MCID: MSL001
MIFTS: 58

Measles malady

Rare diseases, Infectious diseases, Skin diseases categories

Aliases & Classifications for Measles

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Summaries for Measles

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MedlinePlus:32 Measles is an infectious disease caused by a virus. it spreads easily from person to person. the main symptom of measles is an itchy skin rash. the rash often starts on the head and moves down the body. other symptoms include fever cough runny nose conjunctivitis (pink eye) feeling achy and run down tiny white spots inside the mouth sometimes measles can lead to serious problems. there is no treatment for measles, but the measles-mumps-rubella (mmr) vaccine can prevent it. "german measles", also known as rubella, is a completely different illness. centers for disease control and prevention

MalaCards based summary: Measles, also known as rubeola, is related to rubella and mumps, and has symptoms including fever, cough and coryza. An important gene associated with Measles is CD46 (CD46 molecule, complement regulatory protein), and among its related pathways are Cytokines and Inflammatory Response and Interferon Pathway. The compounds flagellin and lipoteichoic acid have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include skin, skin and eye, and related mouse phenotypes are tumorigenesis and hematopoietic system.

Disease Ontology:8 A viral infectious disease that results in infection located in skin, has material basis in measles virus, which is transmitted by contact with oronasal secretions, or semen of an infected person. the infection has symptom fever, has symptom cough, has symptom coryza, has symptom conjunctivitis, and has symptom maculopapular, erythematous rash.

CDC:2 Measles Infographic

Wikipedia:64 Measles, also known as morbilli, rubeola, or red measles, is a highly contagious infection caused by the... more...

Related Diseases for Measles

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Diseases related to Measles via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50)    (show all 214)
idRelated DiseaseScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1rubella32.2CD40LG, RNPC3
2mumps32.2STAT1
3subacute sclerosing panencephalitis31.8SLAMF1, CD46, MX1
4hepatitis30.9RBP4, IFNB1, STAT1
5meningitis30.8TLR2, CCL4, CD46
6hepatitis b30.8MX1, IL12B, TLR2
7tetanus30.6CD40LG, LGALS4, CIITA, TLR2
8hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis30.4MX1, IFNB1
9malaria30.4TLR2, IL12B, RBP4
10pneumonia30.3RBP4, TLR3, TLR2
11neuritis30.1CCL4, CIITA
12bacterial meningitis30.0TLR2, CCL4
13atopic dermatitis29.8IL12B, CCL4, TLR2
14encephalitis29.7TLR3, CIITA, CCL4, IL12B, MX1, CD46
15astrocytoma29.7CIITA, CCL4, IFNB1, CD46
16hiv-129.6GNLY, CIITA, STAT1, CCL4, IL12B, CD46
17adenocarcinoma29.6SCT, MSN, LGALS4, IFNB1, IFNAR2, CD46
18lung cancer29.6CIITA, STAT1, IFNB1, RBP4, CD46
19toxic shock syndrome29.5CCL4, CIITA
20inflammatory bowel disease29.4TLR2, SCT, CIITA, STAT1, IL12B
21leukemia29.4TLR2, MSN, STAT1, CCL4, IFNB1, IL12B
22herpes simplex29.3TLR2, TLR3, STAT1, LGALS4, IFNB1, IL12B
23myeloma29.3CD40LG, IFNAR2, CCL4, STAT1, CIITA
24arthritis29.3TLR2, TLR3, CIITA, STAT1, CCL4, MX1
25influenza29.2HLA-DMA, TLR3, CIITA, RNPC3, STAT1, LGALS4
26tuberculosis29.0TLR2, GNLY, CIITA, STAT1, CCL4, IFNB1
27hepatocellular carcinoma28.7TLR2, TLR3, SCT, CIITA, IFNB1, IFNAR2
28asthma28.7TLR2, TLR3, SCT, CIITA, STAT1, CCL4
29melanoma28.5HLA-DMA, TLR3, CIITA, MSN, STAT1, CCL4
30breast cancer28.3CIITA, MSN, STAT1, LGALS4, CCL4, IFNB1
31hepatitis c28.3CCL4, IFNB1, IFNAR2, IL12B, MX1, CD40LG
32rheumatoid arthritis28.2HLA-DMA, TLR2, TLR3, CIITA, RNPC3, MSN
33chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy10.5IFNB1
34diphtheria10.5
35hemorrhagic fever10.5CD40LG
36primary immunodeficiency disease10.5CD40LG
37congenital rubella10.5
38scrub typhus10.5CD40LG
39scarlet fever10.5
40otosclerosis10.4
41pertussis10.4
42aseptic meningitis10.4
43neisseria meningitidis infection10.3CD46, TLR2
44pouchitis10.3TLR3, TLR2
45exanthem10.3
46haemophilus influenzae10.3
47chickenpox10.3
48poliomyelitis10.3
49dawson disease10.3
50rabies10.3RNPC3, MX1

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Measles:



Diseases related to measles

Symptoms for Measles

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Symptoms:

 8
  • fever
  • cough
  • coryza
  • conjunctivitis
  • maculopapular

Drugs & Therapeutics for Measles

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Drug clinical trials:

Search ClinicalTrials for Measles

Search NIH Clinical Center for Measles

Genetic Tests for Measles

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Anatomical Context for Measles

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MalaCards organs/tissues related to Measles:

31
Skin, Eye, Brain, T cells, Testes, B cells, Bone, Lung, Endothelial, Monocytes, Liver, Thyroid, Myeloid, Bone marrow, Spinal cord, Breast, Prostate, Tonsil, Neutrophil

FMA organs/tissues related to Measles:

14
Skin

Animal Models for Measles or affiliated genes

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MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Measles:

35
idDescriptionMGI Source AccessionScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1MP:00020069.2TLR3, STAT1, IFNB1, IFNAR2, IL12B, TLR2
2MP:00053977.9SLAMF1, HLA-DMA, TLR2, TLR3, CIITA, STAT1
3MP:00053767.8CIITA, SCT, TLR3, TLR2, STAT1, IFNB1
4MP:00053877.8HLA-DMA, TLR2, TLR3, CIITA, STAT1, IFNB1

Publications for Measles

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Articles related to Measles:

(show top 50)    (show all 1242)
idTitleAuthorsYear
1
A randomized, controlled trial of an aerosolized vaccine against measles. (25875257)
2015
2
Seroprevalence of measles, mumps and rubella among young adults, after 20A years of universal two-dose MMR vaccination in Israel. (25891446)
2015
3
Measles. (24418985)
2014
4
Mumps antibody response in young adults after a third dose of measles-mumps-rubella vaccine. (25734162)
2014
5
Decline of varicella vaccination in German surveillance regions after recommendation of separate first-dose vaccination for varicella and measles-mumps-rubella. (24412300)
2014
6
High risk of a large measles outbreak despite 30 years of measles vaccination in The Netherlands. (23915981)
2013
7
Measles outbreak spreading from the community to an anthroposophic school, Berlin, 2011. (23823129)
2013
8
The measles outbreak in the French military forces--2010-2011: results of epidemiological surveillance. (23201150)
2013
9
Investigation of an outbreak of hypersensitivity-type reactions during the 2004 national measles-mumps-rubella vaccination campaign in Brazil. (23246259)
2013
10
Think globally, act locally: the role of local demographics and vaccination coverage in the dynamic response of measles infection to control. (23798689)
2013
11
Influence of Vaccination dose and clinico-demographical factors on antibody titers against measles, rubella, mumps, and varicella-zoster viruses among university students in Japan. (24270137)
2013
12
Notes from the field: measles outbreak associated with a traveler returning from India - North Carolina, April-May 2013. (24025759)
2013
13
Associations between polymorphisms in the antiviral TRIM genes and measles vaccine immunity. (23416095)
2013
14
Optimising measles virus-guided radiovirotherapy with external beam radiotherapy and specific checkpoint kinase 1 inhibition. (23849174)
2013
15
Progress towards measles elimination in the Western Pacific Region, 2009a892012. (23757799)
2013
16
Population size/density dependency hypothesis for measles epidemic: application of the hypothesis to countries in five WHO regions. (23514918)
2013
17
Enabling implementation of the Global Vaccine Action Plan: developing investment cases to achieve targets for measles and rubella prevention. (23598476)
2013
18
Rinderpest eradication: lessons for measles eradication? (22709518)
2012
19
Epidemic trend of measles in Shandong Province, China, 1963-2005. (23040325)
2012
20
Measles-containing vaccines and febrile seizures in children age 4 to 6 years. (22473362)
2012
21
Two consecutive measles outbreaks with genotypes D8 and D4 in two mainly unvaccinated communities in Germany. (22570014)
2012
22
HIV-1 infection ex vivo accelerates measles virus infection by upregulating signaling lymphocytic activation molecule (SLAM) in CD4+ T cells. (22532682)
2012
23
Measles outbreak in Burkina Faso, 2009: a case-control study to determine risk factors and estimate vaccine effectiveness. (22652399)
2012
24
Ethnicity and delay in measles vaccination in a nairobi slum. (23097621)
2012
25
Measles-mumps-rubella-varicella combination vaccine and the risk of febrile seizures. (20587679)
2010
26
Closer look at autism and the measles-mumps-rubella vaccine. (21071320)
2010
27
A measles and rubella (MR) catch-up vaccination campaign in an Egyptian University: vaccine uptake and knowledge and attitudes of students. (20797454)
2010
28
Immunogenicity and safety of measles-mumps-rubella-varicella (MMRV) vaccine followed by one dose of varicella vaccine in children aged 15 months-2 years or 2-6 years primed with measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine. (19007835)
2009
29
Measles virus nucleoprotein induces cell-proliferation arrest and apoptosis through NTAIL-NR and NCORE-FcgammaRIIB1 interactions, respectively. (15914856)
2005
30
Human leukocyte antigen class II alleles and rubella-specific humoral and cell-mediated immunity following measles-mumps-rubella-II vaccination. (15655774)
2005
31
Inhibition of toll-like receptor 7- and 9-mediated alpha/beta interferon production in human plasmacytoid dendritic cells by respiratory syncytial virus and measles virus. (15827165)
2005
32
Assessment of humoral immunity to poliomyelitis, tetanus, hepatitis B, measles, rubella, and mumps in children after chemotherapy. (15717298)
2005
33
Wild-type measles virus induces large syncytium formation in primary human small airway epithelial cells by a SLAM(CD150)-independent mechanism. (12837552)
2003
34
The risk of aseptic meningitis associated with the Leningrad-Zagreb mumps vaccine strain following mass vaccination with measles-mumps-rubella vaccine, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, 1997. (12435771)
2002
35
Previous exposure to measles, mumps, and rubella--but not vaccination during adolescence--correlates to the prevalence of pancreatic and thyroid autoantibodies. (10390298)
1999
36
Human CD46 enhances nitric oxide production in mouse macrophages in response to measles virus infection in the presence of gamma interferon: dependence on the CD46 cytoplasmic domains. (10233938)
1999
37
Requirements for measles virus induction of RANTES chemokine in human astrocytoma-derived U373 cells. (10074163)
1999
38
Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis with probable measles vaccine failure. (10371390)
1999
39
Is CD46 the cellular receptor for measles virus? (9140188)
1997
40
Measles immunization in children with a history of egg allergy. (8852409)
1996
41
Human cell receptor CD46 is down regulated through recognition of a membrane-proximal region of the cytoplasmic domain in persistent measles virus infection. (8794336)
1996
42
Pathogenetic aspects of measles virus infections. (8588304)
1995
43
Assistive algorithms for exposure management--Part II: Mycobacterium tuberculosis, meningococcemia, and measles. (10135441)
1994
44
Measles virus receptor properties are shared by several CD46 isoforms differing in extracellular regions and cytoplasmic tails. (8077916)
1994
45
The human CD46 molecule is a receptor for measles virus (Edmonston strain). (8402913)
1993
46
Generalized and localized biased hypermutation affecting the matrix gene of a measles virus strain that causes subacute sclerosing panencephalitis. (2585612)
1989
47
Vaccination with measles and central nervous system disease. (5688849)
1968
48
Paragonimiasis in children in Korea, related to the custom of ingesting raw crayfish for the treatment of measles. (13846698)
1960
49
Scarlet fever, diphtheria, measles, and whooping cough in Glasgow from 1916 to 1945. (18120885)
1949
50
The Use of Convalescent Scarlet Fever and Measles Sera in Prophylaxis and Therapy. (19312065)
1938

Variations for Measles

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Expression for genes affiliated with Measles

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Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Measles.

Pathways for genes affiliated with Measles

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Pathways related to Measles according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 28)
idSuper pathways (with members indented)ScoreTop Affiliating Genes
110.1IL12B, IFNB1
29.8IFNB1, STAT1, IFNAR2
39.8STAT1, IFNAR2, IFNB1
4
Show member pathways
9.8CD40LG, TLR2, TLR3
5
Show member pathways
9.8TLR2, TLR3, IL12B
6
Show member pathways
Transcription NF kB signaling pathway59
Immune response Toll like receptor TLR ligands and common TLR signaling pathway leading to cell proinflammatory response59
9.8STAT1, IFNB1, TLR2
7
Show member pathways
9.8TLR2, TLR3, STAT1
89.8TLR3, STAT1, TLR2
99.7STAT1, IFNB1, CIITA
109.6STAT1, TLR3, IFNB1, IFNAR2
11
Show member pathways
Type III interferon signaling36
9.6IFNAR2, IL12B, IFNB1, STAT1
12
Show member pathways
9.6MX1, IFNAR2, IFNB1, STAT1
13
Show member pathways
Immune response Role of TLRs 3 and 4 in cell antiviral response TICAM1 specific signaling pathways59
Immune response IL 1 signaling pathway59
9.6IFNB1, TLR3, STAT1, TLR2
14
Show member pathways
Immune response IL 22 signaling pathway59
G protein signaling N RAS regulation pathway59
9.6STAT1, IL12B, HLA-DMA
15
Show member pathways
9.5TLR2, STAT1, TLR3, IL12B
16
Show member pathways
IL27-mediated signaling events36
9.5IL12B, TLR2, TLR3, STAT1
17
Show member pathways
9.3STAT1, TLR3, TLR2, HLA-DMA
18
Show member pathways
9.3IFNB1, STAT1, MX1, CIITA, IFNAR2
19
Show member pathways
9.2IFNB1, TLR3, CCL4
20
Show member pathways
Immune response IL 12 induced IFN gamma production59
9.2STAT1, CCL4, IL12B
21
Show member pathways
9.1HLA-DMA, CD40LG, IL12B, IFNAR2, CIITA
22
Show member pathways
8.9IFNB1, CCL4, IFNAR2, IL12B, CD40LG
23
Show member pathways
8.8CD40LG, IL12B, STAT1, CIITA, TLR2, HLA-DMA
248.8HLA-DMA, TLR2, STAT1, IL12B, IFNB1, CIITA
25
Show member pathways
8.8CCL4, IL12B, IFNAR2, IFNB1, STAT1
26
Show member pathways
8.7TLR2, TLR3, CCL4, IL12B, STAT1
27
Show member pathways
Toll-like receptor signaling pathway36
Regulation of toll-like receptor signaling pathway36
8.3TLR2, TLR3, STAT1, CCL4, IL12B, IFNB1
28
Show member pathways
7.3IFNAR2, IL12B, STAT1, SLAMF1, CD46, MX1

Compounds for genes affiliated with Measles

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Compounds related to Measles according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50)    (show all 99)
idCompoundScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1flagellin44 2811.0STAT1, TLR3, IFNB1, TLR2
2lipoteichoic acid4410.0IL12B, TLR2, TLR3, IFNB1
3ribavirin44 50 1111.9STAT1, CD40LG, IFNB1, MX1
4inosine monophosphate449.9STAT1, IFNB1, TLR3
52,5-oligoadenylate449.8STAT1, TLR3, IFNAR2, IFNB1, MX1
6ifn-alpha449.8IFNAR2, IFNB1, STAT1, TLR3, MX1
7rebif449.7IFNB1, MX1
8poly c449.7TLR3, IFNB1, RNPC3
9thyroxine44 2410.6SCT, CIITA, IFNB1, CD40LG, RBP4
10imiquimod44 60 28 1112.6TLR2, STAT1, MX1, TLR3, IL12B, IFNB1
11poly(i-c)449.5MX1, IL12B, IFNB1, STAT1, TLR3, TLR2
12polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid449.5TLR2, TLR3, CIITA, IFNB1, STAT1, IL12B
13actinomycin d449.4CD40LG, TLR2, STAT1, CIITA, IFNB1
14mdms449.4CCL4, STAT1, CIITA
15biotin44 24 1111.3STAT1, RNPC3, SCT, CD40LG
16il 10449.3IL12B, IFNB1, CCL4, TLR2
17ccl444 2810.3IL12B, IFNB1, CCL4, TLR2
18indomethacin44 28 60 1112.0IFNB1, CCL4, CD40LG, STAT1, SCT
19simvastatin44 50 60 28 24 1114.0TLR2, RBP4, CCL4, CIITA, IFNB1
20sb 20358044 6010.0IFNB1, TLR2, STAT1, CCL4, IL12B
21peptidoglycan44 289.9IFNB1, IL12B, TLR2, TLR3, CCL4, CIITA
22wortmannin448.9STAT1, TLR3, CCL4, IL12B, TLR2
23ionomycin448.8CCL4, CD40LG, GNLY, TLR2
24mannose448.8CIITA, CD46, TLR2, CCL4
25pd 98,059448.8TLR2, IFNB1, CCL4, IL12B, STAT1, SCT
26polysaccharide448.7IFNB1, CCL4, LGALS4, TLR2, CD40LG, CD46
27proline448.6CD46, LGALS4, STAT1, RNPC3, CIITA
28glucose448.6IFNB1, STAT1, LGALS4, CIITA, RBP4, TLR2
29nitric oxide44 24 1110.5TLR2, TLR3, IL12B, CD46, CCL4, STAT1
30endotoxin448.5TLR2, IL12B, TLR3, IFNB1, CIITA, STAT1
31arginine448.4CD40LG, TLR2, GNLY, MSN, SCT, RNPC3
32pge2448.4STAT1, CD40LG, TLR2, SCT, CCL4, CIITA
33progesterone44 28 60 24 1112.2LGALS4, CD46, RBP4, IFNB1, CCL4, GNLY
34dexamethasone44 50 28 1111.2STAT1, CD40LG, CD46, RBP4, TLR2, TLR3
35leucine448.2CIITA, RNPC3, MX1, RBP4, TLR2, LGALS4
36steroid448.1GNLY, CIITA, LGALS4, STAT1, CCL4, IFNB1
37cycloheximide448.0CD46, TLR2, CIITA, MSN, STAT1, IFNB1
38zinc44 249.0CIITA, SCT, LGALS4, RNPC3, MSN, STAT1
39cyclosporin a44 28 6010.0CD46, CCL4, STAT1, CIITA, SCT, TLR2
40cholesterol44 28 24 1110.9CIITA, CCL4, STAT1, LGALS4, TLR2, IFNB1
41oligonucleotide447.8STAT1, MSN, RNPC3, CIITA, SCT, GNLY
42cysteine447.8STAT1, CD40LG, RBP4, IFNB1, TLR2, SCT
43phosphatidylinositol447.8TLR2, IL12B, IFNAR2, CCL4, STAT1, MSN
44retinoic acid44 248.7LGALS4, CCL4, IFNB1, STAT1, SCT, RBP4
45rantes447.4CD40LG, CD46, MX1, IL12B, IFNB1, CCL4
46lipid447.4IFNB1, CIITA, MSN, STAT1, LGALS4, IFNAR2
47alanine447.3RBP4, TLR2, CIITA, MSN, LGALS4, CCL4
48calcium44 50 24 119.8SCT, IFNB1, RBP4, CCL4, LGALS4, MSN
49serine446.2IFNB1, MX1, RBP4, CD46, CD40LG, CCL4
50tyrosine445.9SLAMF1, TLR2, HLA-DMA, IFNAR2, IFNB1, CCL4

GO Terms for genes affiliated with Measles

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Cellular components related to Measles according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1cell surfaceGO:00099869.5CD46, CIITA, TLR3, TLR2
2extracellular spaceGO:00056157.9CD40LG, GNLY, CCL4, IFNB1, IFNAR2, IL12B

Biological processes related to Measles according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 35)
idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1positive regulation of memory T cell differentiationGO:004338210.4IL12B, CD46
2positive regulation of toll-like receptor signaling pathwayGO:003412310.4TLR2, TLR3
3pathogen-associated molecular pattern dependent induction by symbiont of host innate immune responseGO:005203310.3TLR3, TLR2
4microglial cell activation involved in immune responseGO:000228210.3TLR2, TLR3
5cellular response to interferon-betaGO:003545810.3STAT1, TLR3
6positive regulation of interferon-gamma biosynthetic processGO:004507810.3IL12B, TLR3
7negative regulation of interleukin-17 productionGO:003270010.3TLR2, IL12B
8I-kappaB phosphorylationGO:000725210.3TLR2, TLR3
9natural killer cell activation involved in immune responseGO:000232310.3IFNB1, IL12B
10negative regulation of growth of symbiont in hostGO:004413010.2IL12B, TLR2
11positive regulation of chemokine productionGO:003272210.2TLR3, TLR2
12natural killer cell activationGO:003010110.2IL12B, IFNB1
13positive regulation of interleukin-10 productionGO:003273310.2CD46, IL12B, TLR2
14regulation of type I interferon-mediated signaling pathwayGO:006033810.2IFNAR2, IFNB1, STAT1
15response to exogenous dsRNAGO:004333010.2TLR3, IFNB1, STAT1
16positive regulation of NF-kappaB import into nucleusGO:004234610.2TLR2, TLR3, IL12B
17cellular response to exogenous dsRNAGO:007136010.2CIITA, TLR3, IFNB1
18positive regulation of interleukin-8 productionGO:003275710.2TLR2, TLR3
19positive regulation of tumor necrosis factor productionGO:003276010.2TLR2, TLR3, IL12B
20positive regulation of inflammatory responseGO:005072910.1IL12B, TLR2, TLR3
21positive regulation of interferon-beta productionGO:003272810.1TLR3, TLR2
22cellular response to interferon-gammaGO:007134610.1TLR3, IL12B
23JAK-STAT cascadeGO:000725910.0IFNAR2, STAT1
24positive regulation of interleukin-12 productionGO:003273510.0CD40LG, TLR2, IL12B, TLR3
25type I interferon signaling pathwayGO:006033710.0IFNB1, STAT1, IFNAR2, MX1
26defense response to bacteriumGO:004274210.0IFNB1, TLR3, GNLY
27leukocyte cell-cell adhesionGO:00071599.8MSN, CD40LG
28defense response to virusGO:00516079.8TLR3, IFNB1, MX1, STAT1, IL12B
29cytokine-mediated signaling pathwayGO:00192219.7IFNB1, IFNAR2, CIITA, MX1, STAT1
30innate immune responseGO:00450879.7MX1, TLR2, TLR3, IFNB1, CD46
31lipopolysaccharide-mediated signaling pathwayGO:00316639.7TLR2, STAT1
32positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoterGO:00459449.5CIITA, TLR2, IFNB1, STAT1, TLR3
33response to virusGO:00096159.4MX1, IFNAR2, IFNB1, CCL4
34inflammatory responseGO:00069549.1TLR3, CD40LG, CIITA, CCL4, TLR2
35signal transductionGO:00071658.6MX1, SLAMF1, CCL4, TLR3, TLR2

Molecular functions related to Measles according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1tumor necrosis factor receptor bindingGO:000516410.0CD40LG, STAT1
2transmembrane signaling receptor activityGO:00048889.4SLAMF1, TLR3, TLR2
3CCR5 chemokine receptor bindingGO:00317309.3CCL4, STAT1
4cytokine activityGO:00051259.0CCL4, IFNB1, IL12B, CD40LG
5protein bindingGO:00055156.5SLAMF1, TLR2, TLR3, CIITA, MYBPH, MSN

Sources for Measles

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2CDC
12ExPASy
13FDA
14FMA
22GTR
23HGMD
24HMDB
25ICD10
26ICD10 via Orphanet
27ICD9CM
28IUPHAR
29KEGG
33MeSH
34MESH via Orphanet
35MGI
38NCI
39NCIt
40NDF-RT
43NINDS
44Novoseek
46OMIM
47OMIM via Orphanet
51PubMed
52QIAGEN
57SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
61UMLS
62UMLS via Orphanet