Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant malady

Genetic diseases, Rare diseases, Endocrine diseases categories

Aliases & Classifications for Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant

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49OMIM, 11diseasecard, 45NIH Rare Diseases, 22GeneTests, 47Novoseek, 23Genetics Home Reference, 51Orphanet, 24GTR, 67UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, 28ICD10 via Orphanet, 34MedGen, 36MeSH
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Aliases & Descriptions for Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant:

Name: Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant 49 11 45 22 47
Autosomal Dominant Hypocalcemia 23 51 24
Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant 1 24 67
Familial Hypocalcemia 23 67
Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant, with Bartter Syndrome 49
Autosomal Dominant Hypocalcemia with Bartter Syndrome 67
Autosomal Dominant Hypoparathyroidism 23
Familial Hypercalciuric Hypocalcemia 23
Hypercalciuric Hypocalcemia 67
Ad Hypocalcemia 51
Hypoc1 67
Adh 23


Characteristics (Orphanet epidemiological data):

autosomal dominant hypocalcemia:
Inheritance: Autosomal dominant; Age of onset: All ages; Age of death: normal life expectancy

External Ids:

OMIM49 601198
Orphanet51 428
ICD10 via Orphanet28 E20.8
MeSH36 D006996

Summaries for Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant

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OMIM:49 Autosomal dominant hypocalcemia-1 is associated with low or normal serum parathyroid hormone concentrations (PTH).... (601198) more...

MalaCards based summary: Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant, also known as autosomal dominant hypocalcemia, is related to inappropriate adh syndrome and hypocalcemia, autosomal dominant 2, and has symptoms including behavioral abnormality, flexion contracture and hypercalciuria. An important gene associated with Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant is CASR (Calcium-Sensing Receptor), and among its related pathways are Development A2B receptor- action via G-protein alpha s and Ca, cAMP and Lipid Signaling. Affiliated tissues include kidney, skin and heart, and related mouse phenotypes are pigmentation and skeleton.

Genetics Home Reference:23 Autosomal dominant hypocalcemia is characterized by low levels of calcium in the blood (hypocalcemia). Affected individuals can have an imbalance of other molecules in the blood as well, including too much phosphate (hyperphosphatemia) or too little magnesium (hypomagnesemia). Some people with autosomal dominant hypocalcemia also have low levels of a hormone called parathyroid hormone (hypoparathyroidism). This hormone is involved in the regulation of calcium levels in the blood. Abnormal levels of calcium and other molecules in the body can lead to a variety of signs and symptoms, although about half of affected individuals have no associated health problems.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:67 Hypocalcemia, autosomal dominant 1: A disorder of mineral homeostasis characterized by blood calcium levels below normal, and low or normal serum parathyroid hormone concentrations. Disease manifestations include mild or asymptomatic hypocalcemia, paresthesias, carpopedal spasm, seizures, hypercalciuria with nephrocalcinosis or kidney stones, and ectopic and basal ganglia calcifications. Few patients manifest hypocalcemia and features of Bartter syndrome, including hypomagnesemia, hypokalemia, metabolic alkalosis, hyperreninemia, and hyperaldosteronemia.

Related Diseases for Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant

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Diseases in the Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant family:

Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant 2

Diseases related to Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50)    (show all 87)
idRelated DiseaseScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1inappropriate adh syndrome10.6
2hypocalcemia, autosomal dominant 210.5
3diabetes insipidus, nephrogenic10.4
5alcohol dependence10.4
6diabetes insipidus10.3
7syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone10.3
9familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia10.3
10hypothalamic disease10.2
11hypoparathyroidism, familial isolated10.1
15autosomal dominant disease10.1
16calcium metabolism disease10.1
17parathyroid gland disease10.1
18kenny-caffey syndrome10.1
19hypoparathyroidism - deafness - renal disease10.1
21lung cancer10.1
22esophageal cancer10.1
23pancreatic cancer10.1
24brain cancer10.1
27pituitary gland disease10.1
29neurogenic diabetes insipidus10.1
30madelung deformity10.0CASR, PRKAR1A
31scrotum melanoma10.0CASR, GNA11
32acth-independent macronodular adrenal hyperplasia10.0GNA11, PRKAR1A
33pseudohypoparathyroidism ic10.0GNA11, PRKAR1A
34dominant beta-thalassemia10.0CASR, PRKAR1A
35hyperpituitarism10.0CASR, PRKAR1A
37colorectal cancer10.0
38myocardial infarction10.0
39breast cancer10.0
40coronary artery disease10.0
41adult syndrome10.0
42mucolipidosis ii alpha/beta10.0
43hypercholesterolemia, familial10.0
44diabetes insipidus, neurohypophyseal10.0
45gastric cancer10.0
46hematologic cancer10.0
49ductal carcinoma in situ10.0
50neurotic disorder10.0

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant:

Diseases related to hypocalcemia, autosomal dominant

Symptoms for Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant

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Symptoms by clinical synopsis from OMIM:


Clinical features from OMIM:



 51 (show all 26)
  • myoclonus/fasciculations
  • paresthesia/dysesthesia/hypoesthesia/anesthesia/numbness
  • psychic/behavioural troubles
  • humour troubles/anxiety/depression/apathy/euphoria/irritability
  • contractures/cramps/trismus/tetania/claudication/opisthotonos
  • abnormal emg/electromyogram/electropmyography
  • hypocalcemia
  • hypercalciuria
  • asthenia/fatigue/weakness
  • dry/squaly skin/exfoliation
  • alopecia
  • nails anomalies
  • abnormal fingernails
  • acute abdominal pain/colic
  • respiratory rhythm disorder
  • cardiac rhythm disorder/arrhythmia
  • hypotension
  • urinary/renal lithiasis/kidney stones/nephritic colic
  • hyperphosphtemia
  • optic nerve anomaly/optic atrophy/anomaly of the papilla
  • eczema
  • irregular/in bands/reticular skin hyperpigmentation
  • heart/cardiac failure
  • cranial hypertension
  • obnubilation/coma/lethargia/desorientation
  • osteoporosis/osteopenia/demineralisation/osteomalacia/rickets

HPO human phenotypes related to Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant:

(show all 38)
id Description Frequency HPO Source Accession
1 behavioral abnormality hallmark (90%) HP:0000708
2 flexion contracture hallmark (90%) HP:0001371
3 hypercalciuria hallmark (90%) HP:0002150
4 hypocalcemia hallmark (90%) HP:0002901
5 paresthesia hallmark (90%) HP:0003401
6 emg abnormality hallmark (90%) HP:0003457
7 involuntary movements hallmark (90%) HP:0004305
8 nephrolithiasis typical (50%) HP:0000787
9 dry skin typical (50%) HP:0000958
10 abnormality of the fingernails typical (50%) HP:0001231
11 alopecia typical (50%) HP:0001596
12 abdominal pain typical (50%) HP:0002027
13 hypotension typical (50%) HP:0002615
14 abnormal pattern of respiration typical (50%) HP:0002793
15 hyperphosphatemia typical (50%) HP:0002905
16 arrhythmia typical (50%) HP:0011675
17 optic atrophy occasional (7.5%) HP:0000648
18 eczema occasional (7.5%) HP:0000964
19 congestive heart failure occasional (7.5%) HP:0001635
20 increased intracranial pressure occasional (7.5%) HP:0002516
21 reduced bone mineral density occasional (7.5%) HP:0004349
22 reduced consciousness/confusion occasional (7.5%) HP:0004372
23 irregular hyperpigmentation occasional (7.5%) HP:0007400
24 increased circulating renin level rare (5%) HP:0000848
25 hypokalemia rare (5%) HP:0002900
26 short stature rare (5%) HP:0004322
27 autosomal dominant inheritance HP:0000006
28 nephrocalcinosis HP:0000121
29 nephrolithiasis HP:0000787
30 seizures HP:0001250
31 tetany HP:0001281
32 basal ganglia calcification HP:0002135
33 hypercalciuria HP:0002150
34 hypocalcemia HP:0002901
35 hypomagnesemia HP:0002917
36 muscle cramps HP:0003394
37 paresthesia HP:0003401
38 abnormal renal physiology HP:0012211

Drugs & Therapeutics for Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant

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Drugs for Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

idNameStatusPhaseClinical TrialsCas NumberPubChem Id
1Calcium, DietaryPhase 23529
Teriparatideapproved, investigational12852232-67-416133850
Forteo (TN)
Teriparatide (USAN/INN)
Teriparatide (genetical recombination)
Teriparatide (genetical recombination) (JAN)
3vitamin d1463

Interventional clinical trials:

idNameStatusNCT IDPhase
1A Study to Determine the Effects of NPSP795 on the Calcium-sensing Receptor in Subjects With Autosomal Dominant Hypocalcemia as Measured by PTH Levels and Blood Calcium ConcentrationsCompletedNCT02204579Phase 2
2Hypoparathyroidism in DenmarkCompletedNCT01498341
3Characterization of Patients With Non-surgical Hypoparathyroidism and PseudohypoparathyroidismRecruitingNCT02551120
4Study of the Diagnostic Value of Stable Calcium Isotope Profiling in Bone and Calcium DisordersRecruitingNCT02252679

Search NIH Clinical Center for Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant

Genetic Tests for Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant

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Genetic tests related to Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant:

id Genetic test Affiliating Genes
1 Autosomal Dominant Hypocalcemia22 CASR
2 Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant24
3 Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant 124

Anatomical Context for Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant

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MalaCards organs/tissues related to Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant:

Kidney, Skin, Heart, Bone

Animal Models for Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant or affiliated genes

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MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant:

idDescriptionMGI Source AccessionScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1MP:00011869.5CASR, GNA11, PRKAR1A
2MP:00053908.6CASR, GNA11, GRM1, PRKAR1A
3MP:00053798.6CASR, CXADR, GNA11, PRKAR1A
4MP:00053697.9CASR, CXADR, GNA11, GRM1, PRKAR1A
5MP:00053767.6CASR, CXADR, GNA11, GRM1, PRKAR1A

Publications for Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant

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Variations for Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant

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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot genetic disease variations for Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant:

67 (show all 21)
id Symbol AA change Variation ID SNP ID

Clinvar genetic disease variations for Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant:

5 (show all 27)
id Gene Variation Type Significance SNP ID Assembly Location
1GNA11NM_002067.4(GNA11): c.179G> T (p.Arg60Leu)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs587777707GRCh38Chr 19, 3110191: 3110191
2CASRNM_000388.3(CASR): c.2482A> C (p.Thr828Pro)single nucleotide variantLikely pathogenicrs794729230GRCh38Chr 3, 122284436: 122284436
3GNA11NM_002067.4(GNA11): c.542G> A (p.Arg181Gln)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs587777020GRCh37Chr 19, 3115007: 3115007
4GNA11NM_002067.4(GNA11): c.1023C> G (p.Phe341Leu)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs140749796GRCh38Chr 19, 3121122: 3121122
5GNA11NM_002067.4(GNA11): c.178C> T (p.Arg60Cys)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs587777021GRCh37Chr 19, 3110188: 3110188
6GNA11NM_002067.4(GNA11): c.632C> G (p.Ser211Trp)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs587777022GRCh37Chr 19, 3118948: 3118948
7CASRNM_000388.3(CASR): c.662C> T (p.Pro221Leu)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs397514728GRCh37Chr 3, 121980544: 121980544
8CASRNM_000388.3(CASR): c.380A> C (p.Glu127Ala)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs121909260GRCh37Chr 3, 121976122: 121976122
9CASRNM_000388.3(CASR): c.2043G> T (p.Gln681His)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs121909261GRCh37Chr 3, 122002844: 122002844
10CASRNM_000388.3(CASR): c.346G> A (p.Ala116Thr)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs104893691GRCh37Chr 3, 121976088: 121976088
11CASRNM_000388.3(CASR): c.2417T> C (p.Phe806Ser)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs104893693GRCh37Chr 3, 122003218: 122003218
12CASRNM_000388.3(CASR): c.452C> T (p.Thr151Met)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs104893694GRCh37Chr 3, 121976194: 121976194
13CASRNM_000388.3(CASR): c.354C> A (p.Asn118Lys)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs104893695GRCh37Chr 3, 121976096: 121976096
14CASRNM_000388.3(CASR): c.382T> C (p.Phe128Leu)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs104893696GRCh37Chr 3, 121976124: 121976124
15CASRNM_000388.3(CASR): c.571G> A (p.Glu191Lys)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs104893697GRCh37Chr 3, 121980453: 121980453
16CASRNM_000388.3(CASR): c.1835T> C (p.Phe612Ser)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs104893698GRCh37Chr 3, 122002636: 122002636
17CASRNM_000388.3(CASR): c.2318T> G (p.Leu773Arg)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs104893699GRCh37Chr 3, 122003119: 122003119
18CASRNM_000388.3(CASR): c.2363T> G (p.Phe788Cys)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs104893701GRCh37Chr 3, 122003164: 122003164
19CASRNM_000388.3(CASR): c.141A> C (p.Lys47Asn)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs104893702GRCh37Chr 3, 121973177: 121973177
20CASRNM_000388.3(CASR): c.1846C> G (p.Leu616Val)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs104893703GRCh37Chr 3, 122002647: 122002647
21CASRNM_000388.3(CASR): c.2682_3224del543 (p.Ser895_Val1075del)deletionPathogenicGRCh38Chr 3, 122284636: 122285178
22CASRNM_000388.3(CASR): c.2528C> A (p.Ala843Glu)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs104893706GRCh37Chr 3, 122003329: 122003329
23CASRNM_000388.3(CASR): c.374T> C (p.Leu125Pro)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs104893708GRCh37Chr 3, 121976116: 121976116
24CASRNM_000388.3(CASR): c.2459C> T (p.Ser820Phe)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs104893710GRCh37Chr 3, 122003260: 122003260
25CASRNM_000388.3(CASR): c.2362T> C (p.Phe788Leu)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs104893711GRCh37Chr 3, 122003163: 122003163
26CASRNM_000388.3(CASR): c.1810G> A (p.Glu604Lys)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs104893712GRCh37Chr 3, 122002611: 122002611
27CASRNM_000388.3(CASR): c.2180T> A (p.Leu727Gln)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs104893718GRCh37Chr 3, 122002981: 122002981

Expression for genes affiliated with Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant

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Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant.

Pathways for genes affiliated with Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant

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GO Terms for genes affiliated with Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant

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Cellular components related to Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1neuromuscular junctionGO:00315949.4CXADR, PRKAR1A

Biological processes related to Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1heart developmentGO:00075079.2CXADR, GNA11, PRKAR1A
2blood coagulationGO:00075969.0CXADR, GNA11, PRKAR1A

Sources for Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant

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28ICD10 via Orphanet
37MESH via Orphanet
50OMIM via Orphanet
60SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
64Tumor Gene Family of Databases
66UMLS via Orphanet