Hennekam Syndrome

Categories: Rare diseases, Neuronal diseases, Cardiovascular diseases, Skin diseases, Fetal diseases, Blood diseases, Immune diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Hennekam Syndrome

MalaCards integrated aliases for Hennekam Syndrome:

Name: Hennekam Syndrome 12 50 25 56 14
Hennekam Lymphangiectasia-Lymphedema Syndrome 12 25 29 13
Hennekam Lymphangiectasia Lymphedema Syndrome 50 42 69
Lymphedema-Lymphangiectasia-Intellectual Disability Syndrome 25 56
Intestinal Lymphagiectasia Lymphedema Intellectual Deficit Syndrome 50
Intestinal Lymphagiectasia-Lymphedema-Mental Retardation Syndrome 25
Lymphedem-Lymphangiectasia-Intellectual Disability Syndrome 12
Lymphangiectasies and Lymphedema Hennekam Type 50
Generalized Lymphatic Dysplasia 25


Orphanet epidemiological data:

hennekam syndrome
Inheritance: Autosomal recessive; Prevalence: <1/1000000 (Worldwide); Age of onset: Childhood;


External Ids:

Disease Ontology 12 DOID:0060366
MeSH 42 C537255
SNOMED-CT 64 234146006
Orphanet 56 ORPHA2136
UMLS via Orphanet 70 C0340834
ICD10 via Orphanet 34 Q87.8
UMLS 69 C0340834

Summaries for Hennekam Syndrome

NIH Rare Diseases : 50 hennekam syndrome is a rare condition that affects the lymphatic system. signs and symptoms of the condition are generally noticeable at birth and vary significantly from person to person, even within the same family. affected people generally experience lymphangiectasia (lymphatic vessels that are abnormally expanded), lymphedema, and distinctive facial features (i.e. a flattened appearance to the middle of the face, puffy eyelids, widely spaced eyes, small ears, and a small mouth). other common features include intellectual disability, growth delay, respiratory problems, camptodactyly (permanently bent fingers and toes) and cutaneous syndactyly (fusion of the skin between the fingers and toes). hennekam syndrome is caused by changes (mutations) in the ccbe1 or fat4 genes and is inherited in an autosomal recessive manner. treatment is based on the signs and symptoms present in each person. last updated: 2/17/2016

MalaCards based summary : Hennekam Syndrome, also known as hennekam lymphangiectasia-lymphedema syndrome, is related to hennekam lymphangiectasia-lymphedema syndrome 2 and ausems wittebol-post hennekam syndrome. An important gene associated with Hennekam Syndrome is CCBE1 (Collagen And Calcium Binding EGF Domains 1), and among its related pathways/superpathways are Nanog in Mammalian ESC Pluripotency and PI3K-Akt signaling pathway. Affiliated tissues include skin, eye and kidney, and related phenotypes are digestive/alimentary and liver/biliary system

Disease Ontology : 12 A lymphatic system disease characterized by he presence of intestinal lymphangiectasia, mental retardation, and characteristic facial anomalies. It is inherited in an autosomal recessive pattern. Most individuals with Hennekam syndrome have characteristic facial abnormalities, such as a flat face with accompanying puffy eyelids and hypertelorism; the nasal bridge is typically flat and the ears are typically small. Congenital extremity and genital lymphedema is present in most patients.

Genetics Home Reference : 25 Hennekam syndrome is an inherited disorder resulting from malformation of the lymphatic system, which is part of both the circulatory system and immune system. The lymphatic system consists of a network of vessels that transport lymph fluid and immune cells throughout the body.

Wikipedia : 72 Hennekam syndrome also known as intestinal lymphagiectasia–lymphedema–mental retardation syndrome, is an... more...

Related Diseases for Hennekam Syndrome

Diseases related to Hennekam Syndrome via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 38)
id Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 hennekam lymphangiectasia-lymphedema syndrome 2 12.7
2 ausems wittebol-post hennekam syndrome 11.8
3 lymphedema, hereditary, iii 11.6
4 hennekam lymphangiectasia-lymphedema syndrome 1 10.7
5 cleft lip-retinopathy syndrome 10.7
6 mitral valve prolapse 2 10.6 DCHS1 FAT4
7 renal dysplasia, unilateral 10.6 DCHS1 FAT4
8 diamond-blackfan anemia 4 10.5 ALB CCBE1
9 lymphocytic vasculitis 10.5 FLT4 PROX1
10 vascular hemostatic disease 10.4 FLT4 PROX1
11 kasznica carlson coppedge syndrome 10.4 FLT4 PROX1
12 congenital mitral stenosis 10.4 FLT4 VEGFC
13 hyperlucent lung 10.4 FLT4 PROX1
14 trigonocephaly with short stature and developmental delay 10.2 ALB FLT4
15 pediatric supratentorial ependymoma 10.1 CCBE1 FLT4 VEGFC
16 renal adenoma 10.1 FLT4 PROX1 VEGFC
17 benign familial neonatal epilepsy 10.1 FLT4 PROX1 VEGFC
18 lymphedema 10.1
19 trachea carcinoma in situ 10.0 FLT4 VEGFC
20 polysyndactyly with cardiac malformation 9.9 ALB SERPINA1
21 acute liver failure 9.9 ALB EGF
22 idiopathic peripheral autonomic neuropathy 9.9 ALB SERPINA1
23 pancreatic cystadenocarcinoma 9.8 ALB SERPINA1
24 craniosynostosis 9.8
25 van maldergem syndrome 9.8
26 cerebritis 9.8
27 hydrops fetalis 9.8
28 vulvar sarcoma 9.8 ALB SERPINA1
29 benign mammary dysplasia 9.8 ALB KITLG
30 acute gonococcal cervicitis 9.8 ALB SERPINA1
31 sex differentiation disease 9.7 ALB SERPINA1
32 hemolytic-uremic syndrome 9.7 ALB SERPINA1
33 sleep disorder 9.6 ALB SERPINA1
34 rhabdoid cancer 9.6 KITLG SERPINA1
35 pulpitis 9.6 ALB EGF
36 lymphoid leukemia 9.5 CCBE1 FAT4 FLT4 PROX1 VEGFC
37 synpolydactyly 9.3 CCBE1 CDH17 DCHS1 EGF FAT4
38 acrofacial dysostosis 6.2 ALB CCBE1 CDH17 DCHS1 EGF FAT4

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Hennekam Syndrome:

Diseases related to Hennekam Syndrome

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Hennekam Syndrome

MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Hennekam Syndrome:

id Description MGI Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 digestive/alimentary MP:0005381 9.5 ALB DCHS1 EGF FAT4 FLT4 KITLG
2 liver/biliary system MP:0005370 9.02 ALB CCBE1 FLT4 KITLG PROX1

Drugs & Therapeutics for Hennekam Syndrome

Search Clinical Trials , NIH Clinical Center for Hennekam Syndrome

Cochrane evidence based reviews: hennekam lymphangiectasia lymphedema syndrome

Genetic Tests for Hennekam Syndrome

Genetic tests related to Hennekam Syndrome:

id Genetic test Affiliating Genes
1 Hennekam Lymphangiectasia-Lymphedema Syndrome 29

Anatomical Context for Hennekam Syndrome

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Hennekam Syndrome:

Skin, Eye, Kidney

Publications for Hennekam Syndrome

Articles related to Hennekam Syndrome:

(show all 20)
id Title Authors Year
A Multiplex Kindred with Hennekam Syndrome due to Homozygosity for a CCBE1 Mutation that does not Prevent Protein Expression. ( 26686525 )
Expanding the genotypic spectrum of CCBE1 mutations in Hennekam syndrome. ( 27345729 )
Intestinal Lymphangiestasia with Hennekam Syndrome. ( 26863383 )
A novel CCBE1 mutation leading to a mild form of hennekam syndrome: case report and review of the literature. ( 25925991 )
Hennekam syndrome: a rare and often ignored cause of intestinal lymphangiectasia. ( 24870712 )
Hennekam syndrome: a rare cause of primary lymphedema. ( 25148287 )
Hennekam syndrome can be caused by FAT4 mutations and be allelic to Van Maldergem syndrome. ( 24913602 )
Octreotide in Hennekam syndrome-associated intestinal lymphangiectasia. ( 23180957 )
Cutaneous manifestations and massive genital involvement in Hennekam syndrome. ( 16780470 )
Hennekam syndrome presenting as nonimmune hydrops fetalis, congenital chylothorax, and congenital pulmonary lymphangiectasia. ( 12794699 )
Further delineation of Hennekam syndrome. ( 14564208 )
Severe lymphedema, intestinal lymphangiectasia, seizures and mild mental retardation: further case of Hennekam syndrome with a severe phenotype. ( 12124738 )
Lymphedema-lymphangiectasia-mental retardation (Hennekam) syndrome: a review. ( 12376947 )
Two brothers with Hennekam syndrome and cerebral abnormalities. ( 10649792 )
Early death in two sisters with Hennekam syndrome. ( 10925377 )
Lymphoscintigraphic manifestations of Hennekam syndrome--a case report. ( 10609768 )
Expansion of the phenotype in Hennekam syndrome: a case with new manifestations. ( 9217224 )
Craniosynostosis and kidney malformation in a case of Hennekam syndrome. ( 7645602 )
Protein-losing gastroenteropathy with facial anomaly and growth retardation: a mild case of Hennekam syndrome. ( 8465855 )
Intestinal lymphangiectasia, lymphedema, mental retardation, and typical face: confirmation of the Hennekam syndrome. ( 1897580 )

Variations for Hennekam Syndrome

ClinVar genetic disease variations for Hennekam Syndrome:

id Gene Variation Type Significance SNP ID Assembly Location
1 CCBE1 NM_133459.3(CCBE1): c.223T> A (p.Cys75Ser) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs121908250 GRCh37 Chromosome 18, 57147460: 57147460
2 CCBE1 NM_133459.3(CCBE1): c.305G> C (p.Cys102Ser) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs121908251 GRCh37 Chromosome 18, 57136800: 57136800
3 CCBE1 NM_133459.3(CCBE1): c.979G> C (p.Gly327Arg) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs121908252 GRCh37 Chromosome 18, 57105351: 57105351
4 CCBE1 NM_133459.3(CCBE1): c.683_684insT (p.Leu229Profs) insertion Pathogenic rs563023244 GRCh38 Chromosome 18, 59448074: 59448075
5 CCBE1 NM_133459.3(CCBE1): c.520T> C (p.Cys174Arg) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs121908254 GRCh37 Chromosome 18, 57134004: 57134004

Expression for Hennekam Syndrome

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Hennekam Syndrome.

Pathways for Hennekam Syndrome

GO Terms for Hennekam Syndrome

Cellular components related to Hennekam Syndrome according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

id Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 extracellular space GO:0005615 9.63 ALB CCBE1 EGF KITLG SERPINA1 VEGFC
2 extracellular region GO:0005576 9.5 ALB CCBE1 EGF FLT4 KITLG SERPINA1
3 platelet alpha granule lumen GO:0031093 8.92 ALB EGF SERPINA1 VEGFC

Biological processes related to Hennekam Syndrome according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 26)
id Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 cell adhesion GO:0007155 9.91 CDH17 DCHS1 FAT4 KITLG
2 positive regulation of cell proliferation GO:0008284 9.8 EGF FLT4 KITLG PROX1 VEGFC
3 angiogenesis GO:0001525 9.79 EGF FLT4 VEGFC
4 homophilic cell adhesion via plasma membrane adhesion molecules GO:0007156 9.73 CDH17 DCHS1 FAT4
5 kidney development GO:0001822 9.72 DCHS1 FAT4 PROX1
6 positive regulation of peptidyl-tyrosine phosphorylation GO:0050731 9.7 EGF KITLG VEGFC
7 neural tube development GO:0021915 9.63 DCHS1 PROX1
8 branching involved in ureteric bud morphogenesis GO:0001658 9.62 DCHS1 FAT4
9 respiratory gaseous exchange GO:0007585 9.61 CCBE1 FLT4
10 positive regulation of endothelial cell proliferation GO:0001938 9.61 FLT4 PROX1 VEGFC
11 digestive tract development GO:0048565 9.6 DCHS1 FAT4
12 calcium-dependent cell-cell adhesion via plasma membrane cell adhesion molecules GO:0016339 9.59 CDH17 DCHS1
13 hippo signaling GO:0035329 9.58 DCHS1 FAT4
14 positive regulation of vascular endothelial growth factor production GO:0010575 9.58 CCBE1 FLT4
15 sprouting angiogenesis GO:0002040 9.57 CCBE1 FLT4
16 respiratory system process GO:0003016 9.54 CCBE1 FLT4
17 embryonic retina morphogenesis in camera-type eye GO:0060059 9.51 EGF PROX1
18 positive regulation of endothelial cell migration GO:0010595 9.5 CCBE1 FLT4 PROX1
19 nephron development GO:0072006 9.49 DCHS1 FAT4
20 venous blood vessel morphogenesis GO:0048845 9.48 CCBE1 PROX1
21 ossification involved in bone maturation GO:0043931 9.46 DCHS1 FAT4
22 platelet degranulation GO:0002576 9.46 ALB EGF SERPINA1 VEGFC
23 condensed mesenchymal cell proliferation GO:0072137 9.37 DCHS1 FAT4
24 positive regulation of lymphangiogenesis GO:1901492 9.26 CCBE1 VEGFC
25 lymph vessel development GO:0001945 9.13 CCBE1 FLT4 PROX1
26 lymphangiogenesis GO:0001946 8.8 CCBE1 FLT4 PROX1

Molecular functions related to Hennekam Syndrome according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

id Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 growth factor activity GO:0008083 9.13 EGF KITLG VEGFC
2 calcium ion binding GO:0005509 9.02 CCBE1 CDH17 DCHS1 EGF FAT4

Sources for Hennekam Syndrome

9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
16 ExPASy
18 FMA
28 GO
29 GTR
32 HPO
33 ICD10
34 ICD10 via Orphanet
38 LifeMap
40 MedGen
42 MeSH
43 MESH via Orphanet
44 MGI
46 NCI
47 NCIt
52 Novoseek
55 OMIM via Orphanet
59 PubMed
66 SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
68 Tocris
70 UMLS via Orphanet
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