-58 can measure the impact of botulinum toxin treatment in cervical dystonia. (17190951)
2006
29
Botulinum toxin and neuromotor rehabilitation: An integrated approach to idiopathic cervical dystonia. (17029278)
2006
30
Pallidal deep brain stimulation in cervical dystonia: clinical outcome in four cases. (15376476)
2004
31
Treatment of cervical dystonia by olanzapine. (12766936)
2003
32
Cervical dystonia in dentatorubral-pallidoluysian atrophy. (12956864)
2003
33
Auditory startle response in cervical dystonia. (14673891)
2003
34
Respective potencies of Botox and Dysport: a double blind, randomised, crossover study in cervical dystonia. (11909897)
2002
35
Neutralizing botulinum toxin type a antibodies: clinical observations in patients with cervical dystonia. (12396862)
2001
36
Intramuscular phenol injection for severe cervical dystonia. (10751122)
2000
37
Posturographic findings in patients with idiopathic cervical dystonia before and after local injections with botulinum toxin. (10343149)
1999
38
Trick maneuvers in cervical dystonia: investigation of movement- and touch-related changes in polymyographic activity. (10584675)
1999
39
Bilateral stimulation of globus pallidus internus for treatment of cervical dystonia. (10485734)
1999
40
A pilot trial of clozapine in the treatment of cervical dystonia. (9669485)
1998
41
Treatment of cervical dystonia: a comparison of measures for outcome assessment. (9686779)
1998
42
Current concepts on the clinical features, aetiology and management of idiopathic cervical dystonia. (9577384)
1998
43
Evidence for DYT7 being a common cause of cervical dystonia (torticollis) in Central Europe. (9342206)
1997
44
Treatment of putative immune-mediated and idiopathic cervical dystonia with intravenous methylprednisolone. (9065556)
1997
45
BotB (botulinum toxin type B): evaluation of safety and tolerability in botulinum toxin type A-resistant cervical dystonia patients (preliminary study). (9380065)
1997
46
Cervical dystonia due to a frontal meningioma. (8723157)
1996
47
Treatment with botulinum toxin injections does not change brainstem interneuronal excitability in patients with cervical dystonia. (9316668)
1994
48
Brachial plexopathy after Botulinum toxin administration for cervical dystonia. (8382272)
1993
49
Cervical radiculopathy following botulinum toxin therapy for cervical dystonia. (8406138)
1993
50
Cervical dystonia: clinical findings and associated movement disorders. (2067638)
1991

Variations for Cervical Dystonia

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Expression for genes affiliated with Cervical Dystonia

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Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Cervical Dystonia.

Pathways for genes affiliated with Cervical Dystonia

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Pathways related to Cervical Dystonia according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 18)
idSuper pathwaysScoreTop Affiliating Genes
18.5HLA-DQA1, HLA-DQB1, HLA-DRB1
2
Show member pathways
8.5HLA-DQA1, HLA-DQB1, HLA-DRB1
3
Show member pathways
8.5HLA-DQA1, HLA-DQB1, HLA-DRB1
48.5HLA-DQA1, HLA-DQB1, HLA-DRB1
58.5HLA-DQA1, HLA-DQB1, HLA-DRB1
6
Show member pathways
8.5HLA-DQA1, HLA-DQB1, HLA-DRB1
78.5HLA-DQA1, HLA-DQB1, HLA-DRB1
88.5HLA-DQA1, HLA-DQB1, HLA-DRB1
98.5HLA-DQA1, HLA-DQB1, HLA-DRB1
108.5HLA-DQA1, HLA-DQB1, HLA-DRB1
11
Show member pathways
8.5HLA-DQA1, HLA-DQB1, HLA-DRB1
128.5HLA-DQA1, HLA-DQB1, HLA-DRB1
138.5HLA-DQA1, HLA-DQB1, HLA-DRB1
14
Show member pathways
8.5HLA-DQA1, HLA-DQB1, HLA-DRB1
15
Show member pathways
8.2GNAL, HLA-DQA1, HLA-DQB1, HLA-DRB1
16
Show member pathways
8.2GNAL, HLA-DQA1, HLA-DQB1, HLA-DRB1
178.2GNAL, HLA-DQA1, HLA-DQB1, HLA-DRB1
18
Show member pathways
8.2GNAL, HLA-DQA1, HLA-DQB1, HLA-DRB1

GO Terms for genes affiliated with Cervical Dystonia

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Cellular components related to Cervical Dystonia according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1MHC class II protein complexGO:00426139.0HLA-DQA1, HLA-DQB1, HLA-DRB1
2integral component of lumenal side of endoplasmic reticulum membraneGO:00715569.0HLA-DQA1, HLA-DQB1, HLA-DRB1
3clathrin-coated endocytic vesicle membraneGO:00306698.9HLA-DQA1, HLA-DQB1, HLA-DRB1
4ER to Golgi transport vesicle membraneGO:00125078.9HLA-DQA1, HLA-DQB1, HLA-DRB1
5trans-Golgi network membraneGO:00325888.8HLA-DQA1, HLA-DQB1, HLA-DRB1
6transport vesicle membraneGO:00306588.7HLA-DQA1, HLA-DQB1, HLA-DRB1
7endocytic vesicle membraneGO:00306668.6HLA-DQA1, HLA-DQB1, HLA-DRB1
8lysosomal membraneGO:00057658.5HLA-DQA1, HLA-DQB1, HLA-DRB1

Biological processes related to Cervical Dystonia according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 8)
idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1activation of adenylate cyclase activityGO:00071909.7DRD5, GNAL
2negative regulation of blood pressureGO:00457769.7DRD5, GCH1
3adenylate cyclase-activating dopamine receptor signaling pathwayGO:00071919.6DRD5, GNAL
4adenylate cyclase-activating G-protein coupled receptor signaling pathwayGO:00071899.4DRD5, GNAL
5interferon-gamma-mediated signaling pathwayGO:00603338.9HLA-DQA1, HLA-DQB1, HLA-DRB1
6T cell receptor signaling pathwayGO:00508528.8HLA-DQA1, HLA-DQB1, HLA-DRB1
7antigen processing and presentation of exogenous peptide antigen via MHC class IIGO:00198868.8HLA-DQA1, HLA-DQB1, HLA-DRB1
8T cell costimulationGO:00312958.7HLA-DQA1, HLA-DQB1, HLA-DRB1

Molecular functions related to Cervical Dystonia according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1MHC class II receptor activityGO:00323959.3HLA-DQA1, HLA-DQB1
2peptide antigen bindingGO:00426058.5HLA-DQA1, HLA-DQB1, HLA-DRB1

Sources for Cervical Dystonia

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2CDC
6CNVD
10DGIdb
15ExPASy
16FDA
17FMA
25GTR
26HGMD
27HMDB
28ICD10
29ICD10 via Orphanet
30ICD9CM
31IUPHAR
32KEGG
35MedGen
37MeSH
38MESH via Orphanet
39MGI
42NCI
43NCIt
44NDF-RT
47NINDS
48Novoseek
50OMIM
51OMIM via Orphanet
55PubMed
56QIAGEN
61SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
65Tumor Gene Family of Databases
66UMLS
67UMLS via Orphanet