MCID: DBT008
MIFTS: 47

Diabetic Angiopathy malady

Cardiovascular diseases category

Aliases & Classifications for Diabetic Angiopathy

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Sources:
9Disease Ontology, 11DISEASES, 43Novoseek, 60UMLS, 33MeSH, 38NCIt
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Diabetic Angiopathy, Aliases & Descriptions:

Name: Diabetic Angiopathy 9 11
Diabetic Angiopathies 43 60
 
Diabetic Vascular Disorder 9


Classifications:

Malacards categories (disease lists): (See all malacards categories)
Anatomical: Cardiovascular diseases


External Ids:

Disease Ontology9 DOID:11713
MeSH33 D003925
NCIt38 C35610

Summaries for Diabetic Angiopathy

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Wikipedia:63 Diabetic angiopathy is a form of angiopathy associated with diabetes mellitus. While not exclusive, the... more...

MalaCards based summary: Diabetic Angiopathy, also known as diabetic angiopathies, is related to neuropathy and vascular disease. An important gene associated with Diabetic Angiopathy is AGER (advanced glycosylation end product-specific receptor), and among its related pathways are Osteoblast Signaling and superoxide radicals degradation. The drug pentoxifylline and the compounds adma and 8-isoprostane have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include endothelial, thyroid and monocytes, and related mouse phenotypes are craniofacial and tumorigenesis.

Related Diseases for Diabetic Angiopathy

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Diseases related to Diabetic Angiopathy via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50)    (show all 114)
idRelated DiseaseScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1neuropathy30.6DNAH8, SOD2, INS
2vascular disease30.3VWF, SOD2, CAT, NOS2
3glomerulosclerosis29.9EDN1, SERPINE1, CCL2, BMP6, NOS2, AGER
4hyperglycemia28.9IGFBP3, INS, SERPINE1, SOD2, DNAH8, CAT
5pneumoconiosis10.5CAT
6laron dwarfism10.5IGFBP3
7pigmented villonodular synovitis10.5PDGFRB
8eisenmenger syndrome10.5VWF
9angiodysplasia10.4VWF
10periapical granuloma10.4CCL2, NOS2
11rabson-mendenhall syndrome10.4INS, IGFBP3
12diabetic neuropathy10.4INS, AGER
13periodontitis10.4TNFRSF11B, CCL2, AGER
14eye disease10.3SOD2, CCL2, CAT
15idiopathic edema10.3EDN1, INS
16diabetic macular edema10.3DYT10
17anthracosis10.3CCL2, BMP6
18anovulation10.3INS, IGFBP3
19hypertriglyceridemia10.3APOE, SERPINE1
20extrinsic allergic alveolitis10.3CCL2, SOD2
21microvascular complications of diabetes 110.3CCL2, IGFBP3, EDN1
22myelofibrosis10.3TNFRSF11B, BMP6
23encephalitis10.3CCL2, CAT, NOS2
24arteriosclerosis10.3EDN1, SERPINE1, CCL2
25peripheral vascular disease10.3VWF, SERPINE1
26hellp syndrome10.3VWF, SERPINE1
27diabetes mellitus, insulin-dependent10.3INS, SOD2, NOS2
28raynaud disease10.3EDN1, VWF
29liver disease10.3CAT, SOD2, INS
30coronary thrombosis10.3VWF, SERPINE1
31osteoporosis10.3IGFBP3, TNFRSF11B, AGER
32familial hyperlipidemia10.2INS, APOE
33endotheliitis10.2
34bone cancer10.2PDGFRB, BMP6, TNFRSF11B
35thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura, acquired10.2SERPINE1, VWF
36brain disease10.2CAT, SOD2, VWF
37esophagitis10.2SOD2, CAT
38zellweger syndrome10.2DNAH8, CAT
39pulmonary hypertension10.2EDN1, BMP6
40thrombophilia due to activated protein c resistance10.2VWF, SERPINE1
41hyperinsulinism10.2IGFBP3, INS, SERPINE1
42factor v leiden thrombophilia10.2SERPINE1, VWF
43interstitial lung disease10.2EDN1, CCL2, BMP6
44fibrosarcoma10.2PDGFRB, SOD2, SERPINE1
45toxic encephalopathy10.2SOD2, DNAH8, CAT
46congestive heart failure10.2EDN1, TNFRSF11B, DNAH8
47coronary artery disease10.2NOS2, SOD2, SERPINE1, EDN1
48polycystic ovary syndrome10.1AGER, SERPINE1, INS, IGFBP3
49gastritis10.1NOS2, CAT, DNAH8
50arthritis10.1TNFRSF11B, SOD2, CCL2, NOS2, AGER

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Diabetic Angiopathy:



Diseases related to diabetic angiopathy

Symptoms for Diabetic Angiopathy

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Drugs & Therapeutics for Diabetic Angiopathy

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Drug clinical trials:

Search ClinicalTrials for Diabetic Angiopathy

Search NIH Clinical Center for Diabetic Angiopathy

Inferred drug relations via UMLS60/NDF-RT39:

Genetic Tests for Diabetic Angiopathy

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Anatomical Context for Diabetic Angiopathy

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MalaCards organs/tissues related to Diabetic Angiopathy:

31
Endothelial, Thyroid, Monocytes, Pancreatic islet

Animal Models for Diabetic Angiopathy or affiliated genes

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MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Diabetic Angiopathy:

35 (show all 20)
idDescriptionMGI Source AccessionScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1MP:00053829.2NOS2, PDGFRB, CCL2, TNFRSF11B, EDN1
2MP:00020068.9SERPINE1, SOD2, CCL2, CAT, NOS2
3MP:00053918.7INS, APOE, SOD2, CCL2, PDGFRB, NOS2
4MP:00053708.4IGFBP3, INS, APOE, SERPINE1, SOD2, CCL2
5MP:00053678.4EDN1, INS, APOE, SERPINE1, SOD2, PDGFRB
6MP:00053758.3IGFBP3, INS, APOE, SERPINE1, SOD2, CCL2
7MP:00107718.3INS, APOE, SERPINE1, SOD2, CCL2, PDGFRB
8MP:00053818.3EDN1, VWF, INS, APOE, CCL2, PDGFRB
9MP:00053798.3EDN1, IGFBP3, INS, APOE, PDGFRB, NOS2
10MP:00053898.2INS, APOE, SOD2, CCL2, BMP6, PDGFRB
11MP:00053698.2EDN1, IGFBP3, INS, APOE, SOD2, CCL2
12MP:00053907.9EDN1, INS, TNFRSF11B, APOE, CCL2, BMP6
13MP:00036317.9EDN1, VWF, INS, APOE, SOD2, CCL2
14MP:00053847.7APOE, TNFRSF11B, INS, VWF, SOD2, CCL2
15MP:00053977.7APOE, TNFRSF11B, INS, VWF, SERPINE1, SOD2
16MP:00053877.7APOE, TNFRSF11B, INS, VWF, SERPINE1, SOD2
17MP:00053857.5AGER, EDN1, VWF, INS, TNFRSF11B, APOE
18MP:00053787.3IGFBP3, INS, TNFRSF11B, APOE, SERPINE1, SOD2
19MP:00107687.3EDN1, VWF, INS, TNFRSF11B, APOE, SERPINE1
20MP:00053767.1APOE, INS, IGFBP3, VWF, EDN1, SERPINE1

Publications for Diabetic Angiopathy

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Articles related to Diabetic Angiopathy:

(show top 50)    (show all 94)
idTitleAuthorsYear
1
Diabetic angiopathy. (22616224)
2011
2
Macrophage foam cell formation is augmented in serum from patients with diabetic angiopathy. (19939487)
2010
3
Peroxynitrite-induced nitration of cyclooxygenase-2 and inducible nitric oxide synthase promotes their binding in diabetic angiopathy. (20607198)
2010
4
Effects of irbesartan on intracellular antioxidant enzyme expression and activity in adolescents and young adults with early diabetic angiopathy. (15983321)
2005
5
Diabetic angiopathy: new experimental and clinical aspects. (15918103)
2005
6
The role of nitric oxide in the development of diabetic angiopathy. (15156413)
2004
7
Aspirin resistance and diabetic angiopathy: back to the future. (15115664)
2004
8
Pathophysiological mechanisms of diabetic angiopathy. (12623164)
2003
9
Inflammatory mediators are induced by dietary glycotoxins, a major risk factor for diabetic angiopathy. (12429856)
2002
10
Advanced glycation end products, their receptors and diabetic angiopathy. (11694852)
2001
11
The possible association of in vivo leukocyte-platelet heterophilic aggregate formation and the development of diabetic angiopathy. (11674859)
2001
12
Advanced glycation end products in adolescents and young adults with diabetic angiopathy. (10955941)
2000
13
Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 and apolipoprotein E gene polymorphisms and diabetic angiopathy. (10809802)
2000
14
Circulating IGF-I and its protective role in the pathogenesis of diabetic angiopathy. (10651746)
2000
15
Growth hormone, IGF-I and diabetic angiopathy revisited. (10651747)
2000
16
Quality Control of Diabetes Care and Chronic Complications in Young People after St. Vincent and Kos. Proceedings of the 4th International Workshop Diabetic Angiopathy in Children. Berlin, Germany, September 4-6, 1997. (9742011)
1998
17
Controversies on the pathogenesis of diabetic angiopathy: which treatment for normotensive adolescents with microalbuminuria and type 1 diabetes? (9642665)
1998
18
Endothelial dysfunction and pathogenesis of diabetic angiopathy. (9217873)
1997
19
Diabetic angiopathy in children. (9455928)
1997
20
Enhanced expression of platelet-derived growth factor-beta receptor by high glucose. Involvement of platelet-derived growth factor in diabetic angiopathy. (8603774)
1996
21
Diabetic angiopathy: tracking down the culprits. (8807468)
1996
22
The thromboxane-synthesis inhibitor Ibustrin in the treatment of diabetic angiopathies]. (9026936)
1996
23
Prostacyclin-stimulating factor, novel protein, and diabetic angiopathy. (8674874)
1996
24
The medical effect of magnetic-laser therapy in patients with diabetic angiopathies of the lower extremities]. (9138797)
1996
25
Endothelial dysfunction and diabetic angiopathy. (7867890)
1994
26
Activity of membrane-bound protein kinase C and ATPase in erythrocytes in diabetic angiopathy]. (8058653)
1993
27
Effect of propionyl-L-carnitine in the treatment of diabetic angiopathy: controlled double blind trial versus placebo. (1644013)
1992
28
Cell-cell interactions in diabetic angiopathy. (1396014)
1992
29
Acupuncture in the treatment of diabetic angiopathy of the lower extremities]. (1788185)
1991
30
Lack of correlation of glycosylated haemoglobin level with the duration of diabetes or diabetic angiopathy. (3767198)
1986
31
Plasma factor XIII and some other haemostasis parameters in patients with diabetic angiopathy. (2433883)
1986
32
Trial of repeated low-dose aspirin in diabetic angiopathy. (3092890)
1986
33
Usefulness of an alpha-adrenergic blocking agent (nicergoline) in the treatment of diabetic angiopathy of lower limbs. (7106277)
1982
34
Is sickle cell trait an additional risk factor for diabetic angiopathy? (7347676)
1981
35
On some factors related to the pathogenesis of diabetic angiopathy. (6979842)
1981
36
Diabetic angiopathy--its lessons in vascular physiology. (356570)
1978
37
Fragmentation haemolysis in patients with severe diabetic angiopathy. (974041)
1976
38
Wound healing: a model for the study of diabetic angiopathy. (971788)
1976
39
The special role of diabetic angiopathy. (4609119)
1974
40
The use of photopletysmography in the diagnosis of diabetic angiopathy. (4416574)
1974
41
PAS-bisulfite stain for diabetic angiopathy. (4134776)
1974
42
Growth hormoe and diabetic angiopathy. (4720360)
1973
43
Diabetic angiopathy and blood viscosity (author's transl)]. (4793677)
1973
44
Diabetes, diabetic angiopathy, and growth hormone. (4194508)
1970
45
Long-term experimental insulin-deficiency diabetes--a model of diabetic angiopathy? (5236037)
1967
46
Diabetic angiopathy (pathological findings). (5213746)
1965
47
The relationship between diabetic angiopathy and neuropathy. (5859900)
1965
48
HYPOPHYSEO-ADRENAL FUNCTION IN DIABETIC ANGIOPATHY. (14175499)
1964
49
Retinopathy with reference to diabetic angiopathy]. (13222771)
1954
50
Diabetic angiopathy and glomerulosclerosis. (13147762)
1954

Variations for Diabetic Angiopathy

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Expression for genes affiliated with Diabetic Angiopathy

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Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Diabetic Angiopathy.

Pathways for genes affiliated with Diabetic Angiopathy

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Pathways related to Diabetic Angiopathy according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 16)
idSuper pathways (with members indented)ScoreTop Affiliating Genes
110.0TNFRSF11B, PDGFRB
210.0CAT, SOD2
3
Show member pathways
IL23-mediated signaling events36
Immune response IL 10 signaling pathway58
Angiopoietin receptor Tie2-mediated signaling36
Development PDGF signaling via STATs and NF kB58
Development Angiopoietin Tie2 signaling58
9.7NOS2, PDGFRB, CCL2
49.7SOD2, CAT, NOS2
5
Show member pathways
PLK2 and PLK4 events36
Polo-like kinase signaling events in the cell cycle36
9.6CAT, SOD2, INS
69.6AGER, CCL2, APOE
79.6AGER, NOS2, INS
89.5EDN1, SERPINE1, NOS2
9
Show member pathways
Vitamin B12 Metabolism36
9.4INS, APOE, CAT
109.2SERPINE1, INS, IGFBP7, IGFBP3
11
Show member pathways
Transcription Receptor mediated HIF regulation58
Development CNTF receptor signaling58
Class IB PI3K non-lipid kinase events36
ErbB2/ErbB3 signaling events36
Development Growth hormone signaling via PI3K AKT and MAPK cascades58
Translation Regulation activity of EIF258
Regulation of lipid metabolism Insulin signaling generic cascades58
Transcription PPAR Pathway58
Cell adhesion PLAU signaling58
Translation Regulation activity of EIF4F58
9.2IGFBP3, INS, SERPINE1, PDGFRB
129.2EDN1, INS, SERPINE1, NOS2
13
Show member pathways
9.1PDGFRB, BMP6, CCL2, INS
14
Show member pathways
thioredoxin pathway36
9.0CAT, CCL2, SOD2, SERPINE1, INS
15
Show member pathways
8.3EDN1, INS, TNFRSF11B, SOD2, CCL2, BMP6
16
Show member pathways
8.1EDN1, VWF, INS, APOE, SERPINE1, CCL2

Compounds for genes affiliated with Diabetic Angiopathy

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Compounds related to Diabetic Angiopathy according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50)    (show all 240)
idCompoundScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1adma439.4NOS2, CCL2, EDN1, VWF
28-isoprostane439.3CCL2, EDN1, INS, SERPINE1, CAT
3egcg439.2IGFBP3, CCL2, PDGFRB, NOS2, SOD2, CAT
4raloxifene43 49 28 1212.2VWF, CCL2, SERPINE1, TNFRSF11B, IGFBP3
5tgf beta1438.9BMP6, IGFBP3, TNFRSF11B, SERPINE1, CCL2, PDGFRB
6ang ii438.9PDGFRB, NOS2, EDN1, DYT10, CCL2
7betacarotene438.9SOD2, APOE, VWF, CAT, IGFBP3
8diphenyleneiodonium438.9CCL2, SOD2, NOS2, DYT10, CAT
9fluvastatin43 49 28 1211.8CCL2, VWF, APOE, SERPINE1, NOS2
104-hydroxynonenal43 249.8SOD2, DNAH8, CAT, PDGFRB, NOS2, APOE
11curcumin438.7NOS2, CAT, SOD2, CCL2, IGFBP3, DNAH8
12ascorbic acid43 249.6CAT, SOD2, VWF, APOE, TNFRSF11B, NOS2
13vitamin b12438.5IGFBP3, VWF, CCL2, DNAH8, APOE
14pdtc438.5DYT10, CAT, CCL2, NOS2, SOD2
15isoproterenol43 129.5SERPINE1, CCL2, VWF, BMP6, NOS2, EDN1
16atorvastatin43 49 28 24 1212.4VWF, TNFRSF11B, APOE, SERPINE1, BMP6, EDN1
17thyroxine43 249.4APOE, TNFRSF11B, INS, IGFBP3, VWF, DNAH8
18vitamin d438.4IGFBP3, PDGFRB, BMP6, CCL2, SOD2, SERPINE1
19calcitriol43 59 24 1211.3BMP6, DNAH8, SOD2, TNFRSF11B, PDGFRB, IGFBP3
20losartan43 49 28 1211.3APOE, SERPINE1, VWF, IGFBP3, BMP6, EDN1
21doxorubicin43 49 1210.2CAT, IGFBP3, TNFRSF11B, SOD2, NOS2, BMP6
22aspirin43 49 28 2411.2BMP6, SERPINE1, TNFRSF11B, IGFBP3, VWF, APOE
23genistein43 28 59 2 24 1213.1DYT10, SERPINE1, EDN1, CCL2, PDGFRB, NOS2
24heparin43 28 24 1211.1SOD2, SERPINE1, APOE, TNFRSF11B, VWF, IGFBP3
25cholesterol43 28 24 1211.1PDGFRB, CCL2, SERPINE1, APOE, TNFRSF11B, INS
26epinephrine43 24 1210.0EDN1, SOD2, BMP6, DNAH8, INS, IGFBP3
27indomethacin43 28 59 1211.0TNFRSF11B, EDN1, SOD2, APOE, BMP6, DNAH8
28actinomycin d437.9SOD2, APOE, NOS2, DYT10, CCL2, EDN1
29acetylcholine43 49 28 24 1211.9BMP6, EDN1, VWF, APOE, SOD2, DNAH8
30n acetylcysteine437.9NOS2, AGER, SOD2, APOE, DYT10, CAT
31prostacyclin437.9AGER, BMP6, CCL2, SERPINE1, APOE, IGFBP7
32sodium nitroprusside437.9CAT, DNAH8, BMP6, SOD2, VWF, EDN1
33sb 20358043 598.9DYT10, EDN1, TNFRSF11B, SERPINE1, CCL2, BMP6
34norepinephrine43 24 129.8EDN1, VWF, SOD2, DNAH8, BMP6, CCL2
35dexamethasone43 49 28 1210.8BMP6, CCL2, SOD2, TNFRSF11B, INS, IGFBP3
36cyclosporin a43 28 599.8BMP6, DNAH8, EDN1, VWF, IGFBP3, TNFRSF11B
37nitric oxide43 24 129.8SOD2, SERPINE1, TNFRSF11B, VWF, EDN1, BMP6
38tamoxifen43 49 28 1210.7DYT10, DNAH8, BMP6, APOE, TNFRSF11B, IGFBP3
39arginine437.6APOE, EDN1, VWF, DNAH8, SOD2, IGFBP3
40aspartate437.5DNAH8, BMP6, CCL2, SOD2, APOE, TNFRSF11B
41h2o2437.5CAT, NOS2, DYT10, PDGFRB, BMP6, SOD2
42estrogen437.5APOE, BMP6, SERPINE1, PDGFRB, NOS2, TNFRSF11B
43testosterone43 59 24 1210.4SOD2, SERPINE1, PDGFRB, APOE, VWF, CCL2
44glutamine437.4CCL2, BMP6, DNAH8, SOD2, VWF, IGFBP3
45ly294002437.3DYT10, NOS2, PDGFRB, BMP6, CCL2, SOD2
46retinoic acid43 248.0DNAH8, DYT10, BMP6, TNFRSF11B, IGFBP7, IGFBP3
47cycloheximide436.9IGFBP3, EDN1, SOD2, TNFRSF11B, APOE, NOS2
48creatinine436.7EDN1, INS, TNFRSF11B, SERPINE1, APOE, DNAH8
49serine436.5IGFBP3, AGER, DYT10, PDGFRB, INS, BMP6
50vegf436.1SOD2, SERPINE1, APOE, TNFRSF11B, NOS2, IGFBP7

GO Terms for genes affiliated with Diabetic Angiopathy

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Cellular components related to Diabetic Angiopathy according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1extracellular matrixGO:00310129.5SERPINE1, IGFBP7, VWF
2extracellular spaceGO:00056157.2EDN1, IGFBP3, IGFBP7, INS, TNFRSF11B, APOE
3extracellular regionGO:00055766.8AGER, EDN1, VWF, IGFBP3, IGFBP7, INS

Biological processes related to Diabetic Angiopathy according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 30)
idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1maternal process involved in parturitionGO:006013710.3CCL2, EDN1
2superoxide anion generationGO:004255410.2EDN1, SOD2
3negative regulation of intrinsic apoptotic signaling pathway in response to oxidative stressGO:0190217610.2SOD2, INS
4response to hyperoxiaGO:005509310.1SOD2, CAT, PDGFRB
5response to reactive oxygen speciesGO:000030210.1CAT, APOE
6negative regulation of smooth muscle cell migrationGO:001491210.1IGFBP3, SERPINE1
7superoxide metabolic processGO:000680110.1NOS2, SOD2
8response to magnesium ionGO:003202610.0BMP6, TNFRSF11B
9positive regulation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase signalingGO:001406810.0INS, CAT, PDGFRB
10positive regulation of mitosisGO:004584010.0EDN1, INS, PDGFRB
11positive regulation of nitric-oxide synthase activityGO:005100010.0INS, APOE
12response to bacteriumGO:000961710.0CCL2, NOS2
13positive regulation of nitric oxide biosynthetic processGO:00454299.9EDN1, INS, SOD2
14cellular response to lipopolysaccharideGO:00712229.9NOS2, CCL2, SERPINE1
15cellular response to interleukin-1GO:00713479.9CCL2, APOE, EDN1
16transforming growth factor beta receptor signaling pathwayGO:00071799.9PDGFRB, CCL2, SERPINE1
17nitric oxide mediated signal transductionGO:00072639.9NOS2, APOE
18positive regulation of NF-kappaB transcription factor activityGO:00510929.8INS, CAT, AGER
19negative regulation of blood coagulationGO:00301959.8SERPINE1, APOE, EDN1
20response to activityGO:00148239.8BMP6, CCL2, SOD2
21negative regulation of neuron apoptotic processGO:00435249.8CCL2, SOD2, APOE
22cellular response to interferon-gammaGO:00713469.8NOS2, CCL2
23negative regulation of protein catabolic processGO:00421779.8INS, NOS2
24positive regulation of cell migrationGO:00303359.8PDGFRB, INS, EDN1
25cell surface receptor signaling pathwayGO:00071669.7AGER, CCL2, EDN1
26defense response to Gram-negative bacteriumGO:00508299.5SERPINE1, NOS2
27response to retinoic acidGO:00325269.5IGFBP7, APOE, BMP6, PDGFRB
28response to hypoxiaGO:00016669.5NOS2, CAT, CCL2, SOD2, EDN1
29inflammatory responseGO:00069549.5CCL2, BMP6, NOS2, AGER
30G-protein coupled receptor signaling pathwayGO:00071869.3EDN1, INS, APOE, CCL2, PDGFRB

Molecular functions related to Diabetic Angiopathy according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 7)
idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1insulin-like growth factor bindingGO:00055209.9IGFBP3, IGFBP7
2antioxidant activityGO:00162099.8CAT, APOE
3cytokine activityGO:00051259.4BMP6, TNFRSF11B, EDN1
4protease bindingGO:00020209.4SERPINE1, INS, VWF
5receptor bindingGO:00051029.2NOS2, PDGFRB, CAT, CCL2, SERPINE1
6identical protein bindingGO:00428028.9VWF, INS, APOE, SOD2, AGER
7protein bindingGO:00055157.1EDN1, VWF, IGFBP3, IGFBP7, INS, APOE

Products for genes affiliated with Diabetic Angiopathy

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Sources for Diabetic Angiopathy

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3CDC
13ExPASy
14FMA
22GTR
23HGMD
24HMDB
25ICD10
26ICD10 via Orphanet
27ICD9CM
28IUPHAR
29KEGG
33MeSH
34MESH via Orphanet
35MGI
38NCIt
39NDF-RT
42NINDS
43Novoseek
45OMIM
46OMIM via Orphanet
50PubMed
51QIAGEN
56SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
60UMLS
61UMLS via Orphanet