MCID: EPN002
MIFTS: 62

Ependymoma malady

Genetic diseases, Rare diseases, Neuronal diseases, Cancer diseases categories

Summaries for Ependymoma

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66Wikipedia, 34MalaCards
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Wikipedia:66 Ependymoma is a tumor that arises from the ependyma, a tissue of the central nervous system. Usually, in... more...

MalaCards: Ependymoma, also known as tanycytic ependymoma, is related to myxopapillary ependymoma and anaplastic ependymoma. An important gene associated with Ependymoma is RELA (v-rel avian reticuloendotheliosis viral oncogene homolog A), and among its related pathways are Epstein-Barr virus infection and IL-9 Signaling Pathways. The drug carmustine and the compounds eosin and mucicarmine have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include spinal cord, brain and bone, and related mouse phenotypes are respiratory system and limbs/digits/tail.

Aliases & Classifications for Ependymoma

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44NIH Rare Diseases, 63UMLS, 46Novoseek, 50Orphanet, 60SNOMED-CT via Orphanet, 64UMLS via Orphanet
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Classifications:

Malacards categories (disease lists): (See all malacards categories)
Global: Genetic diseases, Rare diseases, Cancer diseases
Anatomical: Neuronal diseases


Characteristics (Orphanet epidemiological data):

50
ependymoma:
Inheritance: Sporadic; Age of onset: Variable


Aliases & Descriptions:

ependymoma 44 46 50 63
tanycytic ependymoma 44 63
papillary ependymoma 44 63
cellular ependymoma 44 63
clear cell ependymoma 44
ependymoma, familial 44


External Ids:

SNOMED-CT via Orphanet60 443643007
UMLS via Orphanet64 C0014474

Related Diseases for Ependymoma

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18GeneCards, 19GeneDecks
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Diseases in the Ependymoma family:

Malignant Adult Ependymoma Benign Ependymoma
Malignant Ependymoma

Diseases related to Ependymoma via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards/GeneDecks gene sharing:

(show top 50)    (show all 227)
idRelated DiseaseScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1myxopapillary ependymoma31.6GFAP, S100B
2anaplastic ependymoma31.2GFAP, PTEN, MUC1, S100B, NF2, MDM2
3spinal cord ependymoma31.2NF2, HOXB13
4tanycytic ependymoma31.1GFAP, NF2
5clear cell ependymoma31.1VIM, MUC1
6malignant ependymoma30.9GFAP, NF2
7papillary ependymoma30.8GFAP, SYP, S100B
8choroid plexus papilloma30.5GFAP
9oligodendroglioma30.5PTEN, GFAP, MGMT
10medulloblastoma30.5MGMT, GFAP, NGFR, SYP, S100B, NCAM1
11neurofibromatosis30.4S100B, MEN1, NGFR, NF2
12meningioma30.3NF2, MKI67, GFAP, PTEN, VIM, MUC1
13astrocytoma30.3GFAP, NGFR, PTEN, VIM, SYP, S100B
14hemangioblastoma30.3GFAP, MUC1, SYP, S100B
15gliosarcoma30.1GFAP, PTEN
16multiple endocrine neoplasia30.1NF2, MEN1
17chordoma30.1GFAP, VIM, MUC1, S100B, NCAM1
18paraganglioma30.0GFAP, MEN1, SYP, S100B, NCAM1
19lipoma30.0C11orf95, PTEN, MEN1, MDM2
20pilocytic astrocytoma30.0MGMT, GFAP, PTEN, SYP, S100B
21astroblastoma30.0VIM, GFAP
22ganglioglioma29.9S100B, SYP, GFAP
23chondrosarcoma29.9MDM2, S100B, MUC1, VIM
24neuroendocrine tumor29.8MKI67, MEN1, SYP, NCAM1
25sarcoma29.8MKI67, VIM, MUC1, S100B, NF2, MDM2
26neurofibroma29.8NGFR, VIM, MUC1, SYP, S100B, NF2
27malignant glioma29.7MGMT, GFAP, NGFR, PTEN, SYP, NF2
28adenocarcinoma29.3MUC1, VIM, PTEN, NGFR, MKI67, MGMT
29pediatric ependymoma10.6
30cervicitis10.5
31choroiditis10.4
32cerebritis10.3
33hydrocephalus10.3
34cellular ependymoma10.3
35pediatric supratentorial ependymoma10.3
36siderosis10.3
37subependymoma10.3
38syringomyelia10.2
39pediatric infratentorial ependymoma10.2
40brain ependymoma10.2
41papilloma10.2
42superficial siderosis10.2
43brain stem ependymoma10.2
44back pain10.2
45headache10.2
46mixed glioma10.1GFAP
47dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumor10.1SYP
48melanotic neuroectodermal tumor10.1SYP
49hidradenoma10.1MUC1
50dermatofibrosarcoma10.1MDM2

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Ependymoma:



Diseases related to ependymoma

Symptoms for Ependymoma

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Drugs & Therapeutics for Ependymoma

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Sources:
6CenterWatch, 43NIH Clinical Center, 7ClinicalTrials, 63UMLS, 42NDF-RT
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Approved drugs:

Search CenterWatch for Ependymoma

Drug clinical trials:

Search ClinicalTrials for Ependymoma

Search NIH Clinical Center for Ependymoma

Search CenterWatch for Ependymoma

Inferred drug relations via UMLS63/NDF-RT42:

Genetic Tests for Ependymoma

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Anatomical Context for Ependymoma

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34MalaCards
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MalaCards organs/tissues related to Ependymoma:

34
Spinal cord, Brain, Bone, Pituitary, Medulla oblongata, Temporal lobe, Cerebellum, Liver, Lung, Ovary, Endothelial, Pineal, Olfactory bulb, Prostate, Lymph node, Cortex, Retina, Skin

Animal Models for Ependymoma or affiliated genes

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38MGI
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MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Ependymoma:

38 (show all 21)
idDescriptionMGI Source AccessionScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1MP:00053888.7NF2, RELA, VIM, PTEN, NGFR
2MP:00053718.6HOXB13, NGFR, PTEN, RELA, MDM2
3MP:00053828.4NGFR, PTEN, MEN1, NF2, MDM2
4MP:00053818.4GFAP, NGFR, PTEN, MUC1, RELA, MEN1
5MP:00053708.4NGFR, PTEN, MUC1, RELA, MEN1, NF2
6MP:00020068.3MGMT, PTEN, MUC1, MEN1, NF2, MDM2
7MP:00053698.3GFAP, NGFR, PTEN, VIM, RELA, MEN1
8MP:00053808.3HOXB13, PTEN, VIM, RELA, MEN1, NF2
9MP:00107718.1HOXB13, NGFR, PTEN, MUC1, RELA, S100B
10MP:00053858.1GFAP, NGFR, PTEN, VIM, RELA, MEN1
11MP:00028738.1GFAP, NGFR, PTEN, MUC1, RELA, SYP
12MP:00053798.1HOXB13, MGMT, PTEN, MUC1, RELA, MEN1
13MP:00053898.0HOXB13, PTEN, VIM, MEN1, NF2, MDM2
14MP:00053877.9GFAP, NGFR, PTEN, VIM, RELA, MEN1
15MP:00053917.7GFAP, NGFR, PTEN, VIM, MUC1, RELA
16MP:00053767.3MGMT, GFAP, NGFR, PTEN, VIM, MUC1
17MP:00053867.2HOXB13, GFAP, NGFR, PTEN, VIM, S100B
18MP:00053787.2GFAP, NGFR, PTEN, VIM, RELA, MEN1
19MP:00053847.1HOXB13, GFAP, NGFR, PTEN, VIM, RELA
20MP:00107686.6MGMT, GFAP, NGFR, PTEN, VIM, RELA
21MP:00036316.5MDM2, HOXB13, GFAP, NGFR, PTEN, VIM

Publications for Ependymoma

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53PubMed
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Articles related to Ependymoma:

(show top 50)    (show all 749)
idTitleAuthorsYear
1
Treatment of Ovarian Anaplastic Ependymoma by an Aromatase Inhibitor. (24413241)
2014
2
Tanycytic ependymoma of the filum terminale associated with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1: first reported case. (23562332)
2013
3
Peroxiredoxins and their expression in ependymomas. (23076395)
2013
4
Resection of filum terminale ependymoma. (23417748)
2013
5
Supra- and infratentorial pediatric ependymomas differ significantly in NeuN, p75 and GFAP expression. (23371454)
2013
6
Myxopapillary ependymoma in the third ventricle area and sacral canal: dropped or retrograde metastasis? (23615415)
2013
7
A cortical cystic epileptogenic lesion: tanycytic ependymoma. (23160807)
2013
8
Management of pediatric myxopapillary ependymoma: the role of adjuvant radiation. (22713833)
2013
9
Subcutaneous sacrococcygeal myxopapillary ependymoma in asian female:a case report. (22383930)
2012
10
Metronomic cyclophosphamide with cisplatin and bevacizumab: a new chemotherapeutic regimen for refractory anaplastic ependymoma. (23155280)
2012
11
Pediatric infratentorial ependymoma: prognostic significance of anaplastic histology. (21863401)
2012
12
Evaluating the incidence and utility of microscopic metastatic dissemination as diagnosed by lumbar cerebro-spinal fluid (CSF) samples in children with newly diagnosed intracranial ependymoma. (21038109)
2011
13
Supratentorial clear cell ependymoma mimicking oligodendroglioma : case report and review of the literature. (22102956)
2011
14
Molecular genetics of ependymoma. (21959044)
2011
15
Intracranial ependymoma associated with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1. (20142633)
2010
16
Proton beam therapy following resection for childhood ependymoma. (20024657)
2010
17
Utility of cerebrospinal fluid cytology in newly diagnosed childhood ependymoma. (20463607)
2010
18
Pigmented ependymoma with signet-ring cells and Rosenthal fibers: a rare variant of ependymoma. (19508348)
2010
19
Conus ependymoma with holocord syringomyelia. (19587487)
2009
20
Survival following treatment for intracranial ependymoma: a review. (19387655)
2009
21
Expression of leucine-rich repeats and immunoglobulin-like domains (LRIG) proteins in human ependymoma relates to tumor location, WHO grade, and patient age. (19216216)
2009
22
Evolution of neurological impairment in pediatric infratentorial ependymoma patients. (19330288)
2009
23
Conformal radiotherapy after surgery for paediatric ependymoma: a prospective study. (19274783)
2009
24
Cytokine and growth factor responses after radiotherapy for localized ependymoma. (19019565)
2009
25
Recurrent ependymoma with cartilaginous metaplasia in an adult: report of a rare case and review of literature. (19353841)
2009
26
Immunohistochemical comparison of chordoma with chondrosarcoma, myxopapillary ependymoma, and chordoid meningioma. (19521276)
2009
27
Giant cell ependymoma of the thoracic spine: pathology case report. (19240583)
2009
28
Sacral myxopapillary ependymoma with extensive osteolysis. (17952371)
2008
29
Conus ependymoma with holocord syringohydromyelia and syringobulbia. (17660060)
2007
30
Case report: primary subcutaneous sacrococcygeal ependymoma: a case report and review of the literature. (16632628)
2006
31
Intradural extramedullary spinal anaplastic ependymoma. Case illustration. (17120902)
2006
32
Myxopapillary ependymoma with intracranial metastases. (16455546)
2005
33
Extra-axial ependymoma of posterior fossa extending to the Meckel's cave. (15885395)
2005
34
Monomorphous angiocentric glioma: a distinctive epileptogenic neoplasm with features of infiltrating astrocytoma and ependymoma. (16215459)
2005
35
Stromal cells in hemangioblastoma: neuroectodermal differentiation and morphological similarities to ependymoma. (15982211)
2005
36
Large supratentorial ectopic ependymoma with massive calcification and cyst formation--case report. (15508351)
2004
37
Light microscopic demonstration of the microlumen of ependymoma: a study of the usefulness of antigen retrieval for epithelial membrane antigen (EMA) immunostaining. (15696964)
2004
38
Distribution of the extracellular matrix glycoproteins in ependymomas--an immunohistochemical study with follow-up analysis. (15254676)
2004
39
Experience with tamoxifen/etoposide in the treatment of a child with myxopapillary ependymoma. (11466729)
2001
40
Tanycytic ependymoma in association with neurofibromatosis type 2. (11430494)
2001
41
Neuroradiology case of the day. Myxopapillary ependymoma of the conus medullaris or filum terminale resulting in superficial siderosis and dissemination of tumor along CSF pathways. (9599402)
1998
42
Anaplastic ependymoma: treatment of pediatric patients with or without craniospinal radiation therapy. (9171172)
1997
43
Efficacy and feasibility of stereotactic radiosurgery in the primary management of unfavorable pediatric ependymoma. (9215786)
1997
44
Tanycytic ependymoma. (9090024)
1997
45
Expression of platelet-derived growth factor transcripts in medulloblastomas and ependymomas. (8841077)
1996
46
TGF beta 1 and TGF beta 2 are potential growth regulators for medulloblastomas, primitive neuroectodermal tumors, and ependymomas: evidence in support of an autocrine hypothesis. (8200640)
1994
47
Intramedullary abscess associated with a spinal cord ependymoma: case report. (1738441)
1992
48
Mixed ependymoma-astrocytoma (subependymoma?) of the cerebral cortex. (3201927)
1988
49
Case report 435: Myxopapillary ependymoma of filum terminale with massive bone destruction of sacrum. (3659996)
1987
50
Myxopapillary ependymoma of the lateral ventricle. A study on the mechanism of its stromal myxoid change. (6359815)
1983

Variations for Ependymoma

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Expression for genes affiliated with Ependymoma

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Sources:
2BioGPS, 16Gene Expression Omnibus DataSets
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Expression patterns in normal tissues for genes affiliated with Ependymoma

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Ependymoma.

Pathways for genes affiliated with Ependymoma

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Sources:
51PathCards, 31KEGG, 55R&D Systems, 39NCBI BioSystems Database, 61Thomson Reuters, 54QIAGEN, 62Tocris Bioscience, 13EMD Millipore, 5Cell Signaling Technology, 56Reactome
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Pathways related to Ependymoma according to GeneCards/GeneDecks:

(show all 21)
idSuper pathways (with members indented)ScoreTop Affiliating Genes
19.6MDM2, RELA, VIM
2
Show member pathways
IL-9 Signaling Pathway39
Development Thrombopoietin regulated cell processes61
IL-7 Signaling Pathway39
Immune response IL 9 signaling pathway61
9.5RELA, MUC1, PTEN
3
Show member pathways
9.5NGFR, RELA, MDM2
49.5GFAP, NGFR, VIM
5
Show member pathways
BCR signaling pathway39
TCR Signaling Pathway39
9.4PTEN, VIM, RELA
6
Show member pathways
Signaling Pathways in Glioblastoma39
9.4MDM2, RELA, PTEN
7
Show member pathways
Immune response IL 4 signaling pathway61
Signal transduction AKT signaling61
9.4MDM2, RELA, PTEN
8
Show member pathways
Signal transduction PTEN pathway61
9.4MDM2, RELA, PTEN
99.4PTEN, RELA, MDM2
10
Show member pathways
Translation Non genomic rapid action of Androgen Receptor61
9.4MDM2, RELA, PTEN
11
Show member pathways
Development EGFR signaling via PIP361
Development PDGF signaling via MAPK cascades61
Apoptosis and survival Anti apoptotic action of membrane bound ESR161
Signaling of Hepatocyte Growth Factor Receptor39
Development EGFR signaling via small GTPases61
Development Neurotrophin family signaling61
Apoptosis and survival NGF signaling pathway61
Apoptosis and survival Role of CDK5 in neuronal death and survival61
9.3NGFR, PTEN, RELA
129.3MEN1, RELA, MGMT
139.1NGFR, RELA, MEN1, MDM2
149.0NCAM1, RELA, NGFR
159.0NGFR, PTEN, RELA, MDM2
16
Show member pathways
9.0NGFR, PTEN, RELA, MDM2
17
Show member pathways
8.9GFAP, PTEN, RELA, S100B, MDM2
188.7MDM2, NF2, PTEN, MGMT
19
Show member pathways
8.4GFAP, NGFR, PTEN, VIM, MUC1, MDM2
20
Show member pathways
8.1GFAP, NGFR, PTEN, RELA, MEN1, S100B
217.5NF2, NCAM1, S100B, SYP, NGFR, GFAP

Compounds for genes affiliated with Ependymoma

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Sources:
46Novoseek, 25HMDB, 12DrugBank, 52PharmGKB, 62Tocris Bioscience, 30IUPHAR, 3BitterDB
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Compounds related to Ependymoma according to GeneCards/GeneDecks:

(show top 50)    (show all 123)
idCompoundScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1eosin469.8S100B, GFAP, VIM, MUC1
2mucicarmine469.6SYP, S100B, MUC1, VIM
3b 723469.5SYP, S100B, VIM, MUC1
4s 100469.4VIM, GFAP, S100B, MUC1, SYP
5reticulin469.4GFAP, MUC1, SYP, S100B, VIM
6dutp469.2MKI67, GFAP, MDM2, SYP
7streptozotocin469.1SYP, MGMT, GFAP, VIM
8choline46 25 1211.0GFAP, SYP, NGFR, VIM, S100B
9forskolin46 52 1210.8GFAP, SYP, S100B, MUC1, VIM, NGFR
10bromodeoxyuridine468.6GFAP, VIM, NCAM1, S100B, MKI67
11ganglioside468.6GFAP, NGFR, SYP, NCAM1, VIM
12methotrexate52 46 1210.5MGMT, MDM2, VIM, MUC1, MKI67
13agar468.5MUC1, NF2, VIM, GFAP, NGFR, MDM2
14matrigel468.4GFAP, NGFR, VIM, MUC1, NCAM1
15dbc-amp468.4NCAM1, GFAP, NGFR, VIM, SYP, S100B
16etoposide46 52 62 1211.4PTEN, VIM, S100B, MGMT, MDM2, SYP
17gaba468.3S100B, VIM, GFAP, NCAM1, SYP, NGFR
18formaldehyde46 259.3S100B, SYP, MUC1, VIM, GFAP, MKI67
19acetylcholine46 52 30 25 1212.3SYP, GFAP, NGFR, VIM, S100B, NCAM1
20estradiol46 25 1210.3MUC1, SYP, PTEN, MDM2, GFAP, MKI67
21genistein46 30 62 3 25 1213.3PTEN, SYP, MGMT, MDM2, VIM, GFAP
225fluorouracil468.2MDM2, MUC1, MGMT, MKI67, PTEN
23creatinine468.1GFAP, VIM, MUC1, SYP, S100B, NCAM1
24cyclic amp46 259.1GFAP, MDM2, S100B, SYP, MUC1, VIM
25glycogen46 259.1MDM2, S100B, MUC1, MKI67, VIM, GFAP
26paclitaxel46 52 1210.0VIM, MDM2, S100B, MGMT, MKI67, GFAP
27oxygen46 259.0MKI67, GFAP, PTEN, MUC1, RELA, NGFR
28leucine468.0GFAP, NGFR, PTEN, VIM, SYP, S100B
29cisplatin46 52 62 1210.9SYP, MDM2, MUC1, GFAP, MKI67, MGMT
30lactate467.8MGMT, S100B, NCAM1, MKI67, GFAP, VIM
31thymidine46 258.8MKI67, GFAP, MUC1, MEN1, S100B, MDM2
32glutamate467.8MDM2, NCAM1, S100B, SYP, NGFR, GFAP
33vincristine46 52 129.7MGMT, PTEN, VIM, NCAM1, MDM2, MKI67
34doxorubicin46 52 129.6MDM2, MKI67, VIM, MGMT, NCAM1, PTEN
35ethanol46 52 25 1210.4MKI67, NGFR, PTEN, MUC1, SYP, GFAP
36dexamethasone46 52 30 1210.2SYP, MUC1, VIM, MGMT, S100B, NCAM1
37threonine467.2NGFR, MUC1, S100B, GFAP, NF2, MDM2
38hematoxylin467.1MKI67, NCAM1, S100B, SYP, MUC1, VIM
39testosterone46 62 25 1210.0MKI67, GFAP, PTEN, MUC1, RELA, SYP
40lipid467.0MKI67, MUC1, SYP, NCAM1, NGFR, PTEN
41nitric oxide46 25 128.7NCAM1, MGMT, MKI67, NGFR, MDM2, S100B
42retinoic acid46 257.5SYP, MGMT, NCAM1, S100B, MUC1, VIM
43cysteine466.4SYP, MGMT, S100B, MDM2, NF2, NCAM1
44tyrosine466.4MKI67, GFAP, NGFR, PTEN, MUC1, S100B
45serine465.9NF2, GFAP, MEN1, MUC1, VIM, SYP
46progesterone46 30 62 25 129.9GFAP, MKI67, MGMT, MDM2, NF2, NCAM1
47calcium46 52 25 128.8MDM2, SYP, NCAM1, MEN1, RELA, MUC1
48estrogen465.8S100B, NCAM1, MDM2, SYP, MEN1, MUC1
49vegf465.8NGFR, PTEN, VIM, MUC1, MEN1, SYP
50paraffin465.7VIM, MGMT, NCAM1, NF2, S100B, PTEN

GO Terms for genes affiliated with Ependymoma

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Sources:
17Gene Ontology
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Cellular components related to Ependymoma according to GeneCards/GeneDecks:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1nucleoplasmGO:0056548.5MEN1, RELA, NGFR, MGMT, MDM2
2cytosolGO:0058298.0GFAP, MDM2, MEN1, RELA, VIM, PTEN
3nucleolusGO:0057307.8MKI67, HOXB13, MDM2, NF2, MEN1, PTEN
4nucleusGO:0056346.9MDM2, NF2, S100B, MEN1, RELA, PTEN
5cytoplasmGO:0057376.4PTEN, MUC1, GFAP, MKI67, RELA, MEN1

Biological processes related to Ependymoma according to GeneCards/GeneDecks:

(show all 19)
idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1Bergmann glial cell differentiationGO:06002010.3VIM, GFAP
2astrocyte developmentGO:01400210.2GFAP, VIM
3intermediate filament organizationGO:04510910.2VIM, GFAP
4regulation of neuronal synaptic plasticityGO:04816810.0S100B, SYP
5membrane protein intracellular domain proteolysisGO:03129310.0NGFR, RELA
6response to morphineGO:0432789.9MDM2, RELA
7negative regulation of organ growthGO:0466219.9PTEN, MEN1
8long-term synaptic potentiationGO:0602919.8S100B, PTEN, GFAP
9negative regulation of neuron projection developmentGO:0109779.6VIM, GFAP
10regulation of cysteine-type endopeptidase activity involved in apoptotic processGO:0432819.6NGFR, MGMT
11negative regulation of axonogenesisGO:0507719.6PTEN, NGFR
12positive regulation of apoptotic signaling pathwayGO:20012359.5PTEN, NGFR
13central nervous system developmentGO:0074179.5NGFR, PTEN, S100B
14Fc-epsilon receptor signaling pathwayGO:0380959.3PTEN, RELA, MDM2
15positive regulation of cell proliferationGO:0082849.3MDM2, S100B, RELA, PTEN
16neurotrophin TRK receptor signaling pathwayGO:0480119.3NGFR, PTEN, RELA, MDM2
17positive regulation of apoptotic processGO:0430659.2NGFR, PTEN, MEN1, S100B
18response to drugGO:0424939.1MDM2, RELA, PTEN, MGMT
19negative regulation of apoptotic processGO:0430669.1NGFR, PTEN, RELA, MDM2

Molecular functions related to Ependymoma according to GeneCards/GeneDecks:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1scaffold protein bindingGO:0971109.9MDM2, VIM
2ubiquitin protein ligase bindingGO:0316259.2NGFR, RELA, MDM2
3identical protein bindingGO:0428028.1S100B, NCAM1, MDM2, SYP, RELA, VIM
4protein bindingGO:0055156.9MKI67, NGFR, PTEN, VIM, MUC1, RELA

Products for genes affiliated with Ependymoma

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  • Antibodies
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Sources for Ependymoma

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4CDC
14ExPASy
15FMA
23GTR
24HGMD
25HMDB
26ICD10
27ICD10 via Orphanet
28ICD9CM
30IUPHAR
31KEGG
36MeSH
37MESH via Orphanet
38MGI
41NCIt
42NDF-RT
45NINDS
46Novoseek
48OMIM
49OMIM via Orphanet
53PubMed
54QIAGEN
60SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
63UMLS
64UMLS via Orphanet