MCID: PNM007
MIFTS: 70

Pneumonia

Categories: Infectious diseases, Respiratory diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Pneumonia

MalaCards integrated aliases for Pneumonia:

Name: Pneumonia 12 72 28 51 40 3 3 41 14 69 59
Acute Pneumonia 12 69

Classifications:



External Ids:

Disease Ontology 12 DOID:552
MeSH 41 D011014
NCIt 46 C3333

Summaries for Pneumonia

MedlinePlus : 40 Pneumonia is an infection in one or both of the lungs. Many germs, such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi, can cause pneumonia. You can also get pneumonia by inhaling a liquid or chemical. People most at risk are older than 65 or younger than 2 years of age, or already have health problems. Symptoms of pneumonia vary from mild to severe. See your doctor promptly if you Have a high fever Have shaking chills Have a cough with phlegm that doesn't improve or gets worse Develop shortness of breath with normal daily activities Have chest pain when you breathe or cough Feel suddenly worse after a cold or the flu Your doctor will use your medical history, a physical exam, and lab tests to diagnose pneumonia. Treatment depends on what kind you have. If bacteria are the cause, antibiotics should help. If you have viral pneumonia, your doctor may prescribe an antiviral medicine to treat it. Preventing pneumonia is always better than treating it. Vaccines are available to prevent pneumococcal pneumonia and the flu. Other preventive measures include washing your hands frequently and not smoking. NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

MalaCards based summary : Pneumonia, also known as acute pneumonia, is related to idiopathic interstitial pneumonia and bronchopneumonia, and has symptoms including snoring, pruritus and hemoptysis. An important gene associated with Pneumonia is CD40LG (CD40 Ligand), and among its related pathways/superpathways are Innate Immune System and ERK Signaling. The drugs Augmentin and Avelox I.V. have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include lung, testes and heart, and related phenotypes are hematopoietic system and cardiovascular system

CDC : 3 Pneumocystis jirovecii in the lung of an HIV/AIDS patient.

Disease Ontology : 12 A lung disease that involves lung parenchyma or alveolar inflammation and abnormal alveolar filling with fluid (consolidation and exudation). It results from a variety of causes including infection with bacteria, viruses, fungi or parasites, and chemical or physical injury to the lungs. It is accompanied by fever, chills, cough, and difficulty in breathing.

PubMed Health : 59
About pneumonia: Pneumonia (nu-MO-ne-ah) is an infection in one or both of the lungs. Many germs—such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi—can cause pneumonia.The infection inflames your lungs' air sacs, which are called alveoli (al-VEE-uhl-eye). The air sacs may fill up with fluid or pus, causing symptoms such as a cough with phlegm (a slimy substance), fever, chills, and trouble breathing.

Wikipedia : 72 Pneumonia is an inflammatory condition of the lung affecting primarily the small air sacs known as... more...

Related Diseases for Pneumonia

Diseases in the Pneumonia family:

Viral Pneumonia

Diseases related to Pneumonia via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 1097)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 idiopathic interstitial pneumonia 33.8 CCL2 CXCL8 ELANE MUC5B SFTPC SFTPD
2 bronchopneumonia 33.6 CD40LG ELANE MPO
3 pneumocystosis 33.3 CD40LG SFTPD TNF
4 avian influenza 32.7 CXCL8 IL6 SFTPD TNF
5 bronchiolitis obliterans 32.7 CXCL8 IL10 IL6 TNF
6 q fever 32.6 CD40LG IL10 IL1B TLR2 TNF
7 pulmonary fibrosis, idiopathic 32.5 CCL2 CCL3 CXCL8 ELANE IL1B MUC5B
8 legionellosis 32.4 CD40LG TLR2 TLR5 TNF
9 invasive aspergillosis 32.4 CXCL8 SFTPD TLR2
10 common variable immunodeficiency 32.3 CD40LG IL10 IL6 TNF
11 pulmonary hemosiderosis 32.2 CD40LG MPO MUC5B
12 melioidosis 32.1 IL10 IL6 TLR2 TLR5 TNF TREM1
13 adult respiratory distress syndrome 32.0 CXCL8 ELANE IL10 IL6 SFTPC TNF
14 toxic shock syndrome 31.9 CXCL8 IL10 IL1B IL6 TNF TREM1
15 respiratory failure 31.8 CRP CXCL8 ELANE IL10 SFTPC SFTPD
16 bronchiolitis 31.8 CCL11 CCL3 CD40LG CXCL8 IL10 IL6
17 acute respiratory distress syndrome 31.7 CXCL8 ELANE IL1B IL6 SFTPC SFTPD
18 interstitial lung disease 31.4 CCL2 CXCL8 IL10 IL1B IL6 MUC5B
19 extrinsic allergic alveolitis 31.3 CCL2 CXCL8 IL10 IL1B IL6 MPO
20 haemophilus influenzae 31.0 CXCL8 IL1B TLR2 TNF
21 chlamydia 31.0 CD40LG CRP CXCL8 IL10 IL1B IL6
22 hematopoietic stem cell transplantation 30.9 IL10 IL6 TNF
23 bronchitis 30.8 CCL11 CD40LG CXCL8 ELANE MPO TNF
24 fasciitis 30.8 CXCL8 IL6 TNF
25 connective tissue disease 30.8 CD40LG IL10 IL6 SFTPD TNF
26 transverse myelitis 30.8 CXCL8 IL10 IL6 TNF
27 arthritis 30.8 CCL2 CXCL8 IL10 IL1B IL6 TNF
28 pulmonary fibrosis 30.8 CCL2 IL1B MUC5B SFTPC SFTPD
29 aspergillosis 30.7 ELANE IL10 SFTPD TLR2
30 lung disease 30.7 CCL2 CCL3 CXCL8 ELANE IL10 IL1B
31 pericarditis 30.7 CRP IL1B IL6 TNF
32 purpura 30.7 CD40LG CRP TNF
33 laryngitis 30.6 IL1B IL6 TNF
34 myelitis 30.6 CCL11 IL6 TNF
35 septic arthritis 30.6 CRP CXCL8 TLR2
36 spondylitis 30.6 CD40LG CRP IL6 TNF
37 pharyngitis 30.6 CRP CXCL8 IL1B
38 cytomegalovirus infection 30.5 CXCL8 IL10 IL6 TNF
39 pulmonary tuberculosis 30.5 CCL3 IL10 TLR2 TNF
40 mycobacterium abscessus 30.5 CXCL8 TLR2 TNF
41 bacteriuria 30.5 CD40LG CXCL8 IL6
42 spondyloarthropathy 1 30.5 CD40LG CRP TNF
43 viral infectious disease 30.5 CCL3 CD40LG CXCL8 IL10 IL1B IL6
44 pulmonary alveolar proteinosis 30.5 CCL2 SFTPC SFTPD
45 temporal arteritis 30.5 CCL2 CD40LG CRP IL6
46 myocarditis 30.4 CD40LG IL6 TNF
47 conjunctivitis 30.4 CCL11 CXCL8 IL6
48 arteries, anomalies of 30.4 CCL2 CRP IL1B IL6 TNF
49 reactive arthritis 30.4 CRP IL10 IL6 TNF
50 adult-onset still's disease 30.4 CRP IL1B IL6 TNF

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Pneumonia:



Diseases related to Pneumonia

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Pneumonia

UMLS symptoms related to Pneumonia:


snoring, pruritus, hemoptysis, fever, coughing

MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Pneumonia:

43
# Description MGI Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 hematopoietic system MP:0005397 10.17 CCL11 CD40LG CSF3 ELANE IL10 IL1B
2 cardiovascular system MP:0005385 10.11 TNF TLR2 TLR5 CD40LG CRP CXCL2
3 immune system MP:0005387 10.09 MPO MUC5B SFTPC SFTPD TLR2 TLR5
4 homeostasis/metabolism MP:0005376 10.07 CD40LG CRP ELANE IL10 IL1B IL6
5 neoplasm MP:0002006 9.56 ELANE IL10 IL1B IL6 SFTPC TLR2
6 respiratory system MP:0005388 9.28 TLR2 TLR5 TNF CCL11 IL10 IL6

Drugs & Therapeutics for Pneumonia

PubMedHealth treatment related to Pneumonia: 59

Treatment for pneumonia depends on the type of pneumonia you have and how severe it is. Most people who have community-acquired pneumonia—the most common type of pneumonia—are treated at home.The goals of treatment are to cure the infection and prevent complications.

FDA approved drugs:

(show all 7)
# Drug Name Active Ingredient(s) 17 Company Approval Date
1
Augmentin 17 AMOXICILLIN; CLAVULANATE POTASSIUM SmithKline Beecham February 1996
2
Avelox I.V. 17 MOXIFLOXACIN HYDROCHLORIDE Bayer November 2001
3
Teflaro 17 CEFTAROLINE FOSAMIL Cerexa Nov-10
4
Tequin 17 Bristol-Myers Squibb December, 1999
5
Tygacil 17 TIGECYCLINE Wyeth 2005
6
Vibativ 17 * TELAVANCIN * TELAVANCIN HYDROCHLORIDE Theravance June 2013
7
Zosyn 17 PIPERACILLIN SODIUM; TAZOBACTAM SODIUM Wyeth May 1996

Drugs for Pneumonia (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show top 50) (show all 884)
# Name Status Phase Clinical Trials Cas Number PubChem Id
1
Ethanol Approved Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2,Early Phase 1 64-17-5 702
2
Nicotine Approved Phase 4 54-11-5 89594 942
3
Simvastatin Approved Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 1,Phase 2 79902-63-9 54454
4
Zinc Approved, Investigational Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2,Phase 1 7440-66-6 32051 23994
5
Estradiol Approved, Investigational, Vet_approved Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2 50-28-2 5757
6
Cyclophosphamide Approved, Investigational Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 1,Phase 2 50-18-0, 6055-19-2 2907
7
Erythromycin Approved, Investigational, Vet_approved Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2 114-07-8 12560
8
Penicillin G Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4,Phase 3 61-33-6 5904
9
Omeprazole Approved, Investigational, Vet_approved Phase 4,Phase 2,Phase 1 73590-58-6 4594
10
Ciprofloxacin Approved, Investigational Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2,Phase 1 85721-33-1 2764
11
Tetracycline Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4,Phase 1,Early Phase 1 60-54-8 5353990
12
Azathioprine Approved Phase 4,Phase 2,Phase 3,Phase 1 446-86-6 2265
13
Ceftriaxone Approved Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2 73384-59-5 5479530 5361919
14
Etanercept Approved, Investigational Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 1,Phase 2 185243-69-0
15
Hydrocortisone Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2 50-23-7 657311 5754
16
Bosentan Approved, Investigational Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2 147536-97-8 104865
17
Prednisolone Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2,Phase 1 50-24-8 5755
18
Miconazole Approved, Investigational, Vet_approved Phase 4,Phase 2,Phase 3,Phase 1 22916-47-8 4189
19
Calcium Carbonate Approved, Investigational Phase 4 471-34-1
20
Amikacin Approved, Investigational, Vet_approved Phase 4,Phase 2,Phase 3 37517-28-5 37768
21
Budesonide Approved Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2,Phase 1 51333-22-3 5281004 63006
22
Azithromycin Approved Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2,Phase 1 83905-01-5 53477736 447043 55185
23
Norgestimate Approved, Investigational Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2 35189-28-7 6540478
24 Cisatracurium Approved, Experimental Phase 4 96946-41-7
25
Oseltamivir Approved Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2,Phase 1 196618-13-0, 204255-11-8 65028
26
Pirfenidone Approved, Investigational Phase 4,Phase 2,Phase 3,Phase 1 53179-13-8 40632
27
Minocycline Approved, Investigational Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 1,Phase 2 10118-90-8 5281021
28
Clarithromycin Approved Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2 81103-11-9 84029
29
Ofloxacin Approved Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2,Phase 1 82419-36-1 4583
30
Amoxicillin Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4,Phase 2,Phase 3,Phase 1 26787-78-0 33613 2171
31
Vancomycin Approved Phase 4,Phase 2,Phase 3,Phase 1,Early Phase 1 1404-90-6 14969 441141
32
Sulfamethoxazole Approved Phase 4,Phase 2,Phase 3,Phase 1 723-46-6 5329
33
Doxycycline Approved, Investigational, Vet_approved Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 1,Phase 2,Early Phase 1 564-25-0 54671203
34
Metronidazole Approved Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2 443-48-1 4173
35
Moxifloxacin Approved, Investigational Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2 151096-09-2, 354812-41-2 152946
36
Trimethoprim Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4,Phase 2,Phase 3,Phase 1 738-70-5 5578
37
Cilastatin Approved, Investigational Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2,Phase 1 82009-34-5 6435415 5280454
38
Meropenem Approved, Investigational Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2 119478-56-7 441130 64778
39
Imipenem Approved Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2,Phase 1 64221-86-9, 74431-23-5 104838
40
Chlorhexidine Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2,Phase 1 55-56-1 2713 9552079
41
Cefotaxime Approved Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2 63527-52-6 5742673 456256
42
Linezolid Approved, Investigational Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2 165800-03-3 441401
43
Benzocaine Approved, Investigational Phase 4,Phase 2,Phase 3 1994-09-7, 94-09-7 2337
44
Telithromycin Approved Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2 191114-48-4 0 5462516
45
Tazobactam Approved Phase 4,Phase 2,Phase 3,Phase 1 89786-04-9 123630
46
Ceftazidime Approved Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 2 72558-82-8, 78439-06-2 5481173
47
Sulbactam Approved Phase 4,Phase 3,Phase 1,Phase 2 68373-14-8
48
Piperacillin Approved Phase 4,Phase 2,Phase 3 66258-76-2 43672
49
Cefoxitin Approved Phase 4,Phase 2 35607-66-0 441199
50
Cefepime Approved, Investigational Phase 4,Phase 3 88040-23-7 5479537

Interventional clinical trials:

(show top 50) (show all 2542)

# Name Status NCT ID Phase Drugs
1 Ventilator Associated Pneumonia in Taper Guard Versus Normal Tube in ICU Patients Unknown status NCT01501227 Phase 4
2 Pharmacokinetic and Pharmacodynamic Evaluation of Linezolid Administered Intravenously in MRSA-positive, Morbidly Obese Patients With Pneumonia Unknown status NCT01805284 Phase 4 Linezolid
3 Clinical Pathway Based on Procalcitonin Levels for the Management of Community-acquired Pneumonia in Outpatients Unknown status NCT02600806 Phase 4 Azithromycin;Levofloxacin
4 Corticosteroid Therapy for Severe Community-Acquired Pneumonia Unknown status NCT02552342 Phase 4 methylprednisolone;Normal saline
5 Ventilator-associated Pneumonia (VAP) and Humidification System Unknown status NCT01546974 Phase 4
6 Linezolid Alone or Combined With Carbapenem Against Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA) in Ventilator-associated Pneumonia Unknown status NCT01356472 Phase 4 Imipenem/cilastatin
7 Efficacy and Safety Trial to Assess Moxifloxacin in Treating Community-Acquired Pneumonia (CAP) With Aspiration Factors Unknown status NCT00752947 Phase 4 moxifloxacin;levofloxacin;metronidazole
8 Chlorhexidine Gluconate for Prevention of Ventilator Associated Pneumonia in Children. Unknown status NCT01883596 Phase 4 0.12% chlorhexidine solution;Placebo
9 Probiotics for Prevention of Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia (VAP) Unknown status NCT01301131 Phase 4
10 Duration of Antibiotic Therapy in Community - Acquired Pneumonia Unknown status NCT01492387 Phase 4
11 Chinese Medicinal Herbs Treatment on Novel Influenza A (H1N1)Pneumonia: Multi-centre, Prospective, Randomized Controlled Study Unknown status NCT00936013 Phase 4 oseltamivir;oseltamivir and chinese medicinal herbs
12 SDD for Eradicating CRKP Carriage Unknown status NCT01761487 Phase 4
13 Cyclosporine A in the TReatment of Interstitial Pneumonitis Associated With Sjogren's Syndrome Unknown status NCT02370550 Phase 4 Cyclosporin A;Prednisone;Placebo;Calcium carbonate D
14 7-valent Pneumococcal Conjugated Vaccination Unknown status NCT00885625 Phase 4
15 Effect of Vitamin D Supplementation in Young South African Children Hospitalized With Acute Lower Respiratory Infection Unknown status NCT02054182 Phase 4 Vitamin D
16 Procalcitonin as a Marker of Antibiotic Therapy in Patients With Lower Respiratory Tract Infections Unknown status NCT02171338 Phase 4
17 Lactobacillus Preparation on the Incidence of Diarrhea Unknown status NCT01792739 Phase 4 Lactobacillus casei variety rhamnosus granules;Placebo
18 Pneumonia Vaccine in Liver Transplant Recipients: a Booster Strategy Using a Conjugate Vaccine Unknown status NCT00152802 Phase 4
19 Cotrimoxazole Prophylaxis Cessation Study Among Stabilized HIV-Infected Adult Patients on HAART in Entebbe, Uganda Unknown status NCT00674921 Phase 4 cotrimoxazole;Placebo
20 Safety and Efficacy Study of High Dose Colistin Unknown status NCT02162966 Phase 4 High Dose Colistin;Standard Dose Colistin
21 Bosentan in Pulmonary Hypertension in Interstitial Lung Disease Treatment Study Unknown status NCT00637065 Phase 4 Bosentan;Placebo
22 Middle Meatal Bacteriology During Acute Respiratory Infection in Children Unknown status NCT00545961 Phase 4 placebo;amoxicillin clavulanate acid
23 LGG for Prevention of Infectious Complications During PPI Treatment in Children Unknown status NCT01782118 Phase 4
24 Empirical vs 2nd Line Antibiotic Therapy in Health-care Associated Infections in Cirrhosis Unknown status NCT01820026 Phase 4 Imipenem;Vancomycin;azithromycin;Cefotaxime;Amoxicillin
25 Randomized, Double Blind, Placebo Control Trial to Evaluate the Efficacy of Wu-Chu-Yu Tang on Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) Unknown status NCT01822106 Phase 4
26 Optimizing Influenza Vaccination in Surgical Oncology Patients Unknown status NCT01698177 Phase 4
27 Prevention of Chronic Lung Disease (CLD) in Preterm Infants Unknown status NCT00883532 Phase 4 budesonide;surfactant and air (placebo)
28 Comparative Study of Non-Invasive Mask Ventilation vs Cuirass Ventilation in Patients With Acute Respiratory Failure. Unknown status NCT00331656 Phase 4
29 Effects of Neuromuscular Blocking Agents (NMBA) on the Alteration of Transpulmonary Pressures at the Early Phase of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) Unknown status NCT01573715 Phase 4 NIMBEX;NIMBEX
30 Comparing Treatment Efficacy With HD/MD Flu Plus Sal in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Patients Unknown status NCT01131806 Phase 4 fluticasone/ salmeterol 125/25 mcg/puff;fluticasone/ salmeterol 250/25 mcg/puff
31 High Dose Influenza Vaccine in Nursing Home Unknown status NCT01720277 Phase 4
32 Aspiration of Subglottic Secretions Using Hi-Lo Evac Endotracheal Tube: Tube Size and Incidence of Suction Lumen Dysfunction Unknown status NCT00450476 Phase 4
33 Polysaccharide Antibody Response Study Unknown status NCT02429531 Phase 4
34 Effect of Daily Nicotine Patch Application on Mechanical Ventilation Weaning in Smoking Patients Unknown status NCT01104896 Phase 4 Nicotine patch;Placebo
35 Diverticulitis: Antibiotics or Close Observation? Unknown status NCT01111253 Phase 4 Amoxicillin-clavulanate
36 Acute Effect of Sildenafil on Exercise Tolerance and Functional Capacity in COPD, IPF and Post Pneumonectomy Patients Unknown status NCT01382368 Phase 4 Sildenafil
37 Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Secondary to Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis and Treatment With Bosentan Unknown status NCT00625469 Phase 4 bosentan
38 Correlation Among Sperm DNA Fragmentation, Genitourinary Infection by Mycoplasma in Male and the Pregnancy Outcomes After IUI in Their Partner Unknown status NCT01555047 Phase 4
39 Time to Eradication of Mycoplasma Genitalium and Chlamydia Trachomatis After Treatment Commenced Unknown status NCT01661985 Phase 4 Azithromycin;Doxycycline;lymecycline
40 Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Secondary to Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis And Treatment With Sildenafil Unknown status NCT00625079 Phase 4 sildenafil;sildenafil
41 Targeting of Immune Response After Pneumococcal Vaccination Completed NCT01402245 Phase 4
42 Home Management of Malaria and Pneumonia Completed NCT02151578 Phase 4
43 Toothbrushing and Ventilator-associated Pneumonia Completed NCT01477099 Phase 4
44 Prevention of Pneumonia Comparing Ceftriaxone With Subglottic Aspiration Completed NCT00374959 Phase 4 ceftriaxone
45 The Efficacy of Three Months-prednisolone Therapy for Chronic Eosinophilic Pneumonia Completed NCT00632554 Phase 4 prednisolone 0.5 mg/kg/day for three months;prednisolone 0.5 mg/kg/day for six months
46 Avelox for Treatment of Elderly Patients With Community Acquired Pneumonia Completed NCT00665327 Phase 4 Avelox (Moxifloxacin, BAY12-8039);Levofloxacin
47 Safety and Efficacy Study of Ceftaroline Versus a Comparator in Pediatric Subjects With Complicated Community Acquired Pneumonia (CABP) Completed NCT01669980 Phase 4 Ceftaroline fosamil;IV Ceftriaxone and Vancomycin
48 Effect of Aerosolised Colistin in Ventilator Associated Pneumonia Completed NCT02683603 Phase 4 AS colistin and "imipenem";IV colistin " and "imipenem" .;AS colimycin (colistin);IV colimycin (colistin);AS colistin and imipenem;IV colistin and imipenem
49 Vitamin D Supplementation and Respiratory Index of Severity in Children (RISC) in Pneumonia Completed NCT02936895 Phase 4 Vitamin D3;Placebo
50 Comparison Between Amoxycillin/Clavulanic Acid and Oxacillin/Ceftriaxone for Community Acquired-pneumonia Completed NCT01166932 Phase 4 Amoxycillin/clavulanic acid;ceftriaxone/oxacillin

Search NIH Clinical Center for Pneumonia

Inferred drug relations via UMLS 69 / NDF-RT 47 :


Cochrane evidence based reviews: pneumonia

Genetic Tests for Pneumonia

Genetic tests related to Pneumonia:

# Genetic test Affiliating Genes
1 Pneumonia 28

Anatomical Context for Pneumonia

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Pneumonia:

38
Lung, Testes, Heart, Colon, Skin, Liver, Brain

Publications for Pneumonia

Articles related to Pneumonia:

(show top 50) (show all 6266)
# Title Authors Year
1
Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis following Influenza A pneumonia. ( 29445493 )
2018
2
Drug-induced eosinophilic pneumonia: A review of 196 case reports. ( 29369189 )
2018
3
A Randomized Controlled Trial to Investigate the Effectiveness of the Prevention of Aspiration Pneumonia Using Recommendations for Swallowing Care Guided by Ultrasound Examination. ( 29439537 )
2018
4
Treatment of a Klebsiella pneumoniae KPC cellulitis and gut decolonization with ceftazidime/avibactam in a migrant from Libya. ( 29336224 )
2018
5
Bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia after stereotactic ablative radiation therapy for lung cancer: A case report. ( 29395853 )
2018
6
Variation in the Diagnosis of Aspiration Pneumonia and Association with Hospital Pneumonia Outcomes. ( 29298090 )
2018
7
Using oral health assessment to predict aspiration pneumonia in older adults. ( 29446124 )
2018
8
Paradoxical respiratory failure due to cryptococcal pneumonia after amphotericin B treatment for HIV-associated cryptococcal meningitis. ( 29379704 )
2018
9
Osteoblasts Are Rapidly Ablated by Virus-Induced Systemic Inflammation following Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis Virus or Pneumonia Virus of Mice Infection in Mice. ( 29212906 )
2018
10
Relationship of aspiration pneumonia to cognitive impairment and oral condition: a cross-sectional study. ( 29388021 )
2018
11
Silent aspiration predicts mortality in older adults with aspiration pneumonia admitted to acute hospitals. ( 29388314 )
2018
12
Application of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in patients with severe acute respiratory distress syndrome induced by avian influenza A (H7N9) viral pneumonia: national data from the Chinese multicentre collaboration. ( 29310581 )
2018
13
Cryptogenic organizing pneumonia masquerading as lung carcinoma: A case report and review of the literature. ( 29399056 )
2018
14
Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation for Refractory Severe Respiratory Failure in Acute Interstitial Pneumonia. ( 29323413 )
2018
15
Peptidoglycan Recognition Protein 3 Does Not Alter the Outcome of Pneumococcal Pneumonia in Mice. ( 29449834 )
2018
16
Daptomycin-induced Eosinophilic Pneumonia and a Review of the Published Literature. ( 29093391 )
2018
17
Systematic dysphagia screening and dietary modifications to reduce stroke-associated pneumonia rates in a stroke-unit. ( 29389984 )
2018
18
The association of HLA-B27 and Klebsiella pneumoniae in ankylosing spondylitis: A systematic review. ( 29438717 )
2018
19
One-Year Risk of Pneumonia and Mortality in Patients with Poststroke Dysphagia: A Nationwide Population-Based Study. ( 29395642 )
2018
20
Hemorrhagic encephalitis associated with H3N2 influenza A viral pneumonia. ( 29440541 )
2018
21
Mutant selection window of four quinolone antibiotics against clinical isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae and Moraxella catarrhalis. ( 29290527 )
2018
22
Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis mimicking organizing pneumonia after mTOR inhibitor therapy: a case report. ( 29408183 )
2018
23
Guillain-BarrAc syndrome and optic neuritis after Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection. ( 29429558 )
2018
24
Could Polymerase Chain Reaction-Based Methods Differentiate Pneumonitis From Bacterial Aspiration Pneumonia? ( 29252957 )
2018
25
13-Valent vaccine serotype pneumococcal community acquired pneumonia in adults in high clinical risk groups. ( 29439865 )
2018
26
Stewardship opportunities in viral pneumonia: why not the immunocompromised? ( 29423923 )
2018
27
Pneumomediastinum and Pneumothorax Associated with Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) Pneumonia. ( 29379004 )
2018
28
Maternal Influenza Immunization and Prevention of Severe Clinical Pneumonia in Young Infants: Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials Conducted in Nepal, Mali, and South Africa. ( 29443825 )
2018
29
Prognostic and Pathogenic Role of Angiopoietin-1 and -2 in Pneumonia. ( 29447449 )
2018
30
Antibiotic treatment in childhood community-acquired pneumonia - clinical practice versus guidelines: results from two university hospitals. ( 29440952 )
2018
31
A rare case of renal vein thrombosis secondary to<i>Klebsiella pneumoniae</i>pyelonephritis. ( 29416285 )
2018
32
Aggressive fluid accumulation is associated with acute kidney injury and mortality in a cohort of patients with severe pneumonia caused by influenza A H1N1 virus. ( 29447205 )
2018
33
Overlap of interstitial pneumonia with autoimmune features with undifferentiated connective tissue disease and contribution of UIP to mortality. ( 29320807 )
2018
34
The Onset of Eosinophilic Pneumonia Preceding Anti-synthetase Syndrome. ( 29093389 )
2018
35
Serial chest CT in cryptogenic organizing pneumonia: Evolutional changes and prognostic determinants. ( 28960643 )
2018
36
Reply to 'Influenza follicles and their buds as early diagnostic markers of influenza: typical images' and demonstration of lymphoid follicles in the posterior pharyngeal walls of patients with mycoplasmal pneumonia. ( 29440479 )
2018
37
A case series on common cold to severe bronchiolitis and pneumonia in children following human metapneumovirus infection in Sri Lanka. ( 29444701 )
2018
38
Predicting 1-year mortality after hospitalization for community-acquired pneumonia. ( 29444151 )
2018
39
Short-term Automated Quantification of Radiologic Changes in the Characterization of Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis Versus Nonspecific Interstitial Pneumonia and Prediction of Long-term Survival. ( 29219887 )
2018
40
Elucidating the impact of the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine programme on pneumonia, sepsis and otitis media hospital admissions in England using a composite control. ( 29415741 )
2018
41
Clinical Characteristics of Pneumonia in Chinese Hemodialysis Patients. ( 29451161 )
2018
42
A case of herpes simplex virus pneumonia detected by sputum cytodiagnosis. ( 29375858 )
2018
43
Desquamative interstitial pneumonia complicated by diffuse alveolar haemorrhage. ( 29321935 )
2018
44
Streptococcus pneumoniae-associated Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome. ( 29417459 )
2018
45
Novel complication of an emerging disease: Invasive<i>Klebsiella pneumoniae</i>liver abscess syndrome as a cause of acute respiratory distress syndrome. ( 29441188 )
2018
46
Long-term management and persistent impairment of pulmonary function in chronic eosinophilic pneumonia: A review of the previous literature. ( 29395966 )
2018
47
Comparison of viral infection in healthcare-associated pneumonia (HCAP) and community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). ( 29447204 )
2018
48
Accuracy of high-throughput nanofluidic PCR-based pneumococcal serotyping and quantification assays using sputum samples for diagnosing vaccine serotype pneumococcal pneumonia: analyses by composite diagnostic standards and Bayesian latent class models. ( 29444834 )
2018
49
Virome and bacteriome characterization of children with pneumonia and asthma in Mexico City during winter seasons 2014 and 2015. ( 29447223 )
2018
50
Purulent pericarditis, an unusual complication of pneumococcal pneumonia: a case report. ( 29322942 )
2018

Variations for Pneumonia