MCID: CLR019
MIFTS: 42

Color Blindness malady

Eye diseases category

Summaries for Color Blindness

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Sources:
8Disease Ontology, 33MedlinePlus, 63Wikipedia, 32MalaCards
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MedlinePlus:33 Most of us see our world in color. we enjoy looking at a lush green lawn or a red rose in full bloom. if you have a color vision defect, you may see these colors differently than most people. there are three main kinds of color vision defects. red-green color vision defects are the most common. this type occurs in men more than in women. the other major types are blue-yellow color vision defects and a complete absence of color vision. most of the time, color blindness is genetic. there is no treatment, but most people adjust and the condition doesn't limit their activities.

MalaCards: Color Blindness, also known as colour vision deficiency, is related to red color blindness and blue color blindness. An important gene associated with Color Blindness is OPN1SW (opsin 1 (cone pigments), short-wave-sensitive), and among its related pathways are Visual phototransduction and The retinoid cycle in cones (daylight vision). The compound fructose-1,6-bisphosphate have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include testes, eye and liver.

Disease Ontology:8 A blindness that is characterized by the inability or decreased ability to see color, or perceive color differences, under normal lighting conditions.

Wikipedia:63 Color blindness, or color vision deficiency, is the inability or decreased ability to see color, or... more...

Aliases & Classifications for Color Blindness

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Sources:
8Disease Ontology, 10DISEASES, 44Novoseek, 33MedlinePlus, 60UMLS, 56SNOMED-CT, 39NCIt, 34MeSH, 27ICD9CM, 25ICD10
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Classifications:

Malacards categories (disease lists): (See all malacards categories)
Anatomical: Eye diseases


Aliases & Descriptions:

color blindness 8 10 44 33 60
colour vision deficiency 8
color blindness nos 8
colour blindness 8
blindness color 8


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Disease Ontology8 DOID:13399
NCIt39 C3891
MeSH34 D003117
ICD9CM27 368.5
ICD1025 H53.5

Related Diseases for Color Blindness

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Sources:
17GeneCards, 18GeneDecks
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Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Color Blindness:



Diseases related to color blindness

Clinical Features for Color Blindness

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Drugs & Therapeutics for Color Blindness

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Sources:
5CenterWatch, 41NIH Clinical Center, 6ClinicalTrials, 60UMLS, 40NDF-RT
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Approved drugs:

Search CenterWatch for Color Blindness

Drug clinical trials:

Search ClinicalTrials for Color Blindness

Search NIH Clinical Center for Color Blindness

Search CenterWatch for Color Blindness

Genetic Tests for Color Blindness

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Anatomical Context for Color Blindness

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Sources:
32MalaCards
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MalaCards organs/tissues related to Color Blindness:

32
Testes, Eye, Liver, Retina, Prostate

Animal Models for Color Blindness or affiliated genes

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Publications for Color Blindness

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Sources:
50PubMed
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Articles related to Color Blindness:

(show top 50)    (show all 185)
idTitleAuthorsYear
1
Color vision abnormality as an initial presentation of the complete type of congenital stationary night blindness. (23966763)
2013
2
Prevalence of refraction errors and color blindness in heavy vehicle drivers. (22553671)
2011
3
Color blindness. (21774112)
2011
4
Fuzzy-based simulation of real color blindness. (21096518)
2010
5
Gene therapy for color blindness. (20018970)
2009
6
Statistical and molecular analyses of evolutionary significance of red-green color vision and color blindness in vertebrates. (15647522)
2005
7
White privilege, color blindness, and services to battered women. (16043539)
2005
8
Hypnotic color blindness and performance on the Stroop test. (11596828)
2001
9
Impact of color blindness on recognition of blood in body fluids. (11176773)
2001
10
Laser pointers and color blindness. (9593368)
1998
11
Visual Pigments and Molecular Genetics of Color Blindness. (11390764)
1998
12
Ethambutol-induced color-blindness in goldfish: a behavioral, electrophysiological and morphological study. (1798615)
1991
13
Training of color and form identification in cortical blindness: a case study. (3729696)
1986
14
Further evidence that hypnotically induced color blindness does not mimic congenital defects. (6978354)
1982
15
Color blindness in Africa. (6975864)
1981
16
Use of modified X-Chrom for relief of light dazzlement and color blindness of a rod monochromat. (315420)
1979
17
Color blindness and bowel bleeding. (304903)
1978
18
X chromosome and color blindness. (304200)
1977
19
Linkage between an X-chromosome marker (deutan color blindness) and bipolar affective illness. Occurrence in the family of a lithium carbonate-responsive schizo-affective proband. (301380)
1977
20
A dominant X-linked factor in manic-depressive illness: studies with color blindness. (1080856)
1975
21
Visual pigments and color blindness. (1078730)
1975
22
The Dvorine color blindness test with retarded boys. (5315818)
1971
23
Color blindness. (5317317)
1971
24
Prolonged color blindness induced by intense spectral lights in rhesus monkeys. (4999884)
1971
25
Color related behavior of mentally retarded children with color blindness and normal color vision. (5313057)
1970
26
Color blindness in mentally retarded children. (5306011)
1969
27
Genetic studies of the Seneca Indians: haptoglobins, transferrins, G-6-PD deficiency, hemoglobinopathy, color blindness, morphological traits and dermatoglyphics. (5301686)
1968
28
Red/green color blindness in the Niger delta. (5298588)
1967
29
Christmas disease, color-blindness and blood group Xga. (5298508)
1967
30
Frequency of color blindness among East Kentish children. (5297641)
1966
31
Lack of association between cirrhosis and the common types of color blindness. (5296886)
1966
32
Cirrhosis of the liver and color blindness. (5318495)
1965
33
COLOR BLINDNESS AMONG INDIANS FROM SANTA CATARINA, BRAZIL. (14220463)
1964
34
COLOR BLINDNESS IN MALE NEGRO CHILDREN. (14126321)
1964
35
Color-blindness testing as an aid in the etiological diagnosis of mental retardation. (14001044)
1963
36
Color-blindness among the Chinese. (13537225)
1958
37
The denial of color-blindness. (13478654)
1957
38
The Cunier pedigree of color blindness. (13497995)
1957
39
Color-blindness in relation to normal and defective intelligence. (13469843)
1957
40
Comparative electroretinographic studies in congenital night blindness and total color blindness. (13443574)
1957
41
Sex-linked nystagmus associated with red-green color-blindness. (17948382)
1949
42
An experiment in pursuit of color-blindness. (18119756)
1949
43
VITAMIN A FOR COLOR-BLINDNESS. (17790871)
1942
44
COMPARATIVE RACIAL DIFFERENCES IN COLOR-BLINDNESS. (17742506)
1930
45
THE COLOR-BLINDNESS OF INDIANS. (17743904)
1930
46
COLOR BLINDNESS AMONG SEAMEN. (18737679)
1918
47
A case of color-blindness in a railroad employee due to tobacco amblyopia, failing to be recognized by any of the wool tests but immediately detected by lamp. (16691963)
1902
48
COLOR-WEAKNESS AND COLOR-BLINDNESS. (17815511)
1899
49
COLOR-BLINDNESS AND WILLIAM POLE: A STUDY IN LOGIC. (17741862)
1897
50
Color-Blindness. (17788453)
1888

Genetic Variations for Color Blindness

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Expression for genes affiliated with Color Blindness

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Sources:
1BioGPS, 15Gene Expression Omnibus DataSets
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Expression patterns in normal tissues for genes affiliated with Color Blindness

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Color Blindness.

Pathways for genes affiliated with Color Blindness

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53Reactome
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Pathways related to Color Blindness according to GeneCards/GeneDecks:

idSuper pathways (with members indented)ScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1
Hide members
9.9OPN1LW, OPN1SW, OPN1MW2
2
Hide members
9.9OPN1LW, OPN1SW, OPN1MW2
39.9OPN1LW, OPN1SW, OPN1MW2

Compounds for genes affiliated with Color Blindness

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44Novoseek
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Compounds related to Color Blindness according to GeneCards/GeneDecks:

idCompoundScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1fructose-1,6-bisphosphate4410.1G6PD, GK

GO Terms for genes affiliated with Color Blindness

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16Gene Ontology
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Cellular components related to Color Blindness according to GeneCards/GeneDecks:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1photoreceptor outer segment membraneGO:0426229.9OPN1LW, OPN1SW, OPN1MW2

Biological processes related to Color Blindness according to GeneCards/GeneDecks:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1retinoid metabolic processGO:0015239.9OPN1LW, OPN1SW, OPN1MW2
2protein-chromophore linkageGO:0182989.8OPN1MW2, OPN1SW, OPN1LW
3phototransduction, visible lightGO:0076039.5CNGA3, OPN1LW, OPN1SW, OPN1MW2
4visual perceptionGO:0076019.4CNGA3, OPN1LW, OPA1, OPN1SW, OPN1MW2, PDE6H

Molecular functions related to Color Blindness according to GeneCards/GeneDecks:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1cGMP bindingGO:03055310.1CNGA3, PDE6H
2photoreceptor activityGO:0098819.6OPN1LW, OPN1SW, OPN1MW2

Products for genes affiliated with Color Blindness

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  • Antibodies
  • Proteins
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Sources for Color Blindness

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3CDC
13ExPASy
14FMA
22GTR
23HGMD
24HMDB
25ICD10
26ICD10 via Orphanet
27ICD9CM
28IUPHAR
29KEGG
34MeSH
35MESH via Orphanet
36MGI
39NCIt
40NDF-RT
43NINDS
44Novoseek
46OMIM
47OMIM via Orphanet
50PubMed
51QIAGEN
57SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
60UMLS
61UMLS via Orphanet