FAS
MCID: FTL001
MIFTS: 53

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) malady

Categories: Fetal diseases, Rare diseases, Mental diseases, Neuronal diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

About this section
Sources:
11Disease Ontology, 13DISEASES, 30ICD10, 31ICD10 via Orphanet, 40MESH via Orphanet, 50Novoseek, 54Orphanet, 68UMLS, 69UMLS via Orphanet
See all MalaCards sources

Aliases & Descriptions for Fetal Alcohol Syndrome:

Name: Fetal Alcohol Syndrome 11 54 50 13 68
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders 54 68
Fetus or Newborn Affected by Alcohol Transmitted Via Placenta or Breast Milk 68
Alcohol Related Neurodevelopmental Disorder 68
Alcohol-Related Neurodevelopmental Disorder 54
Alcohol-Related Birth Defects 54
 
Alcohol Related Birth Defect 68
Arnd 54
Arbd 54
Fasd 54
Fas 54

Characteristics:

Orphanet epidemiological data:

54
fetal alcohol syndrome:
Inheritance: Not applicable; Prevalence: 1-9/100000 (Europe),1-9/100000 (Austria),1-9/100000 (Belgium),1-5/10000 (Germany),1-9/100000 (Hungary),1-9/100000 (Ireland),1-9/100000 (Italy),1-9/100000 (Norway),1-5/10000 (Switzerland),1-9/100000 (United Kingdom),1-5/10000 (France),1-9/1000000 (Poland),1-9/100000 (Spain),6-9/10000 (Ukraine); Age of onset: Antenatal,Neonatal; Age of death: any age

Classifications:



External Ids:

Disease Ontology11 DOID:0050665
Orphanet54 ORPHA1915
MESH via Orphanet40 D005310
UMLS via Orphanet69 C0015923
ICD10 via Orphanet31 Q86.0
ICD1030 Q86.0

Summaries for Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

About this section
Disease Ontology:11 A fetal alcohol spectrum disorder that results in severe mental and physical defects which can develop in a child when the mother drinks alcohol during pregnancy. The presenting features include craniofacial dysmorphology (microcephaly, smooth philtrum, thin upper lip, small eye openings), pre- and postnatal growth deficiency, and central nervous system dysfunction.

MalaCards based summary: Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, also known as fetal alcohol spectrum disorders, is related to alcohol-related birth defect and partial fetal alcohol syndrome, and has symptoms including Array, Array and Array. An important gene associated with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome is ADH1B (Alcohol Dehydrogenase 1B (Class I), Beta Polypeptide), and among its related pathways are ethanol degradation II and noradrenaline and adrenaline degradation. Affiliated tissues include eye, breast and placenta, and related mouse phenotypes are behavior/neurological and homeostasis/metabolism.

Related Diseases for Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

About this section

Diseases in the Fetal Alcohol Syndrome family:

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder

Diseases related to Fetal Alcohol Syndrome via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50)    (show all 90)
idRelated DiseaseScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1alcohol-related birth defect29.2ADH1B, ADH7, ADNP, AKR1A1, ALDH2, CHRM3
2partial fetal alcohol syndrome12.3
3fas-related autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome12.1
4autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome12.0
5fetal alcohol spectrum disorder11.9
6fanconi anemia, complementation group a11.8
7dianzani autoimmune lymphoproliferative disease11.4
8lung cancer11.4
9colorectal cancer11.4
10lymphoproliferative syndrome11.3
11friedreich ataxia11.3
12lymphoma11.3
13hepatocellular carcinoma11.3
14prostate cancer11.3
15silicosis11.3
16pancreatic cancer11.2
17liver disease11.2
18viral hepatitis11.2
19autoimmune hepatitis11.2
20hodgkin lymphoma11.2
21aplastic anemia11.2
22lymphopenia11.2
23hashimoto thyroiditis11.2
24myelodysplastic syndrome11.2
25birth defects11.2
26adult t-cell leukemia11.2
27chronic lymphocytic leukemia11.2
28keloids11.2
29burkitt lymphoma11.2
30asthma11.2
31pneumoconiosis11.2
32alzheimer disease11.2
33vogt-koyanagi-harada disease11.2
34kashin-beck disease11.1
35common variable immunodeficiency11.1
36persistent polyclonal b-cell lymphocytosis11.1
37burn scar11.1
38acute myocarditis11.1
39stevens-johnson syndrome/toxic epidermal necrolysis11.1
40type ii mixed cryoglobulinemia11.1
41cartilage-hair hypoplasia11.1
42syphilis11.1
43fatty liver disease11.1
44acid sphingomyelinase deficiency11.1
45epstein-barr virus-associated gastric carcinoma11.1
46bile duct carcinoma11.1
47glycogen storage disease due to glycogen branching enzyme deficiency10.2GFAP, VIP
48lethal hydranencephaly-diaphragmatic hernia syndrome10.1ADH1B, AKR1A1
49hemangioblastoma10.0GFAP, GRIN2B
50neuronitis9.9

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Fetal Alcohol Syndrome:



Diseases related to fetal alcohol syndrome

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

About this section

Human phenotypes related to Fetal Alcohol Syndrome:

 54 64 (show all 33)
id Description HPO Frequency Orphanet Frequency HPO Source Accession
1 cleft palate64 54 Occasional (29-5%) HP:0000175
2 thin upper lip vermilion64 54 Frequent (79-30%) HP:0000219
3 microcephaly64 54 Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0000252
4 narrow face64 54 Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0000275
5 epicanthus64 54 Frequent (79-30%) HP:0000286
6 smooth philtrum64 54 Frequent (79-30%) HP:0000319
7 micrognathia64 54 Frequent (79-30%) HP:0000347
8 low-set, posteriorly rotated ears64 54 Frequent (79-30%) HP:0000368
9 anteverted nares64 54 Frequent (79-30%) HP:0000463
10 strabismus64 54 Frequent (79-30%) HP:0000486
11 telecanthus64 54 Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0000506
12 ptosis64 54 Frequent (79-30%) HP:0000508
13 microphthalmia64 54 Frequent (79-30%) HP:0000568
14 microdontia64 54 Frequent (79-30%) HP:0000691
15 behavioral abnormality64 54 Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0000708
16 congenital diaphragmatic hernia64 54 Occasional (29-5%) HP:0000776
17 intellectual disability64 54 Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0001249
18 global developmental delay64 54 Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0001263
19 specific learning disability64 54 Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0001328
20 joint stiffness64 54 Frequent (79-30%) HP:0001387
21 intrauterine growth retardation64 54 Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0001511
22 atria septal defect54 Frequent (79-30%)
23 generalized hirsutism64 54 Occasional (29-5%) HP:0002230
24 short nose64 54 Frequent (79-30%) HP:0003196
25 vertebral segmentation defect64 54 Frequent (79-30%) HP:0003422
26 short stature64 54 Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0004322
27 biparietal narrowing64 54 Frequent (79-30%) HP:0004422
28 abnormal dermatoglyphics64 54 Frequent (79-30%) HP:0007477
29 abnormality of immune system physiology64 54 Frequent (79-30%) HP:0010978
30 non-midline cleft lip64 54 Frequent (79-30%) HP:0100335
31 cognitive impairment64 54 Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0100543
32 visceral angiomatosis64 54 Frequent (79-30%) HP:0100761
33 atrial septal defect64 HP:0001631

MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Fetal Alcohol Syndrome according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

41
idDescriptionMGI Source AccessionScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1MP:00053867.9ADH7, ALDH2, CHRM3, GFAP, GRIN2A, GRIN2B
2MP:00053767.8ADH7, AKR1A1, ALDH2, CHRM3, GFAP, GRIN2B
3MP:00053787.7ADH7, AKR1A1, ALDH2, CHRM3, GFAP, GRIN2B
4MP:00107687.4ADH7, ADNP, AKR1A1, ALDH2, GFAP, GRIN2B
5MP:00036316.3ADH7, ADNP, ALDH2, CHRM3, GFAP, GRIN2A

Drugs & Therapeutics for Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

About this section

Drugs for Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show all 28)
idNameStatusPhaseClinical TrialsCas NumberPubChem Id
1
EthanolapprovedPhase 3, Phase 2, Phase 1, Early Phase 1213764-17-5702
Synonyms:
(C6-C9)Alkyl alcohol
02483_FLUKA
02851_FLUKA
02853_FLUKA
02854_FLUKA
02855_FLUKA
02856_FLUKA
02856_SIAL
02857_FLUKA
02857_SIAL
02858_FLUKA
02858_SIAL
02860_FLUKA
02865_FLUKA
02865_SIAL
02870_FLUKA
02870_SIAL
02875_FLUKA
02877_FLUKA
02878_FLUKA
02882_FLUKA
02882_SIAL
02883_FLUKA
02884_FLUKA
02890_FLUKA
02890_SIAL
02891_FLUKA
02891_SIAL
1-Hydroxyethane
100C.NPA
121182-78-3
187380_ALDRICH
187380_SIAL
24102_RIEDEL
24102_SIAL
24103_RIEDEL
24103_SIAL
24105_RIEDEL
24105_SIAL
24106_RIEDEL
24106_SIAL
24194_RIEDEL
24194_SIAL
245119_ALDRICH
245119_SIAL
270741_ALDRICH
270741_SIAL
277649_ALDRICH
277649_SIAL
2858_SIGMA
29221_FLUKA
32205_RIEDEL
32205_SIAL
32221_RIEDEL
32221_SIAL
32294_RIEDEL
32294_SIAL
34870_SIAL
34963_RIEDEL
39278_FLUKA
40210_ALDRICH
40210_RIEDEL
41322_FLUKA
458600_ALDRICH
458600_SIAL
459828_ALDRICH
459828_SIAL
459836_ALDRICH
459836_SIAL
459844_SIAL
48075_SUPELCO
493511_SIAL
493538_ALDRICH
493538_SIAL
493546_ALDRICH
493546_SIAL
64-17-5
676829_SIAL
68475-56-9
71076-86-3
71329-38-9
8000-16-6
8024-45-1
AC1L19TW
AC1Q31MM
AHD 2000
AI3-01706
ALCOHOL 5% IN D5-W
Absolute Alcohol
Absolute Ethanol
Absolute alcohol
Absolute ethanol
Absolute ethyl alcohol
Aethanol
Aethanol [German]
Aethylalkohol
Alcare Hand Degermer
Alcohol
Alcohol (USP)
Alcohol (ethyl)
Alcohol Anhydrous
Alcohol [USP]
Alcohol anhydrous
Alcohol dehydrated
Alcohol denatured
Alcohol etílico
Alcohol, Absolute
Alcohol, Dehydrated
Alcohol, Diluted
Alcohol, Grain
Alcohol, anhydrous
Alcohol, dehydrated
Alcohol, denatured
Alcohol, diluted
Alcohol, ethyl
Alcohols
Alcohols, C1-3
Alcohols, C30
Alcohols, C6-9
Alcool Ethylique
Alcool Etilico
Alcool ethylique
Alcool etilico
Alcool éthylique
Algrain
Alkohol
Alkohol [German]
Alkoholu Etylowego
Alkoholu etylowego
Aminoethanol
Anhydrol
Anhydrol PM 4085
Anhydrous alcohol
Anhydrous ethanol
Beta-Aminoethanol
Beta-Aminoethyl Alcohol
Beta-Ethanolamine
Beta-Hydroxyethylamine
C00469
C2H5OH
C2H6O
CCRIS 945
CDA 19
CDA 19-200
CHEBI:16236
CHEMBL545
CID702
Caswell No. 426
Caswell No. 430
Colamine
Cologne Spirit
Cologne spirit
Cologne spirits
 
D000431
D00068
DB00898
Dehydrated Ethanol
Dehydrated alcohol
Dehydrated ethanol
Denatured Alcohol
Denatured Alcohol Cd-10
Denatured Alcohol Cd-5
Denatured Alcohol Cd-5a
Denatured Alcohol Sd-1
Denatured Alcohol Sd-13a
Denatured Alcohol Sd-17
Denatured Alcohol Sd-23a
Denatured Alcohol Sd-28
Denatured Alcohol Sd-30
Denatured Alcohol Sd-39b
Denatured Alcohol Sd-39c
Denatured Alcohol Sd-3a
Denatured Alcohol Sd-40m
Denatured Ethanol
Denatured alcohol
Denatured ethanol
Desinfektol EL
Diluted Alcohol
Distilled spirits
E2385_SIGMA
E7023_ALDRICH
E7023_SIAL
E7148_ALDRICH
E7148_SIAL
E7517_SIGMA
EINECS 200-578-6
EINECS 270-649-4
EOH
EOX
ETA
Envision Conditioner Pdd 9020
Esumiru WK 88
EtOH
Etanolo
Etanolo [Italian]
Ethanol (9CI)
Ethanol 200 Proof
Ethanol 200 proof
Ethanol Absolute
Ethanol Absolute Bp
Ethanol Anhydrous
Ethanol Extra Pure
Ethanol Vapor
Ethanol [JAN]
Ethanol solution
Ethanol, Silent Spirit
Ethanol, undenatured
Ethanolum anhydricum
Ethicap
Ethyl Alcohol
Ethyl Alcohol & Water, 10%
Ethyl Alcohol & Water, 20%
Ethyl Alcohol & Water, 30%
Ethyl Alcohol & Water, 40%
Ethyl Alcohol & Water, 5%
Ethyl Alcohol & Water, 50%
Ethyl Alcohol & Water, 60%
Ethyl Alcohol & Water, 70%
Ethyl Alcohol & Water, 80%
Ethyl Alcohol & Water, 95%
Ethyl Alcohol & Water, 96%
Ethyl Alcohol Anhydrous
Ethyl Alcohol, Anhydrous
Ethyl Alcohol, Denatured
Ethyl Hydrate
Ethyl Hydroxide
Ethyl alc
Ethyl alcohol
Ethyl alcohol anhydrous
Ethyl alcohol in alcoholic beverages
Ethyl alcohol usp
Ethyl hydrate
Ethyl hydroxide
Ethylalcohol
Ethylalcohol [Dutch]
Ethylol
Ethylolamine
Ethyloxy Group
Etylowy alkohol
FEMA No. 2419
FEMA Number 2419
Fermentation alcohol
Glycinol
Grain alcohol
HSDB 531
HSDB 82
HYDROXYETHYL GROUP
Hinetoless
Hydroxyethane
I14-12648
IMS 99
Infinity Pure
Jaysol
Jaysol S
LS-1539
LTBB002977
Lux
Methylated Spirit Mineralised
Methylated spirit
Methylcarbinol
MolPort-001-785-844
Molasses alcohol
NCGC00091458-01
NCI-C03134
NSC 85228
NSC85228
Oxydimethylene Group
Potato alcohol
Punctilious ethyl alcohol
Pyro
QMHAIh@
Reagent Alcohol
Ru-Tuss Expectorant
SDA 3A
SDA 40-2
SDM No. 37
SY Fresh M
Sekundasprit
Silent spirit
Spirit
Spirits of wine
Spiritus vini
Spirt
Synasol
Tecsol
Tecsol C
Thanol
Thiofaco M-50
UNII-3K9958V90M
USAF EK-1597
Undenatured Ethanol
WLN: Q2
absolute alcohol
alcohol
alcohol etilico
bmse000297
etanol
ethanol
ethyl alcohol
grain alcohol
nchem.651-comp3c
nchembio.552-comp10
nchembio.94-comp20
spiritus vini
Äthanol
Äthylalkohol
éthanol
2Adrenergic AgentsPhase 3, Phase 15352
3Neurotransmitter Uptake InhibitorsPhase 3, Phase 13521
4Neurotransmitter AgentsPhase 3, Phase 118340
5Atomoxetine HydrochloridePhase 3, Phase 1171
6Anti-Infective Agents, LocalPhase 2, Phase 3, Phase 1, Early Phase 11880
7Central Nervous System DepressantsPhase 2, Phase 3, Phase 1, Early Phase 113403
8Anti-Infective AgentsPhase 2, Phase 3, Phase 1, Early Phase 122062
9Protective AgentsPhase 2, Phase 37443
10AntioxidantsPhase 2, Phase 33050
11Neuroprotective AgentsPhase 2, Phase 31716
12
Epigallocatechin gallatePhase 2, Phase 360989-51-565064
Synonyms:
(-)-Epigallocatechin gallat
(-)-Epigallocatechin gallate
(-)-Epigallocatechin-3-O-gallate
(-)-Epigallocatechol gallate
(-)-Epigallocatehin gallate
Catechin deriv.
 
EGCG
Epigallocatcchin Gallate
Epigallocate
Epigallocatechin 3-gallate
Epigallocatechin Gallate
Epigallocic acid
Galloyl-L-epigallocatechol
Tea catechin
13
Epigallocatechinexperimental, NutraceuticalPhase 2, Phase 361970-74-172277
Synonyms:
(-)-3,3',4',5,5',7-Flavanhexol
(-)-Epigallocatechol
(-)-cis-3,3',4',5,5',7-Hexahydroxyflavan
(-)-cis-3,3',4',5,5',7-Hexahydroxyflavane
(-)-epi-gallocatechin
(-)-epigallocatechin
(-)-epigallocatechol
(−)-epigallocatechin
2,3-cis-Epigallocatechin
 
3,3',4',5,5',7-flavanhexol
Antiscurvy factor C2
EGC
Epi-gallocatechin
Epigallocatechin
Epigallocatechol
Galloepicatechin
L-Epigallocatechin
L-Epigallocatechol
L-epigallocatechin
14
Glycerolexperimental, approvedPhase 223856-81-5753
Synonyms:
1,2,3-Trihydroxypropane
1,2,3-propanetriol
1,2,3-trihydroxypropane
Bulbold
Cristal
E 422
Emery 916
Glyceol Opthalgan
Glycerin
Glycerin, anhydrous
Glycerin,anhydrous
Glycerine
Glycerinum
 
Glyceritol
Glycerol
Glycyl alcohol
Glyrol
Glysanin
IFP
Incorporation factor
Mackstat H 66
Monoctanoin component D
Osmoglyn
Pricerine 9091
Propanetriol
RG-S
Trihydroxypropane
Tryhydroxypropane
15
Cholineapproved, nutraceuticalPhase 2, Phase 115462-49-7305
Synonyms:
(2-Hydroxyethyl)trimethyl ammonium
(2-Hydroxyethyl)trimethylammonium
(beta-hydroxyethyl)trimethylammonium
2-Hydroxy-N,N,N-trimethyl-ethanaminium
2-Hydroxy-N,N,N-trimethylethanaminium
Bilineurine
Biocolina
Biocoline
Choline
Choline cation
 
Choline ion
Cholinum
Hepacholine
Hormocline
Lipotril
N,N,N-Trimethylethanol-ammonium
N,N,N-Trimethylethanolammonium
N,N,N-trimethylethanol-ammonium
N-trimethylethanolamine
Neocolina
Paresan
trimethylethanolamine
16Lipid Regulating AgentsPhase 2, Phase 12766
17Nootropic AgentsPhase 2, Phase 1716
18AntimetabolitesPhase 2, Phase 112054
19Gastrointestinal AgentsPhase 2, Phase 18402
20Hypolipidemic AgentsPhase 2, Phase 12785
21
Nicotineapproved110354-11-5942, 89594
Synonyms:
(−
(+)-Nicotine
(-)-3-(1-Methyl-2-pyrrolidyl)pyridine
(-)-3-(N-Methylpyrrolidino)pyridine
(-)-Nicotine
(-)-Nicotine solution
(2S) 3-(1-Methyl-pyrrolidin-2-yl)-pyridine
(R)-3-(1-Methyl-2-pyrrolidinyl)pyridine
(R,S)-Nicotine
(S)-(-)-NICOTINE, 3-[(2S)-1-METHYL-2-PYRROLIDINYL] PYRIDINE
(S)-(-)-Nicotine
(S)-(−)-nicotine
(S)-3-(1-methylpyrrolidin-2-yl)pyridine
(S)-3-(N-methylpyrrolidin-2-yl)pyridine
(S)-Nicotine
(−)-nicotine
)-1-Methyl-2-(3-pyridyl)pyrrolidine
)-Nicotine
)-Nicotine solution
1-Methyl-2-(3-pyridal)-Pyrrolidine
1-Methyl-2-(3-pyridal)-pyrrolidene
1-Methyl-2-(3-pyridiyl)pyrrolidine
1-Methyl-2-(3-pyridyl)pyrrolidine
1uw6
2'-beta-H-Nicotine
3-(1-Methyl-2-pyrollidinyl)pyridine
3-(1-Methyl-2-pyrrolidinyl)-Pyridine
3-(1-Methyl-2-pyrrolidinyl)pyridine
3-(1-Methylpyrrolidin-2-yl)pyridine
3-(2-(N-methylpyrrolidinyl))pyridine
3-(N-Methylpyrollidino)pyridine
3-(N-Methylpyrrolidino)pyridine
3-(N-methylpyrollidino)pyridine
3-N-Methylpyrrolidine
3-[(2S)-1-methylpyrrolidin-2-yl]pyridine
36733_FLUKA
36733_RIEDEL
434F7990-3240-4A43-ACEC-E6CC1E495FA0
46343_FLUKA
46343_RIEDEL
54-11-5
AC1L3I79
AC1Q3ZOC
AI3-03424
BB_NC-0777
BIDD:GT0599
BRD-K05395900-322-02-1
Black Leaf
Black Leaf 40
C00745
CCRIS 1637
CHEBI:17688
CHEMBL3
CID89594
CPD000059074
Campbell's Nico-Soap
Caswell No. 597
Commit
D-Nicotine
D03365
DL-tetrahydronicotyrine
Destruxol
Destruxol Orchid Spray
EINECS 200-193-3
ENT 3,424
EPA Pesticide Chemical Code 056702
Emo-Nik
Flux Maag
Fumeto bac
Fumetobac
HSDB 1107
Habitrol
Habitrol (TN)
L(-)-nicotine
L(−)-nicotine
L-3-(1-Methyl-2-pyrrolidyl)pyridine
 
L-Nicotine
LS-202
MLS001055457
MLS001335905
Mach-Nic
Methyl-2-pyrrolidinyl)pyridine
Micotine
MolPort-000-744-731
N3876_SIGMA
N5511_FLUKA
N5511_SIGMA
NCGC00090693-01
NCGC00090693-02
NCGC00090693-03
NCGC00090693-04
NCGC00090693-05
NCGC00090693-06
NCGC00090693-07
NCT
NICOTINE AND SALTS
NSC 5065
NSC97238
Niagara P.A. Dust
Nic-Sal
Nico-Dust
Nico-Fume
Nicocide
Nicoderm
Nicoderm Cq
Nicoderm Patch
Nicorette
Nicorette Plus
Nicotin
Nicotina
Nicotina [Italian]
Nicotine
Nicotine (USP)
Nicotine (compounds related to)
Nicotine Alkaloid
Nicotine Patch
Nicotine Polacrilex
Nicotine [BSI:ISO]
Nicotine [UN1654]
Nicotine [UN1654] [Poison]
Nicotine [USAN]
Nicotrol
Nicotrol Inhaler
Nicotrol Ns
Nictoine patch
Nikotin
Nikotin [German]
Nikotyna
Nikotyna [Polish]
Ortho N-4 Dust
Ortho N-5 Dust
PDSP1_000113
PDSP1_000465
PDSP2_000463
PDSP2_000555
Prostep
R)-(+)-Nicotine
RCRA waste no. P075
RCRA waste number P075
SAM002564224
SDCCGMLS-0066911.P001
SMR000059074
Tendust
Transdermal Nicotine
UN1654
a -N-Methylpyrrolidine
a-N-Methylpyrrolidine
alpha-N-Methylpyrrolidine
beta-Pyridyl-alpha-N-methyl pyrrolidine
beta-Pyridyl-alpha-N-methylpyrrolidine
bmse000105
delta-Nicotine
nicotine
nicotine replacement patch
22
Bupivacaineapproved, investigational12332180-92-9, 38396-39-32474
Synonyms:
( inverted exclamation markA)-bupivacaine
(+-)-Bupivacaine
(1)-1-Butyl-N-(2,6-dimethylphenyl)piperidine-2-carboxamide
(RS)-bupivacaine
(±)-bupivacaine
1-Butyl-2',6'-pipecoloxylidide
1-Butyl-N-(2,6-dimethylphenyl)-2-piperidinecarboxamide
1-butyl-N-(2,6-dimethylphenyl)piperidine-2-carboxamide
15233-43-9
2180-92-9
38396-39-3
AB00053674
AC-2096
AC1L1DRE
AC1Q5LX4
AH 250
AKOS001637202
AR-1A0242
Anekain
BPBio1_000298
BRD-A01636364-003-05-2
BSPBio_000270
BSPBio_002607
Bio-0886
Bloqueina
Bucaine
Bucaine (TN)
Bupivacaina
Bupivacaina [INN-Spanish]
Bupivacaine (INN)
Bupivacaine Carbonate
Bupivacaine HCL
Bupivacaine HCL KIT
Bupivacaine Monohydrochloride, Monohydrate
Bupivacaine [INN:BAN]
Bupivacainum
Bupivacainum [INN-Latin]
Bupivan
C07529
C18H28N2O
CBupivacaine
CHEBI:3215
CHEMBL1098
CID2474
Carbostesin
D07552
DB00297
DL-Bupivacaine
DUR-843
 
DepoBupivacaine
DivK1c_000758
EINECS 218-553-3
EINECS 253-911-2
HMS2090F12
IDI1_000758
KBio1_000758
KBio2_002004
KBio2_004572
KBio2_007140
KBio3_001827
KBioGR_001516
KBioSS_002004
KST-1A4609
L000695
LAC-43
LS-109841
LS-2222
MLS001361336
Marcaina
Marcaine
Marcaine HCL
Marcaine Spinal
MolPort-004-955-820
NCGC00178579-01
NCGC00178579-02
NINDS_000758
NSC119660
Prestwick0_000305
Prestwick1_000305
Prestwick2_000305
Prestwick3_000305
SMR000058218
SPBio_001558
SPBio_002489
Sensorcaine
Sensorcaine-MPF
Sensorcaine-MPF Spinal
Spectrum2_001589
Spectrum3_000974
Spectrum4_001098
Spectrum5_001483
Spectrum_001524
Transdur-Bupivacaine
UNII-Y8335394RO
Win 11318
Win 11318 HCl
bupivacaine
cBupivacaine
dl-1-Butyl-2',6'-pipecoloxylidide
racemic bupivacaine
23
Fentanylapproved, illicit, investigational, vet_approved821437-38-73345
Synonyms:
1-Phenethyl-4-(N-phenylpropionamido)piperidine
1-Phenethyl-4-N-propionylanilinopiperidine
1-phenethyl-4-N-propionylanilinopiperidine
437-38-7
5-22-08-00049 (Beilstein Handbook Reference)
80832-90-2
990-73-8 (citrate)
AC1L1FQ2
Actiq
BIDD:GT0555
BRN 0494484
CHEBI:119915
CHEMBL596
CID3345
D00320
DB00813
Duragesic
Duragesic (TN)
Duragesic-100
Duragesic-12
Duragesic-25
Duragesic-50
Duragesic-75
Durogesic
EINECS 207-113-6
Fentanest
Fentanil
Fentanil [DCIT]
Fentanila
Fentanila [INN-Spanish]
Fentanilo
Fentanyl
Fentanyl (JAN/USAN/INN)
Fentanyl CII
Fentanyl [INN:BAN]
Fentanyl citrate
Fentanyl-100
Fentanyl-12
Fentanyl-25
 
Fentanyl-50
Fentanyl-75
Fentanylum
Fentanylum [INN-Latin]
HSDB 3329
IONSYS
JNS020QD
L001275
LS-124439
Matrifen
MolPort-003-847-369
N-(1-Phenethyl-4-piperidinyl)-N-phenylpropionamide
N-(1-Phenethyl-4-piperidyl)propionanilide
N-(1-Phenethyl-piperidin-4-yl)-N-phenyl-propionamide
N-(1-Phenethylpiperidin-4-yl)-N-phenylpropionamide
N-(1-phenethyl-4-piperidinyl)-N-phenylpropionamide
N-(1-phenethyl-4-piperidyl)propionanilide
N-(1-phenethylpiperidin-4-yl)-N-phenylpropanamide
N-(1-phenethylpiperidin-4-yl)-N-phenylpropionamide
N-Phenethyl-4-(N-propionylanilino)piperidine
N-Phenyl-N-(1-(2-phenylethyl)-4-piperidinyl)propanamide
N-phenethyl-4-(N-propionylanilino)piperidine
N-phenyl-N-(1-(2-phenylethyl)-4-piperidinyl)propanamide
N-phenyl-N-[1-(2-phenylethyl)piperidin-4-yl]propanamide
NCGC00168252-01
Nasalfent
Oprea1_152073
Oprea1_207148
PDSP1_000860
PDSP2_000846
Pentanyl
Phentanyl
Propanamide, N-phenyl-N-(1-(2-phenylethyl)-4-piperidinyl)- (9CI)
R 4263
Rapinyl
Sentonil
Sublimase
Sublimaze
UNII-UF599785JZ
fentanyl
24
Benzocaineapproved20161994-09-7, 94-09-72337
Synonyms:
(p-(Ethoxycarbonyl)phenylamine
06952_FLUKA
112909_ALDRICH
112909_SIAL
1333-08-0
23239-88-5
23239-88-5 (hydrochloride)
4 Aminobenzoic Acid Ethyl Ester
4-(Ethoxycarbonyl)aniline
4-(Ethoxycarbonyl)phenylamine
4-14-00-01129 (Beilstein Handbook Reference)
4-Aminobenzoate
4-Aminobenzoic acid
4-Aminobenzoic acid ethyl ester
4-Aminobenzoic acid, ethyl ester
4-Carbethoxyaniline
4-amino-benzoic acid ethyl ester
4-aminobenzoic acid ethyl ester
71123-91-6
94-09-7
94-09-7 (Parent)
A0271
AB00051923
AC1L1DGC
AC1Q341A
AC1Q64JE
AE-562/40377256
AI3-02081
AKOS000119763
AR-1H9065
Acetate, Benzocaine
Aethoform
Aethylium paraminobenzoicum
Amben ethyl ester
Americaine
Anaesthan-syngala
Anaesthesin
Anaesthesinum
Anaesthin
Anestezin
Anestezin [Russian]
Anesthesin
Anesthesine
Anesthone
BB_SC-0019
BPBio1_001017
BRD-K75466013-001-05-2
BRN 0638434
BSPBio_000923
BSPBio_001908
Baby Anbesol
Bensokain
Benzoak
Benzocaina
Benzocaina [INN-Spanish]
Benzocaine
Benzocaine (USP/INN)
Benzocaine Acetate
Benzocaine Formate
Benzocaine Hydrobromide
Benzocaine Hydrochloride
Benzocaine Methanesulfonate
Benzocaine [INN:BAN]
Benzocainum
Benzocainum [INN-Latin]
Benzoic acid, 4-amino-, ethyl ester
Benzoic acid, 4-amino-, ethyl ester, hydrochloride
Benzoic acid, amino-, ethyl ester
Benzoic acid, p-amino-, ethyl ester
C07527
CAS-94-09-7
CHEBI:116735
CHEMBL278172
CID2337
Caswell No. 430A
Chloraseptic
D001566
D00552
DB01086
Dermoplast
Diet Ayds
DivK1c_000932
E1501_SIGMA
EINECS 202-303-5
EPA Pesticide Chemical Code 097001
ETHYL-P-AMINOBENZOATE
Ethoform
Ethoforme
Ethyl 4-aminobenzoate
Ethyl 4-aminobenzoate hydrochloride
Ethyl 4-aminobenzoic acid
Ethyl Aminobenzoate
Ethyl PABA
 
Ethyl aminobenzoate
Ethyl aminobenzoate (JP15)
Ethyl aminobenzoate (VAN)
Ethyl aminobenzoic acid
Ethyl p-Aminobenzoate
Ethyl p-Aminophenylcarboxylate
Ethyl p-aminobenzenecarboxylate
Ethyl p-aminobenzoate
Ethyl p-aminobenzoic acid
Ethyl p-aminophenylcarboxylate
Ethylester kyseliny p-aminobenzoove
Ethylester kyseliny p-aminobenzoove [Czech]
Ethylis aminobenzoas
Formate, Benzocaine
HMS1570O05
HMS1920G09
HMS2091M11
HMS502O14
HSDB 7225
Hurricaine
Hydrobromide, Benzocaine
Hydrochloride, Benzocaine
I05-0204
IDI1_000932
Identhesin
KBio1_000932
KBio2_000474
KBio2_003042
KBio2_005610
KBio3_001408
KBioGR_000658
KBioSS_000474
Keloform
LS-35847
MLS001331704
MLS002153970
Methanesulfonate, Benzocaine
MolPort-000-871-526
NCGC00016352-01
NCGC00094598-01
NCGC00094598-02
NINDS_000932
NSC 122792
NSC 41531
NSC41531
NSC4688
Norcain
Norcaine
Norcainum
Oprea1_750694
Oprea1_827402
Ora-jel
Orabase-B
Orthesin
Otocain
Outgro
Parathesin
Parathesin (TN)
Parathesine
Prestwick0_000712
Prestwick1_000712
Prestwick2_000712
Prestwick3_000712
Prestwick_991
SMR000059025
SPBio_000134
SPBio_002844
SPECTRUM1500139
STK043620
Slim Mint Gum
Solarcaine
Solu H
Spectrum2_000117
Spectrum3_000314
Spectrum4_000249
Spectrum5_000860
Spectrum_000074
Topcaine
UNII-U3RSY48JW5
WLN: ZR DVO2
ZINC12358719
benzocaine
ethylaminobenzoate-4
h-4-abz-oet
nchembio.182-comp4
p-(Ethoxycarbonyl)aniline
p-Aminobenzoate
p-Aminobenzoic acid
p-Aminobenzoic acid ethyl ester
p-Aminobenzoic acid, ethyl ester
p-Aminobenzoic ethyl ester
p-Carbethoxyaniline
p-Ethoxycarboxylic Aniline
p-Ethoxycarboxylic aniline
25
Succinylcholineapproved169306-40-15314
Synonyms:
2,2'-[(1,4-DIOXOBUTANE-1,4-DIYL)BIS(OXY)]BIS(N,N,N-TRIMETHYLETHANAMINIUM)
2,2'-[(1,4-DIOXOBUTANE-1,4-diyl)bis(oxy)]bis(N,N,N-trimethylethanaminium)
2ha2
2ha6
306-40-1
4-04-00-01451 (Beilstein Handbook Reference)
541-19-5 (diiodide)
55-94-7 (dibromide)
71-27-2 (dichloride)
AC1L1K2T
Anectine
BRN 1805311
C07546
C14H30N2O4
CHEBI:45652
CHEMBL703
CID5314
Choline, succinate (2:1) (ester)
Choline, succinate (ester)
DB00202
Diacetylcholine
Dicholine succinate
Ditilin
Ditiline
HMS2090P14
HSDB 3254
InChI=1/C14H30N2O4/c1-15(2,3)9-11-19-13(17)7-8-14(18)20-12-10-16(4,5)6/h7-12H2,1-6H3/q+2
L000926
LS-53328
Listenon
 
Lopac-S-8251
Lopac0_001080
Lysthenon
MolPort-002-964-486
NCGC00015971-01
NCGC00015971-03
NCGC00162336-01
Quelicin
Quelicin Preservative Free
SCK
ST50437287
STK177290
Scoline
Succicuran
Succinic acid, diester with choline
Succinic acid, diester with choline chloride
Succinocholine
Succinoylcholine
Succinyl choline
Succinylbischoline
Succinylcholine
Succinylcholine Chloride
Succinyldicholine
Sucostrin
Suxamethonium
Suxamethonium chloride
UNII-J2R869A8YF
ZINC01530820
succinylcholine
succinyldicholine
trimethyl-[2-[4-oxo-4-(2-trimethylazaniumylethoxy)butanoyl]oxyethyl]azanium diio
trimethyl-[2-[4-oxo-4-[2-(trimethylazaniumyl)ethoxy]butanoyl]oxyethyl]azanium
26
Thiopentalapproved, vet_approved3876-75-53000715
Synonyms:
()Thiopental solution
(+-)-Thiopental
(+/-)-THIOPENTAL
(+/-)Thiopental solution
2-Thio-5-ethyl-5-sec-pentylbarbituric acid
4,6,(1H,5H)-Pyrimidinedione, 5-ethyldihydro-5-(1-methylbutyl)-2-thioxo- (9CI)
5-24-09-00172 (Beilstein Handbook Reference)
5-Ethyl-5-(1-methyl-butyl)-2-thioxo-dihydro-pyrimidine-4,6-dione
5-Ethyl-5-(1-methylbutyl)-2-thiobarbituric acid
5-ethyl-2-mercapto-5-(1-methylbutyl)pyrimidine-4,6(1H,5H)-dione
5-ethyl-5-(1-methylbutyl)-2-thioxodihydropyrimidine-4,6(1H,5H)-dione
5-ethyl-5-pentan-2-yl-2-sulfanylidene-1,3-diazinane-4,6-dione
59709-53-4
76-75-5
AC-16029
AC1MHDBY
AC1Q2UJN
BRD-A72603112-236-02-4
BRN 0209361
BSPBio_003301
Bitaryl
C07521
C11H18N2O2S
CHEBI:102166
CHEMBL441
CID3000715
DB00599
DivK1c_000993
EINECS 200-984-3
I14-14129
IDI1_000993
Intraval
KBio1_000993
KBio2_002272
KBio2_004840
 
KBio2_007408
KBio3_002803
KBioGR_001010
KBioSS_002273
LS-24395
NCGC00159524-01
NINDS_000993
Omexolon
Penthiobarbital
Pentothal
Pentothiobarbital
SPBio_002215
Sodium Pentothal
Spectrum2_001998
Spectrum3_001781
Spectrum4_000575
Spectrum5_001692
Spectrum_001786
T1019_SIGMA
T1022_FLUKA
T1022_SIGMA
Thiomebumal
Thiomebumalum
Thionembutal
Thiopental
Thiopental [BAN]
Thiopentobarbital
Thiopentobarbitone
Thiopentobarbituric acid
Thiopentone
Thiothal
Tiopentale
Tiopentale [Italian]
Trapanal
UNII-JI8Z5M7NA3
thiopental
27tannic acidapproved, Nutraceutical2016
28Anesthetics9596

Interventional clinical trials:

(show all 31)
idNameStatusNCT IDPhase
1Open-Label Study of the Long Term Tolerability and Safety of Atomoxetine in Children With FASD and ADD/ADHDUnknown statusNCT00418262Phase 3
2Epigallocatechin Gallate (EGCG) to Improve Cognitive Performance in Foetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) ChildrenRecruitingNCT02558933Phase 2, Phase 3
3Fetal Alcohol Syndrome/ARND Research ConsortionCompletedNCT00164554Phase 1, Phase 2
4Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: Socio-Cognitive HabilitationCompletedNCT00164229Phase 1, Phase 2
5Neurocognitive Habilitation for Children With Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS)/Alcohol-Related Neurodevelopmental Disorder (ARND)CompletedNCT00164346Phase 1, Phase 2
6Choline Supplementation in Children With Fetal Alcohol Spectrum DisordersCompletedNCT01911299Phase 2
7A Media Based Motivational Intervention to Prevent Alcohol Exposed Pregnancies (AEPs)CompletedNCT00219336Phase 2
8Postnatal Choline Supplementation in Children With Prenatal Alcohol ExposureCompletedNCT01149538Phase 1, Phase 2
9Project CHOICES Efficacy StudyCompletedNCT00153478Phase 2
10Choline Supplementation as a Neurodevelopmental Intervention in Fetal Alcohol Spectrum DisordersRecruitingNCT02735473Phase 2
11Neighborhood Alcohol & HIV Prevention in South African Townships (Philani)Active, not recruitingNCT00996528Phase 2
12Assess the Effectiveness of Atomoxetine in Children With Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and ADD/ADHDCompletedNCT00417794Phase 1
13Improving Self Regulation in Children With Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Spectrum Disorders: A Neuroplastic InterventionCompletedNCT02457676
14Development of Education Materials for Prevention of FAS in RussiaCompletedNCT01971398
15Evaluating the Effectiveness of an Attachment-Focused Intervention in Preschool Children With FASDCompletedNCT01536184
16Preventing FAS/ARND in Russian ChildrenCompletedNCT01961050
17Contraception and Alcohol Risk Reduction Internet Intervention Randomized TrialCompletedNCT02128880
18Fetal Alcohol Damage Prevention StudyCompletedNCT00696085
19Healthy Moms Alcohol InterventionCompletedNCT00244062
20Expansion to Interdisciplinary HIV Prevention in WomenCompletedNCT01994603
21Effects of Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy in Autistic Children: A Pilot StudyCompletedNCT00324909
22Comprehensive Program for Youth Mental HealthCompletedNCT02169960
23Modeling and Testing Change in Mental Abilities in ChildhoodCompletedNCT02459873
24Reducing Alcohol Exposed Pregnancy Risk: EARLY Randomized Controlled TrialCompletedNCT01446653
25Parenting Training for Children With FASDRecruitingNCT02210455
26Prenatal Alcohol Biomarker Study in UruguayRecruitingNCT02600624
27Prevention of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) by the Use of TechnologyEnrolling by invitationNCT02759874
28Self-Regulation in Adolescents With FASD: The Efficacy of a Targeted InterventionNot yet recruitingNCT02912962
29Better Nights, Better Days for Children With Neurodevelopment DisordersNot yet recruitingNCT02694003
30General Anesthesia Versus Spinal Anesthesia in Patients of HELLP SyndromeNot yet recruitingNCT03111446
31Evaluating the Efficacy of a Video Based Intervention to Educate Teen Moms About Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS)TerminatedNCT00747630Early Phase 1

Search NIH Clinical Center for Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

Genetic Tests for Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

About this section

Anatomical Context for Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

About this section

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Fetal Alcohol Syndrome:

36
Eye, Breast, Placenta, Brain, Testes, Liver, Endothelial

Publications for Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

About this section

Articles related to Fetal Alcohol Syndrome:

(show top 50)    (show all 536)
idTitleAuthorsYear
1
Estimation of national, regional, and global prevalence of alcohol use during pregnancy and fetal alcohol syndrome: a systematic review and meta-analysis. (28089487)
2017
2
High global prevalence of alcohol use during pregnancy and fetal alcohol syndrome indicates need for urgent action. (28089488)
2017
3
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome in Sudden Unexpected Death in Infancy: A Case Report in Medicolegal Autopsy. (26730801)
2016
4
Changes in drinking patterns during and after pregnancy among mothers of children with fetal alcohol syndrome: A study in three districts of South Africa. (27610936)
2016
5
Childhood placement in out-of-home care in relation to psychosocial outcomes in adults with fetal alcohol syndrome. (27371665)
2016
6
Pattern of Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer Thickness Loss in Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: A Spectral-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography Analysis. (27349777)
2016
7
Modeling Symptoms of Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in a Rat Model of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. (27117236)
2016
8
An Update on Fetal Alcohol Syndrome-Pathogenesis, Risks, and Treatment. (27375266)
2016
9
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and Maternal Alcohol Biomarkers in Sera: A Register-Based Case-Control Study. (27228551)
2016
10
Societal costs of fetal alcohol syndrome in Sweden. (27279344)
2016
11
Life Expectancy of People with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. (26962962)
2016
12
Fetal alcohol syndrome among children aged 7-9 years - Arizona, Colorado, and New York, 2010. (25632951)
2015
13
Dose-dependent alcohol-induced alterations in chromatin structure persist beyond the window of exposure and correlate with fetal alcohol syndrome birth defects. (26421061)
2015
14
Reduced DNA methylation at the PEG3 DMR and KvDMR1 loci in children exposed to alcohol in utero: a South African Fetal Alcohol Syndrome cohort study. (25806045)
2015
15
Prevalence of fetal alcohol syndrome in a South African city with a predominantly Black African population. (25941030)
2015
16
Prevalence of fetal alcohol syndrome in a population-based sample of children living in remote Australia: The Lililwan Project. (25594247)
2015
17
Psychosocial outcomes of fetal alcohol syndrome in adulthood. (25535260)
2015
18
Effect of boric acid on oxidative stress in rats with fetal alcohol syndrome. (25667671)
2015
19
Methods for surveillance of fetal alcohol syndrome: The fetal alcohol syndrome surveillance network II (FASSNetII) - Arizona, Colorado, New York, 2009 - 2014. (25761572)
2015
20
Cognitive and executive functions, social cognition and sense of coherence in adults with fetal alcohol syndrome. (25697067)
2015
21
Mental and Motor Development of Children with Preterm Birth and Children with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. (26038965)
2015
22
A transition in fetal alcohol syndrome research: the shift from animal modeling to human intervention. (25614482)
2015
23
Prevalence and characteristics of fetal alcohol syndrome and partial fetal alcohol syndrome in a Rocky Mountain Region City. (26321671)
2015
24
Ethanol-induced impairment of polyamine homeostasis--a potential cause of neural tube defect and intrauterine growth restriction in fetal alcohol syndrome. (24582559)
2014
25
Heat shock factor 2 is a stress-responsive mediator of neuronal migration defects in models of fetal alcohol syndrome. (25027850)
2014
26
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and Secondary Schizophrenia: A Unique Neuropathologic Study. (24563476)
2014
27
Habilitational treatment of a child with fetal alcohol syndrome: case report. (24974670)
2014
28
Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) and fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD)-diagnosis and moral policing; an ethical dilemma for paediatricians. (25005521)
2014
29
Fetal alcohol syndrome surveillance: age of syndrome manifestation in case ascertainment. (24737611)
2014
30
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome In Ghana:Case Series Report From Korle Bu Teaching Hospital, Accra. (26445073)
2014
31
Advances in the development of novel antioxidant therapies as an approach for fetal alcohol syndrome prevention. (25131946)
2014
32
Exploring the feasibility of using electronic health records in the surveillance of fetal alcohol syndrome. (24591358)
2014
33
Neural crest development in fetal alcohol syndrome. (25219761)
2014
34
Brainstem Disconnection in a Late Preterm Neonate With Classic Features of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. (25152965)
2014
35
Fetal alcohol syndrome, chemo-biology and OMICS: ethanol effects on vitamin metabolism during neurodevelopment as measured by systems biology analysis. (24816220)
2014
36
Brainstem disconnection in a patient with fetal alcohol syndrome. (25079579)
2014
37
Renal dysfunction in fetal alcohol syndrome: a potential contributor on developmental disabilities of offspring. (25610884)
2014
38
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders and fetal alcohol syndrome: the state of the art and new diagnostic tools. (23809349)
2013
39
The diagnosis of fetal alcohol syndrome. (24223670)
2013
40
Ophthalmologic findings in Russian children with fetal alcohol syndrome. (23661538)
2013
41
Diagnosis of fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS): German guideline version 2013. (23618613)
2013
42
Burden of fetal alcohol syndrome in a rural West Coast area of South Africa. (23725961)
2013
43
A potential molecular target for morphological defects of fetal alcohol syndrome: Kir2.1. (23756044)
2013
44
Prevention of fetal alcohol syndrome. (24009646)
2013
45
Prevalence of fetal alcohol syndrome and maternal characteristics in a sample of schoolchildren from a rural province of Croatia. (23591786)
2013
46
In Western Australia, 70% of mothers of babies with fetal alcohol syndrome did not have an alcohol-related diagnosis recorded during pregnancy. (24170816)
2013
47
The role of NADPH oxidase in a mouse model of fetal alcohol syndrome. (24334207)
2013
48
Children and adolescents with fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS): better social and emotional integration after early diagnosis. (22407470)
2012
49
Characteristics and behaviors of mothers who have a child with fetal alcohol syndrome. (22001355)
2012
50
Critiquing fetal alcohol syndrome health communication campaigns targeted to American Indians. (22044046)
2012

Variations for Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

About this section

Expression for genes affiliated with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

About this section
Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Fetal Alcohol Syndrome.

Pathways for genes affiliated with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

About this section

Pathways related to Fetal Alcohol Syndrome according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 12)
idSuper pathwaysScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1
Show member pathways
10.0ADH1B, ALDH2
2
Show member pathways
10.0ADH1B, ALDH2
3
Show member pathways
9.6ADH1B, AKR1A1, ALDH2
4
Show member pathways
9.4ADH1B, ADH7, ALDH2
59.1GRIN2A, GRIN2B
69.1GRIN2A, GRIN2B
79.1GRIN2A, GRIN2B
89.1GRIN2A, GRIN2B
9
Show member pathways
8.9ADH1B, ADH7, AKR1A1, ALDH2
10
Show member pathways
8.9ADH1B, ADH7, AKR1A1, ALDH2
118.6GFAP, GRIN2A, GRIN2B, VIP
12
Show member pathways
8.5CHRM3, GRIN2A, GRIN2B, KCNJ2

GO Terms for genes affiliated with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

About this section

Cellular components related to Fetal Alcohol Syndrome according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1NMDA selective glutamate receptor complexGO:00171469.1GRIN2A, GRIN2B

Biological processes related to Fetal Alcohol Syndrome according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 8)
idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1ethanol catabolic processGO:000606810.2ADH7, ALDH2
2ethanol oxidationGO:000606910.0ADH1B, ADH7, ALDH2
3retinoic acid metabolic processGO:00425739.8ADH7, RBP1
4glutamate receptor signaling pathwayGO:00072159.8GRIN2A, GRIN2B
5ionotropic glutamate receptor signaling pathwayGO:00352359.8GRIN2A, GRIN2B
6retinol metabolic processGO:00425729.4ADH7, RBP1
7regulation of ion transmembrane transportGO:00347659.4GRIN2A, GRIN2B, KCNJ2
8response to ethanolGO:00454719.0ADH7, GRIN2A, GRIN2B

Molecular functions related to Fetal Alcohol Syndrome according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1alcohol dehydrogenase activity, zinc-dependentGO:000402410.1ADH1B, ADH7
2extracellular-glutamate-gated ion channel activityGO:00052349.6GRIN2A, GRIN2B
3ionotropic glutamate receptor activityGO:00049709.5GRIN2A, GRIN2B
4NMDA glutamate receptor activityGO:00049729.4GRIN2A, GRIN2B
5retinol bindingGO:00198419.4ADH7, RBP1

Sources for Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

About this section
2CDC
6CNVD
10DGIdb
15ExPASy
16FDA
17FMA
27GTR
28HGMD
29HMDB
30ICD10
31ICD10 via Orphanet
32ICD9CM
33IUPHAR
34KEGG
37MedGen
39MeSH
40MESH via Orphanet
41MGI
44NCI
45NCIt
46NDF-RT
49NINDS
50Novoseek
52OMIM
53OMIM via Orphanet
57PubMed
58QIAGEN
63SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
67Tumor Gene Family of Databases
68UMLS
69UMLS via Orphanet