MCADD
MCID: MDM001
MIFTS: 40

Medium-Chain Acyl-Coenzyme a Dehydrogenase Deficiency (MCADD) malady

Genetic diseases, Rare diseases categories

Summaries for Medium-Chain Acyl-Coenzyme a Dehydrogenase Deficiency

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44NIH Rare Diseases, 22Genetics Home Reference, 48OMIM, 20GeneReviews, 34MalaCards
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NIH Rare Diseases:44 Medium-chain acyl-coenzyme a dehydrogenase deficiency (mcadd) is an inherited metabolic disorder that prevents the body from converting certain fats to energy, particularly during periods without food (fasting). normally, through a process called fatty acid oxidation, several enzymes work in a step-wise fashion to break down (metabolize) fats and convert them to energy. people with mcadd do not have enough of an enzyme needed for the step that metabolizes a group of fats called medium-chain fatty acids. mcadd is caused by mutations in the acadm gene and is inherited in an autosomal recessive manner. treatment includes avoidance of fasting and of medium chain triglycerides in the diet. last updated: 7/7/2014

MalaCards: Medium-Chain Acyl-Coenzyme a Dehydrogenase Deficiency, also known as mcad deficiency, is related to reye syndrome and cystic fibrosis. An important gene associated with Medium-Chain Acyl-Coenzyme a Dehydrogenase Deficiency is ACADM (acyl-CoA dehydrogenase, C-4 to C-12 straight chain). Affiliated tissues include liver.

Genetics Home Reference:22 Medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (MCAD) deficiency is a condition that prevents the body from converting certain fats to energy, particularly during periods without food (fasting).

Description from OMIM:48 201450

GeneReviews summary for mcad

Aliases & Classifications for Medium-Chain Acyl-Coenzyme a Dehydrogenase Deficiency

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20GeneReviews, 44NIH Rare Diseases, 21GeneTests, 23GTR, 22Genetics Home Reference, 48OMIM, 46Novoseek, 50Orphanet, 63UMLS, 37MESH via Orphanet, 27ICD10 via Orphanet, 60SNOMED-CT via Orphanet, 64UMLS via Orphanet
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Classifications:

Malacards categories (disease lists): (See all malacards categories)
Global: Genetic diseases, Rare diseases


Characteristics (Orphanet epidemiological data):

50
mcad deficiency:
Inheritance: Autosomal recessive; Prevalence: 1-9/100000; Age of onset: Neonatal/infancy; Age of death: Normal


Aliases & Descriptions:

medium-chain acyl-coenzyme a dehydrogenase deficiency 20 44 21 23 22 63
mcad deficiency 20 44 22 46 50
acadm deficiency 44 22 50
mcadd 44 22 50
medium chain acyl-coa dehydrogenase deficiency 22 50
medium-chain acyl-coa dehydrogenase deficiency 44 22
mcadh deficiency 44 22
carnitine deficiency secondary to medium-chain acyl-coa dehydrogenase deficiency 50
acyl-coa dehydrogenase, medium chain, deficiency of 48
acyl-coa dehydrogenase medium chain deficiency of 44
medium chain acyl coa dehydrogenase deficiency 44


External Ids:

OMIM48 201450
MESH via Orphanet37 C536038
ICD10 via Orphanet27 E71.3
SNOMED-CT via Orphanet60 128596003
UMLS via Orphanet64 C0220710

Related Diseases for Medium-Chain Acyl-Coenzyme a Dehydrogenase Deficiency

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18GeneCards, 19GeneDecks
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Diseases related to Medium-Chain Acyl-Coenzyme a Dehydrogenase Deficiency via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards/GeneDecks gene sharing:

(show all 18)
idRelated DiseaseScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1reye syndrome10.7
2cystic fibrosis10.5
3congenital adrenal hyperplasia10.5
4isovaleric acidemia10.5
5beta-ketothiolase deficiency10.5
6sudden infant death syndrome10.5
7ketothiolase deficiency10.5
8duodenal ulcer10.5
9duodenitis10.5
10hellp syndrome10.5
11very long-chain acyl-coenzyme a dehydrogenase deficiency10.5
12acanthocytosis10.5
13acute liver failure10.1
14cerebritis10.1
15hepatitis10.1
16fatty acid oxidation disorders10.1
17hypoglycemia10.1
18hypoparathyroidism10.1

Graphical network of diseases related to Medium-Chain Acyl-Coenzyme a Dehydrogenase Deficiency:



Diseases related to medium-chain acyl-coenzyme a dehydrogenase deficiency

Symptoms for Medium-Chain Acyl-Coenzyme a Dehydrogenase Deficiency

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48OMIM
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Symptoms by clinical synopsis from OMIM:

201450

Clinical features from OMIM:

201450

Drugs & Therapeutics for Medium-Chain Acyl-Coenzyme a Dehydrogenase Deficiency

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6CenterWatch, 43NIH Clinical Center, 7ClinicalTrials, 63UMLS, 42NDF-RT
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Approved drugs:

Search CenterWatch for Medium-Chain Acyl-Coenzyme a Dehydrogenase Deficiency

Drug clinical trials:

Search ClinicalTrials for Medium-Chain Acyl-Coenzyme a Dehydrogenase Deficiency

Search NIH Clinical Center for Medium-Chain Acyl-Coenzyme a Dehydrogenase Deficiency

Search CenterWatch for Medium-Chain Acyl-Coenzyme a Dehydrogenase Deficiency

Genetic Tests for Medium-Chain Acyl-Coenzyme a Dehydrogenase Deficiency

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21GeneTests, 23GTR
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Genetic tests related to Medium-Chain Acyl-Coenzyme a Dehydrogenase Deficiency:

id Genetic test Affiliating Genes
1 Medium Chain Acyl-Coenzyme a Dehydrogenase Deficiency21 ACADM
2 Medium-Chain Acyl-Coenzyme a Dehydrogenase Deficiency23

Anatomical Context for Medium-Chain Acyl-Coenzyme a Dehydrogenase Deficiency

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34MalaCards
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MalaCards organs/tissues related to Medium-Chain Acyl-Coenzyme a Dehydrogenase Deficiency:

34
Liver

Animal Models for Medium-Chain Acyl-Coenzyme a Dehydrogenase Deficiency or affiliated genes

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Publications for Medium-Chain Acyl-Coenzyme a Dehydrogenase Deficiency

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53PubMed
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Articles related to Medium-Chain Acyl-Coenzyme a Dehydrogenase Deficiency:

(show all 38)
idTitleAuthorsYear
1
Resuscitation of a neonate with medium chain acyl-coenzyme a dehydrogenase deficiency using extracorporeal life support. (24403369)
2014
2
Patients with medium-chain acyl-coenzyme a dehydrogenase deficiency have impaired oxidation of fat during exercise but no effect of L-carnitine supplementation. (23426616)
2013
3
Rare magnetic resonance imaging findings in medium-chain acyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency. (21824573)
2011
4
Sudden death in medium chain acyl-coenzyme a dehydrogenase deficiency (MCADD) despite newborn screening. (20580581)
2010
5
Neuropsychological functioning in children with medium chain acyl coenzyme a dehydrogenase deficiency (MCADD): the impact of early diagnosis and screening on outcome. (18608229)
2009
6
More on medium-chain acyl-coenzyme a dehydrogenase deficiency in a neonate. (18256406)
2008
7
A fatal neonatal presentation of medium-chain acyl coenzyme a dehydrogenase deficiency. (18534147)
2008
8
Medium chain acyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency in a neonate. (17960024)
2007
9
Public health explores expanding newborn screening for cystic fibrosis, congenital adrenal hyperplasia, and medium-chain acyl coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency (MCAD). (11392180)
2001
10
Medium-chain acyl coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency: occurrence in an infant and his father. (11346377)
2001
11
Fasting medium chain acyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase--deficient children can make ketones. (11229423)
2001
12
Enantioselective analysis of ketone bodies in patients with beta-ketothiolase deficiency, medium-chain acyl coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency and ketonemic vomiting. (10755375)
2000
13
Pitfalls in the use of 2-octynoic acid as an in vivo model of medium-chain acyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency: ketone turnover and metabolite studies in the rat. (10381140)
1999
14
High risk of medium chain acyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency among gypsies. (9667375)
1998
15
Neonatal onset of medium-chain acyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency with confusing biochemical features. (7815228)
1995
16
Morbidity and mortality in medium chain acyl coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency. (8017963)
1994
17
Medium-chain acyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency: clinical course in 120 affected children. (8120710)
1994
18
Intravenous L-carnitine and acetyl-L-carnitine in medium-chain acyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency and isovaleric acidemia. (8134205)
1994
19
Analysis of polymerase chain reaction-product by capillary electrophoresis with laser-induced fluorescence detection and its application to the diagnosis of medium-chain acyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency. (7981832)
1994
20
Limitations of 3-phenylpropionylglycine in early screening for medium-chain acyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency. (8419594)
1993
21
Laboratory diagnosis of medium-chain acyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency by the amplification refractory mutation system. (8432018)
1993
22
Effect of treatment with glycine and L-carnitine in medium-chain acyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency. (8463904)
1993
23
Prevalence of medium-chain acyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency in the sudden infant death syndrome. (8496748)
1993
24
Neonatal symptoms in medium chain acyl coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency. (8215568)
1993
25
Medium-Chain Acyl-Coenzyme A Dehydrogenase Deficiency (20301597)
1993
26
An unusual presentation of medium-chain acyl coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency. (1456259)
1992
27
Fatty liver, encephalopathy, and sudden unexpected death in early childhood due to medium-chain acyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency. (1288265)
1992
28
A fatal neonatal case of medium-chain acyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency with homozygous A-->G985 transition. (1447668)
1992
29
Medium chain acyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency. (1436730)
1992
30
Medium chain acyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency and SIDS. (1635678)
1992
31
Medium-chain acyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency and sudden infant death. (2046713)
1991
32
Molecular basis of medium chain acyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency. An A to G transition at position 985 that causes a lysine- 304 to glutamate substitution in the mature protein is the single prevalent mutation. (2394825)
1990
33
Diagnosis of medium-chain acyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency in the neonatal period by measurement of medium-chain fatty acids in plasma and filter paper blood samples. (2391601)
1990
34
Quantitation of urinary carnitine esters in a patient with medium-chain acyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency: effect of metabolic state and L-carnitine therapy. (2795349)
1989
35
Prenatal diagnosis of medium-chain acyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency. (3575262)
1987
36
Familial Reye-like syndrome: a presentation of medium-chain acyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency. (3822638)
1987
37
Sudden child death and 'healthy' affected family members with medium-chain acyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency. (3786030)
1986
38
Catalytic defect of medium-chain acyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency. Lack of both cofactor responsiveness and biochemical heterogeneity in eight patients. (3840178)
1985

Variations for Medium-Chain Acyl-Coenzyme a Dehydrogenase Deficiency

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65UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, 1 National Center for Biotechnology Information (Clinvar), 8dbSNP
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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot genetic disease variations for Medium-Chain Acyl-Coenzyme a Dehydrogenase Deficiency:

65 (show all 19)
id Symbol AA change Variation ID SNP ID
1ACADMp.Arg53CysVAR_000317
2ACADMp.Met149IleVAR_000319
3ACADMp.Thr193AlaVAR_000320
4ACADMp.Gly195ArgVAR_000321
5ACADMp.Cys244ArgVAR_000322
6ACADMp.Gly267ArgVAR_000323
7ACADMp.Met326ThrVAR_000324
8ACADMp.Lys329GluVAR_000325rs77931234
9ACADMp.Ser336ArgVAR_000326
10ACADMp.Ile375ThrVAR_000327
11ACADMp.Tyr67HisVAR_013698
12ACADMp.Ser245LeuVAR_013699
13ACADMp.Arg281ThrVAR_013700
14ACADMp.Ile78ThrVAR_015954
15ACADMp.Cys116TyrVAR_015955
16ACADMp.Thr121IleVAR_015956
17ACADMp.Arg206LeuVAR_015957
18ACADMp.Gly310ArgVAR_015958
19ACADMp.Tyr352CysVAR_015959

Clinvar genetic disease variations for Medium-Chain Acyl-Coenzyme a Dehydrogenase Deficiency:

1 (show all 14)
id Gene Name Type Significance SNP ID Assembly Location
1ACADMNM_000016.5(ACADM): c.985A> G (p.Lys329Glu)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs77931234GRCh37Chr 1, 76226846: 76226846
2ACADMACADM, 13-BP DUPduplicationPathogenic
3ACADMNM_000016.5(ACADM): c.799G> A (p.Gly267Arg)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs121434274GRCh37Chr 1, 76215194: 76215194
4ACADMNM_000016.5(ACADM): c.1124T> C (p.Ile375Thr)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs121434275GRCh37Chr 1, 76226985: 76226985
5ACADMNM_000016.5(ACADM): c.730T> C (p.Cys244Arg)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs121434276GRCh37Chr 1, 76215125: 76215125
6ACADMNM_000016.5(ACADM): c.447G> A (p.Met149Ile)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs121434277GRCh37Chr 1, 76200535: 76200535
7ACADMNM_000016.5(ACADM): c.1102_1105delTTAG (p.Ala369Leufs)deletionPathogenicrs387906297GRCh37Chr 1, 76226963: 76226966
8ACADMNP_000007.1: p.Gly115_Cys116deldeletionPathogenic
9ACADMNM_000016.5(ACADM): c.583G> A (p.Gly195Arg)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs121434278GRCh37Chr 1, 76205779: 76205779
10ACADMNM_000016.5(ACADM): c.577A> G (p.Thr193Ala)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs121434279GRCh37Chr 1, 76205773: 76205773
11ACADMNM_000016.5(ACADM): c.842G> C (p.Arg281Thr)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs121434282GRCh37Chr 1, 76215237: 76215237
12ACADMNM_000016.5(ACADM): c.199T> C (p.Tyr67His)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs121434280GRCh37Chr 1, 76198409: 76198409
13ACADMNM_000016.5(ACADM): c.734C> T (p.Ser245Leu)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs121434281GRCh37Chr 1, 76215129: 76215129
14ACADMNM_000016.5(ACADM): c.362C> T (p.Thr121Ile)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs121434283GRCh37Chr 1, 76199288: 76199288

Expression for genes affiliated with Medium-Chain Acyl-Coenzyme a Dehydrogenase Deficiency

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2BioGPS, 16Gene Expression Omnibus DataSets
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Expression patterns in normal tissues for genes affiliated with Medium-Chain Acyl-Coenzyme a Dehydrogenase Deficiency

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Pathways for genes affiliated with Medium-Chain Acyl-Coenzyme a Dehydrogenase Deficiency

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Compounds for genes affiliated with Medium-Chain Acyl-Coenzyme a Dehydrogenase Deficiency

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GO Terms for genes affiliated with Medium-Chain Acyl-Coenzyme a Dehydrogenase Deficiency

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Products for genes affiliated with Medium-Chain Acyl-Coenzyme a Dehydrogenase Deficiency

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  • Antibodies
  • Proteins
  • Lysates
  • Antibodies

Sources for Medium-Chain Acyl-Coenzyme a Dehydrogenase Deficiency

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4CDC
14ExPASy
15FMA
23GTR
24HGMD
25HMDB
26ICD10
27ICD10 via Orphanet
28ICD9CM
30IUPHAR
31KEGG
36MeSH
37MESH via Orphanet
38MGI
41NCIt
42NDF-RT
45NINDS
46Novoseek
48OMIM
49OMIM via Orphanet
53PubMed
54QIAGEN
60SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
63UMLS
64UMLS via Orphanet