MCID: DBT008
MIFTS: 55

Diabetic Angiopathy malady

Cardiovascular diseases category

Summaries for Diabetic Angiopathy

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Wikipedia:65 Diabetic angiopathy is a form of angiopathy associated with diabetes mellitus. While not exclusive, the... more...

MalaCards based summary: Diabetic Angiopathy, also known as diabetic vascular disorder, is related to neuropathy and vascular disease. An important gene associated with Diabetic Angiopathy is AGER (advanced glycosylation end product-specific receptor), and among its related pathways are Osteoblast Signaling and superoxide radicals degradation. The drug pentoxifylline and the compounds adma and 8-isoprostane have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include endothelial, thyroid and monocytes, and related mouse phenotypes are craniofacial and tumorigenesis.

Aliases & Classifications for Diabetic Angiopathy

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Sources:
10Disease Ontology, 12DISEASES, 62UMLS, 45Novoseek, 35MeSH, 40NCIt
See all sources

Diabetic Angiopathy, Aliases & Descriptions:

Name: Diabetic Angiopathy 10 12
Diabetic Vascular Disorder 10 62
 
Diabetic Angiopathies 45 62


Classifications:

Malacards categories (disease lists): (See all malacards categories)
Anatomical: Cardiovascular diseases


External Ids:

Disease Ontology10 DOID:11713
MeSH35 D003925
NCIt40 C35610

Related Diseases for Diabetic Angiopathy

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Diseases related to Diabetic Angiopathy via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards/GeneDecks gene sharing:

(show top 50)    (show all 112)
idRelated DiseaseScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1neuropathy30.5INS, SOD2, DNAH8
2vascular disease30.2CAT, SOD2, NOS2, VWF
3glomerulosclerosis30.1CCL2, EDN1, SERPINE1, AGER, NOS2, BMP6
4hyperglycemia30.0INS, SERPINE1, SOD2, DNAH8, CAT, DYT10
5endotheliitis10.2
6pancreatitis10.1
7thyroiditis10.1
8vasculitis10.1
9blindness10.1
10pneumoconiosis10.1CAT
11laron dwarfism10.1IGFBP3
12eisenmenger syndrome10.1VWF
13pigmented villonodular synovitis10.1PDGFRB
14angiodysplasia10.1VWF
15periapical granuloma10.0NOS2, CCL2
16rabson-mendenhall syndrome10.0IGFBP3, INS
17periodontitis10.0AGER, TNFRSF11B, CCL2
18diabetic neuropathy10.0INS, AGER
19eye disease10.0SOD2, CCL2, CAT
20idiopathic edema10.0EDN1, INS
21diabetic macular edema10.0DYT10
22anthracosis10.0CCL2, BMP6
23extrinsic allergic alveolitis10.0CCL2, SOD2
24hypertriglyceridemia10.0APOE, SERPINE1
25anovulation10.0INS, IGFBP3
26microvascular complications of diabetes 110.0IGFBP3, EDN1, CCL2
27encephalitis10.0CCL2, CAT, NOS2
28myelofibrosis10.0TNFRSF11B, BMP6
29arteriosclerosis10.0SERPINE1, EDN1, CCL2
30peripheral vascular disease10.0SERPINE1, VWF
31diabetes mellitus, insulin-dependent10.0INS, NOS2, SOD2
32hellp syndrome10.0SERPINE1, VWF
33liver disease10.0CAT, SOD2, INS
34coronary thrombosis10.0VWF, SERPINE1
35bone cancer10.0PDGFRB, BMP6, TNFRSF11B
36osteoporosis10.0AGER, TNFRSF11B, IGFBP3
37esophagitis10.0CAT, SOD2
38brain disease10.0VWF, CAT, SOD2
39thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura, acquired10.0VWF, SERPINE1
40peroxisome biogenesis disorder 1b10.0DNAH8, CAT
41thrombophilia due to activated protein c resistance10.0SERPINE1, VWF
42familial hyperlipidemia10.0INS, APOE
43pulmonary hypertension10.0EDN1, BMP6
44hyperinsulinism10.0SERPINE1, INS, IGFBP3
45interstitial lung disease10.0CCL2, BMP6, EDN1
46fibrosarcoma10.0PDGFRB, SOD2, SERPINE1
47toxic encephalopathy10.0CAT, SOD2, DNAH8
48coronary artery disease10.0EDN1, SOD2, NOS2, SERPINE1
49congestive heart failure10.0TNFRSF11B, DNAH8, EDN1
50polycystic ovary syndrome10.0IGFBP3, AGER, SERPINE1, INS

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Diabetic Angiopathy:



Diseases related to diabetic angiopathy

Symptoms for Diabetic Angiopathy

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Drugs & Therapeutics for Diabetic Angiopathy

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Drug clinical trials:

Search ClinicalTrials for Diabetic Angiopathy

Search NIH Clinical Center for Diabetic Angiopathy

Inferred drug relations via UMLS62/NDF-RT41:

Genetic Tests for Diabetic Angiopathy

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Anatomical Context for Diabetic Angiopathy

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MalaCards organs/tissues related to Diabetic Angiopathy:

33
Endothelial, Thyroid, Monocytes, Pancreatic islet

Animal Models for Diabetic Angiopathy or affiliated genes

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MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Diabetic Angiopathy:

37 (show all 20)
idDescriptionMGI Source AccessionScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1MP:00053829.2EDN1, NOS2, PDGFRB, CCL2, TNFRSF11B
2MP:00020068.9CCL2, CAT, SERPINE1, SOD2, NOS2
3MP:00053918.7INS, NOS2, PDGFRB, CCL2, SOD2, APOE
4MP:00053708.4INS, APOE, SERPINE1, SOD2, NOS2, CCL2
5MP:00053678.4AGER, PDGFRB, SOD2, APOE, INS, EDN1
6MP:00053758.3INS, APOE, SERPINE1, SOD2, CCL2, PDGFRB
7MP:00107718.3PDGFRB, CCL2, SOD2, SERPINE1, APOE, INS
8MP:00053818.3EDN1, VWF, INS, CCL2, PDGFRB, NOS2
9MP:00053798.3INS, EDN1, IGFBP3, PDGFRB, APOE, NOS2
10MP:00053898.2PDGFRB, INS, APOE, SOD2, CCL2, BMP6
11MP:00053698.2APOE, INS, IGFBP3, EDN1, CCL2, PDGFRB
12MP:00053907.9INS, TNFRSF11B, APOE, CCL2, BMP6, NOS2
13MP:00036317.9SOD2, INS, VWF, APOE, CCL2, PDGFRB
14MP:00053847.7AGER, CAT, NOS2, PDGFRB, INS, TNFRSF11B
15MP:00053977.7TNFRSF11B, APOE, SERPINE1, SOD2, CCL2, PDGFRB
16MP:00053877.7SOD2, CCL2, NOS2, AGER, SERPINE1, PDGFRB
17MP:00053857.5AGER, NOS2, PDGFRB, CCL2, SOD2, SERPINE1
18MP:00053787.3APOE, INS, IGFBP3, SERPINE1, SOD2, CCL2
19MP:00107687.3APOE, CCL2, SERPINE1, NOS2, PDGFRB, EDN1
20MP:00053767.1EDN1, SERPINE1, IGFBP3, SOD2, APOE, CCL2

Publications for Diabetic Angiopathy

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Articles related to Diabetic Angiopathy:

(show top 50)    (show all 94)
idTitleAuthorsYear
1
Diabetic angiopathy. (22616224)
2011
2
Macrophage foam cell formation is augmented in serum from patients with diabetic angiopathy. (19939487)
2010
3
Peroxynitrite-induced nitration of cyclooxygenase-2 and inducible nitric oxide synthase promotes their binding in diabetic angiopathy. (20607198)
2010
4
Effects of irbesartan on intracellular antioxidant enzyme expression and activity in adolescents and young adults with early diabetic angiopathy. (15983321)
2005
5
Diabetic angiopathy: new experimental and clinical aspects. (15918103)
2005
6
The role of nitric oxide in the development of diabetic angiopathy. (15156413)
2004
7
Aspirin resistance and diabetic angiopathy: back to the future. (15115664)
2004
8
Pathophysiological mechanisms of diabetic angiopathy. (12623164)
2003
9
Inflammatory mediators are induced by dietary glycotoxins, a major risk factor for diabetic angiopathy. (12429856)
2002
10
Advanced glycation end products, their receptors and diabetic angiopathy. (11694852)
2001
11
The possible association of in vivo leukocyte-platelet heterophilic aggregate formation and the development of diabetic angiopathy. (11674859)
2001
12
Advanced glycation end products in adolescents and young adults with diabetic angiopathy. (10955941)
2000
13
Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 and apolipoprotein E gene polymorphisms and diabetic angiopathy. (10809802)
2000
14
Circulating IGF-I and its protective role in the pathogenesis of diabetic angiopathy. (10651746)
2000
15
Growth hormone, IGF-I and diabetic angiopathy revisited. (10651747)
2000
16
Quality Control of Diabetes Care and Chronic Complications in Young People after St. Vincent and Kos. Proceedings of the 4th International Workshop Diabetic Angiopathy in Children. Berlin, Germany, September 4-6, 1997. (9742011)
1998
17
Controversies on the pathogenesis of diabetic angiopathy: which treatment for normotensive adolescents with microalbuminuria and type 1 diabetes? (9642665)
1998
18
Endothelial dysfunction and pathogenesis of diabetic angiopathy. (9217873)
1997
19
Diabetic angiopathy in children. (9455928)
1997
20
Enhanced expression of platelet-derived growth factor-beta receptor by high glucose. Involvement of platelet-derived growth factor in diabetic angiopathy. (8603774)
1996
21
Diabetic angiopathy: tracking down the culprits. (8807468)
1996
22
The thromboxane-synthesis inhibitor Ibustrin in the treatment of diabetic angiopathies]. (9026936)
1996
23
Prostacyclin-stimulating factor, novel protein, and diabetic angiopathy. (8674874)
1996
24
The medical effect of magnetic-laser therapy in patients with diabetic angiopathies of the lower extremities]. (9138797)
1996
25
Endothelial dysfunction and diabetic angiopathy. (7867890)
1994
26
Activity of membrane-bound protein kinase C and ATPase in erythrocytes in diabetic angiopathy]. (8058653)
1993
27
Effect of propionyl-L-carnitine in the treatment of diabetic angiopathy: controlled double blind trial versus placebo. (1644013)
1992
28
Cell-cell interactions in diabetic angiopathy. (1396014)
1992
29
Acupuncture in the treatment of diabetic angiopathy of the lower extremities]. (1788185)
1991
30
Lack of correlation of glycosylated haemoglobin level with the duration of diabetes or diabetic angiopathy. (3767198)
1986
31
Plasma factor XIII and some other haemostasis parameters in patients with diabetic angiopathy. (2433883)
1986
32
Trial of repeated low-dose aspirin in diabetic angiopathy. (3092890)
1986
33
Usefulness of an alpha-adrenergic blocking agent (nicergoline) in the treatment of diabetic angiopathy of lower limbs. (7106277)
1982
34
Is sickle cell trait an additional risk factor for diabetic angiopathy? (7347676)
1981
35
On some factors related to the pathogenesis of diabetic angiopathy. (6979842)
1981
36
Diabetic angiopathy--its lessons in vascular physiology. (356570)
1978
37
Fragmentation haemolysis in patients with severe diabetic angiopathy. (974041)
1976
38
Wound healing: a model for the study of diabetic angiopathy. (971788)
1976
39
The special role of diabetic angiopathy. (4609119)
1974
40
The use of photopletysmography in the diagnosis of diabetic angiopathy. (4416574)
1974
41
PAS-bisulfite stain for diabetic angiopathy. (4134776)
1974
42
Growth hormoe and diabetic angiopathy. (4720360)
1973
43
Diabetic angiopathy and blood viscosity (author's transl)]. (4793677)
1973
44
Diabetes, diabetic angiopathy, and growth hormone. (4194508)
1970
45
Long-term experimental insulin-deficiency diabetes--a model of diabetic angiopathy? (5236037)
1967
46
Diabetic angiopathy (pathological findings). (5213746)
1965
47
The relationship between diabetic angiopathy and neuropathy. (5859900)
1965
48
HYPOPHYSEO-ADRENAL FUNCTION IN DIABETIC ANGIOPATHY. (14175499)
1964
49
Retinopathy with reference to diabetic angiopathy]. (13222771)
1954
50
Diabetic angiopathy and glomerulosclerosis. (13147762)
1954

Variations for Diabetic Angiopathy

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Expression for genes affiliated with Diabetic Angiopathy

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Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Diabetic Angiopathy.

Pathways for genes affiliated with Diabetic Angiopathy

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Pathways related to Diabetic Angiopathy according to GeneCards/GeneDecks:

(show all 16)
idSuper pathways (with members indented)ScoreTop Affiliating Genes
110.0TNFRSF11B, PDGFRB
210.0CAT, SOD2
3
Show member pathways
IL23-mediated signaling events38
Immune response IL 10 signaling pathway60
Angiopoietin receptor Tie2-mediated signaling38
Development PDGF signaling via STATs and NF kB60
Development Angiopoietin Tie2 signaling60
9.7NOS2, PDGFRB, CCL2
49.7SOD2, CAT, NOS2
5
Show member pathways
PLK2 and PLK4 events38
Polo-like kinase signaling events in the cell cycle38
9.6CAT, SOD2, INS
69.6AGER, CCL2, APOE
79.6AGER, NOS2, INS
89.5EDN1, SERPINE1, NOS2
9
Show member pathways
Vitamin B12 Metabolism38
9.4INS, APOE, CAT
109.2SERPINE1, INS, IGFBP7, IGFBP3
11
Show member pathways
Transcription Receptor mediated HIF regulation60
Development CNTF receptor signaling60
Class IB PI3K non-lipid kinase events38
ErbB2/ErbB3 signaling events38
Development Growth hormone signaling via PI3K AKT and MAPK cascades60
Translation Regulation activity of EIF260
Regulation of lipid metabolism Insulin signaling generic cascades60
Transcription PPAR Pathway60
Cell adhesion PLAU signaling60
Translation Regulation activity of EIF4F60
9.2IGFBP3, INS, SERPINE1, PDGFRB
129.2EDN1, INS, SERPINE1, NOS2
13
Show member pathways
9.1PDGFRB, BMP6, CCL2, INS
14
Show member pathways
thioredoxin pathway38
9.0CAT, CCL2, SOD2, SERPINE1, INS
15
Show member pathways
8.3EDN1, INS, TNFRSF11B, SOD2, CCL2, BMP6
16
Show member pathways
8.1EDN1, VWF, INS, APOE, SERPINE1, CCL2

Compounds for genes affiliated with Diabetic Angiopathy

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Compounds related to Diabetic Angiopathy according to GeneCards/GeneDecks:

(show top 50)    (show all 240)
idCompoundScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1adma459.4NOS2, CCL2, EDN1, VWF
28-isoprostane459.3CCL2, EDN1, INS, SERPINE1, CAT
3egcg459.2IGFBP3, CCL2, PDGFRB, NOS2, SOD2, CAT
4raloxifene45 51 30 1312.2VWF, CCL2, SERPINE1, TNFRSF11B, IGFBP3
5tgf beta1458.9BMP6, IGFBP3, TNFRSF11B, SERPINE1, CCL2, PDGFRB
6ang ii458.9PDGFRB, NOS2, EDN1, DYT10, CCL2
7betacarotene458.9SOD2, APOE, VWF, CAT, IGFBP3
8diphenyleneiodonium458.9CCL2, SOD2, NOS2, DYT10, CAT
9fluvastatin45 51 30 1311.8CCL2, VWF, APOE, SERPINE1, NOS2
104-hydroxynonenal45 269.8SOD2, DNAH8, CAT, PDGFRB, NOS2, APOE
11curcumin458.7NOS2, CAT, SOD2, CCL2, IGFBP3, DNAH8
12ascorbic acid45 269.6CAT, SOD2, VWF, APOE, TNFRSF11B, NOS2
13vitamin b12458.5IGFBP3, VWF, CCL2, DNAH8, APOE
14pdtc458.5DYT10, CAT, CCL2, NOS2, SOD2
15isoproterenol45 139.5SERPINE1, CCL2, VWF, BMP6, NOS2, EDN1
16atorvastatin45 51 30 26 1312.4VWF, TNFRSF11B, APOE, SERPINE1, BMP6, EDN1
17thyroxine45 269.4APOE, TNFRSF11B, INS, IGFBP3, VWF, DNAH8
18vitamin d458.4IGFBP3, PDGFRB, BMP6, CCL2, SOD2, SERPINE1
19calcitriol45 61 26 1311.3BMP6, DNAH8, SOD2, TNFRSF11B, PDGFRB, IGFBP3
20losartan45 51 30 1311.3APOE, SERPINE1, VWF, IGFBP3, BMP6, EDN1
21doxorubicin45 51 1310.2CAT, IGFBP3, TNFRSF11B, SOD2, NOS2, BMP6
22aspirin45 51 30 2611.2BMP6, SERPINE1, TNFRSF11B, IGFBP3, VWF, APOE
23genistein45 30 61 3 26 1313.1DYT10, SERPINE1, EDN1, CCL2, PDGFRB, NOS2
24heparin45 30 26 1311.1SOD2, SERPINE1, APOE, TNFRSF11B, VWF, IGFBP3
25cholesterol45 30 26 1311.1PDGFRB, CCL2, SERPINE1, APOE, TNFRSF11B, INS
26epinephrine45 26 1310.0EDN1, SOD2, BMP6, DNAH8, INS, IGFBP3
27indomethacin45 30 61 1311.0TNFRSF11B, EDN1, SOD2, APOE, BMP6, DNAH8
28actinomycin d457.9SOD2, APOE, NOS2, DYT10, CCL2, EDN1
29acetylcholine45 51 30 26 1311.9BMP6, EDN1, VWF, APOE, SOD2, DNAH8
30n acetylcysteine457.9NOS2, AGER, SOD2, APOE, DYT10, CAT
31prostacyclin457.9AGER, BMP6, CCL2, SERPINE1, APOE, IGFBP7
32sodium nitroprusside457.9CAT, DNAH8, BMP6, SOD2, VWF, EDN1
33sb 20358045 618.9DYT10, EDN1, TNFRSF11B, SERPINE1, CCL2, BMP6
34norepinephrine45 26 139.8EDN1, VWF, SOD2, DNAH8, BMP6, CCL2
35dexamethasone45 51 30 1310.8BMP6, CCL2, SOD2, TNFRSF11B, INS, IGFBP3
36cyclosporin a45 30 619.8BMP6, DNAH8, EDN1, VWF, IGFBP3, TNFRSF11B
37nitric oxide45 26 139.8SOD2, SERPINE1, TNFRSF11B, VWF, EDN1, BMP6
38tamoxifen45 51 30 1310.7DYT10, DNAH8, BMP6, APOE, TNFRSF11B, IGFBP3
39arginine457.6APOE, EDN1, VWF, DNAH8, SOD2, IGFBP3
40aspartate457.5DNAH8, BMP6, CCL2, SOD2, APOE, TNFRSF11B
41h2o2457.5CAT, NOS2, DYT10, PDGFRB, BMP6, SOD2
42estrogen457.5APOE, BMP6, SERPINE1, PDGFRB, NOS2, TNFRSF11B
43testosterone45 61 26 1310.4SOD2, SERPINE1, PDGFRB, APOE, VWF, CCL2
44glutamine457.4CCL2, BMP6, DNAH8, SOD2, VWF, IGFBP3
45ly294002457.3DYT10, NOS2, PDGFRB, BMP6, CCL2, SOD2
46retinoic acid45 268.0DNAH8, DYT10, BMP6, TNFRSF11B, IGFBP7, IGFBP3
47cycloheximide456.9IGFBP3, EDN1, SOD2, TNFRSF11B, APOE, NOS2
48creatinine456.7EDN1, INS, TNFRSF11B, SERPINE1, APOE, DNAH8
49serine456.5IGFBP3, AGER, DYT10, PDGFRB, INS, BMP6
50vegf456.1SOD2, SERPINE1, APOE, TNFRSF11B, NOS2, IGFBP7

GO Terms for genes affiliated with Diabetic Angiopathy

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Cellular components related to Diabetic Angiopathy according to GeneCards/GeneDecks:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1extracellular matrixGO:00310129.5SERPINE1, IGFBP7, VWF
2extracellular spaceGO:00056157.2EDN1, IGFBP3, IGFBP7, INS, TNFRSF11B, APOE
3extracellular regionGO:00055766.8AGER, EDN1, VWF, IGFBP3, IGFBP7, INS

Biological processes related to Diabetic Angiopathy according to GeneCards/GeneDecks:

(show all 30)
idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1maternal process involved in parturitionGO:006013710.3CCL2, EDN1
2superoxide anion generationGO:004255410.2EDN1, SOD2
3negative regulation of intrinsic apoptotic signaling pathway in response to oxidative stressGO:0190217610.2SOD2, INS
4response to hyperoxiaGO:005509310.1SOD2, CAT, PDGFRB
5response to reactive oxygen speciesGO:000030210.1CAT, APOE
6negative regulation of smooth muscle cell migrationGO:001491210.1IGFBP3, SERPINE1
7superoxide metabolic processGO:000680110.1NOS2, SOD2
8response to magnesium ionGO:003202610.0BMP6, TNFRSF11B
9positive regulation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase signalingGO:001406810.0INS, CAT, PDGFRB
10positive regulation of mitosisGO:004584010.0EDN1, INS, PDGFRB
11positive regulation of nitric-oxide synthase activityGO:005100010.0INS, APOE
12response to bacteriumGO:000961710.0CCL2, NOS2
13positive regulation of nitric oxide biosynthetic processGO:00454299.9EDN1, INS, SOD2
14cellular response to lipopolysaccharideGO:00712229.9NOS2, CCL2, SERPINE1
15cellular response to interleukin-1GO:00713479.9CCL2, APOE, EDN1
16transforming growth factor beta receptor signaling pathwayGO:00071799.9PDGFRB, CCL2, SERPINE1
17nitric oxide mediated signal transductionGO:00072639.9NOS2, APOE
18positive regulation of NF-kappaB transcription factor activityGO:00510929.8INS, CAT, AGER
19negative regulation of blood coagulationGO:00301959.8SERPINE1, APOE, EDN1
20response to activityGO:00148239.8BMP6, CCL2, SOD2
21negative regulation of neuron apoptotic processGO:00435249.8CCL2, SOD2, APOE
22cellular response to interferon-gammaGO:00713469.8NOS2, CCL2
23negative regulation of protein catabolic processGO:00421779.8INS, NOS2
24positive regulation of cell migrationGO:00303359.8PDGFRB, INS, EDN1
25cell surface receptor signaling pathwayGO:00071669.7AGER, CCL2, EDN1
26defense response to Gram-negative bacteriumGO:00508299.5SERPINE1, NOS2
27response to retinoic acidGO:00325269.5IGFBP7, APOE, BMP6, PDGFRB
28response to hypoxiaGO:00016669.5NOS2, CAT, CCL2, SOD2, EDN1
29inflammatory responseGO:00069549.5CCL2, BMP6, NOS2, AGER
30G-protein coupled receptor signaling pathwayGO:00071869.3EDN1, INS, APOE, CCL2, PDGFRB

Molecular functions related to Diabetic Angiopathy according to GeneCards/GeneDecks:

(show all 7)
idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1insulin-like growth factor bindingGO:00055209.9IGFBP3, IGFBP7
2antioxidant activityGO:00162099.8CAT, APOE
3cytokine activityGO:00051259.4BMP6, TNFRSF11B, EDN1
4protease bindingGO:00020209.4SERPINE1, INS, VWF
5receptor bindingGO:00051029.2NOS2, PDGFRB, CAT, CCL2, SERPINE1
6identical protein bindingGO:00428028.9VWF, INS, APOE, SOD2, AGER
7protein bindingGO:00055157.1EDN1, VWF, IGFBP3, IGFBP7, INS, APOE

Products for genes affiliated with Diabetic Angiopathy

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Sources for Diabetic Angiopathy

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4CDC
15ExPASy
16FMA
24GTR
25HGMD
26HMDB
27ICD10
28ICD10 via Orphanet
29ICD9CM
30IUPHAR
31KEGG
35MeSH
36MESH via Orphanet
37MGI
40NCIt
41NDF-RT
44NINDS
45Novoseek
47OMIM
48OMIM via Orphanet
52PubMed
53QIAGEN
58SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
62UMLS
63UMLS via Orphanet