MCID: PTS001
MIFTS: 51

Patau Syndrome malady

Genetic diseases, Rare diseases, Eye diseases, Nephrological diseases, Fetal diseases categories

Aliases & Classifications for Patau Syndrome

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Sources:
10Disease Ontology, 68Wikipedia, 45NIH Rare Diseases, 23Genetics Home Reference, 12DISEASES, 51Orphanet, 65UMLS, 24GTR, 36MeSH, 59SNOMED-CT, 29ICD9CM, 42NCIt, 28ICD10 via Orphanet, 66UMLS via Orphanet, 27ICD10
See all sources

Aliases & Descriptions for Patau Syndrome:

Name: Patau Syndrome 10 68 45 23 12 51 65
Trisomy 13 10 45 23 51
Complete Trisomy 13 Syndrome 45 23 24
Trisomy 13 Syndrome 23 36
Chromosome 13, Trisomy 13 Complete 45
 
Chromosome 13 Duplication 65
Bartholin-Patau Syndrome 23
D Trisomy Syndrome 45
Patau's Syndrome 23
D1 Trisomy 10


Classifications:



Characteristics (Orphanet epidemiological data):

51
patau syndrome:
Inheritance: Not applicable; Prevalence: 1-9/100000 (Europe),1-9/100000 (Belgium),1-9/100000 (Germany),1-9/100000 (Ireland),1-5/10000 (Malta),1-9/100000 (Norway),1-9/100000 (Poland),1-9/100000 (United Kingdom),1-9/100000 (Ukraine),1-5/10000 (United States),1-9/100000 (France),1-9/100000 (Austria),1-9/100000 (Hungary),1-9/100000 (Italy),1-5/10000 (Netherlands),1-9/100000 (Portugal),1-9/100000 (Spain),1-5/10000 (Switzerland); Age of onset: Antenatal,Neonatal; Age of death: early childhood


External Ids:

Disease Ontology10 DOID:11665
ICD9CM29 758.1
NCIt42 C36529
MeSH36 C536305
Orphanet51 3378
ICD10 via Orphanet28 Q91.4, Q91.5, Q91.6 Q91.7, more
UMLS via Orphanet66 C2936830
ICD1027 Q91.7

Summaries for Patau Syndrome

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NIH Rare Diseases:45 Trisomy 13 is a type of chromosome disorder characterized by having 3 copies of chromosome 13 in cells of the body, instead of the usual 2 copies. in some affected people, only a portion of cells contains the extra chromosome 13 (called mosaic trisomy 13), whereas other cells contain the normal chromosome pair. trisomy 13 causes severe intellectual disability and many physical abnormalities, such as congenital heart defects; brain or spinal cord abnormalities; very small or poorly developed eyes (microphthalmia); extra fingers or toes; cleft lip with or without cleft palate; and weak muscle tone (hypotonia). most cases are not inherited and result from a random error during the formation of eggs or sperm in healthy parents. due to various life-threatening medical problems, many infants with trisomy 13 do not survive past the first days or weeks of life. last updated: 9/3/2015

MalaCards based summary: Patau Syndrome, also known as trisomy 13, is related to alobar holoprosencephaly and edwards syndrome, and has symptoms including median cleft lip, cleft palate and abnormality of the fontanelles or cranial sutures. An important gene associated with Patau Syndrome is NODAL (Nodal Growth Differentiation Factor). Affiliated tissues include eye, heart and brain, and related mouse phenotypes are limbs/digits/tail and skeleton.

Genetics Home Reference:23 Trisomy 13, also called Patau syndrome, is a chromosomal condition associated with severe intellectual disability and physical abnormalities in many parts of the body. Individuals with trisomy 13 often have heart defects, brain or spinal cord abnormalities, very small or poorly developed eyes (microphthalmia), extra fingers or toes, an opening in the lip (a cleft lip) with or without an opening in the roof of the mouth (a cleft palate), and weak muscle tone (hypotonia). Due to the presence of several life-threatening medical problems, many infants with trisomy 13 die within their first days or weeks of life. Only five percent to 10 percent of children with this condition live past their first year.

Wikipedia:68 Patau syndrome /ˈpætaʊ/ is a syndrome caused by a chromosomal abnormality, in which some or all of... more...

Related Diseases for Patau Syndrome

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Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Patau Syndrome:



Diseases related to patau syndrome

Symptoms for Patau Syndrome

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Symptoms:

 51 (show all 58)
  • large fontanelle/delayed fontanelle closure
  • hypotelorism
  • depressed premaxillary region/midface
  • anophthalmos/anophthalmia/microphthalmos/microphthalmia
  • median cleft lip
  • cleft palate without cleft lip/submucosal cleft palate/bifid uvula
  • low set ears/posteriorly rotated ears
  • cystic hygroma
  • pelvis anomaly/narrow/broad iliac wings/pubis abnormality
  • simian crease/transverse/unique palmar crease
  • postaxial polydactyly (hand)
  • congenital cardiac anomaly/malformation/cardiopathy
  • atrial septal defect/interauricular communication
  • ventricular septal defect/interventricular communication
  • patent ductus arteriosus
  • hypotonia
  • seizures/epilepsy/absences/spasms/status epilepticus
  • speech troubles/aphasia/dysphasia/echolalia/mutism/logorrhea/dysprosodia
  • intellectual deficit/mental/psychomotor retardation/learning disability
  • total/partial trisomy/duplication
  • stillbirth/neonatal death
  • intrauterine growth retardation
  • hydrops fetalis
  • scalp/skull defect
  • deepset eyes/enophthalmos
  • anomalies of eyes and vision
  • aniridia/iris hypoplasia
  • coloboma of iris
  • cataract/lens opacification
  • retinal vascular anomalies/retinal telangiectasia
  • optic nerve anomaly/optic atrophy/anomaly of the papilla
  • absent/decreased lashes
  • long philtrum
  • high vaulted/narrow palate
  • anomalies of teeth and dentition
  • helix/crux helix absent/abnormal/adherent/crux cymbae/posterior helix pits
  • antihelix anomaly
  • structural anomalies of middle ear/ossicles/tympanic cavity
  • branchial/posterior auricular/preauricular/cheek cysts/fistulae
  • preauricular/branchial tags/appendages
  • sensorineural deafness/hearing loss
  • narrow rib cage/thorax
  • anomalies of the ribs
  • anomalies of spine, vertebrae and pelvis
  • kyphosis
  • scoliosis
  • herniae
  • abnormal dermatoglyphics
  • oligodactyly/ectrodactyly of fingers
  • capillary hemangioma/nevus/naevus flammeus/port-wine stain
  • absent lobe/lung/segmentation defect/abnormal lobulation/sequestration
  • polycystic kidneys
  • ureter/calyx/pelvis duplication/bifid/retrocava/retroiliac ureter
  • megaureter/hydronephrosis/pyeloureteral junction syndrome
  • uterine/uterus/fallopian tubes anomalies
  • hypospadias/epispadias/bent penis
  • undescended/ectopic testes/cryptorchidia/unfixed testes
  • arnold-chiari anomaly

HPO human phenotypes related to Patau Syndrome:

(show all 48)
id Description Frequency HPO Source Accession
1 median cleft lip hallmark (90%) HP:0000161
2 cleft palate hallmark (90%) HP:0000175
3 abnormality of the fontanelles or cranial sutures hallmark (90%) HP:0000235
4 malar flattening hallmark (90%) HP:0000272
5 low-set, posteriorly rotated ears hallmark (90%) HP:0000368
6 cystic hygroma hallmark (90%) HP:0000476
7 hypotelorism hallmark (90%) HP:0000601
8 single transverse palmar crease hallmark (90%) HP:0000954
9 postaxial hand polydactyly hallmark (90%) HP:0001162
10 seizures hallmark (90%) HP:0001250
11 muscular hypotonia hallmark (90%) HP:0001252
12 intrauterine growth retardation hallmark (90%) HP:0001511
13 ventricular septal defect hallmark (90%) HP:0001629
14 atria septal defect hallmark (90%) HP:0001631
15 patent ductus arteriosus hallmark (90%) HP:0001643
16 hydrops fetalis hallmark (90%) HP:0001789
17 neurological speech impairment hallmark (90%) HP:0002167
18 abnormality of pelvic girdle bone morphology hallmark (90%) HP:0002644
19 abnormality of chromosome segregation hallmark (90%) HP:0002916
20 cognitive impairment hallmark (90%) HP:0100543
21 abnormality of female internal genitalia typical (50%) HP:0000008
22 cryptorchidism typical (50%) HP:0000028
23 abnormality of the ureter typical (50%) HP:0000069
24 polycystic kidney dysplasia typical (50%) HP:0000113
25 abnormality of the teeth typical (50%) HP:0000164
26 long philtrum typical (50%) HP:0000343
27 abnormality of the middle ear typical (50%) HP:0000370
28 preauricular skin tag typical (50%) HP:0000384
29 sensorineural hearing impairment typical (50%) HP:0000407
30 deeply set eye typical (50%) HP:0000490
31 abnormality of the eyelashes typical (50%) HP:0000499
32 cataract typical (50%) HP:0000518
33 iris coloboma typical (50%) HP:0000612
34 optic atrophy typical (50%) HP:0000648
35 abnormality of the ribs typical (50%) HP:0000772
36 narrow chest typical (50%) HP:0000774
37 split hand typical (50%) HP:0001171
38 skull defect typical (50%) HP:0001362
39 abnormal lung lobation typical (50%) HP:0002101
40 arnold-chiari malformation typical (50%) HP:0002308
41 scoliosis typical (50%) HP:0002650
42 kyphosis typical (50%) HP:0002808
43 abnormality of the retinal vasculature typical (50%) HP:0008046
44 aplasia/hypoplasia of the iris typical (50%) HP:0008053
45 abnormality of the antihelix typical (50%) HP:0009738
46 abnormality of the helix typical (50%) HP:0011039
47 displacement of the external urethral meatus typical (50%) HP:0100627
48 hernia typical (50%) HP:0100790

Drugs & Therapeutics for Patau Syndrome

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Drugs for Patau Syndrome (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show all 6)
idNameStatusPhaseClinical TrialsCas NumberPubChem Id
1
rituximabapprovedPhase 31514174722-31-710201696
Synonyms:
AntiCD20
IDEC-102
IDEC-C2B8
 
Ig gamma-1 chain C region
MabThera
Mabthera
Rituxan
rituximab
2
Folic Acidapproved, nutraceuticalPhase 3285159-30-36037
Synonyms:
(2S)-2-[[4-[(2-amino-4-oxo-1H-pteridin-6-yl)methylamino]benzoyl]amino]pentanedioic acid
01769_FLUKA
2d0k
33609-88-0
36653-55-1 (mono-potassium salt)
59-30-3
6484-89-5 (mono-hydrochloride salt)
AC-11682
AC1L1LNX
AI3-26387
AKOS000503224
ARONIS014410
Acfol (Spain)
Acide folique
Acide folique [INN-French]
Acido folico
Acido folico [INN-Spanish]
Acidum folicum
Acidum folicum [INN-Latin]
Acifolic
Antianemia factor
Apo-Folic
BIDD:ER0563
BIDD:GT0641
BIF0608
BPBio1_000654
BSPBio_000594
BSPBio_002338
C00504
C20H20N6O6
CAS-59-30-3
CCRIS 666
CHEBI:27470
CHEMBL1622
CID6037
CPD000471860
Cytofol
D00070
DB00158
DivK1c_000494
Dosfolat B activ
EINECS 200-419-0
F0043
F7876_SIAL
F7876_SIGMA
F8758_SIGMA
F8798_SIAL
F8890_SIGMA
FOL
Facid
Factor U
Folacid
Folacin
Folaemin
Folaemin [Netherlands]
Folan
Folasic (Australia)
Folate
Folbal
Folcidin
Folcidin (VAN)
Folcysteine
Foldine
Foldine [France]
Folettes
Foliamin
Folic
Folic Acid
Folic acid
Folic acid (JP15/USP/INN)
Folic acid (TN)
Folic acid [BAN:INN:JAN]
Folic acid [INN:BAN:JAN]
Folic acid dihydrate
Folicet
Folicet (TN)
Folico
Folico (Italy)
Folina
Folina (Italy)
Folipac
 
Folsaeure
Folsan
Folsaure
Folsav
Folvite
Folvron
Glutamic acid, N-(p-(((2-amino-4-hydroxypyrimido(4,5-b)pyrazin-6-yl)methyl)amino)benzoyl)-, L
HMS1921D20
HMS2092N17
HMS501I16
HSDB 2002
IDI1_000494
InChI=1/C19H19N7O6/c20-19-25-15-14(17(30)26-19)23-11(8-22-15)7-21-10-3-1-9(2-4-10)16(29)24-12(18(31)32)5-6-13(27)28/h1-4,8,12,21H,5-7H2,(H,24,29)(H,27,28)(H,31,32)(H3,20,22,25,26,30)/t12-/m0/s
Incafolic
KBio1_000494
KBio2_001861
KBio2_004429
KBio2_006997
KBio3_001558
KBioGR_002222
KBioSS_001861
Kyselina listova
Kyselina listova [Czech]
LS-2157
Liver Lactobacillus casei factor
MLS001304016
MLS001335861
Millafol
Mission prenatal
Mittafol
MolPort-004-285-551
N-(4-(((2-Amino-1,4-dihydro-4-oxo-6-pteridinyl)methyl)amino)benzo- yl)-L-glutamic acid
N-(4-((2-Amino-1,4-dihydro-4-oxo-6-pteridinyl)methyl)amino)benzoyl)-L-glutamic acid
N-(4-{[(2-Amino-4-oxo-3,4-dihydropteridin-6-yl)methyl]amino}benzoyl)-L-glutamic acid
N-(4-{[(2-amino-4-oxo-1,4-dihydropteridin-6-yl)methyl]amino}benzoyl)-L-glutamic acid
N-(p-(((2-Amino-4-hydroxy-6-pteridinyl)methyl)amino)benzoyl)-L-glutamic acid
N-Pteroyl-L-glutamic acid
N-[(4-{[(2-Amino-4-oxo-1,4-dihydropteridin-6-yl)methyl]amino}phenyl)carbonyl]-L-glutamic acid
N-[(4-{[(2-amino-4-oxo-1,4-dihydropteridin-6-yl)methyl]amino}phenyl)carbonyl]-L-glutamic acid
N-[4-[[(2-Amino-3,4-dihydro-4-oxo-6-pteridinyl)methyl]amino]benzoyl]-L-glutamic acid
NCGC00016265-01
NCGC00142391-01
NINDS_000494
NSC 3073
Nifolin
Nifolin [Denmark]
Novofolacid
Novofolacid [Canada]
PGA
PGA (VAN)
Prestwick3_000627
Prestwick_230
PteGlu
Pteroyl-L-glutamate
Pteroyl-L-glutamic acid
Pteroyl-L-monoglutamate
Pteroyl-L-monoglutamic acid
Pteroylglutamate
Pteroylglutamic acid
Pteroylmonoglutamate
Pteroylmonoglutamic acid
SAM002264616
SDCCGMLS-0066738.P001
SMP2_000137
SMR000471860
SPBio_001357
SPECTRUM1502020
Serum Folate Level
Spectrum2_001459
Spectrum3_000749
Spectrum4_001751
Spectrum5_000602
Spectrum_001381
UNII-935E97BOY8
Usaf cb-13
Vitamin B11
Vitamin B9
Vitamin Bc
Vitamin Be
Vitamin M
bmse000299
folic acid
nchembio.108-comp10
3Vitamin B ComplexPhase 32775
4Vitamin B9NutraceuticalPhase 32851
5Folinic AcidNutraceuticalPhase 32498
6FolateNutraceuticalPhase 32851

Interventional clinical trials:

(show all 21)
idNameStatusNCT IDPhase
1Rituximab Versus Observation as Maintenance Therapy in Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia)Active, not recruitingNCT01118234Phase 3
2Folic Acid Dosage and Malformations ReductionActive, not recruitingNCT01244347Phase 3
3Prenatal Screening for Down Syndrome With DNAFirstCompletedNCT01966991
4Non-Invasive Screening for Fetal Aneuploidy: A New Maternal Plasma MarkerCompletedNCT00770458
5Non-invasive Prenatal Diagnostic Validation StudyCompletedNCT01574781
6Comparison of Aneuploidy Risk EvaluationsCompletedNCT01663350
7MatErnal BLood IS Source to Accurately Diagnose Fetal AneuploidyCompletedNCT01122524
8A New Prenatal Blood Test for Down SyndromeCompletedNCT00877292
9Development of Non-invasive Prenatal Test for Microdeletion and Other Genetic Syndromes Based on Cell Free DNARecruitingNCT02109770
10Multiple Gestation StudyRecruitingNCT02278536
11High Risk Multiple Gestation StudyRecruitingNCT02278874
12Development of Non-invasive Prenatal Screening Test for Microdeletions Based on Fetal DNA Isolated From Maternal BloodRecruitingNCT01852708
13Non-Invasive Determination of Fetal Chromosome AbnormalitiesRecruitingNCT00891852
14Study of the Efficacy of New Non-invasive Prenatal Tests for Screening for Fetal Trisomies Using Maternal BloodRecruitingNCT01925742
15Non-Invasive Chromosomal Evaluation of Trisomy StudyRecruitingNCT02201862
16SNP-based Microdeletion and Aneuploidy RegisTry (SMART)RecruitingNCT02381457
17T21,18 and 13 Screening by Cell Free Fetal DNA in Low Risk PatientsRecruitingNCT02424474
18DS-Connect {TM}: The Down Syndrome RegistryRecruitingNCT01950624
19Prenatal Non-invasive Aneuploidy Test Utilizing SNPs TrialActive, not recruitingNCT01545674
20Clinical Performance of the MaterniT21 PLUS LDT in Multiple Gestation PregnanciesTerminatedNCT02226315
21Detecting Early Onset Pre-eclampsia and Use of Placental Growth Factor (PlGF) for Marker of Trisomy 21TerminatedNCT01387776

Search NIH Clinical Center for Patau Syndrome


Cochrane evidence based reviews: Trisomy 13 syndrome

Genetic Tests for Patau Syndrome

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Genetic tests related to Patau Syndrome:

id Genetic test Affiliating Genes
1 Complete Trisomy 13 Syndrome24

Anatomical Context for Patau Syndrome

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MalaCards organs/tissues related to Patau Syndrome:

33
Eye, Heart, Brain, Spinal cord, Testes, Lung, Kidney

Animal Models for Patau Syndrome or affiliated genes

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MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Patau Syndrome:

38
idDescriptionMGI Source AccessionScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1MP:00053718.8OFD1, SATB2, TMEM67, ZIC2
2MP:00053908.0NODAL, OFD1, SATB2, SIX3, TMEM67, ZIC2
3MP:00053828.0NODAL, OFD1, SATB2, SIX3, TMEM67, ZIC2
4MP:00053817.7FPR1, NODAL, OFD1, SATB2, SIX3, TMEM67
5MP:00053807.2AGO2, NODAL, OFD1, SATB2, SIX3, TMEM67
6MP:00107685.9AFP, AGO2, FPR1, NODAL, OFD1, SATB2

Publications for Patau Syndrome

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Articles related to Patau Syndrome:

(show all 37)
idTitleAuthorsYear
1
Detection of fetal cell-free DNA in maternal plasma for Down syndrome, Edward syndrome and Patau syndrome of high risk fetus. (26309618)
2015
2
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia in a case of patau syndrome: a rare association. (26034714)
2015
3
Epileptic spasms and early-onset photosensitive epilepsy in Patau syndrome: An EEG study. (25459971)
2014
4
An interesting coexistence of Patau syndrome; Spigelian hernia and undescended testes. (25059026)
2014
5
Trisomy 13 (Patau syndrome) with tetralogy of Fallot--to treat or not to treat? (24461962)
2014
6
Ultrasound features in trisomy 13 (Patau syndrome) and trisomy 18 (Edwards syndrome) in a consecutive series of 47 cases. (25593701)
2014
7
Trisomy 13 (Patau syndrome) and congenital heart defects. (24214527)
2014
8
Clinical features and prognosis of a sample of patients with trisomy 13 (Patau syndrome) from Brazil. (23613355)
2013
9
Survival of trisomy 18 (Edwards syndrome) and trisomy 13 (Patau Syndrome) in England and Wales: 2004-2011. (23949924)
2013
10
Gestational, perinatal and family findings of patients with Patau syndrome. (24473950)
2013
11
Phenotypic variability in Patau syndrome. (24340511)
2013
12
First Trimester Maternal Serum Screening Using Biochemical Markers PAPP-A and Free I^-hCG for Down Syndrome, Patau Syndrome and Edward Syndrome. (24381414)
2013
13
Longevity and Patau syndrome: what determines survival? (23220825)
2012
14
Trisomy 13 (Patau syndrome) and craniosynostosis. (21739580)
2011
15
Clinical relevance of cytogenetics to pediatric practice. Postnatal findings of Patau syndrome - Review of 5 cases. (21977150)
2010
16
Extensive comedonal and cystic acne in Patau syndrome. (20537076)
2010
17
Primary congenital glaucoma associated with Patau syndrome with long survival. (21080618)
2010
18
Patau syndrome with long survival in a case of unusual mosaic trisomy 13. (18495567)
2008
19
Dorsal dimelia in patau syndrome: a case report. (17950216)
2007
20
Variable expressivity in Patau syndrome is not all related to trisomy 13 mosaicism. (17603803)
2007
21
Patau syndrome. (17431076)
2007
22
Patau syndrome with a long survival (146 months): a clinical report and review of literature. (16333832)
2006
23
Patau syndrome and perinatal decision making. (23249587)
2005
24
Patau syndrome with a long survival. A case report. (15266400)
2004
25
Long-term survival in Patau syndrome. (11310997)
2001
26
Trisomy 13 (Patau syndrome). (11042720)
2000
27
Trisomy 13 syndrome (Patau syndrome), trisomy 18 syndrome (Edwards syndrome), Down syndrome (trisomy 21 syndrome), Turner syndrome (XO gonadal dysgenesis)]. (9047985)
1996
28
A case of duplication of 13q32-->qter and deletion of 18p11.32-->pter with mild phenotype: Patau syndrome and duplications of 13q revisited. (8818949)
1996
29
Trisomy 13 (Patau syndrome) with an 11-year survival. (8462196)
1993
30
Ocular abnormalities in Patau syndrome (chromosome 13 trisomy syndrome). (2348978)
1990
31
Trisomy 13 (Patau) syndrome in Delaware. (4076474)
1985
32
Parental age and unbalanced Robertsonian translocations associated with Down syndrome and Patau syndrome: comparison with maternal and paternal age effects for 47, +21 and 47, +13. (6238567)
1984
33
Origin of extra chromosome in Patau syndrome. (6500580)
1984
34
Cerebello-cortical heterotopia in dentate nucleus, and other microdysgeneses in trisomy D1 (Patau) syndrome. (7224090)
1980
35
Rates of 47, + 13 amd 46 translocation D/13 Patau syndrome in live births and comparison with rates in fetal deaths and at amniocentesis. (7446526)
1980
36
Partial trisomy 13 with phenotype of Patau syndrome due to maternal reciprocal translocation t(6;13) (q25;q13). (6965845)
1980
37
Clinical and cytogenetic variations of Patau syndrome (demonstration of ten patients). (1214146)
1975

Variations for Patau Syndrome

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Expression for genes affiliated with Patau Syndrome

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Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Patau Syndrome.

Pathways for genes affiliated with Patau Syndrome

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GO Terms for genes affiliated with Patau Syndrome

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Biological processes related to Patau Syndrome according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1positive regulation of nodal signaling pathway involved in determination of lateral mesoderm left/right asymmetryGO:190022410.3NODAL, ZIC2
2embryonic pattern specificationGO:000988010.0NODAL, SATB2
3SMAD protein signal transductionGO:006039510.0AFP, NODAL
4cilium morphogenesisGO:00602719.8OFD1, TMEM67
5brain developmentGO:00074209.2NODAL, SIX3, ZIC2
6liver developmentGO:00018899.1AFP, NODAL, UROD

Sources for Patau Syndrome

About this section
2CDC
14ExPASy
15FDA
16FMA
24GTR
25HGMD
26HMDB
27ICD10
28ICD10 via Orphanet
29ICD9CM
30IUPHAR
31KEGG
34MedGen
36MeSH
37MESH via Orphanet
38MGI
41NCI
42NCIt
43NDF-RT
46NINDS
47Novoseek
49OMIM
50OMIM via Orphanet
54PubMed
55QIAGEN
60SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
64Tumor Gene Family of Databases
65UMLS
66UMLS via Orphanet