Aliases & Classifications for Hydronephrosis

Summaries for Hydronephrosis

MalaCards based summary : Hydronephrosis is related to pyelonephritis and ureteral obstruction. An important gene associated with Hydronephrosis is C12orf57 (Chromosome 12 Open Reading Frame 57), and among its related pathways/superpathways are Spinal Cord Injury and Interleukin-4 and 13 signaling. The drugs Etomidate and Hydrocortisone have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include kidney, spinal cord and testis, and related phenotypes are immune system and mortality/aging

Wikipedia : 72 Hydronephrosis is a treatable condition characterized by the presence of water in the kidneys as a... more...

Related Diseases for Hydronephrosis

Diseases related to Hydronephrosis via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 272)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 pyelonephritis 30.3 ALB CCL2 NAGLU
2 ureteral obstruction 30.2 AQP2 SLC12A1 TGFB1
3 peritonitis 29.8 ALB B2M CCL2
4 autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease 29.2 ALB AQP2 CCL2 EGF
5 urinary tract obstruction 28.6 ALB AQP2 B2M CCL2 EGF NAGLU
6 appendicitis 28.6 ALB MMP9 TIMP1
7 endometrial stromal sarcoma 28.5 CCL2 MME MMP9
8 hydronephrosis, congenital, with cleft palate, characteristic facies, hypotonia, and mental retardation 12.2
9 congenital anomalies of kidney and urinary tract 2 12.0
10 coloboma porencephaly hydronephrosis 11.9
11 urofacial syndrome 1 11.8
12 visceral myopathy 11.5
13 ehlers-danlos syndrome, musculocontractural type, 1 11.0
14 carpenter syndrome 1 10.9
15 perlman syndrome 10.9
16 vacterl association, x-linked, with or without hydrocephalus 10.9
17 urethral obstruction sequence 10.9
18 ritscher-schinzel syndrome 1 10.8
19 raine syndrome 10.8
20 otopalatodigital syndrome, type ii 10.8
21 mesomelia-synostoses syndrome 10.8
22 genitopatellar syndrome 10.8
23 arterial calcification of infancy 10.8
24 kleefstra syndrome 10.8
25 al-gazali-donnai-mueller syndrome 10.8
26 desmoid tumor 10.8
27 ring chromosome 10 10.8
28 split hand urinary anomalies spina bifida 10.8
29 immunodeficiency 43 10.4 ALB B2M
30 orthostatic proteinuria 10.3 ALB B2M
31 acute kidney failure 10.3 ALB B2M EGF
32 microvascular complications of diabetes 3 10.2 ALB NAGLU TGFB1
33 intravascular large b-cell lymphoma 10.2 B2M MME
34 lipoid nephrosis 10.2 ALB CCL2 NAGLU
35 ureteral disease 10.2 AQP2 CCL2 TGFB1
36 episodic pain syndrome, familial, 1 10.1
37 vesicoureteral reflux 1 10.1
38 horseshoe kidney 10.0
39 bladder cancer 10.0
40 pleural tuberculosis 10.0 B2M CCL2 TIMP1
41 anal fistula 10.0 EGF MMP9
42 diabetic foot ulcers 9.9 MMP9 TGFB1
43 diabetes insipidus, nephrogenic, autosomal 9.9
44 endometriosis 9.9
45 diabetes insipidus 9.9
46 fibrosclerosis, multifocal 9.9
47 stricture or kinking of ureter 9.9
48 iga glomerulonephritis 9.9 ALB CCL2 NAGLU TGFB1
49 glomerulonephritis 9.9 ALB CCL2 TGFB1
50 fibrosis of extraocular muscles, congenital, 1 9.9

Comorbidity relations with Hydronephrosis via Phenotypic Disease Network (PDN): (show all 38)


Active Peptic Ulcer Disease Acute Cystitis
Acute Kidney Failure Bladder Cancer
Bladder Neck Obstruction Candidiasis
Cervical Cancer Chronic Kidney Failure
Colorectal Cancer Cystitis
Cystitis Cystica Decubitus Ulcer
Deficiency Anemia Intestinal Obstruction
Iron Deficiency Anemia Kidney Disease
Nephrolithiasis, Uric Acid Nephrolithiasis, X-Linked Recessive, with Renal Failure
Nephrosclerosis Neurogenic Bladder
Neutropenia Ovarian Cancer
Paralytic Ileus Prostate Cancer
Prostatic Hypertrophy Protein-Energy Malnutrition
Pyelonephritis Radiation Cystitis
Rectal Neoplasm Rectosigmoid Junction Neoplasm
Renal Pelvis Carcinoma Ureter, Cancer of
Ureterolithiasis Urethral Benign Neoplasm
Urethral Calculus Urethral Stricture
Urinary Tract Obstruction Vesicoureteral Reflux 1

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Hydronephrosis:



Diseases related to Hydronephrosis

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Hydronephrosis

MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Hydronephrosis:

43
# Description MGI Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 immune system MP:0005387 10.07 B2M SLC12A1 CCL2 EGF MME TGFB1
2 mortality/aging MP:0010768 10.07 AQP2 RAB23 B2M SLC12A1 C12orf57 TGFB1
3 integument MP:0010771 10.02 RAB23 B2M SLC12A1 EGF TGFB1 MME
4 renal/urinary system MP:0005367 9.76 AQP2 SLC12A1 TGFB1 MMP9 TSHZ3 NAGLU
5 reproductive system MP:0005389 9.61 AQP2 B2M SLC12A1 EGF TGFB1 TIMP1
6 skeleton MP:0005390 9.23 RAB23 SLC12A1 TGFB1 TIMP1 MMP9 NAGLU

Drugs & Therapeutics for Hydronephrosis

Drugs for Hydronephrosis (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show top 50) (show all 72)
# Name Status Phase Clinical Trials Cas Number PubChem Id
1
Etomidate Approved Phase 4 33125-97-2 667484 36339
2
Hydrocortisone Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4 50-23-7 657311 5754
3
Midazolam Approved, Illicit Phase 4 59467-70-8 4192
4
Propofol Approved, Investigational, Vet_approved Phase 4 2078-54-8 4943
5
Silodosin Approved Phase 4 160970-54-7
6
Butyric Acid Experimental, Investigational Phase 4 107-92-6 264
7 Adjuvants, Anesthesia Phase 4
8 Anesthetics Phase 4
9 Anesthetics, General Phase 4
10 Anesthetics, Intravenous Phase 4
11 Anti-Anxiety Agents Phase 4
12 Anti-Inflammatory Agents Phase 4
13 Central Nervous System Depressants Phase 4
14 Cortisol succinate Phase 4
15 GABA Agents Phase 4
16 GABA Modulators Phase 4
17 Hydrocortisone 17-butyrate 21-propionate Phase 4
18 Hydrocortisone acetate Phase 4
19 Hydrocortisone-17-butyrate Phase 4
20 Hypnotics and Sedatives Phase 4
21 Neurotransmitter Agents Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2
22 Psychotropic Drugs Phase 4
23 Tranquilizing Agents Phase 4
24 Adrenergic Agents Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2
25 Adrenergic alpha-1 Receptor Antagonists Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2
26 Adrenergic alpha-Antagonists Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2
27 Adrenergic Antagonists Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2
28
Alfuzosin Approved, Investigational Phase 3 81403-80-7 2092
29
Tamsulosin Approved, Investigational Phase 2, Phase 3 106133-20-4 129211
30 Pharmaceutical Solutions Phase 3
31
Carboplatin Approved Phase 2 41575-94-4 10339178 38904 498142
32
Gemcitabine Approved Phase 2 95058-81-4 60750
33
Paclitaxel Approved, Vet_approved Phase 2 33069-62-4 36314
34 Albumin-Bound Paclitaxel Phase 2
35 Anti-Infective Agents Phase 2
36 Antimetabolites Phase 2
37 Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic Phase 2
38 Antimitotic Agents Phase 2
39 Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic Phase 2
40 Antiviral Agents Phase 2
41 Immunosuppressive Agents Phase 2
42
Praziquantel Approved, Investigational, Vet_approved 55268-74-1 4891
43
Ropivacaine Approved 84057-95-4 175805 71273
44
Trimethoprim Approved, Vet_approved 738-70-5 5578
45
Pancrelipase Approved, Investigational 53608-75-6
46
Ibuprofen Approved 15687-27-1 3672
47
Folic Acid Approved, Nutraceutical, Vet_approved 59-30-3 6037
48
leucovorin Approved, Nutraceutical 58-05-9 143 6006
49 Anthelmintics
50 Antiparasitic Agents

Interventional clinical trials:

(show top 50) (show all 51)

# Name Status NCT ID Phase Drugs
1 Effects of Etomidate on Postoperative Circadian Rhythm Changes of Salivary Cortisol in Children Unknown status NCT02013986 Phase 4 etomidate;midazolam;propofol
2 Efficacy and Safety of Silodosin in the Treatment of Natural Expulsion in Patients With Ureteral Stones Completed NCT01533389 Phase 4 Silodosin;Placebo
3 Alfuzosin Treatment in Children and Adolescents With Hydronephrosis of Neuropathic Etiology Completed NCT00576823 Phase 3 Alfuzosin
4 Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Tamsulosin in Children With Neurogenic Bladder Completed NCT00796614 Phase 2, Phase 3 tamsulosin hydrochloride;Placebo
5 Paclitaxel, Carboplatin and Gemcitabine in the Treatment of Patients With Advanced Transitional Cell Cancer of the Bladder Completed NCT00136175 Phase 2 Paclitaxel;Carboplatin;Gemcitabine
6 PK/PD, Long-term Safety and Efficacy of Tamsulosin Treatment in Children With Neurogenic Bladder Completed NCT00340704 Phase 2 tamsulosin hydrochloride
7 Sonographic Follow up in Newborns Diagnosed With Prenatal Hydronephrosis Unknown status NCT01780103
8 The Correlation Between Renal Injury and Biomarkers in Pediatric Ureteropelvic Junction Obstruction Patients Unknown status NCT01711996
9 Unilateral Cutaneous Ureterostomy - Long Term Follow up Unknown status NCT00546208
10 Ureteropelvic Junction Obstruction in Early Childhood: Comparison of Surgical Therapy and Surveillance. A Prospective, Randomized, Controlled Multi-Center Study Unknown status NCT00444431
11 Keller Prehospital Ultrasound Study Unknown status NCT01074112
12 Hydronephrosis After Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion (ALIF) Completed NCT02976870
13 Hydronephrosis on Ultrasound With CT Finding in Patients With Renal Colic Completed NCT01349244
14 Clinical Significance of Supranormal Differential Renal Function in the Recovery of Hydronephrosis Completed NCT01839006
15 Simplified Diagnostic Algorithm for Evaluation of Neonates With Prenatally Detected Hydronephrosis Completed NCT01330511
16 Hydronephrosis ARFI Study Completed NCT01781845
17 Emergency Department Targeted Ultrasound for the Detection of Hydronephrosis Completed NCT00555308
18 Prospective Pediatric Pyeloplasty Robotic Surgical Database Completed NCT00882544
19 Urinary Biomarkers as Predictors on Renal Function in Congenital Hydronephrosis Completed NCT00568724
20 Use of the PercSys MicroStent Device to Alleviate Ureteral Stone Symptoms and Hydronephrosis Completed NCT01637519
21 Emergency Department Ultrasound in Renal Colic Completed NCT01323842
22 Influence of Transmission Season on Outcome of Treatment of Schistosoma Haematobium Infection in Mozambique Completed NCT00231322 praziquantel
23 Evaluating Ureteral Length Using Computed Tomography (CT) Completed NCT01542593
24 Dismembered Pyeloplasty With and Without After Coming Stent Completed NCT02138877
25 Sensitivity and Specificity of NGAL in an Emergency Room Population Completed NCT00786708
26 Infection Among Patients Undergoing Radical Cystectomy. Completed NCT03290742
27 Study to Look for Artifact on Computed Tomography (CT) Representing Kidney Stones Completed NCT01187745
28 Telesonography Adaptation and Use to Improve the Standard of Patient Care Within a Dominican Community Completed NCT00591968
29 The Efficacy and Safety of Local Anesthetic Infusion With Ropivacaine Completed NCT00930046
30 Minimizing the Utilization of Voiding Cystourethrography for Patients With Antenatal Hydronephrosis Recruiting NCT02825485
31 Effectiveness of Antibiotics Versus Placebo to Treat Antenatal Hydronephrosis Recruiting NCT01140516 Trimethoprim
32 Fetal Cystoscopy for Severe Lower Urinary Tract Obstruction (LUTO) Recruiting NCT03281798
33 Percutaneous Nephrostomy Versus Stent In Sepsis Trial Recruiting NCT02929160
34 Indwelling Stent Discoloration Project Recruiting NCT02007980
35 Genetic Analysis of Children With Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome (CVS) and Migraines Recruiting NCT00727974
36 Indwelling Double-J Ureteral Stent Versus Externalized Modified-Salle Stent for Pyeloplasty Recruiting NCT02713633
37 Randomized Trial of NSAID vs Placebo Prior to Ureteral Stent Removal Recruiting NCT02140970 Ibuprofen;Placebo
38 Sacral Nerve Stimulation in Improving Bladder After Acute Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury Active, not recruiting NCT03083366
39 Diagnostic Relevance of Laser Confocal Microscopy for the Screening of Upper Urinary Tract Tumors Active, not recruiting NCT02276924
40 Ambulatory Blood Pressure Measurement in Children With Congenital Urine Flow Obstruction Available NCT00764543
41 Comparison of Safety and Efficacy of Detaenial Sigmoid Neobladder and Ileal Neobladder Enrolling by invitation NCT03108196
42 Ureteral Reimplantation for the Treatment of Extrinsic Malignant Ureteral Obstruction Enrolling by invitation NCT02160652
43 Evaluation of Implementation of a National Point-of-Care Ultrasound Training Program Enrolling by invitation NCT03296280
44 Point-of-care Ultrasound in Finland Not yet recruiting NCT03327688
45 CTT on Renogram as an Early Marker of Significant Obstruction in Uretero-pelvic Junction Syndrome Not yet recruiting NCT02812212
46 Comparing Previously Placed Nephrostomy Tract (NT) Versus Single Stage Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PCNL) Terminated NCT00907946
47 Ultrasonography Sensibilized by Oral Hydration and Hydronephrosis in Children. Withdrawn NCT02086760
48 MRI Hydronephrosis Study Withdrawn NCT01588340
49 Functional, Dynamic, and Anatomic MR Urography Withdrawn NCT00585767
50 The Impact of Ureteral Stents on Peristalsis Withdrawn NCT01739738

Search NIH Clinical Center for Hydronephrosis

Cochrane evidence based reviews: hydronephrosis

Genetic Tests for Hydronephrosis

Genetic tests related to Hydronephrosis:

# Genetic test Affiliating Genes
1 Hydronephrosis 28

Anatomical Context for Hydronephrosis

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Hydronephrosis:

38
Kidney, Spinal Cord, Testis, Prostate, Cervix, Breast, Uterus

Publications for Hydronephrosis

Articles related to Hydronephrosis:

(show top 50) (show all 831)
# Title Authors Year
1
A unique case of bilateral hydronephrosis caused by a fecalith. ( 29375869 )
2018
2
Severe fetal hydronephrosis: the added value of associated congenital anomalies of the kidneys and urinary tract (CAKUT) in the prediction of postnatal outcome. ( 29314159 )
2018
3
Semaphorin-3A and Netrin-1 predict the development of kidney injury in children with congenital hydronephrosis. ( 29199452 )
2018
4
Comparison of the F+20 and F-15 Diuresis Technetium-99m Diethylenetriaminepentacetate Renography Protocols for Diagnosis of Ureteropelvic Junction Obstruction in Adult Patients with Hydronephrosis. ( 29430113 )
2018
5
N-acetylcysteine ameliorates contrasta89induced kidney injury in rats with unilateral hydronephrosis. ( 29207099 )
2018
6
99mTc-DTPA Diuretic Renography with 3 hours late output fraction in the evaluation of hydronephrosis in children. ( 29368879 )
2018
7
Diabetic Cystopathy with Bilateral Hydronephrosis. ( 29425706 )
2018
8
Comparison Characteristics of Family and Demographic of Children with Antenatal Hydronephrosis between 2<sup>nd</sup>and 3<sup>rd</sup>Trimesters of Gestation. ( 29445638 )
2018
9
A case report: Urolithiasis, hydronephrosis, and acute kidney injury in pregnancy. ( 28597714 )
2017
10
Which is better in patients with hydronephrosis before radical cystectomy-percutaneous nephrostomy versus internal ureteral stents. ( 29354511 )
2017
11
Canadian Urological Association/Pediatric Urologists of Canada guidelines on the investigation and management of antenatally detected hydronephrosis. ( 29319488 )
2017
12
Bladder and Ureteral Dysfunction Leading to Hydronephrosis and Hydroureteronephrosis in Adults. ( 29287975 )
2017
13
Interobserver agreement on cortical tracer transit in 99mTc-MAG3 renography applied to congenital hydronephrosis. ( 27851658 )
2017
14
Endoscopic placement of double-J ureteric stents in children as a treatment for primary hydronephrosis. ( 28646942 )
2017
15
Ultrasound vs. Computed Tomography for Severity of Hydronephrosis and Its Importance in Renal Colic. ( 28611874 )
2017
16
Management of ureteral endometriosis with hydronephrosis: Experience from a tertiary medical center. ( 28707816 )
2017
17
Re: Incidence and Implications of Silent Hydronephrosis following Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy. ( 29144902 )
2017
18
Impact of Pretreatment Hydronephrosis on the Success Rate of Shock Wave Lithotripsy in Patients with Ureteral Stone. ( 28792145 )
2017
19
Presence of transient hydronephrosis immediately after surgery has a limited influence on renal function 1A year after ileal neobladder construction. ( 28859643 )
2017
20
Technetium-99m-dimercaptosuccinic acid renal scintigraphy can guide clinical management in congenital hydronephrosis. ( 29324920 )
2017
21
Evaluation of postoperative hydronephrosis following semirigid ureteroscopy: Incidence and predictors. ( 28717542 )
2017
22
Changes in arterial pressure and markers of nitric oxide homeostasis and oxidative stress following surgical correction of hydronephrosis in children. ( 29196979 )
2017
23
Silencing of SOCS-1 and SOCS-3 suppresses renal interstitial fibrosis by alleviating renal tubular damage in a rat model of hydronephrosis. ( 28857282 )
2017
24
Basidiobolomycosis complicated by hydronephrosis and a perinephric abscess presenting as a hypertensive emergency in a 7-year-old boy. ( 28112037 )
2017
25
Outcomes of Ureteral Stent Placement for Hydronephrosis in Patients with Gynecological Malignancies. ( 28878594 )
2017
26
Serum and urinary thioredoxin concentrations are associated with severity of children hydronephrosis. ( 28111273 )
2017
27
Severe hydronephrosis secondary to uterine artery pseudoaneurysm in the early second trimester of pregnancy: A case report. ( 28946860 )
2017
28
Does Mild Hydronephrosis Induced by Full-Bladder Improve Outcomes in Patients Undergoing Shock Wave Lithotripsy for Lower Calyceal Stones?: A Prospective Randomized Study. ( 29290087 )
2017
29
Biomarkers and echocardiography for evaluating the improvement of the ventricular diastolic function after surgical relief of hydronephrosis. ( 29161313 )
2017
30
Heterozygous Loss-of-Function Mutation in Odd Skipped Related 1 (Osr1) Is Associated with Vesico-Ureteric Reflux, Duplex Systems, and Hydronephrosis. ( 28724605 )
2017
31
Variable Resource Utilization in the Prenatal and Postnatal Management of Isolated Hydronephrosis. ( 28583878 )
2017
32
Giant hydronephrosis: still a reality! ( 28861308 )
2017
33
Prone Transradial Renal Arteriography and Interventional Nephroscopy for the Visualization and Retrieval of Migrated Renal Embolization Coils Causing Flank Pain and Hydronephrosis. ( 28841950 )
2017
34
Predicting Time to Reflux of Children With Antenatal Hydronephrosis: A Competing Risks Approach. ( 28918613 )
2017
35
Transient Fanconi syndrome in two preterm infants with hydronephrosis and urinary tract infection. ( 28509132 )
2017
36
Incidence and implications of silent hydronephrosis following percutaneous nephrolithotomya8c. ( 27900939 )
2017
37
Emphysematous cystitis complicated by unilateral hydronephrosis. ( 29275489 )
2017
38
Bilateral hydronephrosis due to obstructive ureteral stone associated with norovirus gastroenteritis. ( 28588843 )
2017
39
Giant hydronephrosis in a case of ureterocele with duplex system: an entity yet not reported. ( 28798248 )
2017
40
Laparoscopic management of ureteral endometriosis and hydronephrosis associated with endometriosis. ( 28089810 )
2017
41
Society For Fetal Urology Classification Versus Urinary Tract Dilation Grading Systems For Prognostication In Prenatal Hydronephrosis: A Time To Resolution Analysis. ( 29198999 )
2017
42
Constitutive Activation of Smoothened in the Renal Collecting Ducts Leads to Renal Hypoplasia, Hydronephrosis, and Hydroureter. ( 28564646 )
2017
43
Effective predictors for surgical decision in antenatal hydronephrosis: a prospective multiparameter analysis. ( 28861312 )
2017
44
Diuresis renography and ultrasonography in children with antenatally detected hydronephrosis can support diagnoses and suggest related surgery treatment. ( 29324912 )
2017
45
Presentation of mucinous adenocarcinoma of renal pelvis masquerading as gross hydronephrosis: A histopathological surprise. ( 28702413 )
2017
46
Prenatally detected, unilateral, high-grade hydronephrosis: Can we predict the natural history? ( 29283090 )
2017
47
Unilateral congenital giant megaureter with renal dysplasia compressing contralateral ureter and causing bilateral hydronephrosis: a case report and literature review. ( 26860315 )
2016
48
Therapeutic approaches and long-term follow-up for prenatal hydronephrosis. ( 27375711 )
2016
49
Computerized tomography attenuation values can be used to differentiate hydronephrosis from pyonephrosis. ( 27369294 )
2016
50
IMAGING DIAGNOSIS-RADIOGRAPHY AND ULTRASONOGRAPHY OF BILATERAL CONGENITAL URETEROVESICAL JUNCTION STENOSIS CAUSING HYDRONEPHROSIS AND HYDROURETER IN A FERRET (MUSTELA PUTORIUS FURO). ( 27490371 )
2016

Variations for Hydronephrosis

ClinVar genetic disease variations for Hydronephrosis:

6
# Gene Variation Type Significance SNP ID Assembly Location
1 C12orf57 NM_138425.3(C12orf57): c.53-2A> G single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs1114167293 GRCh37 Chromosome 12, 7053637: 7053637

Expression for Hydronephrosis

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Hydronephrosis.

Pathways for Hydronephrosis

GO Terms for Hydronephrosis

Cellular components related to Hydronephrosis according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 extracellular exosome GO:0070062 9.7 ALB AQP2 B2M EGF ETFB MME
2 platelet alpha granule lumen GO:0031093 8.92 ALB EGF TGFB1 TIMP1

Biological processes related to Hydronephrosis according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 middle ear morphogenesis GO:0042474 9.26 NAGLU OSR1
2 cell activation GO:0001775 9.16 TGFB1 TIMP1
3 positive regulation of receptor binding GO:1900122 8.96 B2M MMP9
4 platelet degranulation GO:0002576 8.92 ALB EGF TGFB1 TIMP1

Sources for Hydronephrosis

3 CDC
7 CNVD
9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
16 ExPASy
18 FMA
27 GO
28 GTR
29 HGMD
30 HMDB
31 HPO
32 ICD10
33 ICD10 via Orphanet
34 ICD9CM
35 IUPHAR
36 KEGG
37 LifeMap
39 MedGen
41 MeSH
42 MESH via Orphanet
43 MGI
45 NCI
46 NCIt
47 NDF-RT
50 NINDS
51 Novoseek
53 OMIM
54 OMIM via Orphanet
58 PubMed
60 QIAGEN
65 SNOMED-CT via HPO
66 SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
67 TGDB
68 Tocris
69 UMLS
70 UMLS via Orphanet
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