MCID: CNG024
MIFTS: 39

Congenital Nystagmus malady

Categories: Genetic diseases, Neuronal diseases, Rare diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Congenital Nystagmus

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Aliases & Descriptions for Congenital Nystagmus:

Name: Congenital Nystagmus 11 13 25 66
Nystagmus, Congenital 37
 
Nystagmus Congenital 48

Classifications:



External Ids:

Disease Ontology11 DOID:9649
ICD1028 H55.01
ICD9CM30 379.51
MeSH37 D020417

Summaries for Congenital Nystagmus

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Disease Ontology:11 A pathologic nystagmus, present at birth, characterized by involuntary, rhythmic eye movements; oscillations are usually horizontal in direction.

MalaCards based summary: Congenital Nystagmus, also known as nystagmus, congenital, is related to hypotonia, congenital nystagmus, ataxia and abnormal auditory brainstem response and split-hand with congenital nystagmus, fundal changes, and cataracts, and has symptoms including ataxia, cerebellar ataxia and ophthalmoplegia. An important gene associated with Congenital Nystagmus is FRMD7 (FERM Domain Containing 7). Affiliated tissues include eye, brain and skin, and related mouse phenotypes are pigmentation and vision/eye.

Related Diseases for Congenital Nystagmus

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Diseases in the Congenital Nystagmus family:

Nystagmus 7, Congenital, Autosomal Dominant Nystagmus 2, Congenital, Autosomal Dominant
Nystagmus 3, Congenital, Autosomal Dominant Nystagmus 4, Congenital, Autosomal Dominant
Frmd7-Related Infantile Nystagmus

Diseases related to Congenital Nystagmus via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50)    (show all 61)
idRelated DiseaseScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1hypotonia, congenital nystagmus, ataxia and abnormal auditory brainstem response12.0
2split-hand with congenital nystagmus, fundal changes, and cataracts11.9
3nystagmus, congenital motor, autosomal recessive11.9
4nystagmus 6, congenital, x-linked11.2
5o donnell pappas syndrome10.9
6split hand split foot nystagmus10.9
7x-linked infantile nystagmus10.9
8mucopolysaccharidosis10.4FRMD7, GPR143
9splenic sequestration10.4FRMD7, GPR143
10glaucoma 3a, primary open angle, congenital, juvenile, or adult onset10.3PAX6, TYR
11agammaglobulinemia 410.2OCA2, TYR
12prostate cancer, hereditary, 710.2MC1R, OCA2
13pulp degeneration10.2MC1R, OCA2
14dyschromatosis symmetrica hereditaria10.2OCA2, TYR
15primary cutaneous amyloidosis10.1OCA2, TYR
16retinitis10.1
17heavy chain disease10.1MC1R, TYR
18nystagmus 1, congenital, x-linked10.1
19albinism10.1
20homocystinuria10.0PAX6, TYR
21learning disability10.0MC1R, TYR
22arterial calcification of infancy10.0GPR143, OCA2, TYR
23birth defects10.0GPR143, OCA2, TYR
24penis carcinoma in situ9.9MC1R, TYR
25hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 24 without anosmia9.9PAX6, TYR
26ciliary body spindle cell melanoma9.9MC1R, TYR
27astigmatism9.9
28hypothyroidism9.9
29strabismus9.9
30refractive error9.9
31hypotonia9.9
32spasmus nutans9.9
33conjunctival folliculosis9.8MC1R, OCA2, TYR
34nystagmus 7, congenital, autosomal dominant9.8
35nystagmus 2, congenital, autosomal dominant9.8
36nystagmus 3, congenital, autosomal dominant9.8
37nystagmus 4, congenital, autosomal dominant9.8
38nystagmus 5, congenital, x-linked9.8
39klippel-trenaunay-weber syndrome9.7
40aniridia9.7
41fragile x syndrome9.7
42woods syndrome9.7
43achromatopsia9.7
44ocular albinism9.7
45multiple epiphyseal dysplasia9.7
46visual pathway disease9.7
47vestibular nystagmus9.7
48down syndrome9.7
49dysostosis9.7
50neuronitis9.7

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Congenital Nystagmus:



Diseases related to congenital nystagmus

Symptoms for Congenital Nystagmus

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UMLS symptoms related to Congenital Nystagmus:


ataxia, cerebellar ataxia, ophthalmoplegia, smooth pursuit movement deficiency, hyperexplexia, difficulty standing, abnormal coordination, equilibration disorder

Drugs & Therapeutics for Congenital Nystagmus

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Drugs for Congenital Nystagmus (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

idNameStatusPhaseClinical TrialsCas NumberPubChem Id
1
Tropicamide221508-75-45593
Synonyms:
(+-)-N-Ethyl-2-phenyl-N-(4-pyridylmethyl)hydracrylamide
1508-75-4
5-22-09-00359 (Beilstein Handbook Reference)
AB00052120
AC-816
AC1L1KOZ
AC1Q5IFA
AR-1K6980
Akorn Brand of Tropicamide
Alcon Brand of Tropicamide
BPBio1_000303
BRD-A79672927-001-05-8
BRN 0285563
BSPBio_000275
BSPBio_002289
Bio-0810
Bistropamide
Bournonville Brand of Tropicamide
CHEMBL1200604
CID5593
CPD000058523
Cahill May Roberts Brand of Tropicamide
Chauvin Brand of Tropicamide
Colircusi Tropicamida
D00397
D014331
DB00809
DivK1c_000448
EINECS 216-140-2
EU-0101223
Epitromina
HMS1568N17
HMS1921I09
HMS2089M05
HMS2092A18
HMS501G10
I-Picamide
I06-0811
IDI1_000448
KBio1_000448
KBio2_001064
KBio2_003632
KBio2_006200
KBio3_001509
KBioGR_000873
KBioSS_001064
L001262
LS-28545
Lopac0_001223
MLS001306442
MLS002154240
Medical Ophthalmics Brand of Tropicamide
Minims tropicamide
MolPort-000-159-321
Mydral
Mydriacyl
Mydriacyl (TN)
Mydriafair
Mydriaticum
Mydrum
N-Ethyl-2-phenyl-N-(4-pyridylmethyl)hydracrylamide
N-Ethyl-2-phenyl-N-4-[-pyridyl-methyl]hydracrylamide
N-Ethyl-N-(4-pyridylmethyl)tropamid
N-Ethyl-N-(4-pyridylmethyl)tropamide
N-Ethyl-alpha-(hydroxymethyl)-N-(4-pyridinylmethyl)benzeneacetamide
N-ethyl-3-hydroxy-2-phenyl-N-(pyridin-4-ylmethyl)propanamide
NCGC00016065-03
NCGC00016065-08
 
NCGC00024866-02
NCGC00024866-03
NCGC00024866-04
NCGC00024866-05
NCGC00024866-06
NINDS_000448
Novartis Brand of Tropicamide
Ocu Tropic
Ocu-Tropic
OcuTropic
Ocumed Brand of Tropicamide
Ocusoft Brand of Tropicamide
Opticyl
Paremyd
Pharmafair Brand of Tropicamide
Prestwick0_000228
Prestwick1_000228
Prestwick2_000228
Prestwick3_000228
Prestwick_487
Rivex Brand of Tropicamide
Ro 1-7683
SAM002564235
SMP1_000304
SMR000058523
SPBio_000872
SPBio_002196
SPECTRUM1500599
STK934612
Spectro-Cyl
Spectrum2_000936
Spectrum3_000655
Spectrum4_000377
Spectrum5_001585
Spectrum_000584
Stulln Brand 1 of Tropicamide
Stulln Brand 2 of Tropicamide
T 9778
T9778_SIGMA
TL8001101
Triaminic DM
Tropicacyl
Tropicamid
Tropicamida
Tropicamida [INN-Spanish]
Tropicamide
Tropicamide (JP15/USP/INN)
Tropicamide Alcon Brand
Tropicamide Chauvin Brand
Tropicamide Faure
Tropicamide Minims
Tropicamide Monofree
Tropicamide Monohydrochloride, (R)-Isomer
Tropicamide Monohydrochloride, (S)-Isomer
Tropicamide Novartis Brand
Tropicamide Ocumed Brand
Tropicamide Pharmafair Brand
Tropicamide Rivex Brand
Tropicamide [USAN:INN:BANJAN]
Tropicamide, (+-)-Isomer
Tropicamide, (R)-Isomer
Tropicamide, (S)-Isomer
Tropicamidum
Tropicamidum [INN-Latin]
Tropikamid
Tropimil
UNII-N0A3Z5XTC6
Visumidriatic
n-ethyl-n-(g-picolyl)tropamide
tropicamide
2
Menthol21842216-51-516666
Synonyms:
(−
()-Menthol
(+)-Neo-menthol
(+)-p-Menthan-3-ol
(+-)-(1R*,3R*,4S*)-Menthol
(+-)-Menthol
(+/-)-Menthol
(+/-)-p-Menthan-3-ol
(-)-(1R,3R,4S)-Menthol
(-)-Menthyl alcohol
(-)-menthol
(-)-p-Menthan-3-ol
(-)-trans-p-Menthan-cis-ol
(1R)-(-)-Menthol
(1R,2S,5R)-(-)-menthol
(1R,2S,5R)-Menthol
(1R,3R,4S)-(-)-MENTHOL
(1R,3R,4S)-(-)-Menthol
(1R-(1-alpha,2-beta,5-alpha))-5-Methyl-2-(1-methylethyl)cyclohexanol
(1S, 2S, 5R)-(+)-Neomenthol
(1S,2R,5R)-(+)-Isomenthol
(1S,2R,5S)-(+)-Menthol
(1S,2R,5S)-Menthol
(1alpha,2beta,5alpha)-5-Methyl-2(1-methylethyl)cyclohexanol
(1r,2s,5r)-(-)-menthol
(L)-MENTHOL
(R)-(-)-Menthol
(r)-(-)-menthol
)-Menthol
--MENTHOL
1-Menthol
1490-04-6
15356-60-2
15356-70-4
15785_RIEDEL
15785_SIAL
19863P
2-Isopropyl-5-methylcyclohexanol
20747-49-3
2216-51-5
3-p-Menthol
4-Isopropyl-1-methylcyclohexan-3-ol
491-02-1
5-Methyl-2-(1-methylethyl)-cyclohexanol
5-Methyl-2-(1-methylethyl)cyclohexanol
5-methyl-2-(propan-2-yl)cyclohexanol
5-methyl-2-propan-2-ylcyclohexan-1-ol
551376_ALDRICH
551376_FLUKA
588733_ALDRICH
613290_ALDRICH
613290_FLUKA
63660_FLUKA
63670_ALDRICH
63670_FLUKA
63975-60-0
6C6A4A8C-A054-468C-A1F0-F29E39838CF2
89-78-1
98167-53-4
AC1L1B2E
AC1L28FR
AC1Q1NQ2
AC1Q2QQM
AI3-08161
AI3-52408
AKOS000119740
AR-1J3337
BB_NC-0057
BRN 1902288
BRN 3194263
BSPBio_003062
C00400
C10H20O
CCRIS 3728
CCRIS 375
CCRIS 4666
CCRIS 9231
CHEBI:15409
CHEBI:545611
CHEMBL256087
CHEMBL470670
CID1254
CID16666
Caswell No. 540
D-(-)-Menthol
D-p-Menthan-3-ol
D00064
D008610
D04849
D04918
DB00825
DivK1c_000820
EINECS 201-939-0
EINECS 207-724-8
EINECS 216-074-4
EINECS 218-690-9
EINECS 239-387-8
EINECS 239-388-3
EPA Pesticide Chemical Code 051601
FEMA No. 2665
Fisherman's friend lozenges
Fisherman's friend lozenges (TN)
HMS1922G13
HMS2092L14
HMS502I22
 
HSDB 5662
HSDB 593
Headache crystals
Hexahydrothymol
I06-1216
I14-7371
IDI1_000820
KBio1_000820
KBio2_000785
KBio2_003353
KBio2_005921
KBio3_002562
KBioSS_000785
L-(-)-Menthol
L-(-)-menthol
L-Menthol
L-menthol
LMPR0102090001
LS-2353
LS-57201
LS-886
LS-89531
LS-89533
Levomenthol
Levomenthol [INN:BAN]
Levomentholum
Levomentholum [INN-Latin]
Levomentol
M0321
M0545
M2772_SIAL
MENTHOL
MLS002207256
Menthacamphor
Menthol
Menthol (USP)
Menthol (VAN)
Menthol natural
Menthol natural, brazilian
Menthol racemic
Menthol racemique
Menthol racemique [French]
Menthol solution
Menthol, (1alpha,2beta,5alpha)-Isomer
Menthomenthol
Menthyl alcohol
MolPort-000-849-729
MolPort-001-793-392
NCGC00159382-02
NCGC00159382-03
NCGC00164247-01
NCGC00164247-02
NCI-C50000
NINDS_000820
NOOLISFMXDJSKH-KXUCPTDWBX
NSC 2603
NSC 62788
NSC2603
NSC62788
Neoisomenthol
Peppermint camphor
RACEMIC MENTHOL U.S.P.
Racementhol
Racementhol [INN:BAN]
Racementholum
Racementholum [INN-Latin]
Racementol
Racementol [INN-Spanish]
Racemic menthol
Robitussin Cough Drops
SDCCGMLS-0066659.P001
SMR001306785
SPBio_000869
SPECTRUM1503134
STK802468
Spectrum2_000855
Spectrum3_001561
Spectrum5_001060
Spectrum_000305
Tra-kill tracheal mite killer
U.S.P. Menthol
U.S.p. Menthol
UNII-BZ1R15MTK7
UNII-L7T10EIP3A
UNII-YS08XHA860
W266507_ALDRICH
W266523_ALDRICH
W266590_ALDRICH
WLN: L6TJ AY1&1 BQ D1
WLN: L6TJ AY1&1 DQ D1 -L
ZINC01482164
cis-1 ,3-trans-1,4-(+-)-menthol
cis-1,3-trans-1,4-(+-)-menthol
d,l-Menthol
d-Menthol
d-Neomenthol
dl-3-p-Menthanol
dl-Menthol
dl-Menthol (JP15)
l-(-)-Menthol
l-Menthol
l-Menthol (JP15)
l-Menthol (TN)
l-Menthol (natural)
nchembio862-comp1
p-Menthan-3-ol
rac-Menthol
3
clonidine2194205-90-72803
Synonyms:
1H-Imidazol-2-amine, N-(2,6-dichlorophenyl)-4,5-dihydro- (9CI)
2,6-Dichloro-N-2-imidazolidinylidenebenzenamine
2,6-dichloro-N-(2-imidazolidinylidene)aniline
2,6-dichloro-N-2-imidazolidinylidenebenzenamide
2,6-dichloro-N-imidazolidin-2-ylideneaniline
2-((2,6-Dichlorophenyl)imino)imidazolidine
2-(2,6-Dichloroanilino)-1,3-diazacyclopentene-(2)
2-(2,6-Dichloroanilino)-2-imidazoline
2-(2,6-Dichlorophenylamino)-2-imidazoline
2-(2,6-Dichlorophenylimino)imidazolidine
2-Imidazoline, 2-(2,6-dichloroanilino)- (7CI,8CI)
2-[(2,6-Dichlorophenyl)imino]imidazoline
2-[(2,6-dichlorophenyl)imino]-2-imidazoline
4205-90-7
4205-91-8 (mono-hydrochloride)
57066-25-8
734571A
AB00514634
AC1L1EI5
AC1Q3K6V
AKOS001595470
Adesipress
BIDD:GT0547
BPBio1_000040
BRD-K98530306-001-02-1
BRD-K98530306-003-05-0
BSPBio_000036
BSPBio_001588
BSPBio_002055
Bio1_000470
Bio1_000959
Bio1_001448
Bio2_000308
Bio2_000788
C9H9Cl2N3
CAS-4205-91-8
CATAPRES-TTS-1
CATAPRES-TTS-2
CATAPRES-TTS-3
CCRIS 7787
CHEBI:3757
CHEBI:46632
CHEMBL134
CID2803
Catapres
Catapres- TTS
Catapres-TTS
Catapresan
Catapressan
Catarpres
Catarpres-TTS
Catarpres-TTS (TN)
Catarpresan
Chlofazoline
Chlornidinum
Clofenil
Clonidin
Clonidina
Clonidina [INN-Spanish]
Clonidine (JAN/USAN/INN)
Clonidine HCl
Clonidine [USAN:BAN:INN]
Clonidinhydrochlorid
Clonidinum
Clonidinum [INN-Latin]
Clonistada
Clopheline
D00281
DB00575
DB07566
DivK1c_000774
 
Dixarit
Duraclon
Duraclont
EINECS 224-119-4
Gemiton
HMS1361P10
HMS1791P10
HMS1989P10
HMS2089G11
HSDB 3040
Hemiton
IDI1_000774
IDI1_034058
Ipotensium
Isoglaucon
KBio1_000774
KBio2_000308
KBio2_001821
KBio2_002876
KBio2_004389
KBio2_005444
KBio2_006957
KBio3_000615
KBio3_000616
KBio3_001275
KBioGR_000308
KBioGR_001572
KBioSS_000308
KBioSS_001821
Klofelin
Klofenil
L000193
LS-79606
Lopac-C-7897
Lopac0_000268
M 5041T
M-5041T
MolPort-001-779-668
MolPort-005-932-374
N-(2,6-Dichlorophenyl)-4,5-dihydro-1H-imidazol-2-amine
NCGC00015268-01
NCGC00015268-02
NCGC00015268-08
NCGC00024734-01
NCGC00024734-02
NCGC00024734-03
NCGC00024734-04
NCGC00024734-05
NCGC00179680-01
NINDS_000774
Prestwick0_000248
Prestwick1_000248
Prestwick2_000248
Prestwick3_000248
SKF 34427
SPBio_001233
SPBio_002255
ST 155BS
ST-155-BS
ST-155BS
Spectrum2_001187
Spectrum3_000358
Spectrum4_000956
Spectrum5_000759
Spectrum_001341
T171
Tenso-Timelets
Tocris-0690
UNII-MN3L5RMN02
ZINC00896484
clonidine
nchembio.79-comp11
nchembio705-10
4
4-Aminopyridine67504-24-51727
Synonyms:
.gamma.-Aminopyridine
275875_ALDRICH
36687_FLUKA
36687_RIEDEL
4 AP
4 Aminopyridine
4 Aminopyridine Sustained Release
4-AP
4-Aminopyridine
4-Aminopyridine 10
4-Aminopyridine Sustained Release
4-Pyridinamine
4-Pyridylamine
4-aminopyridine
5-22-09-00106 (Beilstein Handbook Reference)
504-24-5
A 0152
A0414
A78403_ALDRICH
AB1004971
AC-907/25014071
AC1L1C3R
AC1Q52BM
AI3-52547
AKOS000119896
Amaya
Amino-4 pyridine
Amino-4-Pyridine
Ampydin
Ampyra
Avitrol
Avitrol 200
BB_SC-6974
BRN 0105782
BSPBio_001562
Bio1_000353
Bio1_000842
Bio1_001331
Bio2_000282
Bio2_000762
C13728
C5H6N2
CHEBI:34385
CHEMBL284348
CID1727
Caswell No. 038
Compound 1861
D015761
D04127
Dalfampridine
DivK1c_000572
EINECS 207-987-9
EL-970
EPA Pesticide Chemical Code 069201
EU-0100032
FT-0083754
Fampridina
Fampridine
Fampridine (USAN/INN)
Fampridine SR
Fampridine [USAN:INN]
Fampridine-PR
Fampridine-SR
Fampridinum
HC150041
HMS1361O04
HMS1791O04
HMS1921H15
HMS1989O04
HMS2092F05
HMS501M14
HSDB 6037
IDI1_000572
IDI1_034032
InChI=1/C5H6N2/c6-5-1-3-7-4-2-5/h1-4H,(H2,6,7
KBio1_000572
 
KBio2_000282
KBio2_000635
KBio2_002850
KBio2_003203
KBio2_005418
KBio2_005771
KBio3_000563
KBio3_000564
KBio3_001888
KBioGR_000282
KBioGR_001505
KBioSS_000282
KBioSS_000635
LS-130202
Lopac-A-0152
Lopac0_000032
MLS000069400
Mi-W-3
MolPort-000-146-022
N07XX07
NCGC00015009-01
NCGC00015009-03
NCGC00015009-12
NCGC00024890-01
NCGC00024890-02
NCGC00024890-03
NCGC00024890-04
NCGC00024890-05
NCGC00024890-06
NCGC00024890-07
NCGC00024890-08
NCGC00024890-09
NCGC00024890-10
NINDS_000572
NSC 15041
NSC15041
Neurelan
Neurelan (TN)
P-Aminopyridine
PYRIDINE,4-AMINO
Philips 1861
Phillips 1861
Pimadin (free base)
Prc 1237
Pymadin
Pymadine
RCRA waste no. P008
SDCCGMLS-0066228.P001
SMR000058211
SPBio_001486
SPECTRUM1501130
STK298717
Spectrum2_001413
Spectrum3_000914
Spectrum4_001013
Spectrum5_001501
Spectrum_000155
Sustained Release, 4-Aminopyridine
TL8003344
Tocris-0940
UNII-BH3B64OKL9
UPCMLD-DP125
UPCMLD-DP125:001
VMI 10-3
VMI 103
VMI-10-3
VMI-103
VMI103
WLN: T6NJ DZ
[J.Pharmacol.Exp.Ther. 275:864 (1995)]
gamma-Aminopyridine
nchem.892-comp4
p-Aminopyridine
p-Aminopyridine [UN2671] [Poison]
p-Aminopyridine [UN2671] [Poison]
pyridin-4-amine
pyridin-4-ylamine
5arginineNutraceutical393

Interventional clinical trials:

idNameStatusNCT IDPhase
1Eye Muscle Surgery to Treat Congenital NystagmusCompletedNCT00001866Phase 2
2Efficacy and Safety Study of Neramexane to Treat Congenital and Acquired NystagmusCompletedNCT00661440Phase 2
3Open-lable Extension Study on Safety and Efficacy of Neramexane to Treat Congenital and Acquired NystagmusTerminatedNCT00799942Phase 2
4Genetic Study of Patients Suffering From Congenital Amaurosis of Leber or From an Early Severe Retinal DystrophyCompletedNCT00422721
5Long-term Postoperative Outcomes After Bilateral Congenital Cataract Surgery in Eyes With MicrophthalmosCompletedNCT01818037
6Correlation of Gene Abnormalities and Clinical Manifestations of AniridiaCompletedNCT00265590
7Rare Disease Patient Registry & Natural History Study - Coordination of Rare Diseases at SanfordRecruitingNCT01793168
8Chromosome 18 Clinical Research CenterRecruitingNCT00227253
9Expanded Access Study Amifampridine Phosphate in Lambert-Eaton Myasthenic Syndrome (LEMS), Congenital Myasthenic Syndrome (CMS), or Downbeat Nystagmus PatientsAvailableNCT02189720

Search NIH Clinical Center for Congenital Nystagmus


Cochrane evidence based reviews: nystagmus, congenital

Genetic Tests for Congenital Nystagmus

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Genetic tests related to Congenital Nystagmus:

id Genetic test Affiliating Genes
1 Congenital Nystagmus25

Anatomical Context for Congenital Nystagmus

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MalaCards organs/tissues related to Congenital Nystagmus:

34
Eye, Brain, Skin

Animal Models for Congenital Nystagmus or affiliated genes

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MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Congenital Nystagmus:

39
idDescriptionMGI Source AccessionScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1MP:00011868.4GPR143, MC1R, OCA2, PAX6, TYR
2MP:00053918.1CNGA3, GPR143, OCA2, PAX6, TYR

Publications for Congenital Nystagmus

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Articles related to Congenital Nystagmus:

(show top 50)    (show all 267)
idTitleAuthorsYear
1
Congenital Nystagmus Gene FRMD7 Is Necessary for Establishing a Neuronal Circuit Asymmetry for Direction Selectivity. (26711119)
2016
2
Astigmatism in patients with idiopathic congenital nystagmus. (23456100)
2013
3
Is it possible to measure peripheral vestibular function in a patient with congenital nystagmus? (21898086)
2012
4
A novel GPR143 splicing mutation in a Chinese family with X-linked congenital nystagmus. (21423867)
2011
5
Novel mutations in FRMD7 in X-linked congenital nystagmus. (17397053)
2007
6
Visual and perceptual consequences of congenital nystagmus. (16702076)
2006
7
Scanning the ocular albinism 1 (OA1) gene for polymorphisms in congenital nystagmus by DHPLC. (16754205)
2006
8
Beating the beat: reading can be faster than the frequency of eye movements in persons with congenital nystagmus. (16909075)
2006
9
Positive angle kappa: a sign of albinism in patients with congenital nystagmus. (15059699)
2004
10
Time-varying, slow-phase component interaction in congenital nystagmus. (14637369)
2004
11
Positive angle kappa: a sign of albinism in patients with congenital nystagmus. (15488828)
2004
12
Isolated absence of optic chiasm revealed by congenital nystagmus, MRI and VEPs. (12973665)
2003
13
Effects of stimulus size and luminance on oscillopsia in congenital nystagmus. (14552809)
2003
14
Relationships between visual acuity and anomalous head posture in patients with congenital nystagmus. (14560831)
2003
15
Development of new treatments for congenital nystagmus. (11960819)
2002
16
The torsional component of "horizontal" congenital nystagmus. (11937902)
2002
17
Clinical rationale for manifest congenital nystagmus surgery. (10773804)
2000
18
Periodic alternating nystagmus and congenital nystagmus: similarities in possibly inherited cases. (10654319)
2000
19
Modelling of congenital nystagmus waveforms produced by saccadic system abnormalities. (10836585)
2000
20
The effectiveness of surgery for congenital nystagmus. (10396375)
1999
21
Congenital nystagmus: in search of simplicity on the other side of complexity. (10221796)
1999
22
Extraocular muscle tenotomy, dissection, and suture: a hypothetical therapy for congenital nystagmus. (9713798)
1998
23
The prevalence of strabismus in congenital nystagmus: the influence of anterior visual pathway disease. (10530980)
1997
24
Multifaceted treatment of congenital nystagmus: a report of 6 cases. (8927312)
1996
25
Congenital nystagmus: fine structure of human extraocular muscles. (8599162)
1995
26
Refractive error and axial length in a primate model of strabismus and congenital nystagmus. (7499089)
1995
27
Hereditary congenital nystagmus and gaze-holding failure: the role of the neural integrator. (8414024)
1993
28
Foveation dynamics in congenital nystagmus. III: Vestibulo-ocular reflex. (1568422)
1992
29
Congenital nystagmus in a (46,XX/45,X) mosaic woman from a family with X-linked congenital nystagmus. (2063919)
1991
30
Etiology of reduced visual acuity in congenital nystagmus. (1755616)
1991
31
Results of surgery to modify the null-zone position in congenital nystagmus. (1889025)
1991
32
The nature of head postures in congenital nystagmus. (1993030)
1991
33
Spectral analysis of pendular waveforms in congenital nystagmus. (2734003)
1989
34
A study of prismatic treatment of congenital nystagmus by electro-oculogram fixation, pursuit eye movement and optokinetic nystagmus. (3706071)
1986
35
Waveform characteristics in congenital nystagmus. (3608756)
1986
36
Spectral analysis of dual jerk waveforms in congenital nystagmus. (3801542)
1986
37
Hereditary congenital nystagmus. A Japanese pedigree. (3703492)
1986
38
Congenital nystagmus: control of slow tracking movements by target offset from the fovea. (3710185)
1986
39
A hypothetical explanation of congenital nystagmus. (6722208)
1984
40
Vestibulo-ocular and optokinetic deficits in albinos with congenital nystagmus. (6609907)
1984
41
Visual acuity and motor characteristics in congenital nystagmus. (6859182)
1983
42
Congenital nystagmus. (7356925)
1980
43
Latent, manifest latent, and congenital nystagmus. (485910)
1979
44
The effects of congenital nystagmus surgery. (542244)
1979
45
Surgical treatment of congenital nystagmus in patients with singular binocular vision. (1247277)
1976
46
Suppression and facilitation of congenital nystagmus by vertical lines. (4735470)
1973
47
Periodic alteration of null point in congenital nystagmus. Association with alternating gaze deviation and esotropia. (5057866)
1972
48
Congenital nystagmus and hypothyroidism. (5766079)
1969
49
VESTIBULAR REACTIVITY IN CASES OF CONGENITAL NYSTAGMUS AND BLINDNESS. (14181101)
1964
50
CONGENITAL NYSTAGMUS. (20771952)
1925

Variations for Congenital Nystagmus

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Expression for genes affiliated with Congenital Nystagmus

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Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Congenital Nystagmus.

Pathways for genes affiliated with Congenital Nystagmus

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GO Terms for genes affiliated with Congenital Nystagmus

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Cellular components related to Congenital Nystagmus according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1melanosome membraneGO:00331629.3GPR143, OCA2, TYR

Biological processes related to Congenital Nystagmus according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1eye pigment biosynthetic processGO:00067269.8GPR143, OCA2, TYR
2response to cAMPGO:00515919.4CNGA3, TYR
3melanin biosynthetic processGO:00424389.2MC1R, OCA2, TYR
4pigmentationGO:00434738.8MC1R, OCA2, TYR
5visual perceptionGO:00076018.5CNGA3, GPR143, PAX6, TYR

Sources for Congenital Nystagmus

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2CDC
6CNVD
10DGIdb
15ExPASy
16FDA
17FMA
25GTR
26HGMD
27HMDB
28ICD10
29ICD10 via Orphanet
30ICD9CM
31IUPHAR
32KEGG
35MedGen
37MeSH
38MESH via Orphanet
39MGI
42NCI
43NCIt
44NDF-RT
47NINDS
48Novoseek
50OMIM
51OMIM via Orphanet
55PubMed
56QIAGEN
61SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
65Tumor Gene Family of Databases
66UMLS
67UMLS via Orphanet