MCID: DYS005
MIFTS: 38

Dyslexia malady

Categories: Genetic diseases (common), Mental diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Dyslexia

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Summaries for Dyslexia

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NINDS:47 Dyslexia is a brain-based type of learning disability that specifically impairs a person's ability to read. These individuals typically read at levels significantly lower than expected despite having normal intelligence. Although the disorder varies from person to person, common characteristics among people with dyslexia are difficulty with phonological processing (the manipulation of sounds), spelling, and/or rapid visual-verbal responding. In individuals with adult onset of dyslexia, it usually occurs as a result of brain injury or in the context of dementia; this contrasts with individuals with dyslexia who simply were never identified as children or adolescents.

MalaCards based summary: Dyslexia is related to dyslexia 1 and dyslexia 2, and has symptoms including visual agnosia, other and unspecified symbolic dysfunctions and specific learning problem. An important gene associated with Dyslexia is DYX1C1 (Dyslexia Susceptibility 1 Candidate 1). Affiliated tissues include brain, eye and cortex.

Disease Ontology:11 A reading disorder resulting from a developmental reading disability involving the inability to process graphic symbols resulting in impairment of reading ability.

Wikipedia:69 Dyslexia, also known as reading disorder, is characterized by trouble with reading despite normal... more...

Related Diseases for Dyslexia

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Diseases in the Dyslexia family:

Dyslexia 8 Dyslexia 3
Dyslexia 5 Dyslexia 2
Dyslexia 1 Dyslexia 6
Dyslexia 9

Diseases related to Dyslexia via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 48)
idRelated DiseaseScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1dyslexia 112.3
2dyslexia 212.1
3dyslexia 811.9
4dyslexia 311.9
5dyslexia 511.9
6dyslexia 611.9
7dyslexia 911.9
8alexia11.5
9reading disorder11.2
10dysgraphia10.9
11agnosia10.6
12cardiofaciocutaneous syndrome 310.5DYX1, DYX1C1
13ciliary dyskinesia, primary, 2510.3DYX1, DYX1C1
14dementia10.3
15neuronitis10.3
16attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder10.2
17dyscalculia10.2
18semantic dementia10.2
19learning disability10.2
20specific language impairment10.2
21retromolar area cancer10.2DCDC2, DYX1C1, KIAA0319
22aphasia10.1
23diabetes mellitus, transient neonatal, 110.1DCDC2, KIAA0319
24autism spectrum disorder10.0
25cerebritis10.0
26colorectal cancer10.0
27colorectal adenoma10.0
28stormorken syndrome10.0
29apraxia10.0
30agraphia10.0
31stuttering9.9
32developmental coordination disorder9.9
33periodic limb movement disorder9.8FOXP2, KIAA0319
34breast cancer9.8
35anosognosia9.8
36sensorineural hearing loss9.8
37hemiplegia9.8
38epilepsy9.8
39prosopagnosia9.8
40delusional disorder9.8
41neuropathy9.8
42auditory neuropathy9.8
43headache9.8
44neuronal migration disorders9.8
45pervasive developmental disorder9.5DCDC2, DYX1C1, FOXP2, KIAA0319
46tendinopathy9.4DCDC2, FOXP2, KIAA0319
47tinea manuum8.1DCDC2, DOCK4, DYX1C1, FOXP2, KIAA0319, KIAA0319L
48small intestine neuroendocrine neoplasm5.2DCDC2, DOCK4, DYX1, DYX1C1, DYX3, DYX5

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Dyslexia:



Diseases related to dyslexia

Symptoms for Dyslexia

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UMLS symptoms related to Dyslexia:


visual agnosia, other and unspecified symbolic dysfunctions, specific learning problem, neurologic neglect syndrome, cortical dysfunction nec, dyslexia (excl learning disorder), hemiapraxia, amimia, symptoms, seeing words, letters, or syllables reversed on page, autoscopy, altered pitch perception, hemiasomatognosia

Drugs & Therapeutics for Dyslexia

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Drugs for Dyslexia (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show all 11)
idNameStatusPhaseClinical TrialsCas NumberPubChem Id
1
MethylphenidatePhase 4369113-45-14158
Synonyms:
.alpha.-Phenyl-2-piperidineacetic acid methyl ester
113-45-1
2-Piperidineacetic acid, .alpha.-phenyl-, methyl ester
2-Piperidineacetic acid, alpha-phenyl-, methyl ester
298-59-9 (hydrochloride)
4311/B Ciba
AC1L1HJM
C 4311
C07196
CHEBI:6887
CHEMBL796
CID4158
Calocain
Centedein
Centedrin
Centedrine
Centredin
Concerta
D-Methylphenidate HCl
D04999
DB00422
DB06701
DEA No. 1724
Daytrana
Daytrana (TN)
EINECS 204-028-6
Focalin
Focalin XR
HSDB 3126
L001307
LS-565
METHYLPHENIDATE (SEE ALSO: METHYLPHENIDATE HYDROCHLORIDE, CAS 298-59-9, NTPNO 10266-R)
MPH
Meridil
Metadate
Metadate CD
Metadate ER
MethyPatch
Methyl (2-phenyl-2-(2-piperidyl)acetate)
Methyl alpha-phenyl-alpha-(2-piperidyl)acetate
Methyl alpha-phenyl-alpha-2-piperidinylacetate
Methyl phenidate
 
Methyl phenidyl acetate
Methyl phenidylacetate
Methylfenidan
Methylin
Methylin ER
Methylofenidan
Methylphen
Methylphenidan
Methylphenidate
Methylphenidate (USAN/INN)
Methylphenidate HCl
Methylphenidate [INN:BAN]
Methylphenidate hydrochloride
Methylphenidatum
Methylphenidatum [INN-Latin]
Methylphenidylacetate hydrochloride
Methypatch
Metilfenidat hydrochloride
Metilfenidato
Metilfenidato [INN-Spanish]
Metilfenidato [Italian]
MolPort-001-779-620
NCI-C56280
PMS-Methylphenidate
Phenidylate
Plimasine
Riphenidate
Ritalin
Ritalin LA
Ritalin SR
Ritalin hydrochloride
Ritalin-SR
Ritaline
Ritcher Works
Ritcher works
Tsentedrin
UNII-207ZZ9QZ49
alpha-Phenyl-2-piperidineacetic acid methyl ester
alpha-Phenyl-alpha-(2-piperidyl)acetic acid methyl ester
d-methylphenidate HCl
methyl 2-phenyl-2-piperidin-2-ylacetate
methyl phenyl(piperidin-2-yl)acetate
methylphenidate
nchembio.2007.55-comp28
2adderallPhase 435
3
GuanfacinePhase 45629110-47-23519
Synonyms:
29110-47-2
29110-48-3 (mono-hydrochloride)
AC1L1G4B
BPBio1_000415
BRD-K32830106-003-03-0
BSPBio_000377
C07037
C9H9Cl2N3O
CAS-29110-48-3
CHEMBL862
CID3519
D08031
DB01018
EINECS 249-442-8
Estulic
Estulic (TN)
G1043_SIGMA
GUANFACINE
Guanfacina
Guanfacina [INN-Spanish]
Guanfacine (INN)
Guanfacine Monohydrochloride
Guanfacine [INN:BAN]
Guanfacinum
 
Guanfacinum [INN-Latin]
Intuniv
L000286
L013430
LS-174236
Lon798
Lopac-G-1043
Lopac0_000519
MolPort-003-941-447
N (Aminoiminomethyl)-2,6-dichlorobenzeneacetamide
N-(diaminomethylidene)-2-(2,6-dichlorophenyl)acetamide
NCGC00015469-01
NCGC00015469-02
NCGC00015469-06
NCGC00024950-01
NCGC00024950-02
NCGC00024950-03
Prestwick0_000339
Prestwick1_000339
Prestwick2_000339
Prestwick3_000339
SPBio_002298
SPD 503
Tocris-1030
UNII-30OMY4G3MK
ZINC03872738
4
DopaminePhase 4367851-61-6, 62-31-7681
Synonyms:
(3H)-Dopamine
.Beta.-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)ethylamine hydrochloride
.alpha.-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)-.beta.-aminoethane
1,2-Benzenediol, 4-(2-aminoethyl)- (9CI)
1,2-Benzenediol, 4-(2-aminoethyl)-, hydrochloride
1,2-Benzenediol, 4-(2-aminoethyl)-, labeled with tritium
153C5321-5FEE-4B0B-8925-F388F0EEEBD1
2-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)ethylamine
2-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)ethylamine
2-benzenediol
3,4-Dihydroxyphenethylamine
3,4-Dihydroxyphenethylamine hydrochloride
3,4-Dihydroxyphenylethylamine
3,4-dihydroxyphenethylamine
3-Hydroxtyramine
3-Hydroxytyramine
3-Hydroxytyramine Hydrobromide
3-Hydroxytyramine hydrochloride
4-(2-Aminoethyl)-1,
4-(2-Aminoethyl)-1,2-benzenediol
4-(2-Aminoethyl)-1,2-bezenediol
4-(2-Aminoethyl)-Pyrocatechol
4-(2-Aminoethyl)benzene-1,2-diol
4-(2-Aminoethyl)catechol
4-(2-Aminoethyl)pyrocatechol
4-(2-Aminoethyl)pyrocatechol hydrochloride
4-(2-aminoethyl)-pyrocatechol
50444-17-2
51-61-6
62-31-7 (HYDROCHLORIDE)
AC1L19S5
AC1Q54AX
AC1Q54AY
AKOS003790978
ASL 279
BIDD:ER0506
BPBio1_001123
BSPBio_001932
Biomol-NT_000001
C03758
CHEBI:18243
CHEMBL59
CID681
D07870
DB00988
Deoxyepinephrine
DivK1c_000780
Dopamin
Dopamina
Dopamina [INN-Spanish]
Dopamine
Dopamine (INN)
Dopamine (USAN)(*hydrochloride*)
Dopamine [INN:BAN]
Dopaminum
Dopaminum [INN-Latin]
Dopastat
Dophamine
Dynatra
EINECS 200-110-0
HSDB 3068
Hydroxytyramin
Hydroxytyramine
IDI1_000780
IP 498
Intropin
Intropin [*hydrochloride*]
KBio1_000780
 
KBio2_001492
KBio2_002388
KBio2_002484
KBio2_004060
KBio2_004956
KBio2_005052
KBio2_006628
KBio2_007524
KBio2_007620
KBio3_001152
KBio3_002867
KBio3_002962
KBioGR_001129
KBioGR_002388
KBioGR_002484
KBioSS_001492
KBioSS_002393
KBioSS_002491
KW-3-060
L-DOPAMINE
L000232
LDP
LS-159
Lopac-H-8502
Lopac0_000586
Medopa (TN)
MolPort-001-641-000
NCGC00015519-01
NCGC00015519-08
NCGC00096050-01
NCGC00096050-02
NCGC00096050-03
NCGC00096050-04
NCGC00096050-05
NINDS_000780
NSC 173182
NSC169105
NSC173182
Oprea1_088821
Oxytyramine
Pyrocatechol, 4-(2-aminoethyl)- (8CI)
Pyrocatechol, 4-(2-aminoethyl)-, hydrochloride
Revimine
Revivan
SPBio_001205
SPECTRUM1505155
ST048774
STK301601
Spectrum2_001023
Spectrum3_000406
Spectrum4_000525
Spectrum5_000945
Spectrum_001012
UNII-VTD58H1Z2X
UPCMLD0ENAT5885989:001
a-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)-b-aminoethane
alpha-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)-beta-aminoethane
cMAP_000036
cMAP_000065
dopamine
hydroxytyramine
intropin
m-Hydroxytyramine hydrochloride
nchembio.105-comp9
nchembio.107-comp4
nchembio.284-comp1
nchembio.78-comp16
nchembio.89-comp3
nchembio705-8
nchembio801-comp8
5
AmphetaminePhase 4105300-62-95826, 3007
Synonyms:
(+)-.alpha.-Methylphenethylamine
(+)-.alpha.-Methylphenylethylamine
(+-)-Benzedrine
(+-)-alpha-Methylbenzeneethanamine
(+-)-alpha-Methylphenethylamine
(+-)-alpha-Methylphenylethylamine
(+/-)-Benzedrine
(+/-)-Desoxynorephedrine
(+/-)-beta-Phenylisopropylamine
(S)-(+)-.beta.-Phenylisopropylamine
(S)-.alpha.-Phenylethylamine
.alpha.-Methylbenzeneethanamine
.alpha.-Methylphenethylamine
.alpha.-Methylphenethylamine, d-form
.alpha.-Methylphenylethylamine
.beta.-Aminopropylbenzene
.beta.-Phenylisopropylamin
.beta.-Phenylisopropylamine
1-Methyl-2-phenylethylamine
1-Phenyl-2-amino-propan
1-Phenyl-2-amino-propan [German]
1-Phenyl-2-aminopropane
1-Phenyl-2-aminopropane (VAN)
1-Phenyl-2-propanamine
1-Phenyl-2-propylamine
1-Phenylpropan-2-amin
1-phenyl-2-aminopropane
1-phenylpropan-2-amine
17108-96-2
2-Amino-1-phenylpropane
3-Methoxy-a-methylbenzeneethanamine
3-Methoxyamphetamine
3-Methoxyphenylisopropylamine
3-Phenyl-2-propylamine
300-62-9
60-13-9 (sulfate (2:1))
60-15-1
610240_ALDRICH
610240_FLUKA
96332-84-2
AC1L1EYQ
AC1Q5065
AI3-02438
ALPHA-METHYL-BENZENEETHANAMIDE (SEE ALSO DL-AMPHETAMINE SULFATE)
AMPHETAMINE
AMPHETAMINE (SEE ALSO: D-AMPHETAMINE (51-64-9) & AMPHETAMINE SULFATE (60-13-9))
AMPHETAMINE, (D)
AR-1H6584
Actedron
Adderall
Adipan
Allodene
Amfetamin
Amfetamin (TN)
Amfetamina
Amfetamina [INN-Spanish]
Amfetamina [Italian]
Amfetamine
Amfetamine (INN)
Amfetamine [INN:BAN]
Amfetaminum
Amfetaminum [INN-Latin]
Amphetamin
Amphetamine
Amphetamine Sulfate
Amphetamine Sulfate (2:1)
Amphetamine resin complex
Amphetamine, its salts, optical isomers, and salts of its optical isomers
Amsustain
Anfetamina
Anfetamina [Spanish]
Anorexide
Anorexine
Benzebar
Benzedrine
Benzolone
C07514
C9H13N
CHEBI:2679
CHEMBL405
CID3007
D07445
DEA No. 1100
DL-Amphetamine solution
DL-alpha-Methylphenethylamine
Desoxyn
Desoxynorephedrin
Desoxynorephedrine
Dexampex
Dexedrine
Dextrostat
 
DivK1c_000991
Dl-1-Phenyl-2-aminopropane
Dl-Amphetamine
Dl-Benzedrine
EINECS 200-458-3
EINECS 206-096-2
Elastonon
Fenamin
Fenopromin
Fenylo-izopropylaminyl
Fenylo-izopropylaminyl [Polish]
Ferndex
Finam
HMS503G03
HSDB 3287
IDI1_000991
Isoamycin
Isoamyne
Isomyn
KBio1_000991
L-Amphetamine
L000864
LS-1148
LS-1428
Levoamphetamine
Mecodrin
Methampex
Methamphetamine HCL
MolPort-001-783-432
Mydrial
NINDS_000991
NSC 27159
NSC170999
NSC27159
NSC73713
Norephedrane
Novydrine
Oktedrin
Oprea1_447423
Ortedrine
Paredrine
Percomon
Phenamine
Phenedrine
Phenylisopropylamine
Profamina
Propisamine
Protioamphetamine
Psychedrine
Raphetamine
Rhinalator
S(+)-Amphetamine
Simpatedrin
Simpatina
Sympamin
Sympamine
Sympatedrine
Thyramine
UNII-CK833KGX7E
WLN: ZY1&1R
WLN: ZY1&1R -D
Weckamine
[1-(3-Methoxyphenyl)-2-propyl]amine
alpha-Methylbenzeneethaneamine
alpha-Methylphenethylamine
alpha-Methylphenylethylamine
amfetaminum
beta-Aminopropylbenzene
beta-Aminopropylbenzene (VAN)
beta-Phenyl-isopropylamine
beta-Phenylisopropylamin
beta-Phenylisopropylamin [German]
beta-Phenylisopropylamine
beta-phenyl-isopropylamine
component of Amodex
component of Biphetamine
d-.alpha.-Methylphenethylamine
dl-1-Phenyl-2-aminopropane
dl-Amphetamine
dl-Benzedrine
dl-alpha-Methylphenethylamine
levo-Amphetamine
m-Methoxy-a-methylphenethylamine
m-Methoxyamphetamine
nchembio.2007.55-comp27
nchembio.284-comp5
rac-(2R)-1-phenylpropan-2-amine
rac-amphetamine
racemic-Desoxynor-ephedrine
α-methylbenzeneethaneamine
α-methylphenethylamine
β-aminopropylbenzene
β-phenylisopropylamine
6
levodopaPhase 437959-92-76047
Synonyms:
(-)-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)alanine
(-)-3-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)-L-alanine
(-)-3-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-L-alanine
(-)-Dopa
(2S)-2-amino-3-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)propanoate
(2S)-2-amino-3-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)propanoic acid
(−)-3-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-L-alanine
(−)-dopa
.Beta.-(3, 4-Dihydroxyphenyl)alanine
.Beta.-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)-L-alanine
1E83F927-C221-46AA-B90A-81B33C5F3868
2-Amino-3-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)propanoic acid
23734-74-9
25525-15-9
3, 4-Dihydroxy-L-phenylalanine
3, 4-Dihydroxyphenylalanine
3,4-DIHYDROXYPHENYLALANINE
3,4-Dihydroxy-L-phenylalanine
3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl-L-alanine
3,4-Dihydroxyphenylalanine
3,4-Dihydroxyphenylalanine (VAN)
3,4-dihydroxy-L-phenylalanine
3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine
3-(3,4-Dihydroxypheny
3-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)-L-alanine
3-Hydroxy-L-tyrosine
34241-25-3
37830_FLUKA
587-45-1
59-92-7
72572-99-7
72573-00-3
88250-23-1
90638-38-3
AC-11686
AC1L1LOR
AC1Q4U7F
BIDD:GT0158
BPBio1_000059
BSPBio_000053
BSPBio_002354
Bendopa
Bio-0575
Biodopa
Brocadopa
C00355
C9H11NO4
CAS-59-92-7
CCRIS 3766
CHEBI:15765
CHEMBL1009
CID6047
Cerepap
Cidandopa
D 9628
D00059
D0600
D9628
D9628_SIGMA
DAH
DB01235
DOPA
Deadopa
Dihydroxy-L-phenylalanine
Dihydroxyphenylalanine
DivK1c_000452
Dopa
Dopaflex
Dopaidan
Dopal
Dopal-Fher
Dopal-fher
Dopalina
Dopar
Dopar (TN)
Doparkine
Doparl
Dopasol
Dopaston
Dopaston SE
Dopastone
Dopastral
Dopicar
Doprin
EINECS 200-445-2
EU-0100454
Eldopal
Eldopar
Eldopatec
Eurodopa
HMS1568C15
HMS1922J14
HMS2090O08
HMS2093N04
HMS501G14
HSDB 3348
Helfo DOPA
 
Helfo-Dopa
Helfo-dopa
IDI1_000452
IV Levodopa
InChI=1/C9H11NO4/c10-6(9(13)14)3-5-1-2-7(11)8(12)4-5/h1-2,4,6,11-12H,3,10H2,(H,13,14
Insulamina
KBio1_000452
KBio2_000934
KBio2_003502
KBio2_006070
KBioGR_001177
KBioSS_000934
L Dopa
L(-)-Dopa
L-(-)-Dopa
L-(3, 4-Dihydroxyphenyl)-.alpha.-alani
L-(3, 4-Dihydroxyphenyl)alanine
L-(o-Dihydroxyphenyl)alanine
L-.Beta.-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)alanine
L-3,4-Dihydroxyphenylalanine
L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine
L-3-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)-Alanine
L-3-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)alanine
L-3-Hydroxytyrosine
L-4-5-Dihydroxyphenylalanine
L-DOPA
L-DOPA, Parcopa, Atamet, Stalevo, Madopar, Prolopa, Dopar, 3,4-Dihydroxyphenylalanine, Levodopa
L-Dihydroxyphenylalanine
L-Dopa
L-O-Dihydroxyphenylalanine
L-b-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)-a-alanine
L-beta-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)-alpha-alanine
L-beta-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)alanine
L-o-Hydroxytyrosine
LS-255
Laradopa
Larodopa
Ledopa
Levedopa
Levodopa
Levodopa (JP15/USP)
Levodopa (JP15/USP/INN)
Levodopa [USAN:INN:BAN:JAN]
Levodopum
Levodopum [INN-Latin]
Levopa
Lopac-D-9628
Lopac0_000454
MLS000028514
Maipedopa
MolPort-000-856-937
NCGC00015384-01
NCGC00016270-01
NCGC00016270-06
NCGC00093869-04
NINDS_000452
NSC 118381
NSC118381
PDSP1_001541
PDSP2_001525
Parda
Pardopa
Prestwick0_000017
Prestwick1_000017
Prestwick2_000017
Prestwick3_000017
Prestwick_185
Prodopa
Ro 4-6316
S1726_Selleck
SDCCGMLS-0066924.P001
SMR000058312
SPBio_000391
SPBio_001974
SPECTRUM2300205
Sobiodopa
Spectrum2_000496
Spectrum4_000539
Spectrum5_001899
Spectrum_000454
Syndopa
UNII-46627O600J
Veldopa
Weldopa
b-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)-L-alanine
b-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)-a-L-alanine
b-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)alanine
beta-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)-L-alanine
beta-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)-alpha-L-alanine
beta-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)-alpha-alanine
beta-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)alanine
bmse000322
component of Sinemet
l)-L-alanine
nchembio.2007.55-comp26
nchembio.89-comp9
ne
β-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)alanine
7Dopamine agonistsPhase 4611
8
Menthol21842216-51-516666
Synonyms:
(−
()-Menthol
(+)-Neo-menthol
(+)-p-Menthan-3-ol
(+-)-(1R*,3R*,4S*)-Menthol
(+-)-Menthol
(+/-)-Menthol
(+/-)-p-Menthan-3-ol
(-)-(1R,3R,4S)-Menthol
(-)-Menthyl alcohol
(-)-menthol
(-)-p-Menthan-3-ol
(-)-trans-p-Menthan-cis-ol
(1R)-(-)-Menthol
(1R,2S,5R)-(-)-menthol
(1R,2S,5R)-Menthol
(1R,3R,4S)-(-)-MENTHOL
(1R,3R,4S)-(-)-Menthol
(1R-(1-alpha,2-beta,5-alpha))-5-Methyl-2-(1-methylethyl)cyclohexanol
(1S, 2S, 5R)-(+)-Neomenthol
(1S,2R,5R)-(+)-Isomenthol
(1S,2R,5S)-(+)-Menthol
(1S,2R,5S)-Menthol
(1alpha,2beta,5alpha)-5-Methyl-2(1-methylethyl)cyclohexanol
(1r,2s,5r)-(-)-menthol
(L)-MENTHOL
(R)-(-)-Menthol
(r)-(-)-menthol
)-Menthol
--MENTHOL
1-Menthol
1490-04-6
15356-60-2
15356-70-4
15785_RIEDEL
15785_SIAL
19863P
2-Isopropyl-5-methylcyclohexanol
20747-49-3
2216-51-5
3-p-Menthol
4-Isopropyl-1-methylcyclohexan-3-ol
491-02-1
5-Methyl-2-(1-methylethyl)-cyclohexanol
5-Methyl-2-(1-methylethyl)cyclohexanol
5-methyl-2-(propan-2-yl)cyclohexanol
5-methyl-2-propan-2-ylcyclohexan-1-ol
551376_ALDRICH
551376_FLUKA
588733_ALDRICH
613290_ALDRICH
613290_FLUKA
63660_FLUKA
63670_ALDRICH
63670_FLUKA
63975-60-0
6C6A4A8C-A054-468C-A1F0-F29E39838CF2
89-78-1
98167-53-4
AC1L1B2E
AC1L28FR
AC1Q1NQ2
AC1Q2QQM
AI3-08161
AI3-52408
AKOS000119740
AR-1J3337
BB_NC-0057
BRN 1902288
BRN 3194263
BSPBio_003062
C00400
C10H20O
CCRIS 3728
CCRIS 375
CCRIS 4666
CCRIS 9231
CHEBI:15409
CHEBI:545611
CHEMBL256087
CHEMBL470670
CID1254
CID16666
Caswell No. 540
D-(-)-Menthol
D-p-Menthan-3-ol
D00064
D008610
D04849
D04918
DB00825
DivK1c_000820
EINECS 201-939-0
EINECS 207-724-8
EINECS 216-074-4
EINECS 218-690-9
EINECS 239-387-8
EINECS 239-388-3
EPA Pesticide Chemical Code 051601
FEMA No. 2665
Fisherman's friend lozenges
Fisherman's friend lozenges (TN)
HMS1922G13
HMS2092L14
HMS502I22
 
HSDB 5662
HSDB 593
Headache crystals
Hexahydrothymol
I06-1216
I14-7371
IDI1_000820
KBio1_000820
KBio2_000785
KBio2_003353
KBio2_005921
KBio3_002562
KBioSS_000785
L-(-)-Menthol
L-(-)-menthol
L-Menthol
L-menthol
LMPR0102090001
LS-2353
LS-57201
LS-886
LS-89531
LS-89533
Levomenthol
Levomenthol [INN:BAN]
Levomentholum
Levomentholum [INN-Latin]
Levomentol
M0321
M0545
M2772_SIAL
MENTHOL
MLS002207256
Menthacamphor
Menthol
Menthol (USP)
Menthol (VAN)
Menthol natural
Menthol natural, brazilian
Menthol racemic
Menthol racemique
Menthol racemique [French]
Menthol solution
Menthol, (1alpha,2beta,5alpha)-Isomer
Menthomenthol
Menthyl alcohol
MolPort-000-849-729
MolPort-001-793-392
NCGC00159382-02
NCGC00159382-03
NCGC00164247-01
NCGC00164247-02
NCI-C50000
NINDS_000820
NOOLISFMXDJSKH-KXUCPTDWBX
NSC 2603
NSC 62788
NSC2603
NSC62788
Neoisomenthol
Peppermint camphor
RACEMIC MENTHOL U.S.P.
Racementhol
Racementhol [INN:BAN]
Racementholum
Racementholum [INN-Latin]
Racementol
Racementol [INN-Spanish]
Racemic menthol
Robitussin Cough Drops
SDCCGMLS-0066659.P001
SMR001306785
SPBio_000869
SPECTRUM1503134
STK802468
Spectrum2_000855
Spectrum3_001561
Spectrum5_001060
Spectrum_000305
Tra-kill tracheal mite killer
U.S.P. Menthol
U.S.p. Menthol
UNII-BZ1R15MTK7
UNII-L7T10EIP3A
UNII-YS08XHA860
W266507_ALDRICH
W266523_ALDRICH
W266590_ALDRICH
WLN: L6TJ AY1&1 BQ D1
WLN: L6TJ AY1&1 DQ D1 -L
ZINC01482164
cis-1 ,3-trans-1,4-(+-)-menthol
cis-1,3-trans-1,4-(+-)-menthol
d,l-Menthol
d-Menthol
d-Neomenthol
dl-3-p-Menthanol
dl-Menthol
dl-Menthol (JP15)
l-(-)-Menthol
l-Menthol
l-Menthol (JP15)
l-Menthol (TN)
l-Menthol (natural)
nchembio862-comp1
p-Menthan-3-ol
rac-Menthol
9
Epinephrine88651-43-45816
Synonyms:
(-)-(R)-Epinephrine
(-)-3,4-Dihydroxy-a-[2-(methylamino)ethyl]benzyl alcohol
(-)-3,4-Dihydroxy-alpha-((methylamino)methyl)benzyl alcohol
(-)-3,4-Dihydroxy-alpha-[2-(methylamino)ethyl]benzyl alcohol
(-)-3,4-dihydroxy-a-[(methylamino)methyl]-Benzyl alcohol
(-)-3,4-dihydroxy-alpha-[(methylamino)methyl]-Benzyl alcohol
(-)-Adrenalin
(-)-Adrenaline
(-)-Epinephrine
(-)-R-Epinephrine
(R)-(-)-Adnephrine
(R)-(-)-Adrenaline
(R)-(-)-Epinephrine
(R)-(-)-Epirenamine
(R)-(−)-adrenaline
(R)-4-[1-Hydroxy-2-(methylamino)ethyl]-1,2-benzenediol
(R)-4-[1-hydroxy-2-(methylamino)ethyl]-1,2-Benzenediol
(R)-Adrenaline
(R)-Epinephrine
(−)-adrenaline
02252_FLUKA
1-1-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)-2-methylaminoethanol
1-Adrenalin
1-Epinephrine
4-(1-Hydroxy-2-(methylamino)ethyl)-1,2-benzenediol
4-(1-hydroxy-2-methylamino-ethyl)benzene-1,2-diol
4-[(1R)-1-Hydroxy-2-(methylamino)ethyl]-1,2-Benzenediol
4-[(1R)-1-Hydroxy-2-(methylamino)ethyl]-1,2-benzenediol
4-[(1R)-1-hydroxy-2-(methylamino)ethyl]benzene-1,2-diol
51-43-4
51-43-4 (FREE BASE)
51028-73-0
A0173
AC-13188
AC1L1L7B
ADR ADRENALINE
ADROP
AI3-19015
Adnephrine
Adrenal
Adrenalin
Adrenalin (TN)
Adrenalin in Oil
Adrenalin-Medihaler
Adrenalina
Adrenalina [DCIT]
Adrenaline
Adrenaline (JP15)
Adrenaline/Epinephrine
Adrenalinum
Adrenamine
Adrenan
Adrenapax
Adrenasol
Adrenatrate
Adrenine
Adrenodis
Adrenohorma
Adrenosan
Adrenutol
Adrin
Adrine
Ana-Guard
Ana-Kit
Antiasthmatique
Asmatane Mist
Asthma meter mist
Asthma-nefrin
Asthmahaler Mist
Asthmanefrin
Astmahalin
Astminhal
BIDD:GT0119
Balmadren
Bernarenin
Biorenine
Bosmin
Brevirenin
Bronkaid
Bronkaid Mist
Bronkaid Suspension Mist
Bupivacaine Hcl and Epinephrine
C00788
CCRIS 4812
CHEBI:28918
CHEMBL679
CID5816
Chelafrin
Citanest Forte
Corisol
D-Epifrin
D-Epinephrine
D00095
DB00668
Drenamist
Dylephrin
Dyspne-Inhal
E4250_SIGMA
EINECS 200-098-7
EPI E Z PEN JR
EPIPEN E Z PEN
EPIPEN JR
Epi EZ Pen Jr
Epifrin
Epiglaufrin
Epinefrin
Epinefrin [Czech]
Epinefrina
Epinefrina [INN-Spanish]
Epinephran
Epinephrin
Epinephrine
Epinephrine (USP)
Epinephrine (USP/INN)
Epinephrine [USAN:INN:JAN]
Epinephrine hydrochloride
Epinephrinum
Epinephrinum [INN-Latin]
Epipen
Epipen (TN)
Epipen Auto-Injector
Epipen EZ Pen
Epipen Jr.
Epipen Jr. Auto-Injector
Epirenamine
Epirenan
Epirenin
Epitrate
Eppy
Esphygmogenina
Exadrin
 
Glaucon
Glaucosan
Glauposine
Glycirenan
HSCI1_000215
HSDB 4289
Haemostasin
Haemostatin
Hektalin
Hemisine
Hemostasin
Hemostatin
Hypernephrin
Hyporenin
IOP
Intranefrin
Iontocaine
Isoptoepinal
Kidoline
L-1-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)-2-methylaminoethanol
L-Adrenaline
L-Adrenaline Base
L-Epinehphrine
L-Epinephrine
L-Epirenamine
L-Methylaminoethanolcatechol
L-epinephrine
LS-156
Levo-Methylaminoethanolcatechol
Levoadrenaline
Levoepinephrine
Levorenen
Levorenin
Levorenine
Levoreninum
Lopac-E-4642
Lyodrin
Lyophrin
Medihaler-Epi
Metanephrin
Methylaminoethanolcatechol
Methylarterenol
Micronefrin
Micronephrine
MolPort-002-051-368
Mucidrina
Myosthenine
Mytrate
NCGC00015417-01
NCGC00142615-01
NCGC00142615-03
NCGC00142615-04
NCGC00142615-05
NCGC00142615-06
NCGC00142615-07
NSC 62786
NSC62786
Nephridine
Nieraline
PDSP1_001120
PDSP2_001104
Paranephrin
Primatene
Primatene Mist
R-(-)-Epinephrine
R-Adrenaline
RCRA waste no. P042
Racemic Epinephrine
Racepinephrine
Rcra waste number P042
Renagladin
Renaglandin
Renaglandulin
Renaleptine
Renalina
Renoform
Renostypricin
Renostypticin
Renostyptin
SMP1_000227
ST069368
SUS-PHRINE SULFITE-FREE
Scurenaline
Septocaine
Simplene
Sindrenina
Soladren
Sphygmogenin
Stryptirenal
Styptirenal
Supracapsulin
Supradin
Supranefran
Supranephrane
Supranephrine
Supranol
Suprarenaline
Suprarenin
Suprel
Surenine
Surrenine
Sus-Phrine
Sus-phrine
Susphrine
Sympathin I
Takamina
Takamine
Tokamina
Tonogen
Twinject
Twinject 0.15
Twinject 0.3
Twinject 0.30
UNII-YKH834O4BH
Vaponefrin
Vasoconstrictine
Vasoconstrictor
Vasodrine
Vasoton
Vasotonin
adrenaline
bmse000316
d-Adrenaline
epinephrine
l-1-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)-2-methylaminoethanol
l-Adrenalin
l-Adrenaline
l-Epinephine
l-Epinephrine (synthetic)
l-Epirenamine
l-Methylaminoethanolcatechol
levoepinephrine
nchembio747-comp9
10
Benzocaine17941994-09-7, 94-09-72337
Synonyms:
(p-(Ethoxycarbonyl)phenylamine
06952_FLUKA
112909_ALDRICH
112909_SIAL
1333-08-0
23239-88-5
23239-88-5 (hydrochloride)
4 Aminobenzoic Acid Ethyl Ester
4-(Ethoxycarbonyl)aniline
4-(Ethoxycarbonyl)phenylamine
4-14-00-01129 (Beilstein Handbook Reference)
4-Aminobenzoate
4-Aminobenzoic acid
4-Aminobenzoic acid ethyl ester
4-Aminobenzoic acid, ethyl ester
4-Carbethoxyaniline
4-amino-benzoic acid ethyl ester
4-aminobenzoic acid ethyl ester
71123-91-6
94-09-7
94-09-7 (Parent)
A0271
AB00051923
AC1L1DGC
AC1Q341A
AC1Q64JE
AE-562/40377256
AI3-02081
AKOS000119763
AR-1H9065
Acetate, Benzocaine
Aethoform
Aethylium paraminobenzoicum
Amben ethyl ester
Americaine
Anaesthan-syngala
Anaesthesin
Anaesthesinum
Anaesthin
Anestezin
Anestezin [Russian]
Anesthesin
Anesthesine
Anesthone
BB_SC-0019
BPBio1_001017
BRD-K75466013-001-05-2
BRN 0638434
BSPBio_000923
BSPBio_001908
Baby Anbesol
Bensokain
Benzoak
Benzocaina
Benzocaina [INN-Spanish]
Benzocaine
Benzocaine (USP/INN)
Benzocaine Acetate
Benzocaine Formate
Benzocaine Hydrobromide
Benzocaine Hydrochloride
Benzocaine Methanesulfonate
Benzocaine [INN:BAN]
Benzocainum
Benzocainum [INN-Latin]
Benzoic acid, 4-amino-, ethyl ester
Benzoic acid, 4-amino-, ethyl ester, hydrochloride
Benzoic acid, amino-, ethyl ester
Benzoic acid, p-amino-, ethyl ester
C07527
CAS-94-09-7
CHEBI:116735
CHEMBL278172
CID2337
Caswell No. 430A
Chloraseptic
D001566
D00552
DB01086
Dermoplast
Diet Ayds
DivK1c_000932
E1501_SIGMA
EINECS 202-303-5
EPA Pesticide Chemical Code 097001
ETHYL-P-AMINOBENZOATE
Ethoform
Ethoforme
Ethyl 4-aminobenzoate
Ethyl 4-aminobenzoate hydrochloride
Ethyl 4-aminobenzoic acid
Ethyl Aminobenzoate
Ethyl PABA
 
Ethyl aminobenzoate
Ethyl aminobenzoate (JP15)
Ethyl aminobenzoate (VAN)
Ethyl aminobenzoic acid
Ethyl p-Aminobenzoate
Ethyl p-Aminophenylcarboxylate
Ethyl p-aminobenzenecarboxylate
Ethyl p-aminobenzoate
Ethyl p-aminobenzoic acid
Ethyl p-aminophenylcarboxylate
Ethylester kyseliny p-aminobenzoove
Ethylester kyseliny p-aminobenzoove [Czech]
Ethylis aminobenzoas
Formate, Benzocaine
HMS1570O05
HMS1920G09
HMS2091M11
HMS502O14
HSDB 7225
Hurricaine
Hydrobromide, Benzocaine
Hydrochloride, Benzocaine
I05-0204
IDI1_000932
Identhesin
KBio1_000932
KBio2_000474
KBio2_003042
KBio2_005610
KBio3_001408
KBioGR_000658
KBioSS_000474
Keloform
LS-35847
MLS001331704
MLS002153970
Methanesulfonate, Benzocaine
MolPort-000-871-526
NCGC00016352-01
NCGC00094598-01
NCGC00094598-02
NINDS_000932
NSC 122792
NSC 41531
NSC41531
NSC4688
Norcain
Norcaine
Norcainum
Oprea1_750694
Oprea1_827402
Ora-jel
Orabase-B
Orthesin
Otocain
Outgro
Parathesin
Parathesin (TN)
Parathesine
Prestwick0_000712
Prestwick1_000712
Prestwick2_000712
Prestwick3_000712
Prestwick_991
SMR000059025
SPBio_000134
SPBio_002844
SPECTRUM1500139
STK043620
Slim Mint Gum
Solarcaine
Solu H
Spectrum2_000117
Spectrum3_000314
Spectrum4_000249
Spectrum5_000860
Spectrum_000074
Topcaine
UNII-U3RSY48JW5
WLN: ZR DVO2
ZINC12358719
benzocaine
ethylaminobenzoate-4
h-4-abz-oet
nchembio.182-comp4
p-(Ethoxycarbonyl)aniline
p-Aminobenzoate
p-Aminobenzoic acid
p-Aminobenzoic acid ethyl ester
p-Aminobenzoic acid, ethyl ester
p-Aminobenzoic ethyl ester
p-Carbethoxyaniline
p-Ethoxycarboxylic Aniline
p-Ethoxycarboxylic aniline
11tannic acidNutraceutical1794

Interventional clinical trials:

(show all 44)
idNameStatusNCT IDPhase
1Effects of Atomoxetine on Brain Activation During Attention and Reading Tasks in Patients With ADHD & Comorbid DyslexiaCompletedNCT00716274Phase 4
2Treatment of ADHD With Atomoxetine in Children & Adolescents With ADHD & Comorbid DyslexiaCompletedNCT00607919Phase 4
3Treatment With Atomoxetine Hydrochloride in Children and Adolescents With ADHDCompletedNCT00191048Phase 4
4Comparison of Atomoxetine and Placebo in Children With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and/or Reading Disorder (RD)CompletedNCT00191906Phase 4
5Interventions for Children With Attention and Reading DisordersCompletedNCT01133847Phase 4
6Dopaminergic Enhancement of Learning and Memory in Healthy Adults and Patients With DyslexiaRecruitingNCT00111371Phase 4
7Reading Problems in Children Living in Urban AreasCompletedNCT00065832Phase 3
8Randomized Clinical Trial of Phonological InterventionsRecruitingNCT00818428Phase 2, Phase 3
9Implementation of Climb Up Program for Children With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Dyslexia in a School in IndiaCompletedNCT01012778Phase 1, Phase 2
10Multimodal Treatment of Phonological Alexia: Behavioral & fMRI OutcomesCompletedNCT00827268Phase 1, Phase 2
11My Scrivener® - Measuring Effectiveness and Dose Response in ChildrenCompletedNCT00919906Phase 1, Phase 2
12Working Memory Training in Adults With Substance Abuse and Executive Function Deficits.RecruitingNCT02068261Phase 2
13Study of Hierarchy of Afferents in Postural Control of Children With DyslexiaCompletedNCT02879786
14Developmental Dyslexia and Functional Maturation of Auditory CortexCompletedNCT00245804
15Working Memory Training for Children With DyslexiaCompletedNCT02429739
16Functional MRI Study in Children With a Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) and/or Developmental Dyslexia (DD)CompletedNCT02393729
17Morphofunctional Imaging and Developmental DyslexiaCompletedNCT00254644
18Comprehensive Program to Improve Reading and Writing Skills in At-Risk and Dyslexic ChildrenCompletedNCT00061412
19Therapy for Reading Problems in Adults After Brain InjuryCompletedNCT00064805
20Rhythm and Music to Rehabilitate Reading DisordersCompletedNCT02316873
21Reading Disability in Children With NF1CompletedNCT02397967
22Developmental Language Difficulties: Behavioural and Electrophysiological StudiesCompletedNCT02872870
23Functional Imaging and Reading Deficit in Children With NF1CompletedNCT02422732
24Speech and Short-term Memory Functions in Dyslexia: a Combined MEG and EEG StudyRecruitingNCT02622360
25Maturation of Auditory Processing in Children With Dyslexia Compared to Average-reading ChildrenRecruitingNCT02345876
26Comparison of Interventions for Developmental DyslexiaRecruitingNCT02791841
27Prediction and Intervention in Developmental DyslexiaRecruitingNCT02217696
28Sensory and Connectivity Abnormalities in Autism and Language DisordersRecruitingNCT00956579
29Efficacy of Coloured Overlays and Lenses for Reading DifficultyRecruitingNCT02680223
30Characterization of Auditory Processing Involved in the Encoding of Speech SoundsRecruitingNCT02574299
31Brain Imaging of Childhood Onset Psychiatric Disorders, Endocrine Disorders and Healthy VolunteersRecruitingNCT00001246
32Predictive Executive Functioning Models Using Interactive Tangible-Graphical Interface DevicesRecruitingNCT01711372
33Group-based Training for Parents of Children With DyslexiaActive, not recruitingNCT02107534
34Using fMRI to Evaluate Instructional Programs for Children With Developmental DyslexiaActive, not recruitingNCT00068835
35The Effectiveness of Neuropsychological Rehabilitation in Young Dyslexic AdultsActive, not recruitingNCT01930500
36Neurobiology and Treatment of Reading Disability in NF-1Active, not recruitingNCT00624234
37The Baltimore Reading and Eye Disease StudyActive, not recruitingNCT02607384
38Effects of Music Education for Children With Reading DifficultiesActive, not recruitingNCT01388881
39Brain Mechanisms Underlying Reading Improvement in Central AlexiaActive, not recruitingNCT02062619
40Scholar Performance and Praxis Assessment in Children With Rolandic EpilepsyActive, not recruitingNCT01046760
41Reading in Preterm and Full-term Children: Neural Basis and PredictionActive, not recruitingNCT01599546
42Predictive Executive Functioning Models Using Interactive Tangible-Graphical Interface Devices in AdultsActive, not recruitingNCT02127931
43App-delivered Therapy for Arabic Readers With Hemianopic AlexiaNot yet recruitingNCT02482350
44Eye Movements and Reading DisabilitiesTerminatedNCT01860027

Search NIH Clinical Center for Dyslexia

Genetic Tests for Dyslexia

About this section

Anatomical Context for Dyslexia

About this section

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Dyslexia:

34
Brain, Eye, Cortex, Testes, Cerebellum, Thalamus, Heart

Animal Models for Dyslexia or affiliated genes

About this section

Publications for Dyslexia

About this section

Articles related to Dyslexia:

(show top 50)    (show all 702)
idTitleAuthorsYear
1
Visual Illusions: An Interesting Tool to Investigate Developmental Dyslexia and Autism Spectrum Disorder. (27199702)
2016
2
Developmental trajectories for children with dyslexia and low IQ poor readers. (27110928)
2016
3
A Special Font for People with Dyslexia: Does it Work and, if so, why? (27194598)
2016
4
Complex effects of dyslexia risk factors account for ADHD traits: evidence from two independent samples. (27501527)
2016
5
Implicit learning of non-linguistic and linguistic regularities in children with dyslexia. (26494638)
2015
6
Neurocognitive Development and Predictors of L1 and L2 Literacy Skills in Dyslexia: A Longitudinal Study of Children 5-11a88Years Old. (26511662)
2015
7
Visual attention span deficits and assessing causality in developmental dyslexia. (25790866)
2015
8
Visual attention deficits in developmental dyslexia cannot be ascribed solely to poor reading experience. (25790867)
2015
9
Dyslexia and voxel-based morphometry: correlations between five behavioural measures of dyslexia and gray and white matter volumes. (25908528)
2015
10
Assessing eye movements to investigate reading in children with and without dyslexia. (26531540)
2015
11
The deficit of letter processing in developmental dyslexia: combining evidence from dyslexics, typical readers and illiterate adults. (24341976)
2014
12
Attention dysfunction subtypes of developmental dyslexia. (25387479)
2014
13
WISC-III Cognitive Profiles in Children with Developmental Dyslexia: Specific Cognitive Disability and Diagnostic Utility. (24222530)
2013
14
Dyslexia laws in the USA. (23086699)
2013
15
Predictors of developmental dyslexia in European orthographies with varying complexity. (23227813)
2013
16
Not all reading disabilities are dyslexia: distinct neurobiology of specific comprehension deficits. (23273430)
2013
17
The zebrafish orthologue of the dyslexia candidate gene DYX1C1 is essential for cilia growth and function. (23650548)
2013
18
Atypical balance between occipital and fronto-parietal activation for visual shape extraction in dyslexia. (23825653)
2013
19
Phonological generalizations in dyslexia: The phonological grammar may not be impaired. (24344815)
2013
20
Non-adjacent dependency learning in infants at familial risk of dyslexia. (23217289)
2013
21
Characterizing the morphosyntactic processing deficit and its relationship to phonology in developmental dyslexia. (23628368)
2013
22
Teaching children with dyslexia to spell in a reading-writers' workshop. (21845501)
2013
23
Phonological deficits in specific language impairment and developmental dyslexia: towards a multidimensional model. (23413264)
2013
24
Understanding Dyslexia in Children through Human Development Theories. (23269949)
2012
25
A tractography study in dyslexia: neuroanatomic correlates of orthographic, phonological and speech processing. (22327793)
2012
26
A comparison of phonological processing skills of children with mild to moderate sensorineural hearing loss and children with dyslexia. (22978204)
2012
27
Spherical harmonic analysis of cortical complexity in autism and dyslexia. (22545198)
2012
28
Global and local pitch perception in children with developmental dyslexia. (22204845)
2012
29
Developmental dyslexia and spatial relationship perception. (21112049)
2012
30
Separating global and specific factors in developmental dyslexia. (21962079)
2012
31
A taxometric investigation of developmental dyslexia subtypes. (22228709)
2012
32
Impaired visual expertise for print in French adults with dyslexia as shown by N170 tuning. (23088819)
2012
33
Reaction time variability in children with ADHD symptoms and/or dyslexia. (22799763)
2012
34
Dissociation between online and offline learning in developmental dyslexia. (22221291)
2012
35
Cognitive skills and literacy performance of Chinese adolescents with and without dyslexia. (21841896)
2011
36
Mapping for dyslexia and related cognitive trait loci provides strong evidence for further risk genes on chromosome 6p21. (21184582)
2011
37
A theoretical molecular network for dyslexia: integrating available genetic findings. (20956978)
2011
38
The left occipitotemporal system in reading: disruption of focal fMRI connectivity to left inferior frontal and inferior parietal language areas in children with dyslexia. (20934519)
2011
39
Aggression and risk of future violence in forensic psychiatric patients with and without dyslexia. (21268184)
2011
40
Semantic Typicality Effects in Acquired Dyslexia: Evidence for Semantic Impairment in Deep Dyslexia. (20657815)
2010
41
Right fronto-parietal dysfunction in children with ADHD and developmental dyslexia as determined by line bisection judgements. (20801134)
2010
42
Sentence comprehension in young adults with developmental dyslexia. (19911285)
2009
43
Further evidence for DYX1C1 as a susceptibility factor for dyslexia. (19240663)
2009
44
Context-dependent encoding in the human auditory brainstem relates to hearing speech in noise: implications for developmental dyslexia. (19914180)
2009
45
Do deep dyslexia, dysphasia and dysgraphia share a common phonological impairment? (17227679)
2007
46
Alternative splicing in the dyslexia-associated gene KIAA0319. (17846832)
2007
47
Maternal antibody-mediated dyslexia? Evidence for a pathogenic serum factor in a mother of two dyslexic children shown by transfer to mice using behavioural studies and magnetic resonance spectroscopy. (12225907)
2002
48
A new gene (DYX3) for dyslexia is located on chromosome 2. (10507721)
1999
49
Urine patterns, peptide levels and IgA/IgG antibodies to food proteins in children with dyslexia. (9689235)
1997
50
Dyslexia and dyscalculia in children--risks, early precursors, bottlenecks and cognitive mechanisms. (8079640)
1994

Variations for Dyslexia

About this section

Copy number variations for Dyslexia from CNVD:

6
id CNVD ID Chromosom Start End Type Gene Symbol CNVD Disease
1181241144106777144451305DeletionDyslexia
21692903139732796140171095DuplicationDyslexia
31815294123017758123458923DuplicationDyslexia
421470266517984066364033DeletionDyslexia
52182767110381300110851860DeletionDyslexia
622499674060634840819984DeletionDyslexia
722746276882075168904999DeletionDyslexia
822753976987693270546042DuplicationDyslexia
923226481137308311434911DeletionDyslexia
10254314963486446740836DeletionDyslexia

Expression for genes affiliated with Dyslexia

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Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Dyslexia.

Pathways for genes affiliated with Dyslexia

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GO Terms for genes affiliated with Dyslexia

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Biological processes related to Dyslexia according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1neuron migrationGO:00017649.8DCDC2, DYX1C1, KIAA0319

Sources for Dyslexia

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2CDC
6CNVD
10DGIdb
15ExPASy
16FDA
17FMA
25GTR
26HGMD
27HMDB
28ICD10
29ICD10 via Orphanet
30ICD9CM
31IUPHAR
32KEGG
35MedGen
37MeSH
38MESH via Orphanet
39MGI
42NCI
43NCIt
44NDF-RT
47NINDS
48Novoseek
50OMIM
51OMIM via Orphanet
55PubMed
56QIAGEN
61SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
65Tumor Gene Family of Databases
66UMLS
67UMLS via Orphanet