Aliases & Classifications for Macular Holes

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Aliases & Descriptions for Macular Holes:

Name: Macular Holes 11 13 48 66
 
Macular Hole 11

Classifications:



External Ids:

Disease Ontology11 DOID:7633
MeSH37 D012167
NCIt43 C34795

Summaries for Macular Holes

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Wikipedia:69 A macular hole is a small break in the macula, located in the center of the eye\'s light-sensitive... more...

MalaCards based summary: Macular Holes, also known as macular hole, is related to retinitis and retinal detachment. An important gene associated with Macular Holes is KCNMA1 (Potassium Calcium-Activated Channel Subfamily M Alpha 1), and among its related pathways are Immune response_Oncostatin M signaling via JAK-Stat in human cells and IL-9 Signaling Pathways and their Primary Biological Effects in Different Immune Cell Types. Affiliated tissues include eye, retina and skin, and related mouse phenotype vision/eye.

Related Diseases for Macular Holes

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Diseases related to Macular Holes via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50)    (show all 162)
idRelated DiseaseScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1retinitis10.9
2retinal detachment10.8
3leukodystrophy, hypomyelinating, 510.7KCNMA1, VEGFA
4arthrogryposis, ectodermal dysplasia, cleft lip/palate, and developmental delay10.6RS1, VEGFA
5tibial collateral ligament bursitis10.6KCNMA1, RS1
6regular astigmatism10.5KCNMA1, RS1
7retinoschisis10.5
8acute allergic mucoid otitis media10.5KCNMA1, LHFPL5, RS1
9burns10.5CXCL8, VEGFA
10splenic artery aneurysm10.5RS1, VEGFA
11vitreous detachment10.5
12myopia10.4
13multiple epiphyseal dysplasia10.4RLBP1, VEGFA
14congenital ichthyosiform erythroderma10.4RS1, TGFB2, VEGFA
15cytomegalovirus retinitis10.4CCL2, CXCL8
16hole retinal cyst10.4ANGPT2, VEGFA
17flinders island spotted fever10.4CCL2, CXCL8
18acute lymphoblastic leukemia congenital sporadic aniridia10.3ANGPT2, VEGFA
19hyperinsulinism10.3CCL2, KCNMA1, VEGFA
20cataract10.3
21retinal vein occlusion10.2
22choroiditis10.2
23twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome10.2CCL2, TGFB2
24alport syndrome10.2
25cutaneous leishmaniasis10.2IL6, VEGFA
26kidney sarcoma10.2IL6, VEGFA
27coats disease10.2
28central retinal vein occlusion10.2
29autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome10.2IL6, VEGFA
30amelogenesis imperfecta hypomaturation type10.2IL6, VEGFA
31t-cell lymphoma 1a10.1CCL2, CXCL8, VEGFA
32labia minora cancer10.1IL6, VEGFA
33cyclothymic disorder10.1IL6, VEGFA
34nonspecific interstitial pneumonia10.1CCL2, CXCL8, VEGFA
35corneal deposit10.1CXCL8, IL6
36tarsal tunnel syndrome10.1CXCL8, IL6
37maligant granulosa cell tumor of ovary10.1CXCL8, IL6
38anterior dislocation of lens10.1CXCL8, IL6
39retinal vascular disease10.1CXCL8, IL6
40benign adult familial myoclonic epilepsy10.1CXCL8, IL6
41citrullinemia, adult-onset type ii10.1ANGPT2, TGFB2, VEGFA
42neuropathy10.1
43scotoma10.1
44acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy10.1CXCL8, IL6
45infancy electroclinical syndrome10.0CXCL8, IL6
46thrombophilia10.0IL6, VEGFA
47autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxia10.0CXCL8, IL6
48skin disease10.0CXCL8, IL6
49retinal disease10.0
50pasteurellosis10.0CXCL8, IL6

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Macular Holes:



Diseases related to macular holes

Symptoms for Macular Holes

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Drugs & Therapeutics for Macular Holes

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Drugs for Macular Holes (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show all 25)
idNameStatusPhaseClinical TrialsCas NumberPubChem Id
1
BevacizumabPhase 4, Phase 11938216974-75-3
Synonyms:
216974-75-3
Avastin
Avastin (TN)
Bevacizumab
Bevacizumab (genetical recombination)
 
Bevacizumab (genetical recombination) (JAN)
D06409
R-435
anti-VEGF monoclonal antibody
antiVEGF
bevacizumab
2
RanibizumabPhase 4, Phase 2469347396-82-1459903
Synonyms:
347396-82-1
D05697
Lucentis
Lucentis (TN)
 
Ranibizumab
Ranibizumab (USAN/INN)
Ranibizumab (genetical recombination)
Ranibizumab (genetical recombination) (JAN)
ranibizumab
rhuFab V2
3
VerteporfinPhase 486129497-78-5
Synonyms:
Verteporfin
 
Verteporfina
Verteporfinum
Vertéporfine
4
XanthophyllNutraceuticalPhase 3, Phase 169127-40-26433159, 5368396
Synonyms:
(3R,3'R)-beta,beta-Carotene-3,3'-Diol, Lutein
(3R,3'R,6'R)-Lutein
(3R,3'R,6S)-4,5-Didehydro-5,6-Dihydro-beta,beta-Carotene-3,3'-Diol
3,3'-Dihydroxy-alpha-carotene
4,5-Didehydro-5,6-dihydro-beta,beta-carotene-3,3'-diol
All-trans-(+)-Xanthophyll
All-trans-Lutein
All-trans-Xanthophyll
 
Bo-Xan
Lutein
Lutein ester
Luteine
Phylloxanthin
Vegetable lutein
Vegetable luteol
beta,epsilon-Carotene-3,3'-diol
trans-Lutein
5
TropicamidePhase 1221508-75-45593
Synonyms:
(+-)-N-Ethyl-2-phenyl-N-(4-pyridylmethyl)hydracrylamide
1508-75-4
5-22-09-00359 (Beilstein Handbook Reference)
AB00052120
AC-816
AC1L1KOZ
AC1Q5IFA
AR-1K6980
Akorn Brand of Tropicamide
Alcon Brand of Tropicamide
BPBio1_000303
BRD-A79672927-001-05-8
BRN 0285563
BSPBio_000275
BSPBio_002289
Bio-0810
Bistropamide
Bournonville Brand of Tropicamide
CHEMBL1200604
CID5593
CPD000058523
Cahill May Roberts Brand of Tropicamide
Chauvin Brand of Tropicamide
Colircusi Tropicamida
D00397
D014331
DB00809
DivK1c_000448
EINECS 216-140-2
EU-0101223
Epitromina
HMS1568N17
HMS1921I09
HMS2089M05
HMS2092A18
HMS501G10
I-Picamide
I06-0811
IDI1_000448
KBio1_000448
KBio2_001064
KBio2_003632
KBio2_006200
KBio3_001509
KBioGR_000873
KBioSS_001064
L001262
LS-28545
Lopac0_001223
MLS001306442
MLS002154240
Medical Ophthalmics Brand of Tropicamide
Minims tropicamide
MolPort-000-159-321
Mydral
Mydriacyl
Mydriacyl (TN)
Mydriafair
Mydriaticum
Mydrum
N-Ethyl-2-phenyl-N-(4-pyridylmethyl)hydracrylamide
N-Ethyl-2-phenyl-N-4-[-pyridyl-methyl]hydracrylamide
N-Ethyl-N-(4-pyridylmethyl)tropamid
N-Ethyl-N-(4-pyridylmethyl)tropamide
N-Ethyl-alpha-(hydroxymethyl)-N-(4-pyridinylmethyl)benzeneacetamide
N-ethyl-3-hydroxy-2-phenyl-N-(pyridin-4-ylmethyl)propanamide
NCGC00016065-03
NCGC00016065-08
 
NCGC00024866-02
NCGC00024866-03
NCGC00024866-04
NCGC00024866-05
NCGC00024866-06
NINDS_000448
Novartis Brand of Tropicamide
Ocu Tropic
Ocu-Tropic
OcuTropic
Ocumed Brand of Tropicamide
Ocusoft Brand of Tropicamide
Opticyl
Paremyd
Pharmafair Brand of Tropicamide
Prestwick0_000228
Prestwick1_000228
Prestwick2_000228
Prestwick3_000228
Prestwick_487
Rivex Brand of Tropicamide
Ro 1-7683
SAM002564235
SMP1_000304
SMR000058523
SPBio_000872
SPBio_002196
SPECTRUM1500599
STK934612
Spectro-Cyl
Spectrum2_000936
Spectrum3_000655
Spectrum4_000377
Spectrum5_001585
Spectrum_000584
Stulln Brand 1 of Tropicamide
Stulln Brand 2 of Tropicamide
T 9778
T9778_SIGMA
TL8001101
Triaminic DM
Tropicacyl
Tropicamid
Tropicamida
Tropicamida [INN-Spanish]
Tropicamide
Tropicamide (JP15/USP/INN)
Tropicamide Alcon Brand
Tropicamide Chauvin Brand
Tropicamide Faure
Tropicamide Minims
Tropicamide Monofree
Tropicamide Monohydrochloride, (R)-Isomer
Tropicamide Monohydrochloride, (S)-Isomer
Tropicamide Novartis Brand
Tropicamide Ocumed Brand
Tropicamide Pharmafair Brand
Tropicamide Rivex Brand
Tropicamide [USAN:INN:BANJAN]
Tropicamide, (+-)-Isomer
Tropicamide, (R)-Isomer
Tropicamide, (S)-Isomer
Tropicamidum
Tropicamidum [INN-Latin]
Tropikamid
Tropimil
UNII-N0A3Z5XTC6
Visumidriatic
n-ethyl-n-(g-picolyl)tropamide
tropicamide
6
protease inhibitorsPhase 15157
Synonyms:
 
protease inhibitors
7glucocorticoidsPhase 14756
8
DexamethasonePhase 1200150-02-25743
Synonyms:
(3H)-Dexamethasone
.delta.(sup 1)-9-.alpha.-Fluoro-16-.alpha.-methylcortisol
.gamma.corten
1-Dehydro-16.alpha.-methyl-9.alpha.-fluorohydrocortisone
1-Dehydro-16alpha -methyl-9alpha -fluorohydrocortisone
1-Dehydro-16alpha-methyl-9alpha-fluorohydrocortisone
1-Dehydro-16α-methyl-9α-fluorohydrocortisone
137098-19-2
16-alpha-Methyl-9-alpha-fluoro-1-dehydrocortisol
16-alpha-Methyl-9-alpha-fluoro-delta(sup 1)-hydrocortisone
16-alpha-Methyl-9-alpha-fluoro-delta1-hydrocortisone
16-alpha-Methyl-9-alpha-fluoroprednisolone
16.alpha.-Methyl-9.alpha.-fluoro-1-dehydrocortisol
16.alpha.-Methyl-9.alpha.-fluoroprednisolone
16alpha -Methyl-9alpha -fluoro-1-dehydrocortisol
16alpha -Methyl-9alpha -fluoroprednisolone
16alpha-Methyl-9alpha-fluoro-1-dehydrocortisol
16alpha-Methyl-9alpha-fluoro-delta(sup 1)-hydrocortisone
16alpha-Methyl-9alpha-fluoroprednisolone
16α-Methyl-9α-fluoro-1-dehydrocortisol
23495-06-9
31375_FLUKA
46165_FLUKA
46165_RIEDEL
50-02-2
8054-59-9
9-Fluoro-11,17,21-trihydroxy-16-methylpregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione
9-Fluoro-11alpha -methylpregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione
9-Fluoro-16-methylprednisolone
9-alpha-Fluoro-16-alpha-methylprednisolone
9.alpha.-Fluoro-16.alpha.-methylprednisolone
906422-84-2
9A-FLUORO-16BETA-METHYLPREDNISOLONE
9alpha -Fluoro-16alpha -methylprednisolone
9alpha-Fluoro-16alpha-methylprednisolone
9alpha-fluoro-16alpha-methyl-Prednisolone
9α-Fluoro-16α-methylprednisolone
AC-11056
AC1L1L1H
AC1Q29DM
AI3-50934
Adexone
Aeroseb-D
Aeroseb-Dex
Aeroseb-dex
Ak Dex Oph Otic Soln 0.1%
Alcon Brand of Dexamethasone
Anaflogistico
Aphtasolon
Aphthasolone
Apo-dexamethasone
Auxiron
Azimycin (veterinary)
Azium
Azium (Veterinary)
Azium (veterinary)
BIDD:ER0494
BIDD:PXR0060
BRD-K38775274-001-02-3
BRD-K38775274-001-06-4
BSPBio_000995
Bisu DS
Bisu Ds
C15643
C22H29FO5
CCRIS 7067
CHEBI:41879
CHEMBL384467
CID5743
CPD-10549
CPD001227192
Calonat
Corson
Corsone
Cortisumman
D00292
D003907
D1756_SIGMA
D4902_SIGMA
D6645_SIGMA
D8893_SIGMA
D9184_SIGMA
DB01234
DEX
DEXA
DEXONE 0.5
DEXONE 0.75
DEXONE 1.5
DEXONE 4
DXM
DXMS
Decacort
Decacortin
Decaderm
Decadron
Decadron (TN)
Decadron Tablets, Elixir
Decadron, Dexamethasone
Decadron-LA
Decadron-La
Decagel
Decaject
Decaject L.A.
Decaject-L.A.
Decalix
Decameth
Decasone
Decaspray
Dectancyl
Dekacort
Delta1-9alpha-Fluoro-16alpha-methylcortisol
Deltafluorene
Dergramin
Deronil
Desadrene
Desametasone
Desametasone [DCIT]
Desametasone [Dcit]
Desamethasone
Desameton
Deseronil
Dex-Ide
Dex-ide
Dexa
Dexa Mamallet
Dexa mamallet
Dexa-Cortidelt
Dexa-Cortisyl
Dexa-Mamallet
Dexa-Scheroson
Dexa-Sine
Dexa-cortidelt
Dexa-cortisyl
Dexa-scheroson
Dexa-sine
Dexacen-4
Dexacidin
Dexacort
Dexacortal
Dexacortin
Dexadeltone
Dexafarma
Dexair
Dexalona
Dexaltin
Dexametasona
Dexametasona [INN-Spanish]
Dexametasone
 
Dexameth
Dexamethansone
Dexamethasone
Dexamethasone (JP15/USP/INN)
Dexamethasone Acetate
Dexamethasone Alcohol
Dexamethasone Base
Dexamethasone Intensol
Dexamethasone Sodium Phosphate
Dexamethasone [INN:BAN:JAN]
Dexamethasone alcohol
Dexamethasone base
Dexamethasone intensol
Dexamethasone-omega
Dexamethasonum
Dexamethasonum [INN-Latin]
Dexamethazone
Dexamonozon
Dexapolcort
Dexapos
Dexaprol
Dexason
Dexasone
Dexasone 0.5mg
Dexasone 0.75mg
Dexasone 4mg
Dexasporin
Dexinolon
Dexinoral
Dexone
Dexone 0.5
Dexone 0.75
Dexone 1.5
Dexone 4
Dexonium
Dexpak
Dextelan
Dezone
Dinormon
Dxms
ECR Brand of Dexamethasone
EINECS 200-003-9
FT-0080377
Fluormethylprednisolone
Fluormone
Fluorocort
Fortecortin
Foy Brand of Dexamethasone
Gammacorten
HL-dex
HMS1792A17
HMS1990A17
HMS2089N13
HSDB 3053
Hexadecadrol
Hexadrol
Hexadrol Elixir
Hexadrol Tablets
Hexadrol elixir
Hl-Dex
Hl-dex
I06-1196
ICN Brand of Dexamethasone
IontoDex
Isopto-Dex
Isopto-dex
LS-7300
Lokalison F
Lokalison f
Loverine
Luxazone
MK 125
MLS001055412
MLS001332507
MLS001332508
Maxidex
Maxidex Ont 0.1%
Maxidex Sus 0.1%
Maxitrol
Mediamethasone
Merck Brand of Dexamethasone
Merz Brand 1 of Dexamethasone
Merz Brand 2 of Dexamethasone
Methylfluorprednisolone
Mexidex
Millicorten
MolMap_000018
MolPort-003-846-433
Mymethasone
NCGC00091019-01
NCGC00091019-02
NCGC00091019-03
NCGC00091019-04
NCGC00091019-05
NCI60_003067
NSC 34521
NSC34521
Naquasone (veterinary)
Neomycin and polymyxin b sulfates and dexamethasone
Neomycin and polymyxin b sulphates and dexamethasone
OTO-104
Ocu-Trol
Ocu-trol
Oradexon
PHL-dexamethasone
PMS-dexamethasone
Pet Derm III
Pet Derm Iii
Pet derm III
Pet-Derm Iii
Pms Dexamethasone Elixir 0.5mg/5ml
Policort
Posurdex
Prednisolon F
Prednisolon f
Prednisolone F
Prednisolone f
Prodex
S1322_Selleck
SAM002548948
SGCUT00126
SK-Dexamethasone
SK-dexamethasone
SMP1_000092
SMR000857119
SMR001227192
ST50307091
Sandoz dexamethasone
Sk-Dexamethasone
Spectrum5_002019
Spoloven
Sunia Sol D
Sunia sol D
Superprednol
TL8003317
Tobradex
Tobramycin and dexamethasone
Tresaderm (veterinary)
Turbinaire
UNII-7S5I7G3JQL
Visumetazone
WLN: L E5 B666 OV KU MUTJ A1 BF CQ E1 FV1Q FQ G1
ZINC03875332
alpha -Fluoro-16-alpha -methylcortisol
delta(Sup 1)-9-alpha-Fluoro-16-alpha-methylcortisol
delta(sup 1)-9-alpha-Fluoro-16-alpha-methylcortisol
delta1-9alpha-Fluoro-16alpha-methylcortisol
dexamethasone
nchembio809-comp2
to_000038
9Dexamethasone acetatePhase 120011177-87-3
10
Timolol25126839-75-833624, 5478
Synonyms:
(-)-3-Morpholino-4-(3-tert-butylamino-2-hydroxypropoxy)-1,2,5-thiadiazole
(2S)-1-((1,1-dimethylethyl)amino)-3-((4-(4-morpholinyl)-1,2,5-thiadiazol-3-yl)oxy)-2-propanol
(2S)-1-(tert-butylamino)-3-[(4-morpholin-4-yl-1,2,5-thiadiazol-3-yl)oxy]propan-2-ol
(2S)-1-[(1,1-dimethylethyl)amino]-3-[(4-morpholin-4-yl-1,2,5-thiadiazol-3-yl)oxy]propan-2-ol
(S)-1-(1,1-(Dimethylethyl)amino)-3-((4-(4-morpholinyl)-1,2,5-thiadiazol-3-yl)oxy)-2-propanol
(S)-1-(tert-Butylamino)-3-((4-morpholino-1,2,5-thiadiazol-3-yl)oxy)propan-2-ol
(S)-1-(tert-butylamino)-3-[(4-morpholin-4-yl-1,2,5-thiadiazol-3-yl)oxy]propan-2-ol
(S)-timolol
131628-37-0
194288-09-0
26839-75-8
26921-17-5 (maleate (1:1) salt)
AB00513729
AC1L1PYN
AC1Q59QM
Apo-Timol
Apo-Timop
Aquanil
BIDD:GT0073
BPBio1_001008
BRD-K08806317-050-03-6
BSPBio_000916
Betim
Betimol
Betimol (TN)
Blocadren
C07141
C13H24N4O3S
CAS-26921-17-5
CHEBI:9599
CHEMBL499
CID33624
CPD001456519
D08600
DB00373
DB08625
EINECS 248-032-6
HMS2089I11
HSDB 6533
Istalol
L-714,465
LS-122231
Lopac-T-6394
Lopac0_001189
MK-950
NCGC00016038-01
 
NCGC00016038-02
NCGC00016798-01
NCGC00016798-07
NCGC00022033-02
NCGC00022033-04
NCGC00022033-05
Novo-Timol
Nu-Timolol
Oprea1_640981
Optimol
Phoxal-timolol
Prestwick0_000948
Prestwick1_000948
Prestwick2_000948
Prestwick3_000948
Proflax
S(-)-Timolol maleate
S-(-)-3-(3-tert-Butylamino-2-hydroxypropoxy)-4-morpholino-1,2,5-thiadiazole
SAM002564238
SPBio_003075
ST072193
TIM
Temserin
Tenopt
Tim-AK
Timacar
Timacor
Timolol
Timolol (INN)
Timolol (TN)
Timolol GFS
Timolol Maleate, (1:1) Salt
Timolol [USAN]
Timolol anhydrous
Timolol maleate
Timololo
Timololum
Timololum [INN-Latin]
Timopic
Timoptic
Timoptic OcuDose
Timoptic in Ocudose
Timoptic-XE
Timoptol
Tocris-0649
UNII-817W3C6175
timolol
11
Menthol21842216-51-516666
Synonyms:
(−
()-Menthol
(+)-Neo-menthol
(+)-p-Menthan-3-ol
(+-)-(1R*,3R*,4S*)-Menthol
(+-)-Menthol
(+/-)-Menthol
(+/-)-p-Menthan-3-ol
(-)-(1R,3R,4S)-Menthol
(-)-Menthyl alcohol
(-)-menthol
(-)-p-Menthan-3-ol
(-)-trans-p-Menthan-cis-ol
(1R)-(-)-Menthol
(1R,2S,5R)-(-)-menthol
(1R,2S,5R)-Menthol
(1R,3R,4S)-(-)-MENTHOL
(1R,3R,4S)-(-)-Menthol
(1R-(1-alpha,2-beta,5-alpha))-5-Methyl-2-(1-methylethyl)cyclohexanol
(1S, 2S, 5R)-(+)-Neomenthol
(1S,2R,5R)-(+)-Isomenthol
(1S,2R,5S)-(+)-Menthol
(1S,2R,5S)-Menthol
(1alpha,2beta,5alpha)-5-Methyl-2(1-methylethyl)cyclohexanol
(1r,2s,5r)-(-)-menthol
(L)-MENTHOL
(R)-(-)-Menthol
(r)-(-)-menthol
)-Menthol
--MENTHOL
1-Menthol
1490-04-6
15356-60-2
15356-70-4
15785_RIEDEL
15785_SIAL
19863P
2-Isopropyl-5-methylcyclohexanol
20747-49-3
2216-51-5
3-p-Menthol
4-Isopropyl-1-methylcyclohexan-3-ol
491-02-1
5-Methyl-2-(1-methylethyl)-cyclohexanol
5-Methyl-2-(1-methylethyl)cyclohexanol
5-methyl-2-(propan-2-yl)cyclohexanol
5-methyl-2-propan-2-ylcyclohexan-1-ol
551376_ALDRICH
551376_FLUKA
588733_ALDRICH
613290_ALDRICH
613290_FLUKA
63660_FLUKA
63670_ALDRICH
63670_FLUKA
63975-60-0
6C6A4A8C-A054-468C-A1F0-F29E39838CF2
89-78-1
98167-53-4
AC1L1B2E
AC1L28FR
AC1Q1NQ2
AC1Q2QQM
AI3-08161
AI3-52408
AKOS000119740
AR-1J3337
BB_NC-0057
BRN 1902288
BRN 3194263
BSPBio_003062
C00400
C10H20O
CCRIS 3728
CCRIS 375
CCRIS 4666
CCRIS 9231
CHEBI:15409
CHEBI:545611
CHEMBL256087
CHEMBL470670
CID1254
CID16666
Caswell No. 540
D-(-)-Menthol
D-p-Menthan-3-ol
D00064
D008610
D04849
D04918
DB00825
DivK1c_000820
EINECS 201-939-0
EINECS 207-724-8
EINECS 216-074-4
EINECS 218-690-9
EINECS 239-387-8
EINECS 239-388-3
EPA Pesticide Chemical Code 051601
FEMA No. 2665
Fisherman's friend lozenges
Fisherman's friend lozenges (TN)
HMS1922G13
HMS2092L14
HMS502I22
 
HSDB 5662
HSDB 593
Headache crystals
Hexahydrothymol
I06-1216
I14-7371
IDI1_000820
KBio1_000820
KBio2_000785
KBio2_003353
KBio2_005921
KBio3_002562
KBioSS_000785
L-(-)-Menthol
L-(-)-menthol
L-Menthol
L-menthol
LMPR0102090001
LS-2353
LS-57201
LS-886
LS-89531
LS-89533
Levomenthol
Levomenthol [INN:BAN]
Levomentholum
Levomentholum [INN-Latin]
Levomentol
M0321
M0545
M2772_SIAL
MENTHOL
MLS002207256
Menthacamphor
Menthol
Menthol (USP)
Menthol (VAN)
Menthol natural
Menthol natural, brazilian
Menthol racemic
Menthol racemique
Menthol racemique [French]
Menthol solution
Menthol, (1alpha,2beta,5alpha)-Isomer
Menthomenthol
Menthyl alcohol
MolPort-000-849-729
MolPort-001-793-392
NCGC00159382-02
NCGC00159382-03
NCGC00164247-01
NCGC00164247-02
NCI-C50000
NINDS_000820
NOOLISFMXDJSKH-KXUCPTDWBX
NSC 2603
NSC 62788
NSC2603
NSC62788
Neoisomenthol
Peppermint camphor
RACEMIC MENTHOL U.S.P.
Racementhol
Racementhol [INN:BAN]
Racementholum
Racementholum [INN-Latin]
Racementol
Racementol [INN-Spanish]
Racemic menthol
Robitussin Cough Drops
SDCCGMLS-0066659.P001
SMR001306785
SPBio_000869
SPECTRUM1503134
STK802468
Spectrum2_000855
Spectrum3_001561
Spectrum5_001060
Spectrum_000305
Tra-kill tracheal mite killer
U.S.P. Menthol
U.S.p. Menthol
UNII-BZ1R15MTK7
UNII-L7T10EIP3A
UNII-YS08XHA860
W266507_ALDRICH
W266523_ALDRICH
W266590_ALDRICH
WLN: L6TJ AY1&1 BQ D1
WLN: L6TJ AY1&1 DQ D1 -L
ZINC01482164
cis-1 ,3-trans-1,4-(+-)-menthol
cis-1,3-trans-1,4-(+-)-menthol
d,l-Menthol
d-Menthol
d-Neomenthol
dl-3-p-Menthanol
dl-Menthol
dl-Menthol (JP15)
l-(-)-Menthol
l-Menthol
l-Menthol (JP15)
l-Menthol (TN)
l-Menthol (natural)
nchembio862-comp1
p-Menthan-3-ol
rac-Menthol
12
Dorzolamide66120279-96-13154, 5284549
Synonyms:
(4S,6S)-4-(ethylamino)-6-methyl-5,6-dihydro-4H-thieno[2,3-b]thiopyran-2-sulfonamide 7,7-dioxide
(4S,6S)-4-(ethylamino)-6-methyl-7,7-dioxo-5,6-dihydro-4H-thieno[2,3-b]thiopyran-2-sulfonamide
(4S,6S)-4-Ethylamino-6-methyl-7,7-dioxo-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-7lambda*6*-thieno[2,3-b]thiopyran-2-sulfonic acid amide
(4S,trans)-4-(Ethylamino)-6-methyl-5,6-dihydro-4H-thieno[2,3-b]thiopyran-2-sulfonamide 7,7-dioxide
(4S,trans)-4-(ethylamino)-6-methyl-5,6-dihydro-4H-thieno[2,3-b]thiopyran-2-sulfonamide 7,7-dioxide
(4S-TRANS)-4-(ETHYLAMINO)-5,6-DIHYDRO-6-METHYL-4H-THIENO(2,3-B)THIOPYRAN-2-SULFONAMIDE-7,7-DIOXIDE
(4S-trans)-4-(ETHYLAMINO)-5,6-dihydro-6-methyl-4H-thieno(2,3-b)thiopyran-2-sulfonamide-7,7-dioxide
120279-96-1
1cil
4-Ethylamino-6-methyl-7,7-dioxo-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-7lambda*6*-thieno[2,3-b]thiopyran-2-sulfonic acid amide
4-Ethylamino-6-methyl-7,7-dioxo-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-7lambda6-thieno[2,3-b]thiopyran-2-sulfonic acid amide
4S,6S-Dorzolamide
AB00514687
AC1NR4NP
BIDD:GT0306
BPBio1_001377
BRD-K48617017-003-03-1
BSPBio_001252
C06969
CHEBI:4702
 
CHEMBL218490
CID5284549
D07871
DB04507
Dorzolamid
Dorzolamida
Dorzolamide
Dorzolamide (DZA)
Dorzolamide (INN)
Dorzolamidum
HMS2089O06
MolPort-005-941-739
Prestwick0_001116
Prestwick1_001116
Prestwick2_001116
Prestwick3_001116
SPBio_003116
STK645522
Trusopt
Trusopt (TN)
dorzolamide
13Epoetin alfa638113427-24-0
14
Benzocaine17941994-09-7, 94-09-72337
Synonyms:
(p-(Ethoxycarbonyl)phenylamine
06952_FLUKA
112909_ALDRICH
112909_SIAL
1333-08-0
23239-88-5
23239-88-5 (hydrochloride)
4 Aminobenzoic Acid Ethyl Ester
4-(Ethoxycarbonyl)aniline
4-(Ethoxycarbonyl)phenylamine
4-14-00-01129 (Beilstein Handbook Reference)
4-Aminobenzoate
4-Aminobenzoic acid
4-Aminobenzoic acid ethyl ester
4-Aminobenzoic acid, ethyl ester
4-Carbethoxyaniline
4-amino-benzoic acid ethyl ester
4-aminobenzoic acid ethyl ester
71123-91-6
94-09-7
94-09-7 (Parent)
A0271
AB00051923
AC1L1DGC
AC1Q341A
AC1Q64JE
AE-562/40377256
AI3-02081
AKOS000119763
AR-1H9065
Acetate, Benzocaine
Aethoform
Aethylium paraminobenzoicum
Amben ethyl ester
Americaine
Anaesthan-syngala
Anaesthesin
Anaesthesinum
Anaesthin
Anestezin
Anestezin [Russian]
Anesthesin
Anesthesine
Anesthone
BB_SC-0019
BPBio1_001017
BRD-K75466013-001-05-2
BRN 0638434
BSPBio_000923
BSPBio_001908
Baby Anbesol
Bensokain
Benzoak
Benzocaina
Benzocaina [INN-Spanish]
Benzocaine
Benzocaine (USP/INN)
Benzocaine Acetate
Benzocaine Formate
Benzocaine Hydrobromide
Benzocaine Hydrochloride
Benzocaine Methanesulfonate
Benzocaine [INN:BAN]
Benzocainum
Benzocainum [INN-Latin]
Benzoic acid, 4-amino-, ethyl ester
Benzoic acid, 4-amino-, ethyl ester, hydrochloride
Benzoic acid, amino-, ethyl ester
Benzoic acid, p-amino-, ethyl ester
C07527
CAS-94-09-7
CHEBI:116735
CHEMBL278172
CID2337
Caswell No. 430A
Chloraseptic
D001566
D00552
DB01086
Dermoplast
Diet Ayds
DivK1c_000932
E1501_SIGMA
EINECS 202-303-5
EPA Pesticide Chemical Code 097001
ETHYL-P-AMINOBENZOATE
Ethoform
Ethoforme
Ethyl 4-aminobenzoate
Ethyl 4-aminobenzoate hydrochloride
Ethyl 4-aminobenzoic acid
Ethyl Aminobenzoate
Ethyl PABA
 
Ethyl aminobenzoate
Ethyl aminobenzoate (JP15)
Ethyl aminobenzoate (VAN)
Ethyl aminobenzoic acid
Ethyl p-Aminobenzoate
Ethyl p-Aminophenylcarboxylate
Ethyl p-aminobenzenecarboxylate
Ethyl p-aminobenzoate
Ethyl p-aminobenzoic acid
Ethyl p-aminophenylcarboxylate
Ethylester kyseliny p-aminobenzoove
Ethylester kyseliny p-aminobenzoove [Czech]
Ethylis aminobenzoas
Formate, Benzocaine
HMS1570O05
HMS1920G09
HMS2091M11
HMS502O14
HSDB 7225
Hurricaine
Hydrobromide, Benzocaine
Hydrochloride, Benzocaine
I05-0204
IDI1_000932
Identhesin
KBio1_000932
KBio2_000474
KBio2_003042
KBio2_005610
KBio3_001408
KBioGR_000658
KBioSS_000474
Keloform
LS-35847
MLS001331704
MLS002153970
Methanesulfonate, Benzocaine
MolPort-000-871-526
NCGC00016352-01
NCGC00094598-01
NCGC00094598-02
NINDS_000932
NSC 122792
NSC 41531
NSC41531
NSC4688
Norcain
Norcaine
Norcainum
Oprea1_750694
Oprea1_827402
Ora-jel
Orabase-B
Orthesin
Otocain
Outgro
Parathesin
Parathesin (TN)
Parathesine
Prestwick0_000712
Prestwick1_000712
Prestwick2_000712
Prestwick3_000712
Prestwick_991
SMR000059025
SPBio_000134
SPBio_002844
SPECTRUM1500139
STK043620
Slim Mint Gum
Solarcaine
Solu H
Spectrum2_000117
Spectrum3_000314
Spectrum4_000249
Spectrum5_000860
Spectrum_000074
Topcaine
UNII-U3RSY48JW5
WLN: ZR DVO2
ZINC12358719
benzocaine
ethylaminobenzoate-4
h-4-abz-oet
nchembio.182-comp4
p-(Ethoxycarbonyl)aniline
p-Aminobenzoate
p-Aminobenzoic acid
p-Aminobenzoic acid ethyl ester
p-Aminobenzoic acid, ethyl ester
p-Aminobenzoic ethyl ester
p-Carbethoxyaniline
p-Ethoxycarboxylic Aniline
p-Ethoxycarboxylic aniline
15
Temazepam27846-50-45391
Synonyms:
1,3-Dihydro-7-chloro-3-hydroxy-1-methyl-5-phenyl-2H-1,4-benzodiazepin-2-one
3 Hydroxydiazepam
3-Hydroxydiazepam
5-25-02-00242 (Beilstein Handbook Reference)
7-CHLORO-1,3-DIHYDRO-3-HYDROXY-1-METHYL-5-PHENYL-2H-1,4-BENZODIAZEPIN-2-ONE
7-Chloro-3-hydroxy-1-methyl-5-phenyl-1,3-dihydro-2H-1,4-benzodiazepin-2-one
7-chloro-3-hydroxy-1-methyl-5-phenyl-3H-1,4-benzodiazepin-2-one
846-50-4
AC1L1K92
AHP Brand of Temazepam
Alphapharm Brand of Temazepam
Apo Temazepam
Apo-Temazepam
Apotex Brand of Temazepam
BRN 0759300
CCRIS 1954
CHEMBL967
CID5391
Cerepax
Crisonar
D00370
D013693
DB00231
DEA No. 2925
Dasuen
Desitin Brand of Temazepam
DivK1c_000989
EINECS 212-688-1
ER 115
Euhypnos
Euipnos
Gelthix
Gen Temazepam
Gen-Temazepam
Genopharm Brand of Temazepam
Genpharm Brand of Temazepam
HMS503E19
Hydroxydiazepam
ICN Brand of Temazepam
IDI1_000989
K-3917
K3917
KBio1_000989
Katwijk Brand of Temazepam
Knoll Brand of Temazepam
LS-7712
Lenal
Levanxene
Levanxol
Levanzene
Mabertin
Mallinckrodt Brand of Temazepam
Methyloxazepam
MolPort-002-051-814
N-Methyloxazepam
NCGC00159440-02
NINDS_000989
NSC 246303
NSC246303
Neodorm SP
Nocturne
 
Nomapam
Norkotral Tema
Normison
Normitab
Nortem
Norton Brand of Temazepam
Novartis Brand of Temazepam
Novo Temazepam
Novo-Temazepam
Novopharm Brand of Temazepam
Nu Pharm Brand of Temazepam
Nu Temazepam
Nu-Pharm Brand of Temazepam
Nu-Temazepam
Orion Brand of Temazepam
Oxydiazepam
PMS Temazepam
PMS-Temazepam
Perdorm
Pfizer Brand 1 of Temazepam
Pfizer Brand 2 of Temazepam
Pharmascience Brand of Temazepam
Planum
Pronervon T
Remestan
Restoril
Restoril (TN)
Ro 5 5345
Ro 5-5345
Ro-5-5345
Ro55345
SaH 47 603
SaH 47-603
SaH 47603
Scheffler Brand of Temazepam
Sigma Brand of Temazepam
Signopam
T8275_FLUKA
T8275_SIGMA
Tema, Norkotral
Temador
Temaz
Temaze
Temazepam (USP/INN)
Temazepam [USAN:INN:BAN]
Temazepam, pharmaceutical grade
Temazepamum
Temazepamum [INN-Latin]
Temtabs
Tenox
UNII-CHB1QD2QSS
Uvamin Retard
WLN: T67 GNV JN IHJ CG G1 IQ KR
WY 2917
WY 3917
WY3917
Wy-3917
Wyeth Brand of Temazepam
ct Arzneimittel Brand of Temazepam
ct-Arzneimittel Brand of Temazepam
temazep von ct
temazepam
16
Dipivefrin8752365-63-63105
Synonyms:
( -)-2,2-Dimethylpropansaeure-4-(1-hydroxy-2-(methylamino)ethyl)-1,2-phenylenester
( -)-4-(1-Hydroxy-2-methylaminoethyl)-o-phenylendipivalat
(+-)-3,4-Dihydroxy-alpha-((methylamino)methyl)benzyl alcohol 3,4-dipivalate
(+-)-4-[1-Hydroxy-2-(methylamino)ethyl]-O-phenylene divavalate
(+-)-4-[1-hydroxy-2-(methylamino)ethyl]-o-phenylene divavalate
(RS)-4-(1-Hydroxy-2-(methylamino)ethyl)-1,2-phenylen dipivalat
1-(3',4'-Dipivaloyloxyphenyl)-2-methylamino-1-ethanol
1-(3',4'-dipivaloyloxyphenyl)-2-methylamino-1-ethanol
2,2-Dimethylpropanoic acid 4-[1-hydroxy-2-(methylamino)ethyl]-1,2-phenylene ester
4-(1-Hydroxy-2-(methylamino)ethyl)-1,2-phenylen dipivalat
4-[1-Hydroxy-2-(methylamino)ethyl]-O-phenylene divavalate
4-[1-hydroxy-2-(methylamino)ethyl]-o-phenylene divavalate
4-[1-hydroxy-2-(methylamino)ethyl]benzene-1,2-diyl bis(2,2-dimethylpropanoate)
52365-63-6
AB00514686
AC1L1F6K
AKOS003662293
AKPro
BPBio1_000688
BRD-A47494775-003-03-0
BSPBio_000624
C06963
C19H29NO5
CHEBI:4646
CID3105
D02349
DB00449
Dipivalyl Epinephrine
 
Dipivefrin
Dipivefrin (USAN)
Dipivefrin HCL
Dipivefrin [USAN]
Dipivefrina
Dipivefrina [INN-Spanish]
Dipivefrine
Dipivefrine (INN)
Dipivefrinum
Dipivefrinum [INN-Latin]
Dipivéfrine
K 30081
L000915
LS-121419
NCGC00179499-01
Ophtho-Dipivefrin
Prestwick0_000632
Prestwick1_000632
Prestwick2_000632
Prestwick3_000632
Pro-Epinephrine
Propine
Propine C Cap B.I.D.
SPBio_002843
UNII-8Q1PVL543G
[2-(2,2-dimethylpropanoyloxy)-4-[1-hydroxy-2-(methylamino)ethyl]phenyl] 2,2-dimethylpropanoate
dipivalyl epinephrine
dipivefrin
nchembio747-comp3
17cadexomer iodine484
18triamcinolone acetonide463
19
Triamcinolone463124-94-731307
Synonyms:
(8S,9R,10S,11S,13S,14S,16R,17S)-9-fluoro-11,16,17-trihydroxy-17-(2-hydroxyacetyl)-10,13-dimethyl-6,7,8,11,12,14,15,16-octahydrocyclopenta[a]phenanthren-3-one
11-beta,16-alpha,17-alpha,21-Tetrahydroxy-9-alpha-fluoro-1,4-pregnadiene-3,20-dione
11.Beta.,16.alpha.,17.alpha., 21-Tetrahydroxy-9.alpha.-fluoro-1,4-pregnadiene-3,20-dione
11.beta.,16.alpha.,17.alpha.,21-Tetrahydroxy-9.alpha.-fluoro-1,4-pregnadiene-3,20-dione
11β,16α,17α,21-tetrahydroxy-9α-fluoro-1,4-pregnadiene-3,20-dione
124-94-7
4-08-00-03629 (Beilstein Handbook Reference)
83474-03-7
9-Fluoro-11,16,17,21-tetrahydroxypregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione
9-Fluoro-11beta,16alpha,17,21-tetrahydroxypregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione
9-alpha-Fluoro-11-beta,16-alpha,17,21-tetrahydroxypregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione
9-alpha-Fluoro-16-alpha-hydroxyprednisolone
9-fluoro-11β,16α,17,21-tetrahydroxypregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione
9.Alpha.-Fluoro-11.beta.,16.alpha.,17,21-tetrahy
9.Alpha.-Fluoro-11.beta.,16.alpha.,17.alpha., 21-tetrahydroxypregna-1,4-diene-3,20-d
9.alpha.-Fluoro-11.beta.,16.alpha.,17,21-tetrahydroxy-1,4-pregnadiene-3,20-dione
9.alpha.-Fluoro-11.beta.,16.alpha.,17,21-tetrahydroxypregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione
9.alpha.-Fluoro-11.beta.,16.alpha.,17.alpha.,21-tetrahydroxypregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione
9.alpha.-Fluoro-16.alpha.-hydroxyprednisolone
9alpha-Fluoro-11beta,16alpha,17,21-tetrahydroxy-1,4-pregnadiene-3,20-dione
9alpha-Fluoro-11beta,16alpha,17,21-tetrahydroxypregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione
9alpha-Fluoro-16alpha-hydroxyprednisolone
9α-fluoro-11β,16α,17,21-tetrahydroxypregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione
9α-fluoro-11β,16α,17α,21-tetrahydroxypregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione
9α-fluoro-16α-hydroxyprednisolone
AC-2072
AC1L1LDH
AC1Q5HJC
Adcortyl
Aristocort
Aristocort A
Aristocort Tablets
Aristogel
Aristospan
Azmacort
BPBio1_000154
BRD-K77554836-001-03-3
BRN 2341955
BSPBio_000140
Bio-0662
C21H27FO6
CHEMBL1451
CID31307
CL 19823
Celeste
Cinolone
Cinolone-T
D00385
D014221
DB00620
Delphicort
EINECS 204-718-7
EU-0101179
Fluoxiprednisolone
Fluoxyprednisolone
Flutex
Fougera
HMS1568G22
HMS2090D12
HSDB 3194
Kenacort
Kenacort (TN)
Kenacort-A
Kenacort-AG
Kenacort-Ag
Kenalog
Kenalog in Orabase
Kenalog-10
Kenalog-40
Kenalog-H
LS-698
Ledercort
Lopac0_001179
 
MLS000028542
MLS001066543
MLS002695935
MolPort-002-528-981
Mycolog
NCGC00021580-03
NCGC00021580-04
NCGC00021580-05
NCGC00021580-06
NCGC00021580-07
NCI60_000750
NSC 13397
NSC13397
Nasacort
Nasacort Aq
Nasacort Hfa
Omcilon
Omicilon
Oracort
Oralone
Orion
Polcortolon
Pregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dio
Pregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione, 9-fluoro-11,16,17,21-tetrahydroxy-, (11beta,16alpha)
Pregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione, 9-fluoro-11beta,16alpha,17,21-tetrahydroxy- (8CI)
Prestwick0_000120
Prestwick1_000120
Prestwick2_000120
Prestwick3_000120
Prestwick_438
Rodinolone
S1933_Selleck
SK-Triamcinolone
SMP1_000300
SMR000058333
SPBio_002079
Sk-Triamcinolone
T6376_SIGMA
TRIAMCINOLONE (SEE ALSO TRIAMCINOLONE ACETONIDE (76-25-5) AND TRIAMCINOLONE DIACETATE (67-78-7))
Tiamcinolonum
Tiamcinolonum [INN-Latin]
Tri-Nasal
Triacet
Triacort
Triam-Tablinen
Triamcet
Triamcinalone
Triamcinlon
Triamcinolon
Triamcinolona
Triamcinolona [INN-Spanish]
Triamcinolone (JP15/USP/INN)
Triamcinolone [USAN:INN:BAN:JAN]
Triamcinolone acetonide
Triamcinolone diacetate
Triamcinolone hexacetonide
Triamcinolonum
Triamcinolonum [INN]
Triatex
Tricortale
Triderm
Trilone
Tristoject
Trymex
UNII-1ZK20VI6TY
Vetalog
Volon
Volon A
WLN: L E5 B666 OV KU MUTJ A1 BF CQ E1 FV1Q FQ GQ
ZINC03882036
droxypregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione
ione
nchembio.2007.53-comp7
triamcinolone
20
Iodine5167553-56-2807
Synonyms:
I2
Iode
Iodine-molecule
 
Iodio
Iodum
Jod
Jood
Tincture iodine
21
Povidone-iodine14425655-41-8
Synonyms:
 
Betadine
22
Hyaluronic acid4199004-61-953477741, 24759
Synonyms:
Hyaluronan
Hyaluronate
Hyaluronic acid
Hylartil
Hyruan Plus
Luronit
 
Macronan
Mucoitin
Nutra-HAF
Q 5AQ
Sepracoat
Sepragel Sinus
Sofast
Synvisc
23tannic acidNutraceutical1794
24retinolNutraceutical450
25
Vitamin ANutraceutical45011103-57-4, 68-26-8445354
Synonyms:
(2E,4E,6E,8E)-3,7-dimethyl-9-(2,6,6-trimethylcyclohex-1-en-1-yl)nona-2,4,6,8-tetraen-1-ol
(2E,4E,6E,8E)-3,7-dimethyl-9-(2,6,6-trimethylcyclohexen-1-yl)nona-2,4,6,8-tetraen-1-ol
(all-E)-3,7-Dimethyl-9-(2,6,6-trimethyl-1-cyclohexen-1-yl)-2,4,6,8-nonatetraen-1-ol
.alpha.lin
.alpha.sterol
.beta.-Retinol
11103-57-4
13123-33-6
1341-18-0
1406-67-3
17104-91-5
1rbp
3,7-Dimethyl-9-(2,6,6-trimethyl-1-cyclchexen-1-yl)-2,4,6,8-nonatetraen-1-ol
3,7-Dimethyl-9-(2,6,6-trimethyl-1-cyclohexen-1-yl)-2,4,6,8-nonate-traen-1-ol
3,7-Dimethyl-9-(2,6,6-trimethyl-1-cyclohexen-1-yl)-2,4,6,8-nonatetraen-1-ol
3,7-Dimethyl-9-(2,6,6-trimethyl-1-cyclohexenyl)-2,4,6,8-nonatetraen-1-ol
3,7-dimethyl-9-(2,6,6-trimethyl-1-cyclohexen-1-yl)-2,4,6,8-nonatetraen-1-ol, (all-E)-Isomer
4-06-00-04133 (Beilstein Handbook Reference)
53637-36-8
5979-23-7
68-26-8
95144_FLUKA
95144_SIGMA
95146_FLUKA
95146_SIGMA
A-Mulsal
A-Sol
A-Vi-Pel
A-Vitan
AC-11701
AC1L9HU3
AC1Q7BU9
ACON
ALL-TRANS RETINOL (SEE ALSO RETINOID PROJECT 1)
AR-1L3057
ATAV
Afaxin
Agiolan
Agoncal
Alcohol 9,13-dimethyl-7-(1,1,5-trimethyl-6-cyclohexen-5-yl)-7,9,11,13-nonatetraen-15-ol
Alcovit A
All Trans Retinol
All-trans retinol
All-trans-Retinol
Alphalin
Alphasterol
Anatola
Anatola A
Anti-infective vitamin
Antixerophthalmic vitamin
Antixerophthalmisches Vitamin
Aoral
Apexol
Apostavit
Aquasol A Parenteral
Aquasynth
Atars
Avibon
Avita
Avitol
Axerol
Axerophthol
Axerophtholum
BIDD:PXR0102
BRN 0403040
Bentavit A
Biosterol
C00473
C17276
C20H30O
CCRIS 5444
CHEBI:17336
CHEMBL986
CID445354
Chocola A
Cylasphere
D014801
D06543
DB00162
Del-VI-A
Disatabs Tabs
Dofsol
Dohyfral A
EINECS 200-683-7
EINECS 234-328-2
Epiteliol
HMS1921B04
HMS2092L13
HMS501I08
HSDB 815
Hi-A-Vita
Homagenets Aoral
Homagenets aorl
Hydrovit A
IDI1_000486
LMPR01090001
LPK
LS-1578
Lard Factor
M.V.C. 9+3
M.V.I.-12
 
MLS001066379
MLS001074751
MolPort-001-785-962
Mvc Plus
Myvpack
NCGC00091784-01
NCGC00091784-02
NCGC00091784-03
NCGC00091784-04
NCGC00091784-05
NCGC00091784-06
NSC 122759
NSC122759
Nio-A-Let
Oleovitamin A
Ophthalamin
Plivit A
Prepalin
R7632_SIGMA
Retin-11,12-t2-ol (9CI)
Retinol
Retinol [INN:BAN]
Retinol solution
Retinol, all-trans- (8CI)
Retinol-(cellular-retinol-binding-protein)
Retinolo
Retinolo [DCIT]
Retinolum
Retinolum [INN-Latin]
Retrovitamin A
Ro-a-vit
Rovimix A 500
SDCCGMLS-0066724.P001
SMP2_000102
SMR000112036
SPECTRUM1501203
ST057232
Sehkraft A
Solu-A
Spectrum5_000993
Spectrum5_001997
Super A
Testavol
Testavol S
Thalasphere
UNII-81G40H8B0T
UNII-G2SH0XKK91
Vaflol
Vafol
Veroftal
Vi-.alpha.
Vi-Alpha
Vi-Dom-A
Vi-a
Vio-A
Vitamin A
Vitamin A (Feed)
Vitamin A (USP)
Vitamin A alcohol
Vitamin A alcohol (VAN)
Vitamin A cryst
Vitamin A1
Vitamin A1 alcohol
Vitamin A1 alcohol, all trans
Vitamin- A
Vitamin- A alcohol
Vitamin- A alcohol solution
Vitamin- A1
Vitamin-?A
Vitamin-?A alcohol
Vitamin-?A alcohol solution
Vitamin-?A1
Vitamine A
Vitaminum A
Vitavel A
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Vitpex
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WLN: L6UTJ A1 B1U1Y1&U2U1Y1&U2Q C1 C1
Wachstumsvitamin
ZINC03831417
Zinosan N
[11,12-3H]-Retinol
alin
all-trans-3,7-Dimethyl-9-(2,6,6-trimethyl-1-cyclohexen-1-yl)-2,4,6,8-nonatetraen-1-ol
all-trans-Retinol
all-trans-Retinyl alcohol
all-trans-Vitamin A
all-trans-Vitamin A alcohol
all-trans-Vitamin A1
all-trans-retinol
all-trans-retinyl alcohol
all-trans-vitamin A alcohol
b-Retinol
beta-Retinol
retinol
tROL
trans-Retinol
trans-Retinol acid (Vitamin A)
trans-Vitamin A alcohol
trans-retinol

Interventional clinical trials:

(show top 50)    (show all 99)
idNameStatusNCT IDPhase
1Assessment of Patients Treated With JETREA® for Vitreomacular TractionCompletedNCT02035748Phase 4
2Ocriplasmin for Vitreomacular Traction/Symptomatic Vitreomacular AdhesionCompletedNCT02322229Phase 4
3Study of Surgery in Patients With Idiopathic Macular HoleRecruitingNCT02905409Phase 4
4Cohort Study of the Clinical Course of Macular Diseases in KagawaRecruitingNCT02321267Phase 4
5TF (SENSIMED Triggerfish) in Intraocular Anti-VEGF (Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor) InjectionTerminatedNCT01983579Phase 4
6Ocriplasmin for Treatment for Symptomatic Vitreomacular Adhesion Including Macular HoleCompletedNCT01429441Phase 3
7Association of Lutein, Zeaxanthin and Brilliant Blue in ChromovitrectomyCompletedNCT01627977Phase 3
8A Phase III Study of A01016 in Subjects With Symptomatic Vitreomacular AdhesionCompletedNCT01889251Phase 3
9Trial of Microplasmin Intravitreal Injection for Non-Surgical Treatment of Focal Vitreomacular Adhesion. The MIVI-TRUST (TG-MV-007) Trial.CompletedNCT00798317Phase 3
10Brilliant Blue Versus Indocyanine GreenRecruitingNCT01083004Phase 3
11Safety and Efficacy of Double Staining With Brilliant Blue G for Macular SurgeryRecruitingNCT01820520Phase 3
12Intravitreal Microplasmin in Patients Undergoing Surgical VitrectomyCompletedNCT00123279Phase 2
13A Safety And Efficacy Study Of Alg-1001 In Human Subjects With Symptomatic Focal Vitreomacular AdhesionCompletedNCT02153476Phase 2
14Analysis of Aqueous and Vitreous HumorRecruitingNCT02067013Phase 2
15Study of OT-551 Eye Drops to Prevent or Delay Progression of Nuclear Cataracts Following Vitreous RemovalTerminatedNCT00333060Phase 2
16Omega-3 Supplementation and Vitreal VEGF Levels in Wet-AMDCompletedNCT01819415Phase 1
17PK Study of Iontophoretic Dexamethasone Phosphate Ophthalmic Solution in Patients Undergoing VitrectomyRecruitingNCT02644694Phase 1
18Clinical Trial of Intravitreal Injection of Autologous Bone Marrow Stem Cells in Patients With Retinitis PigmentosaRecruitingNCT02280135Phase 1
19Alleviated Positioning for Small Macular HolesCompletedNCT00190164
20Foveal Cone Outer Segment Resumption to Predict Visual Recovery After Macular Hole SurgeryCompletedNCT01381965
21Optical Coherence Tomography-based Positioning for Macular Hole SurgeryCompletedNCT02650739
22Preoperative Progression of Macular HolesCompletedNCT02203929
23Observation of Recovery of Foveal Cone Microstructures After Macular Hole SurgeryCompletedNCT01306487
24Air Tamponade in Macular Hole SurgeryCompletedNCT01680068
25Postoperative Positioning After Surgery for Macular HolesCompletedNCT01974310
26Trial of Prognostic Factors and Surgical Methods for the Treatment of Idiopathic Macular HolesCompletedNCT00302328
27Optical Coherence Tomography in Gas-filled EyesCompletedNCT01266746
28Comparative Study Between Early Vitrectomy and Observation for Spontaneous Closure of Traumatic Macular HoleCompletedNCT01509092
29Outcome of Idiopathic Macular HoleCompletedNCT00941291
30Macular Hole in Diabetic RetinopathyCompletedNCT00737074
31Brillant Blue Versus Indocyanine Green for Macular Hole SurgeryCompletedNCT00757471
32Combined Versus Successive Macular Hole and Cataract SurgeryCompletedNCT01069029
33Unveiling Preclinical Idiopathic Macular Hole FormationCompletedNCT02180633
34An Objective Evaluation of Postoperative Positioning in Macular Hole SurgeryCompletedNCT02011165
35Fundus Autofluorescence After Macular Hole SurgeryCompletedNCT02628262
36Elongation of Foveal Tissue After Macular Hole SurgeryCompletedNCT01471912
37Internal Limiting Membrane Peeling for Large Macular HolesCompletedNCT00190190
38Full Thickness Macular Hole and Internal Limiting Membrane Peeling StudyCompletedNCT00286507
39Impact of C3F8 or SF6 Use and Length of Face-down Positioning (7 vs 14 Days Respectively) in Macular Hole SurgeryCompletedNCT02073266
40Macular Hole ReopeningCompletedNCT00927628
41Evaluation of Anatomic and Visual Outcomes of Initially Closed Macular HolesCompletedNCT01229657
42Indocyanine Green or Trypan Blue for Delamination of the Internal Limiting Membrane in Macular Hole SurgeryCompletedNCT00419185
43Protocol for RCT of Posturing in Phacovitrectomy for Full Thickness Macular Hole (FTMH)CompletedNCT01020760
44Inverted Internal Limiting Membrane Flap Technique for Macular Hole Retinal Detachment in Highly Myopic EyesCompletedNCT02896972
45Microperimetry and Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) in Idiopathic Macular HoleCompletedNCT01757600
46Pilot Randomised Controlled Trial of Posturing Following Surgery for Full-thickness Macular HoleCompletedNCT01226160Phase 0
47Vitrectomy and Scleral Shortening for Macular Hole Retinal Detachment or Myopic Traction MaculopathyCompletedNCT02528045
48Extent of ILM Removal and Its Impact on Outcomes of MH SurgeryCompletedNCT02010138
49Asymmetrical Recovery of Cone Outer Segment Tips and Foveal Displacement After Macular Hole SurgeryCompletedNCT01959776
50Pneumatic Retinopexy Versus Vitrectomy With Gas for Retinal Detachment Due to Myopic Macular HoleCompletedNCT00485199

Search NIH Clinical Center for Macular Holes

Genetic Tests for Macular Holes

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Anatomical Context for Macular Holes

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MalaCards organs/tissues related to Macular Holes:

34
Eye, Retina, Skin, Bone, Endothelial, Bone marrow, Cortex

Animal Models for Macular Holes or affiliated genes

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MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Macular Holes:

39
idDescriptionMGI Source AccessionScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1MP:00053917.6ANGPT2, IL6, RLBP1, RS1, TGFB2, VEGFA

Publications for Macular Holes

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Articles related to Macular Holes:

(show top 50)    (show all 634)
idTitleAuthorsYear
1
Surgical outcomes of lamellar macular holes with and without lamellar hole-associated epiretinal proliferation. (27647708)
2016
2
Vitreoretinal traction and lamellar macular holes associated with cicatricial toxoplasmic retinochoroiditis: case series report. (27312206)
2016
3
Surgical treatment for the proliferative retinal detachment associated with macular hole in the morning glory syndrome. (24404661)
2013
4
Management of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment with coexisting macular hole: a comparison of vitrectomy with and without internal limiting membrane peeling. (23222496)
2013
5
Co-existent choroidal neovascular membrane and macular hole in pathologic myopia: a long follow-up clinical outcome and literature review. (24392342)
2013
6
Risk assessment of idiopathic macular holes undergoing vitrectomy with dye-assisted internal limiting membrane peeling. (23514792)
2013
7
Surgery for macular holes associated with unusual concomitant pathologies. (24082671)
2013
8
Episcleral macular buckling for posterior retinal detachment in silicone oil filled eyes associated with myopic macular hole. (23638417)
2013
9
INVERTED INTERNAL LIMITING MEMBRANE FLAP TECHNIQUE FOR SURGICAL REPAIR OF MYOPIC MACULAR HOLES. (24263468)
2013
10
Spontaneous macular hole closure without posterior vitreous detachment in a patient previously treated for diabetic maculopathy. (22973980)
2013
11
Association between fundus autofluorescence and visual outcome in surgically closed macular holes. (23514795)
2013
12
Traction-induced foveal damage predisposes eyes with pre-existing posterior vitreous detachment to idiopathic macular hole formation. (22388594)
2012
13
Retinoschisis: a predictive factor in vitrectomy for macular holes without retinal detachment in highly myopic eyes. (21586755)
2012
14
SD-OCT imaging of idiopathic macular holes with spontaneous closure. (22356437)
2012
15
Full-thickness macular hole formation associated with central serous chorioretinopathy. (22729443)
2012
16
Scleral buckling in rhegmatogenous retinal detachment with concomitant full-thickness macular hole. (21726425)
2012
17
Early lamellar macular hole in Alport syndrome: case report and review of the literature. (22338558)
2012
18
The dynamic healing process of idiopathic macular holes after surgical repair: a spectral-domain optical coherence tomography study. (21345999)
2011
19
1000 cSt silicone oil vs heavy silicone oil as intraocular tamponade in retinal detachment associated to myopic macular hole. (21080197)
2011
20
Primary gas tamponade in the management of macular hole with retinal detachment in highly myopic eyes. (21421206)
2011
21
Non-Foveal Macular Holes After PPV for Macular Pucker. (20844682)
2010
22
Full Thickness Macular Hole Formation in a Patient with Cystoid Macular Edema Caused by CRVO Treated with Intravitreal Bevacizicumab. (20337340)
2010
23
Natural evolution from macular retinoschisis to full-thickness macular hole in highly myopic eyes. (20829889)
2010
24
Traumatic macular holes secondary to combat ocular trauma. (18997638)
2009
25
Extended internal limiting membrane peeling in the management of unusually large macular holes. (19320310)
2009
26
Heavy silicone oil (Densiron-68) for the treatment of persistent macular holes: Densiron-68 endotamponade for persistent macular holes. (19649646)
2009
27
Macular hole in proliferative diabetic retinopathy with fibrovascular proliferation. (18997639)
2009
28
Lamellar macular hole formation in patients with diabetic cystoid macular edema. (19491719)
2009
29
Parafoveal telangiectasia (PFT) has been associated with changes in macular architecture and macular holes (lamellar and full thickness). (18185162)
2008
30
Treatment of stage 2 macular hole by intravitreous injection of expansile gas and induction of posterior vitreous detachment. (17070585)
2007
31
Successful treatment of macular holes associated with peripheral retinal vascular tumours. (16710432)
2007
32
Macular holes: the latest in current management. (16832307)
2006
33
Foveal schisis as a cause of retinal detachment secondary to macular hole in juvenile X-linked retinoschisis. (15805920)
2005
34
Photoreceptor layer features in eyes with closed macular holes: optical coherence tomography findings and correlation with visual outcomes. (15733989)
2005
35
Prediction of postoperative visual outcome based on hole configuration by optical coherence tomography in eyes with idiopathic macular holes. (15531303)
2004
36
Review of current surgical techniques in repair of idiopathic macular holes. (14704533)
2004
37
Traumatic macular holes. (12131587)
2002
38
A new approach to stage 3 macular holes. (10919918)
2000
39
Time course of the size of the dark area in macular holes by scanning laser ophthalmoscopy. (10770618)
2000
40
Autologous platelet concentrate for the treatment of full-thickness macular holes. (8543204)
1995
41
Full-thickness macular holes treated with vitrectomy and tissue glue. (7642336)
1994-1995
42
A prospective natural history study and kinetic ultrasound evaluation of idiopathic macular holes. (8302564)
1994
43
Transforming growth factor-beta 2 for the treatment of full-thickness macular holes. A prospective randomized study. (1495798)
1992
44
Early stages of macular holes. To treat or not to treat. (2383193)
1990
45
Macular holes and excellent visual acuity. Case report. (3178546)
1988
46
Pathogenesis of senile idiopathic macular holes. (3785897)
1986
47
Senile idiopathic macular holes. (6839936)
1983
48
Treatment of retinal detachment due to macular holes without chorio-retinal lesions. A seven-year follow-up study. (6963057)
1982
49
Macular holes associated with proliferative sickle cell retinopathy. (687199)
1978
50
The treatment of retinal detachments secondary to macular holes. (4760321)
1973

Variations for Macular Holes

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Expression for genes affiliated with Macular Holes

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Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Macular Holes.

Pathways for genes affiliated with Macular Holes

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Pathways related to Macular Holes according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 19)
idSuper pathwaysScoreTop Affiliating Genes
19.7CCL2, VEGFA
29.3IL6, TGFB2
39.2CXCL8, IL6
49.0IL6, TGFB2, VEGFA
5
Show member pathways
9.0ANGPT2, CCL2, TGFB2
69.0CXCL8, IL6, VEGFA
78.9CXCL8, IL6, TGFB2
88.9CXCL8, IL6, TGFB2
98.7ANGPT2, IL6, VEGFA
108.7CCL2, CXCL8, IL6
118.7CCL2, CXCL8, IL6
128.6CXCL8, IL6, TGFB2, VEGFA
13
Show member pathways
8.6ALOX5AP, CCL2, IL6
148.4CCL2, CXCL8, IL6, TGFB2
158.1ANGPT2, CCL2, CXCL8, IL6
168.1CCL2, CXCL8, IL6, TGFB2, VEGFA
178.1CCL2, CXCL8, IL6, TGFB2, VEGFA
18
Show member pathways
7.8ANGPT2, CCL2, CXCL8, IL6, TGFB2
19
Show member pathways
7.5ANGPT2, CCL2, CXCL8, IL6, TGFB2, VEGFA

GO Terms for genes affiliated with Macular Holes

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Cellular components related to Macular Holes according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1extracellular spaceGO:00056157.2ANGPT2, CCL2, CXCL8, IL6, RS1, TGFB2
2extracellular regionGO:00055766.9ANGPT2, CCL2, CXCL8, IL6, RS1, TGFB2

Biological processes related to Macular Holes according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 19)
idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1positive regulation of leukocyte migrationGO:000268710.2CCL2, VEGFA
2induction of positive chemotaxisGO:005093010.2CXCL8, VEGFA
3embryonic digestive tract developmentGO:004856610.2CXCL8, TGFB2
4glial cell migrationGO:000834710.0CCL2, TGFB2
5PERK-mediated unfolded protein responseGO:00364999.9CCL2, CXCL8
6regulation of vascular endothelial growth factor productionGO:00105749.7CCL2, IL6
7positive regulation of acute inflammatory responseGO:00026759.6ALOX5AP, IL6
8neutrophil chemotaxisGO:00305939.5CCL2, CXCL8, TGFB2
9positive regulation of angiogenesisGO:00457669.5ANGPT2, CXCL8, VEGFA
10cellular response to dexamethasone stimulusGO:00715499.2CCL2, IL6
11response to woundingGO:00096119.2CCL2, IL6, TGFB2
12cellular response to interleukin-1GO:00713479.1CCL2, CXCL8, IL6
13cellular response to lipopolysaccharideGO:00712229.1CCL2, CXCL8, IL6
14cellular response to tumor necrosis factorGO:00713569.1CCL2, CXCL8, IL6
15maternal process involved in female pregnancyGO:00601359.0ANGPT2, CCL2
16regulation of cell shapeGO:00083609.0CCL2, IL6, VEGFA
17response to mechanical stimulusGO:00096128.8ANGPT2, CCL2, IL6
18angiogenesisGO:00015258.5ANGPT2, CCL2, CXCL8, TGFB2, VEGFA
19response to hypoxiaGO:00016668.4ANGPT2, CCL2, KCNMA1, TGFB2, VEGFA

Molecular functions related to Macular Holes according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1growth factor activityGO:00080839.3IL6, TGFB2, VEGFA
2protein heterodimerization activityGO:00469829.0ALOX5AP, SPTBN5, TGFB2, VEGFA
3cytokine activityGO:00051258.9CCL2, IL6, TGFB2, VEGFA
4receptor bindingGO:00051028.1ANGPT2, CCL2, IL6, TGFB2

Sources for Macular Holes

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2CDC
6CNVD
10DGIdb
15ExPASy
16FDA
17FMA
25GTR
26HGMD
27HMDB
28ICD10
29ICD10 via Orphanet
30ICD9CM
31IUPHAR
32KEGG
35MedGen
37MeSH
38MESH via Orphanet
39MGI
42NCI
43NCIt
44NDF-RT
47NINDS
48Novoseek
50OMIM
51OMIM via Orphanet
55PubMed
56QIAGEN
61SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
65Tumor Gene Family of Databases
66UMLS
67UMLS via Orphanet