Aliases & Classifications for Color Blindness

About this section

Aliases & Descriptions for Color Blindness:

Name: Color Blindness 10 47 12 35 65
Colour Vision Deficiency 10
 
Colour Blindness 10
Blindness Color 10


Classifications:



External Ids:

Disease Ontology10 DOID:13399
NCIt42 C3891
MeSH36 D003117
ICD9CM29 368.5
ICD1027 H53.5

Summaries for Color Blindness

About this section
MedlinePlus:35 Most of us see our world in color. we enjoy looking at a lush green lawn or a red rose in full bloom. if you have a color vision defect, you may see these colors differently than most people. there are three main kinds of color vision defects. red-green color vision defects are the most common. this type occurs in men more than in women. the other major types are blue-yellow color vision defects and a complete absence of color vision. most of the time, color blindness is genetic. there is no treatment, but most people adjust and the condition doesn't limit their activities.

MalaCards based summary: Color Blindness, also known as colour vision deficiency, is related to acquired color blindness and red-green color blindness. An important gene associated with Color Blindness is OPN1SW (Opsin 1 (Cone Pigments), Short-Wave-Sensitive), and among its related pathways are Visual phototransduction and Diseases associated with visual transduction. Affiliated tissues include testes, eye and liver, and related mouse phenotype vision/eye.

Disease Ontology:10 A blindness that is characterized by the inability or decreased ability to see color, or perceive color differences, under normal lighting conditions.

Related Diseases for Color Blindness

About this section

Diseases in the Color Blindness family:

Acquired Color Blindness

Diseases related to Color Blindness via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 41)
idRelated DiseaseScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1acquired color blindness30.4CNGB3, OPN1LW
2red-green color blindness10.5
3red color blindness10.4
4achromatopsia10.3
5blue color blindness10.3
6color vision deficiency10.3
7colorblindness, tritan10.2
8cone dystrophy10.2
9blue cone monochromacy10.1
10cerebritis10.1
11night blindness10.1
12waisman syndrome10.1OPN1LW, OPN1MW
13kaolin pneumoconiosis10.1CNGB3, OPN1SW
14ocular albinism10.0
15riboflavin transporter deficiency neuronopathy10.0OPN1LW, OPN1MW
16achromatopsia 710.0
17prostate cancer10.0
18hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 1 with or without anosmia10.0
19hemophilia a10.0
20glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency10.0
21mucolipidosis10.0
22amblyopia10.0
23hemoglobinopathy10.0
24muscular dystrophy10.0
25prostatitis10.0
26refractive error10.0
27retinitis10.0
28albinism10.0
29hemophilia10.0
30red-green color vision defects10.0
31progressive muscular dystrophy10.0
32pediatric fibrosarcoma9.9CNGA3, CNGB3, GNAT2
33colorblindness, deutan9.9CNGA3, CNGB3, OPN1LW, OPN1MW
34primary immunodeficiency with natural-killer cell deficiency and adrenal insufficiency9.8CNGA3, CNGB3, GNAT2, PDE6C
35deficiency anemia9.8CNGB3, GNAT2, PDE6H
36proximal myopathy and ophthalmoplegia9.7CNGA3, CNGB3, GNAT2, PDE6C
37jalili syndrome9.6CNGA3, CNGB3, CNNM4, GNAT2, PDE6C
38achalasia microcephaly syndrome9.5CNGB3, OPN1LW, OPN1MW, PDE6C, PDE6H
39naegeli-franceschetti-jadassohn syndrome9.3CNGA3, CNGB3, CNNM4, GNAT2, OPN1LW, OPN1MW
40acne9.1CNGA3, CNGB3, CNNM4, GNAT2, OPN1LW, OPN1MW
41combined t cell and b cell immunodeficiency8.5CNGA3, CNGB3, CNNM4, F9, G6PD, GNAT2

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Color Blindness:



Diseases related to color blindness

Symptoms for Color Blindness

About this section

Drugs & Therapeutics for Color Blindness

About this section

Drugs for Color Blindness (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show all 18)
idNameStatusPhaseClinical TrialsCas NumberPubChem Id
1
Valproic Acidapproved, investigationalPhase 230299-66-13121
Synonyms:
(N-C3H7)2CHCOOH
(S)-2-propyl-4-pentanoate
(S)-2-propyl-4-pentanoic acid
2 PP (base)
2-N-Propyl-N-valeric acid
2-PROPYL-pentanoic acid
2-Propyl-Pentanoate
2-Propyl-Pentanoic acid
2-Propylpentanoate
2-Propylpentanoic Acid
2-Propylpentanoic acid
2-Propylvaleric Acid
2-Propylvaleric acid
2-n-Propyl-n-valeric acid
2-n-propyl-n-valeric acid
2-propylvaleric acid
4-Heptanecarboxylic acid
4-heptanecarboxylic acid
76584-70-8 (hydrochloride salt (2:1))
99-66-1
AC1L1F7T
AC1Q2ULA
AI3-10500
APO-divalproex
Abbott 44090
Acide valproique
Acide valproique [INN-French]
Acide valproique [inn-french]
Acido valproico
Acido valproico [INN-Spanish]
Acido valproico [inn-spanish]
Acidum valproicum
Acidum valproicum [INN-Latin]
Acidum valproicum [inn-latin]
Alti-Valproic
Alti-valproic
Apo-valproic
Apo-valproic syrup
Avugane
BIDD:GT0858
BRN 1750447
Baceca
C07185
CHEBI:39867
CHEMBL109
CID3121
CPD000499581
Convulex
Convulsofin
D00399
DB00313
DOM-divalproex
DOM-valproic
DOM-valproic acid E.C.
DPA
Delepsine
Depacon
Depakene
Depakene (TN)
Depakin
Depakin chrono
Depakine
Depakine chrono
Depakote
Depakote (TM)
Depakote ER
Deproic
Di-N-propylacetic acid
Di-N-propylessigsaeure
Di-N-propylessigsaure
Di-N-propylessigsaure [german]
Di-n-propylacetic acid
Di-n-propylessigsaeure
Di-n-propylessigsaure
Di-n-propylessigsaure [German]
Di-n-propylessigsäure
Dipropyl Acetate
Dipropylacetate
Dipropylacetic acid
DivK1c_000273
Divalproex
Dom-Valproic
Dom-valproate
Dom-valproic acid
Dom-valproic acid syrup
EINECS 202-777-3
Epiject I.V.
Epilex
Epilim
Epival
Epival er
Ergenyl
G2M-777
Gen-divalproex
HMS2089J06
HSDB 3582
I04-0211
InChI=1/C8H16O2/c1-3-5-7(6-4-2)8(9)10/h7H,3-6H2,1-2H3,(H,9,10)
KBio1_000273
KBio2_001001
KBio2_002277
KBio2_003569
KBio2_004845
 
KBio2_006137
KBio2_007413
KBio3_002626
KBio3_002757
KBioGR_000871
KBioGR_002277
KBioSS_001001
KBioSS_002278
Kyselina 2-propylvalerova
Kyselina 2-propylvalerova [Czech]
LS-161170
LS-2068
MLS001076682
MLS001335927
MLS001335928
MLS002415770
Med Valproic
Med valproic
MolPort-001-791-895
Mylproin
Myproate
Myproic Acid
Myproic acid
N-DPA
N-Dipropylacetic acid
NCGC00091149-01
NCGC00091149-02
NCGC00091149-03
NCGC00091149-04
NINDS_000273
NSC 93819
NSC93819
Novo-Valproic
Novo-Valproic - ECC
Novo-divalproex
Novo-valproic
Novo-valproic soft gel cap
Nu-Valproic
Nu-valproic
P0823
P6273_SIGMA
PEAC
PHL-valproate
PHL-valproic acid
PHL-valproic acid E.C.
PMS-Divalproex
PMS-Valproic Acid
PMS-valproate
PMS-valproic acid
PMS-valproic acid E.C.
Penta-Valproic
Penta-valproic
Propylvaleric acid
Ratio-Valproic - ECC
S(-)-4-En-valproate
S(-)-4-En-valproic acid
S-2-N-Propyl-4-pentenoate
S-2-N-Propyl-4-pentenoic acid
SAM002564230
SBB065764
SMR000499581
SPBio_000912
Sandoz valproic
Savicol
Semisodium Valproate
Sodium hydrogen divalproate
Spectrum2_000946
Spectrum3_001733
Spectrum4_000376
Spectrum_000521
Sprinkle
Stavzor
UNII-614OI1Z5WI
VALPROIC ACID
VALPROIC acid
VPA
Valcote
Valparin
Valproate
Valproate Semisodium
Valproate semisodique [French]
Valproate semisodium
Valproato semisodico [Spanish]
Valproatum seminatricum [Latin]
Valproic
Valproic Acid
Valproic Acid, Sodium Salt (2:1)
Valproic acid
Valproic acid (USP)
Valproic acid USP
Valproic acid USP24
Valproic acid [USAN:INN:BAN]
Valproic acid [usan:ban:inn]
Valproinsaeure
Valproinsäure
Vupral
WLN: QVY3 & 3
di-n-propylacetic acid
n-DPA
n-Dipropylacetic acid
nchembio.79-comp4
nchembio815-comp21
valproate
valproic acid
2
ClemastineapprovedPhase 1815686-51-826987
Synonyms:
(+)-(2R)-2-(2-(((R)-P-chloro-alpha-Methyl-alpha-phenylbenzyl)oxy)ethyl)-1-methylpyrrolidine
(+)-(2R)-2-(2-(((R)-p-Chloro-alpha-methyl-alpha-phenylbenzyl)oxy)ethyl)-1-methylpyrrolidine
(+)-(2R)-2-[2-[[(R)-P-chloro-alpha-Methyl-alpha-phenylbenzyl]oxy]ethyl]-1-methylpyrrolidine
(+)-(2R)-2-[2-[[(R)-p-Chloro-alpha-methyl-alpha-phenylbenzyl]oxy]ethyl]-1-methylpyrrolidine
(2R)-2-(2-{[(1R)-1-(4-chlorophenyl)-1-phenylethyl]oxy}ethyl)-1-methylpyrrolidine
(2R)-2-[2-[(1R)-1-(4-chlorophenyl)-1-phenylethoxy]ethyl]-1-methylpyrrolidine
(2R)-2-{2-[(1R)-1-(4-chlorophenyl)-1-phenylethoxy]ethyl}-1-methylpyrrolidine
14976-57-9
15686-51-8
2(R)-[2-[(1R)-(4-Chlorophenyl)-1-phenyl-ethoxy]ethyl-1-methylpyrrolidine
2-(2-(4-Chlor-alpha-methylbenzhydryloxy)ethyl)-1-methylpyrrolidin
AC1L1CAE
AC1Q3N52
BIDD:GT0391
BPBio1_000300
BRD-K30240666-051-05-0
BSPBio_000272
BSPBio_002045
C21H26ClNO
CAS-14976-57-9
CHEBI:3738
CHEMBL1626
CID26987
CLEMASTINE FUMARATE
Clemastina
Clemastina [INN-Spanish]
Clemastine
Clemastine Fumarate
Clemastine [USAN:BAN]
Clemastine fumarate
Clemastinum
Clemastinum [INN-Latin]
 
DB00283
DivK1c_000285
HMS2089I22
HS 592
HS-592
IDI1_000285
KBio1_000285
KBio3_001265
KBioGR_001570
LS-137531
Lopac-C-8903
Meclastin
Meclastine
Mecloprodin
NCGC00015281-01
NCGC00016710-01
NCGC00025168-01
NINDS_000285
Prestwick0_000306
Prestwick1_000306
Prestwick2_000306
Prestwick3_000306
SPBio_000817
SPBio_002491
Spectrum2_000689
Spectrum3_000353
Spectrum4_000955
Spectrum5_001520
Tavegyl
Tavist
Tavist (*Fumarate*)
Tocris-1453
UNII-95QN29S1ID
clemastine
3
Histamine PhosphateapprovedPhase 185251-74-165513
Synonyms:
1H-Imidazole-4-ethanamine, phosphate (1:2)
2-Imidazol-4-ylethylamine orthophosphoric acid (1:2)
4-(2-Aminoethyl)imidazole bis(dihydrogen phosphate)
4-(2-Aminoethyl)imidazole di-acid phosphate
4-2(2-Aminoethyl)Imidazole-Di-Acid Phosphate
51-74-1
53623-99-7
74-56-6
AC1L23E4
CID65513
D04445
DB00667
EINECS 200-118-4
 
H0147
Histamine Positive Skin Test Control
Histamine Positive skin test control
Histamine acid phosphate
Histamine biphosphate
Histamine dihydrogen phosphate
Histamine diphosphate
Histamine phosphate (1:2)
Histamine phosphate (TN)
Histamine phosphate (USP)
Histamine phosphate [USP]
Histamine positive
Histaminum
LS-78569
UNII-QWB37T4WZZ
4
histaminePhase 185275614-87-8, 51-45-6774
Synonyms:
.beta.-Imidazolyl-4-ethylamine
1H-Imidazole-4-ethanamine
1H-Imidazole-5-ethanamine
1avn
1qft
2-(1H-Imidazol-4-yl)ethanamine
2-(1H-Imidazol-4-yl)ethylamine
2-(1H-Imidazol-5-yl)ethanamine
2-(1H-Imidazol-5-yl)ethylamine
2-(1H-imidazol-4-yl)ethan-1-amine
2-(1H-imidazol-5-yl)ethanamine
2-(3H-Imidazol-4-yl)-ethylamine
2-(4-Imidazolyl)ethanamine
2-(4-Imidazolyl)ethylamine
2-Imidazol-4-yl-Ethylamine
2-Imidazol-4-ylethylamine
2-[4-Imidazolyl]ethylamine
4-(2-Aminoethyl)-1H-imidazole
4-(2-Aminoethyl)imidazole
4-Imidazoleethylamine
5-Imidazoleethylamine
51-45-6
53290_FLUKA
64422-25-9
924364-91-0
AC-13185
AC1L19ZT
AC1Q54BV
AC1Q54BW
AKOS000274386
ALBB-005968
BCBcMAP01_000250
BSPBio_001117
BSPBio_002124
Bio1_000487
Bio1_000976
Bio1_001465
Bio2_000389
Bio2_000869
C00388
CCRIS 6535
CHEBI:18295
CHEMBL90
CID774
D08040
DivK1c_000308
EINECS 200-100-6
Eramin
Ergamine
Ergotidine
F411C768-A159-4FC0-A195-291A08BB03AA
Free histamine
H7125_SIGMA
HMS1362G19
HMS1792G19
HMS1990G19
HSDB 3338
HSM
Histamine
Histamine (DCF)
Histamine Base
Histamine [USAN]
Histamine, Free Base
Histaminum
 
Histaminum (TN)
IDI1_000308
IDI1_002144
Imidazole-4-ethylamine
Istamina
Istamina [Italian]
KBio1_000308
KBio2_000457
KBio2_001325
KBio2_003025
KBio2_003893
KBio2_005593
KBio2_006461
KBio3_000853
KBio3_000854
KBio3_001344
KBioGR_000457
KBioGR_001580
KBioSS_000457
KBioSS_001325
L-Histamin base
L-Histamine
L-histamine
L000292
LS-75835
Lopac-H-7250
Lopac0_000595
MLS000069447
MolPort-001-785-597
MolPort-002-042-264
NCGC00015513-01
NCGC00015513-08
NCGC00093371-02
NCGC00093371-03
NCGC00093371-04
NCGC00093371-05
NINDS_000308
NSC 33792
NSC33792
SDCCGMLS-0066601.P001
SMP1_000151
SMR000059091
SPBio_000729
ST073926
STK346752
STOCK5S-55669
Spectrum2_000665
Spectrum3_000452
Spectrum4_000960
Spectrum5_000796
Spectrum_000845
Theramine
UNII-820484N8I3
WLN: T5M CNJ D2Z
ZERO/004089
[3H]histamine
b-Imidazolyl-4-ethylamine
beta-Aminoethylglyoxaline
beta-Aminoethylimidazole
beta-Aminothethylglyoxaline
beta-Imidazolyl-4-ethylamine
beta-aminothethylglyoxaline
bmse000744
histamine
nchembio.87-comp54
nchembio714-comp1
5AntipruriticsPhase 1586
6
Epinephrineapproved76851-43-45816
Synonyms:
(-)-(R)-Epinephrine
(-)-3,4-Dihydroxy-a-[2-(methylamino)ethyl]benzyl alcohol
(-)-3,4-Dihydroxy-alpha-((methylamino)methyl)benzyl alcohol
(-)-3,4-Dihydroxy-alpha-[2-(methylamino)ethyl]benzyl alcohol
(-)-3,4-dihydroxy-a-[(methylamino)methyl]-Benzyl alcohol
(-)-3,4-dihydroxy-alpha-[(methylamino)methyl]-Benzyl alcohol
(-)-Adrenalin
(-)-Adrenaline
(-)-Epinephrine
(-)-R-Epinephrine
(R)-(-)-Adnephrine
(R)-(-)-Adrenaline
(R)-(-)-Epinephrine
(R)-(-)-Epirenamine
(R)-(−)-adrenaline
(R)-4-[1-Hydroxy-2-(methylamino)ethyl]-1,2-benzenediol
(R)-4-[1-hydroxy-2-(methylamino)ethyl]-1,2-Benzenediol
(R)-Adrenaline
(R)-Epinephrine
(−)-adrenaline
02252_FLUKA
1-1-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)-2-methylaminoethanol
1-Adrenalin
1-Epinephrine
4-(1-Hydroxy-2-(methylamino)ethyl)-1,2-benzenediol
4-(1-hydroxy-2-methylamino-ethyl)benzene-1,2-diol
4-[(1R)-1-Hydroxy-2-(methylamino)ethyl]-1,2-Benzenediol
4-[(1R)-1-Hydroxy-2-(methylamino)ethyl]-1,2-benzenediol
4-[(1R)-1-hydroxy-2-(methylamino)ethyl]benzene-1,2-diol
51-43-4
51-43-4 (FREE BASE)
51028-73-0
A0173
AC-13188
AC1L1L7B
ADR ADRENALINE
ADROP
AI3-19015
Adnephrine
Adrenaclick
Adrenal
Adrenalin
Adrenalin (TN)
Adrenalin in Oil
Adrenalin-Medihaler
Adrenalina
Adrenalina [DCIT]
Adrenaline
Adrenaline (JP15)
Adrenaline/Epinephrine
Adrenalinum
Adrenamine
Adrenan
Adrenapax
Adrenasol
Adrenatrate
Adrenine
Adrenodis
Adrenohorma
Adrenosan
Adrenutol
Adrin
Adrine
Ana-Guard
Ana-Kit
Antiasthmatique
Asmatane Mist
Asthma meter mist
Asthma-nefrin
Asthmahaler Mist
Asthmanefrin
Astmahalin
Astminhal
Auvi-q
BIDD:GT0119
Balmadren
Bernarenin
Biorenine
Bosmin
Brevirenin
Bronkaid
Bronkaid Mist
Bronkaid Suspension Mist
Bupivacaine Hcl and Epinephrine
C00788
CCRIS 4812
CHEBI:28918
CHEMBL679
CID5816
Chelafrin
Citanest Forte
Corisol
D-Epifrin
D-Epinephrine
D00095
DB00668
Drenamist
Dylephrin
Dyspne-Inhal
E4250_SIGMA
EINECS 200-098-7
EPI E Z PEN JR
EPIPEN E Z PEN
EPIPEN JR
Epi EZ Pen Jr
Epifrin
Epiglaufrin
Epinefrin
Epinefrin [Czech]
Epinefrina
Epinefrina [INN-Spanish]
Epinephran
Epinephrin
Epinephrine
Epinephrine (USP)
Epinephrine (USP/INN)
Epinephrine [USAN:INN:JAN]
Epinephrine bitartrate
Epinephrine chloride
Epinephrine hydrochloride
Epinephrinum
Epinephrinum [INN-Latin]
Epipen
Epipen (TN)
Epipen Auto-Injector
Epipen EZ Pen
Epipen Jr
Epipen Jr.
Epipen Jr. Auto-Injector
Epipen jr
Epirenamine
Epirenan
Epirenin
Epitrate
Eppy
 
Esphygmogenina
Exadrin
Glaucon
Glaucosan
Glauposine
Glycirenan
HSCI1_000215
HSDB 4289
Haemostasin
Haemostatin
Hektalin
Hemisine
Hemostasin
Hemostatin
Hypernephrin
Hyporenin
IOP
Intranefrin
Iontocaine
Isoptoepinal
Kidoline
L-1-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)-2-methylaminoethanol
L-Adrenaline
L-Adrenaline Base
L-Epinehphrine
L-Epinephrine
L-Epirenamine
L-Methylaminoethanolcatechol
L-epinephrine
LS-156
Levo-Methylaminoethanolcatechol
Levoadrenaline
Levoepinephrine
Levorenen
Levorenin
Levorenine
Levoreninum
Lopac-E-4642
Lyodrin
Lyophrin
Medihaler-Epi
Metanephrin
Methylaminoethanolcatechol
Methylarterenol
Micronefrin
Micronephrine
MolPort-002-051-368
Mucidrina
Myosthenine
Mytrate
NCGC00015417-01
NCGC00142615-01
NCGC00142615-03
NCGC00142615-04
NCGC00142615-05
NCGC00142615-06
NCGC00142615-07
NSC 62786
NSC62786
Nephridine
Nieraline
PDSP1_001120
PDSP2_001104
Paranephrin
Primatene
Primatene Mist
Primatene Mist Refill
Prime Asthma Relief
R-(-)-Epinephrine
R-Adrenaline
RCRA waste no. P042
Racemic Epinephrine
Racepinephrine
Rcra waste number P042
Renagladin
Renaglandin
Renaglandulin
Renaleptine
Renalina
Renoform
Renostypricin
Renostypticin
Renostyptin
SMP1_000227
ST069368
SUS-PHRINE SULFITE-FREE
Scurenaline
Septocaine
Simplene
Sindrenina
Soladren
Sphygmogenin
Stryptirenal
Styptirenal
Supracapsulin
Supradin
Supranefran
Supranephrane
Supranephrine
Supranol
Suprarenaline
Suprarenin
Suprel
Surenine
Surrenine
Sus-Phrine
Sus-phrine
Susphrine
Sympathin I
Takamina
Takamine
Tokamina
Tonogen
Twinject
Twinject 0.15
Twinject 0.3
Twinject 0.30
UNII-YKH834O4BH
Vaponefrin
Vasoconstrictine
Vasoconstrictor
Vasodrine
Vasoton
Vasotonin
adrenaline
bmse000316
d-Adrenaline
epinephrine
l-1-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)-2-methylaminoethanol
l-Adrenalin
l-Adrenaline
l-Epinephine
l-Epinephrine (synthetic)
l-Epirenamine
l-Methylaminoethanolcatechol
levoepinephrine
nchembio747-comp9
7
Timololapproved22626839-75-833624, 5478
Synonyms:
(-)-3-Morpholino-4-(3-tert-butylamino-2-hydroxypropoxy)-1,2,5-thiadiazole
(2S)-1-((1,1-dimethylethyl)amino)-3-((4-(4-morpholinyl)-1,2,5-thiadiazol-3-yl)oxy)-2-propanol
(2S)-1-(tert-butylamino)-3-[(4-morpholin-4-yl-1,2,5-thiadiazol-3-yl)oxy]propan-2-ol
(2S)-1-[(1,1-dimethylethyl)amino]-3-[(4-morpholin-4-yl-1,2,5-thiadiazol-3-yl)oxy]propan-2-ol
(S)-1-(1,1-(Dimethylethyl)amino)-3-((4-(4-morpholinyl)-1,2,5-thiadiazol-3-yl)oxy)-2-propanol
(S)-1-(tert-Butylamino)-3-((4-morpholino-1,2,5-thiadiazol-3-yl)oxy)propan-2-ol
(S)-1-(tert-butylamino)-3-[(4-morpholin-4-yl-1,2,5-thiadiazol-3-yl)oxy]propan-2-ol
(S)-timolol
131628-37-0
194288-09-0
26839-75-8
26921-17-5 (maleate (1:1) salt)
AB00513729
AC1L1PYN
AC1Q59QM
Apo-Timol
Apo-Timop
Aquanil
BIDD:GT0073
BPBio1_001008
BRD-K08806317-050-03-6
BSPBio_000916
Betim
Betimol
Betimol (TN)
Blocadren
C07141
C13H24N4O3S
CAS-26921-17-5
CHEBI:9599
CHEMBL499
CID33624
CPD001456519
D08600
DB00373
DB08625
EINECS 248-032-6
HMS2089I11
HSDB 6533
Istalol
L-714,465
LS-122231
Lopac-T-6394
Lopac0_001189
MK-950
NCGC00016038-01
NCGC00016038-02
 
NCGC00016798-01
NCGC00016798-07
NCGC00022033-02
NCGC00022033-04
NCGC00022033-05
Novo-Timol
Nu-Timolol
Oprea1_640981
Optimol
Phoxal-timolol
Prestwick0_000948
Prestwick1_000948
Prestwick2_000948
Prestwick3_000948
Proflax
S(-)-Timolol maleate
S-(-)-3-(3-tert-Butylamino-2-hydroxypropoxy)-4-morpholino-1,2,5-thiadiazole
SAM002564238
SPBio_003075
ST072193
TIM
Temserin
Tenopt
Tim-AK
Timacar
Timacor
Timolol
Timolol (INN)
Timolol (TN)
Timolol GFS
Timolol Maleate
Timolol Maleate, (1:1) Salt
Timolol [USAN]
Timolol hemihydrate
Timolol maleate
Timololo
Timololum
Timololum [INN-Latin]
Timopic
Timoptic
Timoptic OcuDose
Timoptic in Ocudose
Timoptic-XE
Timoptic-xe
Timoptol
Tocris-0649
UNII-817W3C6175
timolol
8
Latanoprostapproved, investigational180130209-82-45282380, 5311221
Synonyms:
130209-82-4
AC1NSK8Q
AR-202
Ambap130209-82-4
CHEBI:6384
CHEMBL1051
CID5311221
CPD000466354
Catioprost
D00356
HMS2051H11
HMS2089J17
Isopropyl (5Z,9alpha,11alpha,15R)-9,11,15-trihydroxy-17-phenyl-18,19,20-trinor-prost-5-en-1-oate
Isopropyl (Z)-7-((1R,2R,3R,5S)-3,5-dihydroxy-2-((3R)-3-hydroxy-5-phenylpentyl)cyclopentyl)-5-heptenoate
Jsp001835
L1167_SIGMA
Latanoprost
Latanoprost (JAN/USAN/INN)
Latanoprostum
MLS000759468
MLS001424106
 
MolPort-003-942-862
Nova-21027
PHXA-41
PhXA 41
PhXA34 [as 15(R,S)-isomer]
PhXA41
Propan-2-yl (5Z)-7-{(1R,2R,3R,5S)-3,5-dihydroxy-2-[(3R)-3-hydroxy-5-phenylpentyl]cyclopentyl}hept-5-enoate
S1254_Selleck
SAM001246671
SMR000466354
TL8000716
XA-41
XA41
Xalatan
Xalatan (TN)
Xalatan Fixed Flow Device
ZINC12468792
isopropyl (5Z,9alpha,11alpha,15R)-9,11,15-trihydroxy-17-phenyl-18,19,20-trinorprost-5-en-1-oate
latanoprost
latanoprost free acid
propan-2-yl (5Z)-7-{(1R,2R,3R,5S)-3,5-dihydroxy-2-[(3R)-3-hydroxy-5-phenylpentyl]cyclopentyl}hept-5-enoate
propan-2-yl (Z)-7-[(1R,2R,3R,5S)-3,5-dihydroxy-2-[(3R)-3-hydroxy-5-phenylpentyl]cyclopentyl]hept-5-enoate
9
Brimonidineapproved10859803-98-42435
Synonyms:
5-Bromo-6-(2-imidazolin-2-ylamino)quinoxaline
5-Bromo-N-(2-imidazolin-2-yl)-6-quinoxalinamine
5-Bromo-N-(4,5-dihydro-1H-imidazol-2-yl)-6-quinoxalinamine
5-brom-n-(4,5-dihydro-1h-imidazol-2-yl)chinoxalin-6-amin
5-bromo-6-(imidazolidinylideneamino)quinoxaline
5-bromo-6-(imidazolin-2-ylamino)quinoxaline
5-bromo-N-(4,5-dihydro-1H-imidazol-2-yl)quinoxalin-6-amine
59803-98-4
6-Quinoxalinamine, 5-bromo-N-(4,5-dihydro-1H-imidazol-2-yl)- (9CI)
70359-46-5 (tartrate[1:1])
AC-162
AC1L1DO5
AC1Q24IC
AC1Q26LW
AGN 190342
AGN-190342
AR-1G7332
BIDD:GT0649
BRN 0751629
Brimonidina
Brimonidine
Brimonidine (INN)
Brimonidine Tartrate
Brimonidine [INN:BAN]
Brimonidine tartrate
Brimonidinum
Bromoxidine
C07886
C11H10BrN5
CHEBI:3175
CHEMBL844
CID2435
CPD000058355
D07540
DB00484
EU-0101216
FT-0082636
L000615
LK 14304-18
 
LS-142950
Lopac-U-104
Lopac0_001216
MLS000069370
MLS001076349
Mirvaso
MolPort-003-959-841
NCGC00016069-01
NCGC00016069-02
NCGC00016069-06
NCGC00016069-11
NCGC00023468-02
NCGC00023468-04
NCGC00023468-05
NCGC00023468-06
NCGC00023468-07
NSC318825
Onreltea
PDSP1_000640
PDSP2_000635
SAM002548958
SMR000058355
T6531398
Tocris-0425
U-104
U104_SIGMA
UK 14,304
UK 14,304-18
UK 14304
UK 14304-18
UK 14308
UK-14,304-18
UK-14,308
UK-14304
UNII-E6GNX3HHTE
ZINC21303210
brimonidina
brimonidine
brimonidinum
nchembio705-7
10
Fluoresceinapproved1042321-07-516850
Synonyms:
2-(6-Hydroxy-3-oxo-3H-xanthen-9-yl)-benzoic acid
3',6'-dihydroxyfluoran
3,6-fluorandiol
9-(o-carboxyphenyl)-6-hydroxy-3-isoxanthenone
9-(o-carboxyphenyl)-6-hydroxy-3H-xanthen-3-one
Ak-fluor
C.I. Solvent Yellow 94
D and C Yellow No. 7
 
D&C Yellow No. 7
Fluorescein disodium
Fluoresceine
Fluorescite
Fluoreszein
Japan Yellow 201
Resorcinolphthalein
Solvent Yellow 94
Yellow fluorescein
11
Luteinapproved, nutraceutical69127-40-25368396, 6433159
Synonyms:
(3R,3'R)-beta,beta-Carotene-3,3'-Diol, Lutein
(3R,3'R,6'R)-Lutein
(3R,3'R,6S)-4,5-Didehydro-5,6-Dihydro-beta,beta-Carotene-3,3'-Diol
3,3'-Dihydroxy-alpha-carotene
4,5-Didehydro-5,6-dihydro-beta,beta-carotene-3,3'-diol
All-trans-(+)-Xanthophyll
All-trans-Lutein
All-trans-Xanthophyll
 
Bo-Xan
Lutein
Lutein ester
Luteine
Phylloxanthin
SID548587
Vegetable lutein
Vegetable luteol
beta,epsilon-Carotene-3,3'-diol
trans-Lutein
12Epinephryl borate768
13Adrenergic alpha-2 Receptor Agonists732
14Racepinephrine768
15
Citric Acidnutraceutical78477-92-9311
Synonyms:
2-Hydroxy-1,2,3-propanetricarboxylate
2-Hydroxy-1,2,3-propanetricarboxylic acid
2-Hydroxytricarballylic acid
3-Carboxy-3-hydroxypentane-1,5-dioate
3-Carboxy-3-hydroxypentane-1,5-dioic acid
Aciletten
Anhydrous citrate
Anhydrous citric acid
Chemfill
Citraclean
 
Citrate
Citretten
Citric acid
Citro
Citronensäure
E 330
Hydrocerol A
Kyselina citronova
Suby G
Uro-trainer
beta-Hydroxytricarballylate
beta-Hydroxytricarballylic acid
16AnthocyanidinNutraceutical61
17BlueberryNutraceutical48
18CitrateNutraceutical784

Interventional clinical trials:

(show all 22)
idNameStatusNCT IDPhase
1Safety and Efficacy of a Single Subretinal Injection of rAAV.hCNGA3 in Patients With CNGA3-linked AchromatopsiaRecruitingNCT02610582Phase 1, Phase 2
2CNTF Implants for CNGB3 AchromatopsiaActive, not recruitingNCT01648452Phase 1, Phase 2
3Trial of Oral Valproic Acid for Retinitis PigmentosaActive, not recruitingNCT01233609Phase 2
4Safety and Efficacy Trial of AAV Gene Therapy in Patients With CNGB3 AchromatopsiaNot yet recruitingNCT02599922Phase 1, Phase 2
5Effect of Clemastine Fumarate on Color Vision in Healthy ControlsNot yet recruitingNCT02613091Phase 1
6Ì-SPIES, Comparison of Cystoscopy Images in Four Different SPIES ModalitiesCompletedNCT02174302
7Genetic Study of Patients Suffering From Congenital Amaurosis of Leber or From an Early Severe Retinal DystrophyCompletedNCT00422721
8Blueberry Effects on Dark Vision and Glare RecoveryCompletedNCT01942746
9Effect of Xalacom® (Latanoprost/Timolol) and Combigan® (Brimonidine/Timolol) Fixed Combination on Intraocular Pressure and Ocular Blood Flow in Patients With Primary Open Angle Glaucoma or Ocular HypertensionCompletedNCT00706927
10Study of the Macular Pigment by the Consumption of Corn With Strong Content in ZeaxanthineCompletedNCT02113254
11Ocular Blood Flow in Glaucoma Patients - the Leuven Eye StudyCompletedNCT01840202
12Study of Usher Syndromes, Type 1 and Type 2CompletedNCT00001347
13Evaluating Color Perception Under LED Red/Green and Green Dominant LightRecruitingNCT01927536
14Evaluation of Different Color Vision Tests in ChildrenRecruitingNCT02464241
15Clinical and Genetic Characterization of Individuals With AchromatopsiaRecruitingNCT01846052
16Do Blue-Blocking Lenses Block Blue Colour From Our Lives?RecruitingNCT00403143
17Colour Contrast Sensitivity for the Early Detection of Wet Age-related Macular Degereration (CEDAR)RecruitingNCT02173496
18Panretinal Photo-stimulation in Proliferative Diabetic RetinopathyRecruitingNCT02309502
19Non-invasive Optical Angiography in Age-related Macular DegenerationRecruitingNCT02521142
20VERION Versus Conventional, Manual Ink-marking in Toric IOL ImplantationRecruitingNCT02370953
21The Role of Macular Pigment in Patients With Age-related Macular DegenerationActive, not recruitingNCT00494325
22Risk Factors for Drusen ProgressionWithdrawnNCT01830608

Search NIH Clinical Center for Color Blindness

Genetic Tests for Color Blindness

About this section

Anatomical Context for Color Blindness

About this section

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Color Blindness:

33
Testes, Eye, Liver, Retina, Prostate

Animal Models for Color Blindness or affiliated genes

About this section

MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Color Blindness:

38
idDescriptionMGI Source AccessionScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1MP:00053917.9CNGA3, CNGB3, GNAT2, OPN1MW, OPN1SW, PDE6C

Publications for Color Blindness

About this section

Articles related to Color Blindness:

(show top 50)    (show all 185)
idTitleAuthorsYear
1
More on color blindness. (22036741)
2011
2
The incidence of color blindness among some school children of Pokhara, Western Nepal. (20677611)
2010
3
On the malleability of ideology: motivated construals of color blindness. (19309207)
2009
4
Gene therapy for color blindness. (20018970)
2009
5
Congenital color blindness in young Turkish men. (16019694)
2005
6
Statistical and molecular analyses of evolutionary significance of red-green color vision and color blindness in vertebrates. (15647522)
2005
7
Red laser pointers and color blindness. (10076196)
1999
8
Cortical color blindness is not "blindsight for color". (9787052)
1998
9
A two-and-a-half color rainbow. Color blindness in physicians. (7980102)
1994
10
Ethambutol-induced color-blindness in goldfish: a behavioral, electrophysiological and morphological study. (1798615)
1991
11
Bicuculline produces reversible red-green color blindness in goldfish, as revealed by monocular behavioral testing. (1663295)
1991
12
Spectral characteristics of early receptor potential in congenital red-green color blindness. (3488889)
1986
13
Testing for degrees of color blindness. (6604891)
1983
14
Color blindness linkage to bipolar manic-depressive illness. New evidence. (316316)
1979
15
A new type of mucolipidosis associated with hereditary thrombocytopathy and color blindness. (200061)
1977
16
X chromosome and color blindness. (304200)
1977
17
A dominant X-linked factor in manic-depressive illness: studies with color blindness. (1080856)
1975
18
Prevalence of color blindness. (4541344)
1973
19
Considerations in regard to a proposed association of alcoholism and color blindness. (4537695)
1972
20
Visual acuity and color blindness among Brazilian Cayapo Indians. (4537649)
1972
21
Relationship of color blindness to alcoholic liver damage. (5312721)
1970
22
Lack of association between color blindness and alcoholism. (5312326)
1970
23
Genetic studies of the Seneca Indians: haptoglobins, transferrins, G-6-PD deficiency, hemoglobinopathy, color blindness, morphological traits and dermatoglyphics. (5301686)
1968
24
Red/green color blindness in the Niger delta. (5298588)
1967
25
The genetics of alcoholism and color blindness. (5343138)
1967
26
Frequency of color blindness among East Kentish children. (5297641)
1966
27
TOTAL COLOR BLINDNESS AND ALBINISM. TWO CAUSES OF SUBNORMAL VISUAL ACUITY IN CHILDREN. (14256521)
1965
28
Human color vision and color blindness. (4956617)
1965
29
COLOR BLINDNESS AMONG INDIANS FROM SANTA CATARINA, BRAZIL. (14220463)
1964
30
Congenital total color blindness: a clincopathological report. (13711836)
1960
31
Color-blindness among the Chinese. (13537225)
1958
32
Graham's theory of color blindness. (13571371)
1958
33
Imbecility and color blindness. (13444323)
1957
34
The denial of color-blindness. (13478654)
1957
35
Color-blindness among the Chinese; a survey in Canton. (13141347)
1953
36
What do the color blind see; a report on monocular color blindness. (12985793)
1952
37
Sex-linked nystagmus associated with red-green color-blindness. (17948382)
1949
38
An experiment in pursuit of color-blindness. (18119756)
1949
39
Incidence of color-blindness among psychotic subjects. (18893198)
1948
40
Industrial use of the Ishihara tests for color blindness. (20288890)
1947
41
Report on the effect of training in color blindness. (20239993)
1947
42
Hysterical color blindness; caused by infantile sexual guilt. (20279116)
1946
43
VITAMIN A FOR COLOR-BLINDNESS. (17790871)
1942
44
THE INCIDENCE OF COLOR-BLINDNESS AMONG JEWISH MALES. (17740625)
1936
45
ON THE INCIDENCE OF COLOR-BLINDNESS AMONG NEGROES. (17741747)
1934
46
Color-Blindness. (17748195)
1889
47
COLOR-BLINDNESS. (17771530)
1889
48
Color-Blindness. (17788453)
1888
49
TESTS FOR COLOR-BLINDNESS. (17775197)
1881
50
ON COLOR BLINDNESS. (17736206)
1880

Variations for Color Blindness

About this section

Expression for genes affiliated with Color Blindness

About this section
Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Color Blindness.

Pathways for genes affiliated with Color Blindness

About this section

GO Terms for genes affiliated with Color Blindness

About this section

Cellular components related to Color Blindness according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1transmembrane transporter complexGO:190249510.4CNGA3, CNGB3
2photoreceptor outer segmentGO:00017509.4CNGA3, CNGB3, GNAT2, OPN1SW
3photoreceptor outer segment membraneGO:00426229.1GNAT2, OPN1LW, OPN1MW, OPN1SW
4integral component of plasma membraneGO:00058878.8CNGA3, CNGB3, OPN1LW, OPN1MW, OPN1SW

Biological processes related to Color Blindness according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 9)
idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1positive regulation of cytokinesisGO:00324679.9OPN1LW, OPN1MW
2protein-chromophore linkageGO:00182989.9OPN1LW, OPN1MW, OPN1SW
3retinal cone cell developmentGO:00465499.7CNGA3, GNAT2, PDE6C
4retinoid metabolic processGO:00015239.7OPN1LW, OPN1MW, OPN1SW
5response to stimulusGO:00508969.7CNNM4, PDE6H
6phototransductionGO:00076029.5GNAT2, OPN1LW, OPN1MW, OPN1SW
7phototransduction, visible lightGO:00076039.2OPN1LW, OPN1MW, OPN1SW, PDE6C
8signal transductionGO:00071658.1CNGA3, CNGB3, GNAT2, OPN1LW, OPN1SW, PDE6C
9visual perceptionGO:00076016.6CNGA3, CNGB3, CNNM4, GNAT2, OPN1LW, OPN1MW

Molecular functions related to Color Blindness according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 7)
idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1intracellular cAMP activated cation channel activityGO:000522210.2CNGA3, CNGB3
2intracellular cGMP activated cation channel activityGO:000522310.2CNGA3, CNGB3
3voltage-gated potassium channel activityGO:000524910.1CNGA3, CNGB3
4photoreceptor activityGO:00098819.8OPN1LW, OPN1MW, OPN1SW
53,5-cyclic-GMP phosphodiesterase activityGO:00475559.3PDE6C, PDE6H
63,5-cyclic-nucleotide phosphodiesterase activityGO:00041149.3PDE6C, PDE6H
7cGMP bindingGO:00305538.7CNGA3, CNGB3, PDE6C, PDE6H

Sources for Color Blindness

About this section
2CDC
14ExPASy
15FDA
16FMA
24GTR
25HGMD
26HMDB
27ICD10
28ICD10 via Orphanet
29ICD9CM
30IUPHAR
31KEGG
34MedGen
36MeSH
37MESH via Orphanet
38MGI
41NCI
42NCIt
43NDF-RT
46NINDS
47Novoseek
49OMIM
50OMIM via Orphanet
54PubMed
55QIAGEN
60SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
64Tumor Gene Family of Databases
65UMLS
66UMLS via Orphanet