Aliases & Classifications for Exostosis

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Aliases & Descriptions for Exostosis:

Name: Exostosis 11 13
Osteophyte 11 66
Exostoses 37 66
Cartilaginous Exostosis 66
Swimmer's Exostosis 11
 
Exostosis of Orbit 66
Orbital Exostosis 11
External Exotoses 66
Bony Outgrowth 11
Bone Spur 11

Classifications:



External Ids:

Disease Ontology11 DOID:203
ICD1028 M27.8, M25.7
ICD9CM30 726.91
MeSH37 D005096
NCIt43 C3029

Summaries for Exostosis

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Wikipedia:69 An exostosis (plural: exostoses) is the formation of new bone on the surface of a bone. Exostoses can... more...

MalaCards based summary: Exostosis, also known as osteophyte, is related to trichorhinophalangeal syndrome, type ii and dupuytren subungual exostosis, and has symptoms including arthralgia and stiffness of joint, not elsewhere classified in icd10cm. An important gene associated with Exostosis is EXT1 (Exostosin Glycosyltransferase 1), and among its related pathways are Protein digestion and absorption and heparan sulfate biosynthesis. Affiliated tissues include bone, spinal cord and brain.

Disease Ontology:11 A hyperostosis that involves formation of new bone on the surface of preexisting bone.

Related Diseases for Exostosis

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Diseases related to Exostosis via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50)    (show all 65)
idRelated DiseaseScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1trichorhinophalangeal syndrome, type ii30.1EXT1, EXT2
2dupuytren subungual exostosis12.0
3hereditary multiple exostoses11.7
4osteochondroma11.3
5hereditary multiple osteochondromas11.1
6hyperostosis10.5
7pacman dysplasia10.3EXT1, EXT2
8cervicitis10.3
9osteopetrosis and infantile neuroaxonal dystrophy10.3EXT1, EXT2
10aneurysm10.2
11fryns macrocephaly10.2EXT1, EXT2
12chondrosarcoma10.1
13neuropathy, ataxia, and retinitis pigmentosa10.1EXT1, EXT2
14exostoses, multiple, type 110.1
15retroperitoneal germ cell neoplasm10.0BGLAP, EXT2
16gingivitis10.0
17heritable pulmonary arterial hypertension10.0EXT1, EXT2, POMGNT2
18diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis9.9
19periostitis9.9
20heel spur9.9
21bone deterioration disease9.8BGLAP, EXT1, EXT2
22brachydactyly9.8
23scoliosis9.8
24pneumothorax9.8
25syringomyelia9.8
26cannabis dependence9.7BGLAP, EXT1
27schizophrenia9.7
28rheumatoid arthritis9.7
29fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva9.7
30osteoporosis9.7
31legg-calve-perthes disease9.7
32neurofibromatosis, type 19.7
33encephalocraniocutaneous lipomatosis9.7
34arthritis9.7
35joint disorders9.7
36osteoarthritis9.7
37pseudoarthrosis9.7
38sinusitis9.7
39osteoblastoma9.7
40osteomyelitis9.7
41frontal sinusitis9.7
42otosclerosis9.7
43tarsal tunnel syndrome9.7
44quadriplegia9.7
45down syndrome9.7
46bursitis9.7
47astrocytoma9.7
48lipomatosis9.7
49ischemia9.7
50cranial nerve palsy9.7

Comorbidity relations with Exostosis via Phenotypic Disease Network (PDN):


Hypertension, Essential

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Exostosis:



Diseases related to exostosis

Symptoms for Exostosis

About this section

UMLS symptoms related to Exostosis:


arthralgia, stiffness of joint, not elsewhere classified in icd10cm

Drugs & Therapeutics for Exostosis

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Drugs for Exostosis (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show all 9)
idNameStatusPhaseClinical TrialsCas NumberPubChem Id
1
EtoricoxibPhase 490202409-33-4123619
Synonyms:
202409-33-4
5-Chloro-3-(4-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)-6'-methyl-[2,3']bipyridinyl
5-Chloro-6'-methyl-3-(p-(methylsulfonyl)phenyl)-2,3'-bipyridine
5-chloro-2-(6-Methylpyridin-3-yl)-3-(4-(methylsulfonyl)phenyl)pyridine
5-chloro-2-(6-methylpyridin-3-yl)-3-(4-methylsulfonylphenyl)pyridine
5-chloro-6'-Methyl-3-(P-(methylsulfonyl)phenyl)-2,3'-bipyridine
5-chloro-6'-methyl-3-[4-(methylsulfonyl)phenyl]-2,3'-bipyridine
5CH
AC1L3WZM
Algix
Arcoxia
C11718
C422649
CHEBI:106706
CHEBI:6339
CHEMBL416146
CID123619
D03710
DB01628
DB07166
ETORICOXIB
 
Etoricoxib
Etoricoxib (USAN/INN)
Etoricoxib [USAN:INN:BAN]
Etoricoxibe
Etoricoxibum
FT-0082494
HMS2090A05
L-791456
L001141
L791456
LS-181802
MK 0663
MK 663
MK-0663
MK-663
Merck Sharp & Dohme brand of etoricoxib
MolPort-003-847-339
NCGC00164578-01
Nucoxia
Tauxib
UNII-WRX4NFY03R
ZINC00579472
2
TramadolPhase 422627203-92-533741
Synonyms:
(+)-(R,R)-trans-Tramadol
(+)-Tramadol
(+)-trans-2-(Dimethylaminomethyl)-1-(m-methoxyphenyl)cyclohexanol
(+)-trans-Tramadol free ba
(1R,2R)-2-(dimethylaminomethyl)-1-(3-methoxyphenyl)cyclohexan-1-ol
(1R,2R)-2-Dimethylaminomethyl-1-(3-methoxy-phenyl)-cyclohexanol
(1R,2R)-2-[(dimethylamino)methyl]-1-[3-(methyloxy)phenyl]cyclohexanol
27203-92-5
AC1L1Q6E
AC1Q59O2
AKOS005066335
Amanda
Amanda (TN)
BIDD:GT0075
C07153
CHEMBL1066
CID33741
Crispin
D08623
DB00193
EINECS 248-319-6
HMS2090D10
Jsp005295
LS-57115
 
LS-57116
MLS000333190
MolPort-002-507-778
NCGC00159343-02
Ralivia ER
Ralivia Flashtab
Ralivia flashtab
SMR000436547
STOCK4S-19075
Tradonal odis
Tramadol
Tramadol (INN)
Tramadol HCl
Tramadol HCl BP/EP
Tramadol [INN:BAN]
Tramadol hydrochloride
Tramadolum
Tramadolum [INN-Latin]
Tramal
Tramodol Hcl
Tridural
UNII-39J1LGJ30J
Ultram
Ultram ER
Zydol
tramadol
3
Epinephrine88651-43-45816
Synonyms:
(-)-(R)-Epinephrine
(-)-3,4-Dihydroxy-a-[2-(methylamino)ethyl]benzyl alcohol
(-)-3,4-Dihydroxy-alpha-((methylamino)methyl)benzyl alcohol
(-)-3,4-Dihydroxy-alpha-[2-(methylamino)ethyl]benzyl alcohol
(-)-3,4-dihydroxy-a-[(methylamino)methyl]-Benzyl alcohol
(-)-3,4-dihydroxy-alpha-[(methylamino)methyl]-Benzyl alcohol
(-)-Adrenalin
(-)-Adrenaline
(-)-Epinephrine
(-)-R-Epinephrine
(R)-(-)-Adnephrine
(R)-(-)-Adrenaline
(R)-(-)-Epinephrine
(R)-(-)-Epirenamine
(R)-(−)-adrenaline
(R)-4-[1-Hydroxy-2-(methylamino)ethyl]-1,2-benzenediol
(R)-4-[1-hydroxy-2-(methylamino)ethyl]-1,2-Benzenediol
(R)-Adrenaline
(R)-Epinephrine
(−)-adrenaline
02252_FLUKA
1-1-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)-2-methylaminoethanol
1-Adrenalin
1-Epinephrine
4-(1-Hydroxy-2-(methylamino)ethyl)-1,2-benzenediol
4-(1-hydroxy-2-methylamino-ethyl)benzene-1,2-diol
4-[(1R)-1-Hydroxy-2-(methylamino)ethyl]-1,2-Benzenediol
4-[(1R)-1-Hydroxy-2-(methylamino)ethyl]-1,2-benzenediol
4-[(1R)-1-hydroxy-2-(methylamino)ethyl]benzene-1,2-diol
51-43-4
51-43-4 (FREE BASE)
51028-73-0
A0173
AC-13188
AC1L1L7B
ADR ADRENALINE
ADROP
AI3-19015
Adnephrine
Adrenal
Adrenalin
Adrenalin (TN)
Adrenalin in Oil
Adrenalin-Medihaler
Adrenalina
Adrenalina [DCIT]
Adrenaline
Adrenaline (JP15)
Adrenaline/Epinephrine
Adrenalinum
Adrenamine
Adrenan
Adrenapax
Adrenasol
Adrenatrate
Adrenine
Adrenodis
Adrenohorma
Adrenosan
Adrenutol
Adrin
Adrine
Ana-Guard
Ana-Kit
Antiasthmatique
Asmatane Mist
Asthma meter mist
Asthma-nefrin
Asthmahaler Mist
Asthmanefrin
Astmahalin
Astminhal
BIDD:GT0119
Balmadren
Bernarenin
Biorenine
Bosmin
Brevirenin
Bronkaid
Bronkaid Mist
Bronkaid Suspension Mist
Bupivacaine Hcl and Epinephrine
C00788
CCRIS 4812
CHEBI:28918
CHEMBL679
CID5816
Chelafrin
Citanest Forte
Corisol
D-Epifrin
D-Epinephrine
D00095
DB00668
Drenamist
Dylephrin
Dyspne-Inhal
E4250_SIGMA
EINECS 200-098-7
EPI E Z PEN JR
EPIPEN E Z PEN
EPIPEN JR
Epi EZ Pen Jr
Epifrin
Epiglaufrin
Epinefrin
Epinefrin [Czech]
Epinefrina
Epinefrina [INN-Spanish]
Epinephran
Epinephrin
Epinephrine
Epinephrine (USP)
Epinephrine (USP/INN)
Epinephrine [USAN:INN:JAN]
Epinephrine hydrochloride
Epinephrinum
Epinephrinum [INN-Latin]
Epipen
Epipen (TN)
Epipen Auto-Injector
Epipen EZ Pen
Epipen Jr.
Epipen Jr. Auto-Injector
Epirenamine
Epirenan
Epirenin
Epitrate
Eppy
Esphygmogenina
Exadrin
 
Glaucon
Glaucosan
Glauposine
Glycirenan
HSCI1_000215
HSDB 4289
Haemostasin
Haemostatin
Hektalin
Hemisine
Hemostasin
Hemostatin
Hypernephrin
Hyporenin
IOP
Intranefrin
Iontocaine
Isoptoepinal
Kidoline
L-1-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)-2-methylaminoethanol
L-Adrenaline
L-Adrenaline Base
L-Epinehphrine
L-Epinephrine
L-Epirenamine
L-Methylaminoethanolcatechol
L-epinephrine
LS-156
Levo-Methylaminoethanolcatechol
Levoadrenaline
Levoepinephrine
Levorenen
Levorenin
Levorenine
Levoreninum
Lopac-E-4642
Lyodrin
Lyophrin
Medihaler-Epi
Metanephrin
Methylaminoethanolcatechol
Methylarterenol
Micronefrin
Micronephrine
MolPort-002-051-368
Mucidrina
Myosthenine
Mytrate
NCGC00015417-01
NCGC00142615-01
NCGC00142615-03
NCGC00142615-04
NCGC00142615-05
NCGC00142615-06
NCGC00142615-07
NSC 62786
NSC62786
Nephridine
Nieraline
PDSP1_001120
PDSP2_001104
Paranephrin
Primatene
Primatene Mist
R-(-)-Epinephrine
R-Adrenaline
RCRA waste no. P042
Racemic Epinephrine
Racepinephrine
Rcra waste number P042
Renagladin
Renaglandin
Renaglandulin
Renaleptine
Renalina
Renoform
Renostypricin
Renostypticin
Renostyptin
SMP1_000227
ST069368
SUS-PHRINE SULFITE-FREE
Scurenaline
Septocaine
Simplene
Sindrenina
Soladren
Sphygmogenin
Stryptirenal
Styptirenal
Supracapsulin
Supradin
Supranefran
Supranephrane
Supranephrine
Supranol
Suprarenaline
Suprarenin
Suprel
Surenine
Surrenine
Sus-Phrine
Sus-phrine
Susphrine
Sympathin I
Takamina
Takamine
Tokamina
Tonogen
Twinject
Twinject 0.15
Twinject 0.3
Twinject 0.30
UNII-YKH834O4BH
Vaponefrin
Vasoconstrictine
Vasoconstrictor
Vasodrine
Vasoton
Vasotonin
adrenaline
bmse000316
d-Adrenaline
epinephrine
l-1-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)-2-methylaminoethanol
l-Adrenalin
l-Adrenaline
l-Epinephine
l-Epinephrine (synthetic)
l-Epirenamine
l-Methylaminoethanolcatechol
levoepinephrine
nchembio747-comp9
4
Lidocaine1168137-58-63676
Synonyms:
.alpha.-(Diethylamino)-2,6-acetoxylidide
.alpha.-Diethylamino-2,6-dimethylacetanilide
.alpha.-Diethylaminoaceto-2,6-xylidide
.omega.-Diethylamino-2,6-dimethylacetanilide
137-58-6
2-(Diethylamino)-2',6'-acetoxylidide
2-(Diethylamino)-N-(2,6-dimethylphenyl)acetamide
2-Diethylamino-N-(2,6-dimethyl-phenyl)-acetamide
2-Diethylamino-N-(2,6-dimethylphenyl)acetamide
4-12-00-02538 (Beilstein Handbook Reference)
6108-05-0 (MONOHYDROCHLORIDE MONOHYDRATE))
6108-05-0 (mono-hydrochloride, mono-hydrate)
73-78-9 (mono-hydrochloride)
AB00053581
AC-10282
AC1L1GGQ
AC1Q2Z7J
AKOS001026768
ARONIS23855
After Burn Double Strength Gel
After Burn Double Strength Spray
After Burn Gel
After Burn Spray
Alphacaine
Anestacon
Anestacon Jelly
BIDD:GT0342
BPBio1_000197
BRD-K52662033-001-02-6
BRD-K52662033-003-05-5
BRN 2215784
BSPBio_000179
BSPBio_001359
BSPBio_003004
Bio-0767
Bio1_000379
Bio1_000868
Bio1_001357
Bio2_000079
Bio2_000559
C07073
C14H22N2O
CAS-73-78-9
CDS1_000283
CHEBI:6456
CHEMBL79
CID3676
CPD000058189
Cappicaine
Cito optadren
Cuivasil
D00358
DB00281
Dalcaine
Dentipatch
Dentipatch (TN)
DermaFlex
Diethylaminoaceto-2,6-xylidide
Dilocaine
DivK1c_000174
DivK1c_001323
Duncaine
EINECS 205-302-8
ELA-Max
EMBOLEX
Emla
Emla Cream
Esracaine
FT-0082378
Gravocain
HMS1791D21
HMS1989D21
HMS2051C21
HMS2089E15
HMS548M19
HSDB 3350
I01-2704
IDI1_000174
IDI1_033829
Isicaina
Isicaine
Jetocaine
KBio1_000174
KBio2_000079
KBio2_001598
KBio2_002647
KBio2_004166
KBio2_005215
KBio2_006734
KBio3_000157
KBio3_000158
KBio3_002224
KBioGR_000079
KBioGR_000599
KBioSS_000079
KBioSS_001598
L-Caine
L0156
L1026_SIGMA
L7757_SIGMA
LIDOCAINE (73-58-6 (MONOHYDROCHLORIDE)
LIDOPEN
LQZ
 
LS-805
Lanabiotic
Leostesin
Lida-Mantle
Lidocaina
Lidocaina [INN-Spanish]
Lidocaine (JP15/USP/INN)
Lidocaine (VAN)
Lidocaine Carbonate
Lidocaine Hydrocarbonate
Lidocaine Monohydrochloride
Lidocaine [USAN:INN:JAN]
Lidocainum
Lidocainum [INN-Latin]
Lidocaton
Lidoderm
Lidoject-1
Lidoject-2
Lignocaine
Lignocainum
Lingocaine
Lopac-L-5647
Lopac0_000669
MLS000069724
MLS000758263
MLS001074177
Maricaine
Maybridge1_002571
MolPort-001-783-478
N-(2,6-dimethylphenyl)-N(2),N(2)-diethylglycinamide
N-(2,6-dimethylphenyl)-N~2~,N~2~-diethylglycinamide
NCGC00015611-01
NCGC00015611-02
NCGC00015611-03
NCGC00015611-04
NCGC00015611-14
NCGC00022176-05
NCGC00022176-06
NCGC00022176-07
NCGC00022176-08
NCGC00022176-09
NINDS_000174
NSC 40030
NSC40030
Norwood Sunburn Spray
Octocaine
Octocaine-100
Octocaine-50
Prestwick0_000050
Prestwick1_000050
Prestwick2_000050
Prestwick3_000050
Remicaine
Rocephin Kit
Rucaina
S1357_Selleck
SAM001247018
SMR000058189
SPBio_001525
SPBio_002100
STK552033
Solarcaine
Solarcaine aloe extra burn relief cream
Solcain
Spectrum2_001343
Spectrum3_001392
Spectrum4_000070
Spectrum5_001549
Spectrum_001118
UNII-98PI200987
WLN: 2N2 & 1VMR B1 F1
Xilina
Xilocaina
Xilocaina [Italian]
Xllina
Xycaine
Xylestesin
Xylesthesin
Xylocain
Xylocaine
Xylocaine (TN)
Xylocaine 5% Spinal
Xylocaine CO2
Xylocaine Dental Ointment
Xylocaine Endotracheal
Xylocaine Test Dose
Xylocaine Viscous
Xylocaine-MPF
Xylocaine-MPF with Glucose
Xylocaine-Mpf
Xylocaine-Mpf with Glucose
Xylocard
Xylocitin
Xyloneural (free base)
Xylotox
Zilactin-L
Zingo
alfa-Dietilamino-2,6-dimetilacetanilide
alfa-Dietilamino-2,6-dimetilacetanilide [Italian]
alpha-Diethylamino-2,6-dimethylacetanilide
alpha-diethylamino-2,6-dimethylacetanilide
lidocaine
nchembio.65-comp16
α-diethylamino-2,6-dimethylacetanilide
5
infliximab364170277-31-3
Synonyms:
 
Ig gamma-1 chain C region
Remicade
6
Certolizumab pegol119428863-50-7
Synonyms:
428863-50-7
CDP870
Certolizumab pegol
 
Certolizumab pegol (USAN/INN)
Certolizumab pegol (genetical recombination)
Certolizumab pegol (genetical recombination) (JAN)
D03441
cimzia
7
Menthol21842216-51-516666
Synonyms:
(−
()-Menthol
(+)-Neo-menthol
(+)-p-Menthan-3-ol
(+-)-(1R*,3R*,4S*)-Menthol
(+-)-Menthol
(+/-)-Menthol
(+/-)-p-Menthan-3-ol
(-)-(1R,3R,4S)-Menthol
(-)-Menthyl alcohol
(-)-menthol
(-)-p-Menthan-3-ol
(-)-trans-p-Menthan-cis-ol
(1R)-(-)-Menthol
(1R,2S,5R)-(-)-menthol
(1R,2S,5R)-Menthol
(1R,3R,4S)-(-)-MENTHOL
(1R,3R,4S)-(-)-Menthol
(1R-(1-alpha,2-beta,5-alpha))-5-Methyl-2-(1-methylethyl)cyclohexanol
(1S, 2S, 5R)-(+)-Neomenthol
(1S,2R,5R)-(+)-Isomenthol
(1S,2R,5S)-(+)-Menthol
(1S,2R,5S)-Menthol
(1alpha,2beta,5alpha)-5-Methyl-2(1-methylethyl)cyclohexanol
(1r,2s,5r)-(-)-menthol
(L)-MENTHOL
(R)-(-)-Menthol
(r)-(-)-menthol
)-Menthol
--MENTHOL
1-Menthol
1490-04-6
15356-60-2
15356-70-4
15785_RIEDEL
15785_SIAL
19863P
2-Isopropyl-5-methylcyclohexanol
20747-49-3
2216-51-5
3-p-Menthol
4-Isopropyl-1-methylcyclohexan-3-ol
491-02-1
5-Methyl-2-(1-methylethyl)-cyclohexanol
5-Methyl-2-(1-methylethyl)cyclohexanol
5-methyl-2-(propan-2-yl)cyclohexanol
5-methyl-2-propan-2-ylcyclohexan-1-ol
551376_ALDRICH
551376_FLUKA
588733_ALDRICH
613290_ALDRICH
613290_FLUKA
63660_FLUKA
63670_ALDRICH
63670_FLUKA
63975-60-0
6C6A4A8C-A054-468C-A1F0-F29E39838CF2
89-78-1
98167-53-4
AC1L1B2E
AC1L28FR
AC1Q1NQ2
AC1Q2QQM
AI3-08161
AI3-52408
AKOS000119740
AR-1J3337
BB_NC-0057
BRN 1902288
BRN 3194263
BSPBio_003062
C00400
C10H20O
CCRIS 3728
CCRIS 375
CCRIS 4666
CCRIS 9231
CHEBI:15409
CHEBI:545611
CHEMBL256087
CHEMBL470670
CID1254
CID16666
Caswell No. 540
D-(-)-Menthol
D-p-Menthan-3-ol
D00064
D008610
D04849
D04918
DB00825
DivK1c_000820
EINECS 201-939-0
EINECS 207-724-8
EINECS 216-074-4
EINECS 218-690-9
EINECS 239-387-8
EINECS 239-388-3
EPA Pesticide Chemical Code 051601
FEMA No. 2665
Fisherman's friend lozenges
Fisherman's friend lozenges (TN)
HMS1922G13
HMS2092L14
HMS502I22
 
HSDB 5662
HSDB 593
Headache crystals
Hexahydrothymol
I06-1216
I14-7371
IDI1_000820
KBio1_000820
KBio2_000785
KBio2_003353
KBio2_005921
KBio3_002562
KBioSS_000785
L-(-)-Menthol
L-(-)-menthol
L-Menthol
L-menthol
LMPR0102090001
LS-2353
LS-57201
LS-886
LS-89531
LS-89533
Levomenthol
Levomenthol [INN:BAN]
Levomentholum
Levomentholum [INN-Latin]
Levomentol
M0321
M0545
M2772_SIAL
MENTHOL
MLS002207256
Menthacamphor
Menthol
Menthol (USP)
Menthol (VAN)
Menthol natural
Menthol natural, brazilian
Menthol racemic
Menthol racemique
Menthol racemique [French]
Menthol solution
Menthol, (1alpha,2beta,5alpha)-Isomer
Menthomenthol
Menthyl alcohol
MolPort-000-849-729
MolPort-001-793-392
NCGC00159382-02
NCGC00159382-03
NCGC00164247-01
NCGC00164247-02
NCI-C50000
NINDS_000820
NOOLISFMXDJSKH-KXUCPTDWBX
NSC 2603
NSC 62788
NSC2603
NSC62788
Neoisomenthol
Peppermint camphor
RACEMIC MENTHOL U.S.P.
Racementhol
Racementhol [INN:BAN]
Racementholum
Racementholum [INN-Latin]
Racementol
Racementol [INN-Spanish]
Racemic menthol
Robitussin Cough Drops
SDCCGMLS-0066659.P001
SMR001306785
SPBio_000869
SPECTRUM1503134
STK802468
Spectrum2_000855
Spectrum3_001561
Spectrum5_001060
Spectrum_000305
Tra-kill tracheal mite killer
U.S.P. Menthol
U.S.p. Menthol
UNII-BZ1R15MTK7
UNII-L7T10EIP3A
UNII-YS08XHA860
W266507_ALDRICH
W266523_ALDRICH
W266590_ALDRICH
WLN: L6TJ AY1&1 BQ D1
WLN: L6TJ AY1&1 DQ D1 -L
ZINC01482164
cis-1 ,3-trans-1,4-(+-)-menthol
cis-1,3-trans-1,4-(+-)-menthol
d,l-Menthol
d-Menthol
d-Neomenthol
dl-3-p-Menthanol
dl-Menthol
dl-Menthol (JP15)
l-(-)-Menthol
l-Menthol
l-Menthol (JP15)
l-Menthol (TN)
l-Menthol (natural)
nchembio862-comp1
p-Menthan-3-ol
rac-Menthol
8
adalimumab466331731-18-116219006
Synonyms:
331731-18-1
Adalimumab
Adalimumab (USAN/INN)
Adalimumab (genetical recombination)
 
Adalimumab (genetical recombination) (JAN)
D02597
Humira
Humira (TN)
Humira Pen
Ig gamma-1 chain C region
9
Etanercept391185243-69-0
Synonyms:
185243-69-0
CD120b
D00742
Enbrel
Enbrel (TN)
Enbrel Sureclick
Etanercept
Etanercept (USAN/INN)
 
Etanercept (genetical recombination)
Etanercept (genetical recombination) (JAN)
TNF-R2
Tumor necrosis factor receptor 2
Tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily member 1B precursor
Tumor necrosis factor receptor type II
etanercept
p75
p80 TNF-alpha receptor

Interventional clinical trials:

(show all 37)
idNameStatusNCT IDPhase
1The Effect of Anti-inflammatory Analgesics on Pain Following Hallux Valgus SurgeryCompletedNCT00733421Phase 4
2Chronic Insertional Achilles Tendonitis Treated With or Without Flexor Hallucis Longus Tendon TransferCompletedNCT00950053Phase 4
3A Randomized Trial to Evaluate the Effectiveness of Transferring the Flexor Hallucis Longus TendonRecruitingNCT01341509Phase 4
4Amniotic Membrane as an Adjunct Treatment for Hallux RigidusActive, not recruitingNCT01825356Phase 4
5Study on the Treatment of Degenerative Lumbar Spine Stenosis With a Percutaneous Interspinous ImplantTerminatedNCT01057641Phase 4
6Post-Approval Clinical Trial of the PCM® Cervical DiscCompletedNCT01905930Phase 3
7Evaluation of Two Types of PRP in Knee OsteoarthritisRecruitingNCT02923310Phase 1, Phase 2
8Autologous Stem Cells in Achilles TendinopathyRecruitingNCT02064062Phase 2
9Surgical Management of Spinal Cord Injuries In NeckActive, not recruitingNCT00475748Phase 2
10Sprifermin (AS902330) in Cartilage Injury Repair (CIR)TerminatedNCT01066871Phase 2
11A Phase 1, Double-Blind, Randomized, Single Dose Escalation Safety Study of Intra-articular OP-1 in Subjects With Osteoarthritis of the KneeCompletedNCT00456157Phase 1
12The Health-Related Quality of Life in Patients With Hereditary Multiple ExostosesCompletedNCT00474448
13Weight Management and Coping Skills Training For Patients With Knee OsteoarthritisCompletedNCT00305890
14Cone-beam vs Multidetector Computed Tomography (CT) for Arthrography of the Wrist, Ankle, Elbow and KneeCompletedNCT01771393
15The Three-dimensional Gait Analysis of Medial Knee OsteoarthritisCompletedNCT02878239
16Patellar Resurfacing in Total Knee ArthroplastyCompletedNCT00553982
17Effects of Myofascial Trigger Point Dry Cupping on Plantar Heel PainCompletedNCT02895698
18A Comparison of the Analgesic Efficacies of Ultrasound and Shock Wave Therapy in the Patients With Calcaneal SpurCompletedNCT01510249
19Effectiveness of Manual Therapy Combined With Standard Treatment in the Management of Plantar FasciitisCompletedNCT01439932
20DTI of the Brain and Cervical Spine: Evaluation in Normal Subjects and Patients With Cervical Spondylotic MyelopathyCompletedNCT01868958
21High-Resolution Diffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI) of the Cervical Spinal Cord in the Setting of Spinal Cord Injury (SCI)CompletedNCT01407705
22Rare Disease Patient Registry & Natural History Study - Coordination of Rare Diseases at SanfordRecruitingNCT01793168
23Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy Surgical TrialRecruitingNCT02076113
24The Fibrodysplasia Ossificans Progressiva (FOP) Connection RegistryRecruitingNCT02745158
25Comparing the Efficacy of Periarticular Bone Structure in Patients Treated With Either Tocilizumab or Tumor Necrosis Factor BlockersRecruitingNCT02778789
26Fat Grafting and Retention for Heel Fat Pad AtrophyRecruitingNCT02465333
27Distal Erosions and Nail PsoriasisRecruitingNCT02813720
28Baxter: Actifuse SHAPE vs DBX in ACCRecruitingNCT02005081
29The Norwegian Cervical Arthroplasty TrialActive, not recruitingNCT00735176
30Surgical or Exercise Therapy on Patients With Degenerative Meniscus TearsActive, not recruitingNCT01002794
31Application of Radiostereometric Analysis (RSA) to Triathlon Knee Components Inserted Using the OtisMed Custom-fit Total Knee Replacement SystemActive, not recruitingNCT01262430
32Can Shoulder Arthroscopy WorkActive, not recruitingNCT01623011
33RHINE™ Cervical Disc Clinical Study: A Prospective Observational Study for Patients Requiring 1-2 Level C-spine SurgeryEnrolling by invitationNCT02403453
34Patellar Resurfacing Under Subvastus Approach in Total Knee ArthroplastyNot yet recruitingNCT02683460
35Gene Mutations and Orthopaedic Symptoms Correlation of Multiple Hereditary Exostoses: Multicentre ProjectSuspendedNCT00474331
36Establishing the Genetic Profile of Multiple Hereditary Exostoses (HME) in Families of BCTerminatedNCT00473850
37ACP for Local Application in Ankle ArthrodesisTerminatedNCT01131455

Search NIH Clinical Center for Exostosis


Cochrane evidence based reviews: exostoses

Genetic Tests for Exostosis

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Anatomical Context for Exostosis

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MalaCards organs/tissues related to Exostosis:

34
Bone, Spinal cord, Brain, Lung, Testes, Skin, Breast

Animal Models for Exostosis or affiliated genes

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Publications for Exostosis

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Articles related to Exostosis:

(show top 50)    (show all 443)
idTitleAuthorsYear
1
Oral pathology: Exostosis deforming face features. (27444586)
2016
2
Deep vein thrombosis caused by an exostosis in an adolescent patient with peripheral neurofibromatosis type 1. (26098328)
2015
3
Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva misdiagnosed as cervical exostosis. (25832962)
2015
4
External auditory canal exostosis. (23354884)
2013
5
Subacromial impingement syndrome in a patient with hereditary multiple exostosis: a case report. (24119480)
2013
6
Computer-assisted local resection for exostosis osteochondroma of the mandibular condyle. (23851898)
2013
7
A novel management strategy for subungual exostosis. (23997083)
2013
8
Forearm deformities in hereditary multiple exostosis: clinical and functional results at maturity. (23147628)
2012
9
Familial multiple exostosis arising from bones of enchondral as well as membranous (in a family affecting seven members). (23580825)
2012
10
Single-stage treatment of complete dislocation of radial head and forearm deformity using distraction osteogenesis in paediatric patients having multiple cartilaginous exostosis. (21298437)
2011
11
Turret exostosis of the talus. (20608619)
2010
12
Rapidly developed huge bursitis associated with scapular osteochondroma of the multiple exostosis: a case report. (18682954)
2009
13
The molecular and cellular basis of exostosis formation in hereditary multiple exostoses. (18452536)
2008
14
Subungual exostosis. (18388393)
2008
15
Spontaneous hemothorax in hereditary multiple exostosis involving the ribs. (18236133)
2008
16
Dorsal foot pain due to compression of the deep peroneal nerve by exostosis of the metatarsocuneiform joint. (16166463)
2005
17
Periosteal hyperostosis (exostosis) in DBA/1 male mice. (12051556)
2002
18
Ultrastructural abnormalities in cultured exostosis chondrocytes. (12036098)
2002
19
Atlantoaxial cartilaginous exostosis causing spinal cord compression in a mature Bernese mountain dog. (11263703)
2001
20
Popliteal artery thrombosis secondary to exostosis of the tibia. (11769154)
2001
21
A novel deletion mutation of the EXT2 gene in a large Chinese pedigree with hereditary multiple exostosis. (11461073)
2001
22
Radial tuberosity exostosis as a cause of reduced forearm rotation. (10888169)
2000
23
Special feature: pathological case of the month. Osteochondroma (exostosis). (11074861)
2000
24
Clinical correlation to genetic variations of hereditary multiple exostosis. (10573350)
1999
25
Subungual exostosis: diagnosis and treatment in children. (9498509)
1998
26
Surgical treatment of wrist deformity in hereditary multiple exostosis. (9479778)
1997
27
Spontaneous haemothorax caused by costal exostosis. (9073015)
1997
28
Malignant transformation of a multiple cartilaginous exostosis--a case report. (9195270)
1997
29
Hemothorax in a child as a result of costal exostosis. (8115223)
1994
30
Bony exostosis of the mandibular condyle. (8515995)
1993
31
Subungual exostosis of the fingers. (1613224)
1992
32
The dorsal metatarsal cuneiform exostosis. (1770202)
1991
33
Exostosis of the external auditory canal: an interesting histopathological finding. (1753197)
1991
34
Bony exostosis as a sequela to free gingival grafting: two case reports. (2037958)
1991
35
Surgical treatment of tarsal sheath effusion associated with an exostosis on the calcaneus of a horse. (2365624)
1990
36
Digital exostosis causing enlargement of the fingertip. (3403734)
1988
37
Cartilaginous exostosis arising from the ventral surface of the scapula. A case report. (3263242)
1988
38
Visualization by dynamic and static osseous scintigraphy of pelvic chondrosarcoma in multiple hereditary exostosis. (3493872)
1987
39
Flap protection in exostosis surgery. (4033341)
1985
40
External ear canal exostosis and aquatic sports. (6728438)
1984
41
Malignant degeneration of hereditary multiple exostosis: a case history. (6335167)
1984
42
Hemothorax: unusual complication of hereditary multiple exostosis. (6970353)
1981
43
Familial exostosis. (315980)
1979
44
Otosclerosis in multiple exostosis. (311806)
1979
45
Legg-Calve-Perthes disease associated with hereditary multiple exostosis: a case report. (306501)
1978
46
Exostosis on a terminal phalanx. (5652816)
1968
47
TOTAL EXCISION OF SCAPULA FOR CHONDROSARCOMA COMPLICATING HEREDITARY MULTIPLE EXOSTOSIS. (14121156)
1964
48
Exostosis of the genial tubercles of the mandible. (13483958)
1957
49
Exostosis of the Promontory. (19976231)
1912
50
Electrolysis of Exostosis of the Ear. (20747308)
1873

Variations for Exostosis

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Expression for genes affiliated with Exostosis

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Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Exostosis.

Pathways for genes affiliated with Exostosis

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Pathways related to Exostosis according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

idSuper pathwaysScoreTop Affiliating Genes
19.2COL12A1, COL4A5
2
Show member pathways
9.0EXT1, EXT2, EXTL1, EXTL3

GO Terms for genes affiliated with Exostosis

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Cellular components related to Exostosis according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1endoplasmic reticulum lumenGO:00057888.9BGLAP, COL12A1, COL4A5
2endoplasmic reticulumGO:00057838.5EXT1, EXT2, EXTL3, POMGNT2
3endoplasmic reticulum membraneGO:00057898.4EXT1, EXT2, EXTL1, EXTL3, POMGNT2

Biological processes related to Exostosis according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 8)
idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1cellular polysaccharide biosynthetic processGO:003369210.4EXT1, EXT2
2heparan sulfate proteoglycan biosynthetic process, polysaccharide chain biosynthetic processGO:001501410.0EXT1, EXT2
3protein glycosylationGO:00064869.6EXT1, EXT2, EXTL1
4glycosaminoglycan biosynthetic processGO:00060249.6EXT1, EXT2, EXTL1, EXTL3
5collagen catabolic processGO:00305749.5COL12A1, COL4A5
6heparan sulfate proteoglycan biosynthetic processGO:00150129.0EXT1, EXT2, EXTL1, EXTL3
7ossificationGO:00015039.0BGLAP, EXT1, EXT2
8skeletal system developmentGO:00015018.7BGLAP, COL12A1, EXT1, EXTL1

Molecular functions related to Exostosis according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1heparan sulfate N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase activityGO:004232810.3EXT1, EXT2
2N-acetylglucosaminyl-proteoglycan 4-beta-glucuronosyltransferase activityGO:005050910.3EXT1, EXT2
3glucuronosyl-N-acetylglucosaminyl-proteoglycan 4-alpha-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase activityGO:00505089.9EXT1, EXT2, EXTL1
4transferase activity, transferring glycosyl groupsGO:00167579.8EXT1, EXT2
5glucuronosyltransferase activityGO:00150209.7EXT1, EXT2
6acetylglucosaminyltransferase activityGO:00083759.3EXT1, EXT2, POMGNT2

Sources for Exostosis

About this section
2CDC
6CNVD
10DGIdb
15ExPASy
16FDA
17FMA
25GTR
26HGMD
27HMDB
28ICD10
29ICD10 via Orphanet
30ICD9CM
31IUPHAR
32KEGG
35MedGen
37MeSH
38MESH via Orphanet
39MGI
42NCI
43NCIt
44NDF-RT
47NINDS
48Novoseek
50OMIM
51OMIM via Orphanet
55PubMed
56QIAGEN
61SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
65Tumor Gene Family of Databases
66UMLS
67UMLS via Orphanet