MCID: OST028
MIFTS: 45

Osteochondroma malady

Categories: Genetic diseases, Rare diseases, Bone diseases, Metabolic diseases, Fetal diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Osteochondroma

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Aliases & Descriptions for Osteochondroma:

Name: Osteochondroma 46 25 48
 
Cartilaginous Exostosis 66

Classifications:



Summaries for Osteochondroma

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Wikipedia:69 Osteochondromas or osteocartilaginous exostoses are the most common benign tumors of the bones. The... more...

MalaCards based summary: Osteochondroma, also known as cartilaginous exostosis, is related to trichorhinophalangeal syndrome, type ii and chondroblastoma. An important gene associated with Osteochondroma is EXT1 (Exostosin Glycosyltransferase 1), and among its related pathways are Glypican 1 network and TP53 network. Affiliated tissues include bone, spinal cord and testes, and related mouse phenotypes are neoplasm and respiratory system.

Related Diseases for Osteochondroma

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Diseases in the Osteochondroma family:

Hereditary Multiple Osteochondromas

Diseases related to Osteochondroma via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50)    (show all 152)
idRelated DiseaseScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1trichorhinophalangeal syndrome, type ii30.3EXT1, EXT2, FGF2, PTHLH
2chondroblastoma29.2S100B, VIM
3hereditary multiple osteochondromas12.4
4dysplasia epiphysealis hemimelica with chondromas and osteochondromas11.9
5carpotarsal osteochondromatosis11.1
6pacman dysplasia10.8EXT1, EXT2
7heritable pulmonary arterial hypertension10.8EXT1, EXT2
8adenomyoma10.7EXT1, PTHLH
9hereditary multiple exostoses10.7
10localized chondrosarcoma10.7EXT1, PTHLH
11metachondromatosis10.6
12nodular hidradenoma10.6EXT1, EXT2
13encephalomalacia10.5EXT1, EXT2
14fryns macrocephaly10.5EXT1, EXT2, PTHLH
15neuropathy, ataxia, and retinitis pigmentosa10.5EXT1, EXT2, PTHLH
16flnb-related disorders10.4FGFR1, FGFR3
17plasmalogens synthesis deficiency isolated10.4FGFR1, FGFR3
18contact dermatitis10.4FGFR3, PTHLH
19trigonocephaly 110.4FGFR1, FGFR3
20bladder cancer, somatic10.4FGFR1, FGFR3
21cervicitis10.4
22sm-ahnmd10.3NES, VIM
23congenital hypogammaglobulinemia10.3NES, VIM
24solitary osseous plasmacytoma10.3BCL2, CDKN1A
25reflex epilepsy10.3FGFR3, PTHLH
26ependymoblastoma10.3NES, VIM
27hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 2 with or without anosmia10.3FGFR1, FGFR3
28oligoastrocytoma10.3NES, VIM
29central nervous system leukemia10.3FGFR1, FGFR3
30exostosis10.2
31chondrosarcoma10.2
32lymphoma, large-cell, immunoblastic10.2BCL2, FGFR1
33intracystic papillary adenoma10.1NES, S100B
34mollaret meningitis10.1BCL2, VIM
35retroperitoneal germ cell neoplasm10.1EXT2, PTHLH, VIM
36inflammatory mfh10.1PTHLH, S100B
37thanatophoric dysplasia, type ii10.1FGF9, FGFR1, FGFR3
38bursitis10.1
39stenosis of lacrimal sac10.0BCL2, CDKN1A, NES
40beare-stevenson cutis gyrata syndrome10.0FGF2, FGFR1, FGFR3
41acidophil adenoma10.0PTHLH, S100B
42exostoses, multiple, type 110.0
43exostoses, multiple, type 210.0
44non-gestational choriocarcinoma10.0BCL2, VIM
45dysplasia epiphysealis hemimelica10.0
46synovial chondromatosis10.0
47chondroma10.0
48iodine hypothyroidism10.0NES, S100B
49fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva9.9
50enchondroma9.9

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Osteochondroma:



Diseases related to osteochondroma

Symptoms for Osteochondroma

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Drugs & Therapeutics for Osteochondroma

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Drugs for Osteochondroma (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

idNameStatusPhaseClinical TrialsCas NumberPubChem Id
1
TramadolPhase 422627203-92-533741
Synonyms:
(+)-(R,R)-trans-Tramadol
(+)-Tramadol
(+)-trans-2-(Dimethylaminomethyl)-1-(m-methoxyphenyl)cyclohexanol
(+)-trans-Tramadol free ba
(1R,2R)-2-(dimethylaminomethyl)-1-(3-methoxyphenyl)cyclohexan-1-ol
(1R,2R)-2-Dimethylaminomethyl-1-(3-methoxy-phenyl)-cyclohexanol
(1R,2R)-2-[(dimethylamino)methyl]-1-[3-(methyloxy)phenyl]cyclohexanol
27203-92-5
AC1L1Q6E
AC1Q59O2
AKOS005066335
Amanda
Amanda (TN)
BIDD:GT0075
C07153
CHEMBL1066
CID33741
Crispin
D08623
DB00193
EINECS 248-319-6
HMS2090D10
Jsp005295
LS-57115
 
LS-57116
MLS000333190
MolPort-002-507-778
NCGC00159343-02
Ralivia ER
Ralivia Flashtab
Ralivia flashtab
SMR000436547
STOCK4S-19075
Tradonal odis
Tramadol
Tramadol (INN)
Tramadol HCl
Tramadol HCl BP/EP
Tramadol [INN:BAN]
Tramadol hydrochloride
Tramadolum
Tramadolum [INN-Latin]
Tramal
Tramodol Hcl
Tridural
UNII-39J1LGJ30J
Ultram
Ultram ER
Zydol
tramadol
2
EtoricoxibPhase 490202409-33-4123619
Synonyms:
202409-33-4
5-Chloro-3-(4-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)-6'-methyl-[2,3']bipyridinyl
5-Chloro-6'-methyl-3-(p-(methylsulfonyl)phenyl)-2,3'-bipyridine
5-chloro-2-(6-Methylpyridin-3-yl)-3-(4-(methylsulfonyl)phenyl)pyridine
5-chloro-2-(6-methylpyridin-3-yl)-3-(4-methylsulfonylphenyl)pyridine
5-chloro-6'-Methyl-3-(P-(methylsulfonyl)phenyl)-2,3'-bipyridine
5-chloro-6'-methyl-3-[4-(methylsulfonyl)phenyl]-2,3'-bipyridine
5CH
AC1L3WZM
Algix
Arcoxia
C11718
C422649
CHEBI:106706
CHEBI:6339
CHEMBL416146
CID123619
D03710
DB01628
DB07166
ETORICOXIB
 
Etoricoxib
Etoricoxib (USAN/INN)
Etoricoxib [USAN:INN:BAN]
Etoricoxibe
Etoricoxibum
FT-0082494
HMS2090A05
L-791456
L001141
L791456
LS-181802
MK 0663
MK 663
MK-0663
MK-663
Merck Sharp & Dohme brand of etoricoxib
MolPort-003-847-339
NCGC00164578-01
Nucoxia
Tauxib
UNII-WRX4NFY03R
ZINC00579472

Interventional clinical trials:

(show all 13)
idNameStatusNCT IDPhase
1The Effect of Anti-inflammatory Analgesics on Pain Following Hallux Valgus SurgeryCompletedNCT00733421Phase 4
2Chronic Insertional Achilles Tendonitis Treated With or Without Flexor Hallucis Longus Tendon TransferCompletedNCT00950053Phase 4
3A Randomized Trial to Evaluate the Effectiveness of Transferring the Flexor Hallucis Longus TendonRecruitingNCT01341509Phase 4
4Autologous Stem Cells in Achilles TendinopathyRecruitingNCT02064062Phase 2
5The Health-Related Quality of Life in Patients With Hereditary Multiple ExostosesCompletedNCT00474448
6Cone-beam vs Multidetector Computed Tomography (CT) for Arthrography of the Wrist, Ankle, Elbow and KneeCompletedNCT01771393
7Effects of Myofascial Trigger Point Dry Cupping on Plantar Heel PainCompletedNCT02895698
8A Comparison of the Analgesic Efficacies of Ultrasound and Shock Wave Therapy in the Patients With Calcaneal SpurCompletedNCT01510249
9Effectiveness of Manual Therapy Combined With Standard Treatment in the Management of Plantar FasciitisCompletedNCT01439932
10The Fibrodysplasia Ossificans Progressiva (FOP) Connection RegistryRecruitingNCT02745158
11Rare Disease Patient Registry & Natural History Study - Coordination of Rare Diseases at SanfordRecruitingNCT01793168
12Gene Mutations and Orthopaedic Symptoms Correlation of Multiple Hereditary Exostoses: Multicentre ProjectSuspendedNCT00474331
13Establishing the Genetic Profile of Multiple Hereditary Exostoses (HME) in Families of BCTerminatedNCT00473850

Search NIH Clinical Center for Osteochondroma

Genetic Tests for Osteochondroma

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Genetic tests related to Osteochondroma:

id Genetic test Affiliating Genes
1 Osteochondroma25

Anatomical Context for Osteochondroma

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MalaCards organs/tissues related to Osteochondroma:

34
Bone, Spinal cord, Testes, Tongue, Appendix, Uterus, Liver

Animal Models for Osteochondroma or affiliated genes

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MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Osteochondroma:

39 (show all 17)
idDescriptionMGI Source AccessionScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1MP:00020068.8BCL2, CDKN1A, EXT1, FGF2, FGFR3
2MP:00053888.2BCL2, CDKN1A, FGF9, FGFR3, PTHLH, VIM
3MP:00053778.1BCL2, CDKN1A, EXT1, FGF2, FGF9, FGFR1
4MP:00053818.0BCL2, CDKN1A, EXT1, FGF9, FGFR1, FGFR3
5MP:00053697.9BCL2, CDKN1A, FGF2, FGF9, FGFR1, VIM
6MP:00053827.9BCL2, BMPR1B, CDKN1A, EXT1, FGF9, FGFR1
7MP:00053717.6BMPR1B, CDKN1A, EXT1, FGF9, FGFR1, FGFR3
8MP:00107717.4BCL2, CDKN1A, EXT1, FGF9, FGFR1, FGFR3
9MP:00053857.4BCL2, CDKN1A, FGF2, FGF9, FGFR1, PTHLH
10MP:00053907.2BMPR1B, CDKN1A, EXT1, EXT2, FGF2, FGF9
11MP:00053897.0BCL2, BMPR1B, CDKN1A, FGF2, FGF9, FGFR1
12MP:00036316.9BCL2, BMPR1B, CDKN1A, EXT1, FGF2, FGFR1
13MP:00053846.7BCL2, BMPR1B, CDKN1A, EXT1, FGF2, FGF9
14MP:00053916.4BCL2, BMPR1B, CDKN1A, EXT1, FGF2, FGF9
15MP:00107686.3BCL2, BMPR1B, CDKN1A, EXT1, EXT2, FGF2
16MP:00053766.0BCL2, CDKN1A, FGF2, FGF9, FGFR1, FGFR3
17MP:00053865.8BCL2, CDKN1A, EXT1, FGF2, FGF9, FGFR1

Publications for Osteochondroma

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Articles related to Osteochondroma:

(show top 50)    (show all 678)
idTitleAuthorsYear
1
Coracoid-like osteochondroma and painful giant thoracic bursitis. (26677990)
2016
2
Large solitary osteochondroma of the thoracic spine: Case report and review of the literature. (27274405)
2016
3
Subacromial osteochondroma: A rare cause of impingement syndrome. (25528042)
2015
4
Osteochondroma in long-term survivors of high-risk neuroblastoma. (25728463)
2015
5
Low condylectomy and orthognathic surgery to treat mandibular condylar osteochondroma: a retrospective review of 37 cases. (24997022)
2014
6
Osteochondroma of the palate: An interesting and an unusual case presentation. (25328318)
2014
7
Osteochondroma of coronoid process: a rare etiology of jacob disease. (25383153)
2014
8
Letter regarding "Effect of osteochondroma location on forearm deformity in patients with multiple hereditary osteochondromatosis". (23790427)
2013
9
Management of forearm deformities with ulnar shortening more than 15 mm caused by hereditary multiple osteochondromas. (23412166)
2013
10
Osteochondroma of mandibular condyle: A clinic-radiographic correlation. (24082753)
2013
11
Exome sequencing and functional analysis identifies a novel mutation in EXT1 gene that causes multiple osteochondromas. (24009674)
2013
12
Multiple osteochondromas following irradiation-containing conditioning in severe combined immunodeficiency. (23384194)
2013
13
Osteochondroma as a cause of scapular winging in an adolescent: a case report and review of the literature. (23971723)
2013
14
Giant costal osteochondroma in a man with multiple exostoses. (23910108)
2013
15
Mutation screening for the EXT1 and EXT2 genes in Chinese patients with multiple osteochondromas. (24120389)
2013
16
Tibial osteochondroma inducing popliteal artery compression. (24360241)
2013
17
Osteochondroma of the temporomandibular joint: report of 2 cases emphasizing the importance of personalizing the surgical treatment. (22669156)
2012
18
Malignant degeneration of a lumbar osteochondroma into a chondrosarcoma which mimicked a large retropertioneal mass. (22526879)
2012
19
3-D printout of a DICOM file to aid surgical planning in a 6 year old patient with a large scapular osteochondroma complicating congenital diaphyseal aclasia. (22690278)
2012
20
Solitary osteochondroma of the atlas causing spinal cord compression: a case report and literature review. (22744262)
2012
21
A synovial osteochondroma replacing the anterior cruciate ligament at the intercondylar notch. (21323282)
2011
22
Growth plate regulation and osteochondroma formation: insights from tracing proteoglycans in zebrafish models and human cartilage. (21506131)
2011
23
Spinal cord compression secondary to a thoracic vertebral osteochondroma. (21599443)
2011
24
Popliteal artery thrombosis secondary to a tibial osteochondroma. (21638255)
2011
25
Spinal cord compression due to C4 vertebral arch osteochondroma. (21094109)
2011
26
Scapular osteochondroma treated with arthroscopic excision using prone positioning. (20396684)
2010
27
Cervical spine osteochondroma: rare presentation of a common lesion. (21109061)
2010
28
Osteochondroma of the convexity: pathologic-neuroimaging correlates of a lesion that mimics high-grade meningioma. (20012156)
2010
29
Resected osteochondroma of the rib in an elderly patient. (21069500)
2010
30
Solitary synovial osteochondroma. (20227014)
2010
31
Rapidly developed huge bursitis associated with scapular osteochondroma of the multiple exostosis: a case report. (18682954)
2009
32
Dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma arising in a solitary osteochondroma with leiomyosarcomatous component: a case report. (18196252)
2008
33
Giant osteochondroma of the posterior cavity of the knee. (19226081)
2008
34
Discomfort during sexual intercourse secondary to osteochondroma: a report of two cases. (17588798)
2007
35
Para-articular osteochondroma of the knee. (17681220)
2007
36
An optimized DHPLC protocol for molecular testing of the EXT1 and EXT2 genes in hereditary multiple osteochondromas. (16283885)
2005
37
Subungual osteochondroma: clinical and radiologic features and treatment. (15209794)
2004
38
Unusual osteochondroma of the medial part of the clavicle causing subclavian vein thrombosis and brachial plexopathy. A case report. (15590864)
2004
39
A case report of osteochondroma of the frontotemporosphenoidal suture. (15149164)
2004
40
Arterial compromise caused by lower limb osteochondroma. (12799727)
2003
41
Spinal osteochondroma presenting as atypical spinal curvature: a case report. (12838114)
2003
42
Two cases of osteochondroma recurrence after surgical resection. (11198832)
2001
43
Solitary osteochondroma of the lower cervical spine. (11300298)
2001
44
Osteochondroma of the C5 lamina with cord compression: case report and review of the literature. (10806510)
2000
45
Up-regulation of PTHrP and Bcl-2 expression characterizes the progression of osteochondroma towards peripheral chondrosarcoma and is a late event in central chondrosarcoma. (11140704)
2000
46
Scapular osteochondroma with reactive bursitis presenting as a chest wall tumour. (11024391)
2000
47
Osteochondroma of the tracheal wall in a Fischer's lovebird (Agapornis fischeri, Reichenow 1887). (10216774)
1999
48
Dysplasia epiphysealis hemimelica. Upper limb involvement with associated osteochondroma. (7924021)
1994
49
Cervical osteochondroma (C2 level) with vertebral artery occlusion and second cervical nerve root irritation. (2718087)
1989
50
Osteochondroma with thoracic cord compression in hereditary multiple exostoses: a case report. (312508)
1979

Variations for Osteochondroma

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Expression for genes affiliated with Osteochondroma

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Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Osteochondroma.

Pathways for genes affiliated with Osteochondroma

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Pathways related to Osteochondroma according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 32)
idSuper pathwaysScoreTop Affiliating Genes
19.5FGF2, FGFR1
29.5BCL2, CDKN1A
3
Show member pathways
9.3FGF2, FGF9, FGFR3
49.2FGF2, FGFR1, FGFR3
5
Show member pathways
9.2FGF2, FGFR1, FGFR3
69.2FGF2, FGFR1, FGFR3
79.2FGF2, FGFR1, FGFR3
8
Show member pathways
9.2FGF2, FGFR1, FGFR3
9
Show member pathways
9.2FGF2, FGF9, FGFR1
109.2FGF2, NES, VIM
11
Show member pathways
9.2CDKN1A, FGFR1, FGFR3
128.9BMPR1B, FGF2, FGFR1, FGFR3
138.9FGF2, FGFR1, FGFR3, PTHLH
14
Show member pathways
8.8FGF2, FGF9, FGFR1, FGFR3
15
Show member pathways
8.8FGF2, FGF9, FGFR1, FGFR3
16
Show member pathways
8.8FGF2, FGF9, FGFR1, FGFR3
17
Show member pathways
8.8FGF2, FGF9, FGFR1, FGFR3
188.8FGF2, FGF9, FGFR1, FGFR3
198.8FGF2, FGF9, FGFR1, FGFR3
20
Show member pathways
8.8FGF2, FGF9, FGFR1, FGFR3
21
Show member pathways
8.8FGF2, FGF9, FGFR1, FGFR3
22
Show member pathways
8.8FGF2, FGF9, FGFR1, FGFR3
23
Show member pathways
8.8BCL2, BMPR1B, FGFR1, FGFR3
248.6BCL2, CDKN1A, FGF2, FGFR1
258.5BCL2, CDKN1A, FGFR3, VIM
26
Show member pathways
8.4CDKN1A, FGF2, FGF9, FGFR1, FGFR3
27
Show member pathways
8.2BCL2, CDKN1A, FGF2, FGFR1, FGFR3
28
Show member pathways
8.2BCL2, CDKN1A, FGF2, FGF9, FGFR1
29
Show member pathways
7.9BCL2, BMPR1B, CDKN1A, FGF2, FGFR1, FGFR3
307.8BCL2, CDKN1A, FGF2, FGF9, FGFR1, FGFR3
317.8BCL2, CDKN1A, FGF2, FGF9, FGFR1, FGFR3
327.5FGF2, FGFR1, FGFR3, NES, S100B, VIM

GO Terms for genes affiliated with Osteochondroma

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Cellular components related to Osteochondroma according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1extracellular regionGO:00055767.7FGF2, FGF9, FGFR1, FGFR3, PTHLH, S100B

Biological processes related to Osteochondroma according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 27)
idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1cellular polysaccharide biosynthetic processGO:003369210.7EXT1, EXT2
2heparan sulfate proteoglycan biosynthetic process, polysaccharide chain biosynthetic processGO:001501410.4EXT1, EXT2
3positive regulation of endothelial cell chemotaxis to fibroblast growth factorGO:200054610.3FGF2, FGFR1
4positive regulation of phospholipase C activityGO:001086310.2FGF2, FGFR1
5organ inductionGO:000175910.2FGF2, FGFR1
6heparan sulfate proteoglycan biosynthetic processGO:001501210.1EXT1, EXT2
7positive regulation of phospholipase activityGO:001051810.1FGFR1, FGFR3
8positive regulation of mesenchymal cell proliferationGO:000205310.1FGF9, FGFR1
9negative regulation of G1/S transition of mitotic cell cycleGO:200013410.0BCL2, CDKN1A
10positive regulation of cardiac muscle cell proliferationGO:00600459.8FGF2, FGF9, FGFR1
11ossificationGO:00015039.6BCL2, EXT1, EXT2
12positive regulation of MAPK cascadeGO:00434109.5FGF9, FGFR1, FGFR3
13lung developmentGO:00303249.5FGF2, FGF9, FGFR1
14lung-associated mesenchyme developmentGO:00604849.5FGF9, FGFR1
15phosphatidylinositol-3-phosphate biosynthetic processGO:00360929.5FGF2, FGF9, FGFR1, FGFR3
16phosphatidylinositol phosphorylationGO:00468549.4FGF2, FGF9, FGFR1, FGFR3
17regulation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase signalingGO:00140669.4FGF2, FGF9, FGFR1, FGFR3
18chondrocyte differentiationGO:00020629.4BMPR1B, FGF9, FGFR1, FGFR3
19phosphatidylinositol-mediated signalingGO:00480159.3FGF2, FGF9, FGFR1, FGFR3
20fibroblast growth factor receptor signaling pathwayGO:00085439.3FGF2, FGF9, FGFR1, FGFR3
21peptidyl-tyrosine phosphorylationGO:00181089.2FGF2, FGF9, FGFR1, FGFR3
22response to glucocorticoidGO:00513849.2BCL2, CDKN1A, S100B
23regulation of cell cycleGO:00517269.2BCL2, CDKN1A, FGF2
24MAPK cascadeGO:00001659.1FGF2, FGF9, FGFR1, FGFR3
25skeletal system developmentGO:00015018.9BMPR1B, EXT1, FGFR1, FGFR3, PTHLH
26negative regulation of cell proliferationGO:00082858.5BCL2, CDKN1A, FGF2, PTHLH
27positive regulation of cell proliferationGO:00082847.2BCL2, FGF2, FGF9, FGFR1, FGFR3, PTHLH

Molecular functions related to Osteochondroma according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 16)
idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1heparan sulfate N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase activityGO:004232810.7EXT1, EXT2
2N-acetylglucosaminyl-proteoglycan 4-beta-glucuronosyltransferase activityGO:005050910.7EXT1, EXT2
3glucuronosyl-N-acetylglucosaminyl-proteoglycan 4-alpha-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase activityGO:005050810.7EXT1, EXT2
4acetylglucosaminyltransferase activityGO:000837510.5EXT1, EXT2
5fibroblast growth factor receptor bindingGO:000510410.4FGF2, FGF9
6glucuronosyltransferase activityGO:001502010.4EXT1, EXT2
7fibroblast growth factor-activated receptor activityGO:000500710.3FGFR1, FGFR3
8transferase activity, transferring glycosyl groupsGO:001675710.2EXT1, EXT2
9fibroblast growth factor bindingGO:001713410.0FGFR1, FGFR3
10heparin bindingGO:00082019.6FGF2, FGF9, FGFR1
111-phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase activityGO:00163039.4FGF2, FGF9, FGFR1, FGFR3
12phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase activityGO:00469349.4FGF2, FGF9, FGFR1, FGFR3
13protein tyrosine kinase activityGO:00047139.2FGF2, FGF9, FGFR1, FGFR3
14Ras guanyl-nucleotide exchange factor activityGO:00050889.2FGF2, FGF9, FGFR1, FGFR3
15glycoprotein bindingGO:00019489.1BMPR1B, FGFR1, VIM
16protein homodimerization activityGO:00428038.1BCL2, EXT1, EXT2, FGFR1, S100B

Sources for Osteochondroma

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2CDC
6CNVD
10DGIdb
15ExPASy
16FDA
17FMA
25GTR
26HGMD
27HMDB
28ICD10
29ICD10 via Orphanet
30ICD9CM
31IUPHAR
32KEGG
35MedGen
37MeSH
38MESH via Orphanet
39MGI
42NCI
43NCIt
44NDF-RT
47NINDS
48Novoseek
50OMIM
51OMIM via Orphanet
55PubMed
56QIAGEN
61SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
65Tumor Gene Family of Databases
66UMLS
67UMLS via Orphanet