MCID: PRG009
MIFTS: 52

Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy malady

Categories: Rare diseases, Infectious diseases, Neuronal diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy

About this section
Sources:
11Disease Ontology, 46NIH Rare Diseases, 47NINDS, 13DISEASES, 52Orphanet, 37MeSH, 66UMLS, 48Novoseek, 28ICD10, 30ICD9CM, 43NCIt, 38MESH via Orphanet, 67UMLS via Orphanet, 60SNOMED-CT
See all MalaCards sources

Aliases & Descriptions for Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy:

Name: Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy 11 46 47 13 52
Leukoencephalopathy, Progressive Multifocal 46 37 66
Pml 11 46 52
 
Leukoencephalopathy Progressive Multifocal 48
Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalitis 52

Characteristics:

Orphanet epidemiological data:

52
progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy:
Inheritance: Not applicable; Age of onset: All ages

Classifications:



External Ids:

Disease Ontology11 DOID:643
ICD1028 A81.2
ICD9CM30 046.3
MeSH37 D007968
SNOMED-CT60 22255007
NCIt43 C26815
Orphanet52 ORPHA217260
MESH via Orphanet38 D007968
UMLS via Orphanet67 C0023524

Summaries for Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy

About this section
NIH Rare Diseases:46 Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (pml) is a neurological disorder that damages the myelin that covers and protects nerves in the white matter of the brain. it is caused by the jc virus (jcv). by age 10, most people have been infected with this virus, but it rarely causes symptoms unless the immune system becomes severely weakened. the disease occurs, rarely, in organ transplant patients; people undergoing chronic corticosteroid or immunosuppressive therapy; and individuals with cancer, such as hodgkin’s disease, lymphoma, and sarcoidosis.  pml is most common among individuals with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (aids). last updated: 4/1/2011

MalaCards based summary: Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy, also known as leukoencephalopathy, progressive multifocal, is related to systemic lupus erythematosus and acute promyelocytic leukemia pml/rara type. An important gene associated with Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy is HTR2A (5-Hydroxytryptamine Receptor 2A), and among its related pathways are Cytokines and Inflammatory Response and Immune response_MIF-mediated glucocorticoid regulation. Affiliated tissues include brain, t cells and kidney, and related mouse phenotypes are craniofacial and liver/biliary system.

Disease Ontology:11 A viral infectious disease that involves reactivation of jc polyomavirus in immune-compromised individuals which causes the loss of white matter (which is made up of myelin, a substance the surrounds and protects nerve fibers) in multiple areas of the brain. the symptoms include hemiparesis, aphasia, dysarthria, hemianopia, cognitive impairment and coma.

NINDS:47 Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) is a disease of the white matter of the brain, caused by a virus infection that targets cells that make myelin--the material that insulates nerve cells (neurons).

Wikipedia:69 Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) is a rare and usually fatal viral disease characterized... more...

Related Diseases for Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy

About this section

Diseases related to Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50)    (show all 176)
idRelated DiseaseScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1systemic lupus erythematosus29.9CD40LG, IL2, PDCD1, TNF
2acute promyelocytic leukemia pml/rara type12.2
3leukemia, acute promyelocytic, somatic12.1
4linitis plastica10.6IL2, TNF
5maligant granulosa cell tumor of ovary10.6IL2, TNF
6graft-versus-host disease, protection against10.6IL2, TNF
7spastic paraplegia-paget disease of bone syndrome10.6ITGA4, TNF
8keratoconjunctivitis sicca10.6CD40LG, TNF
9addison's disease10.6IL2, TNF
10splenic manifestation of prolymphocytic leukemia10.6IL2, TNF
11night blindness10.6CD40LG, TNF
12ileocolitis10.5CD40LG, TNF
13amyotrophic lateral sclerosis type 410.5IL2, TNF
14scleral disease10.5CD40LG, TNF
15non-secretory myeloma10.5CD40LG, TNF
16lipodermatosclerosis10.5IL2, TNF
17strawberry gallbladder10.5CD40LG, IL2
18lymphoma10.5
19suppurative uveitis10.5CD40LG, TNF
20potter's syndrome10.5IL2, TNF
21japanese encephalitis10.5CD40LG, IL2
22phlyctenulosis10.5CD40LG, TNF
23alkhurma hemorrhagic fever10.5CD40LG, TNF
24fetal erythroblastosis10.4CD40LG, TNF
25pulmonary hypertension10.4BCL2, TNF
26bolivian hemorrhagic fever10.4IL2, TNF
27epididymis adenomatoid tumor10.4CD40LG, TNF
28loin pain hematuria syndrome10.4CD40LG, TNF
29solitary osseous plasmacytoma10.4BCL2, IL2
30pediatric t-cell leukemia10.4BCL2, IL2
31leukostasis10.4CD40LG, TNF
32leukemia10.4
33gait apraxia10.4CD40LG, TNF
34disease_ontology10.4BCL2, CD40LG
35malignant histiocytosis10.4CD40LG, TNF
36lupus erythematosus10.3
37stampe sorensen syndrome10.3BCL2, TNF
38foodborne botulism10.3CD40LG, TNF
39crest syndrome10.3CD40LG, TNF
40brucella abortus brucellosis10.3CD40LG, IL2, TNF
41pneumonic tularemia10.3CD40LG, IL2, TNF
42early congenital syphilis10.3CD40LG, IL2, TNF
43lacrimal system cancer10.3CD40LG, IL2, TNF
44renovascular hypertension10.3CD40LG, IL2, TNF
45inner ear cancer10.3CD40LG, TNF
46metagonimiasis10.3CD40LG, IL2, TNF
47subendocardial infarction acute myocardial infarction10.3CD40LG, IL2, TNF
48esophagus melanoma10.3CD40LG, IL2, TNF
49bacteriuria10.3CD40LG, IL2, TNF
50heart leiomyosarcoma10.3CD40LG, IL2, TNF

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy:



Diseases related to progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy

Symptoms for Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy

About this section

Drugs & Therapeutics for Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy

About this section

Drugs for Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show all 24)
idNameStatusPhaseClinical TrialsCas NumberPubChem Id
1interferonsPhase 42112
2
NatalizumabPhase 496189261-10-7
Synonyms:
189261-10-7
Anti-VLA4
Anti-alpha4 integrin
 
D06886
Natalizumab
Natalizumab (INN)
Tysabri
Tysabri (TN)
3PREDNISOLONE ACETATEPhase 41118
4
MethylprednisolonePhase 4111883-43-26741
Synonyms:
(6S,8S,9S,10R,11S,13S,14S,17R)-11,17-dihydroxy-17-(2-hydroxyacetyl)-6,10,13-trimethyl-7,8,9,11,12,14,15,16-octahydro-6H-cyclopenta[a]phenanthren-3-one
(6a,11b)-11,17,21-Trihydroxy-6-methylpregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione
(6alpha,11beta)-11,17,21-Trihydroxy-6-methylpregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione
(6α,11β)-11,17,21-trihydroxy-6-methylpregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione
.DELTA.1-6.alpha.-Methylhydrocortisone
1-Dehydro-6alpha-methylhydrocortisone
1-dehydro-6alpha-Methylhydrocortisone
1-dehydro-6α-methylhydrocortisone
11-beta,17,21-Trihydroxy-6-alpha-methylpregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione
11beta,17,21-Trihydroxy-6alpha-methylpregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione
11beta,17alpha,21-Trihydroxy-6alpha-methyl-1,4-pregnadiene-3,20-dione
11beta,17alpha,21-Trihydroxy-6alpha-methylpregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione
121673-01-6
4-08-00-03498 (Beilstein Handbook Reference)
46436_FLUKA
46436_RIEDEL
570-35-4
6 Methylprednisolone
6-Methylprednisolone
6-alpha-Methylprednisolone
6.alpha.-Methylprednisolone
6923-42-8
6alpha-Methyl-11beta,17alpha,21-trihydroxy-1,4-pregnadiene-3,20-dione
6alpha-Methyl-11beta,17alpha,21-triol-1,4-pregnadiene-3,20-dione
6alpha-Methylprednisolone
6alpha-methyl-11beta,17alpha,21-triol-1,4-pregnadiene-3,20-dione
83-43-2
AC1L1N7A
Artisone-Wyeth
Artisone-wyeth
BPBio1_000174
BRD-K35240538-001-03-1
BRN 2340300
BSPBio_000158
Besonia
Bio-0658
CHEBI:6888
CHEMBL650
CID6741
CPD000058330
D00407
D008775
DB00959
Depo-Medrol (acetate)
Dopomedrol
EINECS 201-476-4
Esametone
Firmacort
HMS1568H20
HMS2090B13
HSDB 3127
LMST02030178
LS-118498
Lemod
M0639_SIGMA
M1665
MEPRDL
MLS000028541
MLS001148159
MLS002207191
Medesone
Medixon
Medlone 21
 
Medrate
Medrol
Medrol (TN)
Medrol Adt Pak
Medrol Dosepak
Medrol adt pak
Medrol dosepak
Medrol, Solu-Medrol, Medrone, Methylprednisolone
Medrone
Mesopren
Metastab
Methyleneprednisolone
Methylprednisolon
Methylprednisolone
Methylprednisolone (JP15/USP/INN)
Methylprednisolone [USAN:INN:BAN:JAN]
Methylprednisolone, 6-alpha
Methylprednisolonum
Methylprednisolonum [INN-Latin]
Metilbetasone
Metilprednisolona
Metilprednisolona [INN-Spanish]
Metilprednisolone
Metilprednisolone [DCIT]
Metilprednisolone [Dcit]
Metipred
Metrisone
Metrocort
Metysolon
Moderin
MolPort-002-528-554
NCGC00022735-03
NCI60_001657
NSC-19987
NSC19987
Nirypan
Noretona
Predni N Tablinen
Prednol- L
Pregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione, 11beta,17,21-trihydroxy-6alpha-methyl- (8CI)
Prestwick0_000279
Prestwick1_000279
Prestwick2_000279
Prestwick3_000279
Prestwick_622
Promacortine
Reactenol
S1733_Selleck
SAM002589984
SMR000058330
SPBio_002377
Sieropresol
Solomet
Summicort
Suprametil
U 7532
UNII-X4W7ZR7023
Urbason
Urbasone
Wyacort
ZINC03875560
delta(1)-6alpha-Methylhydrocortisone
delta(sup 1)-6-alpha-Methylhydrocortisone
methylprednisolone
methylprenisolone
5glucocorticoidsPhase 44756
6
PrednisolonePhase 4111850-24-85755
Synonyms:
(11beta)-11,17,21-Trihydroxypregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione
.DELTA.1-Cortisol
.DELTA.1-Dehydrocortisol
.DELTA.1-Dehydrohydrocortisone
.DELTA.1-Hydrocortisone
.delta.-Cortef
.delta.-Stab
1,2-Dehydrohydrocortisone
1,4-Pregnadiene-11beta,17alpha,21-triol-3,20-dione
1,4-Pregnadiene-3,20-dione-11beta,17alpha,21-triol
1-Dehydrocortisol
1-Dehydrohydrocortisone
3,20-dioxo-11beta,17alpha,21-Trihydroxy-1,4-pregnadiene
46656_FLUKA
46656_RIEDEL
50-24-8
58201-11-9
8056-11-9
AC-1773
AC1L1L2E
Ak-Pred
Ak-Tate
Alphadrol
Articulose-50
BPBio1_000164
BRD-K98039984-001-03-0
BRN 1354103
BSPBio_000148
Bio-0666
Bubbli-Pred
C07369
CCRIS 980
CHEBI:8378
CHEMBL131
CID5755
CO-Hydeltra
CPD000718761
Co-Hydeltra
Codelcortone
Cordrol
Cortalone
Cotogesic
Cotolone
D00472
D011239
DB00860
Decaprednil
Decortin H
Delcortol
Delta F
Delta(1)-dehydrohydrocortisone
Delta-Cortef
Delta-Cortef (TN)
Delta-Ef-Cortelan
Delta-Stab
Delta-stab
Deltacortenol
Deltacortril
Deltacortril Enteric
Deltahydrocortisone
Deltasolone
Deltisilone
Depo-Medrol
Derpo PD
Derpo Pd
Dexa-Cortidelt Hostacortin H
Dexa-Cortidelt hostacortin H
Di Adreson F
Di-Adreson F
Di-Adreson-F
Di-adreson F
DiAdresonF
Dicortol
Donisolone
Dydeltrone
EINECS 200-021-7
Eazolin D
Econopred
Econopred Plus
Erbacort
Erbasona
Estilsona
Fernisolone
Fernisolone P
Fernisolone-P
Flamasone
HMS1568H10
HMS2090J05
HSDB 3385
Hostacortin H
Hydeltra
Hydeltra-Tba
Hydeltrasol
Hydeltrone
Hydrodeltalone
Hydrodeltisone
Hydroretrocortin
Hydroretrocortine
I-Pred
Inflamase Forte
Inflamase Mild
K 1557
Key-Pred
Klismacort
LMST02030179
LS-7669
Lentosone
Lite Pred
M-Predrol
 
MLS001304083
MLS002154250
MLS002207037
Medrol
Medrol Acetate
Metacortandralone
Methylprednisolone Acetate
Meti-Derm
Meticortelone
Metreton
MolPort-002-507-147
NCGC00179649-01
NSC 9120
NSC9120
NSC9900
Neo-Delta-Cortef
Nisolone
Nor-Pred T.B.A.
Ocu-Pred
Ocu-Pred Forte
Ophtho-Tate
Orapred
P0152_SIGMA
P0637
P6004_SIGMA
PRDL
PRED-G
Panafcortelone
Paracortol
Paracotol
Pediapred
Poly-Pred
Precortalon
Precortancyl
Precortilon
Precortisyl
Pred Forte
Pred Mild
Predair
Predair A
Predair Forte
Predalone 50
Predalone T.B.A.
Predate
Predate Tba
Predate-50
Predcor-25
Predcor-50
Predcor-Tba
Predisolone Sodium Phosphate
Predne-Dome
Prednelan
Predni-Dome
Prednicen
Predniliderm
Predniretard
Prednis
Prednisolona
Prednisolona [INN-Spanish]
Prednisolone (JP15/USP/INN)
Prednisolone (anhydrous)
Prednisolone Acetate
Prednisolone Sodium Phosphate
Prednisolone Tebutate
Prednisolone [INN:BAN:JAN]
Prednisolonum
Prednisolonum [INN-Latin]
Predonin
Predonine
Prelone
Prenolone
Prestwick0_000274
Prestwick1_000274
Prestwick2_000274
Prestwick3_000274
Prestwick_404
Rolisone
S1737_Selleck
SAM002264639
SMR000718761
SPBio_002367
Scherisolon
Solone
Steran
Sterane
Sterolone
Supercortisol
UNII-9PHQ9Y1OLM
Ulacort
Ultra Pred
Ultracorten H
Ultracortene H
Ultracortene-H
Ultracortene-Hydrogen
Ultracortene-hydrogen
ZINC03833821
component of Ataraxoid
component of K-Predne-Dome
delta(1)-Cortisol
delta(1)-Dehydrocortisol
delta(1)-Dehydrohydrocortisone
delta(1)-Hydrocortisone
delta(sup 1)-Cortisol
delta(sup 1)-Dehydrocortisol
delta(sup 1)-Dehydrohydrocortisone
delta(sup 1)-Hydrocortisone
delta-dehydrocortisol
delta-dehydrohydrocortisone
delta-hydrocortisone
prednisolone
7
Interferon beta-1bPhase 482145155-23-3
Synonyms:
Betaseron
 
Fibroblast interferon
IFN-beta
Interferon beta precursor
8
ZalcitabinePhase 2457481-89-224066
Synonyms:
.beta.-D-2',3'-Dideoxycytidine
.beta.-D-2',3'-Dideoxycytidine & Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor
.beta.-D-DDC
1-(2,3-Dideoxy-beta-D-ribofuranosyl)cytosine
16803P
2',3'-DIDEOXYCYTIDINE
2',3'-Dideoxycytidine
2',3'-Dideoxycytidine & Interferon.alpha.
2',3'-Dideoxycytidine & Nanoparticles (from human serum albumin or polyhexylcyanoacrylate)
2',3'-Dideoxycytidine & sCD4(soluble recombinant protein)
2,3-dideoxycytidine
3'-Azido-3'-deoxythymidine/2',3'-Dideoxycytidine
36775_FLUKA
4-amino-1-[(2R,5S)-5-(Hydroxymethyl)tetrahydrofuran-2-yl]pyrimidin-2(1H)-one
4-amino-1-[(2R,5S)-5-(hydroxymethyl)oxolan-2-yl]pyrimidin-2-one
4-amino-1-[(2R,5S)-5-(hydroxymethyl)tetrahydrofuran-2-yl]pyrimidin-2(1H)-one
5-25-14-00313 (Beilstein Handbook Reference)
7481-89-2
AC-824
AC1L2N6R
BPBio1_001378
BRN 0654956
BSPBio_001253
C07207
C9H13N3O3
CCRIS 692
CHEBI:10101
CHEMBL853
CID24066
CPD000058253
Cytidine, 2',3'-dideoxy- & Colony-stimulating factor
Cytidine, 2',3'-dideoxy- & Interferon.alpha.
D 5782
D00412
D3581
D5782_SIGMA
DB00943
DDC
DDC (DDC)
DDCYD
DS-4152 & ddC
Dideoxycytidine
EU-0100360
HIVID
HMS1548B19
HMS1571O15
HMS2051H18
HMS2090C12
HSDB 7156
Hivid (TN)
Hivid(TM)
 
Hivid, Dideoxycytidine, NSC 606170, Zalcitabine
Interferon AD + ddC
KS-1130
LS-1645
Lecithinized superoxide dismutase & .beta.-D-2',3'-Dideoxycytidine
Lopac0_000360
MLS000069636
MLS000759540
MLS001055363
MLS001424210
MolPort-002-885-873
NCGC00090705-01
NCGC00090705-02
NCGC00090705-03
NCGC00090705-05
NCGC00090705-06
NCGC00090705-07
NCGC00090705-10
NCGC00179242-01
NSC 606170
NSC-606170
NSC606170
PC-SOD & ddC
Prestwick0_001037
Prestwick1_001037
Prestwick2_001037
Prestwick3_001037
Ro 24-2027/000
Ro-24-2027/000
S1719_Selleck
SAM001246779
SMR000058253
SPBio_003104
SRI-7707
Sulfated polysaccharide-peptidoglycan DS-4152 & 2',3'-Dideoxycytidine
TimTec1_004969
UNII-6L3XT8CB3I
UPCMLD-DP115
UPCMLD-DP115:001
ZINC00039906
Zalcitabine (JAN/USP/INN)
Zalcitabine [USAN:INN:BAN]
Zalcitibine
bmse000712
ddC
ddC & GM-CSF
ddC & IFN.alpha.
ddC & Interferon.alpha.
ddC & NP (from PHCA or HSA)
ddC & sCD4
ddC (Antiviral)
ddCyd
zalcitabine
9
ZidovudinePhase 249530516-87-135370
Synonyms:
-Azido-3&prime
-deoxythymidine
1-(3-Azido-2,3-dideoxy-beta-D-ribofuranosyl)thymine
3&prime
3' Azido 2',3' Dideoxythymidine
3' Azido 3' deoxythymidine
3'-Azido-2',3'-Dideoxythymidine
3'-Azido-3'-deoxythymidine
3'-Azido-3'-deoxythymidine & Concanavalin A
3'-Azido-3'-deoxythymidine & Erythropoietin
3'-Azido-3'-deoxythymidine & Heteropolyoxotungstate PM-19
3'-Azido-3'-deoxythymidine & Interleukin-1
3'-Azido-3'-deoxythymidine & Interleukin-2
3'-Azido-3'-deoxythymidine & Interleukin-6
3'-Azido-3'-deoxythymidine & Lithium & Erythropoietin
3'-Azido-3'-deoxythymidine & Lithium & Interleukin-1
3'-Azido-3'-deoxythymidine & Lithium & Interleukin-6
3'-Azido-3'-deoxythymidine & Lymphoblastoid Interferon
3'-Azido-3'-deoxythymidine & Sho-Saiko-To
3'-Azido-3'-deoxythymidine (AIDS)
3'-Azido-3'deoxythymidine & Interferon .alpha.
3'-Azidothymidine
3'-Deoxy-3'-azidothymidine
3'-azido-3'-deoxythymidine, AZT
3-Azido-3-deoxythymidine
30516-87-1
399024-19-2
A2169_SIGMA
AC1L1TKL
AC1Q2OEK
AZT
AZT & CD4(178)-PE 40
AZT & Colony-stimulating factor 2
AZT & Concanavalin A (ConA)
AZT & EPO
AZT & GM-CSF
AZT & HPA
AZT & IFN.alpha.
AZT & IL-1
AZT & IL-2
AZT & IL-6
AZT & Interferon-.alpha.-2
AZT & Li & EPO
AZT & Li & GM-CSF
AZT & Li & IL-1
AZT & Li & IL-6
AZT & Lymphoblastoid Interferon
AZT & NP (from PHCA or HSA)
AZT & PM-19
AZT & SST
AZT & rIFN.alpha.2
AZT & rsCD4 & rIFN.alpha.A
AZT & rsT4
AZT & sCD4
AZT & srCD4
AZT (Antiviral)
AZT Antiviral
AZT TRANSPLACENTAL CARCINOGENESIS STUDY
AZT+PRO 140
AZT, Antiviral
Antiviral AZT
Apo-Zidovudine
Azidothymidine
Aztec
BB_NC-1012
BPBio1_000403
BRD-K72903603-001-04-6
BSPBio_000365
BSPBio_003153
BW A509U
BW-A 509U
BW-A-509U
BW-A509U
BWA 509U
BWA-509U
BWA509U
C07210
CCRIS 105
CHEBI:10110
CHEBI:127307
CHEMBL129
CID35370
 
CPD000058351
Compound S
Cpd S
D00413
D015215
DB00495
DRG-0004
DS-4152 & AZT
DivK1c_000524
HMS1921J20
HMS2090G11
HMS2092D06
HMS501K06
HSDB 6515
IDI1_000524
Interferon AD + 3'-azido-3'-deoxythymidine
Intron A & AZT
K7 [P Ti2 W10 O40]
KBio1_000524
KBio2_001828
KBio2_004396
KBio2_006964
KBio3_002653
KBioGR_000703
KBioSS_001828
LS-1159
Liposomal AZT-SN-1
Liposomal AZT-SN-3
MLS000028548
MLS001055351
MLS001076358
MLS002153202
MLS002222249
Met-SDF-1.beta. & AZT
Met-SDF-1.beta. & Zidovudine
MolPort-002-507-286
NCGC00023945-03
NCGC00023945-04
NCGC00023945-05
NCGC00023945-08
NCGC00178237-01
NCGC00178237-02
NINDS_000524
NSC 602670
Novo-Azt
PC-SOD+AZT
Prestwick3_000333
Propolis+AZT
Racemic Liposomal AZT
Retrovir
Retrovir (TN)
Retrovir(TM)
SAM002548971
SMR000058351
SN-1-dipalmitoylglycerophospho-AZT (in a lipid vesicle)
SN-3-dipalmitoylglycerophospho-AZT (in a lipid vesicle)
SPBio_000834
SPECTRUM1502109
STK801891
Spectrum2_000927
Spectrum3_001507
Spectrum4_000332
Spectrum5_001101
Spectrum_001348
UNII-4B9XT59T7S
ZDV
ZIDOVUDINE [AZT]
ZINC03779042
ZVD
Zidovudin
Zidovudina
Zidovudina [Spanish]
Zidovudine (JAN/USP/INN)
Zidovudine EP III
Zidovudine [USAN:INN:BAN:JAN]
Zidovudine+PRO 140
Zidovudinum
Zidovudinum [Latin]
antiviral
azidodeoxythymidine
rIFN-beta seron & AZT
racemic-dipalmitoylglycerophospho-AZT (in a lipid vesicle)
zidovudin
zidovudine
10topoisomerase I inhibitorsPhase 21313
11
TopotecanPhase 2336119413-54-6, 123948-87-860700
Synonyms:
(4S)-10-[(dimethylamino)methyl]-4-ethyl-4,9-dihydroxy-1H-pyrano[3',4':6,7]indolizino[1,2-b]quinoline-3,14(4H,12H)-dione
(S)-10-((Dimethylamino)methyl)-4-ethyl-4,9-dihydroxy-1H-pyrano(3',4':6,7)indolizino(1,2-b)quinoline-3,14(4H,12H)-dione
(S)-10-[(DIMETHYLAMINO)METHYL]-4-ETHYL-4,9-DIHYDROXY-1H-PYRANO[3',4':6,7]INOLIZINO[1,2-B]-QUINOLINE-3,14(4H,12H)-DIONE
(S)-10-[(Dimethylamino)methyl]-4-ethyl-4,9-dihydroxy-1H-pyrano[3',4':6,7]indolizino[1,2-b]-quinoline-3,14(4H,12H)-dione
(S)-10-[(Dimethylamino)methyl]-4-ethyl-4,9-dihydroxy-1H-pyrano[3',4':6,7]indolizino[1,2-b]quinoline-3,14(4H,12H)-dione
123948-87-8
9-Dimethylaminomethyl-10-hydroxycamptothecin
9-[(dimethylamino)Methyl]-10-hydroxy-(4S)-camptothecin
AC-11592
AC1L1TQZ
AC1Q6APZ
BSPBio_002348
C11158
C23H23N3O5
CCRIS 8163
CHEBI:107501
CHEBI:46035
CHEMBL84
CID60700
D08618
DB01030
HMS2090B20
HSCI1_000228
Hycamptamine
Hycamptin
Hycamtamine
Hycamtin
Hycamtin (TN)
LS-127395
 
MLS000759456
NCGC00178695-01
NCI60_004771
NCIStruc1_001659
NCIStruc2_001796
NChemBio.2007.10-comp24
NSC609699
SK&F-104864-A
SKF 104864
SKF-104864-A
SKF-S 104864
SMP2_000312
SMP2_000327
SMR000466344
TOPO
TOPOTECAN, HYCAMTIN
TPT
TTC
Topotecan (BAN)
Topotecan Hcl
Topotecan Hydrochloride
Topotecan Lactone
Topotecan Monohydrochloride, (S)-Isomer
Topotecan [INN:BAN]
Topotecan lactone
Topotecane
Topotecane [INN-French]
Topotecanum
Topotecanum [INN-Latin]
UNII-7M7YKX2N15
topotecan
12
VedolizumabPhase 244943609-66-3
Synonyms:
 
Entyvio
13
DidanosinePhase 215069655-05-650599
Synonyms:
149409-57-4
2',3'-Dideoxyinosine
2',3'-Dideoxyinosine & Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor
2',3'-Dideoxyinosine & Interferon-.alpha.
2',3'-Dideoxyinosine & sCD4(soluble recombinant protein)
2',3'-Dideoxyinosine (AIDS Initiative)
2',3'-Dideoxyinosine (ddI)
2',3'-dideoxyinosine, DDI, NSC 612049, Didanosine
2'3'-DIDEOXYINOSINE
2,3-Dideoxyinosine
2,3-dideoxyinosine
2DI
3'-Azido-3'-deoxythymidine + 2',3'-Dideoxyinosine
69655-05-6
9-((2R,5S)-5-(Hydroxymethyl)-tetrahydrofuran-2-yl)-1H-purin-6(9H)-one
9-((2R,5S)-5-(hydroxymethyl)-tetrahydrofuran-2-yl)-1H-purin-6(9H)-one
9-((2R,5S)-5-Hydroxymethyl-tetrahydro-furan-2-yl)-1,9-dihydro-purin-6-one
9-((2S,5R)-5-Hydroxymethyl-tetrahydro-furan-2-yl)-9H-purin-6-ol
9-(2,3-Dideoxy-beta-D-ribofuranosyl)-6-oxopurine
9-(2,3-Dideoxy-beta-D-ribofuranosyl)hypoxanthine
9-[(2R,5R)-5-(HYDROXYMETHYL)TETRAHYDROFURAN-2-YL]-1,9-DIHYDRO-6H-PURIN-6-ONE
9-[(2R,5S)-5-(Hydroxymethyl)tetrahydrofuran-2-yl]-1,9-dihydro-6H-purin-6-one
9-[(2R,5S)-5-(hydroxymethyl)oxolan-2-yl]-3H-purin-6-one
9-[(2R,5S)-5-(hydroxymethyl)tetrahydrofuran-2-yl]-1,9-dihydro-6H-purin-6-one
AC-12026
AC1L19ET
AC1L3OPK
BMY 40900
BMY-40900
BRN 3619529
Benzeneethanamine, 4-methoxy-3-(2-phenylethoxy)-N,N-dipropyl-, hydrochloride
Bio-0685
C06953
C083832
CCRIS 805
CHEBI:490877
CHEMBL1460
CID119381
CID50599
CPD000058576
D00296
D2I
D3066
DB00900
DB02392
DDI
DDI and rIFN.alpha.2
DIDEOXYINOSINE
DRG-0016
DS-4152 & ddI
DdIno
Didanosina
 
Didanosina [INN-Spanish]
Didanosine
Didanosine (JAN/USAN/INN)
Didanosine and Interferon-.alpha.-2
Didanosinum
Didanosinum [INN-Latin]
Dideoxyinosine
Dideoxyinosine (DDI)
FT-0082664
HMS2051J11
HMS2089N20
HSDB 6548
Hypoxanthine ddN
Inosine, 2',3'-dideoxy- & Recombinant Interferon-.alpha.-2
Intron A & Videx
KS-1049
LOA & ddI
Listera ovata agglutinin & 2',3'-Dideoxyinosine
MLS000759469
MLS001055350
MLS001424118
MLS002154216
MolPort-002-507-371
MolPort-002-885-819
N,N-Dipropyl-2-(4-methoxy-3-(2-phenylethoxy)phenyl)ethylamine monohydrochloride
N,N-diethyl-2-(4-methoxy-3-phenethyloxyphenyl)ethanamine hydrochloride
NCGC00090691-01
NCGC00159514-02
NCGC00159514-03
NCGC00164280-01
NE 100
NE-100
NSC 612049
NSC-612049
NSC612049
PC-SOD+ddI
S1702_Selleck
SAM001246673
SMR000058576
Sulfated polysaccharide-peptidoglycan DS-4152 & 2',3'-Dideoxyinosine
UNII-K3GDH6OH08
Videx
Videx (TN)
Videx EC
Videx EC(TM)(slow-release capsules)
Videx(TM)
ZINC13597823
ddI & GM-CSF
ddI & IFN-.alpha.
ddI & sCD4(rsCD4)
ddI + d4T combination
ddIno
didanosine
14
EmtricitabinePhase 2430143491-57-060877
Synonyms:
(-)-(2R,5S)-5-Fluoro-1-[2-(hydroxymethyl)-1,3-oxathiolan-5-yl]cytosine
(-)-(2R,5S)-5-fluoro-1-[2-(hydroxymethyl)-1,3-oxathiolan-5-yl]cytosine
(-)-.beta.-L-FTC
(-)-2',3'-Dideoxy-5-fluoro-3'-thiacytidine
(-)-2'-Deoxy-5-fluoro-3'-thiacytidine
(-)-FTC
(-)-beta-2',3'-Dideoxy-5-fluoro-3'-thiacytidine
(-)-beta-2',3'-dideoxy-5-fluoro-3'-thiacytidine
(-)-cis-4-amino-5-Fluoro-1-(2-hydroxymethyl-1,3-oxathiolan-5-yl)-(1H)-pyrimidin-2-one
(-)-cis-4-amino-5-fluoro-1-(2-hydroxymethyl-1,3-oxathiolan-5-yl)-(1H)-pyrimidin-2-one
(2R-cis)-4-Amino-5-fluoro-1-(2-(hydroxymethyl)-1,3-oxathiolan-5-yl)-2(1H)-pyrimidinone
(2R-cis)-4-amino-5-Fluoro-1-(2-(hydroxymethyl)-1,3-oxathiolan-5-yl)-2(1H)-pyrimidinone
.beta.-L-(-)-(2R,5S)-5-Fluoro-1-[2-(hydroxymethyl)-1,3-oxathiolan-5-yl]cytosine
1-(2-(Hydroxymethyl)oxathiolan-5-yl)-5-fluorocytosine
143491-54-7
143491-57-0
145213-48-5
2',3',5-FTC
2',3'-Dideoxy-5-fluoro-3'-thiacytidine
2'-Deoxy-5-fluoro-3'-oxa-4'-thiocytidine
2'-Deoxy-5-fluoro-3'-thiacytidine
2-FTC
3'-Thia-2'.3'-dideoxy-5-fluorocytidine
4-Amino-5-fluoro-1-((2R,5S)-2-hydroxymethyl-[1,3]oxathiolan-5-yl)-1H-pyrimidin-2-one
4-Amino-5-fluoro-1-[(2R,5S)-(hydroxymethyl)-1,3-oxathiolan-5-yl]-2(1H)-pyrimidinone
4-amino-5-Fluoro-1-((2R,5S)-2-(hydroxymethyl)-1,3-oxathiolan-5-yl)pyrimidin-2(1H)-one
4-amino-5-fluoro-1-[(2R,5S)-2-(hydroxymethyl)-1,3-oxathiolan-5-yl]pyrimidin-2(1H)-one
4-amino-5-fluoro-1-[(2R,5S)-2-(hydroxymethyl)-1,3-oxathiolan-5-yl]pyrimidin-2-one
5-Fluoro-1-((2R,5S)-2-(hydroxymethyl)-1,3-oxathiolan-5-yl)cytosine
5-Fluoro-1-(2-(hydroxymethyl)-1,3-oxathiolan-5-yl)cytosine
5-fluoro-1-[(2R,5S)-2-(hydroxymethyl)[1,3]oxathiolan-5-yl]cytosine
524W91
AC1L1U3I
AC1Q4KUB
BW 1592
 
BW 524W91
BW-524W91
BW524W91
C122114
C12599
C8H10FN3O3S
CHEBI:31536
CHEMBL885
CID60877
Coviracil
Coviracil(TM)
D01199
DB00879
DRG-0208
Emtricitabin
Emtricitabina
Emtricitabine
Emtricitabine (JAN/USAN/INN)
Emtricitabinum
Emtriva
Emtriva (TN)
Emtriva(TM)
FT-0080009
HMS2089I05
HSDB 7337
LS-135838
LS-173184
NCGC00164564-01
RCV
Racivir
SBB066061
TL8000958
UNII-G70B4ETF4S
ZINC03629271
beta-L-2',3'-dideoxy-5-fluoro-3'-thiacytidine
dOTFC
emtricitabine
15
EnfuvirtidePhase 258159519-65-016130199
Synonyms:
262434-79-7
C105196
DP178
Dp 178
Enfuvirtide
Enfuvirtide [USAN]
Envelope polyprotein GP160 precursor [Contains: Exterior membrane glycoprotein,GP120, Transmembrane glycoprotein,GP41]
Fuzeon
HSDB 7341
 
LS-183961
N-Acetyl-L-tyrosyl-L-threonyl-L-seryl-L-leucyl-L-isoleucyl-L-histadyl-L-seryl-L-leucyl-L-isoleucyl-L-alpha-glutamyl-L-alpha-glutamyl-L-seryl-L-glutaminyl-L-asparaginyl-L-glutaminyl-L-glutaminyl-L-alpha-glutamyl-L-lysyl-L-asparaginyl-L-alpha-glutamyl-L-glutaminyl-L-alpha-glutamyl-L-leucyl-L-leucyl-L-alpha-glutamyl-L-leucyl-L-alpha-aspartyl-L-lysyl-L-tryptophyl-L-alanyl-L-seryl-L-leucyl-L-tryptophyl-L-asparaginyl-L-tryptophyl-L-phenylalaninamide
Pentafuside
Roche brand of pentafuside
T 20
T 20 (peptide)
T-20
T-20 cpd
T20 peptide
UNII-19OWO1T3ZE
peptide T20
16
TenofovirPhase 2709147127-20-6464205
Synonyms:
(R)-9-(2-Phosphonomethoxypropyl)adenine
(R)-9-(2-Phosphonylmethoxypropyl)adenine
(R)-9-(2-phosphonomethoxypropyl)adenine
(R)-PMPA
147127-20-6
206184-49-8
AC-760
AC1LA9BO
Anh. tenofovir
Anhydrous tenofovir
Apropovir
CHEBI:45809
CHEMBL483
CID464205
D,L-Tenofovir
DB00300
GNA & Tenofovir
GS 1275
GS 1278
GS1278
 
HHA & Tenofovir
KS-5021
MolPort-003-850-411
NCGC00167535-01
PMPA
PMPA-(R)
Phosphonic acid, [[(1R)-2-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-1-methylethoxy]methyl]- & Galanthus nivalis agglutinin (GNA)
Phosphonic acid, [[(1R)-2-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-1-methylethoxy]methyl]- & Hippeastrum hybrid agglutinin( HHA)
Phosphonic acid, [[(1R)-2-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-1-methylethoxy]methyl]- (9CI)
Phosphonic acid, [[2-(6-amino-9H-purin-9
S1401_Selleck
TDF
TFV
Tenefovir
Tenofovir
Tenofovir (anh.)
Tenofovir disoproxil
Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate
UNII-99YXE507IL
Viread
Viread, Tenofovir
[(2R)-1-(6-aminopurin-9-yl)propan-2-yl]oxymethylphosphonic acid
17
CytarabinePhase 21074147-94-46253
Synonyms:
(beta-D-Arabinofuranosyl)cytosine
(beta-D-arabinofuranosyl)cytosine
1-.beta.-D-arabinofuranosyl-cytosine
1-Arabinofuranosylcytosine
1-beta -D-Arabinofaranosylcytosine
1-beta -D-Arabinofuranosyl-4-amino-2(1H)pyrimidinone
1-beta -D-Arabinofuranosylcytosine
1-beta-D-Arabinofaranosylcytosine
1-beta-D-Arabinofuranosyl-4-amino-2(1H)pyrimidinone
1-beta-D-Arabinofuranosyl-Cytosine
1-beta-D-Arabinofuranosylcytosine
1-beta-D-Arabinofuranosylcytosine, Cytosine Arabinoside
1-beta-D-Arabinosyl-Cytosine
1-beta-D-Arabinosylcytosine
147-94-4
1beta -Arabinofuranasylcytosine
1beta -D-Arabinofuranosylcytosine
1beta -D-Arabinosylcytosine
1beta-Arabinofuranasylcytosine
1beta-D-Arabinofuranosylcytosine
1beta-D-Arabinosylcytosine
2(1H)-Pyrimidinone, 4-amino-1- -D-arabinofuranosyl- [CAS]
2(1H)-Pyrimidinone, 4-amino-1- -D-arabinofuranosyl
30399_FLUKA
4-Amino-1-arabinofuranosyl-2-oxo-1,2-dihydropyrimidin
4-Amino-1-arabinofuranosyl-2-oxo-1,2-dihydropyrimidin [Czech]
4-Amino-1-arabinofuranosyl-2-oxo-1,2-dihydropyrimidine
4-Amino-1-b-D-arabinofuranosyl-2-(1H)-pyrimidinone
4-Amino-1-beta-D-arabinofuranosyl-2(1H)-pyrimidinon
4-Amino-1-beta-D-arabinofuranosyl-2(1H)-pyrimidinon [Czech]
4-Amino-1-beta-D-arabinofuranosyl-2(1H)-pyrimidinone
4-amino-1-[(2R,3S,4S,5R)-3,4-dihydroxy-5-(hydroxymethyl)oxolan-2-yl]pyrimidin-2-one
4-amino-1-beta-D-arabinofuranosylpyrimidin-2(1H)-one
69-74-9 (hydrochloride)
AC-1075
AC1L1M4F
AC1Q52OJ
AI3-52329
AR3
Alexan
Ara-C
Ara-C, Cytosine Arabinoside, Cytosar-U, Cytarabine
Ara-Cytidine
AraC
Arabinocytidine
Arabinofuranosyl Cytidine
Arabinofuranosylcytosine
Arabinosyl Cytosine
Arabinosylcytosine
Arabitin
Aracytidine
Aracytin
Aracytine
Arafcyt
BIDD:GT0371
BIDD:PXR0139
BTB15125
Beta-cytosine arabinoside
C02961
C1768_SIGMA
C2035
C9H13N3O5
CCRIS 913
CHEBI:28680
CHEMBL803
CHX 3311
CID6253
CPD000449317
CYTARABINE (SEE ALSO CYTARABINE HYDROCHLORIDE 69-74-9)
Citarabina
Citarabina [INN-Spanish]
Cytarabin
Cytarabina
Cytarabine
Cytarabine (JP15/USP/INN)
 
Cytarabine [USAN:INN:BAN:JAN]
Cytarabine liposome injection
Cytarabinoside
Cytarabinum
Cytarabinum [INN-Latin]
Cytarbel
Cytonal
Cytosar
Cytosar-U
Cytosine 1-beta-D-arabinofuranoside
Cytosine arabinofuranoside
Cytosine arabinose
Cytosine arabinoside
Cytosine arabinoside (VAN)
Cytosine beta-D-arabinofuranoside
Cytosine beta-D-arabinofuranoside hydrochloride
Cytosine beta-D-arabinoside
Cytosine, beta -D-arabinoside
Cytosine, beta-D-arabinoside
Cytosine-1-beta-D-arabinofuranoside
Cytosine-1-beta-D-arabinofuranoside hydrochloride
Cytosine-beta -D-arabinofuranoside
Cytosine-beta -arabinoside
Cytosine-beta-D-arabinofuranoside
Cytosine-beta-arabinoside
Cytosinearabinoside
D00168
DB00987
DepoCyte
Depocyt
Depocyt (TN)
Depocyt (liposomal)
Depocyte
EINECS 205-705-9
Erpalfa
FT-0082880
HMS2051K19
HMS2090A18
HSDB 3049
Intrathecal (injected into the spinal fluid) DepoCyt
Intrathecal cytarabine (also known as ara-C)
Iretin
LS-860
Lopac0_000316
MLS000758310
MLS001066340
MolPort-001-792-509
NCGC00093356-03
NCGC00093356-04
NCGC00093356-05
NCI-C04728
NSC 287459
NSC287459
S1648_Selleck
SAM001247012
SMR000449317
SR-01000075773-3
Spongocytidine
TL8001048
Tarabine
U 19920A
U-19,920
U-19920
UNII-04079A1RDZ
Udicil
ZINC03795098
beta -D-arabinosylcytosine
beta -arabinosylcytosine
beta -cytosine arabinoside
beta-Ara C
beta-Ara c
beta-Arabinosylcytosine
beta-Cytosine arabinoside
beta-D-Arabinosylcytosine
cytarabine
cytarabine liposome injection
cytosine-β-D-arabinofuranoside
18lenograstimPhase 21178
19
MefloquinePhase 1, Phase 25553230-10-74046
Synonyms:
(+)-(11R,2'S)-erythro-Mefloquine
(+)-Mefloquine
(+)-Threo-Mefloquine
(-)-(11S,2'R)-erythro-Mefloquine
(-)-Mefloquine
(-)-Threo-Mefloquine
(DL-erythro-alpha-2-Piperidyl-2,8-bis(trifluoromethyl)-4-quinolinemethanol
(R)-[2,8-bis(trifluoromethyl)quinolin-4-yl]-[(2R)-piperidin-2-yl]methanol
(R)-[2,8-bis(trifluoromethyl)quinolin-4-yl]-[(2S)-piperidin-2-yl]methanol
(S)-[2,8-bis(trifluoromethyl)quinolin-4-yl]-[(2R)-piperidin-2-yl]methanol
(S)-[2,8-bis(trifluoromethyl)quinolin-4-yl]-[(2S)-piperidin-2-yl]methanol
(S)-[2,8-bis(trifluoromethyl)quinolin-4-yl][(2R)-piperidin-2-yl]methanol
49752-90-1
51688-68-7
51742-87-1
51744-84-4
51744-85-5
53230-10-7
68682-27-9
AB00052310
AC1L1HAJ
AC1L249S
AC1L9UO6
AC1MHD7J
AC1MHD7O
AC1Q4K1I
AR-1G4597
BIDD:GT0596
BIDD:PXR0166
BPBio1_000190
BRD-A89585551-003-03-4
BSPBio_000172
C07633
C17H16F6N2O
CAS-51773-92-3
CHEBI:151162
CHEBI:403542
CHEMBL411329
CHEMBL411685
CHEMBL411686
CHEMBL416956
CID3000506
CID3000516
CID4046
CID40692
CID456309
D04895
DB00358
DivK1c_000790
EINECS 256-468-3
Erthro-.alpha.-[2-piperidyl]-2,8-bis[trifluoromethyl]-4-quinolinemethanol
HMS1922C09
HMS502H12
HSDB 6853
IDI1_000790
KBio1_000790
KBio2_001792
KBio2_004360
KBio2_006928
KBio3_002046
KBioGR_001392
KBioSS_001792
LS-142023
 
LS-187797
Lariam
Lariam (Hydrochloride)
MQ
Mefloquin
Mefloquina
Mefloquina [INN-Spanish]
Mefloquine
Mefloquine (USAN/INN)
Mefloquine HCL
Mefloquine [USAN:INN:BAN]
Mefloquine aziridine
Mefloquinone
Mefloquinum
Mefloquinum [INN-Latin]
Mephloquine
MolPort-003-981-155
Méfloquine
NCGC00016864-01
NCGC00094994-01
NCGC00094994-02
NCGC00094994-03
NCGC00094994-04
NCGC00161831-01
NCGC00161831-02
NINDS_000790
NSC157387
Prestwick0_000126
Prestwick1_000126
Prestwick2_000126
Prestwick3_000126
RO 13-7224
RO 13-7225
RTI1169-1-1
RTI1172-1-1
RTI1173-1-1
RTI1174-1-1
RTI1188-1-1
RTI1189-1-1
Racemic mefloquine
Ro 21-5998
Ro 21-5998 (Hydrochloride)
Ro 215998
Ro-21-5998-001
SPB-80406
SPBio_001591
SPBio_002111
SPECTRUM1503070
Spectrum2_001516
Spectrum3_000953
Spectrum4_001066
Spectrum5_001122
Spectrum_001312
UNII-TML814419R
WR 142490
WR-142,490
WR-142490
WR-177,602
[(R*,S*)-2,8-bis(trifluoromethyl)quinolin-4-yl]-(2-piperidyl)methanol
[2,8-bis(trifluoromethyl)quinolin-4-yl]-piperidin-2-ylmethanol
alpha-2-Piperidinyl-2,8-bis(trifluoromethyl)-4-quinolinemethanol
alpha-2-Piperidyl-2,8-bis(trifluoromethyl)quinoline-4-methanol
mefloquine
nchembio.215-comp3
nchembio.87-comp20
20
Interferon beta-1a195145258-61-36438354
Synonyms:
145258-61-3
Avonex
Avonex (TN)
Belerofon
D04554
 
Fibroblast interferon
IFN-beta
Interferon beta precursor
Interferon beta-1a
Interferon beta-1a (USAN)
Interferon beta-1a (genetical recombination)
Interferon beta-1a (genetical recombination) (JAN)
21
Cidofovir31113852-37-260613
Synonyms:
(2S)-3-Hydroxy-2-phosphonylmethoxypropyl-cytosine
(S)-(3-(4-amino-2-Oxopyrimidin-1(2H)-yl)-1-hydroxypropan-2-yloxy)methylphosphonic acid
(S)-1-(3-Hydroxy-2-phosphonomethoxypropyl)cytosine
(S)-1-[3-Hydroxy-2-(phosphonomethoxy)propyl]cytosine
(S)-1-[3-Hydroxy-2-(phosphonylmethoxy)propyl]cytosine
(S)-1-[3-hydroxy-2-(phosphonylmethoxy)-propyl]cytosine
(S)-2-(4-Amino-2-oxo-1(2H)-pyrimidinyl-1-(hydroxymethyl)ethoxy)methyl phosphonic acid
(S)-HPMPC
(s)-[[2-(4-amino-2-oxo-1(2h)-pyrimidinyl)-1-(hydroxymethyl)ethoxy]methyl]phosphonic acid
({[(2S)-1-(4-amino-2-oxopyrimidin-1(2H)-yl)-3-hydroxypropan-2-yl]oxy}methyl)phosphonic acid
({[(S)-1-(4-amino-2-oxo-1,2-dihydropyrimidin-1-yl)-3-hydroxypropan-2-yl]oxy}methyl)phosphonic acid
1-(3-hydroxy-2-phosphonylmethoxypropyl)cytosine
1-(S)-[3-Hydroxy-2-(phosphonomethoxy)propyl]cytosine
1-[(S)-3-Hydroxy-2-(phosphonomethoxy)propyl]-cytosine dihydrate
1-[(S)-3-Hydroxy-2-(phosphonomethoxy)propyl]cytosine
113852-37-2
120362-37-0 (hydrochloride salt)
149394-66-1
AC-1666
AC1L1TLB
AC1Q6C68
AKOS005145721
C8H14N3O6P
CDV
CHEBI:3696
 
CHEMBL152
CID60613
Cidofovir
Cidofovir (Vistide)
Cidofovir (anhydrous)
Cidofovir Anhydrous
Cidofovir anhydrous
Cidofovirum
DB00369
Forvade
GS 0504
GS 504
GS-0504
GS-504
GS504
HPMPC
HSDB 7115
LS-106432
MolPort-005-935-597
NSC742135
S1516_Selleck
UNII-768M1V522C
Vistide
Vistide, Cidofovir
[(2S)-1-(4-amino-2-oxopyrimidin-1-yl)-3-hydroxypropan-2-yl]oxymethylphosphonic acid
[(S)-2-(4-Amino-2-oxo-2H-pyrimidin-1-yl)-1-hydroxymethyl-ethoxymethyl]-phosphonic acid
[[(S)-2-(4-amino-2-oxo-1(2H)-pyrimidinyl)-1-(hydroxymethyl)ethoxy]methyl]phosphonic acid
22
Glatiramer Acetate94147245-92-93081884
Synonyms:
(2S)-2,6-diaminohexanoic acid
(2S)-2-amino-3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)propanoic acid
(2S)-2-aminopentanedioic acid
(2S)-2-aminopropanoic acid
147245-92-9
AC1MIXQC
Aventis brand of copolymer 1
C089995
CID3081884
COP-1
Copaxone
Copolymer 1
 
Copolymer-1
Copoylmer 1
Glatiramer acetate
Glatiramer acetate [USAN]
L-Glutamic acid peptide with L-alanine, L-lysine and L-tyrosine, acetate (salt)
L-Glutamic acid polymer with L-alanine, L-lysine and L-tyrosine, acetate (salt)
LS-186971
LS-71889
TV 5010
TV-5010
TV5010
Teva brand of copolymer 1
UNII-5M691HL4BO
acetic acid
23
Probenecid2757-66-94911
Synonyms:
4-((Dipropylamino)sulfonyl)benzoic acid
4-(Di-N-propylsulfamoyl)benzoesaeure
4-(Di-n-propylsulfamoyl)benzoesaeure
4-(Dipropylsulfamoyl)benzoic acid
4-(N,N-Dipropylsulfamoyl)benzoesaeure
4-[(dipropylamino)sulfonyl]benzoic acid
57-66-9
AB00052080
AC-2023
AC1L1J86
AC1Q2XQM
AC1Q2XQN
AI3-50078
AKOS000165123
Apurina
BIDD:GT0626
BIDD:PXR0092
BPBio1_000643
BRD-K95237249-001-05-9
BRN 2815775
BSPBio_000583
BSPBio_002227
Bencid
Benecid
Benemid
Benemid (TN)
Benemide
Benuryl
Biokanol Brand of Probenecid
C07372
C13H19NO4S
CAS-57-66-9
CCRIS 3643
CHEBI:177474
CHEMBL897
CID4911
CPD000058280
Col-BENEMID
Col-Probenecid
ColBenemid (co mponent of)
ColBenemid (component of)
Colbenemid
D00475
D011339
DB01032
DivK1c_000056
EINECS 200-344-3
HMS1569N05
HMS1920J22
HMS2092C03
HMS500C18
HSDB 3387
I01-1905
ICN Brand of Probenecid
IDI1_000056
IDIS Brand of Probenecid
KBio1_000056
KBio2_001314
KBio2_003882
KBio2_006450
KBio3_001727
KBioGR_000971
KBioSS_001314
LS-33
MLS000028496
MLS001076472
Major Brand of Probenecid
Martec Brand of Probenecid
Merck Brand of Probenecid
MolPort-000-145-935
NCGC00016251-01
NCGC00016251-02
NCGC00023829-03
 
NCGC00023829-04
NCGC00023829-05
NCGC00023829-06
NCI-C56097
NINDS_000056
NSC 18786
NSC18786
Ophthalmic Brand of Probenecid
Oprea1_416955
P-(Dipropylsulfamoyl)benzoic acid
P8761_SIGMA
Panuric
Parabenem
Parmed Brand of Probenecid
Polycillin-BRB
Polycillin-PRB
Polycillin-PRB (component of)
Prestwick0_000542
Prestwick1_000542
Prestwick2_000542
Prestwick3_000542
Prestwick_809
Pro-Cid
Probalan
Probampacin
Probecid
Proben
Proben-C
Probenecid (JP15/USP/INN)
Probenecid Acid
Probenecid Major Brand
Probenecid Martec Brand
Probenecid Parmed Brand
Probenecid Weimer
Probenecid Zenith Brand
Probenecid [INN:BAN:JAN]
Probenecid acid
Probenecida
Probenecida [INN-Spanish]
Probenecide
Probenecide [INN-French]
Probenecidum
Probenecidum [INN-Latin]
Probenemid
Probenicid
Probenid
Probexin
Prolongine
Robenecid
SAM002554923
SBB028597
SMR000058280
SPBio_001327
SPBio_002504
SPECTRUM1500502
Spectrum2_001294
Spectrum3_000554
Spectrum4_000486
Spectrum5_001419
Spectrum_000834
Sulprin
Synergid R
Tubophan
UNII-PO572Z7917
Uricosid
Urocid
Valdecasas Brand of Probenecid
WLN: QVR DSWN3&3
Zenith Brand of Probenecid
p-(Dipropylsulfamoyl)benzoic acid
p-(Dipropylsulfamyl)benzoic acid
p-[Dipropylsulfamoyl]benzoic acid
probenecid
probenicid
24
Abatacept188332348-12-610237
Synonyms:
CTLA4-Ig
 
CTLA4-IgG4m
CTLA4Ig
CTLA4IgG4m

Interventional clinical trials:

(show all 26)
idNameStatusNCT IDPhase
1Safety and Effectiveness of Switching Relapsing MS Patients Treated With Natalizumab at Risk for PML to TeriflunomideRecruitingNCT01970410Phase 4
2Difference in Efficacy of Natalizumab Versus Fingolimod for the Treatment of Multiple SclerosisRecruitingNCT01981161Phase 4
3Methylprednisolone During the Switch Between Natalizumab and FingolimodRecruitingNCT02769689Phase 4
4Corticosteroids for Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndrome (IRIS)TerminatedNCT01211665Phase 4
5Natalizumab De-escalation to Interferon-beta-1b in Patients With Relapsing-remitting Multiple SclerosisTerminatedNCT01701856Phase 4
6Early Intensification of Antiretroviral Therapy Including Enfuvirtide in HIV-1-Related Progressive Multifocal Leucoencephalopathy (ANRS125)CompletedNCT00120367Phase 2
7Comparison of Anti HIV Drugs Used Alone or in Combination With Cytosine Arabinoside to Treat Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy (PML) in HIV-Infected PatientsCompletedNCT00001048Phase 2
8Safety and Effectiveness of Topotecan HCl to Treat HIV-Infected Patients With AIDS-Related Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy (PML)CompletedNCT00002395Phase 2
9Long Term Safety of Vedolizumab (MLN0002) in Patients With Ulcerative Colitis and Crohn's DiseaseCompletedNCT00619489Phase 2
10Study to Explore the Effect of Mefloquine in Participants With Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy (PML)TerminatedNCT00746941Phase 1, Phase 2
11Long-term Efficacy and Safety of Repeated Ofatumumab Treatment Courses in RA Patients Who Previously Received Ofatumumab or Placebo in Trial Hx-CD20-403TerminatedNCT00655824Phase 2
12A Pilot Study of the Efficacy of Recombinant Alpha Interferon (IFN-A2b) and Zidovudine (AZT) in the Treatment of Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy (PML) Complicating HIV-1 InfectionCompletedNCT00002270
13A Study to Evaluate the Use of Cidofovir (an Experimental Drug) for the Treatment of Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy (PML) in AIDS PatientsCompletedNCT00000945
14Retrospective Study of the Survival of Patients Suffering From Hiv-related Progressive Multifocal LeukoencephalopathyCompletedNCT02895581
15Genetics of Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy and Acquired Immunodeficiency SyndromeCompletedNCT00342602
16JC Virus Reactivation in Multiple SclerosisCompletedNCT02004444
17A Study of ddI in Patients With AIDS Who Become Sicker While Taking ZidovudineCompletedNCT00002274
18JC Virus Antibody Study of Participants With Relapsing Forms of MS Receiving Treatment With NatalizumabCompletedNCT01070836
19Pharmacokinetic, Immunological and Biochemical Sample Collection and Analysis of a Tysabri Patient CohortCompletedNCT01070719
20Analysis of Lymphocyte Cell Surface Adhesion Marker Expression in Natalizumab Population With Active ControlCompletedNCT01626248
21Natural History Study of Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy (PML)RecruitingNCT01730131
22Adoptive Cellular Immunotherapy for Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy With Ex Vivo Generated Polyomavirus-Specific T-CellsRecruitingNCT02694783Phase 0
23Evaluating Nulojix (Belatacept) Long-Term Safety in TransplantRecruitingNCT01386359
24Drug Exposure Registry for GSK2248761, an Investigational NNRTIActive, not recruitingNCT01458132
25Role of Inflammation in Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy (PML)Enrolling by invitationNCT01132053
26Genetic Evaluation of Natalizumab-Treated Patients With Progressive Multifocal LeukoencephalopathyTerminatedNCT01211639

Search NIH Clinical Center for Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy


Cochrane evidence based reviews: leukoencephalopathy, progressive multifocal

Genetic Tests for Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy

About this section

Anatomical Context for Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy

About this section

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy:

34
Brain, T cells, Kidney, Liver, Lung, B cells, Bone

Animal Models for Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy or affiliated genes

About this section

MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy:

39 (show all 13)
idDescriptionMGI Source AccessionScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1MP:00053828.7BCL2, HIF1A, ITGA4, MECP2, TNF
2MP:00053708.4HIF1A, IL2, MECP2, PDCD1, TNF
3MP:00053818.1BCL2, HIF1A, HTR2A, IGHMBP2, IL2, TNF
4MP:00020068.0BCL2, HIF1A, IL2, PDCD1, TNF
5MP:00053697.9BCL2, HIF1A, HTR2A, IGHMBP2, PDCD1, TNF
6MP:00053887.3BCL2, HIF1A, IGHMBP2, IL2, MECP2, PDCD1
7MP:00053977.3BCL2, CD40LG, HIF1A, IL2, ITGA4, PDCD1
8MP:00053877.0BCL2, CD40LG, HIF1A, IL2, ITGA4, MECP2
9MP:00053846.9BCL2, CD40LG, HIF1A, IL2, ITGA4, MECP2
10MP:00053796.6BCL2, CD40LG, HIF1A, HTR2A, IL2, MECP2
11MP:00107686.2BCL2, CD40LG, HIF1A, IGHMBP2, IL2, ITGA4
12MP:00053856.0BCL2, CD40LG, HIF1A, IGHMBP2, IL2, ITGA4

Publications for Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy

About this section

Articles related to Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy:

(show top 50)    (show all 619)
idTitleAuthorsYear
1
Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy secondary to rituximab-induced immunosuppression and the presence of John Cunningham virus: a case report and literature review. (27594961)
2016
2
Asymptomatic progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy during natalizumab therapy with treatment. (26541323)
2015
3
Strategy in Regulatory Decision-Making for Management of Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy. (26250806)
2015
4
Anti-JC virus antibody levels in serum or plasma further define risk of natalizumab-associated progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy. (25273271)
2014
5
Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy in a patient with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia treated with alemtuzumab. (24403383)
2014
6
Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy in patients with sarcoidosis. (25267986)
2014
7
Efficacy of recombinant human interleukin 7 in a patient with severe lymphopenia-related progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy. (25734144)
2014
8
Isolated cortical blindness without simultaneous neurological involvement in progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy in a patient with human immune deficiency virus infection. (23514446)
2013
9
Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy: new concepts. (24141508)
2013
10
Unusual natalizumab-associated progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy starting in the brainstem. (24276521)
2013
11
Natalizumab-Induced Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy. (24152618)
2013
12
Efficacy of mefloquine to progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy initially presented with parkinsonism. (22209147)
2012
13
Brentuximab associated progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy. (22472351)
2012
14
JC virus load in cerebrospinal fluid and transcriptional control region rearrangements may predict the clinical course of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy. (22253012)
2012
15
Natalizumab-associated progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy. (22931329)
2012
16
Frequent infection of cortical neurons by JC virus in patients with progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy. (22157619)
2012
17
Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy restricted to the posterior fossa in a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus. (22218525)
2011
18
Indolent course of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy during natalizumab treatment in MS. (21300973)
2011
19
Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy: can we reduce risk in patients receiving biological immunomodulatory therapies? (20818784)
2010
20
Treatment of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy and idiopathic CD4+ lymphocytopenia. (20961908)
2010
21
Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy in HIV-2 infection. Case report. (20452275)
2010
22
Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy in a patient with Good's syndrome. (19695918)
2010
23
Natalizumab-associated progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy in patients with multiple sclerosis: lessons from 28 cases. (20298967)
2010
24
Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy: what's new? (20479473)
2010
25
Detection of WU polyomavirus in cerebrospinal fluid specimen from a patient with AIDS and suspected progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy. (19530941)
2009
26
Incidence, clinical presentation, and outcome of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy in HIV-infected patients during the highly active antiretroviral therapy era: a nationwide cohort study. (19007313)
2009
27
WU and KI polyomaviruses in the brains of HIV-positive patients with and without progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy. (19860559)
2009
28
Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy in a patient with follicular lymphoma treated with multiple courses of rituximab. (19266387)
2009
29
Lymphotropic polyomavirus and progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy. (19122182)
2009
30
Clinicopathological study of early progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy incidentally found in a schizophrenia patient. (19170897)
2009
31
Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy in purine nucleoside phosphorylase deficiency. (16949240)
2007
32
Non-HIV-related progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML): a tertiary cancer center experience. (17238872)
2007
33
Inflammatory progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy in human immunodeficiency virus-negative patients. (17328067)
2007
34
Central nervous system graft-versus-host disease: consider progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy among the differential diagnoses. (17922040)
2007
35
Potential risk of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy with natalizumab therapy: possible interventions. (17296831)
2007
36
Improvement of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy after cidofovir therapy in a patient with a destructive polyarthritis. (17297588)
2007
37
Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy: prolonged survival in patients treated with protease inhibitors and cidofovir: a case series. (16514320)
2006
38
Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy in HIV-2-infected patient. (16816570)
2006
39
Successful outcome of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy in a renal transplant patient. (15816900)
2005
40
High anti-double-stranded DNA antibodies and progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy in a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus. (15769818)
2005
41
Rearrangement of simian virus 40 regulatory region is not required for induction of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy in immunosuppressed rhesus monkeys. (15650162)
2005
42
Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy in transplant recipients. (15616809)
2005
43
Head tremor and progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy in AIDS patients: report of two cases. (15830082)
2005
44
The atypical antipsychotic agents ziprasidone [correction of zisprasidone], risperdone and olanzapine as treatment for and prophylaxis against progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy. (16004936)
2005
45
A prospective study demonstrates an association between JC virus-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes and the early control of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy. (15215217)
2004
46
Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy in a patient with chronic myelogenous leukemia. (12802840)
2003
47
Search for human herpesvirus 6 DNA in cerebrospinal fluid from AIDS patients with progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy. (12587078)
2003
48
A pilot study of cidofovir for progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy in AIDS. (12218391)
2002
49
Traffic of JC virus from sites of initial infection to the brain: the path to progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy. (12424695)
2002
50
Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy in AIDS: a clinicopathologic study and review of the literature. (8410079)
1993

Variations for Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy

About this section

Expression for genes affiliated with Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy

About this section
Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy.

Pathways for genes affiliated with Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy

About this section

Pathways related to Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 20)
idSuper pathwaysScoreTop Affiliating Genes
19.8IL2, TNF
29.8IL2, TNF
3
Show member pathways
9.8IL2, TNF
49.7CD40LG, IL2
59.5BCL2, TNF
69.5BCL2, TNF
79.5BCL2, IL2
89.5IL2, ITGA4, TNF
9
Show member pathways
9.3CD40LG, IL2, TNF
10
Show member pathways
9.1BCL2, IL2, TNF
119.1BCL2, CD40LG, TNF
12
Show member pathways
9.1BCL2, CD40LG, TNF
13
Show member pathways
9.0CD40LG, IL2, ITGA4, TNF
148.9CD40LG, ITGA4, PDCD1
158.9HIF1A, HTR2A, MECP2, TNF
16
Show member pathways
8.8BCL2, CD40LG, ITGA4, TNF
178.7BCL2, CD40LG, IL2, TNF
188.6CD40LG, ITGA4, PDCD1, TNF
19
Show member pathways
8.5CD40LG, IL2, PDCD1, TNF
208.5CD40LG, IL2, PDCD1, TNF

GO Terms for genes affiliated with Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy

About this section

Biological processes related to Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 20)
idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1leukocyte tethering or rollingGO:005090110.5ITGA4, TNF
2positive regulation of glycolytic processGO:004582110.3HIF1A, HTR2A
3leukocyte cell-cell adhesionGO:000715910.3CD40LG, ITGA4
4regulation of immunoglobulin secretionGO:005102310.3CD40LG, TNF
5positive regulation of chemokine productionGO:003272210.3HIF1A, TNF
6response to salt stressGO:000965110.2HIF1A, TNF
7negative regulation of extrinsic apoptotic signaling pathway in absence of ligandGO:200124010.0BCL2, TNF
8digestive tract morphogenesisGO:00485469.9BCL2, HIF1A
9B cell proliferationGO:00421009.9BCL2, CD40LG
10negative regulation of ossificationGO:00302799.9BCL2, HIF1A
11negative regulation of reactive oxygen species metabolic processGO:20003789.8BCL2, HIF1A
12B cell differentiationGO:00301839.5BCL2, CD40LG, ITGA4
13response to glucocorticoidGO:00513849.5BCL2, HIF1A, TNF
14positive regulation of T cell proliferationGO:00421029.4CD40LG, IL2, PNP
15behavioral fear responseGO:00016629.4BCL2, MECP2
16humoral immune responseGO:00069599.3BCL2, PDCD1, TNF
17regulation of gene expressionGO:00104689.1BCL2, HIF1A, MECP2
18negative regulation of neuron apoptotic processGO:00435248.9BCL2, HIF1A, MECP2
19positive regulation of cell proliferationGO:00082848.4BCL2, HTR2A, IL2, MECP2
20negative regulation of apoptotic processGO:00430667.6BCL2, CD40LG, HIF1A, IL2, PDCD1

Molecular functions related to Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1tumor necrosis factor receptor bindingGO:000516410.1CD40LG, TNF
2cytokine activityGO:00051259.4CD40LG, IL2, TNF
3transcription factor bindingGO:00081348.6BCL2, HIF1A, IGHMBP2, MECP2

Sources for Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy

About this section
2CDC
6CNVD
10DGIdb
15ExPASy
16FDA
17FMA
25GTR
26HGMD
27HMDB
28ICD10
29ICD10 via Orphanet
30ICD9CM
31IUPHAR
32KEGG
35MedGen
37MeSH
38MESH via Orphanet
39MGI
42NCI
43NCIt
44NDF-RT
47NINDS
48Novoseek
50OMIM
51OMIM via Orphanet
55PubMed
56QIAGEN
61SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
65Tumor Gene Family of Databases
66UMLS
67UMLS via Orphanet