MCID: FCS002
MIFTS: 67

Fucosidosis malady

Genetic diseases, Rare diseases, Neuronal diseases, Bone diseases, Fetal diseases, Eye diseases, Mental diseases categories

Summaries for Fucosidosis

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22Genetics Home Reference, 44NIH Rare Diseases, 66Wikipedia, 48OMIM, 34MalaCards
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NIH Rare Diseases:44 Fucosidosis is a lysosomal storage disease that affects many areas of the body, especially the brain. affected individuals have intellectual disability that worsens with age, and many develop dementia later in life. people with this condition often have delayed development of motor skills such as walking, and the skills they do acquire often deteriorate over time. in severe cases, symptoms appear in infancy; in milder cases, symptoms begin at age 1 or 2. fucosidosis is caused by mutations in the fuca1 gene. this condition is inherited in an autosomal recessive pattern, which means both copies of the gene in each cell have mutations. the only currently available treatment is bone marrow transplant, the results of which have been variable and need further study. last updated: 11/19/2013

MalaCards: Fucosidosis, also known as alpha-l-fucosidase deficiency, is related to angiokeratoma and lysosomal storage disease, and has symptoms including repeat respiratory infections, structural anomalies of the cardio-circulatory system and hypotonia. An important gene associated with Fucosidosis is FUCA1 (fucosidase, alpha-L- 1, tissue), and among its related pathways are Sphingolipid metabolism and Glycosphingolipid biosynthesis - globo series. The compounds Tetrahexosylceramide (d18:1/12:0) and cerebroside have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include bone, bone marrow and brain.

Genetics Home Reference:22 Fucosidosis is a condition that affects many areas of the body, especially the brain. Affected individuals have intellectual disability that worsens with age, and many develop dementia later in life. People with this condition often have delayed development of motor skills such as walking; the skills they do acquire deteriorate over time. Additional signs and symptoms of fucosidosis include impaired growth; abnormal bone development (dysostosis multiplex); seizures; abnormal muscle stiffness (spasticity); clusters of enlarged blood vessels forming small, dark red spots on the skin (angiokeratomas); distinctive facial features that are often described as "coarse"; recurrent respiratory infections; and abnormally large abdominal organs (visceromegaly).

Wikipedia:66 Fucosidosis is a rare lysosomal storage disorder in which the FUCA1 gene experiences mutations that... more...

Description from OMIM:48 230000

Aliases & Classifications for Fucosidosis

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9Disease Ontology, 10diseasecard, 44NIH Rare Diseases, 21GeneTests, 23GTR, 22Genetics Home Reference, 48OMIM, 11DISEASES, 46Novoseek, 50Orphanet, 32LifeMap Discovery™, 63UMLS, 36MeSH, 59SNOMED-CT, 41NCIt, 37MESH via Orphanet, 27ICD10 via Orphanet, 60SNOMED-CT via Orphanet, 64UMLS via Orphanet
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Classifications:



Characteristics (Orphanet epidemiological data):

50
fucosidosis:
Inheritance: Autosomal recessive; Prevalence: <1/1000000; Age of onset: Neonatal/infancy


Aliases & Descriptions:

fucosidosis 9 10 44 21 23 22 48 11 46 50 32
alpha-l-fucosidase deficiency 44 50
fucosidase deficiency disease 22 63
lysosomal storage disease caused by defective alpha-l-fucosidase with accumulation of fucose in the tissues 44
alpha fucosidase deficiency 9
alpha-fucosidase deficiency 22
a-fucosidase deficiency 9
fucosidase deficiency 22


External Ids:

Disease Ontology9 DOID:14500
MeSH36 D005645
OMIM48 230000
NCIt41 C61274
SNOMED-CT59 64716005, 190937009
MESH via Orphanet37 D005645
ICD10 via Orphanet27 E77.1
SNOMED-CT via Orphanet60 64716005
UMLS via Orphanet64 C0016788

Related Diseases for Fucosidosis

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18GeneCards, 19GeneDecks
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Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Fucosidosis:



Diseases related to fucosidosis

Symptoms for Fucosidosis

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48OMIM, 50Orphanet
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Symptoms by clinical synopsis from OMIM:

230000

Clinical features from OMIM:

230000

Symptoms:

50 (show all 35)
  • repeat respiratory infections
  • structural anomalies of the cardio-circulatory system
  • hypotonia
  • hypertonia/spasticity/rigidity/stiffness
  • hemiplegia/diplegia/hemiparesia/limb palsy
  • seizures/epilepsy/absences/spasms/status epilepticus
  • muscle hypotrophy/atrophy/dystrophy/agenesis/amyotrophy
  • anomalies of teeth and dentition
  • nails anomalies
  • cardiomegaly
  • acrocyanosis/raynaud's phenomenon/vasomotor disorders
  • pyramidal syndrome
  • kyphosis
  • splenomegaly
  • storage liver disease
  • lipoatrophy
  • hyperkeratosis/ainhum/hyperkeratotic skin fissures
  • hyperhidrosis/increased sweating
  • abnormal vertebral size/shape
  • hearing loss/hypoacusia/deafness
  • coarse face
  • facial dysmorphism
  • frontal bossing/prominent forehead
  • vascular anomalies of skin/mucosae
  • hepatomegaly/liver enlargement (excluding storage disease)
  • hypothyroidy
  • gallbladder/common bile duct anomalies
  • corneal clouding/opacity/vascularisation
  • failure to thrive/difficulties for feeding in infancy/growth delay
  • autosomal recessive inheritance
  • mucopolysacchariduria
  • dysostosis/chondrodysplasia/osteodysplasia/osteochondrosis/skeletal dysplasia
  • intellectual deficit/mental/psychomotor retardation/learning disability
  • motor deficit/trouble
  • brachycephaly/flat occiput

Drugs & Therapeutics for Fucosidosis

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Sources:
6CenterWatch, 43NIH Clinical Center, 7ClinicalTrials, 32LifeMap Discovery™, 63UMLS, 42NDF-RT
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Approved drugs:

Search CenterWatch for Fucosidosis

Drug clinical trials:

Search ClinicalTrials for Fucosidosis

Search NIH Clinical Center for Fucosidosis

Search CenterWatch for Fucosidosis

Cell-based therapeutics:


LifeMap Discovery
The database of embryonic development, stem cell research and regenerative medicine
Read about Fucosidosis cell therapies at LifeMap Discovery.

Genetic Tests for Fucosidosis

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21GeneTests, 23GTR
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Genetic tests related to Fucosidosis:

id Genetic test Affiliating Genes
1 Fucosidosis21 23 FUCA1

Anatomical Context for Fucosidosis

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34MalaCards
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MalaCards organs/tissues related to Fucosidosis:

34
Bone, Bone marrow, Brain, Skin, Liver, Eye, Testes, Small intestine

Animal Models for Fucosidosis or affiliated genes

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Publications for Fucosidosis

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53PubMed
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Articles related to Fucosidosis:

(show top 50)    (show all 174)
idTitleAuthorsYear
1
High proportion of mannosidosis and fucosidosis among lysosomal storage diseases in Cuba. (22911605)
2012
2
Fucosidosis in a domestic shorthair cat. (21115380)
2011
3
Increased cerebellar volume in the early stage of fucosidosis: a case control study. (21384124)
2011
4
Investigation of cerebrocortical and cerebellar pathology in canine fucosidosis and comparison to aged brain. (21056668)
2011
5
Severe hypomyelination as the leading neuroradiological sign in a patient with fucosidosis. (18504684)
2008
6
Fucosidosis: a therapeutic challenge. (17845186)
2007
7
Fucosidosis with angiokeratoma. Immunohistochemical &amp; electronmicroscopic study of a new case and literature review. (16008696)
2005
8
Glycoprotein lysosomal storage disorders: alpha- and beta-mannosidosis, fucosidosis and alpha-N-acetylgalactosaminidase deficiency. (10571005)
1999
9
Fucosidosis: immunological studies and chronological neuroradiological changes. (10102160)
1999
10
Genomic screening for fucosidosis in English Springer Spaniels. (10376901)
1999
11
Allogeneic bone marrow transplantation for fucosidosis. (7742750)
1995
12
A missense mutation (S63L) in alpha-L-fucosidase is responsible for fucosidosis in an Italian patient. (7874128)
1994
13
A 5' splice site mutation in fucosidosis. (8097260)
1993
14
A mutation generating a stop codon in the alpha-L-fucosidase gene of a fucosidosis patient. (1281988)
1992
15
Defective expression of alpha-L-fucosidase by lymphoid cells of a fucosidosis patient. (1873910)
1991
16
Characterization and 400-MHz 1H-NMR analysis of urinary fucosyl glycoasparagines in fucosidosis. (1935941)
1991
17
Reproductive abnormalities in canine fucosidosis. (2760271)
1989
18
Improvement in the neurologic signs and storage lesions of fucosidosis in dogs given marrow transplants at an early age. (2815291)
1989
19
Fucosidosis: ultrastructural study of the eye in an adult. (2721986)
1989
20
Identification of a mutation in the structural alpha-L-fucosidase gene in fucosidosis. (2903668)
1988
21
Comparison of the urinary glycoconjugates excreted by patients with type I and type II fucosidosis. (3802494)
1987
22
Human and canine fucosidosis: a comparative lectin histochemistry study. (4050341)
1985
23
Canine fucosidosis. (4071939)
1985
24
Canine fucosidosis: a biochemical and genetic investigation. (6463379)
1984
25
Adult fucosidosis: histochemical and ultrastructural studies of rectal mucosa biopsy. (6538300)
1984
26
Genetic and demographic characterization of a population with high incidence of fucosidosis. (7095811)
1982
27
Cranial CT in fucosidosis. (6797284)
1981
28
Confirmation of metachromatic leukodystrophy and fucosidosis by enzyme analysis of saliva. (6893741)
1980
29
Determination of lysosomal enzymes in saliva. Confirmation of the diagnosis of metachromatic leukodystrophy and fucosidosis by enzyme analysis. (40713)
1979
30
Detection of carriers and prenatal diagnosis for fucosidosis in Calabria. (511146)
1979
31
Metabolic correction of fucosidosis fibroblasts by human alpha-L-fucosidase. (762198)
1979
32
Structure of the three major fucosyl-glycoasparagines accumulating in the urine of a patient with fucosidosis. (728478)
1978
33
Fucosidosis in Calabria: founder effect or high gene frequency. (64894)
1977
34
Genetical and biochemical studies of two variants of fucosidosis. (614046)
1977
35
Fucosidosis with angiokeratoma. Electron microscopic changes in the skin. (578107)
1977
36
Enzyme activity in fucosidosis. (64799)
1977
37
Fucosidosis. (402253)
1977
38
alpha-L-fucosidase in cultured skin fibroblasts from normal subjects and fucosidosis patients. (17844)
1977
39
Oral lesions in fucosidosis. (819638)
1976
40
Oligosaccharide storage in brains from patients with fucosidosis, GM1-gangliosidosis and GM2-gangliosidosis (Sandhoff's disease). (823301)
1976
41
Fucosidosis type 2. (814528)
1976
42
Ocular findings in fucosidosis. (821560)
1976
43
Structure of the accumulating oligosaccharide in fucosidosis. (972144)
1976
44
Fucosidosis: ultrastructural study of conjunctiva and skin and enzyme analysis of tears. (955828)
1976
45
Human alpha-fucosidase. Single residual enzymatic form in fucosidosis. (4135)
1976
46
Fucosidosis type 2. Repository identification Nos. GM-289 to GM-292. (1192845)
1975
47
Roentgenographic findings in fucosidosis type 2. (167599)
1975
48
Fucosidosis. (4268654)
1973
49
Mannosidosis and fucosidosis. (5450281)
1970
50
Biochemical and ultrastructural studies in a case of mucopolysaccharidosis &quot;F&quot; (fucosidosis). (4247654)
1969

Variations for Fucosidosis

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65UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, 1 National Center for Biotechnology Information (Clinvar)
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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot genetic disease variations for Fucosidosis:

65
id Symbol AA change Variation ID SNP ID
1FUCA1p.Gly65AspVAR_002442
2FUCA1p.Ser68LeuVAR_002443
3FUCA1p.Leu410ArgVAR_016235

Clinvar genetic disease variations for Fucosidosis:

1 (show all 13)
id Gene Name Type Significance SNP ID Assembly Location
1FUCA1NM_000147.4(FUCA1): c.464C> T (p.Ser155Phe)single nucleotide variantPathogenicGRCh37Chr 1, 24192041: 24192041
2FUCA1NM_000147.4(FUCA1): c.790C> T (p.Arg264Ter)single nucleotide variantPathogenicGRCh37Chr 1, 24181029: 24181029
3FUCA1NM_000147.4(FUCA1): c.1279C> T (p.Gln427Ter)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs118204450GRCh37Chr 1, 24172327: 24172327
4FUCA1FUCA1, 2-EX DELdeletionPathogenic
5FUCA1NM_000147.4(FUCA1): c.1138G> T (p.Glu380Ter)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs80358195GRCh37Chr 1, 24175161: 24175161
6FUCA1FUCA1, IVS5DS, G-A, +1single nucleotide variantPathogenic
7FUCA1NM_000147.4(FUCA1): c.244C> T (p.Gln82Ter)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs80358196GRCh37Chr 1, 24194533: 24194533
8FUCA1NM_000147.4(FUCA1): c.1160G> A (p.Trp387Ter)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs80358197GRCh37Chr 1, 24175139: 24175139
9FUCA1NM_000147.4(FUCA1): c.648C> A (p.Tyr216Ter)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs80358198GRCh37Chr 1, 24189638: 24189638
10FUCA1FUCA1, 1-BP DEL, EX2deletionPathogenic
11FUCA1FUCA1, 1-BP DEL, EX5deletionPathogenic
12FUCA1FUCA1, 1-BP DEL, EX3deletionPathogenic
13FUCA1NM_000147.4(FUCA1): c.1229T> G (p.Leu410Arg)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs80358199GRCh37Chr 1, 24172595: 24172595

Expression for genes affiliated with Fucosidosis

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2BioGPS, 16Gene Expression Omnibus DataSets
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Expression patterns in normal tissues for genes affiliated with Fucosidosis

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Fucosidosis.

Pathways for genes affiliated with Fucosidosis

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51PathCards, 56Reactome, 39NCBI BioSystems Database, 31KEGG
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Pathways related to Fucosidosis according to GeneCards/GeneDecks:

idSuper pathways (with members indented)ScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1
Show member pathways
9.7HEXA, GLA
29.4NAGA, HEXA, GLA
38.7FUCA1, NAGA, HEXA, GLA, AGA
48.0FUCA2, FUCA1, HEXA, ENGASE, AGA

Compounds for genes affiliated with Fucosidosis

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25HMDB, 46Novoseek, 12DrugBank, 62Tocris Bioscience
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Compounds related to Fucosidosis according to GeneCards/GeneDecks:

(show all 36)
idCompoundScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1Tetrahexosylceramide (d18:1/12:0)2510.1HEXA, NAGA
2cerebroside4610.1HEXA, GLA
3Trihexosylceramide (d18:1/24:0)2510.0HEXA, GLA
4gal(beta1-3)galnac4610.0LGALS1, NAGA
5Trihexosylceramide (d18:1/24:1(15Z))2510.0GLA, HEXA
6con a4610.0LGALS1, FUCA1
7Trihexosylceramide (d18:1/25:0)2510.0GLA, HEXA
8Trihexosylceramide (d18:1/26:1(17Z))2510.0GLA, HEXA
9Trihexosylceramide (d18:1/9Z-18:1)2510.0GLA, HEXA
10Trihexosylceramide (d18:1/22:0)2510.0HEXA, GLA
11Trihexosylceramide (d18:1/12:0)259.9GLA, HEXA
12xylose469.9LGALS1, GLA
13Trihexosylceramide (d18:1/16:0)259.9GLA, HEXA
14n-acetyllactosamine46 2510.9LGALS1, GLA
15Trihexosylceramide (d18:1/18:0)259.9GLA, HEXA
16Trihexosylceramide (d18:1/20:0)259.9GLA, HEXA
17carbon469.8GLA, NAGA, FUCA1
18Lactosylceramide (d18:1/25:0)259.8HEXA, GLA
19Lactosylceramide (d18:1/26:0)259.8GLA, HEXA
20glycolipid469.8NAGA, HEXA, GLA
21Lactosylceramide (d18:1/26:1(17Z))259.8GLA, HEXA
22lactose46 1210.8GLA, LGALS1
23l-fucose46 2510.7FUCA1, FUCA2
24Lactosylceramide (d18:1/24:1(15Z))259.7HEXA, GLA
251-deoxynojirimycin62 46 1211.7GLA, LGALS1, FUCA1
26glutaraldehyde469.7GLA, LGALS1, FUCA1
27methionine469.6GLA, LGALS1, FUCA1
28Lactosylceramide (d18:1/16:0)259.6HEXA, GLA
29galactose469.6GLA, LGALS1
30mannose 6-phosphate46 2510.5FUCA1, HEXA, GLA, AGA
31Lactosylceramide (d18:1/12:0)259.4HEXA, GLA
32glucose469.3FUCA1, NAGA, LGALS1, GLA
33ganglioside469.3FUCA1, HEXA, LGALS1, GLA
34mannose469.3FUCA1, HEXA, LGALS1, GLA
35n-acetylglucosamine469.0AGA, LGALS1, HEXA, NAGA, FUCA1
36Water258.6FUCA2, FUCA1, NAGA, HEXA, GLA

GO Terms for genes affiliated with Fucosidosis

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17Gene Ontology
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Cellular components related to Fucosidosis according to GeneCards/GeneDecks:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1lysosomal lumenGO:0432029.7GLA, HEXA
2lysosomeGO:0057648.0AGA, GLA, NAGA, FUCA1, FUCA2

Biological processes related to Fucosidosis according to GeneCards/GeneDecks:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1glycosylceramide catabolic processGO:0464779.8NAGA, GLA
2sphingolipid metabolic processGO:0066659.7HEXA, GLA
3oligosaccharide metabolic processGO:0093119.7GLA, NAGA
4glycosphingolipid metabolic processGO:0066879.4HEXA, GLA
5fucose metabolic processGO:0060049.4FUCA1, FUCA2
6glycoside catabolic processGO:0161398.8FUCA2, FUCA1, NAGA, GLA

Molecular functions related to Fucosidosis according to GeneCards/GeneDecks:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1alpha-galactosidase activityGO:0045579.8GLA, NAGA
2fucose bindingGO:0428069.4FUCA1, FUCA2
3galactoside bindingGO:0169369.3GLA, LGALS1
4alpha-L-fucosidase activityGO:0045609.3FUCA1, FUCA2

Products for genes affiliated with Fucosidosis

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  • Antibodies
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  • Lysates
  • Antibodies

Sources for Fucosidosis

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4CDC
14ExPASy
15FMA
23GTR
24HGMD
25HMDB
26ICD10
27ICD10 via Orphanet
28ICD9CM
30IUPHAR
31KEGG
36MeSH
37MESH via Orphanet
38MGI
41NCIt
42NDF-RT
45NINDS
46Novoseek
48OMIM
49OMIM via Orphanet
53PubMed
54QIAGEN
60SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
63UMLS
64UMLS via Orphanet