Aliases & Classifications for Heroin Dependence

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Aliases & Descriptions for Heroin Dependence:

Name: Heroin Dependence 8 10 61


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Disease Ontology8 DOID:9976
MeSH33 D006556
NCIt39 C34694

Summaries for Heroin Dependence

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Disease Ontology:8 An opiate dependence that involves the continued use of heroin despite problems related to use of the substance.

MalaCards based summary: Heroin Dependence is related to personality disorder and schizophrenia. An important gene associated with Heroin Dependence is ANKK1 (ankyrin repeat and kinase domain containing 1), and among its related pathways are Nicotine Pathway (Dopaminergic Neuron), Pharmacodynamics and Hypothetical Network for Drug Addiction. The drugs buprenorphine and buprenorphine hydrochloride and the compounds melperone and (+)-sulpiride have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include brain, testes and pituitary, and related mouse phenotype behavior/neurological.

Related Diseases for Heroin Dependence

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Diseases related to Heroin Dependence via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 39)
idRelated DiseaseScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1personality disorder30.7HTR1B, DRD4, DRD2
2schizophrenia30.3DRD2, DRD4
3antisocial personality disorder30.3ANKK1, HTR1B, DRD2, GABRA6
4cocaine dependence30.0DRD2, PDYN
5hepatitis10.4
6borderline personality disorder10.4
7alexithymia10.4ANKK1
8oppositional defiant disorder10.3DRD4
9neuroleptic malignant syndrome10.3DRD2
10hepatitis c virus10.2
11hepatitis c10.2
12post-traumatic stress disorder10.2
13blindness10.2
14substance abuse10.2DRD2, DRD4
15delusional disorder10.1DRD4, DRD2
16pathological gambling10.1DRD4, DRD2
17conduct disorder10.1DRD4, DRD2
18hepatitis b10.1
19morphine dependence10.1
20neuronitis10.1
21acquired immunodeficiency syndrome10.1
22glucagonoma10.1
23syncope10.1
24hyperprolactinemia10.0DRD2, DRD4
25opioid dependence10.0DRD2, PDYN
26parkinson disease, late-onset10.0DRD2, PDYN
27nicotine dependence, protection against10.0ANKK1, DRD2, DRD4
28drug dependence10.0DRD2, PDYN
29drug addiction9.9DRD2, PDYN
30attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder9.9DRD2, HTR1B, DRD4
31migraine9.9HTR1B, DRD2, DRD4
32gilles de la tourette syndrome9.9DRD4, DRD2
33substance dependence9.8DRD4, DRD2, PDYN
34psychotic disorder9.8DRD2, DRD4, PDYN
35bipolar disorder9.8DRD2, PDYN, DRD4
36alzheimer disease9.6PDYN, DRD4, DRD2
37obsessive-compulsive disorder9.5DRD4, PDYN, HTR1B, DRD2
38mood disorder9.5DRD2, HTR1B, PDYN, DRD4
39alcohol dependence9.5HTR1B, DRD4, PDYN, DRD2

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Heroin Dependence:



Diseases related to heroin dependence

Symptoms for Heroin Dependence

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Drugs & Therapeutics for Heroin Dependence

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Drug clinical trials:

Search ClinicalTrials for Heroin Dependence

Search NIH Clinical Center for Heroin Dependence

Inferred drug relations via UMLS61/NDF-RT40:

Genetic Tests for Heroin Dependence

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Anatomical Context for Heroin Dependence

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MalaCards organs/tissues related to Heroin Dependence:

31
Brain, Testes, Pituitary

Animal Models for Heroin Dependence or affiliated genes

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MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Heroin Dependence:

35
idDescriptionMGI Source AccessionScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1MP:00053867.5GABRA6, DRD2, DRD4, PDYN, HTR1B

Publications for Heroin Dependence

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Articles related to Heroin Dependence:

(show top 50)    (show all 205)
idTitleAuthorsYear
1
Long-term mortality, remission, criminality and psychiatric comorbidity of heroin dependence: 11-year findings from the Australian Treatment Outcome Study. (25619110)
2015
2
Chronic heroin dependence leading to adrenal insufficiency. (25221675)
2014
3
Comparative study of the perceived quality of life of patients in treatment for cocaine and heroin dependence in Spain: differences by gender and time in treatment. (24712297)
2014
4
Gender Differences Among Prisoners With Pre-Incarceration Heroin Dependence Participating in a Randomized Clinical Trial of Buprenorphine Treatment. (23997546)
2013
5
Shattered childhoods and the genetics of heroin dependence. (23496065)
2013
6
Case-control study of error-related negativity among males with heroin dependence undergoing rehabilitation. (24991149)
2013
7
The association of 5-HTR2A-1438A/G, COMTVal158Met, MAOA-LPR, DATVNTR and 5-HTTVNTR gene polymorphisms and borderline personality disorder in female heroin-dependent Chinese subjects. (24355137)
2013
8
Scopolamine detoxification technique for heroin dependence: a randomized trial. (24092568)
2013
9
The ADH1B and DRD2 gene polymorphism may modify the protective effect of the ALDH2 gene against heroin dependence. (23266708)
2013
10
The association of 5-HTR2A-1438A/G, COMTVal158Met, MAOA-LPR, DATVNTR and 5-HTTVNTR gene polymorphisms and antisocial personality disorder in male heroin-dependent Chinese subjects. (22138326)
2012
11
Gender differences in physical and mental health outcomes among an aging cohort of individuals with a history of heroin dependence. (22154506)
2012
12
Heroin dependence duration influences the metabolic parameters: mechanisms and consequences of impaired insulin sensitivity in hepatitis C virus seronegative heroin dependents. (23013781)
2012
13
Deficits in dopamine D(2) receptors and presynaptic dopamine in heroin dependence: commonalities and differences with other types of addiction. (22015315)
2012
14
Cost-effectiveness of buprenorphine and naltrexone treatments for heroin dependence in Malaysia. (23226534)
2012
15
Association between heroin dependence and prodynorphin gene polymorphisms. (21382455)
2011
16
Heroin dependence and bloodborne virus transmission behaviors for HIV infection among newly incarcerated injection drug users in Taiwan. (20964533)
2011
17
Polymorphism G861C of 5-HT receptor subtype 1B is associated with heroin dependence in Han Chinese. (21839728)
2011
18
Association study of the Val158Met polymorphism of the catechol-O-methyltransferase gene and alcoholism and heroin dependence: the role of a family history]. (20517217)
2010
19
Long-acting injectable versus oral naltrexone maintenance therapy with psychosocial intervention for heroin dependence: a quasi-experiment. (20673549)
2010
20
Potential association of DRD2 and DAT1 genetic variation with heroin dependence. (19664686)
2009
21
Open-label dose-finding trial of buprenorphine implants (Probuphine) for treatment of heroin dependence. (19403243)
2009
22
A survey of acute and chronic heroin dependence in ten inbred mouse strains: evidence of genetic correlation with morphine dependence. (18472145)
2008
23
Single versus repeated sessions of ketamine-assisted psychotherapy for people with heroin dependence. (17523581)
2007
24
Syncope and QT prolongation among patients treated with methadone for heroin dependence in the city of Copenhagen. (17344330)
2007
25
The effect of baseline cocaine use on treatment outcomes for heroin dependence over 24 months: findings from the Australian Treatment Outcome Study. (17889301)
2007
26
A randomized trial of effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of observed versus unobserved administration of buprenorphine-naloxone for heroin dependence. (17784896)
2007
27
Evaluation of OPRM1 variants in heroin dependence by family-based association testing and meta-analysis. (17416470)
2007
28
Mental health outcomes following naltrexone implant treatment for heroin-dependence. (17229510)
2007
29
Early impact of methadone induction for heroin dependence: differential effects of two dose sequences in a randomized controlled study. (16503705)
2006
30
Follow-up difficulty: correlates and relationship with outcome in heroin dependence treatment in the NEPOD study. (16243439)
2006
31
How quick to heroin dependence? (16939944)
2006
32
A randomised trial of the cost effectiveness of buprenorphine as an alternative to methadone maintenance treatment for heroin dependence in a primary care setting. (15693730)
2005
33
Depression among entrants to treatment for heroin dependence in the Australian Treatment Outcome Study (ATOS): prevalence, correlates and treatment seeking. (15893162)
2005
34
Naltrexone maintenance for heroin dependence: uptake, attrition and retention. (15370010)
2004
35
Adherence to heroin dependence therapies and human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome infection rates among drug abusers. (14648465)
2003
36
Neuroendocrine correlates of antisocial personality disorder in abstinent heroin-dependent subjects. (12745412)
2003
37
New aspects in the treatment of heroin dependence with special reference to neurobiological aspects. (12052577)
2002
38
Buprenorphine maintenance treatment of heroin dependence: the first experience from Iran. (12039619)
2002
39
Treatment of heroin dependence with buprenorphine in primary care. (12014814)
2002
40
Treatment of heroin dependence. (11177323)
2001
41
Gamma-hydroxybutyric acid in the treatment of alcohol and heroin dependence. (10869867)
2000
42
Neuroendocrine correlates of depression in abstinent heroin-dependent subjects. (11084218)
2000
43
The medical management of adolescent heroin dependence. (11123006)
2000
44
Predictors of inpatient treatment completion of subjects with heroin dependence. (21584093)
1997
45
Buprenorphine versus heroin dependence: comparison of toxicologic and psychopathologic characteristics. (8480833)
1993
46
Cocaine and heroin dependence compared in poly-drug abusers. (3354742)
1988
47
Letter: Nature of heroin dependence. (4407952)
1974
48
Heroin dependence and delinquency in women--a study of heroin addicts in Holloway prison. (5270380)
1970
49
Naloxone in heroin dependence. (5676799)
1968
50
Morbidity and mortality from heroin dependence. 3. Relation of hepatitis to self-injection techniques. (5641436)
1968

Variations for Heroin Dependence

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Expression for genes affiliated with Heroin Dependence

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Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Heroin Dependence.

Pathways for genes affiliated with Heroin Dependence

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Pathways related to Heroin Dependence according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

idSuper pathways (with members indented)ScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1
Show member pathways
Nicotine Activity on Dopaminergic Neurons36
9.4DRD2, DRD4
29.4DRD2, DRD4
3
Show member pathways
9.1DRD2, PDYN
4
Show member pathways
8.8HTR1B, DRD4, DRD2
5
Show member pathways
8.4HTR1B, DRD4, DRD2, GABRA6
6
Show member pathways
8.0HTR1B, PDYN, DRD4, DRD2
7
Show member pathways
7.5GABRA6, DRD2, DRD4, PDYN, HTR1B

Compounds for genes affiliated with Heroin Dependence

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Compounds related to Heroin Dependence according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50)    (show all 72)
idCompoundScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1melperone449.8DRD2, DRD4
2(+)-sulpiride289.8DRD2, DRD4
3(-)-sulpiride289.8DRD2, DRD4
4eticlopride44 2810.8DRD4, DRD2
5(+)-butaclamol44 2810.7DRD4, DRD2
6sch 23390449.7DRD2, DRD4
7remoxipride44 1110.7DRD2, DRD4
8loxapine28 44 1111.7DRD2, DRD4
9piribedil28 4410.7DRD2, DRD4
10benzamide1 4410.7DRD2, DRD4
11rotigotine28 44 1111.6DRD4, DRD2
12raclopride44 2810.6DRD4, DRD2
13fluphenazine28 44 50 1112.6DRD2, DRD4
14piperazine44 1110.5DRD2, DRD4
15nemonapride44 50 2811.5ANKK1, DRD4, DRD2
16spiperone44 2810.4DRD4, DRD2
17methylphenidate44 50 1111.4DRD4, DRD2
18ritanserin44 2810.4HTR1B, DRD2
19roxindole28 4410.3DRD2, DRD4, HTR1B
20terguride44 2810.2HTR1B, DRD4, DRD2
21antipsychotics509.2DRD2, ANKK1
22maoa449.2DRD4, HTR1B, DRD2
23ropinirole44 1110.2HTR1B, DRD2, DRD4
24lisuride44 28 1111.2DRD4, DRD2, HTR1B
25sertindole28 44 1111.2DRD2, HTR1B
26pergolide44 28 1111.2DRD4, HTR1B, DRD2
27pramipexole44 28 50 1112.2DRD4, DRD2, HTR1B
28asenapine28 1110.2DRD2, DRD4, HTR1B
29cabergoline44 28 1111.2HTR1B, DRD4, DRD2
30aripiprazole28 44 50 24 1113.2DRD4, HTR1B, DRD2
31ziprasidone28 50 44 1112.2DRD2, HTR1B, DRD4
32apomorphine28 44 1111.2HTR1B, DRD2, DRD4
33quetiapine44 50 28 24 1113.2HTR1B, DRD4, DRD2
34bromocriptine44 28 1111.2DRD4, DRD2, HTR1B
35methadone50 44 1111.1DRD2, ANKK1, PDYN
365-hydroxytryptamine449.0HTR1B, DRD2, DRD4
37sulpiride44 28 1111.0PDYN, DRD4, DRD2
38quinpirole44 2810.0DRD2, DRD4, PDYN
39heroin44 50 1111.0DRD2, DRD4, PDYN
40methamphetamine44 50 1111.0DRD2, DRD4, PDYN
416-hydroxydopamine449.0DRD2, PDYN, DRD4
42amphetamine44 50 1111.0DRD2, DRD4, PDYN
43risperidone44 50 28 60 24 1113.9DRD2, ANKK1, HTR1B, DRD4
44olanzapine44 50 28 24 1112.8ANKK1, HTR1B, DRD4, DRD2
45clozapine44 28 50 1111.8HTR1B, ANKK1, DRD2, DRD4
46nicotine44 28 50 1111.6PDYN, ANKK1, DRD4, DRD2
47gaba448.5PDYN, DRD4, GABRA6, DRD2
48levodopa44 119.4PDYN, HTR1B, DRD2, DRD4
49cocaine44 119.4PDYN, DRD4, DRD2, HTR1B
50dopamine44 28 24 1111.3DRD4, DRD2, HTR1B, PDYN

GO Terms for genes affiliated with Heroin Dependence

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Cellular components related to Heroin Dependence according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1dendritic spineGO:00431979.4DRD2, DRD4
2integral component of plasma membraneGO:00058878.3GABRA6, DRD2, DRD4, HTR1B
3plasma membraneGO:00058867.2HTR1B, PDYN, DRD4, DRD2, GABRA6

Biological processes related to Heroin Dependence according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 17)
idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1response to histamineGO:00347769.7DRD2, DRD4
2positive regulation of dopamine uptake involved in synaptic transmissionGO:00515869.7DRD2, DRD4
3adenylate cyclase-inhibiting dopamine receptor signaling pathwayGO:00071959.7DRD2, DRD4
4negative regulation of voltage-gated calcium channel activityGO:019013869.7DRD2, DRD4
5behavioral response to ethanolGO:00481499.7DRD4, DRD2
6dopamine metabolic processGO:00424179.7DRD2, DRD4
7negative regulation of protein secretionGO:00507099.7DRD4, DRD2
8synaptic transmission, dopaminergicGO:00019639.6DRD4, DRD2
9negative regulation of synaptic transmission, glutamatergicGO:00519679.6DRD2, HTR1B
10behavioral response to cocaineGO:00481489.5DRD2, DRD4
11negative regulation of cAMP biosynthetic processGO:00308189.5HTR1B, DRD4
12G-protein coupled receptor internalizationGO:00020319.5HTR1B, DRD2
13arachidonic acid secretionGO:00504829.5DRD2, DRD4
14cellular calcium ion homeostasisGO:00068749.4DRD2, DRD4
15response to cocaineGO:00422209.3HTR1B, DRD2
16negative regulation of adenylate cyclase activityGO:00071949.3DRD2, DRD4
17response to amphetamineGO:00019759.1DRD2, DRD4

Molecular functions related to Heroin Dependence according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1potassium channel regulator activityGO:00154599.4DRD2, DRD4
2dopamine neurotransmitter receptor activity, coupled via Gi/GoGO:00015919.3DRD2, DRD4
3dopamine bindingGO:00352409.1DRD2, DRD4
4drug bindingGO:00081448.8DRD2, DRD4, HTR1B

Sources for Heroin Dependence

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2CDC
12ExPASy
13FDA
14FMA
22GTR
23HGMD
24HMDB
25ICD10
26ICD10 via Orphanet
27ICD9CM
28IUPHAR
29KEGG
33MeSH
34MESH via Orphanet
35MGI
38NCI
39NCIt
40NDF-RT
43NINDS
44Novoseek
46OMIM
47OMIM via Orphanet
51PubMed
52QIAGEN
57SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
61UMLS
62UMLS via Orphanet