MCID: MTT002
MIFTS: 26

Metatropic Dysplasia malady

Bone, Fetal categories

Summaries for Metatropic Dysplasia

Sources:
43NIH Rare Diseases, 21Genetics Home Reference, 47OMIM, 33MalaCards
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NIH Rare Diseases:43 Metatropic dwarfism is a severe skeletal dysplasia characterized by extremely small stature with short arms and legs. other characteristics of this disorder are a narrow thorax, short ribs, and kyphoscoliosis (backward and sideways curvature of the spinal column) which develops into short trunk dwarfism. this condition, caused by mutations in the trpv4 gene, may be inherited in either an autosomal dominant or autosomal recessive manner. treatment is symptomatic and supportive. last updated: 1/12/2010

MalaCards: Metatropic Dysplasia, also known as metatropic dwarfism, is related to dwarfism and kniest dysplasia, and has symptoms including low set ears/posteriorly rotated ears, autosomal recessive inheritance and scoliosis. An important gene associated with Metatropic Dysplasia is TRPV4 (transient receptor potential cation channel, subfamily V, member 4).

Genetics Home Reference:21 Metatropic dysplasia is a skeletal disorder characterized by short stature (dwarfism) with other skeletal abnormalities. The term "metatropic" is derived from the Greek word "metatropos," which means "changing patterns." This name reflects the fact that the skeletal abnormalities associated with the condition change over time.

Description from OMIM:47 156530

Aliases & Classifications for Metatropic Dysplasia

Sources:
43NIH Rare Diseases, 20GeneTests, 21Genetics Home Reference, 47OMIM, 49Orphanet, 36MESH via Orphanet, 26ICD10 via Orphanet, 58SNOMED-CT via Orphanet, 62UMLS via Orphanet
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Classifications:

Malacards categories (disease lists): (See all malacards categories)
Global: Fetal
Anatomical: Bone


Characteristics (Orphanet epidemiological data):

49
metatropic dysplasia:
Inheritance: Autosomal dominant,Autosomal recessive; Prevalence: <1/1000000; Age of onset: Neonatal/infancy; Age of death: Any age


Aliases & Descriptions:

metatropic dysplasia 43 20 21 47 49
metatropic dwarfism 43 21 49
metatropic dysplasia, nonlethal dominant 43
metatropic dysplasia type 1 21


External Ids:

OMIM47 156530
MESH via Orphanet36 C537356
ICD10 via Orphanet26 Q77.8
SNOMED-CT via Orphanet58 22764001
UMLS via Orphanet62 C0265281

Related Diseases for Metatropic Dysplasia

Sources:
17GeneCards, 18GeneDecks
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Diseases related to Metatropic Dysplasia via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards/GeneDecks gene sharing:

idRelated DiseaseScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1dwarfism10.5
2kniest dysplasia10.3
3spinal stenosis10.1
4chondrodysplasia10.1
5spondylometaphyseal dysplasia kozlowski type10.1
6muscular atrophy10.0TRPV4

Graphical network of diseases related to Metatropic Dysplasia:



Diseases related to metatropic dysplasia

Clinical Features for Metatropic Dysplasia

Sources:
47OMIM, 49Orphanet
See all sources

Clinical features from OMIM:

156530

Clinical synopsis from OMIM:

156530

Symptoms:

49 (show all 26)
  • low set ears/posteriorly rotated ears
  • autosomal recessive inheritance
  • scoliosis
  • kyphosis
  • hydrocephaly
  • cataract/lens opacification
  • depressed nasal bridge
  • pelvis anomaly/narrow/broad iliac wings/pubis abnormality
  • dysostosis/chondrodysplasia/osteodysplasia/osteochondrosis/skeletal dysplasia
  • abnormal vertebral size/shape
  • cortical anomaly/thick bone cortical layer
  • restricted joint mobility/joint stiffness/ankylosis
  • short stature/dwarfism/nanism
  • cleft palate without cleft lip/submucosal cleft palate/bifid uvula
  • metaphyseal anomaly
  • anomalies of the ribs
  • narrow rib cage/thorax
  • clinodactyly of fifth finger
  • abnormal/absent ossification
  • short limbs/micromelia/brachymelia
  • high forehead
  • hypoplastic lungs/pulmonary hypoplasia/agenesis
  • long rib cage/thorax
  • camptodactyly of fingers
  • intervertebral disk anomaly
  • rough trabeculation of bone

Drugs & Therapeutics for Metatropic Dysplasia

Sources:
5CenterWatch, 42NIH Clinical Center, 6ClinicalTrials
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Approved drugs:

Search CenterWatch for Metatropic Dysplasia

Drug clinical trials:

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Search NIH Clinical Center for Metatropic Dysplasia

Search CenterWatch for Metatropic Dysplasia

Genetic Tests for Metatropic Dysplasia

Sources:
20GeneTests
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Genetic tests related to Metatropic Dysplasia:

id Genetic test Affiliating Genes
1 Metatropic Dysplasia20 TRPV4

Anatomical Context for Metatropic Dysplasia

Animal Models for Metatropic Dysplasia or affiliated genes

Sources:
28inGenious Targeting Laboratory
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Publications for Metatropic Dysplasia

Sources:
51PubMed
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Articles related to Metatropic Dysplasia:

(show all 21)
idTitleAuthorsYear
1
A case of metatropic dysplasia: operative treatment of severe kyphoscoliosis and limb deformities. (24223250)
2013
2
Prenatal diagnosis of metatropic dysplasia: beware of the pseudo-bowing sign. (24121766)
2013
3
Metatropic dysplasia in four-year-old boy--physiotherapy and orthopaedic care problems--case report. (22764341)
2012
4
Fetal akinesia in metatropic dysplasia: The combined phenotype of chondrodysplasia and neuropathy? (21964829)
2011
5
Dominant TRPV4 mutations in nonlethal and lethal metatropic dysplasia. (20425821)
2010
6
Mutations in the gene encoding the calcium-permeable ion channel TRPV4 produce spondylometaphyseal dysplasia, Kozlowski type and metatropic dysplasia. (19232556)
2009
7
Metatropic dysplasia in children. (18285743)
2008
8
Revisiting metatropic dysplasia: presentation of a series of 19 novel patients and review of the literature. (18348257)
2008
9
Metatropic dysplasia. (18245944)
2008
10
Metatropic dysplasia: clinical and radiographic findings in 11 patients demonstrating long-term natural history. (17879966)
2007
11
Operative treatment of bilateral hip dislocations in a child with metatropic dysplasia. (17273034)
2007
12
Lethal metatropic dysplasia: a case report. (17365839)
2007
13
Cervical spinal stenosis in metatropic dysplasia. (16670547)
2006
14
Long-term follow-up in a patient with metatropic dysplasia. (15889420)
2005
15
Metatropic dysplasia lethal variants. (14566438)
2004
16
Morphologic observations in a case of lethal variant (type I) metatropic dysplasia with atypical features: morphology of lethal metatropic dysplasia. (10507892)
1998
17
A distinct subtype of &quot;metatropic dysplasia variant&quot; characterised by advanced carpal skeletal age and subluxation of the radial heads. (9472061)
1998
18
Metatropic dysplasia: a case report. (7779195)
1995
19
Odontoid hypoplasia with vertebral cervical subluxation and ventriculomegaly in metatropic dysplasia. (2915283)
1989
20
Metatropic dysplasia and its variants (analysis of 14 cases). (3202745)
1988
21
Heterogeneity of metatropic dysplasia. (6628444)
1983

Genetic Variations for Metatropic Dysplasia

Sources:
63UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
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Genetic disease variations for Metatropic Dysplasia:

63 (show all 17)
id Symbol AA change Variation SNP ID
1TRPV4p.Ile331PheVAR_062331
2TRPV4p.Pro799LeuVAR_062335
3TRPV4p.Thr89IleVAR_064517
4TRPV4p.Lys197ArgVAR_064519
5TRPV4p.Leu199PheVAR_064520
6TRPV4p.Thr295AlaVAR_064522
7TRPV4p.Ile331ThrVAR_064523
8TRPV4p.Val342PheVAR_064524
9TRPV4p.Phe592LeuVAR_064526
10TRPV4p.Ile604MetVAR_064530
11TRPV4p.Phe617LeuVAR_064531
12TRPV4p.Leu618ProVAR_064532
13TRPV4p.Arg775LysVAR_064535
14TRPV4p.Glu797LysVAR_064537
15TRPV4p.Pro799AlaVAR_064538
16TRPV4p.Pro799ArgVAR_064539
17TRPV4p.Pro799SerVAR_064540

Expression for genes affiliated with Metatropic Dysplasia

Sources:
1BioGPS, 15Gene Expression Omnibus DataSets
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Expression patterns in normal tissues for genes affiliated with Metatropic Dysplasia

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Metatropic Dysplasia.

Pathways for genes affiliated with Metatropic Dysplasia

Compounds for genes affiliated with Metatropic Dysplasia

GO Terms for genes affiliated with Metatropic Dysplasia

Products for genes affiliated with Metatropic Dysplasia

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Sources for Metatropic Dysplasia

3CDC
13ExPASy
14FMA
22GTR
23HGMD
24HMDB
25ICD10
26ICD10 via Orphanet
27ICD9CM
29IUPHAR
30KEGG
35MeSH
36MESH via Orphanet
37MGI
40NCIt
41NDF-RT
44NINDS
45Novoseek
47OMIM
48OMIM via Orphanet
51PubMed
52QIAGEN
58SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
61UMLS
62UMLS via Orphanet