Aliases & Classifications for Hemorrhoid

MalaCards integrated aliases for Hemorrhoid:

Name: Hemorrhoid 12 72 14
Hemorrhoids 40 41 69
Hemorrhoidal Disease 12
Rectal Diseases 69

Classifications:



External Ids:

Disease Ontology 12 DOID:9746
ICD9CM 34 455
MeSH 41 D006484
NCIt 46 C26792
UMLS 69 C0019112

Summaries for Hemorrhoid

MedlinePlus : 40 Hemorrhoids are swollen, inflamed veins around the anus or lower rectum. They are either inside the anus or under the skin around the anus. They often result from straining to have a bowel movement. Other factors include pregnancy, aging and chronic constipation or diarrhea. Hemorrhoids are very common in both men and women. About half of all people have hemorrhoids by age 50. The most common symptom of hemorrhoids inside the anus is bright red blood covering the stool, on toilet paper or in the toilet bowl. Symptoms usually go away within a few days. If you have rectal bleeding you should see a doctor. You need to make sure bleeding is not from a more serious condition such as colorectal or anal cancer. Treatment may include warm baths and a cream or other medicine. If you have large hemorrhoids, you may need surgery and other treatments. NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

MalaCards based summary : Hemorrhoid, also known as hemorrhoids, is related to internal hemorrhoid and spinal cord injury, and has symptoms including gastrointestinal gas, rectal tenesmus and rectal pain. An important gene associated with Hemorrhoid is MMP9 (Matrix Metallopeptidase 9), and among its related pathways/superpathways are Endocytic Trafficking of EGFR and AGE/RAGE pathway. The drugs Epinephrine and Nitrendipine have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include skin, kidney and bone, and related phenotypes are neoplasm and nervous system

Disease Ontology : 12 A pelvic varix disease characterized by swollen, inflamed veins around the anus or lower rectum.

Wikipedia : 72 Hemorrhoids, also called piles, are vascular structures in the anal canal. In their normal state, they... more...

Related Diseases for Hemorrhoid

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Hemorrhoid:



Diseases related to Hemorrhoid

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Hemorrhoid

UMLS symptoms related to Hemorrhoid:


gastrointestinal gas, rectal tenesmus, rectal pain, pruritus ani, nausea and vomiting, icterus, heartburn, dyspepsia, diarrhea, constipation, abdominal pain

MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Hemorrhoid:

43
# Description MGI Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 neoplasm MP:0002006 9.26 MMP9 NOS2 RPS6KA3 SMAD9
2 nervous system MP:0003631 9.1 ADH7 MMP9 NOS2 RPS6KA3 SEMA3C SMAD9

Drugs & Therapeutics for Hemorrhoid

Drugs for Hemorrhoid (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show top 50) (show all 136)
# Name Status Phase Clinical Trials Cas Number PubChem Id
1
Epinephrine Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4,Phase 3 51-43-4 5816
2
Nitrendipine Approved, Investigational Phase 4 39562-70-4 4507
3
Captopril Approved Phase 4 62571-86-2 44093
4
Hydrochlorothiazide Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4 58-93-5 3639
5
Hydrocortisone Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4,Phase 1,Phase 2 50-23-7 657311 5754
6
Lidocaine Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4,Phase 2,Phase 3,Phase 1 137-58-6 3676
7
Bupivacaine Approved, Investigational Phase 4,Phase 3,Early Phase 1 38396-39-3, 2180-92-9 2474
8 Racepinephrine Approved Phase 4,Phase 3 329-65-7
9
Diclofenac Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4 15307-86-5 3033
10
Morphine Approved, Investigational Phase 4 57-27-2 5288826
11
Acetylcholine Approved Phase 4 51-84-3 187
12
Ketamine Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4,Early Phase 1 6740-88-1 3821
13
Metronidazole Approved Phase 4,Phase 3 443-48-1 4173
14
Ropivacaine Approved Phase 4 84057-95-4 175805 71273
15
Fentanyl Approved, Illicit, Investigational, Vet_approved Phase 4 437-38-7 3345
16
Prilocaine Approved Phase 4,Phase 3 721-50-6 4906
17
Lactulose Approved Phase 4 4618-18-2 11333
18
Butyric Acid Experimental, Investigational Phase 4,Phase 2 107-92-6 264
19 calcium channel blockers Phase 4
20 diuretics Phase 4
21
protease inhibitors Phase 4
22 Respiratory System Agents Phase 4,Phase 2,Phase 3
23 Central Nervous System Depressants Phase 4,Phase 2,Phase 3,Early Phase 1
24 Adjuvants, Anesthesia Phase 4
25 Mydriatics Phase 4,Phase 2,Phase 3
26 Sodium Channel Blockers Phase 4,Phase 2,Phase 3
27 Sodium Chloride Symporter Inhibitors Phase 4
28 Cholinergic Agents Phase 4
29 Natriuretic Agents Phase 4
30 Neurotransmitter Agents Phase 4,Phase 2,Phase 3,Early Phase 1
31 Cortisol succinate Phase 4,Phase 1,Phase 2
32 HIV Protease Inhibitors Phase 4
33 Anesthetics Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2,Early Phase 1
34 Vasodilator Agents Phase 4
35 Anesthetics, Local Phase 4,Phase 2,Phase 3,Early Phase 1
36 Diuretics, Potassium Sparing Phase 4,Phase 2,Phase 3
37 Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors Phase 4
38 Peripheral Nervous System Agents Phase 4,Phase 2,Phase 3,Early Phase 1
39 Anti-Arrhythmia Agents Phase 4,Phase 2,Phase 3
40 Anti-Asthmatic Agents Phase 4,Phase 3
41 Hydrocortisone 17-butyrate 21-propionate Phase 4,Phase 1,Phase 2
42 Hydrocortisone acetate Phase 4,Phase 1,Phase 2
43 Epinephryl borate Phase 4,Phase 3
44 Pharmaceutical Solutions Phase 4
45 Antihypertensive Agents Phase 4
46 Autonomic Agents Phase 4,Phase 2,Phase 3
47 Bronchodilator Agents Phase 4,Phase 3
48 Calcium, Dietary Phase 4
49 Analgesics Phase 4,Phase 2,Early Phase 1
50 abobotulinumtoxinA Phase 4

Interventional clinical trials:

(show top 50) (show all 106)

# Name Status NCT ID Phase Drugs
1 HAL-RAR Versus Hemorrhoidectomy in the Treatment of Grade III-IV Hemorrhoids. Prospective, Randomized Trial Unknown status NCT02216305 Phase 4
2 Continuous Infusion of Local Anesthetic for Optimal Post Operative Pain Control Following Hemorrhoidectomy Unknown status NCT01099605 Phase 4
3 Treatment of Hypertension in Tibetan Adult Population Unknown status NCT02217852 Phase 4 Nitrendipine;Hydrochlorothiazide;Captopril,Hydrochlorothiazide;Beijing hypotensive No.0
4 A Comparative Efficacy and Safety Study of Compound Carraghenates Cream With Mayinglong Musk Hemorrhoid Ointment in the Treatment of Hemorrhoids Completed NCT01881282 Phase 4 Carraghenates Cream;Mayinglong Musk Hemorrhoid Ointment
5 Pain Relief for Thrombosed External Haemorrhoids Completed NCT00717782 Phase 4
6 Symptom Control 1-year After Circular Stapler Anopexy or Diathermy Excision for Prolapsed Haemorhoids Completed NCT00841620 Phase 4
7 Comparison Between Excisional Hemorrhoidectomy and Haemorrhoidal Dearterialisation With Anopexy Completed NCT01263431 Phase 4
8 Safety and Efficacy of the Addition of Morphine Chloride to a Low Dose of Bupivacaine as Intradural Anaesthetic for the Removal Surgery of the Hemorrhoids Completed NCT02046772 Phase 4 Bupivacaine low dose;Bupivacaine standard dose;Morphine Chloride
9 The Safety of Proctofoam-HC in the Third Trimester of Pregnancy Completed NCT00405288 Phase 4 Proctofoam-HC®
10 Effect of Perioperative i.v. Low-dose S(+) Ketamine Completed NCT00354029 Phase 4 S (+) Ketamine;Placebo
11 Discharge Conditions of Spinal Anesthesia With Heavy Prilocaine-Fentanyl and Heavy Bupivacaine-Fentanyl Completed NCT01880775 Phase 4 Prilocaine;Bupivacaine
12 Efficacy and Safety of CLIFE1 Gel in Benign Anorectal Surgery Completed NCT02961855 Phase 4 anesthesics plus antiinflammatory, CLIFE1;local anesthesics, CLIFE2
13 Calcium Dobesilate vs Flavonoids for the Treatment of Early Hemorrhoidal Disease Recruiting NCT02782455 Phase 4 Flavonoids;CDobi
14 Perianal Nerval Block in Proctological Interventions Recruiting NCT03405922 Phase 4 Placebo 40 mL Saline 0.9%;40 mL Ropivacain 0.5%
15 Topical Versus Oral Metronidazole Following Excisional Haemorrhoidectomy Not yet recruiting NCT03343509 Phase 4 Metronidazole Oral;Metronidazole Ointment;Placebo Oral Tablet;Placebo Ointment
16 Trial to Evaluate Effect of Lactulose on Hard Stools in Patients With Hemorrhoids or Anal Fissures Terminated NCT00160290 Phase 4 Lactulose;Plantago ovata
17 Efficacy of Rectal Infiltration of Exparel for Analgesic Benefit Following Hemorrhoidectomy Terminated NCT02104414 Phase 4 Exparel;Bupivacaine HCl with Epinephrine;Normal Saline
18 Local Versus General Anaesthesia in Stapled Hemorrhoidectomy Withdrawn NCT00512044 Phase 4
19 Multi-Drug Analgesia vs. Standard Solution for Anal Surgery Withdrawn NCT03105674 Phase 4 Multi-drug local anesthetics (Combination);Standard local anesthetics (Combination)
20 Prospective Randomized Trial Comparing THD Versus Stapler Operation for 3rd Degree Hemorrhoids Unknown status NCT00823784 Phase 3
21 Topical 2% Lidocaine for the Treatment of Symptomatic Hemorrhoids Unknown status NCT01961739 Phase 2, Phase 3 2% lidocaine;placebo
22 Clinical Efficacy and Safety Evaluation of the Drug Imescard Compound Water Smartweed Pills Unknown status NCT00861562 Phase 3 Imescard water smartweed composed pills;Placebo
23 Efficacy and Tolerability of the Use of Varicell Compared With Daflon Unknown status NCT01321619 Phase 3 Daflon;Varicell placebo
24 Efficacy and Safety Evaluation of the Imescard Compound Water Smartweed Ointment Unknown status NCT00935948 Phase 3 Imescard compound water smartweed ointment;Placebo
25 Diet and Lifestyle Intervention Study in Postpartum Women in China Unknown status NCT01039051 Phase 2, Phase 3
26 Safety and Short Term Effectiveness of EEA Versus PPH Stapler for III Degree Hemorrhoids Completed NCT01413867 Phase 3
27 Topical Anesthesia Versus Placebo to Decrease Pain in Rubber Band Ligation for Treatment of Internal Hemorrhoids Completed NCT02130830 Phase 3 Topical 2,5% lidocaine + 2,5% prilocaine gel;Placebo
28 A Prospective, Randomized, Three Arms, Open Label Study Comparing the Safety and Efficacy of Two Formulations of PP110 to the Active Comparator Preparation-H® Cream in the Treatment of Bleeding Hemorrhoids Grades 2-3 Completed NCT02010099 Phase 2, Phase 3 PP110 Gel;PP110 Medicated wipes;Preparation-H Cream
29 Study About Patient Comfort and Long-term Outcome After Stapled Hemorrhoidopexy Completed NCT01533363 Phase 3
30 Study of Pain Control in Hemorrhoidectomy Completed NCT00890721 Phase 3 SKY0402;Placebo
31 Study to Evaluate Postoperative Analgesia in Subjects Undergoing Hemorrhoidectomy Completed NCT00744848 Phase 3 Bupivacaine HCl;SKY0402
32 Effectiveness of Metronidazole in Pain Control Posthemorrhoidectomy Completed NCT02328144 Phase 3 Metronidazole;Placebo
33 Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing Transanal Doppler-guided Arterial Ligation With Mucopexy and Stapled Haemorrhoidopexy Completed NCT01240772 Phase 3
34 Efficacy and Safety Study to Treat Subjects With Symptomatic Internal Hemorrhoids Terminated NCT01355874 Phase 3 Iferanserin;Placebo;Iferanserin + Placebo
35 Evaluation of Allium Ampeloprasum Spp.Iranicum Cream Effect for the Management of Hemorrhoids Symptoms Unknown status NCT02301052 Phase 1, Phase 2 Leek topical cream;placebo topical cream;Anti-hemorrhoid topical cream
36 Efficacy Study of Iferanserin to Treat Hemorrhoids Completed NCT01483833 Phase 2 Iferanserin;Placebo
37 To Evaluate the Dose Response of 3 Doses of Euphorbia Prostrata in Patients With First and Second Degree Hemorrhoids Completed NCT01041911 Phase 2 Euphorbia tablets;Euphorbia tablets;Euphorbia tablets;Placebo tablets
38 Safety and Efficacy of Hydrocortisone and Lidocaine Treatment of Grade I and II Hemorrhoids Completed NCT02689856 Phase 2 Hydrocortisone acetate and lidocaine hydrochloride;Placebo control;Hydrocortisone acetate;Lidocaine hydrochloride
39 Safety and Efficacy Study of Anucort HC TM 25mg Rectal Suppositories to Treat Symptomatic Internal Hemorrhoids Completed NCT01913158 Phase 2 Anucort-HC, 25 Mg Rectal Suppository;Placebo suppository
40 Study of a New Circular Anal Dilator Completed NCT00693459 Phase 1, Phase 2
41 Recto-Anal-Repair in the Treatment of Advanced Haemorrhoidal Disease Completed NCT01301209 Phase 2
42 Occupational Therapy Modulates the Pain in Cancer Patient Under Palliative Care Completed NCT02102178 Phase 2
43 Posthemorrhoidectomy Pain Management With Electronic Bidet or Sitz Bath Enrolling by invitation NCT02353156 Phase 2
44 Study of the Safety and Efficacy of Hydrocortisone Acetate Suppositories, 25 mg in the Treatment of Symptomatic Internal Hemorrhoids Not yet recruiting NCT03335774 Phase 2 Hydrocortisone Acetate Suppository, 25 mg;Placebo (Vehicle) Suppository
45 Consolidation Therapy With Hu3S193 for Women With Ovarian, Primary Peritoneal or Fallopian Tube Cancer Terminated NCT01137071 Phase 2
46 Prevention and/or Reduction of Hemorrhoids and/or Thrombosed External Hemorrhoids Using the HEM-AVERT Perianal Stabilizer Instrument Completed NCT00487045 Phase 1
47 The Relationship Between Haemorrhoids and Pelvic Vein Reflux Unknown status NCT02039570
48 Patients With Hemorrhoids Referred to a Surgical Specialist Department Unknown status NCT01706601
49 TSTstarr + for Treatment of Severe Prolapsed Hemorrhoids --- a Multi-center Randomized Controlled Clinical Trail Unknown status NCT02295592
50 Comparison Between Single and Triple Rubber Band Ligation for the Treatment of Hemorrhoids Unknown status NCT01383577

Search NIH Clinical Center for Hemorrhoid

Inferred drug relations via UMLS 69 / NDF-RT 47 :


Cochrane evidence based reviews: hemorrhoids

Genetic Tests for Hemorrhoid

Anatomical Context for Hemorrhoid

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Hemorrhoid:

38
Skin, Kidney, Bone, Testes, Heart, Liver, Colon

Publications for Hemorrhoid

Articles related to Hemorrhoid:

(show top 50) (show all 116)
# Title Authors Year
1
The Clinical Efficacy of Infrared Photocoagulation Versus Closed Hemorrhoidectomy in Treatment of Hemorrhoid. ( 29399307 )
2018
2
Selective embolization of the superior rectal artery: An alternative to hemorrhoid surgery? ( 29042023 )
2017
3
Anal Melanoma in an Elderly Woman Masquerading as Hemorrhoid. ( 29387509 )
2017
4
Hemorrhoid Treatment Needs a Relook: More Room for Conservative Management Even in Advanced Grades of Hemorrhoids. ( 29217916 )
2017
5
Association between hemorrhoid and risk of coronary heart disease: A nationwide population-based cohort study. ( 28767586 )
2017
6
Hemorrhoid is associated with increased risk of peripheral artery occlusive disease: A nationwide cohort study. ( 28268046 )
2017
7
Anal Neuroendocrine Tumor Masquerading as External Hemorrhoids: A Case Report. ( 28270879 )
2017
8
Twenty Years of a Veterans' Spinal Cord Injury Colorectal Clinic: Flexible Sigmoidoscopy and Multiple Hemorrhoid Ligation. ( 28267007 )
2017
9
The Use of Fluorescence Angiography for Confirmation of Hemorrhoid Dearterialization. ( 28822382 )
2017
10
Review of Hemorrhoid Disease: Presentation and Management. ( 26929748 )
2016
11
OS 22-04 Impact of Hemorrhoid on Coronary Heart Disease Development with or without Concomitant Comorbidities: A Population Based Cohort Study. ( 27643033 )
2016
12
Complete rectal prolapse vs prolapsed hemorrhoids: points to ponder. ( 27642427 )
2016
13
Rectal arterio-venous malformation (AVM) with bleeding of an internal hemorrhoid. ( 26879656 )
2016
14
Intestinal obstruction following a hemorrhoid laser procedure (HeLP). ( 27573196 )
2016
15
Hemorrhoid laser procedure for second- and third-degree hemorrhoids: results from a multicenter prospective study. ( 27164931 )
2016
16
Intestinal obstruction requiring fecal diversion due to rectal hematoma following a hemorrhoid laser procedure (HeLP). ( 27189441 )
2016
17
Biological findings from the PheWAS catalog: focus on connective tissue-related disorders (pelvic floor dysfunction, abdominal hernia, varicose veins and hemorrhoids). ( 27126235 )
2016
18
The Use of Transanal Hemorrhoidal Dearterialization for Treatment of Hemorrhoid Disease at a Single Institution. ( 28234178 )
2016
19
A technical note regarding hemorrhoid banding. ( 26934458 )
2016
20
Colorectal cancer implant in an external hemorrhoidal skin tag. ( 27034567 )
2016
21
OS 22-04 Impact of Hemorrhoid on Coronary Heart Disease Development with or without Concomitant Comorbidities: A Population Based Cohort Study. ( 27754108 )
2016
22
Transanal hemorrhoid dearterialization is a safe and effective outpatient procedure for the treatment of hemorrhoidal disease. ( 27771095 )
2016
23
Hemorrhoid cushions for chondrodermatitis nodularis helicis (CNH): Piling off the pressure. ( 27444092 )
2016
24
Clinical Outcome Following Hemorrhoid Surgery: a Narrative Review. ( 27011555 )
2015
25
Psychodynamic and biodynamic analysis of treatment of outlet obstructive constipation (OOC) using Procedure for Prolapse and Hemorrhoids (PPH). ( 25892490 )
2015
26
Hemorrhoid, internal iliac vein reflux and peripheral varicose vein: Affecting each other or affected vessels? ( 25527517 )
2015
27
Myofibrotic malformation vessels: unique angiodysplasia toward the progression of hemorrhoidal disease. ( 26316703 )
2015
28
Iatrogenic rectal diverticulum with pelvic-floor dysfunction in patients after a procedure for a prolapsed hemorrhoid. ( 24639972 )
2014
29
Hemorrhoid veins, the forgotten realm of the vascular surgeon. ( 26993194 )
2014
30
Perianal mantle cell lymphoma mimicking an external thrombosed hemorrhoid: a case report. ( 24499548 )
2014
31
Benign tailgut cyst masquerading as a hemorrhoid. ( 24729989 )
2014
32
Distal Hemorrhoidectomy With ALTA Injection: A New Method for Hemorrhoid Surgery. ( 24833156 )
2014
33
A prospective, randomized trial comparing the short- and long-term results of doppler-guided transanal hemorrhoid dearterialization with mucopexy versus excision hemorrhoidectomy for grade III hemorrhoids. ( 24509458 )
2014
34
Pyogenic liver abscess as a complication of internal hemorrhoid banding. ( 24480193 )
2014
35
Letter to the editor concerning: Hawkins M, Billingham R, Bastawrous A. Hemorrhoid management in patients with radiation proctitis. Int J Colorectal Dis. 2012 Jun 20. [Epub ahead of print]. ( 23011547 )
2013
36
Anorectal malignant melanoma in a hemorrhoidal nodule: a diagnostic and therapeutic problem. ( 24221054 )
2013
37
Self-help steps to get through hemorrhoid flare-ups. Half of us develop hemorrhoids in our lifetimes, but these easy remedies help to soothe while you heal. ( 24396896 )
2013
38
Pneumoretroperitoneum after procedure for prolapsed hemorrhoid. ( 24466542 )
2013
39
Rectal perforation caused by anal stricture after hemorrhoid treatment. ( 23586012 )
2013
40
Doppler-guided hemorrhoid artery ligation with Recto-Anal-Repair modification: functional evaluation and safety assessment of a new minimally invasive method of treatment of advanced hemorrhoidal disease. ( 22547979 )
2012
41
Randomized trial of the hemorrhoid laser procedure vs rubber band ligation: 6-month follow-up. ( 22426277 )
2012
42
Massive life-threatening lower gastrointestinal hemorrhage caused by an internal hemorrhoid in a patient receiving antiplatelet therapy: a case report. ( 23089912 )
2012
43
Diode laser for treatment of symptomatic hemorrhoid: a short term clinical result of a mini invasive treatment, and one year follow up. ( 22935453 )
2012
44
Hemoperitoneum: a rare complication of hemorrhoid treatment. ( 22706732 )
2012
45
Hemorrhoid management in patients with radiation proctitis. ( 22714783 )
2012
46
Intra-anal Iferanserin 10 mg BID for hemorrhoid disease: a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. ( 22244049 )
2012
47
Hemorrhoid sclerotherapy with the complication of abdominal compartment syndrome: report of a case. ( 21740855 )
2011
48
The hemorrhoid laser procedure technique vs rubber band ligation: a randomized trial comparing 2 mini-invasive treatments for second- and third-degree hemorrhoids. ( 21552053 )
2011
49
Medical devices; obstetrical and gynecological devices; classification of the hemorrhoid prevention pressure wedge. Final rule. ( 21513173 )
2011
50
Outcomes of Doppler-guided hemorrhoid artery ligation: analysis of 90 consecutive patients. ( 21887577 )
2011

Variations for Hemorrhoid

Expression for Hemorrhoid

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Hemorrhoid.

Pathways for Hemorrhoid

GO Terms for Hemorrhoid

Biological processes related to Hemorrhoid according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 positive regulation of cell growth GO:0030307 9.37 RPS6KA1 RPS6KA3
2 negative regulation of cysteine-type endopeptidase activity involved in apoptotic process GO:0043154 9.32 RPS6KA1 RPS6KA3
3 positive regulation of cell differentiation GO:0045597 9.26 RPS6KA1 RPS6KA3
4 response to bacterium GO:0009617 9.16 ADH7 NOS2
5 regulation of DNA-templated transcription in response to stress GO:0043620 8.96 RPS6KA1 RPS6KA3
6 regulation of translation in response to stress GO:0043555 8.62 RPS6KA1 RPS6KA3

Molecular functions related to Hemorrhoid according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 metal ion binding GO:0046872 9.43 ADH7 MMP9 NOS2 RPS6KA1 RPS6KA3 SMAD9
2 cysteine-type endopeptidase inhibitor activity involved in apoptotic process GO:0043027 8.62 RPS6KA1 RPS6KA3

Sources for Hemorrhoid

3 CDC
7 CNVD
9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
16 ExPASy
18 FMA
27 GO
28 GTR
29 HGMD
30 HMDB
31 HPO
32 ICD10
33 ICD10 via Orphanet
34 ICD9CM
35 IUPHAR
36 KEGG
37 LifeMap
39 MedGen
41 MeSH
42 MESH via Orphanet
43 MGI
45 NCI
46 NCIt
47 NDF-RT
50 NINDS
51 Novoseek
53 OMIM
54 OMIM via Orphanet
58 PubMed
60 QIAGEN
65 SNOMED-CT via HPO
66 SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
67 TGDB
68 Tocris
69 UMLS
70 UMLS via Orphanet
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