MCID: HYP192
MIFTS: 50

Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant malady

Genetic diseases, Rare diseases, Endocrine diseases categories

Summaries for Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant

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OMIM:45 Autosomal dominant hypocalcemia-1 is associated with low or normal serum parathyroid hormone concentrations (PTH).... (601198) more...

MalaCards based summary: Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant, also known as autosomal dominant hypocalcemia, is related to hypoparathyroidism and hyperparathyroidism, and has symptoms including behavioral abnormality, flexion contracture and hypercalciuria. An important gene associated with Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant is CASR (calcium-sensing receptor), and among its related pathways are Integration of energy metabolism and Development A3 receptor signaling. The compounds gadolinium and spermine have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include kidney, skin and heart, and related mouse phenotypes are pigmentation and endocrine/exocrine gland.

Genetics Home Reference:21 Autosomal dominant hypocalcemia is characterized by low levels of calcium in the blood (hypocalcemia). Affected individuals can have an imbalance of other molecules in the blood as well, including too much phosphate (hyperphosphatemia) or too little magnesium (hypomagnesemia). Some people with autosomal dominant hypocalcemia also have low levels of a hormone called parathyroid hormone (hypoparathyroidism). This hormone is involved in the regulation of calcium levels in the blood. Abnormal levels of calcium and other molecules in the body can lead to a variety of signs and symptoms, although about half of affected individuals have no associated health problems.

Aliases & Classifications for Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant

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Sources:
45OMIM, 10diseasecard, 41NIH Rare Diseases, 43Novoseek, 47Orphanet, 20GeneTests, 21Genetics Home Reference, 22GTR, 26ICD10 via Orphanet
See all sources

Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant, Aliases & Descriptions:

Name: Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant 45 10 41 43
Autosomal Dominant Hypocalcemia 41 20 21 47 22
Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant, with Bartter Syndrome 45 10
Ad Hypocalcemia 41 47
Autosomal Dominant Hypoparathyroidism 21
 
Familial Hypercalciuric Hypocalcemia 21
Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant 1 22
Familial Hypocalcemia 21
Adh 21


Classifications:

Malacards categories (disease lists): (See all malacards categories)
Global: Genetic diseases, Rare diseases
Anatomical: Endocrine diseases


Characteristics (Orphanet epidemiological data):

47
autosomal dominant hypocalcemia:
Inheritance: Autosomal dominant; Age of onset: All ages; Age of death: normal life expectancy


External Ids:

OMIM45 601198
Orphanet47 428
ICD10 via Orphanet26 E20.8

Related Diseases for Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant

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Diseases in the Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant family:

Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant 2

Diseases related to Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50)    (show all 61)
idRelated DiseaseScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1hypoparathyroidism30.6CXADR, CASR, PRKAR1A
2hyperparathyroidism30.1CXADR, CASR, PRKAR1A
3hypercalcemia29.5GRM1, CASR, CARS, CXADR, PRKAR1A
4breast cancer29.5PRKAR1A, CXADR, CASR
5inappropriate adh syndrome10.5
6diabetes insipidus, nephrogenic10.4
7alcohol dependence10.4
8hypocalcemia, autosomal dominant 210.4
9diabetes insipidus10.3
10familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia10.3
11syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone10.2
12osteopetrosis, autosomal dominant 210.1
13hypoparathyroidism, sensorineural deafness, and renal dysplasia10.1
14hypoparathyroidism, familial isolated10.1
15osteoarthritis10.1
16multiple endocrine neoplasia 110.1CASR, PRKAR1A
17lung cancer10.1
18esophageal cancer10.1
19brain cancer10.1
20esophagitis10.1
21pneumonia10.1
22neurogenic diabetes insipidus10.1
23medullary thyroid carcinoma, familial10.1PRKAR1A, CASR
24pituitary adenoma10.1PRKAR1A, CASR
25parathyroid carcinoma10.0CXADR, CASR
26schizophrenia10.0
27colorectal cancer10.0
28pancreatic cancer10.0
29myocardial infarction10.0
30coronary artery disease10.0
31hepatitis10.0
32ductal carcinoma in situ10.0
33pituitary apoplexy10.0
34alcoholic cardiomyopathy10.0
35central pontine myelinolysis10.0
36abdominal aortic aneurysm10.0
37bronchus carcinoma10.0
38aortic aneurysm10.0
39artery disease10.0
40breast disease10.0
41eosinophilia10.0
42hypothalamic disease10.0
43pancreatitis10.0
44porphyria10.0
45viral hepatitis10.0
46idiopathic edema10.0
47cardiovascular disease risk factor10.0
48aneurysm10.0
49head injury10.0
50hypertonia10.0

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant:



Diseases related to hypocalcemia, autosomal dominant

Symptoms for Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant

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Symptoms by clinical synopsis from OMIM:

601198

Clinical features from OMIM:

601198

Symptoms:

 47 (show all 26)
  • myoclonus/fasciculations
  • paresthesia/dysesthesia/hypoesthesia/anesthesia/numbness
  • psychic/behavioural troubles
  • humour troubles/anxiety/depression/apathy/euphoria/irritability
  • contractures/cramps/trismus/tetania/claudication/opisthotonos
  • abnormal emg/electromyogram/electropmyography
  • hypocalcemia
  • hypercalciuria
  • asthenia/fatigue/weakness
  • dry/squaly skin/exfoliation
  • alopecia
  • nails anomalies
  • abnormal fingernails
  • acute abdominal pain/colic
  • respiratory rhythm disorder
  • cardiac rhythm disorder/arrhythmia
  • hypotension
  • urinary/renal lithiasis/kidney stones/nephritic colic
  • hyperphosphtemia
  • optic nerve anomaly/optic atrophy/anomaly of the papilla
  • eczema
  • irregular/in bands/reticular skin hyperpigmentation
  • heart/cardiac failure
  • cranial hypertension
  • obnubilation/coma/lethargia/desorientation
  • osteoporosis/osteopenia/demineralisation/osteomalacia/rickets

HPO human phenotypes related to Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant:

(show all 37)
id Description Frequency HPO Source Accession
1 behavioral abnormality hallmark (90%) HP:0000708
2 flexion contracture hallmark (90%) HP:0001371
3 hypercalciuria hallmark (90%) HP:0002150
4 hypocalcemia hallmark (90%) HP:0002901
5 paresthesia hallmark (90%) HP:0003401
6 emg abnormality hallmark (90%) HP:0003457
7 involuntary movements hallmark (90%) HP:0004305
8 nephrolithiasis typical (50%) HP:0000787
9 dry skin typical (50%) HP:0000958
10 abnormality of the fingernails typical (50%) HP:0001231
11 alopecia typical (50%) HP:0001596
12 abdominal pain typical (50%) HP:0002027
13 hypotension typical (50%) HP:0002615
14 abnormal pattern of respiration typical (50%) HP:0002793
15 hyperphosphatemia typical (50%) HP:0002905
16 arrhythmia typical (50%) HP:0011675
17 optic atrophy occasional (7.5%) HP:0000648
18 eczema occasional (7.5%) HP:0000964
19 congestive heart failure occasional (7.5%) HP:0001635
20 increased intracranial pressure occasional (7.5%) HP:0002516
21 reduced bone mineral density occasional (7.5%) HP:0004349
22 reduced consciousness/confusion occasional (7.5%) HP:0004372
23 irregular hyperpigmentation occasional (7.5%) HP:0007400
24 increased circulating renin level rare (5%) HP:0000848
25 hypokalemia rare (5%) HP:0002900
26 short stature rare (5%) HP:0004322
27 autosomal dominant inheritance HP:0000006
28 nephrocalcinosis HP:0000121
29 nephrolithiasis HP:0000787
30 seizures HP:0001250
31 tetany HP:0001281
32 basal ganglia calcification HP:0002135
33 hypercalciuria HP:0002150
34 hypomagnesemia HP:0002917
35 muscle cramps HP:0003394
36 paresthesia HP:0003401
37 abnormal renal physiology HP:0012211

Drugs & Therapeutics for Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant

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Drug clinical trials:

Search ClinicalTrials for Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant

Search NIH Clinical Center for Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant

Genetic Tests for Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant

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Genetic tests related to Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant:

id Genetic test Affiliating Genes
1 Autosomal Dominant Hypocalcemia20 CASR
2 Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant22
3 Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant 122

Anatomical Context for Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant

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MalaCards organs/tissues related to Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant:

31
Kidney, Skin, Heart, Bone

Animal Models for Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant or affiliated genes

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MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant:

35
idDescriptionMGI Source AccessionScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1MP:00011869.2GNA11, PRKAR1A, CASR
2MP:00053798.6CASR, CXADR, PRKAR1A, GNA11
3MP:00053908.5GNA11, PRKAR1A, CASR, GRM1
4MP:00053868.5GRM1, CASR, CXADR, GNA11
5MP:00053978.3GNA11, PRKAR1A, CXADR, CASR
6MP:00053698.1GRM1, CASR, CXADR, PRKAR1A, GNA11
7MP:00053768.1GNA11, PRKAR1A, CXADR, CASR, GRM1
8MP:00107687.8GRM1, CASR, CXADR, PRKAR1A, GNA11

Publications for Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant

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Variations for Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant

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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot genetic disease variations for Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant:

62 (show all 21)
id Symbol AA change Variation ID SNP ID
1CASRp.Ala116ThrVAR_003588
2CASRp.Glu127AlaVAR_003589
3CASRp.Gln681HisVAR_003598
4CASRp.Phe806SerVAR_003600
5CASRp.Leu616ValVAR_015414
6CASRp.Glu767LysVAR_021019
7CASRp.Lys47AsnVAR_058050
8CASRp.Asn118LysVAR_058051
9CASRp.Leu125ProVAR_058052
10CASRp.Phe128LeuVAR_058053
11CASRp.Cys131TrpVAR_058054
12CASRp.Thr151MetVAR_058055
13CASRp.Glu191LysVAR_058058
14CASRp.Glu604LysVAR_058070
15CASRp.Phe612SerVAR_058071
16CASRp.Leu727GlnVAR_058075
17CASRp.Leu773ArgVAR_058078
18CASRp.Phe788CysVAR_058079
19CASRp.Phe788LeuVAR_058080
20CASRp.Ser820PheVAR_058081
21CASRp.Ala843GluVAR_058082

Clinvar genetic disease variations for Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant:

6 (show all 25)
id Gene Variation Type Significance SNP ID Assembly Location
1GNA11NM_002067.4(GNA11): c.542G> A (p.Arg181Gln)single nucleotide variantPathogenicGRCh37Chr 19, 3115007: 3115007
2GNA11NM_002067.4(GNA11): c.1023C> G (p.Phe341Leu)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs140749796GRCh38Chr 19, 3121122: 3121122
3GNA11NM_002067.4(GNA11): c.178C> T (p.Arg60Cys)single nucleotide variantPathogenicGRCh37Chr 19, 3110188: 3110188
4GNA11NM_002067.4(GNA11): c.632C> G (p.Ser211Trp)single nucleotide variantPathogenicGRCh37Chr 19, 3118948: 3118948
5CASRNM_000388.3(CASR): c.662C> T (p.Pro221Leu)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs397514728GRCh37Chr 3, 121980544: 121980544
6CASRNM_000388.3(CASR): c.380A> C (p.Glu127Ala)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs121909260GRCh37Chr 3, 121976122: 121976122
7CASRNM_000388.3(CASR): c.2043G> T (p.Gln681His)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs121909261GRCh37Chr 3, 122002844: 122002844
8CASRNM_000388.3(CASR): c.346G> A (p.Ala116Thr)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs104893691GRCh37Chr 3, 121976088: 121976088
9CASRNM_000388.3(CASR): c.2417T> C (p.Phe806Ser)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs104893693GRCh37Chr 3, 122003218: 122003218
10CASRNM_000388.3(CASR): c.452C> T (p.Thr151Met)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs104893694GRCh37Chr 3, 121976194: 121976194
11CASRNM_000388.3(CASR): c.354C> A (p.Asn118Lys)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs104893695GRCh37Chr 3, 121976096: 121976096
12CASRNM_000388.3(CASR): c.382T> C (p.Phe128Leu)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs104893696GRCh37Chr 3, 121976124: 121976124
13CASRNM_000388.3(CASR): c.571G> A (p.Glu191Lys)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs104893697GRCh37Chr 3, 121980453: 121980453
14CASRNM_000388.3(CASR): c.1835T> C (p.Phe612Ser)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs104893698GRCh37Chr 3, 122002636: 122002636
15CASRNM_000388.3(CASR): c.2318T> G (p.Leu773Arg)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs104893699GRCh37Chr 3, 122003119: 122003119
16CASRNM_000388.3(CASR): c.2363T> G (p.Phe788Cys)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs104893701GRCh37Chr 3, 122003164: 122003164
17CASRNM_000388.3(CASR): c.141A> C (p.Lys47Asn)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs104893702GRCh37Chr 3, 121973177: 121973177
18CASRNM_000388.3(CASR): c.1846C> G (p.Leu616Val)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs104893703GRCh37Chr 3, 122002647: 122002647
19CASRCASR, 543-BP DEL, NT2682deletionPathogenic
20CASRNM_000388.3(CASR): c.2528C> A (p.Ala843Glu)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs104893706GRCh37Chr 3, 122003329: 122003329
21CASRNM_000388.3(CASR): c.374T> C (p.Leu125Pro)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs104893708GRCh37Chr 3, 121976116: 121976116
22CASRNM_000388.3(CASR): c.2459C> T (p.Ser820Phe)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs104893710GRCh37Chr 3, 122003260: 122003260
23CASRNM_000388.3(CASR): c.2362T> C (p.Phe788Leu)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs104893711GRCh37Chr 3, 122003163: 122003163
24CASRNM_000388.3(CASR): c.1810G> A (p.Glu604Lys)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs104893712GRCh37Chr 3, 122002611: 122002611
25CASRNM_000388.3(CASR): c.2180T> A (p.Leu727Gln)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs104893718GRCh37Chr 3, 122002981: 122002981

Expression for genes affiliated with Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant

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Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant.

Pathways for genes affiliated with Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant

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Pathways related to Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 19)
idSuper pathways (with members indented)ScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1
Show member pathways
9.5PRKAR1A, GNA11
2
Show member pathways
Development A1 receptor signaling58
G protein signaling G Protein alpha q signaling cascades58
9.5PRKAR1A, GNA11
39.5GNA11, PRKAR1A
49.5PRKAR1A, GNA11
5
Show member pathways
9.5GNA11, PRKAR1A
6
Show member pathways
9.5PRKAR1A, GNA11
7
Show member pathways
Signal transduction cAMP signaling58
9.5PRKAR1A, GNA11
8
Show member pathways
Development A2B receptor action via G protein alpha s58
9.5PRKAR1A, GNA11
9
Show member pathways
9.4GRM1, CASR
109.4GRM1, CASR
119.4GNA11, GRM1
12
Show member pathways
9.3GRM1, PRKAR1A
13
Show member pathways
9.0GRM1, CASR, GNA11
14
Show member pathways
9.0GNA11, PRKAR1A, CXADR
158.9GNA11, PRKAR1A, GRM1
16
Show member pathways
8.9GNA11, PRKAR1A, GRM1
17
Show member pathways
8.9GRM1, PRKAR1A, GNA11
18
Show member pathways
8.5GNA11, PRKAR1A, CASR, GRM1

Compounds for genes affiliated with Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant

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Sources:
43Novoseek, 28IUPHAR, 24HMDB, 12DrugBank, 49PharmGKB
See all sources

Compounds related to Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 21)
idCompoundScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1gadolinium439.8PRKAR1A, CASR
2spermine28 43 24 1212.7CXADR, CASR
31,25 dihydroxy vitamin d3439.6CXADR, CASR
4inositol 1,4,5 trisphosphate439.4CASR, GRM1
5ganciclovir43 1210.4GRM1, CXADR
6cinacalcet43 28 1211.4CASR, CXADR, PRKAR1A
7l-amino acid439.4CXADR, PRKAR1A, CASR
8neomycin439.3CASR, PRKAR1A, CXADR
9cpccoet43 2810.3GRM1, CASR, PRKAR1A
10adenylate439.2CASR, PRKAR1A, CXADR
11potassium43 24 1211.2CASR, CXADR, GRM1
12forskolin43 49 1211.1CASR, PRKAR1A, GRM1
13cyclic amp43 2410.1CASR, PRKAR1A, GRM1
14arginine439.0PRKAR1A, CXADR, CASR
15phenylalanine439.0CARS, CASR, CXADR
16nitric oxide43 24 1210.8GRM1, CXADR, CASR
17alanine438.6CASR, GRM1, CXADR
18vitamin d438.5CASR, CARS, PRKAR1A, CXADR
19glutamate437.9CARS, PRKAR1A, CXADR, CASR, GRM1
20cysteine437.9PRKAR1A, CXADR, CARS, CASR, GRM1
21calcium43 49 24 1210.8PRKAR1A, CASR, CARS, CXADR, GRM1

GO Terms for genes affiliated with Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant

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Cellular components related to Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1neuromuscular junctionGO:00315949.1CXADR, PRKAR1A
2plasma membraneGO:00058867.9GRM1, CASR, CXADR, PRKAR1A, GNA11

Biological processes related to Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1heart developmentGO:00075079.5CXADR, GNA11
2blood coagulationGO:00075968.7CXADR, PRKAR1A, GNA11

Products for genes affiliated with Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant

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Sources for Hypocalcemia, Autosomal Dominant

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3CDC
13ExPASy
14FMA
22GTR
23HGMD
24HMDB
25ICD10
26ICD10 via Orphanet
27ICD9CM
28IUPHAR
29KEGG
33MeSH
34MESH via Orphanet
35MGI
38NCIt
39NDF-RT
42NINDS
43Novoseek
45OMIM
46OMIM via Orphanet
50PubMed
51QIAGEN
56SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
60UMLS
61UMLS via Orphanet