MCID: DYS005
MIFTS: 35

Dyslexia malady

Fetal diseases category

Summaries for Dyslexia

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Sources:
9Disease Ontology, 45NINDS, 66Wikipedia, 34MalaCards
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NINDS:45 Dyslexia is a brain-based type of learning disability that specifically impairs a person's ability to read. These individuals typically read at levels significantly lower than expected despite having normal intelligence. Although the disorder varies from person to person, common characteristics among people with dyslexia are difficulty with phonological processing (the manipulation of sounds), spelling, and/or rapid visual-verbal responding. In individuals with adult onset of dyslexia, it usually occurs as a result of brain injury or in the context of dementia; this contrasts with individuals with dyslexia who simply were never identified as children or adolescents.

MalaCards: Dyslexia is related to dyslexia 2 and dysgraphia. An important gene associated with Dyslexia is DYX1C1 (dyslexia susceptibility 1 candidate 1). Affiliated tissues include brain, testes and eye.

Disease Ontology:9 A reading disorder resulting from a developmental reading disability involving the inability to process graphic symbols resulting in impairment of reading ability.

Wikipedia:66 Dyslexia, or developmental reading disorder, is characterized by difficulty with learning to read... more...

Aliases & Classifications for Dyslexia

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Sources:
9Disease Ontology, 45NINDS, 11DISEASES, 63UMLS, 59SNOMED-CT, 36MeSH
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Classifications:

Malacards categories (disease lists): (See all malacards categories)
Global: Fetal diseases


Aliases & Descriptions:

dyslexia 9 45 11 63


External Ids:

Disease Ontology9 DOID:4428
MeSH36 D004410

Related Diseases for Dyslexia

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Sources:
18GeneCards, 19GeneDecks
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Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Dyslexia:



Diseases related to dyslexia

Symptoms for Dyslexia

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Drugs & Therapeutics for Dyslexia

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Sources:
6CenterWatch, 43NIH Clinical Center, 7ClinicalTrials
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Approved drugs:

Search CenterWatch for Dyslexia

Drug clinical trials:

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Search NIH Clinical Center for Dyslexia

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Genetic Tests for Dyslexia

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Anatomical Context for Dyslexia

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Sources:
34MalaCards
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MalaCards organs/tissues related to Dyslexia:

34
Brain, Testes, Eye, Cortex, Cerebellum, Breast, Thalamus

Animal Models for Dyslexia or affiliated genes

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Publications for Dyslexia

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Sources:
53PubMed
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Articles related to Dyslexia:

(show top 50)    (show all 578)
idTitleAuthorsYear
1
An investigation into the origin of anatomical differences in dyslexia. (24431448)
2014
2
Evidence for cerebellar dysfunction in Chinese children with developmental dyslexia: an fMRI study. (23227882)
2013
3
Auditory processing in children with dyslexia: electrophysiological and behavior evaluation. (24408169)
2013
4
WISC-III Cognitive Profiles in Children with Developmental Dyslexia: Specific Cognitive Disability and Diagnostic Utility. (24222530)
2013
5
Dyslexia laws in the USA. (23086699)
2013
6
Predictors of developmental dyslexia in European orthographies with varying complexity. (23227813)
2013
7
Not all reading disabilities are dyslexia: distinct neurobiology of specific comprehension deficits. (23273430)
2013
8
Project DyAdd: Implicit learning in adult dyslexia and ADHD. (24162872)
2013
9
Implicit sequence learning in dyslexia: a within-sequence comparison of first- and higher-order information. (22996058)
2013
10
Mathematical difficulties in nonverbal learning disability or co-morbid dyscalculia and dyslexia. (23971493)
2013
11
Understanding Dyslexia in Children through Human Development Theories. (23269949)
2012
12
A tractography study in dyslexia: neuroanatomic correlates of orthographic, phonological and speech processing. (22327793)
2012
13
Low-level deficits in beat perception: neither necessary nor sufficient for explaining developmental dyslexia in a consistent orthography. (22695074)
2012
14
Cortical basis for dichotic pitch perception in developmental dyslexia. (23043968)
2012
15
Cognitive processing skills and developmental dyslexia in Chinese. (21490169)
2012
16
A comparison of phonological processing skills of children with mild to moderate sensorineural hearing loss and children with dyslexia. (22978204)
2012
17
Spherical harmonic analysis of cortical complexity in autism and dyslexia. (22545198)
2012
18
Global and local pitch perception in children with developmental dyslexia. (22204845)
2012
19
Developmental dyslexia and spatial relationship perception. (21112049)
2012
20
Dyslexia diagnostics by 3-D shape analysis of the corpus callosum. (22334032)
2012
21
Separating global and specific factors in developmental dyslexia. (21962079)
2012
22
Interletter spacing and dyslexia. (22961254)
2012
23
Multilingual dyslexia in university students: Reading and writing patterns in three languages. (21453039)
2011
24
Cognitive skills and literacy performance of Chinese adolescents with and without dyslexia. (21841896)
2011
25
Auditory sensory deficits in developmental dyslexia: a longitudinal ERP study. (21507346)
2011
26
The brain basis of the phonological deficit in dyslexia is independent of IQ. (22006060)
2011
27
List context manipulation reveals orthographic deficits in Italian readers with developmental dyslexia. (21424948)
2011
28
Children with dyslexia reveal abnormal native language representations: evidence from a study of mismatch negativity. (21332488)
2011
29
Rise time and formant transition duration in the discrimination of speech sounds: the Ba-Wa distinction in developmental dyslexia. (21159086)
2011
30
What causes dyslexia?: comment on Goswami. (21146446)
2011
31
Mapping for dyslexia and related cognitive trait loci provides strong evidence for further risk genes on chromosome 6p21. (21184582)
2011
32
A theoretical molecular network for dyslexia: integrating available genetic findings. (20956978)
2011
33
The left occipitotemporal system in reading: disruption of focal fMRI connectivity to left inferior frontal and inferior parietal language areas in children with dyslexia. (20934519)
2011
34
Reading for sound with dyslexia: evidence for early orthographic and late phonological integration deficits. (21316349)
2011
35
Working memory impairment in children with developmental dyslexia: is it just a phonological deficity? (21347921)
2011
36
The development of print tuning in children with dyslexia: evidence from longitudinal ERP data supported by fMRI. (21040695)
2011
37
The cost-effectiveness of an intensive treatment protocol for severe dyslexia in children. (21793122)
2011
38
Investigating the links between neurocognitive functions and dyslexia. Editorial. (20680990)
2010
39
Semantic Typicality Effects in Acquired Dyslexia: Evidence for Semantic Impairment in Deep Dyslexia. (20657815)
2010
40
Newborn brain event-related potentials revealing atypical processing of sound frequency and the subsequent association with later literacy skills in children with familial dyslexia. (20656284)
2010
41
Sentence comprehension in young adults with developmental dyslexia. (19911285)
2009
42
Brain mapping and detection of functional patterns in fMRI using wavelet transform; application in detection of dyslexia. (19891800)
2009
43
Context-dependent encoding in the human auditory brainstem relates to hearing speech in noise: implications for developmental dyslexia. (19914180)
2009
44
Jargon dyslexia in an individual with semantic dementia: further evidence for task-specificity in phonological output. (16251136)
2005
45
No evidence for association and linkage disequilibrium between dyslexia and markers of four dopamine-related genes. (14505070)
2003
46
Dyslexia: a developmental language disorder. (10998001)
2000
47
A new gene (DYX3) for dyslexia is located on chromosome 2. (10507721)
1999
48
Urine patterns, peptide levels and IgA/IgG antibodies to food proteins in children with dyslexia. (9689235)
1997
49
Developmental surface dyslexia and dysgraphia: an orthographic processing impairment. (1565802)
1992
50
Seizures, dyslexia, and dysgraphia of psychogenic origin. (6466166)
1984

Variations for Dyslexia

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Expression for genes affiliated with Dyslexia

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Sources:
2BioGPS, 16Gene Expression Omnibus DataSets
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Expression patterns in normal tissues for genes affiliated with Dyslexia

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Pathways for genes affiliated with Dyslexia

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Compounds for genes affiliated with Dyslexia

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GO Terms for genes affiliated with Dyslexia

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Sources:
17Gene Ontology
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Biological processes related to Dyslexia according to GeneCards/GeneDecks:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1neuron migrationGO:0017649.3KIAA0319, DYX1C1, DCDC2

Products for genes affiliated with Dyslexia

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Sources for Dyslexia

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4CDC
14ExPASy
15FMA
23GTR
24HGMD
25HMDB
26ICD10
27ICD10 via Orphanet
28ICD9CM
30IUPHAR
31KEGG
36MeSH
37MESH via Orphanet
38MGI
41NCIt
42NDF-RT
45NINDS
46Novoseek
48OMIM
49OMIM via Orphanet
53PubMed
54QIAGEN
60SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
63UMLS
64UMLS via Orphanet