MCID: NCL006
MIFTS: 45

Nicolaides-Baraitser Syndrome

Categories: Genetic diseases, Rare diseases, Mental diseases, Neuronal diseases, Fetal diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Nicolaides-Baraitser Syndrome

MalaCards integrated aliases for Nicolaides-Baraitser Syndrome:

Name: Nicolaides-Baraitser Syndrome 53 23 49 24 55 71 36 28 13
Ncbrs 53 23 49 24 71
Nbs 53 24 71 3
Sparse Hair and Mental Retardation 53 49 71
Intellectual Disability-Sparse Hair-Brachydactyly Syndrome 55
Nicolaides Baraitser Syndrome 69

Characteristics:

Orphanet epidemiological data:

55
intellectual disability-sparse hair-brachydactyly syndrome
Inheritance: Autosomal dominant,Autosomal recessive; Prevalence: <1/1000000 (Worldwide); Age of onset: Infancy,Neonatal;

OMIM:

53
Inheritance:
autosomal dominant

Miscellaneous:
all cases presumed de novo mutation


HPO:

31
nicolaides-baraitser syndrome:
Inheritance autosomal dominant inheritance


GeneReviews:

23
Penetrance Data are insufficient to determine penetrance. all 61 affected individuals published to date had a de novo pathogenic variant, suggesting that penetrance is likely complete [sousa et al 2014]...

Classifications:



Summaries for Nicolaides-Baraitser Syndrome

NIH Rare Diseases : 49 Nicolaides-Baraitser syndrome (NCBRS) is a very rare condition characterized by severe intellectual disability and various physical features. Signs and symptoms may include seizures, short stature, sparse hair, distinctive facial characteristics, short fingers and toes (brachydactyly), and prominent joints in the fingers and toes (interphalangeal joints). Features of the condition can worsen over time. NCBRS is caused by changes (mutations) in the SMARCA2 gene and is inherited in an autosomal dominant manner. All cases reported to date have been sporadic, occurring in people with no family history of NCBRS. Last updated: 5/13/2015

MalaCards based summary : Nicolaides-Baraitser Syndrome, also known as ncbrs, is related to nijmegen breakage syndrome and neuroblastoma, and has symptoms including seizures, joint dislocation and abnormality of epiphysis morphology. An important gene associated with Nicolaides-Baraitser Syndrome is SMARCA2 (SWI/SNF Related, Matrix Associated, Actin Dependent Regulator Of Chromatin, Subfamily A, Member 2), and among its related pathways/superpathways are Chromatin organization and Gastric cancer. Affiliated tissues include skin, bone and testis.

Genetics Home Reference : 24 Nicolaides-Baraitser syndrome is a condition that affects many body systems. Affected individuals can have a wide variety of signs and symptoms, but the most common are sparse scalp hair, small head size (microcephaly), distinct facial features, short stature, prominent finger joints, unusually short fingers and toes (brachydactyly), recurrent seizures (epilepsy), and moderate to severe intellectual disability with impaired language development.

OMIM : 53 Nicolaides-Baraitser syndrome (NCBRS) is characterized by severe mental retardation, early-onset seizures, short stature, dysmorphic facial features, and sparse hair (summary by Sousa et al., 2009). (601358)

CDC : 3 NBS Overview

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot : 71 Nicolaides-Baraitser syndrome: A rare disorder characterized by severe mental retardation with absent or limited speech, seizures, short stature, sparse hair, typical facial characteristics, brachydactyly, prominent finger joints and broad distal phalanges. Some of the features are progressive with time.

GeneReviews: NBK321516

Related Diseases for Nicolaides-Baraitser Syndrome

Diseases related to Nicolaides-Baraitser Syndrome via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 46)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 nijmegen breakage syndrome 12.1
2 neuroblastoma 11.8
3 nijmegen breakage syndrome-like disorder 11.1
4 prostatitis 10.2
5 suppression of tumorigenicity 12 10.2
6 adenocarcinoma 10.2
7 autism 10.2
8 autism spectrum disorder 10.2
9 epilepsy 10.2
10 hypotrichosis 10.2
11 lipodystrophy 10.2
12 myoclonic astatic epilepsy 10.2
13 vitiligo-associated multiple autoimmune disease susceptibility 1 10.1
14 wilms tumor 6 10.1
15 trichomegaly 10.0
16 oliver-mcfarlane syndrome 10.0
17 retinitis 10.0
18 retinal degeneration 10.0
19 trichomegaly with intellectual disability, dwarfism and pigmentary degeneration of retina 10.0
20 leukemia 9.9
21 lymphoma 9.9
22 radin blood group antigen 9.9
23 immunodeficiency-centromeric instability-facial anomalies syndrome 1 9.9
24 mycosis fungoides 9.9
25 hemolytic anemia 9.9
26 lentigines 9.7
27 acyl-coa dehydrogenase, very long-chain, deficiency of 9.7
28 lipoid congenital adrenal hyperplasia 9.7
29 argininemia 9.7
30 ataxia-telangiectasia 9.7
31 lymphoma, hodgkin, classic 9.7
32 ataxia and polyneuropathy, adult-onset 9.7
33 lymphoma, non-hodgkin, familial 9.7
34 granuloma annulare 9.7
35 cervical neuroblastoma 9.7
36 lymphoblastic leukemia 9.7
37 allergic hypersensitivity disease 9.7
38 cervicitis 9.7
39 histiocytosis 9.7
40 pustulosis of palm and sole 9.7
41 neuronitis 9.7
42 psoriasis 9.7
43 localized pagetoid reticulosis 9.7
44 indeterminate cell histiocytosis 9.7
45 coffin-siris syndrome 1 9.5 ARID1B SMARCA2
46 borjeson-forssman-lehmann syndrome 9.4 ARID1B SMARCA2

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Nicolaides-Baraitser Syndrome:



Diseases related to Nicolaides-Baraitser Syndrome

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Nicolaides-Baraitser Syndrome

Symptoms via clinical synopsis from OMIM:

53
Growth Other:
failure to thrive
intrauterine growth retardation
poor growth

Head And Neck Face:
long philtrum
triangular face
broad philtrum

Skeletal Feet:
sandal gap
short phalanges
short metatarsals

Neurologic Central Nervous System:
poor speech
mental retardation, severe
lack of speech
seizures, early onset

Head And Neck Mouth:
large mouth
everted lower lip
thin upper vermilion
thick lower vermilion

Growth Height:
short stature (13 of 23 patients)

Head And Neck Head:
microcephaly, variable

Head And Neck Teeth:
widely spaced teeth (11 of 21)

Skin Nails Hair Skin:
wrinkly skin (13 of 22)
eczema (8 of 23)
pale, sensitive skin

Head And Neck Nose:
anteverted nares
upturned nasal tip
broad nasal base
thick alae nasi
narrow nasal bridge (12 of 22)

Genitourinary Internal Genitalia Male:
cryptorchidism

Skin Nails Hair Hair:
low anterior hairline
sparse hair
loss of eyebrows
dense or normal eyelashes

Skeletal Hands:
short metacarpals
short phalanges
prominent distal phalanges
prominent interphalangeal joints

Neurologic Behavioral Psychiatric Manifestations:
aggression
tantrums

Growth Weight:
low weight (15 of 21)

Head And Neck Eyes:
narrow palpebral fissures (9 of 22)
downslanting palpebral fissures (6 of 22)
sagging periorbital skin

Skeletal Spine:
scoliosis (9 of 22)


Clinical features from OMIM:

601358

Human phenotypes related to Nicolaides-Baraitser Syndrome:

55 31 (show top 50) (show all 70)
# Description HPO Frequency Orphanet Frequency HPO Source Accession
1 seizures 55 31 Frequent (79-30%) HP:0001250
2 joint dislocation 55 31 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0001373
3 abnormality of epiphysis morphology 55 31 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0005930
4 intellectual disability 55 31 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0001249
5 dysphasia 55 31 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0002357
6 scoliosis 55 31 very rare (1%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0002650
7 global developmental delay 55 31 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0001263
8 delayed skeletal maturation 55 31 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0002750
9 microcephaly 55 31 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0000252
10 smooth philtrum 55 31 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0000319
11 anteverted nares 55 31 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0000463
12 long philtrum 55 31 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0000343
13 thick nasal alae 55 31 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0009928
14 hernia 55 31 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0100790
15 short palm 55 31 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0004279
16 everted lower lip vermilion 55 31 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0000232
17 cryptorchidism 55 31 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0000028
18 wide intermamillary distance 55 31 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0006610
19 specific learning disability 55 31 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0001328
20 high, narrow palate 55 31 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0002705
21 alopecia 55 31 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0001596
22 aphasia 55 31 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0002381
23 wide mouth 55 31 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0000154
24 abnormality of the metacarpal bones 55 31 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0001163
25 absence seizures 55 31 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0002121
26 downslanted palpebral fissures 55 31 very rare (1%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0000494
27 hypotrichosis 55 31 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0001006
28 brachydactyly 55 31 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0001156
29 sandal gap 55 31 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0001852
30 abnormal hair pattern 55 31 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0010720
31 severe short stature 55 31 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0003510
32 eczema 55 31 very rare (1%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0000964
33 blepharophimosis 55 31 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0000581
34 highly arched eyebrow 55 31 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0002553
35 clubbing of toes 55 31 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0100760
36 curly eyelashes 55 31 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0007665
37 thin vermilion border 55 31 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0000233
38 narrow nasal bridge 55 31 very rare (1%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0000446
39 long eyelashes 55 31 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0000527
40 triangular face 55 31 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0000325
41 accelerated skeletal maturation 55 31 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0005616
42 abnormality of cardiovascular system morphology 55 31 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0030680
43 status epilepticus 55 31 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0002133
44 broad distal phalanx of finger 55 31 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0009836
45 short palpebral fissure 55 31 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0012745
46 excessive wrinkled skin 55 31 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0007392
47 echolalia 55 31 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0010529
48 mutism 55 31 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0002300
49 epileptic spasms 55 31 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0011097
50 failure to thrive 31 HP:0001508

Drugs & Therapeutics for Nicolaides-Baraitser Syndrome

Search Clinical Trials , NIH Clinical Center for Nicolaides-Baraitser Syndrome

Genetic Tests for Nicolaides-Baraitser Syndrome

Genetic tests related to Nicolaides-Baraitser Syndrome:

# Genetic test Affiliating Genes
1 Nicolaides-Baraitser Syndrome 28 SMARCA2

Anatomical Context for Nicolaides-Baraitser Syndrome

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Nicolaides-Baraitser Syndrome:

38
Skin, Bone, Testis

Publications for Nicolaides-Baraitser Syndrome

Articles related to Nicolaides-Baraitser Syndrome:

(show all 15)
# Title Authors Year
1
A SMARCA2 Mutation in the First Case Report of Nicolaides-Baraitser Syndrome in Latin America: Genotype-Phenotype Correlation. ( 28948053 )
2017
2
Supernumeraries in Nicolaides-Baraitser Syndrome. ( 28635076 )
2017
3
New SMARCA2 mutation in a patient with Nicolaides-Baraitser syndrome and myoclonic astatic epilepsy. ( 27665729 )
2017
4
Nicolaides-Baraitser syndrome: defining a phenotype. ( 27286846 )
2016
5
The evolving features of Nicolaides-Baraitser syndrome - a clinical report of a 20-year follow-up. ( 27099726 )
2016
6
Phenotype and genotype in Nicolaides-Baraitser syndrome. ( 25169058 )
2014
7
A comprehensive molecular study on Coffin-Siris and Nicolaides- Baraitser syndromes identifies a broad molecular and clinical spectrum converging on altered chromatin remodeling. ( 23906836 )
2013
8
In-Frame Deletion and Missense Mutations of the C-Terminal Helicase Domain of SMARCA2 in Three Patients with Nicolaides-Baraitser Syndrome. ( 22822383 )
2012
9
Heterozygous missense mutations in SMARCA2 cause Nicolaides-Baraitser syndrome. ( 22366787 )
2012
10
Nicolaides-Baraitser syndrome: two new cases with autism spectrum disorder. ( 20802310 )
2011
11
Nicolaides-Baraitser syndrome: Delineation of the phenotype. ( 19606471 )
2009
12
A rare cause of syndromic hypotrichosis: Nicolaides-Baraitser syndrome. ( 19119135 )
2008
13
Mental retardation, sparse hair, facial dysmorphism with a prominent lower lip, and lipodystrophy. A variant example of Nicolaides-Baraitser syndrome? ( 12872821 )
2003
14
Nicolaides-Baraitser syndrome: confirmatory report of a syndrome with sparse hair, mental retardation, and short stature and metacarpals. ( 14564210 )
2003
15
Nicolaides-Baraitser Syndrome ( 26468571 )
1993

Variations for Nicolaides-Baraitser Syndrome

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot genetic disease variations for Nicolaides-Baraitser Syndrome:

71 (show all 32)
# Symbol AA change Variation ID SNP ID
1 SMARCA2 p.Gly752Ala VAR_068180 rs281875198
2 SMARCA2 p.Lys755Arg VAR_068181 rs281875203
3 SMARCA2 p.Thr756Ile VAR_068182 rs281875191
4 SMARCA2 p.Asp851His VAR_068183 rs281875206
5 SMARCA2 p.Glu852Asp VAR_068184 rs281875193
6 SMARCA2 p.Glu852Lys VAR_068185 rs281875199
7 SMARCA2 p.His854Asn VAR_068186
8 SMARCA2 p.His854Arg VAR_068187 rs281875202
9 SMARCA2 p.Arg855Gly VAR_068188 rs281875207
10 SMARCA2 p.Gly881Arg VAR_068189 rs281875194
11 SMARCA2 p.Gly881Val VAR_068190 rs281875185
12 SMARCA2 p.Pro883Leu VAR_068191 rs281875188
13 SMARCA2 p.His939Tyr VAR_068192 rs281875190
14 SMARCA2 p.Leu946Phe VAR_068193 rs281875205
15 SMARCA2 p.Leu946Ser VAR_068194 rs281875200
16 SMARCA2 p.Arg1105Cys VAR_068195 rs281875192
17 SMARCA2 p.Arg1105Pro VAR_068196 rs281875197
18 SMARCA2 p.Leu1135Pro VAR_068197 rs281875195
19 SMARCA2 p.Ser1146Arg VAR_068198 rs281875204
20 SMARCA2 p.Asp1158Val VAR_068199 rs281875240
21 SMARCA2 p.Arg1159Gly VAR_068200 rs281875184
22 SMARCA2 p.Arg1159Leu VAR_068201 rs281875187
23 SMARCA2 p.Arg1159Gln VAR_068202 rs281875187
24 SMARCA2 p.Arg1162His VAR_068203 rs281875186
25 SMARCA2 p.Ala1188Pro VAR_068204 rs281875196
26 SMARCA2 p.Ala1201Val VAR_068205 rs281875189
27 SMARCA2 p.Gly1202Cys VAR_068206 rs281875239
28 SMARCA2 p.Asp1205Gly VAR_068207 rs281875201
29 SMARCA2 p.Arg1213Trp VAR_068208 rs281875238
30 SMARCA2 p.Arg855Gln VAR_076936
31 SMARCA2 p.Thr880Ile VAR_076937
32 SMARCA2 p.Gln1241Glu VAR_078815

ClinVar genetic disease variations for Nicolaides-Baraitser Syndrome:

6 (show all 24)
# Gene Variation Type Significance SNP ID Assembly Location
1 SMARCA2 NM_003070.4(SMARCA2): c.3637C> T (p.Arg1213Trp) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs281875238 GRCh37 Chromosome 9, 2116002: 2116002
2 SMARCA2 NM_003070.4(SMARCA2): c.3604G> T (p.Gly1202Cys) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs281875239 GRCh37 Chromosome 9, 2115969: 2115969
3 SMARCA2 NM_003070.4(SMARCA2): c.3476G> A (p.Arg1159Gln) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs281875187 GRCh37 Chromosome 9, 2115841: 2115841
4 SMARCA2 NM_003070.4(SMARCA2): c.3473A> T (p.Asp1158Val) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs281875240 GRCh37 Chromosome 9, 2115838: 2115838
5 SMARCA2 NM_003070.4(SMARCA2): c.3475C> G (p.Arg1159Gly) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs281875184 GRCh37 Chromosome 9, 2115840: 2115840
6 SMARCA2 NM_003070.4(SMARCA2): c.2642G> T (p.Gly881Val) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs281875185 GRCh37 Chromosome 9, 2086944: 2086944
7 SMARCA2 NM_003070.4(SMARCA2): c.3485G> A (p.Arg1162His) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs281875186 GRCh37 Chromosome 9, 2115850: 2115850
8 SMARCA2 NM_003070.4(SMARCA2): c.3476G> T (p.Arg1159Leu) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs281875187 GRCh37 Chromosome 9, 2115841: 2115841
9 SMARCA2 NM_003070.4(SMARCA2): c.2648C> T (p.Pro883Leu) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs281875188 GRCh37 Chromosome 9, 2086950: 2086950
10 SMARCA2 NM_003070.4(SMARCA2): c.3602C> T (p.Ala1201Val) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs281875189 GRCh37 Chromosome 9, 2115967: 2115967
11 SMARCA2 NM_003070.4(SMARCA2): c.2815C> T (p.His939Tyr) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs281875190 GRCh37 Chromosome 9, 2088545: 2088545
12 SMARCA2 NM_003070.4(SMARCA2): c.2255G> C (p.Gly752Ala) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs281875198 GRCh37 Chromosome 9, 2081902: 2081902
13 SMARCA2 SMARCA2, 55-KB DEL deletion Pathogenic
14 SMARCA2 NM_003070.4(SMARCA2): c.3395G> A (p.Gly1132Asp) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs387907194 GRCh37 Chromosome 9, 2110356: 2110356
15 SMARCA2 NM_003070.4(SMARCA2): c.2486C> T (p.Thr829Ile) single nucleotide variant Likely pathogenic rs797045974 GRCh38 Chromosome 9, 2084156: 2084156
16 SMARCA2 NM_003070.4(SMARCA2): c.3493C> A (p.Gln1165Lys) single nucleotide variant Likely pathogenic rs797045976 GRCh37 Chromosome 9, 2115858: 2115858
17 SMARCA2 NM_003070.4(SMARCA2): c.1600G> T (p.Asp534Tyr) single nucleotide variant Likely pathogenic rs863224922 GRCh37 Chromosome 9, 2060894: 2060894
18 SMARCA2 NM_003070.4(SMARCA2): c.3482A> G (p.His1161Arg) single nucleotide variant Likely pathogenic rs863224921 GRCh37 Chromosome 9, 2115847: 2115847
19 SMARCA2 NM_003070.4(SMARCA2): c.2552A> G (p.Asp851Gly) single nucleotide variant Likely pathogenic rs886041045 GRCh38 Chromosome 9, 2086854: 2086854
20 SMARCA2 NM_003070.4(SMARCA2): c.3562G> A (p.Ala1188Thr) single nucleotide variant Likely pathogenic rs281875196 GRCh37 Chromosome 9, 2115927: 2115927
21 ARID1B NM_017519.2(ARID1B): c.1735C> T (p.Gln579Ter) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs1060499668 GRCh38 Chromosome 6, 156829419: 156829419
22 SMARCA2 NM_003070.4(SMARCA2): c.2348C> G (p.Ser783Trp) single nucleotide variant Likely pathogenic GRCh38 Chromosome 9, 2081995: 2081995
23 SMARCA2 NM_003070.4(SMARCA2): c.2648C> A (p.Pro883Gln) single nucleotide variant Likely pathogenic rs281875188 GRCh38 Chromosome 9, 2086950: 2086950
24 SMARCA2 NM_003070.4(SMARCA2): c.2853G> C (p.Lys951Asn) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic GRCh38 Chromosome 9, 2088583: 2088583

Expression for Nicolaides-Baraitser Syndrome

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Nicolaides-Baraitser Syndrome.

Pathways for Nicolaides-Baraitser Syndrome

Pathways related to Nicolaides-Baraitser Syndrome according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Super pathways Score Top Affiliating Genes
1
Show member pathways
12 ARID1B SMARCA2
2
Show member pathways
11.62 ARID1B SMARCA2
3
Show member pathways
10.47 ARID1B SMARCA2

GO Terms for Nicolaides-Baraitser Syndrome

Cellular components related to Nicolaides-Baraitser Syndrome according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 SWI/SNF complex GO:0016514 8.96 ARID1B SMARCA2
2 nBAF complex GO:0071565 8.62 ARID1B SMARCA2

Biological processes related to Nicolaides-Baraitser Syndrome according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 nervous system development GO:0007399 8.96 ARID1B SMARCA2
2 chromatin remodeling GO:0006338 8.62 ARID1B SMARCA2

Molecular functions related to Nicolaides-Baraitser Syndrome according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 transcription coactivator activity GO:0003713 8.62 ARID1B SMARCA2

Sources for Nicolaides-Baraitser Syndrome

3 CDC
7 CNVD
9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
16 ExPASy
18 FMA
27 GO
28 GTR
29 HGMD
30 HMDB
31 HPO
32 ICD10
33 ICD10 via Orphanet
34 ICD9CM
35 IUPHAR
36 KEGG
37 LifeMap
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41 MeSH
42 MESH via Orphanet
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50 NINDS
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53 OMIM
54 OMIM via Orphanet
58 PubMed
60 QIAGEN
65 SNOMED-CT via HPO
66 SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
67 TGDB
68 Tocris
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70 UMLS via Orphanet
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