MCID: END047
MIFTS: 59

Endophthalmitis malady

Eye diseases, Rare diseases categories

Summaries for Endophthalmitis

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9Disease Ontology, 66Wikipedia, 34MalaCards
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Wikipedia:66 Endophthalmitis is an inflammation of the internal coats of the eye. It is a possible complication of... more...

MalaCards: Endophthalmitis is related to meningitis and uveitis. An important gene associated with Endophthalmitis is PRF1 (perforin 1 (pore forming protein)), and among its related pathways are IL12 signaling mediated by STAT4 and Immune response IL 12 signaling pathway. The compounds cilomilast and ulinastatin have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include eye, endothelial and liver, and related mouse phenotypes are digestive/alimentary and endocrine/exocrine gland.

Disease Ontology:9 A globe disease that is characterized by inflammation of the inside of the eye.

Aliases & Classifications for Endophthalmitis

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Sources:
9Disease Ontology, 11DISEASES, 46Novoseek, 50Orphanet, 63UMLS, 59SNOMED-CT, 36MeSH, 41NCIt, 37MESH via Orphanet, 27ICD10 via Orphanet, 60SNOMED-CT via Orphanet, 64UMLS via Orphanet, 26ICD10
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Classifications:

Malacards categories (disease lists): (See all malacards categories)
Global: Rare diseases
Anatomical: Eye diseases
Orphanet: 50 
Rare eye diseases


Aliases & Descriptions:

endophthalmitis 9 11 46 50 63


External Ids:

Disease Ontology9 DOID:4692
MeSH36 D009877
NCIt41 C34586
MESH via Orphanet37 D009877
ICD10 via Orphanet27 H44.0, H44.1
SNOMED-CT via Orphanet60 1847009
UMLS via Orphanet64 C0014236
ICD1026 H45.1

Related Diseases for Endophthalmitis

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Sources:
18GeneCards, 19GeneDecks
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Diseases in the Endophthalmitis family:

Acute Endophthalmitis Chronic Endophthalmitis

Diseases related to Endophthalmitis via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards/GeneDecks gene sharing:

(show top 50)    (show all 195)
idRelated DiseaseScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1meningitis30.7PRF1, IL8, LACTB
2uveitis30.6SAG, IFNG, TNF
3pneumonia30.6HMGB1, CSF2, IL8, ELANE, LACTB, PRF1
4retinal vasculitis30.4SAG
5endocarditis30.4LACTB, PRF1
6vasculitis30.3TNF, SAG, ELANE
7bacterial meningitis30.3IL8, LACTB
8retinal detachment30.2PLAT, VEGFA
9candidiasis30.1IFNG
10aspergillosis30.1ELANE, IFNG
11leukemia30.0HMGB1, TNF, LACTB, IFNG, CSF2
12purpura fulminans30.0F5
13central retinal artery occlusion30.0PLAT
14neutropenia29.9CSF2, LACTB, ELANE
15sepsis29.9TNF, F5, IL8, HMGB1, ELANE, LACTB
16bronchiectasis29.9IL8, ELANE
17disseminated intravascular coagulation29.9PLAT, ELANE, F5
18arthritis29.8TNF, IL8
19age related macular degeneration29.8VEGFA, PLAT
20graft versus host disease29.8TNF, CSF2, IFNG
21tuberculosis29.7PRF1, SAG, LACTB, IFNG, TNF
22cataract10.8
23acute endophthalmitis10.7
24klebsiella10.5
25chronic endophthalmitis10.5
26retinitis10.5
27endotheliitis10.4
28glaucoma10.4
29keratitis10.4
30cellulitis10.4
31orbital cellulitis10.3
32sympathetic ophthalmia10.3
33hypopyon10.3
34corneal ulcer10.3
35stenotrophomonas maltophilia10.3
36purulent endophthalmitis10.3
37mycobacterium chelonae10.3
38acne10.2
39scleritis10.2
40mycobacterium abscessus10.2
41phacoanaphylactic uveitis10.2
42meningococcal meningitis10.2
43candida glabrata10.2
44bacteremia10.2
45eales disease10.1SAG
46prostatitis10.1LACTB
47pustulosis palmaris et plantaris10.1ELANE
48arthus reaction10.1ELANE
49tonsillitis10.1LACTB
50felty's syndrome10.1CSF2

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Endophthalmitis:



Diseases related to endophthalmitis

Symptoms for Endophthalmitis

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Drugs & Therapeutics for Endophthalmitis

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Sources:
6CenterWatch, 43NIH Clinical Center, 7ClinicalTrials, 63UMLS, 42NDF-RT
See all sources

Approved drugs:

Search CenterWatch for Endophthalmitis

Drug clinical trials:

Search ClinicalTrials for Endophthalmitis

Search NIH Clinical Center for Endophthalmitis

Search CenterWatch for Endophthalmitis

Genetic Tests for Endophthalmitis

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Anatomical Context for Endophthalmitis

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Sources:
34MalaCards
See all sources

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Endophthalmitis:

34
Eye, Endothelial, Liver, Retina, Lung, Testes, Brain, Cortex

Animal Models for Endophthalmitis or affiliated genes

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38MGI
See all sources

MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Endophthalmitis:

38 (show all 20)
idDescriptionMGI Source AccessionScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1MP:00053818.2PLAT, IFNG, CCNE1, TNF, VEGFA
2MP:00053798.2VEGFA, TNF, PRF1, CCNE1, IFNG, CSF2
3MP:00053828.1VEGFA, TNF, IFNG, PLAT, CSF2
4MP:00020068.1VEGFA, TNF, PRF1, ELANE, CCNE1, IFNG
5MP:00053708.0VEGFA, TNF, PRF1, IFNG, F5
6MP:00107718.0VEGFA, TNF, PRF1, CCNE1, IFNG, CSF2
7MP:00053908.0VEGFA, TNF, CCNE1, IFNG, PLAT, CSF2
8MP:00053807.9VEGFA, TNF, CCNE1, IFNG, CSF2, F5
9MP:00053897.9VEGFA, TNF, PRF1, CCNE1, IFNG, PLAT
10MP:00053917.9VEGFA, TNF, SAG, IFNG, PLAT, HMGB1
11MP:00053887.9VEGFA, TNF, IFNG, PLAT, CSF2, HMGB1
12MP:00053857.7VEGFA, TNF, CCNE1, IFNG, PLAT, CSF2
13MP:00036317.6VEGFA, TNF, SAG, PRF1, CCNE1, IFNG
14MP:00053847.4VEGFA, TNF, PRF1, CCNE1, IFNG, PLAT
15MP:00053977.3VEGFA, TNF, PRF1, ELANE, CCNE1, IFNG
16MP:00053867.1VEGFA, TNF, PRF1, CCNE1, IFNG, PLAT
17MP:00053787.1VEGFA, TNF, PRF1, CCNE1, IFNG, PLAT
18MP:00053767.0VEGFA, TNF, PRF1, ELANE, IFNG, PLAT
19MP:00053877.0CSF2, DEFB1, VEGFA, TNF, PRF1, ELANE
20MP:00107686.5DEFB1, VEGFA, TNF, PRF1, ELANE, CCNE1

Publications for Endophthalmitis

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Sources:
53PubMed
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Articles related to Endophthalmitis:

(show top 50)    (show all 655)
idTitleAuthorsYear
1
A prospective and nationwide study investigating endophthalmitis following pars plana vitrectomy: incidence and risk factors. (24420916)
2014
2
A case of endogenous endophthalmitis complicated by neutropenia following bacteremia with Streptococcus mitis resistant to beta-lactam antibiotics. (22830590)
2013
3
Fungal corneal ulcer and bacterial orbital cellulitis occur as complications of bacterial endophthalmitis after cataract surgery in an immunocompetent patient. (23448560)
2013
4
Perioperative antibiotics for prevention of acute endophthalmitis after cataract surgery. (23857416)
2013
5
Risk factors for acute endophthalmitis following cataract surgery: a systematic review and meta-analysis. (23990980)
2013
6
NO CASES OF ENDOPHTHALMITIS AFTER 20,293 INTRAVITREAL INJECTIONS IN AN OPERATING ROOM SETTING. (24317292)
2013
7
ENDOPHTHALMITIS CAUSED BY ACHROMOBACTER XYLOSOXIDANS AFTER CATARACT SURGERY. (24150240)
2013
8
Endophthalmitis following intravitreal anti-VEGF injections in ambulatory surgical centre facility: incidence, management and outcome. (24064940)
2013
9
Endophthalmitis: an unusual presentation of bacteremia. (23262812)
2013
10
Incidence of acute endophthalmitis after intravitreal bevacizumab injection in a single clinical center. (23400076)
2013
11
ENDOPHTHALMITIS AFTER INTRAVITREAL INJECTION: Decreasing Incidence and Clinical Outcome-8-year Results from a Tertiary Ophthalmic Referral Center. (24136408)
2013
12
Streptococcus endophthalmitis outbreak after intravitreal injection of bevacizumab: one-year outcomes and investigative results. (23453511)
2013
13
Factors determining visual outcome in endogenous Candida endophthalmitis. (22298012)
2012
14
Endophthalmitis is not a "never event". (22858024)
2012
15
Diagnostic dilemmas in retinitis and endophthalmitis. (22116459)
2012
16
Real-time polymerase chain reaction in the diagnosis of acute postoperative endophthalmitis. (23149369)
2012
17
Use of DNA microarray analysis in diagnosis of bacterial and fungal endophthalmitis. (22399844)
2012
18
Recurrent endophthalmitis after trabeculectomy for glaucoma: importance of timely filtering bleb coverage for the conjunctiva. (23185177)
2012
19
Delayed- versus acute-onset endophthalmitis after cataract surgery. (22813452)
2012
20
Novel diagnosis of fungal endophthalmitis by broad-range real-time PCR detection of fungal 28S ribosomal DNA. (22527320)
2012
21
Surveillance of late-onset bleb leak, blebitis and bleb-related endophthalmitis--a UK incidence study. (22249317)
2012
22
Endogenous fungal endophthalmitis: causative organisms, management strategies, and visual acuity outcomes. (22709846)
2012
23
The comparison of fluoroquinolones to nonfluoroquinolone antibacterial agents for the prevention of endophthalmitis in a rabbit model. (22925112)
2012
24
Intravitreal daptomycin in a case of bilateral endogenous endophthalmitis. (22776941)
2012
25
Prophylactic effect of topical fluoroquinolones in a rabbit model of Staphylococcus aureus endophthalmitis. (22077488)
2012
26
Infectious keratitis progressing to endophthalmitis: a 15-year study of microbiology, associated factors, and clinical outcomes. (22858123)
2012
27
Role of inflammation in endophthalmitis. (22973073)
2012
28
Endogenous Candida albicans endophthalmitis following spontaneous abortion and IUD removal. (22165949)
2011
29
Self-induced Elizabethkingia meningoseptica endophthalmitis: a case report. (21745367)
2011
30
Severe acute endogenous endophthalmitis with Staphylococcus epidermidis in a systemically well patient. (23861621)
2011
31
Outcomes and risk factors associated with endophthalmitis after intravitreal injection of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor agents. (21705087)
2011
32
Long-term potency, sterility, and stability of vancomycin, ceftazidime, and moxifloxacin for treatment of bacterial endophthalmitis. (21358364)
2011
33
Clinical review of endogenous endophthalmitis in Korea: a 14-year review of culture positive cases of two large hospitals. (21623606)
2011
34
Late-onset Citrobacter koseri endophthalmitis with suture exposure after secondary intraocular lens implantation. (21860579)
2011
35
Preventive scleral buckling and silicone oil tamponade are important for posttraumatic endophthalmitis successfully managed with vitrectomy. (21893970)
2011
36
Obviating endophthalmitis after cataract surgery: excellent wound closure is the key. (22084227)
2011
37
A cluster of acute-onset postoperative endophthalmitis over a 1-month period: investigation of an outbreak caused by uncommon species. (20733020)
2011
38
Acute postoperative endophthalmitis in a patient with Darier's disease. (20806743)
2010
39
A case of bilateral endogenous Pantoea agglomerans endophthalmitis with interstitial lung disease. (20714391)
2010
40
Case of endogenous endophthalmitis caused by Streptococcus equisimilis. (20823933)
2010
41
Re: Infectious endophthalmitis after intravitreal injection of antiangiogenic agents. (21060278)
2010
42
Very severe HLA B27-associated panuveitis mimicking endophthalmitis: a case series. (20370345)
2010
43
Postoperative mycotic endophthalmitis. (20610105)
2010
44
Bilateral endophthalmitis as the initial presentation of bacterial meningitis. (20046699)
2009
45
Actinomyces neuii subspecies anitratus chronic endophthalmitis after cataract surgery. (17534833)
2007
46
Sympathetic ophthalmia following postoperative bacterial endophthalmitis: a clinicopathologic study. (16490496)
2006
47
Risk factors of acute endophthalmitis after cataract extraction: a case-control study in Asian eyes. (14693767)
2004
48
Pink hypopyon: a sign of Serratia marcescens endophthalmitis. (1486086)
1992
49
Congenital herpes simplex virus, type 2, bilateral endophthalmitis. (6985228)
1982
50
Congenital herpes simplex virus, type 2, bilateral endophthalmitis. (206999)
1977

Variations for Endophthalmitis

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Expression for genes affiliated with Endophthalmitis

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Sources:
2BioGPS, 16Gene Expression Omnibus DataSets
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Expression patterns in normal tissues for genes affiliated with Endophthalmitis

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Endophthalmitis.

Pathways for genes affiliated with Endophthalmitis

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Sources:
51PathCards, 39NCBI BioSystems Database, 61Thomson Reuters, 56Reactome, 54QIAGEN, 31KEGG, 55R&D Systems
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Pathways related to Endophthalmitis according to GeneCards/GeneDecks:

(show all 38)
idSuper pathways (with members indented)ScoreTop Affiliating Genes
19.8IFNG, PRF1
29.8IFNG, PRF1
39.7CSF2, IL8
4
Show member pathways
9.7PRF1, HMGB1
59.5TNF, IL8
69.5IFNG, TNF
7
Show member pathways
9.4CCNE1, PRF1, TNF
89.4IFNG, VEGFA
9
Show member pathways
9.3CSF2, IL8, IFNG
109.3IFNG, IL8, CSF2
11
Show member pathways
Ras signaling in the CD4+ TCR pathway39
9.3IFNG, PRF1, TNF
12
Show member pathways
9.3TNF, PRF1, IFNG
139.2PLAT, IL8, IFNG
14
Show member pathways
BCR signaling pathway39
TCR Signaling Pathway39
9.2CSF2, IFNG, TNF
159.2CSF2, IFNG, TNF
16
Show member pathways
9.2CSF2, IFNG, TNF
17
Show member pathways
Signaling Pathways in Glioblastoma39
9.2VEGFA, CCNE1, IL8
18
Show member pathways
thioredoxin pathway39
9.1TNF, IFNG, PLAT
199.1TNF, IFNG, IL8
20
Show member pathways
Immune response MIF in innate immunity response61
9.1IL8, IFNG, TNF
219.1TNF, IFNG, IL8
229.1IL8, IFNG, TNF
239.1TNF, IFNG, IL8
24
Show member pathways
Transcription NF kB signaling pathway61
Immune response Toll like receptor TLR ligands and common TLR signaling pathway leading to cell proinflammatory response61
9.1IL8, IFNG, TNF
259.1ELANE, IL8, PLAT, CSF2
269.1CCNE1, TNF, VEGFA
27
Show member pathways
9.0TNF, IL8, HMGB1
28
Show member pathways
Immune response BCR pathway61
Fc-epsilon receptor I signaling in mast cells39
9.0VEGFA, TNF, CSF2
29
Show member pathways
Immune response CD16 signaling in NK cells61
8.9CSF2, IFNG, PRF1, TNF
308.9IL8, TNF, VEGFA
31
Show member pathways
8.8IL8, IFNG, CCNE1, TNF
32
Show member pathways
Toll-like receptor signaling pathway39
Regulation of toll-like receptor signaling pathway39
8.8TNF, CCNE1, IFNG, IL8
338.8TNF, IFNG, IL8, CSF2
34
Show member pathways
Calcium signaling in the CD4+ TCR pathway39
8.8CSF2, IL8, IFNG, TNF
358.8TNF, ELANE, PLAT, HMGB1
36
Show member pathways
Proteasome Degradation39
Immune response Antigen presentation by MHC class I61
8.7TNF, CCNE1, IFNG, HMGB1
378.1CSF2, IL8, IFNG, TNF, VEGFA
38
Show member pathways
8.1CSF2, IL8, IFNG, TNF, VEGFA

Compounds for genes affiliated with Endophthalmitis

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Sources:
46Novoseek, 12DrugBank, 62Tocris Bioscience, 30IUPHAR, 52PharmGKB, 3BitterDB, 25HMDB
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Compounds related to Endophthalmitis according to GeneCards/GeneDecks:

(show top 50)    (show all 166)
idCompoundScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1cilomilast469.5TNF, IL8, ELANE
2ulinastatin469.5IL8, ELANE, TNF
3protamine469.4ELANE, PLAT, F5, IL8
4mip 1alpha469.3CSF2, IL8, TNF
5anaphylatoxin469.3HMGB1, CSF2, ELANE, IL8
6vancomycin46 1210.3LACTB, ELANE, F5
7aprotinin46 1210.2IL8, F5, PLAT, ELANE
8n-formylmethionyl-leucylphenylalanine469.2TNF, CSF2, IL8, ELANE
9ivig469.2CSF2, TNF, SAG, IFNG
10polymyxin b469.2TNF, DEFB1, IL8, IFNG
11il-12469.2IL8, CSF2, IFNG, TNF
12imiquimod46 62 30 1212.2TNF, IFNG, IL8, CSF2
13ceftriaxone46 1210.2PLAT, LACTB, F5
14taurine chloramine469.2IL8, F5, TNF, IFNG
15rolipram46 62 3011.2ELANE, TNF, IL8, IFNG
16budesonide46 52 1211.2IL8, CSF2, IFNG, TNF
17poly(i-c)469.1CSF2, IL8, IFNG, TNF
18il 10469.1TNF, IL8, IFNG, CSF2
19tarc469.1TNF, IFNG, IL8, CSF2
20azithromycin46 1210.1LACTB, CSF2, IL8
21gold sodium thiomalate469.0IL8, TNF, IFNG
22ofloxacin46 3 1211.0F5, CSF2, LACTB
23gabexate mesilate469.0TNF, ELANE, IL8, PLAT, F5
24fluticasone propionate46 52 62 1211.9TNF, ELANE, IFNG, IL8, CSF2
25pentoxifylline46 129.9ELANE, CSF2, IL8, IFNG, TNF
26neopterin468.9TNF, CSF2, IL8, IFNG, ELANE
27triptolide468.9TNF, VEGFA, IFNG, IL8
28rantes468.8DEFB1, IFNG, IL8, CSF2, TNF
29prostacyclin468.7TNF, VEGFA, F5, PLAT, ELANE
30thalidomide46 52 62 1211.6CSF2, IFNG, VEGFA, TNF
3115-deoxy-delta-12,14-prostaglandin j2468.6TNF, VEGFA, IL8, IFNG, CSF2
32hydrocortisone46 3 62 1211.6F5, IL8, IFNG, ELANE, CSF2, TNF
33carboplatin46 52 1210.6HMGB1, IFNG, VEGFA, CSF2
34superoxide46 259.5TNF, HMGB1, CSF2, ELANE, PRF1, IL8
35butyrate468.4HMGB1, CSF2, IL8, TNF, IFNG
36lactate468.4HMGB1, CSF2, TNF, IL8, ELANE, F5
37gm-csf46 309.3TNF, IFNG, ELANE, VEGFA, IL8, CSF2
38simvastatin46 52 62 30 25 1213.2F5, TNF, PLAT, VEGFA, IL8, IFNG
39actinomycin d468.1IL8, CSF2, VEGFA, TNF, IFNG, PLAT
40fibrinogen468.1F5, ELANE, PLAT, HMGB1, TNF
41endotoxin468.0IL8, CSF2, F5, HMGB1, ELANE, IFNG
42sb 20358046 629.0HMGB1, VEGFA, CSF2, IL8, TNF, IFNG
43pge2468.0VEGFA, IL8, SAG, CSF2, ELANE, TNF
44cysteine468.0PLAT, IL8, IFNG, F5, ELANE, HMGB1
45cycloheximide467.9CSF2, PLAT, IFNG, PRF1, TNF, VEGFA
46heparin46 30 25 1210.8PLAT, IL8, ELANE, SAG, VEGFA, CSF2
47cyclosporin a46 30 629.8CSF2, TNF, IFNG, IL8, ELANE, HMGB1
48retinoic acid46 258.8CSF2, DEFB1, TNF, ELANE, IFNG, F5
49dexamethasone46 52 30 1210.7VEGFA, TNF, DEFB1, HMGB1, CSF2, IL8
50serine466.9F5, PLAT, LACTB, SAG, IL8, CCNE1

GO Terms for genes affiliated with Endophthalmitis

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Sources:
17Gene Ontology
See all sources

Cellular components related to Endophthalmitis according to GeneCards/GeneDecks:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1secretory granuleGO:0301419.2PLAT, ELANE, VEGFA
2cell surfaceGO:0099867.8VEGFA, TNF, ELANE, PLAT, HMGB1
3extracellular spaceGO:0056156.8VEGFA, TNF, IFNG, IL8, PLAT, CSF2
4extracellular regionGO:0055766.1HMGB1, DEFB1, VEGFA, TNF, PRF1, ELANE

Biological processes related to Endophthalmitis according to GeneCards/GeneDecks:

(show all 22)
idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1positive regulation of interleukin-23 productionGO:03274710.0CSF2, IFNG
2positive regulation of podosome assemblyGO:0718039.9CSF2, TNF
3positive regulation of interleukin-8 biosynthetic processGO:0454169.9ELANE, TNF
4positive regulation of vitamin D biosynthetic processGO:0605579.8IFNG, TNF
5positive regulation of calcidiol 1-monooxygenase activityGO:0605599.8IFNG, TNF
6positive regulation of chemokine biosynthetic processGO:0450809.8IFNG, TNF
7embryonic digestive tract developmentGO:0485669.7IL8, TNF
8positive regulation of membrane protein ectodomain proteolysisGO:0510449.7IFNG, TNF
9defense response to bacteriumGO:0427429.7DEFB1, ELANE, IFNG
10induction of positive chemotaxisGO:0509309.6VEGFA, IL8
11negative regulation of extrinsic apoptotic signaling pathway in absence of ligandGO:20012409.6CSF2, TNF
12positive regulation of osteoclast differentiationGO:0456729.6TNF, IFNG
13cellular response to lipopolysaccharideGO:0712229.6IFNG, IL8, CSF2
14positive regulation of protein complex assemblyGO:0313349.6TNF, VEGFA
15protein import into nucleus, translocationGO:0000609.6IFNG, TNF
16negative regulation of growth of symbiont in hostGO:0441309.5IFNG, ELANE, TNF
17positive regulation of MAP kinase activityGO:0434069.4VEGFA, TNF, ELANE
18positive chemotaxisGO:0509189.2HMGB1, VEGFA
19positive regulation of nitric oxide biosynthetic processGO:0454299.2IFNG, TNF
20response to hypoxiaGO:0016669.1PLAT, TNF, VEGFA
21apoptotic processGO:0069158.7TNF, PRF1, IFNG, HMGB1
22negative regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoterGO:0001228.4VEGFA, TNF, ELANE, IFNG, HMGB1

Molecular functions related to Endophthalmitis according to GeneCards/GeneDecks:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1chemoattractant activityGO:0420569.3HMGB1, VEGFA
2serine-type endopeptidase activityGO:0042529.2ELANE, PLAT, F5
3cytokine activityGO:0051258.0HMGB1, CSF2, IFNG, TNF, VEGFA
4protein bindingGO:0055156.4ELANE, PRF1, TNF, VEGFA, CCNE1, IL8

Products for genes affiliated with Endophthalmitis

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  • Antibodies
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Sources for Endophthalmitis

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4CDC
14ExPASy
15FMA
23GTR
24HGMD
25HMDB
26ICD10
27ICD10 via Orphanet
28ICD9CM
30IUPHAR
31KEGG
36MeSH
37MESH via Orphanet
38MGI
41NCIt
42NDF-RT
45NINDS
46Novoseek
48OMIM
49OMIM via Orphanet
53PubMed
54QIAGEN
60SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
63UMLS
64UMLS via Orphanet