MCID: MCL003
MIFTS: 41

Macular Holes malady

Category: Eye diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Macular Holes

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Aliases & Descriptions for Macular Holes:

Name: Macular Holes 11 50 13 68
 
Macular Hole 11 13

Classifications:



External Ids:

Disease Ontology11 DOID:7633
MeSH39 D012167
NCIt45 C34795

Summaries for Macular Holes

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Wikipedia:71 A macular hole is a small break in the macula, located in the center of the eye\'s light-sensitive... more...

MalaCards based summary: Macular Holes, also known as macular hole, is related to retinal disease and retinitis. An important gene associated with Macular Holes is TGFB2 (Transforming Growth Factor Beta 2), and among its related pathways are Photodynamic therapy-induced HIF-1 survival signaling and Immune response_Oncostatin M signaling via JAK-Stat in human cells. Affiliated tissues include eye, retina and testes, and related mouse phenotypes are immune system and nervous system.

Related Diseases for Macular Holes

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Diseases related to Macular Holes via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50)    (show all 85)
idRelated DiseaseScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1retinal disease10.9
2retinitis10.8
3retinal detachment10.7
4retinoschisis10.4
5vitreous detachment10.3
6myopia10.3
7cataract10.2
8submucous uterine fibroid10.1ANGPT2, VEGFA
9hypersensitivity syndrome, carbamazepine-induced10.1ANGPT2, VEGFA
10radiation induced angiosarcoma of the breast10.1ANGPT2, VEGFA
11retinal vein occlusion10.1
12choroiditis10.1
13bipolar i disorder10.1ANGPT2, VEGFA
14congenital toxoplasmosis10.1SERPINF1, VEGFA
15alport syndrome10.1
16localized junctional epidermolysis bullosa, non-herlitz type10.1ANGPT2, VEGFA
17hyperinsulinism10.1ANGPT2, TGFB2, VEGFA
18vernal conjunctivitis10.1ANGPT2, SERPINF1, VEGFA
19coats disease10.1
20central retinal vein occlusion10.1
21albinism, oculocutaneous, type ib10.1ANGPT2, SERPINF1, VEGFA
22citrullinemia, type ii, neonatal-onset10.0ANGPT2, SERPINF1, VEGFA
23angular blepharoconjunctivitis10.0SERPINF1, VEGFA
24human venous malformation10.0ANGPT2, TGFB2, VEGFA
25neuropathy10.0
26congenital ichthyosiform erythroderma10.0RS1, TGFB2, VEGFA
27upper respiratory tract disease10.0RS1, TGFB2, VEGFA
28biemond syndrome ii10.0RS1, VEGFA
29anterograde amnesia10.0RS1, SERPINF1, VEGFA
30perianal hematoma10.0KCNMA1, LHFPL5, RS1
31maxillary sinus cancer10.0KCNMA1, RS1
32scotoma9.9
33athabaskan brainstem dysgenesis syndrome9.9KCNMA1, RS1, VEGFA
34albinism, oculocutaneous, type ia9.9ADM, CCL2, TGFB2
35pyriform sinus cancer9.9CCL2, SERPINF1, VEGFA
36scar contracture9.9CCL2, SERPINF1, VEGFA
37choroideremia9.9
38stargardt disease9.9
39retinitis pigmentosa9.9
40vitelliform macular dystrophy9.9
41neuroretinitis9.9
42vogt-koyanagi-harada disease9.9
43eye disease9.9
44chorioretinitis9.9
45myotonic dystrophy9.9
46schisis association9.9
47shaken baby syndrome9.9
48ulcerative proctitis9.8CCL2, VEGFA
49multilocular clear cell renal cell carcinoma9.8KCNMA1, RS1, SERPINF1, VEGFA
50thymus adenosquamous carcinoma9.8CCL2, SERPINF1, VEGFA

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Macular Holes:



Diseases related to macular holes

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Macular Holes

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MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Macular Holes according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

41
idDescriptionMGI Source AccessionScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1MP:00053878.0ADM, ANGPT2, CCL2, MIF, PTGDS, SERPINF1
2MP:00036317.3KCNMA1, LHFPL5, MIF, PTGDS, RS1, SERPINF1

Drugs & Therapeutics for Macular Holes

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Drugs for Macular Holes (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show top 50)    (show all 78)
idNameStatusPhaseClinical TrialsCas NumberPubChem Id
1
RanibizumabapprovedPhase 4, Phase 2486347396-82-1459903
Synonyms:
347396-82-1
D05697
Lucentis
Lucentis (TN)
 
Ranibizumab
Ranibizumab (USAN/INN)
Ranibizumab (genetical recombination)
Ranibizumab (genetical recombination) (JAN)
ranibizumab
rhuFab V2
2
Bevacizumabapproved, investigationalPhase 42020216974-75-3
Synonyms:
216974-75-3
Avastin
Avastin (TN)
Bevacizumab
Bevacizumab (genetical recombination)
 
Bevacizumab (genetical recombination) (JAN)
D06409
R-435
anti-VEGF monoclonal antibody
antiVEGF
bevacizumab
3
Verteporfinapproved, investigationalPhase 490129497-78-5
Synonyms:
Verteporfin
 
Verteporfina
Verteporfinum
Vertéporfine
4Angiogenesis Modulating AgentsPhase 4, Phase 24185
5Angiogenesis InhibitorsPhase 4, Phase 24257
6MitogensPhase 4, Phase 21617
7Endothelial Growth FactorsPhase 4382
8Pharmaceutical SolutionsPhase 4, Phase 2, Phase 18192
9Photosensitizing AgentsPhase 4492
10Dermatologic AgentsPhase 45806
11
Luteinapproved, nutraceuticalPhase 371127-40-26433159, 5368396
Synonyms:
(3R,3'R)-beta,beta-Carotene-3,3'-Diol, Lutein
(3R,3'R,6'R)-Lutein
(3R,3'R,6S)-4,5-Didehydro-5,6-Dihydro-beta,beta-Carotene-3,3'-Diol
3,3'-Dihydroxy-alpha-carotene
4,5-Didehydro-5,6-dihydro-beta,beta-carotene-3,3'-diol
All-trans-(+)-Xanthophyll
All-trans-Lutein
All-trans-Xanthophyll
 
Bo-Xan
Lutein
Lutein ester
Luteine
Phylloxanthin
Vegetable lutein
Vegetable luteol
beta,epsilon-Carotene-3,3'-diol
trans-Lutein
12PlasminogenPhase 3, Phase 2242
13Fibrinolytic AgentsPhase 3, Phase 22388
14Ophthalmic SolutionsPhase 2, Phase 11140
15TetrahydrozolinePhase 2621
16
Dexamethasoneapproved, investigational, vet_approvedPhase 1217150-02-25743
Synonyms:
(3H)-Dexamethasone
.delta.(sup 1)-9-.alpha.-Fluoro-16-.alpha.-methylcortisol
.gamma.corten
1-Dehydro-16.alpha.-methyl-9.alpha.-fluorohydrocortisone
1-Dehydro-16alpha -methyl-9alpha -fluorohydrocortisone
1-Dehydro-16alpha-methyl-9alpha-fluorohydrocortisone
1-Dehydro-16α-methyl-9α-fluorohydrocortisone
137098-19-2
16-alpha-Methyl-9-alpha-fluoro-1-dehydrocortisol
16-alpha-Methyl-9-alpha-fluoro-delta(sup 1)-hydrocortisone
16-alpha-Methyl-9-alpha-fluoro-delta1-hydrocortisone
16-alpha-Methyl-9-alpha-fluoroprednisolone
16.alpha.-Methyl-9.alpha.-fluoro-1-dehydrocortisol
16.alpha.-Methyl-9.alpha.-fluoroprednisolone
16alpha -Methyl-9alpha -fluoro-1-dehydrocortisol
16alpha -Methyl-9alpha -fluoroprednisolone
16alpha-Methyl-9alpha-fluoro-1-dehydrocortisol
16alpha-Methyl-9alpha-fluoro-delta(sup 1)-hydrocortisone
16alpha-Methyl-9alpha-fluoroprednisolone
16α-Methyl-9α-fluoro-1-dehydrocortisol
23495-06-9
31375_FLUKA
46165_FLUKA
46165_RIEDEL
50-02-2
8054-59-9
9-Fluoro-11,17,21-trihydroxy-16-methylpregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione
9-Fluoro-11alpha -methylpregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione
9-Fluoro-16-methylprednisolone
9-alpha-Fluoro-16-alpha-methylprednisolone
9.alpha.-Fluoro-16.alpha.-methylprednisolone
906422-84-2
9A-FLUORO-16BETA-METHYLPREDNISOLONE
9alpha -Fluoro-16alpha -methylprednisolone
9alpha-Fluoro-16alpha-methylprednisolone
9alpha-fluoro-16alpha-methyl-Prednisolone
9α-Fluoro-16α-methylprednisolone
AC-11056
AC1L1L1H
AC1Q29DM
AI3-50934
Adexone
Aeroseb-D
Aeroseb-Dex
Aeroseb-dex
Ak Dex Oph Otic Soln 0.1%
Alcon Brand of Dexamethasone
Anaflogistico
Aphtasolon
Aphthasolone
Apo-dexamethasone
Auxiron
Azimycin (veterinary)
Azium
Azium (Veterinary)
Azium (veterinary)
BIDD:ER0494
BIDD:PXR0060
BRD-K38775274-001-02-3
BRD-K38775274-001-06-4
BSPBio_000995
Bisu DS
Bisu Ds
C15643
C22H29FO5
CCRIS 7067
CHEBI:41879
CHEMBL384467
CID5743
CPD-10549
CPD001227192
Calonat
Corson
Corsone
Cortisumman
D00292
D003907
D1756_SIGMA
D4902_SIGMA
D6645_SIGMA
D8893_SIGMA
D9184_SIGMA
DB01234
DEX
DEXA
DEXONE 0.5
DEXONE 0.75
DEXONE 1.5
DEXONE 4
DXM
DXMS
Decacort
Decacortin
Decaderm
Decadron
Decadron (TN)
Decadron Tablets, Elixir
Decadron, Dexamethasone
Decadron-LA
Decadron-La
Decagel
Decaject
Decaject L.A.
Decaject-L.A.
Decalix
Decameth
Decasone
Decaspray
Dectancyl
Dekacort
Delta1-9alpha-Fluoro-16alpha-methylcortisol
Deltafluorene
Dergramin
Deronil
Desadrene
Desametasone
Desametasone [DCIT]
Desametasone [Dcit]
Desamethasone
Desameton
Deseronil
Dex-Ide
Dex-ide
Dexa
Dexa Mamallet
Dexa mamallet
Dexa-Cortidelt
Dexa-Cortisyl
Dexa-Mamallet
Dexa-Scheroson
Dexa-Sine
Dexa-cortidelt
Dexa-cortisyl
Dexa-scheroson
Dexa-sine
Dexacen-4
Dexacidin
Dexacort
Dexacortal
Dexacortin
Dexadeltone
Dexafarma
Dexair
Dexalona
Dexaltin
Dexametasona
Dexametasona [INN-Spanish]
Dexametasone
 
Dexameth
Dexamethansone
Dexamethasone
Dexamethasone (JP15/USP/INN)
Dexamethasone Acetate
Dexamethasone Alcohol
Dexamethasone Base
Dexamethasone Intensol
Dexamethasone Sodium Phosphate
Dexamethasone [INN:BAN:JAN]
Dexamethasone alcohol
Dexamethasone base
Dexamethasone intensol
Dexamethasone-omega
Dexamethasonum
Dexamethasonum [INN-Latin]
Dexamethazone
Dexamonozon
Dexapolcort
Dexapos
Dexaprol
Dexason
Dexasone
Dexasone 0.5mg
Dexasone 0.75mg
Dexasone 4mg
Dexasporin
Dexinolon
Dexinoral
Dexone
Dexone 0.5
Dexone 0.75
Dexone 1.5
Dexone 4
Dexonium
Dexpak
Dextelan
Dezone
Dinormon
Dxms
ECR Brand of Dexamethasone
EINECS 200-003-9
FT-0080377
Fluormethylprednisolone
Fluormone
Fluorocort
Fortecortin
Foy Brand of Dexamethasone
Gammacorten
HL-dex
HMS1792A17
HMS1990A17
HMS2089N13
HSDB 3053
Hexadecadrol
Hexadrol
Hexadrol Elixir
Hexadrol Tablets
Hexadrol elixir
Hl-Dex
Hl-dex
I06-1196
ICN Brand of Dexamethasone
IontoDex
Isopto-Dex
Isopto-dex
LS-7300
Lokalison F
Lokalison f
Loverine
Luxazone
MK 125
MLS001055412
MLS001332507
MLS001332508
Maxidex
Maxidex Ont 0.1%
Maxidex Sus 0.1%
Maxitrol
Mediamethasone
Merck Brand of Dexamethasone
Merz Brand 1 of Dexamethasone
Merz Brand 2 of Dexamethasone
Methylfluorprednisolone
Mexidex
Millicorten
MolMap_000018
MolPort-003-846-433
Mymethasone
NCGC00091019-01
NCGC00091019-02
NCGC00091019-03
NCGC00091019-04
NCGC00091019-05
NCI60_003067
NSC 34521
NSC34521
Naquasone (veterinary)
Neomycin and polymyxin b sulfates and dexamethasone
Neomycin and polymyxin b sulphates and dexamethasone
OTO-104
Ocu-Trol
Ocu-trol
Oradexon
PHL-dexamethasone
PMS-dexamethasone
Pet Derm III
Pet Derm Iii
Pet derm III
Pet-Derm Iii
Pms Dexamethasone Elixir 0.5mg/5ml
Policort
Posurdex
Prednisolon F
Prednisolon f
Prednisolone F
Prednisolone f
Prodex
S1322_Selleck
SAM002548948
SGCUT00126
SK-Dexamethasone
SK-dexamethasone
SMP1_000092
SMR000857119
SMR001227192
ST50307091
Sandoz dexamethasone
Sk-Dexamethasone
Spectrum5_002019
Spoloven
Sunia Sol D
Sunia sol D
Superprednol
TL8003317
Tobradex
Tobramycin and dexamethasone
Tresaderm (veterinary)
Turbinaire
UNII-7S5I7G3JQL
Visumetazone
WLN: L E5 B666 OV KU MUTJ A1 BF CQ E1 FV1Q FQ G1
ZINC03875332
alpha -Fluoro-16-alpha -methylcortisol
delta(Sup 1)-9-alpha-Fluoro-16-alpha-methylcortisol
delta(sup 1)-9-alpha-Fluoro-16-alpha-methylcortisol
delta1-9alpha-Fluoro-16alpha-methylcortisol
dexamethasone
nchembio809-comp2
to_000038
17
TropicamideapprovedPhase 1241508-75-45593
Synonyms:
(+-)-N-Ethyl-2-phenyl-N-(4-pyridylmethyl)hydracrylamide
1508-75-4
5-22-09-00359 (Beilstein Handbook Reference)
AB00052120
AC-816
AC1L1KOZ
AC1Q5IFA
AR-1K6980
Akorn Brand of Tropicamide
Alcon Brand of Tropicamide
BPBio1_000303
BRD-A79672927-001-05-8
BRN 0285563
BSPBio_000275
BSPBio_002289
Bio-0810
Bistropamide
Bournonville Brand of Tropicamide
CHEMBL1200604
CID5593
CPD000058523
Cahill May Roberts Brand of Tropicamide
Chauvin Brand of Tropicamide
Colircusi Tropicamida
D00397
D014331
DB00809
DivK1c_000448
EINECS 216-140-2
EU-0101223
Epitromina
HMS1568N17
HMS1921I09
HMS2089M05
HMS2092A18
HMS501G10
I-Picamide
I06-0811
IDI1_000448
KBio1_000448
KBio2_001064
KBio2_003632
KBio2_006200
KBio3_001509
KBioGR_000873
KBioSS_001064
L001262
LS-28545
Lopac0_001223
MLS001306442
MLS002154240
Medical Ophthalmics Brand of Tropicamide
Minims tropicamide
MolPort-000-159-321
Mydral
Mydriacyl
Mydriacyl (TN)
Mydriafair
Mydriaticum
Mydrum
N-Ethyl-2-phenyl-N-(4-pyridylmethyl)hydracrylamide
N-Ethyl-2-phenyl-N-4-[-pyridyl-methyl]hydracrylamide
N-Ethyl-N-(4-pyridylmethyl)tropamid
N-Ethyl-N-(4-pyridylmethyl)tropamide
N-Ethyl-alpha-(hydroxymethyl)-N-(4-pyridinylmethyl)benzeneacetamide
N-ethyl-3-hydroxy-2-phenyl-N-(pyridin-4-ylmethyl)propanamide
NCGC00016065-03
NCGC00016065-08
 
NCGC00024866-02
NCGC00024866-03
NCGC00024866-04
NCGC00024866-05
NCGC00024866-06
NINDS_000448
Novartis Brand of Tropicamide
Ocu Tropic
Ocu-Tropic
OcuTropic
Ocumed Brand of Tropicamide
Ocusoft Brand of Tropicamide
Opticyl
Paremyd
Pharmafair Brand of Tropicamide
Prestwick0_000228
Prestwick1_000228
Prestwick2_000228
Prestwick3_000228
Prestwick_487
Rivex Brand of Tropicamide
Ro 1-7683
SAM002564235
SMP1_000304
SMR000058523
SPBio_000872
SPBio_002196
SPECTRUM1500599
STK934612
Spectro-Cyl
Spectrum2_000936
Spectrum3_000655
Spectrum4_000377
Spectrum5_001585
Spectrum_000584
Stulln Brand 1 of Tropicamide
Stulln Brand 2 of Tropicamide
T 9778
T9778_SIGMA
TL8001101
Triaminic DM
Tropicacyl
Tropicamid
Tropicamida
Tropicamida [INN-Spanish]
Tropicamide
Tropicamide (JP15/USP/INN)
Tropicamide Alcon Brand
Tropicamide Chauvin Brand
Tropicamide Faure
Tropicamide Minims
Tropicamide Monofree
Tropicamide Monohydrochloride, (R)-Isomer
Tropicamide Monohydrochloride, (S)-Isomer
Tropicamide Novartis Brand
Tropicamide Ocumed Brand
Tropicamide Pharmafair Brand
Tropicamide Rivex Brand
Tropicamide [USAN:INN:BANJAN]
Tropicamide, (+-)-Isomer
Tropicamide, (R)-Isomer
Tropicamide, (S)-Isomer
Tropicamidum
Tropicamidum [INN-Latin]
Tropikamid
Tropimil
UNII-N0A3Z5XTC6
Visumidriatic
n-ethyl-n-(g-picolyl)tropamide
tropicamide
18Hormone AntagonistsPhase 113180
19Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone AntagonistsPhase 113168
20Anti-Inflammatory AgentsPhase 110729
21HormonesPhase 114415
22glucocorticoidsPhase 15103
23
protease inhibitorsPhase 15471
Synonyms:
 
protease inhibitors
24HIV Protease InhibitorsPhase 15470
25Peripheral Nervous System AgentsPhase 123689
26Dexamethasone acetatePhase 121711177-87-3
27Antineoplastic Agents, HormonalPhase 15592
28Gastrointestinal AgentsPhase 18402
29AntiemeticsPhase 14022
30Autonomic AgentsPhase 110150
31BB 1101Phase 12171
32Dexamethasone 21-phosphatePhase 12171
33
Temazepamapproved26846-50-45391
Synonyms:
1,3-Dihydro-7-chloro-3-hydroxy-1-methyl-5-phenyl-2H-1,4-benzodiazepin-2-one
3 Hydroxydiazepam
3-Hydroxydiazepam
5-25-02-00242 (Beilstein Handbook Reference)
7-CHLORO-1,3-DIHYDRO-3-HYDROXY-1-METHYL-5-PHENYL-2H-1,4-BENZODIAZEPIN-2-ONE
7-Chloro-3-hydroxy-1-methyl-5-phenyl-1,3-dihydro-2H-1,4-benzodiazepin-2-one
7-chloro-3-hydroxy-1-methyl-5-phenyl-3H-1,4-benzodiazepin-2-one
846-50-4
AC1L1K92
AHP Brand of Temazepam
Alphapharm Brand of Temazepam
Apo Temazepam
Apo-Temazepam
Apotex Brand of Temazepam
BRN 0759300
CCRIS 1954
CHEMBL967
CID5391
Cerepax
Crisonar
D00370
D013693
DB00231
DEA No. 2925
Dasuen
Desitin Brand of Temazepam
DivK1c_000989
EINECS 212-688-1
ER 115
Euhypnos
Euipnos
Gelthix
Gen Temazepam
Gen-Temazepam
Genopharm Brand of Temazepam
Genpharm Brand of Temazepam
HMS503E19
Hydroxydiazepam
ICN Brand of Temazepam
IDI1_000989
K-3917
K3917
KBio1_000989
Katwijk Brand of Temazepam
Knoll Brand of Temazepam
LS-7712
Lenal
Levanxene
Levanxol
Levanzene
Mabertin
Mallinckrodt Brand of Temazepam
Methyloxazepam
MolPort-002-051-814
N-Methyloxazepam
NCGC00159440-02
NINDS_000989
NSC 246303
NSC246303
Neodorm SP
Nocturne
 
Nomapam
Norkotral Tema
Normison
Normitab
Nortem
Norton Brand of Temazepam
Novartis Brand of Temazepam
Novo Temazepam
Novo-Temazepam
Novopharm Brand of Temazepam
Nu Pharm Brand of Temazepam
Nu Temazepam
Nu-Pharm Brand of Temazepam
Nu-Temazepam
Orion Brand of Temazepam
Oxydiazepam
PMS Temazepam
PMS-Temazepam
Perdorm
Pfizer Brand 1 of Temazepam
Pfizer Brand 2 of Temazepam
Pharmascience Brand of Temazepam
Planum
Pronervon T
Remestan
Restoril
Restoril (TN)
Ro 5 5345
Ro 5-5345
Ro-5-5345
Ro55345
SaH 47 603
SaH 47-603
SaH 47603
Scheffler Brand of Temazepam
Sigma Brand of Temazepam
Signopam
T8275_FLUKA
T8275_SIGMA
Tema, Norkotral
Temador
Temaz
Temaze
Temazepam (USP/INN)
Temazepam [USAN:INN:BAN]
Temazepam, pharmaceutical grade
Temazepamum
Temazepamum [INN-Latin]
Temtabs
Tenox
UNII-CHB1QD2QSS
Uvamin Retard
WLN: T67 GNV JN IHJ CG G1 IQ KR
WY 2917
WY 3917
WY3917
Wy-3917
Wyeth Brand of Temazepam
ct Arzneimittel Brand of Temazepam
ct-Arzneimittel Brand of Temazepam
temazep von ct
temazepam
34
Triamcinoloneapproved, vet_approved510124-94-731307
Synonyms:
(8S,9R,10S,11S,13S,14S,16R,17S)-9-fluoro-11,16,17-trihydroxy-17-(2-hydroxyacetyl)-10,13-dimethyl-6,7,8,11,12,14,15,16-octahydrocyclopenta[a]phenanthren-3-one
11-beta,16-alpha,17-alpha,21-Tetrahydroxy-9-alpha-fluoro-1,4-pregnadiene-3,20-dione
11.Beta.,16.alpha.,17.alpha., 21-Tetrahydroxy-9.alpha.-fluoro-1,4-pregnadiene-3,20-dione
11.beta.,16.alpha.,17.alpha.,21-Tetrahydroxy-9.alpha.-fluoro-1,4-pregnadiene-3,20-dione
11β,16α,17α,21-tetrahydroxy-9α-fluoro-1,4-pregnadiene-3,20-dione
124-94-7
4-08-00-03629 (Beilstein Handbook Reference)
83474-03-7
9-Fluoro-11,16,17,21-tetrahydroxypregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione
9-Fluoro-11beta,16alpha,17,21-tetrahydroxypregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione
9-alpha-Fluoro-11-beta,16-alpha,17,21-tetrahydroxypregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione
9-alpha-Fluoro-16-alpha-hydroxyprednisolone
9-fluoro-11β,16α,17,21-tetrahydroxypregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione
9.Alpha.-Fluoro-11.beta.,16.alpha.,17,21-tetrahy
9.Alpha.-Fluoro-11.beta.,16.alpha.,17.alpha., 21-tetrahydroxypregna-1,4-diene-3,20-d
9.alpha.-Fluoro-11.beta.,16.alpha.,17,21-tetrahydroxy-1,4-pregnadiene-3,20-dione
9.alpha.-Fluoro-11.beta.,16.alpha.,17,21-tetrahydroxypregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione
9.alpha.-Fluoro-11.beta.,16.alpha.,17.alpha.,21-tetrahydroxypregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione
9.alpha.-Fluoro-16.alpha.-hydroxyprednisolone
9alpha-Fluoro-11beta,16alpha,17,21-tetrahydroxy-1,4-pregnadiene-3,20-dione
9alpha-Fluoro-11beta,16alpha,17,21-tetrahydroxypregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione
9alpha-Fluoro-16alpha-hydroxyprednisolone
9α-fluoro-11β,16α,17,21-tetrahydroxypregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione
9α-fluoro-11β,16α,17α,21-tetrahydroxypregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione
9α-fluoro-16α-hydroxyprednisolone
AC-2072
AC1L1LDH
AC1Q5HJC
Adcortyl
Aristocort
Aristocort A
Aristocort Tablets
Aristogel
Aristospan
Azmacort
BPBio1_000154
BRD-K77554836-001-03-3
BRN 2341955
BSPBio_000140
Bio-0662
C21H27FO6
CHEMBL1451
CID31307
CL 19823
Celeste
Cinolone
Cinolone-T
D00385
D014221
DB00620
Delphicort
EINECS 204-718-7
EU-0101179
Fluoxiprednisolone
Fluoxyprednisolone
Flutex
Fougera
HMS1568G22
HMS2090D12
HSDB 3194
Kenacort
Kenacort (TN)
Kenacort-A
Kenacort-AG
Kenacort-Ag
Kenalog
Kenalog in Orabase
Kenalog-10
Kenalog-40
Kenalog-H
LS-698
Ledercort
Lopac0_001179
 
MLS000028542
MLS001066543
MLS002695935
MolPort-002-528-981
Mycolog
NCGC00021580-03
NCGC00021580-04
NCGC00021580-05
NCGC00021580-06
NCGC00021580-07
NCI60_000750
NSC 13397
NSC13397
Nasacort
Nasacort Aq
Nasacort Hfa
Omcilon
Omicilon
Oracort
Oralone
Orion
Polcortolon
Pregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dio
Pregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione, 9-fluoro-11,16,17,21-tetrahydroxy-, (11beta,16alpha)
Pregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione, 9-fluoro-11beta,16alpha,17,21-tetrahydroxy- (8CI)
Prestwick0_000120
Prestwick1_000120
Prestwick2_000120
Prestwick3_000120
Prestwick_438
Rodinolone
S1933_Selleck
SK-Triamcinolone
SMP1_000300
SMR000058333
SPBio_002079
Sk-Triamcinolone
T6376_SIGMA
TRIAMCINOLONE (SEE ALSO TRIAMCINOLONE ACETONIDE (76-25-5) AND TRIAMCINOLONE DIACETATE (67-78-7))
Tiamcinolonum
Tiamcinolonum [INN-Latin]
Tri-Nasal
Triacet
Triacort
Triam-Tablinen
Triamcet
Triamcinalone
Triamcinlon
Triamcinolon
Triamcinolona
Triamcinolona [INN-Spanish]
Triamcinolone (JP15/USP/INN)
Triamcinolone [USAN:INN:BAN:JAN]
Triamcinolone acetonide
Triamcinolone diacetate
Triamcinolone hexacetonide
Triamcinolonum
Triamcinolonum [INN]
Triatex
Tricortale
Triderm
Trilone
Tristoject
Trymex
UNII-1ZK20VI6TY
Vetalog
Volon
Volon A
WLN: L E5 B666 OV KU MUTJ A1 BF CQ E1 FV1Q FQ GQ
ZINC03882036
droxypregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione
ione
nchembio.2007.53-comp7
triamcinolone
35
Benzocaineapproved20161994-09-7, 94-09-72337
Synonyms:
(p-(Ethoxycarbonyl)phenylamine
06952_FLUKA
112909_ALDRICH
112909_SIAL
1333-08-0
23239-88-5
23239-88-5 (hydrochloride)
4 Aminobenzoic Acid Ethyl Ester
4-(Ethoxycarbonyl)aniline
4-(Ethoxycarbonyl)phenylamine
4-14-00-01129 (Beilstein Handbook Reference)
4-Aminobenzoate
4-Aminobenzoic acid
4-Aminobenzoic acid ethyl ester
4-Aminobenzoic acid, ethyl ester
4-Carbethoxyaniline
4-amino-benzoic acid ethyl ester
4-aminobenzoic acid ethyl ester
71123-91-6
94-09-7
94-09-7 (Parent)
A0271
AB00051923
AC1L1DGC
AC1Q341A
AC1Q64JE
AE-562/40377256
AI3-02081
AKOS000119763
AR-1H9065
Acetate, Benzocaine
Aethoform
Aethylium paraminobenzoicum
Amben ethyl ester
Americaine
Anaesthan-syngala
Anaesthesin
Anaesthesinum
Anaesthin
Anestezin
Anestezin [Russian]
Anesthesin
Anesthesine
Anesthone
BB_SC-0019
BPBio1_001017
BRD-K75466013-001-05-2
BRN 0638434
BSPBio_000923
BSPBio_001908
Baby Anbesol
Bensokain
Benzoak
Benzocaina
Benzocaina [INN-Spanish]
Benzocaine
Benzocaine (USP/INN)
Benzocaine Acetate
Benzocaine Formate
Benzocaine Hydrobromide
Benzocaine Hydrochloride
Benzocaine Methanesulfonate
Benzocaine [INN:BAN]
Benzocainum
Benzocainum [INN-Latin]
Benzoic acid, 4-amino-, ethyl ester
Benzoic acid, 4-amino-, ethyl ester, hydrochloride
Benzoic acid, amino-, ethyl ester
Benzoic acid, p-amino-, ethyl ester
C07527
CAS-94-09-7
CHEBI:116735
CHEMBL278172
CID2337
Caswell No. 430A
Chloraseptic
D001566
D00552
DB01086
Dermoplast
Diet Ayds
DivK1c_000932
E1501_SIGMA
EINECS 202-303-5
EPA Pesticide Chemical Code 097001
ETHYL-P-AMINOBENZOATE
Ethoform
Ethoforme
Ethyl 4-aminobenzoate
Ethyl 4-aminobenzoate hydrochloride
Ethyl 4-aminobenzoic acid
Ethyl Aminobenzoate
Ethyl PABA
 
Ethyl aminobenzoate
Ethyl aminobenzoate (JP15)
Ethyl aminobenzoate (VAN)
Ethyl aminobenzoic acid
Ethyl p-Aminobenzoate
Ethyl p-Aminophenylcarboxylate
Ethyl p-aminobenzenecarboxylate
Ethyl p-aminobenzoate
Ethyl p-aminobenzoic acid
Ethyl p-aminophenylcarboxylate
Ethylester kyseliny p-aminobenzoove
Ethylester kyseliny p-aminobenzoove [Czech]
Ethylis aminobenzoas
Formate, Benzocaine
HMS1570O05
HMS1920G09
HMS2091M11
HMS502O14
HSDB 7225
Hurricaine
Hydrobromide, Benzocaine
Hydrochloride, Benzocaine
I05-0204
IDI1_000932
Identhesin
KBio1_000932
KBio2_000474
KBio2_003042
KBio2_005610
KBio3_001408
KBioGR_000658
KBioSS_000474
Keloform
LS-35847
MLS001331704
MLS002153970
Methanesulfonate, Benzocaine
MolPort-000-871-526
NCGC00016352-01
NCGC00094598-01
NCGC00094598-02
NINDS_000932
NSC 122792
NSC 41531
NSC41531
NSC4688
Norcain
Norcaine
Norcainum
Oprea1_750694
Oprea1_827402
Ora-jel
Orabase-B
Orthesin
Otocain
Outgro
Parathesin
Parathesin (TN)
Parathesine
Prestwick0_000712
Prestwick1_000712
Prestwick2_000712
Prestwick3_000712
Prestwick_991
SMR000059025
SPBio_000134
SPBio_002844
SPECTRUM1500139
STK043620
Slim Mint Gum
Solarcaine
Solu H
Spectrum2_000117
Spectrum3_000314
Spectrum4_000249
Spectrum5_000860
Spectrum_000074
Topcaine
UNII-U3RSY48JW5
WLN: ZR DVO2
ZINC12358719
benzocaine
ethylaminobenzoate-4
h-4-abz-oet
nchembio.182-comp4
p-(Ethoxycarbonyl)aniline
p-Aminobenzoate
p-Aminobenzoic acid
p-Aminobenzoic acid ethyl ester
p-Aminobenzoic acid, ethyl ester
p-Aminobenzoic ethyl ester
p-Carbethoxyaniline
p-Ethoxycarboxylic Aniline
p-Ethoxycarboxylic aniline
36
Dipivefrinapproved9752365-63-63105
Synonyms:
( -)-2,2-Dimethylpropansaeure-4-(1-hydroxy-2-(methylamino)ethyl)-1,2-phenylenester
( -)-4-(1-Hydroxy-2-methylaminoethyl)-o-phenylendipivalat
(+-)-3,4-Dihydroxy-alpha-((methylamino)methyl)benzyl alcohol 3,4-dipivalate
(+-)-4-[1-Hydroxy-2-(methylamino)ethyl]-O-phenylene divavalate
(+-)-4-[1-hydroxy-2-(methylamino)ethyl]-o-phenylene divavalate
(RS)-4-(1-Hydroxy-2-(methylamino)ethyl)-1,2-phenylen dipivalat
1-(3',4'-Dipivaloyloxyphenyl)-2-methylamino-1-ethanol
1-(3',4'-dipivaloyloxyphenyl)-2-methylamino-1-ethanol
2,2-Dimethylpropanoic acid 4-[1-hydroxy-2-(methylamino)ethyl]-1,2-phenylene ester
4-(1-Hydroxy-2-(methylamino)ethyl)-1,2-phenylen dipivalat
4-[1-Hydroxy-2-(methylamino)ethyl]-O-phenylene divavalate
4-[1-hydroxy-2-(methylamino)ethyl]-o-phenylene divavalate
4-[1-hydroxy-2-(methylamino)ethyl]benzene-1,2-diyl bis(2,2-dimethylpropanoate)
52365-63-6
AB00514686
AC1L1F6K
AKOS003662293
AKPro
BPBio1_000688
BRD-A47494775-003-03-0
BSPBio_000624
C06963
C19H29NO5
CHEBI:4646
CID3105
D02349
DB00449
Dipivalyl Epinephrine
 
Dipivefrin
Dipivefrin (USAN)
Dipivefrin HCL
Dipivefrin [USAN]
Dipivefrina
Dipivefrina [INN-Spanish]
Dipivefrine
Dipivefrine (INN)
Dipivefrinum
Dipivefrinum [INN-Latin]
Dipivéfrine
K 30081
L000915
LS-121419
NCGC00179499-01
Ophtho-Dipivefrin
Prestwick0_000632
Prestwick1_000632
Prestwick2_000632
Prestwick3_000632
Pro-Epinephrine
Propine
Propine C Cap B.I.D.
SPBio_002843
UNII-8Q1PVL543G
[2-(2,2-dimethylpropanoyloxy)-4-[1-hydroxy-2-(methylamino)ethyl]phenyl] 2,2-dimethylpropanoate
dipivalyl epinephrine
dipivefrin
nchembio747-comp3
37
Timololapproved25226839-75-833624, 5478
Synonyms:
(-)-3-Morpholino-4-(3-tert-butylamino-2-hydroxypropoxy)-1,2,5-thiadiazole
(2S)-1-((1,1-dimethylethyl)amino)-3-((4-(4-morpholinyl)-1,2,5-thiadiazol-3-yl)oxy)-2-propanol
(2S)-1-(tert-butylamino)-3-[(4-morpholin-4-yl-1,2,5-thiadiazol-3-yl)oxy]propan-2-ol
(2S)-1-[(1,1-dimethylethyl)amino]-3-[(4-morpholin-4-yl-1,2,5-thiadiazol-3-yl)oxy]propan-2-ol
(S)-1-(1,1-(Dimethylethyl)amino)-3-((4-(4-morpholinyl)-1,2,5-thiadiazol-3-yl)oxy)-2-propanol
(S)-1-(tert-Butylamino)-3-((4-morpholino-1,2,5-thiadiazol-3-yl)oxy)propan-2-ol
(S)-1-(tert-butylamino)-3-[(4-morpholin-4-yl-1,2,5-thiadiazol-3-yl)oxy]propan-2-ol
(S)-timolol
131628-37-0
194288-09-0
26839-75-8
26921-17-5 (maleate (1:1) salt)
AB00513729
AC1L1PYN
AC1Q59QM
Apo-Timol
Apo-Timop
Aquanil
BIDD:GT0073
BPBio1_001008
BRD-K08806317-050-03-6
BSPBio_000916
Betim
Betimol
Betimol (TN)
Blocadren
C07141
C13H24N4O3S
CAS-26921-17-5
CHEBI:9599
CHEMBL499
CID33624
CPD001456519
D08600
DB00373
DB08625
EINECS 248-032-6
HMS2089I11
HSDB 6533
Istalol
L-714,465
LS-122231
Lopac-T-6394
Lopac0_001189
MK-950
NCGC00016038-01
 
NCGC00016038-02
NCGC00016798-01
NCGC00016798-07
NCGC00022033-02
NCGC00022033-04
NCGC00022033-05
Novo-Timol
Nu-Timolol
Oprea1_640981
Optimol
Phoxal-timolol
Prestwick0_000948
Prestwick1_000948
Prestwick2_000948
Prestwick3_000948
Proflax
S(-)-Timolol maleate
S-(-)-3-(3-tert-Butylamino-2-hydroxypropoxy)-4-morpholino-1,2,5-thiadiazole
SAM002564238
SPBio_003075
ST072193
TIM
Temserin
Tenopt
Tim-AK
Timacar
Timacor
Timolol
Timolol (INN)
Timolol (TN)
Timolol GFS
Timolol Maleate, (1:1) Salt
Timolol [USAN]
Timolol anhydrous
Timolol maleate
Timololo
Timololum
Timololum [INN-Latin]
Timopic
Timoptic
Timoptic OcuDose
Timoptic in Ocudose
Timoptic-XE
Timoptol
Tocris-0649
UNII-817W3C6175
timolol
38
Dorzolamideapproved68120279-96-13154, 5284549
Synonyms:
(4S,6S)-4-(ethylamino)-6-methyl-5,6-dihydro-4H-thieno[2,3-b]thiopyran-2-sulfonamide 7,7-dioxide
(4S,6S)-4-(ethylamino)-6-methyl-7,7-dioxo-5,6-dihydro-4H-thieno[2,3-b]thiopyran-2-sulfonamide
(4S,6S)-4-Ethylamino-6-methyl-7,7-dioxo-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-7lambda*6*-thieno[2,3-b]thiopyran-2-sulfonic acid amide
(4S,trans)-4-(Ethylamino)-6-methyl-5,6-dihydro-4H-thieno[2,3-b]thiopyran-2-sulfonamide 7,7-dioxide
(4S,trans)-4-(ethylamino)-6-methyl-5,6-dihydro-4H-thieno[2,3-b]thiopyran-2-sulfonamide 7,7-dioxide
(4S-TRANS)-4-(ETHYLAMINO)-5,6-DIHYDRO-6-METHYL-4H-THIENO(2,3-B)THIOPYRAN-2-SULFONAMIDE-7,7-DIOXIDE
(4S-trans)-4-(ETHYLAMINO)-5,6-dihydro-6-methyl-4H-thieno(2,3-b)thiopyran-2-sulfonamide-7,7-dioxide
120279-96-1
1cil
4-Ethylamino-6-methyl-7,7-dioxo-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-7lambda*6*-thieno[2,3-b]thiopyran-2-sulfonic acid amide
4-Ethylamino-6-methyl-7,7-dioxo-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-7lambda6-thieno[2,3-b]thiopyran-2-sulfonic acid amide
4S,6S-Dorzolamide
AB00514687
AC1NR4NP
BIDD:GT0306
BPBio1_001377
BRD-K48617017-003-03-1
BSPBio_001252
C06969
CHEBI:4702
 
CHEMBL218490
CID5284549
D07871
DB04507
Dorzolamid
Dorzolamida
Dorzolamide
Dorzolamide (DZA)
Dorzolamide (INN)
Dorzolamidum
HMS2089O06
MolPort-005-941-739
Prestwick0_001116
Prestwick1_001116
Prestwick2_001116
Prestwick3_001116
SPBio_003116
STK645522
Trusopt
Trusopt (TN)
dorzolamide
39
Mentholapproved26062216-51-516666
Synonyms:
(−
()-Menthol
(+)-Neo-menthol
(+)-p-Menthan-3-ol
(+-)-(1R*,3R*,4S*)-Menthol
(+-)-Menthol
(+/-)-Menthol
(+/-)-p-Menthan-3-ol
(-)-(1R,3R,4S)-Menthol
(-)-Menthyl alcohol
(-)-menthol
(-)-p-Menthan-3-ol
(-)-trans-p-Menthan-cis-ol
(1R)-(-)-Menthol
(1R,2S,5R)-(-)-menthol
(1R,2S,5R)-Menthol
(1R,3R,4S)-(-)-MENTHOL
(1R,3R,4S)-(-)-Menthol
(1R-(1-alpha,2-beta,5-alpha))-5-Methyl-2-(1-methylethyl)cyclohexanol
(1S, 2S, 5R)-(+)-Neomenthol
(1S,2R,5R)-(+)-Isomenthol
(1S,2R,5S)-(+)-Menthol
(1S,2R,5S)-Menthol
(1alpha,2beta,5alpha)-5-Methyl-2(1-methylethyl)cyclohexanol
(1r,2s,5r)-(-)-menthol
(L)-MENTHOL
(R)-(-)-Menthol
(r)-(-)-menthol
)-Menthol
--MENTHOL
1-Menthol
1490-04-6
15356-60-2
15356-70-4
15785_RIEDEL
15785_SIAL
19863P
2-Isopropyl-5-methylcyclohexanol
20747-49-3
2216-51-5
3-p-Menthol
4-Isopropyl-1-methylcyclohexan-3-ol
491-02-1
5-Methyl-2-(1-methylethyl)-cyclohexanol
5-Methyl-2-(1-methylethyl)cyclohexanol
5-methyl-2-(propan-2-yl)cyclohexanol
5-methyl-2-propan-2-ylcyclohexan-1-ol
551376_ALDRICH
551376_FLUKA
588733_ALDRICH
613290_ALDRICH
613290_FLUKA
63660_FLUKA
63670_ALDRICH
63670_FLUKA
63975-60-0
6C6A4A8C-A054-468C-A1F0-F29E39838CF2
89-78-1
98167-53-4
AC1L1B2E
AC1L28FR
AC1Q1NQ2
AC1Q2QQM
AI3-08161
AI3-52408
AKOS000119740
AR-1J3337
BB_NC-0057
BRN 1902288
BRN 3194263
BSPBio_003062
C00400
C10H20O
CCRIS 3728
CCRIS 375
CCRIS 4666
CCRIS 9231
CHEBI:15409
CHEBI:545611
CHEMBL256087
CHEMBL470670
CID1254
CID16666
Caswell No. 540
D-(-)-Menthol
D-p-Menthan-3-ol
D00064
D008610
D04849
D04918
DB00825
DivK1c_000820
EINECS 201-939-0
EINECS 207-724-8
EINECS 216-074-4
EINECS 218-690-9
EINECS 239-387-8
EINECS 239-388-3
EPA Pesticide Chemical Code 051601
FEMA No. 2665
Fisherman's friend lozenges
Fisherman's friend lozenges (TN)
HMS1922G13
HMS2092L14
HMS502I22
 
HSDB 5662
HSDB 593
Headache crystals
Hexahydrothymol
I06-1216
I14-7371
IDI1_000820
KBio1_000820
KBio2_000785
KBio2_003353
KBio2_005921
KBio3_002562
KBioSS_000785
L-(-)-Menthol
L-(-)-menthol
L-Menthol
L-menthol
LMPR0102090001
LS-2353
LS-57201
LS-886
LS-89531
LS-89533
Levomenthol
Levomenthol [INN:BAN]
Levomentholum
Levomentholum [INN-Latin]
Levomentol
M0321
M0545
M2772_SIAL
MENTHOL
MLS002207256
Menthacamphor
Menthol
Menthol (USP)
Menthol (VAN)
Menthol natural
Menthol natural, brazilian
Menthol racemic
Menthol racemique
Menthol racemique [French]
Menthol solution
Menthol, (1alpha,2beta,5alpha)-Isomer
Menthomenthol
Menthyl alcohol
MolPort-000-849-729
MolPort-001-793-392
NCGC00159382-02
NCGC00159382-03
NCGC00164247-01
NCGC00164247-02
NCI-C50000
NINDS_000820
NOOLISFMXDJSKH-KXUCPTDWBX
NSC 2603
NSC 62788
NSC2603
NSC62788
Neoisomenthol
Peppermint camphor
RACEMIC MENTHOL U.S.P.
Racementhol
Racementhol [INN:BAN]
Racementholum
Racementholum [INN-Latin]
Racementol
Racementol [INN-Spanish]
Racemic menthol
Robitussin Cough Drops
SDCCGMLS-0066659.P001
SMR001306785
SPBio_000869
SPECTRUM1503134
STK802468
Spectrum2_000855
Spectrum3_001561
Spectrum5_001060
Spectrum_000305
Tra-kill tracheal mite killer
U.S.P. Menthol
U.S.p. Menthol
UNII-BZ1R15MTK7
UNII-L7T10EIP3A
UNII-YS08XHA860
W266507_ALDRICH
W266523_ALDRICH
W266590_ALDRICH
WLN: L6TJ AY1&1 BQ D1
WLN: L6TJ AY1&1 DQ D1 -L
ZINC01482164
cis-1 ,3-trans-1,4-(+-)-menthol
cis-1,3-trans-1,4-(+-)-menthol
d,l-Menthol
d-Menthol
d-Neomenthol
dl-3-p-Menthanol
dl-Menthol
dl-Menthol (JP15)
l-(-)-Menthol
l-Menthol
l-Menthol (JP15)
l-Menthol (TN)
l-Menthol (natural)
nchembio862-comp1
p-Menthan-3-ol
rac-Menthol
40
Hyaluronic acidapproved, vet_approved4699004-61-953477741, 24759
Synonyms:
Hyaluronan
Hyaluronate
Hyaluronic acid
Hylartil
Hyruan Plus
Luronit
 
Macronan
Mucoitin
Nutra-HAF
Q 5AQ
Sepracoat
Sepragel Sinus
Sofast
Synvisc
41
Povidone-iodineapproved16925655-41-8
Synonyms:
 
Betadine
42tannic acidapproved, Nutraceutical2016
43
Vitamin Aapproved, nutraceutical, vet_approved49211103-57-4, 68-26-8445354
Synonyms:
(2E,4E,6E,8E)-3,7-dimethyl-9-(2,6,6-trimethylcyclohex-1-en-1-yl)nona-2,4,6,8-tetraen-1-ol
(2E,4E,6E,8E)-3,7-dimethyl-9-(2,6,6-trimethylcyclohexen-1-yl)nona-2,4,6,8-tetraen-1-ol
(all-E)-3,7-Dimethyl-9-(2,6,6-trimethyl-1-cyclohexen-1-yl)-2,4,6,8-nonatetraen-1-ol
.alpha.lin
.alpha.sterol
.beta.-Retinol
11103-57-4
13123-33-6
1341-18-0
1406-67-3
17104-91-5
1rbp
3,7-Dimethyl-9-(2,6,6-trimethyl-1-cyclchexen-1-yl)-2,4,6,8-nonatetraen-1-ol
3,7-Dimethyl-9-(2,6,6-trimethyl-1-cyclohexen-1-yl)-2,4,6,8-nonate-traen-1-ol
3,7-Dimethyl-9-(2,6,6-trimethyl-1-cyclohexen-1-yl)-2,4,6,8-nonatetraen-1-ol
3,7-Dimethyl-9-(2,6,6-trimethyl-1-cyclohexenyl)-2,4,6,8-nonatetraen-1-ol
3,7-dimethyl-9-(2,6,6-trimethyl-1-cyclohexen-1-yl)-2,4,6,8-nonatetraen-1-ol, (all-E)-Isomer
4-06-00-04133 (Beilstein Handbook Reference)
53637-36-8
5979-23-7
68-26-8
95144_FLUKA
95144_SIGMA
95146_FLUKA
95146_SIGMA
A-Mulsal
A-Sol
A-Vi-Pel
A-Vitan
AC-11701
AC1L9HU3
AC1Q7BU9
ACON
ALL-TRANS RETINOL (SEE ALSO RETINOID PROJECT 1)
AR-1L3057
ATAV
Afaxin
Agiolan
Agoncal
Alcohol 9,13-dimethyl-7-(1,1,5-trimethyl-6-cyclohexen-5-yl)-7,9,11,13-nonatetraen-15-ol
Alcovit A
All Trans Retinol
All-trans retinol
All-trans-Retinol
Alphalin
Alphasterol
Anatola
Anatola A
Anti-infective vitamin
Antixerophthalmic vitamin
Antixerophthalmisches Vitamin
Aoral
Apexol
Apostavit
Aquasol A Parenteral
Aquasynth
Atars
Avibon
Avita
Avitol
Axerol
Axerophthol
Axerophtholum
BIDD:PXR0102
BRN 0403040
Bentavit A
Biosterol
C00473
C17276
C20H30O
CCRIS 5444
CHEBI:17336
CHEMBL986
CID445354
Chocola A
Cylasphere
D014801
D06543
DB00162
Del-VI-A
Disatabs Tabs
Dofsol
Dohyfral A
EINECS 200-683-7
EINECS 234-328-2
Epiteliol
HMS1921B04
HMS2092L13
HMS501I08
HSDB 815
Hi-A-Vita
Homagenets Aoral
Homagenets aorl
Hydrovit A
IDI1_000486
LMPR01090001
LPK
LS-1578
Lard Factor
M.V.C. 9+3
M.V.I.-12
 
MLS001066379
MLS001074751
MolPort-001-785-962
Mvc Plus
Myvpack
NCGC00091784-01
NCGC00091784-02
NCGC00091784-03
NCGC00091784-04
NCGC00091784-05
NCGC00091784-06
NSC 122759
NSC122759
Nio-A-Let
Oleovitamin A
Ophthalamin
Plivit A
Prepalin
R7632_SIGMA
Retin-11,12-t2-ol (9CI)
Retinol
Retinol [INN:BAN]
Retinol solution
Retinol, all-trans- (8CI)
Retinol-(cellular-retinol-binding-protein)
Retinolo
Retinolo [DCIT]
Retinolum
Retinolum [INN-Latin]
Retrovitamin A
Ro-a-vit
Rovimix A 500
SDCCGMLS-0066724.P001
SMP2_000102
SMR000112036
SPECTRUM1501203
ST057232
Sehkraft A
Solu-A
Spectrum5_000993
Spectrum5_001997
Super A
Testavol
Testavol S
Thalasphere
UNII-81G40H8B0T
UNII-G2SH0XKK91
Vaflol
Vafol
Veroftal
Vi-.alpha.
Vi-Alpha
Vi-Dom-A
Vi-a
Vio-A
Vitamin A
Vitamin A (Feed)
Vitamin A (USP)
Vitamin A alcohol
Vitamin A alcohol (VAN)
Vitamin A cryst
Vitamin A1
Vitamin A1 alcohol
Vitamin A1 alcohol, all trans
Vitamin- A
Vitamin- A alcohol
Vitamin- A alcohol solution
Vitamin- A1
Vitamin-?A
Vitamin-?A alcohol
Vitamin-?A alcohol solution
Vitamin-?A1
Vitamine A
Vitaminum A
Vitavel A
Vitavel-A
Vitpex
Vogan
Vogan-Neu
Vogan-nu
WLN: L6UTJ A1 B1U1Y1&U2U1Y1&U2Q C1 C1
Wachstumsvitamin
ZINC03831417
Zinosan N
[11,12-3H]-Retinol
alin
all-trans-3,7-Dimethyl-9-(2,6,6-trimethyl-1-cyclohexen-1-yl)-2,4,6,8-nonatetraen-1-ol
all-trans-Retinol
all-trans-Retinyl alcohol
all-trans-Vitamin A
all-trans-Vitamin A alcohol
all-trans-Vitamin A1
all-trans-retinol
all-trans-retinyl alcohol
all-trans-vitamin A alcohol
b-Retinol
beta-Retinol
retinol
tROL
trans-Retinol
trans-Retinol acid (Vitamin A)
trans-Vitamin A alcohol
trans-retinol
44
Diminazeneexperimental3536-71-0
Synonyms:
1,3-TRIS-(4'AMIDINOPHENYL)TRIAZINE
4,4'-(1-Triazene-1,3-diyl)bis-benzenecarboximidamide
 
4,4'-(Diazoamino)benzamidine
Diminazene aceturate
Diminazine
Diminazine aceturate
45Triamcinolone hexacetonide510
46Neurotransmitter Agents18340
47Psychotropic Drugs6430
48Hypnotics and Sedatives2616
49GABA Agents1684
50GABA Modulators904

Interventional clinical trials:

(show top 50)    (show all 104)
idNameStatusNCT IDPhase
1Effects of Different Area of Internal Limiting Membrane Peeling (ILM) Peeling on Anatomical Outcomes in Macular Hole SurgeryCompletedNCT02930369Phase 4
2Assessment of Patients Treated With JETREA® for Vitreomacular TractionCompletedNCT02035748Phase 4
3Ocriplasmin for Vitreomacular Traction/Symptomatic Vitreomacular AdhesionCompletedNCT02322229Phase 4
4Study of Surgery in Patients With Idiopathic Macular HoleRecruitingNCT02905409Phase 4
5Cohort Study of the Clinical Course of Macular Diseases in KagawaRecruitingNCT02321267Phase 4
6TF (SENSIMED Triggerfish) in Intraocular Anti-VEGF (Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor) InjectionTerminatedNCT01983579Phase 4
7Brilliant Blue Versus Indocyanine GreenUnknown statusNCT01083004Phase 3
8Safety and Efficacy of Double Staining With Brilliant Blue G for Macular SurgeryUnknown statusNCT01820520Phase 3
9Ocriplasmin for Treatment for Symptomatic Vitreomacular Adhesion Including Macular HoleCompletedNCT01429441Phase 3
10Association of Lutein, Zeaxanthin and Brilliant Blue in ChromovitrectomyCompletedNCT01627977Phase 3
11Trial of Microplasmin Intravitreal Injection for Non-Surgical Treatment of Focal Vitreomacular Adhesion. The MIVI-TRUST (TG-MV-007) Trial.CompletedNCT00798317Phase 3
12A Phase III Study of A01016 in Subjects With Symptomatic Vitreomacular AdhesionCompletedNCT01889251Phase 3
13A Safety And Efficacy Study Of Alg-1001 In Human Subjects With Symptomatic Focal Vitreomacular AdhesionCompletedNCT02153476Phase 2
14Intravitreal Microplasmin in Patients Undergoing Surgical VitrectomyCompletedNCT00123279Phase 2
15Analysis of Aqueous and Vitreous HumorRecruitingNCT02067013Phase 2
16Study of OT-551 Eye Drops to Prevent or Delay Progression of Nuclear Cataracts Following Vitreous RemovalTerminatedNCT00333060Phase 2
17PK Study of Iontophoretic Dexamethasone Phosphate Ophthalmic Solution in Patients Undergoing VitrectomyCompletedNCT02644694Phase 1
18Clinical Trial of Intravitreal Injection of Autologous Bone Marrow Stem Cells in Patients With Retinitis PigmentosaCompletedNCT02280135Phase 1
19Inverted ILM Repositioning as Treatment for Full Thickness Macular HolesUnknown statusNCT01228188
20Early Vitrectomy for Impending Macular HoleUnknown statusNCT01121965
21Macular Hole Surgery With and Without Internal Limiting Membrane Peeling:A Systematic Review and Meta-analysisUnknown statusNCT01687829
22The Intravitreal Autologous Platelet Concentrate Injection as an Adjunct of Vitrectomy for the Treatment of Refractory Macular HolesUnknown statusNCT02081170
23Early Vitrectomy for Macular Tractional MaculopathyUnknown statusNCT01121978
24Comparison of Postoperative Aqueous Flare After 20G Versus 23G Pars Plana VitrectomyUnknown statusNCT01969929
25Prognostic Factors for Visual Improvement in Patients Undergoing Intravitreal Ranibizumab for Retinal Vein OcclusionUnknown statusNCT02144662
26Prophylactic Laser Photocoagulation and Vitrectomy for Acute Retinal NecrosisUnknown statusNCT02222857
27Comparison of Two Techniques for Epiretinal or Internal Limiting Membrane PeelUnknown statusNCT00892619
28Observation of Recovery of Foveal Cone Microstructures After Macular Hole SurgeryCompletedNCT01306487
29Optical Coherence Tomography-based Positioning for Macular Hole SurgeryCompletedNCT02650739
30Foveal Cone Outer Segment Resumption to Predict Visual Recovery After Macular Hole SurgeryCompletedNCT01381965
31Alleviated Positioning for Small Macular HolesCompletedNCT00190164
32Preoperative Progression of Macular HolesCompletedNCT02203929
33Trial of Prognostic Factors and Surgical Methods for the Treatment of Idiopathic Macular HolesCompletedNCT00302328
34Air Tamponade in Macular Hole SurgeryCompletedNCT01680068
35Postoperative Positioning After Surgery for Macular HolesCompletedNCT01974310
36Outcome of Idiopathic Macular HoleCompletedNCT00941291
37Comparative Study Between Early Vitrectomy and Observation for Spontaneous Closure of Traumatic Macular HoleCompletedNCT01509092
38Unveiling Preclinical Idiopathic Macular Hole FormationCompletedNCT02180633
39Air Tamponade in Macular Holes < 400 μmCompletedNCT02028481
40Brillant Blue Versus Indocyanine Green for Macular Hole SurgeryCompletedNCT00757471
41High Myopia Macular Hole and Retinal Detachment Treated With Double ILM FlapsCompletedNCT03174639
42Fundus Autofluorescence After Macular Hole SurgeryCompletedNCT02628262
43Optical Coherence Tomography in Gas-filled EyesCompletedNCT01266746
44Macular Hole in Diabetic RetinopathyCompletedNCT00737074
45Microperimetry and Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) in Idiopathic Macular HoleCompletedNCT01757600
46Combined Versus Successive Macular Hole and Cataract SurgeryCompletedNCT01069029
47Elongation of Foveal Tissue After Macular Hole SurgeryCompletedNCT01471912
48Macular Hole ReopeningCompletedNCT00927628
49An Objective Evaluation of Postoperative Positioning in Macular Hole SurgeryCompletedNCT02011165
50Internal Limiting Membrane Peeling for Large Macular HolesCompletedNCT00190190

Search NIH Clinical Center for Macular Holes

Genetic Tests for Macular Holes

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Anatomical Context for Macular Holes

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MalaCards organs/tissues related to Macular Holes:

36
Eye, Retina, Testes, Cortex

Publications for Macular Holes

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Articles related to Macular Holes:

(show top 50)    (show all 641)
idTitleAuthorsYear
1
Macular hole in Stargardt disease: Clinical and ultra-structural observation. (28121212)
2017
2
Monitoring macular pigment changes in macular holes using fluorescence lifetime imaging ophthalmoscopy. (27775222)
2016
3
EPIRETINAL MEMBRANE-INDUCED FULL-THICKNESS MACULAR HOLES: The Clinical Features and Surgical Outcomes. (26934453)
2016
4
Long-term Follow-up and Outcomes in Traumatic Macular Holes. (27079301)
2016
5
Inverted Internal Limiting Membrane Insertion for Macular Hole-Associated Retinal Detachment in High Myopia. (27174666)
2016
6
Surgical outcomes of lamellar macular holes with and without lamellar hole-associated epiretinal proliferation. (27647708)
2016
7
Aniseikonia and Foveal Microstructure in Patients with Idiopathic Macular Hole. (27406114)
2016
8
Lamellar macular hole in X linked retinoschisis. (27170611)
2016
9
Internal limiting membrane transplantation for unclosed and large macular holes. (27520464)
2016
10
Real-life experience with intravitreal ocriplasmin on vitreomacular traction and full-thickness macular holes. (27502626)
2016
11
Bilateral macular holes and a new onset vitelliform lesion in Best disease. (27031371)
2016
12
Free ILM patch transplantation for recalcitrant macular holes; should we save some internal limiting membrane for later? (27614463)
2016
13
Anatomical and Functional Results of Lamellar Macular Holes Surgery. (27116504)
2016
14
Role of lamellar hole-associated epiretinal proliferation in lamellar macular holes. (27889502)
2016
15
RECURRENT MACULAR HOLES IN THE ERA OF SMALL-GAUGE VITRECTOMY: A Review of Incidence, Risk Factors, and Outcomes. (27627748)
2016
16
PREDICTION OF MORPHOLOGIC DETERIORATION IN PATIENTS WITH LAMELLAR MACULAR HOLES. (26934452)
2016
17
Viscoat Assisted Inverted Internal Limiting Membrane Flap Technique for Large Macular Holes Associated with High Myopia. (27047686)
2016
18
SURGICAL TREATMENT OF A MACULAR HOLE IN X-LINKED RETINOSCHISIS. (27203560)
2016
19
Modification of the Inverted Internal Limiting Membrane Flap Technique for the Treatment of Chronic and Large Macular Holes. (26696312)
2016
20
Nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy following pars plana vitrectomy for macular hole treatment: case report. (27982219)
2016
21
Internal limiting membrane translocation for refractory macular holes. (27146153)
2016
22
Autologous Neurosensory Retinal Free Flap for Closure of Refractory Myopic Macular Holes. (26720054)
2016
23
CORRELATIONS BETWEEN PREOPERATIVE RETINAL PIGMENT EPITHELIAL PROTRUSIONS AND POSTOPERATIVE OUTCOMES IN EYES WITH IDIOPATHIC MACULAR HOLES. (27429383)
2016
24
Vitreoretinal traction and lamellar macular holes associated with cicatricial toxoplasmic retinochoroiditis: case series report. (27312206)
2016
25
Management of Challenging Macular Holes: Current Concepts and New Surgical Techniques. (27327279)
2016
26
RAPID MACULAR HOLE FORMATION, SPONTANEOUS CLOSURE, AND REOPENING AFTER PARS PLANA VITRECTOMY FOR MACULA-SPARING RETINAL DETACHMENT. (27145172)
2016
27
Inverted Internal Limiting Membrane Flap For Large Traumatic Macular Holes. (26817894)
2016
28
THE ASSOCIATION OF EPIRETINAL MEMBRANE WITH MACULAR HOLE FORMATION AFTER RHEGMATOGENOUS RETINAL DETACHMENT REPAIR. (27632712)
2016
29
RISK FACTORS FOR DEVELOPMENT OF MACULAR HOLE RETINAL DETACHMENT AFTER PARS PLANA VITRECTOMY FOR PATHOLOGIC MYOPIC FOVEOSCHISIS. (27652914)
2016
30
Vitreal Cytokine Profile Differences Between Eyes With Epiretinal Membranes or Macular Holes. (27893098)
2016
31
Size and vitreomacular attachment of primary full-thickness macular holes. (27913441)
2016
32
INVERTED INTERNAL LIMITING MEMBRANE FLAP TECHNIQUE FOR MACULAR HOLES IN HIGH MYOPIA WITH AXIAL LENGTH a8Y30 mm. (26966865)
2016
33
Inverted Internal Limiting Membrane Flap Technique for Repair of Large Macular Holes: A Short-term Follow-up of Anatomical and Functional Outcomes. (26904983)
2016
34
Leber Hereditary Optic Neuropathy Associated with Bilateral Macular Holes. (27335507)
2016
35
INDUCTION OF MACULAR DETACHMENT FOR THE TREATMENT OF PERSISTENT OR RECURRENT IDIOPATHIC MACULAR HOLES. (26866526)
2016
36
Spectral versus time-domain OCT in detecting preoperative epiretinal membranes that accompany macular holes. (27646327)
2016
37
Optimal management of idiopathic macular holes. (26834454)
2016
38
CLOSING MACULAR HOLES WITH "MACULAR PLUG" WITHOUT GAS TAMPONADE AND POSTOPERATIVE POSTURING. (27491044)
2016
39
Postoperative eccentric macular holes after vitrectomy and internal limiting membrane peeling. (27531517)
2016
40
Inverted Internal Limiting Membrane Insertion for Macular Hole-Associated Retinal Detachment in High Myopia. (27156648)
2016
41
Long-term Follow-up and Outcomes in Traumatic Macular Holes. (27084591)
2016
42
Rhegmatogenous retinal detachment due to a macular hole in a patient with pars planitis: a case report. (25565856)
2015
43
Epiretinal proliferation in lamellar macular holes and full-thickness macular holes: clinical and surgical findings. (26311257)
2015
44
Enhanced vitreous imaging optical coherence tomography in primary macular holes. (26349565)
2015
45
Primary silicone oil tamponade and internal limiting membrane peeling for retinal detachment due to macular hole in highly myopic eyes with chorioretinal atrophy. (26560878)
2015
46
A Comparative Study between Vitrectomy with Internal Tamponade and a New Modified Fiber Optic Illuminated Ando Plombe for Cases of Macular Hole Retinal Detachment in Myopic Eyes. (26550487)
2015
47
Comparing functional and morphologic characteristics of lamellar macular holes with and without lamellar hole-associated epiretinal proliferation. (25521439)
2015
48
Movement of the inner retina complex during the development of primary full-thickness macular holes: implications for hypotheses of pathogenesis. (25673252)
2015
49
Enhanced S-Cone Syndrome and Macular Hole. (26067693)
2015
50
Is visual acuity non-inferior in full-thickness macular holes treated with ocriplasmin? (26408507)
2015

Variations for Macular Holes

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Expression for genes affiliated with Macular Holes

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Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Macular Holes.

Pathways for genes affiliated with Macular Holes

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GO Terms for genes affiliated with Macular Holes

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Cellular components related to Macular Holes according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1extracellular regionGO:00055767.4ADM, ANGPT2, CCL2, MIF, PTGDS, RS1
2extracellular spaceGO:00056156.7ADM, ANGPT2, CCL2, MIF, PTGDS, RS1

Biological processes related to Macular Holes according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 15)
idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1prostaglandin biosynthetic processGO:000151610.4MIF, PTGDS
2positive chemotaxisGO:005091810.2MIF, VEGFA
3negative regulation of gene expressionGO:001062910.2MIF, SERPINF1, TGFB2
4kidney developmentGO:000182210.1SERPINF1, TGFB2, VEGFA
5glial cell migrationGO:000834710.1CCL2, TGFB2
6cellular response to dexamethasone stimulusGO:007154910.1CCL2, SERPINF1
7maternal process involved in female pregnancyGO:006013510.0ANGPT2, CCL2
8positive regulation of angiogenesisGO:00457669.9ADM, ANGPT2, VEGFA
9positive regulation of leukocyte migrationGO:00026879.7CCL2, VEGFA
10negative regulation of angiogenesisGO:00165259.7ANGPT2, CCL2, SERPINF1
11agingGO:00075689.7ADM, CCL2, SERPINF1
12animal organ regenerationGO:00311009.7ADM, ANGPT2, CCL2
13angiogenesisGO:00015259.3ANGPT2, CCL2, TGFB2, VEGFA
14response to woundingGO:00096119.0ADM, CCL2, TGFB2
15response to hypoxiaGO:00016668.3ADM, ANGPT2, CCL2, KCNMA1, TGFB2, VEGFA

Molecular functions related to Macular Holes according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1chemoattractant activityGO:004205610.3MIF, VEGFA
2cytokine activityGO:00051259.2CCL2, MIF, TGFB2, VEGFA
3receptor bindingGO:00051028.4ADM, ANGPT2, CCL2, MIF, TGFB2

Sources for Macular Holes

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2CDC
6CNVD
10DGIdb
15ExPASy
16FDA
17FMA
27GTR
28HGMD
29HMDB
30ICD10
31ICD10 via Orphanet
32ICD9CM
33IUPHAR
34KEGG
37MedGen
39MeSH
40MESH via Orphanet
41MGI
44NCI
45NCIt
46NDF-RT
49NINDS
50Novoseek
52OMIM
53OMIM via Orphanet
57PubMed
58QIAGEN
63SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
67Tumor Gene Family of Databases
68UMLS
69UMLS via Orphanet