Aliases & Classifications for Hemifacial Spasm

About this section

Aliases & Descriptions for Hemifacial Spasm:

Name: Hemifacial Spasm 46


Summaries for Hemifacial Spasm

About this section
NINDS:46 Hemifacial spasm is a neuromuscular disorder characterized by frequent involuntary contractions () of the muscles on one side () of the face (). The disorder occurs in both men and women, although it more frequently affects middle-aged or elderly women. It is much more common in the Asian population.

MalaCards based summary: Hemifacial Spasm is related to blepharospasm and trigeminal neuralgia. An important gene associated with Hemifacial Spasm is MTHFR (Methylenetetrahydrofolate Reductase (NAD(P)H)), and among its related pathways are Transcription Ligand-dependent activation of the ESR1/SP pathway and HIF1Alpha Pathway. Affiliated tissues include brain, bone and caudate nucleus, and related mouse phenotype reproductive system.

Wikipedia:68 Hemifacial spasm (HFS) is a rare neuromuscular disease characterized by irregular, involuntary muscle... more...

Related Diseases for Hemifacial Spasm

About this section

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Hemifacial Spasm:



Diseases related to hemifacial spasm

Symptoms for Hemifacial Spasm

About this section

Drugs & Therapeutics for Hemifacial Spasm

About this section

Drugs for Hemifacial Spasm (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show all 10)
idNameStatusPhaseClinical TrialsCas NumberPubChem Id
1Botulinum Toxins, Type APhase 4, Phase 3, Phase 2561
2Botulinum ToxinsPhase 3, Phase 2590
3
Sevofluraneapproved38128523-86-65206
Synonyms:
1,1,1,3,3,3-Hexafluoro-2-(fluoromethoxy)propane
28523-86-6
AC-15484
AC1L1JU0
BRN 2041023
Bax 3084
C009250
C07520
C4H3F7O
CHEBI:9130
CHEMBL1200694
CID5206
D00547
DB01236
F0691
Fluoromethyl 1,1,1,3,3,3-Hexafluoroisopropyl Ether
Fluoromethyl 2,2,2-trifluoro-1-(trifluoromethyl)ethyl ether
I14-13357
LS-67851
MR6S4
 
MR_6S4
MolPort-001-775-746
NCGC00167421-01
PC4681
Sevofluran
Sevoflurane
Sevoflurane (JAN/USAN/INN)
Sevoflurane [USAN:INN:BAN:JAN]
Sevoflurano
Sevoflurano [INN-Spanish]
Sevofluranum
Sevofluranum [INN-Latin]
Sevofrane
Sevorane
Sojourn
UNII-38LVP0K73A
Ultane
Ultane (TN)
ZINC01530810
fluoromethyl hexafluoroisopropyl ether
fluoromethyl-2,2,2-trifluoro-1-(trifluoromethyl)ethyl ether
sevoflurane
4
Benzocaineapproved15361994-09-7, 94-09-72337
Synonyms:
(p-(Ethoxycarbonyl)phenylamine
06952_FLUKA
112909_ALDRICH
112909_SIAL
1333-08-0
20/20 Topical Anesthetic
23239-88-5
23239-88-5 (hydrochloride)
4 Aminobenzoic Acid Ethyl Ester
4-(Ethoxycarbonyl)aniline
4-(Ethoxycarbonyl)phenylamine
4-14-00-01129 (Beilstein Handbook Reference)
4-Aminobenzoate
4-Aminobenzoic acid
4-Aminobenzoic acid ethyl ester
4-Aminobenzoic acid, ethyl ester
4-Carbethoxyaniline
4-amino-benzoic acid ethyl ester
4-aminobenzoic acid ethyl ester
71123-91-6
94-09-7
94-09-7 (Parent)
A0271
AB00051923
AC1L1DGC
AC1Q341A
AC1Q64JE
AE-562/40377256
AI3-02081
AKOS000119763
AR-1H9065
Acetate, Benzocaine
Aethoform
Aethylium paraminobenzoicum
Alcohol Prep Pads
Allegenal-m
Alpha-caine Topical Anesthetic
Amben ethyl ester
Americaine
Anaesthan-syngala
Anaesthesin
Anaesthesinum
Anaesthin
Anbesol Jr
Anbesol Maximum Strength
Anbesol Regular Strength
Anestenka
Anestezin
Anestezin [Russian]
Anesthesin
Anesthesine
Anesthetic
Anesthone
Atopalm Oral Pain Relief
BB_SC-0019
BPBio1_001017
BRD-K75466013-001-05-2
BRN 0638434
BSPBio_000923
BSPBio_001908
Baby Anbesol
Baby Anestenka
Baby Sensigel
Baby Sensigel Night Time Formula
Baby Teething Oral Pain Reliever
Bactimicina For Sore Throat
Bencocaine Topical Anesthetic
Bensokain
Benz O Sthetic
Benzoak
Benzocaina
Benzocaina [INN-Spanish]
Benzocaine
Benzocaine (USP/INN)
Benzocaine Acetate
Benzocaine Formate
Benzocaine Hydrobromide
Benzocaine Hydrochloride
Benzocaine Methanesulfonate
Benzocaine [INN:BAN]
Benzocainum
Benzocainum [INN-Latin]
Benzodent
Benzoic acid, 4-amino-, ethyl ester
Benzoic acid, 4-amino-, ethyl ester, hydrochloride
Benzoic acid, amino-, ethyl ester
Benzoic acid, p-amino-, ethyl ester
Boil Ease
Boy Butter Desensitizing Lubricant
Boy Butter Extreme Desensitizing Lubricant
Boy Butter Extreme H2O Desensitizing Lubricant
Brace Relief
Budpak Baby Teething Oral Pain Reliever
Budpak Oral Maximum Strength
C07527
CAS-94-09-7
CHEBI:116735
CHEMBL278172
CID2337
Carmex Cold Sore Treatment External Analgesic
Caswell No. 430A
Cepacol Fizzlers
Cepacol Sensations Hydra
Cepacol Sensations Sore Throat Hydra citrus splash
Cepacol Sensations Warming
Certus Sting Relief Prep Pad
Chloraseptic
Chloraseptic Warming Sore Throat
Colgate Orabase
Comfortcaine Topical Anesthetic
Cvs Fast Acting Baby Teething
Cvs Maximum Strength
Cvs Maximum Strength Boil Relief
Cvs Oral Anesthetic
Cvs Pharmacy Instant Toothache
Cvs Pharmacy Maximum Strength
Cvs Pharmacy Mouth Sore Gel
Cvs Pharmacy Nighttime Oral Pain Relief
D001566
D00552
DB01086
Dental Relief
Dentek Instant Pain Relief Maximum Strength
Dermoplast
Diet Ayds
DivK1c_000932
Dollar General Toothache Relief
Dukal Sting Relief Pad
E1501_SIGMA
EINECS 202-303-5
EPA Pesticide Chemical Code 097001
ETHYL-P-AMINOBENZOATE
Ethoform
Ethoforme
Ethyl 4-aminobenzoate
Ethyl 4-aminobenzoate hydrochloride
Ethyl 4-aminobenzoic acid
Ethyl Aminobenzoate
Ethyl PABA
Ethyl aminobenzoate
Ethyl aminobenzoate (JP15)
Ethyl aminobenzoate (VAN)
Ethyl aminobenzoic acid
Ethyl p-Aminobenzoate
Ethyl p-Aminophenylcarboxylate
Ethyl p-aminobenzenecarboxylate
Ethyl p-aminobenzoate
Ethyl p-aminobenzoic acid
Ethyl p-aminophenylcarboxylate
Ethylester kyseliny p-aminobenzoove
Ethylester kyseliny p-aminobenzoove [Czech]
Ethylis aminobenzoas
Finafta Baby
Finafta MultiOral
Formate, Benzocaine
Gelato Topical Anesthetic
Good Neighbor Pain Relief
Goodsense Oral Pain Relief
Gps Topical Anesthetic
Gumnumb Topical Anesthetic
HMS1570O05
HMS1920G09
HMS2091M11
HMS502O14
HSDB 7225
Heb Severe Toothache
Herbasoul Male Genital Desensitizer Cream
 
Hurricaine
Hurricaine Topical Anesthetic
Hurricaine Topical Anesthetic Gel
Hurricaine Topical Anesthetic Liquid
Hydrobromide, Benzocaine
Hydrochloride, Benzocaine
I05-0204
IDI1_000932
Identhesin
Insect Bite Relief
Instant Toothache Pain Relief
Intense Cvs Intense Toothache
Iodent Maximum Strength Oral Analgesic
Ismile Topical Anesthetic
Jianze Sting Relief Pads
KBio1_000932
KBio2_000474
KBio2_003042
KBio2_005610
KBio3_001408
KBioGR_000658
KBioSS_000474
Kank-a Mouth Pain
Keloform
Kmart Smart Sense
Kroger Toothache Pain Relief
LS-35847
Leader Oral Analgesic
Little Colds Sore Throat Relief Melt Aways
MLS001331704
MLS002153970
Makesense Junior Pain Relief
Makesense Pain Relief
Male Desensitizer Pleasure Balm
Mandelay Male Genital Desensitizer
Mark 3
Methanesulfonate, Benzocaine
MolPort-000-871-526
Mouth Sore Medication
Mouth Sore Relief Applicator
Mouth Sore Relief Professional Strength
My Fair Baby Instant Pain Relief
NCGC00016352-01
NCGC00094598-01
NCGC00094598-02
NINDS_000932
NSC 122792
NSC 41531
NSC41531
NSC4688
Nene Dente
Norcain
Norcaine
Norcainum
Opahl
Opahl Dye Free
Oprea1_750694
Oprea1_827402
Ora-jel
Orabase-B
Orajel For All Mouth Sores Maximum Strength
Orajel For Cold Sores
Orajel For Toothache Maximum Strength
Orajel Instant Pain Relief Maximum Strength
Orajel Instant Pain Relief Regular Strength
Orajel Instant Relief For Teething Pain
Orajel Instant Relief For Teething Pain Cooling Cucumber
Orajel Instant Relief For Teething Pain Daytime Nighttime Twin Pack
Orajel Instant Relief For Teething Pain Longer Lasting
Orajel Maximum Strength
Orajel Nighttime Instant Relief For Teething Pain Longer Lasting Extra Strength
Orajel Severe Toothache Maximum Strength Fast-Acting Formula
Oral Analgesic Maximum Strength
Oral B Instant Pain Relief
Oral Gel Maximum Strength
Oral Pain Relief Anesthetic Anesthetic
Oral Pain Reliever
Oralabs Cold Sore Treatment
Orthesin
Otocain
Outgro
Pac-dent Top Gel
Pain Relief
Pain Relief Alcohol Swabs
Parathesin
Parathesin (TN)
Parathesine
Physicians Care Sting Relief Pad
Pleasure Balm Kama Sutra
Preboost
Prestwick0_000712
Prestwick1_000712
Prestwick2_000712
Prestwick3_000712
Prestwick_991
Purelife Topical Anesthetic
Quality Choice Maximum Strength Oral Pain Relieving
Red Cross Oral Pain Relief
Rexall Maximum Strength
Rite Aid Baby Care
Rite Aid Liquid Anesthetic Oral Pain Relief
Rite Aid Maximum Strength
Rite Aid Oral Pain Reliever
Rite Aid Professional Strength
SMR000059025
SPBio_000134
SPBio_002844
SPECTRUM1500139
STK043620
Sally Hansen Ouch-relief Numbing Wipes
Sally Hansen Ouch-relief Wax Kit
Sally Hansen Ouch-relief Wax Strip Kit
Sensigel
Severe Oral Pain Reliever
Sheffield Baby Teething Gel
Sheffield Pain Relief
Shunga Male Genital Desensitizer
Slim Mint Gum
Solarcaine
Solu H
Spectrum2_000117
Spectrum3_000314
Spectrum4_000249
Spectrum5_000860
Spectrum_000074
Sting Relief Medicated Pad
Sting Relief Pads
Tanac
Terrasil Boil Pain Relief
Tiger Supply Inc Topical Anesthetic
Top Quality Mfg. Topical Anesthetic
Topcaine
Topcare Maximum Strength
Topical Anesthetic Banana
Topical Anesthetic Bubble Gum
Topical Anesthetic Cherry
Topical Anesthetic Mint
Topical Anesthetic Pina Colada
Topical Anesthetic Raspberry
Topical Anesthetic Strawberry
UNII-U3RSY48JW5
Ultracare Anesthetic Bubble Gum
Ultracare Anesthetic Butter Rum
Ultracare Anesthetic Creme de Menthe
Ultracare Anesthetic Pina Colada
Ultracare Anesthetic Walterberry
WLN: ZR DVO2
Walgreens Baby Teething
Walgreens Intense Toothache
Walgreens Maximum Strength
Walgreens Pain Relieving For Boils
Walgreens Severe Oral Pain Reliever
Walgreens Severe Toothache Relief
Winco Foods Maximum Strength Oral Analgesic
ZINC12358719
Zilactin-b
benzocaine
ethylaminobenzoate-4
h-4-abz-oet
nchembio.182-comp4
p-(Ethoxycarbonyl)aniline
p-Aminobenzoate
p-Aminobenzoic acid
p-Aminobenzoic acid ethyl ester
p-Aminobenzoic acid, ethyl ester
p-Aminobenzoic ethyl ester
p-Carbethoxyaniline
p-Ethoxycarboxylic Aniline
p-Ethoxycarboxylic aniline
5
Propofolapproved, investigational8532078-54-84943
Synonyms:
2, 6-Diisopropylphenol
2,6 Diisopropylphenol
2,6-Bis(1-methylethyl)phenol
2,6-Bis(Isopropyl)-phenol
2,6-DIISOPROPYLPHENOL
2,6-Diisopropyl phenol
2,6-Diisopropylphenol
2,6-bis(1-methylethyl)-phenol
2,6-di(propan-2-yl)phenol
2078-54-8
28449-97-0
4-06-00-03435 (Beilstein Handbook Reference)
50356-15-5
AB00513968
AC-2038
AC1L1J9Y
AC1Q1OUI
AI3-26295
AM-149
Abbott Brand of Propofol
Alpha Brand of Propofol
Ampofol
Aquafol
Astra Brand of Propofol
AstraZeneca Brand of Propofol
BIDD:GT0436
BPBio1_000950
BPBio1_000969
BRD-K82255054-001-03-5
BRN 1866484
BSPBio_000862
Biomol-NT_000248
Braun Brand of Propofol
C07523
C12H18O
CAS-2078-54-8
CCRIS 9000
CHEBI:44915
CHEMBL526
CID4943
CPD-11437
CPD000059151
Curamed Brand of Propofol
D00549
D015742
D0617
D126608
D126608_ALDRICH
DB00818
DDS-04F
Diisopropylphenol
Dipravan
Diprivan
Diprivan (TN)
Diprivan Injectable emulsion
Disoprivan
Disoprofol
EINECS 218-206-6
EU-0100437
Fresenius Brand of Propofol
Fresenius Kabi Brand of Propofol
Fresofol
HMS1570L04
HMS2089O21
HMS2094E17
 
HSDB 7123
ICI 35,868
ICI 35868
ICI-35,868
ICI-35868
ICI35,868
ICI35868
InChI=1/C12H18O/c1-8(2)10-6-5-7-11(9(3)4)12(10)13/h5-9,13H,1-4H
Ivofol
Jsp004266
Juste Brand of Propofol
LS-996
Lopac-D126608
Lopac0_000437
MLS001066348
MLS001335999
MLS002454360
MolPort-001-794-517
NCGC00015389-01
NCGC00015389-02
NCGC00015389-04
NCGC00015389-09
NCGC00091538-01
NCGC00091538-02
NCGC00091538-03
NCGC00091538-04
NCGC00091538-05
NCGC00091538-06
NSC 5105
NSC5105
PFL
Parnell Brand of Propofol
Pisa Brand of Propofol
Prestwick0_000931
Prestwick1_000931
Prestwick2_000931
Prestwick3_000931
Propofol
Propofol (JAN/USAN/INN)
Propofol Abbott
Propofol Fresenius
Propofol IDD-D
Propofol MCT
Propofol Rovi
Propofol [USAN:INN:BAN]
Propofol(2,6-Diisopropylphenol)
Propofol-Lipuro
Propofolum
Propofolum [Latin]
Rapinovet
Recofol
Rovi Brand of Propofol
S01-0189
SAM002264610
SMR000059151
SPBio_003031
SPECTRUM1505022
ST50405911
Schering Brand of Propofol
UNII-YI7VU623SF
W505102_ALDRICH
ZD-0859
ZINC00968303
Zeneca Brand of Propofol
ghl.PD_Mitscher_leg0.558
nchembio.552-comp7
propofol
6
Desfluraneapproved11057041-67-542113
Synonyms:
(+-)-2-Difluoromethyl 1,2,2,2-tetrafluoroethyl ether
1,1,1,2-Tetrafluoro-2-(difluoromethoxy)ethane
1,1,1,2-tetrafluoro-2-(difluoromethoxy)ethane
2-(difluoromethoxy)-1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane
57041-67-5
AC1L274J
AC1Q4ICY
C07519
C3H2F6O
CHEBI:4445
CHEMBL1200733
CID42113
D00546
DB01189
DESFLURANE
Desflurane
 
Desflurane (JAN/USP/INN)
Desflurane [USAN:INN]
Desflurano
Desflurano [INN-Spanish]
Desfluranum
Desfluranum [INN-Latin]
Difluoromethyl 1,2,2,2-tetrafluoroethyl ether
I 653
I-653
I653
LS-65505
MolPort-001-776-387
PC6781E
Suprane
Suprane (TN)
UNII-CRS35BZ94Q
difluoromethyl 1,2,2,2-tetrafluoroethyl ether
r-e 236ea1
7
Zincapproved14047440-66-623994, 32051
Synonyms:
30Zn
Cinc
Zinc
Zinc ion
 
Zincum
Zink
Zn
Zn(ii)
Zn2+
8Anesthetics, Inhalation456
9tannic acidNutraceutical1536
10Zinc SupplementNutraceutical29

Interventional clinical trials:

(show all 12)
idNameStatusNCT IDPhase
1Post Marketing Surveillance Study of DysportCompletedNCT00210431Phase 4
2Assessment of Effectiveness and Safety of Dysport® for the Treatment of Hemifacial SpasmCompletedNCT00276315Phase 3
3Effect on Tear Functions of Pretarsal and Preseptal Techniques of Botulinum Toxin Type A Injection in Hemifacial SpasmNot yet recruitingNCT01564979Phase 2
4A Multicenter, Observational Study to Evaluate Clinical Manifestation, Diagnosis and Treatment of Primary Hemifacial Spasm in Chinese PatientsCompletedNCT01728428
5Movement Disorder Survey in East ChinaCompletedNCT01168388
6Determination of Target of Adequate Partial Neuromuscular Blockade for Electrophysiologic Monitoring During Microvascular Decompression SurgeryCompletedNCT01613781
7Determination of Target of Adequate Partial Neuromuscular Blockade for Electrophysiologic Monitoring During Microvascular Decompression SurgeryCompletedNCT01598961
8An RCT of a Patient-initiated Treatment Service for BEB and HFSRecruitingNCT02577224
9Hemifacial Spasm and DesfluraneEnrolling by invitationNCT01726725
10Observe Abnormal Potential From the Offending Vessel to the Facial Muscles of HFS PatientsEnrolling by invitationNCT01271634
11Testing the Effect of Zinc Supplementation to Improve the Treatment Effect of Botulinum Toxin for Oculofacial SpasmNot yet recruitingNCT01546805
12CSF Leak Following Microvascular Decompression: the Benefit of Routine Postoperative Lumbar TapWithdrawnNCT01932255

Search NIH Clinical Center for Hemifacial Spasm

Genetic Tests for Hemifacial Spasm

About this section

Anatomical Context for Hemifacial Spasm

About this section

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Hemifacial Spasm:

33
Brain, Bone, Caudate nucleus, Thalamus

Animal Models for Hemifacial Spasm or affiliated genes

About this section

MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Hemifacial Spasm:

38
idDescriptionMGI Source AccessionScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1MP:00053898.1FLT4, MTHFR, NOS3, VEGFA

Publications for Hemifacial Spasm

About this section

Articles related to Hemifacial Spasm:

(show top 50)    (show all 585)
idTitleAuthorsYear
1
Microvascular decompression for hemifacial spasm: how can we protect auditory function? (25665598)
2015
2
Microvascular decompression for atypical hemifacial spasm: lessons learned from a retrospective study of 12 cases. (26339846)
2015
3
Lateral basal approach with a supine, no-retractor method for microvascular decompression for hemifacial spasm. (25791694)
2015
4
Bilateral hemifacial spasm might be cured by unilateral microvascular decompression. (25597484)
2015
5
Clinical and electrophysiological studies of botulinum toxin type A to treat hemifacial spasm complicated with auricular symptoms. (26309655)
2015
6
Microvascular decompression in patients with coexistent trigeminal neuralgia, hemifacial spasm and glossopharyngeal neuralgia. (24604137)
2014
7
Delayed dural arteriovenous fistula after microvascular decompression for hemifacial spasm. (25328659)
2014
8
Facial nerve palsy and hemifacial spasm. (23931790)
2013
9
Use of fillers as adjunct therapy for the treatment of lower face hemifacial spasm. (23559346)
2013
10
Hemifacial spasm and recurrent stroke due to vertebrobasilar dolichoectasia coexisting with saccular aneurysm of the basilar artery: a case report. (23546920)
2013
11
Relation between the Persistence of an Abnormal Muscle Response and the Long-Term Clinical Course after Microvascular Decompression for Hemifacial Spasm. (24305017)
2013
12
Intraoperative facial electromyography and brainstem auditory evoked potential findings in microvascular decompression for hemifacial spasm: correlation with postoperative delayed facial palsy. (22777492)
2012
13
The role of autonomic nervous system in the pathophysiology of hemifacial spasm. (22663936)
2012
14
The effect of microvascular decompression for hemifacial spasm caused by vertebrobasilar dolichoectasia. (23091664)
2012
15
Monitoring of abnormal muscle response and facial motor evoked potential during microvascular decompression for hemifacial spasm. (23226604)
2012
16
Assessment of non-motor hearing symptoms in hemifacial spasm using magnetoencephalography. (22116454)
2012
17
Hemifacial spasm due to contralateral aneurysmal compression of the facial nerve successfully treated with endovascular coil embolization: case report. (21832966)
2011
18
An analysis of failed microvascular decompression in patients with hemifacial spasm: focused on the early reoperative findings. (20949293)
2010
19
Validation of a Chinese version of disease specific quality of life scale (HFS-36) for hemifacial spasm in Taiwan. (20034399)
2009
20
Outcome predictors, efficacy and safety of Botox and Dysport in the long-term treatment of hemifacial spasm. (19364366)
2009
21
Hemifacial spasm and pontine compression caused by a giant vertebrobasilar dolichoectasia. (19295203)
2009
22
The role of genetic factors in the development of hemifacial spasm: preliminary results. (18642643)
2008
23
Chronologic analysis of symptomatic change following microvascular decompression for hemifacial spasm: value for predicting midterm outcome. (18665406)
2008
24
Focal motor seizures mimicking hemifacial spasm. (18325823)
2008
25
Imaging in hemifacial spasm and hypertension. (17851251)
2007
26
A double-blind, randomized, crossover study of prosigne versus botox in patients with blepharospasm and hemifacial spasm. (17272968)
2007
27
Hemifacial spasm induced by trigeminal stimuli and coupled with ipsilateral migraine: a spasmodic migraine. (16919068)
2006
28
Hemifacial spasm associated with otitis media with effusion: a first reported case. (16293320)
2006
29
Post-traumatic hemifacial spasm. (16860719)
2006
30
Hemifacial spasm resulting from vertebral artery dolichoectasia. (22473144)
2005
31
Health-related quality of life in blepharospasm or hemifacial spasm. (15595940)
2005
32
Hemifacial spasm: results of treatment with low dose botulinum toxin injection. (15560699)
2004
33
Microvascular decompression for hemifacial spasm caused by the vertebral artery: a simple and effective transposition method using surgical glue. (15031085)
2004
34
Demonstration of neurovascular compression in trigeminal neuralgia and hemifacial spasm with magnetic resonance imaging: comparison with surgical findings in 60 consecutive cases. (12648904)
2003
35
Lateral spread response elicited by double stimulation in patients with hemifacial spasm. (12115973)
2002
36
Monitoring of facial evoked EMG for hemifacial spasm: a critical analysis of its prognostic value. (11437290)
2001
37
Accommodative esotropia: an unrecognized cause of hemifacial spasm in children. (11508921)
2001
38
Neuroendoscopy in microvascular decompression for trigeminal neuralgia and hemifacial spasm: technical note. (10935228)
2000
39
Use of botulinum toxin A in the treatment of hemifacial spasm and blepharospasm. (10063705)
1999
40
Unilateral glaucomatous damage in a patient with hemifacial spasm. (10420114)
1999
41
Hemifacial spasm. (9598695)
1998
42
Computed tomographic analysis of hemifacial spasm: narrowing of the posterior fossa as a possible facilitating factor for neurovascular compression. (9153617)
1997
43
Microvascular decompression for hemifacial spasm: analysis of 266 patients at Ramathibodi Hospital. (8855618)
1996
44
Hemifacial spasm: treatment with pizotifen. (8676145)
1996
45
Hemifacial spasm: successful treatment with felbamate. (7673772)
1995
46
Recordings from the facial motonucleus in rats with signs of hemifacial spasm. (7870279)
1994
47
Hemifacial spasm in an infant due to fourth ventricular ganglioglioma. Case report. (2045898)
1991
48
Hemifacial spasm and facial myokymia: electrophysiological findings. (3614256)
1987
49
Intracranial microvascular decompression for "cryptogenic" hemifacial spasm, trigeminal and glossopharyngeal neuralgia, paroxysmal vertigo and tinnitus: I. Surgical technique and results. (3733416)
1986
50
Blepharospasm, Meige syndrome, and hemifacial spasm: treatment with botulinum toxin. (4033932)
1985

Variations for Hemifacial Spasm

About this section

Expression for genes affiliated with Hemifacial Spasm

About this section
Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Hemifacial Spasm.

Pathways for genes affiliated with Hemifacial Spasm

About this section

GO Terms for genes affiliated with Hemifacial Spasm

About this section

Biological processes related to Hemifacial Spasm according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 15)
idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1tetrahydrofolate interconversionGO:003599910.0MTHFR, TYMS
2response to folic acidGO:005159310.0MTHFR, TYMS
3endothelial cell migrationGO:00435429.7NOS3, VEGFA
4vascular endothelial growth factor signaling pathwayGO:00380849.6FLT4, VEGFA
5tetrahydrofolate metabolic processGO:00466539.6MTHFR, TYMS
6cellular response to vascular endothelial growth factor stimulusGO:00359249.6FLT4, VEGFA
7positive regulation of angiogenesisGO:00457669.5NOS3, VEGFA
8positive regulation of protein kinase C signalingGO:00900379.5FLT4, VEGFA
9lung developmentGO:00303249.5NOS3, VEGFA
10lymphangiogenesisGO:00019469.5FLT4, VEGFA
11positive regulation of endothelial cell migrationGO:00105959.5FLT4, VEGFA
12vasculature developmentGO:00019449.4FLT4, VEGFA
13positive regulation of endothelial cell proliferationGO:00019389.3FLT4, VEGFA
14blood vessel morphogenesisGO:00485148.7FLT4, VEGFA
15vascular endothelial growth factor receptor signaling pathwayGO:00480108.5FLT4, NOS3, VEGFA

Molecular functions related to Hemifacial Spasm according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1NADP bindingGO:00506619.5MTHFR, NOS3
2flavin adenine dinucleotide bindingGO:00506609.4MTHFR, NOS3

Sources for Hemifacial Spasm

About this section
2CDC
14ExPASy
15FDA
16FMA
24GTR
25HGMD
26HMDB
27ICD10
28ICD10 via Orphanet
29ICD9CM
30IUPHAR
31KEGG
34MedGen
36MeSH
37MESH via Orphanet
38MGI
41NCI
42NCIt
43NDF-RT
46NINDS
47Novoseek
49OMIM
50OMIM via Orphanet
54PubMed
55QIAGEN
60SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
64Tumor Gene Family of Databases
65UMLS
66UMLS via Orphanet