MCID: FML063
MIFTS: 48

Familial Glucocorticoid Deficiency malady

Genetic diseases, Rare diseases, Endocrine diseases categories

Summaries for Familial Glucocorticoid Deficiency

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Genetics Home Reference:23 Familial glucocorticoid deficiency is a condition that occurs when the adrenal glands, which are hormone-producing glands located on top of each kidney, do not produce certain hormones called glucocorticoids. These hormones, which include cortisol and corticosterone, aid in immune system function, play a role in maintaining normal blood sugar levels, help trigger nerve cell signaling in the brain, and serve many other purposes in the body.

MalaCards based summary: Familial Glucocorticoid Deficiency, also known as acth resistance, is related to glucocorticoid deficiency 2 and glucocorticoid deficiency, due to acth unresponsiveness. An important gene associated with Familial Glucocorticoid Deficiency is MRAP (melanocortin 2 receptor accessory protein), and among its related pathways are Metabolism of steroid hormones and vitamin D and Corticotropin-releasing hormone. The compounds [d-trp8]-gamma-msh and alpha-msh have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include brain, kidney and adrenal gland, and related mouse phenotypes are endocrine/exocrine gland and homeostasis/metabolism.

Aliases & Classifications for Familial Glucocorticoid Deficiency

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Sources:
43NIH Rare Diseases, 23Genetics Home Reference, 45Novoseek, 49Orphanet, 24GTR, 62UMLS, 28ICD10 via Orphanet
See all sources

Familial Glucocorticoid Deficiency, Aliases & Descriptions:

Name: Familial Glucocorticoid Deficiency 43 23 49
Acth Resistance 43 23 45 49 24
Hereditary Unresponsiveness to Adrenocorticotropic Hormone 23
Isolated Glucocorticoid Deficiency 23
 
Adrenal Unresponsiveness to Acth 23
Glucocorticoid Deficiency 1 62
Glucocorticoid Deficiency 23


Classifications:

Malacards categories (disease lists): (See all malacards categories)
Global: Genetic diseases, Rare diseases
Anatomical: Endocrine diseases


Characteristics (Orphanet epidemiological data):

49
acth resistance:
Inheritance: Autosomal recessive; Prevalence: <1/1000000 (Worldwide); Age of onset: Childhood


External Ids:

Orphanet49 361
ICD10 via Orphanet28 E27.1

Related Diseases for Familial Glucocorticoid Deficiency

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Diseases related to Familial Glucocorticoid Deficiency via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards/GeneDecks gene sharing:

(show top 50)    (show all 52)
idRelated DiseaseScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1glucocorticoid deficiency 230.6MRAP
2glucocorticoid deficiency, due to acth unresponsiveness30.4MC2R, POMC
3achalasia30.4MC2R, POMC
4pituitary adenoma30.2NR0B1, POMC, MC2R
5addison's disease30.1NR0B1, STAR, REN, POMC, MC2R
6congenital adrenal hyperplasia30.1MC2R, POMC, REN, STAR, NR0B1
7adenoma30.1TXNRD2, MC2R, POMC, REN, NR0B1
8achalasia-addisonianism-alacrimia syndrome30.0POMC, MC2R
9hypothyroidism30.0POMC, TXNRD2
10natural killer cell and glucocorticoid deficiency with dna repair defect10.3
11glucocorticoid deficiency 310.3
12glucocorticoid deficiency 410.3
13diabetes insipidus10.1
14hypophosphatemic rickets10.1
15focal segmental glomerulosclerosis10.1
16rickets10.1
17dementia10.1
18glomerulosclerosis10.1
19neuropathy10.1
20x-linked adrenal hypoplasia congenita10.1NR0B1
21lipoid adrenal hyperplasia10.1STAR
22west syndrome10.0
23ovarian disease10.0STAR
24acute adrenal insufficiency10.0POMC
25adrenal carcinoma10.0POMC
26adrenocortical carcinoma10.0POMC
27adrenal hypoplasia, congenital, with hypogonadotropic hypogonadism10.0STAR, NR0B1
28anemia, sideroblastic, pyridoxine-refractory, autosomal recessive10.0NR0B1, STAR
29precocious puberty10.0NR0B1, POMC
30hypogonadism10.0NR0B1, POMC
31leydig cell tumor10.0NR0B1, STAR, POMC
32cushing's syndrome10.0REN, POMC
33aldosteronism, glucocorticoid-remediable10.0POMC, REN
34adrenoleukodystrophy10.0NR0B1, REN
35polycystic ovary syndrome10.0STAR, POMC
36hypoaldosteronism10.0REN, POMC
37conn's syndrome10.0REN, POMC
38hyperaldosteronism10.0REN, POMC
39rheumatoid arthritis10.0
40glucocorticoid resistance10.0
41arthritis10.0
42brain injury10.0
43traumatic brain injury10.0
44esophagitis10.0
45thyroiditis10.0
46palatopharyngeal incompetence10.0
47skeletal dysplasias10.0
48hypokalemia10.0REN, POMC
49adrenal adenoma10.0REN, POMC, MC2R
50pituitary tumors10.0POMC, TXNRD2

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Familial Glucocorticoid Deficiency:



Diseases related to familial glucocorticoid deficiency

Symptoms for Familial Glucocorticoid Deficiency

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Drugs & Therapeutics for Familial Glucocorticoid Deficiency

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Drug clinical trials:

Search ClinicalTrials for Familial Glucocorticoid Deficiency

Search NIH Clinical Center for Familial Glucocorticoid Deficiency

Genetic Tests for Familial Glucocorticoid Deficiency

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Genetic tests related to Familial Glucocorticoid Deficiency:

id Genetic test Affiliating Genes
1 Acth Resistance24

Anatomical Context for Familial Glucocorticoid Deficiency

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MalaCards organs/tissues related to Familial Glucocorticoid Deficiency:

33
Brain, Kidney, Adrenal gland, Pituitary

Animal Models for Familial Glucocorticoid Deficiency or affiliated genes

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MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Familial Glucocorticoid Deficiency:

37
idDescriptionMGI Source AccessionScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1MP:00053798.6NR0B1, STAR, POMC, MC2R, NNT
2MP:00053766.8NR0B1, NNT, MRAP2, TXNRD2, MC2R, POMC

Publications for Familial Glucocorticoid Deficiency

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Articles related to Familial Glucocorticoid Deficiency:

(show top 50)    (show all 59)
idTitleAuthorsYear
1
NNT pseudoexon activation as a novel mechanism for disease in two siblings with familial glucocorticoid deficiency. (25459914)
2015
2
Thioredoxin Reductase 2 (TXNRD2) mutation associated with familial glucocorticoid deficiency (FGD). (24601690)
2014
3
Neonatal hyperpigmentation: diagnosis of familial glucocorticoid deficiency with a novel mutation in the melanocortin-2 receptor gene. (24224542)
2014
4
Familial glucocorticoid deficiency: a diagnostic challenge during acute illness. (23708259)
2013
5
Familial glucocorticoid deficiency: New genes and mechanisms. (23279877)
2013
6
An atypical case of familial glucocorticoid deficiency without pigmentation caused by coexistent homozygous mutations in MC2R (T152K) and MC1R (R160W). (22337906)
2012
7
Mutations in NNT encoding nicotinamide nucleotide transhydrogenase cause familial glucocorticoid deficiency. (22634753)
2012
8
Familial glucocorticoid deficiency presenting with generalized hyperpigmentation in adolescence. Report of three siblings. (23565437)
2012
9
A case report: Familial glucocorticoid deficiency associated with familial focal segmental glomerulosclerosis. (23232022)
2012
10
Neonatal presentation of familial glucocorticoid deficiency resulting from a novel splice mutation in the melanocortin 2 receptor accessory protein. (21951701)
2011
11
A novel mutation in the MC2R gene causing familial glucocorticoid deficiency type 1. (21701219)
2011
12
Isolated Addison's disease is unlikely to be caused by mutations in MC2R, MRAP or STAR, three genes responsible for familial glucocorticoid deficiency. (19903795)
2010
13
Missense mutations in the melanocortin 2 receptor accessory protein that lead to late onset familial glucocorticoid deficiency type 2. (20427498)
2010
14
Familial glucocorticoid deficiency type 2: a case report. (21274326)
2010
15
Phenotypic characteristics of familial glucocorticoid deficiency (FGD) type 1 and 2. (19558534)
2010
16
Familial glucocorticoid deficiency with a point mutation in the ACTH receptor: a case report. (19795005)
2009
17
Homozygous nonsense and frameshift mutations of the ACTH receptor in children with familial glucocorticoid deficiency (FGD) are not associated with long-term mineralocorticoid deficiency. (19170705)
2009
18
Nonclassic lipoid congenital adrenal hyperplasia masquerading as familial glucocorticoid deficiency. (19773404)
2009
19
A corticotroph pituitary adenoma as the initial presentation of familial glucocorticoid deficiency. (19423561)
2009
20
The genetics of familial glucocorticoid deficiency. (19500760)
2009
21
A novel variant of familial glucocorticoid deficiency prevalent among the Irish Traveler population. (18430777)
2008
22
Familial glucocorticoid deficiency: advances in the molecular understanding of ACTH action. (18059087)
2008
23
A novel adrenocorticotropin receptor mutation alters its structure and function, causing familial glucocorticoid deficiency. (18492762)
2008
24
Familial glucocorticoid deficiency type 1 due to a novel compound heterozygous MC2R mutation. (18504396)
2008
25
Clinical and biological phenotype of a patient with familial glucocorticoid deficiency type 2 caused by a mutation of melanocortin 2 receptor accessory protein. (17893271)
2007
26
Novel compound heterozygous mutation of the MC2R gene in a patient with familial glucocorticoid deficiency. (17128565)
2006
27
Unusual presentation of familial glucocorticoid deficiency with a novel MRAP mutation. (16868047)
2006
28
Possible relationship between elevated plasma ACTH and tall stature in familial glucocorticoid deficiency. (15673970)
2005
29
A novel presentation of familial glucocorticoid deficiency (FGD) and current literature review. (14960026)
2004
30
Familial glucocorticoid deficiency type 2 in two neonates. (12556930)
2003
31
Functional relationships between three novel homozygous mutations in the ACTH receptor gene and familial glucocorticoid deficiency. (12110946)
2002
32
Familial glucocorticoid deficiency syndromes. (12212552)
2002
33
Linkage of one gene for familial glucocorticoid deficiency type 2 (FGD2) to chromosome 8q and further evidence of heterogeneity. (12384787)
2002
34
Tall stature in familial glucocorticoid deficiency. (11012566)
2000
35
Exclusion of the adrenocorticotropin (ACTH) receptor (MC2R) locus in some families with ACTH resistance but no mutations of the MC2R coding sequence (familial glucocorticoid deficiency type 2). (9768670)
1998
36
ACTH receptor, ACTH receptor anomaly, and familial glucocorticoid deficiency]. (9702062)
1998
37
ACTH receptor mutation in a girl with familial glucocorticoid deficiency. (9550364)
1998
38
Diminished adrenal androgen secretion in familial glucocorticoid deficiency implicates a significant role for ACTH in the induction of adrenarche. (9196605)
1997
39
Familial glucocorticoid deficiency: one syndrome, but more than one gene. (9231879)
1997
40
Adrenocorticotropin receptor gene mutations in familial glucocorticoid deficiency: relationships with clinical features in four families. (7829641)
1995
41
Familial glucocorticoid deficiency associated with point mutation in the adrenocorticotropin receptor. (8094489)
1993
42
Functional characterization of the cloned human ACTH receptor: impaired responsiveness of a mutant receptor in familial glucocorticoid deficiency. (8250922)
1993
43
Adrenocorticotropin receptor in familial glucocorticoid deficiency]. (8254933)
1993
44
Familial glucocorticoid deficiency with achalasia of the cardia associated with mixed neuropathy, long-tract degeneration and mild dementia. (1537368)
1992
45
Familial glucocorticoid deficiency in a girl with familial hypophosphatemic rickets. (3394683)
1988
46
Familial glucocorticoid deficiency. (619277)
1978
47
Familial glucocorticoid deficiency with achalasia of the cardia and deficient tear production. (78049)
1978
48
Absent aldosterone response to ACTH in familial glucocorticoid deficiency. (198655)
1977
49
Familial glucocorticoid deficiency. Studies of diagnosis and pathogenesis. (238474)
1975
50
Proceedings: Familial glucocorticoid deficiency. (4374490)
1974

Variations for Familial Glucocorticoid Deficiency

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Clinvar genetic disease variations for Familial Glucocorticoid Deficiency:

7 (show all 24)
id Gene Variation Type Significance SNP ID Assembly Location
1MRAPMRAP, IVS3, G-T, +1single nucleotide variantPathogenic
2MRAPMRAP, IVS3, G-C, +1single nucleotide variantPathogenic
3MRAPMRAP, IVS3, G-A, +1single nucleotide variantPathogenic
4MRAPMRAP, IVS3, G DEL, +1deletionPathogenic
5MRAPMRAP, IVS3, T INS, +3insertionPathogenic
6MRAPNM_206898.1(MRAP): c.3G> A (p.Met1Ile)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs80358231GRCh37Chr 21, 33671285: 33671285
7MRAPMRAP, 1-BP DEL, 128GdeletionPathogenic
8MC2RNM_000529.2(MC2R): c.376G> T (p.Ala126Ser)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs267607231GRCh37Chr 18, 13885142: 13885142
9MRAPMRAP, 7-BP DEL, NT17deletionPathogenic
10MC2RNM_000529.2(MC2R): c.221G> T (p.Ser74Ile)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs104894658GRCh37Chr 18, 13885297: 13885297
11MC2RNM_000529.2(MC2R): c.601C> T (p.Arg201Ter)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs104894659GRCh37Chr 18, 13884917: 13884917
12MC2RNM_000529.2(MC2R): c.360C> G (p.Ser120Arg)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs104894656GRCh37Chr 18, 13885158: 13885158
13MC2RNM_000529.2(MC2R): c.382C> T (p.Arg128Cys)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs104894657GRCh37Chr 18, 13885136: 13885136
14MC2RNM_000529.2(MC2R): c.319G> A (p.Asp107Asn)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs104894661GRCh37Chr 18, 13885199: 13885199
15MC2RMC2R, 1-BP INS, 1347AinsertionPathogenic
16MC2RNM_000529.2(MC2R): c.752G> T (p.Cys251Phe)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs104894662GRCh37Chr 18, 13884766: 13884766
17MC2RNM_000529.2(MC2R): c.409C> T (p.Arg137Trp)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs104894660GRCh37Chr 18, 13885109: 13885109
18MC2RNM_000529.2(MC2R): c.761A> G (p.Tyr254Cys)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs28940892GRCh37Chr 18, 13884757: 13884757
19NNTNM_012343.3(NNT): c.1598C> T (p.Ala533Val)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs387907232GRCh37Chr 5, 43649402: 43649402
20NNTNNT, 1-BP DEL, 600GdeletionPathogenic
21NNTNM_012343.3(NNT): c.2930T> C (p.Leu977Pro)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs387907233GRCh37Chr 5, 43700274: 43700274
22NNTNNT, 4-BP DEL, 1107TCACdeletionPathogenic
23NNTNNT, ASN1009LYSundetermined variantPathogenic
24NNTNM_012343.3(NNT): c.3022G> C (p.Ala1008Pro)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs387907234GRCh37Chr 5, 43702749: 43702749

Expression for genes affiliated with Familial Glucocorticoid Deficiency

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Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Familial Glucocorticoid Deficiency.

Pathways for genes affiliated with Familial Glucocorticoid Deficiency

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Pathways related to Familial Glucocorticoid Deficiency according to GeneCards/GeneDecks:

idSuper pathways (with members indented)ScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1
Show member pathways
9.6STAR, POMC
29.6STAR, POMC
39.6REN, MC2R
4
Show member pathways
9.3REN, POMC

Compounds for genes affiliated with Familial Glucocorticoid Deficiency

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Compounds related to Familial Glucocorticoid Deficiency according to GeneCards/GeneDecks:

(show all 43)
idCompoundScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1[d-trp8]-gamma-msh6110.1MC2R, POMC
2alpha-msh61 3011.1MC2R, POMC
3hs 0146110.1MC2R, POMC
4pg 1066110.0MC2R, POMC
5shu 911961 4511.0POMC, MC2R
6acth 1-244510.0POMC, MC2R
7aminoglutethimide45 1311.0POMC, MC2R
8metyrapone45 61 1312.0MC2R, POMC
9dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate459.8POMC, MC2R
10digoxin45 61 51 26 1313.7STAR, REN
1118-hydroxycorticosterone45 2610.7REN, POMC
123beta-hydroxysteroid459.7MC2R, POMC, STAR
13dhea459.7STAR, POMC, MC2R
14fludrocortisone45 30 1311.7REN, POMC
15ang ii459.7STAR, REN
1611 deoxycortisol459.7REN, POMC
17doca459.7REN, POMC
1817-hydroxyprogesterone45 2610.6REN, POMC
19progestin459.6STAR, POMC
20spironolactone45 61 30 51 1313.6POMC, REN
21ribonucleic acid459.6STAR, POMC, MC2R
22desmopressin45 61 30 1312.6REN, POMC
23furosemide45 61 30 51 26 1314.6REN, POMC
24gnrh459.5NR0B1, STAR, POMC
25triiodothyronine459.5TXNRD2, POMC
2611beta-hydroxysteroid459.5REN, POMC, MC2R
27clonidine45 51 30 1312.4REN, POMC
28hydrocortisone45 3 61 1312.4MC2R, POMC, REN
29corticosterone45 61 2611.4POMC, REN, STAR
30thyroxine45 2610.3TXNRD2, POMC, REN
31testosterone45 61 26 1312.2NR0B1, STAR, POMC, MC2R
32potassium45 26 1311.2TXNRD2, MC2R, REN, STAR
33androstenedione45 2610.1MC2R, POMC, REN, STAR
34estradiol45 26 1311.1POMC, REN, STAR
35forskolin45 51 1311.1STAR, REN, POMC, MC2R
36estrogen459.0TXNRD2, POMC, STAR, NR0B1
37alanine459.0NNT, TXNRD2, MC2R, POMC, STAR
38pge2459.0STAR, REN, POMC
39aspartate458.9STAR, POMC, TXNRD2
40cholesterol45 30 26 1311.8NR0B1, STAR, REN, MC2R, TXNRD2
41dexamethasone45 51 30 1311.7MC2R, POMC, REN, STAR, NR0B1
42acth458.4NR0B1, STAR, REN, POMC, MC2R, MRAP
43steroid458.3TXNRD2, MC2R, POMC, REN, STAR, NR0B1

GO Terms for genes affiliated with Familial Glucocorticoid Deficiency

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Biological processes related to Familial Glucocorticoid Deficiency according to GeneCards/GeneDecks:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1protein localization to cell surfaceGO:00343949.6MRAP, MRAP2
2positive regulation of cAMP biosynthetic processGO:00308199.5MC2R, MRAP2, MRAP
3steroid biosynthetic processGO:00066949.4NR0B1, STAR
4regulation of blood pressureGO:00082179.3REN, POMC
5male gonad developmentGO:00085849.1NR0B1, STAR, REN

Molecular functions related to Familial Glucocorticoid Deficiency according to GeneCards/GeneDecks:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1NADP bindingGO:00506619.8TXNRD2, NNT
2corticotropin hormone receptor bindingGO:00317809.6MRAP2, MRAP
3type 5 melanocortin receptor bindingGO:00317839.4MRAP2, MRAP
4type 1 melanocortin receptor bindingGO:00709969.3POMC, MRAP2, MRAP
5type 4 melanocortin receptor bindingGO:00317829.3MRAP, MRAP2, POMC
6type 3 melanocortin receptor bindingGO:00317819.2MRAP, MRAP2, POMC

Products for genes affiliated with Familial Glucocorticoid Deficiency

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Sources for Familial Glucocorticoid Deficiency

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4CDC
15ExPASy
16FMA
24GTR
25HGMD
26HMDB
27ICD10
28ICD10 via Orphanet
29ICD9CM
30IUPHAR
31KEGG
35MeSH
36MESH via Orphanet
37MGI
40NCIt
41NDF-RT
44NINDS
45Novoseek
47OMIM
48OMIM via Orphanet
52PubMed
53QIAGEN
58SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
62UMLS
63UMLS via Orphanet