MCID: LBN004
MIFTS: 25

Liebenberg Syndrome

Categories: Bone diseases, Fetal diseases, Rare diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Liebenberg Syndrome

MalaCards integrated aliases for Liebenberg Syndrome:

Name: Liebenberg Syndrome 54 25 56 71 29 13
Carpal Synostosis with Dysplastic Elbow Joints and Brachydactyly 25 71
Brachydactyly-Elbow Wrist Dysplasia Syndrome 25 56
Brachydactyly with Joint Dysplasia 25 71
Synostosis, Carpal, with Dysplastic Elbow Joints and Brachydactyly 69
Brachydactyly-Joint Dysplasia Syndrome 56
Lbnbg 71

Characteristics:

Orphanet epidemiological data:

56
brachydactyly-elbow wrist dysplasia syndrome
Inheritance: Autosomal dominant;

OMIM:

54
Inheritance:
autosomal dominant


HPO:

32
liebenberg syndrome:
Inheritance autosomal dominant inheritance


Classifications:



External Ids:

OMIM 54 186550
Orphanet 56 ORPHA1275
ICD10 via Orphanet 34 Q73.8
MedGen 40 C1861313

Summaries for Liebenberg Syndrome

Genetics Home Reference : 25 Liebenberg syndrome is a condition that involves abnormal development of the arms, resulting in characteristic arm malformations that can vary in severity. In people with this condition, bones and other tissues in the elbows, forearms, wrists, and hands have characteristics of related structures in the lower limbs. For example, bones in the elbows are abnormally shaped, which affects mobility of the joints. The stiff elbows function more like knees, unable to rotate as freely as elbows normally do. Bones in the wrists are joined together (fused), forming structures that resemble those in the ankles and heels and causing permanent bending of the hand toward the thumb (radial deviation). The bones in the hands (metacarpals) are longer than normal, and the fingers are short (brachydactyly), similar to the proportions of bones found in the feet. In addition, muscles and tendons that are typically found only in the hands and not in the feet are missing in people with Liebenberg syndrome. Affected individuals also have joint deformities (contractures) that limit movement of the elbows, wrists, and hands. Development of the lower limbs is normal in people with this condition.

MalaCards based summary : Liebenberg Syndrome, also known as carpal synostosis with dysplastic elbow joints and brachydactyly, is related to brachydactyly elbow wrist dysplasia and brachydactyly, and has symptoms including elbow dislocation, macrocephaly and joint stiffness. An important gene associated with Liebenberg Syndrome is PITX1 (Paired Like Homeodomain 1). Affiliated tissues include bone.

OMIM : 54
Liebenberg syndrome is an upper limb malformation characterized by the combination of dysplastic elbow joints and the fusion of wrist bones with consequent radial deviation (summary by Spielmann et al., 2012). (186550)

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot : 71 Liebenberg syndrome: An upper limb-malformation syndrome characterized by the combination of dysplastic elbow joints and the fusion of wrist bones with consequent radial deviation.

Wikipedia : 72 Liebenberg Syndrome is a rare autosomal genetic disease that involves a deletion mutation upstream of... more...

Related Diseases for Liebenberg Syndrome

Diseases related to Liebenberg Syndrome via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

id Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 brachydactyly elbow wrist dysplasia 10.8
2 brachydactyly 9.8

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Liebenberg Syndrome

Symptoms via clinical synopsis from OMIM:

54

Skeletal- Hands:
brachydactyly
radially deviated wrists
fifth finger camptodactyly
2-3 finger syndactyly
large triquetrum
more
Skeletal- Limbs:
elbow flexion deformity
enlarged, poorly modeled metaphyses (distal humeri, proximal radii, and proximal ulnae)


Clinical features from OMIM:

186550

Human phenotypes related to Liebenberg Syndrome:

56 32 (show all 18)
id Description HPO Frequency Orphanet Frequency HPO Source Accession
1 elbow dislocation 56 32 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0003042
2 macrocephaly 56 32 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0000256
3 joint stiffness 56 32 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0001387
4 abnormality of the ulna 56 32 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0002997
5 abnormality of the fingernails 56 32 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0001231
6 clinodactyly of the 5th finger 56 32 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0004209
7 abnormality of the distal phalanx of finger 56 32 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0009832
8 synostosis of carpal bones 56 32 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0005048
9 aplasia/hypoplasia of the radius 56 32 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0006501
10 abnormality of the humerus 56 32 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0003063
11 brachydactyly 32 hallmark (90%) HP:0001156
12 elbow flexion contracture 32 HP:0002987
13 metaphyseal widening 32 HP:0003016
14 radially deviated wrists 32 HP:0006190
15 2-3 finger syndactyly 32 HP:0001233
16 brachydactyly syndrome 56 Very frequent (99-80%)
17 abnormality of the carpal bones 32 HP:0001191
18 joint contracture of the 5th finger 32 HP:0009183

Drugs & Therapeutics for Liebenberg Syndrome

Search Clinical Trials , NIH Clinical Center for Liebenberg Syndrome

Genetic Tests for Liebenberg Syndrome

Genetic tests related to Liebenberg Syndrome:

id Genetic test Affiliating Genes
1 Liebenberg Syndrome 29

Anatomical Context for Liebenberg Syndrome

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Liebenberg Syndrome:

39
Bone

Publications for Liebenberg Syndrome

Articles related to Liebenberg Syndrome:

id Title Authors Year
1
A chromosomal 5q31.1 gain involving PITX1 causes Liebenberg syndrome. ( 25124102 )
2014
2
The Liebenberg syndrome: in depth analysis of the original family. ( 23940102 )
2014
3
Liebenberg syndrome is caused by a deletion upstream to the PITX1 gene resulting in transformation of the upper limbs to reflect lower limb characteristics. ( 23587911 )
2013
4
Liebenberg syndrome: case report and insight into molecular basis. ( 23395106 )
2013
5
Liebenberg syndrome: first case of monovular twins. ( 20048589 )
2010
6
Liebenberg syndrome: brachydactyly with joint dysplasia (MIM 186550): a second family. ( 10970192 )
2000

Variations for Liebenberg Syndrome

Expression for Liebenberg Syndrome

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Liebenberg Syndrome.

Pathways for Liebenberg Syndrome

GO Terms for Liebenberg Syndrome

Sources for Liebenberg Syndrome

3 CDC
7 CNVD
9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
16 ExPASy
18 FMA
28 GO
29 GTR
30 HGMD
31 HMDB
32 HPO
33 ICD10
34 ICD10 via Orphanet
35 ICD9CM
36 IUPHAR
37 KEGG
38 LifeMap
40 MedGen
42 MeSH
43 MESH via Orphanet
44 MGI
46 NCI
47 NCIt
48 NDF-RT
51 NINDS
52 Novoseek
54 OMIM
55 OMIM via Orphanet
59 PubMed
60 QIAGEN
65 SNOMED-CT via HPO
66 SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
67 TGDB
68 Tocris
69 UMLS
70 UMLS via Orphanet
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