MCID: MCR010
MIFTS: 58

Microcephaly malady

Categories: Genetic diseases, Rare diseases, Neuronal diseases, Fetal diseases, Mental diseases, Bone diseases, Eye diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Microcephaly

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Aliases & Descriptions for Microcephaly:

Name: Microcephaly 11 71 48 49 27 50 2 39 13 68
Microencephaly 11 48
 
Microcephalus 11

Classifications:



External Ids:

Disease Ontology11 DOID:10907
ICD1030 Q02
ICD9CM32 742.1
MeSH39 D008831
NCIt45 C85874

Summaries for Microcephaly

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NIH Rare Diseases:48 Microcephaly is a rare neurological condition in which a person's head is significantly smaller than expected based on standardized charts. Some cases of microcephaly are detected at birth, while others develop in the first few years of life. Some children with microcephaly have normal intelligence and development. However, microcephaly can be associated with seizures; developmental delay; intellectual disability; problems with movement and balance; feeding difficulties; hearing loss; and/or vision problems depending on the severity of the condition. Because the growth of the skull is determined by brain growth, the condition often occurs when the brain fails to grow at a normal rate. This may be caused by a variety of genetic abnormalities; exposure to certain viruses (i.e. rubella, toxoplasmosis, and cytomegalovirus), drugs, alcohol, or toxic chemicals during pregnancy; untreated maternal PKU during pregnancy; and/or severe malnutrition during pregnancy. Although there is no treatment for microcephaly, early intervention may help enhance development and improve quality of life. Last updated: 2/1/2016

MalaCards based summary: Microcephaly, also known as microencephaly, is related to autosomal recessive primary microcephaly and microcephaly with or without chorioretinopathy, lymphedema, or mental retardation. An important gene associated with Microcephaly is DYRK1A (Dual Specificity Tyrosine Phosphorylation Regulated Kinase 1A), and among its related pathways are DNA damage_NHEJ mechanisms of DSBs repair and Cell Cycle, Mitotic. Affiliated tissues include brain, bone and heart, and related mouse phenotypes are hematopoietic system and cellular.

CDC:2 Click here to view a larger image

NINDS:49 Microcephaly is a medical condition in which the circumference of the head is smaller than normal because the brain has not developed properly or has stopped growing.

Wikipedia:71 Microcephaly is a medical condition in which the brain does not develop properly resulting in a smaller... more...

Related Diseases for Microcephaly

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Diseases in the Microcephaly family:

Microcephaly 15, Primary, Autosomal Recessive Microcephaly 7, Primary, Autosomal Recessive
Microcephaly 14, Primary, Autosomal Recessive Microcephaly 5, Primary, Autosomal Recessive
Microcephaly 8, Primary, Autosomal Recessive Microcephaly 13, Primary, Autosomal Recessive
Microcephaly 12, Primary, Autosomal Recessive Microcephaly 1, Primary, Autosomal Recessive
Microcephaly 3, Primary, Autosomal Recessive Microcephaly 11, Primary, Autosomal Recessive
Microcephaly 6, Primary, Autosomal Recessive Microcephaly 4, Primary, Autosomal Recessive
Microcephaly 9, Primary, Autosomal Recessive Microcephaly 10, Primary, Autosomal Recessive
Autosomal Dominant Microcephaly Autosomal Recessive Primary Microcephaly
Primary Microcephaly Primary Autosomal Recessive Microcephaly Type 2
Microcephaly 16, Primary, Autosomal Recessive Microcephaly 17, Primary, Autosomal Recessive

Diseases related to Microcephaly via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50)    (show all 581)
idRelated DiseaseScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1autosomal recessive primary microcephaly12.2
2microcephaly with or without chorioretinopathy, lymphedema, or mental retardation12.2
3microcephaly, amish type12.1
4microcephaly-capillary malformation syndrome12.1
5mental retardation and microcephaly with pontine and cerebellar hypoplasia12.1
6microcephaly, seizures, and developmental delay12.0
7microcephaly 1, primary, autosomal recessive12.0
8achalasia-microcephaly syndrome12.0
9autosomal dominant microcephaly11.9
10microcephaly and chorioretinopathy, autosomal recessive, 111.9
11microcephaly 4, primary, autosomal recessive11.9
12microcephaly 9, primary, autosomal recessive11.9
13microcephaly 5, primary, autosomal recessive11.9
14microcephaly, progressive, seizures, and cerebral and cerebellar atrophy11.9
15microcephaly, postnatal progressive, with seizures and brain atrophy11.9
16microcephaly, epilepsy, and diabetes syndrome11.9
17severe combined immunodeficiency with microcephaly, growth retardation, and sensitivity to ionizing radiation11.9
18microcephaly 2, primary, autosomal recessive, with or without cortical malformations11.9
19microcephaly 10, primary, autosomal recessive11.9
20microcephaly and chorioretinopathy, autosomal recessive, 211.9
21microcephaly 7, primary, autosomal recessive11.9
22microcephaly 8, primary, autosomal recessive11.9
23microcephaly 3, primary, autosomal recessive11.9
24microcephaly 6, primary, autosomal recessive11.9
25short stature, microcephaly, and endocrine dysfunction11.8
26lissencephaly 6, with microcephaly11.8
27microcephaly, short stature, and impaired glucose metabolism11.8
28microcephaly 12, primary, autosomal recessive11.8
29microcephaly 11, primary, autosomal recessive11.8
30congenital ichthyosis-microcephalus-tetraplegia syndrome11.8
31microcephaly 13, primary, autosomal recessive11.8
32mental retardation, epileptic seizures, hypogonadism and hypogenitalism, microcephaly, and obesity11.8
33microcephaly 15, primary, autosomal recessive11.8
34microcephaly 14, primary, autosomal recessive11.8
35short stature with microcephaly and distinctive facies11.8
36microcephaly and chorioretinopathy, autosomal recessive, 311.8
37microcephaly, congenital cataract and psoriasiform dermatitis11.8
38microcephaly 16, primary, autosomal recessive11.8
39microcephaly 17, primary, autosomal recessive11.8
40periventricular heterotopia with microcephaly11.8
41microcephaly, cerebellar hypoplasia, and cardiac conduction defect syndrome11.8
42primary microcephaly11.8
43microcephaly-cardiomyopathy11.8
44congenital ichthyosis, microcephalus, quadriplegia11.8
45microcephaly, short stature, and impaired glucose metabolism 211.8
46spastic tetraplegia, thin corpus callosum, and progressive microcephaly11.8
47microcephaly and chorioretinopathy 311.7
48cataract-microcephaly-failure to thrive-kyphoscoliosis11.7
49feingold syndrome11.7
50spastic tetraplegia-thin corpus callosum-progressive postnatal microcephaly syndrome11.7

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Microcephaly:



Diseases related to microcephaly

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Microcephaly

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MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Microcephaly according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

41
idDescriptionMGI Source AccessionScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1MP:00053979.6ASPM, CDK5RAP2, CENPJ, DIAPH1, DYRK1A, MCPH1
2MP:00053849.2ASPM, CASK, CDK5RAP2, CENPJ, CEP152, DIAPH1
3MP:00053899.2ASPM, CASK, CDK5RAP2, CENPJ, DYRK1A, MCPH1
4MP:00036319.1ASPM, CASK, CDK5RAP2, CENPJ, CEP152, DIAPH1
5MP:00107689.1CASK, CDK5RAP2, CENPJ, DYRK1A, EFTUD2, KNL1
6MP:00053788.9ASPM, CASK, CDK5RAP2, CENPJ, DIAPH1, DYRK1A

Drugs & Therapeutics for Microcephaly

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Drugs for Microcephaly (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show top 50)    (show all 59)
idNameStatusPhaseClinical TrialsCas NumberPubChem Id
1
Magnesium Sulfateapproved, vet_approvedPhase 31687487-88-924083
Synonyms:
(C10-C16) Alkylalcohol sulfuric acid, magnesium salt
00627_FLUKA
10028-26-9
10034-99-8 (heptahydrate)
13143_RIEDEL
13143_SIAL
139939-75-6
18939-43-0
203726_ALDRICH
208094_SIAL
34276_FLUKA
34276_RIEDEL
38146_FLUKA
38146_RIEDEL
63126_FLUKA
63136_FLUKA
63136_SIAL
63139_FLUKA
63139_SIAL
68081-97-0
7487-88-9
AC1L2N76
AC1LAX36
AC1Q1U66
AI3-02029
Bitter salt
C10-C16 Alkyl alcohol sulfuric acid magnesium salt
CCRIS 8411
CHEBI:32599
CID24083
CPD0-2390
Caswell No. 534
D008278
DB00653
EINECS 231-298-2
EINECS 233-073-4
EINECS 242-691-3
EINECS 268-365-0
EPA Pesticide Chemical Code 050503
Epsom salt
HSDB 664
Hair salt
Heptahydrate Magnesium Sulfate
Kieserite [as monohydrate]
LS-88605
M2643_SIGMA
M3409_SIGMA
 
M7506_SIAL
M8150_SIGMA
MAGNESIUM SULFATE
Magnesium Sulfate In Plastic Container
Magnesium Sulfate, Heptahydrate
Magnesium Sulphate Hydrate
Magnesium bisulfate
Magnesium hydrogensulphate
Magnesium sulfate
Magnesium sulfate (1:1)
Magnesium sulfate anhydrous
Magnesium sulfate dried
Magnesium sulfate heptahydrate
Magnesium sulfate hexahydrate
Magnesium sulfate in dextrose 5% in plastic container
Magnesium sulfate solution
Magnesium sulphate
Magnesium sulphate anhydrous
Magnesium sulphate dried
Magnesium sulphate heptahydrate
Magnesium(II) sulfate
Magnesium(ii) sulfate
Magnesiumsulfat
MgSO4
MolPort-003-925-000
NSC 146179
OT-S
OT-S (drying agent)
SDA 15-062-07
Sal Angalis
Sal De sedlitz
Sal amarum
Sal anglicum
Sal catharticum
Sal seidlitense
Salts of england
Sel d'angleterre
Sulfate, Magnesium
Sulfuric acid magnesium salt
Sulfuric acid magnesium salt (1:1)
Sulfuric acid magnesium salt (VAN)
Sulfuric acid, C10-16 alkyl ester, magnesium salt
Sulfuric acid, magnesium salt
Sulfuric acid, magnesium salt (1:1)
Sulfuric acid, mono-C10-16-alkyl esters, magnesium salts
Tomix OT
UNII-DE08037SAB
UNII-ML30MJ2U7I
magnesium(2+) ion sulfate
2Peripheral Nervous System AgentsPhase 322776
3Tocolytic AgentsPhase 3708
4AnalgesicsPhase 311287
5Central Nervous System DepressantsPhase 312806
6Calcium, DietaryPhase 35525
7AnestheticsPhase 39001
8Anti-Arrhythmia AgentsPhase 32969
9AnticonvulsantsPhase 32620
10calcium channel blockersPhase 31940
11Rho(D) Immune GlobulinPhase 3317
12Immunoglobulins, IntravenousPhase 3324
13ImmunoglobulinsPhase 36045
14AntibodiesPhase 36045
15gamma-GlobulinsPhase 3317
16Immunoglobulin GPhase 3265
17
Miconazoleapproved, investigational, vet_approvedPhase 2362422916-47-84189
Synonyms:
(+-)-1-(2,4-Dichloro-beta-((2,4-dichlorobenzyl)oxy)phenethyl)imidazole
1-(2,4-Dichloro-beta-((2,4-dichlorobenzyl)oxy)phenethyl)imidazole
1-(2,4-dichloro-beta-((2,4-dichlorobenzyl)oxy)phenethyl) imidazole
1-[2,4-Dichloro- beta-([2,4-dichloro- benzyl]oxy)phenethyl]imidazole
1-[2-(2,4-Dichloro-benzyloxy)-2-(2,4-dichloro-phenyl)-ethyl]-1H-imidazole
1-[2-(2,4-Dichlorophenyl)-2-[(2,4-dichlorophenyl)methoxy]ethyl]-1H-imidazole
1-[2-(2,4-dichlorobenzyloxy)-2-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)ethyl]-1H-imidazole
1-[2-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)-2-[(2,4-dichlorophenyl)methoxy]ethyl]imidazole
1-[2-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)-2-{[(2,4-dichlorophenyl)methyl]oxy}ethyl]-1H-imidazole
1-{2-[(2,4-dichlorobenzyl)oxy]-2-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)ethyl}-1H-imidazole
22832-87-7 (NITRATE)
22916-47-8
75319-47-0
AB00053500
AC1L1HM1
AKOS001574474
Aflorix(nitrate)
Albistat(nitrate)
Andergin(nitrate)
BPBio1_000279
BRD-A82396632-001-03-0
BRD-A82396632-008-02-7
BRN 0965511
BSPBio_000253
BSPBio_002033
CCRIS 7924
CHEBI:6923
CHEMBL91
CID4189
CPD-4501
Conofite(nitrate)
D00416
DB01110
Dactarin
Daktarin IV
Daktarin iv
DivK1c_000156
EINECS 245-324-5
Epi-Monistat(nitrate)
Femizol-M
Florid(nitrate)
Gyno-Daktar(nitrate)
HMS1568M15
HMS2090B21
I14-14342
IDI1_000156
Imidazole, 1-(2-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)-2-((2,4-dichlorophenyl)methoxy)ethyl)- (9CI)
KBio1_000156
KBio2_001445
KBio2_004013
KBio2_006581
KBio3_001533
KBioGR_000581
KBioSS_001445
LS-78378
Lotrimin AF(nitrate)
MCZ
MJR 1762
MLS002222203
Micantin (nitrate)
Miconasil Nitrate
 
Miconazol
Miconazol [INN-Spanish]
Miconazole
Miconazole (JP15/USP/INN)
Miconazole 3
Miconazole 3 Combination Pack
Miconazole 7 Combination Pack
Miconazole [USAN:BAN:INN:JAN]
Miconazole nitrate salt
Miconazole-7
Miconazolo
Miconazolo [DCIT]
Miconazolum
Miconazolum [INN-Latin]
Micozole
Minostate
MolPort-002-557-553
Monazole 7
Monista (nitrate)
Monistat
Monistat (TN)
Monistat 1 Combination Pack
Monistat 3 Dual-Pak
Monistat 3 Vaginal Ovules
Monistat 5 Tampon
Monistat 7 Dual-Pak
Monistat 7 Vaginal Suppositories
Monistat Dual- PAK
Monistat IV
Monistat iv (TN)
Monistat iv (tn)
Monistat-Derm
NCI60_001353
NCI60_001380
NINDS_000156
NSC 170986
NSC169434
NSC170986
Novo-Miconazole Vaginal Ovules
Oprea1_091955
Prestwick0_000067
Prestwick1_000067
Prestwick2_000067
Prestwick3_000067
Prestwick_335
R 18134
R-14,889
SMR001307249
SPBio_000976
SPBio_002174
STK834405
STOCK1S-93556
Spectrum2_001048
Spectrum3_000507
Spectrum4_000061
Spectrum5_001297
Spectrum_000965
UNII-7NNO0D7S5M
Vusion
Zimycan
imidazole, 1-(2-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)-2-((2,4-dichlorophenyl) methoxy)ethyl)- (9CI)
miconazole
18
FludarabineapprovedPhase 2, Phase 1111321679-14-1, 75607-67-930751
Synonyms:
(2R,3S,4S,5R)-2-(6-amino-2-fluoro-9H-purin-9-yl)-5-(hydroxymethyl)oxolane-3,4-diol
(2R,3S,4S,5R)-2-(6-amino-2-fluoropurin-9-yl)-5-(hydroxymethyl)oxolane-3,4-diol
2-F-ARAA
2-F-ara-A
2-Fluoro Ara-A
2-Fluoro-9-beta-D-arabinofuranosyladenine
2-fluoro ARA-A
21679-14-1
9-beta-D-Arabinofuranosyl-2-fluoroadenine
9-beta-D-arabinofuranosyl-2-fluoro-9H-purin-6-amine
9H-Purin-6-amine, 9-beta-D-arabinofuranosyl-2-fluoro- (9CI)
AC1LCW8I
AC1Q51CF
C10H12FN5O4
CCRIS 3382
CHEMBL1568
CID657237
CPD000058874
D07966
EINECS 244-525-5
F-Ara-A
FAMP
FT-0082766
FaraA
Fludara
Fludara, Fludarabine
 
Fludarabina
Fludarabina [Spanish]
Fludarabine
Fludarabine (INN)
Fludarabine 5'-monophosphate
Fludarabine [INN]
Fludarabine monophosphate
Fludarabine phosphate
Fludarabinum
Fludarabinum [Latin]
Fludura
Fluradosa
Fluradosa (TN)
HSDB 6964
I14-4978
LS-15061
MLS000028687
NSC 118218
NSC 118218H
NSC-118218
S1491_Selleck
SAM002548956
SMR000058874
SQ Fludarabine
UNII-1X9VK9O1SC
UNII-P2K93U8740
ZINC04216238
19
BenzocaineapprovedPhase 218921994-09-7, 94-09-72337
Synonyms:
(p-(Ethoxycarbonyl)phenylamine
06952_FLUKA
112909_ALDRICH
112909_SIAL
1333-08-0
23239-88-5
23239-88-5 (hydrochloride)
4 Aminobenzoic Acid Ethyl Ester
4-(Ethoxycarbonyl)aniline
4-(Ethoxycarbonyl)phenylamine
4-14-00-01129 (Beilstein Handbook Reference)
4-Aminobenzoate
4-Aminobenzoic acid
4-Aminobenzoic acid ethyl ester
4-Aminobenzoic acid, ethyl ester
4-Carbethoxyaniline
4-amino-benzoic acid ethyl ester
4-aminobenzoic acid ethyl ester
71123-91-6
94-09-7
94-09-7 (Parent)
A0271
AB00051923
AC1L1DGC
AC1Q341A
AC1Q64JE
AE-562/40377256
AI3-02081
AKOS000119763
AR-1H9065
Acetate, Benzocaine
Aethoform
Aethylium paraminobenzoicum
Amben ethyl ester
Americaine
Anaesthan-syngala
Anaesthesin
Anaesthesinum
Anaesthin
Anestezin
Anestezin [Russian]
Anesthesin
Anesthesine
Anesthone
BB_SC-0019
BPBio1_001017
BRD-K75466013-001-05-2
BRN 0638434
BSPBio_000923
BSPBio_001908
Baby Anbesol
Bensokain
Benzoak
Benzocaina
Benzocaina [INN-Spanish]
Benzocaine
Benzocaine (USP/INN)
Benzocaine Acetate
Benzocaine Formate
Benzocaine Hydrobromide
Benzocaine Hydrochloride
Benzocaine Methanesulfonate
Benzocaine [INN:BAN]
Benzocainum
Benzocainum [INN-Latin]
Benzoic acid, 4-amino-, ethyl ester
Benzoic acid, 4-amino-, ethyl ester, hydrochloride
Benzoic acid, amino-, ethyl ester
Benzoic acid, p-amino-, ethyl ester
C07527
CAS-94-09-7
CHEBI:116735
CHEMBL278172
CID2337
Caswell No. 430A
Chloraseptic
D001566
D00552
DB01086
Dermoplast
Diet Ayds
DivK1c_000932
E1501_SIGMA
EINECS 202-303-5
EPA Pesticide Chemical Code 097001
ETHYL-P-AMINOBENZOATE
Ethoform
Ethoforme
Ethyl 4-aminobenzoate
Ethyl 4-aminobenzoate hydrochloride
Ethyl 4-aminobenzoic acid
Ethyl Aminobenzoate
Ethyl PABA
 
Ethyl aminobenzoate
Ethyl aminobenzoate (JP15)
Ethyl aminobenzoate (VAN)
Ethyl aminobenzoic acid
Ethyl p-Aminobenzoate
Ethyl p-Aminophenylcarboxylate
Ethyl p-aminobenzenecarboxylate
Ethyl p-aminobenzoate
Ethyl p-aminobenzoic acid
Ethyl p-aminophenylcarboxylate
Ethylester kyseliny p-aminobenzoove
Ethylester kyseliny p-aminobenzoove [Czech]
Ethylis aminobenzoas
Formate, Benzocaine
HMS1570O05
HMS1920G09
HMS2091M11
HMS502O14
HSDB 7225
Hurricaine
Hydrobromide, Benzocaine
Hydrochloride, Benzocaine
I05-0204
IDI1_000932
Identhesin
KBio1_000932
KBio2_000474
KBio2_003042
KBio2_005610
KBio3_001408
KBioGR_000658
KBioSS_000474
Keloform
LS-35847
MLS001331704
MLS002153970
Methanesulfonate, Benzocaine
MolPort-000-871-526
NCGC00016352-01
NCGC00094598-01
NCGC00094598-02
NINDS_000932
NSC 122792
NSC 41531
NSC41531
NSC4688
Norcain
Norcaine
Norcainum
Oprea1_750694
Oprea1_827402
Ora-jel
Orabase-B
Orthesin
Otocain
Outgro
Parathesin
Parathesin (TN)
Parathesine
Prestwick0_000712
Prestwick1_000712
Prestwick2_000712
Prestwick3_000712
Prestwick_991
SMR000059025
SPBio_000134
SPBio_002844
SPECTRUM1500139
STK043620
Slim Mint Gum
Solarcaine
Solu H
Spectrum2_000117
Spectrum3_000314
Spectrum4_000249
Spectrum5_000860
Spectrum_000074
Topcaine
UNII-U3RSY48JW5
WLN: ZR DVO2
ZINC12358719
benzocaine
ethylaminobenzoate-4
h-4-abz-oet
nchembio.182-comp4
p-(Ethoxycarbonyl)aniline
p-Aminobenzoate
p-Aminobenzoic acid
p-Aminobenzoic acid ethyl ester
p-Aminobenzoic acid, ethyl ester
p-Aminobenzoic ethyl ester
p-Carbethoxyaniline
p-Ethoxycarboxylic Aniline
p-Ethoxycarboxylic aniline
20
Mycophenolate mofetilapproved, investigationalPhase 2939128794-94-55281078
Synonyms:
115007-34-6
128794-94-5
140401-05-4
2-Morpholinoethyl (4E)-6-(4-hydroxy-6-methoxy-7-methyl-3-oxo-5-phthalanyl)-4-methyl-4-hexenoate
2-Morpholinoethyl (E)-6-(4-hydroxy-6-methoxy-7-methyl-3-oxo-5-phthalanyl)-4-methyl-4-hexenoate
2-Morpholinoethyl (e)-6-(4-hydroxy-6-methoxy-7-methyl-3-oxo-5-phthalanyl)-4-methyl-4-hexenoate
2-morpholin-4-ylethyl (4E)-6-[4-hydroxy-7-methyl-6-(methyloxy)-3-oxo-1,3-dihydro-2-benzofuran-5-yl]-4-methylhex-4-enoate
2-morpholin-4-ylethyl (E)-6-(4-hydroxy-6-methoxy-7-methyl-3-oxo-1H-2-benzofuran-5-yl)-4-methylhex-4-enoate
4-Hexenoic acid, 6-(1,3-dihydro-4-hydroxy-6-methoxy-7-methyl -3-oxo-5-isobenzofuranyl)-4-methyl-, 2-(4-morpholinyl)ethyl ester, (4E)
AC-1562
AC1NQXZW
AC1Q6O6X
AR-1J6939
BB_NC-2566
C07908
C23H31NO7
CHEMBL1456
CID5281078
CellCept
CellCept, RS 61443, TM-MMF, Mycophenolate mofetil
Cellcept
Cellcept (TN)
D00752
DB00688
HMS2090A03
 
HSDB 7436
I01-0898
I06-1947
LS-172272
LS-75572
ME-MPA
MMF
MMF CellCept(TM)
MolPort-000-883-800
Munoloc
Mycophenolate mofetil (JAN/USAN)
Mycophenolic acid morpholinoethyl ester
Mycophenylate mofetil
NCGC00159459-02
NCGC00159459-03
NSC724229
R-99
RS 61443
RS-61443
RS-61443-190
S1501_Selleck
TL8000648
TM-MMF
UNII-9242ECW6R0
ZINC21297660
mycophenolate mofetil
21
Mycophenolic acidapprovedPhase 293924280-93-1446541
Synonyms:
(e)-6-(4-Hydroxy-6-methoxy-7-methyl-3-oxo-5-phthalanyl)-4-methyl-4-hexenoic acid
Acide mycophenolique
Acido micofenolico
Acidum mycophenolicum
 
Melbex
Micofenolico acido
Mycophenoic acid
Mycophenolate
Mycophenolsäure
Myfortic
22
VidarabineapprovedPhase 251224356-66-932326, 21704
Synonyms:
(+)-Cyclaradine
.beta.-Adenosine
.beta.-D-Adenosine
1odi
2-(6-AMINO-purin-9-yl)-5-hydroxymethyl-tetrahydro-furan-3,4-diol
2946-52-3
2fqy
2gl0
30143-02-3
3080-29-3
3228-71-5
4005-33-8
46946-45-6
46969-16-8
524-69-6
5536-17-4
58-61-7
9-Arabinosyladenine
9-beta-D-Arabinofuranosyl-9H-purin-6-amine
9-beta-D-Arabinofuranosyl-adenine
9-beta-D-Arabinofuranosyladenine
9-beta-D-arabinofuranosyl-adenine
9-β-D-arabinofuranosyl-9H-purin-6-amine
9-β-D-arabinofuranosyladenine
A 9251
A0152
A4036_SIGMA
A4676_SIGMA
A5762_SIGMA
A9251_SIGMA
AC1L18OL
AC1L1U8O
AC1L2IWM
AC1L2SCM
AC1O4WIN
AC1O8PY7
AC1Q1ID3
AC1Q4Y1Z
AC1Q52XU
ADENOSINE, U.S.P.
ADN
AI3-52413
AI3-52821
AR-1H6029
ARA-A NSC 247519
Ade-Rib
Adenine Arabinoside
Adenine arabinoside
Adenine nucleoside
Adenine riboside
Adenine xyloside
Adenocard
Adenocard (TN)
Adenocard, Adenosine
Adenocor
Adenoscan
Adenoscan (TN)
Adenosin
Adenosin [German]
Adenosine (JAN/USP)
Adenosine [USAN:BAN]
Adenosine arabinose
Adenosine-8-14C
Adensoine
Ambap5536-17-4
Ara A
Ara-A
Ara-ATP
Araadenosine
Arabinoside Adenine
Arabinoside adenine
Arabinosyl Adenine
Arabinosyl adenine
Arabinosyl-adenine
Arabinosyladenine
Arasena-A
Armes
Armes (TN)
BB_NC-0565
BPBio1_000898
BRN 0624881
BSPBio_000816
BSPBio_001796
BSPBio_002000
Bio1_000437
Bio1_000926
Bio1_001415
Boniton
C00212
CAS-5536-17-4
CCRIS 2557
CCRIS 3383
CHEBI:136932
CHEBI:16335
CHEBI:45327
CHEMBL1090
CHEMBL20247
CHEMBL477
CI 673
CI-673
CID102198
CID191
CID21704
CID60961
CID6420052
CID6713976
CPD000471872
Caswell No. 010B
D000241
D00045
D06298
DB00640
DivK1c_000191
EINECS 200-389-9
EINECS 217-911-6
EINECS 226-893-9
EU-0100123
FT-0082881
HMS1570I18
HMS1920A13
HMS1921K05
HMS2090F06
HMS2091G13
HMS2092C16
HMS500J13
HSDB 6514
 
I01-1121
IDI1_000191
KBio1_000191
KBio2_002418
KBio2_004986
KBio2_007554
KBio3_001296
KBio3_001500
KBioGR_001224
KBioSS_002424
L000094
LS-15059
LS-15085
Lopac0_000123
MEDR-640
MLS000069638
MLS000699527
MLS001066352
MLS001333133
MLS001333134
MLS002153227
MLS002153992
MolPort-001-785-903
MolPort-001-838-229
MolPort-003-666-308
Myocol
NCGC00016656-01
NCGC00023673-03
NCGC00023673-04
NCGC00023673-05
NCGC00023673-06
NCGC00023673-07
NCGC00094579-01
NCGC00094579-02
NCGC00094579-03
NCGC00094579-04
NCGC00178869-01
NCGC00179417-01
NCI60_003823
NCI60_037192
NCIOpen2_003303
NCIOpen2_005376
NINDS_000191
NSC 247519
NSC 404241
NSC 627048
NSC 7359
NSC 7652
NSC-404241
NSC247519
NSC404241
NSC627048
NSC70422
NSC7359
NSC7652
NSC80832
NSC87676
NSC91041
Nucleocardyl
PDSP1_001036
PDSP2_001020
Pallacor
Polyadenosine
Polyriboadenosine
Prestwick0_000768
Prestwick1_000768
Prestwick2_000768
Prestwick3_000768
Prestwick_983
RAB
S1647_Selleck
S1784_Selleck
SAM002564191
SMP1_000312
SMR000058216
SMR000225041
SMR000471872
SMR001233326
SPBio_001194
SPBio_001491
SPBio_002755
SPECTRUM1500107
SPECTRUM1500609
SR 96225
SR-96225
STK361815
SUN-Y4001
Sandesin
Spectrum2_001257
Spectrum2_001336
Spectrum3_000288
Spectrum3_000580
Spectrum4_000782
Spectrum5_001429
Spectrum_001894
Spongoadenosine
TL8003749
UNII-3XQD2MEW34
UNII-K72T3FS567
USAF CB-10
V0098
VIRDARABINE
Vidarabin
Vidarabina
Vidarabina [DCIT]
Vidarabine
Vidarabine (JAN)
Vidarabine anhydrous
Vidarabinum
Vira ATM
Vira-A
Vira-A, Vidarabine
XA
Xylosyl A
Xylosyladenine
ZINC00970363
ZINC02169830
adenine-D-ribose
adenosine
alpha-Ara A
beta-Adenosine
beta-Ara A
beta-D-Adenosine
bmse000061
nchembio.143-comp9
nchembio.186-comp109
nchembio.64-comp4
nchembio706-5
23
alemtuzumabapproved, investigationalPhase 2, Phase 1303216503-57-0
Synonyms:
Campath
 
MabCampath
alemtuzumab
24
Cyclosporineapproved, investigational, vet_approvedPhase 291579217-60-0, 59865-13-35284373, 6435893
Synonyms:
1c5f
1cyn
30024_FLUKA
30024_SIGMA
59865-13-3
79217-60-0
AC1L1EQW
AC1NQXJE
AC1NR4C4
AC1NUQK3
AC1NUZNC
AC1O5KOG
AC1Q2UDG
Ambap59865-13-3
Ambotz59865-13-3
Antibiotic S 7481F1
BMT-ABA-SAR-MLE-VAL-MLE-ALA-ALA-MLE-MLE-MVA
BMT-ABA-SAR-MLE-VAL-MLE-ALA-DAL-MLE-MLE-MVA
BPBio1_000496
BRD-A64290322-001-01-6
BRD-A69815203-001-04-3
BRD-K13533483-001-03-0
BSPBio_000450
BSPBio_001596
BSPBio_003186
C 3662
C05086
C1832_SIGMA
C3662_SIGMA
C62H111N11O12
CB-01-09 MMX
CHEBI:106343
CHEBI:328305
CHEBI:4031
CHEMBL160
CHEMBL386389
CHEMBL532318
CID2909
CID5280754
CID5284373
CID5458585
CID5497195
CID6435893
CSA
CYCLOSPORIN A (SEE ALSO TRANSGENIC MODEL EVALUATION (CYCLOSPORIN A))
CYCLOSPORIN A, USP
Ciclosporin
Ciclosporin (JP15)
Ciclosporina
Ciclosporine
Ciclosporinum
Cipol N
Cipol-N
Consupren
Consupren S
CsA
CsA & IFN.alpha.
CyA
Cyclokat
Cyclosporin
Cyclosporin A
Cyclosporin A & IFN.alpha.
Cyclosporin A Implant
Cyclosporin A, Tolypocladium inflatum
Cyclosporine (USP)
Cyclosporine A
Cyclosporine [USAN]
D00184
DE-076
DivK1c_000871
EU-0100242
Equoral
GNF-Pf-2808
Gengraf
Gengraf (TN)
HMS1569G12
HMS1791P18
HMS1921L20
HMS1989P18
HMS2089A09
HMS2092F06
HMS502L13
Helv Chim Acta 60: 1568 (1977)
 
I06-0379
I06-0966
IDI1_000871
KBio1_000871
KBio2_000780
KBio2_003348
KBio2_005916
KBio3_002686
KBioGR_001898
KBioSS_000780
LMPK14000003
LS-257
LS-58836
Lopac0_000242
MLS000028376
MLS001333756
MLS002153454
MLS002207033
Mitogard
Modusik-A
MolPort-000-760-988
MolPort-005-934-008
MolPort-006-705-994
NCGC00093704-01
NCGC00093704-02
NCGC00093704-03
NCGC00093704-04
NCGC00093704-05
NCGC00093704-06
NCGC00093704-07
NCGC00093704-08
NCGC00164258-01
NCGC00164258-02
NINDS_000871
NSC290193
Neoplanta
Neoral
Neoral (TN)
NeuroSTAT
Nova-22007
OL 27-400
OL-27400
OLO-400
Papilock
Prestwick2_000435
Prestwick3_000435
Prestwick_731
Pulminiq
Ramihyphin A
Restasis
Restasis (TN)
S-Neoral
S1514_Selleck
SDZ-OXL 400
SMR000058578
SPBio_001467
SPECTRUM1502202
ST-603
Sandimmun
Sandimmun Neoral
Sandimmune
Sandimmune (TN)
Sandimmune, Gengraf, Restasis, Atopica, Sangcya, Cyclosporine
Sang-2000
Sang-35
SangCyA
Sangcya
Sigmasporin
Sigmasporin Microoral
Spectrum2_001484
Spectrum3_001593
Spectrum4_001279
Spectrum5_001628
Spectrum_000300
TRANSGENIC MODEL EVALUATION (CYCLOSPORIN A)
Vekacia
Zyclorin
cyclophorine
cyclosporin A
cyclosporine
from Tolypocladium inflatum (Trichoderma polysporin)
nchembio.184-comp6
nchembio.301-comp5
nchembio.342-comp1
25tannic acidapproved, NutraceuticalPhase 21892
26AntimetabolitesPhase 2, Phase 111774
27Immunosuppressive AgentsPhase 2, Phase 112770
28Dermatologic AgentsPhase 25674
29Anti-Bacterial AgentsPhase 210884
30Alkylating AgentsPhase 24694
31Calcineurin InhibitorsPhase 21597
32Antifungal AgentsPhase 23615
33Antibiotics, AntitubercularPhase 26972
34Antiviral AgentsPhase 29732
35Anti-Infective AgentsPhase 221402
36Antirheumatic AgentsPhase 210627
37Antimetabolites, AntineoplasticPhase 2, Phase 17171
38VaccinesPhase 16428
39
Hydroxocobalaminapproved24813422-51-011953898, 5460373, 44475014
Synonyms:
13422-51-0
22465-48-1
78091-12-0
8017-22-9
Acti-B12
AlphaRedisol
AlphaRedisol (TN)
Axion
Axlon
Benzimidazolyl ribofuranosyl phosphate deriv.
C08230
C62H85CoN13O15P
CHEBI:27786
CHEMBL1200742
CHEMBL235822
CID11622291
CID11953898
CID5460373
CID6433575
CID6474319
Ciplamin H
Coalpha-[alpha-(5,6-dimethylbenzimidazolyl)]-Cobeta-hydroxocobamide
Cobalex
Cobalin H
Cobinamide dihydroxide dihydrogen phosphate (ester), mono(inner salt), 3'-ester with 5,6-dimethyl-1-alpha-D-ribofuranosylbenzimidazole
Cobinamide hydroxide phosphate 3'-ester with 5,6-dimethyl-1-a-D-ribofuranosylbenzimidazole inner salt
Cobinamide hydroxide phosphate 3'-ester with 5,6-dimethyl-1-alpha-D-ribofuranosylbenzimidazole inner salt
Cobinamide hydroxide phosphate 3'-ester with 5,6-dimethyl-1-alpha-delta-ribofuranosylbenzimidazole inner salt
Cobinamide, Co-hydroxy-, dihydrogen phosphate (ester), inner salt, 3'-ester with (5,6-dimethyl-1-alpha-D-ribofuranosyl-1H-benzimidazole-kappaN3)
Cobinamide, Co-hydroxy-, f-(dihydrogen phosphate), inner salt, 3'-ester with (5,6-dimethyl-1-alpha-D-ribofuranosyl-1H-benzimidazole-kappaN3)
Cobinamide, dihydroxide, dihydrogen phosphate (ester), mono (inner salt), 3'- ester with 5,6-dimethyl-1-alpha-D-ribofuranosylbenzimidazole
Cobinamide, dihydroxide, dihydrogen phosphate (ester), mono(inner salt), 3'-ester with 5,6-dimethyl-1-alpha-D-ribofuranosyl-1H-benzimidazole
Cobinamide, hydroxide, dihydrogen phosphate (ester), inner salt, 3'-ester with 5,6-dimethyl-1-alpha-D-ribofuranosyl-1H-benzimidazole
Codroxomin
Cyanokit
Cyanokit (TN)
D01027
DB00200
Depogamma
Docclan
Docelan
Docelvita
Docevita
Droxomin
Ducobee Hy
Ducobee-Hy
Duradoce
Duralta-12
EINECS 236-533-2
HSDB 3342
HYDROXOCOBALAMIN
Hidroxocobalamina
Hidroxocobalamina [INN-Spanish]
Hydro Cobex
 
Hydrobamine
Hydrocobalamin
Hydrogrisevit
Hydrovit
Hydroxocobalamin
Hydroxocobalamin (JAN/USP/INN)
Hydroxocobalamin Vitamin B12
Hydroxocobalamin [USAN:INN:BAN:JAN]
Hydroxocobalamin acetate
Hydroxocobalamin anhydrous
Hydroxocobalamin monohydrochloride
Hydroxocobalamin(alkaline soln.), OH- replaces CN- in Cyanocobalamin)
Hydroxocobalaminacetat
Hydroxocobalamine
Hydroxocobalamine [INN-French]
Hydroxocobalaminum
Hydroxocobalaminum [INN-Latin]
Hydroxocobalaminum anhydrous
Hydroxocobemine
Hydroxomin
Hydroxy Cobal
Hydroxy vitamin B12
Hydroxycob(lll)alamin
Hydroxycobalamin
Hydroxycobalamine
Hyxobamine
Idrogrisevit
Idrossocobalamina
Idrossocobalamina [DCIT]
LS-54607
Lyovit-H
Neo-Betalin 12
Neo-cytamen
Neo-macrabin
Neo-rojamin
OH-Cbl
OH-Duphar
Ohb12
Oxobemin
Oxolamine (arcum)
Primabalt RP
Redisol-H
S1668_Selleck
Sytobex-H
UNII-Q40X8H422O
Vibeden
Vitadurin
Vitamin B(sub 12a)
Vitamin B-12b
Vitamin B12a
Vitamin B12b
a-(5,6-Dimethylbenzimidazolyl)hydroxocobamide
alpha Cobione
alpha-(5,6-Dimethylbenzimidazolyl)hydroxocobamide
vitamin B-12b
40
Ironapproved11237439-89-623925
Synonyms:
02583_FLUKA
12310_ALDRICH
12310_RIEDEL
129048-51-7
14067-02-8
161135-39-3
190454-13-8
195161-83-2
199281-22-6
209309_ALDRICH
209309_SIAL
255637_ALDRICH
266213_ALDRICH
266256_ALDRICH
267945_ALDRICH
267953_ALDRICH
26Fe
338141_ALDRICH
356808_ALDRICH
356824_ALDRICH
356832_ALDRICH
39344-71-3
3ZhP
413054_ALDRICH
443783-52-6
44890_ALDRICH
44890_FLUKA
675141-17-0
70884-35-4
73135-38-3
7439-89-6
8011-79-8
8053-60-9
AC1L2N38
ATW 230
ATW 432
Ancor B
Ancor en 80/150
Armco iron
Atomel 28
Atomel 300M200
Atomel 500M
Atomel 95
Atomiron 44MR
Atomiron 5M
Atomiron AFP 25
Atomiron AFP 5
C00023
C3518_SIAL
C3518_SIGMA
CCRIS 1580
CHEBI:18248
CID23925
Carbonyl iron
Copy Powder CS 105-175
D007501
DB01592
DSP 1000
DSP 128B
DSP 135
DSP 135C
DSP 138
Diseases (animal), iron overload
Diseases, iron overload
EF 1000
EF 250
EFV 200/300
EFV 250
EFV 250/400
EINECS 231-096-4
 
Ed-In-Sol
Eisen
Electrolytic iron
F 60 (metal)
FE
FT 3 (element)
Fe
Fe-40
Fe1+
Feronate
Ferretts
Ferro-Caps
Ferro-Time
Ferrousal
Ferrovac E
Ferrum
Ferrum metallicum
GS 6
HF 2 (element)
HL (iron)
HQ (metal)
HS (iron)
HS 4849
HSDB 604
Hemocyte
Hierro
Hoeganaes ATW 230
Hoeganaes EH
IRMM524A_FLUKA
IRMM524B_FLUKA
IRON
Iron (Fe)
Iron (Fe1+)
Iron ion (Fe+)
Iron ion(1+)
Iron monocation
Iron powder
Iron standard for AAS
Iron(1+)
Iron(1+) ion
Iron(III) nitrate solution
Iron, carbonyl
Iron, electrolytic
Iron, elemental
Iron, ion (Fe1+)
Iron, ion (Fe1+) (8CI,9CI)
Iron, reduced
LOHA
LS-3196
MolPort-003-925-001
NC 100
PZh-1M3
PZh-2
PZh1M1
PZh2M
PZh2M1
PZh2M2
PZh3
PZh3M
PZh4M
PZhO
Reduced iron
Remko
SUY-B 2
Siderol
UNII-E1UOL152H7
Vitedyn-Slo
Yieronia
fer
ferrous iron
hierro
41
Cyanocobalaminapproved, nutraceutical24968-19-944176380
Synonyms:
Anacobin
Bedoz
Berocca PN
Berubigen
Betalin 12
Betalin 12 Crystalline
Betaline-12
Betolvex
Bevidox
Bevidox concentrate
Biocobalamine
Byladoce
Cabadon m
Cernevit-12
Cobadoce forte
Cobalin
Cobavite
Cobex
Cobolin-M
Copharvit 5000
Covit
Crystamin
Crystamine
Crysti-12
Crystimin
Crystwel
Cyano-B12
Cyanobalamin concentrate
Cyanocob(III)alamin
Cyanocobalamin (JP15/USP)
Cyanocobalamin Co 57 Schilling Test Kit
Cyanocobalamine
Cyanocobalmin
Cyanoject
Cycobemin
Cycolamin
Cykobemin
Cykobeminet
Cyomin
Cyredin
Cytacon
Cytamen
Cytobion
Depinar
Dicopac
Dicopac Kit
Dimethylbenzimidazoylcobamide
Distivit
Docemine
Docibin
Docivit
Dodecabee
Dodecavite
Dodex
Duodecibin
Embiol
Emociclina
Eritrone
Erycytol
 
Erythrotin
Euhaemon
Extrinsic factor
Factor II
Fermin
Fresmin
Hemomin
Hepagon
Hepavis
Hepcovite
Hylugel plus
Infuvite Pediatric
Lactobacillus lactis dorner factor
M.V.I. Pediatric
Macrabin
Megabion
Megalovel
Milbedoce
Millevit
Nagravon
Nascobal
Nascobal (TN)
Neuroforte-R
Normocytin
Novidroxin
Pernaemon
Pernaevit
Pernipuron
Plecyamin
Poyamin
Primabalt
Rebramin
Redamina
Redisol
Rhodacryst
Rubesol
Rubivite
Rubramin
Rubramin PC
Rubratope-57 Kit
Rubratope-60 Kit
Rubripca
Rubrocitol
Ruvite
Shovite
Sytobex
Vi-Twel
Vibal
Vibalt
Vibisone
Virubra
Vita-rubra
Vitabee 12
Vitamin B12
Vitamin B12 Preparation
Vitamin B12 complex
Vitaped
Vitarubin
Vitral
vitamine b12
42
Folic Acidapproved, nutraceutical, vet_approved427959-30-36037
Synonyms:
(2S)-2-[[4-[(2-amino-4-oxo-1H-pteridin-6-yl)methylamino]benzoyl]amino]pentanedioic acid
01769_FLUKA
2d0k
33609-88-0
36653-55-1 (mono-potassium salt)
59-30-3
6484-89-5 (mono-hydrochloride salt)
AC-11682
AC1L1LNX
AI3-26387
AKOS000503224
ARONIS014410
Acfol (Spain)
Acide folique
Acide folique [INN-French]
Acido folico
Acido folico [INN-Spanish]
Acidum folicum
Acidum folicum [INN-Latin]
Acifolic
Antianemia factor
Apo-Folic
BIDD:ER0563
BIDD:GT0641
BIF0608
BPBio1_000654
BSPBio_000594
BSPBio_002338
C00504
C20H20N6O6
CAS-59-30-3
CCRIS 666
CHEBI:27470
CHEMBL1622
CID6037
CPD000471860
Cytofol
D00070
DB00158
DivK1c_000494
Dosfolat B activ
EINECS 200-419-0
F0043
F7876_SIAL
F7876_SIGMA
F8758_SIGMA
F8798_SIAL
F8890_SIGMA
FOL
Facid
Factor U
Folacid
Folacin
Folaemin
Folaemin [Netherlands]
Folan
Folasic (Australia)
Folate
Folbal
Folcidin
Folcidin (VAN)
Folcysteine
Foldine
Foldine [France]
Folettes
Foliamin
Folic
Folic acid
Folic acid (JP15/USP/INN)
Folic acid (TN)
Folic acid [BAN:INN:JAN]
Folic acid [INN:BAN:JAN]
Folic acid dihydrate
Folicet
Folicet (TN)
Folico
Folico (Italy)
Folina
Folina (Italy)
Folipac
Folsaeure
 
Folsan
Folsaure
Folsav
Folvite
Folvron
Glutamic acid, N-(p-(((2-amino-4-hydroxypyrimido(4,5-b)pyrazin-6-yl)methyl)amino)benzoyl)-, L
HMS1921D20
HMS2092N17
HMS501I16
HSDB 2002
IDI1_000494
InChI=1/C19H19N7O6/c20-19-25-15-14(17(30)26-19)23-11(8-22-15)7-21-10-3-1-9(2-4-10)16(29)24-12(18(31)32)5-6-13(27)28/h1-4,8,12,21H,5-7H2,(H,24,29)(H,27,28)(H,31,32)(H3,20,22,25,26,30)/t12-/m0/s
Incafolic
KBio1_000494
KBio2_001861
KBio2_004429
KBio2_006997
KBio3_001558
KBioGR_002222
KBioSS_001861
Kyselina listova
Kyselina listova [Czech]
LS-2157
Liver Lactobacillus casei factor
MLS001304016
MLS001335861
Millafol
Mission prenatal
Mittafol
MolPort-004-285-551
N-(4-(((2-Amino-1,4-dihydro-4-oxo-6-pteridinyl)methyl)amino)benzo- yl)-L-glutamic acid
N-(4-((2-Amino-1,4-dihydro-4-oxo-6-pteridinyl)methyl)amino)benzoyl)-L-glutamic acid
N-(4-{[(2-Amino-4-oxo-3,4-dihydropteridin-6-yl)methyl]amino}benzoyl)-L-glutamic acid
N-(4-{[(2-amino-4-oxo-1,4-dihydropteridin-6-yl)methyl]amino}benzoyl)-L-glutamic acid
N-(p-(((2-Amino-4-hydroxy-6-pteridinyl)methyl)amino)benzoyl)-L-glutamic acid
N-Pteroyl-L-glutamic acid
N-[(4-{[(2-Amino-4-oxo-1,4-dihydropteridin-6-yl)methyl]amino}phenyl)carbonyl]-L-glutamic acid
N-[(4-{[(2-amino-4-oxo-1,4-dihydropteridin-6-yl)methyl]amino}phenyl)carbonyl]-L-glutamic acid
N-[4-[[(2-Amino-3,4-dihydro-4-oxo-6-pteridinyl)methyl]amino]benzoyl]-L-glutamic acid
NCGC00016265-01
NCGC00142391-01
NINDS_000494
NSC 3073
Nifolin
Nifolin [Denmark]
Novofolacid
Novofolacid [Canada]
PGA
PGA (VAN)
Prestwick3_000627
Prestwick_230
PteGlu
Pteroyl-L-glutamate
Pteroyl-L-glutamic acid
Pteroyl-L-monoglutamate
Pteroyl-L-monoglutamic acid
Pteroylglutamate
Pteroylglutamic acid
Pteroylmonoglutamate
Pteroylmonoglutamic acid
SAM002264616
SDCCGMLS-0066738.P001
SMP2_000137
SMR000471860
SPBio_001357
SPECTRUM1502020
Serum Folate Level
Spectrum2_001459
Spectrum3_000749
Spectrum4_001751
Spectrum5_000602
Spectrum_001381
UNII-935E97BOY8
Usaf cb-13
Vitamin B11
Vitamin B9
Vitamin Bc
Vitamin Be
Vitamin M
bmse000299
folic acid
nchembio.108-comp10
43
Creatineapproved, nutraceutical12657-00-1586
Synonyms:
((amino(Imino)methyl)(methyl)amino)acetic acid
((amino(imino)methyl)(methyl)amino)acetate
((amino(imino)methyl)(methyl)amino)acetic acid
(N-methylcarbamimidamido)acetic acid
(alpha-Methylguanido)acetate
(alpha-Methylguanido)acetic acid
(α-methylguanido)acetic acid
Cosmocair C 100
Creatin
Creatine
Creatine hydrate
Kreatin
 
Krebiozon
Methylglycocyamine
Methylguanidoacetate
Methylguanidoacetic acid
N-(Aminoiminomethyl)-N-Methyl-Glycine
N-(aminoiminomethyl)-N-methylglycine
N-Amidinosarcosine
N-Carbamimidoyl-N-methylglycine
N-Methyl-N-guanylglycine
N-[(e)-AMINO(imino)methyl]-N-methylglycine
Phosphagen
[[Amino(imino)methyl](methyl)amino]acetate
[[Amino(imino)methyl](methyl)amino]acetic acid
alpha-Methylguanidino acetic acid
44
Betaineapproved, nutraceutical33107-43-7247
Synonyms:
(Carboxymethyl)trimethylammonium hydroxide inner salt
(Trimethylammonio)acetate
1-Carboxy-N,N,N-trimethyl-Methanaminium
1-Carboxy-N,N,N-trimethyl-Methanaminium hydroxide
1-Carboxy-N,N,N-trimethylmethanaminium inner salt
2-trimethylammonioacetate
Abromine
Aminocoat
Betafin
Betafin BCR
Betafin BP
Betaine
Cystadane
Ektasolve EE
FinnStim
Glycine betaine
 
Glycocoll betaine
Glycylbetaine
Greenstim
Loramine AMB 13
Loramine AMB-13
Lycine
N,N,N-Trimethylglycine
Oxyneurine
Rubrine C
TMG
Trimethylaminoacetate
Trimethylaminoacetic acid
Trimethylbetaine Glycine
Trimethylglycine
Trimethylglycocoll
a-Earleine
alpha-Earleine
45Vitamin B 12249
46Vitamin B Complex4229
47Vitamins5095
48Trace Elements5802
49Micronutrients5802
50Hematinics1630

Interventional clinical trials:

(show all 26)
idNameStatusNCT IDPhase
1Efficacy Study of Hypothermia Plus Magnesium Sulphate(MgSO4) in the Management of Term and Near Term Babies With Hypoxic Ischemic EncephalopathyUnknown statusNCT01646619Phase 3
2A Randomized Trial to Prevent Congenital Cytomegalovirus (CMV)RecruitingNCT01376778Phase 3
3Transfusion of Prematures TrialRecruitingNCT01702805Phase 3
4Short-term Behavioral Effects of Cholesterol Therapy in Smith-Lemli-Opitz SyndromeCompletedNCT00114634Phase 2
5Ambrisentan in Single VentricleRecruitingNCT02080637Phase 2
6Radiation- and Alkylator-free Bone Marrow Transplantation Regimen for Patients With Dyskeratosis CongenitaRecruitingNCT01659606Phase 2
7Study of GLS-5700 in Dengue Virus Seropositive AdultsRecruitingNCT02887482Phase 1
8Study of GLS-5700 in Healthy VolunteersActive, not recruitingNCT02809443Phase 1
9Safety and Immunogenicity of a Zika Virus DNA Vaccine, VRC-ZKADNA085-00-VP, in Healthy AdultsActive, not recruitingNCT02840487Phase 1
10Use of Rft5-Dga to Deplete Alloreactive Cells for Pts With Fanconi Anemia After Haploidentical SCTTerminatedNCT00586274Phase 1
11Evaluation of Patients With Unresolved Chromosome AbnormalitiesCompletedNCT00001639
12Bone Mineral Density in Adults With HyperphenylalaninemiaCompletedNCT01209819
13Dietary Supplements for the Treatment of Angelman SyndromeCompletedNCT00348933
14TOBY (TOtal Body hYpothermia): a Study of Treatment for Perinatal AsphyxiaCompletedNCT00147030
15CoolCap Trial, Treatment of Perinatal Hypoxic-Ischemic EncephalopathyCompletedNCT00383305
16Effectiveness of LNS and MNP Supplements to Prevent Malnutrition in Women and Their Children in BangladeshCompletedNCT01715038
17Microcephaly Genetic Deficiency in Neural ProgenitorsRecruitingNCT01565005
18Zika and Microcephaly: Case-control StudyRecruitingNCT02741882
19Fetal and Maternal Head Circumference During Pregnancy in Israeli PopulationRecruitingNCT02510170
20Neurodevelopment Outcome of Newborns Exposed to Zika Virus (ZIKV) in UteroRecruitingNCT02943304
21Zika Virus Infection's Pregnancy Consequences in French Department of AmericaRecruitingNCT02916732
22Zika Virus Infection's Neonatal and Pediatric Consequences in French Department of AmericaRecruitingNCT02810210
23Hypothermia for Encephalopathy in Low and Middle-Income Countries TrialRecruitingNCT02387385
24Finding Genes With NGS Techniques in Whom Mutations Cause Neurological DiseasesNot yet recruitingNCT02340871
25Postnatal HCMV Infection in Very Preterm Infants. Implications, Morbidity, Growth and Neurodevelopmental Outcomes.WithdrawnNCT01151462
26Clinical, Molecular and Physiopathological Study of Cohen Syndrome and Cohen-like SyndromesWithdrawnNCT01907555

Search NIH Clinical Center for Microcephaly


Cochrane evidence based reviews: microcephaly

Genetic Tests for Microcephaly

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Genetic tests related to Microcephaly:

id Genetic test Affiliating Genes
1 Microcephaly27

Anatomical Context for Microcephaly

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MalaCards organs/tissues related to Microcephaly:

36
Brain, Bone, Heart, Bone marrow, Skin, Fetal brain, Cerebellum

Publications for Microcephaly

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Articles related to Microcephaly:

(show top 50)    (show all 788)
idTitleAuthorsYear
1
Pregnant women carrying microcephaly foetuses and Zika virus contain potentially pathogenic microbes and parasites in their amniotic fluid. (28077143)
2017
2
Transfer of convalescent serum to pregnant mice prevents Zika virus infection and microcephaly in offspring. (27922617)
2017
3
The larvicide pyriproxyfen blamed during the Zika virus outbreak does not cause microcephaly in zebrafish embryos. (28051181)
2017
4
Microcephaly and Zika Virus Infection. (27941545)
2017
5
Immune activation in amniotic fluid from Zika virus-associated microcephaly. (27977881)
2017
6
NEW FINDINGS FROM MULTIMODAL FUNDUS IMAGING OVER 3 YEARS OF A PATIENT WITH MICROCEPHALY, CHORIORETINOPATHY, AND KIF11 MUTATION. (28085761)
2017
7
Microcephaly and arthrogryposis multiplex congenita: The full-blown CNS spectrum in newborns with ZIKV infection. (28017252)
2017
8
Mandibulofacial dysostosis with microcephaly: A case presenting with seizures. (27670155)
2017
9
Zika Virus-Induced Microcephaly and Its Possible Molecular Mechanism. (28081529)
2017
10
Homozygous variants in pyrroline-5-carboxylate reductase 2 (PYCR2) in patients with progressive microcephaly and hypomyelinating leukodystrophy. (27860360)
2017
11
Molecular analysis of 23 Pakistani families with autosomal recessive primary microcephaly using targeted next-generation sequencing. (27784895)
2017
12
Autosomal-Recessive Mutations in the tRNA Splicing Endonuclease Subunit TSEN15 Cause Pontocerebellar Hypoplasia and Progressive Microcephaly. (27588454)
2016
13
A novel splice-site mutation in the ASPM gene underlies autosomal recessive primary microcephaly. (27920410)
2016
14
The syndrome dysmorphic facies, renal agenesis, ambiguous genitalia, microcephaly, polydactyly and lissencephaly (DREAM-PL): Report of two additional patients. (27480277)
2016
15
Microcephaly associated with maternal Zika virus infection. (27150580)
2016
16
Microcephaly in Pernambuco State, Brazil: epidemiological characteristics and evaluation of the diagnostic accuracy of cutoff points for reporting suspected cases. (27143306)
2016
17
Loss of the arginine methyltranserase PRMT7 causes syndromic intellectual disability with microcephaly and brachydactyly. (27718516)
2016
18
CSTB null mutation associated with microcephaly, early developmental delay, and severe dyskinesia. (26843564)
2016
19
Time Lags between Exanthematous Illness Attributed to Zika Virus, Guillain-BarrAc Syndrome, and Microcephaly, Salvador, Brazil. (27144515)
2016
20
Zika Virus and Microcephaly: Challenges for a Long-Term Agenda. (27105931)
2016
21
Mutations in CIT, encoding citron rho-interacting serine/threonine kinase, cause severe primary microcephaly in humans. (27503289)
2016
22
Microcephaly, dysmorphic features, corneal dystrophy, hairy nipples, underdeveloped labioscrotal folds, and small cerebellum in four patients. (27075597)
2016
23
Zika virus and microcephaly - Authors' reply. (27998595)
2016
24
Zika virus and microcephaly. (27998594)
2016
25
Microcephaly Proteins Wdr62 and Aspm Define a Mother Centriole Complex Regulating Centriole Biogenesis, Apical Complex, and Cell Fate. (27974163)
2016
26
Expanding the phenotype of RTTN varations: a new family with primary microcephaly, severe growth failure, brain malformations and dermatitis. (26940245)
2016
27
Zika Virus Disrupts Neural Progenitor Development and Leads to Microcephaly in Mice. (27179424)
2016
28
Loss-of-function mutation in RUSC2 causes intellectual disability and secondary microcephaly. (27612186)
2016
29
Postnatal microcephaly and pain insensitivity due to a de novo heterozygous DNM1L mutation causing impaired mitochondrial fission and function. (26992161)
2016
30
Ocular finding in Zika virus infectionResponse letter: Serological evidence confirms the presumed diagnosis of Zika virus congenital infection in infants with microcephaly and ocular findingsZika virus outbreak in the Americas: the need for novel mosquito control methodsThe Brazilian Zika virus strain causes birth defects in experimental modelsOphthalmologic findings in infants with microcephaly and presumable intra-uterus Zika virus infectionZika virus in Brazil and macular atrophy in a child with microcephalyVariables related to the ophthalmoscopic findings identified in infants with presumed Zika virus congenital infection. (27626161)
2016
31
Prenatal screening for microcephaly: an update after three decades. (27662643)
2016
32
CO-OCCURRENCE OF PRIMARY MICROCEPHALY CAUSED BY A NOVEL HOMOZYGOUS ASPM MUTATION ALONG WITH X-LINKED ICHTHYOSIS IN THE SAME PATIENT. (27192889)
2016
33
US agency says Zika virus causes microcephaly. (27083694)
2016
34
A novel homozygous splicing mutation of CASC5 causes primary microcephaly in a large Pakistani family. (26621532)
2016
35
Population surveillance for microcephaly. (27623958)
2016
36
Autosomal-Recessive Mutations in the tRNA Splicing Endonuclease Subunit TSEN15 Cause Pontocerebellar Hypoplasia and Progressive Microcephaly. (27392077)
2016
37
Erratum: The kinetochore protein, CENPF, is mutated in human ciliopathy and microcephaly phenotypes. (27738186)
2016
38
Novel Mutation in the DKC1 Gene: Neonatal Hoyeraal-Hreidarsson Syndrome As a Rare Differential Diagnosis in Pontocerebellar Hypoplasia, Primary Microcephaly, and Progressive Bone Marrow Failure. (26951492)
2016
39
A novel splice site mutation in CEP135 is associated with primary microcephaly in a Pakistani family. (26657937)
2016
40
Two novel EIF2S3 mutations associated with syndromic intellectual disability with severe microcephaly, growth retardation, and epilepsy. (27333055)
2016
41
A de novo CTNNB1 nonsense mutation associated with syndromic atypical hyperekplexia, microcephaly and intellectual disability: a case report. (26968164)
2016
42
Scans on babies born with microcephaly find brain damage linked to Zika. (27154090)
2016
43
Zika virus and microcephaly - more questions than answers? (27150736)
2016
44
Haploinsufficiency for Core Exon Junction Complex Components Disrupts Embryonic Neurogenesis and Causes p53-Mediated Microcephaly. (27618312)
2016
45
An Interstitial Deletion at 7q33-36.1 in a Patient with Intellectual Disability, Significant Language Delay, and Severe Microcephaly. (28053794)
2016
46
Citron kinase in spindle orientation and primary microcephaly. (27830983)
2016
47
Biallelic Mutations in Citron Kinase Link Mitotic Cytokinesis to Human Primary Microcephaly. (27453578)
2016
48
Preliminary results from case-control study confirm Zika virus causes microcephaly. (27638290)
2016
49
CDK5RAP2 interaction with components of the Hippo signaling pathway may play a role in primary microcephaly. (28004182)
2016
50
Zika Virus Induced Mortality and Microcephaly in Chicken Embryos. (27627457)
2016

Variations for Microcephaly

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Clinvar genetic disease variations for Microcephaly:

5
id Gene Variation Type Significance SNP ID Assembly Location
1DYRK1ANM_001396.3(DYRK1A): c.613C> T (p.Arg205Ter)SNVPathogenicrs724159949GRCh38Chr 21, 37486563: 37486563
2DYRK1ANM_001396.3(DYRK1A): c.1309C> T (p.Arg437Ter)SNVPathogenicrs724159953GRCh38Chr 21, 37505352: 37505352
3DIAPH1NM_001079812.2(DIAPH1): c.2305C> T (p.Gln769Ter)SNVLikely pathogenic, Pathogenicrs730882242GRCh38Chr 5, 141573518: 141573518

Copy number variations for Microcephaly from CNVD:

6 (show all 13)
id CNVD ID Chromosom Start End Type Gene Symbol CNVD Disease
18103914100400000106368585DeletionMicrocephaly
21014881638629933941884DeletionMicrocephaly
31375862148400000149600000DeletionEPC2Microcephaly
41375902148400000149600000DeletionMBD5Microcephaly
514678825480000061100000Copy numberVRK2Microcephaly
6161495221906280919791607DeletionMicrocephaly
71720443175774661175941767DeletionNAALADL2Microcephaly
81720473175774661175941767DeletionNLGN1Microcephaly
92045386111807663121697293DeletionMicrocephaly
102071806152600000160900000DeletionMicrocephaly
112492859139496489139830424DeletionMicrocephaly
1225667599560000098200000DuplicationPTCH1Microcephaly
13262843X4137419041782287Copy numberCASKMicrocephaly

Expression for genes affiliated with Microcephaly

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Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Microcephaly.

Pathways for genes affiliated with Microcephaly

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Pathways related to Microcephaly according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

idSuper pathwaysScoreTop Affiliating Genes
19.9NBN, PNKP, XRCC4
2
Show member pathways
9.4CDK5RAP2, CENPJ, CEP152, DYRK1A, KNL1, MCPH1

GO Terms for genes affiliated with Microcephaly

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Cellular components related to Microcephaly according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1mitotic spindle poleGO:009743110.5ASPM, CDK5RAP2
2deuterosomeGO:009853610.5CEP152, SASS6
3centrioleGO:000581410.2CENPJ, CEP152, SASS6, STIL, WDR62
4pericentriolar materialGO:000024210.2CDK5RAP2, CEP152
5centrosomeGO:00058139.6CDK5RAP2, CENPJ, CEP152, SASS6, STIL, WDR62

Biological processes related to Microcephaly according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 8)
idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1cerebral cortex developmentGO:002198710.6ASPM, MCPH1, WDR62
2neuronal stem cell population maintenanceGO:009715010.6ASPM, MCPH1
3G2/M transition of mitotic cell cycleGO:000008610.5CDK5RAP2, CENPJ, CEP152
4mitotic spindle organizationGO:000705210.5STIL, WDR62
5centrosome duplicationGO:005129810.3CENPJ, CEP152, SASS6, STIL
6centriole replicationGO:000709910.3CDK5RAP2, CENPJ, CEP152, SASS6, WDR62
7protein localization to centrosomeGO:007153910.2MCPH1, STIL
8regulation of centriole replicationGO:004659910.1CENPJ, STIL

Sources for Microcephaly

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2CDC
6CNVD
10DGIdb
15ExPASy
16FDA
17FMA
27GTR
28HGMD
29HMDB
30ICD10
31ICD10 via Orphanet
32ICD9CM
33IUPHAR
34KEGG
37MedGen
39MeSH
40MESH via Orphanet
41MGI
44NCI
45NCIt
46NDF-RT
49NINDS
50Novoseek
52OMIM
53OMIM via Orphanet
57PubMed
58QIAGEN
63SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
67Tumor Gene Family of Databases
68UMLS
69UMLS via Orphanet