Aliases & Classifications for Leukemia

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Summaries for Leukemia

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MedlinePlus:36 Leukemia is cancer of the white blood cells. white blood cells help your body fight infection. your blood cells form in your bone marrow. in leukemia, the bone marrow produces abnormal white blood cells. these cells crowd out the healthy blood cells, making it hard for blood to do its work. there are different types of leukemia, including acute lymphocytic leukemia acute myeloid leukemia chronic lymphocytic leukemia chronic myeloid leukemia leukemia can develop quickly or slowly. chronic leukemia grows slowly. in acute leukemia, the cells are very abnormal and their number increases rapidly. adults can get either type; children with leukemia most often have an acute type. some leukemias can often be cured. other types are hard to cure, but you can often control them. treatments may include chemotherapy, radiation and stem cell transplantation. even if symptoms disappear, you might need therapy to prevent a relapse. nih: national cancer institute

MalaCards based summary: Leukemia is related to acute myelomonocytic leukemia and leukemia, acute myeloid, and has symptoms including chest pain An important gene associated with Leukemia is FLT3 (Fms Related Tyrosine Kinase 3), and among its related pathways are Central carbon metabolism in cancer and Jak-STAT signaling pathway. The drugs cytarabine and isotretinoin have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include myeloid, t cells and b cells, and related mouse phenotypes are liver/biliary system and neoplasm.

Disease Ontology:11 A cancer that affects the blood or bone marrow characterized by an abnormal proliferation of blood cells.

Wikipedia:69 Leukemia, also spelled leukaemia, is a group of cancers that usually begin in the bone marrow and result... more...

Related Diseases for Leukemia

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Diseases in the Leukemia family:

Acute Leukemia Chronic Leukemia
Subacute Leukemia

Diseases related to Leukemia via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50)    (show all 1185)
idRelated DiseaseScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1acute myelomonocytic leukemia34.5FLT3, NPM1
2leukemia, acute myeloid33.8ABL1, BAALC, FLT3, MCL1, MLF1, NPM1
3acute lymphoblastic leukemia, childhood33.1BAALC, FLT3, RUNX1
4myelodysplastic syndrome32.4ABL1, FLT3, MLF1, NPM1, RUNX1
5hemolytic anemia31.4ABL1, FLT3, MCL1, NPM1, RUNX1
6neuropathy30.7ABL1, FLT3, LIF, MCL1, MLF1, NPM1
7acute panmyelosis with myelofibrosis30.5FLT3, NPM1
8myeloid leukemia12.3
9chronic lymphocytic leukemia12.3
10leukemia, acute lymphoblastic12.3
11lymphoblastic leukemia12.2
12acute leukemia12.2
13megakaryocytic leukemia12.2
14adult t-cell leukemia12.1
15t-cell leukemia12.1
16hairy cell leukemia12.1
17leukemia, chronic myeloid, somatic12.1
18acute lymphocytic leukemia12.1
19monocytic leukemia12.1
20leukemia, acute promyelocytic, somatic12.1
21childhood leukemia12.1
22prolymphocytic leukemia12.1
23leukemia, acute myelomonocytic, somatic, somatic12.1
24plasma cell leukemia12.1
25mast-cell leukemia12.0
26acute monocytic leukemia12.0
27large granular lymphocyte leukemia12.0
28acute erythroid leukemia12.0
29t-cell large granular lymphocyte leukemia12.0
30chronic leukemia12.0
31t-cell prolymphocytic leukemia12.0
32acute leukemia of ambiguous lineage12.0
33chronic myelomonocytic leukemia12.0
34acute myeloblastic leukemia with maturation12.0
35cytogenetically normal acute myeloid leukemia12.0
36chronic neutrophilic leukemia12.0
37natural killer cell leukemia12.0
38lymphoid leukemia12.0
39b cell prolymphocytic leukemia12.0
40acute myeloblastic leukemia without maturation12.0
41core binding factor acute myeloid leukemia12.0
42acute monoblastic leukemia12.0
43human t-cell leukemia virus type 111.9
44chronic eosinophilic leukemia11.9
45acute t cell leukemia11.9
46adult acute lymphocytic leukemia11.9
47pdgfrb-associated chronic eosinophilic leukemia11.9
48noonan syndrome-like disorder with or without juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia11.9
49subacute leukemia11.9
50subacute myeloid leukemia11.9

Comorbidity relations with Leukemia via Phenotypic Disease Network (PDN):


Acute CystitisLeukemia, B-Cell, Chronic
Deficiency AnemiaHeart Disease

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Leukemia:



Diseases related to leukemia

Symptoms for Leukemia

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UMLS symptoms related to Leukemia:


chest pain

Drugs & Therapeutics for Leukemia

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FDA approved drugs:

(show all 30)
id Drug Name Active Ingredient(s)16 Company Approval Date
1
Arranon16 42 NELARABINE GlaxoSmithKline October 2005
FDA Label: Arranon
Disease/s that Drug Treats:Lymphoblastic Leukemia
Indications and Usage:16 ARRANON is a nucleoside metabolic inhibitor indicated for the treatment ofpatients with T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia and T-cell lymphoblasticlymphoma whose disease has not responded to or has relapsed followingtreatment with at least two chemotherapy regimens. This use is based on theinduction of complete responses. Randomized trials demonstrating increasedsurvival or other clinical benefit have not been conducted. (1)
DrugBank Targets:14 DNA
Mechanism of Action:16 
Target: DNA synthesis
Action: disruptor --> apoptosis
FDA: Nelarabine is a pro-drug of the deoxyguanosine analogue 9-β-D-arabinofuranosylguanine266 (ara-G), a nucleoside metabolic inhibitor. Nelarabine is demethylated by adenosine deaminase267 (ADA) to ara-G, mono-phosphorylated by deoxyguanosine kinase and deoxycytidine kinase, and268 subsequently converted to the active 5’-triphosphate, ara-GTP. Accumulation of ara-GTP in269 leukemic blasts allows for incorporation into deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), leading to inhibition270 of DNA synthesis and cell death. Other mechanisms may contribute to the cytotoxic and271 systemic toxicity of nelarabine.
apoptosis
Medilexicon: Arranon is a prodrug of the cytotoxic deoxyguanosine analogue 9-ß-D-arabinofuranosylguanine (ara-G). The drug is ultimately metabolized into the active 5'-triphosphate ara-GTP, which disrupts DNA synthesis and induces apoptosis. Additional cytotoxic activities may exist, but these are not fully understood.
FDA: Nelarabine is a pro-drug of the deoxyguanosine analogue 9-β-D-arabinofuranosylguanine266 (ara-G), a nucleoside metabolic inhibitor. Nelarabine is demethylated by adenosine deaminase267 (ADA) to ara-G, mono-phosphorylated by deoxyguanosine kinase and deoxycytidine kinase, and268 subsequently converted to the active 5’-triphosphate, ara-GTP. Accumulation of ara-GTP in269 leukemic blasts allows for incorporation into deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), leading to inhibition270 of DNA synthesis and cell death. Other mechanisms may contribute to the cytotoxic and271 systemic toxicity of nelarabine.
Drug info:
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2
Arzerra16 42 OFATUMUMAB GlaxoSmithKline October 2009
FDA Label: Arzerra
Disease/s that Drug Treats:chronic lymphocytic leukemia
Indications and Usage:16 ARZERRA (ofatumumab) is a CD20-directed cytolytic monoclonal antibodyindicated: in combination with chlorambucil, for the treatment of previouslyuntreated patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) for whomfludarabine-based therapy is considered inappropriate. (1.1) for the treatment of patients with CLL refractory to fludarabine andalemtuzumab. (1.2)
DrugBank Targets:14 no entry
Mechanism of Action:16 
Target: B-cell
Action: promotes lysis
FDA: Ofatumumab binds specifically to both the small and large extracellular loops of the CD20402 molecule. The CD20 molecule is expressed on normal B lymphocytes (pre-B- to mature403 B-lymphocyte) and on B-cell CLL. The CD20 molecule is not shed from the cell surface and is404 not internalized following antibody binding.405406 The Fab domain of ofatumumab binds to the CD20 molecule and the Fc domain mediates407 immune effector functions to result in B-cell lysis in vitro. Data suggest that possible408 mechanisms of cell lysis include complement-dependent cytotoxicity and antibody-dependent,409 cell-mediated cytotoxicity.
3
Blincyto16 42 BLINATUMOMAB Amgen December 2014
FDA Label: Blincyto
Disease/s that Drug Treats:Philadelphia chromosome-negative relapsed /refractory B cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia
Indications and Usage:16 BLINCYTO is a bispecific CD19-directed CD3 T-cell engager indicated forthe treatment of Philadelphia chromosome-negative relapsed or refractory Bcellprecursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). This indication isapproved under accelerated approval. Continued approval for this indicationmay be contingent upon verification of clinical benefit in subsequent trials. (1)
DrugBank Targets:14 1. B-lymphocyte antigen CD19;2. T-cell surface glycoprotein CD3 delta chain
Mechanism of Action:16 
Target: CD19-directed CD3 T-cell
Action: engager
FDA: Blinatumomab is a bispecific CD19-directed CD3 T-cell engager that binds to CD19 expressed on thesurface of cells of B-lineage origin and CD3 expressed on the surface of T cells. It activates endogenousT cells by connecting CD3 in the T-cell receptor (TCR) complex with CD19 on benign and malignant Bcells. Blinatumomab mediates the formation of a synapse between the T cell and the tumor cell,upregulation of cell adhesion molecules, production of cytolytic proteins, release of inflammatorycytokines, and proliferation of T cells, which result in redirected lysis of CD19+ cells.
4
Bosulif16 42 BOSUTINIB MONOHYDRATE Pfizer September 2012
FDA Label: Bosulif
Disease/s that Drug Treats:Ph+ chronic myelogenous leukemia
Indications and Usage:16 BOSULIF is a kinase inhibitor indicated for the treatment of adult patientswith chronic, accelerated, or blast phase Ph+ chronic myelogenous leukemia(CML) with resistance or intolerance to prior therapy. (1)
DrugBank Targets:14 1. Breakpoint cluster region protein;2. Tyrosine-protein kinase ABL1;3. Tyrosine-protein kinase Lyn;4. Tyrosine-protein kinase HCK;5. Proto-oncogene tyrosine-protein kinase Src;6. Cyclin-dependent kinase 2;7. Dual specificity mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 1;8. Dual specificity mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 2;9. Mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase 2;10. Calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase type II subunit gamma
Mechanism of Action:16 
Target: tyrosine kinase/ Src-family kinases including Src, Lyn, and Hck
Action: inhibitor
FDA: Bosutinib is a tyrosine kinase inhibitor. Bosutinib inhibits the Bcr-Abl kinase that promotes CML; it is also aninhibitor of Src-family kinases including Src, Lyn, and Hck. Bosutinib inhibited 16 of 18 imatinib-resistant forms ofBcr-Abl expressed in murine myeloid cell lines. Bosutinib did not inhibit the T315I and V299L mutant cells. In mice,treatment with bosutinib reduced the size of CML tumors relative to controls and inhibited growth of murine myeloidtumors expressing several imatinib-resistant forms of Bcr-Abl.
5
Busulfex16 42 BUSULFAN Orphan Medical February 1999
FDA Label: Busulfex
Disease/s that Drug Treats:leukemia
Indications and Usage:16 BUSULFEX is an alkylating drug indicated for: Use in combination with cyclophosphamide as a conditioning regimenprior to allogeneic hematopoietic progenitor cell transplantation forchronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) (1)
DrugBank Targets:14 DNA
Mechanism of Action:16 
Target: DNA
Action: alkylyzer
FDA: Busulfan is a bifunctional alkylating agent in which two labile methanesulfonate groups are attached to opposite ends of afour-carbon alkyl chain. In aqueous media, busulfan hydrolyzes to release the methanesulfonate groups. This producesreactive carbonium ions that can alkylate DNA. DNA damage is thought to be responsible for much of the cytotoxicity ofbusulfan.
6
Campath16 42 ALEMTUZUMAB Berlex Laboratories May 2001
FDA Label: Campath
Disease/s that Drug Treats:Leukemia
Indications and Usage:16 LEMTRADA is a CD52-directed cytolytic monoclonal antibody indicated dizziness, abdominal pain, flushing, and vomiting. (6.1) for the treatment of patients with relapsing forms of multiple sclerosis(MS).
DrugBank Targets:14 1. CAMPATH-1 antigen;2. Low affinity immunoglobulin gamma Fc region receptor III-B;3. Complement C1r subcomponent;4. Complement C1q subcomponent subunit A;5. Complement C1q subcomponent subunit B;6. Complement C1q subcomponent subunit C;7. Low affinity immunoglobulin gamma Fc region receptor III-A;8. High affinity immunoglobulin gamma Fc receptor I;9. Low affinity immunoglobulin gamma Fc region receptor II-a;10. Low affinity immunoglobulin gamma Fc region receptor II-b;11. Low affinity immunoglobulin gamma Fc region receptor II-c;;
Mechanism of Action:16 
Target: CD52 antigen
Action: after binding, induces cell lysis
FDA: The precise mechanism by which alemtuzumab exerts its therapeutic effects in multiple490 sclerosis is unknown but is presumed to involve binding to CD52, a cell surface antigen491 present on T and B lymphocytes, and on natural killer cells, monocytes, and492 macrophages. Following cell surface binding to T and B lymphocytes, alemtuzumab493 results in antibody-dependent cellular cytolysis and complement-mediated lysis.
7
Clolar16 42 CLOFARABINE Genzyme December, 2004
FDA Label: Clolar
Disease/s that Drug Treats:Lymphoblastic Leukemia
Indications and Usage:16 Clolar (clofarabine) injection is a purine nucleoside metabolic inhibitorindicated for the treatment of pediatric patients 1 to 21 years old with relapsedor refractory acute lymphoblastic leukemia after at least two prior regimens.This indication is based upon response rate. There are no trials verifying animprovement in disease-related symptoms or increased survival with Clolar.(1)
DrugBank Targets:14 1. DNA polymerase alpha catalytic subunit;2. Ribonucleoside-diphosphate reductase large subunit;3. DNA
Mechanism of Action:16 
Target: ribonucleotide reductase
Action: inhibitor
FDA: Clofarabine is sequentially metabolized intracellularly to the 5’-monophosphate metabolite bydeoxycytidine kinase and mono- and di-phospho-kinases to the active 5’-triphosphate metabolite.Clofarabine has affinity for the activating phosphorylating enzyme, deoxycytidine kinase, equalto or greater than that of the natural substrate, deoxycytidine. Clofarabine inhibits DNA synthesisby decreasing cellular deoxynucleotide triphosphate pools through an inhibitory action onribonucleotide reductase, and by terminating DNA chain elongation and inhibiting repair throughincorporation into the DNA chain by competitive inhibition of DNA polymerases. The affinity ofclofarabine triphosphate for these enzymes is similar to or greater than that of deoxyadenosinetriphosphate. In preclinical models, clofarabine has demonstrated the ability to inhibit DNArepair by incorporation into the DNA chain during the repair process. Clofarabine 5’-triphosphate also disrupts the integrity of mitochondrial membrane, leading to the release of thepro-apoptotic mitochondrial proteins, cytochrome C and apoptosis-inducing factor, leading toprogrammed cell death.Clofarabine is cytotoxic to rapidly proliferating and quiescent cancer cell types in vitro.
8
Elitek16 42 RASBURICASE sanofi-aventis October 2009
FDA Label: Elitek
Disease/s that Drug Treats:management of plasma uric acid levels in adults with malignancies
Indications and Usage:16 Elitek is a recombinant urate-oxidase indicated for initial management ofplasma uric acid levels in pediatric and adult patients with leukemia,lymphoma, and solid tumor malignancies who are receiving anti-cancertherapy expected to result in tumor lysis and subsequent elevation of plasmauric acid (1).Limitation of use: Elitek is indicated only for a single course of treatment (1).
DrugBank Targets:14 1. Uric acid
Mechanism of Action:16 
Target: uric acid
Action: converter to alantoin
FDA: In humans, uric acid is the final step in the catabolic pathway of purines. Rasburicase catalyzesenzymatic oxidation of poorly soluble uric acid into an inactive and more soluble metabolite(allantoin).
9
Elliotts B Solution16 CALCIUM CHLORIDE; DEXTROSE; MAGNESIUM SULFATE; POTASSIUM CHLORIDE; SODIUM BICARBONATE; SODIUM CHLORIDE; SODIUM PHOSPHATE, DIBASIC, HEPTAHYDRATE Orphan Medical October 1996
FDA Label: -
Disease/s that Drug Treats:meningeal leukemia or lymphocytic lymphoma
Indications and Usage:16 -
DrugBank Targets: -
Mechanism of Action:16 
Target: cerebrospinal fluid
Action: comparable in pH, electrolyte composition, glucose content, and osmolarity
FDA: -
10
Erwinaze16 42 asparaginase Erwinia chrysanthemi Eusa Pharma November of 2011
FDA Label: Erwinaze
Disease/s that Drug Treats:acute lymphoblastic leukemia
Indications and Usage:16 ERWINAZE (asparaginase Erwinia chrysanthemi) is an asparagine specificenzyme indicated as a component of a multi-agent chemotherapeutic regimenfor the treatment of patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) whohave developed hypersensitivity to E. coli-derived asparaginase. (1)
DrugBank Targets:14 -
Mechanism of Action:16 
Target: deamidation of asparagine to aspartic acid and ammonia
Action: catalyzer
FDA: Asparaginase Erwinia chrysanthemi catalyzes the deamidation of asparagine to aspartic acid and ammonia, resultingin a reduction in circulating levels of asparagine. The mechanism of action of ERWINAZE is thought to be based onthe inability of leukemic cells to synthesize asparagine due to lack of asparagine synthetase activity, resulting incytotoxicity specific for leukemic cells that depend on an exogenous source of amino acid asparagine for theirprotein metabolism and survival.
11
Gazyva16 42 OBINUTUZUMAB Genentech October of 2013
FDA Label: Gazyva
Disease/s that Drug Treats:previously untreated chronic lymphocytic leukemia
Indications and Usage:16 GAZYVA (obinutuzumab) is a CD20-directed cytolytic antibody and isindicated, in combination with chlorambucil, for the treatment of patients withpreviously untreated chronic lymphocytic leukemia. (1, 14)
DrugBank Targets:14 1. B-lymphocyte antigen CD20
Mechanism of Action:16 
Target: CD20 antigen expressed on the surface of pre B- and mature B-lymphocytes
Action: engager of immune cells and/or activator of intracellular death signaling pathways and/or activator of the complement cascade
FDA: Obinutuzumab is a monoclonal antibody that targets the CD20 antigen expressed on the surfaceof pre B- and mature B-lymphocytes. Upon binding to CD20, obinutuzumab mediates B-celllysis through (1) engagement of immune effector cells, (2) by directly activating intracellulardeath signaling pathways and/or (3) activation of the complement cascade. The immune effectorcell mechanisms include antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity and antibody-dependentcellular phagocytosis.
12
Gleevec16 42 IMATINIB MESYLATE Novartis May 2001
FDA Label: Gleevec
Disease/s that Drug Treats:chronic myeloid leukemia/Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs)
Indications and Usage:16 Gleevec™ (imatinib mesylate) is indicated for the treatment of newly diagnosed adultpatients with Philadelphia chromosome positive chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in chronicphase. Follow-up is limited. Page 10Gleevec is also indicated for the treatment of patients with Philadelphia chromosomepositive chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in blast crisis, accelerated phase, or in chronicphase after failure of interferon-alpha therapy. Gleevec is also indicated for the treatment ofpediatric patients with Ph+ chronic phase CML whose disease has recurred after stem celltransplant or who are resistant to interferon alpha therapy. There are no controlled trialsdemonstrating a clinical benefit, such as improvement in disease-related symptoms orincreased survival.Gleevec is also indicated for the treatment of patients with Kit (CD117) positiveunresectable and/or metastatic malignant gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST). (SeeCLINICAL STUDIES: Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors.) The effectiveness of Gleevec inGIST is based on objective response rate (see CLINICAL STUDIES). There are no controlledtrials demonstrating a clinical benefit, such as improvement in disease-related symptoms orincreased survival.
DrugBank Targets:14 1. BCR/ABL fusion protein isoform X9;2. Mast/stem cell growth factor receptor Kit;3. RET proto-oncogene;4. High affinity nerve growth factor receptor;5. Macrophage colony-stimulating factor 1 receptor;6. Platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha;7. Epithelial discoidin domain-containing receptor 1;8. Tyrosine-protein kinase ABL1;9. Platelet-derived growth factor receptor beta
Mechanism of Action:16 
Target: protein-tyrosine kinase
Action: inhibitor
FDA: Imatinib mesylate is a protein-tyrosine kinase inhibitor that inhibits the Bcr-Abl tyrosinekinase, the constitutive abnormal tyrosine kinase created by the Philadelphia chromosomeabnormality in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). It inhibits proliferation and inducesapoptosis in Bcr-Abl positive cell lines as well as fresh leukemic cells from Philadelphiachromosome positive chronic myeloid leukemia. In colony formation assays using ex vivoperipheral blood and bone marrow samples, imatinib shows inhibition of Bcr-Abl positivecolonies from CML patients.In vivo, it inhibits tumor growth of Bcr-Abl transfected murine myeloid cells as wellas Bcr-Abl positive leukemia lines derived from CML patients in blast crisis.Imatinib is also an inhibitor of the receptor tyrosine kinases for platelet-derivedgrowth factor (PDGF) and stem cell factor (SCF), c-kit, and inhibits PDGF- andSCF-mediated cellular events. In vitro, imatinib inhibits proliferation and induces apoptosis ingastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) cells, which express an activating c-kit mutation.
13
Iclusig16 42 PONATINIB HYDROCHLORIDE Ariad Pharmaceuticals December 2012
FDA Label: Iclusig
Disease/s that Drug Treats:chronic myeloid leukemia and Philadelphia chromosome positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia
Indications and Usage:16 Iclusig is a kinase inhibitor indicated for the: Treatment of adult patients with T315I-positive chronic myeloidleukemia (chronic phase, accelerated phase, or blast phase) or T315IpositivePhiladelphia chromosome positive acute lymphoblasticleukemia (Ph+ ALL). Treatment of adult patients with chronic phase, accelerated phase, orblast phase chronic myeloid leukemia or Ph+ ALL for whom no othertyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) therapy is indicated. (1)These indications are based upon response rate. There are no trials verifying animprovement in disease-related symptoms or increased survival with Iclusig.
DrugBank Targets:14 1. Tyrosine-protein kinase ABL1;2. Breakpoint cluster region protein;3. Mast/stem cell growth factor receptor Kit;4. Proto-oncogene tyrosine-protein kinase receptor Ret;5. Angiopoietin-1 receptor;6. Receptor-type tyrosine-protein kinase FLT3;7. Fibroblast growth factor receptor 1;8. Fibroblast growth factor receptor 2;9. Fibroblast growth factor receptor 3;10. Fibroblast growth factor receptor 4;11. Tyrosine-protein kinase Lck;12. Proto-oncogene tyrosine-protein kinase Src;13. Tyrosine-protein kinase Lyn;14. Vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2;15. Platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha
Mechanism of Action:16 
Target: tyrosine kinase activity of ABL and T315I mutant ABL
Action: inhibitor
FDA: Ponatinib is a kinase inhibitor. Ponatinib inhibited the in vitro tyrosine kinase activity of ABL and T315I mutant ABL withIC50 concentrations of 0.4 and 2.0 nM, respectively. Ponatinib inhibited the in vitro activity of additional kinases with IC50concentrations between 0.1 and 20 nM, including members of the VEGFR, PDGFR, FGFR, EPH receptors and SRCfamilies of kinases, and KIT, RET, TIE2, and FLT3. Ponatinib inhibited the in vitro viability of cells expressing native ormutant BCR-ABL, including T315I. In mice, treatment with ponatinib reduced the size of tumors expressing native orT315I mutant BCR-ABL when compared to controls.
14
Imbruvica16 42 IBRUTINIB Pharmacyclics November of 2013/ February 2014
FDA Label: Imbruvica
Disease/s that Drug Treats:mantle cell lymphoma/chronic lymphocytic leukemia
Indications and Usage:16 IMBRUVICA is a kinase inhibitor indicated for the treatment of patients with: Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) who have received at least one priortherapy (1.1).Accelerated approval was granted for this indication based on overallresponse rate. Continued approval for this indication may be contingentupon verification of clinical benefit in confirmatory trials. Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) who have received at least oneprior therapy (1.2). Chronic lymphocytic leukemia with 17p deletion (1.3). Waldenström’s macroglobulinemia (WM) (1.4).
DrugBank Targets:14 1. Tyrosine-protein kinase BTK
Mechanism of Action:16 
Target: Bruton's tyrosine kinase (Btk)
Action: selective inhibitor
FDA: Ibrutinib is a small-molecule inhibitor of BTK. Ibrutinib forms a covalent bond with a cysteineresidue in the BTK active site, leading to inhibition of BTK enzymatic activity. BTK is asignaling molecule of the B-cell antigen receptor (BCR) and cytokine receptor pathways. BTK’srole in signaling through the B-cell surface receptors results in activation of pathways necessaryfor B-cell trafficking, chemotaxis, and adhesion. Nonclinical studies show that ibrutinib inhibitsmalignant B-cell proliferation and survival in vivo as well as cell migration and substrateadhesion in vitro.
15
Intron A16 42 INTERFERON ALFA-2B Schering-Plough December 1997/ December 1995/ March 1997
FDA Label: Intron A
Disease/s that Drug Treats:non-Hodgkin's lymphoma/ malignant melanoma / Hepatitis C
Indications and Usage:16 Hairy Cell Leukemia INTRON® A is indicated for the treatment of patients 18 years ofage or older with hairy cell leukemia.Malignant Melanoma INTRON A is indicated as adjuvant to surgical treatment inpatients 18 years of age or older with malignant melanoma who are free of disease butat high risk for systemic recurrence, within 56 days of surgery.Follicular Lymphoma INTRON A is indicated for the initial treatment of clinicallyaggressive (see Clinical Pharmacology) follicular Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma inconjunction with anthracycline-containing combination chemotherapy in patients 18years of age or older. Efficacy of INTRON A therapy in patients with low-grade, lowtumorburden follicular Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma has not been demonstrated.Condylomata Acuminata INTRON A is indicated for intralesional treatment of selectedpatients 18 years of age or older with condylomata acuminata involving externalsurfaces of the genital and perianal areas (see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION).The use of this product in adolescents has not been studied.AIDS-Related Kaposi's Sarcoma INTRON A is indicated for the treatment of selectedpatients 18 years of age or older with AIDS-Related Kaposi's Sarcoma. The likelihoodof response to INTRON A therapy is greater in patients who are without systemic symptoms, who have limited lymphadenopathy and who have a relatively intact immunesystem as indicated by total CD4 count.Chronic Hepatitis C INTRON A is indicated for the treatment of chronic hepatitis C inpatients 18 years of age or older with compensated liver disease who have a history ofblood or blood-product exposure and/or are HCV antibody positive. Studies in thesepatients demonstrated that INTRON A therapy can produce clinically meaningful effectson this disease, manifested by normalization of serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT)and reduction in liver necrosis and degeneration.A liver biopsy should be performed to establish the diagnosis of chronic hepatitis.Patients should be tested for the presence of antibody to HCV. Patients with othercauses of chronic hepatitis, including autoimmune hepatitis, should be excluded. Priorto initiation of INTRON A therapy, the physician should establish that the patient hascompensated liver disease. The following patient entrance criteria for compensated liverdisease were used in the clinical studies and should be considered before INTRON Atreatment of patients with chronic hepatitis C: No history of hepatic encephalopathy, variceal bleeding, ascites, or otherclinical signs of decompensation Bilirubin Less than or equal to 2 mg/dL Albumin Stable and within normal limits Prothrombin Time Less than 3 seconds prolonged WBC Greater than or equal to 3000/mm3 Platelets Greater than or equal to 70,000/mm3Serum creatinine should be normal or near normal.Prior to initiation of INTRON A therapy, CBC and platelet counts should beevaluated in order to establish baselines for monitoring potential toxicity. These testsshould be repeated at Weeks 1 and 2 following initiation of INTRON A therapy, andmonthly thereafter. Serum ALT should be evaluated at approximately 3-month intervalsto assess response to treatment (see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION).Patients with preexisting thyroid abnormalities may be treated if thyroidstimulatinghormone (TSH) levels can be maintained in the normal range by medication.TSH levels must be within normal limits upon initiation of INTRON A treatment and TSHtesting should be repeated at 3 and 6 months (see PRECAUTIONS, LaboratoryTests).INTRON A in combination with REBETOL® is indicated for the treatment ofchronic hepatitis C in patients 3 years of age and older with compensated liver diseasepreviously untreated with alpha interferon therapy and in patients 18 years of age andolder who have relapsed following alpha interferon therapy. See REBETOL prescribinginformation for additional information. Chronic Hepatitis B INTRON A is indicated for the treatment of chronic hepatitis B inpatients 1 year of age or older with compensated liver disease. Patients who have beenserum HBsAg positive for at least 6 months and have evidence of HBV replication(serum HBeAg positive) with elevated serum ALT are candidates for treatment. Studiesin these patients demonstrated that INTRON A therapy can produce virologic remissionof this disease (loss of serum HBeAg) and normalization of serum aminotransferases.INTRON A therapy resulted in the loss of serum HBsAg in some responding patients.Prior to initiation of INTRON A therapy, it is recommended that a liver biopsy beperformed to establish the presence of chronic hepatitis and the extent of liver damage.The physician should establish that the patient has compensated liver disease. Thefollowing patient entrance criteria for compensated liver disease were used in theclinical studies and should be considered before INTRON A treatment of patients withchronic hepatitis B: No history of hepatic encephalopathy, variceal bleeding, ascites, or othersigns of clinical decompensation Bilirubin Normal Albumin Stable and within normal limits Prothrombin Time Adults less than 3 seconds prolongedPediatrics less than or equal to 2 seconds prolonged WBC Greater than or equal to 4000/mm3 Platelets Adults greater than or equal to 100,000/mm3Pediatrics greater than or equal to 150,000/mm3Patients with causes of chronic hepatitis other than chronic hepatitis B or chronichepatitis C should not be treated with INTRON A. CBC and platelet counts should beevaluated prior to initiation of INTRON A therapy in order to establish baselines formonitoring potential toxicity. These tests should be repeated at treatment Weeks 1, 2,4, 8, 12, and 16. Liver function tests, including serum ALT, albumin, and bilirubin,should be evaluated at treatment Weeks 1, 2, 4, 8, 12, and 16. HBeAg, HBsAg, andALT should be evaluated at the end of therapy, as well as 3- and 6-months posttherapy,since patients may become virologic responders during the 6-month periodfollowing the end of treatment. In clinical studies in adults, 39% (15/38) of respondingpatients lost HBeAg 1 to 6 months following the end of INTRON A therapy. Ofresponding patients who lost HBsAg, 58% (7/12) did so 1 to 6 months post-treatment.A transient increase in ALT greater than or equal to 2 times baseline value (flare)can occur during INTRON A therapy for chronic hepatitis B. In clinical trials in adultsand pediatrics, this flare generally occurred 8 to 12 weeks after initiation of therapy andwas more frequent in responders (adults 63%, 24/38; pediatrics 59%, 10/17) than innonresponders (adults 27%, 13/48; pediatrics 35%, 19/55). However, in adults andpediatrics, elevations in bilirubin greater than or equal to 3 mg/dL (greater than or equalto 2 times ULN) occurred infrequently (adults 2%, 2/86; pediatrics 3%, 2/72) duringtherapy. When ALT flare occurs, in general, INTRON A therapy should be continued unless signs and symptoms of liver failure are observed. During ALT flare, clinicalsymptomatology and liver function tests including ALT, prothrombin time, alkalinephosphatase, albumin, and bilirubin, should be monitored at approximately 2-weekintervals (see WARNINGS).
DrugBank Targets:14 1. Interferon alpha/beta receptor 2;2. Interferon alpha/beta receptor 1
Mechanism of Action:16 
Target: intracellular oncogene expression, natural killer and cytotoxic T-cells, microphage, cytokine production
Action: stimulation, induction (unspecified effects on oncogene expression)
FDA: -
16
Leukine16 SARGRAMOSTIM Immunex on November 24, 1995/ November 1996
FDA Label: -
Disease/s that Drug Treats:transplantation/ replenishment of white blood cells, fungal infections
Indications and Usage:16 -
DrugBank Targets:14 1. Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor receptor subunit alpha;2. Interleukin-3 receptor subunit alpha;3. Cytokine receptor common subunit beta;4. Syndecan-2;5. Bone marrow proteoglycan
Mechanism of Action:16 
Target: -
Action: -
FDA: -
17
Lynparza16 42 OLAPARIB AstraZeneca December 2014
FDA Label: Lynparza
Disease/s that Drug Treats:previously treated BRCA mutated advanced ovarian cancer
Indications and Usage:16 Lynparza is a poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor indicated asmonotherapy in patients with deleterious or suspected deleterious germlineBRCA mutated (as detected by an FDA-approved test) advanced ovariancancer who have been treated with three or more prior lines of chemotherapy.(1.1)The indication is approved under accelerated approval based on objectiveresponse rate and duration of response. Continued approval for this indicationmay be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit inconfirmatory trials. (1 1, 14)
DrugBank Targets:14 1. Poly [ADP-ribose] polymerase 1;2. Poly [ADP-ribose] polymerase 2;3. Poly [ADP-ribose] polymerase 3
Mechanism of Action:16 
Target: poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP)
Action: inhibitor
FDA: Lynparza is an inhibitor of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) enzymes, including PARP1, PARP2, and PARP3.PARP enzymes are involved in normal cellular homeostasis, such as DNA transcription, cell cycle regulation, and DNArepair. Olaparib has been shown to inhibit growth of select tumor cell lines in vitro and decrease tumor growth in mousexenograft models of human cancer both as monotherapy or following platinum-based chemotherapy. Increasedcytotoxicity and anti-tumor activity following treatment with olaparib were noted in cell lines and mouse tumor modelswith deficiencies in BRCA. In vitro studies have shown that olaparib-induced cytotoxicity may involve inhibition ofPARP enzymatic activity and increased formation of PARP-DNA complex, resulting in disruption of cellular homeostasisand cell death.
18
Marqibo16 42 VINCRISTINE SULFATE Talon Therapeutics August 2012
FDA Label: Marqibo
Disease/s that Drug Treats:Ph- acute lymphoblastic leukemia
Indications and Usage:16 Marqibo is a vinca alkaloid indicated for the treatment of adult patients withPhiladelphia chromosome-negative (Ph-) acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL)in second or greater relapse or whose disease has progressed following two ormore anti-leukemia therapies. This indication is based on overall responserate. Clinical benefit such as improvement in overall survival has not beenverified (1.1).
DrugBank Targets:14 1. Tubulin beta chain;2. Tubulin alpha-4A chain
Mechanism of Action:16 
Target: tubulin
Action: alters polymerization equilibrium
FDA: Marqibo is a sphingomyelin/cholesterol liposome-encapsulated formulation of vincristine sulfate.Non-liposomal vincristine sulfate binds to tubulin, altering the tubulin polymerization equilibrium, resulting inaltered microtubule structure and function. Non-liposomal vincristine sulfate stabilizes the spindle apparatus,preventing chromosome segregation, triggering metaphase arrest and inhibition of mitosis.
19
Mylotarg16 42 GEMTUZUMAB OZOGAMICIN Wyeth May 2000
FDA Label: Mylotarg
Disease/s that Drug Treats:Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML)
Indications and Usage:16 Mylotarg is indicated for the treatment of patients with CD33 positive acute myeloid leukemia infirst relapse who are 60 years of age or older and who are not considered candidates for othercytotoxic chemotherapy. The safety and efficacy of Mylotarg in patients with poor performancestatus and organ dysfunction has not been established.The effectiveness of Mylotarg is based on OR rates (see CLINICAL STUDIES section). Thereare no controlled trials demonstrating a clinical benefit, such as improvement in disease-relatedsymptoms or increased survival, compared to any other treatment.
DrugBank Targets:14 1. Myeloid cell surface antigen CD33;2. Low affinity immunoglobulin gamma Fc region receptor III-B;3. Complement C1r subcomponent;4. Complement C1q subcomponent subunit A;5. Complement C1q subcomponent subunit B;6. Complement C1q subcomponent subunit C;7. Low affinity immunoglobulin gamma Fc region receptor III-A;8. Complement C1s subcomponent;9. High affinity immunoglobulin gamma Fc receptor I;10. Low affinity immunoglobulin gamma Fc region receptor II-a;11. Low affinity immunoglobulin gamma Fc region receptor II-b;12. Low affinity immunoglobulin gamma Fc region receptor II-c
Mechanism of Action:16 
Target: CD33 antigen expressed byhematopoietic cells
Action: binds to form complex that then causes a break in the DNA double strand
FDA: Mylotarg is directed against the CD33 antigen expressed byhematopoietic cells. Binding of the anti-CD33 antibody portion of Mylotarg with the CD33antigen results in the formation of a complex that is internalized. Upon internalization, thecalicheamicin derivative is released inside the lysosomes of the myeloid cell. The releasedcalicheamicin derivative binds to DNA in the minor groove resulting in DNA double strandbreaks and cell death.Gemtuzumab ozogamicin is cytotoxic to the CD33 positive HL-60 human leukemia cell line.Gemtuzumab ozogamicin produces significant inhibition of colony formation in cultures of adultleukemic bone marrow cells. The cytotoxic effect on normal myeloid precursors leads tosubstantial myelosuppression, but this is reversible because pluripotent hematopoietic stem cellsare spared. In preclinical animal studies, gemtuzumab ozogamicin demonstrates antitumoreffects in the HL-60 human promyelocytic leukemia xenograft tumor in athymic mice.
20
Neupogen16 42 FILGRASTIM Amgen Approval April 1998
FDA Label: Neupogen
Disease/s that Drug Treats:slow white blood cell recovery following chemotherapy
Indications and Usage:16 NEUPOGEN is a leukocyte growth factor indicated to Decrease the incidence of infection‚ as manifested by febrile neutropenia‚in patients with nonmyeloid malignancies receiving myelosuppressive anticancerdrugs associated with a significant incidence of severe neutropeniawith fever (1.1) Reduce the time to neutrophil recovery and the duration of fever, followinginduction or consolidation chemotherapy treatment of patients with acutemyeloid leukemia (AML) (1.2) Reduce the duration of neutropenia and neutropenia-related clinicalsequelae‚ e.g.‚ febrile neutropenia, in patients with nonmyeloidmalignancies undergoing myeloablative chemotherapy followed by bonemarrow transplantation (BMT) (1.3) Mobilize autologous hematopoietic progenitor cells into the peripheralblood for collection by leukapheresis (1.4) Reduce the incidence and duration of sequelae of severe neutropenia (e.g.‚fever‚ infections‚ oropharyngeal ulcers) in symptomatic patients withcongenital neutropenia‚ cyclic neutropenia‚ or idiopathic neutropenia (1.5) Increase survival in patients acutely exposed to myelosuppressive doses ofradiation (Hematopoietic Syndrome of Acute Radiation Syndrome) (1.6)
DrugBank Targets:14 1. Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor receptor;2. Neutrophil elastase
Mechanism of Action:16 
Target: hematopoietic cells
Action: stimulates proliferation/ regulated production of neutophils
FDA: Colony-stimulating factors are glycoproteins which act on hematopoietic cells by binding to specific cellsurface receptors and stimulating proliferation‚ differentiation commitment‚ and some end-cell functionalactivation.Endogenous G-CSF is a lineage-specific colony-stimulating factor that is produced by monocytes‚fibroblasts, and endothelial cells. G-CSF regulates the production of neutrophils within the bone marrowand affects neutrophil progenitor proliferation‚ differentiation, and selected end-cell functions (includingenhanced phagocytic ability‚ priming of the cellular metabolism associated with respiratory burst‚antibody-dependent killing, and the increased expression of some cell surface antigens). G-CSF is notspecies-specific and has been shown to have minimal direct in vivo or in vitro effects on the production oractivity of hematopoietic cell types other than the neutrophil lineage.
21
Pomalyst16 42 POMALIDOMIDE Celgene February 2013
FDA Label: Pomalyst
Disease/s that Drug Treats:relapsed and refractory multiple myeloma
Indications and Usage:16 POMALYST is a thalidomide analogue indicated, in combination withdexamethasone, for patients with multiple myeloma who have received atleast two prior therapies including lenalidomide and a proteasome inhibitorand have demonstrated disease progression on or within 60 days ofcompletion of the last therapy (1.1).
DrugBank Targets:14 1. Protein cereblon;2. Tumor necrosis factor;3. Prostaglandin G/H synthase 2
Mechanism of Action:16 
Target: hematopoietic tumor cells, lenalidomide-resistant multiple myeloma cell lines/ T-cells
Action: inhibitor of proliferation/ inducer of apoptosis/ enhancer of natural killer cell-mediated immunity
FDA: Pomalidomide, an analogue of thalidomide, is an immunomodulatory agent with antineoplasticactivity. In in vitro cellular assays, pomalidomide inhibited proliferation and induced apoptosis of hematopoietic tumor cells. Additionally, pomalidomide inhibited the proliferation oflenalidomide-resistant multiple myeloma cell lines and synergized with dexamethasone in bothlenalidomide-sensitive and lenalidomide-resistant cell lines to induce tumor cell apoptosis.Pomalidomide enhanced T cell- and natural killer (NK) cell-mediated immunity and inhibitedproduction of pro-inflammatory cytokines (e.g., TNF-α and IL-6) by monocytes. Pomalidomidedemonstrated anti-angiogenic activity in a mouse tumor model and in the in vitro umbilical cordmodel.
22
Revlimid16 42 LENALIDOMIDE Celgene June 2013
FDA Label: Revlimid
Disease/s that Drug Treats:mantle cell lymphoma
Indications and Usage:16 REVLIMID is a thalidomide analogue indicated for the treatment of patientswith: Multiple myeloma (MM), in combination with dexamethasone (1.1). Transfusion-dependent anemia due to low- or intermediate-1-riskmyelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) associated with a deletion 5qabnormality with or without additional cytogenetic abnormalities (1.2). Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) whose disease has relapsed or progressedafter two prior therapies, one of which included bortezomib (1.3).Limitations of Use: REVLIMID is not indicated and is not recommended for the treatmentof patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) outside ofcontrolled clinical trials (1.4).
DrugBank Targets:14 1. Protein cereblon;2. Tumor necrosis factor ligand superfamily member 11;3. Cadherin-5;4. Prostaglandin G/H synthase 2
Mechanism of Action:16 
Target: T cells and natural killer cells/ pro-inflammatory cytokines by monocytes
Action: activator/inhibitor
FDA: Lenalidomide is an analogue of thalidomide with immunomodulatory, antiangiogenic, and antineoplastic properties. Lenalidomide inhibitsproliferation and induces apoptosis of certain hematopoietic tumor cells including multiple myeloma, mantle cell lymphoma, and del (5q)myelodysplastic syndromes in vitro. Lenalidomide causes a delay in tumor growth in some in vivo nonclinical hematopoietic tumor modelsincluding multiple myeloma. Immunomodulatory properties of lenalidomide include activation of T cells and natural killer (NK) cells, increasednumbers of NKT cells, and inhibition of pro-inflammatory cytokines (e.g., TNF-α and IL-6) by monocytes. In multiple myeloma cells, thecombination of lenalidomide and dexamethasone synergizes the inhibition of cell proliferation and the induction of apoptosis.
23
Rituxan16 42 RITUXIMAB Biogen IDEC, Genentech November 1997
FDA Label: Rituxan
Disease/s that Drug Treats:non-hodgkin's lymphoma
Indications and Usage:16 Rituxan® (rituximab) is a CD20-directed cytolytic antibody indicated for thetreatment of patients with: Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma (NHL) (1.1) Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL) (1.2) Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) in combination with methotrexate in adultpatients with moderately-to severely-active RA who have inadequateresponse to one or more TNF antagonist therapies (1.3) Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis (GPA) (Wegener’s Granulomatosis) andMicroscopic Polyangiitis (MPA) in adult patients in combination withglucocorticoids (1.4)Limitations of Use: Rituxan is not recommended for use in patients withsevere, active infections (1.5).
DrugBank Targets:14 1. Low affinity immunoglobulin gamma Fc region receptor III-B;2. Complement C1r subcomponent;3. Complement C1q subcomponent subunit A;4. Complement C1q subcomponent subunit B;5. Complement C1q subcomponent subunit C;6. Low affinity immunoglobulin gamma Fc region receptor III-A;7. Complement C1s subcomponent;8. High affinity immunoglobulin gamma Fc receptor I;9. Low affinity immunoglobulin gamma Fc region receptor II-a;10. Low affinity immunoglobulin gamma Fc region receptor II-b;11. Low affinity immunoglobulin gamma Fc region receptor II-c;12. B-lymphocyte antigen CD20
Mechanism of Action:16 
Target: CD20 antigen expressed on the surface ofpre-B and mature B-lymphocytes
Action: mediator of B-cell lysis through different possible types of cytotoxicity
FDA: Rituximab is a monoclonal antibody that targets the CD20 antigen expressed on the surface ofpre-B and mature B-lymphocytes. Upon binding to CD20, rituximab mediates B-cell lysis. Possiblemechanisms of cell lysis include complement dependent cytotoxicity (CDC) and antibody dependentcell mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC). The antibody induced apoptosis in the DHL 4 human B celllymphoma cell line.B cells are believed to play a role in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and associatedchronic synovitis. In this setting, B cells may be acting at multiple sites in theautoimmune/inflammatory process, including through production of rheumatoid factor (RF) andother autoantibodies, antigen presentation, T-cell activation, and/or proinflammatory cytokineproduction.
24
Sprycel16 42 DASATINIB Bristol-Myers Squibb June 2006
FDA Label: Sprycel
Disease/s that Drug Treats:Chronic Myeloid Leukemia
Indications and Usage:16 SPRYCEL is a kinase inhibitor indicated for the treatment of newly diagnosed adults with Philadelphia chromosome-positive (Ph+)chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in chronic phase. (1, 14) adults with chronic, accelerated, or myeloid or lymphoid blast phase Ph+CML with resistance or intolerance to prior therapy including imatinib. (1,14) adults with Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphoblasticleukemia (Ph+ ALL) with resistance or intolerance to prior therapy. (1, 14)
DrugBank Targets:14 1. Tyrosine-protein kinase ABL1;2. Proto-oncogene tyrosine-protein kinase Src;3. Ephrin type-A receptor 2;4. Tyrosine-protein kinase Lck;5. Tyrosine-protein kinase Yes;6. Mast/stem cell growth factor receptor Kit;7. Platelet-derived growth factor receptor beta;8. Signal transducer and activator of transcription 5B;9. Abelson tyrosine-protein kinase 2;10. Tyrosine-protein kinase Fyn
Mechanism of Action:16 
Target: BCR-ABL, SRC family(SRC, LCK, YES, FYN), c-KIT, EPHA2, and PDGFRβ kinases
Action: inhibitor
FDA: Dasatinib, at nanomolar concentrations, inhibits the following kinases: BCR-ABL, SRC family(SRC, LCK, YES, FYN), c-KIT, EPHA2, and PDGFRβ. Based on modeling studies, dasatinib ispredicted to bind to multiple conformations of the ABL kinase.In vitro, dasatinib was active in leukemic cell lines representing variants of imatinib mesylatesensitive and resistant disease. Dasatinib inhibited the growth of chronic myeloid leukemia(CML) and acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) cell lines overexpressing BCR-ABL. Under theconditions of the assays, dasatinib was able to overcome imatinib resistance resulting from BCRABLkinase domain mutations, activation of alternate signaling pathways involving the SRCfamily kinases (LYN, HCK), and multi-drug resistance gene overexpression.
25
Sutent16 42 SUNITINIB MALATE Pfizer May 2011/ January 2006
FDA Label: Sutent
Disease/s that Drug Treats:pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors/ Kidney Cancer/Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors
Indications and Usage:16 SUTENT is a kinase inhibitor indicated for the treatment of: Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) after disease progression on orintolerance to imatinib mesylate. (1.1) Advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC). (1.2) Progressive, well-differentiated pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors(pNET) in patients with unresectable locally advanced or metastaticdisease. (1.3)
DrugBank Targets:14 1. Platelet-derived growth factor receptor beta;2. Vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 1;3. Mast/stem cell growth factor receptor Kit;4. Vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2;5. Vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 3;6. Receptor-type tyrosine-protein kinase FLT3;7. Macrophage colony-stimulating factor 1 receptor;8. Platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha
Mechanism of Action:16 
Target: variety of kinases, platelet-derived growth factor receptors (PDGFRα and PDGFRβ), vascular endothelial growth factorreceptors (VEGFR1, VEGFR2 and VEGFR3), stem cell factor receptor (KIT), Fms-like tyrosine kinase-3(FLT3), colony stimulating factor receptor Type 1 (CSF-1R), and the glial cell-line derived neurotrophic factorreceptor (RET)
Action: inhibitor
FDA: Sunitinib is a small molecule that inhibits multiple receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs), some of which areimplicated in tumor growth, pathologic angiogenesis, and metastatic progression of cancer. Sunitinib wasevaluated for its inhibitory activity against a variety of kinases (>80 kinases) and was identified as an inhibitorof platelet-derived growth factor receptors (PDGFRα and PDGFRβ), vascular endothelial growth factorreceptors (VEGFR1, VEGFR2 and VEGFR3), stem cell factor receptor (KIT), Fms-like tyrosine kinase-3(FLT3), colony stimulating factor receptor Type 1 (CSF-1R), and the glial cell-line derived neurotrophic factorreceptor (RET). Sunitinib inhibition of the activity of these RTKs has been demonstrated in biochemical andcellular assays, and inhibition of function has been demonstrated in cell proliferation assays. The primarymetabolite exhibits similar potency compared to sunitinib in biochemical and cellular assays.Sunitinib inhibited the phosphorylation of multiple RTKs (PDGFR, VEGFR2, KIT) in tumor xenograftsexpressing RTK targets in vivo and demonstrated inhibition of tumor growth or tumor regression and/orinhibited metastases in some experimental models of cancer. Sunitinib demonstrated the ability to inhibitgrowth of tumor cells expressing dysregulated target RTKs (PDGFR, RET, or KIT) in vitro and to inhibitPDGFR- and VEGFR2-dependent tumor angiogenesis in vivo.
26
Synribo16 42 OMACETAXINE MEPESUCCINATE Teva Pharmaceutical October 2012
FDA Label: Synribo
Disease/s that Drug Treats:chronic or accelerated phase chronic myeloid leukemia
Indications and Usage:16 SYNRIBO for Injection is indicated for the treatment of adult patients with chronic or accelerated phase chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) with resistance and/or intolerance to two or more tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) (1)
DrugBank Targets:14 1. 50S ribosomal protein L2;2. 60S ribosomal protein L3
Mechanism of Action:16 
Target: A-site cleft in the peptidyl-transferase center of thelarge ribosomal subunit from a strain of archaeabacteria
Action: inhibitor of protein synthesis
FDA: The mechanism of action of omacetaxine mepesuccinate has not been fully elucidated but includes inhibition of protein synthesis andis independent of direct Bcr-Abl binding. Omacetaxine mepesuccinate binds to the A-site cleft in the peptidyl-transferase center of thelarge ribosomal subunit from a strain of archaeabacteria. In vitro, omacetaxine mepesuccinate reduced protein levels of the Bcr-Abloncoprotein and Mcl-1, an anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 family member. Omacetaxine mepesuccinate showed activity in mouse models ofwild-type and T315I mutated Bcr-Abl CML.
27
Tasigna16 42 NILOTINIB HYDROCHLORIDE MONOHYDRATE Novartis October 2007
FDA Label: Tasigna
Disease/s that Drug Treats:chronic myelogenous leukemia
Indications and Usage:16 Tasigna is a kinase inhibitor indicated for:The treatment of newly diagnosed adult patients with Philadelphiachromosome positive chronic myeloid leukemia (Ph+ CML) in chronic phase.The treatment of chronic phase (CP) and accelerated phase (AP) Ph+ CML inadult patients resistant to or intolerant to prior therapy that included imatinib.(1.2)--------------
DrugBank Targets:14 1. Tyrosine-protein kinase ABL1;2. Mast/stem cell growth factor receptor Kit
Mechanism of Action:16 
Target: Bcr-Abl kinase, c-kit and Platelet Derived Growth Factor (PDGF)
Action: inhibitor of signal transduction
FDA: Nilotinib is an inhibitor of the BCR-ABL kinase. Nilotinib binds to and stabilizes the inactive conformation ofthe kinase domain of ABL protein. In vitro, nilotinib inhibited BCR-ABL mediated proliferation of murineleukemic cell lines and human cell lines derived from patients with Ph+ CML. Under the conditions of theassays, nilotinib was able to overcome imatinib resistance resulting from BCR-ABL kinase mutations, in 32 outof 33 mutations tested. In vivo, nilotinib reduced the tumor size in a murine BCR-ABL xenograft model.Nilotinib inhibited the autophosphorylation of the following kinases at IC50 values as indicated: BCR-ABL (20to 60 nM), PDGFR (69 nM), c-KIT (210 nM), CSF-1R (125 to 250 nM), and DDR1 (3.7 nM).
28
Treanda16 42 BENDAMUSTINE HYDROCHLORIDE Cephalon October 2008
FDA Label: Treanda
Disease/s that Drug Treats:Chronic lymphocytic leukemia and B-cell non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma
Indications and Usage:16 TREANDA is an alkylating drug indicated for treatment of patients with: Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Efficacy relative to first linetherapies other than chlorambucil has not been established. (1.1) Indolent B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) that has progressed duringor within six months of treatment with rituximab or a rituximab-containingregimen. (1.2)
DrugBank Targets: -
Mechanism of Action:16 
Target: -
Action: -
FDA: Bendamustine is a bifunctional mechlorethamine derivative containing a purine-like benzimidazole ring.Mechlorethamine and its derivatives form electrophilic alkyl groups. These groups form covalent bonds with electronrichnucleophilic moieties, resulting in interstrand DNA crosslinks. The bifunctional covalent linkage can lead to celldeath via several pathways. Bendamustine is active against both quiescent and dividing cells. The exact mechanism ofaction of bendamustine remains unknown.
29
Trisenox16 42 ARSENIC TRIOXIDE Cell Therapeutics September 2000
FDA Label: Trisenox
Disease/s that Drug Treats:Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia
Indications and Usage:16 TRISENOX is an arsenical indicated for induction of remission andconsolidation in patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) who arerefractory to, or have relapsed from, retinoid and anthracycline chemotherapy,and whose APL is characterized by the presence of the t(15;17) translocationor PML/RAR-alpha gene expression.
DrugBank Targets:14 1. Inhibitor of nuclear factor kappa-B kinase subunit beta;2. Thioredoxin reductase 1, cytoplasmic;3. Transcription factor AP-1;4. G1/S-specific cyclin-D1;5. Mitogen-activated protein kinase 3;6. Mitogen-activated protein kinase 1;7. RAC-alpha serine/threonine-protein kinase
Mechanism of Action:16 
Target: DNA/ promyelocytic leukemia (PML)-retinoic acid receptor (RAR)-alpha
Action: damager
FDA: The mechanism of action of TRISENOX is not completely understood. Arsenic trioxide causes morphologicalchanges and DNA fragmentation characteristic of apoptosis in NB4 human promyelocytic leukemia cells invitro. Arsenic trioxide also causes damage or degradation of the fusion protein promyelocytic leukemia (PML)-retinoic acid receptor (RAR)-alpha.
30
Zydelig16 42 IDELALISIB Gilead July 2014
FDA Label: Zydelig
Disease/s that Drug Treats:relapsed CLL, follicular B-cell NHL and small lymphocytic lymphoma
Indications and Usage:16 Zydelig is a kinase inhibitor indicated for the treatment of patients with: Relapsed chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), in combination withrituximab, in patients for whom rituximab alone would be consideredappropriate therapy due to other co-morbidities. (1.1) Relapsed follicular B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (FL) in patientswho have received at least two prior systemic therapies. (1.2) Relapsed small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL) in patients who havereceived at least two prior systemic therapies. (1.3)Accelerated approval was granted for FL and SLL based on overallresponse rate. Improvement in patient survival or disease relatedsymptoms has not been established. Continued approval for theseindications may be contingent upon verification of clinical benefit inconfirmatory trials.
DrugBank Targets:14 1. Phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit delta isoform (P110δ)
Mechanism of Action:16 
Target: PI3Kδ kinase
Action: inhibitor
FDA: Idelalisib is an inhibitor of PI3Kδ kinase, which is expressed in normal and malignant Bcells.Idelalisib induced apoptosis and inhibited proliferation in cell lines derived frommalignant B-cells and in primary tumor cells. Idelalisib inhibits several cell signalingpathways, including B-cell receptor (BCR) signaling and the CXCR4 and CXCR5signaling, which are involved in trafficking and homing of B-cells to the lymph nodes andbone marrow. Treatment of lymphoma cells with idelalisib resulted in inhibition ofchemotaxis and adhesion, and reduced cell viability.

Drugs for Leukemia (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show top 50)    (show all 464)
idNameStatusPhaseClinical TrialsCas NumberPubChem Id
1
DoxilApproved June 1999Phase 4, Phase 3, Phase 2, Phase 1167631703
Synonyms:
Dox-SL
Doxil
 
Evacet
LipoDox
Pegylated Liposomal Doxorubicin Hydrochloride
liposomal doxorubicin
2
DasatinibPhase 4, Phase 3, Phase 2, Phase 1276302962-49-83062316
Synonyms:
(18F)-N-(2-chloro-6-methylphenyl)-2-(6-(4-(2-hydroxyethyl)piperazin-1-yl)-2-methylpyrimidin-4-ylamino)thiazole-5-carboxamide
1N1
2-(6-(4-(2-hydroxyethyl)piperazin-1-yl)-2-methylpyrimidin-4-ylamino)-N-(2-chloro-6-methylphenyl)thiazole-5-carboxamide
302962-49-8
AC1MI3ET
AC1Q2P0C
AmbotzLS-1203
Anhydrous dasatinib
BCB03_000715
BMS 354825
BMS dasatinib
BMS-354825
BMS-354825, Sprycel, BMS354825, Dasatinib
BMS354825
C488369
CHEBI:49375
CHEMBL1421
CID3062316
D03658
DB01254
Dasatinib
Dasatinib (USAN)
Dasatinib (anh.)
Dasatinib [USAN]
Dasatinib anhydrous
Dasatinib, BMS 354825
Dasatinibum
EC-000.2122
 
EN002710
FT-0084503
I14-1972
Kinome_3650
LS-186641
LS-187028
LS-187773
MolPort-003-846-143
N-(2-CHLORO-6-METHYLPHENYL)-2-({6-[4-(2-HYDROXYETHYL)PIPERAZIN-1-YL]-2-METHYLPYRIMIDIN-4-YL}AMINO)-1,3-THIAZOLE-5-CARBOXAMIDE
N-(2-CHLORO-6-methylphenyl)-2-({6-[4-(2-hydroxyethyl)piperazin-1-yl]-2-methylpyrimidin-4-yl}amino)-1,3-thiazole-5-carboxamide
N-(2-Chloro-6-methylphenyl)-2-[[6-[4-(2-hydroxyethyl)-1-piperazinyl]-2-methyl-4-pyrimidinyl]amino]-5-thiazolecarboxamide, monohydrate
N-(2-chloro-6-methylphenyl)-2-((6-(4-(2-hydroxyethyl)piperazin-1-yl)-2-methylpyrimidin-4-yl)amino)thiazole-5-carboxamide
N-(2-chloro-6-methylphenyl)-2-(6-(4-(2-hydroxyethyl)piperazin-1-yl)-2-methylpyrimidin-4-ylamino)thiazole-5-carboxamide
N-(2-chloro-6-methylphenyl)-2-[[6-[4-(2-hydroxyethyl)piperazin-1-yl]-2-methylpyrimidin-4-yl]amino]-1,3-thiazole-5-carboxamide
NCGC00181129-01
NSC-732517
NSC732517
S1021_Selleck
SPRYCEL (TN)
Sprycel
Spyrcel
UNII-X78UG0A0RN
anh. dasatinib
dasatinib
dasatinib (anhydrous)
dasatinibum
nchembio.117-comp11
nchembio.162-comp4
nchembio.332-comp1
3Alkylating AgentsPhase 4, Phase 3, Phase 2, Phase 1, Phase 04573
4
ChlorambucilPhase 4, Phase 3, Phase 2, Phase 154305-03-32708
Synonyms:
23125_FLUKA
305-03-3
4-(P-Bis(beta-chloroethyl)aminophenyl)butyric acid
4-(p-bis(β-chloroethyl)aminophenyl)butyric acid
4-[p-[bis(2-chloroethyl)amino]phenyl]butyric acid
AB00051938
AC1L1EAB
AC1Q75DO
AI3-26083
Ambochlorin
Amboclorin
BPBio1_001208
BRD-K29458283-001-05-9
BRN 0999011
BSPBio_001098
BSPBio_001971
C 0253
C0253_SIGMA
C14H19Cl2NO2
CAS-305-03-3
CB 1348
CB-1348
CB1348
CCRIS 126
CHEBI:28830
CHEMBL515
CHLORAMBUCIL
CID2708
CPD000058372
Cb l348
Chlocambucil
Chloorambucol
Chlorambucil (USP/INN)
Chlorambucil [INN:BAN]
Chlorambucilum
Chlorambucilum [INN-Latin]
Chloraminophen
Chloraminophene
Chlorbutin
Chlorbutine
Chlorbutinum
Chloroambucil
Chlorobutin
Chlorobutine
Clorambucile
Clorambucile [DCIT]
Clorambucilo
Clorambucilo [INN-Spanish]
D00266
D002699
DB00291
DivK1c_000688
EINECS 206-162-0
EU-0100227
Ecloril
Elcoril
Elcorin
FT-0083565
Glaxo Wellcome Brand of Chlorambucil
GlaxoSmithKline Brand of Chlorambucil
HMS1571G20
HMS1920M15
HMS2090M19
HMS2091A22
HMS502C10
HSDB 3026
IDI1_000688
KBio1_000688
KBio2_000558
KBio2_003126
 
KBio2_005694
KBio3_001191
KBioGR_000766
KBioSS_000558
LEUKERAN (TN)
LS-1158
Leuk ersan
Leukeran
Leukeran Tablets
Leukeran tablets
Leukersan
Leukoran
Linfolizin
Linfolysin
Lopac-C-0253
Lopac0_000227
Lympholysin
MLS000028443
MLS001076130
MolPort-000-152-694
N,N-Di-2-chloroethyl-gamma-P-aminophenylbutyric acid
N,N-di-2-chloroethyl-γ-p-aminophenylbutyric acid
NCGC00015199-01
NCGC00015199-02
NCGC00015199-03
NCGC00015199-07
NCGC00015199-14
NCGC00023250-00
NCGC00023250-03
NCGC00023250-04
NCGC00023250-05
NCGC00023250-06
NCGC00023250-07
NCGC00023250-08
NCGC00023250-09
NCGC00023250-10
NCI-C03485
NCI60_002639
NINDS_000688
NSC 3088
NSC-3088
NSC3088
Pepstatin
Phenylbuttersaeure-lost
Phenylbuttersaeure-lost [German]
Phenylbutyric Acid Nitrogen Mustard
Phenylbutyric acid nitrogen mustard
Prestwick0_001079
Prestwick1_001079
Prestwick2_001079
Prestwick3_001079
RCRA waste no. U035
Rcra waste number U035
SAM002564202
SMR000058372
SPBio_000249
SPBio_002999
SPECTRUM1500171
ST50410766
Spectrum2_000065
Spectrum3_000336
Spectrum4_000273
Spectrum5_000677
Spectrum_000118
TL8002353
UNII-18D0SL7309
WLN: QV3R DN2G2G
Wellcome Brand of Chlorambucil
chlorambucil
gamma-[P-Di(2-chloroethyl)aminophenyl]butyric acid
γ-[p-di(2-chloroethyl)aminophenyl]butyric acid
5
rituximabPhase 4, Phase 3, Phase 2, Phase 1, Phase 01611174722-31-710201696
Synonyms:
AntiCD20
IDEC-102
IDEC-C2B8
 
Ig gamma-1 chain C region
MabThera
Mabthera
Rituxan
rituximab
6
ObinutuzumabPhase 4, Phase 3, Phase 2, Phase 182949142-50-1
Synonyms:
 
Afutuzumab
7Imatinib MesylatePhase 4, Phase 3, Phase 2, Phase 1588123596
8
MethotrexatePhase 4, Phase 3, Phase 2, Phase 114961959-05-2, 59-05-2126941
Synonyms:
4-amino-10-methylfolic acid
4-amino-N(10)-Methylpteroylglutamic acid
Abitrexate
Amethopterin
Amethopterine
Antifolan
Arbitrexate
Emtexate
Folex
HDMTX
L-Amethopterin
Ledertrexate
MTX
Metatrexan
 
Methopterin
Methotextrate
Methotrate
Methotrexat
Methotrexate Sodium
Methotrexatum
Methylaminopterin
Methylaminopterinum
Metotrexato
Mexate
Méthotrexate
N-Bismethylpteroylglutamic Acid
N-[4-[[(2,4-Diamino-6-pteridinyl)methyl]methylamino]benzoyl]-L-glutamic acid
Rheumatrex
Trexall
9
substance PPhase 4, Phase 223933507-63-044359816
Synonyms:
 
Arg-Pro-Lys-Pro-Gln-Gln-Phe-Phe-Gly-Leu-Met-NH2
10
PalonosetronPhase 4, Phase 282135729-61-2, 119904-90-4, 135729-56-5148211
Synonyms:
(3aR)-2-[(3S)-1-azabicyclo[2.2.2]octan-3-yl]-3a,4,5,6-tetrahydro-3H-benzo[de]isoquinolin-1-one
(3aS)-2,3,3a,4,5,6-hexahydro-2-[(3S)-3-quinuclidinyl]-1H-benz[de]isoquinolin-1-one
(3aS)-2-[(3S)-1-azabicyclo[2.2.2]oct-3-yl]-2,3,3a, 4,5,6-hexahydro-1H-benz[de]isoquinolin-1-one
(S-(R*,R*))-2-(1-Azabicyclo(2.2.2)oct-3-yl)-2,3,3a,4,5,6-hexahydro-1H-benz(de)isoquinolin-1-one
135729-56-5
135729-61-2
2-(1-Azabicyclo(2.2.2)oct-3-yl)-2,3,3a,4,5,6-hexahydro-1H-benz(de)isoquinolin-1-one
2-Qhbiqo
AC1L3WNN
Aloxi
CID148211
DB00377
LS-186967
LS-187778
NCGC00166415-01
 
NCGC00166415-02
Onicit
Palonosetron
Palonosetron [INN]
Palonosetronum
Palonosetrón
Palonosétron
RS 25233-197
RS 25233-198
RS 25259-197
RS 25259-198
RS-25233-197
RS-25233-198
RS-25259-197
RS-25259-198
UNII-5D06587D6R
palonosetron
11
SerotoninPhase 4, Phase 3, Phase 2, Phase 1351050-67-95202
Synonyms:
3-(2-Aminoethyl)-1H-indol-5-ol
3-(2-Aminoethyl)indol-5-ol
3-(b-Aminoethyl)-5-hydroxyindole
5-HT
5-HTA
5-Hydroxy-3-(b-aminoethyl)indole
 
5-Hydroxy-tryptamine
5-Hydroxyltryptamine
5-Hydroxytriptamine
5-Hydroxytryptamine
Antemovis
DS substance
Enteramin
Enteramine
12
TazobactamPhase 4, Phase 39289786-04-9123630
Synonyms:
(2S,3S,5R)-3-methyl-4,4,7-trioxo-3-(triazol-1-ylmethyl)-4
(2S,3S,5R)-3-methyl-7-oxo-3-(1H-1,2,3-triazol-1-ylmethyl)-4-thia-1-azabicyclo[3.2.0]heptane-2-carboxylic acid 4,4-dioxide
89785-84-2
89786-04-9
AC-7620
AC1L3X07
BIDD:GT0212
C07771
CHEBI:100207
CHEMBL404
 
CID123630
CL-298741
CL298741
D00660
DB01606
MolPort-002-500-123
TAZ
Tazobactam
Tazobactam (JAN/USAN/INN)
YTR-830H
YTR830H
13
LidocainePhase 41168137-58-63676
Synonyms:
.alpha.-(Diethylamino)-2,6-acetoxylidide
.alpha.-Diethylamino-2,6-dimethylacetanilide
.alpha.-Diethylaminoaceto-2,6-xylidide
.omega.-Diethylamino-2,6-dimethylacetanilide
137-58-6
2-(Diethylamino)-2',6'-acetoxylidide
2-(Diethylamino)-N-(2,6-dimethylphenyl)acetamide
2-Diethylamino-N-(2,6-dimethyl-phenyl)-acetamide
2-Diethylamino-N-(2,6-dimethylphenyl)acetamide
4-12-00-02538 (Beilstein Handbook Reference)
6108-05-0 (MONOHYDROCHLORIDE MONOHYDRATE))
6108-05-0 (mono-hydrochloride, mono-hydrate)
73-78-9 (mono-hydrochloride)
AB00053581
AC-10282
AC1L1GGQ
AC1Q2Z7J
AKOS001026768
ARONIS23855
After Burn Double Strength Gel
After Burn Double Strength Spray
After Burn Gel
After Burn Spray
Alphacaine
Anestacon
Anestacon Jelly
BIDD:GT0342
BPBio1_000197
BRD-K52662033-001-02-6
BRD-K52662033-003-05-5
BRN 2215784
BSPBio_000179
BSPBio_001359
BSPBio_003004
Bio-0767
Bio1_000379
Bio1_000868
Bio1_001357
Bio2_000079
Bio2_000559
C07073
C14H22N2O
CAS-73-78-9
CDS1_000283
CHEBI:6456
CHEMBL79
CID3676
CPD000058189
Cappicaine
Cito optadren
Cuivasil
D00358
DB00281
Dalcaine
Dentipatch
Dentipatch (TN)
DermaFlex
Diethylaminoaceto-2,6-xylidide
Dilocaine
DivK1c_000174
DivK1c_001323
Duncaine
EINECS 205-302-8
ELA-Max
EMBOLEX
Emla
Emla Cream
Esracaine
FT-0082378
Gravocain
HMS1791D21
HMS1989D21
HMS2051C21
HMS2089E15
HMS548M19
HSDB 3350
I01-2704
IDI1_000174
IDI1_033829
Isicaina
Isicaine
Jetocaine
KBio1_000174
KBio2_000079
KBio2_001598
KBio2_002647
KBio2_004166
KBio2_005215
KBio2_006734
KBio3_000157
KBio3_000158
KBio3_002224
KBioGR_000079
KBioGR_000599
KBioSS_000079
KBioSS_001598
L-Caine
L0156
L1026_SIGMA
L7757_SIGMA
LIDOCAINE (73-58-6 (MONOHYDROCHLORIDE)
LIDOPEN
LQZ
 
LS-805
Lanabiotic
Leostesin
Lida-Mantle
Lidocaina
Lidocaina [INN-Spanish]
Lidocaine (JP15/USP/INN)
Lidocaine (VAN)
Lidocaine Carbonate
Lidocaine Hydrocarbonate
Lidocaine Monohydrochloride
Lidocaine [USAN:INN:JAN]
Lidocainum
Lidocainum [INN-Latin]
Lidocaton
Lidoderm
Lidoject-1
Lidoject-2
Lignocaine
Lignocainum
Lingocaine
Lopac-L-5647
Lopac0_000669
MLS000069724
MLS000758263
MLS001074177
Maricaine
Maybridge1_002571
MolPort-001-783-478
N-(2,6-dimethylphenyl)-N(2),N(2)-diethylglycinamide
N-(2,6-dimethylphenyl)-N~2~,N~2~-diethylglycinamide
NCGC00015611-01
NCGC00015611-02
NCGC00015611-03
NCGC00015611-04
NCGC00015611-14
NCGC00022176-05
NCGC00022176-06
NCGC00022176-07
NCGC00022176-08
NCGC00022176-09
NINDS_000174
NSC 40030
NSC40030
Norwood Sunburn Spray
Octocaine
Octocaine-100
Octocaine-50
Prestwick0_000050
Prestwick1_000050
Prestwick2_000050
Prestwick3_000050
Remicaine
Rocephin Kit
Rucaina
S1357_Selleck
SAM001247018
SMR000058189
SPBio_001525
SPBio_002100
STK552033
Solarcaine
Solarcaine aloe extra burn relief cream
Solcain
Spectrum2_001343
Spectrum3_001392
Spectrum4_000070
Spectrum5_001549
Spectrum_001118
UNII-98PI200987
WLN: 2N2 & 1VMR B1 F1
Xilina
Xilocaina
Xilocaina [Italian]
Xllina
Xycaine
Xylestesin
Xylesthesin
Xylocain
Xylocaine
Xylocaine (TN)
Xylocaine 5% Spinal
Xylocaine CO2
Xylocaine Dental Ointment
Xylocaine Endotracheal
Xylocaine Test Dose
Xylocaine Viscous
Xylocaine-MPF
Xylocaine-MPF with Glucose
Xylocaine-Mpf
Xylocaine-Mpf with Glucose
Xylocard
Xylocitin
Xyloneural (free base)
Xylotox
Zilactin-L
Zingo
alfa-Dietilamino-2,6-dimetilacetanilide
alfa-Dietilamino-2,6-dimetilacetanilide [Italian]
alpha-Diethylamino-2,6-dimethylacetanilide
alpha-diethylamino-2,6-dimethylacetanilide
lidocaine
nchembio.65-comp16
α-diethylamino-2,6-dimethylacetanilide
14EMLAPhase 464
15
OprelvekinPhase 4, Phase 2, Phase 3, Phase 116145941-26-0
Synonyms:
145941-26-0
AGIF
Adipogenesis inhibitory factor
D05266
IL-11
 
Interleukin-11 precursor
Neumega
Neumega (TN)
Oprelvekin
Oprelvekin (USAN/INN)
Oprelvekin (genetical recombination)
Oprelvekin (genetical recombination) (JAN)
16neurokinin APhase 4, Phase 2242
17
PiperacillinPhase 4, Phase 39066258-76-243672
Synonyms:
(2S,5R,6R)-6-[[(2R)-2-[(4-ethyl-2,3-dioxopiperazine-1-carbonyl)amino]-2-phenylacetyl]amino]-3,3-dimethyl-7-oxo-4-thia-1-azabicyclo[3.2.0]heptane-2-carboxylic acid
(2S,5R,6R)-6-{[(2R)-2-{[(4-ethyl-2,3-dioxopiperazin-1-yl)carbonyl]amino}-2-phenylacetyl]amino}-3,3-dimethyl-7-oxo-4-thia-1-azabicyclo[3.2.0]heptane-2-carboxylic acid
(2S-(2alpha,5alpha,6beta(S*)))-6-(((((4-Ethyl-2,3-dioxopiperazin-1-yl)carbonyl)amino)phenylacetyl)amino)-3,3-dimethyl-7-oxo-4-thia-1-azabicyclo(3.2.0)heptane-2-carboxylic acid
4-ethyl-2,3-dioxopiperazine carbonyl ampicillin
59703-84-3
59703-84-3 (mono-hydrochloride salt)
6-(D-(-)-alpha-(4-Ethyl-2,3-dioxo-1-piperazinecarboxamido)phenylacetamido)penicillanic acid
61477-96-1
6beta-{(2R)-2-[(4-ethyl-2,3-dioxopiperazin-1-yl)carboxamido]-2-phenylacetamido}-2,2-dimethylpenam-3alpha-carboxylic acid
AC1L2ACR
AC1Q5QXJ
BIDD:GT0167
BPBio1_000848
BRD-K86873305-236-03-0
BSPBio_000770
C14034
C23H27N5O7S
CCRIS 7362
CHEBI:8232
CHEMBL702
CID43672
Cl-227193
D08380
EINECS 262-811-8
HMS2090H19
LS-149794
 
PIPC
PIPERACILLIN SODIUM
Peperacillin
Peracin
Peracin (TN)
Piperacilina
Piperacillin
Piperacillin (INN)
Piperacillin (anhydrous)
Piperacillin Anhydrous
Piperacillin Monosodium Salt
Piperacillin anhydrous
Piperacillina
Piperacillinum
Pipercillin
Pipracil
Pipracil, Piper
Pipril
Pipéracilline
Prestwick0_000755
Prestwick1_000755
Prestwick2_000755
Prestwick3_000755
SPBio_002709
T-1220
UNII-9I628532GX
piperacillin
18
BusulfanPhase 4, Phase 3, Phase 2, Phase 1, Phase 053255-98-12478
Synonyms:
1, 4-Dimethanesulfonoxybutane
1, 4-Dimethylsulfonoxybutane
1, {4-Bis[methanesulfonoxy]butane}
1,4-BUTANEDIOL DIMETHANESULFONATE
1,4-Bis(methanesulfonoxy)butane
1,4-Bis(methanesulfonyloxy)butane
1,4-Bis[methanesulfonoxy]butane
1,4-Butanedi yl dimethanesulfonate
1,4-Butanediol dimethanesulfonate
1,4-Butanediol dimethanesulphonate
1,4-Butanediol dimethylsulfonate
1,4-Butanediol, dimethanesulfonate
1,4-Butanediol, dimethanesulphonate
1,4-Butanediyl dimethanesulfonate
1,4-Di(methylsulfonoxy)butane
1,4-Dimesyloxybutane
1,4-Dimethane sulfonyl oxybutane
1,4-Dimethanesulfonoxybutane
1,4-Dimethanesulfonoxylbutane
1,4-Dimethanesulfonyloxybutane
1,4-Dimethanesulphonyloxybutane
1,4-Dimethylsulfonoxybutane
1,4-Dimethylsulfonyloxybutane
2041 C. B
2041 C. B.
2041 C.B
2041 C.B.
4-((Methylsulfonyl)oxy)butyl methanesulfonate
4-methylsulfonyloxybutyl methanesulfonate
55-98-1
AC-198
AC1L1DRQ
AC1Q4GRQ
AI3-25012
AKOS003614975
AN 33501
Ambap55-98-1
B1022
B2635_FLUKA
B2635_SIGMA
BRN 1791786
BSPBio_001920
BUSULFAN (1,4-BUTANEDIOL, DIMETHANESULFONATE)
Bisulfex
Busilvex
Busulfan
Busulfan (JP15/USP/INN)
Busulfan GlaxoSmithKline Brand
Busulfan Orphan Brand
Busulfan Wellcome
Busulfan Wellcome Brand
Busulfan [INN:JAN]
Busulfano
Busulfano [INN-Spanish]
Busulfanum
Busulfanum [INN-Latin]
Busulfex
Busulphan
Busulphane
Butanedioldimethanesulfonate
Buzulfan
C.B. 2041
C6H14O6S2
CB 2041
CCRIS 418
CHEBI:28901
CHEMBL820
CID2478
CPD000058613
Citosulfan
D002066
D00248
DB01008
DivK1c_000847
EINECS 200-250-2
FT-0083567
G.T. 41
GT 2041
GT 41
Glaxo Wellcome Brand of Busulfan
GlaxoSmithKline Brand of Busulfan
Glyzophrol
HMS1920I07
HMS2091O09
HMS502K09
 
HSDB 7605
I09-1371
IDI1_000847
InChI=1/C6H14O6S2/c1-13(7,8)11-5-3-4-6-12-14(2,9)10/h3-6H2,1-2H3
KBio1_000847
KBio2_000512
KBio2_003080
KBio2_005648
KBio3_001420
KBioGR_000698
KBioSS_000512
LS-1358
Leucosulfan
MLS001076666
MYLERAN (TN)
Mablin
Methanesulfonic
Methanesulfonic acid, tetram ethylene ester
Methanesulfonic acid, tetramethylene ester
Mielevcin
Mielosan
Mielucin
Milecitan
Mileran
Misulban
Mitosan
Mitostan
MolPort-001-783-406
Myeleukon
Myeloleukon
Myelosan
Myelosanum
Mylecytan
Myleran
Myleran Tablets
Myleran tablets
Myleran, Busulfex, Busulfan
Mylerlan
NCGC00090905-01
NCGC00090905-02
NCGC00090905-03
NCGC00090905-04
NCGC00090905-05
NCGC00090905-06
NCGC00090905-07
NCI-C01592
NCI60_041640
NCIMech_000192
NINDS_000847
NSC 750
NSC-750
NSC-750sulphabutin
NSC750
Orphan Brand of Busulfan
Prestwick_989
S1692_Selleck
SAM002554887
SMR000058613
SPBio_000253
SPECTRUM1500152
ST50825921
Spectrum2_000067
Spectrum3_000320
Spectrum4_000259
Spectrum5_000928
Spectrum_000092
Sulfabutin
Sulfabutin (VAN)
Sulphabutin
Tetramethylene Dimethane Sulfonate
Tetramethylene bis(methanesulfonate)
Tetramethylene bis[methanesulfonate]
Tetramethylene dimethane sulfonate
Tetramethylene {bis[methanesulfonate]}
Tetramethylenester Kyseliny Methansulfonove
Tetramethylenester kyseliny methansulfonove
Tetramethylenester kyseliny methansulfonove [Czech]
UNII-G1LN9045DK
WLN: WS1&O4OSW1
Wellcome Brand of Busulfan
Wellcome, Busulfan
X 149
acid, tetramethylene ester
alkylating agent: crosslinks guanine residues
busulfan
butane-1,4-diyl dimethanesulfonate
n-Butane-1,3-di(methylsulfonate)
19
DaclizumabPhase 4, Phase 2, Phase 198152923-56-3
Synonyms:
Anti-IL-2
 
Humanized antiCD25
Ig gamma-1 chain C region
20
VindesinePhase 4, Phase 3, Phase 24359917-39-4, 53643-48-440839
Synonyms:
3-(Aminocarbonyl)-O(4)-deacetyl-3-de(methoxycarbonyl)vincaleukoblastine
3-(Aminocarbonyl)-O(sup 4)-deacetyl-3-de(methoxycarbonyl)vincaleukoblastine
3-(aminocarbonyl)-O(4)-deacetyl-3-de(methoxycarbonyl)vincaleukoblastine
3-Carbamoyl-4-deacetyl-3-de(methoxycarbonyl)vincaleukoblastine
3-carbamoyl-O(4)-deacetyl-3-de(methoxycarbonyl)vincaleukoblastine
53643-48-4
AC1L24KY
C43H55N5O7
CHEBI:36373
CHEMBL219146
CID40839
D06304
DAVA
DB00309
Desacetylvinblastine Amide Sulfate
Desacetylvinblastine amide
EINECS 258-682-2
Eldesine
Eldisine
 
HMS2090E15
HSDB 6961
LS-162145
Lilly 112531
MolPort-005-933-570
NSC-245467
STOCK1N-75293
UNII-RSA8KO39WH
Vindesin
Vindesina
Vindesina [INN-Spanish]
Vindesine (USAN/INN)
Vindesine Sulfate
Vindesine [USAN:BAN:INN]
Vindesine [USAN:INN:BAN]
Vindesinum
Vindesinum [INN-Latin]
methyl (5S,7S,9S)-9-[(2b,3b,4b,5a,12b,19a)-3-carbamoyl-3,4-dihydroxy-16-methoxy-1-methyl-6,7-didehydroaspidospermidin-15-yl]-5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-1,4,5,6,7,8,9,10-octahydro-2H-3,7-methanoazacycloundecino[5,4-b]indole-9-carboxylate
methyl (5S,7S,9S)-9-[(2beta,3beta,4beta,5alpha,12beta,19alpha)-3-carbamoyl-3,4-dihydroxy-16-methoxy-1-methyl-6,7-didehydroaspidospermidin-15-yl]-5-ethyl-5-hydroxy-1,4,5,6,7,8,9,10-octahydro-2H-3,7-methanoazacycloundecino[5,4-b]indole-9-carboxylate
vindesine
21
ThioguaninePhase 4, Phase 3, Phase 2, Phase 181154-42-72723601
Synonyms:
154-42-7
2 Amino 6 Purinethiol
2-Amino 6MP
2-Amino 6mp
2-Amino-1,7-dihydro-6H-purin-6-thion
2-Amino-1,7-dihydro-6H-purin-6-thion [Czech]
2-Amino-1,7-dihydro-6H-purine-6-thione
2-Amino-6-MP
2-Amino-6-mercaptopurine
2-Amino-6-merkaptopurin
2-Amino-6-merkaptopurin [Czech]
2-Amino-6-purinethiol
2-Amino-9H-purine-6-thiol
2-Aminopurin-6-thiol
2-Aminopurin-6-thiol [Czech]
2-Aminopurine-6(1H)-thione
2-Aminopurine-6-thiol
2-Thioguanine
2-amino-1,9-Dihydropurine-6-thione
2-amino-1H-purine-6(7H)-thione
2-amino-3,7-dihydropurine-6-thione
2-aminopurine-6-thiol
5580-03-0
6 Thioguanine
6-Mercapto-2-aminopurine
6-Mercaptoguanine
6-TG
6-Thioguanine
6-Thioguanine (6-TG)
6-Thioguanine, Thioguanine
A4660_SIGMA
A4882_SIGMA
AC-11125
AC1MC379
AI3-26078
AKOS003389499
BSPBio_001994
BW 5071
C07648
C5H7N5S
CCRIS 8997
CHEBI:136864
CHEMBL727
CID2723601
D013866
D08603
DB00352
DX4
DivK1c_000428
EINECS 205-827-2
FT-0083572
Glaxo Wellcome Brand of Thioguanine
Glaxo Wellcome Brand of Tioguanine
GlaxoSmithKline Brand of Thioguanine
GlaxoSmithKline Brand of Tioguanine
Guanine, thio- (VAN)
HMS1921E09
HMS2092M11
HMS501F10
HSDB 2504
I14-1541
IDI1_000428
KBio1_000428
KBio2_000715
KBio2_002476
KBio2_003283
KBio2_005044
 
KBio2_005851
KBio2_007612
KBio3_001494
KBio3_002954
KBioGR_001452
KBioGR_002476
KBioSS_000715
KBioSS_002483
LS-888
LT00455187
Lanvis
Lanvis (TN)
MLS001333131
MLS001333132
MolPort-000-929-106
MolPort-001-813-204
MolPort-003-984-174
NCGC00094792-01
NCGC00094792-02
NCGC00094792-03
NCI60_041643
NCIOpen2_004153
NINDS_000428
NSC 752
NSC-752
NSC752
S1774_Selleck
SBB067147
SMP2_000326
SMR000857244
SPBio_000849
SPECTRUM1500573
ST50298831
Spectrum2_000695
Spectrum3_000577
Spectrum4_000926
Spectrum5_001455
Spectrum_000235
T0212
TG
THG
Tabloid
ThG
Thioguanin GSK
Thioguanin-GSK
ThioguaninGSK
Thioguanine
Thioguanine Hemihydrate
Thioguanine Monosodium Salt
Thioguanine Tabloid
Thioguanine [USAN:BAN]
Tioguanin
Tioguanina
Tioguanina Wellcome
Tioguanina [INN-Spanish]
Tioguanine
Tioguanine (INN)
Tioguanine GlaxoSmithKline Brand
Tioguaninum
Tioguaninum [INN-Latin]
UNII-FTK8U1GZNX
UNII-WIX31ZPX66
WLN: T56 BNM FYM INJ FUS HZ
Wellcome Brand of Thioguanine
Wellcome U3B
ZINC18085533
cMAP_000061
purine antimetabolite: antimetabolite: inhibits nucleic acid replication
thioguanine
22
rasburicasePhase 4, Phase 3, Phase 2, Phase 125134774-45-1
Synonyms:
Elitek
Fasturtec
 
Urate oxidase
Uricase
rasburicase
23lenograstimPhase 4, Phase 3, Phase 2, Phase 1, Phase 01178
24
ThiotepaPhase 4, Phase 3, Phase 2, Phase 121552-24-45453
Synonyms:
 
Thioplex
25
FosaprepitantPhase 4, Phase 2157172673-20-0219090
Synonyms:
Fosaprepitantum
 
L-758,298
L-758298
26
AprepitantPhase 4, Phase 2157170729-80-3151165, 6918365
Synonyms:
170729-80-3
221350-96-5
3-(((2R,3S)-3-(P-Fluorophenyl)-2-(((alphar)-alpha-methyl-3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl)benzyl)oxy)morpholino)methyl)-delta(2)-1,2,4-triazolin-5-one
3-(((2R,3S)-3-(p-Fluorophenyl)-2-(((alphaR)-alpha-methyl-3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl)benzyl)oxy)morpholino)methyl)-Delta(2)-1,2,4-triazolin-5-one
3-(((2R,3S)-3-(p-Fluorophenyl)-2-(((alphaR)-alpha-methyl-3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl)benzyl)oxy)morpholino)methyl)-delta(sup 2)-1,2,4-triazolin-5-one
5-[[(2R,3S)-2-[(1R)-1-[3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]ethoxy]-3-(4-fluorophenyl)morpholin-4-yl]methyl]-1,2-dihydro-1,2,4-triazol-3-one
5-[[(2S,3R)-2-[(1R)-1-[3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]ethoxy]-3-(4-fluorophenyl)morpholin-4-yl]methyl]-1,2-dihydro-1,2,4-triazol-3-one
5-{[(2R,3S)-2-{(1R)-1-[3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]ethoxy}-3-(4-fluorophenyl)morpholin-4-yl]methyl}-2,4-dihydro-3H-1,2,4-triazol-3-one
AC1L45SL
AC1OCFCG
Aprepitant
Aprepitant (JAN/USAN/INN)
Aprepitant [USAN]
Aprepitantum
Aprépitant
CHEBI:323967
CHEBI:499361
CHEMBL135613
CHEMBL1471
CHEMBL249465
CID11214788
CID11318675
 
CID151165
CID6918365
CID9936947
CID9936948
D02968
DB00673
Emend
Emend (TN)
HMS2090N12
I06-1151
L 754030
L-754030
LS-156477
MK 0869
MK 869
MK-0517
MK-0869
MK-869
MK-869, L-754030, Emend, Aprepitant
MolPort-006-392-367
NCGC00181785-01
ONO-7436
S1189_Selleck
UNII-1NF15YR6UY
27
Nitric OxidePhase 458510102-43-9145068
Synonyms:
(.)NO
(NO)(.)
10102-43-9
14332-28-6
295566_ALDRICH
51005-20-0
51005-21-1
53851-19-7
90452-29-2
AC1L1ADQ
AC1L3QHF
AC1Q6QZ0
AR-1K7463
Bioxyde d'azote
Bioxyde d'azote [French]
C00533
CCRIS 4319
CHEMBL1200689
CHEMBL1234765
CID145068
CID945
D00074
D009569
DB00435
EDRF
EINECS 233-271-0
Endogenous Nitrate Vasodilator
Endothelium-Derived Nitric Oxide
HNO
HSDB 1246
INOmax
INOmax (TN)
LS-192158
LS-7547
MolPort-003-929-452
Mononitrogen monoxide
Monoxide, Mononitrogen
Monoxide, Nitrogen
Monoxido de nitrogeno
Monoxyde d'azote
NITRIC-OXIDE
NO
NO(.)
Nitrate Vasodilator, Endogenous
Nitric Oxide, Endothelium Derived
 
Nitric Oxide, Endothelium-Derived
Nitric oxide
Nitric oxide (JAN)
Nitric oxide 10% by volume or more
Nitric oxide trimer
Nitric oxide, compressed [UN1660] [Poison gas]
Nitric oxide, compressed [UN1660] [Poison gas]
Nitrogen monoxide
Nitrogen oxide
Nitrogen oxide (NO)
Nitrogen protoxide
Nitrosyl
Nitrosyl hydride
Nitrosyl hydride ((NO)H)
Nitrosyl radical
Nitroxide radical
Nitroxyl
OHM 11771
Oxide, Nitric
Oxido de nitrogeno(ii)
Oxido nitrico
Oxyde azotique
Oxyde nitrique
Oxyde nitrique [French]
RCRA waste no. P076
Stickmonoxyd
Stickmonoxyd [German]
Stickstoff(II)-oxid
Stickstoff(ii)-oxid
Stickstoffmonoxid
UN 1660
UN1660
UNII-31C4KY9ESH
Vasodilator, Endogenous Nitrate
[NO]
endothelium-derived relaxing factor
monoxido de nitrogeno
monoxyde d'azote
nitric oxide
nitrogen monooxide
nitrogen monoxide
nitrosyl
oxido de nitrogeno(II)
oxido nitrico
oxidonitrogen(.)
oxoazanyl
oxyde azotique
28
GranisetronPhase 470109889-09-03510
Synonyms:
1-methyl-N-[(1S,5R)-9-methyl-9-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-3-yl]indazole-3-carboxamide
1-methyl-N-[(3-endo)-9-methyl-9-azabicyclo[3.3.1]non-3-yl]-1H-indazole-3-carboxamide
109889-09-0
AC1NR4P1
APF530
BIDD:GT0272
BRL-43694
C07023
CHEMBL519643
CID5284566
D04370
 
Granisetron (USAN/INN)
Granisetron HCl
Granisetron base
Granisetron hydrochloride
Granisetronum [INN-Latin]
HMS2089P14
Kytril
MolPort-005-943-366
granisetron
granisetronum
granisetrón
granisétron
29
NicotinePhase 4101654-11-5942, 89594
Synonyms:
(−
(+)-Nicotine
(+-)-3-(1-Methyl-2-pyrrolidinyl)pyridine
(+-)-Nicotine
(-)-3-(1-Methyl-2-pyrrolidyl)pyridine
(-)-3-(N-Methylpyrrolidino)pyridine
(-)-Nicotine
(-)-Nicotine solution
(2S) 3-(1-Methyl-pyrrolidin-2-yl)-pyridine
(R)-3-(1-Methyl-2-pyrrolidinyl)pyridine
(R,S)-Nicotine
(R,S)-nicotine
(RS)-nicotine
(S)-(-)-NICOTINE, 3-[(2S)-1-METHYL-2-PYRROLIDINYL] PYRIDINE
(S)-(-)-Nicotine
(S)-3-(1-methylpyrrolidin-2-yl)pyridine
(S)-3-(N-methylpyrrolidin-2-yl)pyridine
(S)-Nicotine
(±)-nicotine
)-1-Methyl-2-(3-pyridyl)pyrrolidine
)-Nicotine
)-Nicotine solution
1-Methyl-2-(3-pyridal)-Pyrrolidine
1-Methyl-2-(3-pyridal)-pyrrolidene
1-Methyl-2-(3-pyridiyl)pyrrolidine
1-Methyl-2-(3-pyridyl)pyrrolidine
1uw6
2'-beta-H-Nicotine
3-(1-Methyl-2-pyrollidinyl)pyridine
3-(1-Methyl-2-pyrrolidinyl)-Pyridine
3-(1-Methyl-2-pyrrolidinyl)pyridine
3-(1-Methylpyrrolidin-2-yl)pyridine
3-(2-(N-methylpyrrolidinyl))pyridine
3-(N-Methylpyrollidino)pyridine
3-(N-Methylpyrrolidino)pyridine
3-N-Methylpyrrolidine
3-[(2S)-1-methylpyrrolidin-2-yl]pyridine
36733_FLUKA
36733_RIEDEL
434F7990-3240-4A43-ACEC-E6CC1E495FA0
46343_FLUKA
46343_RIEDEL
54-11-5
AC1L3I79
AC1Q3ZOC
AI3-03424
BB_NC-0777
BIDD:GT0599
BRD-K05395900-322-02-1
Black Leaf
Black Leaf 40
C00745
CCRIS 1637
CHEBI:17688
CHEMBL3
CID89594
CPD000059074
Campbell's Nico-Soap
Caswell No. 597
Commit
D-Nicotine
D03365
DL-tetrahydronicotyrine
Destruxol
Destruxol Orchid Spray
EINECS 200-193-3
ENT 3,424
EPA Pesticide Chemical Code 056702
Emo-Nik
Flux Maag
Fumeto bac
Fumetobac
HSDB 1107
Habitrol
Habitrol (TN)
L(-)-nicotine
L-3-(1-Methyl-2-pyrrolidyl)pyridine
 
L-Nicotine
LS-202
MLS001055457
MLS001335905
Mach-Nic
Methyl-2-pyrrolidinyl)pyridine
Micotine
MolPort-000-744-731
N3876_SIGMA
N5511_FLUKA
N5511_SIGMA
NCGC00090693-01
NCGC00090693-02
NCGC00090693-03
NCGC00090693-04
NCGC00090693-05
NCGC00090693-06
NCGC00090693-07
NCT
NICOTINE AND SALTS
NSC 5065
NSC97238
Niagara P.A. Dust
Nic-Sal
Nico-Dust
Nico-Fume
Nicocide
Nicoderm
Nicoderm Cq
Nicoderm Patch
Nicorette
Nicorette Plus
Nicotin
Nicotina
Nicotina [Italian]
Nicotine
Nicotine (USP)
Nicotine (compounds related to)
Nicotine Alkaloid
Nicotine Patch
Nicotine Polacrilex
Nicotine [BSI:ISO]
Nicotine [UN1654]
Nicotine [UN1654] [Poison]
Nicotine [USAN]
Nicotrol
Nicotrol Inhaler
Nicotrol Ns
Nictoine patch
Nikotin
Nikotin [German]
Nikotyna
Nikotyna [Polish]
Ortho N-4 Dust
Ortho N-5 Dust
PDSP1_000113
PDSP1_000465
PDSP2_000463
PDSP2_000555
Prostep
R)-(+)-Nicotine
RCRA waste no. P075
RCRA waste number P075
SAM002564224
SDCCGMLS-0066911.P001
SMR000059074
Tendust
Transdermal Nicotine
UN1654
a -N-Methylpyrrolidine
a-N-Methylpyrrolidine
alpha-N-Methylpyrrolidine
beta-Pyridyl-alpha-N-methyl pyrrolidine
beta-Pyridyl-alpha-N-methylpyrrolidine
bmse000105
delta-Nicotine
nicotine
nicotine replacement patch
30
BenzocainePhase 4, Phase 3, Phase 2, Phase 117941994-09-7, 94-09-72337
Synonyms:
(p-(Ethoxycarbonyl)phenylamine
06952_FLUKA
112909_ALDRICH
112909_SIAL
1333-08-0
23239-88-5
23239-88-5 (hydrochloride)
4 Aminobenzoic Acid Ethyl Ester
4-(Ethoxycarbonyl)aniline
4-(Ethoxycarbonyl)phenylamine
4-14-00-01129 (Beilstein Handbook Reference)
4-Aminobenzoate
4-Aminobenzoic acid
4-Aminobenzoic acid ethyl ester
4-Aminobenzoic acid, ethyl ester
4-Carbethoxyaniline
4-amino-benzoic acid ethyl ester
4-aminobenzoic acid ethyl ester
71123-91-6
94-09-7
94-09-7 (Parent)
A0271
AB00051923
AC1L1DGC
AC1Q341A
AC1Q64JE
AE-562/40377256
AI3-02081
AKOS000119763
AR-1H9065
Acetate, Benzocaine
Aethoform
Aethylium paraminobenzoicum
Amben ethyl ester
Americaine
Anaesthan-syngala
Anaesthesin
Anaesthesinum
Anaesthin
Anestezin
Anestezin [Russian]
Anesthesin
Anesthesine
Anesthone
BB_SC-0019
BPBio1_001017
BRD-K75466013-001-05-2
BRN 0638434
BSPBio_000923
BSPBio_001908
Baby Anbesol
Bensokain
Benzoak
Benzocaina
Benzocaina [INN-Spanish]
Benzocaine
Benzocaine (USP/INN)
Benzocaine Acetate
Benzocaine Formate
Benzocaine Hydrobromide
Benzocaine Hydrochloride
Benzocaine Methanesulfonate
Benzocaine [INN:BAN]
Benzocainum
Benzocainum [INN-Latin]
Benzoic acid, 4-amino-, ethyl ester
Benzoic acid, 4-amino-, ethyl ester, hydrochloride
Benzoic acid, amino-, ethyl ester
Benzoic acid, p-amino-, ethyl ester
C07527
CAS-94-09-7
CHEBI:116735
CHEMBL278172
CID2337
Caswell No. 430A
Chloraseptic
D001566
D00552
DB01086
Dermoplast
Diet Ayds
DivK1c_000932
E1501_SIGMA
EINECS 202-303-5
EPA Pesticide Chemical Code 097001
ETHYL-P-AMINOBENZOATE
Ethoform
Ethoforme
Ethyl 4-aminobenzoate
Ethyl 4-aminobenzoate hydrochloride
Ethyl 4-aminobenzoic acid
Ethyl Aminobenzoate
Ethyl PABA
 
Ethyl aminobenzoate
Ethyl aminobenzoate (JP15)
Ethyl aminobenzoate (VAN)
Ethyl aminobenzoic acid
Ethyl p-Aminobenzoate
Ethyl p-Aminophenylcarboxylate
Ethyl p-aminobenzenecarboxylate
Ethyl p-aminobenzoate
Ethyl p-aminobenzoic acid
Ethyl p-aminophenylcarboxylate
Ethylester kyseliny p-aminobenzoove
Ethylester kyseliny p-aminobenzoove [Czech]
Ethylis aminobenzoas
Formate, Benzocaine
HMS1570O05
HMS1920G09
HMS2091M11
HMS502O14
HSDB 7225
Hurricaine
Hydrobromide, Benzocaine
Hydrochloride, Benzocaine
I05-0204
IDI1_000932
Identhesin
KBio1_000932
KBio2_000474
KBio2_003042
KBio2_005610
KBio3_001408
KBioGR_000658
KBioSS_000474
Keloform
LS-35847
MLS001331704
MLS002153970
Methanesulfonate, Benzocaine
MolPort-000-871-526
NCGC00016352-01
NCGC00094598-01
NCGC00094598-02
NINDS_000932
NSC 122792
NSC 41531
NSC41531
NSC4688
Norcain
Norcaine
Norcainum
Oprea1_750694
Oprea1_827402
Ora-jel
Orabase-B
Orthesin
Otocain
Outgro
Parathesin
Parathesin (TN)
Parathesine
Prestwick0_000712
Prestwick1_000712
Prestwick2_000712
Prestwick3_000712
Prestwick_991
SMR000059025
SPBio_000134
SPBio_002844
SPECTRUM1500139
STK043620
Slim Mint Gum
Solarcaine
Solu H
Spectrum2_000117
Spectrum3_000314
Spectrum4_000249
Spectrum5_000860
Spectrum_000074
Topcaine
UNII-U3RSY48JW5
WLN: ZR DVO2
ZINC12358719
benzocaine
ethylaminobenzoate-4
h-4-abz-oet
nchembio.182-comp4
p-(Ethoxycarbonyl)aniline
p-Aminobenzoate
p-Aminobenzoic acid
p-Aminobenzoic acid ethyl ester
p-Aminobenzoic acid, ethyl ester
p-Aminobenzoic ethyl ester
p-Carbethoxyaniline
p-Ethoxycarboxylic Aniline
p-Ethoxycarboxylic aniline
31
TreosulfanPhase 4, Phase 2, Phase 3, Phase 131299-75-29296
Synonyms:
(2S,3S)-Threitol 1,4-bismethanesulfonate
1,4-Dimethanesulfonate(2S,3S)-Threitol
1,4-DimethanesulfonateL-(+ )-Threitol
1,4-DimethanesulfonateL-Threitol
DHB
Dihydroxybusulfan
 
Dihydroxymyleran
L-Threitol 1,4-dimethanesulfonate
L-Threitol, 1, 4-bis(methanesulfonate)
L-Threitol-1, 4-bis(methanesulfonate)
L-Threitol-1,4-bis(methanesulfonate)
L-Threityl dimesylate
Tresulfan
32
MentholPhase 4, Phase 2, Phase 121842216-51-516666
Synonyms:
(−
()-Menthol
(+)-Neo-menthol
(+)-p-Menthan-3-ol
(+-)-(1R*,3R*,4S*)-Menthol
(+-)-Menthol
(+/-)-Menthol
(+/-)-p-Menthan-3-ol
(-)-(1R,3R,4S)-Menthol
(-)-Menthyl alcohol
(-)-menthol
(-)-p-Menthan-3-ol
(-)-trans-p-Menthan-cis-ol
(1R)-(-)-Menthol
(1R,2S,5R)-(-)-menthol
(1R,2S,5R)-Menthol
(1R,3R,4S)-(-)-MENTHOL
(1R,3R,4S)-(-)-Menthol
(1R-(1-alpha,2-beta,5-alpha))-5-Methyl-2-(1-methylethyl)cyclohexanol
(1S, 2S, 5R)-(+)-Neomenthol
(1S,2R,5R)-(+)-Isomenthol
(1S,2R,5S)-(+)-Menthol
(1S,2R,5S)-Menthol
(1alpha,2beta,5alpha)-5-Methyl-2(1-methylethyl)cyclohexanol
(1r,2s,5r)-(-)-menthol
(L)-MENTHOL
(R)-(-)-Menthol
(r)-(-)-menthol
)-Menthol
--MENTHOL
1-Menthol
1490-04-6
15356-60-2
15356-70-4
15785_RIEDEL
15785_SIAL
19863P
2-Isopropyl-5-methylcyclohexanol
20747-49-3
2216-51-5
3-p-Menthol
4-Isopropyl-1-methylcyclohexan-3-ol
491-02-1
5-Methyl-2-(1-methylethyl)-cyclohexanol
5-Methyl-2-(1-methylethyl)cyclohexanol
5-methyl-2-(propan-2-yl)cyclohexanol
5-methyl-2-propan-2-ylcyclohexan-1-ol
551376_ALDRICH
551376_FLUKA
588733_ALDRICH
613290_ALDRICH
613290_FLUKA
63660_FLUKA
63670_ALDRICH
63670_FLUKA
63975-60-0
6C6A4A8C-A054-468C-A1F0-F29E39838CF2
89-78-1
98167-53-4
AC1L1B2E
AC1L28FR
AC1Q1NQ2
AC1Q2QQM
AI3-08161
AI3-52408
AKOS000119740
AR-1J3337
BB_NC-0057
BRN 1902288
BRN 3194263
BSPBio_003062
C00400
C10H20O
CCRIS 3728
CCRIS 375
CCRIS 4666
CCRIS 9231
CHEBI:15409
CHEBI:545611
CHEMBL256087
CHEMBL470670
CID1254
CID16666
Caswell No. 540
D-(-)-Menthol
D-p-Menthan-3-ol
D00064
D008610
D04849
D04918
DB00825
DivK1c_000820
EINECS 201-939-0
EINECS 207-724-8
EINECS 216-074-4
EINECS 218-690-9
EINECS 239-387-8
EINECS 239-388-3
EPA Pesticide Chemical Code 051601
FEMA No. 2665
Fisherman's friend lozenges
Fisherman's friend lozenges (TN)
HMS1922G13
HMS2092L14
HMS502I22
 
HSDB 5662
HSDB 593
Headache crystals
Hexahydrothymol
I06-1216
I14-7371
IDI1_000820
KBio1_000820
KBio2_000785
KBio2_003353
KBio2_005921
KBio3_002562
KBioSS_000785
L-(-)-Menthol
L-(-)-menthol
L-Menthol
L-menthol
LMPR0102090001
LS-2353
LS-57201
LS-886
LS-89531
LS-89533
Levomenthol
Levomenthol [INN:BAN]
Levomentholum
Levomentholum [INN-Latin]
Levomentol
M0321
M0545
M2772_SIAL
MENTHOL
MLS002207256
Menthacamphor
Menthol
Menthol (USP)
Menthol (VAN)
Menthol natural
Menthol natural, brazilian
Menthol racemic
Menthol racemique
Menthol racemique [French]
Menthol solution
Menthol, (1alpha,2beta,5alpha)-Isomer
Menthomenthol
Menthyl alcohol
MolPort-000-849-729
MolPort-001-793-392
NCGC00159382-02
NCGC00159382-03
NCGC00164247-01
NCGC00164247-02
NCI-C50000
NINDS_000820
NOOLISFMXDJSKH-KXUCPTDWBX
NSC 2603
NSC 62788
NSC2603
NSC62788
Neoisomenthol
Peppermint camphor
RACEMIC MENTHOL U.S.P.
Racementhol
Racementhol [INN:BAN]
Racementholum
Racementholum [INN-Latin]
Racementol
Racementol [INN-Spanish]
Racemic menthol
Robitussin Cough Drops
SDCCGMLS-0066659.P001
SMR001306785
SPBio_000869
SPECTRUM1503134
STK802468
Spectrum2_000855
Spectrum3_001561
Spectrum5_001060
Spectrum_000305
Tra-kill tracheal mite killer
U.S.P. Menthol
U.S.p. Menthol
UNII-BZ1R15MTK7
UNII-L7T10EIP3A
UNII-YS08XHA860
W266507_ALDRICH
W266523_ALDRICH
W266590_ALDRICH
WLN: L6TJ AY1&1 BQ D1
WLN: L6TJ AY1&1 DQ D1 -L
ZINC01482164
cis-1 ,3-trans-1,4-(+-)-menthol
cis-1,3-trans-1,4-(+-)-menthol
d,l-Menthol
d-Menthol
d-Neomenthol
dl-3-p-Menthanol
dl-Menthol
dl-Menthol (JP15)
l-(-)-Menthol
l-Menthol
l-Menthol (JP15)
l-Menthol (TN)
l-Menthol (natural)
nchembio862-comp1
p-Menthan-3-ol
rac-Menthol
33
pegaspargasePhase 4, Phase 3, Phase 2, Phase 1123130167-69-0
Synonyms:
L-asparagine amidohydrolase
 
Oncaspar
Putative L-asparaginase precursor
34
SorafenibPhase 4, Phase 3, Phase 1, Phase 2681284461-73-0216239, 406563
Synonyms:
284461-73-0
4(4-{3-[4-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]ureido}phenoxy)-N(sup 2)-methylpyridine-2-carboxamide
4-(4-((((4-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)amino)carbonyl)amino)phenoxy)-N-methyl-2-pyridinecarboxamide
4-(4-(3-(4-chloro-3-trifluoromethylphenyl)ureido)phenoxy)pyridine-2-carboxyllic acid methyamide-4-methylbenzenesulfonate
4-(4-{3-(4-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)ureido}phenoxy)-N(sup 2)-methylpyridine-2-carboxamide
4-[4-({[4-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbamoyl}amino)phenoxy]-N-methylpyridine-2-carboxamide
4-[4-[[4-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbamoylamino]phenoxy]-N-methyl-pyridine-2-carboxamide
4-[4-[[4-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbamoylamino]phenoxy]-N-methylpyridine-2-carboxamide
4-[4-[[[[4-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]amino]carbonyl]amino]phenoxy]-N-methyl-2-pyridinecarboxamide
4-{4-[({[4-CHLORO-3-(TRIFLUOROMETHYL)PHENYL]AMINO}CARBONYL)AMINO]PHENOXY}-N-METHYLPYRIDINE-2-CARBOXAMIDE
AB1004622
AC-1674
AC1L50CF
BAX
BAY 43-9006
BAY 43-9006 (free base)
BAY 43-9006 tosylate salt
BAY 439006
BAY 54-9085 (tosylate salt)
BAY-43-0006
BAY-43-9006
BAY-54-9085
BAY43-9006
BRD-K23984367-001-01-8
Bio-0100
CHEBI:47228
CHEBI:50924
CHEMBL1336
CID216239
 
D08524
DB00398
DB07438
EN002709
I06-0856
K00597a
Kinome_766
LS-186067
LS-187021
LS-187788
MolPort-003-850-270
N-(4-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)-N'-(4-(2-(N-methylcarbamoyl)-4-pyridyloxy)phenyl)urea
N-(4-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)-n'-(4-(2-(N-methylcarbamoyl)-4-pyridyloxy)phenyl)urea
N-(4-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)-N'-(4-(2-(N-methylcar bamoyl)-4-pyridyloxy)phenyl)urea
N-[4-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-N'-[4-[2-(N-methylcarbamoyl)-4-pyridyloxy]phenyl]urea
NCGC00167488-01
NSC-724772
NSC747971
Nexavar
STK627350
Sorafenib
Sorafenib (INN)
Sorafenib [INN]
Sorafenib tosylate
Sorafenibum
UNII-9ZOQ3TZI87
ZINC01493878
nchembio.117-comp17
sorafenib
sorafenibum
35
CisplatinPhase 4, Phase 3, Phase 2, Phase 1261415663-27-184093, 441203, 2767
Synonyms:
(SP-4-1)-diamminedichloridoplatinum
(SP-4-1)-diamminedichloroplatinum
(SP-4-2)-diamminedichloridoplatinum
(SP-4-2)-diamminedichloroplatinum
Abiplatin
Biocisplatinum
Briplatin
CACP
CDDP
CHEBI:35852
CID441203
CPD0-1392
CPDC
CPDD
Carboquone
Cis Pt II
Cis-DDP
Cis-Diaminedichloroplatinum
Cis-Diamminedichloroplatinum
Cismaplat
Cisplatine
Cisplatino
Cisplatinum
Cisplatyl
Citoplationo
DB00515
DDP
DDPT
Diamminedichloroplatinum
 
EU-0100918
Lederplatin
Neoplatin
Peyrone's chloride
Peyrone's salt
Plastin
Platamine
Platiblastin
Platidiam
Platinex
Platinol
Platinol-AQ
Platinoxan
Platinum Ammine Chloride
Platinum Ammonium Chloride
Platinum Diamine Dichloride
Randa
Trans-DDP
Trans-Diaminedichloroplatinum
Trans-Diamminedichloroplatinum
Trans-Dichlorodiammine Platinum
Trans-Platinumdiammine Dichloride
cis-DDP
cis-Diamminedichloroplatinum
cis-Dichlorodiammineplatinum(II)
cis-[PtCl2(NH3)2]
cis-diamminedichloridoplatinum(II)
cis-diamminedichloroplatinum(II)
nchembio773-comp1
trans-diamminedichloridoplatinum(II)
36
MicafunginPhase 4, Phase 257235114-32-63081921, 477468
Synonyms:
5-[(1S,2S)-2-{(2R,6S,9S,11R,12R,14aS,15S,16S,20S,23S,25aS)-20-[(1R)-3-amino-1-hydroxy-3-oxopropyl]-2,11,12,15-tetrahydroxy-6-[(1R)-1-hydroxyethyl]-16-methyl-5,8,14,19,22,25-hexaoxo-9-[(4-{5-[4-(pentyloxy)phenyl]isoxazol-3-yl}benzoyl)amino]tetracosahydro-1H-dipyrrolo[2,1-c:2',1'-l][1,4,7,10,13,16]hexaazacyclohenicosin-23-yl}-1,2-dihydroxyethyl]-2-hydroxyphenyl hydrogen sulfate
5.1:6-anhydro{(4R,5R)-4,5-dihydroxy-N(2)-(4-{5-[4-(pentyloxy)phenyl]isoxazol-3-yl}benzoyl)-L-ornithyl-L-threonyl-(4R)-4-hydroxy-L-prolyl-(4S)-4-hydroxy-4-[4-hydroxy-3-(sulfooxy)phenyl]-L-threonyl-(3R)-3-hydroxy-L-glutaminyl-(3S,4S)-3-hydroxy-4-methyl-L-proline}
AC-6107
AC1L9WY8
AC1MIXSV
CHEBI:600520
CHEMBL1201351
CID11804463
CID3081921
CID477468
 
CID6602291
DB01141
FK-463
FK463
I14-11710
LS-184079
LS-187369
Micafungin
Mycamine
Mycamine(TM)
UNII-R10H71BSWG
37
GemcitabinePhase 4, Phase 3, Phase 2, Phase 1192895058-81-460750
Synonyms:
103882-84-4
122111-03-9
2',2'-DiF-dC
2',2'-Difluoro-2'-deoxycytidine
2',2'-Difluorodeoxycytidine
2'-Deoxy-.beta.-D-2',2'-difluorocytidine
2'-Deoxy-2',2'-difluorocytidine
4-Amino-1-[(2R,4R,5R)-3,3-difluoro-4-hydroxy-5-(hydroxymethyl)oxolan-2-yl]pyrimidin-2-one
4-Amino-1-[3,3-difluoro-4-hydroxy-5-(hydroxymethyl) tetrahydrofuran-2-yl]-1H-pyrimidin-2-one
4-amino-1-((2R,4R,5R)-3,3-Difluoro-4-hydroxy-5-(hydroxymethyl)-tetrahydrofuran-2-yl)pyrimidin-2(1H)-one
4-amino-1-((2R,4R,5R)-3,3-difluoro-4-hydroxy-5-(hydroxymethyl)-tetrahydrofuran-2-yl)pyrimidin-2(1H)-one
95058-81-4
AB1004842
AC1L1TUQ
C07650
CCRIS 8984
CHEBI:175901
CHEMBL888
CID60750
Cytidine, 2'-deoxy-2',2'-difluoro-2'-Deoxy-.beta.-D-2',2'-difluorocytidine
D02368
DB00441
DDFC
DFDC
DFdC
DFdCyd
Folfugem
GEO
Gamcitabine
GemLip
Gemcel
 
Gemcin
Gemcitabin
Gemcitabina
Gemcitabina [INN-Spanish]
Gemcitabine
Gemcitabine (USAN/INN)
Gemcitabine HCl
Gemcitabine hydrochloride
Gemcitabine stereoisomer
Gemcitabinum
Gemcitabinum [INN-Latin]
Gemtro
Gemzar
Gemzar (hydrochloride)
HMS2089P10
HSDB 7567
Inno-D07001
LS-59139
LY 188011
LY-188011
LY188011
NCGC00168784-01
NChemBio.2007.10-comp25
NSC 613327
NSC613327
TL8005979
UNII-B76N6SBZ8R
ZINC18279854
Zefei
gemcitabine
nchembio.573-comp7
nchembio.90-comp2
38
EpirubicinPhase 4, Phase 3, Phase 237456420-45-241867
Synonyms:
(1S,3S)-3,5,12-trihydroxy-3-(hydroxyacetyl)-10-(methyloxy)-6,11-dioxo-1,2,3,4,6,11-hexahydrotetracen-1-yl 3-amino-2,3,6-trideoxy-alpha-L-arabino-hexopyranoside
(1S,3S)-3,5,12-trihydroxy-3-(hydroxyacetyl)-10-methoxy-6,11-dioxo-1,2,3,4,6,11-hexahydrotetracen-1-yl 3-amino-2,3,6-trideoxy-alpha-L-arabino-hexopyranoside
(7S,9R)-7-[(2S,4S,5R,6S)-4-Amino-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-oxan-2-yl]oxy-6,9,11-trihydroxy-9-(2-hydroxyacetyl)-4-methoxy-8,10-dihydro-7H-tetracene-5,12-dione
(7S,9S)-7-[(2R,4S,5R,6S)-4-amino-5-hydroxy-6-methyloxan-2-yl]oxy-6,9,11-trihydroxy-9-(2-hydroxyacetyl)-4-methoxy-8,10-dihydro-7H-tetracene-5,12-dione
10-((3-amino-2,3,6-trideoxy-beta-L-arabino-hexopyranosyl)oxy)-7,8,9,10-tetrahydro-6,8,11-trihydroxy-8-(hydroxyacetyl)-1-methoxy-(8S-cis)-5,12-naphthacenedione
4'-Epi-DXR
4'-Epiadriamycin
4'-Epidoxorubicin
4'-epi-DX
4'-epi-Doxorubicin
4'-epidoxorubicin
4-Epidoxorubicin
56390-09-1
56390-09-1 (hydrochloride)
56420-45-2
57918-25-9
AC1L26NP
AC1Q6JIV
BRN 1445813
C11230
C27H29NO11
CCRIS 2261
CHEBI:47898
CHEMBL417
CID41867
D07901
DB00445
Ellence
Epi-DX
Epi-Dx
Epiadriamycin
Epidoxorubicin
Epirubicin
 
Epirubicin (INN)
Epirubicin [INN:BAN]
Epirubicina
Epirubicina [INN-Spanish]
Epirubicina [Spanish]
Epirubicine
Epirubicine [French]
Epirubicine [INN-French]
Epirubicinum
Epirubicinum [INN-Latin]
Epirubicinum [Latin]
Farmorubicin (TN)
HSDB 6962
IMI 28
LS-187190
LS-93992
MLS000759412
NChemBio.2007.10-comp15
NSC 256942
NSC-256942
NSC256942
Pharmorubicin Pfs
Pidorubicin
Pidorubicina
Pidorubicina [INN-Spanish]
Pidorubicine
Pidorubicine [INN-French]
Pidorubicinum
Pidorubicinum [INN-Latin]
Ridorubicin
SMR000466308
Triferric doxorubicin
UNII-3Z8479ZZ5X
WP 697
39
PentostatinPhase 4, Phase 3, Phase 2, Phase 15353910-25-140926, 439693
Synonyms:
(8R)-3-(2-deoxy-beta-D-erythro-pentofuranosyl)-3,6,7,8-tetrahydroimidazo[4,5-d][1,3]diazepin-8-ol
(8R)-3-[(2R,4S,5R)-4-hydroxy-5-(hydroxymethyl)oxolan-2-yl]-7,8-dihydro-4H-imidazo[4,5-d][1,3]diazepin-8-ol
(R)-3-(2-Deoxy-.beta.-D-erythro-pentofuranosyl)-3,6,7,8-tetrahydroimidazo(4,5-d)(1,3)diazepin-8-ol
2'-DCF
2'-Deoxycoformycin
2'-Dexoycoformycin
53910-25-1
59979-24-7
AC1L97UQ
BIDD:GT0136
C02267
CHEBI:41829
CHEMBL1580
CI-825
CID439693
CL-67310465
CO-Vidarabine
Co-V
 
Co-vidarabine
Coforin
Covidarabine
D00155
DB00552
Deoxycoformycin
Nipent
Nipent (TN)
Oncopent
PD-81565
PD-ADI
Pentostatin
Pentostatin (JAN/USAN/INN)
Pentostatina
Pentostatine
Pentostatinum
Vidarbine
Vira A deaminase inhibitor
dCF
pentostatin
40
AdenosinePhase 4, Phase 3, Phase 2, Phase 138858-61-760961
Synonyms:
(2R,3R,4S,5R)-2-(6-Aminopurin-9-yl)-5-(hydroxymethyl)oxolane-3,4-diol
(2R,3R,4S,5R)-2-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-5-(hydroxymethyl)oxolane-3,4-diol
1-(6-Amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-1-deoxy-beta-D-Ribofuranose
1-(6-Amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-1-deoxy-beta-delta-Ribofuranose
1odi
2fqy
2gl0
30143-02-3
4-Aminopyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidine ribonucleoside
46946-45-6
46969-16-8
58-61-7
6-Amino-9-.beta.-ribofuranosyl-9H-purine
6-Amino-9-beta-D-ribofuranosyl-9H-purine
6-Amino-9beta-D-ribofuranosyl-9H-purine
6-Amino-9beta-delta-ribofuranosyl-9H-purine
9-(beta-D-Arabinofuranosyl)adenine
9-beta-D-Arabinofuranosyladenine
9-beta-D-Ribofuranosidoadenine
9-beta-D-Ribofuranosyl-9H-purin-6-amine
9-beta-D-Ribofuranosyladenine
9-beta-delta-Arabinofuranosyladenine
9-beta-delta-Ribofuranosidoadenine
9-beta-delta-Ribofuranosyl-9H-purin-6-amine
9-beta-delta-Ribofuranosyladenine
9beta-D-Ribofuranosyladenine
9beta-D-ribofuranosyl-9H-Purin-6-amine
9beta-delta-Ribofuranosyladenine
9beta-delta-ribofuranosyl-9H-Purin-6-amine
A0152
A4036_SIGMA
A9251_SIGMA
AC1L1U8O
AC1Q1ID3
AC1Q52XU
ADN
AI3-52413
Ade-Rib
Ade-rib
Adenin riboside
Adenine 9-beta-D-arabinofuranoside
Adenine deoxyribonucleoside
Adenine nucleoside
Adenine riboside
Adenine-9-beta-D-ribofuranoside
Adenine-9beta-D-Ribofuranoside
Adenine-9beta-delta-Ribofuranoside
Adenocard
Adenocard (TN)
Adenocard, Adenosine
Adenocor
Adenoscan
Adenoscan (TN)
Adenosin
Adenosin [German]
Adenosina
Adenosine (JAN/USP)
Adenosine [USAN:BAN]
Adenosine, homopolymer
Adenosinum
Adensoine
Adenyldeoxyriboside
Ado
Adénosine
BB_NC-0565
BSPBio_001796
Bio1_000437
 
Bio1_000926
Bio1_001415
Boniton
C00212
CCRIS 2557
CHEBI:16335
CHEMBL477
CID60961
Caswell No. 010B
D000241
D00045
DB00640
Deoxyadenosine
Desoxyadenosine
EA6C60C2-6AFB-4264-A2F0-541373DB950E
EINECS 200-389-9
FT-0082881
HMS1920A13
HMS2091G13
KBio3_001296
LS-15085
MEDR-640
MLS000069638
MLS002153227
MolPort-001-838-229
Myocol
NCGC00023673-03
NCGC00023673-04
NCGC00023673-05
NCGC00023673-06
NCGC00023673-07
NSC 627048
NSC 7652
NSC627048
NSC7652
Nucleocardyl
Pallacor
Polyadenosine
Polyriboadenosine
S1647_Selleck
SDCCGMLS-0003108.P003
SMR000058216
SPBio_001194
SPECTRUM1500107
SR 96225
SR-96225
SUN-Y4001
Sandesin
Spectrum2_001257
Spectrum3_000288
TL8003749
UNII-K72T3FS567
USAF CB-10
V0098
Vidarabine
ZINC02169830
adenine-D-ribose
adenosine
b-D-Adenosine
beta-Adenosine
beta-D-Adenosine
beta-D-Ribofuranoside, adenine-9
beta-delta-Adenosine
bmse000061
nchembio.143-comp9
nchembio.186-comp109
nchembio.2007.56-comp13
nchembio.64-comp4
nchembio706-5
41
MethylphenidatePhase 4369113-45-14158
Synonyms:
.alpha.-Phenyl-2-piperidineacetic acid methyl ester
113-45-1
2-Piperidineacetic acid, .alpha.-phenyl-, methyl ester
2-Piperidineacetic acid, alpha-phenyl-, methyl ester
298-59-9 (hydrochloride)
4311/B Ciba
AC1L1HJM
C 4311
C07196
CHEBI:6887
CHEMBL796
CID4158
Calocain
Centedein
Centedrin
Centedrine
Centredin
Concerta
D-Methylphenidate HCl
D04999
DB00422
DB06701
DEA No. 1724
Daytrana
Daytrana (TN)
EINECS 204-028-6
Focalin
Focalin XR
HSDB 3126
L001307
LS-565
METHYLPHENIDATE (SEE ALSO: METHYLPHENIDATE HYDROCHLORIDE, CAS 298-59-9, NTPNO 10266-R)
MPH
Meridil
Metadate
Metadate CD
Metadate ER
MethyPatch
Methyl (2-phenyl-2-(2-piperidyl)acetate)
Methyl alpha-phenyl-alpha-(2-piperidyl)acetate
Methyl alpha-phenyl-alpha-2-piperidinylacetate
Methyl phenidate
 
Methyl phenidyl acetate
Methyl phenidylacetate
Methylfenidan
Methylin
Methylin ER
Methylofenidan
Methylphen
Methylphenidan
Methylphenidate
Methylphenidate (USAN/INN)
Methylphenidate HCl
Methylphenidate [INN:BAN]
Methylphenidate hydrochloride
Methylphenidatum
Methylphenidatum [INN-Latin]
Methylphenidylacetate hydrochloride
Methypatch
Metilfenidat hydrochloride
Metilfenidato
Metilfenidato [INN-Spanish]
Metilfenidato [Italian]
MolPort-001-779-620
NCI-C56280
PMS-Methylphenidate
Phenidylate
Plimasine
Riphenidate
Ritalin
Ritalin LA
Ritalin SR
Ritalin hydrochloride
Ritalin-SR
Ritaline
Ritcher Works
Ritcher works
Tsentedrin
UNII-207ZZ9QZ49
alpha-Phenyl-2-piperidineacetic acid methyl ester
alpha-Phenyl-alpha-(2-piperidyl)acetic acid methyl ester
d-methylphenidate HCl
methyl 2-phenyl-2-piperidin-2-ylacetate
methyl phenyl(piperidin-2-yl)acetate
methylphenidate
nchembio.2007.55-comp28
42
PosaconazolePhase 4, Phase 3, Phase 2, Phase 152171228-49-2147912
Synonyms:
1-((1S,2S)-1-Ethyl-2-hydroxypropyl)-4-{4-[4-(4-{[(5S,3R)-5-(2,4-difluorophenyl)-5-(1,2,4-triazolylmethyl)oxolan-3-yl]methoxy}phenyl)piperazinyl]phenyl}-1,2,4-triazolin-5-one
171228-49-2
177571-33-4
4-(p-(4-(p-(((3R,5R)-5-(2,4-Difluorophenyl)tetrahydro-5-(1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-ylmethyl)-3-furyl)methoxy)phenyl)-1-piperazinyl)phenyl)-1-((1S,2S)-1-ethyl-2-hydroxypropyl)-delta(sup 2)-1,2,4-triazolin-5-one
4-[4-[4-[4-[[(3R,5R)-5-(2,4-difluorophenyl)-5-(1,2,4-triazol-1-ylmethyl)oxolan-3-yl]methoxy]phenyl]piperazin-1-yl]phenyl]-2-[(2S,3S)-2-hydroxypentan-3-yl]-1,2,4-triazol-3-one
4-[4-[4-[4-[[(5R)-5-(2,4-difluorophenyl)-5-(1,2,4-triazol-1-ylmethyl)oxolan-3-yl]methoxy]phenyl]piperazin-1-yl]phenyl]-2-[(2S,3S)-2-hydroxypentan-3-yl]-1,2,4-triazol-3-one
AC-1350
AC1L3W34
AC1LAHLQ
AKOS005145917
CHEBI:434337
CHEMBL1397
CHEMBL371938
CHEMBL371939
CID10532764
CID11520437
CID11542142
CID147912
CID468595
D02555
 
DB01263
HSDB 7421
LS-186118
LS-186988
LS-187630
MolPort-006-666-426
Noxafil
Noxafil (TN)
Noxafil, Posaconazole
Posaconazole
Posaconazole (USAN/INN)
Posaconazole SP
Posaconazole [USAN:INN:BAN]
Posaconazole in combination with MGCD290
S1257_Selleck
SCH-56592
SCH56592
Sch 56592
Spriafil
UNII-6TK1G07BHZ
X2N
posaconazole
43
PrilocainePhase 477721-50-64906
Synonyms:
2-(Propylamino)-O-propionotoluidide
2-(Propylamino)-o-propionotoluidide
2-Methyl-.alpha.-propylaminopropionanilide
2-Methyl-alpha-propylaminopropionanilide
721-50-6
AB00053665
AC-2100
AC1L1J7W
Ambap1786-81-8
Astra 1512
Astra 1515
BPBio1_000173
BRD-A53952395-003-05-3
BRN 2108498
BSPBio_000157
BSPBio_002604
C07531
C13H20N2O
CHEBI:8404
CHEMBL1194
CID4906
Citanest
Citanest Plain
D00553
DB00750
DivK1c_000846
EINECS 211-957-0
HSDB 3386
I01-1860
IDI1_000846
KBio1_000846
KBio2_002129
KBio2_004697
KBio2_007265
KBio3_001824
KBioGR_001883
KBioSS_002129
L 67
LS-2304
Lopac0_001005
MolPort-005-935-583
 
N-(2-Methylphenyl)-2-(propylamino)propanamide
N-(2-methylphenyl)-N(2)-propylalaninamide
N-(2-methylphenyl)-N2-propylalaninamide
N-[2-Methylphenyl]-2-[propylamino]propanamide
NCGC00015860-03
NCGC00162312-01
NINDS_000846
NSC 40027
NSC40027
O-Methyl-2-propylaminopropionanilide
O-Methyl-alpha-propylaminopropionanilide
Prestwick0_000199
Prestwick1_000199
Prestwick2_000199
Prestwick3_000199
Prilocain
Prilocaina
Prilocaina [INN-Spanish]
Prilocaine (USP/INN)
Prilocaine [USAN]
Prilocaine base
Prilocainum
Prilocainum [INN-Latin]
Prilocaïne
Propanamide, N-(2-methylphenyl)-2-(propylamino)- (9CI)
Propitocaine
Propitocaine (JAN)
S1619_Selleck
SPBio_001398
SPBio_002078
Spectrum2_001549
Spectrum3_001052
Spectrum4_001192
Spectrum5_001175
Spectrum_001649
UNII-046O35D44R
alpha-N-Propylamino-2-methylpropionanilide
alpha-n-Propylamino-2-methylpropionanilide
o-Methyl-2-propylaminopropionanilide
o-Methyl-alpha-propylaminopropionanilide
prilocaine
prilocaine base
44Epoetin alfaPhase 4, Phase 3, Phase 2638113427-24-0
45
CladribinePhase 4, Phase 3, Phase 2, Phase 1694291-63-820279
Synonyms:
(2R,3S,5R)-5-(6-amino-2-Chloropurin-9-yl)-2-(hydroxymethyl)oxolan-3-ol
(2R,3S,5R)-5-(6-amino-2-chloropurin-9-yl)-2-(hydroxymethyl)oxolan-3-ol
2 Chlorodeoxyadenosine
2'-Deoxy-2-chloroadenosine
2-CdA
2-Chloro-2'-deoxy-beta-adenosine
2-Chloro-2'-deoxyadenosine
2-Chloro-6-amino-9-(2-deoxy-beta-D-erythropentofuranosyl)purine
2-Chlorodeoxyadenosine
2-chloro-6-amino-9-(2-Deoxy-beta-D-erythro-pentofuranosyl)purine
2-chloro-6-amino-9-(2-deoxy-beta-D-erythro-pentofuranosyl)purine
2-chloro-Deoxyadenosine
2-chloro-deoxyadenosine
24757-90-2
2CdA
2ClAdo
4291-63-8
AC-7591
AC1L2FXP
Adenosine, 2-chloro-2'-deoxy
BRN 0624220
C10H12ClN5O3.C3H8
CHEBI:567361
CHEMBL1619
CID20279
CL9
CPD000058553
Chlorodeoxyadenosine
Cladarabine
Cladaribine
Cladribina
Cladribine
Cladribine (JAN/USAN/INN)
Cladribine [USAN:INN:BAN]
Cladribinum
 
CldAdo
D01370
D017338
DB00242
FT-0080707
HMS2052K13
HSDB 7564
LS-15109
Leustat
Leustatin
Leustatin (TN)
Leustatin, 2-chlorodeoxyadenosine, Cladribine
Litak
MLS000028377
MLS000028484
MLS000759397
MLS001077345
MolPort-002-054-532
MolPort-005-935-074
Movectro
Mylinax
NCGC00022567-05
NCGC00164384-01
NSC 105014
NSC 105014-F
NSC-105014
RWJ 26251
RWJ-26251
RWJ-26251-000
S1199_Selleck
SAM001246526
SMR000058553
UNII-47M74X9YT5
ZINC03798064
cladribina
cladribine
cladribinum
46
LenalidomidePhase 4, Phase 3, Phase 1, Phase 2, Phase 0691191732-72-6216326
Synonyms:
1-oxo-2-(2,6-Dioxopiperidin-3-yl)-4-aminoisoindoline
191732-72-6
3-(4-Amino-1-oxo-1,3-dihydro-2H-isoindol-2-yl)piperidine-2,6-dione
3-(4-Amino-1-oxoisoindolin-2-yl)piperidine-2,6-dione
3-(7-Amino-3-oxo-1H-isoindol-2-yl)-piperidine-2,6-dione
3-(7-amino-3-oxo-1H-isoindol-2-yl)piperidine-2,6-dione
346670-73-3
443912-14-9
AC-914
AC1L50II
AKOS005146276
ALBB-015321
Bio-0168
C467567
CC 5013
CC-5013
CC-5013, Revlimid, Lenalidomide
CC5013
CDC 501
CDC-501
CDC-5013
CHEMBL848
CID216326
Celgene brand of lenalidomide
D04687
 
DB00480
EC-000.2340
ENMD-0997
I06-0831
IMID-1
IMID-5013
IMiD3
IMiD3 cpd
IMid-1
LS-184040
Lenalidomide
Lenalidomide (USAN/INN)
Lenalidomide [USAN]
MolPort-003-848-370
NCGC00167491-01
NSC747972
Revamid
Revimid
Revlimid
Revlimid (Celgene)
Revlimid (TN)
S1029_Selleck
STK639603
Thalidomide analog CC-5013
UNII-F0P408N6V4
lenalidomide
47
DecitabinePhase 4, Phase 3, Phase 2, Phase 1, Phase 02212353-33-5451668
Synonyms:
-Deoxycytidine
-azacytidine
2'-Deoxy-5-azacytidine
2353-33-5
4-Amino-1-(2-deoxy-beta-D-erythro-pentofuranosyl)-1,3,5-triazin-2(1H)-one
4-Amino-1-(2-deoxy-beta-D-erythro-pentofuranosyl)-s-triazin-2(1H)-one
4-Amino-1-(2-deoxy-beta-D-ribofuranosyl)-1,3,5-triazin-2(1H)-one
4-amino-1-(2-Deoxy-beta-D-erythro-pentofuranosyl)-S-triazin-2(1H)-one
4-amino-1-[(2R,4S,5R)-4-hydroxy-5-(hydroxymethyl)oxolan-2-yl]-1,3,5-triazin-2-one
5-AZAdC
5-Aza-2&prime
5-Aza-2'-deoxycytidine
5-Azadeoxycytidine
5-Deoxy-2&prime
5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine
5-aza-2-deoxycytidine
5-aza-CdR
5-aza-dC
5A2dc
A3656_SIGMA
AC-1135
AC1L9PS9
AzadC
 
Azadc
CHEBI:50131
CHEMBL1201129
CID451668
D03665
DB01262
Dacogen
Dacogen (TN)
Dacogen, 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine,NSC 127716, Dacogen, DAC, Decitabine
Decitabine
Decitabine (USAN/INN)
Dezocitidine
E-7373
FT-0082622
MLS001332587
MLS001332588
MolMap_000063
NCGC_5ADOC
NSC-127716
NSC127716
S1200_Selleck
SBB066121
SMR000857076
TL8001944
48
KetaminePhase 4, Phase 34966740-88-13821
Synonyms:
(+-)-Ketamine
(+/-)-2-(2-Chlorophenyl)-2-(methylamino)cyclohexanone
(+/-)-2-(o-Chlorophenyl)-2-(methylamino)cyclohexanone
(+/-)-Ketamine
(-)-Ketamine
(S)-(-)-Ketamine
(S)-Ketamine
(±)-ketamine
100477-72-3
2-(2-Chloro-phenyl)-2-methylamino-cyclohexanone
2-(2-Chlorophenyl)-2-(methylamino)cyclohexanone
2-(2-chlorophenyl)-2-(methylamino)cyclohexan-1-one
2-(Methylamino)-2-(2-chlorophenyl)cyclohexanone
2-(methylamino)-2-(2-chlorophenyl)cyclohexanone
2-(o-Chlorophenyl)-2-(methylamino)-cyclohexanone
2-(o-Chlorophenyl)-2-(methylamino)cyclohexanone
2-(o-chlorophenyl)-2-(methylamino)-cyclohexanone
33643-45-7
6740-88-1
79499-51-7
AC1L1GSH
AC1Q40UR
AKOS001053247
BRN 2216965
C07525
C13H16ClNO
CHEBI:138833
CHEBI:6121
CHEMBL742
CI 581 base
CI-581
CID3821
CLSTA 20
Calypsol
Cetamina
Cetamina [INN-Spanish]
Cyclohexanone, 2-(2-chlorophenyl)-2-(methylamino)- (9CI)
Cyclohexanone, 2-(2-chlorophenyl)-2-(methylamino)-, (+-)- (9CI)
Cyclohexanone, 2-(o-chlorophenyl)-2-(methylamino)-, (+/-)- (8CI)
D08098
DB01221
DEA No. 7285
 
DL-ketamine
DivK1c_000217
EINECS 229-804-1
Esketamine
Green
IDI1_000217
KBio1_000217
KETAMINE
KETAMINE HCL
Ketaject
Ketalar
Ketalar base
Ketamina
Ketamine (INN)
Ketamine Base
Ketamine HCL
Ketamine [INN:BAN]
Ketaminum
Ketaminum [INN-Latin]
Ketanest
Ketoject
Ketolar
L-Ketamine
LS-57301
MLS001331674
MolPort-001-838-070
NCGC00159480-02
NCGC00159480-03
NINDS_000217
NMDA
NSC 70151
NSC70151
SMR000238141
Special K
Special K [street name]
Special k
T385
Tekam
Tekam (TN)
UNII-690G0D6V8H
dl-Ketamine
ketamine
l-Ketamine
49
Nitrous oxidePhase 416210024-97-2948
Synonyms:
00583_FLUKA
10024-97-2
126386-65-0
129451-49-6
130835-71-1
147527-07-9
175876-44-5
295590_ALDRICH
794457-85-5
847968-13-2
850203-00-8
AC1L1ADZ
C00887
CCRIS 1225
CHEBI:17045
CHEMBL1234579
CID948
D00102
D009609
Diazyne 1-oxide
Dinitrogen monoxide
Dinitrogen oxide
Distickstoffmonoxid
E942
EINECS 233-032-0
FEMA 2779
FEMA No. 2779
Factitious air
Gas, Laughing
Gas, laughing
Gaz hilarant
HSDB 504
Hyponitrous acid anhydride
LS-7622
Lachgas
Laughing gas
N2O
NITROUS-OXIDE
NNO
 
Nitral
Nitrious oxide
Nitrogen hypoxide
Nitrogen monoxide
Nitrogen oxide (N2O)
Nitrogen protoxide
Nitrogenium oxydulatum
Nitrous oxide
Nitrous oxide (JP15/USP)
Nitrous oxide (TN)
Nitrous oxide [Anaesthetics, volatile]
Nitrous oxide [JAN]
Nitrous oxide [UN1070] [Nonflammable gas]
Nitrous oxide [UN1070] [Nonflammable gas]
Nitrous oxide [anaesthetics, volatile]
Nitrous oxide [jan]
Nitrous oxide, JAN, USAN
Nitrous oxide, compressed
Nitrous oxide, refrigerated liquid
Nitrous oxide, refrigerated liquid [UN2201] [Nonflammable gas]
Nitrous oxide, refrigerated liquid [UN2201] [Nonflammable gas]
Nitrous-oxide
Oxide, Nitrous
Oxide, nitrous
Oxido nitroso
Oxido nitroso [Spanish]
Oxidodinitrogen(N--N)
Oxyde nitreux
Protoxyde d'azote [French]
Stickdioxyd
Stickdioxyd [German]
Stickstoff(I)-oxid
UN1070
UN2201
gaz hilarant
nitrogenium oxydulatum
nitrous oxide
oxidodinitrogen(N--N)
oxyde nitreux
protoxyde d'azote
50
Histamine PhosphatePhase 4, Phase 3, Phase 1, Phase 2100851-74-165513
Synonyms:
1H-Imidazole-4-ethanamine, phosphate (1:2)
2-Imidazol-4-ylethylamine orthophosphoric acid (1:2)
4-(2-Aminoethyl)imidazole bis(dihydrogen phosphate)
4-(2-Aminoethyl)imidazole di-acid phosphate
4-2(2-Aminoethyl)Imidazole-Di-Acid Phosphate
51-74-1
53623-99-7
74-56-6
AC1L23E4
CID65513
D04445
DB00667
 
EINECS 200-118-4
H0147
Histamine acid phosphate
Histamine biphosphate
Histamine dihydrogen phosphate
Histamine diphosphate
Histamine phosphate (1:2)
Histamine phosphate (TN)
Histamine phosphate (USP)
Histamine phosphate [USP]
Histamine positive
Histaminum
LS-78569
UNII-QWB37T4WZZ

Interventional clinical trials:

(show top 50)    (show all 5000)
idNameStatusNCT IDPhase
1An Expanded Access, Open-Label Study of Obinutuzumab (GA101) Plus Chlorambucil in Patients With Previously Untreated Chronic Lymphocytic LeukemiaApproved for marketingNCT01868893Phase 4
2Observational Study in Participants With Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL), Multiple Myeloma (MM) and Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma (NHL) in Latin AmericaCompletedNCT02559583Phase 4
3Study to Evaluate Nilotinib in Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia (CML) Patients With SubOptimal ResponseCompletedNCT01043874Phase 4
4A Study of MabThera Added to Bendamustine or Chlorambucil in Patients With Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (MaBLe)CompletedNCT01056510Phase 4
5Fludarabine, Cytarabine, Topotecan in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Acute Myeloid LeukemiaCompletedNCT00488709Phase 4
6LAM07: Study to Analyze the Efficacy of a Risk Adapted Treatment Strategy, Including Gemtuzumab Ozogamicin (GO) During Consolidation, for Patients With Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML)CompletedNCT01041040Phase 4
7Treatment of Relapsed Promyelocytic Leukemia With Arsenic Trioxide (ATO)CompletedNCT00504764Phase 4
8Efficacy and Safety of Ofatumumab Retreatment and Maintenance Treatment in Patients With B-cell Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL)CompletedNCT00802737Phase 4
9Treatment of Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia With All-Trans Retinoic Acid (ATRA) and Idarubicin (AIDA)CompletedNCT00465933Phase 4
10Treatment of the Acute Myeloblastic Leukaemia in Patients Over 65 YearsCompletedNCT00464217Phase 4
11Treatment of Elderly Patients (>65 Years) With Acute Lymphoblastic LeukemiaCompletedNCT00199095Phase 4
12Study of Molecular Response in Adult Patients on Nilotinib With Philadelphia Chromosome Positive Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia (Ph+ CML) in Chronic Phase and a Suboptimal Molecular Response to ImatinibCompletedNCT00644878Phase 4
13Pulses of Vincristine and Dexamethasone in BFM Protocols for Children With Acute Lymphoblastic LeukemiaCompletedNCT00411541Phase 4
14PROPHYSOME: Pilot Study on Safety of a Weekly Administration of 10mg/kg of AmBisome® in Antifungal Prophylaxis Treatment of Allogeneic Stem-cell Transplantation and Acute LeukaemiaCompletedNCT00362544Phase 4
15Intensified Conditioning Regimen With High-Dose-Etoposide for Allo-HSCT for Adult Acute Lymphoblastic LeukemiaCompletedNCT01457040Phase 4
16AML2003 - Standard-Therapy vs Intensified Therapy for Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia Patients <= 60 YearsCompletedNCT00180102Phase 4
17Glivec® (Imatinib Mesylate, STI571) in Monotherapy Versus Glivec®-Interferon Alpha in the Treatment of Chronic-Phase Chronic Myeloid LeukaemiaCompletedNCT00390897Phase 4
18Study of Oral AMN107 (Nilotinib) in Adult Patients With Imatinib - Resistant or - Intolerant Chronic Myeloid Leukemia in Blast Crisis, Accelerated Phase or Chronic Phase Previously Enrolled to CAMN107A2109 TrialCompletedNCT01368523Phase 4
19SMD_FLAG-IDA_98: FLAG-IDA in Induction Treatment of High Risk Myelodysplastic Syndromes or Secondary Acute Myeloblastic LeukemiaCompletedNCT00487448Phase 4
20Antiviral Treatment of Chronic Lymphocytic LeukemiaCompletedNCT01255644Phase 4
21Treatment of Newly Diagnosed Patients With Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia (PETHEMA LPA 2005)CompletedNCT00408278Phase 4
22A Study of MabThera (Rituximab) in Combination With Fludarabine and Cyclophosphamide in Patients With Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia And Favorable Somatic StatusCompletedNCT01271010Phase 4
23A Study to Compare Mabthera (Rituximab), Fludarabine and Cyclophosphamide to Mabthera and Chlorambucil in Patients With Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia and Unfavourable Somatic StatusCompletedNCT01283386Phase 4
24A Study to Confirm the Efficacy and Safety of Fludarabine Phosphate Administered in Untreated Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Patients With Anemia and/or ThrombocytopeniaCompletedNCT00220311Phase 4
25Study of Treatment With Nilotinib in Adult Patients With Imatinib - Resistant or - Intolerant Chronic Myeloid Leukemia in Blast Crisis, Accelerated Phase or Chronic PhaseCompletedNCT00786812Phase 4
26PETHEMA LAL-RI/96: Treatment for Patients With Standard Risk Acute Lymphoblastic LeukemiaCompletedNCT00494897Phase 4
27Study Evaluating the Effect of Corticosteroids on Mylotarg® Infusion-Related Adverse Events in Patients With LeukemiaCompletedNCT00304447Phase 4
28Rituximab Plus Chemotherapy for CD20+ Adult Acute Lymphoblastic LeukemiaCompletedNCT01358253Phase 4
29LAL-Ph-2000: Treatment of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Chromosome Philadelphia PositiveCompletedNCT00526305Phase 4
30AML96 - Risk-Adapted and Randomized Postremission-Therapy for Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia PatientsCompletedNCT00180115Phase 4
31LAL-AR-N-2005:Study Treatment for Children High Risk Acute Lymphoblastic LeukemiaCompletedNCT00526409Phase 4
32This Study Will be a Phase IV, Open-label, Multicenter Study of Dasatinib in Chronic-Phase Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CP-CML) Patients With Chronic, Low-grade Non-Hematologic Toxicity to ImatinibCompletedNCT01660906Phase 4
33An Exploratory Trial to Assess the Improvement of Adverse Events in Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia Patients Treated With Imatinib When Switched to Nilotinib TreatmentCompletedNCT00980018Phase 4
34ALL-REZ BFM 2002: Multi-Center Study for Children With Relapsed Acute Lymphoblastic LeukemiaCompletedNCT00114348Phase 4
35Maintenance Therapy With Ceplene® (Histamine) and IL-2 on Immune Response and MRD in Acute Myeloid LeukemiaCompletedNCT01347996Phase 4
36Study Comparing Standard Dose and High-dose Imatinib Mesylate in Patients With Chronic Phase Philadelphia Chromosome Positive (Ph+) Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia (CML)CompletedNCT00171899Phase 4
37CMR Rate of Newly Diagnosed CML-CP Patients Treated With NilotinibCompletedNCT01227577Phase 4
38Learning Impairments Among Survivors of Childhood CancerCompletedNCT00576472Phase 4
39Treatment of Acute Myeloblastic Leukemia in Younger PatientsCompletedNCT00390715Phase 4
40Nilotinib in Newly Diagnosed Adult Philadelphia Chromosome and /or BCR-ABL Positive Chronic Myeloid Leukaemia in Chronic PhaseCompletedNCT01061177Phase 4
41Gleevec Trial in Patients With Newly Diagnosed Chronic Phase Chronic Myelogenous LeukemiaCompletedNCT00081926Phase 4
42Study of Rasburicase as Treatment or Prevention of Hyperuricemia Associated With Tumor Lysis Syndrome in Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Lymphoma, Leukemia, or Solid Tumor MalignancyCompletedNCT00230217Phase 4
43German Multicenter Trial for Treatment of Newly Diagnosed Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia in Adults (05/93)CompletedNCT00199069Phase 4
44German Multicenter Trial for Treatment of Newly Diagnosed Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia in Adults (06/99)CompletedNCT00199056Phase 4
45Trial for Treatment of Adult Patients With Standard Risk Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia With Chemotherapy and RituximabCompletedNCT00199004Phase 4
46Optimized Radiological Diagnosis of Hepatic Candidiasis During the Treatment of Acute LeukemiasCompletedNCT01207843Phase 4
47Therapy of Acute Myeloid Leukemia in Patients Over the Age of 60 : DA Versus Mitoxantrone With Intermittent AraCCompletedNCT00180167Phase 4
48Trial for the Treatment of Newly Diagnosed Mature B-Cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (B-ALL), Burkitt's Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma (NHL) and Other High-grade Lymphoma in AdultsCompletedNCT00199082Phase 4
49Pilot Study of Combination Therapy With CHOP-Zenapax (CHOP-daclizumab)CompletedNCT01418430Phase 4
50The Duration of Humoral Immunity and the Memory Cell Function After Vaccination With 7-valent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine in CLLCompletedNCT00919321Phase 4

Search NIH Clinical Center for Leukemia

Inferred drug relations via UMLS66/NDF-RT44:

Cell-based therapeutics:


LifeMap Discovery
Data from LifeMap, the Embryonic Development and Stem Cells Database
Read about Leukemia cell therapies at LifeMap Discovery.

Genetic Tests for Leukemia

About this section

Genetic tests related to Leukemia:

id Genetic test Affiliating Genes
1 Leukemia25

Anatomical Context for Leukemia

About this section

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Leukemia:

34
Myeloid, T cells, B cells, Bone, Bone marrow, Monocytes, Neutrophil

Animal Models for Leukemia or affiliated genes

About this section

MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Leukemia:

39 (show all 13)
idDescriptionMGI Source AccessionScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1MP:000537010.3ABL1, LIF, LIFR, NPM1, PBX1, RAF1
2MP:000200610.3ERBB2, FLT3, NPM1, PML, RAF1, RUNX1
3MP:00053879.9ABL1, FLT3, LIF, LIFR, LYL1, MCL1
4MP:00053809.8ABL1, ABL2, ERBB2, LIF, LIFR, MCL1
5MP:00053849.8ABL1, ABL2, ERBB2, FLT3, LIF, MCL1
6MP:00053909.8ABL1, ERBB2, FLT3, LIF, LIFR, PBX1
7MP:00053799.7ABL1, ERBB2, FLT3, LIF, MCL1, PBX1
8MP:00053979.6ABL1, FLT3, LIF, LIFR, LYL1, MCL1
9MP:00036319.5ABL1, ABL2, ERBB2, HLF, LIF, LIFR
10MP:00053789.3ABL1, ABL2, ERBB2, FLT3, LIF, LIFR
11MP:00107689.3ABL1, ABL2, ERBB2, FLT3, HLF, LIF
12MP:00053869.2ABL1, ABL2, ERBB2, HLF, LIF, LIFR

Publications for Leukemia

About this section

Articles related to Leukemia:

(show top 50)    (show all 26966)
idTitleAuthorsYear
1
CD93 Marks a Non-Quiescent Human Leukemia Stem Cell Population and Is Required for Development of MLL-Rearranged Acute Myeloid Leukemia. (26387756)
2015
2
Mast cell leukemia with prolonged survival on PKC412/midostaurin. (25031773)
2014
3
Involvement of primary mesenchymal precursors and hematopoietic bone marrow cells from chronic myeloid leukemia patients by BCR-ABL1 fusion gene. (24779036)
2014
4
Silencing of suppressor of cytokine signaling-3 due to methylation results in phosphorylation of STAT3 in imatinib resistant BCR-ABL positive chronic myeloid leukemia cells. (24969884)
2014
5
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia with eosinophilia lacking peripheral blood leukemic cell: a rare entity. (25332543)
2014
6
Intraventricular hemorrhage in a patient with chronic myeloid leukemia and anterior communicating artery aneurysm. (23860156)
2013
7
MicroRNA profiling reveals aberrant microRNA expression in adult ETP-ALL and functional studies implicate a role for miR-222 in acute leukemia. (23522449)
2013
8
Treatment-, patient-, and disease-related factors and the emergence of adverse events with tyrosine kinase inhibitors for the treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia. (23553655)
2013
9
Defining consensus leukemia-associated immunophenotypes for detection of minimal residual disease in acute myeloid leukemia in a multicenter setting. (23912609)
2013
10
Prognostic value of plasma levels of thrombomodulin and von Willebrand factor in Egyptian children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia. (24243921)
2013
11
Using a bayesian hierarchical model for identifying single nucleotide polymorphisms associated with childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia risk in case-parent triads. (24367687)
2013
12
Intrachromosomal amplification of chromosome 21 is associated with inferior outcomes in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia treated in contemporary standard-risk children's oncology group studies: a report from the children's oncology group. (23940221)
2013
13
European guidelines for empirical antibacterial therapy for febrile neutropenic patients in the era of growing resistance: summary of the 2011 4th European Conference on Infections in Leukemia. (24323983)
2013
14
SETBP1 mutations in 415 patients with primary myelofibrosis or chronic myelomonocytic leukemia: independent prognostic impact in CMML. (23558523)
2013
15
CD117 expression is a sensitive but nonspecific predictor of FLT3 mutation in T acute lymphoblastic leukemia and T/myeloid acute leukemia. (22261446)
2012
16
Rapid screening of ASXL1, IDH1, IDH2, and c-CBL mutations in de novo acute myeloid leukemia by high-resolution melting. (22929312)
2012
17
The high Nrf2 expression in human acute myeloid leukemia is driven by NF-I_B and underlies its chemo-resistance. (23077289)
2012
18
MLL-AF9 and MLL-ENL alter the dynamic association of transcriptional regulators with genes critical for leukemia. (20854876)
2011
19
DNMT3A mutations are rare in childhood acute myeloid leukemia. (21685466)
2011
20
Ginsenoside Rh1 inhibits the invasion and migration of THP-1 acute monocytic leukemia cells via inactivation of the MAPK signaling pathway. (21605636)
2011
21
TP53 mutation profile in chronic lymphocytic leukemia: evidence for a disease specific profile from a comprehensive analysis of 268 mutations. (20861914)
2010
22
Concomitant EBV-related B-cell proliferation and juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia in a 2-year-old child. (17618684)
2008
23
Cardiac involvement with human T-cell lymphotrophic virus type-1-associated adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma: The NIH experience. (18297519)
2008
24
Somatic CEBPA mutations are a frequent second event in families with germline CEBPA mutations and familial acute myeloid leukemia. (18768433)
2008
25
The Akt/Mcl-1 pathway plays a prominent role in mediating antiapoptotic signals downstream of the B-cell receptor in chronic lymphocytic leukemia B cells. (17928528)
2008
26
Combined high-resolution array-based comparative genomic hybridization and expression profiling of ETV6/RUNX1-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemias reveal a high incidence of cryptic Xq duplications and identify several putative target genes within the commonly gained region. (17690704)
2007
27
Troglitazone inhibits cell growth and induces apoptosis of B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia cells with t(14;18). (16809887)
2006
28
Blocking NF-kappaB as a potential strategy to treat adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma. (16823495)
2006
29
Purine nucleoside analogues and combination therapies in B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia: dawn of a new era. (15068894)
2004
30
Prognostic factors in myelodysplastic and myeloproliferative types of chronic myelomonocytic leukemia: a retrospective analysis of 83 patients from a single institution. (15257942)
2004
31
Recent progress in the protein-tyrosine phosphatase SHP1 gene: the significant correlation of the SHP1 gene silencing with the onset of lymphomas/leukemias]. (14619449)
2003
32
Phase I trial of a novel diphtheria toxin/granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor fusion protein (DT388GMCSF) for refractory or relapsed acute myeloid leukemia. (12006512)
2002
33
Preferential expression of the transcription coactivator HTIF1alpha gene in acute myeloid leukemia and MDS-related AML. (11986951)
2002
34
Cytotoxic efficacy of bendamustine in human leukemia and breast cancer cell lines. (12029443)
2002
35
BCRP gene expression is associated with a poor response to remission induction therapy in childhood acute myeloid leukemia. (12145683)
2002
36
Activity and expression of the multidrug resistance proteins P-glycoprotein, MRP1, MRP2, MRP3 and MRP5 in de novo and relapsed acute myeloid leukemia. (11587212)
2001
37
Cytokine expression of T cells in chronic myeloid leukemia. (11775253)
2000
38
Identification of a human T-cell leukemia virus type I tax peptide in contact with DNA. (10567395)
1999
39
Initial treatment of chronic myelogenous leukemia--interferon or bone marrow transplantation]. (10500523)
1999
40
Okadaic acid-induced apoptosis of HL60 leukemia cells is preceded by destabilization of bcl-2 mRNA and downregulation of bcl-2 protein. (9762907)
1998
41
Myeloperoxidase gene expression in infant leukemia: a Pediatric Oncology Group Study. (9638984)
1998
42
Characterization of a cell line, NKL, derived from an aggressive human natural killer cell leukemia. (8599969)
1996
43
Life-threatening hyperleukocytosis and pulmonary compromise after priming with recombinant human granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor in a patient with acute myelomonocytic leukemia. (7799037)
1995
44
Retinoic acid and acute promyelocytic leukemia: a model of targetting treatment for human cancer. (7697468)
1994
45
Hypercalcemia associated with all-trans-retinoic acid in the treatment of acute promyelocytic leukemia. (8501972)
1993
46
Characterization of translocation t(1;14)(p32;q11) in a T and in a B acute leukemia. (8412312)
1993
47
Hairy cell leukemia: splenectomy after alpha 2b-interferon therapy. (1878598)
1991
48
Acute non-lymphoblastic leukemia. Correlation between clinical and hematological parameters in 87 adult patients. (3121464)
1987
49
Fulminant leukemic polyradiculoneuropathy in a case of B-cell prolymphocytic leukemia. A clinicopathologic report. (3040217)
1987
50
An intensive care chemo- or chemoimmunotherapy regimen for patients with intermediate and poor-prognosis acute lymphatic leukemia and leukemic lymphoblastic lymphosarcoma: preliminary results with 14-month median follow-up. (6949235)
1982

Variations for Leukemia

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Copy number variations for Leukemia from CNVD:

6 (show all 44)
id CNVD ID Chromosom Start End Type Gene Symbol CNVD Disease
1193831150034000245120000AmplificationLeukemia
23363714680000050700000LossLeukemia
344329105525086557057708RearrangementPCDH15Leukemia
462297121076000026234000AmplificationLeukemia
564439121280000014800000GainSLC2A14Leukemia
664440121280000014800000GainSLC2A3Leukemia
769764125626300069037000AmplificationLeukemia
869765125626300069037000AmplificationLeukemia
97444113107000000115169878LossLeukemia
1077064133970300040042000AmplificationLeukemia
1186548146210000064800000GainSYNE2Leukemia
12109053172400000081195210Copy numberHTLVRLeukemia
13112810174115900078182000AmplificationLeukemia
14127115192650000059128983GainLeukemia
1513439921006200011645000AmplificationLeukemia
1613803821572000016465000AmplificationLeukemia
1713866221687300060356000AmplificationLeukemia
1813866321687300060356000AmplificationLeukemia
1914740626433300065547000AmplificationLeukemia
20153044203390900062377000AmplificationLeukemia
2115691720900200017491000AmplificationLeukemia
22159831214511200046015000AmplificationLeukemia
23161203221772200017723000AmplificationLeukemia
24165015224100000044200000GainCGI-96Leukemia
25165016224100000044200000GainSERHLLeukemia
2617285131869600018818000AmplificationLeukemia
271730753189413414190080135TranslateLPPLeukemia
281917196160500000Loss of mismatchHLA-ALeukemia
291917206160500000Loss of mismatchHLA-BLeukemia
301917216160500000Loss of mismatchHLA-CLeukemia
31200024548400000180915260DeletionLeukemia
322049996118500000171115067GainLeukemia
332051396121263000130387000DeletionLeukemia
342060616135502452135540311GainMYBLeukemia
35215006670000000114600000LossLeukemia
36226598759900000159138663DeletionLeukemia
372462069117700000122500000LossLeukemia
3825002291990000025600000DeletionCDKN2ALeukemia
3925002891990000025600000LossCDKN2ALeukemia
4025069292195775021984490DeletionCDKN2ALeukemia
41253950949000000141213431DeletionLeukemia
42254016950700000114900000LossLeukemia
4330406052354348023564463MutationPRDM9Leukemia
443043677178033238257086DeletionDOCK4Leukemia

Expression for genes affiliated with Leukemia

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Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Leukemia.

Pathways for genes affiliated with Leukemia

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GO Terms for genes affiliated with Leukemia

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Cellular components related to Leukemia according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1nucleusGO:00056349.1ABL1, ERBB2, FLT3, HLF, LYL1, MCL1
2cytoplasmGO:00057378.9ABL1, BAALC, CLLU1, ERBB2, FLT3, LIF

Biological processes related to Leukemia according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 15)
idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1myeloid progenitor cell differentiationGO:000231810.9FLT3, MLF1
2regulation of response to DNA damage stimulusGO:200102010.8ABL1, MCL1
3leukemia inhibitory factor signaling pathwayGO:004886110.8LIF, LIFR
4positive regulation of oxidoreductase activityGO:005135310.8ABL1, ABL2
5intrinsic apoptotic signaling pathway in response to DNA damageGO:000863010.7ABL1, MCL1, PML
6regulation of actin cytoskeleton reorganizationGO:200024910.7ABL1, ABL2
7animal organ regenerationGO:003110010.6FLT3, LIF, LIFR
8thymus developmentGO:004853810.6ABL1, PBX1, RAF1
9response to cytokineGO:003409710.6LIFR, MCL1, PML
10regulation of cell adhesionGO:003015510.5ABL1, ABL2, PML
11peptidyl-tyrosine phosphorylationGO:001810810.4ABL1, ABL2, ERBB2, FLT3
12regulation of cell motilityGO:200014510.4ABL1, ABL2, ERBB2, RAF1
13transmembrane receptor protein tyrosine kinase signaling pathwayGO:000716910.2ABL2, ERBB2, FLT3
14positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoterGO:00459449.9HLF, LIF, PBX1, PML, RAF1, RUNX1
15positive regulation of cell proliferationGO:00082849.8FLT3, LIF, LIFR, NPM1, PBX1

Molecular functions related to Leukemia according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1RNA polymerase II regulatory region sequence-specific DNA bindingGO:000097710.1HLF, LYL1, RUNX1, TAL2
2protein heterodimerization activityGO:00469829.9ERBB2, LIFR, MCL1, NPM1, PBX1, RAF1

Sources for Leukemia

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2CDC
6CNVD
10DGIdb
15ExPASy
16FDA
17FMA
25GTR
26HGMD
27HMDB
28ICD10
29ICD10 via Orphanet
30ICD9CM
31IUPHAR
32KEGG
35MedGen
37MeSH
38MESH via Orphanet
39MGI
42NCI
43NCIt
44NDF-RT
47NINDS
48Novoseek
50OMIM
51OMIM via Orphanet
55PubMed
56QIAGEN
61SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
65Tumor Gene Family of Databases
66UMLS
67UMLS via Orphanet