MCID: HMF004
MIFTS: 38

Hemifacial Spasm malady

Categories: Genetic diseases, Neuronal diseases, Rare diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Hemifacial Spasm

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Aliases & Descriptions for Hemifacial Spasm:

Name: Hemifacial Spasm 47 25

Classifications:



Summaries for Hemifacial Spasm

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NINDS:47 Hemifacial spasm is a neuromuscular disorder characterized by frequent involuntary contractions () of the muscles on one side () of the face (). The disorder occurs in both men and women, although it more frequently affects middle-aged or elderly women. It is much more common in the Asian population.

MalaCards based summary: Hemifacial Spasm is related to hemifacial spasm, familial and blepharospasm. An important gene associated with Hemifacial Spasm is MTHFR (Methylenetetrahydrofolate Reductase), and among its related pathways are Transcription Ligand-dependent activation of the ESR1/SP pathway and VEGF binds to VEGFR leading to receptor dimerization. Affiliated tissues include brain, testes and bone, and related mouse phenotype reproductive system.

Wikipedia:69 Hemifacial spasm (HFS) is a rare neuromuscular disease characterized by irregular, involuntary muscle... more...

Related Diseases for Hemifacial Spasm

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Diseases in the Hemifacial Spasm family:

Hemifacial Spasm, Familial

Diseases related to Hemifacial Spasm via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50)    (show all 118)
idRelated DiseaseScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1hemifacial spasm, familial12.5
2blepharospasm10.8
3trigeminal neuralgia10.6
4dystonia10.4
5aneurysm10.4
6glossopharyngeal neuralgia10.3
7focal dystonia10.2
8lipoma10.2
9cervical dystonia10.2
10cervicitis10.2
11histoplasmosis10.2MTHFR, VEGFA
12thrombophilia10.2MTHFR, VEGFA
13sacrococcygeal teratoma10.1MTHFR, VEGFA
14astrocytoma10.1
15silicosiderosis10.1FLT4, VEGFA
16epidermolysis bullosa10.1FLT4, VEGFA
17calcaneonavicular coalition10.1FLT4, VEGFA
18ocular melanoma10.1FLT4, VEGFA
19opportunistic mycosis10.1MTHFR, VEGFA
20leydig cell tumor10.1FLT4, VEGFA
21monckeberg arteriosclerosis10.1TYMS, VEGFA
22oral lichen planus10.1MTHFR, VEGFA
23arachnoiditis10.1
24bell's palsy10.1
25cerebellopontine angle tumor10.1
26meige syndrome10.1
27intracranial hypertension10.1
28arachnoid cysts10.1
29headache10.1
30tremor10.1
31ovarian insufficiency, familial10.1MTHFR, VEGFA
32chikungunya10.0FLT4, VEGFA
33epidermoid brain tumor10.0
34lung carcinoma in situ10.0FLT4, VEGFA
35elejalde disease10.0MTHFR, NOS3
36arteriovenous fistula10.0
37oromandibular dystonia10.0
38arteriovenous malformation10.0
39entropion10.0
40cerebritis10.0
41pilocytic astrocytoma10.0
42paget's disease of bone10.0
43cerebellopontine angle meningioma10.0
44chiari malformation10.0
45cluster headache10.0
46islet cell tumor10.0MTHFR, NOS3
47hepatocellular adenoma10.0MTHFR, NOS3
48urinary bladder cancer10.0MTHFR, NOS3
49duodenal somatostatinoma10.0TYMS, VEGFA
50neuropathy, hereditary sensory, type ib10.0MTHFR, VEGFA

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Hemifacial Spasm:



Diseases related to hemifacial spasm

Symptoms for Hemifacial Spasm

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Drugs & Therapeutics for Hemifacial Spasm

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Drugs for Hemifacial Spasm (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show all 10)
idNameStatusPhaseClinical TrialsCas NumberPubChem Id
1
AcetylcholinePhase 4, Phase 3, Phase 275251-84-3187
Synonyms:
ACh
Acetyl choline ion
Acetylcholine Chloride
Acetylcholine cation
 
Acetylcholinium: acetyl-Choline
Choline acetate
Choline acetate (ester)
O-Acetylcholine
acetylcholine chloride
2
Sevoflurane45328523-86-65206
Synonyms:
1,1,1,3,3,3-Hexafluoro-2-(fluoromethoxy)propane
28523-86-6
AC-15484
AC1L1JU0
BRN 2041023
Bax 3084
C009250
C07520
C4H3F7O
CHEBI:9130
CHEMBL1200694
CID5206
D00547
DB01236
F0691
Fluoromethyl 1,1,1,3,3,3-Hexafluoroisopropyl Ether
Fluoromethyl 2,2,2-trifluoro-1-(trifluoromethyl)ethyl ether
I14-13357
LS-67851
MR6S4
 
MR_6S4
MolPort-001-775-746
NCGC00167421-01
PC4681
Sevofluran
Sevoflurane
Sevoflurane (JAN/USAN/INN)
Sevoflurane [USAN:INN:BAN:JAN]
Sevoflurano
Sevoflurano [INN-Spanish]
Sevofluranum
Sevofluranum [INN-Latin]
Sevofrane
Sevorane
Sojourn
UNII-38LVP0K73A
Ultane
Ultane (TN)
ZINC01530810
fluoromethyl hexafluoroisopropyl ether
fluoromethyl-2,2,2-trifluoro-1-(trifluoromethyl)ethyl ether
sevoflurane
3
Benzocaine17941994-09-7, 94-09-72337
Synonyms:
(p-(Ethoxycarbonyl)phenylamine
06952_FLUKA
112909_ALDRICH
112909_SIAL
1333-08-0
23239-88-5
23239-88-5 (hydrochloride)
4 Aminobenzoic Acid Ethyl Ester
4-(Ethoxycarbonyl)aniline
4-(Ethoxycarbonyl)phenylamine
4-14-00-01129 (Beilstein Handbook Reference)
4-Aminobenzoate
4-Aminobenzoic acid
4-Aminobenzoic acid ethyl ester
4-Aminobenzoic acid, ethyl ester
4-Carbethoxyaniline
4-amino-benzoic acid ethyl ester
4-aminobenzoic acid ethyl ester
71123-91-6
94-09-7
94-09-7 (Parent)
A0271
AB00051923
AC1L1DGC
AC1Q341A
AC1Q64JE
AE-562/40377256
AI3-02081
AKOS000119763
AR-1H9065
Acetate, Benzocaine
Aethoform
Aethylium paraminobenzoicum
Amben ethyl ester
Americaine
Anaesthan-syngala
Anaesthesin
Anaesthesinum
Anaesthin
Anestezin
Anestezin [Russian]
Anesthesin
Anesthesine
Anesthone
BB_SC-0019
BPBio1_001017
BRD-K75466013-001-05-2
BRN 0638434
BSPBio_000923
BSPBio_001908
Baby Anbesol
Bensokain
Benzoak
Benzocaina
Benzocaina [INN-Spanish]
Benzocaine
Benzocaine (USP/INN)
Benzocaine Acetate
Benzocaine Formate
Benzocaine Hydrobromide
Benzocaine Hydrochloride
Benzocaine Methanesulfonate
Benzocaine [INN:BAN]
Benzocainum
Benzocainum [INN-Latin]
Benzoic acid, 4-amino-, ethyl ester
Benzoic acid, 4-amino-, ethyl ester, hydrochloride
Benzoic acid, amino-, ethyl ester
Benzoic acid, p-amino-, ethyl ester
C07527
CAS-94-09-7
CHEBI:116735
CHEMBL278172
CID2337
Caswell No. 430A
Chloraseptic
D001566
D00552
DB01086
Dermoplast
Diet Ayds
DivK1c_000932
E1501_SIGMA
EINECS 202-303-5
EPA Pesticide Chemical Code 097001
ETHYL-P-AMINOBENZOATE
Ethoform
Ethoforme
Ethyl 4-aminobenzoate
Ethyl 4-aminobenzoate hydrochloride
Ethyl 4-aminobenzoic acid
Ethyl Aminobenzoate
Ethyl PABA
 
Ethyl aminobenzoate
Ethyl aminobenzoate (JP15)
Ethyl aminobenzoate (VAN)
Ethyl aminobenzoic acid
Ethyl p-Aminobenzoate
Ethyl p-Aminophenylcarboxylate
Ethyl p-aminobenzenecarboxylate
Ethyl p-aminobenzoate
Ethyl p-aminobenzoic acid
Ethyl p-aminophenylcarboxylate
Ethylester kyseliny p-aminobenzoove
Ethylester kyseliny p-aminobenzoove [Czech]
Ethylis aminobenzoas
Formate, Benzocaine
HMS1570O05
HMS1920G09
HMS2091M11
HMS502O14
HSDB 7225
Hurricaine
Hydrobromide, Benzocaine
Hydrochloride, Benzocaine
I05-0204
IDI1_000932
Identhesin
KBio1_000932
KBio2_000474
KBio2_003042
KBio2_005610
KBio3_001408
KBioGR_000658
KBioSS_000474
Keloform
LS-35847
MLS001331704
MLS002153970
Methanesulfonate, Benzocaine
MolPort-000-871-526
NCGC00016352-01
NCGC00094598-01
NCGC00094598-02
NINDS_000932
NSC 122792
NSC 41531
NSC41531
NSC4688
Norcain
Norcaine
Norcainum
Oprea1_750694
Oprea1_827402
Ora-jel
Orabase-B
Orthesin
Otocain
Outgro
Parathesin
Parathesin (TN)
Parathesine
Prestwick0_000712
Prestwick1_000712
Prestwick2_000712
Prestwick3_000712
Prestwick_991
SMR000059025
SPBio_000134
SPBio_002844
SPECTRUM1500139
STK043620
Slim Mint Gum
Solarcaine
Solu H
Spectrum2_000117
Spectrum3_000314
Spectrum4_000249
Spectrum5_000860
Spectrum_000074
Topcaine
UNII-U3RSY48JW5
WLN: ZR DVO2
ZINC12358719
benzocaine
ethylaminobenzoate-4
h-4-abz-oet
nchembio.182-comp4
p-(Ethoxycarbonyl)aniline
p-Aminobenzoate
p-Aminobenzoic acid
p-Aminobenzoic acid ethyl ester
p-Aminobenzoic acid, ethyl ester
p-Aminobenzoic ethyl ester
p-Carbethoxyaniline
p-Ethoxycarboxylic Aniline
p-Ethoxycarboxylic aniline
4
Propofol9852078-54-84943
Synonyms:
2, 6-Diisopropylphenol
2,6 Diisopropylphenol
2,6-Bis(1-methylethyl)phenol
2,6-Bis(Isopropyl)-phenol
2,6-DIISOPROPYLPHENOL
2,6-Diisopropyl phenol
2,6-Diisopropylphenol
2,6-bis(1-methylethyl)-phenol
2,6-di(propan-2-yl)phenol
2078-54-8
28449-97-0
4-06-00-03435 (Beilstein Handbook Reference)
50356-15-5
AB00513968
AC-2038
AC1L1J9Y
AC1Q1OUI
AI3-26295
AM-149
Abbott Brand of Propofol
Alpha Brand of Propofol
Ampofol
Aquafol
Astra Brand of Propofol
AstraZeneca Brand of Propofol
BIDD:GT0436
BPBio1_000950
BPBio1_000969
BRD-K82255054-001-03-5
BRN 1866484
BSPBio_000862
Biomol-NT_000248
Braun Brand of Propofol
C07523
C12H18O
CAS-2078-54-8
CCRIS 9000
CHEBI:44915
CHEMBL526
CID4943
CPD-11437
CPD000059151
Curamed Brand of Propofol
D00549
D015742
D0617
D126608
D126608_ALDRICH
DB00818
DDS-04F
Diisopropylphenol
Dipravan
Diprivan
Diprivan (TN)
Diprivan Injectable emulsion
Disoprivan
Disoprofol
EINECS 218-206-6
EU-0100437
Fresenius Brand of Propofol
Fresenius Kabi Brand of Propofol
Fresofol
HMS1570L04
HMS2089O21
HMS2094E17
 
HSDB 7123
ICI 35,868
ICI 35868
ICI-35,868
ICI-35868
ICI35,868
ICI35868
InChI=1/C12H18O/c1-8(2)10-6-5-7-11(9(3)4)12(10)13/h5-9,13H,1-4H
Ivofol
Jsp004266
Juste Brand of Propofol
LS-996
Lopac-D126608
Lopac0_000437
MLS001066348
MLS001335999
MLS002454360
MolPort-001-794-517
NCGC00015389-01
NCGC00015389-02
NCGC00015389-04
NCGC00015389-09
NCGC00091538-01
NCGC00091538-02
NCGC00091538-03
NCGC00091538-04
NCGC00091538-05
NCGC00091538-06
NSC 5105
NSC5105
PFL
Parnell Brand of Propofol
Pisa Brand of Propofol
Prestwick0_000931
Prestwick1_000931
Prestwick2_000931
Prestwick3_000931
Propofol
Propofol (JAN/USAN/INN)
Propofol Abbott
Propofol Fresenius
Propofol IDD-D
Propofol MCT
Propofol Rovi
Propofol [USAN:INN:BAN]
Propofol(2,6-Diisopropylphenol)
Propofol-Lipuro
Propofolum
Propofolum [Latin]
Rapinovet
Recofol
Rovi Brand of Propofol
S01-0189
SAM002264610
SMR000059151
SPBio_003031
SPECTRUM1505022
ST50405911
Schering Brand of Propofol
UNII-YI7VU623SF
W505102_ALDRICH
ZD-0859
ZINC00968303
Zeneca Brand of Propofol
ghl.PD_Mitscher_leg0.558
nchembio.552-comp7
propofol
5
Isoflurane15626675-46-73763
Synonyms:
1-Chloro-2,2,2-trifluoroethyl difluoromethyl ether
1-chloro-2,2,2-Trifluoroethyl difluoromethyl ether
2-Chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)-1,1,1-trifluoroethane
2-chloro-2-difluoromethoxy-1,1,1-trifluoroethane
26675-46-7
AC-154802
AC1L1GNN
AErrane (Veterinary)
Aerrane
BRN 1852087
C07518
CCRIS 3043
CHEBI:6015
CHEMBL1256
CID3763
Compound 469
D00545
D007530
DB00753
EINECS 247-897-7
Ethane
Ether, 1-chloro-2,2,2-trifluoroethyl difluoromethyl
 
Forane
Forane (TN)
Forene
I14-1303
IsoFlo
Isoflurane
Isoflurane (JP15/USP/INN)
Isoflurane [Anaesthetics, volatile]
Isoflurane [USAN:BAN:INN:JAN]
Isoflurane [USAN:INN:BAN:JAN]
Isoflurane [Usan:Ban:Inn:Jan]
Isoflurano
Isoflurano [INN-Spanish]
Isofluranum
Isofluranum [INN-Latin]
Jsp005223
LS-7462
MolPort-000-153-606
NCGC00181037-01
R-E 235dal
ST51041445
UNII-CYS9AKD70P
isoflurane
6
Desflurane13257041-67-542113
Synonyms:
(+-)-2-Difluoromethyl 1,2,2,2-tetrafluoroethyl ether
1,1,1,2-Tetrafluoro-2-(difluoromethoxy)ethane
1,1,1,2-tetrafluoro-2-(difluoromethoxy)ethane
2-(difluoromethoxy)-1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane
57041-67-5
AC1L274J
AC1Q4ICY
C07519
C3H2F6O
CHEBI:4445
CHEMBL1200733
CID42113
D00546
DB01189
DESFLURANE
Desflurane
 
Desflurane (JAN/USP/INN)
Desflurane [USAN:INN]
Desflurano
Desflurano [INN-Spanish]
Desfluranum
Desfluranum [INN-Latin]
Difluoromethyl 1,2,2,2-tetrafluoroethyl ether
I 653
I-653
I653
LS-65505
MolPort-001-776-387
PC6781E
Suprane
Suprane (TN)
UNII-CRS35BZ94Q
difluoromethyl 1,2,2,2-tetrafluoroethyl ether
r-e 236ea1
7
Zinc21547440-66-632051, 23994
Synonyms:
30Zn
Cinc
Zinc
Zinc ion
 
Zincum
Zink
Zn
Zn(ii)
Zn2+
8tannic acidNutraceutical1794
9
GlucosamineNutraceutical1653416-24-8439213
Synonyms:
(+)-2-amino-2-deoxy-D-glucopyranose
(2R,3R,4R,5S,6R)-3-amino-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxane-2,4,5-triol
(2S,5R)-3-amino-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxane-2,4,5-triol
(3R,4R,5S,6R)-3-amino-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxane-2,4,5-triol
14257-69-3
2-Amino-2-deoxy-D-Glucose
2-Amino-2-deoxy-D-glucopyranose
2-Amino-2-deoxy-D-glucose
2-Amino-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
2-Amino-2-deoxyglucose
2-Aminoglucose
2-Deoxy-2-amino-D-glucose
2-Deoxy-2-aminoglucose
2-amino-2-deoxy-D-glucopyranose
2-amino-2-deoxyglucose
2351-15-7
28905-10-4
2B4D44B2-D5AC-4DA4-9BE6-A4AE9574E4A6
3416-24-8
4-04-00-02017 (Beilstein Handbook Reference)
58-87-7
58267-75-7
6490-70-6
880765-44-6
90-77-7
911653-84-4
AC1L2D1C
AC1L96WB
AC1L9B8P
AC1Q4UBH
BRN 1724602
BSPBio_002086
C00329
C08349
CHEBI:28393
CHEBI:47977
CHEMBL234432
CID18897
CID439213
CID441477
CPD0-1193
Chitosamine
Cosamin
D-(+)-Glucosamine
 
D-Glucosamine
D-glucosamine
D04334
DB01296
DivK1c_000261
EINECS 222-311-2
GCS
Glucosamina
Glucosamina [INN-Spanish]
Glucosamine (USAN/INN)
Glucosamine [USAN:INN]
Glucosaminum
Glucosaminum [INN-Latin]
HMS500N03
HSDB 7469
IDI1_000261
InChI=1/C6H13NO5/c7-3-5(10)4(9)2(1-8)12-6(3)11/h2-6,8-11H,1,7H2/t2-,3-,4-,5-,6-/m1/s1
KBio1_000261
KBio2_001311
KBio2_003879
KBio2_006447
KBio3_001306
KBioGR_000970
KBioSS_001311
LS-71671
MolPort-002-507-091
MolPort-003-944-937
NCGC00164421-01
NCGC00178826-01
NINDS_000261
SPBio_000477
STK801823
Spectrum2_000519
Spectrum3_000443
Spectrum4_000565
Spectrum5_000756
Spectrum_000831
Viartril-S
beta-D-Glucosamine
bmse000247
chitosamine
glucosamine
nchembio.189-comp4
nchembio.2007.41-comp7
nchembio.412-comp5
partially N-deacetylated poly-beta-1,6-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine
10
MethylcobalaminNutraceuticalPhase 023713422-55-4
Synonyms:
Algobaz
Co-Methylcobalamin
Co-methylcobalamin
Hitocobamin M
MeCbl
Mecobalamin
Methycobal
 
Methyl cobalamine
Methyl vitamin B12
Methyl-5,6-dimethylbenzimidazolylcobalamin
Methyl-B12
Methylcob(III)alamin
Methylcobalamin
Methylcobaz
mecobalamin
methyl(III)cobalamin

Interventional clinical trials:

(show all 15)
idNameStatusNCT IDPhase
1Post Marketing Surveillance Study of DysportCompletedNCT00210431Phase 4
2Assessment of Effectiveness and Safety of Dysport® for the Treatment of Hemifacial SpasmCompletedNCT00276315Phase 3
3Effect on Tear Functions of Pretarsal and Preseptal Techniques of Botulinum Toxin Type A Injection in Hemifacial SpasmNot yet recruitingNCT01564979Phase 2
4A Multicenter, Observational Study to Evaluate Clinical Manifestation, Diagnosis and Treatment of Primary Hemifacial Spasm in Chinese PatientsCompletedNCT01728428
5Movement Disorder Survey in East ChinaCompletedNCT01168388
6Determination of Target of Adequate Partial Neuromuscular Blockade for Electrophysiologic Monitoring During Microvascular Decompression SurgeryCompletedNCT01613781
7Determination of Target of Adequate Partial Neuromuscular Blockade for Electrophysiologic Monitoring During Microvascular Decompression SurgeryCompletedNCT01598961
8An RCT of a Patient-initiated Treatment Service for BEB and HFSRecruitingNCT02577224
9Effect of Acupuncture on Inflammation and Immune Function After CraniotomyRecruitingNCT02761096
10Blepharospasm ToolsRecruitingNCT02780336
11Hemifacial Spasm and DesfluraneEnrolling by invitationNCT01726725
12Observe Abnormal Potential From the Offending Vessel to the Facial Muscles of HFS PatientsEnrolling by invitationNCT01271634
13Autologous Adipose Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation in the Treatment of Patients With Hemifacial SpasmNot yet recruitingNCT02853942Phase 0
14Testing the Effect of Zinc Supplementation to Improve the Treatment Effect of Botulinum Toxin for Oculofacial SpasmNot yet recruitingNCT01546805
15CSF Leak Following Microvascular Decompression: the Benefit of Routine Postoperative Lumbar TapWithdrawnNCT01932255

Search NIH Clinical Center for Hemifacial Spasm

Genetic Tests for Hemifacial Spasm

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Genetic tests related to Hemifacial Spasm:

id Genetic test Affiliating Genes
1 Hemifacial Spasm25

Anatomical Context for Hemifacial Spasm

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MalaCards organs/tissues related to Hemifacial Spasm:

34
Brain, Testes, Bone, Caudate nucleus, Thalamus, Eye

Animal Models for Hemifacial Spasm or affiliated genes

About this section

MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Hemifacial Spasm:

39
idDescriptionMGI Source AccessionScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1MP:00053898.1FLT4, MTHFR, NOS3, VEGFA

Publications for Hemifacial Spasm

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Articles related to Hemifacial Spasm:

(show top 50)    (show all 626)
idTitleAuthorsYear
1
Good surgical outcomes of hemifacial spasm patients with obvious facial nerve indentation and color change. (27184901)
2016
2
Significance of anomalous anterior inferior cerebellar artery-posterior inferior cerebellar artery common trunk compression in microvascular decompression for hemifacial spasm. (27155382)
2016
3
Alleviating Maneuvers for Benign Essential Blepharospasm and Hemifacial Spasm. (27607413)
2016
4
Microvascular decompression for hemifacial spasm: how can we protect auditory function? (25665598)
2015
5
Lateral basal approach with a supine, no-retractor method for microvascular decompression for hemifacial spasm. (25791694)
2015
6
Bilateral hemifacial spasm might be cured by unilateral microvascular decompression. (25597484)
2015
7
Clinical and electrophysiological studies of botulinum toxin type A to treat hemifacial spasm complicated with auricular symptoms. (26309655)
2015
8
Immediate disappearance of hemifacial spasm after partial removal of ponto-medullary junction anaplastic astrocytoma: case report. (25382264)
2014
9
Microvascular Decompression for Hemifacial Spasm. (25255262)
2014
10
Hemifacial spasm and recurrent stroke due to vertebrobasilar dolichoectasia coexisting with saccular aneurysm of the basilar artery: a case report. (23546920)
2013
11
Relation between the Persistence of an Abnormal Muscle Response and the Long-Term Clinical Course after Microvascular Decompression for Hemifacial Spasm. (24305017)
2013
12
Intraoperative facial electromyography and brainstem auditory evoked potential findings in microvascular decompression for hemifacial spasm: correlation with postoperative delayed facial palsy. (22777492)
2012
13
Monitoring of abnormal muscle response and facial motor evoked potential during microvascular decompression for hemifacial spasm. (23226604)
2012
14
Assessment of non-motor hearing symptoms in hemifacial spasm using magnetoencephalography. (22116454)
2012
15
Glucose hypermetabolism in the thalamus of patients with hemifacial spasm. (22344604)
2012
16
Botulinum toxin in hemifacial spasm: the challenge to assess the effect of treatment. (22231846)
2012
17
The patterns and risk factors of hearing loss following microvascular decompression for hemifacial spasm. (21240531)
2011
18
An analysis of failed microvascular decompression in patients with hemifacial spasm: focused on the early reoperative findings. (20949293)
2010
19
Treatment of idiopathic hemifacial spasm with radiosurgery or hypofractionated stereotactic radiotherapy: preliminary results. (20376743)
2010
20
Keyhole microsurgery for trigeminal neuralgia, hemifacial spasm and glossopharyngeal neuralgia. (19536556)
2010
21
Validation of a Chinese version of disease specific quality of life scale (HFS-36) for hemifacial spasm in Taiwan. (20034399)
2009
22
Outcome predictors, efficacy and safety of Botox and Dysport in the long-term treatment of hemifacial spasm. (19364366)
2009
23
Hemifacial spasm and pontine compression caused by a giant vertebrobasilar dolichoectasia. (19295203)
2009
24
Results of auditory brainstem response monitoring of microvascular decompression: a prospective study of 22 patients with hemifacial spasm. (19655333)
2009
25
Hemifacial spasm caused by a huge tentorial meningioma. (19844631)
2009
26
A double-blind, randomized, crossover study of prosigne versus botox in patients with blepharospasm and hemifacial spasm. (17272968)
2007
27
Arterial hypertension in patients with left primary hemifacial spasm is associated with neurovascular compression of the left rostral ventrolateral medulla. (17213721)
2007
28
Hemifacial spasm resulting from vertebral artery dolichoectasia. (22473144)
2005
29
Somatosensory evoked blink response in hemifacial spasm and peripheral facial palsy. (16083142)
2005
30
Hemifacial spasm: results of treatment with low dose botulinum toxin injection. (15560699)
2004
31
Demonstration of neurovascular compression in trigeminal neuralgia and hemifacial spasm with magnetic resonance imaging: comparison with surgical findings in 60 consecutive cases. (12648904)
2003
32
Botulinum toxin type B in blepharospasm and hemifacial spasm. (12700325)
2003
33
Lateral spread response elicited by double stimulation in patients with hemifacial spasm. (12115973)
2002
34
Monitoring of facial evoked EMG for hemifacial spasm: a critical analysis of its prognostic value. (11437290)
2001
35
Accommodative esotropia: an unrecognized cause of hemifacial spasm in children. (11508921)
2001
36
Botulinum toxin for blepharospasm and hemifacial spasm: stability of duration of effect and dosage over time. (11794389)
2001
37
Gabapentin in the treatment of hemifacial spasm. (11493229)
2001
38
Neuroendoscopy in microvascular decompression for trigeminal neuralgia and hemifacial spasm: technical note. (10935228)
2000
39
Bilateral hemifacial spasm: a report of five cases and a literature review. (10091632)
1999
40
Perforating branches from offending arteries in hemifacial spasm: anatomical correlation with vertebrobasilar configuration. (10369825)
1999
41
Hemifacial spasm due to posterior fossa tumors: the impact of tumor location on electrophysiological findings. (9746297)
1998
42
Computed tomographic analysis of hemifacial spasm: narrowing of the posterior fossa as a possible facilitating factor for neurovascular compression. (9153617)
1997
43
Benign congenital hemifacial spasm. (9367302)
1997
44
Hemifacial spasm: treatment with pizotifen. (8676145)
1996
45
Hemifacial spasm: magnetic resonance angiography. (8825270)
1996
46
Hemifacial spasm in an infant due to fourth ventricular ganglioglioma. Case report. (2045898)
1991
47
Facial dystonia, essential blepharospasm and hemifacial spasm. (2042553)
1991
48
Hemifacial spasm and facial myokymia: electrophysiological findings. (3614256)
1987
49
Treatment of essential blepharospasm and hemifacial spasm by selective sections of the facial nerve. (3715241)
1986
50
Blepharospasm, Meige syndrome, and hemifacial spasm: treatment with botulinum toxin. (4033932)
1985

Variations for Hemifacial Spasm

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Expression for genes affiliated with Hemifacial Spasm

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Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Hemifacial Spasm.

Pathways for genes affiliated with Hemifacial Spasm

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GO Terms for genes affiliated with Hemifacial Spasm

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Biological processes related to Hemifacial Spasm according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 10)
idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1tetrahydrofolate interconversionGO:003599910.0MTHFR, TYMS
2response to folic acidGO:005159310.0MTHFR, TYMS
3positive regulation of endothelial cell migrationGO:00105959.8FLT4, VEGFA
4positive regulation of protein kinase C signalingGO:00900379.7FLT4, VEGFA
5positive regulation of endothelial cell proliferationGO:00019389.6FLT4, VEGFA
6tetrahydrofolate metabolic processGO:00466539.4MTHFR, TYMS
7cellular response to vascular endothelial growth factor stimulusGO:00359249.3FLT4, VEGFA
8vascular endothelial growth factor receptor signaling pathwayGO:00480109.3FLT4, VEGFA
9positive regulation of angiogenesisGO:00457669.2NOS3, VEGFA
10lung developmentGO:00303248.7NOS3, VEGFA

Molecular functions related to Hemifacial Spasm according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1NADP bindingGO:00506619.2MTHFR, NOS3
2flavin adenine dinucleotide bindingGO:00506608.9MTHFR, NOS3

Sources for Hemifacial Spasm

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2CDC
6CNVD
10DGIdb
15ExPASy
16FDA
17FMA
25GTR
26HGMD
27HMDB
28ICD10
29ICD10 via Orphanet
30ICD9CM
31IUPHAR
32KEGG
35MedGen
37MeSH
38MESH via Orphanet
39MGI
42NCI
43NCIt
44NDF-RT
47NINDS
48Novoseek
50OMIM
51OMIM via Orphanet
55PubMed
56QIAGEN
61SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
65Tumor Gene Family of Databases
66UMLS
67UMLS via Orphanet