Hyperostosis, Endosteal malady

Categories: Genetic diseases, Rare diseases, Bone diseases, Fetal diseases, Oral diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Hyperostosis, Endosteal

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11Disease Ontology, 12diseasecard, 13DISEASES, 24GeneTests, 26GTR, 29ICD10, 30ICD10 via Orphanet, 36MedGen, 38MeSH, 44NCIt, 47NIH Rare Diseases, 49Novoseek, 51OMIM, 53Orphanet, 61SNOMED-CT, 63The Human Phenotype Ontology, 67UMLS, 68UMLS via Orphanet, 69UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
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Aliases & Descriptions for Hyperostosis, Endosteal:

Name: Hyperostosis, Endosteal 51 12
Osteosclerosis 51 11 49 38 13 67
Worth Syndrome 11 47 53 69 26
Endosteal Hyperostosis, Worth Type 47 53 69
Autosomal Dominant Osteosclerosis, Worth Type 47 53
Endosteal Hyperostosis, Autosomal Dominant 51 47
Osteosclerosis, Autosomal Dominant 47 49
Worth's Syndrome 11 13
Hyperostosis Corticalis Generalisata, Benign Form of Worth, with Torus Palatinus 24
Hyperostosis Corticalis Generalisata, Benign Form of Worth with Torus Palatinus 47
Hyperostosis Corticalis Generalisata Benign Form of Worth with Torus Palatinus 69
Benign Form of Worth Hyperostosis Corticalis Generalisata with Torus Platinus 11
Osteosclerosis, Autosomal Dominant, Worth Type 47
Endosteal Hyperostosis Autosomal Dominant 69
Autosomal Dominant Endosteal Hyperostosis 11
Osteosclerosis Autosomal Dominant 69
Autosomal Dominant Osteosclerosis 11
Worth Disease 67
Wenhy 69


Orphanet epidemiological data:

worth syndrome:
Inheritance: Autosomal dominant


hyperostosis, endosteal:
Inheritance: autosomal dominant inheritance


External Ids:

OMIM51 144750
Disease Ontology11 DOID:0080037, DOID:4254
ICD1029 Q78.2
NCIt44 C41236
SNOMED-CT61 49347007
Orphanet53 ORPHA2790
UMLS via Orphanet68 C0432273, C2931308
ICD10 via Orphanet30 Q78.2
MedGen36 C0432273

Summaries for Hyperostosis, Endosteal

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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:69 Endosteal hyperostosis, Worth type: An autosomal dominant sclerosing bone dysplasia clinically characterized by elongation of the mandible, increased gonial angle, flattened forehead, and the presence of a slowly enlarging osseous prominence of the hard palate (torus palatinus). Serum calcium, phosphorus and alkaline phosphatase levels are normal. Radiologically, it is characterized by early thickening of the endosteum of long bones, the skull and of the mandible. With advancing age, the trabeculae of the metaphysis become thickened. WENHY becomes clinically and radiologically evident by adolescence, does not cause deformity except in the skull and mandible, and is not associated with bone pain or fracture. Affected patients have normal height, proportion, intelligence and longevity.

MalaCards based summary: Hyperostosis, Endosteal, also known as osteosclerosis, is related to pycnodysostosis and van buchem disease, type 2, and has symptoms including abnormality of the ribs, abnormal cortical bone morphology and craniofacial hyperostosis. An important gene associated with Hyperostosis, Endosteal is LRP5 (LDL Receptor Related Protein 5), and among its related pathways are Osteoblast Signaling and Osteoclast Signaling. Affiliated tissues include palate, bone and cortex, and related mouse phenotypes are endocrine/exocrine gland and respiratory system.

Disease Ontology:11 A bone remodeling disease that results in abnormal elevated bone density or mass.

Wikipedia:70 Worth syndrome, also known as benign form of Worth hyperostosis corticalis generalisata with torus... more...

Description from OMIM:51 144750

Related Diseases for Hyperostosis, Endosteal

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Diseases related to Hyperostosis, Endosteal via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50)    (show all 130)
idRelated DiseaseScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1pycnodysostosis31.8CLCN7, CTSK
2van buchem disease, type 225.5ANKH, ATP6V0A2, BMP2, CA2, CLCN7, CSF1
3osteosclerosis with ichthyosis and premature ovarian failure11.9
4osteosclerosis abnormalities of nervous system and meninges11.8
5osteosclerosis-developmental delay-craniosynostosis syndrome11.8
7raine syndrome11.6
10craniofacial dysostosis with diaphyseal hyperplasia11.0
11osteopetrosis, autosomal dominant 110.8
13cote katsantoni syndrome10.7
14foix-alajouanine syndrome10.7
15robinow syndrome, autosomal dominant 210.7
16craniometaphyseal dysplasia10.7
17osteopetrosis, autosomal recessive 110.7
18buschke-ollendorff syndrome10.7
19osteopetrosis, autosomal dominant 210.7
20camurati-engelmann disease10.7
21osteopathia striata with cranial sclerosis10.7
22hyperostosis cranialis interna10.7
23craniodiaphyseal dysplasia10.7
24axial osteomalacia10.7
26osteopetrosis, autosomal recessive 710.6TNFRSF11B, TNFSF11
27hemorrhagic shock and encephalopathy syndrome10.5TNFRSF11B, TNFSF11
28tibial hemimelia10.5TNFRSF11B, TNFSF11
29blastomycosis10.5BMP2, TNFSF11
30obsessive-compulsive disorder10.5CLCN7, TNFSF11
31solar retinopathy10.5TNFRSF11B, TNFSF11
32inflammatory liposarcoma10.5TNFRSF11B, TNFSF11
33familial mediterranean fever, ad10.5CLCN7, TNFSF11
34anaerobic meningitis10.4CTSK, TNFRSF11B, TNFSF11
35pleomorphic lipoma10.4BMP2, CTSK, TNFSF11
36bone resorption disease10.4BMP2, TNFRSF11B, TNFSF11
37bacillary angiomatosis10.3TNFRSF11B, TNFSF11
38polyclonal hypergammaglobulinemia10.3CSF1, TNFSF11
39maternal 14q32.2 hypermethylation syndrome10.3CLCN7, TCIRG1, TNFSF11
40trichodontoosseous syndrome10.3CLCN7, PLEKHM1
41chronic rheumatic pericarditis10.3CSF1, TNFSF11
42polyneuropathy in collagen vascular disease10.3BMP2, TNFSF11
43descending colon cancer10.2BMP2, TNFRSF11B
44malignant giant cell tumor of the tendon sheath10.2CSF1, TNFSF11
45myopia10.2CSF1, TNFRSF11B, TNFSF11
46acquired hyperkeratosis10.2TNFRSF11B, TNFSF11
47pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis10.2BMP2, CTSK, TNFRSF11B, TNFSF11
49lung occult small cell carcinoma10.2CSF1, TNFRSF11B, TNFSF11
50hepatitis c10.2

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Hyperostosis, Endosteal:

Diseases related to hyperostosis, endosteal

Symptoms for Hyperostosis, Endosteal

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Symptoms by clinical synopsis from OMIM:


Clinical features from OMIM:


Human phenotypes related to Hyperostosis, Endosteal:

 63 53 (show all 20)
id Description HPO Frequency Orphanet Frequency HPO Source Accession
1 abnormality of the ribs63 53 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0000772
2 abnormal cortical bone morphology63 53 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0003103
3 craniofacial hyperostosis63 53 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0004493
4 torus palatinus63 53 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0100789
5 abnormal form of the vertebral bodies63 53 typical (50%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0003312
6 mandibular prognathia63 53 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0000303
7 sensorineural hearing impairment63 53 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0000407
8 nystagmus63 53 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0000639
9 facial palsy63 53 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0010628
10 dental malocclusion63 HP:0000689
11 thickened cortex of long bones63 HP:0000935
12 growth abnormality63 HP:0001507
13 abnormality of pelvic girdle bone morphology63 HP:0002644
14 flat forehead63 HP:0004425
15 metacarpal diaphyseal endosteal sclerosis63 HP:0006174
16 metatarsal diaphyseal endosteal sclerosis63 HP:0008114
17 vertebral body sclerosis63 53 Frequent (79-30%) HP:0100861
18 clavicular sclerosis63 53 Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0100923
19 diaphyseal thickening53 Very frequent (99-80%)
20 generalized osteosclerosis53 Very frequent (99-80%)

Drugs & Therapeutics for Hyperostosis, Endosteal

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Interventional clinical trials:

Search ClinicalTrials, NIH Clinical Center for Hyperostosis, Endosteal

Cochrane evidence based reviews: osteosclerosis

Genetic Tests for Hyperostosis, Endosteal

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Genetic tests related to Hyperostosis, Endosteal:

id Genetic test Affiliating Genes
1 Worth Disease26
2 Hyperostosis Corticalis Generalisata, Benign Form of Worth, with Torus Palatinus24 LRP5

Anatomical Context for Hyperostosis, Endosteal

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MalaCards organs/tissues related to Hyperostosis, Endosteal:

Bone, Cortex

FMA organs/tissues related to Hyperostosis, Endosteal:


Animal Models for Hyperostosis, Endosteal or affiliated genes

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MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Hyperostosis, Endosteal:

40 (show all 11)
idDescriptionMGI Source AccessionScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1MP:00053798.9CA2, CSF1, CTSK, IGF2, LRP5, TCIRG1
2MP:00053888.8ANKH, CLCN7, CSF1, CTSK, IGF2, TNFSF11
3MP:00053847.7ANKH, BMP2, CLCN7, CSF1, CTSK, IGF2
4MP:00053827.4ANKH, BMP2, CLCN7, CSF1, CTSK, IGF2
5MP:00053977.1ANKH, BMP2, CLCN7, CSF1, CTSK, IGF2
6MP:00053767.1ANKH, BMP2, CA2, CLCN7, CSF1, CTSK
7MP:00053786.9ANKH, BMP2, CA2, CLCN7, CSF1, CTSK
8MP:00053716.9ANKH, BMP2, CLCN7, CSF1, CTSK, IGF2
9MP:00107686.7ANKH, BMP2, CA2, CLCN7, CSF1, IGF2
10MP:00053876.6ANKH, BMP2, CA2, CLCN7, CSF1, CTSK
11MP:00053905.5ANKH, BMP2, CA2, CLCN7, CSF1, CTSK

Publications for Hyperostosis, Endosteal

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Variations for Hyperostosis, Endosteal

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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot genetic disease variations for Hyperostosis, Endosteal:

id Symbol AA change Variation ID SNP ID

Clinvar genetic disease variations for Hyperostosis, Endosteal:

id Gene Variation Type Significance SNP ID Assembly Location
1LRP5NM_002335.3(LRP5): c.724G> A (p.Ala242Thr)SNVPathogenicrs121908670GRCh37Chr 11, 68131252: 68131252
2LRP5NM_002335.3(LRP5): c.640G> A (p.Ala214Thr)SNVPathogenicrs121908671GRCh37Chr 11, 68125269: 68125269
3LRP5NM_002335.3(LRP5): c.641C> T (p.Ala214Val)SNVPathogenicrs121908672GRCh37Chr 11, 68125270: 68125270

Expression for genes affiliated with Hyperostosis, Endosteal

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Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Hyperostosis, Endosteal.

Pathways for genes affiliated with Hyperostosis, Endosteal

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GO Terms for genes affiliated with Hyperostosis, Endosteal

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Cellular components related to Hyperostosis, Endosteal according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1vacuolar proton-transporting V-type ATPase complexGO:001647110.2ATP6V0A2, TCIRG1
2vacuolar proton-transporting V-type ATPase, V0 domainGO:000022010.2ATP6V0A2, TCIRG1
3lysosomal membraneGO:00057658.0ATP6V0A2, CLCN7, OSTM1, PLEKHM1, TCIRG1
4extracellular spaceGO:00056157.8BMP2, CA2, CSF1, CTSK, IGF2, THPO

Biological processes related to Hyperostosis, Endosteal according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 20)
idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1positive regulation of osteoblast proliferationGO:003369010.4BMP2, LRP5
2bone resorptionGO:004545310.3CTSK, TNFSF11
3osteoclast proliferationGO:000215810.2CSF1, TNFSF11
4response to pHGO:000926810.2CA2, CLCN7
5branching involved in mammary gland duct morphogenesisGO:006044410.1CSF1, LRP5
6phagosome acidificationGO:009038310.1ATP6V0A2, TCIRG1
7ATP synthesis coupled proton transportGO:001598610.1ATP6V0A2, TCIRG1
8positive regulation of bone resorptionGO:004578010.0CA2, TNFSF11
9positive regulation of protein kinase B signalingGO:005189710.0IGF2, THPO, TNFSF11
10positive regulation of protein phosphorylationGO:00019349.9BMP2, IGF2, THPO
11positive regulation of mitotic nuclear divisionGO:00458409.8IGF2, LRP5
12vacuolar acidificationGO:00070359.8ATP6V0A2, TCIRG1
13vacuolar proton-transporting V-type ATPase complex assemblyGO:00700729.8ATP6V0A2, TCIRG1
14osteoclast differentiationGO:00303169.7CSF1, OSTM1, TNFSF11
15positive regulation of osteoclast differentiationGO:00456729.7CA2, CSF1, TNFSF11
16insulin receptor signaling pathwayGO:00082869.7ATP6V0A2, IGF2, TCIRG1
17ossificationGO:00015039.6CSF1, IGF2, TNFSF11
18positive regulation of MAPK cascadeGO:00434109.2BMP2, IGF2, TNFRSF11B
19ion transmembrane transportGO:00342208.9ATP6V0A2, CLCN7, OSTM1, TCIRG1
20skeletal system developmentGO:00015018.6ANKH, BMP2, IGF2, TNFRSF11B

Molecular functions related to Hyperostosis, Endosteal according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1proton-transporting ATPase activity, rotational mechanismGO:004696110.1ATP6V0A2, TCIRG1
2growth factor activityGO:00080839.1BMP2, CSF1, IGF2, THPO
3cytokine activityGO:00051258.7BMP2, CSF1, THPO, TNFRSF11B, TNFSF11

Sources for Hyperostosis, Endosteal

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30ICD10 via Orphanet
39MESH via Orphanet
52OMIM via Orphanet
62SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
66Tumor Gene Family of Databases
68UMLS via Orphanet