Aliases & Classifications for Exostosis

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Aliases & Descriptions for Exostosis:

Name: Exostosis 11 13
Osteophyte 11 68
Exostoses 39 68
Cartilaginous Exostosis 68
Swimmer's Exostosis 11
 
Exostosis of Orbit 68
Orbital Exostosis 11
External Exotoses 68
Bony Outgrowth 11
Bone Spur 11

Classifications:



External Ids:

Disease Ontology11 DOID:203
ICD1030 M27.8, M25.7
ICD9CM32 726.91
MeSH39 D005096
NCIt45 C3029

Summaries for Exostosis

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Wikipedia:71 An exostosis (plural: exostoses) is the formation of new bone on the surface of a bone. Exostoses can... more...

MalaCards based summary: Exostosis, also known as osteophyte, is related to trichorhinophalangeal syndrome, type ii and dupuytren subungual exostosis, and has symptoms including arthralgia and stiffness of joint, not elsewhere classified in icd10cm. An important gene associated with Exostosis is EXT1 (Exostosin Glycosyltransferase 1), and among its related pathways are Protein digestion and absorption and heparan sulfate biosynthesis. Affiliated tissues include bone, spinal cord and brain.

Disease Ontology:11 A hyperostosis that involves formation of new bone on the surface of preexisting bone.

Related Diseases for Exostosis

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Diseases related to Exostosis via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50)    (show all 63)
idRelated DiseaseScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1trichorhinophalangeal syndrome, type ii31.4EXT1, EXT2
2dupuytren subungual exostosis11.8
3exostoses, multiple, type 111.6
4osteochondroma11.2
5hyperostosis11.1
6hereditary multiple osteochondromas10.9
7heel spur10.8
8pacman dysplasia10.3EXT1, EXT2
9osteopetrosis and infantile neuroaxonal dystrophy10.2EXT1, EXT2
10cervicitis10.2
11fryns macrocephaly10.1EXT1, EXT2
12aneurysm10.1
13neuropathy, ataxia, and retinitis pigmentosa10.0EXT1, EXT2
14chondrosarcoma10.0
15heritable pulmonary arterial hypertension10.0EXT1, EXT2, POMGNT2
16gingivitis9.9
17periostitis9.8
18retroperitoneal germ cell neoplasm9.8BGLAP, EXT2
19brachydactyly9.7
20scoliosis9.7
21pneumothorax9.7
22syringomyelia9.7
23bone deterioration disease9.6BGLAP, EXT1, EXT2
24schizophrenia9.6
25rheumatoid arthritis9.6
26fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva9.6
27osteoporosis9.6
28otitis media9.6
29legg-calve-perthes disease9.6
30neurofibromatosis, type 19.6
31encephalocraniocutaneous lipomatosis9.6
32arthritis9.6
33joint disorders9.6
34osteoarthritis9.6
35pseudoarthrosis9.6
36sinusitis9.6
37osteoblastoma9.6
38osteomyelitis9.6
39frontal sinusitis9.6
40otosclerosis9.6
41tarsal tunnel syndrome9.6
42quadriplegia9.6
43down syndrome9.6
44giant cell tumor9.6
45bursitis9.6
46astrocytoma9.6
47lipomatosis9.6
48ischemia9.6
49cranial nerve palsy9.6
50tuberculosis9.6

Comorbidity relations with Exostosis via Phenotypic Disease Network (PDN):


Hypertension, Essential

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Exostosis:



Diseases related to exostosis

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Exostosis

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UMLS symptoms related to Exostosis:


arthralgia, stiffness of joint, not elsewhere classified in icd10cm

Drugs & Therapeutics for Exostosis

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Drugs for Exostosis (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show all 43)
idNameStatusPhaseClinical TrialsCas NumberPubChem Id
1
Etoricoxibapproved, investigationalPhase 492202409-33-4123619
Synonyms:
202409-33-4
5-Chloro-3-(4-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)-6'-methyl-[2,3']bipyridinyl
5-Chloro-6'-methyl-3-(p-(methylsulfonyl)phenyl)-2,3'-bipyridine
5-chloro-2-(6-Methylpyridin-3-yl)-3-(4-(methylsulfonyl)phenyl)pyridine
5-chloro-2-(6-methylpyridin-3-yl)-3-(4-methylsulfonylphenyl)pyridine
5-chloro-6'-Methyl-3-(P-(methylsulfonyl)phenyl)-2,3'-bipyridine
5-chloro-6'-methyl-3-[4-(methylsulfonyl)phenyl]-2,3'-bipyridine
5CH
AC1L3WZM
Algix
Arcoxia
C11718
C422649
CHEBI:106706
CHEBI:6339
CHEMBL416146
CID123619
D03710
DB01628
DB07166
ETORICOXIB
 
Etoricoxib
Etoricoxib (USAN/INN)
Etoricoxib [USAN:INN:BAN]
Etoricoxibe
Etoricoxibum
FT-0082494
HMS2090A05
L-791456
L001141
L791456
LS-181802
MK 0663
MK 663
MK-0663
MK-663
Merck Sharp & Dohme brand of etoricoxib
MolPort-003-847-339
NCGC00164578-01
Nucoxia
Tauxib
UNII-WRX4NFY03R
ZINC00579472
2
Tramadolapproved, investigationalPhase 423227203-92-533741
Synonyms:
(+)-(R,R)-trans-Tramadol
(+)-Tramadol
(+)-trans-2-(Dimethylaminomethyl)-1-(m-methoxyphenyl)cyclohexanol
(+)-trans-Tramadol free ba
(1R,2R)-2-(dimethylaminomethyl)-1-(3-methoxyphenyl)cyclohexan-1-ol
(1R,2R)-2-Dimethylaminomethyl-1-(3-methoxy-phenyl)-cyclohexanol
(1R,2R)-2-[(dimethylamino)methyl]-1-[3-(methyloxy)phenyl]cyclohexanol
27203-92-5
AC1L1Q6E
AC1Q59O2
AKOS005066335
Amanda
Amanda (TN)
BIDD:GT0075
C07153
CHEMBL1066
CID33741
Crispin
D08623
DB00193
EINECS 248-319-6
HMS2090D10
Jsp005295
LS-57115
 
LS-57116
MLS000333190
MolPort-002-507-778
NCGC00159343-02
Ralivia ER
Ralivia Flashtab
Ralivia flashtab
SMR000436547
STOCK4S-19075
Tradonal odis
Tramadol
Tramadol (INN)
Tramadol HCl
Tramadol HCl BP/EP
Tramadol [INN:BAN]
Tramadol hydrochloride
Tramadolum
Tramadolum [INN-Latin]
Tramal
Tramodol Hcl
Tridural
UNII-39J1LGJ30J
Ultram
Ultram ER
Zydol
tramadol
3AnalgesicsPhase 411287
4NarcoticsPhase 43486
5Peripheral Nervous System AgentsPhase 422776
6Cyclooxygenase 2 InhibitorsPhase 4616
7Cyclooxygenase InhibitorsPhase 42778
8Analgesics, OpioidPhase 43091
9Analgesics, Non-NarcoticPhase 46260
10Central Nervous System DepressantsPhase 412806
11Anti-Inflammatory AgentsPhase 410355
12Antirheumatic AgentsPhase 410627
13Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-SteroidalPhase 44295
14MitogensPhase 21526
15
Infliximabapproved378170277-31-3
Synonyms:
 
Ig gamma-1 chain C region
Remicade
16
Lidocaineapproved, vet_approved1226137-58-63676
Synonyms:
.alpha.-(Diethylamino)-2,6-acetoxylidide
.alpha.-Diethylamino-2,6-dimethylacetanilide
.alpha.-Diethylaminoaceto-2,6-xylidide
.omega.-Diethylamino-2,6-dimethylacetanilide
137-58-6
2-(Diethylamino)-2',6'-acetoxylidide
2-(Diethylamino)-N-(2,6-dimethylphenyl)acetamide
2-Diethylamino-N-(2,6-dimethyl-phenyl)-acetamide
2-Diethylamino-N-(2,6-dimethylphenyl)acetamide
4-12-00-02538 (Beilstein Handbook Reference)
6108-05-0 (MONOHYDROCHLORIDE MONOHYDRATE))
6108-05-0 (mono-hydrochloride, mono-hydrate)
73-78-9 (mono-hydrochloride)
AB00053581
AC-10282
AC1L1GGQ
AC1Q2Z7J
AKOS001026768
ARONIS23855
After Burn Double Strength Gel
After Burn Double Strength Spray
After Burn Gel
After Burn Spray
Alphacaine
Anestacon
Anestacon Jelly
BIDD:GT0342
BPBio1_000197
BRD-K52662033-001-02-6
BRD-K52662033-003-05-5
BRN 2215784
BSPBio_000179
BSPBio_001359
BSPBio_003004
Bio-0767
Bio1_000379
Bio1_000868
Bio1_001357
Bio2_000079
Bio2_000559
C07073
C14H22N2O
CAS-73-78-9
CDS1_000283
CHEBI:6456
CHEMBL79
CID3676
CPD000058189
Cappicaine
Cito optadren
Cuivasil
D00358
DB00281
Dalcaine
Dentipatch
Dentipatch (TN)
DermaFlex
Diethylaminoaceto-2,6-xylidide
Dilocaine
DivK1c_000174
DivK1c_001323
Duncaine
EINECS 205-302-8
ELA-Max
EMBOLEX
Emla
Emla Cream
Esracaine
FT-0082378
Gravocain
HMS1791D21
HMS1989D21
HMS2051C21
HMS2089E15
HMS548M19
HSDB 3350
I01-2704
IDI1_000174
IDI1_033829
Isicaina
Isicaine
Jetocaine
KBio1_000174
KBio2_000079
KBio2_001598
KBio2_002647
KBio2_004166
KBio2_005215
KBio2_006734
KBio3_000157
KBio3_000158
KBio3_002224
KBioGR_000079
KBioGR_000599
KBioSS_000079
KBioSS_001598
L-Caine
L0156
L1026_SIGMA
L7757_SIGMA
LIDOCAINE (73-58-6 (MONOHYDROCHLORIDE)
LIDOPEN
LQZ
 
LS-805
Lanabiotic
Leostesin
Lida-Mantle
Lidocaina
Lidocaina [INN-Spanish]
Lidocaine (JP15/USP/INN)
Lidocaine (VAN)
Lidocaine Carbonate
Lidocaine Hydrocarbonate
Lidocaine Monohydrochloride
Lidocaine [USAN:INN:JAN]
Lidocainum
Lidocainum [INN-Latin]
Lidocaton
Lidoderm
Lidoject-1
Lidoject-2
Lignocaine
Lignocainum
Lingocaine
Lopac-L-5647
Lopac0_000669
MLS000069724
MLS000758263
MLS001074177
Maricaine
Maybridge1_002571
MolPort-001-783-478
N-(2,6-dimethylphenyl)-N(2),N(2)-diethylglycinamide
N-(2,6-dimethylphenyl)-N~2~,N~2~-diethylglycinamide
NCGC00015611-01
NCGC00015611-02
NCGC00015611-03
NCGC00015611-04
NCGC00015611-14
NCGC00022176-05
NCGC00022176-06
NCGC00022176-07
NCGC00022176-08
NCGC00022176-09
NINDS_000174
NSC 40030
NSC40030
Norwood Sunburn Spray
Octocaine
Octocaine-100
Octocaine-50
Prestwick0_000050
Prestwick1_000050
Prestwick2_000050
Prestwick3_000050
Remicaine
Rocephin Kit
Rucaina
S1357_Selleck
SAM001247018
SMR000058189
SPBio_001525
SPBio_002100
STK552033
Solarcaine
Solarcaine aloe extra burn relief cream
Solcain
Spectrum2_001343
Spectrum3_001392
Spectrum4_000070
Spectrum5_001549
Spectrum_001118
UNII-98PI200987
WLN: 2N2 & 1VMR B1 F1
Xilina
Xilocaina
Xilocaina [Italian]
Xllina
Xycaine
Xylestesin
Xylesthesin
Xylocain
Xylocaine
Xylocaine (TN)
Xylocaine 5% Spinal
Xylocaine CO2
Xylocaine Dental Ointment
Xylocaine Endotracheal
Xylocaine Test Dose
Xylocaine Viscous
Xylocaine-MPF
Xylocaine-MPF with Glucose
Xylocaine-Mpf
Xylocaine-Mpf with Glucose
Xylocard
Xylocitin
Xyloneural (free base)
Xylotox
Zilactin-L
Zingo
alfa-Dietilamino-2,6-dimetilacetanilide
alfa-Dietilamino-2,6-dimetilacetanilide [Italian]
alpha-Diethylamino-2,6-dimethylacetanilide
alpha-diethylamino-2,6-dimethylacetanilide
lidocaine
nchembio.65-comp16
α-diethylamino-2,6-dimethylacetanilide
17
Epinephrineapproved, vet_approved93351-43-45816
Synonyms:
(-)-(R)-Epinephrine
(-)-3,4-Dihydroxy-a-[2-(methylamino)ethyl]benzyl alcohol
(-)-3,4-Dihydroxy-alpha-((methylamino)methyl)benzyl alcohol
(-)-3,4-Dihydroxy-alpha-[2-(methylamino)ethyl]benzyl alcohol
(-)-3,4-dihydroxy-a-[(methylamino)methyl]-Benzyl alcohol
(-)-3,4-dihydroxy-alpha-[(methylamino)methyl]-Benzyl alcohol
(-)-Adrenalin
(-)-Adrenaline
(-)-Epinephrine
(-)-R-Epinephrine
(R)-(-)-Adnephrine
(R)-(-)-Adrenaline
(R)-(-)-Epinephrine
(R)-(-)-Epirenamine
(R)-(−)-adrenaline
(R)-4-[1-Hydroxy-2-(methylamino)ethyl]-1,2-benzenediol
(R)-4-[1-hydroxy-2-(methylamino)ethyl]-1,2-Benzenediol
(R)-Adrenaline
(R)-Epinephrine
(−)-adrenaline
02252_FLUKA
1-1-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)-2-methylaminoethanol
1-Adrenalin
1-Epinephrine
4-(1-Hydroxy-2-(methylamino)ethyl)-1,2-benzenediol
4-(1-hydroxy-2-methylamino-ethyl)benzene-1,2-diol
4-[(1R)-1-Hydroxy-2-(methylamino)ethyl]-1,2-Benzenediol
4-[(1R)-1-Hydroxy-2-(methylamino)ethyl]-1,2-benzenediol
4-[(1R)-1-hydroxy-2-(methylamino)ethyl]benzene-1,2-diol
51-43-4
51-43-4 (FREE BASE)
51028-73-0
A0173
AC-13188
AC1L1L7B
ADR ADRENALINE
ADROP
AI3-19015
Adnephrine
Adrenal
Adrenalin
Adrenalin (TN)
Adrenalin in Oil
Adrenalin-Medihaler
Adrenalina
Adrenalina [DCIT]
Adrenaline
Adrenaline (JP15)
Adrenaline/Epinephrine
Adrenalinum
Adrenamine
Adrenan
Adrenapax
Adrenasol
Adrenatrate
Adrenine
Adrenodis
Adrenohorma
Adrenosan
Adrenutol
Adrin
Adrine
Ana-Guard
Ana-Kit
Antiasthmatique
Asmatane Mist
Asthma meter mist
Asthma-nefrin
Asthmahaler Mist
Asthmanefrin
Astmahalin
Astminhal
BIDD:GT0119
Balmadren
Bernarenin
Biorenine
Bosmin
Brevirenin
Bronkaid
Bronkaid Mist
Bronkaid Suspension Mist
Bupivacaine Hcl and Epinephrine
C00788
CCRIS 4812
CHEBI:28918
CHEMBL679
CID5816
Chelafrin
Citanest Forte
Corisol
D-Epifrin
D-Epinephrine
D00095
DB00668
Drenamist
Dylephrin
Dyspne-Inhal
E4250_SIGMA
EINECS 200-098-7
EPI E Z PEN JR
EPIPEN E Z PEN
EPIPEN JR
Epi EZ Pen Jr
Epifrin
Epiglaufrin
Epinefrin
Epinefrin [Czech]
Epinefrina
Epinefrina [INN-Spanish]
Epinephran
Epinephrin
Epinephrine
Epinephrine (USP)
Epinephrine (USP/INN)
Epinephrine [USAN:INN:JAN]
Epinephrine hydrochloride
Epinephrinum
Epinephrinum [INN-Latin]
Epipen
Epipen (TN)
Epipen Auto-Injector
Epipen EZ Pen
Epipen Jr.
Epipen Jr. Auto-Injector
Epirenamine
Epirenan
Epirenin
Epitrate
Eppy
Esphygmogenina
Exadrin
 
Glaucon
Glaucosan
Glauposine
Glycirenan
HSCI1_000215
HSDB 4289
Haemostasin
Haemostatin
Hektalin
Hemisine
Hemostasin
Hemostatin
Hypernephrin
Hyporenin
IOP
Intranefrin
Iontocaine
Isoptoepinal
Kidoline
L-1-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)-2-methylaminoethanol
L-Adrenaline
L-Adrenaline Base
L-Epinehphrine
L-Epinephrine
L-Epirenamine
L-Methylaminoethanolcatechol
L-epinephrine
LS-156
Levo-Methylaminoethanolcatechol
Levoadrenaline
Levoepinephrine
Levorenen
Levorenin
Levorenine
Levoreninum
Lopac-E-4642
Lyodrin
Lyophrin
Medihaler-Epi
Metanephrin
Methylaminoethanolcatechol
Methylarterenol
Micronefrin
Micronephrine
MolPort-002-051-368
Mucidrina
Myosthenine
Mytrate
NCGC00015417-01
NCGC00142615-01
NCGC00142615-03
NCGC00142615-04
NCGC00142615-05
NCGC00142615-06
NCGC00142615-07
NSC 62786
NSC62786
Nephridine
Nieraline
PDSP1_001120
PDSP2_001104
Paranephrin
Primatene
Primatene Mist
R-(-)-Epinephrine
R-Adrenaline
RCRA waste no. P042
Racemic Epinephrine
Racepinephrine
Rcra waste number P042
Renagladin
Renaglandin
Renaglandulin
Renaleptine
Renalina
Renoform
Renostypricin
Renostypticin
Renostyptin
SMP1_000227
ST069368
SUS-PHRINE SULFITE-FREE
Scurenaline
Septocaine
Simplene
Sindrenina
Soladren
Sphygmogenin
Stryptirenal
Styptirenal
Supracapsulin
Supradin
Supranefran
Supranephrane
Supranephrine
Supranol
Suprarenaline
Suprarenin
Suprel
Surenine
Surrenine
Sus-Phrine
Sus-phrine
Susphrine
Sympathin I
Takamina
Takamine
Tokamina
Tonogen
Twinject
Twinject 0.15
Twinject 0.3
Twinject 0.30
UNII-YKH834O4BH
Vaponefrin
Vasoconstrictine
Vasoconstrictor
Vasodrine
Vasoton
Vasotonin
adrenaline
bmse000316
d-Adrenaline
epinephrine
l-1-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)-2-methylaminoethanol
l-Adrenalin
l-Adrenaline
l-Epinephine
l-Epinephrine (synthetic)
l-Epirenamine
l-Methylaminoethanolcatechol
levoepinephrine
nchembio747-comp9
18
Adalimumabapproved478331731-18-116219006
Synonyms:
331731-18-1
Adalimumab
Adalimumab (USAN/INN)
Adalimumab (genetical recombination)
 
Adalimumab (genetical recombination) (JAN)
D02597
Humira
Humira (TN)
Humira Pen
Ig gamma-1 chain C region
19
Mentholapproved23532216-51-516666
Synonyms:
(−
()-Menthol
(+)-Neo-menthol
(+)-p-Menthan-3-ol
(+-)-(1R*,3R*,4S*)-Menthol
(+-)-Menthol
(+/-)-Menthol
(+/-)-p-Menthan-3-ol
(-)-(1R,3R,4S)-Menthol
(-)-Menthyl alcohol
(-)-menthol
(-)-p-Menthan-3-ol
(-)-trans-p-Menthan-cis-ol
(1R)-(-)-Menthol
(1R,2S,5R)-(-)-menthol
(1R,2S,5R)-Menthol
(1R,3R,4S)-(-)-MENTHOL
(1R,3R,4S)-(-)-Menthol
(1R-(1-alpha,2-beta,5-alpha))-5-Methyl-2-(1-methylethyl)cyclohexanol
(1S, 2S, 5R)-(+)-Neomenthol
(1S,2R,5R)-(+)-Isomenthol
(1S,2R,5S)-(+)-Menthol
(1S,2R,5S)-Menthol
(1alpha,2beta,5alpha)-5-Methyl-2(1-methylethyl)cyclohexanol
(1r,2s,5r)-(-)-menthol
(L)-MENTHOL
(R)-(-)-Menthol
(r)-(-)-menthol
)-Menthol
--MENTHOL
1-Menthol
1490-04-6
15356-60-2
15356-70-4
15785_RIEDEL
15785_SIAL
19863P
2-Isopropyl-5-methylcyclohexanol
20747-49-3
2216-51-5
3-p-Menthol
4-Isopropyl-1-methylcyclohexan-3-ol
491-02-1
5-Methyl-2-(1-methylethyl)-cyclohexanol
5-Methyl-2-(1-methylethyl)cyclohexanol
5-methyl-2-(propan-2-yl)cyclohexanol
5-methyl-2-propan-2-ylcyclohexan-1-ol
551376_ALDRICH
551376_FLUKA
588733_ALDRICH
613290_ALDRICH
613290_FLUKA
63660_FLUKA
63670_ALDRICH
63670_FLUKA
63975-60-0
6C6A4A8C-A054-468C-A1F0-F29E39838CF2
89-78-1
98167-53-4
AC1L1B2E
AC1L28FR
AC1Q1NQ2
AC1Q2QQM
AI3-08161
AI3-52408
AKOS000119740
AR-1J3337
BB_NC-0057
BRN 1902288
BRN 3194263
BSPBio_003062
C00400
C10H20O
CCRIS 3728
CCRIS 375
CCRIS 4666
CCRIS 9231
CHEBI:15409
CHEBI:545611
CHEMBL256087
CHEMBL470670
CID1254
CID16666
Caswell No. 540
D-(-)-Menthol
D-p-Menthan-3-ol
D00064
D008610
D04849
D04918
DB00825
DivK1c_000820
EINECS 201-939-0
EINECS 207-724-8
EINECS 216-074-4
EINECS 218-690-9
EINECS 239-387-8
EINECS 239-388-3
EPA Pesticide Chemical Code 051601
FEMA No. 2665
Fisherman's friend lozenges
Fisherman's friend lozenges (TN)
HMS1922G13
HMS2092L14
HMS502I22
 
HSDB 5662
HSDB 593
Headache crystals
Hexahydrothymol
I06-1216
I14-7371
IDI1_000820
KBio1_000820
KBio2_000785
KBio2_003353
KBio2_005921
KBio3_002562
KBioSS_000785
L-(-)-Menthol
L-(-)-menthol
L-Menthol
L-menthol
LMPR0102090001
LS-2353
LS-57201
LS-886
LS-89531
LS-89533
Levomenthol
Levomenthol [INN:BAN]
Levomentholum
Levomentholum [INN-Latin]
Levomentol
M0321
M0545
M2772_SIAL
MENTHOL
MLS002207256
Menthacamphor
Menthol
Menthol (USP)
Menthol (VAN)
Menthol natural
Menthol natural, brazilian
Menthol racemic
Menthol racemique
Menthol racemique [French]
Menthol solution
Menthol, (1alpha,2beta,5alpha)-Isomer
Menthomenthol
Menthyl alcohol
MolPort-000-849-729
MolPort-001-793-392
NCGC00159382-02
NCGC00159382-03
NCGC00164247-01
NCGC00164247-02
NCI-C50000
NINDS_000820
NOOLISFMXDJSKH-KXUCPTDWBX
NSC 2603
NSC 62788
NSC2603
NSC62788
Neoisomenthol
Peppermint camphor
RACEMIC MENTHOL U.S.P.
Racementhol
Racementhol [INN:BAN]
Racementholum
Racementholum [INN-Latin]
Racementol
Racementol [INN-Spanish]
Racemic menthol
Robitussin Cough Drops
SDCCGMLS-0066659.P001
SMR001306785
SPBio_000869
SPECTRUM1503134
STK802468
Spectrum2_000855
Spectrum3_001561
Spectrum5_001060
Spectrum_000305
Tra-kill tracheal mite killer
U.S.P. Menthol
U.S.p. Menthol
UNII-BZ1R15MTK7
UNII-L7T10EIP3A
UNII-YS08XHA860
W266507_ALDRICH
W266523_ALDRICH
W266590_ALDRICH
WLN: L6TJ AY1&1 BQ D1
WLN: L6TJ AY1&1 DQ D1 -L
ZINC01482164
cis-1 ,3-trans-1,4-(+-)-menthol
cis-1,3-trans-1,4-(+-)-menthol
d,l-Menthol
d-Menthol
d-Neomenthol
dl-3-p-Menthanol
dl-Menthol
dl-Menthol (JP15)
l-(-)-Menthol
l-Menthol
l-Menthol (JP15)
l-Menthol (TN)
l-Menthol (natural)
nchembio862-comp1
p-Menthan-3-ol
rac-Menthol
20
Certolizumab pegolapproved122428863-50-7
Synonyms:
428863-50-7
CDP870
Certolizumab pegol
 
Certolizumab pegol (USAN/INN)
Certolizumab pegol (genetical recombination)
Certolizumab pegol (genetical recombination) (JAN)
D03441
cimzia
21
Etanerceptapproved, investigational397185243-69-0
Synonyms:
185243-69-0
CD120b
D00742
Enbrel
Enbrel (TN)
Enbrel Sureclick
Etanercept
Etanercept (USAN/INN)
 
Etanercept (genetical recombination)
Etanercept (genetical recombination) (JAN)
TNF-R2
Tumor necrosis factor receptor 2
Tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily member 1B precursor
Tumor necrosis factor receptor type II
etanercept
p75
p80 TNF-alpha receptor
22Mydriatics763
23Diuretics, Potassium Sparing1827
24Epinephryl borate933
25Neurotransmitter Agents17734
26Racepinephrine933
27Vasoconstrictor Agents2027
28Sodium Channel Blockers1515
29Respiratory System Agents4818
30Pharmaceutical Solutions7793
31Adrenergic alpha-Agonists1625
32Adrenergic beta-Agonists1640
33Adrenergic Agonists2877
34Adrenergic Agents5140
35Immunosuppressive Agents12770
36Anesthetics9001
37Anesthetics, Local3272
38Bronchodilator Agents2856
39Autonomic Agents9774
40Anti-Asthmatic Agents3369
41Anti-Arrhythmia Agents2969
42Anesthetics, General2787
43CalamusNutraceutical419

Interventional clinical trials:

(show all 40)
idNameStatusNCT IDPhase
1A Randomized Trial to Evaluate the Effectiveness of Transferring the Flexor Hallucis Longus TendonUnknown statusNCT01341509Phase 4
2The Effect of Anti-inflammatory Analgesics on Pain Following Hallux Valgus SurgeryCompletedNCT00733421Phase 4
3Chronic Insertional Achilles Tendonitis Treated With or Without Flexor Hallucis Longus Tendon TransferCompletedNCT00950053Phase 4
4Amniotic Membrane as an Adjunct Treatment for Hallux RigidusActive, not recruitingNCT01825356Phase 4
5Study on the Treatment of Degenerative Lumbar Spine Stenosis With a Percutaneous Interspinous ImplantTerminatedNCT01057641Phase 4
6Post-Approval Clinical Trial of the PCM® Cervical DiscCompletedNCT01905930Phase 3
7Surgical Management of Spinal Cord Injuries In NeckUnknown statusNCT00475748Phase 2
8Evaluation of Two Types of PRP in Knee OsteoarthritisRecruitingNCT02923310Phase 1, Phase 2
9Autologous Stem Cells in Achilles TendinopathyRecruitingNCT02064062Phase 2
10Sprifermin (AS902330) in Cartilage Injury Repair (CIR)TerminatedNCT01066871Phase 2
11A Phase 1, Double-Blind, Randomized, Single Dose Escalation Safety Study of Intra-articular OP-1 in Subjects With Osteoarthritis of the KneeCompletedNCT00456157Phase 1
12Surgical or Exercise Therapy on Patients With Degenerative Meniscus TearsUnknown statusNCT01002794
13The Health-Related Quality of Life in Patients With Hereditary Multiple ExostosesCompletedNCT00474448
14Weight Management and Coping Skills Training For Patients With Knee OsteoarthritisCompletedNCT00305890
15The Three-dimensional Gait Analysis of Medial Knee OsteoarthritisCompletedNCT02878239
16Patellar Resurfacing in Total Knee ArthroplastyCompletedNCT00553982
17DTI of the Brain and Cervical Spine: Evaluation in Normal Subjects and Patients With Cervical Spondylotic MyelopathyCompletedNCT01868958
18A Comparison of the Analgesic Efficacies of Ultrasound and Shock Wave Therapy in the Patients With Calcaneal SpurCompletedNCT01510249
19Effects of Myofascial Trigger Point Dry Cupping on Plantar Heel PainCompletedNCT02895698
20Effectiveness of Manual Therapy Combined With Standard Treatment in the Management of Plantar FasciitisCompletedNCT01439932
21High-Resolution Diffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI) of the Cervical Spinal Cord in the Setting of Spinal Cord Injury (SCI)CompletedNCT01407705
22Cone-beam vs Multidetector Computed Tomography (CT) for Arthrography of the Wrist, Ankle, Elbow and KneeCompletedNCT01771393
23Comparing the Efficacy of Periarticular Bone Structure in Patients Treated With Either Tocilizumab or Tumor Necrosis Factor BlockersRecruitingNCT02778789
24Fat Grafting and Retention for Heel Fat Pad AtrophyRecruitingNCT02465333
25Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy Surgical TrialRecruitingNCT02076113
26Distal Erosions and Nail PsoriasisRecruitingNCT02813720
27Results of the Treatment of Patients With Elbow OsteoarthritisRecruitingNCT02951403
28Baxter: Actifuse SHAPE vs DBX in ACCRecruitingNCT02005081
29Predictors of Outcome and Natural History in Patients With Cervical Spondylotic MyelopathyRecruitingNCT02936245
30The Fibrodysplasia Ossificans Progressiva (FOP) Connection RegistryRecruitingNCT02745158
31Evaluation of Effectiveness of Selected Physical and Kinesiotherapeutic Methods in Patients With Lower Calcaneal SpurRecruitingNCT02934100
32Application of Radiostereometric Analysis (RSA) to Triathlon Knee Components Inserted Using the OtisMed Custom-fit Total Knee Replacement SystemActive, not recruitingNCT01262430
33Can Shoulder Arthroscopy WorkActive, not recruitingNCT01623011
34The Norwegian Cervical Arthroplasty TrialActive, not recruitingNCT00735176
35RHINE™ Cervical Disc Clinical Study: A Prospective Observational Study for Patients Requiring 1-2 Level C-spine SurgeryEnrolling by invitationNCT02403453
36The Histological Effect of Various Microfracture Techniques on Human Chondral & Sub-chondral Tissue - an Ex-Vivo StudyNot yet recruitingNCT03016299
37Patellar Resurfacing Under Subvastus Approach in Total Knee ArthroplastyNot yet recruitingNCT02683460
38Gene Mutations and Orthopaedic Symptoms Correlation of Multiple Hereditary Exostoses: Multicentre ProjectSuspendedNCT00474331
39Establishing the Genetic Profile of Multiple Hereditary Exostoses (HME) in Families of BCTerminatedNCT00473850
40ACP for Local Application in Ankle ArthrodesisTerminatedNCT01131455

Search NIH Clinical Center for Exostosis


Cochrane evidence based reviews: exostoses

Genetic Tests for Exostosis

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Anatomical Context for Exostosis

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MalaCards organs/tissues related to Exostosis:

36
Bone, Spinal cord, Brain, Lung, B cells, Testes, Skin

Publications for Exostosis

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Articles related to Exostosis:

(show top 50)    (show all 447)
idTitleAuthorsYear
1
Oral pathology: Exostosis deforming face features. (27444586)
2016
2
External ear canal exostosis and otitis media in temporal bones of prehistoric and historic chilean populations. A paleopathological and paleoepidemiological study. (27834109)
2016
3
Awareness and attitudes towards external auditory canal exostosis and its preventability in surfers in the UK: cross-sectional study. (27263424)
2016
4
Case Report of the positive exostosin-1 without B-cell lymphoma-2 gene expression of giant cell tumor lesion in hereditary multiple exostosis. (27846455)
2016
5
Syringomyelia in Hereditary Multiple Exostosis. (27480811)
2016
6
Asymptomatic costal exostosis with thickening in the pericardium: a case report. (26946299)
2016
7
Correction of ankle valgus by hemiepiphysiodesis using the tension band principle in patients with multiple hereditary exostosis. (27234571)
2016
8
Subungual exostosis. (27622256)
2016
9
Total Hip Arthroplasty Using a Polished Tapered Cemented Stem in Hereditary Multiple Exostosis. (27127668)
2016
10
Rare Mimickers of Exostosis: A Case Series. (27630926)
2016
11
Dystrophy of the Great Toenail by Subungual Exostosis and Hyperostosis: Three Case Reports with Different Clinical Presentations. (27386469)
2016
12
Painful and swollen hands 3A months after lungs graft: Suracute voriconazole-induced periostitis and exostosis. (27117297)
2016
13
Surgical Outcomes for Resection of the Dorsal Exostosis of the Metatarsocuneiform Joints. (26872522)
2016
14
Popliteal artery thrombosis complicating posterior tibial exostosis in a 35-year-old male. (26993856)
2016
15
Exostosis Bursata - Multimodality Imaging Approach. (27790547)
2016
16
Bilateral Scapulothoracic Osteochondromas in a Patient With Hereditary Multiple Exostosis: A Case Report and Review of the Literature. (27761218)
2016
17
Deep vein thrombosis caused by an exostosis in an adolescent patient with peripheral neurofibromatosis type 1. (26098328)
2015
18
Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva misdiagnosed as cervical exostosis. (25832962)
2015
19
Buccal exostosis: a rare entity. (26028907)
2015
20
ISCHIOFEMORAL IMPINGEMENT DUE TO A SOLITARY EXOSTOSIS. (26223065)
2015
21
Identification of a novel EXT1 mutation in patients with hereditary multiple exostosis by exome sequencing. (25421355)
2015
22
Femoral exostosis causing vastus medialis pain in an active young lady: a case report. (25889418)
2015
23
IMAGES IN CLINICAL MEDICINE. Oral Maxillary Exostosis. (26444732)
2015
24
Osteochondroma of Upper Dorsal Spine Causing Spastic Paraparesis in Hereditary Multiple Exostosis: A Case Report. (26816957)
2015
25
Resection of costal exostosis using piezosurgery associated with uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopy. (25742839)
2015
26
Painful exostosis of the external occipital protuberance. (26261091)
2015
27
Surgical management of the bilateral maxillary buccal exostosis. (26229284)
2015
28
Surgical treatment of nail bed subungual exostosis. (26778465)
2015
29
Intermediate grade vertebral osteosarcoma in a patient affected by a sacral chondrosarcoma and hereditary multiple exostosis. (25901365)
2015
30
A Novel Cause of Acute Coronary Syndrome Due to Dynamic Extrinsic Coronary Artery Compression by a Rib Exostosis: Multimodality Imaging Diagnosis. (26255213)
2015
31
Reconstruction of the DRUJ in a young adult after resection of a large exostosis of the distal radius. (25877933)
2015
32
False Arterial Aneurysm due to Long Bone Exostosis: Presentation of Two Cases and Update on Proper Management. (25733214)
2015
33
Atraumatic Removal of Mandibular Exostosis. (26591495)
2015
34
Syringomyelia and vertebral osteochondromas in patients with multiple hereditary exostosis. (24977942)
2014
35
Mandibular exostosis in canine with single tooth recession - a rare case report. (25214741)
2014
36
Mutation analysis of EXT2 gene in a family with hereditary multiple exostosis]. (25449079)
2014
37
Exostosis of the optic canal in a child--a rare diagnosis in a paediatric ear, nose and throat setting: a case report. (25528154)
2014
38
Symptomatic hip impingement due to exostosis associated with supra-acetabular pelvic external fixator pin. (24490184)
2014
39
Bone tuberculosis simulating an exostosis. (25392719)
2014
40
Exostosis masquerading as a subungual wart. (24616871)
2014
41
Traumatic hemothorax caused by solitary costal exostosis. (24439464)
2014
42
Giant spinal exostosis. (24810455)
2014
43
Exostosis of the Internal Auditory Canal: 10-Year Follow-Up. (25440938)
2014
44
Subungual exostosis. (24787537)
2014
45
The effects of surfing behaviour on the development of external auditory canal exostosis. (24619201)
2014
46
Rebound of Ankle Valgus Deformity in Patients With Hereditary Multiple Exostosis. (24978121)
2014
47
Timing of forearm deformity correction in a child with multiple hereditary exostosis. (25251529)
2014
48
Protruded and nonprotruded subungual exostosis: Differences in surgical approach. (24600063)
2014
49
External auditory canal exostosis. (23354884)
2013
50
Subacromial impingement syndrome in a patient with hereditary multiple exostosis: a case report. (24119480)
2013

Variations for Exostosis

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Expression for genes affiliated with Exostosis

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Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Exostosis.

Pathways for genes affiliated with Exostosis

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Pathways related to Exostosis according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

idSuper pathwaysScoreTop Affiliating Genes
19.4COL12A1, COL4A5
2
Show member pathways
8.9EXT1, EXT2, EXTL1, EXTL3

GO Terms for genes affiliated with Exostosis

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Cellular components related to Exostosis according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1endoplasmic reticulumGO:00057839.7EXT1, EXT2, EXTL3, POMGNT2
2endoplasmic reticulum lumenGO:00057889.3BGLAP, COL12A1, COL4A5
3endoplasmic reticulum membraneGO:00057898.6EXT1, EXT2, EXTL1, EXTL3, POMGNT2

Biological processes related to Exostosis according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 8)
idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1cellular polysaccharide biosynthetic processGO:003369210.5EXT1, EXT2
2heparan sulfate proteoglycan biosynthetic process, polysaccharide chain biosynthetic processGO:001501410.5EXT1, EXT2
3collagen catabolic processGO:003057410.1COL12A1, COL4A5
4protein glycosylationGO:000648610.0EXT1, EXT2, EXTL1
5ossificationGO:00015039.6BGLAP, EXT1, EXT2
6glycosaminoglycan biosynthetic processGO:00060249.6EXT1, EXT2, EXTL1, EXTL3
7heparan sulfate proteoglycan biosynthetic processGO:00150129.6EXT1, EXT2, EXTL1, EXTL3
8skeletal system developmentGO:00015018.4BGLAP, COL12A1, EXT1, EXTL1

Molecular functions related to Exostosis according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1glucuronosyltransferase activityGO:001502010.4EXT1, EXT2
2heparan sulfate N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase activityGO:004232810.4EXT1, EXT2
3N-acetylglucosaminyl-proteoglycan 4-beta-glucuronosyltransferase activityGO:005050910.4EXT1, EXT2
4acetylglucosaminyltransferase activityGO:000837510.0EXT1, EXT2, POMGNT2
5glucuronosyl-N-acetylglucosaminyl-proteoglycan 4-alpha-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase activityGO:005050810.0EXT1, EXT2, EXTL1
6transferase activity, transferring glycosyl groupsGO:00167579.8EXT1, EXT2

Sources for Exostosis

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2CDC
6CNVD
10DGIdb
15ExPASy
16FDA
17FMA
27GTR
28HGMD
29HMDB
30ICD10
31ICD10 via Orphanet
32ICD9CM
33IUPHAR
34KEGG
37MedGen
39MeSH
40MESH via Orphanet
41MGI
44NCI
45NCIt
46NDF-RT
49NINDS
50Novoseek
52OMIM
53OMIM via Orphanet
57PubMed
58QIAGEN
63SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
67Tumor Gene Family of Databases
68UMLS
69UMLS via Orphanet