MCID: KLN001
MIFTS: 50

Klinefelter's Syndrome malady

Categories: Genetic diseases, Rare diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Klinefelter's Syndrome

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Aliases & Descriptions for Klinefelter's Syndrome:

Name: Klinefelter's Syndrome 11 48 25 38 13
Klinefelter Syndrome 11 71 48 25 39 68
Xxy Trisomy 11 48 25 68
Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism 11 24 68
Xxy Syndrome 11 48 25
 
Klinefelters Syndrome 50
47, Xxy 48
47 Xxy 48
47,xxy 71

Classifications:



External Ids:

Disease Ontology11 DOID:1921
ICD1030 Q98.0, Q98.4
ICD9CM32 758.7
MeSH39 D007713
NCIt45 C34752

Summaries for Klinefelter's Syndrome

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NIH Rare Diseases:48 47, xxy refers to the presence of an additional x chromosome in a person's body cells. some individuals with a 47, xxy chromosome finding do not appear different from other individuals, and they may have mild symptoms or no apparent symptoms. during the first few years of life, most 47, xxy males do not show any obvious differences from typical male infants and young boys. children may have slightly weaker muscles, delayed development of motor skills, and learning and/or language problems. in later adolescence and adulthood, 47, xxy males can have features of klinefelter syndrome, which can include primary hypogonadism (decreased testosterone production), small testes, enlarged breast tissue (gynecomastia), tall stature, and/or other features. although the vast majority of individuals with 47, xxy identify as males, some develop atypical gender identities. there have been reports of individuals with 47, xxy having a female physical appearance, but in most cases this was attributed to changes in specific genes related to sexual development. most 47, xxy males are infertile, but many produce sperm and may be able to conceive with assisted reproduction. treatment varies among individuals and may include testosterone therapy; however, this therapy may not be appropriate for all individuals. last updated: 9/20/2013

MalaCards based summary: Klinefelter's Syndrome, also known as klinefelter syndrome, is related to polyneuropathy and hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 7 without anosmia. An important gene associated with Klinefelter's Syndrome is DAZ4 (Deleted In Azoospermia 4), and among its related pathways are Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) signaling pathway and Nongenotropic Androgen signaling. Affiliated tissues include breast, testes and bone, and related mouse phenotypes are liver/biliary system and integument.

Genetics Home Reference:25 Klinefelter syndrome is a chromosomal condition that affects male physical and cognitive development. Its signs and symptoms vary among affected individuals.

MedlinePlus:38 Klinefelter syndrome (ks) is a condition that occurs in men who have an extra x chromosome. the syndrome can affect different stages of physical, language, and social development. the most common symptom is infertility. boys may be taller than other boys their age, with more fat around the belly. after puberty, ks boys may have smaller testes and penis breast growth less facial and body hair reduced muscle tone narrower shoulders and wider hips weaker bones decreased sexual interest lower energy ks males may have learning or language problems. they may be quiet and shy and have trouble fitting in. a genetic test can diagnose ks. there is no cure, but treatments are available. it is important to start treatment as early as possible. with treatment, most boys grow up to have normal lives. treatments include testosterone replacement therapy and breast reduction surgery. if needed, physical, speech, language, and occupational therapy may also help. nih: national institute of child health and human development

Wikipedia:71 Klinefelter syndrome (KS) also known as 47,XXY or XXY, is the set of symptoms that result from two or... more...

Related Diseases for Klinefelter's Syndrome

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Diseases related to Klinefelter's Syndrome via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50)    (show all 212)
idRelated DiseaseScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1polyneuropathy29.8CYP19A1, SHBG
2hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 7 without anosmia12.4
3hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 2 with or without anosmia12.4
4hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 13 with or without anosmia12.4
5hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 15 with or without anosmia12.4
6hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 11 with or without anosmia12.4
7hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 16 with or without anosmia12.4
8hypogonadotropic hypogonadism with or without anosmia12.4
9hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 12 with or without anosmia12.4
10hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 10 with or without anosmia12.4
11hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 1 with or without anosmia12.4
12hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 18 with or without anosmia12.3
13hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 20 with or without anosmia12.3
14hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 9 with or without anosmia12.3
15hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 14 with or without anosmia12.3
16hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 8 with or without anosmia12.3
17hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 4 with or without anosmia12.3
18hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 17 with or without anosmia12.3
19hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 6 with or without anosmia12.3
20hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 19 with or without anosmia12.3
21hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 3 with or without anosmia12.3
22hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 21 with anosmia12.3
23cerebellar ataxia and hypogonadotropic hypogonadism12.3
24leukodystrophy, hypomyelinating, 8, with or without oligodontia and/or hypogonadotropic hypogonadism12.3
25hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 5 with or without anosmia12.3
26leukodystrophy, hypomyelinating, 7, with or without oligodontia and/or hypogonadotropic hypogonadism12.3
27hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 23 with or without anosmia12.3
28hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 24 without anosmia12.2
29adrenal hypoplasia, congenital, with hypogonadotropic hypogonadism12.2
30normosmic congenital hypogonadotropic hypogonadism12.1
31kallmann syndrome12.0
32hypogonadotropic hypogonadism-severe microcephaly-sensorineural hearing loss-dysmorphism syndrome11.9
33multicore myopathy with mental retardation, short stature, and hypogonadotropic hypogonadism11.9
34hypogonadotropic hypogonadism without anosmia, x-linked11.9
35hypogonadotropic hypogonadism-frontoparietal alopecia syndrome11.9
36hypogonadotropic hypogonadism-retinitis pigmentosa syndrome11.9
37moebius syndrome-axonal neuropathy-hypogonadotropic hypogonadism syndrome11.9
38boucher-neuhauser syndrome11.7
39arhinia, choanal atresia, and microphthalmia11.6
4048,xxyy syndrome11.4
41hemochromatosis11.4
4248,xxxy syndrome11.3
4349,xxxxy syndrome11.3
44x-linked adrenal hypoplasia congenita11.3
45pol iii-related leukodystrophies11.3
46isolated gonadotropin-releasing hormone deficiency11.2
4711.2
48ataxia - hypogonadism - choroidal dystrophy11.2
49hypogonadism11.1
50hypogonadotropism11.1

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Klinefelter's Syndrome:



Diseases related to klinefelter's syndrome

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Klinefelter's Syndrome

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MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Klinefelter's Syndrome according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

41
idDescriptionMGI Source AccessionScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1MP:00053708.4AR, CYP19A1, GNRH1, KISS1R, MECP2, PRL
2MP:00107717.9AR, CYP19A1, GNRH1, GNRHR, KISS1R, MECP2
3MP:00053796.7AMH, AR, CYP19A1, FSHB, GNRH1, GNRHR
4MP:00053895.9AMH, AR, CYP19A1, FSHB, GNRH1, GNRHR

Drugs & Therapeutics for Klinefelter's Syndrome

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Drugs for Klinefelter's Syndrome (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show all 45)
idNameStatusPhaseClinical TrialsCas NumberPubChem Id
1
Testosteroneapproved, investigationalPhase 4, Phase 2, Phase 356358-22-06013
Synonyms:
(+)-testosterone
(+-)-8-iso-testosterone
(+-)-retrotestosterone
(+-)-testosterone
(17b)-17-hydroxy-androst-4-en-3-one
(17beta)-17-Hydroxyandrost-4-en-3-one
(8R,9S,10R,13S,14S,17S)-17-hydroxy-10,13-dimethyl-1,2,6,7,8,9,11,12,14,15,16,17-dodecahydrocyclopenta[a]phenanthren-3-one
13-Iso-testosterone
17-Hydroxy-(17-beta)-androst-4-en-3-one
17-Hydroxy-(17beta)-androst-4-en-3-one
17-Hydroxy-10,13-dimethyl-1,2,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17-tetradecahydro-cyclopenta[a]phenanthren-3-one
17-Hydroxy-D4-androsten-3-one
17-Hydroxy-androst-4-en-3-one
17-beta-Hydroxy-delta(sup 4)-androsten-3-one
17-beta-Hydroxyandrost-4-en-3-one
17?-Hydroxy-4-androsten-3-one
17a-Hydroxy-(13a)-androst-4-en-3-one
17a-Hydroxy-13a-androst-4-en-3-one
17a-Hydroxy-14b-androst-4-en-3-one
17a-Hydroxy-androst-4-en-3-one
17b-Hydroxy-(10a)-androst-4-en-3-one
17b-Hydroxy-(13a)-androst-4-en-3-one
17b-Hydroxy-(8a)-androst-4-en-3-one
17b-Hydroxy-(8a,10a)-androst-4-en-3-one
17b-Hydroxy-(9b)-androst-4-en-3-one
17b-Hydroxy-(9b,10a)-androst-4-en-3-one
17b-Hydroxy-13a-androst-4-en-3-one
17b-Hydroxy-8a-androst-4-en-3-one
17b-Hydroxy-D4-androsten-3-one
17b-Hydroxy-androst-4-en-3-on
17b-Hydroxy-androst-4-en-3-one
17b-Hydroxyandrost-4-en-3-one
17b-Hydroxyandrost-4-ene-3-one
17b-Testosterone
17b-hydroxy-4-androsten-3-one
17beta-Hydroxy-3-oxo-4-androstene
17beta-Hydroxy-4-androsten-3-one
17beta-Hydroxy-delta(sup4)-androsten-3-one
17beta-Hydroxyandrost-4-en-3-one
17beta-Hydroxyandrost-4-ene-3-one
17beta-hydroxy-4-androsten-3-one
4-Androsten-17?-ol-3-one
4-Androsten-17beta-ol-3-one
4-Androsten-3-one-17b-ol
4-androsten-17β-ol-3-one
4-androstene-17beta-ol-3-one
46923_FLUKA
46923_RIEDEL
58-22-0
7-beta-Hydroxyandrost-4-en-3-one
8-Iso-testosterone
9b,10a-Testosterone
9b-Testosterone
AA 2500
AC-14899
AC1L1LM0
Andriol
Andro
Andro 100
Andro L.A. 200
AndroGel
Androderm
Androderm (TN)
Androgel
Androgel (TN)
Android 10
Android 25
Android 5
Androlin
Andronaq
Andronate 100
Andronate 200
Andropatch
Andropository 200
Androsorb
Androst-4-en-17b-ol-3-one
Androst-4-en-17beta-ol-3-one
Androst-4-ene-17b-ol-3-one
Andrusol
Andryl 200
B5DEE83F-632B-48A1-A0ED-A51E7F13DF2E
BIDD:ER0555
BIM-0061761.0001
Beta Testosterone
Bio-0678
Bio-T-Gel
C00535
CCRIS 574
CDB 111C
CHEBI:17347
CHEMBL386630
CID6013
CMC_13449
COL 1621
CP 601B
CPD000058344
Cristerona T
Cristerone T
D00075
D4-Androsten-17b-ol-3-one
DB00624
Dea No. 4000
Delatest
Delatestryl
Depo-Testadiol
Depo-Testosterone
Depo-Testosterone Cypionate
Depotest
EINECS 200-370-5
Epitestosteron
Everone 200
Geno-Cristaux Gremy
Geno-cristaux Gremy
Geno-cristaux gremy
HMS2052N11
HSDB 3398
Halotensin
Homosteron
Homosterone
 
Intrinsa
LMST02020002
LS-148813
LibiGel
Libigel
Lumitestosteron
MLS000563091
MLS001032098
MLS001306401
MLS002174283
Malerone
Malestrone
Malestrone (amps)
Malogen in Oil
Malogen, Aquaspension Injection
Malogen, aquaspension injection
Mertestate
Metandren
Methyltestosterone
MolPort-002-506-901
NCGC00091018-01
NSC 9700
Neo-Hombreol F
Neo-Testis
Neo-testis
Neotestis
Oreton
Oreton F
Oreton Methyl
Oreton-F
Orquisteron
Perandren
Percutacrine Androgenique
Percutacrine androgenique
Primotest
Primoteston
Rac-17b-hydroxy-(13a)androst-4-en-3-one
Rac-17b-hydroxy-(8a)-androst-4-en-3-one
Rac-17b-hydroxy-(9b,10a)androst-4-en-3-one
Rac-17b-hydroxy-androst-4-en-3-one
Relibra
Retrotestosterone
S00309
S2033_Selleck
SAM001246921
SMR000058344
SMR001261453
Scheinpharm Testone-Cyp
Striant
Striant (TN)
Sustanon
Sustanone
Sustason 250
Synandrol F
T-Cypionate
T1500_SIGMA
T5411_FLUKA
T5411_SIGMA
TES
Teslen
Testamone 100
Testandrone
Testaqua
Testiculosterone
Testim
Testim (TN)
Testobase
Testoderm
Testoderm Tts
Testogel
Testoject-50
Testolent
Testolin
Testopel Pellets
Testopropon
Testosteroid
Testosteron
Testosterona
Testosterona [INN-Spanish]
Testosterone
Testosterone (JAN/USP)
Testosterone Cypionate
Testosterone Enanthate
Testosterone Hydrate
Testosterone [Androgenic steroids, anabolic]
Testosterone [INN:BAN]
Testosterone and its esters
Testosterone hydrate
Testosterone solution
Testosteronum
Testosteronum [INN-Latin]
Testostosterone
Testostérone
Testoviron
Testoviron Schering
Testoviron T
Testoxyl
Testred
Testred Cypionate 200
Testrin-P.A
Testro AQ
Testro Aq
Testrone
Testryl
Tostrelle
Tostrex
Trans-Testosterone
UNII-3XMK78S47O
Viatrel
Virilon
Virilon IM
Virormone
Virosterone
ZINC06500184
beta testosterone
delta(sup 4)-Androsten-17(beta)-ol-3-one
delta4-Androsten-17beta-ol-3-one
delta4-androsten-17b-ol-3-one
testosterone
trans-Testosterone
2
MethyltestosteroneapprovedPhase 4, Phase 2, Phase 356358-18-46010
Synonyms:
17(alpha)-Methyl-delta(4)-androsten-17(beta)-ol-3-one
17-Methyltestosterone
17-beta-Hydroxy-17-methylandrost-4-en-3-one
17-methyltestosterone
17alpha-Methyl-3-oxo-4-androsten-17beta-ol
17alpha-Methyl-delta(4)-androsten-17beta-ol-3-one
17alpha-Methyltestosterone
17alpha-methyl-delta-androsten-17beta-ol-3-one
17alpha-methyltestosterone
 
17beta-Hydroxy-17-methylandrost-4-en-3-one
17α-methyl-Δ4-androsten-17β-ol-3-one
17α-methyltestosterone
4-Androstene-17alpha-methyl-17beta-ol-3-one
Android
Methyltestosterone
Methyltestosteronum
Metiltestosterona
NSC-9701
Testred
Virilon
3Testosterone 17 beta-cypionatePhase 4, Phase 2, Phase 3563
4
Testosterone enanthatePhase 4, Phase 2, Phase 3563315-37-79416
Synonyms:
17-((1-Oxoheptyl)oxy)androst-4-en-3-one
17-Hydroxyandrost-4-en-3-one, 17-heptanoate
17-Hydroxyandrost-4-en-3-one, 17-heptanoic acid
17beta-Enanthoxyandrost-4-en-3-one
17beta-Hydroxyandrost-4-en-3-one enanthate
4-Androsten-17beta-ol-3-one 17-enanthate
4-Androsten-3-one 17beta-enanthate
Androgyn L.A.
Andropository
Androtardyl
Atlatest
DEA No. 4000
DePatestrye
Delatest
Delatestryl
Depo-Testro Med
Ditate
Durathate
Everone
 
Exten test
Malogen L.A.
Malogen L.A.200
Orquisteron-E
Primotestone
Reposo TMD
Testanthate
Testate
Testenate
Testinon
Testoenant
Testonenant
Testosterone 17-enanthate
Testosterone 17beta-heptanoate
Testosterone 17beta-heptanoic acid
Testosterone enantate
Testosterone heptoate
Testosterone heptoic acid
Testosterone heptylate
Testosterone oenanthate
Testostroval
5Testosterone undecanoatePhase 4, Phase 2, Phase 3563
6Anabolic AgentsPhase 4, Phase 2, Phase 3513
7Antineoplastic Agents, HormonalPhase 4, Phase 2, Phase 35592
8AndrogensPhase 4, Phase 2, Phase 31321
9Hormone AntagonistsPhase 4, Phase 2, Phase 3, Phase 113180
10HormonesPhase 4, Phase 2, Phase 3, Phase 114415
11Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone AntagonistsPhase 4, Phase 2, Phase 3, Phase 113168
12LaxativesPhase 2, Phase 3537
13Gastrointestinal AgentsPhase 2, Phase 38402
14CatharticsPhase 2, Phase 3537
15Castor OilPhase 2, Phase 324
16CastorNutraceuticalPhase 2, Phase 325
17
IsotretinoinapprovedPhase 21244759-48-25538, 5282379
Synonyms:
(13-cis)-Retinoate
(13-cis)-Retinoic acid
(13cis)-retinoic acid
(2Z,4E,6E,8E)-3,7-dimethyl-9-(2,6,6-trimethylcyclohexen-1-yl)nona-2,4,6,8-tetraenoic acid
(2Z,4E6E,8E)-3,7-dimethyl-9-(2,6,6-trimethylcyclohex-1-en-1-yl)nona-2,4,6,8-tetraenoic acid
(7E,9E,11E,13Z)-retinoic acid
(7e,9e,11e,13Z)-Retinoic acid
13 Cis-Retinoic Acid
13 cis retinoic acid
13-RA
13-cis RA
13-cis retinoic acid
13-cis-Retinoate
13-cis-Retinoic acid
13-cis-Vitamin A acid
13-cis-Vitamin a acid
3,7-Dimethyl-9-(2,6,6-trimethyl-1-cyclohexen-1-yl)2-cis-4-trans-6-trans-8-trans-nonatetraenoic acid
4-09-00-02388 (Beilstein Handbook Reference)
4759-48-2
97950-17-9
AC-15388
AC1NQZZ4
Accutane
Accutane (TN)
Ambap302-79-4
Amnesteem
BML2-E07
BPBio1_000080
BRD-K76723084-001-05-9
BRN 1885770
BSPBio_000072
BSPBio_001331
BSPBio_003345
CCRIS 4286
CHEBI:6067
CHEMBL547
CID5282379
CIP-Isotretinoin
CPD000471891
Claravis
D00348
D015474
EINECS 225-296-0
EU-0101081
HMS1361C13
HMS1568D14
HMS1791C13
HMS1921D08
HMS1989C13
HMS2092N07
HSDB 3929
IDI1_033801
Isotane
Isotretinoin
Isotretinoin (USP)
Isotretinoin Retinoic acid
 
Isotretinoin Zinc Salt, 13 cis Isomer
Isotretinoin Zinc Salt, 13-cis-Isomer
Isotretinoin [USAN:BAN:INN]
Isotretinoin [USAN:INN:BAN]
Isotretinoina
Isotretinoine
Isotretinoine [INN-French]
Isotretinoino
Isotretinoino [INN-Spanish]
Isotretinoinum
Isotretinoinum [INN-Latin]
Isotrex
LMPR01090021
LS-143465
Lopac0_001081
MLS001074662
MolPort-003-666-394
NCGC00094358-01
NCGC00094358-02
NCGC00094358-03
NCGC00094358-04
NCGC00094358-05
NCGC00094358-06
NCGC00094358-07
NCGC00094358-08
NCGC00094358-09
NCGC00094358-13
Neovitamin A acid
Neovitamin a acid
Prestwick2_000256
Prestwick3_000256
Prestwick_642
R 3255
R3255_SIGMA
Retinoate
Retinoic acid
Ro 4 3780
Ro 4-3780
Ro 43780
Ro-4-3780
Ro-43780
Roaccutan
Roaccutane
Roacutan
SAM002548955
SMR000471891
SPECTRUM1502013
Sotret
Sotret (TN)
Spectrum5_001795
Spectrum5_001937
Teriosal
UNII-EH28UP18IF
cis-RA
cis-Retinoate
cis-Retinoic acid
isotretinoino
18
Oxandroloneapproved, investigationalPhase 21653-39-45878
Synonyms:
(1S,3aS,3bR,5aS,9aS,9bS,11aS)-1-hydroxy-1,9a,11a-trimethyl-2,3,3a,3b,4,5,5a,6,9,9b,10,11-dodecahydroindeno[4,5-h]isochromen-7-one
(4aS,4bS,6aS,7S,9aS,9bR,11aS)-7-hydroxy-4a,6a,7-trimethyltetradecahydroindeno[4,5-h]isochromen-2(1H)-one
17-beta-hydroxy-17-methyl-2-oxa-androstan-3-one
17-beta-hydroxy-17-methyl-2-oxa-androstan-3-one (9CI)
17beta-Hydroxy-17-methyl-2-oxa-5alpha-androstan-3-one
17beta-Hydroxy-17alpha-methyl-2-oxa-5alpha-androstan-3-one
2-Oxa-5alpha-androstan-3-one, 17beta-hydroxy-17-methyl- (8CI)
2-Oxaandrostan-3-one, 17-hydroxy-17-methyl-, (5-alpha,17-beta)- (9CI)
53-39-4
8075 C. B
8075 C. B.
8075 C.B
8075 C.B.
8075 CB
AC-14975
AC1L1LBY
Ambap53-39-4
Anavar
C07346
C19H30O3
CHEBI:7820
CHEMBL1200436
CID5878
D00462
DB00621
Dodecahydro-3-hydroxy-6-(hydroxy-methyl)-3,3a,6-trimethyl-1H-benz(e)indene-7-acetic acid delta-lactone
EINECS 200-172-9
 
HSDB 3373
LS-98540
Lonavar
MolPort-003-986-935
NSC 67068
OXANDROLONE
Ossandrolone
Ossandrolone [DCIT]
Oxandrin
Oxandrin (TN)
Oxandrin, Anavar, Oxandrolone
Oxandrolon
Oxandrolona
Oxandrolona [INN-Spanish]
Oxandrolone
Oxandrolone (JAN/USP/INN)
Oxandrolone [USAN:INN:BAN:JAN]
Oxandrolonum
Oxandrolonum [INN-Latin]
Protivar
Provitar
S1753_Selleck
SC 11585
SC-11585
TL8003512
UNII-7H6TM3CT4L
Vasorome
ZINC03813047
19
Vitamin Capproved, nutraceuticalPhase 253150-81-75785, 54670067
Synonyms:
(+)-Sodium L-ascorbate
(+)-ascorbate
(+)-ascorbic acid
(2R)-2-[(1S)-1,2-Dihydroxyethyl]-4,5-dihydroxy-furan-3-one
(2R)-2-[(1S)-1,2-dihydroxyethyl]-4,5-dihydroxyfuran-3-one
(5R)-5-[(1S)-1,2-dihydroxyethyl]-3,4-dihydroxyfuran-2(5H)-one
129940-97-2
134-03-2 (monosodium salt)
14536-17-5
154170-90-8
2-(1,2-Dihydroxyethyl)-4,5-dihydroxyfuran-3-one
255564_SIAL
259133-78-3
3-Keto-L-gulofuranolactone
3-Oxo-L-gulofuranolactone
3-Oxo-L-gulofuranolactone (enol form)
30208-61-8
33034_RIEDEL
33034_SIAL
47863_SUPELCO
47A605F0-4187-47A8-B0CE-F9E7DA1B0076
50-81-7
50976-75-5
56172-55-5
56533-05-2
57304-74-2
57606-40-3
623158-95-2
6730-29-6
882690-91-7
884381-69-5
885512-24-3
88845-26-5
89924-69-6
95209_FLUKA
95209_SIGMA
95210_FLUKA
95210_SIAL
95212_FLUKA
A0278_SIGMA
A0537
A2174_SIGMA
A2218_SIGMA
A2343_SIGMA
A4403_SIGMA
A4544_SIGMA
A5960_SIGMA
A7506_SIGMA
A92902_ALDRICH
A92902_SIAL
AB00376923
AB1002440
AC1L1L4T
AC1Q77S6
AR-1J3435
Acid Ascorbic
Acide ascorbique
Acide ascorbique [INN-French]
Acido ascorbico
Acido ascorbico [INN-Spanish]
Acidum ascorbicum
Acidum ascorbicum [INN-Latin]
Acidum ascorbinicum
Adenex
Allercorb
Ambap36431-82-0
Antiscorbic vitamin
Antiscorbutic factor
Antiscorbutic vitamin
Arco-cee
Ascoltin
Ascoltin (TN)
Ascor-B.I.D.
Ascorb
Ascorbajen
Ascorbate
Ascorbic Acid
Ascorbic Acid, Monosodium Salt
Ascorbic acid
Ascorbic acid (JP15/USP/INN)
Ascorbic acid [BAN:INN:JAN]
Ascorbic acid [INN:BAN:JAN]
Ascorbicab
Ascorbicap
Ascorbicap (TN)
Ascorbicin
Ascorbin
Ascorbinsaeure
Ascorbinsäure
Ascorbutina
Ascorbyl radical
Ascorin
Ascorteal
Ascorvit
BPBio1_000363
BSPBio_000329
C-Level
C-Long
C-Quin
C-Span
C-Vimin
C00072
C6H8O6
CCRIS 57
CE-VI-Sol
CHEBI:29073
CHEMBL196
CID5785
Cantan
Cantaxin
Caswell No. 061B
Catavin C
Ce lent
Ce-Mi-Lin
Ce-mi-lin
Ce-vi-sol
Cebicure
Cebid
Cebion
Cebione
Cecon
Cee-Caps TD
Cee-Vite
Cee-caps TD
Cee-vite
Cegiolan
Ceglion
Ceklin
Celaskon
Celin
Cell C
Cemagyl
Cemill
Cenetone
Cenolate
Cereon
Cergona
Cescorbat
Cetamid
Cetane
Cetane-Caps TC
Cetane-Caps TD
Cetane-caps TC
Cetane-caps TD
Cetebe
Cetemican
Cevalin
 
Cevatine
Cevex
Cevi-Bid
Cevi-bid
Cevimin
Cevital
Cevitamate
Cevitamic acid
Cevitamin
Cevitan
Cevitex
Cewin
Chewcee
Ciamin
Cipca
Citriscorb
Citrovit
Colascor
Concemin
Cortalex
D00018
DB00126
Davitamon C
Dora-C-500
Duoscorb
EINECS 200-066-2
FEMA No. 2109
Ferancee
Ferrous ascorbate
HSDB 818
HiCee
Hicee
Hybrin
IDO-C
Ido-C
Iron(II) ascorbate
Iron-ascorbic acid complexes
Juvamine
Kangbingfeng
Kyselina askorbova
Kyselina askorbova [Czech]
L(+)-Ascorbate
L(+)-Ascorbic acid
L-(+)-Ascorbate
L-(+)-Ascorbic Acid
L-(+)-Ascorbic acid
L-(+)-ascorbic acid
L-3-Ketothreohexuronic acid lactone
L-3-ketothreohexuronic acid
L-Ascorbate
L-Ascorbic Acid
L-Ascorbic acid
L-Ascorbic acid, free radical form
L-Lyxoascorbate
L-Lyxoascorbic acid
L-Threo-ascorbic acid
L-Threoascorbic acid
L-Xyloascorbate
L-Xyloascorbic acid
L-ascorbate
L-threo-Hex-2-enonic acid, gamma-lactone
L-threo-ascorbic acid
L-threo-hex-2-enono-1,4-lactone
LS-145
Laroscorbine
Lemascorb
Liqui-Cee
Liqui-cee
MLS002153776
Magnesium Ascorbicum
Magnorbin
Meri-C
Meri-c
MolPort-001-792-501
Monodehydroascorbic acid
NCGC00091517-01
NCGC00091517-02
NCGC00164357-01
NCI-C54808
NSC 33832
Natrascorb
Natrascorb injectable
Oral Vitamin C
Planavit C
Prestwick3_000325
Proscorbin
Redoxon
Ribena
Ronotec 100
Rontex 100
Roscorbic
Rovimix C
SMR001233160
Scorbacid
Scorbu C
Scorbu-C
Secorbate
Semidehydroascorbate
Sodascorbate
Sodium Ascorbate (Ascorbic Acid)
Stuartinic
Suncoat VC 40
Sunkist
Testascorbic
Tolfrinic
UNII-PQ6CK8PD0R
VASC
Vicelat
Vicin
Vicomin C
Viforcit
Viscorin
Viscorin 100M
Vitace
Vitacee
Vitacimin
Vitacin
Vitamin C
Vitamin- C
Vitamin-?C
Vitamisin
Vitascorbol
W210901_ALDRICH
Xitix
acide ascorbique
acidum ascorbicum
acidum ascorbinicum
antiscorbic vita min
ascor-b.i.d
ascorbate
ascorbic acid
bmse000182
cee-caps td
cevibid
component of Cortalex
component of E and C-Level
component of Endoglobin Forte
component of Ferancee
gamma-Lactone L-threo-Hex-2-enonate
gamma-Lactone L-threo-Hex-2-enonic acid
l-ascorbic acid
l-threo-hex-1-eofuranos-3-ulose
nchembio.174-comp5
nchembio.89-comp1
nchembio.92-comp2
nchembio821-comp9
roscorbi c
vitamin C
ácido ascórbico
20
Calcitriolapproved, nutraceuticalPhase 221032222-06-3134070, 5280453
Synonyms:
(1R,3S)-5-{2-[(1R,3aS,7aR)-1-((R)-5-Hydroxy-1,5-dimethyl-hexyl)-7a-methyl-octahydro-inden-4-ylidene]-ethylidene}-4-methylene-cyclohexane-1,3-diol
(1R,3S,5Z)-5-[(2E)-2-[(1R,3aS,7aR)-1-[(2R)-6-hydroxy-6-methylheptan-2-yl]-7a-methyl-2,3,3a,5,6,7-hexahydro-1H-inden-4-ylidene]ethylidene]-4-methylidenecyclohexane-1,3-diol
(1S,3R,5Z,7E)-9,10-secocholesta-5,7,10(19)-triene-1,3,25-triol
(1S,3R,5Z,7E)-9,10-secocholesta-5,7,10-triene-1,3,25-triol
(1alpha,3beta,5Z,7E)-9,10-secocholesta-5,7,10(19)-triene-1,3,25-triol
(1α,3β,5Z,7E)-9,10-secocholesta-5,7,10(19)-triene-1,3,25-triol
(3b,5Z,7E)-9,10-Secocholesta-5,7,10(19)-trienetriol
(5Z,7E)-(1S,3R)-9,10-secocholesta-5,7,10(19)-triene-1,3,25-triol
(5Z,7E)-9,10-Secocholesta-5,7,10(19)-triene-1-alpha,3-beta,25-triol
(5Z,7E)-9,10-Secocholesta-5,7,10(19)-triene-1alpha,3beta,25-triol
1 alpha,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3
1,25 (OH)2 D3
1,25 Dihydroxycholecalciferol
1,25(OH)2-20epi-D3
1,25(OH)2D3 & CD4
1,25(OH2)D3
1,25-(OH)2-D3
1,25-(OH)2D3
1,25-DHCC
1,25-DIHYDROXYCHOLECALCIFEROL
1,25-Dihydroxycholecalciferol
1,25-Dihydroxycholecaliferol
1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D
1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3
1,25-dihydroxy vitamin D3
1,25-dihydroxy-20-epi-Vitamin D3
1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol
1,25D3
1-alpha,-1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3
1-alpha,25-Dihydroxycholecalciferol
1-alpha,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3
1-alpha-25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3
1-alpha-25-dihydroxyvitamin D3
1.Alpha.,25-Dihydroxy-26,27-hexadeuterovitamin D3
17936_FLUKA
17936_SIGMA
1a,25-(OH)2D3
1a,25-Dihydroxycholecalciferol
1a,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3
1alpha,25(OH)2-D3
1alpha,25(OH)2D3
1alpha,25-Dihydroxycholecalciferol
1alpha,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D
1alpha,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3
1db1
1α,25(OH)2D3
1α,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol
1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3
20-epi-1alpha,25-dihydroxycholecaliferol
25-Dihydroxycholecalciferol
32222-06-3
9,10-Seco(5Z,7E)-5,7,10(19)-cholestatriene-1alpha,3beta,25-triol
9,10-Secocholesta-5,7,10(19)-triene-1,3,25-triol, (1.alpha.,3.beta,.5Z,7E)- & CD4
9,10-seco(5Z,7E)-5,7,10(19)-cholestatriene-1alpha, 3beta, 25-triol
AC-1859
AC1NQX1S
Ambap32222-06-3
 
Asentar
BCBcMAP01_000160
BML2-E03
BSPBio_001287
C01673
CCRIS 5522
CD-2027
CHEBI:17823
CHEMBL846
CID5280453
CPD000466393
Calcijex
Calcijex, Silkis, Rocaltrol, Topitriol, Cholecalciferol,Calcitriol
Calcitriol
Calcitriol (JAN/USAN/INN)
Calcitriol [USAN:INN:BAN:JAN]
Calcitriolum
Calcitriolum [INN-Latin]
D00129
D1530_SIGMA
DN 101
DN-101
Decostriol
Dihydroxyvitamin D3
EINECS 250-963-8
HMS1361A09
HMS1791A09
HMS1989A09
HMS2051F06
HMS2089N03
HSDB 3482
IDI1_033757
LMST03020258
LS-53093
MC-1288
MC1288
MLS000759536
MLS001424122
MolPort-002-045-698
NCGC00161327-01
NCGC00161327-04
Ro 21-5535
Ro 215535
Ro-21-5535
Rocaltrol
Rocaltrol (TN)
S1466_Selleck
SAM001246772
SMR000466393
Silkis
Soltriol
Spectrum5_002061
Topitriol
Toptriol
U 49562
Vectical
ZINC03924790
calcitriol
vit D
21
Tretinoinapproved, investigational, nutraceuticalPhase 2228302-79-45538
Synonyms:
(all-e)-3,7-Dimethyl-9-(2,6,6-trimethyl-1-cyclohexen-1-yl)-2,4,6,8-nonatetraenoic acid
.beta.-Retinoic acid
13497-05-7 (hydrochloride salt)
15-Apo-beta-caroten-15-oic acid
187175-63-9
1n4h
3,7-Dimethyl-9-(2,6,6-trimethyl-1-cyclohexen-1-yl)-2,4,6,8-nonatetraenoic acid
3,7-Dimethyl-9-(2,6,6-trimethyl-1-cyclohexene-1-yl)-2,4,6,8-nonatetraenoic acid (ecl)
302-79-4
5300-03-8
56573-65-0
7005-78-9
9(Z)-Retinoic acid
9-cis-RA
A-Acido (Argentina)
A-Vitaminsyre
A-Vitaminsyre [Denmark]
AC-6824
AC1L9GWO
AC1Q1J2J
AGN 100335
AGN 192013
AKOS000280845
ALRT 1057
AT-RA
ATRA
Aberel
Aberela
Aberela [Norway]
Accutane Roche
Acid A Vit (Belgium, Netherlands)
Acid, Retinoic
Acid, Vitamin A
Acid, all-trans-Retinoic
Acid, beta-all-trans-Retinoic
Acid, trans-Retinoic
Acide retinoique (French) (DSL)
Acide retinoique (french) (dsl)
Acnavit
Acnavit [Denmark]
Airol
Aknefug
Aknoten
Alitretinoin
All Trans Retinoic Acid
All Trans-Retinoic Acid
All-trans Retinoic Acid
Alltrans-retinoic acid
Amnesteem
Atra-IV
Atragen
Atralin
Avita (TN)
Avita Gel
Avitoin
Avitoin [Norway]
BAL4079
BIDD:GT0483
BIDD:PXR0081
BML2-E05
BPBio1_000082
BRN 2057223
BSPBio_000074
BSPBio_001500
Betarretin
C00777
CCRIS 3294
CCRIS 7098
CHEBI:15367
CHEMBL38
CID444795
CPD000058245
Claravis
Cordes VAS [Germany]
Cordes vas
D00094
D014212
DB00523
DB00755
DB00982
Dermairol
EINECS 206-129-0
EU-0101061
Effederm
Effederm [France]
Epi-aberel
Eudyna
HMS1361K22
HMS1568D16
HMS1791K22
HMS1921D14
HMS1989K22
HMS2089D20
HMS2092N11
HMS502N05
HSDB 2169
HSDB 7186
I04-0008
I14-2351
IDI1_000903
IDI1_033970
Isotretinoin Retinoic acid
L000833
LGD 100057
LMPR01090019
LS-1154
Lopac0_001061
Lsotretinoin
MLS000028588
MLS001076515
MLS002207234
MLS002222211
MolPort-000-883-857
NCGC00017280-06
NCGC00017280-17
NCGC00021808-04
 
NCGC00021808-05
NCGC00021808-06
NCGC00021808-07
NCGC00021808-09
NCGC00021808-14
NCGC00021808-15
NSC 122758
NSC-122758
NSC122758
Nexret
PDT-002-002
Panretin Gel
Panretyn
Potassium Salt, Tretinoin
Prestwick2_000257
Prestwick3_000257
Prestwick_424
R 2625
R0064
R2625_SIGMA
REA
RETINOIC ACID, ALL TRANS
RETINOIC acid
Renova
Renova (TN)
Retacnyl
Retin A
Retin A (TN)
Retin-A
Retin-A Micro
Retin-a
Retinoate
Retinoic acid
Retinoic acid, all-trans- (8CI)
Retinova
Retionic Acid
Retionic acid
Retisol-A
Retisol-a
Ro 1-5488
S1653_Selleck
SAM002264647
SMR000058245
SPECTRUM1502016
SR-01000000239
SR-01000000239-14
ST057075
Salt, Tretinoin Potassium
Salt, Tretinoin Sodium
Salt, Tretinoin Zinc
Sodium Salt, Tretinoin
Solage
Sotret
Spectrum5_001746
Spectrum5_001933
Stieva-A
Stieva-a
Stieva-a Forte
TRETINON
Tretin M
Tretin m
Tretinoin
Tretinoin (JAN/USP/INN)
Tretinoin (TN)
Tretinoin 0.1% cream or placebo
Tretinoin Potassium Salt
Tretinoin Sodium Salt
Tretinoin Zinc Salt
Tretinoin [USAN:INN:BAN]
Tretinoin/All-Trans Retinoic Acid
Tretinoina
Tretinoina [INN-Spanish]
Tretinoine
Tretinoine (french) (einecs)
Tretinoine [INN-French]
Tretinoino
Tretinoino [INN-Spanish]
Tretinoinum
Tretinoinum [INN-Latin]
Tri-Luma
Trétinoïne
UNII-1UA8E65KDZ
UNII-5688UTC01R
UPCMLD-DP097
Vesanoid
Vesanoid (TN)
Vesanoid, Airol, Renova, Atralin, Retin-A, Avita, Tretinoin
Vesnaroid
Vitamin A acid
Vitinoin
WLN: L6UTJ A1 B1U1Y1 & U2U1Y1 & U1VQ C1 C1
WLN: L6UTJ A1 B1U1Y1&U2U1Y1&U1VQ C1 C1
Zinc Salt, Tretinoin
[3H]Retinoic acid
all trans-Retinoic acid
all-(E)-Retinoic acid
all-(e)-Retinoic acid
all-trans-Retinoic acid
all-trans-Tretinoin
all-trans-Vitamin A acid
all-trans-Vitamin A1 acid
all-trans-Vitamin a acid
all-trans-Vitamin a1 acid
all-trans-b-Retinoic acid
all-trans-beta-Retinoic acid
b-Retinoic acid
beta all trans Retinoic Acid
beta-Ra
beta-Retinoic Acid
beta-Retinoic acid
beta-all-trans-Retinoic acid
bmse000562
nchembio.154-comp2
trans Retinoic Acid
trans-Retinoic acid
tretinoin
tretinoin liposome
tretinoine (French) (EINECS)
22Dermatologic AgentsPhase 25806
23DihydroxycholecalciferolsPhase 233
24vitamin dPhase 21724
25Keratolytic AgentsPhase 2444
26Calcium, DietaryPhase 25713
27Vasoconstrictor AgentsPhase 22122
28Trace ElementsPhase 26001
29AntioxidantsPhase 23050
30Bone Density Conservation AgentsPhase 23376
31EstrogensPhase 22542
32Estrogens, Conjugated (USP)Phase 2136
33VitaminsPhase 25282
34Protective AgentsPhase 27443
35MicronutrientsPhase 26001
36
Epinephrineapproved, vet_approved98551-43-45816
Synonyms:
(-)-(R)-Epinephrine
(-)-3,4-Dihydroxy-a-[2-(methylamino)ethyl]benzyl alcohol
(-)-3,4-Dihydroxy-alpha-((methylamino)methyl)benzyl alcohol
(-)-3,4-Dihydroxy-alpha-[2-(methylamino)ethyl]benzyl alcohol
(-)-3,4-dihydroxy-a-[(methylamino)methyl]-Benzyl alcohol
(-)-3,4-dihydroxy-alpha-[(methylamino)methyl]-Benzyl alcohol
(-)-Adrenalin
(-)-Adrenaline
(-)-Epinephrine
(-)-R-Epinephrine
(R)-(-)-Adnephrine
(R)-(-)-Adrenaline
(R)-(-)-Epinephrine
(R)-(-)-Epirenamine
(R)-(−)-adrenaline
(R)-4-[1-Hydroxy-2-(methylamino)ethyl]-1,2-benzenediol
(R)-4-[1-hydroxy-2-(methylamino)ethyl]-1,2-Benzenediol
(R)-Adrenaline
(R)-Epinephrine
(−)-adrenaline
02252_FLUKA
1-1-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)-2-methylaminoethanol
1-Adrenalin
1-Epinephrine
4-(1-Hydroxy-2-(methylamino)ethyl)-1,2-benzenediol
4-(1-hydroxy-2-methylamino-ethyl)benzene-1,2-diol
4-[(1R)-1-Hydroxy-2-(methylamino)ethyl]-1,2-Benzenediol
4-[(1R)-1-Hydroxy-2-(methylamino)ethyl]-1,2-benzenediol
4-[(1R)-1-hydroxy-2-(methylamino)ethyl]benzene-1,2-diol
51-43-4
51-43-4 (FREE BASE)
51028-73-0
A0173
AC-13188
AC1L1L7B
ADR ADRENALINE
ADROP
AI3-19015
Adnephrine
Adrenal
Adrenalin
Adrenalin (TN)
Adrenalin in Oil
Adrenalin-Medihaler
Adrenalina
Adrenalina [DCIT]
Adrenaline
Adrenaline (JP15)
Adrenaline/Epinephrine
Adrenalinum
Adrenamine
Adrenan
Adrenapax
Adrenasol
Adrenatrate
Adrenine
Adrenodis
Adrenohorma
Adrenosan
Adrenutol
Adrin
Adrine
Ana-Guard
Ana-Kit
Antiasthmatique
Asmatane Mist
Asthma meter mist
Asthma-nefrin
Asthmahaler Mist
Asthmanefrin
Astmahalin
Astminhal
BIDD:GT0119
Balmadren
Bernarenin
Biorenine
Bosmin
Brevirenin
Bronkaid
Bronkaid Mist
Bronkaid Suspension Mist
Bupivacaine Hcl and Epinephrine
C00788
CCRIS 4812
CHEBI:28918
CHEMBL679
CID5816
Chelafrin
Citanest Forte
Corisol
D-Epifrin
D-Epinephrine
D00095
DB00668
Drenamist
Dylephrin
Dyspne-Inhal
E4250_SIGMA
EINECS 200-098-7
EPI E Z PEN JR
EPIPEN E Z PEN
EPIPEN JR
Epi EZ Pen Jr
Epifrin
Epiglaufrin
Epinefrin
Epinefrin [Czech]
Epinefrina
Epinefrina [INN-Spanish]
Epinephran
Epinephrin
Epinephrine
Epinephrine (USP)
Epinephrine (USP/INN)
Epinephrine [USAN:INN:JAN]
Epinephrine hydrochloride
Epinephrinum
Epinephrinum [INN-Latin]
Epipen
Epipen (TN)
Epipen Auto-Injector
Epipen EZ Pen
Epipen Jr.
Epipen Jr. Auto-Injector
Epirenamine
Epirenan
Epirenin
Epitrate
Eppy
Esphygmogenina
Exadrin
 
Glaucon
Glaucosan
Glauposine
Glycirenan
HSCI1_000215
HSDB 4289
Haemostasin
Haemostatin
Hektalin
Hemisine
Hemostasin
Hemostatin
Hypernephrin
Hyporenin
IOP
Intranefrin
Iontocaine
Isoptoepinal
Kidoline
L-1-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)-2-methylaminoethanol
L-Adrenaline
L-Adrenaline Base
L-Epinehphrine
L-Epinephrine
L-Epirenamine
L-Methylaminoethanolcatechol
L-epinephrine
LS-156
Levo-Methylaminoethanolcatechol
Levoadrenaline
Levoepinephrine
Levorenen
Levorenin
Levorenine
Levoreninum
Lopac-E-4642
Lyodrin
Lyophrin
Medihaler-Epi
Metanephrin
Methylaminoethanolcatechol
Methylarterenol
Micronefrin
Micronephrine
MolPort-002-051-368
Mucidrina
Myosthenine
Mytrate
NCGC00015417-01
NCGC00142615-01
NCGC00142615-03
NCGC00142615-04
NCGC00142615-05
NCGC00142615-06
NCGC00142615-07
NSC 62786
NSC62786
Nephridine
Nieraline
PDSP1_001120
PDSP2_001104
Paranephrin
Primatene
Primatene Mist
R-(-)-Epinephrine
R-Adrenaline
RCRA waste no. P042
Racemic Epinephrine
Racepinephrine
Rcra waste number P042
Renagladin
Renaglandin
Renaglandulin
Renaleptine
Renalina
Renoform
Renostypricin
Renostypticin
Renostyptin
SMP1_000227
ST069368
SUS-PHRINE SULFITE-FREE
Scurenaline
Septocaine
Simplene
Sindrenina
Soladren
Sphygmogenin
Stryptirenal
Styptirenal
Supracapsulin
Supradin
Supranefran
Supranephrane
Supranephrine
Supranol
Suprarenaline
Suprarenin
Suprel
Surenine
Surrenine
Sus-Phrine
Sus-phrine
Susphrine
Sympathin I
Takamina
Takamine
Tokamina
Tonogen
Twinject
Twinject 0.15
Twinject 0.3
Twinject 0.30
UNII-YKH834O4BH
Vaponefrin
Vasoconstrictine
Vasoconstrictor
Vasodrine
Vasoton
Vasotonin
adrenaline
bmse000316
d-Adrenaline
epinephrine
l-1-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)-2-methylaminoethanol
l-Adrenalin
l-Adrenaline
l-Epinephine
l-Epinephrine (synthetic)
l-Epirenamine
l-Methylaminoethanolcatechol
levoepinephrine
nchembio747-comp9
37
Mentholapproved26062216-51-516666
Synonyms:
(−
()-Menthol
(+)-Neo-menthol
(+)-p-Menthan-3-ol
(+-)-(1R*,3R*,4S*)-Menthol
(+-)-Menthol
(+/-)-Menthol
(+/-)-p-Menthan-3-ol
(-)-(1R,3R,4S)-Menthol
(-)-Menthyl alcohol
(-)-menthol
(-)-p-Menthan-3-ol
(-)-trans-p-Menthan-cis-ol
(1R)-(-)-Menthol
(1R,2S,5R)-(-)-menthol
(1R,2S,5R)-Menthol
(1R,3R,4S)-(-)-MENTHOL
(1R,3R,4S)-(-)-Menthol
(1R-(1-alpha,2-beta,5-alpha))-5-Methyl-2-(1-methylethyl)cyclohexanol
(1S, 2S, 5R)-(+)-Neomenthol
(1S,2R,5R)-(+)-Isomenthol
(1S,2R,5S)-(+)-Menthol
(1S,2R,5S)-Menthol
(1alpha,2beta,5alpha)-5-Methyl-2(1-methylethyl)cyclohexanol
(1r,2s,5r)-(-)-menthol
(L)-MENTHOL
(R)-(-)-Menthol
(r)-(-)-menthol
)-Menthol
--MENTHOL
1-Menthol
1490-04-6
15356-60-2
15356-70-4
15785_RIEDEL
15785_SIAL
19863P
2-Isopropyl-5-methylcyclohexanol
20747-49-3
2216-51-5
3-p-Menthol
4-Isopropyl-1-methylcyclohexan-3-ol
491-02-1
5-Methyl-2-(1-methylethyl)-cyclohexanol
5-Methyl-2-(1-methylethyl)cyclohexanol
5-methyl-2-(propan-2-yl)cyclohexanol
5-methyl-2-propan-2-ylcyclohexan-1-ol
551376_ALDRICH
551376_FLUKA
588733_ALDRICH
613290_ALDRICH
613290_FLUKA
63660_FLUKA
63670_ALDRICH
63670_FLUKA
63975-60-0
6C6A4A8C-A054-468C-A1F0-F29E39838CF2
89-78-1
98167-53-4
AC1L1B2E
AC1L28FR
AC1Q1NQ2
AC1Q2QQM
AI3-08161
AI3-52408
AKOS000119740
AR-1J3337
BB_NC-0057
BRN 1902288
BRN 3194263
BSPBio_003062
C00400
C10H20O
CCRIS 3728
CCRIS 375
CCRIS 4666
CCRIS 9231
CHEBI:15409
CHEBI:545611
CHEMBL256087
CHEMBL470670
CID1254
CID16666
Caswell No. 540
D-(-)-Menthol
D-p-Menthan-3-ol
D00064
D008610
D04849
D04918
DB00825
DivK1c_000820
EINECS 201-939-0
EINECS 207-724-8
EINECS 216-074-4
EINECS 218-690-9
EINECS 239-387-8
EINECS 239-388-3
EPA Pesticide Chemical Code 051601
FEMA No. 2665
Fisherman's friend lozenges
Fisherman's friend lozenges (TN)
HMS1922G13
HMS2092L14
HMS502I22
 
HSDB 5662
HSDB 593
Headache crystals
Hexahydrothymol
I06-1216
I14-7371
IDI1_000820
KBio1_000820
KBio2_000785
KBio2_003353
KBio2_005921
KBio3_002562
KBioSS_000785
L-(-)-Menthol
L-(-)-menthol
L-Menthol
L-menthol
LMPR0102090001
LS-2353
LS-57201
LS-886
LS-89531
LS-89533
Levomenthol
Levomenthol [INN:BAN]
Levomentholum
Levomentholum [INN-Latin]
Levomentol
M0321
M0545
M2772_SIAL
MENTHOL
MLS002207256
Menthacamphor
Menthol
Menthol (USP)
Menthol (VAN)
Menthol natural
Menthol natural, brazilian
Menthol racemic
Menthol racemique
Menthol racemique [French]
Menthol solution
Menthol, (1alpha,2beta,5alpha)-Isomer
Menthomenthol
Menthyl alcohol
MolPort-000-849-729
MolPort-001-793-392
NCGC00159382-02
NCGC00159382-03
NCGC00164247-01
NCGC00164247-02
NCI-C50000
NINDS_000820
NOOLISFMXDJSKH-KXUCPTDWBX
NSC 2603
NSC 62788
NSC2603
NSC62788
Neoisomenthol
Peppermint camphor
RACEMIC MENTHOL U.S.P.
Racementhol
Racementhol [INN:BAN]
Racementholum
Racementholum [INN-Latin]
Racementol
Racementol [INN-Spanish]
Racemic menthol
Robitussin Cough Drops
SDCCGMLS-0066659.P001
SMR001306785
SPBio_000869
SPECTRUM1503134
STK802468
Spectrum2_000855
Spectrum3_001561
Spectrum5_001060
Spectrum_000305
Tra-kill tracheal mite killer
U.S.P. Menthol
U.S.p. Menthol
UNII-BZ1R15MTK7
UNII-L7T10EIP3A
UNII-YS08XHA860
W266507_ALDRICH
W266523_ALDRICH
W266590_ALDRICH
WLN: L6TJ AY1&1 BQ D1
WLN: L6TJ AY1&1 DQ D1 -L
ZINC01482164
cis-1 ,3-trans-1,4-(+-)-menthol
cis-1,3-trans-1,4-(+-)-menthol
d,l-Menthol
d-Menthol
d-Neomenthol
dl-3-p-Menthanol
dl-Menthol
dl-Menthol (JP15)
l-(-)-Menthol
l-Menthol
l-Menthol (JP15)
l-Menthol (TN)
l-Menthol (natural)
nchembio862-comp1
p-Menthan-3-ol
rac-Menthol
38Insulin, Globin Zinc4645
39Anesthetics9596
40Chorionic Gonadotropin196
41insulin4646
42Racepinephrine985
43Epinephryl borate985
44Hemostatics1443
45interferons2175

Interventional clinical trials:

(show all 30)
idNameStatusNCT IDPhase
1Body Composition in Infants With Klinefelter Syndrome and Effects of Testosterone TreatmentRecruitingNCT02408445Phase 4
2Androgen for Leydig Cell ProliferationCompletedNCT01206270Phase 2, Phase 3
3Androgen Effect on Klinefelter Syndrome Motor OutcomeActive, not recruitingNCT00348946Phase 2
4RA-2 13-cis Retinoic Acid (Isotretinoin)Active, not recruitingNCT02061384Phase 2
5Elucidating Kisspeptin Physiology by Blocking Kisspeptin SignalingRecruitingNCT01438073Phase 1
6Non-Invasive Determination of Fetal Chromosome AbnormalitiesUnknown statusNCT00891852
7Adaptation Among Adolescents and Adults With Klinefelter SyndromeCompletedNCT00896272
8Neuropsychologic, Neuroradiologic, Endocrinologic, and Genetic Aspects of Klinefelter SyndromeCompletedNCT00999310
9Klinefelter Fertility PreservationCompletedNCT01817296
10Epigenetics and Metabolic Disorders in Men With the Klinefelter SyndromeCompletedNCT01703676
11Life Quality and Health in Patients With Klinefelter SyndromeCompletedNCT01690013
12Human Chorionic Gonadotropin Stimulation Effects on Steroidogenesis in Men With Klinefelter SyndromeCompletedNCT02788136
13Subcapsular Orchiectomy in Men With Klinefelter SyndromeCompletedNCT01750632
14Body Composition, Bone Mineral Density, Insulin Sensitivity and Echocardiographic Measurements in Klinefelter SyndromeCompletedNCT00523835
15Sperm Production in Kleinfelter Syndrome Patients After Mesenchymal Stem Cell InjectionCompletedNCT02414295
16X-chromosome Inactivation, Epigenetics and the TranscriptomeCompletedNCT01678261
17Development and Decline of Brain and Cognition Through the Life SpanCompletedNCT00880451
18Fertility Assessment in Patients With Klinefelter SyndromeRecruitingNCT02461303
19Study of Psychological and Motor Effects of Testosterone in Adolescents With XXY/Klinefelter SyndromeRecruitingNCT01585831
20Fertility Preservation in Cases of Klinefelter Syndrome.RecruitingNCT01918280
21Thrombosis and Neurocognition in Klinefelter SyndromeRecruitingNCT02526628
22Cardiometabolic Profiles of Boys With Klinefelter SyndromeRecruitingNCT02723305
23The Clinical Study of Sex Chromosome VariantsRecruitingNCT01661010
24Expanded Noninvasive Genomic Medical Assessment: The Enigma StudyRecruitingNCT02787486
25Brain Imaging of Childhood Onset Psychiatric Disorders, Endocrine Disorders and Healthy VolunteersRecruitingNCT00001246
26Whole Blood Specimen Collection From Pregnant SubjectsRecruitingNCT02430584
27Development of Non-invasive Prenatal Test for Microdeletion and Other Genetic Syndromes Based on Cell Free DNARecruitingNCT02109770
28Impact of Gender and Pubertal Status on Human Plasmacytoid Dendritic CellsNot yet recruitingNCT02956980
29Testicular Tissue Cryopreservation for Fertility Preservation in Male Patients Facing Infertility-causing Diseases or Treatment RegimensNot yet recruitingNCT02687880
30Adaptive Behavior Assessment of Men With 49, XXXXY, Klinefelter SyndromeWithdrawnNCT00347464

Search NIH Clinical Center for Klinefelter's Syndrome


Cochrane evidence based reviews: klinefelter syndrome

Genetic Tests for Klinefelter's Syndrome

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Genetic tests related to Klinefelter's Syndrome:

id Genetic test Affiliating Genes
1 Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism24

Anatomical Context for Klinefelter's Syndrome

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MalaCards organs/tissues related to Klinefelter's Syndrome:

36
Breast, Testes, Bone, Testis, Pituitary, Prostate, Thyroid

Publications for Klinefelter's Syndrome

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Articles related to Klinefelter's Syndrome:

(show top 50)    (show all 520)
idTitleAuthorsYear
1
Klinefelter's syndrome (47,XXY) is in excess among men with SjAPgren's syndrome. (27109640)
2016
2
Sexual dysfunction in Klinefelter's syndrome patients. (27659917)
2016
3
Anatomical and clinical aspects of Klinefelter's Syndrome. (26823086)
2016
4
Testicular function during puberty and young adulthood in patients with Klinefelter's syndrome with and without spermatozoa in seminal fluid. (27611179)
2016
5
Clinical Question - Should we be offering fertility preservation by surgical sperm retrieval to men with Klinefelter's Syndrome? (28028824)
2016
6
A case of Madelung's disease accompanied by Klinefelter's syndrome. (25945255)
2015
7
Tremor and Klinefelter's Syndrome. (26175955)
2015
8
Hypersexuality, Paraphilic Behaviors, and Gender Dysphoria in Individuals with Klinefelter's Syndrome. (26612786)
2015
9
Outcomes of Micro-Dissection TESE in Patients with Non-Mosaic Klinefelter's Syndrome without Hormonal Treatment. (25780524)
2015
10
Ploidy of spermatogenic cells of men with non-mosaic Klinefelter's syndrome as measured by a computerized cell scanning system. (26081126)
2015
11
Age and markers of Leydig cell function, but not of Sertoli cell function predict the success of sperm retrieval in adolescents and adults with Klinefelter's syndrome. (26235799)
2015
12
Primary hyperparathyroidism and Klinefelter's syndrome in a young man. (25859391)
2015
13
Screening of endocrine organ-specific humoral autoimmunity in 47,XXY Klinefelter's syndrome reveals a significant increase in diabetes-specific immunoreactivity in comparison with healthy control men. (25935328)
2015
14
Sperm retrieval from patients with nonmosaic Klinefelter's syndrome by semen cytology examination. (24668672)
2014
15
Different clinical presentation of Klinefelter's syndrome in monozygotic twins. (24404777)
2014
16
X-Linked agammaglobulinemia in a child with Klinefelter's syndrome. (24477949)
2014
17
Neuropsychiatric Symptoms as The First Manifestation of Juvenile Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: A Complicated Case with Klinefelter's Syndrome. (24665330)
2014
18
High circulating levels of CCL2 in patients with Klinefelter's syndrome. (23663065)
2014
19
Associations between Klinefelter's syndrome and autoimmune diseases: English national record linkage studies. (25295757)
2014
20
Germ cell loss is associated with fading Lin28a expression in a mouse model for Klinefelter's syndrome. (24298047)
2014
21
Coexistence of Ankylosing Spondylitis and Klinefelter's Syndrome. (23762731)
2013
22
Klinefelter's syndrome does not cause delayed puberty. (23364062)
2013
23
Twin Pregnancy Obtention of Patient with Nonmosaic Klinefelter's Syndrome and His Wife with Chromosome 9 Inversion by ICSI Treatment. (24520478)
2013
24
Male infertility in Northeast China: molecular detection of Y chromosome microdeletions in azoospermic patients with Klinefelter's syndrome. (24301758)
2013
25
Diagnosis of Klinefelter's syndrome is confounded by obesity. (23364061)
2013
26
A case of Klinefelter's syndrome with refractory asthma, diabetes mellitus and rib fracture. (23286505)
2013
27
Reproductive outcomes in patients with male infertility because of Klinefelter's syndrome, Kartagener's syndrome, round-head sperm, dysplasia fibrous sheath, and 'stump' tail sperm: an updated literature review. (23587797)
2013
28
Klinefelter's syndrome and venous thrombosis. (23377169)
2013
29
Plasma insulin-like factor 3 (INSL3) in male patients with osteoporosis and Klinefelter's syndrome. (24640568)
2013
30
Digit ratio (2D:4D) in Klinefelter's syndrome. (23258636)
2013
31
Different profile of endothelial cell apoptosis in patients with Klinefelter's syndrome. (22399099)
2013
32
Recurrent deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism in a patient with Klinefelter's syndrome. (23052903)
2013
33
Klinefelter's syndrome--a diagnosis mislaid for 46 years. (23207500)
2012
34
Klinefelter's syndrome. (23207502)
2012
35
Klinefelter's syndrome complicated with West syndrome in a 4-month-old boy. (21470806)
2012
36
Leg ulcers associated with Klinefelter's syndrome: a case report and review of the literature. (21854549)
2012
37
A Rare Presentation of the Klinefelter's Syndrome. (23285452)
2012
38
A man with Klinefelter's syndrome and new abdominal distension: a discussion of evaluation and management. (21660410)
2012
39
Clinical Presentation of Klinefelter's Syndrome: Differences According to Age. (22291701)
2012
40
Klinefelter's syndrome associated with progressive muscular atrophy simulating Kennedy's disease. (22919202)
2012
41
Klinefelter's syndrome (mosaic) with chromosome 9 inv and schizophrenia. (22556446)
2012
42
Extensive portal and mesenteric vein thrombosis in a young man with Klinefelter's syndrome. (22175800)
2012
43
Criminality in men with Klinefelter's syndrome and XYY syndrome: a cohort study. (22357573)
2012
44
A case of Klinefelter's syndrome with type 1 diabetes mellitus. (22490600)
2012
45
Multiple cardiac anomalies in an elderly man with Klinefelter's syndrome. (21298229)
2011
46
Non-mosaic, non-azoospermic Klinefelter's syndrome in a young man with bilateral varicocele. (21747219)
2011
47
Klinefelter's syndrome (47,XXY) among men with systemic lupus erythematosus. (21375582)
2011
48
Schizotypy: key feature of Klinefelter's syndrome? (22689840)
2011
49
Expression of selected genes escaping from X inactivation in the 41, XX(Y)* mouse model for Klinefelter's syndrome. (21241365)
2011
50
Hidden mosaicism in patients with Klinefelter's syndrome: implications for genetic reproductive counselling. (22016414)
2011

Variations for Klinefelter's Syndrome

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Copy number variations for Klinefelter's Syndrome from CNVD:

6 (show all 23)
id CNVD ID Chromosom Start End Type Gene Symbol CNVD Disease
1132541195931064859326954MicrodeletionPRPF31Klinefelter syndrome
2266741Y157772954DeletionazoospermiaKlinefelter syndrome
3266742Y157772954DeletionfactorKlinefelter syndrome
4266747Y157772954MicrodeletionAZFcKlinefelter syndrome
5266797Y1130000027200000MicrodeletioBPY2Klinefelter syndrome
6266799Y1130000027200000MicrodeletioCDY1Klinefelter syndrome
7266801Y1130000027200000MicrodeletioCDY2Klinefelter syndrome
8266803Y1130000027200000MicrodeletioCSPG4LYKlinefelter syndrome
9266805Y1130000027200000MicrodeletioDAZKlinefelter syndrome
10266807Y1130000027200000MicrodeletioEIF1AYKlinefelter syndrome
11266809Y1130000027200000MicrodeletioGOLGA2LYKlinefelter syndrome
12266811Y1130000027200000MicrodeletioHSFYKlinefelter syndrome
13266813Y1130000027200000MicrodeletioPRYKlinefelter syndrome
14266815Y1130000027200000MicrodeletioRBMYL1Klinefelter syndrome
15266817Y1130000027200000MicrodeletioRPS4YSKlinefelter syndrome
16266819Y1130000027200000MicrodeletioSMCYKlinefelter syndrome
17266821Y1130000027200000MicrodeletioXKRYKlinefelter syndrome
18266855Y1130000057772954MicrodeletionAZFKlinefelter syndrome
19266856Y1130000057772954MicrodeletionAZFaKlinefelter syndrome
20266859Y1130000057772954MicrodeletionAZFcKlinefelter syndrome
21266866Y1130000057772954MicrodeletionbKlinefelter syndrome
22266921Y1332255313482162MicrodeletionDFFRYKlinefelter syndrome
23266988Y1839025318758303MicrodeletionXKRYKlinefelter syndrome

Expression for genes affiliated with Klinefelter's Syndrome

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Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Klinefelter's Syndrome.

Pathways for genes affiliated with Klinefelter's Syndrome

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Pathways related to Klinefelter's Syndrome according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

idSuper pathwaysScoreTop Affiliating Genes
19.7CYP19A1, FSHB
29.3AR, GNRH1, SHBG
38.9FSHB, GNRH1, GNRHR

GO Terms for genes affiliated with Klinefelter's Syndrome

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Biological processes related to Klinefelter's Syndrome according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 9)
idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1prostate gland growthGO:006073610.5AR, CYP19A1
2multicellular organismal response to stressGO:003355510.3MECP2, PRL
3ovulation cycleGO:004269810.0GNRH1, PRL
4regulation of gene expressionGO:00104689.9AR, GNRH1, MECP2
5sex differentiationGO:00075489.8AMH, AR
6positive regulation of cell proliferationGO:00082849.6AR, FSHB, MECP2, PRL
7female pregnancyGO:00075659.6FSHB, GNRH1, PRL
8response to organic cyclic compoundGO:00140709.3AMH, GNRH1, PRL
9cell-cell signalingGO:00072679.1AMH, AR, FSHB, GNRH1, INSL3

Molecular functions related to Klinefelter's Syndrome according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1androgen bindingGO:000549710.5AR, SHBG
2steroid bindingGO:000549610.0AR, SHBG
3hormone activityGO:00051798.5AMH, FSHB, GNRH1, INSL3, PRL

Sources for Klinefelter's Syndrome

About this section
2CDC
6CNVD
10DGIdb
15ExPASy
16FDA
17FMA
27GTR
28HGMD
29HMDB
30ICD10
31ICD10 via Orphanet
32ICD9CM
33IUPHAR
34KEGG
37MedGen
39MeSH
40MESH via Orphanet
41MGI
44NCI
45NCIt
46NDF-RT
49NINDS
50Novoseek
52OMIM
53OMIM via Orphanet
57PubMed
58QIAGEN
63SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
67Tumor Gene Family of Databases
68UMLS
69UMLS via Orphanet