MCID: MSC005
MIFTS: 64

Muscular Dystrophy malady

Categories: Genetic diseases, Rare diseases, Neuronal diseases, Muscle diseases, Cardiovascular diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Muscular Dystrophy

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Aliases & Descriptions for Muscular Dystrophy:

Name: Muscular Dystrophy 10 68 45 46 12 35 2 65
 
Muscular Dystrophies 47 36 24

Classifications:



External Ids:

Disease Ontology10 DOID:9884
ICD1027 G71.0
ICD9CM29 359.1
MeSH36 D009136
NCIt42 C84910
UMLS65 C0026850

Summaries for Muscular Dystrophy

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NINDS:46 The muscular dystrophies (MD) are a group of more than 30 genetic diseases characterized by progressive weakness and degeneration of the skeletal muscles that control movement. Some forms of MD are seen in infancy or childhood, while others may not appear until middle age or later. The disorders differ in terms of the distribution and extent of muscle weakness (some forms of MD also affect cardiac muscle), age of onset, rate of progression, and pattern of inheritance. MD is the most common form of MD and primarily affects boys. It is caused by the absence of dystrophin, a protein involved in maintaining the integrity of muscle. Onset is between 3 and 5 years and the disorder progresses rapidly. Most boys are unable to walk by age 12, and later need a respirator to breathe. Girls in these families have a 50 percent chance of inheriting and passing the defective gene to their children. Boys with MD (very similar to but less severe than Duchenne MD) have faulty or not enough dystrophin. MD usually begins in the teenage years. It causes progressive weakness in muscles of the face, arms, legs, and around the shoulders and chest. It progresses slowly and can vary in symptoms from mild to disabling. MD is the disorder's most common adult form and is typified by prolonged muscle spasms, cataracts, cardiac abnormalities, and endocrine disturbances. Individuals with myotonic MD have long, thin faces, drooping eyelids, and a swan-like neck.

MalaCards based summary: Muscular Dystrophy, also known as muscular dystrophies, is related to limb-girdle muscular dystrophy and emery-dreifuss muscular dystrophy 2, ad, and has symptoms including torticollis, torticollis and sciatica. An important gene associated with Muscular Dystrophy is FKRP (Fukutin Related Protein), and among its related pathways are Non-integrin membrane-ECM interactions and Muscular Dystrophies and Dystrophin-Glycoprotein Complex. Affiliated tissues include skeletal muscle, brain and heart, and related mouse phenotypes are behavior/neurological and cellular.

Disease Ontology:10 A myopathy is characterized by progressive skeletal muscle weakness degeneration.

NIH Rare Diseases:45 Muscular dystrophy (md) refers to a group of more than 30 genetic diseases characterized by progressive weakness and degeneration of the skeletal muscles that control movement. some forms of md are seen in newborns, infants or children, while others have late-onset and may not appear until middle age or later. the disorders differ in terms of the distribution and extent of muscle weakness (some forms of md also affect cardiac muscle), age of onset, rate of progression, and pattern of inheritance. the prognosis for people with md varies according to the type and progression of the disorder. there is no specific treatment to stop or reverse any form of md. treatment is supportive and may include physical therapy, respiratory therapy, speech therapy, orthopedic appliances used for support, corrective orthopedic surgery, and medications including corticosteroids, anticonvulsants (seizure medications), immunosuppressants, and antibiotics. some individuals may need assisted ventilation to treat respiratory muscle weakness or a pacemaker for cardiac (heart) abnormalities. last updated: 2/16/2011

MedlinePlus:35 Muscular dystrophy (md) is a group of more than 30 inherited diseases. they all cause muscle weakness and muscle loss. some forms of md appear in infancy or childhood. others may not appear until middle age or later. the different types can vary in whom they affect, which muscles they affect, and what the symptoms are. all forms of md grow worse as the person's muscles get weaker. most people with md eventually lose the ability to walk. there is no cure for muscular dystrophy. treatments can help with the symptoms and prevent complications. they include physical and speech therapy, orthopedic devices, surgery, and medications. some people with md have mild cases that worsen slowly. others cases are disabling and severe. nih: national institute of neurological disorders and stroke

CDC:2 Muscular dystrophies are a group of genetic disorders that result in muscle weakness over time. Each type of muscular dystrophy is different from the others. It is important to get help as early as possible. Muscular dystrophy has no cure, but acting early may help an individual with muscular dystrophy get the services and treatments he or she needs to lead a full life.

Wikipedia:68 Muscular dystrophy (MD) is a group of muscle diseases that weaken the musculoskeletal system and hamper... more...

Related Diseases for Muscular Dystrophy

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Diseases in the Muscular Dystrophy family:

Muscular Dystrophy, Congenital Muscular Dystrophy, Congenital, 1b
Lama2-Related Muscular Dystrophy Congenital Muscular Dystrophy Due to Dystroglycanopathy
Congenital Muscular Dystrophy Due to Lmna Mutation Congenital Muscular Dystrophy Type 1a
Muscular Dystrophy - Late Onset Progressive Muscular Dystrophy

Diseases related to Muscular Dystrophy via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50)    (show all 476)
idRelated DiseaseScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1limb-girdle muscular dystrophy34.7CAV3, DMD, DYSF, MYOT
2emery-dreifuss muscular dystrophy 2, ad34.6EMD, LMNA
3muscular dystrophy, limb-girdle, type ic34.6CAV3, DYSF, FKRP
4muscular dystrophy, limb-girdle, type 1b34.5CAV3, LMNA
5muscular dystrophy, rigid spine, 134.4DMD, SEPN1
6ullrich congenital muscular dystrophy 134.3COL6A2, LAMA2, LMNA, SEPN1
7becker muscular dystrophy34.2CAV3, DAG1, DMD, LAMA2, SGCA, SGCD
8muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy , type b, 434.1DMD, FKTN, LAMA2, LARGE, POMT1
9congenital muscular dystrophy without intellectual disability33.9FKRP, POMT1, POMT2
10muscular dystrophy, limb-girdle, type 2b33.7CAV3, DMD, DYSF, FKRP, MYOT, SGCA
11bethlem myopathy 133.2COL6A2, DMD, LMNA, SEPN1, SGCG
12muscular dystrophy, congenital33.2COL6A2, DAG1, DMD, FKRP, FKTN, LAMA2
13myopathy, myofibrillar, 132.3MYOT, SEPN1
14myasthenia gravis30.9CAV3, COL6A2
15pelger-huet anomaly30.5EMD, LMNA
16duchenne muscular dystrophy12.6
17oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy12.5
18emery-dreifuss muscular dystrophy12.5
19facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy 112.4
20muscular dystrophy, limb-girdle, type 2e12.4
21muscular dystrophy, limb-girdle, type 2c12.3
22muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy , type c, 112.3
23muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy , type c, 512.3
24muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy , type c, 212.3
25muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy , type c, 312.3
26muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy , type c, 912.3
27muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy , type c, 412.3
28distal muscular dystrophy12.3
29muscular dystrophy, limb-girdle, type 2q12.3
30muscular dystrophy, limb-girdle, type 1f12.3
31muscular dystrophy, limb-girdle, type 1e12.3
32lama2-related muscular dystrophy12.3
33epidermolysis bullosa simplex with muscular dystrophy12.3
34muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy , type a, 412.3
35limb-girdle muscular dystrophy, type 1g12.3
36congenital muscular dystrophy type 1a12.3
37muscular dystrophy, limb-girdle, type 2j12.3
38muscular dystrophy, limb-girdle, type 2l12.3
39muscular dystrophy, limb-girdle, type 1h12.3
40miyoshi muscular dystrophy 112.2
41emery-dreifuss muscular dystrophy, x-linked12.2
42muscular dystrophy, congenital, megaconial type12.2
43muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy , type c, 1412.2
44muscular dystrophy, limb-girdle, type 2d12.2
45fascioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy 2, digenic12.1
46muscular dystrophy, limb-girdle, type 1a12.1
47muscular dystrophy, limb-girdle, type 2h12.1
48autosomal recessive emery-dreifuss muscular dystrophy12.1
49muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy , type a, 112.1
50muscular dystrophy, duchenne and becker types12.1

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Muscular Dystrophy:



Diseases related to muscular dystrophy

Symptoms for Muscular Dystrophy

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UMLS symptoms related to Muscular Dystrophy:


torticollis, sciatica, myoclonus, muscle cramp, back pain

Drugs & Therapeutics for Muscular Dystrophy

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Drugs for Muscular Dystrophy (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show top 50)    (show all 239)
idNameStatusPhaseClinical TrialsCas NumberPubChem Id
1
AlendronateapprovedPhase 4155121268-17-5, 66376-36-12088
Synonyms:
(4-Amino-1-hydroxybutylidene)bisphosphonic acid
(4-Amino-1-hydroxybutylidene)diphosphonic acid
(4-amino-1-hydroxy-1-phosphonobutyl)phosphonic acid
(4-amino-1-hydroxybutane-1,1-diyl)bis(phosphonic acid)
121268-17-5 (mono-hydrochloride salt, trihydrate)
1yhm
4-Amino-1-hydroxybutane-1,1-diphosphonate
4-Amino-1-hydroxybutane-1,1-diphosphonic Acid
4-Amino-1-hydroxybutylidene-1,1-bis(phosphonic acid)
4-Amino-1-hydroxybutylidene-1,1-bisphosphonate
66376-36-1
AC1L1CW3
AKOS001015793
ALENDRONATE SODIUM
ALENDRONIC ACID
Acide Alendronique
Acide Alendronique [INN-French]
Acide alendronique
Acide alendronique [INN-French]
Acido Alendronico
Acido Alendronico [INN-Spanish]
Acido alendronico
Acido alendronico [INN-Spanish]
Acidum Alendronicum
Acidum Alendronicum [INN-Latin]
Acidum alendronicum
Acidum alendronicum [INN-Latin]
Adronat
Alendronate
Alendronate Sodium
 
Alendronate sodium hydrate
Alendronic acid
Alendronic acid (INN)
Alendronic acid [INN:BAN]
Alendros
Arendal
BIDD:GT0180
Binosto
C07752
CHEBI:2567
CHEMBL870
CID2088
D07119
DB00630
Fosamax
Fosamax Plus D
HSCI1_000337
LS-106421
MK 217
MK-217
MolPort-000-421-410
NCGC00096054-01
NCGC00096054-03
NCGC00096054-04
Onclast
Oprea1_422906
Phosphonic acid, (4-amino-1-hydroxybutylidene)bis
SPECTRUM1505166
ST50036159
UNII-X1J18R4W8P
alendronate
bisphosphonate, 65
2
Tadalafilapproved, investigationalPhase 4, Phase 3, Phase 1140171596-29-5110635
Synonyms:
(6R,12AR)-2,3,6,7,12,12a-hexahydro-2-methyl-6-(3,4-(methylenedioxy)phenyl) pyrazino(1',2':1,6)pyrido(3,4-b)indole-1,4-dione
(6R,12aR)-2,3,6,7,12,12a-Hexahydro-2-methyl-6-(3,4-(methylenedioxy)phenyl) pyrazino(1',2':1,6)pyrido(3,4-b)indole-1,4-dione
(6R,12aR)-2,3,6,7,12,12a-Hexahydro-2-methyl-6-(3,4-methylenedioxyphenyl)pyrazino(1',2':1,6)pyrido(3,4-b)indole-1,4-dione
(6R-trans)-6-(1,3-Benzodioxol-5-yl)-2,3,6,7,12,12a-hexahydro-2-methyl-pyrazino(1',2':1,6)pyrido(3,4-b)indole-1,4-dione
171596-29-5
1xoz
6-BENZO[1,3]dioxol-5-yl-2-methyl-2,3,6,7,12,12a-hexahydro-pyrazino[1',2':1,6]pyrido[3,4-b]indole-1,4-dione
AC1L380B
ADCIRCA
Acdirca
Adcirca
C429886
CHEBI:41488
CHEMBL779
CID110635
CPD000466321
Cialis
Cialis (TN)
Cialis, GF 196960, IC 351, ICOS 351, Tadalafil
D02008
DB00820
FT-0080116
GF 196960
GF-196960
 
HMS2051N17
HSDB 7303
IC 351
IC-351
ICOS 351
Ic351
KS-1117
LS-186558
LS-187015
LS-187770
Lilly brand of tadalafil
MLS000759426
MLS001165782
MLS001195644
MLS001424132
MolPort-002-885-864
S1512_Selleck
SAM001246586
SMR000466321
Tadalafil
Tadalafil (JAN/USAN/INN)
Tadalafil [USAN]
Tadanafil
UNII-742SXX0ICT
ZINC03993855
3
Salmon Calcitoninapproved, investigationalPhase 45047931-85-116129616
Synonyms:
135506-95-5
47931-85-1
Astronin
Biocalcin
Bionocalcin
C028815
C06865
C145H239N43O48S2
CALCITONIN, SALMON
Cadens
Calciben
Calcihexal
Calcimar
Calcimar (TN)
Calcimonta
Calcinil
Calcioton
Calcitonin (Salmon Synthetic)
Calcitonin (salmon)
Calcitonin 1 precursor
Calcitonin Salmon
Calcitonin [USAN:INN:BAN:JAN]
Calcitonin salmon
Calcitonin salmon (USAN/INN)
Calcitonin salmon (synthesis)
Calcitonin salmon (synthesis) (JAN)
Calcitonin vom lachs
Calcitonin, salmar
Calcitonin, salmon
Calcitonin, salmon, for bioassay
Calcitonin,salmon
Calcitonin-salmon
Calcitonina
Calcitonine de saumon
Calcitoran
Calco
Calogen
Calsynar
Calsynar Lyo L
Caltine
Casalm
Catonin
Cibacalcin
Cibacalcine
Citonina
 
D00249
EINECS 256-342-8
Eptacalcin
Forcaltonin
Fortical
Fortical (TN)
Ipocalcin
Isi-calcin
Kalsimin
Karil
LS-48624
Miacalcic
Miacalcin
Miacalcin (TN)
Miracalcic
Oseototal
Osseocalcina
Osteobion
Osteovis
Ostosalm
Ostostabil
Porostenina
Prontocalcin
Quosten
Riostin
Rulicalcin
Salcat
Salcatonin
Salcatyn
Salmocalcin
Salmofar
Salmon calcitonin
Salmon calcitonin I
Salmon calcitonin-(I-32)
Salmotonin
Sical
Stalcin
Staporos
Steocin
TZ-CT
Thyrocalcitonin (salmon)
Tonocalcin
UNII-7SFC6U2VI5
Ucecal
recombinant salmon calcitonin
salmon calcitonin (1-32)
synthetic salmon calcitonin
4
RamiprilapprovedPhase 414487333-19-55362129
Synonyms:
(2 S ,3 aS ,6 aS )-1[( S )-N-[( S )-1-Carboxy-3-phenylpropyl] alanyl] octahydrocyclopenta [ b ]pyrrole-2-carboxylic acid, 1-ethyl ester
(2S,3aS,6aS)-1-((S)-2-((S)-1-ethoxy-1-oxo-4-phenylbutan-2-ylamino)propanoyl) octahydrocyclopenta[b]pyrrole-2-carboxylic acid
(2S,3aS,6aS)-1-((S)-N-((S)-1-Carboxy-3-phenylpropyl)alanyl)octahydrocyclopenta(b)pyrrole-2-carboxylic acid, 1-ethyl ester
(2S,3aS,6aS)-1-((S)-N-((S)-1-Ethoxycarbonyl-3-phenylpropyl)alanyl)octahydrocyclopenta(b)pyrrol-2-carbonsaeure
(2S,3aS,6aS)-1-[(2S)-2-[[(2S)-1-ethoxy-1-oxo-4-phenylbutan-2-yl]amino]propanoyl]-3,3a,4,5,6,6a-hexahydro-2H-cyclopenta[b]pyrrole-2-carboxylic acid
(2S,3aS,6aS)-1-[(2S)-2-{[(1S)-1-ethoxycarbonyl-3-phenylpropyl]amino}propanoyl]octahydrocyclopenta[b]pyrrole-2-carboxylic acid
(2S,3aS,6aS)-1-[(2S)-2-{[(2S)-1-ethoxy-1-oxo-4-phenylbutan-2-yl]amino}propanoyl]octahydrocyclopenta[b]pyrrole-2-carboxylic acid (non-preferred name)
(2S-(1(R*(R*)),2alpha,3abeta,6abeta))-1-(2-((1-(Ethoxycarbonyl)-3-phenylpropyl)amino)-1-oxopropyl)octahydrocyclopenta(b)pyrrole-2-carboxylic acid.
(2S-(1(R*(r*)),2alpha,3abeta,6abeta))-1-(2-((1-(ethoxycarbonyl)-3-phenylpropyl)amino)-1-oxopropyl)octahydrocyclopenta(b)pyrrole-2-carboxylic acid
(2s,3as,6as)-1((s)-n-((s)-1-carboxy-3-phenylpropyl)alanyl)octahydrocyclopenta(b)pyrrole-2-carboxylic
(2s,3as,6as)-1-((s)-2-((s)-1-ethoxy-1-oxo-4-phenylbutan-2-ylamino)propanoyl)-octahydrocyclopenta[b]p
(2s,3as,6as)-1-[(s)-2-((s)-1-ethoxycarbonyl-3-phenyl-propylamino)-propionyl]-octahydro-cyclopenta[b]
126613-39-6
87333-19-5
AC-1347
AC1NSFPR
Acovil
Almirall Brand of Ramipril
Altace
Altace (TN)
Altace (tn)
Astra Brand of Ramipril
AstraZeneca Brand of Ramipril
Aventis Brand of Ramipril
Aventis Pharma Brand of Ramipril
BIDD:GT0803
BSPBio_003347
Bio-0651
C23H32N2O5
CHEBI:289203
CHEBI:8774
CHEMBL1168
CID5362129
CPD000466386
Carasel
Cardace
D00421
D017257
DB00178
Delix
HMS2051E04
HMS2090L11
HMS2093M10
HOE 498
HOE498
Hoe-498
Hoechst Brand of Ramipril
 
Hypren
Hytren
KBio2_002504
KBio2_005072
KBio2_007640
KBio3_002849
KBioGR_001858
KBioSS_002512
LS-58199
Lostapres
MLS000759523
MLS001216547
MLS001423965
MolPort-001-736-571
Monarch Brand of Ramipril
N-(1S-carboethoxy-3-phenylpropyl)-S-alanyl-cis,endo-2-azabicyclo[3.3.0]octane-3S-carboxylic Acid
NCGC00178127-01
Naprix
Pramace
Pramace (discontinued)
Promed Brand of Ramipril
Quark
R0404_SIGMA
Ramace
Ramipril
Ramipril (USP/INN)
Ramipril [USAN:INN:BAN]
Ramiprilum
Ramiprilum [Latin]
Ramipro, Tritace, Altace, Prilace, Ramipril
S1793_Selleck
SAM001246757
SAM002699899
SMR000466386
SPECTRUM1505214
STK801937
Spectrum3_001794
Spectrum4_001269
Spectrum5_001721
Spectrum_001958
Triatec
Tritace
UNII-L35JN3I7SJ
Unipril
Vesdil
Zabien
[2S,3aS,6aS]-1-[(2S)-2-[[(1S)-1-(Ethoxycarbonyl)-3-phenylpropyl]amino]-1-oxopropyl]octahydrocyclopenta[b]pyrrole-2-carboxylic acid
[2s,3as,6as]-1-[(2s)-2-[[(1s)-1-(ethoxycarbonyl)-3-phenylpropyl]amino]-1-oxopropyl]octahydrocyclopen
ramipril
5
Carvedilolapproved, investigationalPhase 415372956-09-32585
Synonyms:
(+-)-1-(Carbazol-4-yloxy)-3-((2-(O-methoxyphenoxy)ethyl)amino)-2-propanol
(+-)-1-(Carbazol-4-yloxy)-3-((2-(o-methoxyphenoxy)ethyl)amino)-2-propanol
(+-)-1-Carbazol-4-yloxy)-3-((2-(o-methoxyphenoxy)ethyl)amino)-2-propanol
(+/-)-1-(Carbazol-4-yloxy)-3-[[2-(o-methoxyphenoxy)ethyl]amino]-2-propanol
1-(9H-Carbazol-4-yloxy)-3-[[2-(2-methoxyphenoxy)ethyl]amino]-2-propanol
1-(9H-carbazol-4-yloxy)-3-[(2-{[2-(methyloxy)phenyl]oxy}ethyl)amino]propan-2-ol
1-(9H-carbazol-4-yloxy)-3-[2-(2-methoxyphenoxy)ethylamino]propan-2-ol
1-(9H-carbazol-4-yloxy)-3-{[2-(2-methoxyphenoxy)ethyl]amino}propan-2-ol
107741-96-8
72956-09-3
AB1004830
AC-1641
AC1L1E0B
Artist
Artist (TN)
Atlana Pharma brand of carvedilol
BM 14190
BM-14-190
BM-14.190
BM-14190
BRD-A10977446-001-04-8
BRD-A10977446-045-01-1
Bio-0014
C043211
C06875
C2260
C24H26N2O4
CHEBI:3441
CHEMBL723
CID2585
CPD000449280
Carvedilol
Carvedilol (JAN/USAN/INN)
Carvedilol [USAN:INN:BAN:JAN]
Carvedilolum
Carvedilolum [Latin]
Coreg
Coreg (TN)
Coreg CR
Coropres
Coropress
D00255
DB01136
DQ 2466
DQ-2466
Dibloc
 
Dilatrend
EG-P042
Eucardic
GlaxoSmithKline brand of carvedilol
HMS2051N03
HMS2089B09
HMS2093E12
HSDB 7044
I06-0064
I06-1477
KBio2_002145
KBio2_004713
KBio2_007281
KBio3_002323
KBioGR_001252
KBioSS_002145
Kredex
L001243
LS-121875
Lakeside brand of carvedilol
MLS000758299
MLS000759508
MLS001424092
MolPort-003-666-814
NCGC00167832-01
NCGC00167832-02
NCGC00167832-03
Querto
Roche brand of carvedilol
SAM001246736
SAM001247021
SK&F-105517
SKF 105517
SMR000449280
SPBio_001885
STK621453
Spectrum2_001673
Spectrum3_001182
Spectrum4_000636
Spectrum5_001436
Spectrum_001665
TL8005080
UNII-0K47UL67F2
carvedilol
carvedilol, (+-)-isomer
carvedilol, (R)-isomer
carvedilol, (S)-isomer
carvedilol, 14C-labeled
6Antihypertensive AgentsPhase 4, Phase 3, Phase 23618
7Adrenergic AgentsPhase 4, Phase 34204
8Neurotransmitter AgentsPhase 4, Phase 2, Phase 314795
9HIV Protease InhibitorsPhase 4, Phase 3, Phase 24558
10Contraceptives, OralPhase 4, Phase 3, Phase 23734
11Protease InhibitorsPhase 4, Phase 3, Phase 24558
12Calcitonin Gene-Related PeptidePhase 450
13Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme InhibitorsPhase 4, Phase 3, Phase 2634
14Anti-Bacterial AgentsPhase 4, Phase 19140
15Calcium, DietaryPhase 4, Phase 34678
16DiphosphonatesPhase 4, Phase 3381
17Bone Density Conservation AgentsPhase 4, Phase 32600
18Vasodilator AgentsPhase 4, Phase 3, Phase 2, Phase 12926
19calcitoninPhase 450
20Phosphodiesterase 5 InhibitorsPhase 4, Phase 3, Phase 2, Phase 1513
21Risedronate SodiumPhase 498115436-72-1
22Phosphodiesterase InhibitorsPhase 4, Phase 3, Phase 2, Phase 11062
23VitaminsPhase 4, Phase 2, Phase 33857
24vitamin dPhase 41524
25Adrenergic alpha-1 Receptor AntagonistsPhase 4405
26Antibiotics, AntitubercularPhase 45971
27Adrenergic alpha-AntagonistsPhase 4586
28Adrenergic beta-AntagonistsPhase 4979
29Adrenergic AntagonistsPhase 41253
30
MetforminapprovedPhase 3, Phase 2, Phase 11645657-24-9, 1115-70-414219, 4091
Synonyms:
1,1-Dimethyl biguanide
1,1-Dimethylbiguanide
3-(diaminomethylidene)-1,1-dimethylguanidine
657-24-9
AC1L1HE4
AKOS000121065
Apo-Metformin
BIDD:GT0697
BPBio1_000009
BRD-K79602928-003-04-1
BSPBio_000007
BSPBio_002314
C07151
C4H11N5
CAS-1115-70-4
CCRIS 9321
CHEBI:6801
CHEMBL1431
CID4091
D04966
DB00331
DMBG
DMGG
Diabefagos
Diabetosan
Diabex
Diaformin
Dianben
Dimethylbiguanid
Dimethylbiguanide
Dimethylbiguanidine
Dimethyldiguanide
Dimethylguanylguanidine
EINECS 211-517-8
Fluamine
Flumamine
Fortamet
Gen-Metformin
Glifage
Gliguanid
Glucophage
Glucophage XR
Glumetza
Glycon
HMS2089D19
HSCI1_000295
Haurymelin
Haurymellin
Islotin
KBio2_002310
KBio2_004878
KBio2_007446
KBio3_002790
KBioGR_002310
 
KBioSS_002312
LA-6023
LS-43899
Meguan
Melbin
Metformin
Metformin (USAN/INN)
Metformin HCL
Metformin Hydrochloride
Metformin [USAN:INN:BAN]
Metformina
Metformina [DCIT]
Metformina [Spanish]
Metformine
Metformine [INN-French]
Metformine pamoate
Metforminum
Metforminum [INN-Latin]
Metiguanide
MolPort-002-929-560
MolPort-004-288-389
MolPort-005-767-418
Mylan-Metformin
N,N-Dimethylbiguanide
N,N-Dimethyldiguanide
N,N-Dimethylimidodicarbonimidic diamide
N,N-dimethylimidodicarbonimidic diamide
N1,N1-Dimethylbiguanide
NCGC00016564-01
NCGC00016564-02
NCGC00016564-03
NNDG
Novo-Metformin
Nu-Metformin
Obimet
PMS-Metformin
Prestwick0_000004
Prestwick1_000004
Prestwick2_000004
Prestwick3_000004
Ran-Metformin
Ratio-Metformin
Riomet
S2483_Selleck
SPBio_001928
STK011633
Sandoz Metformin
Siofor
T5895664
Teva-Metformin
UNII-9100L32L2N
ZINC12859773
cMAP_000016
metformin
metformin hydrochloride
31
PrednisoneapprovedPhase 3, Phase 2126753-03-25865
Synonyms:
(1S,2R,10S,11S,14R,15S)-14-hydroxy-14-(2-hydroxyacetyl)-2,15-dimethyltetracyclo[8.7.0.0^{2,7}.0^{11,15}]heptadeca-3,6-diene-5,17-dione
(8S,9S,10R,13S,14S,17R)-17-hydroxy-17-(2-hydroxyacetyl)-10,13-dimethyl-6,7,8,9,12,14,15,16-octahydrocyclopenta[a]phenanthrene-3,11-dione
(8xi,9xi,14xi)-17,21-dihydroxypregna-1,4-diene-3,11,20-trione
.delta. E
.delta.(sup1)-Cortisone
.delta.-Cortelan
.delta.-Cortisone
.delta.-Cortone
.delta.-E
.delta.1-Cortisone
.delta.1-Dehydrocortisone
.delta.sone
1,2-Dehydrocortisone
1,4-Pregnadiene-17-alpha,21-diol-3,11,20-trione
1,4-Pregnadiene-17.alpha.,21-diol-3,11,20-trione
1,4-Pregnadiene-17alpha,21-diol-3,11,20-trione
1-Cortisone
1-Dehydrocortisone
17,21-Dihydroxypregna-1,4-diene-3,11,20-trione
17alpha,21-Dihydroxy-1,4-pregnadiene-3,11,20-trione
53-03-2
68-59-7
81552_FLUKA
AC-11112
AC1L1LB2
AC1Q29EZ
ACon0_000082
ACon1_000297
AI3-52939
Adasone
Ancortone
Apo-Prednisone
Apo-prednisone
BPBio1_000323
BRD-K85883481-001-04-2
BSPBio_000293
Betapar
Bicortone
Bio-0649
C07370
C21H26O5
CCRIS 2646
CHEBI:8382
CHEMBL635
CID5865
CPD001227202
Cartancyl
Colisone
Cortan
Cortancyl
Cortidelt
Cotone
DB00635
Dacorten
Dacortin
Decortancyl
Decortin
Decortisyl
Dehydrocortisone
Dekortin
Delcortin
Dellacort
Dellacort A
Delta Cortelan
Delta E
Delta E.
Delta-Cortelan
Delta-Dome
Delta-cortelan
Delta-cortisone
Delta-cortone
Delta-dome
Deltacortene
Deltacortisone
Deltacortone
Deltasone
Deltasone, Liquid Pred, Orasone, Adasone, Deltacortisone,Prednisone
Deltison
Deltisona
Deltisone
Deltra
Di-Adreson
Diadreson
EINECS 200-160-3
Econosone
Encorton
Encortone
Enkortolon
Enkorton
Fernisone
Fiasone
HMS1568O15
HMS2090J13
HSDB 3168
Hostacortin
In-Sone
Incocortyl
Juvason
 
Kortancyl
LMST02030180
LS-1325
Liquid Pred
Lisacort
Lodotra
MEGxm0_000443
MLS001061265
MLS001304073
MLS001335907
MLS001335908
MLS002154191
MLS002207083
Me-Korti
Metacortandracin
Meticorten
Meticorten (Veterinary)
Metrevet (Veterinary)
MolPort-001-740-041
NCGC00090766-01
NCGC00090766-02
NCGC00090766-03
NCI-C04897
NCI60_000008
NSC 10023
NSC10023
Nisona
Nizon
Novoprednisone
Nurison
Orasone
Origen Prednisone
P1276
P6254_SIGMA
PRD
Panafcort
Panasol
Paracort
Parmenison
Pehacort
Perrigo Prednisone
Precort
Predeltin
Prednicen-M
Prednicorm
Prednicort
Prednicot
Prednidib
Prednilonga
Prednison
Prednisona
Prednisona [INN-Spanish]
Prednisone
Prednisone Intensol
Prednisone [INN:BAN]
Prednisonum
Prednisonum [INN-Latin]
Prednitone
Prednizon
Prednovister
Presone
Prestwick0_000077
Prestwick1_000077
Prestwick2_000077
Prestwick3_000077
Prestwick_405
Pronison
Pronisone
Rayos
Rectodelt
Retrocortine
S1622_Selleck
SAM002264641
SK-Prednisone
SMR000718760
SMR001227202
SPBio_002214
Servisone
Sone
Sterapred
Supercortil
U 6020
UNII-VB0R961HZT
Ultracorten
Ultracortene
WLN: L E5 B666 CV OV AHTTT&J A1 E1 FV1Q FQ
Winpred
Wojtab
ZINC03875357
Zenadrid
Zenadrid (veterinary)
Zenadrid [veterinary]
delta cortelan
delta(sup 1)-Cortisone
delta(sup 1)-Dehydrocortisone
delta-1-Cortisone
delta-1-Dehydrocortisone
delta-Cortisone
delta-Cortone
32
EnalaprilapprovedPhase 311275847-73-35362032, 40466924
Synonyms:
(2S)-1-[(2S)-2-[[(2S)-1-ethoxy-1-oxo-4-phenylbutan-2-yl]amino]propanoyl]pyrrolidine-2-carboxylic acid
(S)-1-(N-(1-(Ethoxycarbonyl)-3-phenylpropyl)-L-alanyl)-L-proline
(S)-1-{(S)-2-[1-((S)-ethoxycarbonyl)-3-phenyl-propylamino]-propionyl}-pyrrolidine-2-carboxylic acid
1-(N-((S)-1-Carboxy-3-phenylpropyl)-L-alanyl)-L-proline 1'-ethyl ester
75847-73-3
AC1NTUS5
Analapril
BIDD:GT0751
BPBio1_000340
BSPBio_000308
BSPBio_003035
Bonuten
C06977
CAS-76095-16-4
CHEBI:116847
CHEBI:4784
CHEMBL578
CID5388962
D07892
DivK1c_000408
Enalapril
Enalapril (INN)
Enalapril (TN)
Enalapril Bp
Enalapril Maleate
Enalapril Richet
Enalaprila
Enalaprila [INN-Spanish]
Enalaprilat
Enalaprilum
 
Enalaprilum [INN-Latin]
Gadopril
HMS2090E08
IDI1_000408
KBio1_000408
KBio2_001787
KBio2_004355
KBio2_006923
KBio3_002535
KBioGR_000355
KBioSS_001787
Kinfil
LS-190651
MolPort-002-885-877
N-[(2S)-1-ethoxy-1-oxo-4-phenylbutan-2-yl]-L-alanyl-L-proline
N-{(1S)-1-[(ethyloxy)carbonyl]-3-phenylpropyl}-L-alanyl-L-proline
NCGC00016932-01
NCGC00021569-04
NCGC00021569-05
NCGC00021569-06
NINDS_000408
Prestwick3_000314
SPBio_001349
Spectrum2_001455
Spectrum3_001478
Spectrum4_000008
Spectrum5_001107
Spectrum_001307
Vaseretic
Vasotec
Vasotec IV
enalapril
33
Lamotrigineapproved, investigationalPhase 317984057-84-13878
Synonyms:
3,5-Diamino-6-(2,3-dichlorophenyl)-1,2,4-triazine
3,5-Diamino-6-(2,3-dichlorophenyl)-as-triazine
3,5-diamino-6-(2,3-dichlorophenyl)- as -triazine
6-(2,3-Dichlorophenyl)-1,2,4-triazine-3,5-diyldiamine
6-(2,3-dichlorophenyl)-1,2,4-triazine-3,5-diamine
84057-84-1
AC-10298
AC1L1GWT
BIDD:GT0794
BW 430C
BW-430C
Bio-0056
C047781
CHEBI:138727
CHEBI:6367
CHEMBL741
CID3878
CPD000058464
Crisomet
D00354
DB00555
Desitin Brand of Lamotrigine
EINECS 281-901-8
EU-0100688
EUR-1048
Faes Brand of Lamotrigine
GI 267119X
GW 273293
Glaxo Wellcome Brand of Lamotrigine
GlaxoSmithKline Brand of Lamotrigine
HMS2051C10
HMS2089M08
HMS2093P21
HSDB 7526
Juste Brand of Lamotrigine
L 3791
L3791_SIGMA
LS-155249
 
Labileno
Lamictal
Lamictal (TN)
Lamictal CD
Lamictal Cd
Lamictal ODT
Lamictal XR
Lamictin
Lamiktal
Lamitor
Lamotrigina
Lamotrigina [Spanish]
Lamotrigine
Lamotrigine (JAN/USAN/INN)
Lamotrigine [USAN:INN:BAN]
Lamotriginum
Lamotriginum [Latin]
Lopac-L-3791
Lopac0_000688
MLS000069685
MLS000759486
MLS001077325
MolPort-003-666-744
NCGC00015605-01
NCGC00015605-02
NCGC00015605-06
NCGC00015605-08
NCGC00022936-02
NCGC00022936-04
NCGC00022936-05
NSC746307
SAM001246697
SMP2_000303
SMR000058464
STK628377
Tocris-1611
UNII-U3H27498KS
ZINC00013156
lamotrigine
34
DopamineapprovedPhase 2, Phase 3308462-31-7, 51-61-6681
Synonyms:
(3H)-Dopamine
.Beta.-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)ethylamine hydrochloride
.alpha.-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)-.beta.-aminoethane
1,2-Benzenediol, 4-(2-aminoethyl)- (9CI)
1,2-Benzenediol, 4-(2-aminoethyl)-, hydrochloride
1,2-Benzenediol, 4-(2-aminoethyl)-, labeled with tritium
153C5321-5FEE-4B0B-8925-F388F0EEEBD1
2-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)ethylamine
2-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)ethylamine
2-benzenediol
3,4-Dihydroxyphenethylamine
3,4-Dihydroxyphenethylamine hydrochloride
3,4-Dihydroxyphenylethylamine
3,4-dihydroxyphenethylamine
3-Hydroxtyramine
3-Hydroxytyramine
3-Hydroxytyramine Hydrobromide
3-Hydroxytyramine hydrochloride
4-(2-Aminoethyl)-1,
4-(2-Aminoethyl)-1,2-benzenediol
4-(2-Aminoethyl)-1,2-bezenediol
4-(2-Aminoethyl)-Pyrocatechol
4-(2-Aminoethyl)benzene-1,2-diol
4-(2-Aminoethyl)catechol
4-(2-Aminoethyl)pyrocatechol
4-(2-Aminoethyl)pyrocatechol hydrochloride
4-(2-aminoethyl)-pyrocatechol
50444-17-2
51-61-6
62-31-7 (HYDROCHLORIDE)
AC1L19S5
AC1Q54AX
AC1Q54AY
AKOS003790978
ASL 279
BIDD:ER0506
BPBio1_001123
BSPBio_001932
Biomol-NT_000001
C03758
CHEBI:18243
CHEMBL59
CID681
D07870
DB00988
Deoxyepinephrine
DivK1c_000780
Dopamin
Dopamina
Dopamina [INN-Spanish]
Dopamine
Dopamine (INN)
Dopamine (USAN)(*hydrochloride*)
Dopamine Hcl
Dopamine Hydrochloride
Dopamine [INN:BAN]
Dopaminum
Dopaminum [INN-Latin]
Dopastat
Dophamine
Dynatra
EINECS 200-110-0
HSDB 3068
Hydroxytyramin
Hydroxytyramine
IDI1_000780
IP 498
Intropin
Intropin [*hydrochloride*]
 
KBio1_000780
KBio2_001492
KBio2_002388
KBio2_002484
KBio2_004060
KBio2_004956
KBio2_005052
KBio2_006628
KBio2_007524
KBio2_007620
KBio3_001152
KBio3_002867
KBio3_002962
KBioGR_001129
KBioGR_002388
KBioGR_002484
KBioSS_001492
KBioSS_002393
KBioSS_002491
KW-3-060
L-DOPAMINE
L000232
LDP
LS-159
Lopac-H-8502
Lopac0_000586
Medopa (TN)
MolPort-001-641-000
NCGC00015519-01
NCGC00015519-08
NCGC00096050-01
NCGC00096050-02
NCGC00096050-03
NCGC00096050-04
NCGC00096050-05
NINDS_000780
NSC 173182
NSC169105
NSC173182
Oprea1_088821
Oxytyramine
Pyrocatechol, 4-(2-aminoethyl)- (8CI)
Pyrocatechol, 4-(2-aminoethyl)-, hydrochloride
Revimine
Revivan
SPBio_001205
SPECTRUM1505155
ST048774
STK301601
Spectrum2_001023
Spectrum3_000406
Spectrum4_000525
Spectrum5_000945
Spectrum_001012
UNII-VTD58H1Z2X
UPCMLD0ENAT5885989:001
a-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)-b-aminoethane
alpha-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)-beta-aminoethane
cMAP_000036
cMAP_000065
dopamine
hydroxytyramine
intropin
m-Hydroxytyramine hydrochloride
nchembio.105-comp9
nchembio.107-comp4
nchembio.284-comp1
nchembio.78-comp16
nchembio.89-comp3
nchembio705-8
nchembio801-comp8
35
Lisinoprilapproved, investigationalPhase 2, Phase 311683915-83-75362119
Synonyms:
(2S)-1-[(2S)-6-amino-2-[[(2S)-1-hydroxy-1-oxo-4-phenylbutan-2-yl]amino]hexanoyl]pyrrolidine-2-carboxylic acid
(S)-1-(N(2)-(1-Carboxy-3-phenylpropyl)-L-lysyl)-L-proline
(S)-1-(N(2)-(1-carboxy-3-phenylpropyl)-L-lysyl)-L-proline
(S)-1-(N(sup 2)-(1-Carboxy-3-phenylpropyl)-L-lysyl)-L-proline
(S)-1-(N2-(1-Carboxy-3-phenylpropyl)-L-lysyl)-L-proline
1-(N2-(1-Carboxy-3-phenylpropyl)-L-lysyl)-L-proline
1-[Nalpha-[(S)-1-Carboxy-3-phenylpropyl]-L-lysyl]-L-proline
76547-98-3
77726-95-5
83915-83-7 (Parent)
AC1NSFPF
Acerbon
Acercomp
Alapril
BB_NC-1454
BIDD:GT0755
BPBio1_000290
BRD-K67966701-335-03-5
BRN 4276619
BSPBio_000262
C21H31N3O5
CCRIS 3568
CHEBI:43755
CHEMBL1237
CID5362119
Carace
Cipral
Cipril
Coric
D08131
DB00722
DivK1c_001037
Doneka
EINECS 278-488-1
HMS1921B14
HMS2090O14
HMS2092L21
HMS503O15
I06-1895
ICI-209K
IDI1_001037
Inhibril
Inopril
KBio1_001037
KBio2_000977
KBio2_003545
KBio2_006113
KBio3_002002
KBioGR_001599
KBioSS_000977
L0220
LPR
LS-118899
Linopril
Linvas
Lipril
Lisinal
Lisinopril
Lisinopril (INN)
 
Lisinopril (anhydrous)
Lisinopril 10mg
Lisinopril 2.5mg
Lisinopril 20mg
Lisinopril 40mg
Lisinopril 5mg
Lisinopril Dihydrate
Lisinopril anhydrous
Lisinoprilum
Lisinoprilum [Latin]
Lisipril
Lisoril
Lispril
Longes
Loril
Lysinopril
MK 521
MK 522
MK-521
MLS001306436
MLS001306481
MolPort-002-507-428
N(2)-[(1S)-1-carboxy-3-phenylpropyl]-L-lysyl-L-proline
N-(1(S)-Carboxy-3-phenylpropyl)-L-lysyl-L-proline
N2-((S)-1-Carboxy-3-phenylpropyl)-L-lysyl-L-proline
N2-[(1S)-1-carboxy-3-phenylpropyl]-L-lysyl-L-proline
NCGC00179623-01
NINDS_001037
Noperten
Novatec
Presiten
Prestwick0_000301
Prestwick1_000301
Prestwick2_000301
Prestwick3_000301
Prinil
Prinivil
Prinzide
Renacor
SMR000544473
SPBio_001351
SPBio_002481
SPECTRUM1501217
Sinopril
Sinopryl
Spectrum2_001456
Spectrum3_000941
Spectrum4_001040
Spectrum5_000995
Spectrum_000497
TL8005499
Tensopril
Tensyn
Tersif
Vivatec
Zestoretic
Zestril
Zestril (TN)
[N2-[(S)-1-CARBOXY-3-PHENYLPROPYL]-L-LYSYL-L-PROLINE
[N2-[(S)-1-CARBOXY-3-phenylpropyl]-L-lysyl-L-proline
lisinopril
36
Methylphenidateapproved, investigationalPhase 2, Phase 3364113-45-14158
Synonyms:
.alpha.-Phenyl-2-piperidineacetic acid methyl ester
113-45-1
2-Piperidineacetic acid, .alpha.-phenyl-, methyl ester
2-Piperidineacetic acid, alpha-phenyl-, methyl ester
298-59-9 (hydrochloride)
4311/B Ciba
AC1L1HJM
C 4311
C07196
CHEBI:6887
CHEMBL796
CID4158
Calocain
Centedein
Centedrin
Centedrine
Centredin
Concerta
D-Methylphenidate HCl
D04999
DB00422
DB06701
DEA No. 1724
Daytrana
Daytrana (TN)
EINECS 204-028-6
Focalin
Focalin XR
HSDB 3126
L001307
LS-565
METHYLPHENIDATE (SEE ALSO: METHYLPHENIDATE HYDROCHLORIDE, CAS 298-59-9, NTPNO 10266-R)
MPH
Meridil
Metadate
Metadate CD
Metadate ER
MethyPatch
Methyl (2-phenyl-2-(2-piperidyl)acetate)
Methyl alpha-phenyl-alpha-(2-piperidyl)acetate
Methyl alpha-phenyl-alpha-2-piperidinylacetate
Methyl phenidate
Methyl phenidyl acetate
 
Methyl phenidylacetate
Methylfenidan
Methylin
Methylin ER
Methylofenidan
Methylphen
Methylphenidan
Methylphenidate
Methylphenidate (USAN/INN)
Methylphenidate HCl
Methylphenidate Hydrochloride
Methylphenidate [INN:BAN]
Methylphenidate hydrochloride
Methylphenidatum
Methylphenidatum [INN-Latin]
Methylphenidylacetate hydrochloride
Methypatch
Metilfenidat hydrochloride
Metilfenidato
Metilfenidato [INN-Spanish]
Metilfenidato [Italian]
MolPort-001-779-620
NCI-C56280
PMS-Methylphenidate
Phenidylate
Plimasine
Quillivant XR
Riphenidate
Ritalin
Ritalin LA
Ritalin SR
Ritalin hydrochloride
Ritalin-SR
Ritaline
Ritcher Works
Ritcher works
Tsentedrin
UNII-207ZZ9QZ49
alpha-Phenyl-2-piperidineacetic acid methyl ester
alpha-Phenyl-alpha-(2-piperidyl)acetic acid methyl ester
d-methylphenidate HCl
methyl 2-phenyl-2-piperidin-2-ylacetate
methyl phenyl(piperidin-2-yl)acetate
methylphenidate
nchembio.2007.55-comp28
37
BenzocaineapprovedPhase 316841994-09-7, 94-09-72337
Synonyms:
(p-(Ethoxycarbonyl)phenylamine
06952_FLUKA
112909_ALDRICH
112909_SIAL
1333-08-0
20/20 Topical Anesthetic
23239-88-5
23239-88-5 (hydrochloride)
4 Aminobenzoic Acid Ethyl Ester
4-(Ethoxycarbonyl)aniline
4-(Ethoxycarbonyl)phenylamine
4-14-00-01129 (Beilstein Handbook Reference)
4-Aminobenzoate
4-Aminobenzoic acid
4-Aminobenzoic acid ethyl ester
4-Aminobenzoic acid, ethyl ester
4-Carbethoxyaniline
4-amino-benzoic acid ethyl ester
4-aminobenzoic acid ethyl ester
71123-91-6
94-09-7
94-09-7 (Parent)
A0271
AB00051923
AC1L1DGC
AC1Q341A
AC1Q64JE
AE-562/40377256
AI3-02081
AKOS000119763
AR-1H9065
Acetate, Benzocaine
Aethoform
Aethylium paraminobenzoicum
Alcohol Prep Pads
Allegenal-m
Alpha-caine Topical Anesthetic
Amben ethyl ester
Americaine
Anaesthan-syngala
Anaesthesin
Anaesthesinum
Anaesthin
Anbesol Jr
Anbesol Maximum Strength
Anbesol Regular Strength
Anestenka
Anestezin
Anestezin [Russian]
Anesthesin
Anesthesine
Anesthetic
Anesthone
Atopalm Oral Pain Relief
BB_SC-0019
BPBio1_001017
BRD-K75466013-001-05-2
BRN 0638434
BSPBio_000923
BSPBio_001908
Baby Anbesol
Baby Anestenka
Baby Sensigel
Baby Sensigel Night Time Formula
Baby Teething Oral Pain Reliever
Bactimicina For Sore Throat
Bencocaine Topical Anesthetic
Bensokain
Benz O Sthetic
Benzoak
Benzocaina
Benzocaina [INN-Spanish]
Benzocaine
Benzocaine (USP/INN)
Benzocaine Acetate
Benzocaine Formate
Benzocaine Hydrobromide
Benzocaine Hydrochloride
Benzocaine Methanesulfonate
Benzocaine [INN:BAN]
Benzocainum
Benzocainum [INN-Latin]
Benzodent
Benzoic acid, 4-amino-, ethyl ester
Benzoic acid, 4-amino-, ethyl ester, hydrochloride
Benzoic acid, amino-, ethyl ester
Benzoic acid, p-amino-, ethyl ester
Boil Ease
Boy Butter Desensitizing Lubricant
Boy Butter Extreme Desensitizing Lubricant
Boy Butter Extreme H2O Desensitizing Lubricant
Brace Relief
Budpak Baby Teething Oral Pain Reliever
Budpak Oral Maximum Strength
C07527
CAS-94-09-7
CHEBI:116735
CHEMBL278172
CID2337
Carmex Cold Sore Treatment External Analgesic
Caswell No. 430A
Cepacol Fizzlers
Cepacol Sensations Hydra
Cepacol Sensations Sore Throat Hydra citrus splash
Cepacol Sensations Warming
Certus Sting Relief Prep Pad
Chloraseptic
Chloraseptic Warming Sore Throat
Colgate Orabase
Comfortcaine Topical Anesthetic
Cvs Fast Acting Baby Teething
Cvs Maximum Strength
Cvs Maximum Strength Boil Relief
Cvs Oral Anesthetic
Cvs Pharmacy Instant Toothache
Cvs Pharmacy Maximum Strength
Cvs Pharmacy Mouth Sore Gel
Cvs Pharmacy Nighttime Oral Pain Relief
D001566
D00552
DB01086
Dental Relief
Dentek Instant Pain Relief Maximum Strength
Dermoplast
Diet Ayds
DivK1c_000932
Dollar General Toothache Relief
Dukal Sting Relief Pad
E1501_SIGMA
EINECS 202-303-5
EPA Pesticide Chemical Code 097001
ETHYL-P-AMINOBENZOATE
Ethoform
Ethoforme
Ethyl 4-aminobenzoate
Ethyl 4-aminobenzoate hydrochloride
Ethyl 4-aminobenzoic acid
Ethyl Aminobenzoate
Ethyl PABA
Ethyl aminobenzoate
Ethyl aminobenzoate (JP15)
Ethyl aminobenzoate (VAN)
Ethyl aminobenzoic acid
Ethyl p-Aminobenzoate
Ethyl p-Aminophenylcarboxylate
Ethyl p-aminobenzenecarboxylate
Ethyl p-aminobenzoate
Ethyl p-aminobenzoic acid
Ethyl p-aminophenylcarboxylate
Ethylester kyseliny p-aminobenzoove
Ethylester kyseliny p-aminobenzoove [Czech]
Ethylis aminobenzoas
Finafta Baby
Finafta MultiOral
Formate, Benzocaine
Gelato Topical Anesthetic
Good Neighbor Pain Relief
Goodsense Oral Pain Relief
Gps Topical Anesthetic
Gumnumb Topical Anesthetic
HMS1570O05
HMS1920G09
HMS2091M11
HMS502O14
HSDB 7225
Heb Severe Toothache
Herbasoul Male Genital Desensitizer Cream
 
Hurricaine
Hurricaine Topical Anesthetic
Hurricaine Topical Anesthetic Gel
Hurricaine Topical Anesthetic Liquid
Hydrobromide, Benzocaine
Hydrochloride, Benzocaine
I05-0204
IDI1_000932
Identhesin
Insect Bite Relief
Instant Toothache Pain Relief
Intense Cvs Intense Toothache
Iodent Maximum Strength Oral Analgesic
Ismile Topical Anesthetic
Jianze Sting Relief Pads
KBio1_000932
KBio2_000474
KBio2_003042
KBio2_005610
KBio3_001408
KBioGR_000658
KBioSS_000474
Kank-a Mouth Pain
Keloform
Kmart Smart Sense
Kroger Toothache Pain Relief
LS-35847
Leader Oral Analgesic
Little Colds Sore Throat Relief Melt Aways
MLS001331704
MLS002153970
Makesense Junior Pain Relief
Makesense Pain Relief
Male Desensitizer Pleasure Balm
Mandelay Male Genital Desensitizer
Mark 3
Methanesulfonate, Benzocaine
MolPort-000-871-526
Mouth Sore Medication
Mouth Sore Relief Applicator
Mouth Sore Relief Professional Strength
My Fair Baby Instant Pain Relief
NCGC00016352-01
NCGC00094598-01
NCGC00094598-02
NINDS_000932
NSC 122792
NSC 41531
NSC41531
NSC4688
Nene Dente
Norcain
Norcaine
Norcainum
Opahl
Opahl Dye Free
Oprea1_750694
Oprea1_827402
Ora-jel
Orabase-B
Orajel For All Mouth Sores Maximum Strength
Orajel For Cold Sores
Orajel For Toothache Maximum Strength
Orajel Instant Pain Relief Maximum Strength
Orajel Instant Pain Relief Regular Strength
Orajel Instant Relief For Teething Pain
Orajel Instant Relief For Teething Pain Cooling Cucumber
Orajel Instant Relief For Teething Pain Daytime Nighttime Twin Pack
Orajel Instant Relief For Teething Pain Longer Lasting
Orajel Maximum Strength
Orajel Nighttime Instant Relief For Teething Pain Longer Lasting Extra Strength
Orajel Severe Toothache Maximum Strength Fast-Acting Formula
Oral Analgesic Maximum Strength
Oral B Instant Pain Relief
Oral Gel Maximum Strength
Oral Pain Relief Anesthetic Anesthetic
Oral Pain Reliever
Oralabs Cold Sore Treatment
Orthesin
Otocain
Outgro
Pac-dent Top Gel
Pain Relief
Pain Relief Alcohol Swabs
Parathesin
Parathesin (TN)
Parathesine
Physicians Care Sting Relief Pad
Pleasure Balm Kama Sutra
Preboost
Prestwick0_000712
Prestwick1_000712
Prestwick2_000712
Prestwick3_000712
Prestwick_991
Purelife Topical Anesthetic
Quality Choice Maximum Strength Oral Pain Relieving
Red Cross Oral Pain Relief
Rexall Maximum Strength
Rite Aid Baby Care
Rite Aid Liquid Anesthetic Oral Pain Relief
Rite Aid Maximum Strength
Rite Aid Oral Pain Reliever
Rite Aid Professional Strength
SMR000059025
SPBio_000134
SPBio_002844
SPECTRUM1500139
STK043620
Sally Hansen Ouch-relief Numbing Wipes
Sally Hansen Ouch-relief Wax Kit
Sally Hansen Ouch-relief Wax Strip Kit
Sensigel
Severe Oral Pain Reliever
Sheffield Baby Teething Gel
Sheffield Pain Relief
Shunga Male Genital Desensitizer
Slim Mint Gum
Solarcaine
Solu H
Spectrum2_000117
Spectrum3_000314
Spectrum4_000249
Spectrum5_000860
Spectrum_000074
Sting Relief Medicated Pad
Sting Relief Pads
Tanac
Terrasil Boil Pain Relief
Tiger Supply Inc Topical Anesthetic
Top Quality Mfg. Topical Anesthetic
Topcaine
Topcare Maximum Strength
Topical Anesthetic Banana
Topical Anesthetic Bubble Gum
Topical Anesthetic Cherry
Topical Anesthetic Mint
Topical Anesthetic Pina Colada
Topical Anesthetic Raspberry
Topical Anesthetic Strawberry
UNII-U3RSY48JW5
Ultracare Anesthetic Bubble Gum
Ultracare Anesthetic Butter Rum
Ultracare Anesthetic Creme de Menthe
Ultracare Anesthetic Pina Colada
Ultracare Anesthetic Walterberry
WLN: ZR DVO2
Walgreens Baby Teething
Walgreens Intense Toothache
Walgreens Maximum Strength
Walgreens Pain Relieving For Boils
Walgreens Severe Oral Pain Reliever
Walgreens Severe Toothache Relief
Winco Foods Maximum Strength Oral Analgesic
ZINC12358719
Zilactin-b
benzocaine
ethylaminobenzoate-4
h-4-abz-oet
nchembio.182-comp4
p-(Ethoxycarbonyl)aniline
p-Aminobenzoate
p-Aminobenzoic acid
p-Aminobenzoic acid ethyl ester
p-Aminobenzoic acid, ethyl ester
p-Aminobenzoic ethyl ester
p-Carbethoxyaniline
p-Ethoxycarboxylic Aniline
p-Ethoxycarboxylic aniline
38
SpironolactoneapprovedPhase 31591952-01-7, 52-01-75833
Synonyms:
4-18-00-01601 (Beilstein Handbook Reference)
4-Pregnen-21-oic acid-17alpha-ol-3-one-7alpha-thiol gamma-lactone 7-acetate
496916-40-6
52-01-7
7-alpha-Acetylthio-3-oxo-17-alpha-pregn-4-ene-21,17-beta-carbolactone
7alpha-(acetylsulfanyl)-3-oxo-17alpha-pregn-4-ene-21,17-carbolactone
AB00513806
AC-4214
AC1L1L8Q
Abbolactone
Acelat
Aldace
Aldactazide
Aldactide
Aldactone
Aldactone (TN)
Aldactone A
Alderon
Aldopur
Almatol
Alphapharm Brand of Spironolactone
Alpharma Brand of Spironolactone
Alter Brand of Spironolactone
Altex
Aquareduct
Ashbourne Brand of Spironolactone
Azupharma Brand of Spironolactone
BIDD:PXR0071
BPBio1_000194
BRD-K90027355-001-03-4
BRN 0057767
BSPBio_000176
C07310
C24H32O4S
CHEBI:428201
CHEBI:45692
CHEBI:9241
CHEMBL1393
CID5833
CPD000471892
Cardel Brand of Spironolactone
D00443
D013148
DB00421
Deverol
Dexo Brand of Spironolactone
Diatensec
Dira
Duraspiron
EINECS 200-133-6
Espironolactona
Espironolactona Alter
Espironolactona Mundogen
Espironolactona [INN-Spanish]
Euteberol
Flumach
Frumikal
Generosan Brand of Spironolactone
HMS1568I18
HMS2090N21
HSDB 3184
Hormosan Brand of Spironolactone
I06-1970
Jenapharm Brand of Spironolactone
Jenaspiron
LS-118614
LT00772287
Lacalmin
Lacdene
Laractone
MLS001074672
MLS001333253
MLS001333254
MLS002153245
MLS002207058
Mayoly-Spindler Brand of Spironolactone
Melarcon
Merck dura Brand of Spironolactone
Mundogen Brand of Spironolactone
NCGC00164397-01
 
NCGC00164397-02
NSC 150399
NSC150399
Nefurofan
Novo Spiroton
Novo-Spiroton
NovoSpiroton
Novopharm Brand of Spironolactone
Osyrol
Pfizer Brand of Spironolactone
Pharmafrid Brand of Spironolactone
Practon
Prestwick0_000128
Prestwick1_000128
Prestwick2_000128
Prestwick3_000128
Roche Brand of Spironolactone
S0260
S3378_SIGMA
SAM002264648
SC 9420
SC-9420
SC9420
SMR000471892
SNL
SPBio_002115
Sagisal
Searle Brand of Spironolactone
Sincomen
Spiractin
Spiresis
Spiretic
Spiridon
Spiro L.U.T.
Spiro(17H-cyclopenta(a)phenauthrene-17,2'-(3'H)-furan)
Spiro-Tablinen
Spiro[17H-cyclopenta[a]phenauthrene-17,2'-(3'H)-furan]
Spirobeta
Spiroctan
Spiroctanie
Spiroderm
Spirogamma
Spirolactone
Spirolakton
Spirolang
Spirolone
Spirone
Spirono Isis
Spirono-Isis
Spironocompren
Spironolactone
Spironolactone (JP15/USP/INN)
Spironolactone A
Spironolactone [BAN:INN:JAN]
Spironolactone [INN:BAN:JAN]
Spironolactonum
Spironolactonum [INN-Latin]
Spironolattone
Spironolattone [DCIT]
Spironone
Spirospare
Sprioderm
Supra-puren
Suracton
UNII-27O7W4T232
Uractone
Urusonin
Veroshpiron
Verospiron
Verospirone
Verospirone Opianin
WLN: L E5 B666 FX OV MUTJ A1 E1 KSV1 F-& CT5VOXTJ
Worwag Brand of Spironolactone
Xenalon
ZINC03861599
betapharm Brand of Spironolactone
ct Arzneimittel Brand of Spironolactone
ct-Arzneimittel Brand of Spironolactone
spiro von ct
spironolactone
spironolattone
von ct, spiro
39
EplerenoneapprovedPhase 389107724-20-9150310, 443872
Synonyms:
107724-20-9
7alpha-methoxycarbonyl-3-oxo-9,11alpha-epoxy-17alpha-pregn-4-ene-21,17-carbolactone
AC-4213
AC1L9FDC
C12512
CGP-30083
CHEBI:31547
CHEBI:726453
CHEMBL1095097
CID443872
D01115
Eplerenone
 
Eplerenone (JAN/USAN/INN)
Epoxymexrenone
Inspra
Inspra (TN)
Inspra, Epoxymexrenone, CGP30083, SC-66110,Eplerenone
MolPort-003-986-216
NCGC00159559-01
NCGC00159559-02
S1707_Selleck
SC-66110
Selara
TL8000270
ZINC03985982
40
Nebivololapproved, investigationalPhase 381152520-56-4, 99200-09-671301
Synonyms:
1,1'-Bis(6-fluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H-1-benzopyran-2-yl)-2,2'-iminodiethanol
1,1'-[Bis(6-fluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H-1-benzopyran-2-yl)]-2,2'-iminodiethanol
1-(6-fluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H-chromen-2-yl)-2-[[2-(6-fluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H-chromen-2-yl)-2-hydroxyethyl]amino]ethanol
104365-59-5
118457-14-0
2,2'-iminobis[1-(6-fluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H-chromen-2-yl)ethanol]
99200-09-6
AC-1611
AC1L2FX8
AC1Q4OMF
Bystolic
C22H25F2NO4
CHEMBL434394
CID71301
D05127
DB04861
I06-0378
L001284
LS-178404
Lobivon
MolPort-003-849-343
Nebicard-5
 
Nebilet
Nebilong
Nebipill
Nebivolol
Nebivolol (USAN/INN)
Nebivolol [USAN:INN:BAN]
Nebivolol hydrochloride
Nebivololum
Nebivololum [Latin]
Nebivololum [latin]
Nubeta
PDSP1_000244
PDSP2_000243
PI-21858
R 67555
R-67555
R65,824
UNII-030Y90569U
alpha,Alpha'-(iminobismethylene)bis-(6-fluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H-1-benzopyran-2-methanol)
alpha,Alpha'-(iminodimethylene)bis-(6-fluoro-2-chromanmethanol)
alpha,alpha'-(Iminobis(methylene))bis(6-fluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H-1-benzopyran-2-methanol)
alpha,alpha'-(Iminodimethylene)bis(6-fluoro-2-chromanmethanol)
alpha,alpha'-(iminobis(methylene))bis(6-fluoro-3,4-dihydro)-2H-1-benzopyran-2-methanol
41
Creatineapproved, nutraceuticalPhase 2, Phase 311057-00-1586
Synonyms:
((amino(Imino)methyl)(methyl)amino)acetic acid
((amino(imino)methyl)(methyl)amino)acetate
((amino(imino)methyl)(methyl)amino)acetic acid
(N-methylcarbamimidamido)acetic acid
(alpha-Methylguanido)acetate
(alpha-Methylguanido)acetic acid
(α-methylguanido)acetic acid
Cosmocair C 100
Creatin
Creatine
Creatine hydrate
Kreatin
 
Krebiozon
Methylglycocyamine
Methylguanidoacetate
Methylguanidoacetic acid
N-(Aminoiminomethyl)-N-Methyl-Glycine
N-(aminoiminomethyl)-N-methylglycine
N-Amidinosarcosine
N-Carbamimidoyl-N-methylglycine
N-Methyl-N-guanylglycine
N-[(e)-AMINO(imino)methyl]-N-methylglycine
Phosphagen
[[Amino(imino)methyl](methyl)amino]acetate
[[Amino(imino)methyl](methyl)amino]acetic acid
alpha-Methylguanidino acetic acid
42
Vitamin Capproved, nutraceuticalPhase 2, Phase 342450-81-75785, 54670067
Synonyms:
(+)-Sodium L-ascorbate
(+)-ascorbate
(+)-ascorbic acid
(2R)-2-[(1S)-1,2-Dihydroxyethyl]-4,5-dihydroxy-furan-3-one
(2R)-2-[(1S)-1,2-dihydroxyethyl]-4,5-dihydroxyfuran-3-one
(5R)-5-[(1S)-1,2-dihydroxyethyl]-3,4-dihydroxyfuran-2(5H)-one
129940-97-2
134-03-2 (monosodium salt)
14536-17-5
154170-90-8
2-(1,2-Dihydroxyethyl)-4,5-dihydroxyfuran-3-one
255564_SIAL
259133-78-3
3-Keto-L-gulofuranolactone
3-Oxo-L-gulofuranolactone
3-Oxo-L-gulofuranolactone (enol form)
30208-61-8
33034_RIEDEL
33034_SIAL
47863_SUPELCO
47A605F0-4187-47A8-B0CE-F9E7DA1B0076
50-81-7
50976-75-5
56172-55-5
56533-05-2
57304-74-2
57606-40-3
623158-95-2
6730-29-6
882690-91-7
884381-69-5
885512-24-3
88845-26-5
89924-69-6
95209_FLUKA
95209_SIGMA
95210_FLUKA
95210_SIAL
95212_FLUKA
A0278_SIGMA
A0537
A2174_SIGMA
A2218_SIGMA
A2343_SIGMA
A4403_SIGMA
A4544_SIGMA
A5960_SIGMA
A7506_SIGMA
A92902_ALDRICH
A92902_SIAL
AA
AB00376923
AB1002440
AC1L1L4T
AC1Q77S6
AR-1J3435
Acid Ascorbic
Acide ascorbique
Acide ascorbique [INN-French]
Acido ascorbico
Acido ascorbico [INN-Spanish]
Acidum ascorbicum
Acidum ascorbicum [INN-Latin]
Acidum ascorbinicum
Adenex
Allercorb
Ambap36431-82-0
Antiscorbic Vitamin
Antiscorbic vitamin
Antiscorbutic Vitamin
Antiscorbutic factor
Antiscorbutic vitamin
Arco-Cee
Arco-cee
Ascoltin
Ascoltin (TN)
Ascor-B.I.D.
Ascorb
Ascorbajen
Ascorbate
Ascorbic Acid
Ascorbic Acid, Monosodium Salt
Ascorbic acid
Ascorbic acid (JP15/USP/INN)
Ascorbic acid [BAN:INN:JAN]
Ascorbic acid [INN:BAN:JAN]
Ascorbicab
Ascorbicap
Ascorbicap (TN)
Ascorbicin
Ascorbin
Ascorbinsaeure
Ascorbutina
Ascorbyl radical
Ascorin
Ascorteal
Ascorvit
BPBio1_000363
BSPBio_000329
Babor Baborganic Biological Enzyme Cleanser
C-Level
C-Long
C-Quin
C-Span
C-Vimin
C00072
C6H8O6
CCRIS 57
CE-VI-Sol
CHEBI:29073
CHEMBL196
CID5785
Cantan
Cantaxin
Caswell No. 061B
Catavin C
Ce Lent
Ce lent
Ce-Mi-Lin
Ce-mi-lin
Ce-vi-sol
Cebicure
Cebid
Cebion
Cebione
Cecon
Cee-Caps TD
Cee-Caps Td
Cee-Vite
Cee-caps TD
Cee-vite
Cegiolan
Ceglion
Ceklin
Celaskon
Celin
Cell C
Cemagyl
Cemill
Cenetone
Cenolate
Cereon
Cergona
Cescorbat
Cetamid
Cetane
Cetane-Caps TC
Cetane-Caps TD
Cetane-Caps Tc
Cetane-Caps Td
Cetane-caps TC
Cetane-caps TD
Cetebe
 
Cetemican
Cevalin
Cevatine
Cevex
Cevi-Bid
Cevi-bid
Cevimin
Cevital
Cevitamate
Cevitamic Acid
Cevitamic acid
Cevitamin
Cevitan
Cevitex
Cewin
Chewcee
Ciamin
Cipca
Citriscorb
Citrovit
Colascor
Concemin
Cortalex
D00018
DB00126
Davitamon C
Dora-C-500
Duoscorb
EINECS 200-066-2
FEMA No. 2109
Ferancee
Ferrous ascorbate
HSDB 818
HiCee
Hicee
Hybrin
IDO-C
Ido-C
Iron(II) ascorbate
Iron-ascorbic acid complexes
Juvamine
Kangbingfeng
Kyselina Askorbova
Kyselina askorbova
Kyselina askorbova [Czech]
L(+)-Ascorbate
L(+)-Ascorbic acid
L-(+)-Ascorbate
L-(+)-Ascorbic Acid
L-(+)-Ascorbic acid
L-(+)-ascorbic acid
L-3-Ketothreohexuronic acid lactone
L-3-ketothreohexuronic acid
L-Ascorbate
L-Ascorbic Acid
L-Ascorbic acid
L-Ascorbic acid, free radical form
L-Lyxoascorbate
L-Lyxoascorbic Acid
L-Lyxoascorbic acid
L-Threo-ascorbic acid
L-Threoascorbic acid
L-Xyloascorbate
L-Xyloascorbic Acid
L-Xyloascorbic acid
L-ascorbate
L-threo-Hex-2-enonic acid, gamma-lactone
L-threo-ascorbic acid
L-threo-hex-2-enono-1,4-lactone
LS-145
Laroscorbine
Lemascorb
Liqui-Cee
Liqui-cee
MLS002153776
Magnesium Ascorbicum
Magnorbin
Meri-C
Meri-c
MolPort-001-792-501
Monodehydroascorbic acid
NCGC00091517-01
NCGC00091517-02
NCGC00164357-01
NCI-C54808
NSC 33832
Natrascorb
Natrascorb injectable
Oral Vitamin C
Planavit C
Prestwick3_000325
Proscorbin
Redoxon
Ribena
Ronotec 100
Rontex 100
Roscorbic
Rovimix C
SMR001233160
Scorbacid
Scorbu C
Scorbu-C
Secorbate
Semidehydroascorbate
Sodascorbate
Sodium Ascorbate (Ascorbic Acid)
Stuartinic
Suncoat VC 40
Sunkist
Testascorbic
Tolfrinic
UNII-PQ6CK8PD0R
VASC
Vicelat
Vicin
Vicomin C
Viforcit
Viscorin
Viscorin 100M
Vitace
Vitacee
Vitacimin
Vitacin
Vitamin C
Vitamin- C
Vitamin-?C
Vitamisin
Vitascorbol
W210901_ALDRICH
Xitix
antiscorbic vita min
ascor-b.i.d
ascorbate
ascorbic acid
bmse000182
cee-caps td
cevibid
component of Cortalex
component of E and C-Level
component of Endoglobin Forte
component of Ferancee
e 300
e-300
e300
gamma-Lactone L-threo-Hex-2-enonate
gamma-Lactone L-threo-Hex-2-enonic acid
l-ascorbic acid
l-threo-hex-1-eofuranos-3-ulose
nchembio.174-comp5
nchembio.89-comp1
nchembio.92-comp2
nchembio821-comp9
roscorbi c
vitamin C
43Diuretics, Potassium SparingPhase 3, Phase 2, Phase 01445
44Excitatory Amino Acid AntagonistsPhase 31095
45UbiquinonePhase 2, Phase 392
46calcium channel blockersPhase 31743
47Neurotransmitter Uptake InhibitorsPhase 2, Phase 32857
48Excitatory Amino AcidsPhase 31109
49AnticonvulsantsPhase 32249
50Sodium Channel BlockersPhase 3, Phase 2, Phase 01180

Interventional clinical trials:

(show top 50)    (show all 335)
idNameStatusNCT IDPhase
1Tadalafil in Becker Muscular DystrophyCompletedNCT01070511Phase 4
2Assessment of Response to Treatment of Osteoporosis With Oral Bisphosphonates in Patients With Muscular DystrophyCompletedNCT01882400Phase 4
3Efficacy and Safety of Salmon Calcitonin Nasal Spray in Improving Muscle Strength and Reducing Pain After Forearm Fracture in Postmenopausal WomenCompletedNCT00239889Phase 4
4The Preventive Efficacy of Carvedilol on Cardiac Dysfunction in Duchenne Muscular DystrophyRecruitingNCT00606775Phase 4
5Ramipril Versus Carvedilol in Duchenne and Becker PatientsRecruitingNCT00819845Phase 4
6Stacking Exercises Aid the Decline in FVC and Sick TimeRecruitingNCT01999075Phase 4
7Efficacy and Tolerance of AVAPS Mode in Myotonic DystrophyRecruitingNCT01530841Phase 4
8PDE5 Inhibition to Alleviate Functional Muscle Ischemia in Becker Muscular DystrophyActive, not recruitingNCT02207283Phase 4
9Autonomic Dysfunction and Spinal Cord Stimulation in Complex Regional Pain SyndromeTerminatedNCT00780390Phase 4
10Phase 2b Study of PTC124 in Duchenne/Becker Muscular Dystrophy (DMD/BMD)CompletedNCT00592553Phase 2, Phase 3
11High-dose Prednisone in Duchenne Muscular DystrophyCompletedNCT00110669Phase 3
12Myocardial Fibrosis Progression in Duchenne and Becker Muscular Dystrophy - ACE Inhibitor Therapy TrialCompletedNCT02432885Phase 3
13A Clinical Study to Assess the Efficacy and Safety of GSK2402968 in Subjects With Duchenne Muscular DystrophyCompletedNCT01254019Phase 3
14Phase III Study of Idebenone in Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD)CompletedNCT01027884Phase 3
15Phase III Randomized, Double-Blind Study of Prednisone for Duchenne Muscular DystrophyCompletedNCT00004646Phase 3
16Creatine and Glutamine in Steroid-Naive Duchenne Muscular DystrophyCompletedNCT00016653Phase 2, Phase 3
17A Multicenter Randomized Placebo-Controlled Double-Blind Study to Assess Efficacy and Safety of Glutamine and Creatine Monohydrate in Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD)CompletedNCT00018109Phase 3
18Deflazacort in DysferlinopathiesCompletedNCT00527228Phase 2, Phase 3
19Efficacy and Safety of DHEA for Myotonic DystrophyCompletedNCT00167609Phase 2, Phase 3
20Methylphenidate in Myotonic Dystrophy Type 1CompletedNCT01421992Phase 2, Phase 3
21Lamotrigine as Treatment of MyotoniaCompletedNCT01939561Phase 3
22High Dose Ascorbic Acid Treatment of CMT1ACompletedNCT00484510Phase 2, Phase 3
23Finding the Optimum Regimen for Duchenne Muscular DystrophyRecruitingNCT01603407Phase 3
24L-citrulline and Metformin in Duchenne's Muscular DystrophyRecruitingNCT01995032Phase 3
25Therapeutic Potential for Aldosterone Inhibition in Duchenne Muscular DystrophyRecruitingNCT02354352Phase 3
26Nebivolol for the Prevention of Left Ventricular Systolic Dysfunction in Patients With Duchenne Muscular DystrophyRecruitingNCT01648634Phase 3
27Confirmatory Study of Eteplirsen in DMD PatientsRecruitingNCT02255552Phase 3
28A Study of the Safety, Tolerability & Efficacy of Long-term Administration of Drisapersen in US & Canadian SubjectsRecruitingNCT01803412Phase 3
29Effects of Sodium Nitrate on Blood Flow in Becker Muscular DystrophyRecruitingNCT02147639Phase 2, Phase 3
30A Research Study of Zoledronic Acid in Children and Adolescents With OsteoporosisRecruitingNCT00799266Phase 3
31RAMYD Study - Evaluation of Arrhythmic Risk in Myotonic DystrophyRecruitingNCT00127582Phase 3
32Phase 3 Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study to Evaluate Sialic Acid in Patients With GNE Myopathy (GNEM) or Hereditary Inclusion Body Myopathy (HIBM)RecruitingNCT02377921Phase 3
33Surgical Treatment Of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Type II (CRPS II)RecruitingNCT01392599Phase 3
34Sunphenon Epigallocatechin-Gallate (EGCg) in Duchenne Muscular DystrophyActive, not recruitingNCT01183767Phase 2, Phase 3
35Phase 3 Study of Ataluren in Patients With Nonsense Mutation Duchenne Muscular DystrophyActive, not recruitingNCT01826487Phase 3
36Efficacy and Tolerance of Early Launching of Nocturnal Non InvasiveActive, not recruitingNCT01225614Phase 3
37Clinical Trial of Coenzyme Q10 and Lisinopril in Muscular DystrophiesEnrolling by invitationNCT01126697Phase 2, Phase 3
38Phase 3 Extension Study of Ataluren (PTC124) in Patients With Nonsense Mutation DystrophinopathyEnrolling by invitationNCT02090959Phase 3
39Study of Ataluren for Previously Treated Patients With nmDBMD in the USEnrolling by invitationNCT01247207Phase 3
40Study of Ataluren for Previously Treated Patients With nmDBMD in Europe, Israel, Australia, and CanadaEnrolling by invitationNCT01557400Phase 3
41Extension Study of Drisapersen in DMD SubjectsEnrolling by invitationNCT02636686Phase 3
42Continuation Protocol to Protocol BBCO-001Enrolling by invitationNCT02328482Phase 3
43Study to Evaluate the Safety and Efficacy of Ace-ER Tablets in Patients With GNE Myopathy or Hereditary Inclusion Body MyopathyEnrolling by invitationNCT02736188Phase 3
44Study of SRP-4045 and SRP-4053 in DMD PatientsNot yet recruitingNCT02500381Phase 3
45Phase 2b Extension Study of Ataluren (PTC124) in Duchenne/Becker Muscular Dystrophy (DMD/BMD)TerminatedNCT00847379Phase 2, Phase 3
46A Study of Tadalafil for Duchenne Muscular DystrophyTerminatedNCT01865084Phase 3
47Open Label Study of GSK2402968 in Subjects With Duchenne Muscular DystrophyTerminatedNCT01480245Phase 3
48CoQ10 and Prednisone in Non-Ambulatory DMDTerminatedNCT00308113Phase 3
49Evaluation of a Mechanical Device During Acute Respiratory Failure in Patients With Neuromuscular DisordersTerminatedNCT00839033Phase 3
50Drisapersen Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD) Treatment ProtocolWithdrawnNCT01890798Phase 3

Search NIH Clinical Center for Muscular Dystrophy


Cochrane evidence based reviews: muscular dystrophies

Genetic Tests for Muscular Dystrophy

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Anatomical Context for Muscular Dystrophy

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MalaCards organs/tissues related to Muscular Dystrophy:

33
Skeletal muscle, Brain, Heart, Bone, Testes, Eye, Breast

Animal Models for Muscular Dystrophy or affiliated genes

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MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Muscular Dystrophy:

38
idDescriptionMGI Source AccessionScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1MP:00053869.4DAG1, DMD, DYSF, EMD, FKRP, FKTN
2MP:00053849.3CAV3, DAG1, DMD, EMD, FKRP, FKTN
3MP:00053879.0CAV3, DMD, DYSF, FKRP, FKTN, LAMA2
4MP:00053768.8CAV3, DAG1, DMD, DYSF, FKRP, FKTN
5MP:00053788.8COL6A2, DAG1, DMD, FKRP, FKTN, LAMA2
6MP:00053858.6CAV3, DAG1, DMD, EMD, LARGE, LMNA
7MP:00053698.3CAV3, DAG1, DMD, DYSF, EMD, FKRP

Publications for Muscular Dystrophy

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Articles related to Muscular Dystrophy:

(show top 50)    (show all 3867)
idTitleAuthorsYear
1
A novel mutation in alpha sarcoglycan gene in an Iranian family with limb girdle muscular dystrophy 2D. (27093116)
2016
2
Efficacy of idebenone on respiratory function in patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy not using glucocorticoids (DELOS): a double-blind randomised placebo-controlled phase 3 trial. (25907158)
2015
3
Oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy or oculopharyngeal distal myopathy: case report. (26616227)
2015
4
Merosin-deficient congenital muscular dystrophy with cerebral white matter changes: a clue to its diagnosis beyond infancy. (24604798)
2014
5
Enhanced CaA^a8_ influx from STIM1-Orai1 induces muscle pathology in mouse models of muscular dystrophy. (24556214)
2014
6
Effect of glutamine on glucose metabolism in children with Duchenne muscular dystrophy. (23021433)
2013
7
Oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy among Bulgarian Jews: a new cluster? (24449978)
2013
8
Muscular dystrophy with large mitochondria associated with mutations in the CHKB gene in three British patients: extending the clinical and pathological phenotype. (23692895)
2013
9
Transition to adulthood for young men with Duchenne muscular dystrophy: research from the UK. (22425491)
2012
10
A critical review of functional assessment tools for upper limbs in Duchenne muscular dystrophy. (22713125)
2012
11
Revertant fibres and dystrophin traces in Duchenne muscular dystrophy: implication for clinical trials. (20395141)
2010
12
Elective caesarean section for a woman with Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy. (20715741)
2010
13
Functions of fukutin, a gene responsible for Fukuyama type congenital muscular dystrophy, in neuromuscular system and other somatic organs. (20518731)
2010
14
Interactions with M-band titin and calpain 3 link myospryn (CMYA5) to tibial and limb-girdle muscular dystrophies. (20634290)
2010
15
Merosin-deficient congenital muscular dystrophy]. (20607928)
2010
16
A Two-amino Acid Mutation Encountered in Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy Decreases Stability of the Rod Domain 23 (R23) Spectrin-like Repeat of Dystrophin. (19158079)
2009
17
Wild-type PABPN1 is anti-apoptotic and reduces toxicity of the oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy mutation. (18178579)
2008
18
Diagnosis of limb-girdle muscular dystrophy 2A by immunohistochemical techniques. (18031465)
2008
19
Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy: diagnostic evaluation, frequency and clues to pathogenesis. (17897828)
2008
20
Evolutionary conservation of a coding function for D4Z4, the tandem DNA repeat mutated in facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy. (17668377)
2007
21
Nephrolithiasis in patients with duchenne muscular dystrophy. (17707891)
2007
22
Mechanism and timing of mitotic rearrangements in the subtelomeric D4Z4 repeat involved in facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy. (15154112)
2004
23
Late gadolinium enhanced cardiovascular magnetic resonance in Becker muscular dystrophy. (15310728)
2004
24
Merosin-deficient congenital muscular dystrophy in two siblings. (15591603)
2004
25
Llama-derived phage display antibodies in the dissection of the human disease oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy. (12969556)
2003
26
Immunocytochemistry of nuclear domains and Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy pathophysiology. (12685553)
2003
27
Nonmuscular involvement in merosin-negative congenital muscular dystrophy. (11814732)
2002
28
Carrier detection and prenatal diagnosis in Duchenne/Becker muscular dystrophy. (11418728)
2001
29
Ataxia and congenital muscular dystrophy: the follow-up of a new specific phenotype. (11248459)
2001
30
Splicing mutation in dysferlin produces limb-girdle muscular dystrophy with inflammation. (10766988)
2000
31
The childhood muscular dystrophies: making order out of chaos. (10711985)
1999
32
Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy. (10711990)
1999
33
No evidence for heterogeneity in oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy. (9678711)
1998
34
The genomic structure of DCTN1, a candidate gene for limb-girdle muscular dystrophy. (9805007)
1998
35
Morphological changes in muscle fibers in oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy. (9392019)
1997
36
Limb girdle muscular dystrophy: a prospective follow-up study of functional impairment. (9121503)
1997
37
Defective expression of plectin/HD1 in epidermolysis bullosa simplex with muscular dystrophy. (8636409)
1996
38
SSCP detection of novel mutations in patients with Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy: definition of a small C-terminal region required for emerin function. (8595433)
1995
39
Identification of novel mutations in three families with Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy. (8595406)
1995
40
Monoclonal antibodies to dystrophin in biopsy diagnosis of Duchenne and Becker progressive muscular dystrophies]. (8020113)
1994
41
Duchenne muscular dystrophy: deficiency of dystrophin-associated proteins in the sarcolemma. (8469343)
1993
42
The cardiomyopathy of Duchenne's muscular dystrophy and the function of dystrophin. (8502196)
1993
43
Carrier detection of Duchenne/Becker muscular dystrophy: computer-assisted direct quantitation of gene amplification products. (1621929)
1992
44
Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy gene in Dutch families is not linked to markers for familial adenomatous polyposis on the long arm of chromosome 5. (2157824)
1990
45
Adult onset limb-girdle muscular dystrophy with autosomal dominant inheritance. (2740412)
1989
46
Dystrophin abnormalities in Duchenne/Becker muscular dystrophy. (2696500)
1989
47
Oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy in an Irish family. (2759812)
1989
48
An electron microscopical study of the T-system in biopsied muscles from Fukuyama type congenital muscular dystrophy. (6543909)
1984
49
Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy: clinical manifestations and detection of preclinical disease. (5637795)
1968
50

Variations for Muscular Dystrophy

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Clinvar genetic disease variations for Muscular Dystrophy:

5
id Gene Variation Type Significance SNP ID Assembly Location
1POMT2NM_013382.5(POMT2): c.1997A> G (p.Tyr666Cys)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs200198778GRCh37Chr 14, 77745107: 77745107
2FKRPNM_024301.4(FKRP): c.1387A> G (p.Asn463Asp)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs121908110GRCh37Chr 19, 47260094: 47260094

Expression for genes affiliated with Muscular Dystrophy

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Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Muscular Dystrophy.

Pathways for genes affiliated with Muscular Dystrophy

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GO Terms for genes affiliated with Muscular Dystrophy

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Cellular components related to Muscular Dystrophy according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1dystrophin-associated glycoprotein complexGO:001601010.2DMD, FKRP, SGCA, SGCB, SGCD
2cytoskeletonGO:00058569.9SGCA, SGCB, SGCD, SGCG
3sarcolemmaGO:00423839.4CAV3, COL6A2, DAG1, DYSF, FKRP, MYOT

Biological processes related to Muscular Dystrophy according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1regulation of endoplasmic reticulum unfolded protein responseGO:190010110.6POMT1, POMT2
2cardiac muscle cell developmentGO:005501310.5CAV3, SGCB
3protein O-linked mannosylationGO:003526910.3LARGE, POMT1, POMT2
4muscle contractionGO:000693610.0CAV3, EMD, PABPN1
5regulation of heart rateGO:00020279.9CAV3, DMD

Molecular functions related to Muscular Dystrophy according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1nitric-oxide synthase bindingGO:005099810.2CAV3, DMD
2vinculin bindingGO:00171669.9DAG1, DMD

Sources for Muscular Dystrophy

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2CDC
14ExPASy
15FDA
16FMA
24GTR
25HGMD
26HMDB
27ICD10
28ICD10 via Orphanet
29ICD9CM
30IUPHAR
31KEGG
34MedGen
36MeSH
37MESH via Orphanet
38MGI
41NCI
42NCIt
43NDF-RT
46NINDS
47Novoseek
49OMIM
50OMIM via Orphanet
54PubMed
55QIAGEN
60SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
64Tumor Gene Family of Databases
65UMLS
66UMLS via Orphanet