MCID: PRT093
MIFTS: 50

Proteus Syndrome, Somatic malady

Genetic diseases, Rare diseases, Infectious diseases, Neuronal diseases, Cardiovascular diseases, Skin diseases, Fetal diseases categories

Aliases & Classifications for Proteus Syndrome, Somatic

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Sources:
46OMIM, 8Disease Ontology, 9diseasecard, 19GeneReviews, 42NIH Rare Diseases, 20GeneTests, 21Genetics Home Reference, 10DISEASES, 44Novoseek, 48Orphanet, 22GTR, 2CDC, 61UMLS, 56SNOMED-CT, 39NCIt, 33MeSH, 34MESH via Orphanet, 26ICD10 via Orphanet, 62UMLS via Orphanet, 25ICD10
See all sources

Aliases & Descriptions for Proteus Syndrome, Somatic:

Name: Proteus Syndrome, Somatic 46 9
Proteus Syndrome 46 8 19 42 20 21 10 44 48 22 61
Partial Gigantism - Nevi - Hemihypertrophy - Macrocephaly 42 48
Ps 21 2
 
Partial Gigantism of Hands and Feet, Nevi, Hemihypertrophy, Macrocephaly 42
Hemihypertrophy and Macrocephaly 42
Wiedemann's Syndrome 8


Classifications:



Characteristics (Orphanet epidemiological data):

48
proteus syndrome:
Inheritance: Not applicable; Prevalence: <1/1000000 (Europe); Age of onset: Infancy; Age of death: any age


External Ids:

OMIM46 176920
Disease Ontology8 DOID:13482
NCIt39 C85032
MeSH33 D016715
Orphanet48 744
SNOMED-CT56 394527003, 23150001
MESH via Orphanet34 D016715
ICD10 via Orphanet26 Q87.3
UMLS via Orphanet62 C0085261
ICD1025 B96.4

Summaries for Proteus Syndrome, Somatic

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OMIM:46 Proteus syndrome is a highly variable, severe disorder of asymmetric and disproportionate overgrowth of body parts,... (176920) more...

MalaCards based summary: Proteus Syndrome, Somatic, also known as proteus syndrome, is related to lipomatosis and cowden syndrome 1, and has symptoms including tall stature, melanocytic nevus and multiple lipomas. An important gene associated with Proteus Syndrome, Somatic is AKT1 (v-akt murine thymoma viral oncogene homolog 1), and among its related pathways are PI-3K cascade and Focal adhesion. The compounds inositol 1,3,4,5-tetrakisphosphate and indole-3-carbinol have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include skin, bone and lung, and related mouse phenotype adipose tissue.

NIH Rare Diseases:42 Proteus syndrome is characterized by excessive growth of a part or portion of the body. the overgrowth can cause differences in appearance and with time, an increased risk for blood clots and tumors. it is caused by a change (mutation) in the akt1 gene. it is not inherited, but occurs as a random mutation in a body cell in a developing baby (fetus) early in pregnancy. the akt1 gene mutation affects only a portion of the body cells. this is why only a portion of the body is affected and why individuals with proteus syndrome can be very differently affected. management of the condition often requires a team of specialists with knowledge of the wide array of features and complications of this condition. last updated: 9/28/2011

CDC:2 Learn how to prevent DVT, a serious blood clot that can cause illness, disability, and even, death.

Genetics Home Reference:21 Proteus syndrome is a rare condition characterized by overgrowth of the bones, skin, and other tissues. Organs and tissues affected by the disease grow out of proportion to the rest of the body. The overgrowth is usually asymmetric, which means it affects the right and left sides of the body differently. Newborns with Proteus syndrome have few or no signs of the condition. Overgrowth becomes apparent between the ages of 6 and 18 months and gets more severe with age.

Wikipedia:64 Proteus syndrome, also known as Wiedemann syndrome (named after the German paediatrician Hans-Rudolf... more...

GeneReviews summary for proteus

Related Diseases for Proteus Syndrome, Somatic

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Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Proteus Syndrome, Somatic:



Diseases related to proteus syndrome, somatic

Symptoms for Proteus Syndrome, Somatic

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Symptoms by clinical synopsis from OMIM:

176920

Clinical features from OMIM:

176920

Symptoms:

 48 (show all 95)
  • asymmetric rib cage/thorax
  • kyphosis
  • scoliosis
  • abnormal vertebral size/shape
  • upper limb asymmetry/hemiatrophy/hemihypertrophy
  • macrodactyly/fingers hypertrophy/megalodactyly (hand)
  • lower limb asymmetry/hemiatrophy/hemihypertrophy
  • follicular/erythematous/edematous papules/milium
  • thick skin/pachydermia/orange skin
  • abnormal pigmentary skin changes/skin pigmentation anomalies
  • irregular/in bands/reticular skin hyperpigmentation
  • pigmented naevi/naevus pigmentosus/lentigo
  • vascular anomalies of skin/mucosae
  • capillary hemangioma/nevus/naevus flammeus/port-wine stain
  • xanthomas/lipomas
  • subcutaneous nodules/lipomas/tumefaction/swelling
  • arteriovenous malformations/vascular malformations (excluding port-wine stains)
  • lymphangioma/lymphatic malformations
  • muscle hypotrophy/atrophy/dystrophy/agenesis/amyotrophy
  • dysostosis/chondrodysplasia/osteodysplasia/osteochondrosis/skeletal dysplasia
  • autosomal dominant inheritance
  • wasted (excluding lipodystrophy)/poorly muscled build/cachexy
  • abnormal fat distribution/lipodystrophy
  • tall stature/gigantism/growth acceleration
  • asymmetry of the body/hemiatrophy/hemihyperthrophy
  • failure to thrive/difficulties for feeding in infancy/growth delay
  • macrocephaly/macrocrania/megalocephaly/megacephaly
  • dolichocephaly/scaphocephaly
  • dense/thickened skull/calvarium/cranial/facial hyperostosis
  • hypertelorism
  • hamartoma/tumefaction of the tongue/gingivae/oral mucosa
  • syndactyly of fingers/interdigital palm
  • hyperkeratosis/ainhum/hyperkeratotic skin fissures
  • cafe-au-lait spot
  • bronchogenic cyst
  • visceral angiomatosis (excluding skin)
  • pulmonary thromboembolism
  • lymphedema
  • hyperostosis
  • craniostenosis/craniosynostosis/sutural synostosis
  • long face
  • downslanted palpebral fissures/anti-mongoloid slanting palpebral fissures
  • proptosis/exophthalmos
  • glaucoma
  • buphthalmos
  • heterochromia/mixed colouring of iris
  • cataract/lens opacification
  • retinoschisis/retinal/chorioretinal coloboma
  • retinal detachment
  • retinal hamartoma
  • retinitis pigmentosa/retinal pigmentary changes
  • myopia
  • strabismus/squint
  • ptosis
  • depressed nasal bridge
  • anteverted nares/nostrils
  • flared/thick ala nasi
  • anodontia/oligodontia/hypodontia
  • enamel anomaly
  • multiple caries
  • low set ears/posteriorly rotated ears
  • external auditory canal atresia/stenosis/agenesis
  • anomalies of the neck
  • wrist/carpal anomalies
  • clinodactyly of fifth finger
  • sirenomelia/mermaid/lower limb fusion
  • talipes-valgus
  • hallux valgus
  • diffuse/generalised skin hyperpigmentation/melanoderma
  • follicular/conjunctival hamartomas
  • hirsutism/hypertrichosis/increased body hair
  • nails anomalies
  • structural and functional anomalies of the spleen
  • splenomegaly
  • congenital cardiac anomaly/malformation/cardiopathy
  • collapse/sudden death/cardiac arrest/cardiorespiratory arrest
  • arterial embolism/thrombosis
  • thymic hyperplasia
  • renal cyst (single)
  • abnormal/polycystic ovaries
  • macropenis/megapenis/large penis
  • macroorchidism/macrotestes
  • seizures/epilepsy/absences/spasms/status epilepticus
  • intellectual deficit/mental/psychomotor retardation/learning disability
  • myopathy
  • exostoses
  • restricted joint mobility/joint stiffness/ankylosis
  • hip dislocation/dysplasia/coxa valga/coxa vara/coxa plana
  • immunodeficiency/increased susceptibility to infections/recurrent infections
  • oropharyngeal neoplasm/tumor/carcinoma/cancer
  • lung/bronchopulmonary neoplasm/tumor/carcinoma/cancer
  • thymus/thymic neoplasm/tumor/carcinoma/cancer/thymoma
  • ovary/fallopian tube neoplasm/tumor/carcinoma/cancer (excl. teratoma/germinoma)
  • testicular/seminal neoplasm/tumor/carcinoma/cancer (excl. teratoma/germinoma)
  • meningioma

HPO human phenotypes related to Proteus Syndrome, Somatic:

(show all 108)
id Description Frequency HPO Source Accession
1 tall stature hallmark (90%) HP:0000098
2 melanocytic nevus hallmark (90%) HP:0000995
3 multiple lipomas hallmark (90%) HP:0001012
4 asymmetry of the thorax hallmark (90%) HP:0001555
5 scoliosis hallmark (90%) HP:0002650
6 skeletal dysplasia hallmark (90%) HP:0002652
7 kyphosis hallmark (90%) HP:0002808
8 amyotrophy hallmark (90%) HP:0003202
9 abnormal form of the vertebral bodies hallmark (90%) HP:0003312
10 decreased body weight hallmark (90%) HP:0004325
11 irregular hyperpigmentation hallmark (90%) HP:0007400
12 abnormality of adipose tissue hallmark (90%) HP:0009124
13 arteriovenous malformation hallmark (90%) HP:0100026
14 lower limb asymmetry hallmark (90%) HP:0100559
15 macrodactyly of finger hallmark (90%) HP:0100746
16 lymphangioma hallmark (90%) HP:0100764
17 macrocephaly typical (50%) HP:0000256
18 dolichocephaly typical (50%) HP:0000268
19 hypertelorism typical (50%) HP:0000316
20 cafe-au-lait spot typical (50%) HP:0000957
21 hyperkeratosis typical (50%) HP:0000962
22 lymphedema typical (50%) HP:0001004
23 pulmonary embolism typical (50%) HP:0002204
24 craniofacial hyperostosis typical (50%) HP:0004493
25 finger syndactyly typical (50%) HP:0006101
26 bronchogenic cyst typical (50%) HP:0100730
27 visceral angiomatosis typical (50%) HP:0100761
28 enlarged penis occasional (7.5%) HP:0000040
29 macroorchidism occasional (7.5%) HP:0000053
30 renal cyst occasional (7.5%) HP:0000107
31 polycystic ovaries occasional (7.5%) HP:0000147
32 long face occasional (7.5%) HP:0000276
33 low-set, posteriorly rotated ears occasional (7.5%) HP:0000368
34 atresia of the external auditory canal occasional (7.5%) HP:0000413
35 anteverted nares occasional (7.5%) HP:0000463
36 abnormality of the neck occasional (7.5%) HP:0000464
37 strabismus occasional (7.5%) HP:0000486
38 downslanted palpebral fissures occasional (7.5%) HP:0000494
39 ptosis occasional (7.5%) HP:0000508
40 cataract occasional (7.5%) HP:0000518
41 proptosis occasional (7.5%) HP:0000520
42 retinal detachment occasional (7.5%) HP:0000541
43 myopia occasional (7.5%) HP:0000545
44 buphthalmos occasional (7.5%) HP:0000557
45 chorioretinal coloboma occasional (7.5%) HP:0000567
46 carious teeth occasional (7.5%) HP:0000670
47 abnormality of dental enamel occasional (7.5%) HP:0000682
48 hypertrichosis occasional (7.5%) HP:0000998
49 heterochromia iridis occasional (7.5%) HP:0001100
50 seizures occasional (7.5%) HP:0001250
51 craniosynostosis occasional (7.5%) HP:0001363
52 limitation of joint mobility occasional (7.5%) HP:0001376
53 abnormality of the nail occasional (7.5%) HP:0001597
54 sudden cardiac death occasional (7.5%) HP:0001645
55 splenomegaly occasional (7.5%) HP:0001744
56 hallux valgus occasional (7.5%) HP:0001822
57 talipes occasional (7.5%) HP:0001883
58 malformation of the heart and great vessels occasional (7.5%) HP:0002564
59 meningioma occasional (7.5%) HP:0002858
60 abnormality of the wrist occasional (7.5%) HP:0003019
61 myopathy occasional (7.5%) HP:0003198
62 abnormality of the hip bone occasional (7.5%) HP:0003272
63 clinodactyly of the 5th finger occasional (7.5%) HP:0004209
64 arterial thrombosis occasional (7.5%) HP:0004420
65 depressed nasal bridge occasional (7.5%) HP:0005280
66 generalized hyperpigmentation occasional (7.5%) HP:0007440
67 abnormal retinal pigmentation occasional (7.5%) HP:0007703
68 retinal hamartoma occasional (7.5%) HP:0009594
69 reduced number of teeth occasional (7.5%) HP:0009804
70 sirenomelia occasional (7.5%) HP:0010497
71 thymus hyperplasia occasional (7.5%) HP:0010516
72 testicular neoplasm occasional (7.5%) HP:0010788
73 abnormality of immune system physiology occasional (7.5%) HP:0010978
74 neoplasm of the thymus occasional (7.5%) HP:0100521
75 neoplasm of the lung occasional (7.5%) HP:0100526
76 cognitive impairment occasional (7.5%) HP:0100543
77 ovarian neoplasm occasional (7.5%) HP:0100615
78 exostoses occasional (7.5%) HP:0100777
79 conjunctival hamartoma occasional (7.5%) HP:0100780
80 open mouth HP:0000194
81 macrocephaly HP:0000256
82 dolichocephaly HP:0000268
83 long face HP:0000276
84 downslanted palpebral fissures HP:0000494
85 ptosis HP:0000508
86 hyperkeratosis HP:0000962
87 multiple lipomas HP:0001012
88 hemangioma HP:0001028
89 epibulbar dermoid HP:0001140
90 hemihypertrophy HP:0001528
91 splenomegaly HP:0001744
92 spinal cord compression HP:0002176
93 intellectual disability, moderate HP:0002342
94 deep venous thrombosis HP:0002625
95 kyphoscoliosis HP:0002751
96 thin bony cortex HP:0002753
97 spinal canal stenosis HP:0003416
98 sporadic HP:0003745
99 nevus HP:0003764
100 mandibular hyperostosis HP:0004472
101 calvarial hyperostosis HP:0004490
102 depressed nasal bridge HP:0005280
103 facial hyperostosis HP:0005465
104 hypertrophy of skin of soles HP:0007403
105 depigmentation/hyperpigmentation of skin HP:0007483
106 lipoma HP:0012032
107 venous malformation HP:0012721
108 lymphangioma HP:0100764

Drugs & Therapeutics for Proteus Syndrome, Somatic

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Drug clinical trials:

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Search NIH Clinical Center for Proteus Syndrome, Somatic

Genetic Tests for Proteus Syndrome, Somatic

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Genetic tests related to Proteus Syndrome, Somatic:

id Genetic test Affiliating Genes
1 Proteus Syndrome20 22 AKT1

Anatomical Context for Proteus Syndrome, Somatic

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MalaCards organs/tissues related to Proteus Syndrome, Somatic:

31
Skin, Bone, Lung, Thymus, Ovary, Spleen, Cortex, Spinal cord, Heart, Tongue

Animal Models for Proteus Syndrome, Somatic or affiliated genes

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MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Proteus Syndrome, Somatic:

35
idDescriptionMGI Source AccessionScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1MP:00053759.1AKT1, PTEN

Publications for Proteus Syndrome, Somatic

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Variations for Proteus Syndrome, Somatic

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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot genetic disease variations for Proteus Syndrome, Somatic:

63
id Symbol AA change Variation ID SNP ID
1AKT1p.Glu17LysVAR_055422rs121434592

Clinvar genetic disease variations for Proteus Syndrome, Somatic:

5
id Gene Variation Type Significance SNP ID Assembly Location
1AKT1NM_001014431.1(AKT1): c.49G> A (p.Glu17Lys)single nucleotide variantPathogenicrs121434592GRCh37Chr 14, 105246551: 105246551

Cosmic variations for Proteus Syndrome, Somatic:

6
id Cosmic Mut ID Gene Symbol COSMIC Disease Classification
(Primary site, Site subtype, Primary histology, Histology subtype)
Conf
133765AKT1bone,NS,Overgrowth syndrome,Proteus syndrome3

Expression for genes affiliated with Proteus Syndrome, Somatic

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Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Proteus Syndrome, Somatic.

Pathways for genes affiliated with Proteus Syndrome, Somatic

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Pathways related to Proteus Syndrome, Somatic according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 47)
idSuper pathways (with members indented)ScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1
Show member pathways
9.1PTEN, AKT1
2
Show member pathways
Integrin-mediated cell adhesion36
Focal Adhesion36
9.1AKT1, PTEN
3
Show member pathways
9.1AKT1, PTEN
4
Show member pathways
Transcription Receptor mediated HIF regulation59
Development CNTF receptor signaling59
Class IB PI3K non-lipid kinase events36
ErbB2/ErbB3 signaling events36
Development Growth hormone signaling via PI3K AKT and MAPK cascades59
Translation Regulation activity of EIF259
Regulation of lipid metabolism Insulin signaling generic cascades59
Transcription PPAR Pathway59
Cell adhesion PLAU signaling59
Translation Regulation activity of EIF4F59
9.1PTEN, AKT1
5
Show member pathways
Toll-like receptor signaling pathway36
Regulation of toll-like receptor signaling pathway36
9.1PTEN, AKT1
6
Show member pathways
Cytoskeleton remodeling FAK signaling59
Development Endothelin 1 EDNRA transactivation of EGFR59
9.1AKT1, PTEN
79.1PTEN, AKT1
8
Show member pathways
Development EGFR signaling via PIP359
Development PDGF signaling via MAPK cascades59
Apoptosis and survival Anti apoptotic action of membrane bound ESR159
Signaling of Hepatocyte Growth Factor Receptor36
Development EGFR signaling via small GTPases59
Development Neurotrophin family signaling59
Apoptosis and survival NGF signaling pathway59
Apoptosis and survival Role of CDK5 in neuronal death and survival59
9.1PTEN, AKT1
9
Show member pathways
Immune response BCR pathway59
Fc-epsilon receptor I signaling in mast cells36
9.1AKT1, PTEN
10
Show member pathways
9.1PTEN, AKT1
119.1PTEN, AKT1
12
Show member pathways
9.1AKT1, PTEN
13
Show member pathways
9.1AKT1, PTEN
14
Show member pathways
9.1PTEN, AKT1
15
Show member pathways
9.1AKT1, PTEN
16
Show member pathways
9.1AKT1, PTEN
17
Show member pathways
9.1AKT1, PTEN
18
Show member pathways
9.1AKT1, PTEN
199.1AKT1, PTEN
20
Show member pathways
9.1PTEN, AKT1
21
Show member pathways
9.1PTEN, AKT1
22
Show member pathways
9.1PTEN, AKT1
23
Show member pathways
Signaling Pathways in Glioblastoma36
9.1PTEN, AKT1
24
Show member pathways
BCR signaling pathway36
TCR Signaling Pathway36
9.1AKT1, PTEN
25
Show member pathways
Signaling events mediated by Stem cell factor receptor (c-Kit)36
9.1AKT1, PTEN
269.1PTEN, AKT1
279.1AKT1, PTEN
28
Show member pathways
Translation Non genomic rapid action of Androgen Receptor59
9.1AKT1, PTEN
299.1AKT1, PTEN
309.1PTEN, AKT1
319.1PTEN, AKT1
32
Show member pathways
TCR signaling in naive CD8+ T cells36
9.1PTEN, AKT1
339.1AKT1, PTEN
34
Show member pathways
9.1PTEN, AKT1
35
Show member pathways
Prostate Cancer36
Integrated Cancer pathway36
Steroid Biosynthesis36
9.1AKT1, PTEN
36
Show member pathways
Development IGF RI signaling
Immune response IL 4 signaling pathway59
Signal transduction AKT signaling59
9.1AKT1, PTEN
37
Show member pathways
DNA damage response (only ATM dependent)36
Wnt Signaling Pathway and Pluripotency36
9.1AKT1, PTEN
38
Show member pathways
IL-9 Signaling Pathway36
Development Thrombopoietin regulated cell processes59
IL-7 Signaling Pathway36
Immune response IL 9 signaling pathway59
9.1PTEN, AKT1
399.1PTEN, AKT1
409.1AKT1, PTEN
419.1PTEN, AKT1
429.1PTEN, AKT1
43
Show member pathways
9.1AKT1, PTEN
44
Show member pathways
9.1PTEN, AKT1
45
Show member pathways
Signal transduction PTEN pathway59
9.1PTEN, AKT1
46
Show member pathways
PLK2 and PLK4 events36
Polo-like kinase signaling events in the cell cycle36
9.1PTEN, AKT1
479.1PTEN, AKT1

Compounds for genes affiliated with Proteus Syndrome, Somatic

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Compounds related to Proteus Syndrome, Somatic according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 32)
idCompoundScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1inositol 1,3,4,5-tetrakisphosphate44 1110.5PTEN, AKT1
2indole-3-carbinol449.5PTEN, AKT1
3calyculin a44 60 1111.5AKT1, PTEN
4gefitinib44 50 1111.5AKT1, PTEN
5gemcitabine44 50 1111.5PTEN, AKT1
6vincristine44 50 1111.5AKT1, PTEN
7phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-trisphosphate44 2410.5PTEN, AKT1
8troglitazone44 28 60 1112.5PTEN, AKT1
9mg 13244 6010.5AKT1, PTEN
10inositol449.5PTEN, AKT1
11quercetin44 60 24 1112.5AKT1, PTEN
12arsenite44 2410.5PTEN, AKT1
13ceramide449.5AKT1, PTEN
14agar449.5PTEN, AKT1
15etoposide44 50 60 1112.5PTEN, AKT1
16tamoxifen44 50 28 1112.4AKT1, PTEN
17paclitaxel44 50 1111.4PTEN, AKT1
18rapamycin449.4AKT1, PTEN
19pd 98,059449.4PTEN, AKT1
20ly294002449.4AKT1, PTEN
21wortmannin449.4PTEN, AKT1
22doxorubicin44 50 1111.4AKT1, PTEN
23glycogen44 2410.4AKT1, PTEN
24phosphoinositide449.3PTEN, AKT1
25paraffin449.3PTEN, AKT1
26genistein44 28 60 1 24 1114.3AKT1, PTEN
27pge2449.2PTEN, AKT1
28cisplatin44 50 60 1112.2AKT1, PTEN
29aspartate449.1AKT1, PTEN
30testosterone44 60 24 1112.1AKT1, PTEN
31cycloheximide449.0AKT1, PTEN
32h2o2448.8PTEN, AKT1

GO Terms for genes affiliated with Proteus Syndrome, Somatic

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Biological processes related to Proteus Syndrome, Somatic according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 15)
idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1regulation of neuron projection developmentGO:00109759.4AKT1, PTEN
2negative regulation of cell sizeGO:00457929.4AKT1, PTEN
3protein kinase B signalingGO:00434919.4AKT1, PTEN
4positive regulation of sequence-specific DNA binding transcription factor activityGO:00510919.4PTEN, AKT1
5agingGO:00075689.4AKT1, PTEN
6phosphatidylinositol-mediated signalingGO:00480159.4AKT1, PTEN
7fibroblast growth factor receptor signaling pathwayGO:00085439.3AKT1, PTEN
8Fc-epsilon receptor signaling pathwayGO:00380959.3PTEN, AKT1
9epidermal growth factor receptor signaling pathwayGO:00071739.3AKT1, PTEN
10neurotrophin TRK receptor signaling pathwayGO:00480119.2AKT1, PTEN
11positive regulation of apoptotic processGO:00430659.2AKT1, PTEN
12cell proliferationGO:00082839.1PTEN, AKT1
13innate immune responseGO:00450879.1AKT1, PTEN
14negative regulation of apoptotic processGO:00430669.0AKT1, PTEN
15apoptotic processGO:00069158.8AKT1, PTEN

Molecular functions related to Proteus Syndrome, Somatic according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

idNameGO IDScoreTop Affiliating Genes
1enzyme bindingGO:00198999.1AKT1, PTEN

Sources for Proteus Syndrome, Somatic

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2CDC
12ExPASy
13FDA
14FMA
22GTR
23HGMD
24HMDB
25ICD10
26ICD10 via Orphanet
27ICD9CM
28IUPHAR
29KEGG
33MeSH
34MESH via Orphanet
35MGI
38NCI
39NCIt
40NDF-RT
43NINDS
44Novoseek
46OMIM
47OMIM via Orphanet
51PubMed
52QIAGEN
57SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
61UMLS
62UMLS via Orphanet