KD
MCID: KWS002
MIFTS: 74

Kawasaki Disease (KD) malady

Nephrological diseases, Bone diseases, Immune diseases categories

Summaries for Kawasaki Disease

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42NIH Rare Diseases, 33MedlinePlus, 21Genetics Home Reference, 63Wikipedia, 46OMIM, 32MalaCards
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MedlinePlus:33 Kawasaki disease is a rare childhood disease. it makes the walls of the blood vessels in the body become inflamed. it can affect any type of blood vessel, including the arteries, veins, and capillaries. no one knows what causes kawasaki disease. symptoms include high fever that lasts longer than 5 days swollen lymph nodes in the neck a rash on the mid-section and genital area red, dry, cracked lips and a red, swollen tongue red, swollen palms of the hands and soles of the feet redness of the eyes kawasaki disease can't be passed from one child to another. there is no single test. to diagnose it, doctors look at the signs and symptoms. they may also use an echocardiogram or other tests. it is mainly treated with medicines. rarely, medical procedures and surgery also may be used for children whose coronary arteries are affected. kawasaki disease can't be prevented. however, most children who develop the disease fully recover - usually within weeks of getting signs and symptoms. further problems are rare. nih: national heart, lung, and blood institute

MalaCards: Kawasaki Disease, also known as mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome, is related to coronary artery disease and aneurysm disease, and has symptoms including cranial nerves palsy, meningitis/meningeal syndrome and lymphadenopathy/polyadenopathies. An important gene associated with Kawasaki Disease is ITPKC (inositol-trisphosphate 3-kinase C), and among its related pathways are Cell adhesion Cell-matrix glycoconjugates and Cell adhesion ECM remodeling. The compounds lactate and creatinine have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include lymph node, tongue and eye, and related mouse phenotypes are immune system and homeostasis/metabolism.

NIH Rare Diseases:42 Kawasaki syndrome is a condition that involves inflammation of the blood vessels. it is typically diagnosed in young children, but older children and adults can also develop this condition.  kawasaki syndrome is usually accompanied by a fever that lasts at least 5 days. other classic symptoms may include red eyes, lips, and mouth; rash; swollen and red hands and feet; and swollen lymph nodes. kawasaki syndrome occurs most often in people of asian and pacific island descent. last updated: 1/12/2009

Genetics Home Reference:21 Kawasaki disease is a sudden and time-limited (acute) illness that affects infants and young children. Affected children develop a prolonged fever lasting several days, a skin rash, and swollen lymph nodes in the neck (cervical lymphadenopathy). They also develop redness in the whites of the eyes (conjunctivitis) and redness (erythema) of the lips, lining of the mouth (oral mucosa), tongue, palms of the hands, and soles of the feet.

Wikipedia:63 For other uses see Kawasaki more...

Description from OMIM:46 611775

Aliases & Classifications for Kawasaki Disease

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Sources:
8Disease Ontology, 42NIH Rare Diseases, 21Genetics Home Reference, 46OMIM, 10DISEASES, 44Novoseek, 48Orphanet, 33MedlinePlus, 60UMLS, 9diseasecard, 34MeSH, 56SNOMED-CT, 27ICD9CM, 39NCIt, 26ICD10 via Orphanet, 25ICD10
See all sources

Classifications:

Malacards categories (disease lists): (See all malacards categories)
Anatomical: Nephrological diseases, Bone diseases, Immune diseases


Characteristics (Orphanet epidemiological data):

48
kawasaki disease:
Inheritance: Sporadic; Age of onset: Neonatal/infancy


Aliases & Descriptions:

kawasaki disease 8 42 21 46 10 44 48 33
mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome 8 42 21 48 60
acute febrile mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome 8 21
kawasaki syndrome 42 21
acute febrile mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome nos 8
kawasaki disease, susceptibility to 9
kawasaki's disease 8
acute febrile mcls 8
mlns 8
kd 21


External Ids:

Disease Ontology8 DOID:13378
MeSH34 D009080
OMIM46 611775
ICD9CM27 446.1
NCIt39 C34825
ICD10 via Orphanet26 M30.3
ICD1025 M30.3

Related Diseases for Kawasaki Disease

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Sources:
17GeneCards, 18GeneDecks
See all sources

Diseases related to Kawasaki Disease via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards/GeneDecks gene sharing:

(show top 50)    (show all 392)
idRelated DiseaseScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1coronary artery disease31.5SELE, CCL2, MMP9, MMP3, HSPD1, NPPB
2aneurysm disease31.4ELANE, SELL, MMP3, MMP9
3vascular disease30.9MMP9, CRP, HSPD1, ELANE, SELE, CCL2
4rheumatic fever30.6CRP, MBL2
5cervicitis30.6HSPD1
6arthritis30.5TIMP1, MMP3, SELL
7vasculitis30.5ELANE, SELE, SELL, ITPKC, CRP, MBL2
8myocardial infarction30.4SELL, CIITA, CRP, NPPB, ADM
9ischemia30.4ADM, SELE, MMP3, CIITA, NPPB
10uveitis30.4HSPD1, CCL2
11acute myocardial infarction30.3MMP9, CRP, SELE, ADM, NPPB
12myocarditis30.3CIITA, NPPB
13atherosclerosis30.2SELL, MMP9, MMP3, MYD88, CIITA, CRP
14systemic lupus erythematosus30.2FCER2, CIITA, CRP, MMP3, CCL2, MBL2
15pneumonia30.2CCL2, MBL2, CRP, MYD88, SELL, ADM
16skin disease30.2FCER2, CIITA, SELL, SELE
17aortic aneurysm30.2CRP
18leukemia30.2SELL, FCER2, MBL2
19hepatitis c30.2CIITA, GPT, TIMP1
20obesity30.1MMP3, SELL, CRP, SELE, CCL2, GPT
21hyperglycemia30.1CRP, SELE
22liver cirrhosis30.1MMP3, ADM, TIMP1, GPT
23breast cancer30.1SELL, MMP3, MMP9, CIITA, ADM, TIMP1
24psoriasis30.1CIITA, S100A12, ELANE, SELE, CCL2, FCER2
25meningitis30.1MBL2, CRP, MMP9
26toxic shock syndrome30.1CIITA
27measles30.1CIITA
28inflammatory bowel disease30.0SELE, ELANE, CRP, SELL, MMP3, CCL2
29ulcerative colitis30.0SELL, MMP3, ELANE, SELE, CRP
30cystic fibrosis30.0ELANE, MBL2
31thyroiditis30.0MBL2, CIITA
32celiac disease30.0CIITA
33gastritis30.0HSPD1
34rheumatoid arthritis29.9HSPD1, ELANE, SELE, SELL, FCER2, MMP9
35asthma29.9ADM, MBL2, S100A12, CCL2, TIMP1, SELE
36diabetes mellitus29.9SELE, SELL, GPT, MMP9, MMP3, CRP
37hypertension29.9CCL2, NPPB, SELE, CRP, MMP9, ADM
38atopic dermatitis29.9SELE, FCER2, CCL2, SELL, TIMP1
39acute pancreatitis29.9ELANE, GPT, CRP
40influenza29.9MBL2, MYD88, CIITA
41pancreatitis29.9CRP, ELANE
42neutropenia29.9ELANE, GPT, MBL2
43encephalitis29.9CIITA, CCL2
44dermatitis29.9SELE
45pyelonephritis29.9CRP
46acute pyelonephritis29.9CRP
47acquired immunodeficiency syndrome29.9CCL3L1
48appendicitis29.9CRP
49disseminated intravascular coagulation29.9ELANE
50cholangitis29.9GPT

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Kawasaki Disease:



Diseases related to kawasaki disease

Clinical Features for Kawasaki Disease

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Sources:
46OMIM, 48Orphanet
See all sources

Clinical features from OMIM:

611775

Symptoms:

48 (show all 40)
  • cranial nerves palsy
  • meningitis/meningeal syndrome
  • lymphadenopathy/polyadenopathies
  • acute diarrhea
  • enanthema/aphtosa/aphta/leukoplakia
  • hyperleukocytosis/leukocytosis
  • glossitis
  • acute ischemic syndrome
  • abnormal nails colour/leukonychia/melanonychia
  • aseptic leukocyturia
  • vascularitis/vasculitides/arteritis
  • chronic uveitis/blepharitis/episcleritis/scleritis/conjonctivitis/keratitis
  • biological inflammatory syndrome/increased erythrocyte sedimentation rate/crp
  • cutaneous rash
  • dry/squaly skin/exfoliation
  • hepatitis/icterus/cholestasis
  • cardiac rhythm disorder/arrhythmia
  • articular/joint pain/arthralgia
  • fever/chilling
  • asthenia/fatigue/weakness
  • proteinuria
  • arthritis/synovitis/synovial proliferation
  • dermal/subcutaneous infiltration/induration
  • humour troubles/anxiety/depression/apathy/euphoria/irritability
  • ptosis
  • erythema/erythematous lesions/erythroderma/polymorphous erythema
  • cutaneous edema
  • pharyngitis
  • aortic root dilatation/dilation/aneurysm
  • facial pain/cephalalgia/migraine
  • biliary/gallbladder stones/lithiasis/cholecystitis
  • myocardium anomalies/myocarditis
  • angor pectoris/myocardial infarction
  • pericardium anomalies/pericarditis/absence/cysts/pericardial effusion
  • acute abdominal pain/colic
  • interstitial/restrictive pneumopathy/restrictive respiratory syndrome
  • oral mucosa disease/cheilitis
  • heart/cardiac failure
  • cardiac valvulopathy
  • nausea/vomiting/regurgitation/merycism/hyperemesis

Drugs & Therapeutics for Kawasaki Disease

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Sources:
5CenterWatch, 41NIH Clinical Center, 6ClinicalTrials, 60UMLS, 40NDF-RT
See all sources

Approved drugs:

Search CenterWatch for Kawasaki Disease

Drug clinical trials:

Search ClinicalTrials for Kawasaki Disease

Search NIH Clinical Center for Kawasaki Disease

Search CenterWatch for Kawasaki Disease

Genetic Tests for Kawasaki Disease

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Anatomical Context for Kawasaki Disease

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Sources:
32MalaCards
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MalaCards organs/tissues related to Kawasaki Disease:

32
Lymph node, Tongue, Eye, Heart, Skin, Endothelial, Testes, Lung, Brain, Monocytes, T cells, Bone, Whole blood, Kidney, Tonsil, Liver, Myeloid, B cells

Animal Models for Kawasaki Disease or affiliated genes

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Sources:
36MGI
See all sources

MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Kawasaki Disease:

36
idDescriptionMGI Source AccessionScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1MP:000538711.4ELANE, TIMP1, CCL2, MBL2, CRP, ITPKC
2MP:000537611.3CIITA, CRP, MBL2, CCL2, TIMP1, MYD88
3MP:000539711.1TIMP1, CCL2, MBL2, ITPKC, CIITA, MYD88
4MP:000200610.8ELANE, MMP9, MYD88, CCL2, TIMP1
5MP:000538510.7TIMP1, CCL2, NPPB, CRP, MYD88, MMP9

Publications for Kawasaki Disease

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Sources:
50PubMed
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Articles related to Kawasaki Disease:

(show top 50)    (show all 888)
idTitleAuthorsYear
1
FcI^R gene copy number in Kawasaki disease and intravenous immunoglobulin treatment response. (23778324)
2013
2
Incomplete Kawasaki disease. (23481152)
2013
3
Intracoronary thrombus in an infant with Kawasaki disease and giant coronary aneurysm. (23368954)
2013
4
Two cases of Kawasaki disease with hidden neuroblastoma. (23250763)
2013
5
Human adenovirus infection in Kawasaki disease: a confounding bystander? (23011145)
2013
6
Long-term management of Kawasaki disease: implications for the adult patient. (23445738)
2013
7
TARC/CCL17 gene polymorphisms and expression associated with susceptibility and coronary artery aneurysm formation in Kawasaki disease. (23942559)
2013
8
Clinical manifestations associated with Kawasaki disease shock syndrome in Mexican children. (23152158)
2013
9
Comorbidity of Kawasaki disease and group a streptococcal pleural effusion in a healthy child: a case report. (23983483)
2013
10
Combined analysis of genome-wide-linked susceptibility loci to Kawasaki disease in Han Chinese. (23456091)
2013
11
Evaluation of cardiac function by magnetic resonance imaging during the follow-up of patients with Kawasaki disease. (23197079)
2013
12
Intravenous immunoglobulin plus corticosteroid to prevent coronary artery abnormalities in Kawasaki disease: a meta-analysis. (22869678)
2013
13
Perioperative considerations of kawasaki disease. (23789007)
2013
14
Superantigen involvement and susceptibility factors in Kawasaki disease: profiles of TCR VI^2+ T cells and HLA-DRB1, TNF-I+ and ITPKC genes among Filipino patients. (23565324)
2013
15
Correlation between brachial artery flow-mediated dilation and endothelial microparticle levels for identifying endothelial dysfunction in children with Kawasaki disease. (24336465)
2013
16
An observational study on peripheral blood eosinophilia in incomplete Kawasaki disease. (22306569)
2012
17
Image-based modeling of hemodynamics in coronary artery aneurysms caused by Kawasaki disease. (22120599)
2012
18
Coronary arterial ectasia in a 2-year-old boy showing two symptoms of Kawasaki disease without manifesting fever. (21431942)
2012
19
Modelling seasonal variations in the age and incidence of Kawasaki disease to explore possible infectious aetiologies. (22398170)
2012
20
Recurrent Kawasaki disease with strawberry tongue and skin desquamation in a young adult. (22334262)
2012
21
A girl with extremely refractory Kawasaki disease: an instructive case with unusual course and outcome. (21933460)
2012
22
Kawasaki disease complicated by mild encephalopathy with a reversible splenial lesion (MERS). (22129937)
2012
23
Case 1/2012: 55-year-old male with multiple coronary artery aneurysms due to Kawasaki disease. (22323326)
2012
24
Immunoglobulin resistance in Kawasaki disease with chronic granulomatous disease. (22631588)
2012
25
Study on the relationship between mean platelet volume and platelet distribution width with coronary artery lesion in children with Kawasaki disease. (21675937)
2012
26
Expanding coronary aneurysm in the late phase of Kawasaki disease. (22335330)
2012
27
A child with severe relapsing Kawasaki disease rescued by IL-1 receptor blockade and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. (22689319)
2012
28
Rising hospitalization rates of Kawasaki Disease in Chile between 2001 and 2007. (21785955)
2012
29
Serum procalcitonin value is useful for predicting severity of Kawasaki disease. (22189525)
2012
30
An atypical presentation of Kawasaki disease: a 10-year-old boy with acute exudative tonsillitis and bilateral cervical lymphadenitis. (22760914)
2012
31
Paediatric rheumatology: Corticosteroids as primary therapy in Kawasaki disease. (22549249)
2012
32
Characterization of aortic remodeling following Kawasaki disease: toward a fully developed automatic biparametric model. (23039649)
2012
33
Severe jaundice in two children with Kawasaki disease: a possible association with Gilbert syndrome. (22219623)
2012
34
Polymorphism in the promoter of the CCL5 gene (CCL5G-403A) in a cohort of North Indian children with Kawasaki disease. A preliminary study. (21418786)
2011
35
Sudden cardiac death resulting from acute coronary artery aneurysm occlusion: successful resuscitation and treatment of an adolescent boy with previously unrecognized Kawasaki disease. (21441798)
2011
36
Association of CCR2-CCR5 haplotypes and CCL3L1 copy number with Kawasaki Disease, coronary artery lesions, and IVIG responses in Japanese children. (20628649)
2010
37
Levels of serum brain natriuretic peptide and the correlation to heart function in children with Kawasaki disease]. (20350422)
2010
38
Marked coronary artery dilation in a young adult requiring extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support for adult respiratory distress syndrome due to Kawasaki disease. (21686457)
2009
39
Yellow fever vaccination and Kawasaki disease. (19859023)
2009
40
The -590 C/T and 8375 A/G interleukin-4 polymorphisms are not associated with Kawasaki disease in Taiwanese children. (18295676)
2008
41
Value of serum soluble interleukin-2R, interleukin-6 and C-reactive protein in the early diagnosis of Kawasaki disease]. (16787593)
2006
42
High concentrations of interleukin-8 and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 in urine of patients with acute Kawasaki disease. (15365828)
2004
43
Association of mannose-binding lectin genotype with cardiovascular abnormalities in Kawasaki disease. (12699957)
2003
44
Recurrent Kawasaki disease-like syndrome in a patient with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. (12491210)
2003
45
Serum hepatocyte growth factor combined with vascular endothelial growth factor as a predictive indicator for the occurrence of coronary artery lesions in Kawasaki disease. (11954744)
2002
46
Ticlopidine plus aspirin for coronary thrombosis in Kawasaki disease. (10799628)
2000
47
Late diagnosis of Kawasaki disease is associated with haptoglobin phenotype. (10809897)
2000
48
The role of bacterial lipopolysaccharide-bound neutrophils in the pathogenesis of Kawasaki disease. (9878040)
1999
49
Kawasaki disease with Reye syndrome: report of one case. (1626454)
1992
50
Kawasaki disease with an exanthem limited to the diaper area. (3177311)
1988

Genetic Variations for Kawasaki Disease

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Expression for genes affiliated with Kawasaki Disease

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Sources:
1BioGPS, 15Gene Expression Omnibus DataSets
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Expression patterns in normal tissues for genes affiliated with Kawasaki Disease

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Kawasaki Disease.

Pathways for genes affiliated with Kawasaki Disease

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Sources:
12EMD Millipore, 37NCBI BioSystems Database, 29KEGG, 51QIAGEN, 53Reactome
See all sources

Compounds for genes affiliated with Kawasaki Disease

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Sources:
44Novoseek, 28IUPHAR, 11DrugBank, 24HMDB, 59Tocris Bioscience, 49PharmGKB, 2BitterDB
See all sources

Compounds related to Kawasaki Disease according to GeneCards/GeneDecks:

(show top 50)    (show all 173)
idCompoundScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1lactate4411.7CRP, MMP9, HSPD1, TIMP1, NPPB, SELL
2creatinine4411.6HSPD1, GPT, SELL, SELE, MBL2, ADM
3vegf4411.6TIMP1, CRP, MMP9, MMP3, SELE, NPPB
4lipid4411.5HSPD1, CRP, NPPB, CIITA, ADM, GPT
5cholesterol44 28 11 2414.5CRP, ADM, CCL2, GPT, SELE, MBL2
6alanine4411.5ADM, MMP3, HSPD1, TIMP1, CIITA, CRP
7sb 20358044 5912.5FCER2, MMP3, CRP, NPPB, SELL, SELE
8paraffin4411.5MBL2, MMP9, HSPD1, TIMP1, CCL2, ADM
9atorvastatin44 49 28 11 2415.4SELE, MMP9, CRP, SELL, CCL2, TIMP1
10cysteine4411.4ELANE, ADM, FCER2, HSPD1, TIMP1, MBL2
11simvastatin44 49 59 28 11 2416.4CRP, CCL2, MMP3, MMP9, GPT, SELL
12n acetylcysteine4411.4HSPD1, TIMP1, CCL2, CRP, MMP3, GPT
13fibrinogen4411.4GPT, MBL2, MMP9, CCL2, HSPD1, SELE
14histamine44 28 2413.4SELE, TIMP1, CCL2, NPPB, MMP3, FCER2
15genistein44 28 59 2 11 2416.3CCL2, TIMP1, MMP9, NPPB, MMP3, FCER2
16p0024411.3NPPB, TIMP1, GPT, ADM, MMP9, CRP
17glutamine4411.3MMP3, FCER2, GPT, TIMP1, ELANE, CCL2
18prostacyclin4411.3ELANE, CCL2, NPPB, CRP, ADM, TIMP1
19endotoxin4411.3ADM, HSPD1, SELE, SELL, MYD88, CIITA
20dexamethasone44 49 28 1114.3SELL, MMP9, CIITA, NPPB, TIMP1, FCER2
21serine4411.3CCL2, CIITA, FCER2, MMP3, MMP9, TIMP1
22oxygen44 2412.3MYD88, CCL2, CIITA, SELL, ADM, ELANE
23pioglitazone44 49 28 1114.2GPT, NPPB, CRP, CCL2, TIMP1, MMP9
24pravastatin44 49 28 11 2415.2CCL2, NPPB, CRP, MMP3, GPT, SELE
25cyclosporin a44 28 5913.2ADM, CIITA, GPT, ELANE, NPPB
268-isoprostane4411.2NPPB, CRP, MMP9, CCL2, SELE
27superoxide44 2412.2MBL2, ELANE, SELL, FCER2, HSPD1, CCL2
28nitric oxide44 11 2413.1SELE, MBL2, FCER2, CIITA, ADM, NPPB
29prednisolone44 28 1113.1SELL, MMP3, MBL2, NPPB, CRP
30batimastat44 59 1113.1MMP9, FCER2, TIMP1, ELANE, MMP3
31cytochalasin d44 5912.1TIMP1, SELE, SELL, MMP9, MMP3, CCL2
32vitamin d4411.1ELANE, TIMP1, CCL2, NPPB, MBL2, MMP3
33rantes4411.1SELL, MBL2, CIITA
34rosiglitazone44 49 28 11 2415.1TIMP1, GPT, NPPB
35cycloheximide4411.0SELL, HSPD1
36fenofibrate44 49 1113.0CCL2, MMP9, GPT, CRP, SELE
37herbimycin a44 5912.0MMP9, TIMP1, CCL2, FCER2, SELL, SELE
38norepinephrine44 11 2413.0ELANE, ADM
39aspartate4411.0GPT, CCL2, SELE, HSPD1, MBL2
40(4-aminophenyl)mercuric acetate4411.0ELANE, MMP9, MMP3, TIMP1
41pge24411.0MMP9
42glucose4411.0S100A12, NPPB, ADM
43gabexate mesilate4410.9MMP9, ELANE
44fluvastatin44 49 28 1113.9GPT, MMP9, CRP, SELE, CCL2
45isoproterenol44 1111.8CCL2, NPPB, ELANE, SELL, ADM, SELE
46cyclophosphamide44 49 1112.8NPPB, MBL2, CRP
47egcg4410.8ELANE
48doxycycline44 1111.8ELANE, TIMP1, MMP9, HSPD1, MMP3
49neopterin4410.7FCER2, MBL2, CRP, GPT, ELANE
50valsartan44 59 28 1113.4NPPB, CCL2, TIMP1, CRP

GO Terms for genes affiliated with Kawasaki Disease

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16Gene Ontology
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Cellular components related to Kawasaki Disease according to GeneCards/GeneDecks:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1extracellular regionGO:00557611.2TIMP1, CCL2, ADM, FCER2, MMP9, MMP3
2extracellular spaceGO:00561510.8HSPD1, SELE, MMP9, MMP3, MIA, CRP

Biological processes related to Kawasaki Disease according to GeneCards/GeneDecks:

(show all 8)
idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1extracellular matrix disassemblyGO:02261710.9ELANE, MMP9, MMP3, TIMP1
2inflammatory responseGO:00695410.9SELE, MYD88, CRP, S100A12, CCL2
3agingGO:00756810.9TIMP1, CCL2, CRP, ADM
4defense response to Gram-positive bacteriumGO:05083010.7MBL2, CRP, MYD88
5extracellular matrix organizationGO:03019810.7ELANE, MMP9, MMP3, TIMP1
6opsonizationGO:00822810.6CRP, MBL2
7collagen catabolic processGO:03057410.6ELANE, MMP9, MMP3
8positive regulation of nitric-oxide synthase biosynthetic processGO:05177010.3CCL2, FCER2

Molecular functions related to Kawasaki Disease according to GeneCards/GeneDecks:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1receptor bindingGO:00510210.7ADM, NPPB, MBL2, CCL2

Products for genes affiliated with Kawasaki Disease

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  • Antibodies
  • Proteins
  • Lysates
  • Antibodies

Sources for Kawasaki Disease

About this section
3CDC
13ExPASy
14FMA
22GTR
23HGMD
24HMDB
25ICD10
26ICD10 via Orphanet
27ICD9CM
28IUPHAR
29KEGG
34MeSH
35MESH via Orphanet
36MGI
39NCIt
40NDF-RT
43NINDS
44Novoseek
46OMIM
47OMIM via Orphanet
50PubMed
51QIAGEN
57SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
60UMLS
61UMLS via Orphanet