MCID: CHK001
MIFTS: 49

Chikungunya malady

Categories: Rare diseases, Infectious diseases, Bone diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Chikungunya

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Aliases & Descriptions for Chikungunya:

Name: Chikungunya 10 45 12 51 35
Chikungunya Fever 10 45 2 65
Ck 45 2
Arbovirus a Chikungunya Type 45
 
Chikungunya Virus Infection 45
Chikv Infection 45
Chik 45

Characteristics:

Orphanet epidemiological data:

51
chikungunya:
Prevalence: <1/1000000 (France); Age of onset: All ages; Age of death: normal life expectancy

Classifications:



External Ids:

Disease Ontology10 DOID:0050012
Orphanet51 324625
ICD10 via Orphanet28 A92.0
ICD1027 A92.0
UMLS65 C0008055

Summaries for Chikungunya

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MedlinePlus:35 Chikungunya is a virus that spread by the same kinds of mosquitoes that spread dengue and zika virus. rarely, it can spread from mother to newborn around the time of birth. it may also possibly spread through infected blood. there have been outbreaks of chikungunya virus in africa, asia, europe, the indian and pacific oceans, the caribbean, and central and south america. most people who are infected will have symptoms, which can be severe. they usually start 3-7 days after being bitten by an infected mosquito. the most common symptoms are fever and joint pain. other symptoms may include headache, muscle pain, joint swelling, and rash. most people feel better within a week. in some cases, however, the joint pain may last for months. people at risk for more severe disease include newborns, older adults, and people with diseases such as high blood pressure, diabetes, or heart disease. a blood test can show whether you have chikungunya virus. there are no vaccines or medicines to treat it. drinking lots of fluids, resting, and taking non-aspirin pain relievers might help. the best way to prevent chikungunya infection is to avoid mosquito bites: use insect repellent wear clothes that cover your arms, legs, and feet stay in places that have air conditioning or that use window and door screens centers for disease control and prevention

MalaCards based summary: Chikungunya, also known as chikungunya fever, is related to corneal abscess and idiopathic spinal cord herniation, and has symptoms including fever, arthralgia and maculopapular rash. An important gene associated with Chikungunya is OAS3 (2'-5'-Oligoadenylate Synthetase 3), and among its related pathways are IL-9 Signaling Pathways and their Primary Biological Effects in Different Immune Cell Types and Cytokines and Inflammatory Response. Affiliated tissues include joint, heart and testes, and related mouse phenotypes are hematopoietic system and immune system.

Disease Ontology:10 A viral infectious disease that results in infection located in joint, has material basis in Chikungunya virus, which is transmitted by Aedes mosquito bite. The infection has symptom fever, has symptom arthralgia, and has symptom maculopapular rash.

CDC:2 Click here to view a Digital Press Kit on chikungunya from the CDC News Room.

Wikipedia:68 Chikungunya (Makonde for \"that which bends up\") is an infection caused by the chikungunya virus. The... more...

Related Diseases for Chikungunya

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Diseases related to Chikungunya via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50)    (show all 461)
idRelated DiseaseScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1corneal abscess30.3IL1B, IL6
2idiopathic spinal cord herniation30.2IL1B, IL6
3placental abruption30.1IL1B, IL6
4congenital dyserythropoietic anemia30.1CD40LG, IL6
5dengue shock syndrome29.9CD40LG, DDX58
6basilar artery occlusion29.9CCL5, IL6
7tracheal stenosis29.9IL1B, IL6
8lateral sclerosis29.9CD40LG, IL1B, IL6
9periodontal disease29.8IL1B, IL6
10dengue hemorrhagic fever29.7CCL5, CD40LG
11glycogen storage disease29.3CD40LG, IL1B, MIF
12asthma29.0CCL5, CD40LG, IL1B, IL6
13rheumatoid arthritis28.6CCL5, CD40LG, IL1B, IL6, MIF
14malaria28.3CCL5, CD40LG, HSP90AA1, IL1B, IL6, MIF
15ck syndrome12.7
16isolated hyperckemia11.3
17plantar nerve lesion10.5IL1B, IL6
18mammary paget's disease10.4IL1B, IL6
19lujo hemorrhagic fever10.4IL1B, IL6
20neonatal period electroclinical syndrome10.4IL1B, IL6
21hemoglobin c disease10.4IL1B, IL6
22residual stage angle-closure glaucoma10.4IL1B, IL6
23west nile fever10.4BST2, OAS3
24granulomatous amebic encephalitis10.4IL1B, IL6
25optic neuritis10.4IL1B, IL6
26chronic monocytic leukemia10.4IL1B, IL6
27skin conditions10.4IL1B, IL6
28postsurgical hypothyroidism10.4IL1B, IL6
29eyelid neoplasm10.4IL1B, IL6
30ulcer of lower limbs10.4IL1B, IL6
31rubeosis iridis10.4IL1B, IL6
32child syndrome10.4
33duodenum cancer10.4IL1B, IL6
34cystic echinococcosis10.4IL1B, IL6
35dentin caries10.3IL1B, IL6
36plasma protein metabolism disease10.3CD40LG, IL6
37alcoholic gastritis10.3IL1B, IL6
38wrinkles10.3CD40LG, IL6
39congenital chloride diarrhea10.3CCL5, IL6
40inflammatory leiomyosarcoma10.3CD40LG, IL6
41meningoencephalocele10.3CCL5, IL1B
42intestinal impaction10.3CD40LG, IL6
43ileitis10.3CD40LG, IL1B
44secretory diarrhea10.3IL1B, IL6
45mobitz type ii atrioventricular block10.3CD40LG, IL1B
46narcissistic personality disorder10.3CD40LG, IL6
47hemorrhagic proctocolitis10.3CD40LG, IL6
48diffuse intraductal papillomatosis10.3CD40LG, IL6
49breast cancer10.2
50endotheliitis10.2

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Chikungunya:



Diseases related to chikungunya

Symptoms for Chikungunya

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Symptoms:

 10
  • fever
  • arthralgia
  • maculopapular rash

Drugs & Therapeutics for Chikungunya

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Drugs for Chikungunya (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show all 20)
idNameStatusPhaseClinical TrialsCas NumberPubChem Id
1
chloroquineapprovedPhase 314154-05-72719
Synonyms:
( -)-Chloroquine
(+)-Chloroquine
(-)-Chloroquine
(R)-(-)-Chloroquine
3377 RP opalate
3545-67-3
50-63-5
54-05-7
56598-66-4
58175-86-3
58175-87-4
7-Chloro-4-((4-(diethylamino)-1-methylbutyl)amino)quinoline
7-Chloro-4-[[4-(diethylamino)-1-methylbutyl]amino]quinoline
AB00053436
AC1L1EB8
AC1Q2ZA7
AC1Q2ZA8
Amokin
Aralen
Aralen HCl
Arechin
Arechine
Arequin
Arolen
Arthrochin
Artrichin
Avlochlor
Avloclor
BPBio1_000655
BRD-A91699651-065-01-1
BRN 0482809
BSPBio_000595
BSPBio_002001
Bemaco
Bemaphate
Bemasulph
Benaquin
Bipiquin
C07625
C18H26ClN3
CCRIS 3439
CHEBI:3638
CHEMBL76
CID2719
CQ
CU-01000012392-2
Capquin
Chemochin
Chingamin
Chloraquine
Chlorochin
Chlorochine
Chlorochinum
Chloroin
Chloroquin
Chloroquina
Chloroquine
Chloroquine (USP/INN)
Chloroquine (VAN)
Chloroquine Bis-Phosphoric Acid
Chloroquine Phosphate
Chloroquine [USAN:INN:BAN]
Chloroquine phosphate
Chloroquinium
Chloroquinum
Chloroquinum [INN-Latin]
Chlorquin
Cidanchin
Clorochina
Clorochina [DCIT]
Cloroquina
Cloroquina [INN-Spanish]
Cocartrit
D02366
DB00608
Dawaquin
Delagil
Dichinalex
DivK1c_000404
EINECS 200-191-2
Elestol
Gontochin
Gontochin phosphate
HMS2090O03
HSDB 3029
Heliopar
Hydroxychloroquine Sulfate
IDI1_000404
Imagon
Ipsen 225
 
Iroquine
KBio1_000404
KBio2_000592
KBio2_003160
KBio2_005728
KBio3_001221
KBioGR_000778
KBioSS_000592
Khingamin
Klorokin
LS-141726
Lapaquin
Lopac0_000296
Malaquin
Malaquin (*Diphosphate*)
Malaren
Malarex
Mesylith
Miniquine
MolMap_000009
MolPort-001-783-623
N(4)-(7-chloro-4-Quinolinyl)-N(1),N(1)-diethyl-1,4-pentanediamine
N4-(7-Chloro-4-quinolinyl)-N1,N1-diethyl-1,4-pentanediamine
N4-(7-chloroquinolin-4-yl)-N1,N1-diethylpentane-1,4-diamine
NCGC00015256-04
NCGC00162120-01
NCI60_000894
NINDS_000404
NSC 187208
NSC14050
NSC187208
Neochin
Nivachine
Nivaquine
Nivaquine B
Nivaquine b
Pfizerquine
Plaquenil
Prestwick0_000548
Prestwick1_000548
Prestwick2_000548
Prestwick3_000548
Quinachlor
Quinagamin
Quinagamine
Quinercyl
Quingamine
Quinilon
Quinoscan
RP 3377
RP-3377
Resochen
Resochin
Resoquina
Resoquine
Reumachlor
Reumaquin
Rivoquine
Ro 01-6014/N2
Ronaquine
Roquine
SMP2_000034
SN 6718
SN-7618
SPBio_000174
SPBio_002516
ST 21
ST 21 (pharmaceutical)
Sanoquin
Silbesan
Siragan
Solprina
Sopaquin
Spectrum2_000127
Spectrum3_000341
Spectrum4_000279
Spectrum5_000707
Spectrum_000132
Tanakan
Tanakene
Tresochin
Trochin
UNII-886U3H6UFF
W 7618
WIN 244
WLN: T66 BNJ EMY1&3N2&2 IG
chloroquine
nchembio.215-comp4
nchembio.368-comp8
nchembio.87-comp17
{4-[(7-chloroquinolin-4-yl)amino]pentyl}diethylamine
2AnalgesicsPhase 39358
3Antiprotozoal AgentsPhase 31730
4Chloroquine diphosphatePhase 314150-63-5
5Peripheral Nervous System AgentsPhase 318510
6Antiparasitic AgentsPhase 31854
7Antirheumatic AgentsPhase 38496
8Analgesics, Non-NarcoticPhase 35184
9AntimalarialsPhase 31058
10AnthelminticsPhase 3379
11Anti-Infective AgentsPhase 317220
12Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-SteroidalPhase 33549
13Anti-Inflammatory AgentsPhase 38478
14VaccinesPhase 2, Phase 16085
15AntibodiesPhase 2, Phase 14477
16ImmunoglobulinsPhase 2, Phase 14477
17Rho(D) Immune GlobulinPhase 1, Phase 2206
18Immunoglobulins, IntravenousPhase 1, Phase 2211
19Immunologic FactorsPhase 2, Phase 118483
20Pharmaceutical Solutions7004

Interventional clinical trials:

(show all 15)
idNameStatusNCT IDPhase
1CuraChik : A Trial of the Efficacy and Safety of Chloroquine as Therapeutic Treatment of Chikungunya DiseaseTerminatedNCT00391313Phase 3
2Trial for Safety and Immunogenicity of a Chikungunya Vaccine, VRC-CHKVLP059-00-VP, in Healthy AdultsRecruitingNCT02562482Phase 2
3Clinical Evaluation of Anti-CHIKV Hyperimmune Intravenous ImmunoglobulinsRecruitingNCT02230163Phase 1, Phase 2
4Chikungunya Virus Vaccine Trial in Healthy AdultsCompletedNCT01489358Phase 1
5RT-PCR on Urine Samples: Added Value for the Diagnosis of Chikungunya Virus InfectionRecruitingNCT02714985
6The Pilot Study of Chikungunya Virus Infections in Southern TaiwanRecruitingNCT02174341
7Seroprevalence of Chikungunya at the End of the First Chikungunya Outbreak in the French Antilles Within a Sample of Patients Treated for a HIV InfectionRecruitingNCT02553369
8A Prospective, Open Label, Treatment Use Study of Patient Safety Following Transfusion of INTERCEPT Platelet ComponentsRecruitingNCT02305732
9Cohort of Patients Infected by an ArbovirusRecruitingNCT01099852
10Zika and Microcephaly: Case-control StudyRecruitingNCT02741882
11Pilot Survey of Dengue Fever in Solomon IslandsRecruitingNCT01868399
12Causes of Acute Undifferentiated Fever in Outpatients in the Democratic Republic of CongoRecruitingNCT02656862
13An Open Label Study of IgG Fc Glycan Composition in Human ImmunityRecruitingNCT01967238
14Study of the Prognostic Value of Musculoskeletal Ultrasound in Adults With ChikungunyaActive, not recruitingNCT02281123
15Chikungunya Arthritis in the AmericasNot yet recruitingNCT02463968

Search NIH Clinical Center for Chikungunya

Genetic Tests for Chikungunya

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Anatomical Context for Chikungunya

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MalaCards organs/tissues related to Chikungunya:

33
Heart, Testes, Breast, Prostate, T cells, Lung, Smooth muscle

FMA organs/tissues related to Chikungunya:

16
Joint

Animal Models for Chikungunya or affiliated genes

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MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Chikungunya:

38
idDescriptionMGI Source AccessionScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1MP:00053977.2CCL5, CD40LG, DDX58, IL1B, IL6, MAVS
2MP:00053876.1CCL5, CD40LG, DDX58, HSP90AA1, IL1B, IL6

Publications for Chikungunya

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Articles related to Chikungunya:

(show top 50)    (show all 583)
idTitleAuthorsYear
1
Prevalence and predictors of asymmetric hypertensive heart disease: insights from cardiac and aortic function with cardiovascular magnetic resonance. (26705488)
2015
2
The ADAMTS (A Disintegrin and Metalloproteinase with Thrombospondin motifs) family. (26025392)
2015
3
Glioblastoma-derived Macrophage Colony-stimulating Factor (MCSF) Induces Microglial Release of Insulin-like Growth Factor-binding Protein 1 (IGFBP1) to Promote Angiogenesis. (26245897)
2015
4
Obsessive-compulsive disorder concurrent with Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome: a case report. (26153455)
2015
5
Familial Ebstein's anomaly, left ventricular noncompaction, and ventricular septal defect associated with an MYH7 mutation. (25444217)
2014
6
12Ala polymorphism of receptor gene, which activates proliferation by peroxisome I-2, determines severity of bronchial asthma course associated with coronary heart disease]. (24850604)
2014
7
Association between NOD2/CARD15 gene polymorphisms and Crohn's disease in Chinese Zhuang patients. (24782627)
2014
8
Inhibition of Girdin enhances chemosensitivity of colorectal cancer cells to oxaliplatin. (25009397)
2014
9
TPMT and MTHFR genotype is not associated with altered risk of thioguanine-related sinusoidal obstruction syndrome in pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia: a report from the Children's Oncology Group. (24737678)
2014
10
Epidermolysis bullosa pruriginosa: A report of two cases. (24616855)
2014
11
Clinical features and surgical outcomes of lumbar spinal stenosis in patients aged 80A years or older: a multi-center retrospective study. (23852590)
2013
12
Outcome after failure of second generation tyrosine kinase inhibitors treatment as first-line therapy for patients with chronic myeloid leukemia. (23770156)
2013
13
Time perception in narcolepsy in comparison to patients with Parkinson's disease and healthy controls - an exploratory study. (23879404)
2013
14
The optimized acupuncture treatment for neck pain caused by cervical spondylosis: a study protocol of a multicentre randomized controlled trial. (22776567)
2012
15
Recurrent acute pancreatitis in a patient on peritoneal dialysis using 7.5% icodextrin. (22991018)
2012
16
Aberrant Oscillatory Activity during Simple Movement in Task-Specific Focal Hand Dystonia. (23226140)
2012
17
Characterization of EPPIN's semenogelin I binding Site: a contraceptive drug target. (22699487)
2012
18
Tuberculous meningitis with positive cell-count in lumbar puncture CSF though negative cell-count from ventricular drainage CSF. (21392525)
2011
19
Male hypogonadism and germ cell loss caused by a mutation in Polo-like kinase 4. (21791561)
2011
20
Vesicoureteral reflux and primary bladder neck dysfunction in children: urodynamic evaluation and randomized, double-blind, clinical trial on effect of I+-blocker therapy. (20850812)
2010
21
Family history of diabetes as a new determinant of insulin sensitivity and secretion in patients who have undergone a simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplant. (20199368)
2010
22
Human Pat1b connects deadenylation with mRNA decapping and controls the assembly of processing bodies. (20584987)
2010
23
Glycogen synthase kinase-3beta (GSK3beta) inhibition suppresses the inflammatory response to Francisella infection and protects against tularemia in mice. (18929413)
2009
24
Cytokine genetic polymorphisms and prostate cancer aggressiveness. (19474090)
2009
25
Characterization of the intracellular signalling capacity of natural FXa mutants with reduced pro-coagulant activity. (19108874)
2009
26
Intravascular papillary endothelial hyperplasia: sonographic appearance with histopathologic correlation. (18946107)
2008
27
An unexpected cause of a febrile patient with huge splenomegaly. (18365137)
2008
28
SARS-CoV replicates in primary human alveolar type II cell cultures but not in type I-like cells. (18022664)
2008
29
College students' mental models for recognizing anorexia and bulimia nervosa. (17241690)
2007
30
Lipid analysis of normal dermis and hypertrophic scars. (18028131)
2007
31
Nutraceutical inhibitors of urokinase: potential applications in prostate cancer prevention and treatment. (16820913)
2006
32
p21CDKN1A allows the repair of replication-mediated DNA double-strand breaks induced by topoisomerase I and is inactivated by the checkpoint kinase inhibitor 7-hydroxystaurosporine. (16407843)
2006
33
A CD14 gene polymorphism is associated with the IgE level for Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus. (16109674)
2005
34
EPAS1 promotes adipose differentiation in 3T3-L1 cells. (15258146)
2004
35
Sjogren - Larsson Syndrome: a case report. (12391475)
2002
36
Tract microflora in Saudi patients with cholelithiasis. (11469952)
2001
37
Bcl-2 correlates with tumor ploidy and nuclear morphology in early stage prostate carcinoma. A fine needle aspiration biopsy study. (11482579)
2001
38
An androgen response element mediates LNCaP cell dependent androgen induction of the hK2 gene. (11064155)
2000
39
A cross-sectional study into the prevalence of root caries in periodontal maintenance patients. (9923507)
1999
40
Transcriptional regulation of the intercellular adhesion molecule-1 gene by proinflammatory cytokines in human astrocytes. (9888295)
1999
41
Functional and ultrastructural evidence of myocardial stunning after acute carbon monoxide poisoning. (9559621)
1998
42
Flow cytometric evaluation of transferrin receptor in transitional cell carcinoma. (9373912)
1997
43
Interference of circulating azathioprine but not methotrexate or sulfasalazine with measurements of interleukin-6 bioactivity. (7914751)
1994
44
Disseminated cytomegalovirus infection presenting with acalculous cholecystitis and acute pancreatitis. (2554845)
1989
45
Repair of secondary genital deformities of epispadias/exstrophy. (3292109)
1988
46
Splenic abscess following nonoperative management of splenic rupture. (3783380)
1986
47
Radiographic skeletal changes in juvenile GM1-gangliosidosis. (6450132)
1980
48
The sea-blue histiocyte syndrome, a review: genetic and biochemical studies. (4114368)
1972
49
Congenital imperforate anus and recto-urethral fistula. I. (13872974)
1962
50
Persistent Epiphora following Acute Dacryocystitis. (19993541)
1947

Variations for Chikungunya

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Expression for genes affiliated with Chikungunya

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Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Chikungunya.

Pathways for genes affiliated with Chikungunya

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Pathways related to Chikungunya according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 21)
idSuper pathwaysScoreTop Affiliating Genes
19.7IL1B, IL6
29.7IL1B, IL6
39.7CCL5, IL6
49.6IL6, MIF
5
Show member pathways
9.5DDX58, MAVS
69.3CCL5, IL1B, IL6
79.3CCL5, IL1B, IL6
89.3CCL5, IL1B, IL6
99.2CD40LG, IL1B, IL6
109.2IL1B, IL6, MIF
11
Show member pathways
9.2IL1B, IL6, MIF
129.2CCL5, HSP90AA1
139.2DDX58, MAVS, OAS3
149.2CD40LG, DDX58, IL1B
15
Show member pathways
9.1BST2, IL1B, IL6, OAS3
16
Show member pathways
8.7DDX58, IL1B, IL6, MAVS
17
Show member pathways
8.5CCL5, HSP90AA1, IL1B, IL6
18
Show member pathways
8.3CCL5, DDX58, IL1B, IL6, MAVS
19
Show member pathways
8.3CCL5, DDX58, IL1B, IL6, MAVS
20
Show member pathways
8.0CCL5, DDX58, IL1B, IL6, MAVS, OAS3
21
Show member pathways
6.5BST2, CD40LG, DDX58, HSP90AA1, IL1B, IL6

GO Terms for genes affiliated with Chikungunya

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Biological processes related to Chikungunya according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 32)
idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1positive regulation of nitric oxide biosynthetic processGO:004542910.4IL1B, IL6
2response to nutrient levelsGO:003166710.3CCL5, IL6
3positive regulation of fever generationGO:003162210.2CCL5, IL1B
4negative regulation of neuron deathGO:190121510.2CCL5, IL6
5protein kinase B signalingGO:004349110.1CCL5, IL1B
6leukocyte cell-cell adhesionGO:000715910.1CCL5, CD40LG
7positive regulation of interferon-alpha productionGO:003272710.1DDX58, MAVS
8negative regulation of viral genome replicationGO:004507110.1BST2, CCL5
9positive regulation of transcription factor import into nucleusGO:004299310.1DDX58, MAVS
10response to bacteriumGO:000961710.1CCL5, IL6
11lipopolysaccharide-mediated signaling pathwayGO:003166310.0CCL5, IL1B
12response to virusGO:000961510.0BST2, DDX58, OAS3
13positive regulation of phosphorylationGO:004232710.0CCL5, MIF
14positive chemotaxisGO:00509189.9CCL5, MIF
15cytokine-mediated signaling pathwayGO:00192219.9BST2, IL1B, IL6
16response to glucocorticoidGO:00513849.8CCL5, IL1B, IL6
17positive regulation of interleukin-6 productionGO:00327559.7DDX58, IL1B, IL6
18agingGO:00075689.7CCL5, IL1B, IL6
19response to heatGO:00094089.6IL1B, IL6
20positive regulation of sequence-specific DNA binding transcription factor activityGO:00510919.6IL1B, IL6, MAVS
21positive regulation of interleukin-8 productionGO:00327579.6DDX58, IL1B, MAVS
22cell-cell signalingGO:00072679.5BST2, CCL5, IL1B
23positive regulation of NF-kappaB transcription factor activityGO:00510929.5CD40LG, IL1B, IL6
24cellular response to lipopolysaccharideGO:00712229.5CCL5, IL1B, IL6
25positive regulation of ERK1 and ERK2 cascadeGO:00703749.4CCL5, IL1B, IL6, PHB
26positive regulation of protein import into nucleus, translocationGO:00331609.4HSP90AA1, IL6, MAVS
27response to lipopolysaccharideGO:00324969.3CCL5, IL1B, IL6
28positive regulation of protein phosphorylationGO:00019349.3IL1B, MAVS, MIF
29immune responseGO:00069559.2CCL5, IL1B, IL6, OAS3
30inflammatory responseGO:00069549.0CCL5, IL1B, IL6, MIF
31response to organic cyclic compoundGO:00140709.0CCL5, IL1B, IL6
32positive regulation of gene expressionGO:00106288.9CCL5, DDX58, IL1B, IL6

Sources for Chikungunya

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2CDC
14ExPASy
15FDA
16FMA
24GTR
25HGMD
26HMDB
27ICD10
28ICD10 via Orphanet
29ICD9CM
30IUPHAR
31KEGG
34MedGen
36MeSH
37MESH via Orphanet
38MGI
41NCI
42NCIt
43NDF-RT
46NINDS
47Novoseek
49OMIM
50OMIM via Orphanet
54PubMed
55QIAGEN
60SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
64Tumor Gene Family of Databases
65UMLS
66UMLS via Orphanet