MCID: HYP008
MIFTS: 31

Hypertensive Retinopathy malady

Category: Eye diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Hypertensive Retinopathy

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Aliases & Descriptions for Hypertensive Retinopathy:

Name: Hypertensive Retinopathy 10 12 36 65

Classifications:



External Ids:

Disease Ontology10 DOID:11561
ICD1027 H35.03
ICD9CM29 362.11
MeSH36 D058437
NCIt42 C3514
UMLS65 C0152132

Summaries for Hypertensive Retinopathy

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Wikipedia:68 Hypertensive retinopathy is damage to the retina and retinal circulation due to high blood pressure... more...

MalaCards based summary: Hypertensive Retinopathy is related to coronary artery disease and idiopathic hypersomnia. An important gene associated with Hypertensive Retinopathy is ACE (Angiotensin I Converting Enzyme). Affiliated tissues include retina, eye and brain.

Related Diseases for Hypertensive Retinopathy

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Diseases related to Hypertensive Retinopathy via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50)    (show all 53)
idRelated DiseaseScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1coronary artery disease29.2ACE, ADIPOQ, VWF
2idiopathic hypersomnia10.3ACE, ADIPOQ
3periampullary adenoma10.3ACE, ADIPOQ
4obstructive sleep apnea10.3ACE, ADIPOQ
5heterophyiasis10.3ACE, VWF
6arteriosclerosis10.3ACE, VWF
7intraocular lymphoma10.3ACE, VWF
8adams-oliver syndrome 510.3ACE, VWF
9hemangioma10.2ACE, VWF
10hyperglycemia10.2ACE, ADIPOQ
11ceroid lipofuscinosis, neuronal, 610.2ACE, VWF
12dermal unilateral segmental cavernous angioma10.2ACE, ADIPOQ
13organic acidemia10.2ACE, ADIPOQ
14tendinopathy10.2ACE, VWF
15chronic venous insufficiency10.2ACE, VWF
16hemifacial spasm10.2ACE, ADIPOQ
17malignant hypertension10.1
18adult acute lymphocytic leukemia10.1ACE, VWF
19retinitis10.1
20colonic benign neoplasm10.1ACE, ADIPOQ
21mitochondrial metabolism disease10.0ACE, VWF
22pheochromocytoma10.0
23spleen cancer9.9ACE, VWF
24stroke, ischemic9.9ACE, VWF
25renovascular hypertension9.9
26neuropathy9.9
27congenital chloride diarrhea9.9ACE, ADIPOQ, VWF
28pericardium disease9.9ACE, ADIPOQ, VWF
29hypertension, essential9.9ACE, ADIPOQ, VWF
30thyroid cancer9.9ACE, ADIPOQ, VWF
31neuroretinitis9.8
32heart disease9.8
33eclampsia9.8
34systemic lupus erythematosus9.7
35aortic atherosclerosis9.7
36atherosclerosis9.7
37brachydactyly9.7
38artery disease9.7
39sensorineural hearing loss9.7
40pre-eclampsia9.7
41choroiditis9.7
42cadasil9.7
43vascular disease9.7
44retinal vascular disease9.7
45retinal detachment9.7
46kidney disease9.7
47macular holes9.7
48lupus erythematosus9.7
49endotheliitis9.7
50craniorachischisis9.6ACE, VWF

Comorbidity relations with Hypertensive Retinopathy via Phenotypic Disease Network (PDN):


Deficiency AnemiaHypertension, Essential
Malignant Essential Hypertension

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Hypertensive Retinopathy:



Diseases related to hypertensive retinopathy

Symptoms for Hypertensive Retinopathy

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Drugs & Therapeutics for Hypertensive Retinopathy

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Drugs for Hypertensive Retinopathy (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show all 31)
idNameStatusPhaseClinical TrialsCas NumberPubChem Id
1
Olmesartanapproved, investigationalPhase 4119144689-63-4158781, 130881
Synonyms:
144689-24-7
4-(1-Hydroxy-1-methylethyl)-2-propyl-1-{[2'-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)biphenyl-4-yl]methyl}-1H-imidazole-5-carboxylic acid
4-(1-hydroxy-1-methylethyl)-2-propyl-1-{[2'-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)[1,1'-biphenyl]-4-yl]methyl}-1H-imidazole-5-carboxylic acid
4-(1-hydroxy-1-methylethyl)-2-propyl-1-{[2'-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)biphenyl-4-yl]methyl}-1H-imidazole-5-carboxylic acid
4-(2-hydroxypropan-2-yl)-2-propyl-1-{[2'-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)biphenyl-4-yl]methyl}-1H-imidazole-5-carboxylic acid
4-(Hydroxy-1-methylethyl)-2-propyl-1-{[2'-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)-1,1'-biphenyl-4-yl]methyl}-1H-imidazole-5-carboxylic acid
4-(hydroxy-1-methylethyl)-2-propyl-1-((2'-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)-1,1'-biphenyl-4-yl)methyl)-1H-imidazole-5-carboxylic acid
4-(hydroxy-1-methylethyl)-2-propyl-1-{[2'-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)-1,1'-biphenyl-4-yl]methyl}-1H-imidazole-5-carboxylic acid
5-(2-hydroxypropan-2-yl)-2-propyl-3-[[4-[2-(2H-tetrazol-5-yl)phenyl]phenyl]methyl]imidazole-4-carboxylic acid
AC1L4KLS
Benicar
Benicar HCT
C437965
CHEBI:48416
CHEMBL1516
CID158781
CPD000466337
CS-088
D05246
DE-092
 
HMS2051K12
I14-10085
L001097
LS-181800
MLS000759446
MLS001424016
MolPort-003-666-606
Olmesartan
Olmesartan (USAN/INN)
Olmesartan [USAN]
Olmesartan medoximil
Olmesartan medoxomil
Olmetec
RNH 6270
RNH-6270
SAM001246634
SMR000466337
UNII-8W1IQP3U10
Votum
olmesartan
omesartan
2
AmlodipineapprovedPhase 444988150-42-92162
Synonyms:
()-Amlodipine
(RS)-3-ethyl 5-methyl 2-[(2-aminoethoxy)methyl]-4-(2-chlorophenyl)-6-methyl-1,4-dihydropyridine-3,5-dicarboxylate
-3-(ethoxycarbonyl)-5-(methoxycarbonyl)-6-methyl-1,4-dihydropyridine
2-[(2-Aminoethoxy)methyl]-4-(2-chlorophenyl)
3,5-Pyridinedicarboxylic acid, 2-((2-aminoethoxy)methyl)-4-(2-chlorophenyl)-1,4-dihydro-6-methyl-, 3-ethyl 5-methyl ester
3,5-Pyridinedicarboxylic acid, 2-[(2-aminoethoxy)methyl]-4-(2-chlorophenyl)-1,4-dihydro-6-methyl-, 3-ethyl 5-methyl ester
3-Ethyl 5-methylester, (±)-2-[(2-aminoethoxy)methyl]-4-(o-chlorophenyl)-1,4-dihydro-6-methyl-3,5-pyridinedicarboxylate
3-Ethyl-5-methyl ( -)-2-((2-aminoethoxy)methyl)-4-(2-chlorphenyl)-1,4-dihydro-6-methyl-3,5-pyridindicarboxylat
3-Ethyl-5-methyl ( -)-2-((2-aminoethoxymethyl)-4-(o-chlorophenyl)-1,4-dihydro-6-methyl-3,5-pyridinedicarboxylate
3-Ethyl-5-methyl (+-)-2-(2-aminoethoxymethyl)-4-(O-chlorophenyl)-1,4-dihydro-6-methyl-3,5-pyridinedicarboxylate
3-Ethyl-5-methyl (+-)-2-(2-aminoethoxymethyl)-4-(o-chlorophenyl)-1,4-dihydro-6-methyl-3,5-pyridinedicarboxylate
3-Ethyl-5-methyl (.+/-.)-2-[(2-aminoethoxy)methyl]-4-(o-chlorophenyl)-1,4-dihydro-6-methyl-3,5-pyridinedicarboxylate
3-O-ethyl 5-O-methyl 2-(2-aminoethoxymethyl)-4-(2-chlorophenyl)-6-methyl-1,4-dihydropyridine-3,5-dicarboxylate
3-ethyl 5-methyl 2-[(2-aminoethoxy)methyl]-4-(2-chlorophenyl)-6-methyl-1,4-dihydropyridine-3,5-dicarboxylate
3-ethyl 5-methyl 2-{[(2-aminoethyl)oxy]methyl}-4-(2-chlorophenyl)-6-methyl-1,4-dihydropyridine-3,5-dicarboxylate
88150-42-9
88150-47-4 (maleate (1:1))
AC-4535
AC1L1D26
AC1Q32ZS
AMLODIPINE BASE
AMVAZ
Ambap88150-42-9
Amlocard
Amlodipine
Amlodipine (INN)
Amlodipine Benzenesulfonate
Amlodipine Besilate
Amlodipine Besylate
Amlodipine Free Base
Amlodipine Maleate
Amlodipine [INN:BAN]
Amlodipine besilate
Amlodipine besylate
Amlodipine free base
Amlodipino
Amlodipino [Spanish]
Amlodipinum
Amlodipinum [Latin]
Amlodis
Amlopres
Amlor
 
Amvaz
BIDD:GT0810
BRD-A22032524-074-02-4
BRD-A22032524-074-03-2
BSPBio_002727
C06825
CHEBI:2668
CHEMBL1491
CID2162
CPD000469198
Coroval
D07450
DB00381
HMS2052N03
HMS2089H07
I14-0798
Intervask
Istin
KBio3_001947
KBioGR_001643
LS-131183
Lipinox
Lotrel
MLS001401409
MolPort-001-792-963
NCGC00165957-01
NCGC00165957-02
NCGC00165957-03
Norvasc
Norvasc (TN)
Pelmec
R,S)-Amlodipine
Racemic Amlodipine
SAM001246705
SMR000469198
SPBio_000351
Spectrum2_000486
Spectrum3_001004
Spectrum4_001132
Spectrum5_001550
UK-4834011
UNII-1J444QC288
amlodipine
3Calcium, DietaryPhase 4, Phase 14678
4calcium channel blockersPhase 4, Phase 11743
5Vasodilator AgentsPhase 42926
6Bone Density Conservation AgentsPhase 42600
7
Olmesartan medoxomilPhase 4119144689-63-4130881
Synonyms:
(5-methyl-2-oxo-1,3-dioxol-4-yl)methyl 5-(2-hydroxypropan-2-yl)-2-propyl-3-[[4-[2-(2H-tetrazol-5-yl)phenyl]phenyl]methyl]imidazole-4-carboxylate
(5-methyl-2-oxo-1,3-dioxolen-4-yl)methoxy-4-(1-hydroxy-1-methylethyl)-2-propyl-1-(4-(2-(tetrazol-5-yl)phenyl)phenyl)methylimidazol-5-carboxylate
144689-63-4
1H-Imidazole-5-carboxylic acid, 4-(1-hydroxy-1-methylethyl)-2-propyl-1-((2'-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl) (1,1'-biphenyl)-4-yl)methyl)-, (5-methyl-2-oxo-1,3-dioxol-4-yl) methyl ester
1H-Imidazole-5-carboxylic acid, 4-(1-hydroxy-1-methylethyl)-2-propyl-1-((2'-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)(1,1'-biphenyl)-4-yl)methyl)-, (5-methyl-2-oxo-1,3-dioxol-4-yl)methyl ester
1H-imidazole-5-carboxylic acid, 4-(1-hydroxy-1-methylethyl)-2-propyl-1-((2'-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)(1,1'-biphenyl)-4-yl)methyl)-,(5-methyl-2-oxo-1,3-dioxol-4-yl)methyl ester
AC-1601
AC1L2Y71
BRD-K78485176-001-02-9
BSPBio_003491
Benevas
Benicar
Benicar (TN)
Benicar, Olmetec,Olmesartan
Berlin-Chemie Brand of Olmesartan Medoxomil
Bio-0071
C097933
CHEMBL1200692
CID130881
CS-866
CS-866DM
CS-866RN
Cs 866
D01204
DB00275
DE-092
Forest Brand of Olmesartan Medoxomil
HMS1922L15
HMS2089K18
 
HMS2093K16
I06-0025
KBio2_002490
KBio2_005058
KBio2_007626
KBio3_002711
KBioGR_001040
KBioSS_002498
KS-1182
L001061
LS-181818
MolPort-003-666-605
MolPort-005-935-047
NCGC00095136-01
NCGC00095136-02
Olmesartan medoximil
Olmesartan medoxomil
Olmesartan medoxomil (JAN/USAN)
Olmetec
Olmetec (TN)
Olvance
S1587_Selleck
SPBio_000431
SPECTRUM1505205
Sankyo Brand of Olmesartan Medoxomil
Spectrum2_000506
Spectrum3_001676
Spectrum4_000740
Spectrum5_001556
Spectrum_001944
UNII-6M97XTV3HD
8Angiotensin II Type 1 Receptor BlockersPhase 4949
9
Angiotensin IIPhase 4103368521-88-0, 11128-99-7172198, 65143
Synonyms:
1-8-Angiotensin I
1-L-Aspasaginyl-5-L-valyl angiotensin octapeptide
Ang II
Angiotensin 2
Angiotensin II (human)
 
Angiotensin II (mouse)
Angiotonin
Asp-arg-val-TYR-ile-his-pro-phe
Human angiotensin II
Hypertensin
Ile(5)-angiotensin II
10Angiotensin Receptor AntagonistsPhase 41039
11AngiotensinogenPhase 41032
12Antihypertensive AgentsPhase 4, Phase 13618
13Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme InhibitorsPhase 1634
14
Dexamethasoneapproved, investigational190950-02-25743
Synonyms:
(3H)-Dexamethasone
.delta.(sup 1)-9-.alpha.-Fluoro-16-.alpha.-methylcortisol
.gamma.corten
1-Dehydro-16.alpha.-methyl-9.alpha.-fluorohydrocortisone
1-Dehydro-16alpha -methyl-9alpha -fluorohydrocortisone
1-Dehydro-16alpha-methyl-9alpha-fluorohydrocortisone
1-Dehydro-16α-methyl-9α-fluorohydrocortisone
137098-19-2
16-alpha-Methyl-9-alpha-fluoro-1-dehydrocortisol
16-alpha-Methyl-9-alpha-fluoro-delta(sup 1)-hydrocortisone
16-alpha-Methyl-9-alpha-fluoro-delta1-hydrocortisone
16-alpha-Methyl-9-alpha-fluoroprednisolone
16.alpha.-Methyl-9.alpha.-fluoro-1-dehydrocortisol
16.alpha.-Methyl-9.alpha.-fluoroprednisolone
16alpha -Methyl-9alpha -fluoro-1-dehydrocortisol
16alpha -Methyl-9alpha -fluoroprednisolone
16alpha-Methyl-9alpha-fluoro-1-dehydrocortisol
16alpha-Methyl-9alpha-fluoro-delta(sup 1)-hydrocortisone
16alpha-Methyl-9alpha-fluoroprednisolone
16α-Methyl-9α-fluoro-1-dehydrocortisol
23495-06-9
31375_FLUKA
46165_FLUKA
46165_RIEDEL
50-02-2
8054-59-9
9-Fluoro-11,17,21-trihydroxy-16-methylpregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione
9-Fluoro-11alpha -methylpregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione
9-Fluoro-16-methylprednisolone
9-alpha-Fluoro-16-alpha-methylprednisolone
9.alpha.-Fluoro-16.alpha.-methylprednisolone
906422-84-2
9A-FLUORO-16BETA-METHYLPREDNISOLONE
9alpha -Fluoro-16alpha -methylprednisolone
9alpha-Fluoro-16alpha-methylprednisolone
9alpha-fluoro-16alpha-methyl-Prednisolone
9α-Fluoro-16α-methylprednisolone
AC-11056
AC1L1L1H
AC1Q29DM
AI3-50934
Adexone
Aeroseb-D
Aeroseb-Dex
Aeroseb-dex
Ak Dex Oph Otic Soln 0.1%
Alcon Brand of Dexamethasone
Anaflogistico
Aphtasolon
Aphthasolone
Apo-dexamethasone
Auxiron
Azimycin (veterinary)
Azium
Azium (Veterinary)
Azium (veterinary)
BIDD:ER0494
BIDD:PXR0060
BRD-K38775274-001-02-3
BRD-K38775274-001-06-4
BSPBio_000995
Baycadron
Bisu DS
Bisu Ds
C15643
C22H29FO5
CCRIS 7067
CHEBI:41879
CHEMBL384467
CID5743
CPD-10549
CPD001227192
Calonat
Corson
Corsone
Cortisumman
D00292
D003907
D1756_SIGMA
D4902_SIGMA
D6645_SIGMA
D8893_SIGMA
D9184_SIGMA
DB01234
DEX
DEXA
DEXONE 0.5
DEXONE 0.75
DEXONE 1.5
DEXONE 4
DXM
DXMS
Decacort
Decacortin
Decaderm
Decadron
Decadron (TN)
Decadron Tablets, Elixir
Decadron, Dexamethasone
Decadron-LA
Decadron-La
Decagel
Decaject
Decaject L.A.
Decaject-L.A.
Decalix
Decameth
Decasone
Decaspray
Dectancyl
Dekacort
Delta1-9alpha-Fluoro-16alpha-methylcortisol
Deltafluorene
Dergramin
Deronil
Desadrene
Desametasone
Desametasone [DCIT]
Desametasone [Dcit]
Desamethasone
Desameton
Deseronil
Dex-Ide
Dex-ide
Dexa
Dexa Mamallet
Dexa mamallet
Dexa-Cortidelt
Dexa-Cortisyl
Dexa-Mamallet
Dexa-Scheroson
Dexa-Sine
Dexa-cortidelt
Dexa-cortisyl
Dexa-scheroson
Dexa-sine
Dexacen-4
Dexacidin
Dexacort
Dexacortal
Dexacortin
Dexadeltone
Dexafarma
Dexair
Dexalona
Dexaltin
Dexametasona
Dexametasona [INN-Spanish]
Dexametasone
Dexameth
Dexamethansone
 
Dexamethasone
Dexamethasone (JP15/USP/INN)
Dexamethasone Acetate
Dexamethasone Alcohol
Dexamethasone Base
Dexamethasone Intensol
Dexamethasone Sodium Phosphate
Dexamethasone [INN:BAN:JAN]
Dexamethasone acetate
Dexamethasone alcohol
Dexamethasone base
Dexamethasone intensol
Dexamethasone sodium phosphate
Dexamethasone-omega
Dexamethasonum
Dexamethasonum [INN-Latin]
Dexamethazone
Dexamethsone
Dexamonozon
Dexapolcort
Dexapos
Dexaprol
Dexason
Dexasone
Dexasone 0.5mg
Dexasone 0.75mg
Dexasone 4mg
Dexasporin
Dexinolon
Dexinoral
Dexone
Dexone 0.5
Dexone 0.75
Dexone 1.5
Dexone 4
Dexonium
Dexpak
Dextelan
Dezone
Dinormon
Dxms
ECR Brand of Dexamethasone
EINECS 200-003-9
FT-0080377
Fluormethylprednisolone
Fluormone
Fluorocort
Fortecortin
Foy Brand of Dexamethasone
Gammacorten
HL-dex
HMS1792A17
HMS1990A17
HMS2089N13
HSDB 3053
Hexadecadrol
Hexadrol
Hexadrol Elixir
Hexadrol Tablets
Hexadrol elixir
Hl-Dex
Hl-dex
I06-1196
ICN Brand of Dexamethasone
IontoDex
Isopto-Dex
Isopto-dex
LS-7300
Lokalison F
Lokalison f
Loverine
Luxazone
MK 125
MLS001055412
MLS001332507
MLS001332508
Maxidex
Maxidex Ont 0.1%
Maxidex Sus 0.1%
Maxitrol
Mediamethasone
Merck Brand of Dexamethasone
Merz Brand 1 of Dexamethasone
Merz Brand 2 of Dexamethasone
Methylfluorprednisolone
Mexidex
Millicorten
MolMap_000018
MolPort-003-846-433
Mymethasone
NCGC00091019-01
NCGC00091019-02
NCGC00091019-03
NCGC00091019-04
NCGC00091019-05
NCI60_003067
NSC 34521
NSC34521
Naquasone (veterinary)
Neomycin and polymyxin b sulfates and dexamethasone
Neomycin and polymyxin b sulphates and dexamethasone
OTO-104
Ocu-Trol
Ocu-trol
Oradexon
Ozurdex
PHL-dexamethasone
PMS-dexamethasone
Pet Derm III
Pet Derm Iii
Pet derm III
Pet-Derm Iii
Pms Dexamethasone Elixir 0.5mg/5ml
Policort
Posurdex
Prednisolon F
Prednisolon f
Prednisolone F
Prednisolone f
Prodex
S1322_Selleck
SAM002548948
SGCUT00126
SK-Dexamethasone
SK-dexamethasone
SMP1_000092
SMR000857119
SMR001227192
ST50307091
Sandoz dexamethasone
Sk-Dexamethasone
Spectrum5_002019
Spoloven
Sunia Sol D
Sunia sol D
Superprednol
TL8003317
Tobradex
Tobramycin and dexamethasone
Tresaderm (veterinary)
Turbinaire
UNII-7S5I7G3JQL
Visumetazone
WLN: L E5 B666 OV KU MUTJ A1 BF CQ E1 FV1Q FQ G1
ZINC03875332
alpha -Fluoro-16-alpha -methylcortisol
delta(Sup 1)-9-alpha-Fluoro-16-alpha-methylcortisol
delta(sup 1)-9-alpha-Fluoro-16-alpha-methylcortisol
delta1-9alpha-Fluoro-16alpha-methylcortisol
dexamethasone
nchembio809-comp2
to_000038
15
Mentholapproved19992216-51-516666
Synonyms:
(−
()-Menthol
(+)-Neo-menthol
(+)-p-Menthan-3-ol
(+-)-(1R*,3R*,4S*)-Menthol
(+-)-Menthol
(+/-)-Menthol
(+/-)-p-Menthan-3-ol
(-)-(1R,3R,4S)-Menthol
(-)-Menthyl alcohol
(-)-menthol
(-)-p-Menthan-3-ol
(-)-trans-p-Menthan-cis-ol
(1R)-(-)-Menthol
(1R,2S,5R)-(-)-menthol
(1R,2S,5R)-Menthol
(1R,3R,4S)-(-)-MENTHOL
(1R,3R,4S)-(-)-Menthol
(1R-(1-alpha,2-beta,5-alpha))-5-Methyl-2-(1-methylethyl)cyclohexanol
(1S, 2S, 5R)-(+)-Neomenthol
(1S,2R,5R)-(+)-Isomenthol
(1S,2R,5S)-(+)-Menthol
(1S,2R,5S)-Menthol
(1alpha,2beta,5alpha)-5-Methyl-2(1-methylethyl)cyclohexanol
(1r,2s,5r)-(-)-menthol
(L)-MENTHOL
(R)-(-)-Menthol
(r)-(-)-menthol
)-Menthol
--MENTHOL
1-Menthol
1490-04-6
15356-60-2
15356-70-4
15785_RIEDEL
15785_SIAL
19863P
2-Isopropyl-5-methylcyclohexanol
20747-49-3
2216-51-5
3-p-Menthol
4-Isopropyl-1-methylcyclohexan-3-ol
491-02-1
5-Methyl-2-(1-methylethyl)-cyclohexanol
5-Methyl-2-(1-methylethyl)cyclohexanol
5-methyl-2-(propan-2-yl)cyclohexanol
5-methyl-2-propan-2-ylcyclohexan-1-ol
551376_ALDRICH
551376_FLUKA
588733_ALDRICH
613290_ALDRICH
613290_FLUKA
63660_FLUKA
63670_ALDRICH
63670_FLUKA
63975-60-0
6C6A4A8C-A054-468C-A1F0-F29E39838CF2
89-78-1
98167-53-4
999 Itch Relief
AC1L1B2E
AC1L28FR
AC1Q1NQ2
AC1Q2QQM
AI3-08161
AI3-52408
AKOS000119740
AR-1J3337
Absorbine Back Therapeutic Pain Relief
Absorbine Jr
Absorbine Jr Ultra Strength Pain Relieving
Absorbine Jr.
Absorbine Jr. Back
Algomend Pain Relief
Alhua Huogan Pain Relieving Patch
Aloemint Skin Aid
Amar Ice
Analgesic
Anc Neverpain External Analgesic
Anti Itch
Army Health Pain Reliever
Arthri-support
Arthri-zen Relief
Arthripain Relief
Arthritis Relief
Aspercreme Heat
Aspercreme Max No Mess Roll On
Assured Cold N Hot Pain Relief Menthol
Assured Extra Strength Cold N Hot
Assured Ice Cold Topical Analgesic
Assured Muscle Rub
Assured Pain Relief Hot Menthol
Atopalm Pain Relieving
Aurorae Healing Pain Relieving Roll-on
Avapta
Avedana Pain Relieving Roll On
Avedana Pain-relieving
BB_NC-0057
BRN 1902288
BRN 3194263
BSPBio_003062
Babyganics Cold Relief Chest Rub
Barox
Barox BODY CARE MASSAGE
Barox Body Care Massage Relax Refresh Revital
Being Well Extra Strength Menthol Heat
Bengay Ultra Strength Large Size
Bengay Ultra Strength Pain Relieving Large Size
Bengay Ultra Strength Pain Relieving Regular Size
Bengay Ultra Strength Regular Size
Bengay Vanishing Scent
Bengay Zero Degrees Menthol Pain Relieving
Bentasil SUGAR FREE BLACKCURRANT SOFT Texture
Bentasil SUGAR FREE CHERRY SOFT Texture
Bentasil SUGAR FREE HONEY LEMON SOFT Texture
Berri-freez
Besthealth Cherry
Besthealth Cough Suppressant Sugar Free Black Cherry Flavor
Besthealth Cough Suppressant Sugar Free Honey Lemon Flavor
Besthealth Honey Lemon
Besthealth Menthol
Bio 2 Brazilian Heat Brazilian Heat
Bio-scriptives Extreme Pr
Bioblast Pain Relief
Bioflexor
Biofreeze
Biofreeze Colorless
Biofreeze Colorless Roll-on
Biofreeze Roll-on
Biorelief Ice Pain Relieving
Blistex Ivarest Medicated Poison Ivy Cleansing Foam
Blue Gel Pain Relieving
Blue Ice
Blue Ice Analgesic
Blue Ice Analgesic Gel
Blue Ice Pain Relieving
Body
Budpack Muscle Rub
Budpak Muscle Rub
C00400
C10H20O
CCRIS 3728
CCRIS 375
CCRIS 4666
CCRIS 9231
CHEBI:15409
CHEBI:545611
CHEMBL256087
CHEMBL470670
CID1254
CID16666
Canker Complete Canker Sore Relief
Caswell No. 540
Celadrin
Cepacol Sore Throat From Post Nasal Drip
Cepacol Sore Throat Regular Strength
Ching Wan Hung Soothing Herbal Balm
Choice Personal Care Theraputic Blue Ice
Cold Hot Patch
Cold Spot Point Relief
Coldaid
Cool N Heat Patch For Back Extra Strength
Coralite Extra Strength Menthol Pain Relief Sleeve - Knee
Coralite Extra Strength Menthol Pain Relief Sleeve - Wrist
Coralite Pain Relief
Counteract Cough Drops Honey Lemon
Counteract Cough Drops Orchard Cherry
Cryogel Island Rain Natural Pain Relieving Vitaminerals
Cvs Cold Hot Medicated
Cvs Soothing Itch Relief
Cvs Sore Muscle Rub Vanishing Scent
Cvs Therapeutic Menthol Gel
Cvs Therapeutic Menthol Pain Reliever
Cvs Tropical Citrus Cough
Cvs Ultra Strength Pain Relieving
Cvs Vanishing Scent Muscle Rub
D-(-)-Menthol
D-p-Menthan-3-ol
D00064
D008610
D04849
D04918
DB00825
Dg Health Extra Strength Medicated
Dg Health Pain Relieving
Dg Ice Cold Analgesic
Diapedic Foot Treatment
DivK1c_000820
Dorflex Icy Hot Flexible, Large
Dorflex Icy Hot Flexible, Small
Dorflex Icy Hot Flexible, XL
Dr. Blue
Dt Ice Cold Analgesic
Dual Action Cherry Cough Suppressant Oral Anesthetic
Dynafreeze
EINECS 201-939-0
EINECS 207-724-8
EINECS 216-074-4
EINECS 218-690-9
EINECS 239-387-8
EINECS 239-388-3
EPA Pesticide Chemical Code 051601
Easy
Eb301ap Pain Relief
Eb301ct Bruise Pain Relief
Eb302 Arthritis Relief
Ecolyptus Pain Relieving Muscle Rub
Efac Pain Relieving
Elgin Pain Relief
Equaline Blue Ice Pain Relieving
Equate Menthol Extra Strength
Eros Iron Man
Eucalyptamint
Eucerin Calming Itch Relief Treatment
Extra Strength Cold N Hot Pain Relief Medicated
Extra Strength Pain Relief Therapy
Extra Strength Stopain Cold Pain Relieving
Extra Strength Stopain Cold Pain Relieving Roll On
FEMA No. 2665
Family Care Maximum Strength Medicated Anti Itch
Fast Freeze
Fisherman's friend lozenges
Fisherman's friend lozenges (TN)
Flexall Pain Relieving
Flexgen
Fluaid
Foot Works Achy Foot Massager Pain Relieving
Gold Bond Foot Extra Strength
Gold Bond Medicated Foot
Gold Bond Pain Relieving Foot
Gold Bond Pain Relieving Foot Roll On
Green Bamboo
Green Guard Cough Drop Relief
HMS1922G13
HMS2092L14
HMS502I22
HSDB 5662
HSDB 593
Halls Apple Cider
Halls Butterscotch
Halls Cherry
Halls Extra Strong Menthol
Halls Honey Lemon
Halls Ice Peppermint
Halls MENTHO-LYPTUS
Halls Melon Splash
Halls Menthol
Halls Mentholyptus
Halls Mocha Mint
Halls Naturals Honey Lemon Chamomile
Halls Plus Cherry
Halls Plus Honey
Halls Plus Strawberry
Halls Spearmint
Halls Strawberry
Halls Sugar Free Black Cherry
Halls Sugar Free Citrus Blend
Halls Sugar Free Extra Strong Menthol
Halls Sugar Free Honey Berry
Halls Sugar Free Honey Lemon
Halls Sugar Free Mountain Menthol
Halls Tropical Fruit
Hallsmelon Splash Melon Splash
Hallssugar Free Extra Sugar Free Extra Strong Menthol
Han Honey Loquat Syrup
Hanbang Cataplasma
Harmon Extra Strength Pain Relieving
Harmon Extra Strength Pain Relieving Roll-on
Headache crystals
Health Smart Medicated Foot
Herbion Naturals Honey Lemon
Herbion Naturals Honey Lemon Cough Drops
Herbion Naturals Honey-Lemon Cough Drops
Herbion Naturals Mint Cough Drops
Herbion Naturals Orange
Herbion Naturals Orange Cough Drops
Hexahydrothymol
Hielo Ardiente
Honibe
 
Hot Ice Soothing Analgesic Gel
Huitomi Slimming Sports
Humphreys Bendito Alcoholado
I06-1216
I14-7371
IDI1_000820
Ice
Ice Cold Analgesic
Ice Cold Topical Analgesic Gel
Ice External Analgesic Leader
Ice Quake
Ice Quake Muscle Rub
Icy Cool Maximum Strength
Icy Hot
Icy Hot Back
Icy Hot Medicated
Icy Hot Medicated No Mess Applicator
Icy Hot Medicated Roll Large
Icy Hot Medicated Roll Medium
Icy Hot Medicated Roll, Large
Icy Hot Medicated Roll, Medium
Icy Hot Medicated, Advanced Relief
Icy Hot Medicated, Back
Icy Hot Medicated, XL
Icy Hot Naturals
Icy Hot Power Gel
Icy Hot Vanishing Scent
Icyhot Medicated
Imada Four Seasons Safe Analgesic Balm
Jakemans Blueberry
Jakemans Cherry
Jakemans Peppermint
K2 Cold Therapy
KBio1_000820
KBio2_000785
KBio2_003353
KBio2_005921
KBio3_002562
KBioSS_000785
Kay Medic Menthol Pain Relief
Kool Comfort
Kool Comfort Pain Relieving Roll-on
Kpp Triple Action
L-(-)-Menthol
L-(-)-menthol
L-Menthol
L-menthol
LMPR0102090001
LS-2353
LS-57201
LS-886
LS-89531
LS-89533
La Jiao Feng Shi Gao
Lander Polar Ice
Leader Cough Drops Cherry Flavor
Leader Cough Drops Honey Lemon
Leader Cough Drops Menthol Flavor
Leader Extra Strength Medicated Pain Relief Patch
Leader Sugar Free Cough Drops Black Cherry
Levomenthol
Levomenthol [INN:BAN]
Levomentholum
Levomentholum [INN-Latin]
Levomentol
Linkus Lozenges Cough Suppressant/Oral Anesthetic
Low Sugar Cherry Flavor Fishermans Friend Menthol Cough Suppressant
Ludens Honey Lemon Throat Drops
Ludens Honey Licorice Throat Drops
Ludens Original Menthol Throat Drops
Lurosil
M0321
M0545
M2772_SIAL
MENTHOL
MLS002207256
Makesense Extra Strength Muscle Rub
Maxfit Freeze Gel
Maybelline New York Baby Lips Dr Rescue Medicated Balm
Medi First Plus Cherry Cough Drops
Medi-first Cherry Cough Drops
Medic Ice
Medicated Body Powder
Medicated Pain Relief
Mediflex
Medique Medikoff Drops
Medique Sugar Free Medikoff Drops
Meditowel PAIN RELIEF
Meijer Cherry Cough Drops
Meijer Honey Lemon Cough Drops
Meijer Menthol Cough Drops
Menthacamphor
Menthol
Menthol (USP)
Menthol (VAN)
Menthol Fresh Cough Suppressant
Menthol natural
Menthol natural, brazilian
Menthol racemic
Menthol racemique
Menthol racemique [French]
Menthol solution
Menthol, (1alpha,2beta,5alpha)-Isomer
Mentholatum Pain Relief Extra Strength
Mentholatum Sports Pain Relief Cold
Menthomenthol
Menthyl alcohol
Mineral Ice Pain Relieving
Miracle Foot Repair
Miracle Foot Repair Cream
Miracle Of Aloe Rub Roll On
Miracle Pain Cream
Moisture Therapy Anti-Itch
MolPort-000-849-729
MolPort-001-793-392
Moore Medical Cherry Cough Suppressant/anesthetic Drops
Moore Medical Sugar Free Black Cherry Cough Suppressant/anesthetic Drops
Moore Medical Sugar Free Menthol Cough Suppressant/anesthetic Drops
Mr Dudleys Topical Pain Relief
Muscle
Muscle Rub Ultra Strength Pain Relieving
Myo-breathe
Myorx Low Dose Pain Relieving
Myorx Pain Relieving
NCGC00159382-02
NCGC00159382-03
NCGC00164247-01
NCGC00164247-02
NCI-C50000
NINDS_000820
NOOLISFMXDJSKH-KXUCPTDWBX
NSC 2603
NSC 62788
NSC2603
NSC62788
Nan San Easy Flex Pain Relieving
Natural Cherry Honey Herb Throat Drops
Natural Herb cough drop
Natural Honey Herb Cough Suppressant Throat Drops
Natural Lemon Mint Herb Throat Drops
Natural Pain Relieving Lavender Breeze Cryogel
Natures Choice Cool Hot Ice
Natures Sunshine Products Everflex Topical Analgesic Pain Relief
Neoisomenthol
Nice Assorted
Nice Cherry
Nice Citrus
Nice Cool Mint
Nice Honey Lemon
Nice Menthol
No Pain More Gain
North Cough Drop
Numotizine
Olbas Lozenges Maximun Strength
Olbas Pastilles
Original Extra Strong All Natural Fishermans Friend Menthol Cough Suppressant
Ortho-nesic
Osmoflex
Oxyrub Pain Relief
Pain Relief Balmpreferred Plus Ph Preferred Plus Pharmacy
Pain Relief Therapy Patch
Pain Reliever
Pain Relieving
Pain Relieving Analgesic
Pain Relieving Patch
Pain Relieving Patch Ultra Strength
Pain Relieving Patch Ultra Strength ULTRA STRENGTH
Panitrol XR
Paraid Extra Strength Menthol Pain Relief Sleeve Knee Large Ankles Elbows
Patch Scherer Labs
Patch Walgreens
Peppermint camphor
Perfect Purity Hotice
Perfect Purity Medicated Foot Powder
Perform
Personal Care Extra Strength Cold Hot
Personal Care Ice Cold
Plaster MandAHerbalPlaster
Po Sum On Medicated
Polar Frost Cold
Power Relief
Preferred Plus Body Powder
Premier Value Medicated Foot Powder
Q Health Pain Relief Spray
Quickflex
RACEMIC MENTHOL U.S.P.
Racementhol
Racementhol [INN:BAN]
Racementholum
Racementholum [INN-Latin]
Racementol
Racementol [INN-Spanish]
Racemic menthol
Raw Heat
Raw Ice
Reactice Reactivating Ice Baume
Red Lion Relief
Relief Pain Relieving Cream
Rexall Vanishing Scent Pain Relieving
Robitussin Cough Drops
SDCCGMLS-0066659.P001
SMR001306785
SPBio_000869
SPECTRUM1503134
STK802468
Screamin Menthol Toast
Sella Natural
Skin So Soft Bug Guard Plusitch Relief itch relief
Smith Bros Honey Lemon Cough Drops
Smith Bros Menthol Eucalyptus Cough Drops
Smith Bros Sugar-free Black Cherry Cough Drops
Sof Skin Icy Blue
Sofskin Ice Analgesic
Sombra Cool Therapy
Spectrum2_000855
Spectrum3_001561
Spectrum5_001060
Spectrum_000305
Stopain Cold Pain Relieving
Stopain Cold Professional Strength Pain Relieving
Stopain Extra Strength Pain Relieving
Sub-zero COOL PAIN RELIEVING
Sugar Free Cherry Fishermans Friend Menthol Cough Suppressant
Sugar Free Cherry Herb Throat Drops
Sugar Free Lemon Mint Herb Throat Drops
Sugar Free Mountain Herb Cough Suppressant Throat Drops
Sugar Free Original Swiss Herb Cough Suppressant Throat Drops
Sugar Free Refreshing Mint Fishermans Friend Menthol Cough Suppressant
Sugar Free Swiss Cherry Herb Throat Drops
The Medicine Shoppe Extra Strength Pain Relieving
The Original Natural Herb Cough Drops
Therafreeze
Theraid
Therapeutic Relief Preferred Plus Pharmacy
Theraplus Plus
Throat Coat
Tianhe Guben Yaoshen Tie Gao
Top Care Medicated
Topcare Medicated
Tra-kill tracheal mite killer
U.S.P. Menthol
U.S.p. Menthol
UNII-BZ1R15MTK7
UNII-L7T10EIP3A
UNII-YS08XHA860
Ultra Strength Stopain Pain Relieving
Us Favorite Cold Pain Relieving
Vaporizing Colds Rub
Vicks Vapodrops Cough Relief
Vitaminerals Inc. Cryogel Natural Pain Relieving
W266507_ALDRICH
W266523_ALDRICH
W266590_ALDRICH
WLN: L6TJ AY1&1 BQ D1
WLN: L6TJ AY1&1 DQ D1 -L
Walgreens Aloe Vera Cooling
Watermelon Frost Sore Throat
Wellpatch Backache Pain Relief
Xtracare Ice Cold Topical Analgesic Gel
Youngevity Invision CM
Yun Xiang Jing
ZINC01482164
Zhong Hua Jiu Patch
Zims Arnica Max
cis-1 ,3-trans-1,4-(+-)-menthol
cis-1,3-trans-1,4-(+-)-menthol
d,l-Menthol
d-Menthol
d-Neomenthol
dl-3-p-Menthanol
dl-Menthol
dl-Menthol (JP15)
l-(-)-Menthol
l-Menthol
l-Menthol (JP15)
l-Menthol (TN)
l-Menthol (natural)
nchembio862-comp1
p-Menthan-3-ol
rac-Menthol
16Hormones11748
17Hormone Antagonists10002
18Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists9988
19Immunoglobulin A110
20HIV Protease Inhibitors4558
21Protease Inhibitors4558
22Peripheral Nervous System Agents18510
23Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal4256
24Anti-Inflammatory Agents8478
25Antiemetics3213
26BB 11011909
27Dexamethasone 21-phosphate1909
28Gastrointestinal Agents6401
29Dexamethasone acetate19091177-87-3
30glucocorticoids3896
31
Carbon monoxide102281
Synonyms:
 
CO
Carbon monoxide

Interventional clinical trials:

(show all 13)
idNameStatusNCT IDPhase
1OlmeSartan and Calcium Antagonists Randomized (OSCAR) StudyCompletedNCT00134160Phase 4
2Research Study in Patients With Persistent Macular EdemaCompletedNCT00035906Phase 2
3Effect of High Blood Pressure and Antihypertensive Treatment on Brain Functioning in ChildrenCompletedNCT00178490Phase 1
4Diameters and Wall-to-lumen Ratio of Retinal Arterioles in Patients With Retinal Vein Occlusion.CompletedNCT01789437
5The Significance of Urine UbA52 In the Diagnosis of Diabetic NephropathyCompletedNCT02204280
6Non-invasive Measurement of Retinal Blood Flow Based on Vessel Analysis and Fourier Domain Optical Coherence Tomography in Patients With Hypertensive RetinopathyRecruitingNCT01753648
7Brain Integrity in Survivors of Hodgkin Lymphoma Treated With Thoracic RadiationRecruitingNCT01820117
8DETECT and Retinal Outcomes in HypertensionRecruitingNCT01815567
9Korean Registry of Target Organ Damages in HypertensionRecruitingNCT01861080
10Retinal Imaging by Adaptive Optics in Healthy Eyes and During Retinal and General DiseasesRecruitingNCT01546181
11Establishment of a Perinatal Database and a Bank of Biological MaterialsRecruitingNCT00339235
12Prospective Metabolic Surgery in T2DM Chinese SubjectsActive, not recruitingNCT02217943
13Comparison of Phase-variance Optical Coherence Tomography and Fluorescein Angiography in Retinovascular ImagingTerminatedNCT01717937

Search NIH Clinical Center for Hypertensive Retinopathy


Cochrane evidence based reviews: hypertensive retinopathy

Genetic Tests for Hypertensive Retinopathy

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Anatomical Context for Hypertensive Retinopathy

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MalaCards organs/tissues related to Hypertensive Retinopathy:

33
Retina, Eye, Brain, Thyroid, Breast, Prostate, Lung

Animal Models for Hypertensive Retinopathy or affiliated genes

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Publications for Hypertensive Retinopathy

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Articles related to Hypertensive Retinopathy:

(show top 50)    (show all 146)
idTitleAuthorsYear
1
Hypertensive Retinopathy as the First Manifestation of Advanced Renal Disease in a Young Patient: Report of a Case. (26955342)
2015
2
Bilateral hypertensive retinopathy diagnostic of pheochromocytoma. (25443213)
2015
3
7D.08: DETECTING HYPERTENSIVE RETINOPATHY USING RETINAL VASCULAR GEOMETRY. (26102655)
2015
4
Diabetes retinopathy is a poor predictor for renal and cardiovascular outcomes in comparison with hypertensive retinopathy in patients with chronic kidney disease. (26008724)
2015
5
Hypertensive retinopathy and its association with cardiovascular, renal and cerebrovascular morbidity in Congolese patients. (25629539)
2014
6
Bilateral Hypertensive Retinopathy Complicated with Retinal Neovascularization: Panretinal Photocoagulation or Intravitreal Anti-VEGF Treatment? (25232335)
2014
7
The association between endothelial dysfunction and hypertensive retinopathy in essential hypertension. (24441931)
2014
8
Hypertensive retinopathy and risk of stroke. (23940194)
2013
9
Systemic hypertension and hypertensive retinopathy following PPA overdose in a dog. (23148140)
2013
10
Hypertensive retinopathy: incidence, risk factors, and comorbidities. (22468968)
2012
11
Hypertensive retinopathy in a child caused by pheochromocytoma: identification after a failed school vision screening. (22245022)
2012
12
Support system for the preventive diagnosis of hypertensive retinopathy. (21097309)
2010
13
Serum ferritin levels correlate with hypertensive retinopathy. (20110920)
2010
14
Prevalence and severity of hypertensive retinopathy in children. (19571332)
2009
15
Hypertensive retinopathy and sensorineural hearing loss. (23120650)
2009
16
Severe bilateral hypertensive retinopathy and optic neuropathy in a patient with pheochromocytoma. (18454411)
2008
17
Hypertensive retinopathy: a window to vascular remodeling in arterial hypertension. (17998472)
2008
18
The relationship between the breast arterial calcification detected by mammography and the hypertensive retinopathy in hypertensive women. (18682669)
2008
19
Pathological changes in human retinal ganglion cells associated with diabetic and hypertensive retinopathy. (17186260)
2007
20
Relationship of early hypertensive retinopathy to inflammation markers and microalbuminuria in hypertensive patients with regulated blood pressure. (17334487)
2007
21
Bilateral foveal neurosensory detachment in hypertensive retinopathy demonstrated by optical coherence tomography. (16575418)
2006
22
Fred Hollows lecture: hypertensive retinopathy - a journey from fundoscopy to digital imaging. (16872333)
2006
23
Hypertensive retinopathy revisited: some answers, more questions. (16299149)
2005
24
Hypertensive retinopathy. (15564546)
2004
25
Serum level of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol in hypertensive retinopathy. (12971535)
2003
26
Bilateral renal artery stenosis presenting as hypertensive retinopathy and choroidopathy. (12355701)
2002
27
Is leptin associated with hypertensive retinopathy? (10690876)
2000
28
Reversible hypertensive retinopathy in a child with bilateral pheochromocytoma after tumor resection. (11155750)
2000
29
Dramatic regression of hypertensive retinopathy following renal transplantation: a case report. (9595099)
1998
30
Hypertensive retinopathy: a cause of decreased visual acuity in children. (1432515)
1992
31
Hypertensive retinopathy caused by a rare ovarian tumor: case report and photo essay. (1814990)
1991
32
Cicletanine and hypertensive retinopathy. (2090985)
1990
33
Hypertensive retinopathy. (6544301)
1983
34
Hypertensive retinopathy and generalized scleroderma. (7325205)
1981
35
Hypertensive retinopathy in renovascular hypertension. (7360168)
1980
36
Pathogenesis of hypertensive retinopathy: a review. (399635)
1979
37
The regression of hypertensive retinopathy. (649917)
1978
38
Reversible hypertensive retinopathy. (301240)
1977
39
Pathogenesis of hypertensive retinopathy. An experimental study in the monkey. (804913)
1975
40
Editorial: Hypertensive retinopathy. (807893)
1975
41
Role of local factors in hypertensive retinopathy. (4461687)
1974
42
Experimental hypertensive retinopathy: ultrastructure. (4998607)
1971
43
The rarity of hypertensive retinopathy in the African. (5672739)
1968
44
CHOKED DISC OR HYPERTENSIVE RETINOPATHY IV? (14213922)
1964
45
THE PATHOLOGY OF COTTON WOOL SPOTS AND CYTOID BODIES IN HYPERTENSIVE RETINOPATHY AND OTHER DISEASES. (14123190)
1963
46
The star-figure of the macular area; histopathological study of a case of angiospastic (hypertensive) retinopathy. (13544665)
1958
47
The treatment of hypertensive retinopathy. (13339163)
1956
48
Hypertensive retinopathy and its medical treatment. (13215778)
1954
49
Diabetic and hypertensive retinopathy. (14888036)
1951
50
Hypertensive retinopathy in a girl aged 10 years 11 months. (21001842)
1946

Variations for Hypertensive Retinopathy

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Expression for genes affiliated with Hypertensive Retinopathy

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Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Hypertensive Retinopathy.

Pathways for genes affiliated with Hypertensive Retinopathy

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GO Terms for genes affiliated with Hypertensive Retinopathy

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Sources for Hypertensive Retinopathy

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2CDC
14ExPASy
15FDA
16FMA
24GTR
25HGMD
26HMDB
27ICD10
28ICD10 via Orphanet
29ICD9CM
30IUPHAR
31KEGG
34MedGen
36MeSH
37MESH via Orphanet
38MGI
41NCI
42NCIt
43NDF-RT
46NINDS
47Novoseek
49OMIM
50OMIM via Orphanet
54PubMed
55QIAGEN
60SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
64Tumor Gene Family of Databases
65UMLS
66UMLS via Orphanet