Aliases & Classifications for Cranial Nerve Palsy

MalaCards integrated aliases for Cranial Nerve Palsy:

Name: Cranial Nerve Palsy 12 14
Cranial Nerve Paralysis 12 29
Cranial Nerve Diseases 42 69
Cranial Nerve Palsies 69

Classifications:



External Ids:

Disease Ontology 12 DOID:3817
MeSH 42 D003389
NCIt 47 C26941
SNOMED-CT 64 73013002
ICD10 33 G53 G52.8
UMLS 69 C0151311

Summaries for Cranial Nerve Palsy

MalaCards based summary : Cranial Nerve Palsy, also known as cranial nerve paralysis, is related to multiple cranial nerve palsy and cranial nerve disease, and has symptoms including ophthalmoplegia, circumoral paresthesia and neurologic symptoms. An important gene associated with Cranial Nerve Palsy is APC (APC, WNT Signaling Pathway Regulator), and among its related pathways/superpathways is G12-G13 in Cellular Signaling. The drugs Methylprednisolone and Prednisolone have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include brain, b cells and pituitary.

Related Diseases for Cranial Nerve Palsy

Diseases in the Cranial Nerve Palsy family:

Multiple Cranial Nerve Palsy

Diseases related to Cranial Nerve Palsy via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 143)
id Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 multiple cranial nerve palsy 12.3
2 cranial nerve disease 12.3
3 fourth cranial nerve palsy 12.3
4 fourth cranial nerve palsy, familial congenital 12.1
5 third cranial nerve disease 12.0
6 oculomotor nerve paralysis 11.1
7 bell's palsy 11.1
8 abducens nerve disease 11.1
9 congenital oculomotor nerve palsy 11.1
10 congenital abducens nerve palsy 11.1
11 congenital trochlear nerve palsy 11.1
12 brown-vialetto-van laere syndrome 1 11.1
13 paraganglioma and gastric stromal sarcoma 10.9
14 cowden syndrome 1 10.9
15 behcet syndrome 10.9
16 eastern equine encephalitis 10.9
17 tolosa-hunt syndrome 10.9
18 glomus vagale tumor 10.9
19 optic nerve disease 10.7
20 meningocele 10.3 APC CHN1
21 aneurysm 10.3
22 meningitis 10.1
23 sagittal sinus thrombosis 10.1 NT5C3A RHNO1
24 lymphoma 10.1
25 carotid artery dissection 10.1
26 nasopharyngitis 10.1
27 pituitary apoplexy 10.1
28 enterocele 10.1 CHN1 NT5C3A
29 nasopharyngeal carcinoma 10.1
30 cerebritis 10.1
31 ovarian gonadoblastoma 10.1 NT5C3A RHNO1
32 papillary craniopharyngioma 10.0 NT5C3A SLC25A16
33 mechanical strabismus 10.0 CHN1 RHNO1
34 intracranial hypotension 10.0
35 neuropathy 10.0
36 systemic lupus erythematosus 10.0
37 arachnoiditis 10.0
38 herpes zoster 10.0
39 lupus erythematosus 10.0
40 arachnoid cysts 10.0
41 retinitis 9.9
42 strabismus 9.9
43 herpes zoster ophthalmicus 9.9
44 spontaneous intracranial hypotension 9.9
45 melkersson-rosenthal syndrome 9.8
46 multiple myeloma 9.8
47 hepatitis 9.8
48 leukemia 9.8
49 sinusitis 9.8
50 thrombosis 9.8

Comorbidity relations with Cranial Nerve Palsy via Phenotypic Disease Network (PDN):


Hypertension, Essential

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Cranial Nerve Palsy:



Diseases related to Cranial Nerve Palsy

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Cranial Nerve Palsy

UMLS symptoms related to Cranial Nerve Palsy:


ophthalmoplegia, circumoral paresthesia, neurologic symptoms

Drugs & Therapeutics for Cranial Nerve Palsy

Drugs for Cranial Nerve Palsy (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show top 50) (show all 141)
id Name Status Phase Clinical Trials Cas Number PubChem Id
1
Methylprednisolone Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4,Phase 3 83-43-2 6741
2
Prednisolone Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4,Phase 3 50-24-8 5755
3
Pyrimethamine Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4 58-14-0 4993
4
Sulfadiazine Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4 68-35-9 5215
5
Sulfamethoxazole Approved Phase 4 723-46-6 5329
6
Trimethoprim Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4 738-70-5 5578
7
Folic Acid Approved, Nutraceutical, Vet_approved Phase 4,Phase 2,Phase 3,Phase 1 59-30-3 6037
8
leucovorin Approved, Nutraceutical Phase 4,Phase 2,Phase 3 58-05-9 143 6006
9 Antiemetics Phase 4,Phase 3
10 Anti-Inflammatory Agents Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2,Phase 1
11 Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2
12 Autonomic Agents Phase 4,Phase 3
13 Gastrointestinal Agents Phase 4,Phase 3
14 glucocorticoids Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2
15 Hormone Antagonists Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2
16 Hormones Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2
17 Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2
18 Methylprednisolone acetate Phase 4,Phase 3
19 Methylprednisolone Hemisuccinate Phase 4,Phase 3
20 Neuroprotective Agents Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2
21 Peripheral Nervous System Agents Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 1
22 Prednisolone acetate Phase 4,Phase 3
23 Prednisolone hemisuccinate Phase 4,Phase 3
24 Prednisolone phosphate Phase 4,Phase 3
25 Protective Agents Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2,Phase 1
26 Anti-Infective Agents Phase 4,Phase 2,Phase 3
27 Antimalarials Phase 4
28 Antiparasitic Agents Phase 4
29 Antiprotozoal Agents Phase 4
30 Folic Acid Antagonists Phase 4
31 Trimethoprim, Sulfamethoxazole Drug Combination Phase 4
32 Vitamin B Complex Phase 4,Phase 2,Phase 3,Phase 1
33 Acyclovir Phase 4
34 Antiviral Agents Phase 4,Phase 2,Phase 3
35 valacyclovir Phase 4
36 Folate Nutraceutical Phase 4,Phase 2,Phase 3,Phase 1
37 Vitamin B9 Nutraceutical Phase 4,Phase 2,Phase 3,Phase 1
38
Prednisone Approved, Vet_approved Phase 2, Phase 3 53-03-2 5865
39
Rivastigmine Approved, Investigational Phase 3,Phase 2 123441-03-2 77991
40
Cyclophosphamide Approved, Investigational Phase 2, Phase 3 50-18-0, 6055-19-2 2907
41
Cytarabine Approved, Investigational Phase 2, Phase 3 147-94-4 6253
42
Doxorubicin Approved, Investigational Phase 2, Phase 3 23214-92-8 31703
43
Etoposide Approved Phase 2, Phase 3 33419-42-0 36462
44
Lenograstim Approved Phase 2, Phase 3 135968-09-1
45
Levoleucovorin Approved Phase 2, Phase 3 68538-85-2
46
Methotrexate Approved Phase 2, Phase 3 1959-05-2, 59-05-2 126941
47
Rasburicase Approved, Investigational Phase 2, Phase 3 134774-45-1
48
rituximab Approved Phase 2, Phase 3 174722-31-7 10201696
49
Vincristine Approved, Investigational Phase 2, Phase 3 2068-78-2, 57-22-7 5978
50
Rasagiline Approved Phase 3 136236-51-6 3052776

Interventional clinical trials:

(show top 50) (show all 105)

id Name Status NCT ID Phase Drugs
1 Treatment of Cerebral Toxoplasmosis in HIV/AIDS Completed NCT00367081 Phase 4 TMX-SMX (Bactrim(R));Pyrimethamine plus Sulfadiazine plus leucoverin
2 Scandinavian Bell's Palsy Study Completed NCT00510263 Phase 4 Prednisolone + placebo;Valaciclovir + placebo;Prednisolone + valaciclovir;Placebo + placebo
3 EVA3S: Endarterectomy Versus Angioplasty in Patients With Severe Symptomatic Carotid Stenosis Completed NCT00190398 Phase 3
4 Corticosteroids in Prevention of Facial Palsy After Cranial Base Surgery Completed NCT00438087 Phase 3 methylprednisolone
5 Study to Evaluate the Safety and Efficacy of Davunetide for the Treatment of Progressive Supranuclear Palsy Completed NCT01110720 Phase 2, Phase 3 Davunetide;Placebo
6 Effects of Coenzyme Q10 in Progressive Supranuclear Palsy (PSP) Completed NCT00382824 Phase 2, Phase 3 CoenzymeQ10
7 Effects of Coenzyme Q10 in PSP and CBD Completed NCT00532571 Phase 2, Phase 3 CoQ10
8 Mature B-Cell Lymphoma And Leukemia Study III Recruiting NCT01046825 Phase 2, Phase 3 COPAD;COP, COPD M3, CYM;COP, COPADM8, CYVE
9 Efficacy of RIVAstigmine on Motor, Cognitive and Behavioural Impairment in Progressive Supranuclear Palsy Recruiting NCT02839642 Phase 3 Rivastigmine;Placebo
10 " Endarterectomy Combined With Optimal Medical Therapy (OMT) vs OMT Alone in Patients With Asymptomatic Severe Atherosclerotic Carotid Artery Stenosis at Higher-than-average Risk of Ipsilateral Stroke " Not yet recruiting NCT02841098 Phase 3 Optimal medical therapy alone
11 Efficacy, Tolerability and Safety of Azilect in Subjects With Progressive Supranuclear Palsy Terminated NCT01187888 Phase 3 Rasagiline;Sugar pill
12 Surgery for Vocal Cord Paralysis Terminated NCT00064571 Phase 3
13 Neuroprotection and Natural History in Parkinson's Plus Syndromes (NNIPPS) Terminated NCT00211224 Phase 3 Riluzole
14 Study of the Distractibility Syndrome in Patients With Progressive Supranuclear Palsy Unknown status NCT00139373 Phase 2 donepezil
15 Clinical Trial to Evaluate Bone Marrow Stem Cell Therapy for PSP, a Rare Form of Parkinsonism Unknown status NCT01824121 Phase 1, Phase 2
16 Efficacy Study for Treatment of Dementia in Progressive Supranuclear Palsy Unknown status NCT00522015 Phase 2 rivastigmine
17 Implantation of Porous Titanium Prosthesis in Laryngeal Surgery Unknown status NCT00213863 Phase 2
18 Trial of Valproic Acid in Patients With Progressive Supranuclear Palsy (Depakine) Completed NCT00385710 Phase 2 valproic acid;Placebo
19 Alpha-lipoic Acid/L-acetyl Carnitine for Progressive Supranuclear Palsy Completed NCT01537549 Phase 1, Phase 2 alpha-lipoic acid and L-acetyl carnitine
20 Study About Safety and Efficacy of Coenzyme Q10 in Progressive Supranuclear Palsy Completed NCT00328874 Phase 2 Coenzyme Q10
21 A Pilot Trial of Lithium in Subjects With Progressive Supranuclear Palsy or Corticobasal Degeneration Completed NCT00703677 Phase 1, Phase 2 Lithium
22 Injection Laryngoplasty Using Autologous Fat Enriched With Adipose Derived Regenerative Stem Cells (ADRC) Completed NCT02904824 Phase 1, Phase 2
23 Continuously Infused Recombinant-Methionyl Human Glial Cell Line-Derived Neurotrophic Factor (GDNF) to Treat Progressive Supranuclear Palsy Completed NCT00005903 Phase 2 GDNF & Synchro Med Infusion System
24 Treatment for Advanced B-Cell Lymphoma Recruiting NCT01859819 Phase 2 Rituximab;IT Cytarabine
25 A Study to Assess Efficacy, Safety, Tolerability, and Pharmacokinetics of ABBV-8E12 in Progressive Supranuclear Palsy Recruiting NCT02985879 Phase 2 ABBV-8E12;Placebo
26 Study of BIIB092 in Patients With Progressive Supranuclear Palsy Recruiting NCT03068468 Phase 2
27 Laryngeal Reinnervation Versus Thyroplasty in Patients With Vocal Fold Weakness. Recruiting NCT02973152 Phase 2
28 Davunetide (AL-108) in Predicted Tauopathies - Pilot Study Active, not recruiting NCT01056965 Phase 2 davunetide (AL-108, NAP);Placebo nasal spray
29 Dynamic Laryngeal Opening for Bilateral Vocal Fold Paralysis by an Implanted Stimulator Unknown status NCT00845442 Phase 1
30 Safety, Tolerability, and Pharmacokinetics of C2N-8E12 in Subjects With Progressive Supranuclear Palsy Completed NCT02494024 Phase 1 Single dose C2N-8E12;Single dose placebo
31 Multiple Ascending Dose Study of Intravenously Administered BMS-986168 in Patients With Progressive Supranuclear Palsy Completed NCT02460094 Phase 1 BMS-986168;Placebo
32 Tau Imaging in Subjects With Progressive Supranuclear Palsy, Corticobasal Degeneration and Healthy Volunteers Completed NCT02167594 Phase 1 18F-AV-1451;florbetapir F18
33 Young Plasma Transfusions for Progressive Supranuclear Palsy Recruiting NCT02460731 Phase 1
34 A 6 Month, Open-Label, Pilot Futility Clinical Trial of Oral Salsalate for Progressive Supranuclear Palsy Recruiting NCT02422485 Phase 1 Salsalate
35 Extension Study of BIIB092 in Patients With Progressive Supranuclear Palsy Who Participated in CN002003 Active, not recruiting NCT02658916 Phase 1 BIIB092
36 Safety Study of TPI-287 to Treat CBS and PSP Active, not recruiting NCT02133846 Phase 1 TPI 287 2 mg/m2;TPI-287 20 mg/m2;Placebo;TPI-287 6.3 mg/m2
37 The Function of Cricothyroid Muscle and Its Impaction on Mandarin Lexical Tones in Unilateral Vocal Fold Paralysis Unknown status NCT02184377 Early Phase 1
38 Postural Instability in Progressive Supranuclear Palsy Unknown status NCT01563276
39 The Relationship Between Psychological Factors and Bell's Palsy Unknown status NCT01377766
40 Prednisone and Acupuncture for the Treatment of Facial Neuritis: a Multiple Center, CER in China Unknown status NCT01201642 Prednisolone
41 Foot Mechanical Stimulation for Treatment of Gait and Gait Related Disorders in Parkinson's Disease and Progressive Supranuclear Palsy. Unknown status NCT01815281
42 Establish Quantitative Measurements of Laryngeal Sensorimotor Functions and Evaluating the Grade of Phonation and Swallowing Impairment Unknown status NCT02243722
43 Unusual Clinical Findings of Herpes Esophagitis Unknown status NCT01501526
44 The Yield of Laryngeal Ultrasound in the Evaluation of Stridor and Dysphonia in Children Unknown status NCT02244697
45 Strabismus Measurements Using Automated 3D Video Oculography Completed NCT02228070
46 A Study to Assess the Efficacy of Early Physical Therapy Intervention Following a Modified Unilateral Neck Dissection for Treatment of Head and Neck Cancer Completed NCT01729065
47 Cognitive Function and Emotional Possessing in Bilateral Facial Palsy Completed NCT02179450
48 Dexamethasone for the Prevention of Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve Palsy Completed NCT01690806
49 Early Intracordal Hyaluronic Acid Injection During Spontaneous Reinnervation for Unilateral Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve Paralysis Completed NCT02163772
50 Steroid-Antiviral Treatment in Rehabilitation of Facial Palsy Completed NCT02328079 Steroids (Prednisolone) and Steroids plus Antiviral (Prednisolone + acyclovir)

Search NIH Clinical Center for Cranial Nerve Palsy

Cochrane evidence based reviews: cranial nerve diseases

Genetic Tests for Cranial Nerve Palsy

Genetic tests related to Cranial Nerve Palsy:

id Genetic test Affiliating Genes
1 Cranial Nerve Paralysis 29

Anatomical Context for Cranial Nerve Palsy

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Cranial Nerve Palsy:

39
Brain, B Cells, Pituitary, Colon, Eye, Skin, Bone Marrow

Publications for Cranial Nerve Palsy

Articles related to Cranial Nerve Palsy:

(show top 50) (show all 276)
id Title Authors Year
1
Neurological Imaging in Acquired Cranial Nerve Palsy: Ophthalmologists vs. Neurologists. ( 28759288 )
2017
2
Perioptic neuritis related with varicella-zoster virus infection preceding sixth cranial nerve palsy and progressive outer retinal necrosis in a immunocompetent patient. ( 28131177 )
2017
3
Lower cranial nerve palsy after the infrafloccular approach in microvascular decompression for hemifacial spasm. ( 28540133 )
2017
4
Therapeutic outcome of nasopharyngeal carcinoma with cranial nerve palsy: a single institution experience of 104 patients. ( 28435298 )
2017
5
A case of idiopathic hypertrophic pachymeningitis presenting with chronic headache and multiple cranial nerve palsies: A case report. ( 28723776 )
2017
6
Carcinoma Prostate Presenting as Multiple Cranial Nerve Palsy. ( 28457045 )
2017
7
Isolated Third Cranial Nerve Palsy Leading to the Diagnosis of Disseminated Burkitt Lymphoma: A Case Report and Literature Review. ( 28859023 )
2017
8
Stroke risk among adult patients with third, fourth or sixth cranial nerve palsy: a Nationwide Cohort Study. ( 28772000 )
2017
9
Relapsing polychondritis as an unusual cause of multiple cranial nerve palsies-A Case report. ( 28093782 )
2017
10
Imaging of Oculomotor (Third) Cranial Nerve Palsy. ( 27886888 )
2017
11
Cranial nerve palsy following central neuraxial block in obstetrics - a review of the literature and analysis of 43 case reports. ( 28343842 )
2017
12
Cerebrospinal fluid dissemination of anaplastic intraventricular meningioma: report of a case presenting with progressive brainstem dysfunction and multiple cranial nerve palsies. ( 27245327 )
2016
13
Isolated neurosarcoidosis presenting with multiple cranial nerve palsies. ( 27168947 )
2016
14
Radiographic occult cerebellar germinoma presenting with progressive ataxia and cranial nerve palsy. ( 26759273 )
2016
15
A case of myeloperoxidase anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (MPO-ANCA)-associated hypertrophic pachymeningitis presenting with multiple cranial nerve palsies and diabetes insipidus. ( 27098904 )
2016
16
A rare case of third cranial nerve palsy. ( 27728318 )
2016
17
Third Cranial Nerve Palsy in the Setting of Chikungunya Virus Infection. ( 27246445 )
2016
18
Third, Fourth, and Sixth Cranial Nerve Palsies in Pituitary Apoplexy. ( 27436207 )
2016
19
A case of possible paraneoplastic neurological syndrome presenting as multiple cranial nerve palsies associated with gallbladder cancer. ( 27498818 )
2016
20
Isolated unilateral sixth cranial nerve palsy: A rare presentation of dengue fever. ( 28461846 )
2016
21
[Malignant lymphoma presented as recurrent multiple cranial nerve palsy after spontaneous regression of oculomotor nerve palsy: A case report]. ( 26616489 )
2016
22
Isolated fourth cranial nerve palsy due to pituitary macroadenoma. ( 28050074 )
2016
23
Cranial nerve palsy secondary to cerebrospinal fluid diversion. ( 26882270 )
2016
24
A Rare Case of Basioccipital Encephalomeningocele with Tethered Dermoid Presenting as Cranial Nerve Palsy: A Case Report. ( 27318872 )
2016
25
A frontal external ventricular drain causing a third cranial nerve palsy. ( 27241884 )
2016
26
Sixth cranial nerve palsy caused by gastric adenocarcinoma metastasis to the clivus. ( 25810862 )
2015
27
Radiation-induced lower cranial nerve palsy in patients with head and neck carcinoma. ( 26171186 )
2015
28
Tapia's syndrome in the intensive care unit: a rare cause of combined cranial nerve palsy following intubation. ( 26088745 )
2015
29
Residual Strabismus in Children Following Improvement of Cranial Nerve Palsies Affecting Ocular Ductions. ( 26564932 )
2015
30
Occipital condyle fracture and lower cranial nerve palsy after blunt head trauma - a literature review and case report. ( 25897322 )
2015
31
Sixth cranial nerve palsy due to acitretin. ( 25997624 )
2015
32
Isolated third cranial nerve palsy from non-aneurysmal internal carotid artery compression. ( 24652655 )
2014
33
Sixth cranial nerve palsy due to arachnoid cyst. ( 25347081 )
2014
34
Clinical Features and Outcomes of Strabismus Treatment in Third Cranial Nerve Palsy during a 10-Year Period. ( 25667737 )
2014
35
Third cranial nerve palsy and Purtscher retinopathy in a child with multiple injuries. ( 25443190 )
2014
36
Cyclotropia to differentiate longstanding and acute fourth cranial nerve palsy. ( 25313119 )
2014
37
Blepharoptosis Associated With Third Cranial Nerve Palsy. ( 25376747 )
2014
38
Traumatic multiple lower cranial nerve palsy: a case report and review of the literature. ( 26022597 )
2014
39
Traumatic internal carotid artery pseudoaneurysm. A rare cause of cranial nerve palsy. ( 25109537 )
2014
40
Sixth cranial nerve palsy in isolated sphenoid sinusitis: a case report. ( 24647749 )
2014
41
Incidence, Impact, and Predictors of Cranial Nerve Palsy and Haematoma Following Carotid Endarterectomy in the International Carotid Stenting Study. ( 25344019 )
2014
42
Management of congenital fourth cranial nerve palsy. ( 24661367 )
2014
43
Persistent hiccups and vomiting with multiple cranial nerve palsy in a case of zoster sine herpete. ( 25318806 )
2014
44
Isolated Sixth Cranial Nerve Palsy--An Uncommon Presenting Feature of Multiple Sclerosis. ( 26259320 )
2014
45
Pseudo third cranial nerve palsy secondary to orbital ectopic lacrimal gland cyst: management with functional endoscopic sinus surgery. ( 24526481 )
2014
46
Isolated III cranial nerve palsy: a Hodgkin's lymphoma? ( 24759607 )
2014
47
Metastatic breast cancer presenting as sequential cranial nerve palsy: a case report. ( 25511612 )
2014
48
Isolated cranial nerve palsies may point to primary histiocytic sarcoma. ( 25123571 )
2014
49
Sixth cranial nerve palsy due to arachnoid cyst. ( 25608227 )
2014
50
Transient sixth cranial nerve palsy following orgasm abrogated by treatment with sympathomimetic amines. ( 25134302 )
2014

Variations for Cranial Nerve Palsy

Expression for Cranial Nerve Palsy

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Cranial Nerve Palsy.

Pathways for Cranial Nerve Palsy

Pathways related to Cranial Nerve Palsy according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

id Super pathways Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 10.71 APC CHN1

GO Terms for Cranial Nerve Palsy

Biological processes related to Cranial Nerve Palsy according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

id Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 positive regulation of signal transduction GO:0009967 8.62 CHN1 LAT

Molecular functions related to Cranial Nerve Palsy according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

id Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 SH3/SH2 adaptor activity GO:0005070 8.62 CHN1 LAT

Sources for Cranial Nerve Palsy

3 CDC
7 CNVD
9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
16 ExPASy
18 FMA
28 GO
29 GTR
30 HGMD
31 HMDB
32 HPO
33 ICD10
34 ICD10 via Orphanet
35 ICD9CM
36 IUPHAR
37 KEGG
38 LifeMap
40 MedGen
42 MeSH
43 MESH via Orphanet
44 MGI
46 NCI
47 NCIt
48 NDF-RT
51 NINDS
52 Novoseek
54 OMIM
55 OMIM via Orphanet
59 PubMed
60 QIAGEN
65 SNOMED-CT via HPO
66 SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
67 TGDB
68 Tocris
69 UMLS
70 UMLS via Orphanet
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