MCID: EST005
MIFTS: 34

Esotropia malady

Rare diseases category

Summaries for Esotropia

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Wikipedia:63 Esotropia is a form of strabismus, or ?squint,? in which one or both eyes turns inward. The condition... more...

MalaCards based summary: Esotropia, also known as convergence in manifest squint, is related to accommodative esotropia and exotropia. An important gene associated with Esotropia is NR2E3 (nuclear receptor subfamily 2, group E, member 3). The drug echothiophate iodide and the compound cysteine have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include eye, brain and testes.

Disease Ontology:9 Esotropia is a strabismus in which the eye turns inward toward the nose.

Aliases & Classifications for Esotropia

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Esotropia, Aliases & Descriptions:

Name: Esotropia 9 41 11 60
Convergence in Manifest Squint 9
Manifest Convergent Squint 60
 
Internal Strabismus 9
Crossed Eyes 9


Classifications:

Malacards categories (disease lists): (See all malacards categories)
Global: Rare diseases


External Ids:

Disease Ontology9 DOID:9840
MeSH33 D004948
NCIt38 C34596
ICD9CM27 378.00, 378.0

Related Diseases for Esotropia

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Diseases related to Esotropia via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50)    (show all 105)
idRelated DiseaseScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1accommodative esotropia31.8GREM2, NR2E3
2exotropia10.6
3strabismus10.5
4myopia10.4
5alternating esotropia10.4
6amblyopia10.4
7hyperopia10.4
8monocular esotropia10.2
9anisometropia10.2
10cerebritis10.2
11refractive error10.2
12cataract10.2
13cerebral palsy10.2
14monofixation syndrome10.2
15ptosis10.2
16retinitis10.2
17down syndrome10.1
18astrocytoma10.1
19blepharophimosis with ptosis, syndactyly, and short stature10.1
20rippling muscle disease10.0
21hemangioma10.0
22hypotropia10.0
23blepharophimosis10.0
24abnormal retinal correspondence10.0
25choroiditis10.0
26cerebellar astrocytoma10.0
27scoliosis10.0
28weber syndrome10.0
29abducens palsy10.0
30craniofrontonasal dysplasia9.9
31incontinentia pigmenti, type ii9.9
32coats disease9.9
33oculocutaneous albinism9.9
34ocular motility disease9.9
35xia-gibbs syndrome9.9
36medulloblastoma9.9
37marshall syndrome9.9
38gaucher disease, type ii9.9
39pigmented paravenous chorioretinal atrophy9.9
40mowat-wilson syndrome9.9
41adams-oliver syndrome 19.9
42ellis-van creveld syndrome9.9
43orofaciodigital syndrome vi9.9
44mental retardation, anterior maxillary protrusion, and strabismus9.9
45spinocerebellar ataxia, autosomal recessive 139.9
46greig cephalopolysyndactyly syndrome9.9
47persistent hyperplastic primary vitreous, autosomal recessive9.9
48multiple joint dislocations, short stature, craniofacial dysmorphism, and congenital heart defects9.9
49pontocerebellar hypoplasia, type 109.9
50joubert syndrome 29.9

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Esotropia:



Diseases related to esotropia

Symptoms for Esotropia

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Drugs & Therapeutics for Esotropia

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Drug clinical trials:

Search ClinicalTrials for Esotropia

Search NIH Clinical Center for Esotropia

Inferred drug relations via UMLS60/NDF-RT39:

Genetic Tests for Esotropia

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Anatomical Context for Esotropia

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MalaCards organs/tissues related to Esotropia:

31
Eye, Brain, Testes, Retina

Animal Models for Esotropia or affiliated genes

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Publications for Esotropia

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Articles related to Esotropia:

(show top 50)    (show all 628)
idTitleAuthorsYear
1
Treatment of adults with accommodative esotropia using implantable collamer lenses. (25643368)
2015
2
Refractive surgery for accommodative esotropia: 5-year follow-up. (24763477)
2014
3
Accommodative esotropia decompensated to cyclic esotropia in a 6-year-old boy. (24568989)
2014
4
Hyperopic corneal refractive surgery in patients with accommodative esotropia and amblyopia. (25087646)
2014
5
Medial rectus recession is as effective as lateral rectus resection in divergence paralysis esotropia. (22688183)
2012
6
The analysis of AC/A ratio in nonrefractive accommodative esotropia treated with bifocal glasses. (22323884)
2012
7
Long-term follow-up of bilateral botulinum toxin injections versus bilateral recessions of the medial rectus muscles for treatment of infantile esotropia. (22681945)
2012
8
Treatment of congenital esotropia with botulinum toxin type A. (19878118)
2011
9
Results of surgery for congenital esotropia. (21351685)
2011
10
Globe fixation with homologous temporalis fascia transplant for treatment of restrictive esotropia strabismus: an interventional case report and review of the literature. (22204550)
2011
11
Acute v pattern esotropia without abduction deficit, secondary to a posterior fossa pilocytic astrocytoma. (19645405)
2009
12
Exercise-induced esotropia. (21149180)
2008
13
Prevalence of amblyogenic risk factors in siblings of patients with accommodative esotropia. (18534882)
2008
14
Familial blepharophimosis-like syndrome with esotropia, uveal coloboma, and short stature. (17050282)
2006
15
Diagnosis and management of accommodative esotropia. (16907672)
2006
16
Interventions for infantile esotropia. (15674970)
2005
17
Short-term motor and sensory outcomes in acquired nonaccommodative esotropia of childhood. (16251139)
2005
18
Long-term study of accommodative esotropia. (16414516)
2005
19
Risk factors for accommodative esotropia among hypermetropic children. (15671278)
2005
20
Progressive cerebellar tonsillar herniation with recurrent divergence insufficiency esotropia. (15226735)
2004
21
Photorefractive keratectomy followed by strabismus surgery for the treatment of partly accommodative esotropia. (15616503)
2004
22
Prism adaptation in visually mature patients with esotropia of childhood onset. (14711731)
2004
23
Evidence-based medicine in congenital esotropia. (12691226)
2003
24
Acute esotropia in heroin withdrawal: a case series. (14521504)
2003
25
Correcting esotropia-time is of the essence! (11907471)
2002
26
Re-recession of the medial rectus muscles in patients with recurrent esotropia. (11753260)
2001
27
A randomized comparison of prism adaptation and augmented surgery in the surgical management of esotropia associated with hypermetropia: one-year surgical outcomes. (11182670)
2001
28
Accommodative esotropia: an unrecognized cause of hemifacial spasm in children. (11508921)
2001
29
Up-shoot in adduction has no prognostic value for decompensation in refractive accommodative esotropia. (11584845)
2000
30
Surgery Or not for fully accommodative esotropia (11093085)
2000
31
A three dimensional surgical dose-response schedule for lateral rectus resections for residual congenital/infantile esotropia after large bilateral medial rectus recessions. (10767679)
2000
32
Strabology semantics: ?orthotropia; microtropia?; surgery for accommodative esotropia?; Bielschowsky released. (11093091)
2000
33
Clinical features and surgery for acquired progressive esotropia associated with severe myopia. (10071152)
1999
34
Infantile esotropia: evidence for conservative management in the visually immature where follow-up treatment is unavailable or limited. (9683931)
1998
35
Cyclic esotropia after a traumatic sixth nerve palsy in a child. (10532729)
1998
36
Early-onset refractive accommodative esotropia. (10646748)
1998
37
The accommodative convergence/accommodation (AC/A) and near convergence/distance (NC/D) ratios in esotropia. (9559507)
1998
38
Etiology and surgical management of horizontal pontine gaze palsy with ipsilateral esotropia. (10646751)
1998
39
Deteriorated accommodative esotropia. (7633632)
1994
40
Tangent Streak RGP bifocal contact lenses in the treatment of accommodative esotropia with high AC/A ratio. (1559291)
1992
41
Accommodative esotropia after ocular and head injury. (2301531)
1990
42
Predictability of surgery on non-accommodative esotropia. (2490382)
1989
43
Accommodative esotropia: review of current practices and controversies. (3550561)
1987
44
Cyclic esotropia with central nervous system disease: report of two cases. (3681610)
1987
45
Comparison of the accommodative effects of carbachol and pilocarpine with reference to accommodative esotropia. (4417859)
1974
46
The foreseeable problems in the treatment of accommodative esotropia. (13521221)
1958
47
Accommodative esotropia: classification and diagnosis. (13455682)
1957
48
Accommodative esotropia: principles of treatment. (13455683)
1957
49
Accommodative esotropia. (13362815)
1956
50
Alternating esotropia; five case reports. (14380279)
1955

Variations for Esotropia

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Expression for genes affiliated with Esotropia

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Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Esotropia.

Pathways for genes affiliated with Esotropia

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Compounds for genes affiliated with Esotropia

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Sources:
43Novoseek
See all sources

Compounds related to Esotropia according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

idCompoundScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1cysteine438.2GREM2, NR2E3, LMLN, TYRP1

GO Terms for genes affiliated with Esotropia

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Biological processes related to Esotropia according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1visual perceptionGO:00076019.6GLRB, NR2E3

Products for genes affiliated with Esotropia

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  • Antibodies
  • Proteins
  • Lysates
  • Antibodies
  • Proteins
  • Kits and Assays

Sources for Esotropia

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3CDC
13ExPASy
14FMA
22GTR
23HGMD
24HMDB
25ICD10
26ICD10 via Orphanet
27ICD9CM
28IUPHAR
29KEGG
33MeSH
34MESH via Orphanet
35MGI
38NCIt
39NDF-RT
42NINDS
43Novoseek
45OMIM
46OMIM via Orphanet
50PubMed
51QIAGEN
56SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
60UMLS
61UMLS via Orphanet