MCID: MTT002
MIFTS: 36

Metatropic Dysplasia malady

Genetic diseases, Rare diseases, Bone diseases, Fetal diseases categories

Summaries for Metatropic Dysplasia

About this section
Sources:
22Genetics Home Reference, 44NIH Rare Diseases, 48OMIM, 34MalaCards
See all sources

Fully expand this MalaCard

Download this MalaCard
NIH Rare Diseases:44 Metatropic dwarfism is a severe skeletal dysplasia characterized by extremely small stature with short arms and legs. other characteristics of this disorder are a narrow thorax, short ribs, and kyphoscoliosis (backward and sideways curvature of the spinal column) which develops into short trunk dwarfism. this condition, caused by mutations in the trpv4 gene, may be inherited in either an autosomal dominant or autosomal recessive manner. treatment is symptomatic and supportive. last updated: 1/12/2010

MalaCards: Metatropic Dysplasia, also known as metatropic dwarfism, is related to dwarfism and kniest dysplasia, and has symptoms including anomalies of the ribs, narrow rib cage/thorax and clinodactyly of fifth finger. An important gene associated with Metatropic Dysplasia is TRPV4 (transient receptor potential cation channel, subfamily V, member 4). Affiliated tissues include bone and lung.

Genetics Home Reference:22 Metatropic dysplasia is a skeletal disorder characterized by short stature (dwarfism) with other skeletal abnormalities. The term "metatropic" is derived from the Greek word "metatropos," which means "changing patterns." This name reflects the fact that the skeletal abnormalities associated with the condition change over time.

Description from OMIM:48 156530

Aliases & Classifications for Metatropic Dysplasia

About this section
Sources:
44NIH Rare Diseases, 21GeneTests, 22Genetics Home Reference, 48OMIM, 50Orphanet, 37MESH via Orphanet, 27ICD10 via Orphanet, 60SNOMED-CT via Orphanet, 64UMLS via Orphanet
See all sources

Classifications:

Malacards categories (disease lists): (See all malacards categories)
Global: Genetic diseases, Rare diseases, Fetal diseases
Anatomical: Bone diseases


Characteristics (Orphanet epidemiological data):

50
metatropic dysplasia:
Inheritance: Autosomal dominant,Sporadic; Prevalence: <1/1000000; Age of onset: Neonatal/infancy; Age of death: Any age


Aliases & Descriptions:

metatropic dysplasia 44 21 22 48 50
metatropic dwarfism 44 22 50
metatropic dysplasia, nonlethal dominant 44
metatropic dysplasia type 1 22


External Ids:

OMIM48 156530
MESH via Orphanet37 C537356
ICD10 via Orphanet27 Q77.8
SNOMED-CT via Orphanet60 22764001
UMLS via Orphanet64 C0265281

Related Diseases for Metatropic Dysplasia

About this section
Sources:
18GeneCards, 19GeneDecks
See all sources

Diseases related to Metatropic Dysplasia via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards/GeneDecks gene sharing:

idRelated DiseaseScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1dwarfism10.5
2kniest dysplasia10.3
3cervicitis10.3
4spinal stenosis10.2
5neuropathy10.2
6chondrodysplasia10.2
7spondylometaphyseal dysplasia kozlowski type10.2
8muscular atrophy10.0TRPV4
9brachyolmia type 310.0TRPV4
10parastremmatic dwarfism10.0TRPV4

Graphical network of diseases related to Metatropic Dysplasia:



Diseases related to metatropic dysplasia

Symptoms for Metatropic Dysplasia

About this section
Sources:
48OMIM, 50Orphanet
See all sources

Symptoms by clinical synopsis from OMIM:

156530

Clinical features from OMIM:

156530

Symptoms:

50 (show all 26)
  • anomalies of the ribs
  • narrow rib cage/thorax
  • clinodactyly of fifth finger
  • abnormal/absent ossification
  • short limbs/micromelia/brachymelia
  • high forehead
  • hypoplastic lungs/pulmonary hypoplasia/agenesis
  • long rib cage/thorax
  • camptodactyly of fingers
  • intervertebral disk anomaly
  • rough trabeculation of bone
  • metaphyseal anomaly
  • cleft palate without cleft lip/submucosal cleft palate/bifid uvula
  • autosomal recessive inheritance
  • scoliosis
  • kyphosis
  • hydrocephaly
  • cataract/lens opacification
  • depressed nasal bridge
  • pelvis anomaly/narrow/broad iliac wings/pubis abnormality
  • dysostosis/chondrodysplasia/osteodysplasia/osteochondrosis/skeletal dysplasia
  • abnormal vertebral size/shape
  • cortical anomaly/thick bone cortical layer
  • restricted joint mobility/joint stiffness/ankylosis
  • short stature/dwarfism/nanism
  • low set ears/posteriorly rotated ears

Drugs & Therapeutics for Metatropic Dysplasia

About this section
Sources:
6CenterWatch, 43NIH Clinical Center, 7ClinicalTrials
See all sources

Approved drugs:

Search CenterWatch for Metatropic Dysplasia

Drug clinical trials:

Search ClinicalTrials for Metatropic Dysplasia

Search NIH Clinical Center for Metatropic Dysplasia

Search CenterWatch for Metatropic Dysplasia

Genetic Tests for Metatropic Dysplasia

About this section
Sources:
21GeneTests
See all sources

Genetic tests related to Metatropic Dysplasia:

id Genetic test Affiliating Genes
1 Metatropic Dysplasia21 TRPV4

Anatomical Context for Metatropic Dysplasia

About this section
Sources:
34MalaCards
See all sources

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Metatropic Dysplasia:

34
Bone, Lung

Animal Models for Metatropic Dysplasia or affiliated genes

About this section

Publications for Metatropic Dysplasia

About this section
Sources:
53PubMed
See all sources

Articles related to Metatropic Dysplasia:

(show all 21)
idTitleAuthorsYear
1
A case of metatropic dysplasia: operative treatment of severe kyphoscoliosis and limb deformities. (24223250)
2013
2
Prenatal diagnosis of metatropic dysplasia: beware of the pseudo-bowing sign. (24121766)
2013
3
Metatropic dysplasia in four-year-old boy--physiotherapy and orthopaedic care problems--case report. (22764341)
2012
4
Fetal akinesia in metatropic dysplasia: The combined phenotype of chondrodysplasia and neuropathy? (21964829)
2011
5
Dominant TRPV4 mutations in nonlethal and lethal metatropic dysplasia. (20425821)
2010
6
Mutations in the gene encoding the calcium-permeable ion channel TRPV4 produce spondylometaphyseal dysplasia, Kozlowski type and metatropic dysplasia. (19232556)
2009
7
Metatropic dysplasia in children. (18285743)
2008
8
Revisiting metatropic dysplasia: presentation of a series of 19 novel patients and review of the literature. (18348257)
2008
9
Metatropic dysplasia. (18245944)
2008
10
Metatropic dysplasia: clinical and radiographic findings in 11 patients demonstrating long-term natural history. (17879966)
2007
11
Operative treatment of bilateral hip dislocations in a child with metatropic dysplasia. (17273034)
2007
12
Lethal metatropic dysplasia: a case report. (17365839)
2007
13
Cervical spinal stenosis in metatropic dysplasia. (16670547)
2006
14
Long-term follow-up in a patient with metatropic dysplasia. (15889420)
2005
15
Metatropic dysplasia lethal variants. (14566438)
2004
16
Morphologic observations in a case of lethal variant (type I) metatropic dysplasia with atypical features: morphology of lethal metatropic dysplasia. (10507892)
1998
17
A distinct subtype of &quot;metatropic dysplasia variant&quot; characterised by advanced carpal skeletal age and subluxation of the radial heads. (9472061)
1998
18
Metatropic dysplasia: a case report. (7779195)
1995
19
Odontoid hypoplasia with vertebral cervical subluxation and ventriculomegaly in metatropic dysplasia. (2915283)
1989
20
Metatropic dysplasia and its variants (analysis of 14 cases). (3202745)
1988
21
Heterogeneity of metatropic dysplasia. (6628444)
1983

Variations for Metatropic Dysplasia

About this section
Sources:
65UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, 1 National Center for Biotechnology Information (Clinvar)
See all sources

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot genetic disease variations for Metatropic Dysplasia:

65 (show all 17)
id Symbol AA change Variation ID SNP ID
1TRPV4p.Ile331PheVAR_062331
2TRPV4p.Pro799LeuVAR_062335
3TRPV4p.Thr89IleVAR_064517
4TRPV4p.Lys197ArgVAR_064519
5TRPV4p.Leu199PheVAR_064520
6TRPV4p.Thr295AlaVAR_064522
7TRPV4p.Ile331ThrVAR_064523
8TRPV4p.Val342PheVAR_064524
9TRPV4p.Phe592LeuVAR_064526
10TRPV4p.Ile604MetVAR_064530
11TRPV4p.Phe617LeuVAR_064531
12TRPV4p.Leu618ProVAR_064532
13TRPV4p.Arg775LysVAR_064535
14TRPV4p.Glu797LysVAR_064537
15TRPV4p.Pro799AlaVAR_064538
16TRPV4p.Pro799ArgVAR_064539
17TRPV4p.Pro799SerVAR_064540

Clinvar genetic disease variations for Metatropic Dysplasia:

1 (show all 12)
id Gene Name Type Significance SNP ID Assembly Location
1TRPV4NM_021625.4(TRPV4): c.2395C> G (p.Pro799Ala)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs267607147GRCh37Chr 12, 110222184: 110222184
2TRPV4NM_021625.4(TRPV4): c.2395C> T (p.Pro799Ser)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs267607147GRCh37Chr 12, 110222184: 110222184
3TRPV4NM_021625.4(TRPV4): c.2396C> G (p.Pro799Arg)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs121912637GRCh37Chr 12, 110222183: 110222183
4TRPV4TRPV4, 3-BP DEL, 1411TTCdeletionPathogenic
5TRPV4NM_021625.4(TRPV4): c.2389G> A (p.Glu797Lys)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs267607149GRCh37Chr 12, 110222190: 110222190
6TRPV4NM_021625.4(TRPV4): c.266C> T (p.Thr89Ile)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs397514473GRCh37Chr 12, 110252336: 110252336
7TRPV4NM_021625.4(TRPV4): c.590A> G (p.Lys197Arg)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs387906903GRCh37Chr 12, 110240918: 110240918
8TRPV4NM_021625.4(TRPV4): c.232G> T (p.Gly78Trp)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs397514474GRCh37Chr 12, 110252370: 110252370
9TRPV4NM_021625.4(TRPV4): c.2219C> T (p.Thr740Ile)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs387906906GRCh37Chr 12, 110224632: 110224632
10TRPV4NM_021625.4(TRPV4): c.826A> G (p.Lys276Glu)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs387906907GRCh37Chr 12, 110238450: 110238450
11TRPV4NM_021625.4(TRPV4): c.991A> T (p.Ile331Phe)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs121912636GRCh37Chr 12, 110236580: 110236580
12TRPV4NM_021625.4(TRPV4): c.2396C> T (p.Pro799Leu)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs121912637GRCh37Chr 12, 110222183: 110222183

Expression for genes affiliated with Metatropic Dysplasia

About this section
Sources:
2BioGPS, 16Gene Expression Omnibus DataSets
See all sources
Expression patterns in normal tissues for genes affiliated with Metatropic Dysplasia

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Metatropic Dysplasia.

Pathways for genes affiliated with Metatropic Dysplasia

About this section

Compounds for genes affiliated with Metatropic Dysplasia

About this section

GO Terms for genes affiliated with Metatropic Dysplasia

About this section

Products for genes affiliated with Metatropic Dysplasia

About this section
  • Antibodies
  • Proteins
  • Lysates
  • Antibodies

Sources for Metatropic Dysplasia

About this section
4CDC
14ExPASy
15FMA
23GTR
24HGMD
25HMDB
26ICD10
27ICD10 via Orphanet
28ICD9CM
30IUPHAR
31KEGG
36MeSH
37MESH via Orphanet
38MGI
41NCIt
42NDF-RT
45NINDS
46Novoseek
48OMIM
49OMIM via Orphanet
53PubMed
54QIAGEN
60SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
63UMLS
64UMLS via Orphanet