MCID: DBT008
MIFTS: 47

Diabetic Angiopathy malady

Cardiovascular diseases category

Aliases & Classifications for Diabetic Angiopathy

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Sources:
8Disease Ontology, 10DISEASES, 44Novoseek, 61UMLS, 33MeSH, 39NCIt
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Aliases & Descriptions for Diabetic Angiopathy:

Name: Diabetic Angiopathy 8 10
Diabetic Angiopathies 44 61
 
Diabetic Vascular Disorder 8


Classifications:



External Ids:

Disease Ontology8 DOID:11713
MeSH33 D003925
NCIt39 C35610

Summaries for Diabetic Angiopathy

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Wikipedia:64 Diabetic angiopathy is a form of angiopathy associated with diabetes mellitus. While not exclusive, the... more...

MalaCards based summary: Diabetic Angiopathy, also known as diabetic angiopathies, is related to neuropathy and vascular disease. An important gene associated with Diabetic Angiopathy is AGER (advanced glycosylation end product-specific receptor), and among its related pathways are Osteoblast Signaling and superoxide radicals degradation. The drug pentoxifylline and the compounds adma and 8-isoprostane have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include endothelial, thyroid and monocytes, and related mouse phenotypes are craniofacial and tumorigenesis.

Related Diseases for Diabetic Angiopathy

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Diseases related to Diabetic Angiopathy via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50)    (show all 114)
idRelated DiseaseScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1neuropathy30.6DNAH8, SOD2, INS
2vascular disease30.3VWF, SOD2, CAT, NOS2
3glomerulosclerosis29.9EDN1, SERPINE1, CCL2, BMP6, NOS2, AGER
4hyperglycemia28.9IGFBP3, INS, SERPINE1, SOD2, DNAH8, CAT
5pneumoconiosis10.5CAT
6laron dwarfism10.5IGFBP3
7pigmented villonodular synovitis10.5PDGFRB
8eisenmenger syndrome10.5VWF
9angiodysplasia10.4VWF
10periapical granuloma10.4CCL2, NOS2
11rabson-mendenhall syndrome10.4INS, IGFBP3
12diabetic neuropathy10.4INS, AGER
13periodontitis10.4TNFRSF11B, CCL2, AGER
14eye disease10.3SOD2, CCL2, CAT
15idiopathic edema10.3EDN1, INS
16diabetic macular edema10.3DYT10
17anthracosis10.3CCL2, BMP6
18anovulation10.3INS, IGFBP3
19hypertriglyceridemia10.3APOE, SERPINE1
20extrinsic allergic alveolitis10.3CCL2, SOD2
21microvascular complications of diabetes 110.3CCL2, IGFBP3, EDN1
22myelofibrosis10.3TNFRSF11B, BMP6
23encephalitis10.3CCL2, CAT, NOS2
24arteriosclerosis10.3EDN1, SERPINE1, CCL2
25peripheral vascular disease10.3VWF, SERPINE1
26hellp syndrome10.3VWF, SERPINE1
27diabetes mellitus, insulin-dependent10.3INS, SOD2, NOS2
28raynaud disease10.3EDN1, VWF
29liver disease10.3CAT, SOD2, INS
30coronary thrombosis10.3VWF, SERPINE1
31osteoporosis10.3IGFBP3, TNFRSF11B, AGER
32familial hyperlipidemia10.2INS, APOE
33endotheliitis10.2
34bone cancer10.2PDGFRB, BMP6, TNFRSF11B
35thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura, acquired10.2SERPINE1, VWF
36brain disease10.2CAT, SOD2, VWF
37esophagitis10.2SOD2, CAT
38zellweger syndrome10.2DNAH8, CAT
39pulmonary hypertension10.2EDN1, BMP6
40thrombophilia due to activated protein c resistance10.2VWF, SERPINE1
41hyperinsulinism10.2IGFBP3, INS, SERPINE1
42factor v leiden thrombophilia10.2SERPINE1, VWF
43interstitial lung disease10.2EDN1, CCL2, BMP6
44fibrosarcoma10.2PDGFRB, SOD2, SERPINE1
45toxic encephalopathy10.2SOD2, DNAH8, CAT
46congestive heart failure10.2EDN1, TNFRSF11B, DNAH8
47coronary artery disease10.2NOS2, SOD2, SERPINE1, EDN1
48polycystic ovary syndrome10.1AGER, SERPINE1, INS, IGFBP3
49gastritis10.1NOS2, CAT, DNAH8
50arthritis10.1TNFRSF11B, SOD2, CCL2, NOS2, AGER

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Diabetic Angiopathy:



Diseases related to diabetic angiopathy

Symptoms for Diabetic Angiopathy

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Drugs & Therapeutics for Diabetic Angiopathy

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Drug clinical trials:

Search ClinicalTrials for Diabetic Angiopathy

Search NIH Clinical Center for Diabetic Angiopathy

Inferred drug relations via UMLS61/NDF-RT40:

Genetic Tests for Diabetic Angiopathy

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Anatomical Context for Diabetic Angiopathy

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MalaCards organs/tissues related to Diabetic Angiopathy:

31
Endothelial, Thyroid, Monocytes, Pancreatic islet

Animal Models for Diabetic Angiopathy or affiliated genes

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MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Diabetic Angiopathy:

35 (show all 20)
idDescriptionMGI Source AccessionScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1MP:00053829.2EDN1, NOS2, PDGFRB, CCL2, TNFRSF11B
2MP:00020068.9CCL2, CAT, SERPINE1, SOD2, NOS2
3MP:00053918.7INS, NOS2, PDGFRB, CCL2, SOD2, APOE
4MP:00053708.4INS, APOE, SERPINE1, SOD2, NOS2, CCL2
5MP:00053678.4AGER, PDGFRB, SOD2, APOE, INS, EDN1
6MP:00053758.3INS, APOE, SERPINE1, SOD2, CCL2, PDGFRB
7MP:00107718.3PDGFRB, CCL2, SOD2, SERPINE1, APOE, INS
8MP:00053818.3EDN1, VWF, INS, CCL2, PDGFRB, NOS2
9MP:00053798.3INS, EDN1, IGFBP3, PDGFRB, APOE, NOS2
10MP:00053898.2PDGFRB, INS, APOE, SOD2, CCL2, BMP6
11MP:00053698.2APOE, INS, IGFBP3, EDN1, CCL2, PDGFRB
12MP:00053907.9INS, TNFRSF11B, APOE, CCL2, BMP6, NOS2
13MP:00036317.9SOD2, INS, VWF, APOE, CCL2, PDGFRB
14MP:00053847.7AGER, CAT, NOS2, PDGFRB, INS, TNFRSF11B
15MP:00053977.7TNFRSF11B, APOE, SERPINE1, SOD2, CCL2, PDGFRB
16MP:00053877.7SOD2, CCL2, NOS2, AGER, SERPINE1, PDGFRB
17MP:00053857.5AGER, NOS2, PDGFRB, CCL2, SOD2, SERPINE1
18MP:00053787.3APOE, INS, IGFBP3, SERPINE1, SOD2, CCL2
19MP:00107687.3APOE, CCL2, SERPINE1, NOS2, PDGFRB, EDN1
20MP:00053767.1EDN1, SERPINE1, IGFBP3, SOD2, APOE, CCL2

Publications for Diabetic Angiopathy

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Articles related to Diabetic Angiopathy:

(show top 50)    (show all 94)
idTitleAuthorsYear
1
Diabetic angiopathy. (22616224)
2011
2
Macrophage foam cell formation is augmented in serum from patients with diabetic angiopathy. (19939487)
2010
3
Peroxynitrite-induced nitration of cyclooxygenase-2 and inducible nitric oxide synthase promotes their binding in diabetic angiopathy. (20607198)
2010
4
Effects of irbesartan on intracellular antioxidant enzyme expression and activity in adolescents and young adults with early diabetic angiopathy. (15983321)
2005
5
Diabetic angiopathy: new experimental and clinical aspects. (15918103)
2005
6
The role of nitric oxide in the development of diabetic angiopathy. (15156413)
2004
7
Aspirin resistance and diabetic angiopathy: back to the future. (15115664)
2004
8
Pathophysiological mechanisms of diabetic angiopathy. (12623164)
2003
9
Inflammatory mediators are induced by dietary glycotoxins, a major risk factor for diabetic angiopathy. (12429856)
2002
10
Advanced glycation end products, their receptors and diabetic angiopathy. (11694852)
2001
11
The possible association of in vivo leukocyte-platelet heterophilic aggregate formation and the development of diabetic angiopathy. (11674859)
2001
12
Advanced glycation end products in adolescents and young adults with diabetic angiopathy. (10955941)
2000
13
Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 and apolipoprotein E gene polymorphisms and diabetic angiopathy. (10809802)
2000
14
Circulating IGF-I and its protective role in the pathogenesis of diabetic angiopathy. (10651746)
2000
15
Growth hormone, IGF-I and diabetic angiopathy revisited. (10651747)
2000
16
Quality Control of Diabetes Care and Chronic Complications in Young People after St. Vincent and Kos. Proceedings of the 4th International Workshop Diabetic Angiopathy in Children. Berlin, Germany, September 4-6, 1997. (9742011)
1998
17
Controversies on the pathogenesis of diabetic angiopathy: which treatment for normotensive adolescents with microalbuminuria and type 1 diabetes? (9642665)
1998
18
Endothelial dysfunction and pathogenesis of diabetic angiopathy. (9217873)
1997
19
Diabetic angiopathy in children. (9455928)
1997
20
Enhanced expression of platelet-derived growth factor-beta receptor by high glucose. Involvement of platelet-derived growth factor in diabetic angiopathy. (8603774)
1996
21
Diabetic angiopathy: tracking down the culprits. (8807468)
1996
22
The thromboxane-synthesis inhibitor Ibustrin in the treatment of diabetic angiopathies]. (9026936)
1996
23
Prostacyclin-stimulating factor, novel protein, and diabetic angiopathy. (8674874)
1996
24
The medical effect of magnetic-laser therapy in patients with diabetic angiopathies of the lower extremities]. (9138797)
1996
25
Endothelial dysfunction and diabetic angiopathy. (7867890)
1994
26
Activity of membrane-bound protein kinase C and ATPase in erythrocytes in diabetic angiopathy]. (8058653)
1993
27
Effect of propionyl-L-carnitine in the treatment of diabetic angiopathy: controlled double blind trial versus placebo. (1644013)
1992
28
Cell-cell interactions in diabetic angiopathy. (1396014)
1992
29
Acupuncture in the treatment of diabetic angiopathy of the lower extremities]. (1788185)
1991
30
Lack of correlation of glycosylated haemoglobin level with the duration of diabetes or diabetic angiopathy. (3767198)
1986
31
Plasma factor XIII and some other haemostasis parameters in patients with diabetic angiopathy. (2433883)
1986
32
Trial of repeated low-dose aspirin in diabetic angiopathy. (3092890)
1986
33
Usefulness of an alpha-adrenergic blocking agent (nicergoline) in the treatment of diabetic angiopathy of lower limbs. (7106277)
1982
34
Is sickle cell trait an additional risk factor for diabetic angiopathy? (7347676)
1981
35
On some factors related to the pathogenesis of diabetic angiopathy. (6979842)
1981
36
Diabetic angiopathy--its lessons in vascular physiology. (356570)
1978
37
Fragmentation haemolysis in patients with severe diabetic angiopathy. (974041)
1976
38
Wound healing: a model for the study of diabetic angiopathy. (971788)
1976
39
The special role of diabetic angiopathy. (4609119)
1974
40
The use of photopletysmography in the diagnosis of diabetic angiopathy. (4416574)
1974
41
PAS-bisulfite stain for diabetic angiopathy. (4134776)
1974
42
Growth hormoe and diabetic angiopathy. (4720360)
1973
43
Diabetic angiopathy and blood viscosity (author's transl)]. (4793677)
1973
44
Diabetes, diabetic angiopathy, and growth hormone. (4194508)
1970
45
Long-term experimental insulin-deficiency diabetes--a model of diabetic angiopathy? (5236037)
1967
46
Diabetic angiopathy (pathological findings). (5213746)
1965
47
The relationship between diabetic angiopathy and neuropathy. (5859900)
1965
48
HYPOPHYSEO-ADRENAL FUNCTION IN DIABETIC ANGIOPATHY. (14175499)
1964
49
Retinopathy with reference to diabetic angiopathy]. (13222771)
1954
50
Diabetic angiopathy and glomerulosclerosis. (13147762)
1954

Variations for Diabetic Angiopathy

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Expression for genes affiliated with Diabetic Angiopathy

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Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Diabetic Angiopathy.

Pathways for genes affiliated with Diabetic Angiopathy

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Pathways related to Diabetic Angiopathy according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 16)
idSuper pathways (with members indented)ScoreTop Affiliating Genes
110.0TNFRSF11B, PDGFRB
210.0CAT, SOD2
3
Show member pathways
IL23-mediated signaling events36
Immune response IL 10 signaling pathway59
Angiopoietin receptor Tie2-mediated signaling36
Development PDGF signaling via STATs and NF kB59
Development Angiopoietin Tie2 signaling59
9.7NOS2, CCL2, PDGFRB
49.7SOD2, CAT, NOS2
5
Show member pathways
PLK2 and PLK4 events36
Polo-like kinase signaling events in the cell cycle36
9.6SOD2, CAT, INS
69.6APOE, AGER, CCL2
79.6AGER, NOS2, INS
89.5EDN1, SERPINE1, NOS2
9
Show member pathways
Vitamin B12 Metabolism36
9.4APOE, CAT, INS
109.2SERPINE1, INS, IGFBP3, IGFBP7
11
Show member pathways
Transcription Receptor mediated HIF regulation59
Development CNTF receptor signaling59
Class IB PI3K non-lipid kinase events36
ErbB2/ErbB3 signaling events36
Development Growth hormone signaling via PI3K AKT and MAPK cascades59
Translation Regulation activity of EIF259
Regulation of lipid metabolism Insulin signaling generic cascades59
Transcription PPAR Pathway59
Cell adhesion PLAU signaling59
Translation Regulation activity of EIF4F59
9.2IGFBP3, PDGFRB, SERPINE1, INS
129.2NOS2, SERPINE1, EDN1, INS
13
Show member pathways
9.1PDGFRB, BMP6, CCL2, INS
14
Show member pathways
thioredoxin pathway36
9.0CCL2, CAT, SOD2, SERPINE1, INS
15
Show member pathways
8.3PDGFRB, EDN1, BMP6, INS, TNFRSF11B, SOD2
16
Show member pathways
8.1INS, SERPINE1, CCL2, PDGFRB, APOE, EDN1

Compounds for genes affiliated with Diabetic Angiopathy

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Compounds related to Diabetic Angiopathy according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50)    (show all 240)
idCompoundScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1adma449.4NOS2, CCL2, EDN1, VWF
28-isoprostane449.3CCL2, EDN1, INS, SERPINE1, CAT
3egcg449.2IGFBP3, CCL2, PDGFRB, NOS2, SOD2, CAT
4raloxifene44 50 28 1112.2VWF, CCL2, SERPINE1, TNFRSF11B, IGFBP3
5tgf beta1448.9BMP6, IGFBP3, TNFRSF11B, SERPINE1, CCL2, PDGFRB
6ang ii448.9PDGFRB, NOS2, EDN1, DYT10, CCL2
7betacarotene448.9SOD2, APOE, VWF, CAT, IGFBP3
8diphenyleneiodonium448.9CCL2, SOD2, NOS2, DYT10, CAT
9fluvastatin44 50 28 1111.8CCL2, VWF, APOE, SERPINE1, NOS2
104-hydroxynonenal44 249.8SOD2, DNAH8, CAT, PDGFRB, NOS2, APOE
11curcumin448.7NOS2, CAT, SOD2, CCL2, IGFBP3, DNAH8
12ascorbic acid44 249.6CAT, SOD2, VWF, APOE, TNFRSF11B, NOS2
13vitamin b12448.5IGFBP3, VWF, CCL2, DNAH8, APOE
14pdtc448.5DYT10, CAT, CCL2, NOS2, SOD2
15isoproterenol44 119.5SERPINE1, CCL2, VWF, BMP6, NOS2, EDN1
16atorvastatin44 50 28 24 1112.4VWF, TNFRSF11B, APOE, SERPINE1, BMP6, EDN1
17thyroxine44 249.4APOE, TNFRSF11B, INS, IGFBP3, VWF, DNAH8
18vitamin d448.4IGFBP3, PDGFRB, BMP6, CCL2, SOD2, SERPINE1
19calcitriol44 60 24 1111.3BMP6, DNAH8, SOD2, TNFRSF11B, PDGFRB, IGFBP3
20losartan44 50 28 1111.3APOE, SERPINE1, VWF, IGFBP3, BMP6, EDN1
21doxorubicin44 50 1110.2CAT, IGFBP3, TNFRSF11B, SOD2, NOS2, BMP6
22aspirin44 50 28 2411.2BMP6, SERPINE1, TNFRSF11B, IGFBP3, VWF, APOE
23genistein44 28 60 1 24 1113.1DYT10, SERPINE1, EDN1, CCL2, PDGFRB, NOS2
24heparin44 28 24 1111.1SOD2, SERPINE1, APOE, TNFRSF11B, VWF, IGFBP3
25cholesterol44 28 24 1111.1PDGFRB, CCL2, SERPINE1, APOE, TNFRSF11B, INS
26epinephrine44 24 1110.0EDN1, SOD2, BMP6, DNAH8, INS, IGFBP3
27indomethacin44 28 60 1111.0TNFRSF11B, EDN1, SOD2, APOE, BMP6, DNAH8
28actinomycin d447.9SOD2, APOE, NOS2, DYT10, CCL2, EDN1
29acetylcholine44 50 28 24 1111.9BMP6, EDN1, VWF, APOE, SOD2, DNAH8
30n acetylcysteine447.9NOS2, AGER, SOD2, APOE, DYT10, CAT
31prostacyclin447.9AGER, BMP6, CCL2, SERPINE1, APOE, IGFBP7
32sodium nitroprusside447.9CAT, DNAH8, BMP6, SOD2, VWF, EDN1
33sb 20358044 608.9DYT10, EDN1, TNFRSF11B, SERPINE1, CCL2, BMP6
34norepinephrine44 24 119.8EDN1, VWF, SOD2, DNAH8, BMP6, CCL2
35dexamethasone44 50 28 1110.8BMP6, CCL2, SOD2, TNFRSF11B, INS, IGFBP3
36cyclosporin a44 28 609.8BMP6, DNAH8, EDN1, VWF, IGFBP3, TNFRSF11B
37nitric oxide44 24 119.8SOD2, SERPINE1, TNFRSF11B, VWF, EDN1, BMP6
38tamoxifen44 50 28 1110.7DYT10, DNAH8, BMP6, APOE, TNFRSF11B, IGFBP3
39arginine447.6APOE, EDN1, VWF, DNAH8, SOD2, IGFBP3
40aspartate447.5DNAH8, BMP6, CCL2, SOD2, APOE, TNFRSF11B
41h2o2447.5CAT, NOS2, DYT10, PDGFRB, BMP6, SOD2
42estrogen447.5APOE, BMP6, SERPINE1, PDGFRB, NOS2, TNFRSF11B
43testosterone44 60 24 1110.4SOD2, SERPINE1, PDGFRB, APOE, VWF, CCL2
44glutamine447.4CCL2, BMP6, DNAH8, SOD2, VWF, IGFBP3
45ly294002447.3DYT10, NOS2, PDGFRB, BMP6, CCL2, SOD2
46retinoic acid44 248.0DNAH8, DYT10, BMP6, TNFRSF11B, IGFBP7, IGFBP3
47cycloheximide446.9IGFBP3, EDN1, SOD2, TNFRSF11B, APOE, NOS2
48creatinine446.7EDN1, INS, TNFRSF11B, SERPINE1, APOE, DNAH8
49serine446.5IGFBP3, AGER, DYT10, PDGFRB, INS, BMP6
50vegf446.1SOD2, SERPINE1, APOE, TNFRSF11B, NOS2, IGFBP7

GO Terms for genes affiliated with Diabetic Angiopathy

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Cellular components related to Diabetic Angiopathy according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1extracellular matrixGO:00310129.5SERPINE1, IGFBP7, VWF
2extracellular spaceGO:00056157.2EDN1, IGFBP3, IGFBP7, INS, TNFRSF11B, APOE
3extracellular regionGO:00055766.8AGER, EDN1, VWF, IGFBP3, IGFBP7, INS

Biological processes related to Diabetic Angiopathy according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 30)
idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1maternal process involved in parturitionGO:006013710.3EDN1, CCL2
2superoxide anion generationGO:004255410.2EDN1, SOD2
3negative regulation of intrinsic apoptotic signaling pathway in response to oxidative stressGO:0190217610.2SOD2, INS
4response to hyperoxiaGO:005509310.1CAT, SOD2, PDGFRB
5negative regulation of smooth muscle cell migrationGO:001491210.1SERPINE1, IGFBP3
6response to reactive oxygen speciesGO:000030210.1CAT, APOE
7superoxide metabolic processGO:000680110.0NOS2, SOD2
8response to magnesium ionGO:003202610.0BMP6, TNFRSF11B
9positive regulation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase signalingGO:001406810.0INS, CAT, PDGFRB
10positive regulation of mitosisGO:004584010.0EDN1, PDGFRB, INS
11response to bacteriumGO:000961710.0NOS2, CCL2
12positive regulation of nitric-oxide synthase activityGO:00510009.9INS, APOE
13positive regulation of nitric oxide biosynthetic processGO:00454299.9INS, SOD2, EDN1
14nitric oxide mediated signal transductionGO:00072639.9APOE, NOS2
15cellular response to lipopolysaccharideGO:00712229.9CCL2, SERPINE1, NOS2
16cellular response to interleukin-1GO:00713479.9EDN1, APOE, CCL2
17transforming growth factor beta receptor signaling pathwayGO:00071799.9SERPINE1, CCL2, PDGFRB
18positive regulation of NF-kappaB transcription factor activityGO:00510929.8INS, CAT, AGER
19negative regulation of blood coagulationGO:00301959.8SERPINE1, APOE, EDN1
20defense response to Gram-negative bacteriumGO:00508299.8NOS2, SERPINE1
21response to activityGO:00148239.8SOD2, CCL2, BMP6
22negative regulation of neuron apoptotic processGO:00435249.8CCL2, APOE, SOD2
23cellular response to interferon-gammaGO:00713469.8NOS2, CCL2
24positive regulation of cell migrationGO:00303359.8INS, EDN1, PDGFRB
25cell surface receptor signaling pathwayGO:00071669.7AGER, CCL2, EDN1
26response to retinoic acidGO:00325269.5BMP6, APOE, IGFBP7, PDGFRB
27response to hypoxiaGO:00016669.5SOD2, EDN1, CCL2, CAT, NOS2
28inflammatory responseGO:00069549.5BMP6, AGER, CCL2, NOS2
29negative regulation of protein catabolic processGO:00421779.5INS, NOS2
30G-protein coupled receptor signaling pathwayGO:00071869.3EDN1, INS, PDGFRB, CCL2, APOE

Molecular functions related to Diabetic Angiopathy according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 7)
idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1insulin-like growth factor bindingGO:00055209.9IGFBP3, IGFBP7
2antioxidant activityGO:00162099.8CAT, APOE
3cytokine activityGO:00051259.4BMP6, TNFRSF11B, EDN1
4protease bindingGO:00020209.4SERPINE1, INS, VWF
5receptor bindingGO:00051029.2NOS2, PDGFRB, CAT, CCL2, SERPINE1
6identical protein bindingGO:00428028.9VWF, INS, APOE, SOD2, AGER
7protein bindingGO:00055157.1EDN1, VWF, IGFBP3, IGFBP7, INS, APOE

Sources for Diabetic Angiopathy

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2CDC
12ExPASy
13FDA
14FMA
22GTR
23HGMD
24HMDB
25ICD10
26ICD10 via Orphanet
27ICD9CM
28IUPHAR
29KEGG
33MeSH
34MESH via Orphanet
35MGI
38NCI
39NCIt
40NDF-RT
43NINDS
44Novoseek
46OMIM
47OMIM via Orphanet
51PubMed
52QIAGEN
57SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
61UMLS
62UMLS via Orphanet