MCID: NGH001
MIFTS: 48

Night Blindness malady

Categories: Eye diseases, Metabolic diseases, Rare diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Night Blindness

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Aliases & Descriptions for Night Blindness:

Name: Night Blindness 11 50 39 13 68

Classifications:



External Ids:

Disease Ontology11 DOID:8499
ICD1030 H53.6, H53.60
ICD9CM32 368.6, 368.60
MeSH39 D009755

Summaries for Night Blindness

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Wikipedia:71 Nyctalopia /ˌnɪktəlˈoʊpiə/ (from Greek νύκτ-, nykt- \"night\";... more...

MalaCards based summary: Night Blindness is related to liver cirrhosis and congenital stationary night blindness, and has symptoms including other specified visual disturbances, photophobia and amaurosis fugax. An important gene associated with Night Blindness is PDE6B (Phosphodiesterase 6B), and among its related pathways are Metabolism of fat-soluble vitamins and Phototransduction. The drugs cod liver oil and retinol acetate have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include eye, liver and retina, and related mouse phenotypes are Increased shRNA abundance (Z-score > 2) and nervous system.

Related Diseases for Night Blindness

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Diseases in the Night Blindness family:

Acquired Night Blindness Hereditary Night Blindness

Diseases related to Night Blindness via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50)    (show all 114)
idRelated DiseaseScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1liver cirrhosis29.1CABP4, GRK1, PDE6B, RHO
2congenital stationary night blindness12.5
3x-linked congenital stationary night blindness12.5
4night blindness, congenital stationary , 1a, x-linked12.4
5night blindness, congenital stationary , 1b, autosomal recessive12.4
6night blindness, congenital stationary , 1d, autosomal recessive12.3
7night blindness, congenital stationary, autosomal dominant 312.3
8night blindness, congenital stationary, autosomal dominant 212.3
9night blindness, congenital stationary , 1f, autosomal recessive12.3
10night blindness, congenital stationary , 1e, autosomal recessive12.3
11night blindness, congenital stationary, autosomal dominant 112.3
12autosomal recessive congenital stationary night blindness12.3
13hereditary night blindness12.3
14night blindness, congenital stationary , 1c, autosomal recessive12.3
15night blindness, congenital stationary , 2a, x-linked12.3
16autosomal dominant congenital stationary night blindness12.3
17night blindness, congenital stationary, type 1g12.3
18congenital stationary night blindness 1h12.2
19acquired night blindness12.1
20congenital stationary night blindness, type 2b12.0
21night blindness skeletal anomalies unusual facies12.0
22cacna1f-related x-linked congenital stationary night blindness11.9
23nyx-related x-linked congenital stationary night blindness11.9
24night blindness-skeletal anomalies-dysmorphism syndrome11.9
25chondroectodermal dysplasia with night blindness11.9
26oguchi disease-111.7
27oguchi disease-211.7
28cone-rod synaptic disorder, congenital nonprogressive11.6
29retinal cone dystrophy 311.6
30retinal cone dystrophy 3b11.5
31keratomalacia11.4
32fundus albipunctatus11.3
33choroideremia11.3
34retinitis pigmentosa11.3
35refsum disease11.1
36melanoma-associated retinopathy11.1
37retinal degeneration, late-onset, autosomal dominant11.0
38bietti crystalline corneoretinal dystrophy10.9
39cone-rod dystrophy 1610.9
40gyrate atrophy of choroid and retina with or without ornithinemia10.9
41cone-rod dystrophy10.9
42leber congenital amaurosis 210.7
43leber congenital amaurosis 810.7
44ataxia, posterior column, with retinitis pigmentosa10.7
45retinitis pigmentosa 6710.7
46retinitis pigmentosa 910.7
47retinal dystrophy and obesity10.7
48microphthalmia, isolated 510.7
49retinal dystrophy with inner retinal dysfunction and ganglion cell abnormalities10.7
50enhanced s-cone syndrome10.7

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Night Blindness:



Diseases related to night blindness

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Night Blindness

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UMLS symptoms related to Night Blindness:


other specified visual disturbances, photophobia, amaurosis fugax, subjective visual disturbance, unspecified, metamorphopsia, blurred vision, visual disturbance, visual manifestations

GenomeRNAi Phenotypes related to Night Blindness according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

26
idDescriptionGenomeRNAi Source AccessionScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1GR00366-A-19210.0CABP4, RDH5, TRPM1

MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Night Blindness according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

41
idDescriptionMGI Source AccessionScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1MP:00036316.6CABP4, CACNA1F, GNAT1, GNB3, GRK1, GRM6
2MP:00053914.5CABP4, CACNA1F, GNAT1, GNB3, GPR179, GRK1

Drugs & Therapeutics for Night Blindness

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Drugs for Night Blindness (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show top 50)    (show all 110)
idNameStatusPhaseClinical TrialsCas NumberPubChem Id
1
Albendazoleapproved, vet_approvedPhase 48554965-21-82082
Synonyms:
((Propylthio)-5 1H-benzimidazolyl-2) carbamate de methyle
((Propylthio)-5 1H-benzimidazolyl-2) carbamate de methyle [French]
(5-(Propylthio)-1H-benzimidazol-2-yl)carbamic acid methyl ester
(5-Propylsulfanyl-1H-benzoimidazol-2-yl)-carbamic acid methyl ester
5-(Propylthio)-2-carbomethoxyaminobenzimidazole
54965-21-8
A4673_FLUKA
A4673_SIGMA
AB00052377
AC-015
AC1L1CVL
AC1Q2YKD
AKOS000540882
Albendazol
Albendazol [INN-Spanish]
Albendazole
Albendazole (JAN/USP/INN)
Albendazole Armstrong Brand
Albendazole Diba Brand
Albendazole Fustery Brand
Albendazole Hormona Brand
Albendazole Liferpal Brand
Albendazole Monohydrochloride
Albendazole Noe-Socopharm Brand
Albendazole Pfizer Brand
Albendazole Sanicoopa Brand
Albendazole Valdecasas Brand
Albendazole [USAN:INN:BAN:JAN]
Albendazolum
Albendazolum [INN-Latin]
Albendoral
Albenza
Albenza (TN)
Albenza, Eskazole, Zentel, Andazol, Albendazole
Armstrong Brand of Albendazole
BAS 00439961
BB_SC-1386
BIDD:GT0615
BIM-0051849.0001
BPBio1_000038
BRD-K79131256-001-04-7
BSPBio_000034
BSPBio_002548
Bendapar
Bilutac
C01779
CARBAMIC ACID, (5-(PROPYLTHIO)-1H-BENZIMIDAZOL-2-YL)-, METHYL ESTER
CAS-54965-21-8
CHEBI:16664
CHEBI:506787
CHEMBL1483
CID2082
CPD000036735
Carbamic acid, [5-(propylthio)-1H-benzimidazol-2-yl]-, methyl ester
ChemDiv1_000190
ChemDivAM_000003
D00134
D015766
DB00518
Diba Brand of Albendazole
Digezanol
Disthelm
Disthelm, Mediamix V
DivK1c_000704
EINECS 259-414-7
Endoplus
Eskazole
Fustery Brand of Albendazole
Gascop
HMS1568B16
HMS1922K04
HMS2090G19
HMS2093K13
HMS502D06
HMS587I14
HSDB 7444
Hormona Brand of Albendazole
I01-0380
IDI1_000704
InChI=1/C12H15N3O2S/c1-3-6-18-8-4-5-9-10(7-8)14-11(13-9)15-12(16)17-2/h4-5,7H,3,6H2,1-2H3,(H2,13,14,15,16)
KBio1_000704
 
KBio2_002012
KBio2_004580
KBio2_007148
KBioGR_000801
KBioSS_002012
LS-50618
Liferpal Brand of Albendazole
Lurdex
MLS000069722
Mediamix V Disthelm
Methyl 5-(propyl-thio)-2-benzimidazolecarbamate
Methyl 5-(propylthio)-2-benzimidazolecarbamate
Methyl [5-(Propylthio)benzimidazol-2-yl]carbamate
Methyl-5-[propylthio]-2-benzimidazole carbamate
Metiazol
MolPort-000-726-929
MolPort-000-760-571
MolPort-001-932-918
Monohydrochloride, Albendazole
NCGC00016876-01
NCGC00016876-02
NCGC00022896-03
NCGC00022896-04
NCGC00022896-05
NCGC00022896-06
NCGC00022896-07
NINDS_000704
NSC 220008
NSC220008
Noe Socopharm Brand of Albendazole
Noe-Socopharm Brand of Albendazole
O-Methyl N-(5-(propylthio)-2-benzimidazolyl)carbamate
Oprea1_429292
Oprea1_585016
Oprea1_640007
Pfizer Brand of Albendazole
Prestwick0_000247
Prestwick1_000247
Prestwick2_000247
Prestwick3_000247
Prestwick_675
Proftril
Ricobendazole
Rycobendazole
S1640_Selleck
SAM002589939
SK&F 62979
SK&F-62979
SK&F62979
SKF 62979
SKF-62979
SKF62979
SMR000036735
SPBio_002253
SPECTRUM1503903
STK387550
STL046130
STOCK2S-67946
Sanicoopa Brand of Albendazole
Smith Kline & French Brand of Albendazole
SmithKline Beecham Brand of Albendazole
Spectrum4_000201
Spectrum5_001567
Spectrum_001532
TL8003543
UNII-F4216019LN
V Disthelm, Mediamix
VU0239747-6
Valbazen
Valdecasas Brand of Albendazole
ZINC17146904
Zental
Zentel
[5-(Propylthio)benzimidazol-2-yl]carbamic Acid Methyl Ester
[5-(Propythio)-1H-benzimidazol-2-yl]carbamic acid methyl ester
albendazole
methyl N-(6-propylsulfanyl-1H-benzimidazol-2-yl)carbamate
methyl N-[6-(propylsulfanyl)-1H-1,3-benzodiazol-2-yl]carbamate
methyl [(2Z)-5-(propylsulfanyl)-1,3-dihydro-2H-benzimidazol-2-ylidene]carbamate
methyl [5-(propylsulfanyl)-1H-benzimidazol-2-yl]carbamate
methyl [5-(propylthio)-1H-benzimidazol-2-yl]carbamate
methyl [6-(propylsulfanyl)-1H-benzimidazol-2-yl]carbamate
2
Rosiglitazoneapproved, investigationalPhase 4220122320-73-477999
Synonyms:
(RS)-5-{4-[2-(Methyl-2-pyridylamino)ethoxy]benzyl}-2,4-thiazolidinedion
(±)-5-[p-[2-(methyl-2-pyridylamino)ethoxy]benzyl]-2,4-thiazolidinedione
122320-73-4
2,4-Thiazolidinedione, 5-[[4-[2-(methyl-2-pyridinylamino)ethoxy]phenyl]methyl]- (9CI)
5-((4-(2-(methyl-2-pyridinylamino)ethoxy)phenyl)methyl)-2,4-thiazolidinedione
5-((4-(2-Methyl-2-(pyridinylamino)ethoxy)phenyl)methyl)-2,4-thiazolidinedione-2-butenedioate
5-(4-{2-[methyl(pyridin-2-yl)amino]ethoxy}benzyl)-1,3-thiazolidine-2,4-dione
5-[4-[2-(N-Methyl-N-(2-pyridyl)amino)ethoxy]benzyl]thiazolidine-2,4-dione
5-[[4-[2-(methyl-(2-pyridyl)amino)ethoxy]phenyl]methyl] thiazolidine-2,4-dione
5-[[4-[2-[methyl(pyridin-2-yl)amino]ethoxy]phenyl]methyl]-1,3-thiazolidine-2,4-dione
AC-3459
AC1L2U9N
Avandia
BRD-A97437073-001-02-3
BRD-A97437073-001-03-1
BRL49653
BSPBio_002693
Brl 49653
Brl-49653
C18H19N3O3S
CID77999
D08491
DB00412
Gaudil
Gaudil (TN)
HMS1922J11
HMS2094O13
HSDB 7555
I06-0141
IDMB (1uM BRL49653, 1uM Dexamethasone, 0.5uM IBMX, 10ug/mL Insulin)
KBio2_002183
KBio2_004751
KBio2_007319
KBio3_001913
 
KBioGR_001609
KBioSS_002183
LS-151340
MolPort-002-508-212
NCGC00095124-01
NCGC00095124-02
NCGC00095124-03
RGZ
RSG
Rosi
Rosigilitazone
Rosigliazone maleate
Rosiglitazon
Rosiglitazona
Rosiglitazone
Rosiglitazone (INN)
Rosiglitazone [INN:BAN]
Rosiglitazone maleate
Rosiglitazonum
Rosiglizole
S00306
SPBio_001142
SPECTRUM1504263
STOCK6S-23924
Spectrum2_001241
Spectrum3_000997
Spectrum4_001125
Spectrum5_001464
Spectrum_001703
TDZ 01
UNII-05V02F2KDG
[3H]rosiglitazone
rosiglitazona
rosiglitazone
rosiglitazone (Avandia)
rosiglitazonum
3
Prednisoloneapproved, vet_approvedPhase 4119350-24-85755
Synonyms:
(11beta)-11,17,21-Trihydroxypregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione
.DELTA.1-Cortisol
.DELTA.1-Dehydrocortisol
.DELTA.1-Dehydrohydrocortisone
.DELTA.1-Hydrocortisone
.delta.-Cortef
.delta.-Stab
1,2-Dehydrohydrocortisone
1,4-Pregnadiene-11beta,17alpha,21-triol-3,20-dione
1,4-Pregnadiene-3,20-dione-11beta,17alpha,21-triol
1-Dehydrocortisol
1-Dehydrohydrocortisone
3,20-dioxo-11beta,17alpha,21-Trihydroxy-1,4-pregnadiene
46656_FLUKA
46656_RIEDEL
50-24-8
58201-11-9
8056-11-9
AC-1773
AC1L1L2E
Ak-Pred
Ak-Tate
Alphadrol
Articulose-50
BPBio1_000164
BRD-K98039984-001-03-0
BRN 1354103
BSPBio_000148
Bio-0666
Bubbli-Pred
C07369
CCRIS 980
CHEBI:8378
CHEMBL131
CID5755
CO-Hydeltra
CPD000718761
Co-Hydeltra
Codelcortone
Cordrol
Cortalone
Cotogesic
Cotolone
D00472
D011239
DB00860
Decaprednil
Decortin H
Delcortol
Delta F
Delta(1)-dehydrohydrocortisone
Delta-Cortef
Delta-Cortef (TN)
Delta-Ef-Cortelan
Delta-Stab
Delta-stab
Deltacortenol
Deltacortril
Deltacortril Enteric
Deltahydrocortisone
Deltasolone
Deltisilone
Depo-Medrol
Derpo PD
Derpo Pd
Dexa-Cortidelt Hostacortin H
Dexa-Cortidelt hostacortin H
Di Adreson F
Di-Adreson F
Di-Adreson-F
Di-adreson F
DiAdresonF
Dicortol
Donisolone
Dydeltrone
EINECS 200-021-7
Eazolin D
Econopred
Econopred Plus
Erbacort
Erbasona
Estilsona
Fernisolone
Fernisolone P
Fernisolone-P
Flamasone
HMS1568H10
HMS2090J05
HSDB 3385
Hostacortin H
Hydeltra
Hydeltra-Tba
Hydeltrasol
Hydeltrone
Hydrodeltalone
Hydrodeltisone
Hydroretrocortin
Hydroretrocortine
I-Pred
Inflamase Forte
Inflamase Mild
K 1557
Key-Pred
Klismacort
LMST02030179
LS-7669
Lentosone
Lite Pred
M-Predrol
 
MLS001304083
MLS002154250
MLS002207037
Medrol
Medrol Acetate
Metacortandralone
Methylprednisolone Acetate
Meti-Derm
Meticortelone
Metreton
MolPort-002-507-147
NCGC00179649-01
NSC 9120
NSC9120
NSC9900
Neo-Delta-Cortef
Nisolone
Nor-Pred T.B.A.
Ocu-Pred
Ocu-Pred Forte
Ophtho-Tate
Orapred
P0152_SIGMA
P0637
P6004_SIGMA
PRDL
PRED-G
Panafcortelone
Paracortol
Paracotol
Pediapred
Poly-Pred
Precortalon
Precortancyl
Precortilon
Precortisyl
Pred Forte
Pred Mild
Predair
Predair A
Predair Forte
Predalone 50
Predalone T.B.A.
Predate
Predate Tba
Predate-50
Predcor-25
Predcor-50
Predcor-Tba
Predisolone Sodium Phosphate
Predne-Dome
Prednelan
Predni-Dome
Prednicen
Predniliderm
Predniretard
Prednis
Prednisolona
Prednisolona [INN-Spanish]
Prednisolone (JP15/USP/INN)
Prednisolone (anhydrous)
Prednisolone Acetate
Prednisolone Sodium Phosphate
Prednisolone Tebutate
Prednisolone [INN:BAN:JAN]
Prednisolonum
Prednisolonum [INN-Latin]
Predonin
Predonine
Prelone
Prenolone
Prestwick0_000274
Prestwick1_000274
Prestwick2_000274
Prestwick3_000274
Prestwick_404
Rolisone
S1737_Selleck
SAM002264639
SMR000718761
SPBio_002367
Scherisolon
Solone
Steran
Sterane
Sterolone
Supercortisol
UNII-9PHQ9Y1OLM
Ulacort
Ultra Pred
Ultracorten H
Ultracortene H
Ultracortene-H
Ultracortene-Hydrogen
Ultracortene-hydrogen
ZINC03833821
component of Ataraxoid
component of K-Predne-Dome
delta(1)-Cortisol
delta(1)-Dehydrocortisol
delta(1)-Dehydrohydrocortisone
delta(1)-Hydrocortisone
delta(sup 1)-Cortisol
delta(sup 1)-Dehydrocortisol
delta(sup 1)-Dehydrohydrocortisone
delta(sup 1)-Hydrocortisone
delta-dehydrocortisol
delta-dehydrohydrocortisone
delta-hydrocortisone
prednisolone
4
Methylprednisoloneapproved, vet_approvedPhase 4119383-43-26741
Synonyms:
(6S,8S,9S,10R,11S,13S,14S,17R)-11,17-dihydroxy-17-(2-hydroxyacetyl)-6,10,13-trimethyl-7,8,9,11,12,14,15,16-octahydro-6H-cyclopenta[a]phenanthren-3-one
(6a,11b)-11,17,21-Trihydroxy-6-methylpregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione
(6alpha,11beta)-11,17,21-Trihydroxy-6-methylpregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione
(6α,11β)-11,17,21-trihydroxy-6-methylpregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione
.DELTA.1-6.alpha.-Methylhydrocortisone
1-Dehydro-6alpha-methylhydrocortisone
1-dehydro-6alpha-Methylhydrocortisone
1-dehydro-6α-methylhydrocortisone
11-beta,17,21-Trihydroxy-6-alpha-methylpregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione
11beta,17,21-Trihydroxy-6alpha-methylpregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione
11beta,17alpha,21-Trihydroxy-6alpha-methyl-1,4-pregnadiene-3,20-dione
11beta,17alpha,21-Trihydroxy-6alpha-methylpregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione
121673-01-6
4-08-00-03498 (Beilstein Handbook Reference)
46436_FLUKA
46436_RIEDEL
570-35-4
6 Methylprednisolone
6-Methylprednisolone
6-alpha-Methylprednisolone
6.alpha.-Methylprednisolone
6923-42-8
6alpha-Methyl-11beta,17alpha,21-trihydroxy-1,4-pregnadiene-3,20-dione
6alpha-Methyl-11beta,17alpha,21-triol-1,4-pregnadiene-3,20-dione
6alpha-Methylprednisolone
6alpha-methyl-11beta,17alpha,21-triol-1,4-pregnadiene-3,20-dione
83-43-2
AC1L1N7A
Artisone-Wyeth
Artisone-wyeth
BPBio1_000174
BRD-K35240538-001-03-1
BRN 2340300
BSPBio_000158
Besonia
Bio-0658
CHEBI:6888
CHEMBL650
CID6741
CPD000058330
D00407
D008775
DB00959
Depo-Medrol (acetate)
Dopomedrol
EINECS 201-476-4
Esametone
Firmacort
HMS1568H20
HMS2090B13
HSDB 3127
LMST02030178
LS-118498
Lemod
M0639_SIGMA
M1665
MEPRDL
MLS000028541
MLS001148159
MLS002207191
Medesone
Medixon
Medlone 21
 
Medrate
Medrol
Medrol (TN)
Medrol Adt Pak
Medrol Dosepak
Medrol adt pak
Medrol dosepak
Medrol, Solu-Medrol, Medrone, Methylprednisolone
Medrone
Mesopren
Metastab
Methyleneprednisolone
Methylprednisolon
Methylprednisolone
Methylprednisolone (JP15/USP/INN)
Methylprednisolone [USAN:INN:BAN:JAN]
Methylprednisolone, 6-alpha
Methylprednisolonum
Methylprednisolonum [INN-Latin]
Metilbetasone
Metilprednisolona
Metilprednisolona [INN-Spanish]
Metilprednisolone
Metilprednisolone [DCIT]
Metilprednisolone [Dcit]
Metipred
Metrisone
Metrocort
Metysolon
Moderin
MolPort-002-528-554
NCGC00022735-03
NCI60_001657
NSC-19987
NSC19987
Nirypan
Noretona
Predni N Tablinen
Prednol- L
Pregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione, 11beta,17,21-trihydroxy-6alpha-methyl- (8CI)
Prestwick0_000279
Prestwick1_000279
Prestwick2_000279
Prestwick3_000279
Prestwick_622
Promacortine
Reactenol
S1733_Selleck
SAM002589984
SMR000058330
SPBio_002377
Sieropresol
Solomet
Summicort
Suprametil
U 7532
UNII-X4W7ZR7023
Urbason
Urbasone
Wyacort
ZINC03875560
delta(1)-6alpha-Methylhydrocortisone
delta(sup 1)-6-alpha-Methylhydrocortisone
methylprednisolone
methylprenisolone
5
Epinephrineapproved, vet_approvedPhase 498551-43-45816
Synonyms:
(-)-(R)-Epinephrine
(-)-3,4-Dihydroxy-a-[2-(methylamino)ethyl]benzyl alcohol
(-)-3,4-Dihydroxy-alpha-((methylamino)methyl)benzyl alcohol
(-)-3,4-Dihydroxy-alpha-[2-(methylamino)ethyl]benzyl alcohol
(-)-3,4-dihydroxy-a-[(methylamino)methyl]-Benzyl alcohol
(-)-3,4-dihydroxy-alpha-[(methylamino)methyl]-Benzyl alcohol
(-)-Adrenalin
(-)-Adrenaline
(-)-Epinephrine
(-)-R-Epinephrine
(R)-(-)-Adnephrine
(R)-(-)-Adrenaline
(R)-(-)-Epinephrine
(R)-(-)-Epirenamine
(R)-(−)-adrenaline
(R)-4-[1-Hydroxy-2-(methylamino)ethyl]-1,2-benzenediol
(R)-4-[1-hydroxy-2-(methylamino)ethyl]-1,2-Benzenediol
(R)-Adrenaline
(R)-Epinephrine
(−)-adrenaline
02252_FLUKA
1-1-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)-2-methylaminoethanol
1-Adrenalin
1-Epinephrine
4-(1-Hydroxy-2-(methylamino)ethyl)-1,2-benzenediol
4-(1-hydroxy-2-methylamino-ethyl)benzene-1,2-diol
4-[(1R)-1-Hydroxy-2-(methylamino)ethyl]-1,2-Benzenediol
4-[(1R)-1-Hydroxy-2-(methylamino)ethyl]-1,2-benzenediol
4-[(1R)-1-hydroxy-2-(methylamino)ethyl]benzene-1,2-diol
51-43-4
51-43-4 (FREE BASE)
51028-73-0
A0173
AC-13188
AC1L1L7B
ADR ADRENALINE
ADROP
AI3-19015
Adnephrine
Adrenal
Adrenalin
Adrenalin (TN)
Adrenalin in Oil
Adrenalin-Medihaler
Adrenalina
Adrenalina [DCIT]
Adrenaline
Adrenaline (JP15)
Adrenaline/Epinephrine
Adrenalinum
Adrenamine
Adrenan
Adrenapax
Adrenasol
Adrenatrate
Adrenine
Adrenodis
Adrenohorma
Adrenosan
Adrenutol
Adrin
Adrine
Ana-Guard
Ana-Kit
Antiasthmatique
Asmatane Mist
Asthma meter mist
Asthma-nefrin
Asthmahaler Mist
Asthmanefrin
Astmahalin
Astminhal
BIDD:GT0119
Balmadren
Bernarenin
Biorenine
Bosmin
Brevirenin
Bronkaid
Bronkaid Mist
Bronkaid Suspension Mist
Bupivacaine Hcl and Epinephrine
C00788
CCRIS 4812
CHEBI:28918
CHEMBL679
CID5816
Chelafrin
Citanest Forte
Corisol
D-Epifrin
D-Epinephrine
D00095
DB00668
Drenamist
Dylephrin
Dyspne-Inhal
E4250_SIGMA
EINECS 200-098-7
EPI E Z PEN JR
EPIPEN E Z PEN
EPIPEN JR
Epi EZ Pen Jr
Epifrin
Epiglaufrin
Epinefrin
Epinefrin [Czech]
Epinefrina
Epinefrina [INN-Spanish]
Epinephran
Epinephrin
Epinephrine
Epinephrine (USP)
Epinephrine (USP/INN)
Epinephrine [USAN:INN:JAN]
Epinephrine hydrochloride
Epinephrinum
Epinephrinum [INN-Latin]
Epipen
Epipen (TN)
Epipen Auto-Injector
Epipen EZ Pen
Epipen Jr.
Epipen Jr. Auto-Injector
Epirenamine
Epirenan
Epirenin
Epitrate
Eppy
Esphygmogenina
Exadrin
 
Glaucon
Glaucosan
Glauposine
Glycirenan
HSCI1_000215
HSDB 4289
Haemostasin
Haemostatin
Hektalin
Hemisine
Hemostasin
Hemostatin
Hypernephrin
Hyporenin
IOP
Intranefrin
Iontocaine
Isoptoepinal
Kidoline
L-1-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)-2-methylaminoethanol
L-Adrenaline
L-Adrenaline Base
L-Epinehphrine
L-Epinephrine
L-Epirenamine
L-Methylaminoethanolcatechol
L-epinephrine
LS-156
Levo-Methylaminoethanolcatechol
Levoadrenaline
Levoepinephrine
Levorenen
Levorenin
Levorenine
Levoreninum
Lopac-E-4642
Lyodrin
Lyophrin
Medihaler-Epi
Metanephrin
Methylaminoethanolcatechol
Methylarterenol
Micronefrin
Micronephrine
MolPort-002-051-368
Mucidrina
Myosthenine
Mytrate
NCGC00015417-01
NCGC00142615-01
NCGC00142615-03
NCGC00142615-04
NCGC00142615-05
NCGC00142615-06
NCGC00142615-07
NSC 62786
NSC62786
Nephridine
Nieraline
PDSP1_001120
PDSP2_001104
Paranephrin
Primatene
Primatene Mist
R-(-)-Epinephrine
R-Adrenaline
RCRA waste no. P042
Racemic Epinephrine
Racepinephrine
Rcra waste number P042
Renagladin
Renaglandin
Renaglandulin
Renaleptine
Renalina
Renoform
Renostypricin
Renostypticin
Renostyptin
SMP1_000227
ST069368
SUS-PHRINE SULFITE-FREE
Scurenaline
Septocaine
Simplene
Sindrenina
Soladren
Sphygmogenin
Stryptirenal
Styptirenal
Supracapsulin
Supradin
Supranefran
Supranephrane
Supranephrine
Supranol
Suprarenaline
Suprarenin
Suprel
Surenine
Surrenine
Sus-Phrine
Sus-phrine
Susphrine
Sympathin I
Takamina
Takamine
Tokamina
Tonogen
Twinject
Twinject 0.15
Twinject 0.3
Twinject 0.30
UNII-YKH834O4BH
Vaponefrin
Vasoconstrictine
Vasoconstrictor
Vasodrine
Vasoton
Vasotonin
adrenaline
bmse000316
d-Adrenaline
epinephrine
l-1-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)-2-methylaminoethanol
l-Adrenalin
l-Adrenaline
l-Epinephine
l-Epinephrine (synthetic)
l-Epirenamine
l-Methylaminoethanolcatechol
levoepinephrine
nchembio747-comp9
6
GlimepirideapprovedPhase 423493479-97-13476
Synonyms:
1-((p-(2-(3-Ethyl-4-methyl-2-oxo-3-pyrroline-1-carboxamido)ethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-3-(trans-4-methylcyclohexyl)urea
1-{[4-(2-{[(3-ethyl-4-methyl-2-oxo-2,5-dihydro-1H-pyrrol-1-yl)carbonyl]amino}ethyl)phenyl]sulfonyl}-3-(trans-4-methylcyclohexyl)urea
3-ethyl-4-methyl-N-[2-(4-{[(trans-4-methylcyclohexyl)carbamoyl]sulfamoyl}phenyl)ethyl]-2-oxo-2,5-dihydro-1H-pyrrole-1-carboxamide
3-ethyl-4-methyl-n-(4-(n-((1r,4r)-4-methylcyclohexylcarbamoyl)sulfamoyl)phenethyl)-2-oxo-2,5-dihydro
4-ethyl-3-methyl-N-[2-[4-[(4-methylcyclohexyl)carbamoylsulfamoyl]phenyl]ethyl]-5-oxo-2H-pyrrole-1-carboxamide
64598P
93479-97-1
AB00513874
AC-476
AC1L1G0T
Amarel
Amaryl
Amaryl (TN)
Amaryl, Glista OD, Glimepiride
Avaglim
BPBio1_000751
BRD-K34776109-001-03-4
BRD-K42693031-001-01-8
BRN 5365754
BSPBio_000681
Bio-0049
C07669
C24H34N4O5S
CAS-93479-97-1
CCRIS 7083
CHEBI:5383
CHEMBL1481
CID3476
CPD000466368
D00593
DB00222
Endial
G2295_SIGMA
Glimepirid
Glimepirida
Glimepirida [Spanish]
Glimepiride (JAN/USP/INN)
Glimepiride [USAN:BAN:INN]
Glimepiridum
Glimepiridum [Latin]
 
Glimepride
Glimer
Glimépiride
Glymepirid
HMS1570C03
HMS2052L03
HMS2090K18
HOE 490
Hoe-490
I06-0029
I06-2285
LS-136752
MLS000759495
MLS001076674
MLS001401419
MolPort-003-847-587
MolPort-003-987-461
MolPort-005-941-721
NCGC00016960-01
NCGC00161404-01
NCGC00161404-02
NCGC00181757-01
Novo-glimepiride
Oprea1_382896
PMS-glimepiride
Prestwick0_000651
Prestwick1_000651
Prestwick2_000651
Prestwick3_000651
Ratio-glimepiride
Roname
S1344_Selleck
SAM001246710
SMR000466368
SPBio_002602
Sandoz glimepiride
Solosa
TL8005924
UNII-6KY687524K
ZINC00537791
glimepiride
7
MetforminapprovedPhase 4, Early Phase 11803657-24-914219, 4091
Synonyms:
1,1-Dimethyl biguanide
1,1-Dimethylbiguanide
3-(diaminomethylidene)-1,1-dimethylguanidine
657-24-9
AC1L1HE4
AKOS000121065
Apo-Metformin
BIDD:GT0697
BPBio1_000009
BRD-K79602928-003-04-1
BSPBio_000007
BSPBio_002314
C07151
C4H11N5
CAS-1115-70-4
CCRIS 9321
CHEBI:6801
CHEMBL1431
CID4091
D04966
DB00331
DMGG
Diabetosan
Diabex
Dimethylbiguanid
Dimethylbiguanide
Dimethylbiguanidine
Dimethyldiguanide
Dimethylguanylguanidine
EINECS 211-517-8
Fluamine
Flumamine
Fortamet
Gen-Metformin
Glifage
Gliguanid
Glucophage
Glucophage XR
Glumetza
Glycon
HMS2089D19
HSCI1_000295
Haurymelin
Haurymellin
Islotin
KBio2_002310
KBio2_004878
KBio2_007446
KBio3_002790
KBioGR_002310
 
KBioSS_002312
LA-6023
LS-43899
Melbin
Metformin
Metformin (USAN/INN)
Metformin HCL
Metformin [USAN:INN:BAN]
Metformina
Metformina [DCIT]
Metformina [Spanish]
Metformine
Metformine [INN-French]
Metformine pamoate
Metforminum
Metforminum [INN-Latin]
Metiguanide
MolPort-002-929-560
MolPort-004-288-389
MolPort-005-767-418
Mylan-Metformin
N,N-Dimethylbiguanide
N,N-Dimethyldiguanide
N,N-Dimethylimidodicarbonimidic diamide
N,N-dimethylimidodicarbonimidic diamide
N1,N1-Dimethylbiguanide
NCGC00016564-01
NCGC00016564-02
NCGC00016564-03
NNDG
Novo-Metformin
Nu-Metformin
PMS-Metformin
Prestwick0_000004
Prestwick1_000004
Prestwick2_000004
Prestwick3_000004
Ran-Metformin
Ratio-Metformin
Riomet
S2483_Selleck
SPBio_001928
STK011633
Sandoz Metformin
Siofor
T5895664
Teva-Metformin
UNII-9100L32L2N
ZINC12859773
cMAP_000016
metformin
metformin hydrochloride
8
Vitamin Aapproved, nutraceutical, vet_approvedPhase 4, Phase 3, Phase 2, Early Phase 149211103-57-4, 68-26-8445354
Synonyms:
(2E,4E,6E,8E)-3,7-dimethyl-9-(2,6,6-trimethylcyclohex-1-en-1-yl)nona-2,4,6,8-tetraen-1-ol
(2E,4E,6E,8E)-3,7-dimethyl-9-(2,6,6-trimethylcyclohexen-1-yl)nona-2,4,6,8-tetraen-1-ol
(all-E)-3,7-Dimethyl-9-(2,6,6-trimethyl-1-cyclohexen-1-yl)-2,4,6,8-nonatetraen-1-ol
.alpha.lin
.alpha.sterol
.beta.-Retinol
11103-57-4
13123-33-6
1341-18-0
1406-67-3
17104-91-5
1rbp
3,7-Dimethyl-9-(2,6,6-trimethyl-1-cyclchexen-1-yl)-2,4,6,8-nonatetraen-1-ol
3,7-Dimethyl-9-(2,6,6-trimethyl-1-cyclohexen-1-yl)-2,4,6,8-nonate-traen-1-ol
3,7-Dimethyl-9-(2,6,6-trimethyl-1-cyclohexen-1-yl)-2,4,6,8-nonatetraen-1-ol
3,7-Dimethyl-9-(2,6,6-trimethyl-1-cyclohexenyl)-2,4,6,8-nonatetraen-1-ol
3,7-dimethyl-9-(2,6,6-trimethyl-1-cyclohexen-1-yl)-2,4,6,8-nonatetraen-1-ol, (all-E)-Isomer
4-06-00-04133 (Beilstein Handbook Reference)
53637-36-8
5979-23-7
68-26-8
95144_FLUKA
95144_SIGMA
95146_FLUKA
95146_SIGMA
A-Mulsal
A-Sol
A-Vi-Pel
A-Vitan
AC-11701
AC1L9HU3
AC1Q7BU9
ACON
ALL-TRANS RETINOL (SEE ALSO RETINOID PROJECT 1)
AR-1L3057
ATAV
Afaxin
Agiolan
Agoncal
Alcohol 9,13-dimethyl-7-(1,1,5-trimethyl-6-cyclohexen-5-yl)-7,9,11,13-nonatetraen-15-ol
Alcovit A
All Trans Retinol
All-trans retinol
All-trans-Retinol
Alphalin
Alphasterol
Anatola
Anatola A
Anti-infective vitamin
Antixerophthalmic vitamin
Antixerophthalmisches Vitamin
Aoral
Apexol
Apostavit
Aquasol A Parenteral
Aquasynth
Atars
Avibon
Avita
Avitol
Axerol
Axerophthol
Axerophtholum
BIDD:PXR0102
BRN 0403040
Bentavit A
Biosterol
C00473
C17276
C20H30O
CCRIS 5444
CHEBI:17336
CHEMBL986
CID445354
Chocola A
Cylasphere
D014801
D06543
DB00162
Del-VI-A
Disatabs Tabs
Dofsol
Dohyfral A
EINECS 200-683-7
EINECS 234-328-2
Epiteliol
HMS1921B04
HMS2092L13
HMS501I08
HSDB 815
Hi-A-Vita
Homagenets Aoral
Homagenets aorl
Hydrovit A
IDI1_000486
LMPR01090001
LPK
LS-1578
Lard Factor
M.V.C. 9+3
M.V.I.-12
 
MLS001066379
MLS001074751
MolPort-001-785-962
Mvc Plus
Myvpack
NCGC00091784-01
NCGC00091784-02
NCGC00091784-03
NCGC00091784-04
NCGC00091784-05
NCGC00091784-06
NSC 122759
NSC122759
Nio-A-Let
Oleovitamin A
Ophthalamin
Plivit A
Prepalin
R7632_SIGMA
Retin-11,12-t2-ol (9CI)
Retinol
Retinol [INN:BAN]
Retinol solution
Retinol, all-trans- (8CI)
Retinol-(cellular-retinol-binding-protein)
Retinolo
Retinolo [DCIT]
Retinolum
Retinolum [INN-Latin]
Retrovitamin A
Ro-a-vit
Rovimix A 500
SDCCGMLS-0066724.P001
SMP2_000102
SMR000112036
SPECTRUM1501203
ST057232
Sehkraft A
Solu-A
Spectrum5_000993
Spectrum5_001997
Super A
Testavol
Testavol S
Thalasphere
UNII-81G40H8B0T
UNII-G2SH0XKK91
Vaflol
Vafol
Veroftal
Vi-.alpha.
Vi-Alpha
Vi-Dom-A
Vi-a
Vio-A
Vitamin A
Vitamin A (Feed)
Vitamin A (USP)
Vitamin A alcohol
Vitamin A alcohol (VAN)
Vitamin A cryst
Vitamin A1
Vitamin A1 alcohol
Vitamin A1 alcohol, all trans
Vitamin- A
Vitamin- A alcohol
Vitamin- A alcohol solution
Vitamin- A1
Vitamin-?A
Vitamin-?A alcohol
Vitamin-?A alcohol solution
Vitamin-?A1
Vitamine A
Vitaminum A
Vitavel A
Vitavel-A
Vitpex
Vogan
Vogan-Neu
Vogan-nu
WLN: L6UTJ A1 B1U1Y1&U2U1Y1&U2Q C1 C1
Wachstumsvitamin
ZINC03831417
Zinosan N
[11,12-3H]-Retinol
alin
all-trans-3,7-Dimethyl-9-(2,6,6-trimethyl-1-cyclohexen-1-yl)-2,4,6,8-nonatetraen-1-ol
all-trans-Retinol
all-trans-Retinyl alcohol
all-trans-Vitamin A
all-trans-Vitamin A alcohol
all-trans-Vitamin A1
all-trans-retinol
all-trans-retinyl alcohol
all-trans-vitamin A alcohol
b-Retinol
beta-Retinol
retinol
tROL
trans-Retinol
trans-Retinol acid (Vitamin A)
trans-Vitamin A alcohol
trans-retinol
9VitaminsPhase 4, Phase 3, Phase 2, Early Phase 15282
10MicronutrientsPhase 4, Phase 3, Phase 2, Early Phase 16001
11Protective AgentsPhase 4, Phase 3, Phase 2, Early Phase 17443
12Trace ElementsPhase 4, Phase 3, Phase 2, Early Phase 16001
13AntioxidantsPhase 4, Phase 3, Phase 2, Early Phase 13050
14Retinol palmitatePhase 4, Phase 3, Phase 2, Early Phase 1492
15Anti-Infective AgentsPhase 422062
16Anti-Arrhythmia AgentsPhase 43093
17Hypoglycemic AgentsPhase 4, Early Phase 15896
18Immunosuppressive AgentsPhase 413086
19Antiprotozoal AgentsPhase 42051
20Antiparasitic AgentsPhase 42199
21AntiemeticsPhase 4, Phase 24022
22Antimitotic AgentsPhase 45657
23AnthelminticsPhase 4446
24Prednisolone acetatePhase 41193
25Gastrointestinal AgentsPhase 4, Phase 28402
26glucocorticoidsPhase 4, Phase 25103
27Hormone AntagonistsPhase 4, Phase 213180
28Epinephryl boratePhase 4985
29Autonomic AgentsPhase 4, Phase 210150
30Anti-Inflammatory AgentsPhase 4, Phase 210729
31Antineoplastic Agents, HormonalPhase 4, Phase 25592
32HormonesPhase 4, Phase 214415
33Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone AntagonistsPhase 4, Phase 213168
34Prednisolone hemisuccinatePhase 41193
35Prednisolone phosphatePhase 41193
36Peripheral Nervous System AgentsPhase 4, Phase 223689
37Neuroprotective AgentsPhase 41716
38Methylprednisolone acetatePhase 41193
39Methylprednisolone HemisuccinatePhase 41193
40RacepinephrinePhase 4985
41retinolNutraceuticalPhase 4, Phase 3, Phase 2, Early Phase 1492
42
IronapprovedPhase 2, Phase 3, Early Phase 111657439-89-623925
Synonyms:
02583_FLUKA
12310_ALDRICH
12310_RIEDEL
129048-51-7
14067-02-8
161135-39-3
190454-13-8
195161-83-2
199281-22-6
209309_ALDRICH
209309_SIAL
255637_ALDRICH
266213_ALDRICH
266256_ALDRICH
267945_ALDRICH
267953_ALDRICH
26Fe
338141_ALDRICH
356808_ALDRICH
356824_ALDRICH
356832_ALDRICH
39344-71-3
3ZhP
413054_ALDRICH
443783-52-6
44890_ALDRICH
44890_FLUKA
675141-17-0
70884-35-4
73135-38-3
7439-89-6
8011-79-8
8053-60-9
AC1L2N38
ATW 230
ATW 432
Ancor B
Ancor en 80/150
Armco iron
Atomel 28
Atomel 300M200
Atomel 500M
Atomel 95
Atomiron 44MR
Atomiron 5M
Atomiron AFP 25
Atomiron AFP 5
C00023
C3518_SIAL
C3518_SIGMA
CCRIS 1580
CHEBI:18248
CID23925
Carbonyl iron
Copy Powder CS 105-175
D007501
DB01592
DSP 1000
DSP 128B
DSP 135
DSP 135C
DSP 138
Diseases (animal), iron overload
Diseases, iron overload
EF 1000
EF 250
EFV 200/300
EFV 250
EFV 250/400
EINECS 231-096-4
 
Ed-In-Sol
Eisen
Electrolytic iron
F 60 (metal)
FE
FT 3 (element)
Fe
Fe-40
Fe1+
Feronate
Ferretts
Ferro-Caps
Ferro-Time
Ferrousal
Ferrovac E
Ferrum
Ferrum metallicum
GS 6
HF 2 (element)
HL (iron)
HQ (metal)
HS (iron)
HS 4849
HSDB 604
Hemocyte
Hierro
Hoeganaes ATW 230
Hoeganaes EH
IRMM524A_FLUKA
IRMM524B_FLUKA
IRON
Iron (Fe)
Iron (Fe1+)
Iron ion (Fe+)
Iron ion(1+)
Iron monocation
Iron powder
Iron standard for AAS
Iron(1+)
Iron(1+) ion
Iron(III) nitrate solution
Iron, carbonyl
Iron, electrolytic
Iron, elemental
Iron, ion (Fe1+)
Iron, ion (Fe1+) (8CI,9CI)
Iron, reduced
LOHA
LS-3196
MolPort-003-925-001
NC 100
PZh-1M3
PZh-2
PZh1M1
PZh2M
PZh2M1
PZh2M2
PZh3
PZh3M
PZh4M
PZhO
Reduced iron
Remko
SUY-B 2
Siderol
UNII-E1UOL152H7
Vitedyn-Slo
Yieronia
fer
ferrous iron
hierro
43
Luteinapproved, nutraceuticalPhase 2, Phase 371127-40-26433159, 5368396
Synonyms:
(3R,3'R)-beta,beta-Carotene-3,3'-Diol, Lutein
(3R,3'R,6'R)-Lutein
(3R,3'R,6S)-4,5-Didehydro-5,6-Dihydro-beta,beta-Carotene-3,3'-Diol
3,3'-Dihydroxy-alpha-carotene
4,5-Didehydro-5,6-dihydro-beta,beta-carotene-3,3'-diol
All-trans-(+)-Xanthophyll
All-trans-Lutein
All-trans-Xanthophyll
 
Bo-Xan
Lutein
Lutein ester
Luteine
Phylloxanthin
Vegetable lutein
Vegetable luteol
beta,epsilon-Carotene-3,3'-diol
trans-Lutein
44
leucovorinapproved, NutraceuticalPhase 3323558-05-954575, 6560146, 143
Synonyms:
(5-formyl-5,6,7,8-tetrahydropteroyl)glutamate
(6R,S)-5-Formyltetrahydrofolate
10-Formyl-7,8-dihydrofolate
10-Formyl-7,8-dihydrofolic acid
5-Formyl-5,6,7,8-tetrahydrofolate
5-Formyl-5,6,7,8-tetrahydrofolic acid
5-Formyl-5,6,7,8-tetrahydropteroyl-L-glutamic acid
5-Formyltetrahydrofolate
5-Formyltetrahydrofolic acid
5-Formyltetrahydropteroylglutamate
5-Formyltetrahydropteroylglutamic acid
5-formyltetrahydrofolic acid
Acide folinique
Calcium citrovorum factor
Calcium folinate
Citrovorum factor
Folinate
Folinic acid
Folinic acid calcium salt
 
Folinic acid calcium salt USP27
Folinic acid-SF
L(-)-5-Formyl-5,6,7,8-tetrahydrofolic acid
L-Leucovorin
L-N-[p-[[(2-Amino-5-formyl-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-4-hydroxy-6-pteridinyl)methyl]amino]benzoyl]-Glutamic acid
L-leucovorin
Leucal
Leucovorin calcium
Leucovorin folinic acid
Leucovorinum
Leukovorin
Levoleucovorin
N-(5-formyl-5,6,7,8-tetrahydropteroyl)-L-glutamic acid
N5-Formyl-5,6,7,8-tetrahydrofolate
N5-Formyl-5,6,7,8-tetrahydrofolic acid
N5-Formyl-THF
N5-Formyltetrahydrofolate
N5-Formyltetrahydrofolic acid
Welcovorin
Wellcovorin
folinate
45
Folic Acidapproved, nutraceutical, vet_approvedPhase 3439259-30-36037
Synonyms:
(2S)-2-[[4-[(2-amino-4-oxo-1H-pteridin-6-yl)methylamino]benzoyl]amino]pentanedioic acid
01769_FLUKA
2d0k
33609-88-0
36653-55-1 (mono-potassium salt)
59-30-3
6484-89-5 (mono-hydrochloride salt)
AC-11682
AC1L1LNX
AI3-26387
AKOS000503224
ARONIS014410
Acfol (Spain)
Acide folique
Acide folique [INN-French]
Acido folico
Acido folico [INN-Spanish]
Acidum folicum
Acidum folicum [INN-Latin]
Acifolic
Antianemia factor
Apo-Folic
BIDD:ER0563
BIDD:GT0641
BIF0608
BPBio1_000654
BSPBio_000594
BSPBio_002338
C00504
C20H20N6O6
CAS-59-30-3
CCRIS 666
CHEBI:27470
CHEMBL1622
CID6037
CPD000471860
Cytofol
D00070
DB00158
DivK1c_000494
Dosfolat B activ
EINECS 200-419-0
F0043
F7876_SIAL
F7876_SIGMA
F8758_SIGMA
F8798_SIAL
F8890_SIGMA
FOL
Facid
Factor U
Folacid
Folacin
Folaemin
Folaemin [Netherlands]
Folan
Folasic (Australia)
Folate
Folbal
Folcidin
Folcidin (VAN)
Folcysteine
Foldine
Foldine [France]
Folettes
Foliamin
Folic
Folic acid
Folic acid (JP15/USP/INN)
Folic acid (TN)
Folic acid [BAN:INN:JAN]
Folic acid [INN:BAN:JAN]
Folic acid dihydrate
Folicet
Folicet (TN)
Folico
Folico (Italy)
Folina
Folina (Italy)
Folipac
Folsaeure
 
Folsan
Folsaure
Folsav
Folvite
Folvron
Glutamic acid, N-(p-(((2-amino-4-hydroxypyrimido(4,5-b)pyrazin-6-yl)methyl)amino)benzoyl)-, L
HMS1921D20
HMS2092N17
HMS501I16
HSDB 2002
IDI1_000494
InChI=1/C19H19N7O6/c20-19-25-15-14(17(30)26-19)23-11(8-22-15)7-21-10-3-1-9(2-4-10)16(29)24-12(18(31)32)5-6-13(27)28/h1-4,8,12,21H,5-7H2,(H,24,29)(H,27,28)(H,31,32)(H3,20,22,25,26,30)/t12-/m0/s
Incafolic
KBio1_000494
KBio2_001861
KBio2_004429
KBio2_006997
KBio3_001558
KBioGR_002222
KBioSS_001861
Kyselina listova
Kyselina listova [Czech]
LS-2157
Liver Lactobacillus casei factor
MLS001304016
MLS001335861
Millafol
Mission prenatal
Mittafol
MolPort-004-285-551
N-(4-(((2-Amino-1,4-dihydro-4-oxo-6-pteridinyl)methyl)amino)benzo- yl)-L-glutamic acid
N-(4-((2-Amino-1,4-dihydro-4-oxo-6-pteridinyl)methyl)amino)benzoyl)-L-glutamic acid
N-(4-{[(2-Amino-4-oxo-3,4-dihydropteridin-6-yl)methyl]amino}benzoyl)-L-glutamic acid
N-(4-{[(2-amino-4-oxo-1,4-dihydropteridin-6-yl)methyl]amino}benzoyl)-L-glutamic acid
N-(p-(((2-Amino-4-hydroxy-6-pteridinyl)methyl)amino)benzoyl)-L-glutamic acid
N-Pteroyl-L-glutamic acid
N-[(4-{[(2-Amino-4-oxo-1,4-dihydropteridin-6-yl)methyl]amino}phenyl)carbonyl]-L-glutamic acid
N-[(4-{[(2-amino-4-oxo-1,4-dihydropteridin-6-yl)methyl]amino}phenyl)carbonyl]-L-glutamic acid
N-[4-[[(2-Amino-3,4-dihydro-4-oxo-6-pteridinyl)methyl]amino]benzoyl]-L-glutamic acid
NCGC00016265-01
NCGC00142391-01
NINDS_000494
NSC 3073
Nifolin
Nifolin [Denmark]
Novofolacid
Novofolacid [Canada]
PGA
PGA (VAN)
Prestwick3_000627
Prestwick_230
PteGlu
Pteroyl-L-glutamate
Pteroyl-L-glutamic acid
Pteroyl-L-monoglutamate
Pteroyl-L-monoglutamic acid
Pteroylglutamate
Pteroylglutamic acid
Pteroylmonoglutamate
Pteroylmonoglutamic acid
SAM002264616
SDCCGMLS-0066738.P001
SMP2_000137
SMR000471860
SPBio_001357
SPECTRUM1502020
Serum Folate Level
Spectrum2_001459
Spectrum3_000749
Spectrum4_001751
Spectrum5_000602
Spectrum_001381
UNII-935E97BOY8
Usaf cb-13
Vitamin B11
Vitamin B9
Vitamin Bc
Vitamin Be
Vitamin M
bmse000299
folic acid
nchembio.108-comp10
46
Vitamin Eapproved, nutraceutical, vet_approvedPhase 2, Phase 341459-02-914985
Synonyms:
(+)-a-Tocopherol
(+)-alpha-Tocopherol
(+)-α-tocopherol
(2R)-2,5,7,8-TETRAMETHYL-2-[(4R,8R)-4,8,12-TRIMETHYLTRIDECYL]CHROMAN-6-OL
(2R)-3,4-Dihydro-2,5,7,8-tetramethyl-2-[(4R,8R)-4,8,12-trimethyltridecyl]-2H-1-benzopyran-6-ol
(2R,4'R,8'R)-a-Tocopherol
(2R,4'R,8'R)-alpha-Tocopherol
(2R,4'R,8'R)-α-tocopherol
(R,R,R)-a-Tocopherol
(R,R,R)-alpha-Tocopherol
(R,R,R)-α-tocopherol
5,7,8-Trimethyltocol
5,7,8-trimethyltocol
Amino-Opti-E
Aquasol E
D-alpha-Tocopherol
Daltose
Denamone
E-200 I.U. Softgels
 
E-Complex-600
E-Ferol
E-Vitamin succinate
Eprolin
Gordo-Vite E
Phytogermin
Phytogermine
RRR-alpha-tocopherol
RRR-alpha-tocopheryl
Tocopherol
Vitamin E
Vitamin Ea
Vitamin Plus E Softgells
Vitec
a-D-Tocopherol
a-Tocopherol
alpha-Tocopherol
alpha-delta-Tocopherol
alpha-tocopherol
d-α-tocopherol
delta-alpha-Tocopherol
47VaccinesPhase 2, Phase 36611
48Ferrous fumaratePhase 368
49Vitamin B ComplexPhase 34337
50HematinicsPhase 31684

Interventional clinical trials:

(show top 50)    (show all 75)
idNameStatusNCT IDPhase
1Adrenal Cortical Function and Vitamin A Deficiency in SepsisCompletedNCT03152474Phase 4
2Deworming and Enhanced Vitamin A Every 6 Month in Rural Indian Children Aged 1-6CompletedNCT00222547Phase 4
324-Hour Glycemia: Rosiglitazone Versus Glimepiride In Type 2 DiabetesCompletedNCT00318656Phase 4
4Oral Vitamin A Supplementation in Neonates With Birth Weight < 1500 gUnknown statusNCT02102711Phase 3
5Efficacy of β-carotene Biofortified Maize in Reducing Vitamin A Deficiency Among ChildrenCompletedNCT01695148Phase 3
6Stopping Postpartum Vitamin A Supplementation: Missing Concealed BenefitCompletedNCT02043223Phase 2, Phase 3
7Impact of Maternal Supplementation With Dual Megadose of Vitamin ACompletedNCT00742937Phase 2, Phase 3
8Trial of the Impact of Vitamin A on Maternal MortalityCompletedNCT00211341Phase 3
9Impact of Maternal Vitamin A or Beta-Carotene Supplementation on Maternal and Infant Mortality in BangladeshCompletedNCT00198822Phase 3
10Sub-clinical Inflammation and Iron SupplementationCompletedNCT01198574Phase 3
11Carotenoid Supplementation and Normal Ocular HealthCompletedNCT02147171Phase 2, Phase 3
12Withdrawal Study to Demonstrate the Maintenance Effect in the Treatment of Non-24-Hour Sleep-Wake DisorderCompletedNCT01430754Phase 3
13Efficacy and Safety of Tasimelteon Compared With Placebo in Totally Blind Subjects With Non-24-Hour Sleep-Wake DisorderCompletedNCT01163032Phase 3
14Efficacy of Biofortified Maize to Improve Maternal and Infant Vitamin A StatusRecruitingNCT02804490Phase 3
15The Effect of Oral Administration of 9-cis β Carotene Rich Powder of the Alga Dunaliella BardawilRecruitingNCT01680510Phase 2, Phase 3
16Community Trial of Newborn Vitamin A Supplementation to Reduce Infant Mortality in Rural BangladeshTerminatedNCT00128557Phase 3
17Effect of Vitamin A Supplementation on Immune Responses in Human NeonatesUnknown statusNCT01476358Phase 2
18Vitamin A Absorption From Cassava in WomenCompletedNCT01381276Phase 2
19Vitamin A Equivalence of Plant Carotenoids in ChildrenCompletedNCT00680212Phase 2
20Vitamin A to Reduce HIV in Vaginal Secretions and Prevent Viral TransmissionCompletedNCT00053612Phase 2
21Efficacy and Safety of Circadin for Non-24 Hour Sleep-Wake Disorder in Totally Blind SubjectsCompletedNCT00972075Phase 2
22DHA and X-Linked Retinitis PigmentosaCompletedNCT00100230Phase 2
23Single-dose Postpartum Vitamin A Supplementation of Mothers and NeonatesActive, not recruitingNCT00198718Phase 2
24Intravitreal Dexamethasone Implant in Retinitis Pigmentosa-related Macular Edema- a Retrospective StudyEnrolling by invitationNCT02804360Phase 2
25Gene Therapy for Gyrate AtrophyCompletedNCT00001735Phase 1
26Evaluation of Safety of Ciliary Neurotrophic Factor Implants in the EyeCompletedNCT00063765Phase 1
27Using Stable Isotope Techniques to Monitor and Assess the Vitamin A Status of Children Susceptible to InfectionUnknown statusNCT02363985
28Vitamin A Supplementation in Preterm InfantsUnknown statusNCT00063596
29Nutributter Programming to Prevent Undernutrition: an EvaluationUnknown statusNCT01552512
30Biological Clock Dysfunction in Optic Nerve HypoplasiaUnknown statusNCT00825591Early Phase 1
31Treatment of Congenital Stationary Night Blindness With an Alga Containing High Dose of Beta CaroteneCompletedNCT00569023
32Efficacy of Vitamin A in Fortified Extruded Rice in School ChildrenCompletedNCT01199445Early Phase 1
33Efficacy of Newborn Vitamin A Supplementation in Improving Immune FunctionCompletedNCT01583972
34Newborn Vitamin A (VA) Supplementation Pilot Project, PakistanCompletedNCT00674089
35Dietary Vitamin A Requirement in Chinese Children and the New Technology of Dietary AssessmentCompletedNCT01559766
36Vitamin A, Stool Microbiota and Vaccine Response in Bangladeshi InfantsCompletedNCT02027610
37An Efficacy Trial of Iron, Zinc and Vitamin A Fortified Rice in Children in Satun, ThailandCompletedNCT01061307Early Phase 1
38Retinol Equivalence of Plant Carotenoids in ChildrenCompletedNCT00082420
39Evaluation of a Night Spectacle Correction Concerning an Improvement of Mesopic Vision QualityCompletedNCT02965534
40Efficacy of Yellow Cassava to Improve Vitamin A Status of Kenyan School ChildrenCompletedNCT01614483
41Visual Activity Evoked by Infrared in Humans After Dark AdaptationCompletedNCT02909985
42Vitamin A Equivalence of the Provitamin A in Biofortified BananasCompletedNCT02702622
43Beta-carotene Absorption and Bioconversion to Vitamin A From Biofortified Cassava GariCompletedNCT02210507
44Effect of Daily Consumption of Orange Maize on Breast Milk Retinol in Lactating Zambian WomenCompletedNCT01922713
45Vitamin A Bioavailability in Lactating Women With Marginal Vitamin A StatusCompletedNCT01420406
46Impact of Consumption of Orange-fleshed Sweet Potatoes on the Vitamin A Status of Bangladeshi Women of Reproductive AgeCompletedNCT00453648
47Effect of SNPs in the BCMO1 EnzymeCompletedNCT02276014
48A Study on Immunological Effect of Vitamin A and Zinc in a Placebo Controlled 4 Cell TrialCompletedNCT00374023
49Making Maternal Post-partum Vitamin A Supplementation Effective: The Role of Timing and InflammationCompletedNCT00952640
50Vitamin A and Maternal-infant Flu Vaccine ResponseCompletedNCT00817661

Search NIH Clinical Center for Night Blindness

Inferred drug relations via UMLS68/NDF-RT46:


Cochrane evidence based reviews: night blindness

Genetic Tests for Night Blindness

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Anatomical Context for Night Blindness

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MalaCards organs/tissues related to Night Blindness:

36
Eye, Liver, Retina, Testes, Pancreas, Skin, Colon

Publications for Night Blindness

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Articles related to Night Blindness:

(show top 50)    (show all 399)
idTitleAuthorsYear
1
Long-Term Clinical Course in a Patient with Complete Congenital Stationary Night Blindness. (28512427)
2017
2
Clinical Characteristics, Mutation Spectrum, and Prevalence of A8land Eye Disease/Incomplete Congenital Stationary Night Blindness in Denmark. (28002560)
2016
3
Psychophysical measures of visual function and everyday perceptual experience in a case of congenital stationary night blindness. (27601873)
2016
4
Congenital stationary night blindness with hypoplastic discs, negative electroretinogram and thinning of the inner nuclear layer. (27084085)
2016
5
Characterization of Ribozymes Targeting a Congenital Night Blindness Mutation in Rhodopsin Mutation. (26427453)
2016
6
Redundant contribution of a Transient Receptor Potential cation channel Member 1 exon 11 single nucleotide polymorphism to equine congenital stationary night blindness. (27329127)
2016
7
Biallelic Mutations in GNB3 Cause a Unique Form of Autosomal-Recessive Congenital Stationary Night Blindness. (27063057)
2016
8
Mutation screening of the LRIT3, CABP4, and GPR179 genes in Chinese patients with Schubert-Bornschein congenital stationary night blindness. (27428514)
2016
9
Amyloid Precursor-Like Protein 2 deletion-induced retinal synaptopathy related to congenital stationary night blindness: structural, functional and molecular characteristics. (27267879)
2016
10
Novel TRPM1 mutations in two Chinese families with early-onset high myopia, with or without complete congenital stationary night blindness. (27803854)
2016
11
Next-generation sequencing confirms the implication of SLC24A1 in autosomal-recessive congenital stationary night blindness. (26822852)
2016
12
Structural role of the T94I rhodopsin mutation in congenital stationary night blindness. (27458239)
2016
13
Determinants of gestational night blindness in pregnant women from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. (26055085)
2015
14
Recurrent episodes of night blindness in a patient with short bowel syndrome. (26507840)
2015
15
Assessment of selenium and mercury in biological samples of normal and night blindness children of age groups (3-7) and (8-12) years. (25655123)
2015
16
Acquired night blindness due to bad eating patterns. (25804276)
2015
17
A new mouse model for stationary night blindness with mutant Slc24a1 explains the pathophysiology of the associated human disease. (26246500)
2015
18
Mutations in GRM6 identified in consanguineous Pakistani families with congenital stationary night blindness. (26628857)
2015
19
Isotretinoin-Induced Night Blindness. (26288455)
2015
20
Twenty-five thousand years of fluctuating selection on leopard complex spotting and congenital night blindness in horses. (25487337)
2015
21
Identification of a new mutant allele, Grm6(nob7), for complete congenital stationary night blindness. (26241901)
2015
22
Cacna1f gene decreased contractility of skeletal muscle in rat model with congenital stationary night blindness. (25748727)
2015
23
Night blindness due to vitamin A deficiency associated with resected adenocarcinoma of the pancreas. (25709934)
2015
24
Intravitreal delivery of a novel AAV vector targets ON bipolar cells and restores visual function in a mouse model of complete congenital stationary night blindness. (26310623)
2015
25
Two Novel NYX Gene Mutations in the Chinese Families with X-linked Congenital Stationary Night Blindness. (26234941)
2015
26
A Naturally Occurring Canine Model of Autosomal Recessive Congenital Stationary Night Blindness. (26368928)
2015
27
Night blindness and ancient remedy. (25774260)
2014
28
Night blindness due to vitamin A deficiency associated with copper deficiency myelopathy secondary to bowel bypass surgery. (24781845)
2014
29
Sorting out Co-occurrence of Rare Monogenic Retinopathies: Stargardt Disease Co-existing with Congenital Stationary Night Blindness. (24397708)
2014
30
The role of prenatal nutrition assistance on the prevalence of night blindness in pregnant adults. (24951995)
2014
31
Congenital stationary night blindness: An analysis and update of genotype-phenotype correlations and pathogenic mechanisms. (25307992)
2014
32
Isotretinoin and night blindness. (25117163)
2014
33
Lrit3 deficient mouse (nob6): a novel model of complete congenital stationary night blindness (cCSNB). (24598786)
2014
34
Molecular profiling of complete congenital stationary night blindness: a pilot study on an Indian cohort. (24715752)
2014
35
Prevalence of night blindness in Bashagard district in Hormozgan, Iran, in 2011. (25763164)
2014
36
A truncated form of rod photoreceptor PDE6 I^-subunit causes autosomal dominant congenital stationary night blindness by interfering with the inhibitory activity of the I^-subunit. (24760071)
2014
37
Seasonal variation in night blindness incidence among Union soldiers in the US Civil War. (25200714)
2014
38
Spectrum of Cav1.4 dysfunction in congenital stationary night blindness type 2. (24796500)
2014
39
Night blindness and Crohn's disease. (24715231)
2014
40
Photoreceptor degeneration in two mouse models for congenital stationary night blindness type 2. (24466230)
2014
41
Evidence for a retroviral insertion in TRPM1 as the cause of congenital stationary night blindness and leopard complex spotting in the horse. (24167615)
2013
42
Case of acquired night blindness in a hemodialysis patient. (24314428)
2013
43
Color vision abnormality as an initial presentation of the complete type of congenital stationary night blindness. (23966763)
2013
44
Insights into congenital stationary night blindness based on the structure of G90D rhodopsin. (23579341)
2013
45
A historical perspective on the early treatment of night blindness and the use of dubious and unproven treatment strategies for patients with retinitis pigmentosa. (23911150)
2013
46
Constitutively active rhodopsin mutants causing night blindness are effectively phosphorylated by GRKs but differ in arrestin-1 binding. (23872075)
2013
47
Cav1.4 IT mouse as model for vision impairment in human congenital stationary night blindness type 2. (24051672)
2013
48
Whole-exome sequencing identifies LRIT3 mutations as a cause of autosomal-recessive complete congenital stationary night blindness. (23246293)
2013
49
Dysregulation of Cav 1.4 channels disrupts the maturation of photoreceptor synaptic ribbons in congenital stationary night blindness type 2. (24064553)
2013
50
Arrayed primer extension microarray for the analysis of genes associated with congenital stationary night blindness. (23296619)
2013

Variations for Night Blindness

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Copy number variations for Night Blindness from CNVD:

6
id CNVD ID Chromosom Start End Type Gene Symbol CNVD Disease
117578534420000050600000Gain or lossGNAT1Night blindness

Expression for genes affiliated with Night Blindness

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Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Night Blindness.

Pathways for genes affiliated with Night Blindness

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GO Terms for genes affiliated with Night Blindness

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Cellular components related to Night Blindness according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1new growing cell tipGO:003584110.2GRM6, TRPM1
2photoreceptor inner segmentGO:00019179.9GNAT1, RHO, SAG
3photoreceptor disc membraneGO:00973819.9GNAT1, GRK1, PDE6B, RHO
4photoreceptor outer segment membraneGO:00426229.9GNAT1, RHO
5photoreceptor outer segmentGO:00017509.5CACNA1F, GNAT1, RHO, SAG

Biological processes related to Night Blindness according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 16)
idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1detection of light stimulusGO:000958310.7PDE6B, RHO
2cellular response to light stimulusGO:007148210.7RHO, TRPM1
3response to light stimulusGO:000941610.6GNAT1, RHO
4sensory perception of light stimulusGO:005095310.4GRM6, RHO
5G-protein coupled glutamate receptor signaling pathwayGO:000721610.4GRM6, TRPM1
6phototransduction, visible lightGO:000760310.4GNAT1, PDE6B, RHO
7detection of light stimulus involved in visual perceptionGO:005090810.1CACNA1F, GNAT1, GRM6
8response to light intensityGO:000964210.1GNAT1, SLC24A1
9phototransductionGO:000760210.0CABP4, GNAT1, RHO
10calcium ion transmembrane transportGO:00705889.9CACNA1F, SLC24A1, TRPM1
11retina development in camera-type eyeGO:00600419.9GNAT1, GRM6, PDE6B, RHO
12regulation of rhodopsin mediated signaling pathwayGO:00224009.7GNAT1, GRK1, PDE6B, RHO, SAG
13rhodopsin mediated signaling pathwayGO:00160569.6GNAT1, GRK1, PDE6B, RHO, SAG
14signal transductionGO:00071657.5CABP4, GNAT1, GNB3, GRK1, GRM6, PDE6B
15response to stimulusGO:00508966.7CACNA1F, GNAT1, GRK1, GRM6, LRIT3, NYX
16visual perceptionGO:00076015.0CABP4, CACNA1F, GNAT1, GPR179, GRK1, GRM6

Molecular functions related to Night Blindness according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1calcium channel activityGO:00052629.7CACNA1F, SLC24A1, TRPM1
2signal transducer activityGO:00048718.8GNAT1, GNB3, GRM6, RHO

Sources for Night Blindness

About this section
2CDC
6CNVD
10DGIdb
15ExPASy
16FDA
17FMA
27GTR
28HGMD
29HMDB
30ICD10
31ICD10 via Orphanet
32ICD9CM
33IUPHAR
34KEGG
37MedGen
39MeSH
40MESH via Orphanet
41MGI
44NCI
45NCIt
46NDF-RT
49NINDS
50Novoseek
52OMIM
53OMIM via Orphanet
57PubMed
58QIAGEN
63SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
67Tumor Gene Family of Databases
68UMLS
69UMLS via Orphanet