MCID: CLR019
MIFTS: 42

Color Blindness malady

Eye diseases category

Summaries for Color Blindness

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Sources:
8Disease Ontology, 33MedlinePlus, 63Wikipedia, 32MalaCards
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MedlinePlus:33 Most of us see our world in color. we enjoy looking at a lush green lawn or a red rose in full bloom. if you have a color vision defect, you may see these colors differently than most people. there are three main kinds of color vision defects. red-green color vision defects are the most common. this type occurs in men more than in women. the other major types are blue-yellow color vision defects and a complete absence of color vision. most of the time, color blindness is genetic. there is no treatment, but most people adjust and the condition doesn't limit their activities.

MalaCards: Color Blindness, also known as colour vision deficiency, is related to red color blindness and blue color blindness. An important gene associated with Color Blindness is OPN1SW (opsin 1 (cone pigments), short-wave-sensitive), and among its related pathways are Visual phototransduction and The retinoid cycle in cones (daylight vision). The compound fructose-1,6-bisphosphate have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include testes, eye and liver.

Disease Ontology:8 A blindness that is characterized by the inability or decreased ability to see color, or perceive color differences, under normal lighting conditions.

Wikipedia:63 Color blindness, or color vision deficiency, is the inability or decreased ability to see color, or... more...

Aliases & Classifications for Color Blindness

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Sources:
8Disease Ontology, 10DISEASES, 44Novoseek, 33MedlinePlus, 60UMLS, 56SNOMED-CT, 39NCIt, 34MeSH, 27ICD9CM, 25ICD10
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Classifications:

Malacards categories (disease lists): (See all malacards categories)
Anatomical: Eye diseases


Aliases & Descriptions:

color blindness 8 10 44 33 60
colour vision deficiency 8
color blindness nos 8
colour blindness 8
blindness color 8


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Disease Ontology8 DOID:13399
NCIt39 C3891
MeSH34 D003117
ICD9CM27 368.5
ICD1025 H53.5

Related Diseases for Color Blindness

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Sources:
17GeneCards, 18GeneDecks
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Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Color Blindness:



Diseases related to color blindness

Clinical Features for Color Blindness

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Drugs & Therapeutics for Color Blindness

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Sources:
5CenterWatch, 41NIH Clinical Center, 6ClinicalTrials, 60UMLS, 40NDF-RT
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Approved drugs:

Search CenterWatch for Color Blindness

Drug clinical trials:

Search ClinicalTrials for Color Blindness

Search NIH Clinical Center for Color Blindness

Search CenterWatch for Color Blindness

Genetic Tests for Color Blindness

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Anatomical Context for Color Blindness

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Sources:
32MalaCards
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MalaCards organs/tissues related to Color Blindness:

32
Testes, Eye, Liver, Retina, Prostate

Animal Models for Color Blindness or affiliated genes

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Publications for Color Blindness

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Sources:
50PubMed
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Articles related to Color Blindness:

(show top 50)    (show all 185)
idTitleAuthorsYear
1
Color blindness among multiple sclerosis patients in Isfahan. (23267377)
2012
2
Modern racism attitudes among white students: the role of dominance and authoritarianism and the mediating effects of racial color-blindness. (23057194)
2012
3
Color blindness defect and medical laboratory technologists: unnoticed problems and the care for screening. (21137654)
2010
4
Color blindness. (20885436)
2010
5
Color blindness and interracial interaction: playing the political correctness game. (17176425)
2006
6
Congenital color blindness in young Turkish men. (16019694)
2005
7
Acquired color blindness in an elderly male patient from recurrent metastatic prostate cancer. (16108957)
2005
8
More on color blindness. (15789477)
2005
9
Color-blindness in Calabria (Southern Italy): A north-south decreasing trend. (11534000)
2000
10
Red laser pointers and color blindness. (10076196)
1999
11
Laser pointers and color blindness. (9787345)
1998
12
Linkage of a normal personality trait to the color-blindness gene: preliminary evidence. (8274590)
1993
13
Hereditary characteristics of enzyme deficiency and dermatoglyphics in congenital color blindness. (3263528)
1988
14
Spectral characteristics of electroretinography in congenital red-green color blindness. (3498068)
1987
15
Spectral characteristics of early receptor potential in congenital red-green color blindness. (3488889)
1986
16
Psychophysical evidence for more than two kinds of cone in dichromatic color blindness. (6977184)
1982
17
Color blindness linkage to bipolar manic-depressive illness. New evidence. (316316)
1979
18
Color blindness not closely linked to bipolar illness. Report of a new pedigree series. (316315)
1979
19
Cerebral color blindness: an acquired defect in hue discrimination. (316214)
1978
20
Red color blindness. (100181)
1978
21
Hypertension and color blindness in young men. (1088740)
1975
22
Letter: Color blindness. (4543586)
1974
23
Considerations in regard to a proposed association of alcoholism and color blindness. (4537695)
1972
24
Visual acuity and color blindness among Brazilian Cayapo Indians. (4537649)
1972
25
Relationship of color blindness to alcoholic liver damage. (5312721)
1970
26
Lack of association between color blindness and alcoholism. (5312326)
1970
27
Color blindness among Aymara in Chile. (5307579)
1969
28
A further query on color blindness and natural selection. (5312492)
1969
29
Hydrogen cyanide and phenylthiocarbamide sensitivity, mid-phalangeal hair and color blindness in YucatA!n, Mexico. (4299719)
1968
30
HEREDITY AND COLOR-BLINDNESS. (14325823)
1965
31
Peculiar color blindness in peculiar people. (13660537)
1959
32
Graham's theory of color blindness. (13571371)
1958
33
Tests for partial sex-linkage in total color-blindness. (13394078)
1957
34
Retinal processes in total color blindness. (13486571)
1957
35
Color-blindness among the Chinese; a survey in Canton. (13141347)
1953
36
What do the color blind see; a report on monocular color blindness. (12985793)
1952
37
Physiological mechanisms of color blindness. (14817298)
1951
38
Studies on the physiological color blindness of the human fovea with the polarization method. (14873436)
1951
39
Electrophysiological studies of color-blindness. (14776756)
1950
40
Incidence of color-blindness among psychotic subjects. (18893198)
1948
41
Industrial use of the Ishihara tests for color blindness. (20288890)
1947
42
Report on the effect of training in color blindness. (20239993)
1947
43
Use of a monochromatic colorimeter for the study of color blindness. (20241786)
1947
44
COLOR BLINDNESS AND BORDERLINE CASES. (17836005)
1942
45
THE INCIDENCE OF COLOR-BLINDNESS AMONG JEWISH MALES. (17740625)
1936
46
ON THE INCIDENCE OF COLOR-BLINDNESS AMONG NEGROES. (17741747)
1934
47
SPECTRUM FOR TESTING PARTIAL COLOR-BLINDNESS. (17819916)
1929
48
ON COLOR BLINDNESS. (17816900)
1898
49
A series of Wools for the ready detection of Color Blindness. (16691869)
1893
50
TESTS FOR COLOR-BLINDNESS. (17775197)
1881

Genetic Variations for Color Blindness

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Expression for genes affiliated with Color Blindness

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Sources:
1BioGPS, 15Gene Expression Omnibus DataSets
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Expression patterns in normal tissues for genes affiliated with Color Blindness

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Color Blindness.

Pathways for genes affiliated with Color Blindness

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Sources:
53Reactome
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Pathways related to Color Blindness according to GeneCards/GeneDecks:

idSuper pathways (with members indented)ScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1
Hide members
9.9OPN1LW, OPN1SW, OPN1MW2
2
Hide members
9.9OPN1LW, OPN1SW, OPN1MW2
39.9OPN1LW, OPN1SW, OPN1MW2

Compounds for genes affiliated with Color Blindness

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44Novoseek
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Compounds related to Color Blindness according to GeneCards/GeneDecks:

idCompoundScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1fructose-1,6-bisphosphate4410.1G6PD, GK

GO Terms for genes affiliated with Color Blindness

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16Gene Ontology
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Cellular components related to Color Blindness according to GeneCards/GeneDecks:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1photoreceptor outer segment membraneGO:0426229.9OPN1LW, OPN1SW, OPN1MW2

Biological processes related to Color Blindness according to GeneCards/GeneDecks:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1retinoid metabolic processGO:0015239.9OPN1LW, OPN1SW, OPN1MW2
2protein-chromophore linkageGO:0182989.8OPN1MW2, OPN1SW, OPN1LW
3phototransduction, visible lightGO:0076039.5CNGA3, OPN1LW, OPN1SW, OPN1MW2
4visual perceptionGO:0076019.4CNGA3, OPN1LW, OPA1, OPN1SW, OPN1MW2, PDE6H

Molecular functions related to Color Blindness according to GeneCards/GeneDecks:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1cGMP bindingGO:03055310.1CNGA3, PDE6H
2photoreceptor activityGO:0098819.6OPN1LW, OPN1SW, OPN1MW2

Products for genes affiliated with Color Blindness

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  • Antibodies
  • Proteins
  • Lysates
  • Antibodies

Sources for Color Blindness

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3CDC
13ExPASy
14FMA
22GTR
23HGMD
24HMDB
25ICD10
26ICD10 via Orphanet
27ICD9CM
28IUPHAR
29KEGG
34MeSH
35MESH via Orphanet
36MGI
39NCIt
40NDF-RT
43NINDS
44Novoseek
46OMIM
47OMIM via Orphanet
50PubMed
51QIAGEN
57SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
60UMLS
61UMLS via Orphanet