Meier-Gorlin Syndrome 1 malady

Categories: Genetic diseases, Rare diseases, Neuronal diseases, Bone diseases, Fetal diseases, Ear diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Meier-Gorlin Syndrome 1

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11Disease Ontology, 12diseasecard, 13DISEASES, 24GeneTests, 25Genetics Home Reference, 27GTR, 31ICD10 via Orphanet, 37MedGen, 39MeSH, 40MESH via Orphanet, 48NIH Rare Diseases, 52OMIM, 54Orphanet, 62SNOMED-CT, 64The Human Phenotype Ontology, 68UMLS, 69UMLS via Orphanet, 70UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
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Aliases & Descriptions for Meier-Gorlin Syndrome 1:

Name: Meier-Gorlin Syndrome 1 52 24 70 27 12
Meier-Gorlin Syndrome 11 48 24 25 54 27 39 13
Ear, Patella, Short Stature Syndrome 48 24 25 68
Microtia, Absent Patellae, Micrognathia Syndrome 48 25
Ear-Patella-Short Stature Syndrome 11 54
Microtia Absent Patellae Micrognathia Syndrome 70
Ear Patella Short Stature Syndrome 70
Mgors1 70
Eps 70


Orphanet epidemiological data:

meier-gorlin syndrome:
Inheritance: Autosomal dominant,Autosomal recessive; Prevalence: <1/1000000 (Worldwide); Age of onset: Antenatal,Neonatal


meier-gorlin syndrome 1:
Inheritance: autosomal recessive inheritance, heterogeneous


External Ids:

OMIM52 224690
Disease Ontology11 DOID:0060306
Orphanet54 ORPHA2554
SNOMED-CT62 703508009
UMLS via Orphanet69 C1868684
MESH via Orphanet40 C538012
ICD10 via Orphanet31 Q87.1
MedGen37 C1868684

Summaries for Meier-Gorlin Syndrome 1

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OMIM:52 The Meier-Gorlin syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by severe intrauterine and postnatal... (224690) more...

MalaCards based summary: Meier-Gorlin Syndrome 1, also known as meier-gorlin syndrome, is related to meier-gorlin syndrome 3 and meier-gorlin syndrome 2, and has symptoms including cryptorchidism, narrow mouth and microcephaly. An important gene associated with Meier-Gorlin Syndrome 1 is ORC1 (Origin Recognition Complex Subunit 1), and among its related pathways are Cell cycle_Role of APC in cell cycle regulation and RB in Cancer. Affiliated tissues include bone and skin, and related mouse phenotypes are Increased Nanog expression and Downregulation of Wnt pathway after Wnt3A stimulation.

Disease Ontology:11 An autosomal recessive disorder characterized by severe intrauterine and postnatal growth retardation, microcephaly, bilateral microtia and hypoplastic patellae.

Genetics Home Reference:25 Meier-Gorlin syndrome is a condition primarily characterized by short stature. It is considered a form of primordial dwarfism because the growth problems begin before birth (intrauterine growth retardation). After birth, affected individuals continue to grow at a slow rate. Other characteristic features of this condition are underdeveloped or missing kneecaps (patellae), small ears, and, often, an abnormally small head (microcephaly). Despite a small head size, most people with Meier-Gorlin syndrome have normal intellect.

NIH Rare Diseases:48 Meier-Gorlin syndrome is a condition that affects many parts of the body. This disorder is characterized by small ears, absent patellae (kneecaps), and short stature. There are several types of Meier-Gorlin syndrome, each classified by the specific genes affected. This condition has an autosomal recessive pattern of inheritance. Last updated: 5/14/2012

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:70 Meier-Gorlin syndrome 1: A syndrome characterized by bilateral microtia, aplasia/hypoplasia of the patellae, and severe intrauterine and postnatal growth retardation with short stature and poor weight gain. Additional clinical findings include anomalies of cranial sutures, microcephaly, apparently low-set and simple ears, microstomia, full lips, highly arched or cleft palate, micrognathia, genitourinary tract anomalies, and various skeletal anomalies. While almost all cases have primordial dwarfism with substantial prenatal and postnatal growth retardation, not all cases have microcephaly, and microtia and absent/hypoplastic patella are absent in some. Despite the presence of microcephaly, intellect is usually normal.

Related Diseases for Meier-Gorlin Syndrome 1

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Graphical network of diseases related to Meier-Gorlin Syndrome 1:

Diseases related to meier-gorlin syndrome 1

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Meier-Gorlin Syndrome 1

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Symptoms by clinical synopsis from OMIM:


Clinical features from OMIM:


Human phenotypes related to Meier-Gorlin Syndrome 1:

 64 (show all 75)
id Description HPO Frequency HPO Source Accession
1 cryptorchidism64 hallmark (90%) HP:0000028
2 narrow mouth64 hallmark (90%) HP:0000160
3 microcephaly64 hallmark (90%) HP:0000252
4 micrognathia64 hallmark (90%) HP:0000347
5 atresia of the external auditory canal64 hallmark (90%) HP:0000413
6 joint hypermobility64 hallmark (90%) HP:0001382
7 intrauterine growth retardation64 hallmark (90%) HP:0001511
8 delayed skeletal maturation64 hallmark (90%) HP:0002750
9 slender long bone64 hallmark (90%) HP:0003100
10 short stature64 hallmark (90%) HP:0004322
11 abnormality of epiphysis morphology64 hallmark (90%) HP:0005930
12 low-set, posteriorly rotated ears64 typical (50%) HP:0000368
13 abnormality of the ribs64 typical (50%) HP:0000772
14 abnormality of the clavicle64 typical (50%) HP:0000889
15 craniosynostosis64 typical (50%) HP:0001363
16 respiratory insufficiency64 typical (50%) HP:0002093
17 clinodactyly of the 5th finger64 typical (50%) HP:0004209
18 patellar aplasia64 typical (50%) HP:0006443
19 female pseudohermaphroditism64 typical (50%) HP:0010458
20 camptodactyly of finger64 typical (50%) HP:0100490
21 cleft palate64 occasional (7.5%) HP:0000175
22 thick lower lip vermilion64 occasional (7.5%) HP:0000179
23 hearing impairment64 occasional (7.5%) HP:0000365
24 elbow dislocation64 occasional (7.5%) HP:0003042
25 hypoplasia of penis64 occasional (7.5%) HP:0008736
26 cognitive impairment64 occasional (7.5%) HP:0100543
27 displacement of the external urethral meatus64 occasional (7.5%) HP:0100627
28 breast aplasia64 occasional (7.5%) HP:0100783
29 shawl scrotum64 HP:0000049
30 micropenis64 HP:0000054
31 clitoral hypertrophy64 HP:0000057
32 hypoplastic labia majora64 HP:0000059
33 hypoplastic labia minora64 HP:0000064
34 high palate64 HP:0000218
35 small anterior fontanelle64 HP:0000237
36 hypoplasia of the maxilla64 HP:0000327
37 low-set ears64 HP:0000369
38 incomplete partition of the cochlea type ii64 HP:0000376
39 strabismus64 HP:0000486
40 long eyelashes64 HP:0000527
41 blepharophimosis64 HP:0000581
42 microdontia64 HP:0000691
43 pectus carinatum64 HP:0000768
44 short ribs64 HP:0000773
45 thin ribs64 HP:0000883
46 lateral clavicle hook64 HP:0000895
47 flat glenoid fossa64 HP:0000911
48 thin skin64 HP:0000963
49 intellectual disability64 HP:0001249
50 joint laxity64 HP:0001388
51 failure to thrive64 HP:0001508
52 small for gestational age64 HP:0001518
53 breech presentation64 HP:0001623
54 talipes equinovarus64 HP:0001762
55 hyperconvex nail64 HP:0001795
56 frontal bossing64 HP:0002007
57 gastroesophageal reflux64 HP:0002020
58 respiratory distress64 HP:0002098
59 abnormality of pelvic girdle bone morphology64 HP:0002644
60 genu valgum64 HP:0002857
61 hemivertebrae64 HP:0002937
62 genu varum64 HP:0002970
63 breast hypoplasia64 HP:0003187
64 birth length less than 3rd percentile64 HP:0003561
65 short palm64 HP:0004279
66 aplasia/hypoplasia of the patella64 HP:0006498
67 absent glenoid fossa64 HP:0006591
68 absent sternal ossification64 HP:0006628
69 microtia64 HP:0008551
70 feeding difficulties in infancy64 HP:0008872
71 joint contracture of the hand64 HP:0009473
72 cutaneous finger syndactyly64 HP:0010554
73 camptodactyly64 HP:0012385
74 short palpebral fissure64 HP:0012745
75 small hand64 HP:0200055

UMLS symptoms related to Meier-Gorlin Syndrome 1:

joint laxity

GenomeRNAi Phenotypes related to Meier-Gorlin Syndrome 1 according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

idDescriptionGenomeRNAi Source AccessionScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1GR00371-A-310.3CDC6, CEP63, GMNN
2GR00057-A-210.1CDC45, CDC6, CDT1, CEP152
3GR00250-A-16.8ATR, CDC45, CDC6, CDT1, GMNN, ORC1

Drugs & Therapeutics for Meier-Gorlin Syndrome 1

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Interventional clinical trials:

Search ClinicalTrials, NIH Clinical Center for Meier-Gorlin Syndrome 1

Cochrane evidence based reviews: meier-gorlin syndrome

Genetic Tests for Meier-Gorlin Syndrome 1

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Genetic tests related to Meier-Gorlin Syndrome 1:

id Genetic test Affiliating Genes
1 Meier-Gorlin Syndrome27 24
2 Meier-Gorlin Syndrome 127 24 ORC1

Anatomical Context for Meier-Gorlin Syndrome 1

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MalaCards organs/tissues related to Meier-Gorlin Syndrome 1:

Bone, Skin

Publications for Meier-Gorlin Syndrome 1

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Variations for Meier-Gorlin Syndrome 1

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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot genetic disease variations for Meier-Gorlin Syndrome 1:

id Symbol AA change Variation ID SNP ID

Clinvar genetic disease variations for Meier-Gorlin Syndrome 1:

id Gene Variation Type Significance SNP ID Assembly Location
1GMNNNM_015895.4(GMNN): c.16A> T (p.Lys6Ter)SNVPathogenicrs864309486GRCh38Chr 6, 24777262: 24777262
2GMNNNM_015895.4(GMNN): c.35_38delTCAA (p.Ile12Lysfs)deletionPathogenicrs864309487GRCh38Chr 6, 24777281: 24777284
3GMNNNM_015895.4(GMNN): c.50A> G (p.Lys17Arg)SNVLikely pathogenic, Pathogenicrs864309488GRCh37Chr 6, 24777524: 24777524
4ORC1NM_004153.3(ORC1): c.380A> G (p.Glu127Gly)SNVPathogenicrs387906826GRCh37Chr 1, 52863379: 52863379
5ORC1NM_004153.3(ORC1): c.266T> C (p.Phe89Ser)SNVPathogenicrs387906827GRCh37Chr 1, 52863493: 52863493
6ORC1NM_004153.3(ORC1): c.314G> A (p.Arg105Gln)SNVLikely pathogenic, Pathogenicrs143141689GRCh37Chr 1, 52863445: 52863445
7ORC1NM_004153.3(ORC1): c.2159G> A (p.Arg720Gln)SNVPathogenicrs387906828GRCh37Chr 1, 52841246: 52841246
8ORC1ORC1, 2-BP DEL/1-BP INS, NT2000indelPathogenicChr na, -1: -1
9ORC1ORC1, IVS9, G-A, -2SNVPathogenicChr na, -1: -1
10ORC1NM_004153.3(ORC1): c.1996C> T (p.Arg666Trp)SNVPathogenicrs201253919GRCh37Chr 1, 52849109: 52849109

Expression for genes affiliated with Meier-Gorlin Syndrome 1

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Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Meier-Gorlin Syndrome 1.

Pathways for genes affiliated with Meier-Gorlin Syndrome 1

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GO Terms for genes affiliated with Meier-Gorlin Syndrome 1

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Cellular components related to Meier-Gorlin Syndrome 1 according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1nuclear origin of replication recognition complexGO:000566410.5ORC1, ORC4, ORC6
2nuclear chromosome, telomeric regionGO:000078410.2ATR, ORC1, ORC4
3centrioleGO:00058149.9CEP152, CEP63, PCNT
4origin recognition complexGO:00008089.8ORC1, ORC4, ORC6
5centrosomeGO:00058139.6CDC45, CEP152, CEP63, PCNT
6nucleoplasmGO:00056547.2ATR, ATRIP, CDC45, CDC6, CDT1, CEP152

Biological processes related to Meier-Gorlin Syndrome 1 according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 9)
idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1centriole replicationGO:000709910.4CEP152, CEP63
2DNA replication checkpointGO:000007610.2CDC45, CDC6, CDT1
3DNA replication initiationGO:000627010.0CDC45, CDC6, ORC1, ORC4
4DNA damage checkpointGO:00000779.9ATR, ATRIP, CEP63
5negative regulation of DNA replicationGO:00081569.8ATR, CDC6, GMNN
6G2/M transition of mitotic cell cycleGO:00000869.6CEP152, CEP63, PCNT
7G1/S transition of mitotic cell cycleGO:00000829.5CDC45, CDC6, CDT1, ORC1, ORC4, ORC6
8regulation of transcription involved in G1/S transition of mitotic cell cycleGO:00000839.4CDC45, CDC6, CDT1, ORC1
9DNA replicationGO:00062608.7ATR, ATRIP, CDC45, CDC6, CDT1, ORC1

Molecular functions related to Meier-Gorlin Syndrome 1 according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1DNA replication origin bindingGO:000368810.7CDC45, ORC4
2protein bindingGO:00055154.3ASPH, ATR, ATRIP, BMP5, CDC45, CDC6

Sources for Meier-Gorlin Syndrome 1

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31ICD10 via Orphanet
40MESH via Orphanet
53OMIM via Orphanet
63SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
67Tumor Gene Family of Databases
69UMLS via Orphanet