MCID: EST005
MIFTS: 40

Esotropia malady

Rare diseases, Neuronal diseases, Eye diseases categories
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Summaries for Esotropia

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Sources:
8Disease Ontology, 65Wikipedia, 33MalaCards
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Wikipedia:65 Esotropia is a form of strabismus, or \"squint,\" in which one or both eyes turns inward. The condition... more...

MalaCards: Esotropia, also known as convergence in manifest squint, is related to accommodative esotropia and exotropia. An important gene associated with Esotropia is NR2E3 (nuclear receptor subfamily 2, group E, member 3). The drug echothiophate iodide and the compound cysteine have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include eye, brain and testes.

Disease Ontology:8 Esotropia is a strabismus in which the eye turns inward toward the nose.

Aliases & Classifications for Esotropia

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8Disease Ontology, 43NIH Rare Diseases, 10DISEASES, 62UMLS, 35MeSH, 58SNOMED-CT, 27ICD9CM, 40NCIt
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Classifications:

Malacards categories (disease lists): (See all malacards categories)
Global: Rare diseases
Anatomical: Neuronal diseases, Eye diseases


Aliases & Descriptions:

esotropia 8 43 10 62
convergence in manifest squint 8
internal strabismus 8
crossed eyes 8


External Ids:

Disease Ontology8 DOID:9840
MeSH35 D004948
ICD9CM27 378.0, 378.00
NCIt40 C34596

Related Diseases for Esotropia

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Sources:
17GeneCards, 18GeneDecks
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Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Esotropia:



Diseases related to esotropia

Symptoms for Esotropia

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Drugs & Therapeutics for Esotropia

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Sources:
42NIH Clinical Center, 6ClinicalTrials, 62UMLS, 41NDF-RT
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Drug clinical trials:

Search ClinicalTrials for Esotropia

Search NIH Clinical Center for Esotropia

Inferred drug relations via UMLS62/NDF-RT41:

Genetic Tests for Esotropia

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Anatomical Context for Esotropia

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33MalaCards
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MalaCards organs/tissues related to Esotropia:

33
Eye, Brain, Testes

Animal Models for Esotropia or affiliated genes

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Publications for Esotropia

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52PubMed
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Articles related to Esotropia:

(show top 50)    (show all 590)
idTitleAuthorsYear
1
Medial rectus recession is as effective as lateral rectus resection in divergence paralysis esotropia. (22688183)
2012
2
The analysis of AC/A ratio in nonrefractive accommodative esotropia treated with bifocal glasses. (22323884)
2012
3
Long-term follow-up of bilateral botulinum toxin injections versus bilateral recessions of the medial rectus muscles for treatment of infantile esotropia. (22681945)
2012
4
Treatment of congenital esotropia with botulinum toxin type A. (19878118)
2011
5
Results of surgery for congenital esotropia. (21351685)
2011
6
Globe fixation with homologous temporalis fascia transplant for treatment of restrictive esotropia strabismus: an interventional case report and review of the literature. (22204550)
2011
7
The BrA1ckner transillumination test: limited detection of small-angle esotropia. (21856007)
2011
8
Acute v pattern esotropia without abduction deficit, secondary to a posterior fossa pilocytic astrocytoma. (19645405)
2009
9
Exercise-induced esotropia. (21149180)
2008
10
Prevalence of amblyogenic risk factors in siblings of patients with accommodative esotropia. (18534882)
2008
11
Familial blepharophimosis-like syndrome with esotropia, uveal coloboma, and short stature. (17050282)
2006
12
Diagnosis and management of accommodative esotropia. (16907672)
2006
13
Interventions for infantile esotropia. (15674970)
2005
14
Short-term motor and sensory outcomes in acquired nonaccommodative esotropia of childhood. (16251139)
2005
15
Long-term study of accommodative esotropia. (16414516)
2005
16
Risk factors for accommodative esotropia among hypermetropic children. (15671278)
2005
17
A prospective study of alternating occlusion prior to surgical alignment for infantile esotropia: one-year postoperative motor results. (17057785)
2005
18
Progressive cerebellar tonsillar herniation with recurrent divergence insufficiency esotropia. (15226735)
2004
19
Photorefractive keratectomy followed by strabismus surgery for the treatment of partly accommodative esotropia. (15616503)
2004
20
Prism adaptation in visually mature patients with esotropia of childhood onset. (14711731)
2004
21
Evidence-based medicine in congenital esotropia. (12691226)
2003
22
Acute esotropia in heroin withdrawal: a case series. (14521504)
2003
23
Maldevelopment of convergence eye movements in macaque monkeys with small- and large-angle infantile esotropia. (12882782)
2003
24
Correcting esotropia-time is of the essence! (11907471)
2002
25
Re-recession of the medial rectus muscles in patients with recurrent esotropia. (11753260)
2001
26
A randomized comparison of prism adaptation and augmented surgery in the surgical management of esotropia associated with hypermetropia: one-year surgical outcomes. (11182670)
2001
27
Accommodative esotropia: an unrecognized cause of hemifacial spasm in children. (11508921)
2001
28
Up-shoot in adduction has no prognostic value for decompensation in refractive accommodative esotropia. (11584845)
2000
29
Surgery Or not for fully accommodative esotropia (11093085)
2000
30
A three dimensional surgical dose-response schedule for lateral rectus resections for residual congenital/infantile esotropia after large bilateral medial rectus recessions. (10767679)
2000
31
Strabology semantics: ?orthotropia; microtropia?; surgery for accommodative esotropia?; Bielschowsky released. (11093091)
2000
32
Clinical features and surgery for acquired progressive esotropia associated with severe myopia. (10071152)
1999
33
Infantile esotropia: evidence for conservative management in the visually immature where follow-up treatment is unavailable or limited. (9683931)
1998
34
Cyclic esotropia after a traumatic sixth nerve palsy in a child. (10532729)
1998
35
Early-onset refractive accommodative esotropia. (10646748)
1998
36
The accommodative convergence/accommodation (AC/A) and near convergence/distance (NC/D) ratios in esotropia. (9559507)
1998
37
Etiology and surgical management of horizontal pontine gaze palsy with ipsilateral esotropia. (10646751)
1998
38
Cerebellar astrocytoma manifesting as isolated, comitant esotropia in childhood. (8610811)
1996
39
Deteriorated accommodative esotropia. (7633632)
1994
40
Tangent Streak RGP bifocal contact lenses in the treatment of accommodative esotropia with high AC/A ratio. (1559291)
1992
41
Accommodative esotropia after ocular and head injury. (2301531)
1990
42
Predictability of surgery on non-accommodative esotropia. (2490382)
1989
43
Accommodative esotropia: review of current practices and controversies. (3550561)
1987
44
Cyclic esotropia with central nervous system disease: report of two cases. (3681610)
1987
45
Comparison of the accommodative effects of carbachol and pilocarpine with reference to accommodative esotropia. (4417859)
1974
46
The foreseeable problems in the treatment of accommodative esotropia. (13521221)
1958
47
Accommodative esotropia: classification and diagnosis. (13455682)
1957
48
Accommodative esotropia: principles of treatment. (13455683)
1957
49
Accommodative esotropia. (13362815)
1956
50
Alternating esotropia; five case reports. (14380279)
1955

Variations for Esotropia

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Expression for genes affiliated with Esotropia

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Sources:
2BioGPS, 15Gene Expression Omnibus DataSets
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Expression patterns in normal tissues for genes affiliated with Esotropia

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Esotropia.

Pathways for genes affiliated with Esotropia

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Compounds for genes affiliated with Esotropia

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45Novoseek
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Compounds related to Esotropia according to GeneCards/GeneDecks:

idCompoundScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1cysteine458.2GREM2, NR2E3, LMLN, TYRP1

GO Terms for genes affiliated with Esotropia

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16Gene Ontology
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Biological processes related to Esotropia according to GeneCards/GeneDecks:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1visual perceptionGO:0076019.6GLRB, NR2E3

Products for genes affiliated with Esotropia

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  • Antibodies
  • Proteins
  • Lysates
  • Antibodies

Sources for Esotropia

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4CDC
13ExPASy
14FMA
22GTR
23HGMD
24HMDB
25ICD10
26ICD10 via Orphanet
27ICD9CM
29IUPHAR
30KEGG
35MeSH
36MESH via Orphanet
37MGI
40NCIt
41NDF-RT
44NINDS
45Novoseek
47OMIM
48OMIM via Orphanet
52PubMed
53QIAGEN
59SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
62UMLS
63UMLS via Orphanet