MCID: CHK001
MIFTS: 56

Chikungunya malady

Categories: Rare diseases, Infectious diseases, Bone diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Chikungunya

About this section

Aliases & Descriptions for Chikungunya:

Name: Chikungunya 10 45 12 51 35
Chikungunya Fever 10 45 2 65
Ck 45 2
Arbovirus a Chikungunya Type 45
 
Chikungunya Virus Infection 45
Chikv Infection 45
Chik 45

Characteristics:

Orphanet epidemiological data:

51
chikungunya:
Prevalence: <1/1000000 (France); Age of onset: All ages; Age of death: normal life expectancy

Classifications:



External Ids:

Disease Ontology10 DOID:0050012
Orphanet51 324625
ICD10 via Orphanet28 A92.0
ICD1027 A92.0
UMLS65 C0008055

Summaries for Chikungunya

About this section
MedlinePlus:35 Chikungunya is a virus that spread by the same kinds of mosquitoes that spread dengue and zika virus. rarely, it can spread from mother to newborn around the time of birth. it may also possibly spread through infected blood. there have been outbreaks of chikungunya virus in africa, asia, europe, the indian and pacific oceans, the caribbean, and central and south america. most people who are infected will have symptoms, which can be severe. they usually start 3-7 days after being bitten by an infected mosquito. the most common symptoms are fever and joint pain. other symptoms may include headache, muscle pain, joint swelling, and rash. most people feel better within a week. in some cases, however, the joint pain may last for months. people at risk for more severe disease include newborns, older adults, and people with diseases such as high blood pressure, diabetes, or heart disease. a blood test can show whether you have chikungunya virus. there are no vaccines or medicines to treat it. drinking lots of fluids, resting, and taking non-aspirin pain relievers might help. the best way to prevent chikungunya infection is to avoid mosquito bites: use insect repellent wear clothes that cover your arms, legs, and feet stay in places that have air conditioning or that use window and door screens centers for disease control and prevention

MalaCards based summary: Chikungunya, also known as chikungunya fever, is related to optic neuritis and west nile fever, and has symptoms including fever, arthralgia and maculopapular rash. An important gene associated with Chikungunya is OAS3 (2'-5'-Oligoadenylate Synthetase 3), and among its related pathways are IL-9 Signaling Pathways and their Primary Biological Effects in Different Immune Cell Types and Cytokines and Inflammatory Response. Affiliated tissues include joint, heart and testes, and related mouse phenotypes are hematopoietic system and immune system.

Disease Ontology:10 A viral infectious disease that results in infection located in joint, has material basis in Chikungunya virus, which is transmitted by Aedes mosquito bite. The infection has symptom fever, has symptom arthralgia, and has symptom maculopapular rash.

CDC:2 Click here to view a Digital Press Kit on chikungunya from the CDC News Room.

Wikipedia:68 Chikungunya (Makonde for \"that which bends up\") is an infection caused by the chikungunya virus. The... more...

Related Diseases for Chikungunya

About this section

Diseases related to Chikungunya via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50)    (show all 153)
idRelated DiseaseScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1optic neuritis30.7IL1B, IL6
2west nile fever30.5BST2, OAS3
3asthma28.4CCL5, CD40LG, IL1B, IL6
4rheumatoid arthritis28.2CCL5, CD40LG, IL1B, IL6, MIF
5malaria27.4CCL5, CD40LG, HSP90AA1, IL1B, IL6, MIF
6ck syndrome12.4
7isolated hyperckemia10.9
8plantar nerve lesion10.7IL1B, IL6
9corneal abscess10.7IL1B, IL6
10mammary paget's disease10.7IL1B, IL6
11lujo hemorrhagic fever10.7IL1B, IL6
12neonatal period electroclinical syndrome10.7IL1B, IL6
13hemoglobin c disease10.7IL1B, IL6
14residual stage angle-closure glaucoma10.7IL1B, IL6
15granulomatous amebic encephalitis10.6IL1B, IL6
16chronic monocytic leukemia10.6IL1B, IL6
17skin conditions10.6IL1B, IL6
18postsurgical hypothyroidism10.6IL1B, IL6
19eyelid neoplasm10.6IL1B, IL6
20ulcer of lower limbs10.6IL1B, IL6
21rubeosis iridis10.6IL1B, IL6
22duodenum cancer10.5IL1B, IL6
23cystic echinococcosis10.5IL1B, IL6
24idiopathic spinal cord herniation10.5IL1B, IL6
25dentin caries10.5IL1B, IL6
26plasma protein metabolism disease10.5CD40LG, IL6
27alcoholic gastritis10.5IL1B, IL6
28wrinkles10.5CD40LG, IL6
29congenital chloride diarrhea10.5CCL5, IL6
30inflammatory leiomyosarcoma10.5CD40LG, IL6
31meningoencephalocele10.5CCL5, IL1B
32placental abruption10.5IL1B, IL6
33intestinal impaction10.5CD40LG, IL6
34ileitis10.4CD40LG, IL1B
35congenital dyserythropoietic anemia10.4CD40LG, IL6
36secretory diarrhea10.4IL1B, IL6
37mobitz type ii atrioventricular block10.4CD40LG, IL1B
38narcissistic personality disorder10.4CD40LG, IL6
39hemorrhagic proctocolitis10.4CD40LG, IL6
40myocardial infarction10.4
41diffuse intraductal papillomatosis10.4CD40LG, IL6
42blue toe syndrome10.4CD40LG, IL6
43acute myocardial infarction10.4
44auricular cancer10.3CD40LG, IL1B
45overnutrition10.3CD40LG, IL6
46opportunistic bacterial infectious disease10.3CD40LG, IL1B
47submandibular gland disease10.3IL1B, IL6
48pharyngoconjunctival fever10.3CCL5, CD40LG
49trench fever10.3CD40LG, IL1B
50dengue shock syndrome10.3CD40LG, DDX58

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Chikungunya:



Diseases related to chikungunya

Symptoms for Chikungunya

About this section

Symptoms:

 10
  • fever
  • arthralgia
  • maculopapular rash

Drugs & Therapeutics for Chikungunya

About this section

Drugs for Chikungunya (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show all 20)
idNameStatusPhaseClinical TrialsCas NumberPubChem Id
1
chloroquineapprovedPhase 314154-05-72719
Synonyms:
( -)-Chloroquine
(+)-Chloroquine
(-)-Chloroquine
(R)-(-)-Chloroquine
3377 RP opalate
3545-67-3
50-63-5
54-05-7
56598-66-4
58175-86-3
58175-87-4
7-Chloro-4-((4-(diethylamino)-1-methylbutyl)amino)quinoline
7-Chloro-4-[[4-(diethylamino)-1-methylbutyl]amino]quinoline
AB00053436
AC1L1EB8
AC1Q2ZA7
AC1Q2ZA8
Amokin
Aralen
Aralen HCl
Arechin
Arechine
Arequin
Arolen
Arthrochin
Artrichin
Avlochlor
Avloclor
BPBio1_000655
BRD-A91699651-065-01-1
BRN 0482809
BSPBio_000595
BSPBio_002001
Bemaco
Bemaphate
Bemasulph
Benaquin
Bipiquin
C07625
C18H26ClN3
CCRIS 3439
CHEBI:3638
CHEMBL76
CID2719
CQ
CU-01000012392-2
Capquin
Chemochin
Chingamin
Chloraquine
Chlorochin
Chlorochine
Chlorochinum
Chloroin
Chloroquin
Chloroquina
Chloroquine
Chloroquine (USP/INN)
Chloroquine (VAN)
Chloroquine Bis-Phosphoric Acid
Chloroquine Phosphate
Chloroquine [USAN:INN:BAN]
Chloroquine phosphate
Chloroquinium
Chloroquinum
Chloroquinum [INN-Latin]
Chlorquin
Cidanchin
Clorochina
Clorochina [DCIT]
Cloroquina
Cloroquina [INN-Spanish]
Cocartrit
D02366
DB00608
Dawaquin
Delagil
Dichinalex
DivK1c_000404
EINECS 200-191-2
Elestol
Gontochin
Gontochin phosphate
HMS2090O03
HSDB 3029
Heliopar
Hydroxychloroquine Sulfate
IDI1_000404
Imagon
Ipsen 225
 
Iroquine
KBio1_000404
KBio2_000592
KBio2_003160
KBio2_005728
KBio3_001221
KBioGR_000778
KBioSS_000592
Khingamin
Klorokin
LS-141726
Lapaquin
Lopac0_000296
Malaquin
Malaquin (*Diphosphate*)
Malaren
Malarex
Mesylith
Miniquine
MolMap_000009
MolPort-001-783-623
N(4)-(7-chloro-4-Quinolinyl)-N(1),N(1)-diethyl-1,4-pentanediamine
N4-(7-Chloro-4-quinolinyl)-N1,N1-diethyl-1,4-pentanediamine
N4-(7-chloroquinolin-4-yl)-N1,N1-diethylpentane-1,4-diamine
NCGC00015256-04
NCGC00162120-01
NCI60_000894
NINDS_000404
NSC 187208
NSC14050
NSC187208
Neochin
Nivachine
Nivaquine
Nivaquine B
Nivaquine b
Pfizerquine
Plaquenil
Prestwick0_000548
Prestwick1_000548
Prestwick2_000548
Prestwick3_000548
Quinachlor
Quinagamin
Quinagamine
Quinercyl
Quingamine
Quinilon
Quinoscan
RP 3377
RP-3377
Resochen
Resochin
Resoquina
Resoquine
Reumachlor
Reumaquin
Rivoquine
Ro 01-6014/N2
Ronaquine
Roquine
SMP2_000034
SN 6718
SN-7618
SPBio_000174
SPBio_002516
ST 21
ST 21 (pharmaceutical)
Sanoquin
Silbesan
Siragan
Solprina
Sopaquin
Spectrum2_000127
Spectrum3_000341
Spectrum4_000279
Spectrum5_000707
Spectrum_000132
Tanakan
Tanakene
Tresochin
Trochin
UNII-886U3H6UFF
W 7618
WIN 244
WLN: T66 BNJ EMY1&3N2&2 IG
chloroquine
nchembio.215-comp4
nchembio.368-comp8
nchembio.87-comp17
{4-[(7-chloroquinolin-4-yl)amino]pentyl}diethylamine
2AnalgesicsPhase 39358
3Antiprotozoal AgentsPhase 31730
4Chloroquine diphosphatePhase 314150-63-5
5Peripheral Nervous System AgentsPhase 318510
6Antiparasitic AgentsPhase 31854
7Antirheumatic AgentsPhase 38496
8Analgesics, Non-NarcoticPhase 35184
9AntimalarialsPhase 31058
10AnthelminticsPhase 3379
11Anti-Infective AgentsPhase 317220
12Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-SteroidalPhase 33549
13Anti-Inflammatory AgentsPhase 38478
14VaccinesPhase 2, Phase 16085
15AntibodiesPhase 2, Phase 14477
16ImmunoglobulinsPhase 2, Phase 14477
17Rho(D) Immune GlobulinPhase 1, Phase 2206
18Immunoglobulins, IntravenousPhase 1, Phase 2211
19Immunologic FactorsPhase 2, Phase 118483
20Pharmaceutical Solutions7004

Interventional clinical trials:

(show all 15)
idNameStatusNCT IDPhase
1CuraChik : A Trial of the Efficacy and Safety of Chloroquine as Therapeutic Treatment of Chikungunya DiseaseTerminatedNCT00391313Phase 3
2Trial for Safety and Immunogenicity of a Chikungunya Vaccine, VRC-CHKVLP059-00-VP, in Healthy AdultsRecruitingNCT02562482Phase 2
3Clinical Evaluation of Anti-CHIKV Hyperimmune Intravenous ImmunoglobulinsRecruitingNCT02230163Phase 1, Phase 2
4Chikungunya Virus Vaccine Trial in Healthy AdultsCompletedNCT01489358Phase 1
5RT-PCR on Urine Samples: Added Value for the Diagnosis of Chikungunya Virus InfectionRecruitingNCT02714985
6The Pilot Study of Chikungunya Virus Infections in Southern TaiwanRecruitingNCT02174341
7Seroprevalence of Chikungunya at the End of the First Chikungunya Outbreak in the French Antilles Within a Sample of Patients Treated for a HIV InfectionRecruitingNCT02553369
8A Prospective, Open Label, Treatment Use Study of Patient Safety Following Transfusion of INTERCEPT Platelet ComponentsRecruitingNCT02305732
9Cohort of Patients Infected by an ArbovirusRecruitingNCT01099852
10Zika and Microcephaly: Case-control StudyRecruitingNCT02741882
11Pilot Survey of Dengue Fever in Solomon IslandsRecruitingNCT01868399
12Causes of Acute Undifferentiated Fever in Outpatients in the Democratic Republic of CongoRecruitingNCT02656862
13An Open Label Study of IgG Fc Glycan Composition in Human ImmunityRecruitingNCT01967238
14Study of the Prognostic Value of Musculoskeletal Ultrasound in Adults With ChikungunyaActive, not recruitingNCT02281123
15Chikungunya Arthritis in the AmericasNot yet recruitingNCT02463968

Search NIH Clinical Center for Chikungunya

Genetic Tests for Chikungunya

About this section

Anatomical Context for Chikungunya

About this section

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Chikungunya:

33
Heart, Testes, Prostate, Bone, T cells, Lung, Breast

FMA organs/tissues related to Chikungunya:

16
Joint

Animal Models for Chikungunya or affiliated genes

About this section

MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Chikungunya:

38
idDescriptionMGI Source AccessionScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1MP:00053977.2CCL5, CD40LG, DDX58, IL1B, IL6, MAVS
2MP:00053876.1CCL5, CD40LG, DDX58, HSP90AA1, IL1B, IL6

Publications for Chikungunya

About this section

Articles related to Chikungunya:

(show top 50)    (show all 607)
idTitleAuthorsYear
1
Febrile or Exanthematous Illness Associated with Zika, Dengue, and Chikungunya Viruses, Panama. (27139219)
2016
2
Chikungunya Fever With Seizures, Myocarditis, and Severe Thrombocytopenia in a Child With Osteosarcoma. (27128980)
2016
3
Effect of Holding Conditions on the Detection of Chikungunya and Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis Viruses in Mosquito Pools. (27105216)
2016
4
Development of a Real-Time Cell Analysing (RTCA) method as a fast and accurate screen for the selection of chikungunya virus replication inhibitors. (26553263)
2015
5
Human and entomological surveillance of West Nile fever, dengue and chikungunya in Veneto Region, Italy, 2010-2012. (24499011)
2014
6
Structure-activity relationship study of arbidol derivatives as inhibitors of chikungunya virus replication. (25282648)
2014
7
Chikungunya virus nsP2-mediated host shut-off disables the unfolded protein response. (25395592)
2014
8
Genomes to hits in silico - a country path today, a highway tomorrow: a case study of chikungunya. (23260020)
2013
9
Chikungunya virus 3' untranslated region: adaptation to mosquitoes and a population bottleneck as major evolutionary forces. (24009512)
2013
10
Development of a high-throughput antiviral assay for screening inhibitors of chikungunya virus and generation of drug-resistant mutations in cultured cells. (23821286)
2013
11
Inhibition of chikungunya virus replication by harringtonine, a novel antiviral that suppresses viral protein expression. (23275491)
2013
12
Development of a stable virus-like particle vaccine formulation against Chikungunya virus and investigation of the effects of polyanions. (24129946)
2013
13
Outbreak of chikungunya virus infection, Vanimo, Papua New Guinea. (23965757)
2013
14
Travel-Associated Chikungunya Cases in South Korea during 2009-2010. (24159550)
2013
15
Chikungunya virus infection results in higher and persistent viral replication in aged rhesus macaques due to defects in anti-viral immunity. (23936572)
2013
16
Differential regulation of TLR mediated innate immune response of mouse neuronal cells following infection with novel ECSA genotype of Chikungunya virus with and without E1:A226V mutation. (24126361)
2013
17
The C-terminal domain of chikungunya virus nsP2 independently governs viral RNA replication, cytopathicity, and inhibition of interferon signaling. (23864632)
2013
18
Travelers as sentinels for chikungunya fever, Brazil. (22377013)
2012
19
High concentrations of circulating interleukin-6 and monocyte chemotactic protein-1 with low concentrations of interleukin-8 were associated with severe chikungunya fever during the 2009-2010 outbreak in Thailand. (22188545)
2012
20
Chikungunya myeloradiculopathy: a rare complication. (23326078)
2012
21
Bioefficacy of larvicdial and pupicidal properties of Carica papaya (Caricaceae) leaf extract and bacterial insecticide, spinosad, against chikungunya vector, Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae). (21750871)
2012
22
Chikungunya virus infection of corneal grafts. (22706183)
2012
23
Differential diagnosis of Chikungunya, dengue viral infection and other acute febrile illnesses in children. (22301475)
2012
24
Chikungunya virus nsP3 blocks stress granule assembly by recruitment of G3BP into cytoplasmic foci. (22837213)
2012
25
Coinfection with dengue and chikungunya--a case report. (23738415)
2012
26
Multiplex real-time RT-PCR for detecting chikungunya virus and dengue virus. (22546647)
2012
27
Prevalence of chikungunya in urban field practice area of a private medical college, chennai. (21976797)
2011
28
Isolation and molecular characterization of Chikungunya virus from the Andaman and Nicobar archipelago, India: evidence of an East, Central, and South African genotype. (22136155)
2011
29
Chikungunya virus: host pathogen interaction. (21412934)
2011
30
NTPase and 5'-RNA triphosphatase activities of Chikungunya virus nsP2 protein. (21811589)
2011
31
Chikungunya epidemic-related mortality. (21073766)
2011
32
Antipyretic, anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties of nilavembu kudineer choornam: a classical preparation used in the treatment of chikungunya fever. (22014740)
2011
33
Exposure to chikungunya virus and adult longevity in Aedes aegypti (L.) and Aedes albopictus (Skuse). (20618649)
2010
34
Different lineages of Chikungunya virus in Equatorial Guinea in 2002 and 2006. (20207882)
2010
35
Urological manifestations of Chikungunya fever: A single centre experience. (20981198)
2010
36
Larval environmental temperature and the susceptibility of Aedes albopictus Skuse (Diptera: Culicidae) to Chikungunya virus. (19725768)
2010
37
Chikungunya virus iridocyclitis in Fuchs' heterochromic iridocyclitis. (20952847)
2010
38
CHIKVPRO - a protein sequence annotation database for chikungunya virus. (21346870)
2010
39
First cases of autochthonous dengue fever and chikungunya fever in France: from bad dream to reality! (21040155)
2010
40
Reemergence of Chikungunya virus in Indian Subcontinent. (23637474)
2010
41
Tracing the path of Chikungunya virus--evolution and adaptation. (20654736)
2010
42
Chikungunya virus infection during pregnancy, Reunion, France, 2006. (20202416)
2010
43
Suppressing Aedes albopictus, an emerging vector of dengue and chikungunya viruses, by a novel combination of a monomolecular film and an insect-growth regulator. (20439963)
2010
44
Breeding potential of Aedes albopictus (Skuse, 1895) in chikungunya affected areas of Kerala, India. (21245624)
2010
45
Whole-genome characterisation of Chikungunya virus from Aedes albopictus collected in Thailand. (20507700)
2010
46
Chikungunya: an emerging and spreading arthropod-borne viral disease. (20009275)
2009
47
Appearance of E1: A226V mutant Chikungunya virus in Coastal Karnataka, India during 2008 outbreak. (19857273)
2009
48
A suspicion of chikungunya leading to a diagnosis of angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma. (19173091)
2009
49
Destructive arthritis in a patient with chikungunya virus infection with persistent specific IgM antibodies. (20003320)
2009
50
Immuno-biology of Chikungunya and implications for disease intervention. (19737625)
2009

Variations for Chikungunya

About this section

Expression for genes affiliated with Chikungunya

About this section
Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Chikungunya.

Pathways for genes affiliated with Chikungunya

About this section

Pathways related to Chikungunya according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 21)
idSuper pathwaysScoreTop Affiliating Genes
19.7IL1B, IL6
29.7IL1B, IL6
39.7CCL5, IL6
49.6IL6, MIF
5
Show member pathways
9.5DDX58, MAVS
69.3CCL5, IL1B, IL6
79.3CCL5, IL1B, IL6
89.3CCL5, IL1B, IL6
99.2CD40LG, IL1B, IL6
109.2IL1B, IL6, MIF
11
Show member pathways
9.2IL1B, IL6, MIF
129.2CCL5, HSP90AA1
139.2DDX58, MAVS, OAS3
149.2CD40LG, DDX58, IL1B
15
Show member pathways
9.1BST2, IL1B, IL6, OAS3
16
Show member pathways
8.7DDX58, IL1B, IL6, MAVS
17
Show member pathways
8.5CCL5, HSP90AA1, IL1B, IL6
18
Show member pathways
8.3CCL5, DDX58, IL1B, IL6, MAVS
19
Show member pathways
8.3CCL5, DDX58, IL1B, IL6, MAVS
20
Show member pathways
8.0CCL5, DDX58, IL1B, IL6, MAVS, OAS3
21
Show member pathways
6.5BST2, CD40LG, DDX58, HSP90AA1, IL1B, IL6

GO Terms for genes affiliated with Chikungunya

About this section

Biological processes related to Chikungunya according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 32)
idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1positive regulation of nitric oxide biosynthetic processGO:004542910.4IL1B, IL6
2response to nutrient levelsGO:003166710.3CCL5, IL6
3positive regulation of fever generationGO:003162210.2CCL5, IL1B
4negative regulation of neuron deathGO:190121510.2CCL5, IL6
5protein kinase B signalingGO:004349110.1CCL5, IL1B
6leukocyte cell-cell adhesionGO:000715910.1CCL5, CD40LG
7positive regulation of interferon-alpha productionGO:003272710.1DDX58, MAVS
8negative regulation of viral genome replicationGO:004507110.1BST2, CCL5
9positive regulation of transcription factor import into nucleusGO:004299310.1DDX58, MAVS
10response to bacteriumGO:000961710.1CCL5, IL6
11lipopolysaccharide-mediated signaling pathwayGO:003166310.0CCL5, IL1B
12response to virusGO:000961510.0BST2, DDX58, OAS3
13positive regulation of phosphorylationGO:004232710.0CCL5, MIF
14positive chemotaxisGO:00509189.9CCL5, MIF
15cytokine-mediated signaling pathwayGO:00192219.9BST2, IL1B, IL6
16response to glucocorticoidGO:00513849.8CCL5, IL1B, IL6
17positive regulation of interleukin-6 productionGO:00327559.7DDX58, IL1B, IL6
18agingGO:00075689.7CCL5, IL1B, IL6
19response to heatGO:00094089.6IL1B, IL6
20positive regulation of sequence-specific DNA binding transcription factor activityGO:00510919.6IL1B, IL6, MAVS
21positive regulation of interleukin-8 productionGO:00327579.6DDX58, IL1B, MAVS
22cell-cell signalingGO:00072679.5BST2, CCL5, IL1B
23positive regulation of NF-kappaB transcription factor activityGO:00510929.5CD40LG, IL1B, IL6
24cellular response to lipopolysaccharideGO:00712229.5CCL5, IL1B, IL6
25positive regulation of ERK1 and ERK2 cascadeGO:00703749.4CCL5, IL1B, IL6, PHB
26positive regulation of protein import into nucleus, translocationGO:00331609.4HSP90AA1, IL6, MAVS
27response to lipopolysaccharideGO:00324969.3CCL5, IL1B, IL6
28positive regulation of protein phosphorylationGO:00019349.3IL1B, MAVS, MIF
29immune responseGO:00069559.2CCL5, IL1B, IL6, OAS3
30inflammatory responseGO:00069549.0CCL5, IL1B, IL6, MIF
31response to organic cyclic compoundGO:00140709.0CCL5, IL1B, IL6
32positive regulation of gene expressionGO:00106288.9CCL5, DDX58, IL1B, IL6

Sources for Chikungunya

About this section
2CDC
14ExPASy
15FDA
16FMA
24GTR
25HGMD
26HMDB
27ICD10
28ICD10 via Orphanet
29ICD9CM
30IUPHAR
31KEGG
34MedGen
36MeSH
37MESH via Orphanet
38MGI
41NCI
42NCIt
43NDF-RT
46NINDS
47Novoseek
49OMIM
50OMIM via Orphanet
54PubMed
55QIAGEN
60SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
64Tumor Gene Family of Databases
65UMLS
66UMLS via Orphanet