FAS
MCID: FTL001
MIFTS: 53

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) malady

Categories: Fetal diseases, Rare diseases, Mental diseases, Neuronal diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

Aliases & Descriptions for Fetal Alcohol Syndrome:

Name: Fetal Alcohol Syndrome 12 56 52 14 69
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders 56 69
Fetus or Newborn Affected by Alcohol Transmitted Via Placenta or Breast Milk 69
Alcohol-Related Neurodevelopmental Disorder 56
Alcohol Related Neurodevelopmental Disorder 69
Alcohol-Related Birth Defects 56
Alcohol Related Birth Defect 69
Arnd 56
Arbd 56
Fasd 56
Fas 56

Characteristics:

Orphanet epidemiological data:

56
fetal alcohol syndrome
Inheritance: Not applicable; Prevalence: 1-9/100000 (Europe),1-9/100000 (Austria),1-9/100000 (Belgium),1-5/10000 (Germany),1-9/100000 (Hungary),1-9/100000 (Ireland),1-9/100000 (Italy),1-9/100000 (Norway),1-5/10000 (Switzerland),1-9/100000 (United Kingdom),1-5/10000 (France),1-9/1000000 (Poland),1-9/100000 (Spain),6-9/10000 (Ukraine); Age of onset: Antenatal,Neonatal; Age of death: any age;

Classifications:



External Ids:

Disease Ontology 12 DOID:0050665
Orphanet 56 ORPHA1915
MESH via Orphanet 43 D005310
UMLS via Orphanet 70 C0015923
ICD10 via Orphanet 34 Q86.0
ICD10 33 Q86.0

Summaries for Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

Disease Ontology : 12 A fetal alcohol spectrum disorder that results in severe mental and physical defects which can develop in a child when the mother drinks alcohol during pregnancy. The presenting features include craniofacial dysmorphology (microcephaly, smooth philtrum, thin upper lip, small eye openings), pre- and postnatal growth deficiency, and central nervous system dysfunction.

MalaCards based summary : Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, also known as fetal alcohol spectrum disorders, is related to alcohol-related birth defect and partial fetal alcohol syndrome, and has symptoms including joint stiffness, ptosis and intellectual disability. An important gene associated with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome is ADH1B (Alcohol Dehydrogenase 1B (Class I), Beta Polypeptide), and among its related pathways/superpathways are Circadian entrainment and Glucose metabolism. The drugs Ethanol and Adrenergic Agents have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include eye, breast and placenta, and related phenotypes are behavior/neurological and growth/size/body region

Related Diseases for Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

Diseases in the Fetal Alcohol Syndrome family:

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder

Diseases related to Fetal Alcohol Syndrome via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 90)
id Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 alcohol-related birth defect 29.2 ADH1B ADH7 ADNP AKR1A1 ALDH2 CHRM3
2 partial fetal alcohol syndrome 12.3
3 fas-related autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome 12.1
4 autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome 12.0
5 fetal alcohol spectrum disorder 11.9
6 fanconi anemia, complementation group a 11.8
7 dianzani autoimmune lymphoproliferative disease 11.4
8 lung cancer 11.4
9 colorectal cancer 11.4
10 lymphoproliferative syndrome 11.3
11 friedreich ataxia 11.3
12 lymphoma 11.3
13 hepatocellular carcinoma 11.3
14 prostate cancer 11.3
15 silicosis 11.3
16 pancreatic cancer 11.2
17 liver disease 11.2
18 viral hepatitis 11.2
19 autoimmune hepatitis 11.2
20 aplastic anemia 11.2
21 lymphopenia 11.2
22 hodgkin lymphoma 11.2
23 hashimoto thyroiditis 11.2
24 myelodysplastic syndrome 11.2
25 birth defects 11.2
26 adult t-cell leukemia 11.2
27 chronic lymphocytic leukemia 11.2
28 keloids 11.2
29 burkitt lymphoma 11.2
30 pneumoconiosis 11.2
31 asthma 11.2
32 alzheimer disease 11.2
33 vogt-koyanagi-harada disease 11.2
34 kashin-beck disease 11.1
35 common variable immunodeficiency 11.1
36 stevens-johnson syndrome/toxic epidermal necrolysis 11.1
37 acute myocarditis 11.1
38 persistent polyclonal b-cell lymphocytosis 11.1
39 type ii mixed cryoglobulinemia 11.1
40 burn scar 11.1
41 syphilis 11.1
42 epstein-barr virus-associated gastric carcinoma 11.1
43 cartilage-hair hypoplasia 11.1
44 fatty liver disease 11.1
45 acid sphingomyelinase deficiency 11.1
46 bile duct carcinoma 11.1
47 glycogen storage disease due to glycogen branching enzyme deficiency 10.2 GFAP VIP
48 lethal hydranencephaly-diaphragmatic hernia syndrome 10.1 ADH1B AKR1A1
49 hemangioblastoma 10.0 GFAP GRIN2B
50 neuronitis 9.9

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Fetal Alcohol Syndrome:



Diseases related to Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

Human phenotypes related to Fetal Alcohol Syndrome:

56 32 (show all 33)
id Description HPO Frequency Orphanet Frequency HPO Source Accession
1 joint stiffness 56 32 Frequent (79-30%) HP:0001387
2 ptosis 56 32 Frequent (79-30%) HP:0000508
3 intellectual disability 56 32 Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0001249
4 behavioral abnormality 56 32 Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0000708
5 global developmental delay 56 32 Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0001263
6 short nose 56 32 Frequent (79-30%) HP:0003196
7 microcephaly 56 32 Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0000252
8 smooth philtrum 56 32 Frequent (79-30%) HP:0000319
9 anteverted nares 56 32 Frequent (79-30%) HP:0000463
10 short stature 56 32 Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0004322
11 cognitive impairment 56 32 Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0100543
12 cleft palate 56 32 Occasional (29-5%) HP:0000175
13 micrognathia 56 32 Frequent (79-30%) HP:0000347
14 strabismus 56 32 Frequent (79-30%) HP:0000486
15 epicanthus 56 32 Frequent (79-30%) HP:0000286
16 generalized hirsutism 56 32 Occasional (29-5%) HP:0002230
17 microdontia 56 32 Frequent (79-30%) HP:0000691
18 biparietal narrowing 56 32 Frequent (79-30%) HP:0004422
19 abnormal dermatoglyphics 56 32 Frequent (79-30%) HP:0007477
20 abnormality of immune system physiology 56 32 Frequent (79-30%) HP:0010978
21 telecanthus 56 32 Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0000506
22 non-midline cleft lip 56 32 Frequent (79-30%) HP:0100335
23 microphthalmia 56 32 Frequent (79-30%) HP:0000568
24 intrauterine growth retardation 56 32 Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0001511
25 visceral angiomatosis 56 32 Frequent (79-30%) HP:0100761
26 low-set, posteriorly rotated ears 56 32 Frequent (79-30%) HP:0000368
27 narrow face 56 32 Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0000275
28 specific learning disability 56 32 Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0001328
29 thin upper lip vermilion 56 32 Frequent (79-30%) HP:0000219
30 vertebral segmentation defect 56 32 Frequent (79-30%) HP:0003422
31 congenital diaphragmatic hernia 56 32 Occasional (29-5%) HP:0000776
32 atria septal defect 56 Frequent (79-30%)
33 atrial septal defect 32 HP:0001631

MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Fetal Alcohol Syndrome:

44
id Description MGI Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 behavior/neurological MP:0005386 9.92 ADH7 ALDH2 CHRM3 GFAP GRIN2A GRIN2B
2 growth/size/body region MP:0005378 9.91 ADH7 AKR1A1 ALDH2 CHRM3 GFAP GRIN2B
3 homeostasis/metabolism MP:0005376 9.81 ALDH2 CHRM3 GFAP GRIN2B KCNJ2 RBP1
4 mortality/aging MP:0010768 9.65 ADNP AKR1A1 ALDH2 GFAP GRIN2B KCNJ2
5 nervous system MP:0003631 9.28 ADH7 ADNP ALDH2 CHRM3 GFAP GRIN2A

Drugs & Therapeutics for Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

Drugs for Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show all 28)
id Name Status Phase Clinical Trials Cas Number PubChem Id
1
Ethanol Approved Phase 3,Phase 2,Phase 1,Early Phase 1 64-17-5 702
2 Adrenergic Agents Phase 3,Phase 1
3 Atomoxetine Hydrochloride Phase 3,Phase 1
4 Neurotransmitter Agents Phase 3,Phase 1
5 Neurotransmitter Uptake Inhibitors Phase 3,Phase 1
6 Anti-Infective Agents Phase 2, Phase 3,Phase 1,Early Phase 1
7 Anti-Infective Agents, Local Phase 2, Phase 3,Phase 1,Early Phase 1
8 Central Nervous System Depressants Phase 2, Phase 3,Phase 1,Early Phase 1
9 Antioxidants Phase 2, Phase 3
10
Epigallocatechin gallate Phase 2, Phase 3 989-51-5 65064
11 Neuroprotective Agents Phase 2, Phase 3
12 Protective Agents Phase 2, Phase 3
13
Epigallocatechin Experimental, Nutraceutical Phase 2, Phase 3 970-74-1 72277
14
Glycerol Approved, Experimental Phase 2 56-81-5 753
15
Choline Approved, Nutraceutical Phase 2,Phase 1 62-49-7 305
16 Antimetabolites Phase 2,Phase 1
17 Gastrointestinal Agents Phase 2,Phase 1
18 Hypolipidemic Agents Phase 2,Phase 1
19 Lipid Regulating Agents Phase 2,Phase 1
20 Nootropic Agents Phase 2,Phase 1
21
Nicotine Approved 54-11-5 942 89594
22
Benzocaine Approved 1994-09-7, 94-09-7 2337
23
Bupivacaine Approved, Investigational 2180-92-9, 38396-39-3 2474
24
Fentanyl Approved, Illicit, Investigational, Vet_approved 437-38-7 3345
25
Succinylcholine Approved 306-40-1 5314
26
Thiopental Approved, Vet_approved 76-75-5 3000715
27 tannic acid Approved, Nutraceutical
28 Anesthetics

Interventional clinical trials:

(show all 31)
id Name Status NCT ID Phase
1 Open-Label Study of the Long Term Tolerability and Safety of Atomoxetine in Children With FASD and ADD/ADHD Unknown status NCT00418262 Phase 3
2 Epigallocatechin Gallate (EGCG) to Improve Cognitive Performance in Foetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) Children Recruiting NCT02558933 Phase 2, Phase 3
3 Fetal Alcohol Syndrome/ARND Research Consortion Completed NCT00164554 Phase 1, Phase 2
4 Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: Socio-Cognitive Habilitation Completed NCT00164229 Phase 1, Phase 2
5 Neurocognitive Habilitation for Children With Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS)/Alcohol-Related Neurodevelopmental Disorder (ARND) Completed NCT00164346 Phase 1, Phase 2
6 Choline Supplementation in Children With Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders Completed NCT01911299 Phase 2
7 A Media Based Motivational Intervention to Prevent Alcohol Exposed Pregnancies (AEPs) Completed NCT00219336 Phase 2
8 Postnatal Choline Supplementation in Children With Prenatal Alcohol Exposure Completed NCT01149538 Phase 1, Phase 2
9 Project CHOICES Efficacy Study Completed NCT00153478 Phase 2
10 Choline Supplementation as a Neurodevelopmental Intervention in Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders Recruiting NCT02735473 Phase 2
11 Neighborhood Alcohol & HIV Prevention in South African Townships (Philani) Active, not recruiting NCT00996528 Phase 2
12 Assess the Effectiveness of Atomoxetine in Children With Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and ADD/ADHD Completed NCT00417794 Phase 1
13 Improving Self Regulation in Children With Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Spectrum Disorders: A Neuroplastic Intervention Completed NCT02457676
14 Development of Education Materials for Prevention of FAS in Russia Completed NCT01971398
15 Evaluating the Effectiveness of an Attachment-Focused Intervention in Preschool Children With FASD Completed NCT01536184
16 Preventing FAS/ARND in Russian Children Completed NCT01961050
17 Contraception and Alcohol Risk Reduction Internet Intervention Randomized Trial Completed NCT02128880
18 Fetal Alcohol Damage Prevention Study Completed NCT00696085
19 Healthy Moms Alcohol Intervention Completed NCT00244062
20 Expansion to Interdisciplinary HIV Prevention in Women Completed NCT01994603
21 Effects of Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy in Autistic Children: A Pilot Study Completed NCT00324909
22 Comprehensive Program for Youth Mental Health Completed NCT02169960
23 Modeling and Testing Change in Mental Abilities in Childhood Completed NCT02459873
24 Reducing Alcohol Exposed Pregnancy Risk: EARLY Randomized Controlled Trial Completed NCT01446653
25 Parenting Training for Children With FASD Recruiting NCT02210455
26 Prenatal Alcohol Biomarker Study in Uruguay Recruiting NCT02600624
27 Prevention of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) by the Use of Technology Enrolling by invitation NCT02759874
28 Self-Regulation in Adolescents With FASD: The Efficacy of a Targeted Intervention Not yet recruiting NCT02912962
29 Better Nights, Better Days for Children With Neurodevelopment Disorders Not yet recruiting NCT02694003
30 General Anesthesia Versus Spinal Anesthesia in Patients of HELLP Syndrome Not yet recruiting NCT03111446
31 Evaluating the Efficacy of a Video Based Intervention to Educate Teen Moms About Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) Terminated NCT00747630 Early Phase 1

Search NIH Clinical Center for Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

Genetic Tests for Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

Anatomical Context for Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Fetal Alcohol Syndrome:

39
Eye, Breast, Placenta, Brain, Testes, Liver, Endothelial

Publications for Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

Articles related to Fetal Alcohol Syndrome:

(show top 50) (show all 536)
id Title Authors Year
1
Estimation of national, regional, and global prevalence of alcohol use during pregnancy and fetal alcohol syndrome: a systematic review and meta-analysis. ( 28089487 )
2017
2
High global prevalence of alcohol use during pregnancy and fetal alcohol syndrome indicates need for urgent action. ( 28089488 )
2017
3
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome in Sudden Unexpected Death in Infancy: A Case Report in Medicolegal Autopsy. ( 26730801 )
2016
4
Changes in drinking patterns during and after pregnancy among mothers of children with fetal alcohol syndrome: A study in three districts of South Africa. ( 27610936 )
2016
5
Childhood placement in out-of-home care in relation to psychosocial outcomes in adults with fetal alcohol syndrome. ( 27371665 )
2016
6
Pattern of Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer Thickness Loss in Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: A Spectral-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography Analysis. ( 27349777 )
2016
7
Modeling Symptoms of Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in a Rat Model of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. ( 27117236 )
2016
8
An Update on Fetal Alcohol Syndrome-Pathogenesis, Risks, and Treatment. ( 27375266 )
2016
9
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and Maternal Alcohol Biomarkers in Sera: A Register-Based Case-Control Study. ( 27228551 )
2016
10
Societal costs of fetal alcohol syndrome in Sweden. ( 27279344 )
2016
11
Life Expectancy of People with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. ( 26962962 )
2016
12
Fetal alcohol syndrome among children aged 7-9 years - Arizona, Colorado, and New York, 2010. ( 25632951 )
2015
13
Dose-dependent alcohol-induced alterations in chromatin structure persist beyond the window of exposure and correlate with fetal alcohol syndrome birth defects. ( 26421061 )
2015
14
Reduced DNA methylation at the PEG3 DMR and KvDMR1 loci in children exposed to alcohol in utero: a South African Fetal Alcohol Syndrome cohort study. ( 25806045 )
2015
15
Prevalence of fetal alcohol syndrome in a South African city with a predominantly Black African population. ( 25941030 )
2015
16
Prevalence of fetal alcohol syndrome in a population-based sample of children living in remote Australia: The Lililwan Project. ( 25594247 )
2015
17
Psychosocial outcomes of fetal alcohol syndrome in adulthood. ( 25535260 )
2015
18
Effect of boric acid on oxidative stress in rats with fetal alcohol syndrome. ( 25667671 )
2015
19
Methods for surveillance of fetal alcohol syndrome: The fetal alcohol syndrome surveillance network II (FASSNetII) - Arizona, Colorado, New York, 2009 - 2014. ( 25761572 )
2015
20
Cognitive and executive functions, social cognition and sense of coherence in adults with fetal alcohol syndrome. ( 25697067 )
2015
21
Mental and Motor Development of Children with Preterm Birth and Children with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. ( 26038965 )
2015
22
A transition in fetal alcohol syndrome research: the shift from animal modeling to human intervention. ( 25614482 )
2015
23
Prevalence and characteristics of fetal alcohol syndrome and partial fetal alcohol syndrome in a Rocky Mountain Region City. ( 26321671 )
2015
24
Ethanol-induced impairment of polyamine homeostasis--a potential cause of neural tube defect and intrauterine growth restriction in fetal alcohol syndrome. ( 24582559 )
2014
25
Heat shock factor 2 is a stress-responsive mediator of neuronal migration defects in models of fetal alcohol syndrome. ( 25027850 )
2014
26
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and Secondary Schizophrenia: A Unique Neuropathologic Study. ( 24563476 )
2014
27
Habilitational treatment of a child with fetal alcohol syndrome: case report. ( 24974670 )
2014
28
Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) and fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD)-diagnosis and moral policing; an ethical dilemma for paediatricians. ( 25005521 )
2014
29
Fetal alcohol syndrome surveillance: age of syndrome manifestation in case ascertainment. ( 24737611 )
2014
30
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome In Ghana:Case Series Report From Korle Bu Teaching Hospital, Accra. ( 26445073 )
2014
31
Advances in the development of novel antioxidant therapies as an approach for fetal alcohol syndrome prevention. ( 25131946 )
2014
32
Exploring the feasibility of using electronic health records in the surveillance of fetal alcohol syndrome. ( 24591358 )
2014
33
Neural crest development in fetal alcohol syndrome. ( 25219761 )
2014
34
Brainstem Disconnection in a Late Preterm Neonate With Classic Features of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. ( 25152965 )
2014
35
Fetal alcohol syndrome, chemo-biology and OMICS: ethanol effects on vitamin metabolism during neurodevelopment as measured by systems biology analysis. ( 24816220 )
2014
36
Brainstem disconnection in a patient with fetal alcohol syndrome. ( 25079579 )
2014
37
Renal dysfunction in fetal alcohol syndrome: a potential contributor on developmental disabilities of offspring. ( 25610884 )
2014
38
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders and fetal alcohol syndrome: the state of the art and new diagnostic tools. ( 23809349 )
2013
39
The diagnosis of fetal alcohol syndrome. ( 24223670 )
2013
40
Ophthalmologic findings in Russian children with fetal alcohol syndrome. ( 23661538 )
2013
41
Diagnosis of fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS): German guideline version 2013. ( 23618613 )
2013
42
Burden of fetal alcohol syndrome in a rural West Coast area of South Africa. ( 23725961 )
2013
43
A potential molecular target for morphological defects of fetal alcohol syndrome: Kir2.1. ( 23756044 )
2013
44
Prevention of fetal alcohol syndrome. ( 24009646 )
2013
45
Prevalence of fetal alcohol syndrome and maternal characteristics in a sample of schoolchildren from a rural province of Croatia. ( 23591786 )
2013
46
In Western Australia, 70% of mothers of babies with fetal alcohol syndrome did not have an alcohol-related diagnosis recorded during pregnancy. ( 24170816 )
2013
47
The role of NADPH oxidase in a mouse model of fetal alcohol syndrome. ( 24334207 )
2013
48
Children and adolescents with fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS): better social and emotional integration after early diagnosis. ( 22407470 )
2012
49
Characteristics and behaviors of mothers who have a child with fetal alcohol syndrome. ( 22001355 )
2012
50
Critiquing fetal alcohol syndrome health communication campaigns targeted to American Indians. ( 22044046 )
2012

Variations for Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

Expression for Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Fetal Alcohol Syndrome.

Pathways for Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

Pathways related to Fetal Alcohol Syndrome according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 12)
id Super pathways Score Top Affiliating Genes
1
Show member pathways
12.4 CHRM3 GRIN2A GRIN2B KCNJ2
2
Show member pathways
12.25 ADH1B ADH7 AKR1A1 ALDH2
3 12.07 GFAP GRIN2A GRIN2B VIP
4
Show member pathways
11.91 ADH1B AKR1A1 ALDH2
5 11.11 GRIN2A GRIN2B
6
Show member pathways
11.1 ADH1B ADH7 ALDH2
7 10.94 GRIN2A GRIN2B
8 10.92 GRIN2A GRIN2B
9 10.73 GRIN2A GRIN2B
10
Show member pathways
10.5 ADH1B ALDH2
11
Show member pathways
10.42 ADH1B ADH7 AKR1A1 ALDH2
12
Show member pathways
10.3 ADH1B ALDH2

GO Terms for Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

Cellular components related to Fetal Alcohol Syndrome according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

id Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 NMDA selective glutamate receptor complex GO:0017146 8.62 GRIN2A GRIN2B

Biological processes related to Fetal Alcohol Syndrome according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

id Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 regulation of ion transmembrane transport GO:0034765 9.61 GRIN2A GRIN2B KCNJ2
2 response to ethanol GO:0045471 9.5 ADH7 GRIN2A GRIN2B
3 retinol metabolic process GO:0042572 9.4 ADH7 RBP1
4 ionotropic glutamate receptor signaling pathway GO:0035235 9.37 GRIN2A GRIN2B
5 retinoic acid metabolic process GO:0042573 9.26 ADH7 RBP1
6 glutamate receptor signaling pathway GO:0007215 9.16 GRIN2A GRIN2B
7 ethanol catabolic process GO:0006068 8.96 ADH7 ALDH2
8 ethanol oxidation GO:0006069 8.8 ADH1B ADH7 ALDH2

Molecular functions related to Fetal Alcohol Syndrome according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

id Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 ionotropic glutamate receptor activity GO:0004970 9.32 GRIN2A GRIN2B
2 extracellular-glutamate-gated ion channel activity GO:0005234 9.26 GRIN2A GRIN2B
3 retinol binding GO:0019841 9.16 ADH7 RBP1
4 NMDA glutamate receptor activity GO:0004972 8.96 GRIN2A GRIN2B
5 alcohol dehydrogenase activity, zinc-dependent GO:0004024 8.62 ADH1B ADH7

Sources for Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

3 CDC
7 CNVD
9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
16 ExPASy
18 FMA
28 GO
29 GTR
30 HGMD
31 HMDB
32 HPO
33 ICD10
34 ICD10 via Orphanet
35 ICD9CM
36 IUPHAR
37 KEGG
38 LifeMap
40 MedGen
42 MeSH
43 MESH via Orphanet
44 MGI
46 NCI
47 NCIt
48 NDF-RT
51 NINDS
52 Novoseek
54 OMIM
55 OMIM via Orphanet
59 PubMed
60 QIAGEN
65 SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
67 TGDB
68 Tocris
69 UMLS
70 UMLS via Orphanet
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