MCID: DYS005
MIFTS: 42

Dyslexia malady

Categories: Genetic diseases (common), Fetal diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Dyslexia

About this section

Summaries for Dyslexia

About this section
NINDS:46 Dyslexia is a brain-based type of learning disability that specifically impairs a person's ability to read. These individuals typically read at levels significantly lower than expected despite having normal intelligence. Although the disorder varies from person to person, common characteristics among people with dyslexia are difficulty with phonological processing (the manipulation of sounds), spelling, and/or rapid visual-verbal responding. In individuals with adult onset of dyslexia, it usually occurs as a result of brain injury or in the context of dementia; this contrasts with individuals with dyslexia who simply were never identified as children or adolescents.

MalaCards based summary: Dyslexia is related to dyslexia 1 and dyslexia 2, and has symptoms including hemiasomatognosia, altered pitch perception and autoscopy. An important gene associated with Dyslexia is DYX1C1 (Dyslexia Susceptibility 1 Candidate 1). Affiliated tissues include brain, eye and heart.

Disease Ontology:10 A reading disorder resulting from a developmental reading disability involving the inability to process graphic symbols resulting in impairment of reading ability.

Wikipedia:68 Dyslexia, also known as reading disorder, is characterized by trouble with reading despite normal... more...

Related Diseases for Dyslexia

About this section

Diseases in the Dyslexia family:

Dyslexia 8 Dyslexia 3
Dyslexia 5 Dyslexia 2
Dyslexia 1 Dyslexia 6
Dyslexia 9

Diseases related to Dyslexia via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 47)
idRelated DiseaseScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1dyslexia 112.3
2dyslexia 212.1
3dyslexia 811.9
4dyslexia 311.9
5dyslexia 511.9
6dyslexia 611.9
7dyslexia 911.9
8alexia11.5
9reading disorder11.2
10dysgraphia10.9
11agnosia10.6
12cardiofaciocutaneous syndrome 310.4DYX1, DYX1C1
13ciliary dyskinesia, primary, 2510.4DYX1, DYX1C1
14dementia10.3
15neuronitis10.3
16dyscalculia10.2
17semantic dementia10.2
18atrophic gastritis10.2DCDC2, DYX1C1, KIAA0319
19attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder10.2
20specific language impairment10.2
21learning disability10.2
22aphasia10.1
23diabetes mellitus, transient neonatal, 110.1DCDC2, KIAA0319
24autism spectrum disorder10.0
25colorectal cancer10.0
26colorectal adenoma10.0
27stormorken syndrome10.0
28apraxia10.0
29agraphia10.0
30stuttering9.9
31cerebritis9.9
32lichen planus9.8FOXP2, KIAA0319
33breast cancer9.8
34anosognosia9.8
35sensorineural hearing loss9.8
36hemiplegia9.8
37prosopagnosia9.8
38delusional disorder9.8
39neuropathy9.8
40developmental coordination disorder9.8
41auditory neuropathy9.8
42headache9.8
43neuronal migration disorders9.8
44autoimmune disease of skin and connective tissue9.5DCDC2, DYX1C1, FOXP2, KIAA0319
45peripheral vascular disease9.5DCDC2, FOXP2, KIAA0319
46stiff-person syndrome8.0DCDC2, DOCK4, DYX1C1, FOXP2, KIAA0319, KIAA0319L
47pancreatic delta cell neoplasm5.3DCDC2, DOCK4, DYX1, DYX1C1, DYX3, DYX4

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Dyslexia:



Diseases related to dyslexia

Symptoms for Dyslexia

About this section

UMLS symptoms related to Dyslexia:


hemiasomatognosia, altered pitch perception, autoscopy, seeing words, letters, or syllables reversed on page, symptoms, amimia, hemiapraxia, dyslexia (excl learning disorder), cortical dysfunction nec, neurologic neglect syndrome, specific learning problem, other and unspecified symbolic dysfunctions, visual agnosia

Drugs & Therapeutics for Dyslexia

About this section

Drugs for Dyslexia (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show all 26)
idNameStatusPhaseClinical TrialsCas NumberPubChem Id
1
DopamineapprovedPhase 4308462-31-7, 51-61-6681
Synonyms:
(3H)-Dopamine
.Beta.-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)ethylamine hydrochloride
.alpha.-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)-.beta.-aminoethane
1,2-Benzenediol, 4-(2-aminoethyl)- (9CI)
1,2-Benzenediol, 4-(2-aminoethyl)-, hydrochloride
1,2-Benzenediol, 4-(2-aminoethyl)-, labeled with tritium
153C5321-5FEE-4B0B-8925-F388F0EEEBD1
2-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)ethylamine
2-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)ethylamine
2-benzenediol
3,4-Dihydroxyphenethylamine
3,4-Dihydroxyphenethylamine hydrochloride
3,4-Dihydroxyphenylethylamine
3,4-dihydroxyphenethylamine
3-Hydroxtyramine
3-Hydroxytyramine
3-Hydroxytyramine Hydrobromide
3-Hydroxytyramine hydrochloride
4-(2-Aminoethyl)-1,
4-(2-Aminoethyl)-1,2-benzenediol
4-(2-Aminoethyl)-1,2-bezenediol
4-(2-Aminoethyl)-Pyrocatechol
4-(2-Aminoethyl)benzene-1,2-diol
4-(2-Aminoethyl)catechol
4-(2-Aminoethyl)pyrocatechol
4-(2-Aminoethyl)pyrocatechol hydrochloride
4-(2-aminoethyl)-pyrocatechol
50444-17-2
51-61-6
62-31-7 (HYDROCHLORIDE)
AC1L19S5
AC1Q54AX
AC1Q54AY
AKOS003790978
ASL 279
BIDD:ER0506
BPBio1_001123
BSPBio_001932
Biomol-NT_000001
C03758
CHEBI:18243
CHEMBL59
CID681
D07870
DB00988
Deoxyepinephrine
DivK1c_000780
Dopamin
Dopamina
Dopamina [INN-Spanish]
Dopamine
Dopamine (INN)
Dopamine (USAN)(*hydrochloride*)
Dopamine Hcl
Dopamine Hydrochloride
Dopamine [INN:BAN]
Dopaminum
Dopaminum [INN-Latin]
Dopastat
Dophamine
Dynatra
EINECS 200-110-0
HSDB 3068
Hydroxytyramin
Hydroxytyramine
IDI1_000780
IP 498
Intropin
Intropin [*hydrochloride*]
 
KBio1_000780
KBio2_001492
KBio2_002388
KBio2_002484
KBio2_004060
KBio2_004956
KBio2_005052
KBio2_006628
KBio2_007524
KBio2_007620
KBio3_001152
KBio3_002867
KBio3_002962
KBioGR_001129
KBioGR_002388
KBioGR_002484
KBioSS_001492
KBioSS_002393
KBioSS_002491
KW-3-060
L-DOPAMINE
L000232
LDP
LS-159
Lopac-H-8502
Lopac0_000586
Medopa (TN)
MolPort-001-641-000
NCGC00015519-01
NCGC00015519-08
NCGC00096050-01
NCGC00096050-02
NCGC00096050-03
NCGC00096050-04
NCGC00096050-05
NINDS_000780
NSC 173182
NSC169105
NSC173182
Oprea1_088821
Oxytyramine
Pyrocatechol, 4-(2-aminoethyl)- (8CI)
Pyrocatechol, 4-(2-aminoethyl)-, hydrochloride
Revimine
Revivan
SPBio_001205
SPECTRUM1505155
ST048774
STK301601
Spectrum2_001023
Spectrum3_000406
Spectrum4_000525
Spectrum5_000945
Spectrum_001012
UNII-VTD58H1Z2X
UPCMLD0ENAT5885989:001
a-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)-b-aminoethane
alpha-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)-beta-aminoethane
cMAP_000036
cMAP_000065
dopamine
hydroxytyramine
intropin
m-Hydroxytyramine hydrochloride
nchembio.105-comp9
nchembio.107-comp4
nchembio.284-comp1
nchembio.78-comp16
nchembio.89-comp3
nchembio705-8
nchembio801-comp8
2
Amphetamineapproved, illicitPhase 4104300-62-95826, 3007
Synonyms:
(+)-.alpha.-Methylphenethylamine
(+)-.alpha.-Methylphenylethylamine
(+-)-Benzedrine
(+-)-alpha-Methylbenzeneethanamine
(+-)-alpha-Methylphenethylamine
(+-)-alpha-Methylphenylethylamine
(+/-)-Benzedrine
(+/-)-Desoxynorephedrine
(+/-)-beta-Phenylisopropylamine
(S)-(+)-.beta.-Phenylisopropylamine
(S)-.alpha.-Phenylethylamine
.alpha.-Methylbenzeneethanamine
.alpha.-Methylphenethylamine
.alpha.-Methylphenethylamine, d-form
.alpha.-Methylphenylethylamine
.beta.-Aminopropylbenzene
.beta.-Phenylisopropylamin
.beta.-Phenylisopropylamine
1-Methyl-2-phenylethylamine
1-Phenyl-2-amino-propan
1-Phenyl-2-amino-propan [German]
1-Phenyl-2-aminopropane
1-Phenyl-2-aminopropane (VAN)
1-Phenyl-2-propanamine
1-Phenyl-2-propylamine
1-Phenylpropan-2-amin
1-phenyl-2-aminopropane
1-phenylpropan-2-amine
17108-96-2
2-Amino-1-phenylpropane
3-Methoxy-a-methylbenzeneethanamine
3-Methoxyamphetamine
3-Methoxyphenylisopropylamine
3-Phenyl-2-propylamine
300-62-9
60-13-9 (sulfate (2:1))
60-15-1
610240_ALDRICH
610240_FLUKA
96332-84-2
AC1L1EYQ
AC1Q5065
AI3-02438
ALPHA-METHYL-BENZENEETHANAMIDE (SEE ALSO DL-AMPHETAMINE SULFATE)
AMPHETAMINE
AMPHETAMINE (SEE ALSO: D-AMPHETAMINE (51-64-9) & AMPHETAMINE SULFATE (60-13-9))
AMPHETAMINE, (D)
AR-1H6584
Actedron
Adderall
Adipan
Allodene
Amfetamin
Amfetamin (TN)
Amfetamina
Amfetamina [INN-Spanish]
Amfetamina [Italian]
Amfetamine
Amfetamine (INN)
Amfetamine [INN:BAN]
Amfetaminum
Amfetaminum [INN-Latin]
Amphetamin
Amphetamine
Amphetamine Sulfate
Amphetamine Sulfate (2:1)
Amphetamine resin complex
Amphetamine, its salts, optical isomers, and salts of its optical isomers
Amsustain
Anfetamina
Anfetamina [Spanish]
Anorexide
Anorexine
Benzebar
Benzedrine
Benzolone
C07514
C9H13N
CHEBI:2679
CHEMBL405
CID3007
D07445
DEA No. 1100
DL-Amphetamine solution
DL-alpha-Methylphenethylamine
Desoxyn
Desoxynorephedrin
Desoxynorephedrine
Dexampex
Dexedrine
 
Dextrostat
DivK1c_000991
Dl-1-Phenyl-2-aminopropane
Dl-Amphetamine
Dl-Benzedrine
EINECS 200-458-3
EINECS 206-096-2
Elastonon
Fenamin
Fenopromin
Fenylo-izopropylaminyl
Fenylo-izopropylaminyl [Polish]
Ferndex
Finam
HMS503G03
HSDB 3287
IDI1_000991
Isoamycin
Isoamyne
Isomyn
KBio1_000991
L-Amphetamine
L000864
LS-1148
LS-1428
Levoamphetamine
Mecodrin
Methampex
Methamphetamine HCL
MolPort-001-783-432
Mydrial
NINDS_000991
NSC 27159
NSC170999
NSC27159
NSC73713
Norephedrane
Novydrine
Oktedrin
Oprea1_447423
Ortedrine
Paredrine
Percomon
Phenamine
Phenedrine
Phenylisopropylamine
Profamina
Propisamine
Protioamphetamine
Psychedrine
Raphetamine
Rhinalator
S(+)-Amphetamine
Simpatedrin
Simpatina
Sympamin
Sympamine
Sympatedrine
Thyramine
UNII-CK833KGX7E
WLN: ZY1&1R
WLN: ZY1&1R -D
Weckamine
[1-(3-Methoxyphenyl)-2-propyl]amine
alpha-Methylbenzeneethaneamine
alpha-Methylphenethylamine
alpha-Methylphenylethylamine
amfetaminum
beta-Aminopropylbenzene
beta-Aminopropylbenzene (VAN)
beta-Phenyl-isopropylamine
beta-Phenylisopropylamin
beta-Phenylisopropylamin [German]
beta-Phenylisopropylamine
beta-phenyl-isopropylamine
component of Amodex
component of Biphetamine
d-.alpha.-Methylphenethylamine
dl-1-Phenyl-2-aminopropane
dl-Amphetamine
dl-Benzedrine
dl-alpha-Methylphenethylamine
levo-Amphetamine
m-Methoxy-a-methylphenethylamine
m-Methoxyamphetamine
nchembio.2007.55-comp27
nchembio.284-comp5
racemic-Desoxynor-ephedrine
α-methylbenzeneethaneamine
α-methylphenethylamine
β-aminopropylbenzene
β-phenylisopropylamine
3
Methylphenidateapproved, investigationalPhase 4364113-45-14158
Synonyms:
.alpha.-Phenyl-2-piperidineacetic acid methyl ester
113-45-1
2-Piperidineacetic acid, .alpha.-phenyl-, methyl ester
2-Piperidineacetic acid, alpha-phenyl-, methyl ester
298-59-9 (hydrochloride)
4311/B Ciba
AC1L1HJM
C 4311
C07196
CHEBI:6887
CHEMBL796
CID4158
Calocain
Centedein
Centedrin
Centedrine
Centredin
Concerta
D-Methylphenidate HCl
D04999
DB00422
DB06701
DEA No. 1724
Daytrana
Daytrana (TN)
EINECS 204-028-6
Focalin
Focalin XR
HSDB 3126
L001307
LS-565
METHYLPHENIDATE (SEE ALSO: METHYLPHENIDATE HYDROCHLORIDE, CAS 298-59-9, NTPNO 10266-R)
MPH
Meridil
Metadate
Metadate CD
Metadate ER
MethyPatch
Methyl (2-phenyl-2-(2-piperidyl)acetate)
Methyl alpha-phenyl-alpha-(2-piperidyl)acetate
Methyl alpha-phenyl-alpha-2-piperidinylacetate
Methyl phenidate
Methyl phenidyl acetate
 
Methyl phenidylacetate
Methylfenidan
Methylin
Methylin ER
Methylofenidan
Methylphen
Methylphenidan
Methylphenidate
Methylphenidate (USAN/INN)
Methylphenidate HCl
Methylphenidate Hydrochloride
Methylphenidate [INN:BAN]
Methylphenidate hydrochloride
Methylphenidatum
Methylphenidatum [INN-Latin]
Methylphenidylacetate hydrochloride
Methypatch
Metilfenidat hydrochloride
Metilfenidato
Metilfenidato [INN-Spanish]
Metilfenidato [Italian]
MolPort-001-779-620
NCI-C56280
PMS-Methylphenidate
Phenidylate
Plimasine
Quillivant XR
Riphenidate
Ritalin
Ritalin LA
Ritalin SR
Ritalin hydrochloride
Ritalin-SR
Ritaline
Ritcher Works
Ritcher works
Tsentedrin
UNII-207ZZ9QZ49
alpha-Phenyl-2-piperidineacetic acid methyl ester
alpha-Phenyl-alpha-(2-piperidyl)acetic acid methyl ester
d-methylphenidate HCl
methyl 2-phenyl-2-piperidin-2-ylacetate
methyl phenyl(piperidin-2-yl)acetate
methylphenidate
nchembio.2007.55-comp28
4
Guanfacineapproved, investigationalPhase 45329110-47-23519
Synonyms:
29110-47-2
29110-48-3 (mono-hydrochloride)
AC1L1G4B
BPBio1_000415
BRD-K32830106-003-03-0
BSPBio_000377
C07037
C9H9Cl2N3O
CAS-29110-48-3
CHEMBL862
CID3519
D08031
DB01018
EINECS 249-442-8
Estulic
Estulic (TN)
G1043_SIGMA
GUANFACINE
Guanfacina
Guanfacina [INN-Spanish]
Guanfacine
Guanfacine (INN)
Guanfacine Hydrochloride
Guanfacine Monohydrochloride
Guanfacine [INN:BAN]
Guanfacinum
 
Guanfacinum [INN-Latin]
Intuniv
L000286
L013430
LS-174236
Lon798
Lopac-G-1043
Lopac0_000519
MolPort-003-941-447
N (Aminoiminomethyl)-2,6-dichlorobenzeneacetamide
N-(diaminomethylidene)-2-(2,6-dichlorophenyl)acetamide
NCGC00015469-01
NCGC00015469-02
NCGC00015469-06
NCGC00024950-01
NCGC00024950-02
NCGC00024950-03
Prestwick0_000339
Prestwick1_000339
Prestwick2_000339
Prestwick3_000339
SPBio_002298
SPD 503
Tenex
Tocris-1030
UNII-30OMY4G3MK
ZINC03872738
5
LevodopaapprovedPhase 436359-92-76047
Synonyms:
(-)-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)alanine
(-)-3-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)-L-alanine
(-)-3-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-L-alanine
(-)-Dopa
(2S)-2-amino-3-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)propanoate
(2S)-2-amino-3-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)propanoic acid
(−)-3-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-L-alanine
(−)-dopa
.Beta.-(3, 4-Dihydroxyphenyl)alanine
.Beta.-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)-L-alanine
1E83F927-C221-46AA-B90A-81B33C5F3868
2-Amino-3-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)propanoic acid
23734-74-9
25525-15-9
3, 4-Dihydroxy-L-phenylalanine
3, 4-Dihydroxyphenylalanine
3,4-DIHYDROXYPHENYLALANINE
3,4-Dihydroxy-L-phenylalanine
3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl-L-alanine
3,4-Dihydroxyphenylalanine
3,4-Dihydroxyphenylalanine (VAN)
3,4-dihydroxy-L-phenylalanine
3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine
3-(3,4-Dihydroxypheny
3-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)-L-alanine
3-Hydroxy-L-tyrosine
34241-25-3
37830_FLUKA
587-45-1
59-92-7
72572-99-7
72573-00-3
88250-23-1
90638-38-3
AC-11686
AC1L1LOR
AC1Q4U7F
BIDD:GT0158
BPBio1_000059
BSPBio_000053
BSPBio_002354
Bendopa
Bio-0575
Biodopa
Brocadopa
C00355
C9H11NO4
CAS-59-92-7
CCRIS 3766
CHEBI:15765
CHEMBL1009
CID6047
Cerepap
Cidandopa
D 9628
D00059
D0600
D9628
D9628_SIGMA
DAH
DB01235
DOPA
Deadopa
Dihydroxy-L-phenylalanine
Dihydroxyphenylalanine
DivK1c_000452
Dopa
Dopaflex
Dopaidan
Dopal
Dopal-Fher
Dopal-fher
Dopalina
Dopar
Dopar (TN)
Doparkine
Doparl
Dopasol
Dopaston
Dopaston SE
Dopastone
Dopastral
Dopicar
Doprin
EINECS 200-445-2
EU-0100454
Eldopal
Eldopar
Eldopatec
Eurodopa
HMS1568C15
HMS1922J14
HMS2090O08
HMS2093N04
HMS501G14
HSDB 3348
Helfo DOPA
 
Helfo-Dopa
Helfo-dopa
IDI1_000452
IV Levodopa
InChI=1/C9H11NO4/c10-6(9(13)14)3-5-1-2-7(11)8(12)4-5/h1-2,4,6,11-12H,3,10H2,(H,13,14
Insulamina
KBio1_000452
KBio2_000934
KBio2_003502
KBio2_006070
KBioGR_001177
KBioSS_000934
L Dopa
L(-)-Dopa
L-(-)-Dopa
L-(3, 4-Dihydroxyphenyl)-.alpha.-alani
L-(3, 4-Dihydroxyphenyl)alanine
L-(o-Dihydroxyphenyl)alanine
L-.Beta.-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)alanine
L-3,4-Dihydroxyphenylalanine
L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine
L-3-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)-Alanine
L-3-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)alanine
L-3-Hydroxytyrosine
L-4-5-Dihydroxyphenylalanine
L-DOPA
L-DOPA, Parcopa, Atamet, Stalevo, Madopar, Prolopa, Dopar, 3,4-Dihydroxyphenylalanine, Levodopa
L-Dihydroxyphenylalanine
L-Dopa
L-O-Dihydroxyphenylalanine
L-b-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)-a-alanine
L-beta-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)-alpha-alanine
L-beta-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)alanine
L-o-Hydroxytyrosine
LS-255
Laradopa
Larodopa
Ledopa
Levedopa
Levodopa
Levodopa (JP15/USP)
Levodopa (JP15/USP/INN)
Levodopa [USAN:INN:BAN:JAN]
Levodopum
Levodopum [INN-Latin]
Levopa
Lopac-D-9628
Lopac0_000454
MLS000028514
Maipedopa
MolPort-000-856-937
NCGC00015384-01
NCGC00016270-01
NCGC00016270-06
NCGC00093869-04
NINDS_000452
NSC 118381
NSC118381
PDSP1_001541
PDSP2_001525
Parda
Pardopa
Prestwick0_000017
Prestwick1_000017
Prestwick2_000017
Prestwick3_000017
Prestwick_185
Prodopa
Ro 4-6316
S1726_Selleck
SDCCGMLS-0066924.P001
SMR000058312
SPBio_000391
SPBio_001974
SPECTRUM2300205
Sobiodopa
Spectrum2_000496
Spectrum4_000539
Spectrum5_001899
Spectrum_000454
Syndopa
UNII-46627O600J
Veldopa
Weldopa
b-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)-L-alanine
b-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)-a-L-alanine
b-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)alanine
beta-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)-L-alanine
beta-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)-alpha-L-alanine
beta-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)-alpha-alanine
beta-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)alanine
bmse000322
component of Sinemet
l)-L-alanine
nchembio.2007.55-comp26
nchembio.89-comp9
ne
β-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)alanine
6Peripheral Nervous System AgentsPhase 418510
7Adrenergic AgentsPhase 44204
8Dopamine Uptake InhibitorsPhase 4925
9Central Nervous System StimulantsPhase 41721
10Dopamine AgentsPhase 43084
11Neurotransmitter Uptake InhibitorsPhase 42857
12Neurotransmitter AgentsPhase 414795
13Antihypertensive AgentsPhase 43618
14adderallPhase 433
15Adrenergic AgonistsPhase 42331
16Adrenergic alpha-AgonistsPhase 41300
17Adrenergic alpha-2 Receptor AgonistsPhase 4790
18Atomoxetine HydrochloridePhase 4160
19Antiparkinson AgentsPhase 41312
20Dopamine AgonistsPhase 4544
21
Mentholapproved19992216-51-516666
Synonyms:
(−
()-Menthol
(+)-Neo-menthol
(+)-p-Menthan-3-ol
(+-)-(1R*,3R*,4S*)-Menthol
(+-)-Menthol
(+/-)-Menthol
(+/-)-p-Menthan-3-ol
(-)-(1R,3R,4S)-Menthol
(-)-Menthyl alcohol
(-)-menthol
(-)-p-Menthan-3-ol
(-)-trans-p-Menthan-cis-ol
(1R)-(-)-Menthol
(1R,2S,5R)-(-)-menthol
(1R,2S,5R)-Menthol
(1R,3R,4S)-(-)-MENTHOL
(1R,3R,4S)-(-)-Menthol
(1R-(1-alpha,2-beta,5-alpha))-5-Methyl-2-(1-methylethyl)cyclohexanol
(1S, 2S, 5R)-(+)-Neomenthol
(1S,2R,5R)-(+)-Isomenthol
(1S,2R,5S)-(+)-Menthol
(1S,2R,5S)-Menthol
(1alpha,2beta,5alpha)-5-Methyl-2(1-methylethyl)cyclohexanol
(1r,2s,5r)-(-)-menthol
(L)-MENTHOL
(R)-(-)-Menthol
(r)-(-)-menthol
)-Menthol
--MENTHOL
1-Menthol
1490-04-6
15356-60-2
15356-70-4
15785_RIEDEL
15785_SIAL
19863P
2-Isopropyl-5-methylcyclohexanol
20747-49-3
2216-51-5
3-p-Menthol
4-Isopropyl-1-methylcyclohexan-3-ol
491-02-1
5-Methyl-2-(1-methylethyl)-cyclohexanol
5-Methyl-2-(1-methylethyl)cyclohexanol
5-methyl-2-(propan-2-yl)cyclohexanol
5-methyl-2-propan-2-ylcyclohexan-1-ol
551376_ALDRICH
551376_FLUKA
588733_ALDRICH
613290_ALDRICH
613290_FLUKA
63660_FLUKA
63670_ALDRICH
63670_FLUKA
63975-60-0
6C6A4A8C-A054-468C-A1F0-F29E39838CF2
89-78-1
98167-53-4
999 Itch Relief
AC1L1B2E
AC1L28FR
AC1Q1NQ2
AC1Q2QQM
AI3-08161
AI3-52408
AKOS000119740
AR-1J3337
Absorbine Back Therapeutic Pain Relief
Absorbine Jr
Absorbine Jr Ultra Strength Pain Relieving
Absorbine Jr.
Absorbine Jr. Back
Algomend Pain Relief
Alhua Huogan Pain Relieving Patch
Aloemint Skin Aid
Amar Ice
Analgesic
Anc Neverpain External Analgesic
Anti Itch
Army Health Pain Reliever
Arthri-support
Arthri-zen Relief
Arthripain Relief
Arthritis Relief
Aspercreme Heat
Aspercreme Max No Mess Roll On
Assured Cold N Hot Pain Relief Menthol
Assured Extra Strength Cold N Hot
Assured Ice Cold Topical Analgesic
Assured Muscle Rub
Assured Pain Relief Hot Menthol
Atopalm Pain Relieving
Aurorae Healing Pain Relieving Roll-on
Avapta
Avedana Pain Relieving Roll On
Avedana Pain-relieving
BB_NC-0057
BRN 1902288
BRN 3194263
BSPBio_003062
Babyganics Cold Relief Chest Rub
Barox
Barox BODY CARE MASSAGE
Barox Body Care Massage Relax Refresh Revital
Being Well Extra Strength Menthol Heat
Bengay Ultra Strength Large Size
Bengay Ultra Strength Pain Relieving Large Size
Bengay Ultra Strength Pain Relieving Regular Size
Bengay Ultra Strength Regular Size
Bengay Vanishing Scent
Bengay Zero Degrees Menthol Pain Relieving
Bentasil SUGAR FREE BLACKCURRANT SOFT Texture
Bentasil SUGAR FREE CHERRY SOFT Texture
Bentasil SUGAR FREE HONEY LEMON SOFT Texture
Berri-freez
Besthealth Cherry
Besthealth Cough Suppressant Sugar Free Black Cherry Flavor
Besthealth Cough Suppressant Sugar Free Honey Lemon Flavor
Besthealth Honey Lemon
Besthealth Menthol
Bio 2 Brazilian Heat Brazilian Heat
Bio-scriptives Extreme Pr
Bioblast Pain Relief
Bioflexor
Biofreeze
Biofreeze Colorless
Biofreeze Colorless Roll-on
Biofreeze Roll-on
Biorelief Ice Pain Relieving
Blistex Ivarest Medicated Poison Ivy Cleansing Foam
Blue Gel Pain Relieving
Blue Ice
Blue Ice Analgesic
Blue Ice Analgesic Gel
Blue Ice Pain Relieving
Body
Budpack Muscle Rub
Budpak Muscle Rub
C00400
C10H20O
CCRIS 3728
CCRIS 375
CCRIS 4666
CCRIS 9231
CHEBI:15409
CHEBI:545611
CHEMBL256087
CHEMBL470670
CID1254
CID16666
Canker Complete Canker Sore Relief
Caswell No. 540
Celadrin
Cepacol Sore Throat From Post Nasal Drip
Cepacol Sore Throat Regular Strength
Ching Wan Hung Soothing Herbal Balm
Choice Personal Care Theraputic Blue Ice
Cold Hot Patch
Cold Spot Point Relief
Coldaid
Cool N Heat Patch For Back Extra Strength
Coralite Extra Strength Menthol Pain Relief Sleeve - Knee
Coralite Extra Strength Menthol Pain Relief Sleeve - Wrist
Coralite Pain Relief
Counteract Cough Drops Honey Lemon
Counteract Cough Drops Orchard Cherry
Cryogel Island Rain Natural Pain Relieving Vitaminerals
Cvs Cold Hot Medicated
Cvs Soothing Itch Relief
Cvs Sore Muscle Rub Vanishing Scent
Cvs Therapeutic Menthol Gel
Cvs Therapeutic Menthol Pain Reliever
Cvs Tropical Citrus Cough
Cvs Ultra Strength Pain Relieving
Cvs Vanishing Scent Muscle Rub
D-(-)-Menthol
D-p-Menthan-3-ol
D00064
D008610
D04849
D04918
DB00825
Dg Health Extra Strength Medicated
Dg Health Pain Relieving
Dg Ice Cold Analgesic
Diapedic Foot Treatment
DivK1c_000820
Dorflex Icy Hot Flexible, Large
Dorflex Icy Hot Flexible, Small
Dorflex Icy Hot Flexible, XL
Dr. Blue
Dt Ice Cold Analgesic
Dual Action Cherry Cough Suppressant Oral Anesthetic
Dynafreeze
EINECS 201-939-0
EINECS 207-724-8
EINECS 216-074-4
EINECS 218-690-9
EINECS 239-387-8
EINECS 239-388-3
EPA Pesticide Chemical Code 051601
Easy
Eb301ap Pain Relief
Eb301ct Bruise Pain Relief
Eb302 Arthritis Relief
Ecolyptus Pain Relieving Muscle Rub
Efac Pain Relieving
Elgin Pain Relief
Equaline Blue Ice Pain Relieving
Equate Menthol Extra Strength
Eros Iron Man
Eucalyptamint
Eucerin Calming Itch Relief Treatment
Extra Strength Cold N Hot Pain Relief Medicated
Extra Strength Pain Relief Therapy
Extra Strength Stopain Cold Pain Relieving
Extra Strength Stopain Cold Pain Relieving Roll On
FEMA No. 2665
Family Care Maximum Strength Medicated Anti Itch
Fast Freeze
Fisherman's friend lozenges
Fisherman's friend lozenges (TN)
Flexall Pain Relieving
Flexgen
Fluaid
Foot Works Achy Foot Massager Pain Relieving
Gold Bond Foot Extra Strength
Gold Bond Medicated Foot
Gold Bond Pain Relieving Foot
Gold Bond Pain Relieving Foot Roll On
Green Bamboo
Green Guard Cough Drop Relief
HMS1922G13
HMS2092L14
HMS502I22
HSDB 5662
HSDB 593
Halls Apple Cider
Halls Butterscotch
Halls Cherry
Halls Extra Strong Menthol
Halls Honey Lemon
Halls Ice Peppermint
Halls MENTHO-LYPTUS
Halls Melon Splash
Halls Menthol
Halls Mentholyptus
Halls Mocha Mint
Halls Naturals Honey Lemon Chamomile
Halls Plus Cherry
Halls Plus Honey
Halls Plus Strawberry
Halls Spearmint
Halls Strawberry
Halls Sugar Free Black Cherry
Halls Sugar Free Citrus Blend
Halls Sugar Free Extra Strong Menthol
Halls Sugar Free Honey Berry
Halls Sugar Free Honey Lemon
Halls Sugar Free Mountain Menthol
Halls Tropical Fruit
Hallsmelon Splash Melon Splash
Hallssugar Free Extra Sugar Free Extra Strong Menthol
Han Honey Loquat Syrup
Hanbang Cataplasma
Harmon Extra Strength Pain Relieving
Harmon Extra Strength Pain Relieving Roll-on
Headache crystals
Health Smart Medicated Foot
Herbion Naturals Honey Lemon
Herbion Naturals Honey Lemon Cough Drops
Herbion Naturals Honey-Lemon Cough Drops
Herbion Naturals Mint Cough Drops
Herbion Naturals Orange
Herbion Naturals Orange Cough Drops
Hexahydrothymol
Hielo Ardiente
Honibe
 
Hot Ice Soothing Analgesic Gel
Huitomi Slimming Sports
Humphreys Bendito Alcoholado
I06-1216
I14-7371
IDI1_000820
Ice
Ice Cold Analgesic
Ice Cold Topical Analgesic Gel
Ice External Analgesic Leader
Ice Quake
Ice Quake Muscle Rub
Icy Cool Maximum Strength
Icy Hot
Icy Hot Back
Icy Hot Medicated
Icy Hot Medicated No Mess Applicator
Icy Hot Medicated Roll Large
Icy Hot Medicated Roll Medium
Icy Hot Medicated Roll, Large
Icy Hot Medicated Roll, Medium
Icy Hot Medicated, Advanced Relief
Icy Hot Medicated, Back
Icy Hot Medicated, XL
Icy Hot Naturals
Icy Hot Power Gel
Icy Hot Vanishing Scent
Icyhot Medicated
Imada Four Seasons Safe Analgesic Balm
Jakemans Blueberry
Jakemans Cherry
Jakemans Peppermint
K2 Cold Therapy
KBio1_000820
KBio2_000785
KBio2_003353
KBio2_005921
KBio3_002562
KBioSS_000785
Kay Medic Menthol Pain Relief
Kool Comfort
Kool Comfort Pain Relieving Roll-on
Kpp Triple Action
L-(-)-Menthol
L-(-)-menthol
L-Menthol
L-menthol
LMPR0102090001
LS-2353
LS-57201
LS-886
LS-89531
LS-89533
La Jiao Feng Shi Gao
Lander Polar Ice
Leader Cough Drops Cherry Flavor
Leader Cough Drops Honey Lemon
Leader Cough Drops Menthol Flavor
Leader Extra Strength Medicated Pain Relief Patch
Leader Sugar Free Cough Drops Black Cherry
Levomenthol
Levomenthol [INN:BAN]
Levomentholum
Levomentholum [INN-Latin]
Levomentol
Linkus Lozenges Cough Suppressant/Oral Anesthetic
Low Sugar Cherry Flavor Fishermans Friend Menthol Cough Suppressant
Ludens Honey Lemon Throat Drops
Ludens Honey Licorice Throat Drops
Ludens Original Menthol Throat Drops
Lurosil
M0321
M0545
M2772_SIAL
MENTHOL
MLS002207256
Makesense Extra Strength Muscle Rub
Maxfit Freeze Gel
Maybelline New York Baby Lips Dr Rescue Medicated Balm
Medi First Plus Cherry Cough Drops
Medi-first Cherry Cough Drops
Medic Ice
Medicated Body Powder
Medicated Pain Relief
Mediflex
Medique Medikoff Drops
Medique Sugar Free Medikoff Drops
Meditowel PAIN RELIEF
Meijer Cherry Cough Drops
Meijer Honey Lemon Cough Drops
Meijer Menthol Cough Drops
Menthacamphor
Menthol
Menthol (USP)
Menthol (VAN)
Menthol Fresh Cough Suppressant
Menthol natural
Menthol natural, brazilian
Menthol racemic
Menthol racemique
Menthol racemique [French]
Menthol solution
Menthol, (1alpha,2beta,5alpha)-Isomer
Mentholatum Pain Relief Extra Strength
Mentholatum Sports Pain Relief Cold
Menthomenthol
Menthyl alcohol
Mineral Ice Pain Relieving
Miracle Foot Repair
Miracle Foot Repair Cream
Miracle Of Aloe Rub Roll On
Miracle Pain Cream
Moisture Therapy Anti-Itch
MolPort-000-849-729
MolPort-001-793-392
Moore Medical Cherry Cough Suppressant/anesthetic Drops
Moore Medical Sugar Free Black Cherry Cough Suppressant/anesthetic Drops
Moore Medical Sugar Free Menthol Cough Suppressant/anesthetic Drops
Mr Dudleys Topical Pain Relief
Muscle
Muscle Rub Ultra Strength Pain Relieving
Myo-breathe
Myorx Low Dose Pain Relieving
Myorx Pain Relieving
NCGC00159382-02
NCGC00159382-03
NCGC00164247-01
NCGC00164247-02
NCI-C50000
NINDS_000820
NOOLISFMXDJSKH-KXUCPTDWBX
NSC 2603
NSC 62788
NSC2603
NSC62788
Nan San Easy Flex Pain Relieving
Natural Cherry Honey Herb Throat Drops
Natural Herb cough drop
Natural Honey Herb Cough Suppressant Throat Drops
Natural Lemon Mint Herb Throat Drops
Natural Pain Relieving Lavender Breeze Cryogel
Natures Choice Cool Hot Ice
Natures Sunshine Products Everflex Topical Analgesic Pain Relief
Neoisomenthol
Nice Assorted
Nice Cherry
Nice Citrus
Nice Cool Mint
Nice Honey Lemon
Nice Menthol
No Pain More Gain
North Cough Drop
Numotizine
Olbas Lozenges Maximun Strength
Olbas Pastilles
Original Extra Strong All Natural Fishermans Friend Menthol Cough Suppressant
Ortho-nesic
Osmoflex
Oxyrub Pain Relief
Pain Relief Balmpreferred Plus Ph Preferred Plus Pharmacy
Pain Relief Therapy Patch
Pain Reliever
Pain Relieving
Pain Relieving Analgesic
Pain Relieving Patch
Pain Relieving Patch Ultra Strength
Pain Relieving Patch Ultra Strength ULTRA STRENGTH
Panitrol XR
Paraid Extra Strength Menthol Pain Relief Sleeve Knee Large Ankles Elbows
Patch Scherer Labs
Patch Walgreens
Peppermint camphor
Perfect Purity Hotice
Perfect Purity Medicated Foot Powder
Perform
Personal Care Extra Strength Cold Hot
Personal Care Ice Cold
Plaster MandAHerbalPlaster
Po Sum On Medicated
Polar Frost Cold
Power Relief
Preferred Plus Body Powder
Premier Value Medicated Foot Powder
Q Health Pain Relief Spray
Quickflex
RACEMIC MENTHOL U.S.P.
Racementhol
Racementhol [INN:BAN]
Racementholum
Racementholum [INN-Latin]
Racementol
Racementol [INN-Spanish]
Racemic menthol
Raw Heat
Raw Ice
Reactice Reactivating Ice Baume
Red Lion Relief
Relief Pain Relieving Cream
Rexall Vanishing Scent Pain Relieving
Robitussin Cough Drops
SDCCGMLS-0066659.P001
SMR001306785
SPBio_000869
SPECTRUM1503134
STK802468
Screamin Menthol Toast
Sella Natural
Skin So Soft Bug Guard Plusitch Relief itch relief
Smith Bros Honey Lemon Cough Drops
Smith Bros Menthol Eucalyptus Cough Drops
Smith Bros Sugar-free Black Cherry Cough Drops
Sof Skin Icy Blue
Sofskin Ice Analgesic
Sombra Cool Therapy
Spectrum2_000855
Spectrum3_001561
Spectrum5_001060
Spectrum_000305
Stopain Cold Pain Relieving
Stopain Cold Professional Strength Pain Relieving
Stopain Extra Strength Pain Relieving
Sub-zero COOL PAIN RELIEVING
Sugar Free Cherry Fishermans Friend Menthol Cough Suppressant
Sugar Free Cherry Herb Throat Drops
Sugar Free Lemon Mint Herb Throat Drops
Sugar Free Mountain Herb Cough Suppressant Throat Drops
Sugar Free Original Swiss Herb Cough Suppressant Throat Drops
Sugar Free Refreshing Mint Fishermans Friend Menthol Cough Suppressant
Sugar Free Swiss Cherry Herb Throat Drops
The Medicine Shoppe Extra Strength Pain Relieving
The Original Natural Herb Cough Drops
Therafreeze
Theraid
Therapeutic Relief Preferred Plus Pharmacy
Theraplus Plus
Throat Coat
Tianhe Guben Yaoshen Tie Gao
Top Care Medicated
Topcare Medicated
Tra-kill tracheal mite killer
U.S.P. Menthol
U.S.p. Menthol
UNII-BZ1R15MTK7
UNII-L7T10EIP3A
UNII-YS08XHA860
Ultra Strength Stopain Pain Relieving
Us Favorite Cold Pain Relieving
Vaporizing Colds Rub
Vicks Vapodrops Cough Relief
Vitaminerals Inc. Cryogel Natural Pain Relieving
W266507_ALDRICH
W266523_ALDRICH
W266590_ALDRICH
WLN: L6TJ AY1&1 BQ D1
WLN: L6TJ AY1&1 DQ D1 -L
Walgreens Aloe Vera Cooling
Watermelon Frost Sore Throat
Wellpatch Backache Pain Relief
Xtracare Ice Cold Topical Analgesic Gel
Youngevity Invision CM
Yun Xiang Jing
ZINC01482164
Zhong Hua Jiu Patch
Zims Arnica Max
cis-1 ,3-trans-1,4-(+-)-menthol
cis-1,3-trans-1,4-(+-)-menthol
d,l-Menthol
d-Menthol
d-Neomenthol
dl-3-p-Menthanol
dl-Menthol
dl-Menthol (JP15)
l-(-)-Menthol
l-Menthol
l-Menthol (JP15)
l-Menthol (TN)
l-Menthol (natural)
nchembio862-comp1
p-Menthan-3-ol
rac-Menthol
22
Epinephrineapproved83451-43-45816
Synonyms:
(-)-(R)-Epinephrine
(-)-3,4-Dihydroxy-a-[2-(methylamino)ethyl]benzyl alcohol
(-)-3,4-Dihydroxy-alpha-((methylamino)methyl)benzyl alcohol
(-)-3,4-Dihydroxy-alpha-[2-(methylamino)ethyl]benzyl alcohol
(-)-3,4-dihydroxy-a-[(methylamino)methyl]-Benzyl alcohol
(-)-3,4-dihydroxy-alpha-[(methylamino)methyl]-Benzyl alcohol
(-)-Adrenalin
(-)-Adrenaline
(-)-Epinephrine
(-)-R-Epinephrine
(R)-(-)-Adnephrine
(R)-(-)-Adrenaline
(R)-(-)-Epinephrine
(R)-(-)-Epirenamine
(R)-(−)-adrenaline
(R)-4-[1-Hydroxy-2-(methylamino)ethyl]-1,2-benzenediol
(R)-4-[1-hydroxy-2-(methylamino)ethyl]-1,2-Benzenediol
(R)-Adrenaline
(R)-Epinephrine
(−)-adrenaline
02252_FLUKA
1-1-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)-2-methylaminoethanol
1-Adrenalin
1-Epinephrine
4-(1-Hydroxy-2-(methylamino)ethyl)-1,2-benzenediol
4-(1-hydroxy-2-methylamino-ethyl)benzene-1,2-diol
4-[(1R)-1-Hydroxy-2-(methylamino)ethyl]-1,2-Benzenediol
4-[(1R)-1-Hydroxy-2-(methylamino)ethyl]-1,2-benzenediol
4-[(1R)-1-hydroxy-2-(methylamino)ethyl]benzene-1,2-diol
51-43-4
51-43-4 (FREE BASE)
51028-73-0
A0173
AC-13188
AC1L1L7B
ADR ADRENALINE
ADROP
AI3-19015
Adnephrine
Adrenaclick
Adrenal
Adrenalin
Adrenalin (TN)
Adrenalin in Oil
Adrenalin-Medihaler
Adrenalina
Adrenalina [DCIT]
Adrenaline
Adrenaline (JP15)
Adrenaline/Epinephrine
Adrenalinum
Adrenamine
Adrenan
Adrenapax
Adrenasol
Adrenatrate
Adrenine
Adrenodis
Adrenohorma
Adrenosan
Adrenutol
Adrin
Adrine
Ana-Guard
Ana-Kit
Antiasthmatique
Asmatane Mist
Asthma meter mist
Asthma-nefrin
Asthmahaler Mist
Asthmanefrin
Astmahalin
Astminhal
Auvi-q
BIDD:GT0119
Balmadren
Bernarenin
Biorenine
Bosmin
Brevirenin
Bronkaid
Bronkaid Mist
Bronkaid Suspension Mist
Bupivacaine Hcl and Epinephrine
C00788
CCRIS 4812
CHEBI:28918
CHEMBL679
CID5816
Chelafrin
Citanest Forte
Corisol
D-Epifrin
D-Epinephrine
D00095
DB00668
Drenamist
Dylephrin
Dyspne-Inhal
E4250_SIGMA
EINECS 200-098-7
EPI E Z PEN JR
EPIPEN E Z PEN
EPIPEN JR
Epi EZ Pen Jr
Epifrin
Epiglaufrin
Epinefrin
Epinefrin [Czech]
Epinefrina
Epinefrina [INN-Spanish]
Epinephran
Epinephrin
Epinephrine
Epinephrine (USP)
Epinephrine (USP/INN)
Epinephrine [USAN:INN:JAN]
Epinephrine bitartrate
Epinephrine chloride
Epinephrine hydrochloride
Epinephrinum
Epinephrinum [INN-Latin]
Epipen
Epipen (TN)
Epipen Auto-Injector
Epipen EZ Pen
Epipen Jr
Epipen Jr.
Epipen Jr. Auto-Injector
Epipen jr
Epirenamine
Epirenan
Epirenin
Epitrate
Eppy
 
Esphygmogenina
Exadrin
Glaucon
Glaucosan
Glauposine
Glycirenan
HSCI1_000215
HSDB 4289
Haemostasin
Haemostatin
Hektalin
Hemisine
Hemostasin
Hemostatin
Hypernephrin
Hyporenin
IOP
Intranefrin
Iontocaine
Isoptoepinal
Kidoline
L-1-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)-2-methylaminoethanol
L-Adrenaline
L-Adrenaline Base
L-Epinehphrine
L-Epinephrine
L-Epirenamine
L-Methylaminoethanolcatechol
L-epinephrine
LS-156
Levo-Methylaminoethanolcatechol
Levoadrenaline
Levoepinephrine
Levorenen
Levorenin
Levorenine
Levoreninum
Lopac-E-4642
Lyodrin
Lyophrin
Medihaler-Epi
Metanephrin
Methylaminoethanolcatechol
Methylarterenol
Micronefrin
Micronephrine
MolPort-002-051-368
Mucidrina
Myosthenine
Mytrate
NCGC00015417-01
NCGC00142615-01
NCGC00142615-03
NCGC00142615-04
NCGC00142615-05
NCGC00142615-06
NCGC00142615-07
NSC 62786
NSC62786
Nephridine
Nieraline
PDSP1_001120
PDSP2_001104
Paranephrin
Primatene
Primatene Mist
Primatene Mist Refill
Prime Asthma Relief
R-(-)-Epinephrine
R-Adrenaline
RCRA waste no. P042
Racemic Epinephrine
Racepinephrine
Rcra waste number P042
Renagladin
Renaglandin
Renaglandulin
Renaleptine
Renalina
Renoform
Renostypricin
Renostypticin
Renostyptin
SMP1_000227
ST069368
SUS-PHRINE SULFITE-FREE
Scurenaline
Septocaine
Simplene
Sindrenina
Soladren
Sphygmogenin
Stryptirenal
Styptirenal
Supracapsulin
Supradin
Supranefran
Supranephrane
Supranephrine
Supranol
Suprarenaline
Suprarenin
Suprel
Surenine
Surrenine
Sus-Phrine
Sus-phrine
Susphrine
Sympathin I
Takamina
Takamine
Tokamina
Tonogen
Twinject
Twinject 0.15
Twinject 0.3
Twinject 0.30
UNII-YKH834O4BH
Vaponefrin
Vasoconstrictine
Vasoconstrictor
Vasodrine
Vasoton
Vasotonin
adrenaline
bmse000316
d-Adrenaline
epinephrine
l-1-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)-2-methylaminoethanol
l-Adrenalin
l-Adrenaline
l-Epinephine
l-Epinephrine (synthetic)
l-Epirenamine
l-Methylaminoethanolcatechol
levoepinephrine
nchembio747-comp9
23
Benzocaineapproved16841994-09-7, 94-09-72337
Synonyms:
(p-(Ethoxycarbonyl)phenylamine
06952_FLUKA
112909_ALDRICH
112909_SIAL
1333-08-0
20/20 Topical Anesthetic
23239-88-5
23239-88-5 (hydrochloride)
4 Aminobenzoic Acid Ethyl Ester
4-(Ethoxycarbonyl)aniline
4-(Ethoxycarbonyl)phenylamine
4-14-00-01129 (Beilstein Handbook Reference)
4-Aminobenzoate
4-Aminobenzoic acid
4-Aminobenzoic acid ethyl ester
4-Aminobenzoic acid, ethyl ester
4-Carbethoxyaniline
4-amino-benzoic acid ethyl ester
4-aminobenzoic acid ethyl ester
71123-91-6
94-09-7
94-09-7 (Parent)
A0271
AB00051923
AC1L1DGC
AC1Q341A
AC1Q64JE
AE-562/40377256
AI3-02081
AKOS000119763
AR-1H9065
Acetate, Benzocaine
Aethoform
Aethylium paraminobenzoicum
Alcohol Prep Pads
Allegenal-m
Alpha-caine Topical Anesthetic
Amben ethyl ester
Americaine
Anaesthan-syngala
Anaesthesin
Anaesthesinum
Anaesthin
Anbesol Jr
Anbesol Maximum Strength
Anbesol Regular Strength
Anestenka
Anestezin
Anestezin [Russian]
Anesthesin
Anesthesine
Anesthetic
Anesthone
Atopalm Oral Pain Relief
BB_SC-0019
BPBio1_001017
BRD-K75466013-001-05-2
BRN 0638434
BSPBio_000923
BSPBio_001908
Baby Anbesol
Baby Anestenka
Baby Sensigel
Baby Sensigel Night Time Formula
Baby Teething Oral Pain Reliever
Bactimicina For Sore Throat
Bencocaine Topical Anesthetic
Bensokain
Benz O Sthetic
Benzoak
Benzocaina
Benzocaina [INN-Spanish]
Benzocaine
Benzocaine (USP/INN)
Benzocaine Acetate
Benzocaine Formate
Benzocaine Hydrobromide
Benzocaine Hydrochloride
Benzocaine Methanesulfonate
Benzocaine [INN:BAN]
Benzocainum
Benzocainum [INN-Latin]
Benzodent
Benzoic acid, 4-amino-, ethyl ester
Benzoic acid, 4-amino-, ethyl ester, hydrochloride
Benzoic acid, amino-, ethyl ester
Benzoic acid, p-amino-, ethyl ester
Boil Ease
Boy Butter Desensitizing Lubricant
Boy Butter Extreme Desensitizing Lubricant
Boy Butter Extreme H2O Desensitizing Lubricant
Brace Relief
Budpak Baby Teething Oral Pain Reliever
Budpak Oral Maximum Strength
C07527
CAS-94-09-7
CHEBI:116735
CHEMBL278172
CID2337
Carmex Cold Sore Treatment External Analgesic
Caswell No. 430A
Cepacol Fizzlers
Cepacol Sensations Hydra
Cepacol Sensations Sore Throat Hydra citrus splash
Cepacol Sensations Warming
Certus Sting Relief Prep Pad
Chloraseptic
Chloraseptic Warming Sore Throat
Colgate Orabase
Comfortcaine Topical Anesthetic
Cvs Fast Acting Baby Teething
Cvs Maximum Strength
Cvs Maximum Strength Boil Relief
Cvs Oral Anesthetic
Cvs Pharmacy Instant Toothache
Cvs Pharmacy Maximum Strength
Cvs Pharmacy Mouth Sore Gel
Cvs Pharmacy Nighttime Oral Pain Relief
D001566
D00552
DB01086
Dental Relief
Dentek Instant Pain Relief Maximum Strength
Dermoplast
Diet Ayds
DivK1c_000932
Dollar General Toothache Relief
Dukal Sting Relief Pad
E1501_SIGMA
EINECS 202-303-5
EPA Pesticide Chemical Code 097001
ETHYL-P-AMINOBENZOATE
Ethoform
Ethoforme
Ethyl 4-aminobenzoate
Ethyl 4-aminobenzoate hydrochloride
Ethyl 4-aminobenzoic acid
Ethyl Aminobenzoate
Ethyl PABA
Ethyl aminobenzoate
Ethyl aminobenzoate (JP15)
Ethyl aminobenzoate (VAN)
Ethyl aminobenzoic acid
Ethyl p-Aminobenzoate
Ethyl p-Aminophenylcarboxylate
Ethyl p-aminobenzenecarboxylate
Ethyl p-aminobenzoate
Ethyl p-aminobenzoic acid
Ethyl p-aminophenylcarboxylate
Ethylester kyseliny p-aminobenzoove
Ethylester kyseliny p-aminobenzoove [Czech]
Ethylis aminobenzoas
Finafta Baby
Finafta MultiOral
Formate, Benzocaine
Gelato Topical Anesthetic
Good Neighbor Pain Relief
Goodsense Oral Pain Relief
Gps Topical Anesthetic
Gumnumb Topical Anesthetic
HMS1570O05
HMS1920G09
HMS2091M11
HMS502O14
HSDB 7225
Heb Severe Toothache
Herbasoul Male Genital Desensitizer Cream
 
Hurricaine
Hurricaine Topical Anesthetic
Hurricaine Topical Anesthetic Gel
Hurricaine Topical Anesthetic Liquid
Hydrobromide, Benzocaine
Hydrochloride, Benzocaine
I05-0204
IDI1_000932
Identhesin
Insect Bite Relief
Instant Toothache Pain Relief
Intense Cvs Intense Toothache
Iodent Maximum Strength Oral Analgesic
Ismile Topical Anesthetic
Jianze Sting Relief Pads
KBio1_000932
KBio2_000474
KBio2_003042
KBio2_005610
KBio3_001408
KBioGR_000658
KBioSS_000474
Kank-a Mouth Pain
Keloform
Kmart Smart Sense
Kroger Toothache Pain Relief
LS-35847
Leader Oral Analgesic
Little Colds Sore Throat Relief Melt Aways
MLS001331704
MLS002153970
Makesense Junior Pain Relief
Makesense Pain Relief
Male Desensitizer Pleasure Balm
Mandelay Male Genital Desensitizer
Mark 3
Methanesulfonate, Benzocaine
MolPort-000-871-526
Mouth Sore Medication
Mouth Sore Relief Applicator
Mouth Sore Relief Professional Strength
My Fair Baby Instant Pain Relief
NCGC00016352-01
NCGC00094598-01
NCGC00094598-02
NINDS_000932
NSC 122792
NSC 41531
NSC41531
NSC4688
Nene Dente
Norcain
Norcaine
Norcainum
Opahl
Opahl Dye Free
Oprea1_750694
Oprea1_827402
Ora-jel
Orabase-B
Orajel For All Mouth Sores Maximum Strength
Orajel For Cold Sores
Orajel For Toothache Maximum Strength
Orajel Instant Pain Relief Maximum Strength
Orajel Instant Pain Relief Regular Strength
Orajel Instant Relief For Teething Pain
Orajel Instant Relief For Teething Pain Cooling Cucumber
Orajel Instant Relief For Teething Pain Daytime Nighttime Twin Pack
Orajel Instant Relief For Teething Pain Longer Lasting
Orajel Maximum Strength
Orajel Nighttime Instant Relief For Teething Pain Longer Lasting Extra Strength
Orajel Severe Toothache Maximum Strength Fast-Acting Formula
Oral Analgesic Maximum Strength
Oral B Instant Pain Relief
Oral Gel Maximum Strength
Oral Pain Relief Anesthetic Anesthetic
Oral Pain Reliever
Oralabs Cold Sore Treatment
Orthesin
Otocain
Outgro
Pac-dent Top Gel
Pain Relief
Pain Relief Alcohol Swabs
Parathesin
Parathesin (TN)
Parathesine
Physicians Care Sting Relief Pad
Pleasure Balm Kama Sutra
Preboost
Prestwick0_000712
Prestwick1_000712
Prestwick2_000712
Prestwick3_000712
Prestwick_991
Purelife Topical Anesthetic
Quality Choice Maximum Strength Oral Pain Relieving
Red Cross Oral Pain Relief
Rexall Maximum Strength
Rite Aid Baby Care
Rite Aid Liquid Anesthetic Oral Pain Relief
Rite Aid Maximum Strength
Rite Aid Oral Pain Reliever
Rite Aid Professional Strength
SMR000059025
SPBio_000134
SPBio_002844
SPECTRUM1500139
STK043620
Sally Hansen Ouch-relief Numbing Wipes
Sally Hansen Ouch-relief Wax Kit
Sally Hansen Ouch-relief Wax Strip Kit
Sensigel
Severe Oral Pain Reliever
Sheffield Baby Teething Gel
Sheffield Pain Relief
Shunga Male Genital Desensitizer
Slim Mint Gum
Solarcaine
Solu H
Spectrum2_000117
Spectrum3_000314
Spectrum4_000249
Spectrum5_000860
Spectrum_000074
Sting Relief Medicated Pad
Sting Relief Pads
Tanac
Terrasil Boil Pain Relief
Tiger Supply Inc Topical Anesthetic
Top Quality Mfg. Topical Anesthetic
Topcaine
Topcare Maximum Strength
Topical Anesthetic Banana
Topical Anesthetic Bubble Gum
Topical Anesthetic Cherry
Topical Anesthetic Mint
Topical Anesthetic Pina Colada
Topical Anesthetic Raspberry
Topical Anesthetic Strawberry
UNII-U3RSY48JW5
Ultracare Anesthetic Bubble Gum
Ultracare Anesthetic Butter Rum
Ultracare Anesthetic Creme de Menthe
Ultracare Anesthetic Pina Colada
Ultracare Anesthetic Walterberry
WLN: ZR DVO2
Walgreens Baby Teething
Walgreens Intense Toothache
Walgreens Maximum Strength
Walgreens Pain Relieving For Boils
Walgreens Severe Oral Pain Reliever
Walgreens Severe Toothache Relief
Winco Foods Maximum Strength Oral Analgesic
ZINC12358719
Zilactin-b
benzocaine
ethylaminobenzoate-4
h-4-abz-oet
nchembio.182-comp4
p-(Ethoxycarbonyl)aniline
p-Aminobenzoate
p-Aminobenzoic acid
p-Aminobenzoic acid ethyl ester
p-Aminobenzoic acid, ethyl ester
p-Aminobenzoic ethyl ester
p-Carbethoxyaniline
p-Ethoxycarboxylic Aniline
p-Ethoxycarboxylic aniline
24Epinephryl borate834
25Racepinephrine834
26tannic acidNutraceutical1684

Interventional clinical trials:

(show all 41)
idNameStatusNCT IDPhase
1Treatment of ADHD With Atomoxetine in Children & Adolescents With ADHD & Comorbid DyslexiaCompletedNCT00607919Phase 4
2Treatment With Atomoxetine Hydrochloride in Children and Adolescents With ADHDCompletedNCT00191048Phase 4
3Comparison of Atomoxetine and Placebo in Children With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and/or Reading Disorder (RD)CompletedNCT00191906Phase 4
4Interventions for Children With Attention and Reading DisordersCompletedNCT01133847Phase 4
5Dopaminergic Enhancement of Learning and Memory in Healthy Adults and Patients With DyslexiaRecruitingNCT00111371Phase 4
6Effects of Atomoxetine on Brain Activation During Attention and Reading Tasks in Patients With ADHD & Comorbid DyslexiaActive, not recruitingNCT00716274Phase 4
7Reading Problems in Children Living in Urban AreasCompletedNCT00065832Phase 3
8Randomized Clinical Trial of Phonological InterventionsRecruitingNCT00818428Phase 2, Phase 3
9Implementation of Climb Up Program for Children With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Dyslexia in a School in IndiaCompletedNCT01012778Phase 1, Phase 2
10Multimodal Treatment of Phonological Alexia: Behavioral & fMRI OutcomesCompletedNCT00827268Phase 1, Phase 2
11My Scrivener® - Measuring Effectiveness and Dose Response in ChildrenCompletedNCT00919906Phase 1, Phase 2
12Working Memory Training in Adults With Substance Abuse and Executive Function Deficits.RecruitingNCT02068261Phase 2
13Developmental Dyslexia and Functional Maturation of Auditory CortexCompletedNCT00245804
14Working Memory Training for Children With DyslexiaCompletedNCT02429739
15Functional MRI Study in Children With a Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) and/or Developmental Dyslexia (DD)CompletedNCT02393729
16Morphofunctional Imaging and Developmental DyslexiaCompletedNCT00254644
17Therapy for Reading Problems in Adults After Brain InjuryCompletedNCT00064805
18Comprehensive Program to Improve Reading and Writing Skills in At-Risk and Dyslexic ChildrenCompletedNCT00061412
19Rhythm and Music to Rehabilitate Reading DisordersCompletedNCT02316873
20Reading Disability in Children With NF1CompletedNCT02397967
21Functional Imaging and Reading Deficit in Children With NF1CompletedNCT02422732
22Speech and Short-term Memory Functions in Dyslexia: a Combined MEG and EEG StudyRecruitingNCT02622360
23Maturation of Auditory Processing in Children With Dyslexia Compared to Average-reading ChildrenRecruitingNCT02345876
24Prediction and Intervention in Developmental DyslexiaRecruitingNCT02217696
25Sensory and Connectivity Abnormalities in Autism and Language DisordersRecruitingNCT00956579
26Efficacy of Coloured Overlays and Lenses for Reading DifficultyRecruitingNCT02680223
27Characterization of Auditory Processing Involved in the Encoding of Speech SoundsRecruitingNCT02574299
28Brain Imaging of Childhood Onset Psychiatric Disorders, Endocrine Disorders and Healthy ChildrenRecruitingNCT00001246
29Predictive Executive Functioning Models Using Interactive Tangible-Graphical Interface DevicesRecruitingNCT01711372
30Group-based Training for Parents of Children With DyslexiaActive, not recruitingNCT02107534
31Using fMRI to Evaluate Instructional Programs for Children With Developmental DyslexiaActive, not recruitingNCT00068835
32The Effectiveness of Neuropsychological Rehabilitation in Young Dyslexic AdultsActive, not recruitingNCT01930500
33Neurobiology and Treatment of Reading Disability in NF-1Active, not recruitingNCT00624234
34The Baltimore Reading and Eye Disease StudyActive, not recruitingNCT02607384
35Effects of Music Education for Children With Reading DifficultiesActive, not recruitingNCT01388881
36Brain Mechanisms Underlying Reading Improvement in Central AlexiaActive, not recruitingNCT02062619
37Scholar Performance and Praxis Assessment in Children With Rolandic EpilepsyActive, not recruitingNCT01046760
38Reading in Preterm and Full-term Children: Neural Basis and PredictionActive, not recruitingNCT01599546
39Predictive Executive Functioning Models Using Interactive Tangible-Graphical Interface Devices in AdultsActive, not recruitingNCT02127931
40App-delivered Therapy for Arabic Readers With Hemianopic AlexiaNot yet recruitingNCT02482350
41Eye Movements and Reading DisabilitiesTerminatedNCT01860027

Search NIH Clinical Center for Dyslexia

Genetic Tests for Dyslexia

About this section

Anatomical Context for Dyslexia

About this section

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Dyslexia:

33
Brain, Eye, Heart, Lung, Breast, Endothelial, T cells

Animal Models for Dyslexia or affiliated genes

About this section

Publications for Dyslexia

About this section

Articles related to Dyslexia:

(show top 50)    (show all 682)
idTitleAuthorsYear
1
Visual Illusions: An Interesting Tool to Investigate Developmental Dyslexia and Autism Spectrum Disorder. (27199702)
2016
2
Specific language impairment and developmental dyslexia: What are the boundaries? Data from Greek children. (26773216)
2016
3
Out-of-synchrony speech entrainment in developmental dyslexia. (27061643)
2016
4
Delayed Anticipatory Spoken Language Processing in Adults with Dyslexia-Evidence from Eye-tracking. (25820191)
2015
5
Implicit learning of non-linguistic and linguistic regularities in children with dyslexia. (26494638)
2015
6
Neurocognitive Development and Predictors of L1 and L2 Literacy Skills in Dyslexia: A Longitudinal Study of Children 5-11a88Years Old. (26511662)
2015
7
Visual attention span deficits and assessing causality in developmental dyslexia. (25790866)
2015
8
Dyslexia susceptibility genes influence brain atrophy in frontotemporal dementia. (27066561)
2015
9
Visual attention deficits in developmental dyslexia cannot be ascribed solely to poor reading experience. (25790867)
2015
10
Developmental dyslexia: predicting individual risk. (25832320)
2015
11
Reading outcomes of children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and dyslexia following atomoxetine treatment. (25299355)
2014
12
An investigation into the origin of anatomical differences in dyslexia. (24431448)
2014
13
Evidence for cerebellar dysfunction in Chinese children with developmental dyslexia: an fMRI study. (23227882)
2013
14
Auditory processing in children with dyslexia: electrophysiological and behavior evaluation. (24408169)
2013
15
WISC-III Cognitive Profiles in Children with Developmental Dyslexia: Specific Cognitive Disability and Diagnostic Utility. (24222530)
2013
16
Dyslexia laws in the USA. (23086699)
2013
17
Predictors of developmental dyslexia in European orthographies with varying complexity. (23227813)
2013
18
Not all reading disabilities are dyslexia: distinct neurobiology of specific comprehension deficits. (23273430)
2013
19
Project DyAdd: Implicit learning in adult dyslexia and ADHD. (24162872)
2013
20
Implicit sequence learning in dyslexia: a within-sequence comparison of first- and higher-order information. (22996058)
2013
21
Understanding Dyslexia in Children through Human Development Theories. (23269949)
2012
22
A tractography study in dyslexia: neuroanatomic correlates of orthographic, phonological and speech processing. (22327793)
2012
23
Low-level deficits in beat perception: neither necessary nor sufficient for explaining developmental dyslexia in a consistent orthography. (22695074)
2012
24
Cortical basis for dichotic pitch perception in developmental dyslexia. (23043968)
2012
25
Cognitive processing skills and developmental dyslexia in Chinese. (21490169)
2012
26
A comparison of phonological processing skills of children with mild to moderate sensorineural hearing loss and children with dyslexia. (22978204)
2012
27
Spherical harmonic analysis of cortical complexity in autism and dyslexia. (22545198)
2012
28
Global and local pitch perception in children with developmental dyslexia. (22204845)
2012
29
Developmental dyslexia and spatial relationship perception. (21112049)
2012
30
Multilingual dyslexia in university students: Reading and writing patterns in three languages. (21453039)
2011
31
Cognitive skills and literacy performance of Chinese adolescents with and without dyslexia. (21841896)
2011
32
Auditory sensory deficits in developmental dyslexia: a longitudinal ERP study. (21507346)
2011
33
The brain basis of the phonological deficit in dyslexia is independent of IQ. (22006060)
2011
34
List context manipulation reveals orthographic deficits in Italian readers with developmental dyslexia. (21424948)
2011
35
Children with dyslexia reveal abnormal native language representations: evidence from a study of mismatch negativity. (21332488)
2011
36
Rise time and formant transition duration in the discrimination of speech sounds: the Ba-Wa distinction in developmental dyslexia. (21159086)
2011
37
What causes dyslexia?: comment on Goswami. (21146446)
2011
38
Mapping for dyslexia and related cognitive trait loci provides strong evidence for further risk genes on chromosome 6p21. (21184582)
2011
39
A theoretical molecular network for dyslexia: integrating available genetic findings. (20956978)
2011
40
The left occipitotemporal system in reading: disruption of focal fMRI connectivity to left inferior frontal and inferior parietal language areas in children with dyslexia. (20934519)
2011
41
Reading for sound with dyslexia: evidence for early orthographic and late phonological integration deficits. (21316349)
2011
42
Investigating the links between neurocognitive functions and dyslexia. Editorial. (20680990)
2010
43
Sentence comprehension in young adults with developmental dyslexia. (19911285)
2009
44
Further evidence for DYX1C1 as a susceptibility factor for dyslexia. (19240663)
2009
45
Jargon dyslexia in an individual with semantic dementia: further evidence for task-specificity in phonological output. (16251136)
2005
46
No evidence for association and linkage disequilibrium between dyslexia and markers of four dopamine-related genes. (14505070)
2003
47
Dyslexia: a developmental language disorder. (10998001)
2000
48
Urine patterns, peptide levels and IgA/IgG antibodies to food proteins in children with dyslexia. (9689235)
1997
49
Developmental surface dyslexia and dysgraphia: an orthographic processing impairment. (1565802)
1992
50
Seizures, dyslexia, and dysgraphia of psychogenic origin. (6466166)
1984

Variations for Dyslexia

About this section

Expression for genes affiliated with Dyslexia

About this section
Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Dyslexia.

Pathways for genes affiliated with Dyslexia

About this section

GO Terms for genes affiliated with Dyslexia

About this section

Biological processes related to Dyslexia according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1neuron migrationGO:000176410.0DCDC2, DYX1C1

Sources for Dyslexia

About this section
2CDC
14ExPASy
15FDA
16FMA
24GTR
25HGMD
26HMDB
27ICD10
28ICD10 via Orphanet
29ICD9CM
30IUPHAR
31KEGG
34MedGen
36MeSH
37MESH via Orphanet
38MGI
41NCI
42NCIt
43NDF-RT
46NINDS
47Novoseek
49OMIM
50OMIM via Orphanet
54PubMed
55QIAGEN
60SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
64Tumor Gene Family of Databases
65UMLS
66UMLS via Orphanet